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Culturally Relevant Teaching Jessica Traylor, Ed.S. Kiana Clayborn, M.S. May 2009


Culture

Culture is a set of practices, beliefs, institutions, and styles of communication, that are characteristic of a group of people.


Our Cultural and Educational Experiences

Find a partner you do not know well. Describe the cultural situation you grew up in. What were your educational experiences as a youth? Did your family culture ever clash with school culture? Describe your cultural situation today. How do these aspects of your life influence your work? Think about the students at school. What do you know about their culture? What do you need to know to create a meaningful learning environment for them? If you were a student at your school, what type of staff interactions and program experiences would you need to be successful? Share an interesting fact about yourself or your partner.


Think-Pair-Share What is culture? What are some cultures in Lamar County?


Community Facts United States Lamar County White 75.10% 67.80% Black 12.30% 30.40% High school graduate or higher 80.40% 71.30% Bachelor's degree or higher 24.40% 11.30% Median household income $41,994.00 $37,087.00 Individuals below poverty line 12.40% 11.20%

Barnesville 48.10% 49.90% 71.20% 13.30% $30,375.00 20.30%

Additional Lamar County Facts  74% of residents remained in the same county from 1995-2000  93% of residents remained in the same state from 1995-2000  56.2% of grandparents are responsible for grandchildren 

2000 Census Summary


Educational Attainment in Lamar County 9%

5% 7% 4%

19%

Percent of Population 25 Years and Older

19%

Less Than 9th Grade 9th to 12th Grade, No Diploma High School Graduate Some College, No Degree Associate Degree Bachelor's Degree Graduate Degree

37%

2000 Census Summary


Racial Equity in Lamar County Educational Attainment Percent of Population 25 Years and Older 100.00% 90.00% 80.00%

33%

33%

33%

33%

70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00%

33%

33%

28.00% 59.00% 13.00%

31.00% 61.00% 8.00%

10.00% 0.00%

Median Household Income  White - $40,773  Black - $26,315 Home Ownership  White - 78%  Black - 58% Median Home Value  White - $88,400  Black - $65,600

No Diploma High School Graduate or Higher Bachelor's Degree or Higher

2000 Census Summary


School-Based Data Student Health Survey 2008  Students

think about dropping out: 25% at 6th, 27% at 8th, 40% at 10th grade

 Students

think about suicide: 8% at 6th, 14% at 8th grade

 Students

drink alcohol: 7% at 6th, 25% at 8th, 31% at 10th

grade

High School Graduation Rate  Lamar

County has decreased over the past 3 years, while GA has increased

 Black

students went from 85% to 75% to 60%

 White

students went from 73% to 67% to 75%

62% of students are economically disadvantaged


Data Analysis Discuss the community and school data with the people at your table. Organize your thoughts into categories. ex. strengths, weaknesses, interesting facts, protective factors, risk factors, etc.

Record your thoughts on the chart paper. Report your findings to the group.


Think-Pair-Share

What is an “at-risk youth”?


At-Risk Youth are often impacted by a combination of factors Poverty Very young, single, or low-education level parents Unemployment or underemployment Abuse and neglect Substance abuse Dangerous neighborhoods Exposure to inadequate or inappropriate educational

experiences Early sexual behavior Intellectual disabilities/mental health problems Suspension Truancy or frequent absences Low academic achievement Negative attitude toward school Association with delinquent youth Gang involvement Peer rejection Availability of alcohol, tobacco, and/or drugs Low community attachment


Take a 5 minute break.


You might be a culturally relevant teacher if... …you have tried to defend your Wii as a business expense …you have a MySpace page …you borrow students’ iPods to hear the newest songs…and try to incorporate them into your lessons …you have been relied on to do all the tech stuff on your hall …you would rather text than call …you have to interpret text messages for your co-workers …your lesson plans include music, video, and technology …you watch MTV or BET and call it research …your lesson planning includes new music, video games, sporting events, movies, and fast food restaurants …you find yourself regularly explaining youth to adults and adults to youth …you repeat the line over and over… “I can’t believe I get paid to do this!”


Culturally Relevant Pedagogy Why? Culturally relevant practices shape thinking processes of groups and individuals. How? Maintain positive perspectives on parents & families Communicate high expectations Learning within the context of culture Student-centered instruction Culturally mediated instruction Reshape the curriculum Teacher as facilitator


Culturally Relevant Pedagogy What? 1.) Three characteristics: academic success, cultural competence, and critical consciousness (Ladson-Billings) 2.) A critical pedagogy that recognizes the importance of including students' cultural references in all aspects of learning (LadsonBillings) 3.) Link between culture and classroom practices (Hollins) 4.) Recognizes, respects, and uses students' identities and backgrounds as meaningful sources for creating optimal learning environments (Nieto)


Culturally Responsive Teaching Teaching style consistent with learning styles  Music as a teaching tool, multimedia and technology integration, visual learning, role-playing, cooperative learning Issues and topics related to students' background and culture  Respect for culture, allow topic choice, be knowledgeable about their life outside of school Meaningful connection between school and real-life situations  Service learning, project-based learning, school-community collaboration


Reshaping Media

If we embrace it, we can direct its influence.


Youth and Media

Don't Believe the Hype: How much do you know about media consumption?


The average American adolescent:  Spends 3-4 hours a day listening to music and watching music videos  Listens to three hours of music per day  Surfs the internet and communicates via email three hours per day  Plays video games three hours per day

A


Excessive TV viewing has been linked to:  Nearsighted vision  Obesity  Attention deficit disorder  Fine motor skill impairment

B


Which of the following statements about children and music is correct, according to research:  On average, teens watch three hours of music videos per day  Only 30% of school-age children know the lyrics to their favorite songs  Teens rate music as a more important influence on their decision making than their parents/guardians

C

 There is a direct cause-and-effect relationship between violent lyrics and violent, real-world behavior.


By age 18, the average US child's TV viewing has included 16,000 of these. That's a lot of:  Beer commercials  Sexually explicit scenes  Murders  Infomercials

B


Youth Media Facts  Listening to music is students' number one non-school activity.  In the last 3 months, 71% of teens purchased at least one full-length CD.  More than one-third of youth between the ages of 12 and 14 watch music videos daily.  About 90% of teens report knowing many or all the lyrics of their favorite songs. www.whytry.org


Why Try?

The WhyTry Program is a simple, hands-on curriculum which helps youth overcome their challenges and improve outcomes in the areas of truancy, behavior, and academics. WhyTry teaches critical social and emotional principles to youth (K-12) using a series of ten pictures (visual analogies) which each teach a principal, such as resisting peerpressure, or that decisions have consequences. The visual components are then reinforced by music and physical activities. The major learning styles—visual, auditory, and body-kinesthetic—are all addressed.


Group Counseling Example The following slides are posters created for athematic small-group counseling. The groups were done at the Primary School this school year. Thanks to Daniel Sergent for sharing his creativity and passion for use in this presentation. F:\Culturally Relevant Pedagogy\Music\02 Track 02 1.m4a


Reshaping Media Think-Pair-Share AMLA or CML Guides: analyze one of these ads

BOOTY IS BOOTY


Reshaping Media Think-Pair-Share

Status Quo

What can you do to reshape media and use it as a teaching tool?


Reshaping Media Several “programs� are available to assist us in using the media to teach valuable life and academic lessons. Rhyme & Reason Flocabulary Hip-Hop Curriculum


Cultural Competence What can we do? Talk

to students about different cultures. Have a “cultural day” at school. Show respect for their culture. Use their language and style of communicating to build bridges between their culture and the dominant culture.


References 

GA Department of Education. (2009). Georgia's Education Scoreboard: Lamar County High School. Retrieved from http://www.doe.k12.ga.us Ladson-Billings, G. (1995). But That’s Just Good Teaching! The Case for Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. Theory Into Practice, 34(1), 159-165. McNulty, R. J. and Quaglia, R. J. (2007). Rigor, Relevance, and Relationships. The School Administrator. Retrieved from http://www.aasa.org McPhail, I. P. and Coleman, L. G. (2007). Culturally Mediated Instruction: A Critical Tool in Achieving the Dream [PowerPoint]. Retrieved from http://www.achievingthedream.org Norton, N. E. L. (2008). Aligning Hip-Hop, Curriculum, Standards, and Potential. Journal of Literacy and Technology 9(1), 62-100. Saifer, S., Edwards, K., Ellis, D., Ko, L., and Stuczynski, A. (2005). Classroom to Community and Back. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. The Governor's Office of Student Achievement. (2009). 2007 GSHS School Results: Lamar County. Retrieved from http://www.gaosa.org Tumbleson, H. (2001, August 21). Maybe we're the ones who put youth 'at risk.' The Seattle Times. Retrieved from http://seattletimes.nwsource.com U. S. Census Bureau. (2000). State and county Quickfacts: Lamar County, GA. Retrieved from http://factfinder.census.gov


Helpful Websites www.whytry.org

www.urbanyouth.org

www.tolerance.org

http://usa.usembassy.de/classroom/hiphop.htm

www.studycircles.org

www.aecf.org

http://www.artsanctuary.org/site/artsanctuary/conte

http://factfinder.census.gov/


Thanks! Comments? Questions?


Culturally Relevant Teching