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COURT ROOM Jaime Smeke Kably 10ª 23.11.11

20 WORDS USED IN A COURTROOM + DEFINITION 1. Adjourn: Postpone a court event to another date. 2. Appeal: Decision which allows a person to challenge a decision made by the judge. 3. Case: When a person makes the application for the court. 4. Divorce order: An order made by the judge that ends a marriage. 5. Enforcement order: An order made by the judge that enforces a person to to follow an order. 6. Final order: An order made by the judge to close the case. 7. Form: A document that has to be filled at court. 8. Judgment: A decision made by the judge after all the evidence is heard. 9. Applicant: The person who applies into court. 10. Affidavit: A written statement made by a witness. 11. Contravention: When a person does not comply with a court order. 12. Court hearing: The date when a case is scheduled at court. 13. Family consultant: A psychologist who specialises in family. 14. Family violence: Violent conduct by a family member towards the family. 15. Interim order: A partial order made by court, until the final order is made. 16. Judicial officer: The person who was assignated to judge a case (judge). 17. Jurisdiction: The authority given to the court and the judge to apply the laws. 18. Parenting plan: An agreement made by divorced parents to make arrangements. 19. Rules: The rules made to be followed at court. 20. Service: Giving official documents to a person after they where filled.

10 expressions used in a courtroom 1. “Objection Sustained” 2. “Objection Overruled” 3. “Court is adjourned” 4. “Bail should be continued” 5. “Call your next witness” 6. “Defendants will be remanded” 7. “Please proceed” 8. “Will the defendant please rise” 9. “You may step down” 10. “Please resume your seat”

Stages of a Criminal Case 1. The Arrest: A police officer can arrest a person if he beleives that he/her commited a crime, or if the police officer saw the crime and knows who commited it. An arrest warrant is a document made by a judge that makes a person be arrested, this warrant has the crime, date, name of the judge and name of the person. 2. Booking and Bond: There are different type of bonds: A) Federal Bail Bonds: This bond is used when a person committed a federal crime. B) Immigration bonds: This bond is used when it involves foreing people. C) Cash bonds: Some people pay cash for their release. D) Surety bail bonds: This bond involves contracts. E) Property bail bonds: This bond involves many contracts and procedures. A bondsman is the person who decides to make the bond. 3. The arraignment: The arraignment will happen soon after a person is arrested, the arraignment is in a public court and it is a process where you are called guilty, not guilty, or no contest. 4. Plea Bargain: A plea deal is offered when the police needs information that the criminal has, when the plea is offered the criminal decides if he wants to accept it or not, the plea bargain is beneficial because it involves shorter prision time, lower fines, and or less charges. 5. Preliminary hearing: During a preliminary hearing the judge decides if there is enough evidence to make the criminal have a trial. 6. Pre-trial motions: The pre-trial motions establish if a trial should take place, or not. 7. Trial: In the trial, the judge will look at the evidence and hear the people to determine if he/her is guilty or innocent. 8. Sentencing: In the sentencing the judge determines how much time will the defendant will stay at prison, or death penalty, or community service. 9. Appeal process: After the sentence the defendant can appeal the decision.

12 angry men plot diagram Exposition Protagonist: Juror 8 Antagonist: Juror 3 Setting – Time: Late afternoon Setting – Place: Hot summer's day in New York City Internal conflict: Juror 8 doesen’t think that the man is guilty. External conflict: Juror 8 needs to convince the other jurors that the man is innocent. Rising Action 1. Twelve jurors are in a jury room to start a jury for a first degree murder. 2. The jurors vote to decide if the man deserves death penalty. 3. Eleven jurors vote in favor of the death penalty and one juror votes against, juror 8. 4. Juror 8 convinces the other jurors to discuss the case before the final decision. Climax Juror 8 started convincing the other eleven jurors to change their vote, so that they vote against the death penalty for the man that commited the crime. Falling Action 1. After a long discussion juror 8 asked for another voting, and this time another juror voted against. 2. Juror 8 kept convincing the other jurors that there where not enough evidence to consider the man as guilty. 3. After more discussions and more questions, another voting was made and the votes where 6 against and 6 in favor. 4. More arguing is made, the jurors that voted against want to convice the other jurors that juror 8 is right and that there are not enough evidence. Resolution A final voting was made and only juror 3 stayed in favor, after he saw that he was the only one, he changed his vote and the man that supposly had commited the murder is acquitted.

Authors Theme The authors theme for the book twelve angry men is prejudice, because the jurors in the jury room didn’t had any evidence that the man commited a murderm and if it wasn’t for juror 12 the man would have been sent to death penalty. The jurors made a prejudice about the man, only because they heard FIRST DEGREE MURDER.

Characterization CHARACTER: Juror 8 PHYSICAL APPEARANCE He is White, he is wearing a light suit, he is skinny, he smokes, and he has a short hair. ACTION He was the only one to vote “not guilty” at the first voting, he wanted to take a closer look at the case, he didn’t beleive that the kid commited a murder. After all he convinced all the other jurors to vote “not guilty” and the boy was acquited. THOUGHTS AND WORDS This juror is always trying to convince the other jurors to take another look at the case: “NO. 8: There were eleven votes for guilty. It's not so easy for me to raise my hand and send a boy off to die without talking about it first.” OTHER CHARACTERS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS “NO. 12: I may have an idea here. I'm just thinking out loud now but it seems to me that it's up to us to convince this gentleman (indicating NO. 8) that we're right and he's wrong. Maybe if we each took a minute or two, you know, if we sort of try it on for size.” AUTHOR TELLS DIRECTLY The author describes juror 8 as the hero of the story, he also describes him as a brave man.