Official Publication of The Nashville Rose Society Serving Rose Enthusiasts Throughout Middle Tennessee
July 13th NRS Picnic! Hosted by Millie and Dudley Dolinger 5:00 PM to 7:00 PM JULY 2013 Volume 46, Issue 6
Affiliated with the American Rose Society - www.ars.org
NRS 2013 Annual Picnic! It’s picnic time in Tennessee! Just when we thought no one would step up and host our picnic the Dolinger’s have graciously volunteered their garden for this annual event. So mark your calendars for the annual July Nashville Rose Society picnic at 5PM on Saturday, July 13th, at the home of Millie and Dudley Dolinger. The picnic is in place of the regular monthly meeting. Bring a covered dish of your choice, lawn chairs and an extra folding table if you have one to share. Fighting tools - (aka eating utensils) will be furnished along with iced tea and lemonade. Address is 59 Vaughns Gap Road, Nashville, TN 37205-4318. If you need their phone number it is 901-628-7137. Driving instructions - If you know how to get to Cheekwood then you can find the Dolinger’s home. Coming from Nashville headed west on Harding Pike and continue past Belle Meade Boulevard. At the Highway 70/Highway 100 split take the right fork and continue on Harding Pike and then a left onto Vaughan’s Gap Road.
Romancing the Rose How Can One Overlook the Rose Arbour? We all know there is nothing lovelier than roses scrambling over the arbour to conjure up old-fashioned romance in the garden. But what do we really mean by an arbour? Is it really a pergola we want? So often arbours get confused with pergolas, gazebos, with summer houses with the word trellis bandied around apparently describing them all. And yet these structure are vital to a garden - they provide year-round interest even when there are no blooms. I asked the team at Garden Confidential what they thought an arbour was and received four totally different answers! So on behalf of our readers out there, we thought we should clear up the matter once and for all. (Cont’d on page 4)
If by chance you take the wrong fork at the Highway 70/100 split don’t worry. You can keep going and take a right onto Vaughan’s Gap Road and still get there. An insert with a detailed map is inside the newsletter. Looking forward to seeing everyone there! Photo courtesy of Dudley Dolinger
Photos courtesy of Ken Wood & Sam Jones
NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF
TTwo off the th h gorgeous roses from f the th h Dolinger D li garden d ‘Crescendo’ left and ‘Voluptuous’ right
This is article is reprinted from Issue 2, Summer 2008 of Garden Confidential, London, England. Melanie Ward, editor.
President’s Column Hello fellow rose lovers. We survived the relocation of our meeting last month. We met in the Frist Learning Center and under the tutelage of Dianne and Dillard Lester the Grand Prix was a success. Keith Garman assisted so that he could learn the ropes. Keith unfortunately had a fall and was nursing some badly bruised and cracked ribs. Hope he has a thorough recovery. The meeting was well attended and many roses were entered. Larry Baird offered help in the grooming room and turned some entries into winners. An article inside the newsletter will name the winners. While judging was taking place, I gave a short presentation on do it yourself drip irrigation. This is, perhaps, a weekend project that will pay huge dividends. I have two zones at my house that run on alternate days. My landscape plants and roses are watered before I have time to finish my morning coffee. Next, we discussed topics, such as plant DNA and its similarity to our own DNA. We touched on what plants know. Plants are much more adaptable than is commonly known. Some can change the time of blossom opening, in order to facilitate pollination. Others send chemical messages when being attacked by insects, in order to attract specific natural predators. I also introduced a natural micronutrient mix that is very beneficial to lawns, flowers, shrubs and trees. We are always looking for new and efficient ways of growing healthier roses and plants. This “Moore’s Mix” is just that. Please read the article that I submitted to find out how to make your own mix. I guarantee that you will see a difference in the health of your roses. Millie and Dudley Dolinger have stepped up and volunteered to host our annual picnic. This has always been a fun social event and I hope to see everyone there! Especially since we do not formal rose meeting in July. 2
Until then, water deep and give Moore’s Mix a try. — Tom Beath
Editor’s Desk Jim and I recently learned that a few of our misguided friends and family members actually believe that we are addicted to roses. I know exactly what you’re thinking and we, too, were initially outraged by this ridiculous allegation. Seriously, what’s the big deal? So you plant a couple (hundred) roses. That doesn’t mean your loved ones have some unspoken duty to start organizing rose intervention squads. But, let’s face it, many of today’s rose enthusiasts find that as our respective rose collections increase, so too do our chances of being labeled “addicts” by members of the non-rose-loving community. Because Jim and I were ill-prepared when confronted with this outlandish allegation, we thought it would be useful to our readers to share what non-rose-lovers consider to be “warning signs” of an impending addiction to roses. 1.) Your wallet contains as many (if not more) pictures of roses as it does pictures of children and/or grandchildren. 2.) Your liquor cabinet is used to house empty rose vases, your curio cabinet for the display of rose show trophies. 3.) During the winter months, you are drawn to and often salivate upon the sight of cut roses in retail stores. 4.) Immediately following a hail storm, you first assess rose damage before checking the condition of your roof or car. 5.) Under your husband’s side of the mattress you often find hidden rose catalogs. 6.) You find yourself giving spraying tips to your pest control representative while secretly belittling the size of
NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF, JULY 2013
his sprayer. 7.) You fret over the provision of your roses in the event of your untimely death. 8.) You question the wisdom of college savings and retirement plans over the investment of new roses. 9.) Having crammed every crevice of your yard with roses, you now find yourself eyeing available space in the yards of your neighbors. 10.) You consider the phrases “bubonic plague” and “rose rosette disease” to be one and the same. 12.) You have seriously considered petitioning the IRS to allow claiming your roses as dependants. 13.) You have attempted on more than one occasion to convince your spouse that “stray” roses can either follow you home or appear magically out of thin air. 14.) Once a month, you find yourself writing an editor’s column or editing a newsletter about roses. 15.) Once a month, you find yourself reading an editor’s column or newsletter about roses. Jim and I neither admit nor deny any of the foregoing allegations and they are provided for educational purposes only. It’s almost sad to think that anyone would believe that one or all of the above symptoms suggest anything further than a lively enthusiasm for roses. Some people are just alarmists, I suppose and we rose lovers will simply have to learn to live with these false allegations of addiction with the same grace and dignity with which we have come to accept the reality of japanese beetles. Jim and I addicted to roses? Preposterous! In fact, I’d be willing to wager that we are no more addicted to roses than any of you. — Starla & Jim Harding
Moore’s Mix By: Tom Beath The following is an excerpt from a talk given by NRS President, Tom Beath, at our June NRS meeting. Years ago, I was fortunate to meet Jack Little. Jack was a brilliant man with a degree in Chemistry. He was a consultant to many golf courses and large commercial landscapers. His innovative approach to soil improvement pioneered a radical change in the way turf and ornamental landscape are managed today. His chemistry background enabled him to examine trace elements and micronutrients and their effects on plant growth. He famously said, “I am not a gardener, but I know what plants need to thrive.” It is widely known that healthy plants require a healthy, well balanced soil. That type of soil is not common to middle TN. So Jack developed a formula for improving soil texture, enhancing moisture retention and adding the essential biological agents that make soil truly fertile. This formula is not a fertilizer mix for your plants, but for your soil. Its naturally buffered pH works on your lawn, roses, acid loving azaleas and lime loving clematis.
The following is a recipe for plant growth, called Moore’s Mix. Jack developed this mixture for Moore and Moore, a garden center here in Nashville. The products in Moore’s Mix are: Actagro - Concentrated liquid humic acid that helps turn hard compacted earth into loose friable soil. It establishes the right conditions in the root zone for good bacteria and fungi that plants need for uptake of nutrients. Sea Source Spray – Derived from hydrolyzed fish, a rich source of beneficial vitamins, enzymes and hormones as well as a variety of chelated micronutrients that are immediately available to plants. VitaSea - A highly concentrated biostimulant derived from a special type of seaweed. It contains mannitol, a natural sugar that plants and beneficial soil bacteria love. VitaSea is loaded with vitamins and micronutrients and provides for rapid root growth. Carbonizer - Liquid compost. Controls the growth of destructive soil fungi and speeds the decay of organic matter into soil building humus.
This recipe makes enough mix for a half acre of lawn or garden. It makes a concentrate that you dilute when applying. In a five gallon bucket, add one pint of each of the four products, plus one cup of granulated sugar and two and one half gallons of water. Stir well and allow to brew for 24-48 hours. Brewing jump starts the bacterial action for faster results. Just before applying, stir in 2 oz. of a spreader/sticker. Use within 48 hours. Apply through a hose end sprayer at a rate of 6 oz. per gallon. Can be applied at that same rate in a watering can to individual plants. I use one gallon with 6 oz. per rose. Works as a soil drench or foliar feed for all your shrubs. At Beath and Company, we treat our customer’s plants 2-3 times per year and have excellent results. Use with Biotone when planting new trees and shrubs. You will notice a difference in the health of your roses and other landscape plants. I hope you like birds, because they will love the abundance of earthworms in your lawn.These products can be purchased at Moore and Moore West Garden Center. They are located at 8216 Highway 100, Nashville, 37221. Call for availability, 615.662.3549.
Grand Prix I (Cont’d from page 8) The American Rose Society has a new website! Check it out at www.ars.org and while you are there take time to become a member. The benefits of being a member far outweighs the cost. Only $49 per year or you can try a four-month trial membership for only $10.
serve a timeless floral icon.
Most ARS members are home gardeners who enjoy growing roses and want to expand their knowledge of rose culture. The American Rose Society gives you a window into the world of roses and the people who grow, hybridize, research, educate, exhibit, photograph and arrange them to enjoy, celebrate and pre-
A four-month trial membership is valued at $86 for only $10!
If you have an affection for roses, this is the place where it becomes a passion and a lifelong hobby! Join in with your fellow rose enthusiasts to share, learn and grow.
Join Now! You may complete the online form or call the ARS at 1-800-637-6534.
and the Best Miniature Rose Arrangement using ‘Whirlaway’ and ‘Kristin’ roses. Points earned in this Grand Prix will be added to the points earned in Grand Prix II on September 3th to determine the winners of the Grand Prix. Mark your calendar and be sure to enter roses. Thanks to Tom Beath and Dillard Lester for their help, Connie Baird for Judging, Larry Baird and Dianne Lester for helping in the Prep Room, and everyone that entered roses.
NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF, JULY 2013
Romancing The Rose How Can One Overlook The Rose Arbour (Cont’d from page 1) PERGOLA - Probably best to start with the pergola as it is the general name applied to all. It’s technically a long free standing structure often spanning a pathway. It is primarily a structure that uses timbered, brick or metal uprights with overhead cross beams. However, it can be attached to the house and using the overhead beans provides shade over the patio.
Confidential Advice: Choose scented flowers to grow over the arbour to refresh and enhance contemplation!
A TRELLIS WALKWAY - Although roses can be trained to climb up pergola posts, an attractive alternative is to incorporate trellis into the pergola, making more of a tunnel effect. This provides a firmly defined line with partial transparency. It also allows for the rose to be trained across to encourage flowering at the lower level rather than all on top. Arched or ogee structures can be added to the top to soften the whole effect. Confidential Advice: There should always be an enticing focal point at the end of the tunnel.
ARBOUR - These were originally shady hideaways formed by overhanging plants and tress supported or trained over lattice work. They date back to medieval cloisters and were elaborated on by the Tudors. A rustic arch by a fence is perhaps our closest equivalent. However very quickly, seats were placed within to provide for that meditative moment, so that these days an arbour is a seated structure. A TRELLIS ARBOUR - You can get arbours now with seating built into the ready formed trellis and topped with a roof-slatted, trellis or fully enclosed.
NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF, JULY 2013
GAZEBO - This is a building which has two or more open sides. They tend to be either octagonal, wooden, and oriental in style or made fancy made out of metal with a rather Victorian traditional feel. They are intended to be focal points but the open archways can be used to frame views in different directions. They are not seated areas. Confidential Advice: If you have a long path, break up the space by putting a gazebo half-way down. THE ALTERNATIVES - There are other structures for your roses to tumble over. Obelisks can be used as focal points but also in the middle of a bed to add height, without taking up the space of a tall shrub or tree. Rope swags attached to brick columns or wooden uprights are another beautiful and simple way to screen, and the ropes act as wonderful hosts to roses. A rose rambling through the branches of a large fruit tree after the blossom has finished provides a second flush of colour and doesn’t interfere with the fruit.
Choosing The Right Rose to Pin To Your Structure Gertrude Stein once famously remarked that “A rose is a rose is a rose” - well hopefully after reading this issue of Garden Confidential you will no longer be in agreement with that! But a common problem when choosing climbing roses is to make a mistake that all climbers have the sam habits. They do not - but put ‘Bobbie James’ on your two metre high trellis and it will have it down in three years! CLIMBERS Asa general rule are best for walls and fences. They are not generally flexible enough for training through arches, but because they are upright in stance some of the smaller ones are good for arbours, pillars, and obelisks. They also take well to pruning. Garden Confidential recommends ‘Zephirine Drouhin’ for arbours as it is thornless and fragrant. RAMBLERS Ramblers are best for rustic fences, pergolas, screening and privacy. They ramble over everything! Garden Confidential recommends ‘Felicite Perpetue” for just being lovely. Within this group are the ‘scramblers’ as Peter Beales called them and they are the ones to use to climb through trees. Garden Confidential recommends ‘Rambling Rector’ as it never fails to do its job. However, within this rule there are plenty of variations. Always note height and width, soil and site tolerance, single repeat or continuous flowering and only then choose the colour! And as we always say at Garden Confidential, don’t be afraid to ask the rose supplier for their advice.
Photos: Top left - ‘Zephirine Droughin’ Top right - ‘Rambling Rector’ Center - ‘Félicité-Perpétue’ Bottom - close-up of ‘Félicité-Perpétue’
This is article is reprinted from Issue 2, Summer 2008 of Garden Confidential, London, England. Melanie Ward, editor. NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF, JULY 2013
“Soaps” and Detergents: Should They Be Used On Roses? By Dr. Raymond A. Cloyd (email@example.com Insecticidal soaps may provide “control” of a variety of insect and mite pests of roses including aphids, thrips, scales, and the two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae). A soap is a substance derived from the synthesis of an alkali such as sodium (hard soap) or potassium (soft soap) hydroxide on a fat. Fats are generally a blend of particular fatty acid chain lengths. Soap is a general term for the salts of fatty acids. Fatty acids are the primary components of the fats and oils present in plants and animals. Soaps may be combined with fish, whale, vegetable, coconut, corn, linseed, or soybean oil. For example, “Green Soap” is a potassium/coconut oil soap that was used widely as a liquid hand soap in public restrooms. It is currently available as a hand soap, shampoo, and/or treatment for skin disorders. However, it has also been shown to be effective, as an unlabeled insecticide, in controlling soft-bodied insects including aphids. Soft-bodied pests such as aphids, scale crawlers, thrips, whiteflies, and mites including the two spotted spider mite are, in general, susceptible to soap applications. Soaps typically have minimal activity on beetles and other hard-bodied insects due to the insect’s thickened cuticle, which is more resistant to penetration. However, this is not always the case since soaps have been shown to kill hard-bodied insects such as cockroaches. Soaps are effective only when insect or mite pests come into direct contact with the wet spray. Dried residues on plant surfaces have minimal activity on insect or mite pests because soap residues degrade rapidly—especially under sunlight. Insecticidal soaps may also be harmful to natural enemies including parasitoids and predators. For example, ladybird beetle and green lacewing larvae, when present on treated plants, are killed by wet sprays. The mode of action of soaps is still not well-understood although there are four ways by which soaps may kill insect and mite pests. First, soaps may penetrate through the fatty acids present in the 6
insect’s outer covering (cuticle) thus dissolving or disrupting cell membranes. This impairs cell integrity causing cells to leak and collapse, destroying respiratory functions, and resulting in dehydration and death of the insect or mite pests. Second, soaps may act as insect growth regulators interfering with cellular metabolism and the production of growth hormones during metamorphosis (=change in form). Third, soaps may block the spiracles (breathing pores), interfering with respiration. Fourth, soaps may uncouple oxidative phosphorylation or inhibit the production of adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP), which reduces energy production. There are a variety of fatty acids; however, only certain fatty acids have insecticidal properties. This is solely based on the length of the carbon-based fatty acid chains. Most soaps with insect and mite pest activity are composed of long chain fatty acids (10 or 18-carbon chains) whereas shorter chain fatty acids (9-carbon chains or less) have herbicidal properties, so using materials that have short chain fatty acids can kill rose plants. For example, oleic acid, an 18-chain carbon fatty acid, which is present in olive oil and other vegetable oils, is very effective as an insecticidal soap. In fact, most commercially available insecticidal soaps contain potassium oleate (potassium salt of oleic acid). There is a misconception that any soap or detergent can be used as a pesticide (insecticide or miticide). Although, as already discussed, only a few select soaps have insecticidal or miticidal properties; many common household soaps and detergents including Palmolive, Dawn, Ivory, Joy, Tide, and Dove, which are unlabeled pesticides, may have activity on some soft-bodied insect and mite pests when applied to plants as a 1% or 2% aqueous solution including the sweet potato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci), green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae), mites, psyllids, and thrips. However, reliability is less predictable than soaps formulated as pesticides.
NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF, JULY 2013
Despite this, dish washing liquids and laundry detergents are primarily designed to dissolve grease from dishes and clean clothes; not kill insect and mite pests. These materials may cause plant injury (=phytotoxicity) by dissolving the waxy cuticle on leaf surfaces. Although the leaves of roses tend to have a thickened cuticle and the flowers are waxy there is still a risk of phytotoxicity. Registered, commercially available insecticidal soaps are less likely to dissolve plant waxes compared to household cleaning products. Dish washing liquids and laundry detergents, like insecticidal soaps, lack any residual activity and thus more frequent applications are needed. However, too many applications may damage the leaves or flowers of roses. In addition, detergents are chemically different from soaps. In fact, many hand soaps are not necessarily pure fatty acids. Most importantly, these solutions are not registered insecticides or miticides. Soap companies don’t intend for their products to be used against insect or mite pests because they have not gone through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registration process. The type of fatty acid, length of the carbon-based fatty acid chain, and concentration in many laundry and dish soaps is not known. In addition, the insecticidal effectiveness of these products may be compromised by the presence of coloring agents or perfumes. This often times leads to inconsistent results. Certain laundry and dish soaps will precipitate in “hard” water thus reducing their effectiveness. Despite the activity of some dish washing liquids and laundry soaps on insect and mite pests, their use should be avoided on roses primarily because they are not registered pesticides; they don’t have an EPA Registration Number. Even more important is that a pesticide company will generally stand behind a product when there is a problem. If a dish or laundry soap is used and roses are injured—there is no recourse.
A Rose Lover’s Calendar
NRS, Tenarky, & ARS Coming Events
Peggy and Mike Hensley 511 Hemingway Dr. Columbia, TN 38401 firstname.lastname@example.org
Nashville Rose Society Annual Picnic! 5 PM to 7PM Hosted by Millie & Dudley Dolinger 59 Vaughn’s Gap Road, Nashville, TN phone: 901-628-7137. (Picnic takes the place of our regularly monthly meeting)
Danny and Sharon Wise 203 Cowan St. Columbia, TN 38401 email@example.com
NRS Meeting at Cheekwood 6:30 PM Refreshments 7:00 PM - Program
Kim and Barry Boals 3809 Nevada Ave. Nashville, TN 37209 firstname.lastname@example.org
NRS Meeting at Cheekwood Grand Prix II 6:30 PM Refreshments 7:00 PM - Program
ARS Consulting Rosarians South Nashville Leann Barron Marty Reich*
Details & other event news available at www.nashvillerosesociety.com Nashville Rose Leaf is printed by: The Print Authority, Brentwood, Tennessee
Contributions Nashville Rose Society is a 501c-3 organization and all contributions to the society are tax-deductible. Contributions may be made as memorials or to honor some person, group or occasion. Checks for contributions should be made payable to Nashville Rose Society and mailed to: MILLIE DOLINGER 59 Vaughn’s Gap Rd. Nashville, TN 37205 (615)352-3927
Nashville Rose Leaf The Nashville Rose Leaf is published eleven times annually by the Nashville Rose Society, Nashville, TN Editors: Jim & Starla Harding, Sam Jones & Leann Barron Editorial Advisory Committee: Marty Reich
West Nashville Tom Beath (615) 481.3589 Keith Garman (615) 352-6219 Sam* & Nancy Jones (615) 646-4138
Nashville Rose Society 2013 Officers
Brentwood Area Cecil* & Bessie Ward (615)373-2245 Jerry & Marise Keathley(615)377-3034
President Tom Beath.........(615) 481.3589 Vice-Pres Gene Meyer........(615) 373-0303 Treasurer Gary Spencer......(615) 662-3819
Franklin Area Anne Owen* (615) 794-0138 Logan* & Joan Shillinglaw(615) 790-7346 Robbie*&Marsha Tucker(615) 595-9187
Rec. S’ty Hayes Gibson .......(615) 794-1708 Cor. S’ty Millie Dolinger.....(901) 628-7137
Nashville Rose Society Membership We are a non-profit organization serving the middle Tennessee area to educate persons on growing and exhibiting roses. Membership is open to everyone who supports the objectives of the organization. Annual dues of $20.00 per household include a subscription to The Nashville Rose Leaf, the official newsletter of the society. To join, send a check payable to Nashville Rose Society to: Marty Reich, 5020 Dovecote Dr., Nashville, TN 37220-1614 Phone: (615) 833-0791; E-mail: email@example.com
Disclaimer: While the advice and information in this newsletter is believed to be true and accurate at the time of publication, neither the authors nor the editor(s) accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The Nashville Rose Society makes no warranty, expressed or implied with respect to the material contained herein.
(615) 269-0240 (615) 833-0791
Hendersonville Area Ron Daniels (615) 330-7083 Charles Lott (615) 824-5614 Jack Wedekind (615) 824-8696 Murfreesboro Area Dillard & Diane Lester(615) 896-0203 Columbia Area Lyle Worsham*
Lebanon-Watertown Area Jeff Harvey (615) 268-7089 Jennifer Harvey (615) 268-7032 Denise Thorne (615) 237-9757 Duck River-Centerville Area Larry* & Connie Baird(931) 729-5259 Manchester Area Cindy Worch
*Indicates ARS Master Rosarian
NASHVILLE ROSE LEAF, JULY 2013
5020 Dovecote Drive Nashville, TN 37220-1614
NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION U.S. POSTAGE PAID BRENTWOOD, TN PERMIT NO. 162
Address Service Requested
NRS Grand Prix I Award Winners By: Keith Garman In the Horticulture Division, Lanni Webb won the most points as Advanced Exhibitors. Gene Meyer earned the most points as an Intermediate Exhibitor and Bob Bowen earned the most points as a Novice Exhibitor. In Section 1: Hybrid Tea Rose Specimen, Gene Meyer won Queen of Show with ‘Moonstone’ and Bob Bowen won King of Show with Let ‘Freedom Ring’.
Queen of Show ‘Moonstone’ by Gene Meyer
NRS President, Tom Beath, leads the July meeting held at the Frist Learning Center at Cheekwood.
In Section 2: Non Hybrid Tea Rose Specimen and Sprays, Bob Bowen won Best of Section with ‘Raspberry Blanket’. This entry was also awarded Best in Show. In Section 3: Miniature Rose Specimen, there were no entries.
2013 Grand Prix I winners from L-R Gene Meyer, Bob Bowen, Connie Little, & Lanni Webb
In Section 4: Miniature Sprays, Connie Little won Best in Section with ‘Green Ice’.
Non Hybrid Tea Rose Specimen and Sprays, Bob Bowen won Best of Section with ‘Raspberry Blanket’.
In Section 5: Rose in a Bowl, Lanni Webb won Best in Section with ‘Veterans’ Honor’. In section 6: Gene Meyer won the Most Fragrant Rose Challenge with ‘Dolly Parton’. In the Arrangements Division, Sam Jones won the Best Large Rose Arrangement using ‘Moonstone’ roses
Best Miniature spray ‘Green Ice’ by Connie Little
Sam Jones won the Best Large Rose Arrangement using ‘Moonstone’