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SCI-ARC Portfolio 2015-2017

SCI-Arc Portfolio 2015-2017 Yi Zhou

Yi zhou


Contents Design Studios 02-11.

Complex Morphologies-2GAX

12-21.

Public Appearances-2GBX

40-53.

Enchanted Toy & Building-Vertical Studio

54-61.

Ghosts of The Abyss

62-71.

Packed Inside A Builging (Gradution Thesis)

Design Development 22-39.

The Wolf-Head, Development of the 2GBX Studio

72-75.

Image Refiguration

76-77.

Exact Form

78-81.

Coding Form

82-83.

Furniture, Fashion, Film,&Fotos

84-87.

Tenerife Espacio De Las Artes

88-93.

Faces, Bodies & Figures

94-97.

Speculative Diagrams and Mutant Mash-ups

Seminars

Professional Practice 98-103.

Selected Professional Work at FCHA

104-111.

Hainan Children's Playground Installation


Annex to the Bibliotheque, Paris

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COMPLEX MORPHOLOGIES { REVISITING TRANSPARANCY } Dseign Studio Group Work Collaborator: Siddardha Chalamala Location: Paris, France Instructor: M. Casey Rehm

https://youtu.be/-FTTXDQ-hrM Our project explores layering of planes and spatial locations and the simultaneous perception of these planes at various depths in space which leads to a suggested or implied form and spatial order instead of a clear figure.

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4


History : Sainte‐Geneviève Library is a public and university library in Paris, which inherited the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve and contains around 2 million documents. The Abbey of St Genevieve, one of the largest and oldest abbeys in Paris, was founded in the sixth century by Clovis I. Until the French Revolution, they maintained its library and a school of copyists.

site : The future site for the Annex for the Bibliotheque Sainte‐Geneviève Library is on the corner of Rue Valette and Place du Pantheon, which currently houses the Universite Paris III Sorbonne Nouvelle. The site is about 75’x45’ in footprint and 50’ in height (5 stories), which is also the bounding box for the new Annex. We will assume that the building that is currently on this site will be demolished to make room

for the new Annex, which will be a media library.

speculations ’in camera‘ : This studio engaged in acts of architectural speculation on how images and objects may coalesce in the production of architectural form. This studio will interrogate the potential of medium specific appearance-making in architecture, differentiating between realism as a representational mode, involving degrees of representational accuracy, and reality–that which is represented. Photographic and cinematographic techniques will be combined with digital and analogue modeling to produce a fusion between architectural form and forms produced ‘in camera’. How might architecture engage with reality/realism without succumbing to the pictorial resemblance spawned by the renaissance (naive realism)

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images refiguration : For our purposes images, in the form of photographic content, will be understood as a medium imbued with a deep reservoir of information. On the one hand there is the pictorial information: shapes, grounds, places, things, etc, which can be understood as the “pieces� of the 6

image. Through the process of digital computation, these parts that can be either maintained or removed and combined together, become wholes of a new figure, these information can be used to produce architectural form.


images pixelization : On the other there is the optical information: hue, saturation, brightness, specularity, depth-of-field, etc. Those can be understood as “moments�, qualities that cannot be removed from the objects that contain them.

Digital computation offers an array of ways to breakdown the data within an image and redeploy it for other purposes, like texture mapping.

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8


tectonics : What does it mean to enlist the image as a primary vehicle in the production of architectural form beyond mere representation than texture-mapping? We tried to re-examine and reinforce ideas of transparency using digital tools through specific operations like creating ambiguity in application of tectonic elements on textured surfaces. Elements like the louvres which are derived from the textures which are in-turn derived from digital manipulation of images from the context are introduced to add a layer of distortion to the building. Similarly other textured surfaces are partially panelized using algorithms. The strategic layering of various tectonic elements reinforce the ambiguity between tectonic elements, textured surfaces and glazing.

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10


11


12


PUBLIC APPERANCES { from spaceinvader to courthouse } Dseign Studio Group Work Collaborator: Mohammad Soleimanifeijani, Yasamin Fathi Location: Los Angeles, United States Instructor: Tom Wiscombe

A city is folded in the container and reflects a new type of interiority in which the user can't really define the elements of conventional interior space.

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space invaders : The idea was to create strong figurative objects from space invaders and boolean them into architecture mass. The project aims to disorient the sense of scale by having the figure of a toy and the scale of a building.

14


15


model explosion : The interior as an object gradually transforms itself and blends with vastness of the interior space. As a result in some parts user can read a surface attached to articulations which becomes isolated like a tower. It's a wall becoming a tower and a tower becoming the ground.

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Axion section :

diagrams :

17


Section :

18


Plan :

19


model photoes :

20


The ground is interacting with the object but not fitting the object. They are both autonomy which can be read as indepedent objects. However the ground is exaggerating and remaining the reading of the continuous reading of the silhouette of the mass, by leaving an empty space benathe the object.

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STRUCTURE axO

mega chunk Mega Transfer Truss Bridge Structure

Concrete Core Stability Sysrem

REVISION NO.

Description

Dia-Grid Steel Envelope

6” Slab On Metal Deck Spans Between Steel Frame

PROJECT: U.S Federal Courthouse in Los Angeles

ADDRESS:

Envelope: Diagonal Grid Steel

350 W 1st Street, Suite 4311 Los Angeles, CA 90013

Steels members in the diagonal grid system is designed to work in tension and compression, CONSULTANTS: Structural Consultant: resisitng wind and other loads. Matthew Melnyk Environmental Consultant: Jayme Lyzun

INSTRUCTORS:

Facade: Insulating Glass

Herwig Baumgartner Brian Zamora

Insulating glass is used in the facade for its TERMenergy MEMBER:efficiencies and performances. Carol Kan Hashim Barda Lijun Zhong Xinlei Li Yi Zhou

DATE:

Aluminum Mullion

Secondary Beam Structure

12/05/2016 DRAWING:

Primary Beam Structure

Structure Axo_2 12” Thick Concrete Slabs With Concrete Beam System

SCALE:

NOT TO SCALE SHEET:

A.6

Thick Mat Slab Foundation

Mega Transfer Truss Bridge Structure

Concrete Core Stability Sysrem

REVISION NO.

6” Slab On Metal Deck Spans Between Steel Frame

Description

PROJECT: U.S Federal Courthouse in Los Angeles

ADDRESS: 350 W 1st Street, Suite 4311 Los Angeles, CA 90013

CONSULTANTS: Structural Consultant: Matthew Melnyk Environmental Consultant: Jayme Lyzun

INSTRUCTORS: Herwig Baumgartner Brian Zamora

TERM MEMBER: Carol Kan Hashim Barda Lijun Zhong Xinlei Li Yi Zhou

DATE:

12/05/2016 DRAWING:

Structure Axo_1 12” Thick Concrete Slabs With Concrete Beam System

SCALE:

NOT TO SCALE SHEET: Thick Mat Slab Foundation

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A.5

Floor Finish Concrete Slab Beam Structure Suspended Ceiling


Envelope: GFRC Cladding

The majority of the exterior skin is cladded in black GFRC panels for its long spans and aesthetics.

Secondary Beam Structure

REVISION NO.

Description

Insulation Aluminum Mullion

Roof: Photovoltaic Glass

Photovoltaic glass is used for the transparent envelop of the roof enabling the conversion of light into electricity and at the same time serves as solar shading.

PROJECT:

THE WOLFHEAD

U.S Federal Courthouse in Los Angeles

ADDRESS:

350 W 1st Street, Suite 4311 Los Angeles, CA 90013

CONSULTANTS: Structural Consultant: Matthew Melnyk

Courtroom & Cores: Reinforced Concrete Wall

The cores and courtrooms are enclosed with reinforced concrete wall to reduce the lateral movement.

Landscape

{ DESIGN DEVELOPMENT }

Environmental Consultant: Jayme Lyzun

INSTRUCTORS: Herwig Baumgartner Brian Zamora

Group Work

Collaborator: Carol Kan, Hashim Barda, Lijun Zhong, DATE: 12/05/2016Xinlei Li TERM MEMBER: Carol Kan Hashim Barda Lijun Zhong Xinlei Li Yi Zhou

DRAWING: Entrance

The sunken garden and ramps leads to the main entrance of the courthouse.

MEGACHUNK SCALE:

Instructor: Herwig Baumgartner Brian Zamora

NOT TO SCALE 12� Thick Concrete Slab and Beam Frame Thick Mat Slab Foundation

SHEET:

A.1 23


material selection Photovoltaic Glass

PROS - Can be used in sun-facing facades or roofs - Suitable for movable louvres - Can generate electricity - Serve as solar shading for rooms behind them - Decarative - Environmentally friendly material CONS - Requires proper maintainance - High cost - low tensile strength

Insulating Glass PROS - The most energy efficient glass - Low u-value - High performance when used in combination with fiberglass

frame

- Safe - Extremely durable - Heavy weight makes it a stronger and longer lasting window CONS - weigh more than other glass - High cost

Aluminum Mullion

PROS - No rust - Very strong - Light weight - Impact resistant - Can be molded and shaped with relative ease - Cheap and abundant resource CONS - Requires proper maintenance and watertight frame

Reinforced Concrete Wall PROS - Good fire resistance - Versatile in form and shape - Different finishes are possible - Very durable and strong - Reduces vibration and sound transfer - Not likely to erode and decay overtime - Inexpensive CONS - Cracks may develop overtime due to shrinkage and loads - Limited recyclability

Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete Cladding PROS - Long span is possible - Clean, bright, and smooth surfaces - High durability and flexibility - Minor damages can be repaired easily - Fire resistance - Can be clean easily and will not corrode or rust - Strong scratch resistance CONS - May diminish overtime allowing moisture in - May have toxic components - Heat deflection

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Project Material Selection Description: 1. Photovoltaic glass and insulating glass would be the main material for glazing. These two kinds of material can provide energy-saving and safety as well as fulfill the aesthetic requirement. 2. Aluminum would be used for unitization of the facade system. Its light weight, strong property and durability make it an ideal material when under tight budget. 3. Reinforced concrete is mainly used for interior construction. Concrete is an ideal material for fire proofing and flexible shaping. 4. GFRC works as one of the main rain screen materials. It’s relatively cheap, widely available; it also allows for big sheets and glossy finish.


structure system

Mega Transfer Truss Bridge Structure

Concrete Core Stability Sysrem

RE

Dia-Grid Steel Envelope

NO

6� Slab On Metal Deck Spans Between Steel Frame

PR

U. in

AD

35 Lo

CO

Str Ma

En Jay

IN

He Br

TE

Ca Ha Liju Xin Yi Z

DA 12� Thick Concrete Slabs With Concrete Beam System

DR

S Thick Mat Slab Foundation

SC

SH

Vertical concrete core supports the vertical load columns on the vertical plane of floor to allow for open column free floor plates. Steel framing is chosen because lightweight and long span allowing for column free spaces for greater flexibility because column floor height was not a concern. There was enough space for steel framing. And in addition a number of cantilever floors which are attached to the cores. Basement construction is concrete, concrete is durable and allows for finished interior.

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ground floor plan SOUTH BROADWAY 1

3

2

4

5

7

6

9

8

10

PARKING ENTRY

H

-10'-2"

R

OFFICE UP

OFFICE

MULTIMEDIA ROOM

G

OFFICE

DOWN

-8'-3 1/4" MEETING ROOM

MECH

UP

ENTRY

±0.00

-24'-4 1/4"

R.A

S.A

-37'-4 1/4"

I.T Room

F

R.A S.A

I.T Room

MECH

STORAGE

OVERHANG

UP

DOWN DOWN

CORRIDOR

-11'-4 1/4"

DOWN

E

DOWN

ENTRY

ENTRY

RESEARCH ROOM

-11'-4 1/4"

DOWN

DOWN

MECH

OFFICE

UP

OFFICE

UP

I.T Room R.A

OFFICE

MECH

S.A

S.A

D

CAFE

KITCHEN

I.T Room

±0.00

R.A

WEST 2nd STREET

WEST 1st STREET

±0.00

C

LIBRARY

OFFICE

OFFICE

ATRIUM

T

CAFE

C

MULTIMEDIA ROOM MEETING ROOM

MEETING ROOM

ENTRY

D

B +8'-3 1/2"

+4'-9 5/8"

D

ENTRY

A

PARKING ENTRY

N COMPASS

26

S

S

HILL STREET


upper floor plan 1

2

3

5

4

6

7

8

9

10

H

G

WAITING ROOM

F

R.A MECH

S.A UP

I.T Room HOLDING ROOM

SECURITY

JUDGE'S CHAMBER

E

COURT ROOM

ELEVATOR

UP

MECH

I.T Room

D

S.A R.A

COURT ROOM

C HOLDING ROOM

MEETING ROOM

B

A

N COMPASS

27


elevation 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Level 13

Level 13 + 296' 6"

+ 296' 6"

GFRC Panel

Photovoltaic Glass

Level 12

Level 12

+ 253' 6"

+ 253' 6"

GFRC Panel

Level 11

Level 11

Level 10

Level 10

Level 9

Level 9

Level 8

Level 8

Level 7

Level 7

Level 6

Level 6

Level 5

Level 5

Level 4

Level 4

+ 192' 6"

+ 192' 6"

+ 174' 6"

+ 174' 6"

+ 156' 6"

+ 156' 6"

+ 138' 6"

+ 138' 6"

+ 120' 6"

+ 120' 6"

+ 102' 6"

+ 102' 6"

+ 84' 6"

+ 84' 6"

+ 66' 6"

+ 66' 6"

GFRC Panel

Level 3

Level 3 + 48' 6"

+ 48' 6"

Photovoltaic Glass

Level 2

Level 2

+ 30' 6"

+ 30' 6"

Level 1

Level 1

+ 12' 6"

+ 12' 6"

1

28

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10


section 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

Level 13

Level 13

+ 296' 6"

+ 296' 6"

Level 12

Level 12

+ 253' 6"

+ 253' 6"

Level 11

Level 11

+ 192' 6"

+ 192' 6"

Level 10

Level 10 + 174' 6"

+ 174' 6"

Level 9

Level 9

+ 156' 6"

+ 156' 6"

Level 8

Level 8

+ 138' 6"

+ 138' 6"

Level 7

Level 7 + 120' 6"

+ 120' 6"

Level 6

Level 6

+ 102' 6"

+ 102' 6"

Level 5

Level 5

+ 84' 6"

+ 84' 6"

Level 4

Level 4

+ 66' 6"

+ 66' 6"

Level 3

Level 3

+ 48' 6"

+ 48' 6"

Level 2

Level 2

+ 30' 6"

+ 30' 6"

Level 1

Level 1

+ 12' 6"

+ 12' 6"

Level 0 Âą 0' 0"

Level -1 - 11' 6"

Level -2 - 24' 6"

Level -3 - 37' 6"

Level -4 - 50' 6"

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

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wall section

Aluminum Mullion GFRC Panel

Roof Level

Low-E Glazing Panel

+ 253' 0"

Insulation

Main Structural Column

Handrail Concret Slab

Eleventh Floor

+ 188' 6"

Interior Wall

Edge Steel Beam

Eighth Floor + 135' 0"

Steel Column

Seventh Floor

GFRC Panel

+ 117' 6"

Equipment

First Floor

+ 12' 6"

Tranalation Slab

Basement Level

± 0' 0"

Concret Column

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chunk Model

A.23 Roof Corner Detail Beam Connector Bracket

Primary Beam Structure

Glazing Facet

Beam Support Post

Fastener Black GFRC Cladding

Hidden Gutter Membrane

Sheathing

Thermal Insulation Secondary Beam Structure

Aluminum Mullion

Granite Floor Finish A.22 Gutter Detail

Cast in Place Concrete Steel Profiled Sheeting Beam Duct Suspended Ceiling

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wall base detail

gutter detail

Glass Glazing

Glazing Facet

REVISION NO.

Description

Fastener Glass Glue Sealing

Silicon Bead

PROJECT: U.S Federal Courthouse in Los Angeles

Secondary Support Steel GFRC Cladding Extension

ADDRESS:

Roofing Batten Snow Fence Gutter Penetration

350 W 1st Street, Suite 4311 Los Angeles, CA 90013 Aluminum Mullion

Fastener

CONSULTANTS: Structural Consultant: Matthew Melnyk

Metal Return

Environmental Consultant: Jayme Lyzun Wateproof Membrane Panel Liner Aluminum Closure Panel Thermal Insulation

Black Aluminum Mullion Corrogated Steel Sheet Support

5% Slope Weathering Waterproof Membrane Soil Compaction

Waterproofing Membrane Gutter Liner Fiberglass Insulation Black GFRC Cladding

INSTRUCTORS: Herwig Baumgartner Brian Zamora

TERM MEMBER: Carol Kan Hashim Barda Lijun Zhong Xinlei Li Yi Zhou

DATE:

12/05/2016

Sprayed on Fireproofing

DRAWING:

GUTTER DETAIL Waterproofing Membranes

Gymsum Board (Fireproofing)

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SCALE:

NOT TO SCALE SHEET:

A.22


roof corner detail

Insulated Aluminum Panel Thermal Insulation Glass Glue Sealing

REVISION NO.

Description

Aluminum Mullion

Fastener Wateproof Membrane Panel Liner

Mullion Bracket

Secondary Beam Structure

PROJECT: U.S Federal Courthouse in Los Angeles Primary Beam Structure

Glass Glazing

ADDRESS: 350 W 1st Street, Suite 4311 Los Angeles, CA 90013

Mullion Bracket

CONSULTANTS: Structural Consultant: Matthew Melnyk

Aluminum Mullion Mullion Bracket ground finish

Environmental Consultant: Jayme Lyzun

INSTRUCTORS: Herwig Baumgartner Brian Zamora

TERM MEMBER:

Primary Beam Structure

Carol Kan Hashim Barda Lijun Zhong Xinlei Li Yi Zhou structure tranfer layer

DATE:

11/28/2016 DRAWING:

Wall Detail SCALE: column

NOT TO SCALE SHEET:

A.24

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Occupancies Seperation

Smoke Evacuation

Types of Construction: type I B 1 hour seperation with others

fire life safety

Fire-resistance rating requirements for building elements (Hours) smoke extract fans

smoke extract fans

1 hour seperation with others Allowable height: 11F

atrium energy supply

Building areas:Unlimited

atrium energy supply

Fire Protection System

Sprinklering System Atrium (1hour seperation) A3 Courtrooms B (business) Offices M (mercantile) Cafe, shops S2 (parking) Structural Parking

Foam-water deluge system

Foam-water dry pipe system

Foam-water preaction system

Foam-water sprinkler system

Reflective Ceiling Plan

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atrium energy supply


Parking Entery

ada

Parking Entery PARKING ENTRY

OFFICE UP

OFFICE MULTIMEDIA ROOM OFFICE

DOWN

MEETING ROOM

COPY ROOM

ENTRY ELEVATOR

26"

26"

26"

ELEVATOR

42"

42"

42"

6"

6"

18"

18"

6"

18"

26"

OVERHANG

2'-6" 42"

UP

6"

18"

UP

DOWN DOWN

CORRIDOR

DOWN

DOWN

ENTRY

ENTRY

RESEARCH ROOM

DOWN

'2:1

6" 18"

ELEVATOR

42"

6"

18"

ELEVATOR

6"

OFFICE

UP

UP

R

CAFE

18"

42"

2'-6"

26"

26"

OFFICE

42"

KITCHEN

OFFICE

N

LIBRARY

26"

OFFICE

OFFICE

CAFE

$75,80

MULTIMEDIA ROOM

MEETING ROOM

MEETING ROOM

ENTRY

ENTRY

Parking Entery

Parking Entery

P

PARKING ENTRY

U in

A

3 L 3'-4"

C

8'-4 1/2"

S M

4'-4 3/4"

20'-0"

E Ja 8'-7 1/4"

IN

H B

6'-1 3/4"

9'-5 3/4"

42"

6"

4'-4 1/2" 26"

18"

TE

5'-3 1/2"

3'-4 1/2"

- CORE AND ELEVATOR DETAIL

Ca H Li Xi Yi

- ADA PARKING STALL DETAIL

D

D

6'-9 3/4"

2'-8"

52.00

40.00

2'-8"

SC

12.00 3'-0"

2'-1"

5'-0"

1'-6"

2'-1"

1'-6"

- ADA RESTROOM DETAIL 1

5'-0"

1'-6"

SH

1'-6" 9.00

- ADA RESTROOM DETAIL 2

- ADA RESTROOM DETA IL 3

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BUILDING AREA TYPES

Level 9: 23 073 SF: Floor Type A: Max Occ 377

Corridor = 16’

egress

MAX OCCUPANCY

Levels

B Business

A3 Courtrooms

M Mercantile ---

S2 Parking

Total SqFt

L10

---

Levels

15 070

---

---

15 070

L9

23 073

---

---

23 073

L10

L8

23 599

---

---

B Business 1:100

A3 Courtrooms 1:40

M Mercantile 1:60

S2 Parking 1:200

Max Occup

---

377

---

---

377

23 599

L9

---

577

---

---

577

L7

3 400

17 683

---

---

21 083

L8

---

590

---

---

590

L6

3 400

24 593

---

---

27 993

L7

34

442

---

---

476

L5

3 400

20 076

---

---

23 476

L6

34

615

---

---

649

L4

32 663

---

---

---

32 663

L5

34

501

---

---

545

L3

37 438

---

---

---

37 438

L4

327

---

---

---

327

L2

23 939

---

12 300

---

36 239

L3

374

---

---

---

374

Ground Floor

12 800

---

20 100

---

32 910

L2

239

---

205

---

444

B1

---

---

---

32 800

32 800

Ground Floor

128

---

335

---

463

B2

---

---

---

32 800

32 800

B1

---

---

---

164

164

B3

---

---

---

32 800

32 800

B2

---

---

---

164

164

TOTAL

93 101

124 094

32 410

98 400

371 944

B3

---

---

---

164

164

TOTAL

1 170

3 102

540

492

5 314

Stair 1 Width: 54’ (0.3”x180) Capacity: 180

Stair 2 Width: 54’ (0.3”x180) Capacity: 180

Stair 3 Width: 54’ (0.3”x180) Capacity: 180

Level 10 Building Area: 15 070 SF Floor Type: A3 Max Occupancy: 377 Level 9 Building Area: 23 073 SF Floor Type: A3 Max Occupancy: 577 Level 8 Building Area: 23 599 SF Floor Type: A3 Max Occupancy: 590

Stair 4 Width: 54’ (0.3”x180) Capacity: 180

Level 7 Building Area: 21 083 SF Floor Type: A3 B Max Occupancy: 476 Level 6 Building Area: 27 993 SF Floor Type: A3 B Max Occupancy: 649 Level 5 Building Area: 23 476 SF Floor Type: A3 B Max Occupancy: 545

Level 5 : 23 476 SF: Floor Type A B: Max Occ 545

Level 4 Building Area: 32 663 SF Floor Type: B Max Occupancy: 327 Level 3 Building Area: 37 438 SF Floor Type: B Max Occupancy: 374 Level 2 Building Area: 36 239 SF Floor Type: B M 36 239/100 = 444

Ground Floor Plan: 32 910 SF: Floor Type B M: Max Occ 463 Level B1 Building Area: 32 800 SF Floor Type: S2 Max Occupancy: 164

Level B2 Building Area: 32 800 SF Floor Type: S2 Max Occupancy: 164

Level B3 Building Area: 32 800 SF Floor Type: S2 Max Occupancy: 164

Level B1: 32 800 SF: Floor Type S2: Max Occ 164

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Circulation Egress Core


hvac

AHU-d 1000 SQF Air Cooled Chiller

R

Boiler

N

Supply Air Duct

P

Return Air Duct

U in

A

3 L

C

S M

E Ja Lower Level Vertical Supply Air Duct

IN MECHANICAL SYSTEM AHU a,b,c =900 SQF TOTAL SQUARE FOOTAGE: 150,000 LOWER FLOORS (1-4) 3 RISERS EACH = 30 SQF EACH SUPPLY DUCT SIZE : 6’ x 5’

H B

Lower Level Vertical Return Air Duct AHU-a 900SQF

TE

Ca H Li Xi Yi

AHU d,e = 1000 SQF TOTAL SQUARE FOOTAGE: 125,000 UPPER FLOORS (5-9) 3 RISERS EACH = 40 SQF EACH SUPPLY DUCT SIZE : 8’ x 5’

D

D

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ELECTRICAL + IT = 1 PER EACH FLOOR DIVIDED INTO 3 PARTS = 1 PER CORE DIVISION ELECTRICAL a,b = 100 SQF IT ROOM 1

S

ELECTRICAL c = 100 SQF IT ROOM 2 ELECTRICAL d = 100 SQF IT ROOM 3

SH

37


environmenal system

Photovoltaic Types - Crystlline Silicon

- RADIANT PANELS IN CONJUNCTION WITH A DEDICCATED OUTDOOR AIR SYSTEM (DOAS) CAN INCREASE AIR QUALITY AND COMFORT WHILE REDUCING BOTH INITIAL COST AND ENERGY COST. - AIR FLOW FROM THE CEILING DIFFUSRES SUBS SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASES THE CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER AT THE RADIANT PANEELS WHICH, IN TURN, REDUCES THE AREA OF REDUCES THE ERQUIRED AREA OF RADIENT PANELES.

Solar Radiation

Building Envelope Details

Environmental Analysis

Building construction and operations can have extensive direct and indirect impacts on the environment, society, and economy. The field of sustainable design seeks to balance the needs of these areas by using an integrated approach to create win-win design solutions. The main objectives of sustainable design are to reduce, or completely avoid, depletion of critical resources like energy, water, and raw materials; prevent environmental degradation caused by facilities and infrastructure throughout their life cycle; and create built environments that are livable, comfortable, safe, and productive.

Photovoltaic Types - Thin_Film

Photovoltaic Implementation - Continous

Natural Ventilation

Natural ventilation systems rely on pressure differences to move fresh air through buildings. Pressure differences can be caused by wind or the buoyancy effect created by temperature differences or differences in humidity. In either case, the amount of ventilation will depend critically on the size and placement of openings in the building. It is useful to think of a natural ventilation system as a circuit, with equal consideration given to supply and exhaust. Openings between rooms such as transom windows, louvers, grills, or open plans are techniques b to complete the airflow circuit through a building. Code requirements regarding smoke and fire transfer present challenges to the designer of a natural ventilation system. For example, historic buildings used the stairway as the exhaust stack, a technique now prevented by code requirements in many cases.

Natural Daylighting

Daylighting is the controlled admission of natural lightmdash;direct sunlight and diffuse skylight—into a building to reduce electric lighting and saving energy. By providing a direct link to the dynamic and perpetually evolving patterns of outdoor illumination, daylighting helps create a visually stimulating and productive environment for building occupants, while reducing as much as one-third of total building energy costs .

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construction cost Secondry Structureal I-Beam: $180.00 per ft. Linear Footage of Secondry I-Beam: 36,545 ft. $180 x 66,545 ft = $ 11,978,100 Column&Truss Steel: $180.00 per ft Linear Footage of C&T Steel: 192,685 ft. $180 x 192,685 ft = $ 34,683,300 Floor Slab Beam: $140.00 per ft. Linear Footage of Slab Beam: 65,850 ft. $ 140 x 65,850 ft = $ 9,219,000 Total Structural Steel Cost: $ 78,519,800 HVAC System: $40.00 per sq ft. Total Square Footage: 798,760 sq ft. $40 x 798,760 ft = $ 31,950,400

R

Fire Supression: $5.00 per sq ft. Total Square Footage: 798,760 sq ft. $5 x 798,760 ft = $ 3,993,800

N

Envelop Interior Finish: $50.00 per sq ft. Total Square Footage: 798,760 sq ft. $50 x 798,760 ft = $ 39,938,000 False Ceilings and Drywall: $30.00 per sq ft. Total Square Footage: 798,760 sq ft. $30 x 798,760 ft = $ 23,962,800

P

TOTAL PRIMARY CONSTRUCTION COST ESTIMATE:

U in

GLASS TOTAL: $ 42,007,500 CONCRETE TOTAL: $ 63,298,800

A

3 L

GFRC SYSTEM TOTAL: $ 67,922,800 GALV. STRUCTURAL STEEL TOTAL: $ 78,519,880 Total Square Footage: 280,050 sq ft

Total Square Footage: 308,740 sq ft

Glass Cost Est. $150.00 per square foot. Total Glass Cost: $150.00 x 280,050 sq ft = $ 42,007,500

GFRC Cost Est: $220.00 per square foot. Total FRP Cost: $220.00 x 308,740 sq ft = $ 67,922,800

C

MECHANICAL SYSTEMS TOTAL: $ 35,944,200

S M

FINISHES TOTAL: $ 63,900,800

E Ja

TOTAL = $351,593,980

IN

H B

TE

GLASS

FIBER REINFORCED PANELS

Ca H Li Xi Yi

Galv.Steel W-Flange/Tube

D

POURED IN PLACE CONC. Floor Square Footage: 615,510 sq ft Retaining Walls Square Footage: 87,680 sq ft Core Walls Square Footage: 95,570 sq ft

D

Total Square Footage: 798,760 sq ft

C

Cons.below grade $180.00 per sq ft. Conc.above grade $90.00 per sq ft. Concrete Slab $60 per sq ft. Level B2 95,200 sq ft.

Level B1 95,200 sq ft.

Ground Floor 51,000 sq ft.

Level 2 63,900 sq ft.

Level 3 58,790 sq ft.

Level 4 60,100 sq ft.

SC Retaining Wall(Below Grade): $180.00 x 87,680 sq ft = $ 15,782,400 Floor Slab: $60.00 x 615,510 sq ft = $ 36,930,600

Basement Retaining Wall

SH

Core Walls(Below Grade): $180.00 x 22,050 sq ft = $ 3,969,000

25,260 sq ft.

18,580 sq ft.

25,260 sq ft.

18,580 sq ft.

Core Walls(Above Grade): $90.00 x 73,520 sq ft = $ 6,616,800 Total concrete cost = $ 63,298,800 Level 5 41,620 sq ft.

Level 6 45,700 sq ft.

Level 7 42,440 sq ft.

Level 8 14,000 sq ft.

Level 9 18,580 sq ft.

Level 10 28,980 sq ft.

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ENCHANTED building: A barn for toy inventing

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ENCHANTED TOY

&

BUILDING

{ A MEDIUM FOR INFORMAL LEARNING FOR THE 21ST CENTURY } Dseign Studio Group Work for Enchanted Toy Collaborator: Xinlei Li, Kun Wang Individual Work for Enchanted Building Location: Hawaii, United States Instructor: Michael Rotonti

Toys, games, and electronic media are merging into a seamless blend of entertainment, information, learning, and play From music boxes, crying dolls, kaleidoscopes, and stereoscopes to electric trains, remote controlled vehicles, and robots, toys have always reflected the latest economically viable developments in science and technology. The enchanted objects of fairy tales and science fiction will enter real life, and slowly but surely into architecture. What does this mean? How will this impact architecture and architects? How will this improve our lives?

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ENCHANTED toy: the new rubick's cube Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Concept

how we define an enchanted toy : In an era of abundant information, people tend to obtain their

When an individual plays with an ordinary toy, a limited dialogue only

knowledge through new found mediums which sometimes diminish

occurs between the toy and the human. It is a one-way interaction;

the observation of the outside world. Similar to an ordinary toy, in

the toys' movement is dependent on the human. The toy only

most cases, it occupies the individual's attention and distracts him

reacts to the human. However, an enchanted toy introduces the

or her away from other activities. Despite all the charm that toy has

environment into the dialogue between the toy and the individual,

to offer, only a special kind of toy may enchant a proper effect: a

offering the opportunity to communicate to the outside world and the

fulfilling response for the human and the surround environment.

environment.

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

42

1


Toy Structure

Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century toy structure: main composition

The new Rubick's Cube is a Rubick's Cube that embeded with

to cold environment) to reminder you wear more clothes. Also, by

technologies so that the cube catches information form its

solving it, it stops the buzzing and generates heat on its surface.

environment and the 'cloud'.

Another example:It might also plays a beautifule melody if there are

People can play with it like a normal Rubick's Cube. In addition, the

birds singing outside, suggesting that you may go out and enjoy the

new Cube can act like a powerful reminder to its owner, based on the

wondful outdoor.

information it receieved.

As you solved more puzzles, you got leveled up as well as the cube

For example: on a cold day, it may shakes (like the way human reacts

itself. And there's more to be found out.

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

21

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toy structure: information receiever Toy Structure

Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Sound Sensor

Toy Structure

Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Light & Color Sensor

Wifi & BlueTooth Receiever

26

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

Pressure Sensor

Temperature Sensor Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

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25


toy structure: reaction generator Toy Structure

edium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Battery

Battery

Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Heating Wire

Signal Distributor

Valvular Conduit

Heat Generator

Foam Lattice Structure

Chamber

23

un Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

LED Array

LED Light Array Signal Distributor

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

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toy structure: core processor

T

Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Processor

Signal Distributor

Motor

Odor Generator

mbers: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

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Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Story Board

Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century

Toys and Tech: A for aInform Learning for the 21st Century opens it medium and finds brand new Rubik’s Cube lying inside the box. 2 He

Story Board

Board Toys and Tech: A medium Inform Learning for the 21st Century BUZZ” goesforthe cube, mysteriously in the shack. He picks it up and tries to silence it. After several attempts, he finds the cube has turned cold and needed more red on itsStory upper 5 “BUZZ, face.

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

Toys andopens Tech: Athe medium for Inform Learning Centuryinviting him to take a walk outside. He opens the door to the outside. window to draw closerfortothe the21st melody, 9 He

4

Story Board

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

7

ENCHANTED toy: narrative

He slowly tries solving the puzzle and gradually discovers his fascination. He finds each red unit from the cube reacts to the other similar units through the effects of temperature. When there are more red units combined with other red units, the temperature increases.

Story Board

Story Board Toys and Tech: A medium for Inform Learning for the 21st Century 12 He retreats back to his street and, suddenly, all of the colors start glowing in unison. Ecstatically rotating his cube around and then his head to capture what was in store for him, numerous

balloons in rainbow of colors floats away, right over him. He finds himself in astonished ponder, standing in a pocket garden, questioning a possible presence of a party.

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

11

14 There seem to be more and more people entering the garden. He starts to feel uncomfortable. He tries to leave. His attempt to leave left his cube to become hard again along with the loss of the magical fragrance. To continue his magical journey of a lifetime, his strong sense of curiousness convinced him to stay a bit longer. Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

16

Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

14

17 From their shock, everyone started to rotate their Rubik’s cubes from being startled. The rotation of the cube began to transform the sound of chaos into a sound of harmony, which evolved, to their surprise, into a symphony! Team Members: Kun Wang, Xinlei Li, Yi Zhou

19

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program diagram:

Enchanted building:

Program Diargam:

It is an informal learning center for thinkers,

cool down space show room

Form Development:

inventors, and mentors to conceive, construcr,

auditorium

and contemplate enchanted toys for young

library

informal learing Space

adult learners who live, work and learn here. restaurent

work

housing

VR

housing

library

To start with, I divide the program into 3 main parts, namely: learning, working and resting.

exercise

And for each part, few secondary programs are

collaborative work space

surronding the main program.

mechanical shops

The arrows are suggesting a connection digital Fabrication labs

between different programs. Some programes

media lab

can be divided into smaller parts and places work library

into other areas. For example, the library is

housing

not necessarily limitted to a big room filled with books, it can be a small reading area in

restaurent

housing. With this subdivision process, the

auditorium

interestingness and richness are added into

library cool down library informal learing

the space.

restaurent VR

housing exercise informal learing

housing

The enchanted part is that the show room and

cool down space do not exist as a single space,

cool down

collaborative work space

cool down informal learing

restaurent

mechanical shops

cool down

however it is surrounding the learing and working area. The circulation for visitors is separated with the workers, and the circulation

digital Fabrication labs

media lab library

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work library

itself is the show room space.

Surface Condition:


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space on the diagram

cool down library informal learing

real space

restaurent

development housing diagram:

VR

Program Diargam:

ary

clear boundary space exercise

cool down space cool down informal learing show room

collaborative work space informal mechanical learingshops Space

cool down

VR

work library

ambigous space

housing

A question that raised up accompanying is that how we define those overlap space in the program diagram, and sky bridge

Form makeDevelopment: it into real space. auditorium

cool down

informal learing

restaurent

library digital Fabrication labs

restaurent

media lab

work

housing

library

housing

library

exercise

collaborative work space mechanical shops

digital Fabrication labs

space on the diagram

real space

media lab

work library

ambigous space

housing

sky bridge

restaurent

auditorium library cool down library informal learing

restaurent VR

housing

work library

housing

exercise informal learing

cool down

collaborative work space

cool down informal learing

restaurent

mechanical shops

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section

Level 4 + 35' 5"

Level 3 +25' 0"

Level 2 +14' 0"

Level 1 + 8' 0"

Level 0 Âą 0' 0"

visitor entrance

plan-level1

plan-level3 visitor entrance

012

10

5

20 (ft)

UP

auditorium

UP vending working (practiceing)

cafe UP

restroom

UP Outdoor Cafe

cool down

library

UP

exhibition show stage (exhibition)

UP

DOWN show stage (exhibition)

VR

mechanical shop & dugutal fabrication lab Exhibition

UP

UP

visitor entrance 012

52

5

10

10

20 (ft)

012

5 10

20 (ft)


plan-level2

Workers Entrance

vending auditorium

working (learning)

UP

c a fe

working (practiceing)

restroom sky bridge

cool d o wn

media lab exhibition

show stage (exhibition) library UP

mechanical shop & dugutal fabrication lab

VR

cool down

UP UP

DOWN

visitor entrance

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54


GHOSTS THE

OF

ABYSS

{ form Defined by effects } Dseign Studio Group Work Collaborator: Carol Kan Location: San Francisco, United States Instructor: Dwayne Oyler

https://youtu.be/qIVf07HuHm0 This studio builds on the idea of ghostly characteristics, with a specific interest in moving beyond the seductive nature of the image toward a more physical and teconic outcome. Increasingly skeptical of the seductive image as an architectural outcome, but admittedly enamored with them as a place to begin and as a thing to interrogate, this studio with them as a place to begin and as a thing to interrogate, this studio is charged with giving physicality to the idea by dealing directly with a set of key characteristics.

55


Our research in the ghostly began by looking at images of topographic features in igneous rocks and natural landscapes. We were particularly interested in the potential of topography to create an imagery of infinite depth and an internalized object. With the intention of translating these elements into an architectural idea, we extracted these

Our research in the ghostly began by looking at images of We were inspired by the Schullin Store Front in Vienna by Hans topographic features in igneous rocks and natural landscapes. Hollein to achieve infinite depth in built architecture.

geometries to a prism volume by layering as an apparatus to explore the different techniques of revealing a ghostly entity. Our preliminary research helped us to discover several potential characteristics: The concept of the ghostly object to exist simultaneously as a solid and formal figure through peeling and layering linear

Examination of effects through layering mirror and transparent Examination of effects through layering mirror and opaque materials. materials.

elements from the facade, suggesting an ambiguous presence. The idea of splitting the volume into two to reveal solid and void elements that reflected infinitely between one another through mirrors, echoing the present of contradictory ghostly qualities.

Overall building: While the building may appear to be a simple prism volume from the exterior...

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...the underbelly reveals the ghostly figures blurring the relationship between the real and suggested object.


Infinity Mirrored Room by Yayoi Kusama best represents our aim to translate an infinite space effect to out building.

Examination of topology through depth of contours.

Examination of topology through depth of contours.

Experimentation of reflection through mirrors.

Experimentation of creationg an infinite depth effect.

Site: pier of San Francisco. Restrained by the bridge, the building would depend interiority for a formal definition as an alternative to the exterior

The interior spaces through a curvilinear section: While the exterior is a simple prism volume, the interior is comprised of a framework of complexity.

Infinity Mirrored Room by Yayoi Kusama best represents our aim to translate an infinite space effect to out building.

The mirror enhances the effects of the interior depth and complexity of the linear framework.

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In the subsequent models, we aimed to achieve precision in manipulating these effects through a careful calibration of techniques and materials. From the section to the facade, variations in pattern and material would blur the relationship between the real and suggested figure. However when viewing from underneath, there is a clear definition of the ghostly figures and partitions. For these reasons the exterior conditions was intentionally simple In order create emphasis on the condition of the interior depth where the effect happens despite the height restriction by the bridge. These effects are also translated to the specific details of the building. Firstly, the ability of the facade to blur between the ghostly figures and voids through variations in transparency, vantage points, and notches. Second, a complex linear framework which fluctuates between the solid and formal volumes of the prism and supporting columns. By applying light, the figures are simultaneously reveal and conceal through varying depths and shadows. These ghostly qualities and reflective tricks we developed can be observe in our overall model and reveal in the sections.

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The 2-Dimensional representation often fails to deliver on the intended effects. These effects realied heavily on the use of large physical model. As a supplement, highly choreographed short videos was produced based on the final model. The video is hyper-specific in its use of light, focus and cinematic effects.

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PACKED A

INSIDE

BUILDING { form Defined by effects }

Graduation Thesis Individual Work Location: Shenzhen, China Instructor: Andrew Zago

In architecture, a proven strategy for uncoupling spatial effects from sculptural presence is to frame a sculptural object within a closely fitted enclosure. Like the musical instrument case, this sectional object approach raises questions regarding the degree of expression for the object, and the degree of fit for the enclosure. For example: there are music case that is just a simple rectangle box, and there are also boxes that just resembles the shape of the instrument. And there are other cases in between. This kind of in between relationship that neither total difference nor total resemblance of the enclosure and the object is the most important issue in my thesis. When the object and the case become as big as the scale of a building, the most important space becomes the sectional space. The idea of organizing a certain program (exhibition space) of a building (museum) as an object and packed inside the other parts of its program is the main approach of this thesis. The sectional relationship of the object and its container is the main focus of this project.

63


The project is a museum locates in Shenzhen, China. The idea is to organize the most import program of a museum( which is the exhibition space) as an very precise and figurative object with certain features, packed inside other parts of its program. The outside of the case is highly abstract and kind of like a simple expression of the object. And then a shape that is somewhere in between these 2 layers. The object and the shape of the case is important of course, the degree of fit of this layer is the entire problem of adjusting the sectional space.

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The outside space was just divided horizontally as normal buildings, and the object was divided into large and tall space to suit the exhibition needs and exaggerate the difference with the regular space. The structure of the object is also independent as of the other parts of the building. The object is built as a whole, and placed on top of several columns.

65


As mentioned, the most important thing in this project is the 3 layers, how to view the sectional space and the building is crucial. The articulation and the opening of the outside is very simple and subtle, and will not reveal what is inside of this building. When you entered the building through the stairs, you can see parts of the sectional space, then it has those slender windows on this layer. Finally you can fully experience the space on the platform of the object.

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IMAGE REFIGURATION Visual Study Individual Work Instructor: M. Casey Rehm

72


This seminar explored a series of operations which forced students to engage the codification design and disciplinary intent. The initial studies of the course forced students to codify “incidental� geometric and color relationships in precedent paintings into multi-agent simulation behaviors which in turn refigurate the graphics. The remainder of the semester extended on exploring the idea of transparency, using the method of animation. Merely By layering of images (generated eariler) on a monolithic cubic mass, it introduced a spacial reading and imposed an instant blurring when the camera moves. These exercises exposed the students to thinking of algorithmic systems as extensions of their interests as designers and not as external or a priori tools for the production of mimetic architecture.

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EXACT FORM Visual Study Individual Work Instructor: Alejandro Alcala

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This seminar explored a series of operations to create strong figurative objects. Rather than using keyshot as a render software, this seminar explored the possibility of using it as design software. By assigning reflecting materials to the objects and projecting different figure on the object, we can have differert shadows. And we can articulate the object by tracing the shadows and create another reading of the mass.

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CODING FORM Visual Study Individual Work Instructor: Satoru Sugihara The assignment is to design tower structures, facade geometries and panelization using parametric design tools. The goal is to explore techniques and try to generate interesting structure geometries, and facade geometries (more important to be complex and interesting than realistical). Pursuing the complexity while avoiding simple chaos or singularity by bringing enough articulation.

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80

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Visual Study Group Work Collaborators: Xinlei Li Instructor: Satoru Sugihara

This assignment is to generate complex geometries from simple shapes by adding subdivision algorithm. We started from a simple yet interesting cubic base shape, adding 3 kinds subdivision geometries (the meshes, holes and the thorns) several times to bring complexity to it. And by manipulateing the level of subdivision, we have dfferent scale of details and avoid simple chaos.

81 81


Furniture, Fashion, Film,&Fotos Visual Study Individual Work Instructor: Coy Howard

82


Taking the long view of a creative life, this seminar focuses on an expanded view of design principles and the transference skills that make it possible to excel in a broad range of design activities. Specifically, exercises in the topics listed above will be developed through craft skills of the hand as well as of the appropriate machine. Thee exercises will be complimented by an exposure to both traditional and contemporary examples and designers in all five design fields.

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TENERIFE ESPACIO DE ARTES

LAS

Applied Study Group Work Collaborators: Indhumathi Venkatachalam, Amritha R, Xinlei Li, Meenakshi N Dravid Instructor: Maxi Spina

84


Tenerife Espacio de las Artes, Spain Address: Av. de San Sebastiรกn, 10, 38003 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain Architect: Herzog & De Meuron Area: 20,622 sq.m The main components of the construction process are: Self compacting concrete Steel Rebars Engineered formwork Tessellated roof slabs The construction technique used for TEA is reinforced concrete. The perforations of the concrete wall give a rather light look to an otherwise heavy material like concrete. The perforated wall is a cast-in-situ wall, with perforation that are designed like pixels, These pixel forms have been derived from the landscape images of Tenerife. Like the buildings most dominant feature, the reinforced concrete wall, the remainder of the building also uses standard cast-in-situ reinforced concrete technique for floors, slabs, staircases and

wall explosion

roof.

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model rendering

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axion drawings


detail drawing

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FACES, FIGURES, BODIES Applied Study Group work Collaborators: Fiona Ng, Minah Kim Instructor: Curime Batliner In this seminar, we moved from basic paper models and drawings to building a three dimensional facade system using industrial robots. We learned about basic tesselation techniques and move from a system of one repeating member to complex assemblages consisting of several base members with various degrees of variation. Inspired by the work of M.C Escher, we worked first two dimensional tesselations learning how to generate and organize a system trough repetion and transformation of a set number of members. Later we build on these techniques to create variation within this system. Moving into the third dimensions students will need to embrace machine logics and material behaviour as informing agents in the design and fabrication process.

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89


Pattern 03 Defining Shape

Contouring Form

Patterning

90


n

Front Detail

Back Detail

Used as Enclosure System or Feature Wall

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Speculative Diagrams and Mutant mash-ups Cultural Study Individual Work Instructor: Andrew Zago

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SELECTED PROFESSIONAL AT FCHA Internship Summer 2016 FCHA (Fang Cheng Architects), Shenzhen, China.a

WORK

In summer 2016, I internshiped at FCHA, an architect firm relatively reputable in Shenzhen, China. Mostly I was helping with schematic design and modeling during these days. The A32 Project was the first and the longest project I took part in, My role included providing a parametric louvre facade scheme, a interiolr design scheme, rendering and photoshopping and etc.

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A32 Project

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A32 Project

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The Zhongwuwei Landscape Project

The Zhongwuwei Landscape Project is a landscape design for a residential district. In this project I was responsible for providending different design choices of the entrance square. 103


HAINAN CHILDREN'S PLAYGROUND INSTALLATION Personal Project Sanya, Hainan, China 2016

In the summer 2016, One of my undergraduate friend invited me and some other classmates for a series of installation design for children in a small village, Sanya, Hainan. It was an small installation smaller than 40(sqr m), with a budget less than 35,000RMB, designed for children to play with.

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My design solution for this project is a small hill rising up from the ground. The continuing rooftop has generates interesting spaces and slope changes. Children can either run from ground to the structure, resting on it, or play hide and seek under the roof. Based on the gradient of the roof, there are 2 different kinds of design: The gentle slopes are coverd with wood boards, so the children can rest on it. The steeper slopes are installed with wood panels, so the kids can can climb it.

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Yi Zhou portfolio March 2 SCI-Arc  
Yi Zhou portfolio March 2 SCI-Arc  
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