Architectural Portfolio Selected Works 2016-2019
How can we curate a more interesting street in the mind of the people who experience the city? Personal Work This simple diagram decomposes a few approaches in addressing that interest. Starting from the bottom of the pyramid is the building fabrics, which faรงades and style of the exteriors play an important role in telling the past the history. Minor details of the building such as signage, banners, awnings, flags or other decorative elements, permanent or temporary, give away visual interests to the passer-by.
On the second tier lies the hardscape and softscape, both are imperative to provide functional and recreational needs to the public. For instances, tall trees for shading and privacy whereas low benches for resting. Elements like bicycle lanes, demarcated smoking area, recycle bins and art installations also indirectly reflects the policies that is exercised by the country.
Lastly, sitting on the highest tier are cultural elements. Activities that represent the local demographics such as temporary market place, midnight hawker stalls, making of Diwali floor art or Rangoli on the road and etc should be encouraged on the public street. The environment curated enhances the sensory information of the place, retaining as part of the spirit of the place known as Genius Loci.
memories and architecture As a learner and designer, I have always believed that architecture has impacts reaching far beyond its forms and purposed functions, intentionally or otherwise These impacts, ranging from a personal level such as a childhood memory to grander perspectives such as urban fabrics and public spaces, are a unique experience to each individual, as when a person enters a space, he records and transforms his senses and perceptions into his memory, which may be projected towards his personality or thoughts in the future. In other words, architecture builds and shapes a person. These experiences are usually espoused from the spaceâ€™s programs and atmospheric values, which in my opinion are extremely powerful, as they give life to the setting as they are intangible, and cannot be planned for or forced onto. Some term this phenomenology architecture or the genius loci of a space. My interests therefore lie in capturing these values and create them.
contents In designing for a space, my fundamental approach is to prioritize its programs. This is achieved by assigning its utilitarian nature, at the same time purposefully incorporating the form, materials, light, landscape, urban realm and other aspects of a building to achieve the design objectives. The end product, I believe, should be an extension of the designerâ€™s statement and also a portrayal of identity to its surroundings and community. I nurture and practice these beliefs by constantly observing and documenting my surroundings, largely via photographs, but also by scribbling and noting down the elements that conjure up the atmosphere that I sense. At times, these elements are obvious and easily discovered, and at other times, not so. Either way, I believe that they are identifiable, then they should be, and rigorously studied, for they are an integral key to create a more sensible, human architecture that not only provides shelter, but also a reflection of human values.
A Breath Away
Sport and Culture Center Putrajaya, Malaysia
Mixed Development Selangor, Malaysia
Peace Pavilion Champ de Mars, Paris, France
Major Revamping Idea Proposal Singapore
This portfolio compromises of my four representative works in the foregoing field.
Urban Carpet Community Sports Center
Individual Final Studio Site: Putrajaya, Malaysia. The physical site is a confluence of three major streets in Putrajaya, the administrative capital of Malaysia, each with its own functionality: residential complexes, a boulevard, and an evening street market. In a grander context, Putrajaya is a centrally planned township, each area being girded, segmented and confined to its supposed function and use. That was discovered following a study of the site and its elements. Hence, the design concept is for the space to be dedicated to a particular activity that goes contrary with the wider, authoritarian nature of Putrajaya: Parkour, interlaced with other sport spaces and activities. Parkour is a physical art that emphasises movements around physical obstacles and cutting through spaces in efficient imagined lines of movements. This is done by arranging elements of the design to form a borderless identity juxtaposed with the restricted nature of the administrative capital, characterized by undulating strips of visual carpet that unfold along the axis of the three streets and overlap at the meeting juncture that is the site itself, resulting in a hybrid, three-tiered building. The carpets themselves are meant to be physically and mentally twisted, wrapped, folded and otherwise altered from their straight runs, providing a break against an isolated structure.
A city that is planned and established on grid feel constraint as compared to city that has paths and walkways of different lengths and width. To address that constraint, the design intention is to break the rigidity and order using exisiting circulations patterns at site.
Conceptual Sketch & Exploration Diagrams
To depict the spatial experience of folding and unfolding the landscape into building form.
FOOD CARPET A local culture, the night market operates three times a week on the vacant field two blocks from the site. It serves more than just a meeting point for people from all surrounding neighborhood; it also rejuvenates the normally-quiet area in the evening. The strip (on the right) extends an invitation to the street market to be a part of the development, welcoming and celebrating the culture of street food on the sprawling carpet.
EVENT CARPET This strip stretches towards south-west from the site, heading towards Putrajayaâ€™s major boulevard, which itself is a centralized and dominant feature in the city. Major sporting events and functions are held here, attracting vast crowds regularly. The strip invites the crowd to walk and run on it, leading them towards the landscape of the site which forms the skin of the building.
GREEN CARPET The first strip stretches from the nearest neighborhood Precint 18 to the site is a reflection of its surrouding greenary. Taking note that the residents enjoy this linear park that made up from the well-designed hardscape and softscape, the strip further continues the park and adjoin this identity with the building design, forming a seamless entrance statement.
Programme & Structure Rationalization of programme on each strips. Black (food) strip denotes functions for the masses. Starting from the adjacent night market, the functions transform into a sector for the building administrative and operational needs. It serve the community with relating event such as theatre screening, library, art events and etc. Green strip is a green belt with public space as priority, sprawling from ground floor sunken garden onto 1st floor open-aired deck.
Purple (event) strip carries the venues for most of the sports as exemplified. With basements catered for basketball or major event space and long column free space on the highest floor.
Diagramatic Sectional Perspective with Programme Annotation
Natural Elements Green are always visible from the internal spaces to act as a natural buffer for privacy, and it also give the users an illusion of ground at higher levels. Given the constraints of the site in the shape of a long rectangular, sunlight and ventilation are opt to be maximized from the sides of the massing. This approach can be seen from the triple volume space at the entrance and the sunken garden along the public boulevard. Strips of sky lights are also inserted between building massing to brighten the corridor space. Cross ventilation occurs at levels with open air setting namely Ground and 1st Level, where it is accessible by public; On the contrary, the mezzanine level and highest floor are enclosed with facade which also denote itself as private/ rentable spaces.
Sun Direction Diagram
Sectional Perspective not-to-scale
Wind Direction Diagram
Mixed Development Conceptual Design Professional Works Director: Mr.Francis Goh Team size: Four Role in this Project: Lead Architectural Designer Site: Pahang, Malaysia. Sited along the road to Genting Highland, 880m sea level and above, this is a mixed development consists of residential, commercial, recreational and educational programs on the land sized 9.3 acres. The site is indulged in a magnificient landscape of undulating mountains and under a tropical highland climate, giving it an ideal context to begin with. The key architectural challenge, however, that we seek to resolve in this project: How do we avoid designing a stark, gigantic building in the tropical forest?
Design Development Diagrams
My role in this project involves interpreting the brief and conceptualising it to overall building massing and language, including developing some important architectural elements which will be exemplified later.
Breaking Down the Scale By following the brief given, the standard approach of stacking multiple levels of podiums and tower blocks will result in a monstrous looking gigantic building mass, like the neighbouring towers of 60 to 80 storeys. Cloud Habitat, however, is designed based on two basic concept of this building: Grounds and Blocks. First of all, we introduced Grounds which are tiers of horizontal elements - lightweight concrete slabs, with each heights sprawl up to double to triple volume, to break the vertical scale. Instead of fully enclosed these grounds, we then introduce Blocks (or positive space) into the grounds space to house different functions. The blocks are deemed to narrate their functions and poetics via the selected material finishing. The remaining common area or known as Negative Space, are crucial. They are used as circulation space from blocks to blocks, as buffer space between public and private, and event space as the focal point of the ground. Exploded Axonometric
In the following pages illustrated my contributions to this project: the design of Blocks in the three forms namely Stone, Glass and Wood pavilions.
Stone Pavillion Function: Underground Office / Business Lounge/ Entrance Statement Form: Sitting at the rocky contoured bottom, solid boxes of different sizes are extruded to emulate the rocky terrain when view on elevations. By segregating the interior spaces and its walls on plan, a long narrow water feature is introduced in between these transition spaces. Light and shadows come to play together in these spaces with the enhancement of plantations, blurring the lines between nature and architecture.
The L-shaped walls acts as a visual and acoustic privacy screen from the exterior main road, while giving poetics of space into the office.
Glass Pavilion Function: Commercial / Recreational Store Form: Above the stone pavilions is a ground consists of several glass pavilions that each is an individual entity that houses few retail brands. First key points in designing this commercial layout is the transition of spaces. Instead of creating an experience enclosed with four walls, there are several entry points from the wide verandas into the narrower streets that lead one to the store. Each street is identified with a green pocket space, a node to allow resting and congregating.
Secondly is the transparency in visual, where ones should notice the brands externally and the other can observe the crowds from internal. A second skin, the glass wall, is thus introduced for the purpose above, and also acts as a camouflaging tool that reflects the surrounded green when view from afar.
Wood Pavillion Function: Hotel Rooms Form: The outer layer of the wood pavilion is essentially wrapped around by a series of adjustable wooden louvers. The mechanism is made possible because of the tropical highland climate, where one can manoeuvre open to enjoy the chill breeze and close when it is raining. The internal spaces therefore responds to this mechanism by having a large portion in the semi-open settings. For instance the outdoor living room and guest lounge at the end of the corridor.
The double volume guest lounge can be both a place for relaxation and venue for small events. Internally, the tall trees provide a buffer to the hotel rooms from heat and direct sunlight.
Central Courtyard The open setting of the courtyard is made possible by the tropical highland climate of the site context. It encourages cross ventilation and maximize sunlight penetration for greens to grow internally.
A Breath Away
Archasm International Pavilion Design Idea Competition
Competition Honorable Mention Site: Champ de Mars, Paris, France This pavilion is a memorial towards the victims who suffered from the November 2015 Paris terrorist attack. Breathing occurs naturally and subconsciously. This crucial survival mechanism have been taken for granted by most of us most of the time, with not much thought put into this thin thread that defines our mortality. This is peace as we know it; being in our comfort zone, until one small act that halts the fragile mechanism rips it all apart. As one steps upon the metal platform of the pavilion, thudding footsteps echo in the atmosphere to bring back memory of chaos in Paris on 13th September 2015. Amidst the angst and fear, it is the absence of inner peace that we should be aware of. We strive therefore to create a pavilion for the acceptance of loss and a space for healing, reflecting on the fragile existence of life. Shards of light as a temporal symbol of hope beam through the rhythmic openings on The Breathing Fabrics. One observes each light as it slowly dims, before the next beam shine again. This cycle of lights mimics the act of breathing, inviting viewers into a state of peacefulness and contemplation within themselves.
View upon entering the pavilion.
The Wall acts as a monument for those who have passed, stretching across half of the circle. Attention is drawn to the middle, where 130 luminaries are fixed on the panel in honor of those who died protecting others, and the pride of Paris, symbolized by the reflective mirror on the other side of the wall. The arms of the wall embrace two chairs, inviting conversations about life, death and all that is in between. Under the fabrics, religion, political standpoint, race, gender or age are irrelevant. All that live breath the same air, and ultimately, all that breath long for peace and quiet that they find here.
LONG BREATH 4-5 SECS
The pavilion collaborates with MIT Media Lab researchers on designing moisture-responsive fabrics. This ventilating flaps, supposed to use on clothing, are lined with live cells open and close in response to an athleteâ€™s sweat. In a building scale, the fabric absorbs heats and moisture within the pavilion, the air exhausted from the crowd, and gently opens up its flaps to allow lights to penetrate in. The greater the crowd, the brighter the pavilion internally, symbolising the great humanity in overcoming any mishaps in the future.
2. The conversation 3. Site plan (CC BY-SA 3.0) 4. Night Scene with Light Show 5. Entrance Statement 6. Reflective Mirror with Eiffel Tower
Major Revamping Conceptual Design Professional Works Individual Director: Mr.Francis Goh Role in this Project: Lead Architectural Designer Site: Singapore In The Image of the City by Kevin Lynch, path is one of the five qualities that contribute to the imageability of the city. Especially in Asian context where the blazing sun make public square and plaza less than an ideal place to manoeuver around, therefore most of the spaces and activities are found along the street. In this case, we are referring to Bugis Street with has a long history in Singapore since 1960s.
Concept Develop Diagrams
typical upper storeys plan
Plan and Circulation Main Street : Connecting Victoria St. and Queen St. Catered for the general public ; Tourists ; Full experience tour route Side lanes : Catered for existing crowds ; Students ; Office workers who visited here for food during lunch or dinner breaks Service lane : On the righest street that connecting to the Queen St behind
Ground Floor Plan not to scale
Emergency Exit : Six exit points should there be any incidents
The four side lanes, connecting from Cheng Yan Place and Queen Street, were used to be the narrow alleys for various merchandises and souvenirs shop with pathway width no more than 1.2m.
There is a transition in the scale of space when one transverse from the entrance garden and into the atrium, a triple volume high stage capped with a seamless skylight structure. With steel columns that are expressed as tree branches and planters boxes that surround the void perimeter, it create an inward looking garden like the classical Crystal Palace in London.
First, all the entrances are transformed into a public space by demolishing the existing enclosed envelope. The faรงade of the adjacent heritage shop houses is now revealed and can be admired from the ground below. Series of pavilions of different height are scattered around on the landscape, with each of them carry a tree on the roof to provide shading.
By providing generous sunlight into these low ceiling space thru new skylight, the space is curated to accomodate medium sized F&B kiosks with individual seating platforms, just like the old days.
Longitudinal Section x Walk-through Spatial Diagrams
The Atrium Using the materials to narrate the juxtaposition of new and old themes. Bricks, Terracotta tiles and Peranakan Tiles with flora and fauna motives are used on the flooring of the atrium. Covering the triple volume space is the seamless skylight of glass and steel structure, casting shadows on the smooth concrete wall and planter box fences, painting a contemporary language.
Bird Eye View of The Street
The Street The four side lanes, connecting from Cheng Yan Place and Queen Street, were used to be the narrow alleys for various merchandises and souvenirs shop with pathway width no more than 1.2m. Albeit its fame for such shopping experience, we seek to enhance the current conditions by introducing three elements: Light, Green and Heritage visual interest as exemplified in the sections shown.
others Selected works from 2016 to 2019
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Competitions 1. “Moontopia” / Magazine Eleven / 2016 2. “Alternative Design for Clubs” / Non Architecture Competition / 2018
Design Proposal Stage 3. Mix-Development / Beijing, China / 2018 4. Hillside Resort / Malaysia / 2017 5. Factory Facade Design / Singapore / 2018
Design Development Stage 6. Modular System Service Apartments / Queenstown, New Zealand / 2019 7. Five-stars Luxurious Hotel / Queenstown, New Zealand / 2018 - 2019
Construction Stage 8. CapitaLand Washrooms Upgrading Works / Singapore / 2019
Exploded axonometric of a Community Library Studio Works