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the la st fou r yea has b rs, th een i e onl n the y hol S enate Sena dup . The te en ergy most energ bill w recen ANW y nee as vo t R out ds. W ted 5 of the ith oi 2-48 barre l curr bill e to ke is set l—an ently ntirel ep i to inc n fl a at $5 y t i . The on-ad lude since 5 per A S j u e N in its s t n t h W e a e d t R dri e early level budg lling 1 n et res 980s ot se open provi olutio en —pub ing A woul sions n. If i lic su d hel N W p mple R p p boo o i s also r t for past. ment st do ed, it send stron Supp mesti g an im o e r c r t e than oil su rs sho por ta that A in the pplie uld re nt sig State N s a W m n n e a R dri s is se d m l that b er, th lling rious the U not a ough is a lo abou nited shor t , n t add g t term erm p ressin s r o o s lution even ject, g its . It w future years ill tak of wo e at l rk be beco east mes a fore the fi vaila r s ble, a t bar rel nd so ANW R wil l not

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013 a nd re ach day b y 202 5. af fec

t curr ent o il and the o gaso ther h line p and, rices. h ad Pr vetoe On eside d an nt Cli ANW nton R pro woul not posa d hav l i e tha n 199 t oil t 5, we mostl oday y from ... O bject envir ions onme ef for ntalis ts to ts, ha open ve sty up th 1980 e refu mied chan ge ev ge in e r since feder and g al law a as ex allow plora e tion t d for here. oil ..

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por t two-t hirds expe of its cted oil, a 70 p rema s op e ined rcen pose t if th of f th d e ref e ma how estim u r g ket.N much e’s o ate p il o on oil is rovid e bene plain is ce ed b billio ath t r tain . In a y ge n he A barr ssum olog els o laska ing 8 ists o prod f reser n co t 76,0 f 10. e uctio c h a n v 0 4 s i e t cally n, th 0-ba al s. Ge e EIA rrel-a r o e l c o o g o v day ists s assu erab r mu med ay t h ch m le the “ ere c ore. mea E o m n u viron ld be uch o n� ment f tha less alists t oil may reco a rgue vera not b that ble i e eco f oil nom price ically s dec line. to an

d wo uld o nly sl by le ightly ss tha reduc n 50 e; oil cents price a bar s rel,


Bay udhoe r P . NWR de of cru st of A s e l e w r r d a locate s of b e the billion WR d N e e sinc r A n e i l v g i e l n i p e n oil pi has d r ope or t fo laskan a p A guide, p y l e u y s n h t n , o a n h h o t g s i t w yi throu shing ines, il than hoe Ba in In Wa o d ar ty l o u e s p r r t P o g o f n .I alo ns m at is n 1970s ostly But th contai . r y l , o Bay falls m b e v c a a ob in f r dhoe e ra t u s p t r a a P n R r e . c S ted ANW emo ove 2004 few D estima ates els ab ska’s r y d i l r a l t d a n n A b e the oth ca billion is curr a. In hen b veral y w ing l e t Alask s d n d e e i roduc ide nsu ffic p v e u l o s l r i r t p g s a n has al w ot bei and is s with politic r of n i ed. A ctions t e i k c h s d t e e w o p r o x p ch Murk initial than e ed ea ts at n Lisa nger m a accus o o l c r i f l s ponen r b s p u a k o c e p s y a e t t i .R had its of f at oday, rilling e Bay or t ithout nding n o e pro-d w r f h t e d r v u u e o t b r R, P ly af ned, mer G r. ANW but on missio nd for m a highe o r c n e won, s e g a v n r e w e l e e it chal deliv uld be the tim cratic iled to ay wo a d f o t e Demo h s price that s ple. n peo owles il, gas a n o k K s a y l g Ton the A leasin n the ling to i l i r e r d a R ld sh ANW Bay, ts wou n e d i dhoe s u e r r P n h a t ve wi Alask ey ha h t s a ues, reven

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se becau y l e g r ay, la ls a d e ulf of r r a the G m lion b l o i r f m 6.1 ction oming produ l oil c h c a i t t n r s o o i e t di the w t, dom of ad the noted er tha t o f s l a ess to a t ’s c u e c y B g a d . u u t st xico e ref ithou e EIA ted to h Me t dily w out th r a h Yet th o e t t i s N expec W e e s i . n h i t a l t i c k s e m , and will d to Ala 25. ing fro w l plain o a of oil t fl s a by 20 l i a s y l o o a c e , r t d r n n a ba pme rrels a Alask 00,000 5 5 on ba i develo 2 l l o 0 i t ts will 2 l m l fa by 4.6 mpor d i l , — o u t g s l o l l n i a w s rom nt leve ping f increa line f Slope e e m r d r u p n j i u a , p c f e dem r role half o illion hich th With large w . t a e a t y s a l day — a y 16 m r l l e r e p v a p e o e l t o n h ue l to ay to proac contin at is omica n ls a d e o r c r e and ap e s of wh a a t e b n e b r n e r c c o e illi 0 per will in o long 9.7 m out 7 ction b u a d may n , o r y p a da , from tic oil arrels years omes b r d u 5. . o f S . U y 202 o next t b e y d h a t e d m er consu rels a ay ov n bar anyw o i l l i 5.7 m rrent u c e h t


The Prudhoe Bay experie nce also refle cts a good energ y policy beca use it presen ts strong evide nce that drilli ng can be done with o nly a modest impact on th e

more environ

environment.

Drilling in A NWR would be done wit h much bette r environme ntal safeguards th an were ava ilable in the 1970s; toda y’s technolo gy is far

mentally frie

ndly

than that ava ilable 30 ye ars agp. De cades or of drilling on caused any a scale much of the other larger than environmenta th a l t envisioned in problems tha ANWR have t were predic not harmed ted. Thir ty ye the ma ars porcupine ca kes a dif fere ribou herds nce, too. near Prudho e Bay

“Given Ameri c a ’ s e n e ANWR drillin g produ

Senator D ianne Fein stein, D-Ca lifornia

“But destro ying very little t o re


ergy crunch, uction is a m u

st.�

Rep. Richard Pombo, R-Ca lif., Resource s Committee chairman.

g the wilde r n e s s w ill do educe energ y costs.� However,

many Sen ate Demo crats, join by a hand ed ful of mod erate Rep ublicans, h ave

will enviro

repeatedly

joined the revoltion a gainst pro drilling leg islation, a rguing tha t the drillin g

nmentally

the refuge . The coast al plain, w hich includes c alving are as for cari bou, is home to p olar bears and other wildlife,

contamina

te

as well as being a st opover fo r an annu migration al of millions of birds.


iderably brighter. It nate now look cons Se al the er fed the , re or mo For the past decade revenues from oil es expected federal lud r inc the ra ce an dr hin a t government has been ed to bring in abou stic leases in ANWR, estimat me do ’s ica er Am nding than a help in expa a provision to lift billion dollars, and .7 $2 et dg bu ed vis a re energy supply. With drilling.ANWR’s current restrictions on in the cts pe os pr s R’ W AN resolution in Senate,

m the ip these provisions fro opponents tried to str ednesday. at 51-49 vote on W budget but failed in d, that cannot be filibustere Because the budget ole ce. A vote on the wh was their final chan later in the week. budget could come

g n i r b y l l a c i t a m a r d t o n l l i w e n o l a R ANW m p l e h l l i w t i t u b , l i o f o e c i r p l a b o the gl h t n i h t i w e r u s a e m e l g n i s r e h t o y n a n tha . l o r t n o c ’s t n e m federal govern

l a n g i s d l u o w It a s ’ n o t g n i h s a W

e t a t S d e t i n U e h But t i o e h t f o t n e c r e 56 p Even

not mea


down more he

n i t f i h s l a real . y g r e n e o t h c a appro

s t r o p m es i . s e m u s n il it co

d l u o w n o i t c u d o r p c i t s e m o d l a n o i t i d n the ad , d n a m e d d e s a e r c n i e m o c r e v o o t h g be enou . s t r o p m i n o e c n a i l e r y v a e h d e u n i t n aning co ka report said new Alas At the same time, the atic m the expected dram production would ste oduction and extend decline in domestic pr ne the Alaska oil pipeli the economic life of

s her North Slope area as production from ot four Drilling backers fell declined significantly. the required 60 votes votes shor t of getting se filibuster of the defen to avoid a threatened

drilling issue. Senate measure over the oil d to withdraw the leaders were expecte be reworked without legislation so it could The vote was 56-44. the refuge language.


Opening ANWR government’s fir energy measure The Senate wou use this opportu ANWR in its bud It underscores wh saying all along: o would do next to America’s energy going to be relian reliant, on foreign Justin Tatham, U.S. Public Interest Research Group active in protecting the refuge from development.


would be the rst major proin many years. uld be wise to unity to include dget. hat we’ve been oil drilling o nothing to meet needs. We’re still nt, if not more n sources of oil. Ben Lieberman, Senior Policy Analyst in the Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies at The Heritage.


Joy Li Typography, Point/Counterpoint Visual Communications College of Art Washington University in Saint Louis Spring 2007 Bibliography Hess, Glenn. “Senate rejects drilling Bid.” http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10560979/ 2007.” Chemical and Engineering News 84, no.1: 9. January 2006 Unknown. “ANWR oil would have little impact.” The Associated Press. http://www. msnbc.msn.com/id/4542853/ 2007 Unknown. “Senate rejects drilling in Alaska wildlife refuge.” The Associated Press. http:// www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10560979/ 2007


ANWR