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Subject questions

Preguntas de sujeto

The majority of questions in English ask about the object of a sentence. These are called object questions. The structure of the object question is: wh- + aux + S + verb? La mayor parte de las preguntas en inglés preguntan por el objeto de una oración. Se llaman preguntas de objeto. La estructura de la pregunta de objeto es: wh- + aux + S + verbo? What are you reading? I'm reading The Hobbit. (Object = The Hobbit) There are another type of questions, called subject questions. We ask them to find out the subject of the sentence. The question words (wh- words) in subject questions are what, which, who, and how much/many. The structure of the subject question is: wh- + verb? Hay otro tipo de preguntas, llamadas preguntas de sujeto. Preguntamos para averiguar el sujeto de una oración. Las partículas interrogativas (palabras wh-) en las preguntas de sujeto son what, which, who, y how much/many. La estructura de la pregunta de sujeto es: wh- + verbo? Who is coming next weekend? My cousin is coming. (Subject = My cousin) Which horse is faster? The black one is faster. (Subject = The black one) What type of food gives you energy? Apples give you a good energy boost. (Subject = Apples) How many students came to class yesterday? Ten students came to class. (Subject = Ten students) Note that the structure in subject questions is the same as in affirmative sentences, since the wh- word is the subject of the question. For this reason, we never use the auxiliary (e.g. subject questions in the past simple don't use did but the main verb directly in the past simple form). Observa que la estructura de las preguntas de sujeto es la misma que la de las oraciones afirmativas, ya que la palabra wh- es el sujeto de la pregunta. Por esta razón, nunca usamos el auxiliar (por ejemplo, las preguntas de sujeto en pasado simple no usan did sino que el verbo principal va directamente en pasado simple). Who called last night? My grandparents called. Which band played better at the festival? Massive Attack played better.

Subject questions  

English grammar

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