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Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Joshua Budgen 916527 Joel Collins - Studio 19

Week One Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.

In his text, Polo fundamentally reduces the diagram to something with the ability to describe relationships and prescribe the performance of space. Furthermore, he also explores its potential to produce organisations with multiple readings, contrasting this notion with that of the symbol or sign, which essentially represents a specific idea or concept. Indexes, icons, symbols and signs, he suggests, represent a dynamic object, whereas diagrams take a more middle ground and describe that between physical construct and concept. Ultimately, the diagram is projective in nature and brings forward new worlds; the symbol merely strives to present this.


Week One

Precedent Analysis

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Figure 3

Figure 1: Ruarte, Toyo Ito Serpentine pavilion, 2002:

Figure 4


Figure 1: precedent study. Figure 2: plan and 4 elevations of the pavilion’s framework. Using rhino, these lines were traced, extruded and then joined together. Figure 3: completed framework Figure 4: From plan drawings, glazed areas were traced on frame model and planar surfaces were created. For the solid elements, the tracing was extruded and capped.


Week Two Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture.

Toyo Ito’s Serpentine pavilion challenges the traditional concepts of architectural space; there is a blur between wall and ceiling, and between interior and exterior such that the space lends itself well to human appropriation. This is seen through the four access points into the pavilion, allowing different paths of circulation if necessary, and there is no fixed furniture within the space, meaning its arrangement is at the user’s discretion. Where the recessed steel frame meets glass, spaces to rest one’s elbows and peer out are created; likewise, these forms may be appropriated as seating at lower levels.


Week Two


Toyo Ito - Serpentine Pavilion Through tracing the plan and four elevations on rhino, I was able to accura tely extrude all parts and form the framework shell of the pavilion. The glazing of the pavilion was shaded darker to accentuate the pavilion’s transient qualities as well as to give a greater sense of depth to the representation. This was a vital aspect of the pavilion, as it ultimately blurs the concept of walls and ceilings and the interior and exterior, resulting in varying thresholds depending on the occupiers location and view point in the pavilion. The axonometric view chosen shows two of the four irregular openings that facilitate relatively widespread circulation throughout the pavilion. By studying the internal furniture layout in junction with these four openings, a hypothesis of density probability with regards to circulation was formulated.


Week Two Diagrams

Density circulation probability

Threshold: enclosure to infinity

In this moment in time, the circulation diagram describes the active movement from all four entrances of the pavilion. As the area created by the circulation overlap, the gradient darkens and thus shows a greater probabiliy of movement density in this space.

This diagram shows the two elements of the pavilion that dictate its thresholds. The solid elements block one’s view outwards and therefore denotes an enclosed private threshold of the interior space, whereas the transparent glazing extends one into an infinite exterior realm.




Solid boxing was created by tracing the inside of the framework and extruding and capping the form.

Using live paint in illustrator, the glazing was shaded and depth was created.


Appendix Process

First threshold concept drawing exploring the idea of enclosed space versus extended space.

Refined threshold diagram concept: Pieces of solid and glazing are to be removed in order to show greater clarity.




The four entrance points and the furniture gave first inspiration into possible circulation within the pavilion.

Intersecting pathways of circulation: this developed into the thought of density probability through human movement around furniture.


Journal of joshua budgen  
Journal of joshua budgen