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joshua randle / scenario


salisbury An introduction to Salisbury with site, area analysis and assessment.

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flooding 1 DRAWINGS 5 Technical Drawings: Plans, sections, elevations + perspectives.

4

The scenario, Salisbury is hit my a major fluvial flood.

2 3 masterplan Creating an urban plan that emphasises, impacts and connects the inherent qualities of Salisbury.

programme A proposal inspired from the interpretation of the basic elements of the site, the water, the park, the trees and from their organisation and transformation in urban strips.


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salisbury An introduction to Salisbury with site, area analysis and assessment.


With a population of around 43,000 and surrounded by a number of small settlements, Salisbury is seen as a key economic hub for the South Wiltshire area.

The retention of the 13C medievil street pattern is apparent in the city and Market Place is seen as a positive space where people tend to linger and socialise, it hosts weekly markets and an fair.

The Maltings site in particular remained very much underused at the early stages of the city’s life. the site takes it’s name from the 3 large Malt Houses which were erected in the 18C to accomodate the ever growing cotton trade. A railway The Malt Houdrd survived the Inconnected through the site. dustrial revolution but became derelict and were evenutally torn down in the 1970s, along with the railway which had become badly weathered. Today “The Maltings” accomodates a red brick building of Sainsburys.

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The site is excessively underused.

Established in the 13C formed around the new site of the Cathedral. The chequers pattern created a distorted grid formulation which consisted of new buildings adhering to the pattern, thus making perimeter blocks. The development of the city follwed this as the density increased but during the last century the pattern has been neglected to form new residential and industrial edges as part of the natural urban sprawl.

The Cathedral plays an important part in shaping the city’s identity - through the policy of restricting building height. Its’ distinctive spire is visible throughout and is the tallest in England.

Despite this urban sprawl, the medievil pattern is still very much apparent and intact today. As a result the city attracts an average of 1.5 million visitors a year, the key tourist areas are the Cathedral, Old Sarum and the UNESCO World Heritage site of Stonehenge.

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The site can be entered from the north via Churchill Way, east via Mill Stream Approach and Avon Approach, south via Fisherton Street. The immediate neighbours of the site include the National Rail service to the west, the city centre to the east and south, joined together by the A36 and residential developments to the north boundary. The land beyond is made up of rolling farmland.

The 8.3 hectare (20.5 acre) site is located approximately 0.2km west from the centre (market square) of Salisbury, which might be described as a underused city of Wiltshire, and consists of an area of undeveloped industrial land. The site is located adjacent to retail centre in Salsibury and falls under the jurisdiction of Salisbury City Council and South Wiltshire County Council. The Maltings site is well located in relation to key transport corridors and has a concentration of existing facilities and infrastructure which provide a good basis for accommodating expansion comprising of retail, residential and economic development.


SITE ANALYSIS Immediate photographic analysis shows that the site has slight undulations due to the existing car park drainage system and is surrounded by ‘green’ buffers on each boundary.

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line of view

green buffer

1-9 The ‘green’ buffer system creates a natural break between built and natural landscape, but also creates a feeling of ‘denial and reward’, this may work from maltings to city, but not from city to the maltings site.

minor water paths

24-33 The maltings site has natural water paths flowing through its boundary and core, the existing developments seems to diminish the importance of the natural feature and is a poor attempt to incorporate it into its design.

water paths footfall


WATER PATH

CASTLE ST. GREEN SPACE

RESI GREEN SPACE

RESI

3

GREEN SPACE

RET.

3

DETAIL ANALYSIS

Water paths

Main roads

FISHER STREET

3 MARKET

VIEW

Green space

Access

2

WATER PATH

2

Views 2

2 Storey Building

3

3 Storey Building

VIEW

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WATER PATH The topography of the site is relatively flat due to its current use as a hardsurfaced car-park with channels to direct the rainfall during heavy weather periods.

MAIN ROAD GREEN SPACE

The site sits within a flood plain for the River Avon, this could be seen as the main constraint / advantage of the site. There is a good green infrastructure that tapers the east boundary of the site and will be utilized as a good urban green space for the city.

GREEN SPACE

Waterpaths are a dominant feature on the site and will have a greater bearing on the chosen facilities to create a sense of local distinctiveness and using the natural features as part of the main building programme within the potential planning of the site.

GREEN SPACE

The Environment Agency deems the northern part of the site more skeptical to flooding. Consideration: Sustainable Urban Drainage (SUDs) will be implemented as part of the scheme.

SUN

ENVIRO ANALYSIS

Water paths

Sun path

Main roads

MAIN ROAD

VIEW

Green space

WATER PATH

Access Views

VIEW

N


MAIN ROAD The site has good accesibility links. A 5 minute walk to the Salisbury train station which has national links. A network of A roads connect Salisbury to the surrounding Wiltshire towns and wider south-west cities.

rail

GREEN SPACE

Pedestrian links are dominant through the southern and eastern boundaries of the site. 5 major access points on Castle Street, via the city’s library and more further along the north axis. There are no clear desire lines and northsouth pedestrian access is limited.

GREEN SPACE

Permeability can be enhanced by created a permeable Castle Street park entrance to the east of the site which creates a natural path for pedestrians to filter in and out of the site. Thus creating desire lines for pedestrians and cyclists. The development will tie into the public realm proposals made elsewhere in the city and keep in context with the ‘Salisbury Public Realm Strategy’.

GREEN SPACE Minor ROAD

Minor ROAD

TRANSPORT ANALYSIS

Cycle paths

Main Roads

Minor ROAD

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Minor Roads

Railway Access

MAIN ROAD

Minor ROAD


churches & monuments

culture

accomodation

TRANSPORT

old sarum

clarendon park

wilton park CASTLE STREET

green path MALTINGS mill rd marsh

WILDERNESS

MARKET SQ.

RETAIL & residential

USE ANALYSIS Salisbury’s uses are typical to that of any ‘minor’ city in the UK. It has a range of retail shops including Sainsburys, Tesco, Somerfields and Boots, combined with local shops promoting local products. The footfall reinstates the main paths of retail. Due to the typical nature of Salisbury’s planning, it also accrues typical problems; retail and residential do not mix, a vast array of competing architectural styles and more seemingly the deterrance of the market square and the historic nature of the city. A combination of retail, residential and most importantly a link between green space and footfall to improve Salisbury’s economic state is needed.

castle st

market square

maLTINGS WALK

fisherton st

footfall


1960

1930

1905

2011 DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS The past century of development in Salisbury allows us to understand that the urban grid exists but is not necessarily replicated. The Maltings site is amongst this development, the residential development which arose between 1905 and 1930 follows a similar grid pattern to that of the city grid but between 1960 and 2011 the development has “fixed” in with the existing build to create industrial and retail extensions of Salisbury, the most notable the 1980’s development of Sainsbury’s on the Maltings site. Design rationale: respect the existing grid, but it does not have to be replicated.


urban grain Chequers still have ‘soft inners’ as development modern development has not encroached upon them. It is important to recognize this urban form as it makes up Salisbury’s identity – respect should be paid to the cities development foundations.

grid formation

To the east of the site the urban grain largely takes form as a grid pattern, the ‘Chequers’. Of the perimeter blocks building plots tend to be long and narrow; giving the city a fine grain.

41-53

fenestration style jetted construction

Salisbury is a top example of medievil architecture in Britain, and it is also complemented by georgian and modernist styles, resulting in a mixture of materials. A 40ft height limit to new development has been improvised in order to retain the line of sight of the Cathedral spire. All proposed buildings will sit under this restriction and the pitches of the roofs will creates a line of sight through certain points of the site.

facade detail


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flooding The scenario, Salisbury is hit my a major fluvial flood.


“Salisbury is hit by a major fluvial flood every fourty years, the last was in 1974. That is 37 years ago.� What if Salisbury was hit by a major flood. Could we turn the inevitable disaster into a potential for the future planning of the city?


am

14:32

rejection

“Fl o thi odin ng g the fo see of cou r the ms t it a defe ntry o UK i o be s a ndin r a n o an a ou n r e n op g, w nothe e pa nual nvi po e r r ron s . in t o r me tunit hould stea f y nt. t d to ” evo ake lve

08:27 pm We bu athe ry r is 4 repo bu ry r be 0% u ts lo co n de ok b me s u r 12 ack o 0 nu sab 0mm n the le. d Wh of ra isas inw ter, en a S wil l w ter. S alise le alis arn ?

We to athe fall r a rep to lea t unp orts ve r r ce eced evea ntr e n l th ail Sa ted s at th e p lisb ury eed. rain Pe wil an d h opl l co e n ea d f are a tinue or s ke saf ety d .

We tem athe r are is d repo ue r aa t ts ta rou o hit sugg es S nd 08 alisb t a h ury 30 ea hrs v . T and y we he the ath Pu blic surro er sy un sare wa ding rne d.

The scenario, Salisbury is hit my a major fluvial flood.

“It’ s tac ine k the ling vitab le t tag disad he p , we r es? o van n b ” tag lem eed es, , we to no ’ve star t w wh alrea thin at dy king ab ou learn abo t th t a u e a bou t dv t an -

“It yea isn’t pe r, ou that n b r ab ever defe ig of ou y s nc ad t.” o o es fte are eal. W n, tha good e ha t it ’s n and ve th ot they em wo e rth only very h thi a nk ping

14 june 2012

inevitable

20:19 pm

opportunity


Please tilt your head to the right to see rejection Natural reactions to flooding are that of dispair, worry and anticipation. This double exposure shows the common thinking of these feelings, it shows an imagination of the distruction and disruption a flood of Salisbury will bring.

scenario

scenario

double exposures

Please tilt your head to the right to see rejection


scenario scenario

scenario


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masterplan Creating an urban plan that emphasises, impacts and connects the inherent qualities of Salisbury.


How do we plan a masterplan for the flooded site? How do we create this masterplan whilst incorporating the knowledge of future floods?


masterplan process Creating an urban plan that emphasises, impacts and connects the inherent qualities of Salisbury.

site visit From initial site visits it was clear that the Maltings site offered a great potential for development to help sustain Salisbury’s civic pride, the built and natural elements conclude many positive aspects but it is evident that the lack of permeability is forcing Salisbury away from the grasp of having any beneficial economic difference on the city. This needs to be addressed. The scheme at the Maltings was conceived as an interesting collaborative planning + design competition for AP4 and MPlan students. 9 groups consisting of a mixture of Architect’s and Planner’s joined forces to create a masterplan which would meet 6 criteria: - relate to salisbury’s urban grain - create a green infrastructure - extend the market square - create a pedestrian highway - relink the north - south axis - promote permeability

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analysis Creating an urban plan that emphasises, impacts and connects the inherent qualities of salisbury. this design proposal gathers the city’s development within a yarn that wraps around the site, keeping and creating blue and green spaces that establish a historically rich and natural connection between town and landscape. - creating green buffers - reinstating the north south axis - industry at the core of the site - promoting flooding The following pages describe the design development of the scheme on the site and broadly follow the format suggested by CABE for the preparation of design and access statements an by DOE planning service for the preparation of Design Concept statments.


s n o pti

o

Through an initial consultation stage of the 9 masterplans, key points were evaluated for the preferred strategy. The masterplan had derived through a design competition. Criteria were decided through this competition: - relate to salisbury’s urban grain - create a green infrastructure - extend the market square - create a pedestrian highway - relink the north - south axis - promote permeability

g n i nn

a l p d

e e p s

The speed planning exercise was an effective object which deliberately involved people physically having ‘a voice’. Plans were printed at 1:200 to enable the Architect and Planners to consider the wider context of Salisbury. Buzz words were handed to 10 groups and were able to gather materials which would produce a concept model of the proposed site. Primarily at the immediate site scale and secondarily at the wider context scale. The exercise improved the inherent qualities of the initial masterplan, allowing new uses for the site to become apparent and to seek justification for each programme choice.

ic vic

e d i pr

The enhancement of the public realm increases the civic pride within Salisbury. It already houses unique quality and an abundance of character but the city lacks connections throughout to enable a great public realm which has disappeared. The masterplan treats the proposed built and natural spaces equally within the scheme so that the public realm can create connections to neighbouring streets and the historic market place. Creating a cultural hub with the natural green and blue paths along the north and south axis.


masterplan LAYERS

4. Built formed is allocated in the heavy red line areas. Building programmes rely on the controlled and natural waterpaths. Creating a unique masterplan and a potential for the future planning of the city.

3. Permeable green paths are added to create a natural link between the built and natural environment. The natural environment includes plant which help with the natural irrigation system of the wetland and contributes to the Heritage site.

2. Controlled Waterpaths are added to control and supply building programmes with a source of power. Hydro-electricity turbines are placed within each sector of the site to provide and supply adequately. Also part of a leisure activity.

1. Natural Wetlands are introduced to increase the water on site amount. Helping the natural irrigation system that will provide clean water for building programmes and storage. Over a short period of time these will become part of Heritage site.


1

WETLANDS CREATED

2

CONTROLLED WATERPATHS INTRODUCED

3

PLANTING ADDED

final masterplan

a BUILT FORM AREASa

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a 3

3

phase a 3-4 years

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1 4

3

2

1

phase b

4

2-3 years

3

2

phase c 1-1.5 years

1 3

2 The proposal is inspired from the interpretation of the basic elements of the site, the water, the field, the trees and from their organization and transformation in urban strips. These unconventional strips generate a complex bundling of waterways, building, landscape and land-water management. The growing pattern has the force of a system of variable relations, of a flexible tissue that manages and adapts itself, but also imposes and changes according to the external conditions. It allows formal coherence, and it is able to configure singularities, variations or declinations. The new urban configuration is structured by a flexible system of strip lagoons and canals that constitute the principal landscape element on which all the building typologies and services depend.

3


a e as

ph

The central theme of the proposal forms a series of waterscape systems within the site. Taking account of strategic site levels and the need for an urban ecology, water-terracing systems are used to form a systematic structure for implementation. The strategy of generating landscape starts with a unit, a strip cell, organized to channel and purify water to be used on our urban site before ending in the wetlands toward Fisherton Street.

b e s a

h pUnderpinning the structure of the site is the development of eco-formations. These creations of land manipulation consider the requirements of industrial ecology with services, leisure and park amenities. The eco-formations are environmentally friendly and function through water terracing and an informality of leisure space through a substantial wetlands network.

Phase A introduces the Brewery and sits within this formation. The Brew-

Phase B see’s the insertion of the retail and leisure space which follows on from the historic flow of development of Salisbury, veering away

The central theme of the proposal forms a series of waterscape systems within the site. Taking account of strategic site levels and the need for an urban ecology, waterterracing systems are used to form a systematic structure for implementation.

Underpinning the structure of the site is the development of eco-formations. These creations of land manipulation consider the requirements of industrial ecology with services, leisure and park amenities.

The strategy of generating landscape starts with a unit, a strip cell, organized to channel and purify water to be used on our urban site before ending in the wetlands toward Fisherton Street.

The eco-formations are environmentally friendly and function through water terracing and an informality of leisure space through a substantial wetlands network. Phase B see’s the insertion of the retail and leisure space which follows on from the historic flow of development of Salisbury, veering away from the city centre. Building and the natural environment are developed equally as a design concept.

ph

c e as The improvement of environmental conditions is essential for the implementation of the project. The construction of the site and the recycling and leisure use of its waters entails the need for a comprehensive treatment for them to improve the quality of its use. Phase C includes the most predominant waterland of the site, and can be used as an ‘over-run’ for the excess site water, and in the summer can be used as a park for local residents and workers. Eventually becoming protected by The improvement of environmental conditions is essential for the implementation of the project. The construction of the site and the recycling and leisure use of its waters entails the need for a comprehensive treatment for them to improve the quality of its use. Phase C includes the most predominant waterland of the site, and can be used as an ‘over-run’ for the excess site water, and in the summer can be used as a park for local residents and workers. Eventually becoming protected by the WWT. (Wildflow & Wetland Trust) propelling it from a brownfield site to a area of natural beauty.


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PROGRAMME

A proposal inspired from the interpretation of the basic elements of the site, the water, the park, the trees and from their organisation and transformation in urban strips.


How do we plan a programme for the flooded site? Many of us are guilty on relying on alcohol when faced with hard times and problems.


information architecture

n o er

site

100% wetland axbxc

a: 972m length b: 051m width c: 1.2m depth

t a w

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59,486.4 m 33

PINTS

1 litre = 0.001 m

59,486,400L

1L = 1.75 PINTS

N O I RS

E V N CO

2l to produce one slice of bread 10l to produce one a4 sheet of paper 75l to produce one pint of beer 100000l to produce 1 kg of beef

59,486,400L X 1.75

ALCOHOL

104,101,200 PINTS

75L =1 ALE PINT

N O I S ER

V N O C

59,486,400L / 75L

a programme that utilises water a brewery maximises usage....

793,152 PINTS OF ALE


information architecture

3rd most consumed ingredients

eer

+ water

b d l or

barley yeast hops

w

country

oldest beverage

133 billion

s r e uc

worldwide per year

czech republic

d o r pp

to

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country

germany untied kingdom

174 per person

s r e um

s n o pc

czech republic

278 per person

ireland

230 per person

to

a brewery that upgrades the uk germany

a new brand, new approach....

190 per person


information architecture

51 miles from site main ale provider 60 personnel

s

e l a h bat

64 miles from site

165 miles from site main ale provider 86 personnel

s p r a

e b m co

but

sh

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70 pints = 1 barrel

main ale provider 28 personnel

70 pints = 1 barrel

70 pints = 1 barrel

33,000

0miles from site

47,000

barrels per year

19,000 barrels per year

barrels per year

main ale provider 20 personnel

y r e ew

br y m

70 pints = 1 barrel

11,300 barrels per year

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accommodating for busy periods

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accommodating for busy periods

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steady flow due to water supply

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accommodating for busy periods


concept diagrams site concept

tro

lle

dw ate r

pat h.

irrigation system.

scenario.

energy supply.

fresh water supply.

con

bre

wer y.

wat er

site diagram.

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nec

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buf

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pat h.


concept diagrams journey concept

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concept diagrams building concept

grain

ma

lt s ack s.

scenario.

HOPS ADDED.

ler

HOP

PER

.

MA

SH

BRE

YEAST INJECTED.

WK

HEA T EX CHA

NGE

fer

SELL!

BDG diagram.

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rol

mt ank

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ETT

TUN

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mil

l.


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DRAWINGS

Plans, Sections, Elevations & Details


what is avg. produce

floor plan 1:200 50% wetland water

11,330 barrels per annum

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y r a ru

feb

(11,300 / 12 ) / 50% half full

472 barrels in february

office

distribution access m.wc

f.wc

malt sacks

hopper

fermentation tank brew kettle

mash tun

roller mill

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enter

exit

plan 1:200

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calculating barrels produced in february.

The form of the building follows the north-south axis of the site aswell as the linear process of ale production. Public enter from the north, greeted by a light industrial environment, a visitor path meanders through the production process and guides the visitors on an educational tour of why the brewery is here. The process depends on the landscape. The controlled waterpaths and the water that flows through them supply the electricity.


what is avg. produce

floor plan 1:200 100% wetland water

11,330 barrels per annum

N

r e b to

oc

(11,300 / 12 ) / 100% full

944 barrels in february

office

distribution access m.wc

f.wc

malt sacks

hopper

fermentation tank brew kettle

mash tun

roller mill

B

enter

plan 1:200

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a

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calculating barrels produced in october.

The public enter the brewery at the same point as the malt sacks and leave adjacent to the ale barrels. The public move onto the tasting bar whilst the ale barrels are distributed across the UK. The public and workers never interact, the plan showes the subtle hierarchy of this fact. The public are filtered along the path, just as the hops and barley are filtered through the copper hopper and mash tun. The wetlands have a natural irrigation system which filters rainfall to the brewery ensuring a steady supply for production


section & elev 1:200 showing visitor path

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enter east elevation 1:200

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brew kettle

heat exchange

once the brew kettle is full, the to the boil. bittering hops are. flavouring and added towards the process can last upto an hour

malt sacks hopper

roller mill

the brewing process with malt barley stored in sacks

enter section BB 1:200


long cross section


DETAIL SECTION 1:20 DETAIL THROUGH FLOOR, WALL & ROOF

COPPER FACADE RAINSCREEN STEEL BRACE CROSS BEAM DOUBLE GLAZED PANEL

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STEEL STRUCTURAL COLUMN

ROOF DETAIL 1:20

STEEL BRACE CROSS BEAM ALUMINIUM WINDOW FRAME CONCRETE LINTEL ALUMINIUM SLIDING DOOR FRAME

JR DOUBLE GLAZED DOOR PANEL

WALL DETAIL 1:20 DOUBLE GLAZED DOOR PANEL

JR ALUMINIUM SLIDING DOOR FRAME FLOOR COVERING suspended internal floor

COMPLETE DETAIL 1:50 FLOOR DETAIL 1:20


brewery weight

how much does my building weigh?

JR material

quantity

size

density

lxwxh

1

concrete slab 01 0.4 x 1042SQM

2

concrete WALL 23 169.3 x 0.3 X 3M

3

kg

kg/m 3

2,400

75,024

2,400

29,255

GLAZING 03 0.4 X 10.8 X 3M

2,600

10,108

4

STEEL FRAME 17 0.01 X 0.2 X 29.9M

7,850

11,970

5

STEEL WALKWAY 01 0.01 X 2 X 104.3M

7,850

10,375

6

COPPER TUNS 07 0.02 X 3 X 177.5M

8,980

95,642

7

COPPER FACADE 01 0.01 x 1042SQM

8,980

93,576 325,950 kg 325.9 tonnes


perspective 001

external view toward cathedral


perspective 002

internal view through brewery


final crit photos final pin up.


JR

joshua randle / scenario

Architecture Portfolio  

My final year Architecture Portfolio.

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