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rhinitis: what is the rhinitis

INTRODUCCIĂ“N the rhinitis is the inflammation of the nasal cavity. there are many types of rhinitis allergic and nonallergic . in the rhinitis allergic are rhinitis chronicle ,the rinitis no allergic are 3 types

the rhinitis allergic Allergic rhinitis is a diagnosis associated with a group of symptoms affecting the nose. These symptoms occur when you breathe in something you are allergic to, such as dust, animal dander, or pollen. Symptoms can also occur when you eat a food that you are allergic to. When it is allergic rhinitis, it can also be transient, since it is due to an immunological reaction of the organism against the presence of certain substances known as allergens. In this case, the appearance of seasonal allergic rhinitis coincides with the time of flowering of certain species such as grasses, olive or cupresaceae,









Allergy, however, can also cause chronic rhinitis when the reason for the allergy are other elements such as mites, inhalation of certain substances present in the patient's environment (occupational allergy) or pet hairs, which do not have a seasonal




● cause An allergen is something that triggers an allergy. When a person with allergic rhinitis breathes in an allergen such as pollen, mold, animal dander, or dust, the body releases chemicals that cause allergy symptoms.

● Chronic rhinitis La rinitis crónica se produce por la inflamación de la parte interna de la nariz y tiene diferentes causas. Hay que recordar que la rinitis crónica es una afección muy común y los casos

van cada año en aumento (muy probablemente debido a la

contaminación atmosférica).

no allergic rhinitis Rhinitis is a condition that includes runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion. When allergies (hay fever) or the cold are not causing these symptoms, the condition is known as non-allergic rhinitis. A type of no allergic rhinitis is called a no allergic rhinopathy. This condition used to be known as vasomotor rhinitis.}

● hormonal rhinitis Hormonal rhinitis occurs as a result of variations in the plasma levels of certain hormones, and is therefore very common during pregnancy (gestational rhinitis), as there is an increase in estrogen levels that causes greater secretion of the nasal glands and a higher viscosity thereof. This is resolved at the end of pregnancy. Other pathologies that can be associated with this type of rhinitis are diabetes and hypothyroidism.

● Atrophic rhinitis Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic rhinitis of unknown origin that occurs as a result of atrophy of the nasal mucosa, which is thin and hardened and has alterations in permeability. This disorder causes crusts to form inside the nose and this gives off a bad smell. The affected loses the sense of smell and may have frequent nosebleeds.

● vasomotor rhinitis The vasomotor rhinitis also has a chronic character, and is characterized by a dilation of the blood vessels of the mucous membrane of the nose, which causes a runny nose accompanied by sneezing. It is an intermittent condition, and changes in temperature, tobacco smoke, strong odors and humidity, as well as very dry environments often trigger its appearance.

● cause Nonallergic rhinopathy is not caused by an infection or allergy. The exact cause is unknown. Symptoms are triggered by something that irritates the nose, such as:

● A dry atmosphere ● Air pollution ● Alcohol ● Certain medicines ● Spicy foods, and in some cases, while eating in general ● Strong emotion Strong odors, such as perfumes, cleaning products (especially bleach) among others



the case of rhinitis symptoms, it is not easy to distinguish what type it is, since its manifestations can be identical whether allergic or non-allergic. Only in the differentiation between acute and chronic will exist the data of the evolution time to identify


The most common symptom of rhinitis is nasal obstruction, with a sensation of occupation of the nasal passages due to mucus contents. In most cases it is liquid, often needing to be dried with handkerchiefs. This causes irritation of the wings of the








In many cases it is associated with itchy eyes and redness of the conjunctiva, sneezing and irritative cough, which is due either to dripping through the pharynx of mucus,









Sometimes an altered voice called nasal is also identified in people affected by rhinitis, due to the interference of the mucus with the sound of the voice at the nasal or laryngeal level. There may be a feeling of respiratory distress in severe cases,









The formation of crusts in the nasal mucosa is usually observed in cases of chronic rhinitis








Allergic patients present what is known as 'allergic salutation', which consists of the

individual rubbing his nose, raising the tip of the nose and wrinkling the wings of the nose. When these symptoms of rhinitis are prolonged over time and maintained even at night can interfere in the ability to fall asleep generating other symptoms such as headache, difficulty in concentration, and so on.

Allergic rhinitis test: Allergic



To know if you have rhinitis and a treatment may be necessary, you should answer these In

questions: the





1.- You have the need to scratch your nose and eyes

Yes or no

2.- It has itchy eyes

Yes or no

3.- You need to blow your nose frequently

Yes or no

4.- He has many sneezes

Yes or no

5.- Note a blockage or blockage of your nose

Yes or no

6.- It has abundant watery secretion through the nose

Yes or no








1.- Almost all the year 2.- They appear only in spring

results if you have more than 4 yes you have rhinitis if you have less than 4 you den have rhinitis


Yes or no Yes or no

To whom you have to consult if you have rhinitis????

Many different types of doctors treat allergies and sinus problems. And if you have sinus problems, you should go to an ear, nose and throat board certified otolaryngologist who specializes in the treatment of sinus problems and allergies. If you have skin problems, you may also need to see a dermatologist from the itchy skin. If you eyes itch or burn from the allergies, we may have to send you to an ophthalmologist or an eye doctor, but it should really be a team of doctors including a board certified allergist who treat your sinus problems and your allergies and makes sure that together all the doctors have given you the best that they will all have to give you the best possible result .


In rhinitis there are many ways to control in many ways to control it with antihistamine home remedies ect.. However, you can take many steps to decrease your or your child's exposure to them:

● ● ● ●

Reduce dust mites and dust in the home. Control mold in interior and exterior spaces. Avoid exposure to pollen from plants and animals. Some of the changes you may need to make include:

● Install oven filters or other air filters. ● Remove furniture and carpets from the floors.

● ● ● ●

Use a dehumidifier to dry the air in the house. ReducChange the place where your pets sleep and eat. Avoid certain outdoor tasks. Change the way you clean the house.

● (21 may. 2016)

Related diseases: ● eye allergy ● dermatiti

eye allergy:

What are allergies in the eyes and what are their symptoms? The allergy in the eyes is a common reaction that occurs when the eyes react to something that irritates them, which is known as allergen, generating a substance called histamine in order to fight it. The result of this automatic action is that the eyelids and the thin membrane that covers its interior, the conjunctiva, swell and redden, producing tearing, burning and, sometimes, extreme sensitivity to light.

How is it diagnosed? A truly reliable diagnosis that allows, later, to provide the most appropriate treatment should be done by an ophthalmologist by means of an examination of the eyes with a slit lamp microscope, added to the review of the patient's medical history and including family history in relation to allergies

In the case of severe allergies, the specialist may choose to perform an additional test to detect the specific type of white blood cells (called eosinophils) that appear in areas of the eye where there is an allergic reaction. This test is done by gently scraping a small area of the conjunctiva.(27 may 16 )

What is your treatment and prevention? The key to the treatment of eye allergies, as with any other type of allergy, is to try to avoid or, at least, reduce as much as possible the contact with the substance that causes the problem: dust, mildew, pollen, air conditioning, pets, etc.

Some very effective tricks against the most common allergies are: ● If the cause of the allergy is mold, it is important to try to maintain the humidity level in the interior of the house between 30 and 50 percent. ● Clean areas of high humidity such as basements, bathrooms and kitchens frequently. ● Use a dehumidifier in particularly humid places. ● Do not expose yourself to dust mites, especially in the bedroom. ● Use special protectors on sheets and pillows to keep dust mites away from the skin. ● When cleaning the home, use wet rags to trap allergens more easily. ● Keep pets out of the house as soon as possible and, above all, not allow pets to enter the bedroom of the allergic person. ● Wash hands thoroughly after touching a pet, as well as clothing that has been exposed to these animals.

Other treatments that may be effective, but always under prescription and medical control are: ●

Artificial tears They can help alleviate eye allergies temporarily, helping to clean eye allergens. In addition, relieve dryness and irritation in the eyes,

providing moisture. ● Decongestants They may or may not carry antihistamines and are very effective in reducing redness. Although it is not advisable to abuse their use as they can cause irritation. ● Oral antihistamines. They can also alleviate some symptoms of allergy, although they have the disadvantage that some people produce certain side effects, such as dry eyes.

● Immunotherapy with injections. It is an innovative treatment that is giving very good results. The patient receives vaccines with very small doses of allergens that are gradually increased so that, progressively, the organism becomes immune.

Eye Allergy Symptoms The primary types of eye allergy are seasonal or perennial allergic conjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, contact allergic conjunctivitis and giant papillary conjunctivitis. Seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) is by far the most common type of eye allergy. Patients experience symptoms in spring, summer or fall, depending on the type of plant pollens in the air. Typical symptoms include: ● Itching ● Redness ● Burning ● Clear, watery discharge People with SAC may have chronic dark circles (known as allergic shiners) under their eyes. The eyelids may be puffy, and bright lights may be bothersome. SAC symptoms often accompany the runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion associated with hay fever and other seasonal allergies. The itching may be so bothersome that patients rub their eyes frequently, making symptoms worse and potentially causing infection. Perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC), as its name implies, occurs year-round. Symptoms are the same as with SAC, but tend to be milder. They are caused by reactions to dust mites, mold, pet dander or other household allergens, rather than pollen.

Eye Allergy Triggers ● Outdoor allergens, such as pollens from grass, trees and weeds

â—? Indoor allergens, such as pet dander, dust mites and mold â—? Irritants, such as cigarette smoke, perfume and diesel exhaust


General description Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis can have different causes and manifest itself in many ways. Generally, it produces an itchy rash on the reddened and inflamed skin.

The skin affected by the dermatitis can form blisters, ooze, form a scab or flake. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff and skin rashes caused by contact with various substances, such as poison ivy, soaps and jewelry with nickel.

Dermatitis is a common condition that is not contagious, but it can make you feel uncomfortable and self-conscious. A combination of self-care steps and medications can help you treat dermatitis.

Symptoms Each type of dermatitis can be seen in a slightly different way and usually affects different parts of the body. The most common types of dermatitis include the following:

Atopic dermatitis (eczema): This itchy, reddish skin rash, which usually begins in childhood, is located in the folds of the skin, such as the elbows, behind the knees and the front of the neck. If one scratches, the rash may release fluid and crusts may form. People with atopic dermatitis may experience moments of improvement and subsequent exacerbations.

Contact dermatitis: The skin rash occurs on parts of the body that were in contact with substances that irritate the skin or that cause an allergic reaction, such as poison ivy, soap and essential oils. The reddish rash may cause burning, stinging or itching. Blisters may appear.

Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition produces scaly patches, reddish skin and persistent layer. It usually affects the fatty areas of the body, such as the face, upper chest and back. It can be a long-term condition with periods of remission and exacerbations. When this type of dermatitis affects babies it is known as a "milk crust".

When to consult with the doctor Consult with the doctor in the following cases:

● You feel so uncomfortable that the hours of sleep and daily activities are ● ● ● ●

affected Your skin hurts Suspect that the skin is infected You have adopted personal care measures and you did not get any results Request a Consultation at Mayo Clinic

Causes Various conditions, allergies, genetic characteristics and irritants can cause different types of dermatitis:

Atopic dermatitis (eczema). This type of dermatitis is probably related to several factors, including dry skin, a genetic variation, a dysfunction of the immune system, the presence of bacteria on the skin and environmental conditions. Contact dermatitis. This condition appears as a result of direct contact with various substances that irritate the skin or allergens, such as poison ivy, jewelry containing nickel, cleaning products, perfumes, cosmetic products and even preservatives included in creams. and lotions. Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition can be caused by a yeast (fungus) present in the fat of the skin. People with seborrheic dermatitis may experience periods of remission and exacerbations depending on the season.

Risk factors There are several factors that can increase the risk of having certain types of dermatitis. For example:

Age. Dermatitis can occur at any age, but atopic dermatitis (eczema) usually begins during breastfeeding. Allergies and asthma. People with a personal or family history of eczema, allergies, seasonal allergic rhinitis or asthma are more likely to suffer from atopic dermatitis. Occupation. Jobs that involve contact with certain metals, solvents or cleaning supplies increase the risk of contact dermatitis. Working in the health field is linked to hand eczema. Diseases. You may have an increased risk of seborrheic dermatitis if you have had a disease, such as congestive heart failure, Parkinson's disease or HIV.

Complications By scratching yourself in the itchy area associated with dermatitis, you can get sores that can become infected. These skin infections can spread and, in very rare cases, can be life-threatening.

Prevention One of the factors that can help prevent dermatitis is to avoid dry skin. These tips can help you minimize the effects of dry skin when you bathe:

Take a shorter bath or shower. Make sure the shower or bath lasts between 5 and 10 minutes. And use warm water instead of hot. Bath oil can also be useful. Use cleaning products that do not contain soap or mild soaps. Choose cleaning products that do not contain soap or fragrance, or mild soaps. Some soaps can dry your skin. Dry yourself carefully. After the bath, dry the skin quickly by rubbing it with the palms of your hands or use a soft towel and pat dry.

Moisturizes the skin While the skin is still moist, moisturize it with oil or cream. Try different products until you find the best one for you. Ideally, the best product for you will be a safe, effective, accessible and without perfume. by Written by Mayo Clinic staff June 17, 2016

The rhinitis,dermatitis,and eye allergy This series of diseases are connected to the respiratory system immunological system and the eye ,the rhinitis Affect the respiratory system because Because the inflammation of the nasal cavity difficult the process of the respiration . The dramatic effect the immunological system because make crazy a system and make a real reaction to something that you are allergic and this reaction cause sting and red parts in your body ,and the eyes allergy cause sting and eye tears .