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Issue # 570
July 4, 2008
Published By: John Ortiz & Assoc., LLC
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by Stanley Drummond Everyone joins in singing Christmas carols, but what about Independence Day? Tidbits salutes the many wonderful patriotic tunes suitable for singing around the barbecue as we toast those last marshmallows. • “America” (“My Country ‘Tis of Thee”) is often discounted because it has the same melody of England’s “God Save the Queen.” However, when Samuel Francis Smith ﬁrst wrote the lyrics in 1831, he had no idea that the tune had any connection to Britain. A friend had given him a German songbook and had asked him to translate the lyrics to a particular song. Smith so loved the melody that he wrote his own set of lyrics – a tribute to the U.S. – in less than half an hour. • Francis Scott Key was an attorney and amateur poet who set sail on Chesapeake Bay during the War of 1812 in an effort to secure the release of American prisoners from a British war ship. He witnessed the attack on Fort McHenry and noted that the American ﬂag was still ﬂying the next morning. The poem he wrote to describe the incident was eventually set to music and became known as “The Star-Spangled Banner. • Prior to the outbreak of the American Revolution, British soldiers sang “Yankee Doodle” to mock the shabbily dressed colonials they encountered while ﬁghting during the French & Indian War. “Doodle” was a word used at the time to describe a fool or a simpleton. And the “macaroni” mentioned in the song does not refer to pasta. In 18th century England, the word described the fussy and fancy style of Italian clothing that was popular with British dandies. • The original sheet music for “Yankee Doodle” (published in England, naturally) indicated that “the words to be sung through the nose, and in the West Country drawl & dialect.” The British truly thought they were putting those upstart Americans in their place, but the joke was on them. In typical American fashion, the colonists adopted “Yankee Doodle” as their rallying cry. When sung by an entire regiment accompanied by a ﬁfe and drums, it resonated just as loudly as sports anthems like “We Will Rock You” do today in stadiums around the world. • The song that became the anthem for the Confederate states was written by a Northerner – Daniel Decatur Emmett, who was born and raised in Mount Vernon, Ohio. He originally wrote “Dixie” as part of a New York minstrel show, but the song took on a life of its own when it was rewarded with a standing ovation at each performance. • Even though “Dixie” was adopted by the Southern states as their call to arms, the sprightly melody was so infectious that it was popular in the North as well. In fact, “Dixie” was Abraham Lincoln’s favorite song, and was played at his inauguration per his request. Although “When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again” is credited to Louis Lambert, the song was actually composed by Irish-American Patrick Gilmore. The “Johnny” mentioned in the song title was John O’Rourke, a captain who served with the Union Army during the Civil War. O’Rourke was the beau of Gilmore’s sister, Annie. • Which came ﬁrst, the words or the music? In the case of “America the Beautiful” it was deﬁnitely the lyrics. Katherine Lee Bates was an English professor at Wellesley College during the late 19th century. In 1893, she took some vacation time and ventured west. During a visit to Pike’s Peak in Colorado, she was so struck with the panoramic landscape surrounding her that she pulled out her notebook and jotted down her impressions of the sights she’d seen. Turn the page for more...
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PAWS CORNER By Sam Mazzotta New Dog Fights for Dominance
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Complete Dog DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I have a 19-monthold cocker spaniel that is new to our home. Waste Removal Ginger is constantly growling at our older dog, 9-year-old Buster, Cleans Yards and Pens and they often get into ﬁghts. What can I do to stop them from ﬁghting? -- John F., Tampa, Fla. $10.00/week/1 dog: DEAR JOHN: There’s no quick solution to this problem. What’s $2.50/add’l dog happening is that Ginger, the spry young dog, is in an active conSATISFACTION GUARANTEED! test with Buster, the old hand, for ﬁrst place in a two-dog pecking Call DOOTY FREE Dog Waste Removal Service order. Many dog owners assume that one good-natured dog will get along ﬁne with another friendly pooch in the same household. Some 509-995-5776 also think that treating all dogs equally will keep them peaceful. But pet researchers are coming to different conclusions about the “pack mentality” and the dominance of one dog over another. Some believe that recognition and enforcement of the pecking order is a very important step toward keeping order in the household. Another factor in your situation is that Ginger and Buster are evaluating their places in the family. Until recently, Buster was top dog -- the only dog, in fact. Ginger, who may have been the dominant member of her litter or her household, is confused at her new status as second ﬁddle. Neither dog is willing to concede its claim to the throne. So, it’s up to you to decide. You have to choose which dog will be the more dominant of the two. And you have to reinforce that decision by treating the leader like a top dog. When the dogs come inside, pet the dominant one ﬁrst. At dinnertime, feed the dominant one ﬁrst. And so on. Establish the pecking order, placing yourself at the top as the decision maker, and then promote either Ginger or Buster. In a short period, the ﬁghting should stop, as should most of the growling. If it does not, consult a professional trainer or a behaviorist, and your veterinarian. Send your tips, questions and comments to Paws Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or e-mail them to pawscorner@hotmail. com. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.
PATRIOTIC SONGS (Continued)
During the long ride back home, Bates couldn’t get the images of the purple mountains and endless skies out of her mind, so she ﬂeshed out her original journal notes until she’d come up with four stanzas of verse. She mailed her poem to The Congregationalist, who published it on July 4, 1895. Soon afterward, composer Silas Pratt set her words to music, and everyone was singing “America the Beautiful.” (This included folks in Canada and Australia, who inserted their own country’s name in the lyrics.) • John Philip Sousa’s “The Stars and Stripes Forever” is, by act of Congress, the ofﬁcial march of the United States. The melody has another place in popular culture, however. In North America, the song NO Credit Requirements Call Today! is played by live bands at the circus or in theaters as a signal that a NO Intrest Rate (509) 924-7334 life-threatening emergency is afoot. Playing this particular song as a “code” alerts personnel to start evacuation procedures without alarmLow Monthly Payments 808 N. Pines ing the audience. “You Could Be Driving Today” • Songwriter Woody Guthrie learned about traditional folk and blues music while traveling from Oklahoma to California with migrant worker groups during the Dust Bowl era of the Great Depression. After working at a California radio station for several years, Guthrie headed to New York City. At the time of Guthrie’s sojourn, Kate Smith’s “God Bless America” was hugely popular. • As he later admitted during a frank interview, Woody had grown tired of hearing it on the radio and felt the nation needed something new. While watching the scenery pass by on a crosscountry train trip, he penned what became his most famous song. He set his descriptions of the American terrain to music (a melody he’d borrowed slightly from an old gospel song). In 1940, Woody released the single that he hoped would knock Kate Smith off the charts, “This Land is Your Land.” • Julia Ward Howe wrote the poem that eventually became known as “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” as a challenge from a Unitarian minister. The reverend noted that Union soldiers often sang “John Brown’s Body,” while Confederate soldiers sang their own lyrics to the same melody. He thought that better, more unifying words could be written, and so Howe came up with the inspiring lyrics that we still sing today: “Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord...” • According to George M. Cohan, he was inspired to write “You’re a Grand Old Flag” after meeting a Civil War veteran who’d seen action at the Battle of Gettysburg. The aging soldier was carrying a folded but tattered ﬂag, and when he noticed Cohan’s interest, he commented, “She’s a grand ol’ rag, isn’t she?” Cohan later changed the word from “rag” to “ﬂag” to avoid any disrespect. THE END
SENIOR NEWS LINE by Matilda Charles Fighting Skin Aging I trust university researchers more than I do Madison Avenue cosmetics advertisers, especially when part of the funding for the research comes from the National Institutes of Health. So when I read a study done by the University of Michigan saying that there really is an ingredient that helps ﬁght signs of skin aging and wrinkles, I had to pay attention. Wrinkles in seniors develop because we have much less collagen than we did years ago, as much as two-thirds less. It’s the collagen that keeps skin looking ﬁrm. Lying just under the inner dermis layer, it keeps the skin above padded and stretched. Less collagen means less support. The university research (published in a recent issue of Archives of Dermatology) combined a review of the literature since the early 1990s, as well as hands-on lab work. The latest lab study involved application of an over-the-counter moisturizer (with a magic ingredient added) in a six-month doubleblind process. That means nobody knew what was in the bottles of lotion except the researchers themselves. So what dvertising in the newly expanded was this “magic” ingredient. It’s Retinol, a form of vitamin A, and the same ingredient that Madison Avenue advertisTidbits of Spokane is effective, ers have been pushing for years. Who knew? This research affordable and easy. We will set affects not only looks, but serious medical issues such as you up with an advertising bed sores, tears, ulcers and bruising, as Retinol could make package that is perfect for you, and skin withstand injuries. That’s not to say we should all rush out and buy lotion that contains Retinol. For one thing, it even build you a custom ad at no causes skin to dry out, and in some cases can cause sun cost or obligation. sensitivity. If you’d like to try it, ask your dermatologist or Start an advertising campaign today doctor for a product name recommendation. Not all Retinol with Tidbits. products are the same.
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Matilda Charles regrets that she cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into her column whenever possible. Write to her in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.
TO YOUR GOOD HEALTH By Paul G. Donohue, M.D.
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Lose Weight The DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Two years ago I had surgery for breast cancer, and lymph nodes were also removed during Healthy Way With the surgery. I recently developed lymphedema and am quite upset about it. I don’t think I ever read where you (or anyone ™ else) discussed it. I didn’t know what it was until I saw something about it on TV. It seems www.healthnutwa.com to be under control, but I must wear an arm sleeve, which I hate. Please comment on it. -- J.R. Free Body Analysis ANSWER: We have two circulatory systems. Everyone knows the blood circulatory system. Few know the lymph circulatory system. Lymph is the watery part of blood that oozes out of blood vessels and bathes all body cells and tissues. It provides nutrition and protection. Lymph vessels -- similar to arteries and veins but more delicate -- are open-ended affairs that suction lymph ﬂuid and eventually return it to the circulation. On its journey back to the main circulation, lymph ﬂuid passes through lymph nodes, which remove from it foreign material and germs. Anything that disrupts the return of ﬂuid back to the circulation causes swelling -- lymphedema. In your case, the disruption was breast surgery with removal of lymph nodes. About 15 percent of women who undergo such breast surgery develop lymphedema of the arm on the side of the removed breast. Early treatment of lymphedema prevents permanent changes from happening. Arm elevation encourages drainage out of the arm. Elastic garments squeeze lymph ﬂuid back into the main circulation. Compression pumps are another way to mobilize the ﬂuid. A special kind of massage, performed by a trained therapist, can effectively promote drainage of lymph ﬂuid. It’s called manual lymphatic drainage, and practicing therapists are found in about every section of the country. The National Lymphedema Network can put you in touch with such a therapist and can provide you with information on this condition. You can reach the network at 1-800-541-3259 and on The Way Mother Nature Cleans® the Web at www.lymphnet.org. The booklet on edema and lymphedema provides details on both these common conditions. Readers can obtain a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 106W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. of the Inland Northwest Enclose a check or money order Whole House Cleaned (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name for $164.00 (Up To 6 Areas) and address. Please allow four 509-465-4000 • www.oxifresh.com weeks for delivery. DEAR DR. DONOHUE: My doctor has me taking two blood pressure medicines every day. There was a time when my pressure was quite high. Now it’s normal. I take my pressure every day. I am retired, and I think that brought my pressure down. Can I safely stop one of my blood pressure medicines? -- D.K. ANSWER: It would be safe for you if your doctor thinks it is a good idea. He or she probably will, if you discuss it. When you see your doctor, bring with you a record of your blood pressures. That information will carry much weight in making the right decision. Blood pressure medicine is usually, but not always, taken for life. If people make big life changes -- reduce their salt intake, exercise, lose weight, minimize life’s stresses -- then it is possible to decrease the dose of blood pressure medicine and sometimes to eliminate it. Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2008 North America Synd., Inc. All Rights Reserved
SPORTS QUIZ By Chris Richcreek 1. Who was the last second baseman to lead the National League in RBIs for a season? 2. How many batting-average titles did Tony Gwynn capture during his career? 3. Who was the last player before Arkansas’ Darren McFadden in 2006 and 2007 to ﬁnish second in the Heisman voting two years in a row? 4. When was the last time before the 2006-07 season that the Golden State Warriors made the NBA playoffs? 5. Name the last time before the 2007-08 season that the Montreal Canadiens won an NHL division title. 6. Brazil is the only country to have played in all 18 men’s soccer World Cups. Which two countries are tied for second with 16 appearances? 7. Whom did Bernard Hopkins beat to unify the three major middleweight boxing titles (WBA, WBC, IBF) in 2001? Answers 1. Rogers Hornsby with 143 RBIs in 1925. 2. Eight (1984, ‘87, ‘88, ‘89, ‘94, ‘95, ‘96 and ‘97). 3. North Carolina’s Charlie Justice in 1948 and 1949. 4. It was the 1993-94 season. 5. It was the 1991-92 season. 6. Italy and Germany (which includes West Germany). 7. Felix Trinidad, who was the WBA titleholder. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.
DOLLARS AND SENSE BY David Ufﬁngton Save Money by Raising Your Credit Score
With the growing number of foreclosures, repossessions and jobs being lost, lenders are taking a hard look at borrowers before lending money. Lenders care about how likely you are to repay your debt on time, and your credit report gives them a good indication of how you’ve handled credit in the past. Ardell’s Laptop and PC Repair The FICO score is the most commonly used credit-rating system, but each of the big three reporting 10816 E. Mission Ave agencies use the information in a different way, thus producing different credit scores on the same Spokane, WA 99206 credit history. (A lender will likely take the middle of these three numbers.) email@example.com Here are some steps you can take to improve your credit score: ¥ Pay your bills on time. This counts as 35 percent of your total score. 509-891-5188 ¥ Limit the amount of your available credit that you use. ¥ Limit the number of inquiries on your credit report. If you need to shop for deals, perhaps for a car loan, do your homework so that the credit inquiries are all done in a short period of time, say a month. The credit bureau will consider all the inquiries in a given amount of time to be part of the same inquiry. ¥ Don’t automatically cancel old credit cards that you don’t use. Longevity of your accounts counts for 15 percent of your FICO score. Canceling the cards will often result in a lowering of your score. ¥ The jury is out on whether credit counseling will hurt your credit score. It probably won’t, but it might impact your ability to get a loan if part of the counseling was to negotiate smaller payments on old debt. ¥ Track your credit score. If it goes down, follow up by getting a copy of your credit report to verify that all the information is correct. A good credit score can make the difference between getting a loan with a low interest rate or getting one with a higher rate -- or not at all. For more information, go to www.privacyrights.org, then click on FAQ and Index and scroll down to Credit Scores: Fact Sheet 6(c): Your Credit Score: How It All Adds Up. The Federal Credit Information Center has good information as well. Check www.pueblo. gsa.gov and put “credit scores” in the search box. David Ufﬁngton regrets that he cannot firstname.lastname@example.org sonally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever 4408 S. Regal St. possible. Write to him in care of King FeaSpokane, WA Cory L. Tesarik tures Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to email@example.com. (c) 2008
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STRANGE BUT TRUE
By Samantha Weaver ¥ If you have plans to travel to Indiana this SepBusiness Banners tember, you might want to head to the small town of Harmony. That’s where, on the On Sale Now! third Saturday of September every year, you’ll ﬁnd the Big Whopper Liar’s Contest, in which contestants compete to Place A FREE Ad Today! see who can tell the most original, exaggerated lie. ¥ You might be surprised to learn that it was noted author and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson who made the following observation: “Being perfectly well-dressed gives a feeling of tranquility that religion is powerless to bestow.” ¥ In ancient Egypt -- around 1500 B.C. -- baldness was considered to be the absolute height of feminine beauty. Women of the nobility often had special gold tweezers that they used to pluck their hair, and then they polished their heads to a high sheen with bufﬁng cloths. ¥ Those with entirely too much time on their hands have determined that there are precisely 336 dimples on a regulation golf ball. ¥ Studies show that men not only laugh louder than women, they also laugh longer and more often. ¥ If you think weddings in the United States are getting out of hand, you might want to consider this: In a traditional Korean wedding, the engagement gifts alone can cost $40,000 or more. ¥ Every year, there are more than 50,000 earthquakes throughout the world. ¥ The next time you’re upset and thinking about tossing something across the room, try to keep in mind the results of a study conducted in 1999, in which researchers found that venting anger on inanimate objects actually increases aggression rather than decreasing it. Thought for the Day: “Mountains appear more lofty the nearer they are approached, but great men resemble them not in this particular.” -- Lady Marguerite Blessington 1125 W. Second Ave. 1125 W. Second Ave. (c) 2008 king features Synd., Inc. Spokane, WA
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TRIVIA TEST By Fiﬁ Rodriguez 1. TELEVISION: What was Fred Sanford’s wife named in “Sanford & Son”? 2. MOVIES: Where was giant beast King Kong discovered? 3. MEDICAL: What does the drug Minoxidil do? 4. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: What are the RITA awards? 5. HISTORY: The Peloponnesian war was fought primarily between which two groups? 6. U.S. PRESIDENTS: Who was Gerald Ford’s running mate in 1976? 7. LITERATURE: Francois-Marie Arouet was a famous writer in the 18th century, but was better known by what pseudonym? 8. MUSIC: Who recorded the hit “The Banana Boat Song”? 9. ADVERTISING: What product is advertised with the slogan, “Is it in you?” 10. GAMES: How many pawns are used in a game of chess? Answers 1. Elizabeth 2. Skull Island 3. Increase hair growth 4. Given for the best published romance novels 5. Athens and Sparta 6. Robert Dole 7. Voltaire 8. Harry Belafonte 9. Gatorade 10. Sixteen -- eight per player (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.
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