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1. The critical period refers to….. a) the issue whether the human brain is adapted for language acquisition b) the issue whether the human brain is adapted for memorizing c) the issue whether the human brain is adapted in environmental factors 2. The sensitive period considers language learning would be…. a) more easy b) more difficult but not impossible c) impossible 3. What are the areas affected by maturational constraints a) Context, external factors, internal factors, language aptitude gender b) The family and school c) Friends, partners and fathers 4. Which is the classification of learning styles: a) Cognitive approach, personality approach, perceptual approach and action approach b) Behaviourism, silent way and audiolingual c) Constructivism, behaviourims and cognitivism 5. The sensitive period: a) refers to the issue whether the human brain is particularly adapted for language acquisition during an early period of life. b) considers language learning would be more difficult but not impossible. c) include lateralization and loss of brain flexibility. 6. Where is included lateralization and loss of brain flexibility? a) Critical period. b) Sensitive period. c) Neurobiological phenomena. 7. Which of this areas are not affected by maturational constraints? a) Internal factors. b) Social factors. c) External factors. 8. Extrovert people are… a) people who are usually quiet and prefer individual –non-social- activities. b) people who feel tension, apprehension, nervousness, and worry associated with an arousal of the autonomic nervous system. c) people who tend to be sociable, like to take risks, they are lively and active. 9. The ability to put oneself in another’s place in order to understand that person better is: a) Self-efficacy. b) Empathy. c) Risk-taking. 10. Memory is used for the very storage of information through: a) Creating mental linkages. b) Guessing intelligently c) Overcoming limitations in speaking and writing


11. Which intelligence is related to social communication? a) Musical intelligence. b) Logical/mathematical intelligence. c) Interpersonal intelligence. 14. Kinaesthetic intelligence is referred to: a) need to move in order to learn. b) the capacity to understand one’s feelings and emotions. c) deals with caring about nature. 15.Which period considers language learning would be not impossible? a) the critical period b) the sensitive period c) both 16. Which are the areas affected by madurational constraints? a) age and rate b) gender c) both 17. According to Cognitive Approach, Reflectivity-impulsivity refers to: a) If individuals stop to think about and plan before carrying out a task or if they do not. b) Depending on the perceptive features of a situation to carry out a task. c) The style used in different environments. 18. According to R. Oxford, what are learning strategies. a) Strategies are the actions students use to achieve the L2. b) Strategies are specific actions, behaviours, steps, or techniques students use to improve their progress in apprehending, internalizing, and using the foreign language. c) Strategies are just the techniques used by students of a second language. 19. According to Oxford’s classification of strategies: a) Direct strategies are memory, cognitive and compensation strategies. b) Indirect strategic are metacognitive, affective and social strategies. c) Both are correct. 20. What is motivation? a) It is an internal state of the individual influenced by needs, and/or beliefs which generate an interest and desire to achieve a goal, and moves the individual to attain it with a continued effort. b) It is an external state of the individual influenced by needs and beliefs which generate an interest and desire to achieve a goal. c) It is an internal state of an individual and it is not dynamic. 21. What does Integrative motivation imply? a) It does not imply that students want to learn languages. b) It implies a desire to learn the language in order to relate to the target language


culture. c) It implies a subjective feeling of tension, apprehension, nervousness, and worry associated with an arousal of the autonomic nervous system. 22. What is anxiety? a) It is the desire to learn a second language. b) It is the subjective feeling of tension, apprehension, nervousness, and worry associated with an arousal of the autonomic nervous system. c) It is an internal state of the individual influenced by needs, and/or beliefs which generate an interest and desire to achieve a goal, and moves the individual to attain it with a continued effort. 23. The concrete operational stage, children are able to: a) Classify and serialize elements according to multiple criteria. b) Understand abstract or hypothetical concepts. c) Understand of reversibility or awareness that actions can be reversed. 24. What are the internal factor in the learners: a) Neuro-biological, environment factors, cognitive factors. b) Neuro-biological, cognitive factors, social/affective/psychological c)Cognitive factors, gender factors, social/affective/psychological 25. Neurobiological phenomena include: a) Lateralization and loss of brain flexibility b) Plasticity c) Cerebral elasticity 26. Extroverted learners are better at: a. Reading and witing task. b. Acadmeic skills. c. Developing basic interpersonal skills. 27. Introvert learnes are better at: a) Interpersonal skills. b) Reading and writing. c) Communication skills. 28. What is the opposite of risk-taking behaviour? a) Sensivity to rejection. b) Extroverted. c) Empathy. 29. Inhibition is...


a. b. c.

Is the extent to which individuals build defences to protect their egos. Is the ability to put oneself in another´s place. It is a trait that involves being able to deal with ambiguous new stimuli without frustration and without appeals to authority.

30. It is a trait that involves being able to deal with ambiguous new stimuli without frustration and without appeals to authority: d) Inhibition. e) Tolerance. f) Empathy. 31. One of this there are not multiple intelligence: a. Linguistic intelligence. b. Interpersonal intelligence. c. Empathy intelligence. 32. Motivational stages are normally: a. Dynamic, cyclical and procee-oriented. b. Pre-actional phase and actional phase. c. Post-actional face and cyclical. 33. Direct strategies are… a. Metacognitives strategies and affective strategies. b. Memory , social stategies and cognitive. c. Memory , cognitive and compensation strategies. 34. Intrapersonal intelligence is…. a. Capacity to understand one´s feelings and emotions and the ability to solve personal conflicts. b. Like talking about philosophical topics , such as where we come from , what our role in the universe , etc…They seek the mean of life. c. This intelligence means the ability to understand other´s feelings and intentions when communicating and to negotiate successfully. 35. What does “neurobiological phenomena” include? a) It includes lateralization and loss of brain flexibility. b) It includes how the context affects the acquisition of a language. c) It includes age and rate. 36. The perceptual approach: d) It is the style used in different environments. e) It is related to the way individuals prefer to perceive the input to be learnt. f) if individuals stop to think about and plan before carrying out a task or if they do not. 37. What are the strategies? a) are specific actions, behaviours, steps, or techniques students use to improve their progress in apprehending, internalizing, and using the foreign language.


b) are a mode of thinking and behaving, it is the way individuals approach and handle the task of learning. c) are concerned with students’ practical reasons for learning the foreign language. 38. Metacognitive Strategies: a) are concerned with learner's emotional requirements. b) used for the very storage of information. c) help learners to regulate their learning process.


Preguntas sobre las características individuales  

Preguntas del tema 2 que entran en el examen de didáctica de inglés II

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