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01 CAVITY FOR SOUND —— Qing qiang Art Museum Location: Xi'an, China Building area: 5000 m2 Design date: 2018, 10 5th year Design Studio Tutor: Li Wenli Individual Work Qing qiang, one of the most archaic Chinese opera art originated in Xi'an, is now decaying. This work is designed to preserve and carry these art forward. The identical cavity structure, which refers to the traditional cave dwelling in Shaanxi, can echo and augment the sound of opera inside. The museum shows a sequence of spaces which guide the visitors get closer and closer to the performance stage.

01 Introduction Served as an ancient type of art in Xi'an, Qing Qiang opera is well known for its high volume and easy-to-recognize tone. I make this unique characteristic a clue of the museum. Visitors can hear the Qing Qiang opera in every exhibition hall. Walking gradually closer to the main stage, visitors will realize the real charm of Qing Qiang.

02 Form By combining the traditional museum streamline with the spectator seats in drama stage, visitors are able to enjoy the opera all the time while their visiting in the gallery.

03 Process The streamline is designed only can hear the opera first. With the visitors stepping forward, they get closer to the main stage.

04 The Cavity


Origin cavity

The shape of the cavity originates from the cave dwelling in Shaanxi, which can echo and augment the sound.

Up-sidedown Cavity

Grey spaces and resting area.

Main gallery hall and transportation area

Reading areas

05 Model Study The combination of different sizes of cavities makes the space types polytropic. 3D-Modeling helps to decide whether the scale of the space is suitable for visitors' activities.

06 Section Study The design is developed from putting cavities in a box. I use sections to study the relationship between different scales of cavities.

View inside View outside

07 Scale Study

S Single Resting Room

Resting Room

Gallery Hall 1


Space For Trees

Public Reading Room


Outdoor Cafe



Outdoor Grey Space

Gallery Hall 2

Main Stage & Gallery Hall 3

08 Section Model Through studying section model I define spaces as two type: the cavity as invert space and plane floor as outer space. Functions are divided in these two type of space.

09 Development of the design

The design is developed from a box according to the site.

Several void cavities are placed inside the box to create heterogeneous spaces.

In order to distinguish the main gallery, middle cavities are stretched.

To make the visiting flow continuous, four cavities are joined into two.

The two biggest cavities serve as the main gallery hall and main stage. Slopes are set for viewing inside the cavities.

The plane area is divided into two parts: the function part for offices and the part free for different activities.

Small-scale cavities are placed at the edge of the building for entrance and daylighting.

At last, the elevator and the toilet are designed as two columns from top to the bottom.

Outer Concrete Wall

Main Gallery Hall Temporary Gallery

Concrete Slope

Meeting Room

Meditation / Reading

轴剖 or 爆炸

Private Reading Room

Lecture Hall


Main Stage Outdoor Cafe

Transportation Column


Sectio The museum is divided into two sorts of spaces, all of the function sections share the main gallery which contains a main stage for Qing Qiang performance. While the s t r u c t u re o f c av i t y c a n b e perfectly combined with some of the functions like resting bench or skylight.

1 2 3

1 8mm Seperating layer 2 Moisture-diffusing scolling layer 3 400mm Concrete


4 50mm Plywood 5 Hung ceiling 6 Sun louver

7 Grider 8 12mm Toughened glass 9 Aluminium frame

on 1:200

9 4

1 3 4

6 7




Main Stage & Gallery





10 4




1 5






4 8 5


First Floor Plan 1:1000 1 Entrance 2 Reception 3 Main Opera Stage 4 Gallery 1 5 Gallery 2 6 Cafe

Second Floor Plan 1:1000

7 Toilet 8 Souvenir Shop 9 Storage 10 Elevator

1 Resting Space 2 Elevator 3 Storage 4 Gallery 3 5 Toilet 6 Multi-media Room

7 Lecture Hall 8 Resting Space 9 Main Stage

1 3

5 4


2 3


4 6 5 8 7





Third Floor Plan 1:1000 1 Film Space 7 Gallery 4 2 Elevator 8 Temperate Gallery 3 Storage 4 Resting Space 5 Toilet 6 Preservation & Research

Fourth Floor Plan 1:1000 1 Private Reading Space 2 Private Reading Space 3 Meditation Space 4 Elevator 5 Storage 6 Toilet

7 Meeting Room 8 Administration 9 Circulation desk 10 Library


Main Entrance Prespective Drawing

02 FLOATING PUZZLE —— An on-water community design Location: Lagos, Nigeria Building area: 8034 ㎡ Design date: 2018, 3 Competition Tutor: Shi yuan, Li Ce Individual Work There are over 100,000 people living in stilted buildings of Makoko, a district located in the heartland of Lagos Lagoon. However, people there have no road, no land or basic installation to support their poor life. To solve this problem in attempt, a floating module that can be combined into different functions such as market, residence or clinic is designed. Modulization makes this work easy to construct, transport and provide possibilities to dwellers: they can change the forms by themselves. While a trangle shape module is an ideal shape to float for its low center of gravity and outstanding stability.

20000 Dweller

Basic facilities Population




01 Site Overview Site located besides a coastline of Makoko, where lives more than 100,000 dwellers. There is no pubilic activity space on the site. Resident there can only use their humble outdoor balcony or their boats to carry out activities. While there are only very few public service in the site, no medical facilities and only poor housing in the community. How to solve these problem in an architectural way? The way they live may leave me a chance: the floating architecture.

02 Solution In attempt to solve the existing problem, I reconsidered the form of achitecture in four ways: Mobility, Flotation, Stability, and Functions. Both of these factors are vital for a on-water architecture.

I Mobility The original fixed settlement was not movable, and the function of the old house was also very simple. The addition of mobility allows new functions to be added, and people can change the form of the house according to their needs

II Flotation


III Stablity

The original house was deeply rooted in the soil at the bottom of the water, and over time, the erosion of the wooden pillars would lead to a decline in the stability of the house. Adding floatation to the design makes the house more resistant to wind and waves and easier to move around.

In order to reduce the center of gravity of the original house and increase its ability to withstand wind and waves, the roof is lowered (the center of gravity of the triangle is the lowest).

IV Functions

Picture reference:

Education Trading Dwelling Treatment

The original slum only had the func tion of living, and the infrastructure was extremely scarce. The nearest medical facility is 10 k i l o m e te r s away, a n d t h e o n l y primary school here was destroyed in a storm. I hope to complete these functions in the design.

03 Alternative Portotype


Structure I

Structure II


04 Unit Study Starting from the most basic element: single unit, wall and connection, I can get the open, semi-open and private space types through the combination and change of typology, and then get the space with four functional types of medical treatment, residential area, market and education.

Unit Elements

Single Unit



Cut out






Market Area

Educational Area







Residential Area






05 Modular Construction System This modular structure system is designed easy to assembly inorder to decrease the construction budget which is beneficial to both developer or resident. In this case the unit can be constructed or dismantled quickly and functions can be re-adapt as space or users are changed.

Three-dimensional connection

Iron-to-wood connection

Connection between units

Girder connection

Rib connection

06 Functional Variability The module is designed as changeable and focus on the customize of every space. For example, dwellers can remove all the walls between rooms so that they can have a space big enough to hold their anniversary celebration.

Large points of sale in the market can be easily dismantled by the wall to change the size of the market. If there are a large number of merchants who need to sell goods, then large, wall-less Spaces are suitable for them. If only a small number of merchants need to sell goods, then the type of small space segmentation is more suitable for them.

User: Sellers * 10+ Open Selling Point

1st Year

S i m i l a r l y, i n t h e e d u c a t i o n function, large Spaces can be used for large libraries by disassembling the wall stroke, while small rooms formed by walls can be installed to form classrooms or individual reading rooms according to the requirements. Large Spaces can also be used as playgrounds when they are not needed to make up for the inadequacy of local people's land sports.

User: Readers * 10+ Open reading Space


1st Year In living space, over time, people may meet, fall in love, get married, have children, celebrate anniversaries, divorce or die. And the room in living space also can change as people's activity for single room, double room, family room, old person room and so on.

User: Single Person Single room

1st Year



User: Sellers * 6Single Selling Point

2nd Year


Single Reading Space

2nd Year


Couple room

5th Year

User: Students

User: Anyone



3rd Year


User: Parents and Child Family room

10th Year

User: Anyone Plaza



11 1





07 Variation of Overall Form In the initial design, there may be only one core unit. With the change of time and the spontaneous t ra n s fo r m at i o n o f u s e r s, i t w i l l gradually become more complex and community-oriented, and finally form a multi-functional and constantly changing community






1 Clinic 2 Dwelling Area 3 Restaurant 4 Ceremony Area 5 Agriculture 6 Administration 7 Big Selling Point 8 Single Room 9 Kitchen and Dinning Room 10 Cafe 11 Harbour

08 Section



n Perspective

03 BALANCE —— Student center design based on a given design method: Balance Location: Xi'an, China Building area: 1575 ㎥ Design date: 2017,12 4th year Design Studio Tutor: Wu Rui Individual Work This student center is designed under a special rule: The ratio of volume and void should be about 1:1. In order to meet this goal, I divide a square into 5*5 and set a figure- and-ground relationship to them. By overlaying figure to ground, I reach a condition of space that not only the volume-void-ratio of plan is 1:1 but also that of section. After analysing the chosen site I confirm a final prototype, the volume part and void part in the student center are homogenous and the designed space creates different possibilities for activities in the building.

Through modeling I found rythem in the basic combinations of different prototype

01 What's balance? Prototype 1

There are thousands of possibilities to create a space with the rule of overlaying figure to ground, all of them have a same charateristic: the spaces are homogenious.

Prototype 2

Doing figure and ground research helps me to define how different kinds of ground influent the whole space.

Prototype 3

Besides the plan, sections are also a key factor to see how the 1:1 ratio affect the space.

I Site

IV Sinking Plaza & Route

II Route

V Final Form

III Blocking

VIq Structure

02 Site Analyzing How to confirm a final form of the figure-and-ground? I find the answer in the site: In order not to block the road between two teaching building, there should be empty in the middle(image 2). To resist the noise from parking lot and the sports court, two blocks should be set to block the noise(image 3), to reinforce the block, two underground-courtyards are placed(image 4). Finally, protential structure walls are marked out for further design(image 6).

03 Mass Study






E' F'

C' D








B A'














E' C'



Ground Floor

Second Floor

Third Floor

Fourth Floor






I' G











I F'

E' C'



E' C'

Fifth Floor



Sixth Floor


Steel Truss

Double T-Iron

Aluminum Mesh

50mm Concrete Facing

Aluminum Mesh Frame Wall Frame Glass Frame


50mm Wood Facing

Insulation Layer

Concrete and Stones Surface

Recycling Soil Basement Slop and Tube

Drainage Pipe Reinforce Concrete Base

04 Construction System The whole structure system adopts concrete bearing wall and steel box structure. The tank itself is a load-bearing system, which is convenient to assemble and disassemble.

05 Section

Entrance of the center

Reading Area


1 2

4 1 Gallery 2-3 Garden 4 Storage Basement Plan




2 1 5


Third Floor Plan First Floor Plan 1 Transportation Space 2-3 Cafe 4 Toilet 5 Big Stairs



Second Floor Plan 1 Reading Area 2 Meeting Room 3-4 Outdoor Resting Space

Clubs Area

Big Stairs



4 1



1 3

3 6

Third Floor Plan

Fourth Floor Plan

1 Magazine club 2 Flowering room 3 Handcraft club 4 Outdoor resting area

1 Drawing and Discussing Area 2 Toilet 3 Sketching Area 4-6 Outdoor Platform




2 1

3 3

Fifth Floor Plan 1 Music Room 2-3 Rehearsal Space


Sixth Floor Plan 1 Gym 2 Locker Room 3-5 Outdoor Platform

Entrance of the center



04 Mathematical Nature —— Alustruction Design & Construction Location: Shanghai, China Building area: 10 ㎥ Design date: 2018,9 Outdoor Construction Project Tutor: Cai Chengzhi, Li Ce Group Work(With Xu Weikun, Wan Yihan, Zhou Jier, Lv Xinyu, Li Ziqi) Role in Team: Conceptual design, Coding, Detail design, Modeling, Construction, Diagram drawing. Since the industrial revolution, from crystal palace in Paxton to the national library of Paris in La Bruster,metallic materials have emerged in a large area in the building,which has become a crucial element to create a spatial atomosphere. At the same time, compression, tension, bending, drilling, polishing, riveting, welding, bolting and other processing and connection technology has greatly expanded the possibility of metal materials in the form. The project uses metal as a holding member for the original concrete, with the aim of correcting the skew error during concrete pouring and decorating the concrete. In the design and research process, we analyzed and screened a large number of materials, and carried out a lot of thinking and practice on the connection method of metal components and concrete.

01 Introduction The project was formerly a large concrete and steel model built in 2017. Several parts of the model can be spliced together to explore the plasticity of 3D concrete, the relationship between body scale and furniture, the way in which molds are made, and the techniques used to treat concrete. On this basis, our project will offset the visual deviation caused by the concrete pouring error by adding metal components behind the existing concrete volume, and continue to explore the characteristics of the metal material and the docking of the parameterization algorithm and the actual construction.

02 Material Concrete Essence: Composite Main Material: Common sand, stone Density: 2.36--2.42g/cm3

Cement Essence: inorganic cementing material Main Material: Cement Shape: Powder Density:3.15g/cm3


Concrete has the characteristics of abundant raw materials, low price and simple production technology. At the same time, concrete also has the characteristics of high compressive strength, good durability and wide range of strength grade.

Aggregate Essence: Stone Main Material: Gravel, Density: 2.50--2.70g/cm3

Aluminium Pase at STP Silid Melting Point 933.47 K (660.32 째C, 1220.58 째F) Boilling Point 2743 K (2470 째C, 4478 째F) Density (near r.L) 2.70 g/cm3 When Liquid (at m.p.) 2.376 g/cm3 Aluminium metal, when in quantity, is very shiny and resembles silver because it preferentially absorbs far ulfraviolet radiation while reflecting all visible light so it does not impart any color to reflected light, unlike the reflectance spectra of copper and gold. Another important characteristic of aluminium is its low density, 2.70g/ cm3. Aluminium is a relatively soft, durable, lightweight, ductile, and malleable with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, dejpending on the surface roughness.

03 Sketch Study Once the material properties have been determined, we have tried and studied the possible solutions by way of a sketch, finally obtained a solution appropriate to the original model and capable of solving the above-mentioned problems.

04 Texture and Pattern Analysis Trim solid

05 Coding Process

Trim solid

Since we want to make our results ultimately not visually conflict with concrete materials, we finally choose The brushed aluminum plate used in the daytime reflects the color very similar to the original concrete, and in the process of texture design, we analyze and study the natural texture of various materials, and finally the natural crack of the concrete and the volcanic rock in the site. The holes in the tiles have inspired us, and the density and arrangement of the holes is inspired by the rusting texture of the metal surface. The width of concrete cracks is similar, and the general direction of each crack is similar to that of shape and lightning. There will be no circular cracks in the wood, and there will be no small cracks caused by dry cracking of the soil (thin ends are thicker and the middle part is thicker). In the case of holes, the use of holes that combine the rusting of the metal surface and the natural hole shape of the rock surface (also similar to the shape of the concrete coarse aggregate) are used. We abstracted and extracted the results of erosion caused by several natural states, and finally used parametric design software (including grasshopper and python) to imitate their generation logic. Then, we will be similar to the plane at first. The combination of the design combines to create our own natural cracks and holes.


06 Digrams of Pattern

In pervious bersion, we used Voronoi diagram to simulate the texture from a cast concrete surface, but the effect was too regular and artificial.

On that account, we optimized the pattern through editing a Python script in Rhino, in order to make it look more nature.

Two layers of aluminum sheets are overlapping, vsually creates deepth and complexity.


Glass Glue


Needle-nose Pliers

Wire Cutter


Stainless Steel Screw


Terminal Clamp

Rivet Gun

Hand Drill

We have adopted a double-layer metal plate design, which not only ensures the richness of the texture, but also hides the internal light source and some connecting members for construction. In the process of designing the holes, we have adjusted the inner opening and the outer layer to be smaller, which allows the light to pass over the inner aluminum plate more and more from the well-designed holes on the outer aluminum plate. It’s revealed that this makes our plan look very good at night. In the connection method, we have chosen to fold the metal or fold the metal multiple times, which not only ensures that the metal plate does not produce bridge deformation, but also ensures that the occlusion of the inner structure maintains the overall aesthetics.

Other Work

05 VITURAL ENVIRONMENT TREATMENT —— A future hospital based on VR technology Location: Future world Design date: 2017,3 UIA-PHG Competition, Third award Tutor: Shi yuan Group Work(With Gao Senhe, Yu Xiaohui) Role in Team: Conceptual design, Detail design, Modeling, Construction, Diagram drawing. In recent decades, the diseases caused by environmental deterioration continue to challenge the medical industry, the uncontrollable deterioration of the environment means that the future medical industrial will continuously face the challenge. We realize that we cannot change the whole environment, so we had the concept to create a smaller, individual environment. Our work uses science and technology to compensate for the environment and proposes a new medical model: vitual environment treatment and maintainance to prevent and cure the diseases caused by the environment.

01 Environment & Disease

Introduction on meeting various needs Introduction on meeting various needs

We hope the ball can We hope the ball meet different kindcan meet different kind of people’s needs of people’s needs

Also we hope it can Also we hope it can solve a various solve a various medical condition medical condition

Nowadays’ hospital Nowadays’ hospital resource mode,the mode,the resource is not fully resource used at allis not fully used at all

So we ‘cut’ the By setting the ball same the ballreach same andsetting movable,we So we ‘cut’ the By ‘resouce cake’ and movable,we reach the goal that let ‘resouce into smallcake’ pieces the goal that let city can in the into every small pieces and piece everyone everyone in the citynice can enjoy a equal and and every piece has a complete enjoy a equal and nice has asystem complete treatment treat treatment treat system

Taking the future co-living mode of different type of 02 Sub health 03 Treatment & maintenance Taking the& Prevention future all co-living mode of different typethe of people(including status of people in society)in people(including status people in society)in the consideration,we all took out of a brand new healing mode,that consideration,we outofa people brand new healing is,facing different took groups our ball can mode,that carry out is,facing different groups of people our ball can carry vraious types of tantacle combining mode in order to out provide vraious types of tantacle combining mode in order to provide better treatment to meet all the needs of every kinds of better to meet all the of every kinds ofof 04 Virtaultreatment environm ent & Treatment people.To solve the problem thatneeds nowadays’ resource people.To solve the not problem that nowadays’ hospital is seriously balance from place toresource place,ourofball hospital is aseriously notre-distribute balance from to place,our can reach goal that theplace resource and let ball can reach has a goal that re-distribute the resource and let everyone a chance to enjoy a high-quaility-treatment. everyone has a chance to enjoy a high-quaility-treatment.

Space for treatment Space for treatment 05 Space for Treatment

Obviously the O b v i o u s l y, t h e b athat ll is better able to provide Obviously that the ball isspace better healing and save for materials energy than for ball isandbetter the o t h e rvoice’s s h a p e d S p a c e s. the voice’s The spherical shape can reflaction as reflect sound andand light reflaction and as in the center to improve the treatment the therapeutic effect. the At thetreatment same time, when begins,the the inner space of sapce the begins,the sapce ball shrinks, the amount inof the ball medicine used will be in the ball correspondingly becomessaved. smaller.It becomes smaller.It can effectly save can effectly the madicinesave and the madicine the energy and the energy

voice voice

gas gas

06 Device Details

1.In recent years,depression is a very large group,especialy between the youngers.they are just somebody who face with stress all the time,feeling lonely,unhappy,unconfident.most of they are afraid of closing others.but it does not mean they don’t need care.we supply a new space ,try to train they in a gentle way.the virtual environment gives them more chance to contact sosiety.the tentacle in the ball will creat contact simulation. And,when he are cured,the ball will sent he to the people 2.To some of the office clerk,long time working in office and lacking of sporting may cause sub-health,they need to build up their body but the gym is to far from their office.Our ball can provide a easy-reaching gym,that is,changing tantacles can create sporting place like Yoga,swimming,etc. 3.To some senior citizens,maybe they are boring and lonely at home because their son or daughter may went to work at daytime.The ball can help them,by imitating the enviornment in different places(forest\mountains\maybe meet their spouse) through the vr glasses and changing the inner temperature\humidity.It can make the lonely old people not so alone at home.





4.This scene shows that a pregnant woman who is about to born a baby,she can have a psyhical healing in the ball.The tantacle can fix themselves into a best shape for pregnancy.Once the pregnant woman is going to born,the ball can send both she and his husband to the hospital. 5.To those people who is actiondisabled,our ball can help them with their recovering by using the tantacle to support them and with the slowly movement of tantacle,they will do the recovering action passively. 6.The scene shows that as the baby is borned,our ball,which providing a soft and suitable enviornment by changing the soft tantacles into needed shape,has great adventures for the baby’s growth.As the baby grew up, the ball can provide a comfortable inner room for the baby to jump and climb.It can also let the baby fastly learn how to walk by letting the baby immitate how a mutual person walk.





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