P 8 Historic Decision
A SECTION OF THE ANGLICAN JOURNAL
P5 Burns Night
SERVING THE DIOCESE OF KOOTENAY
St. Andrew’s at 100
photos gwen chapman
BY KENNETH PHILLIPS
n 2011 St. Andrew’s Anglican Parish is celebrating the centennial of the building of the original church and the creation of an Anglican congregation in Okanagan Mission. On February 6 parishioners and friends, many with long connections to St. Andrew’s, gathered in the original building with Archbishop John Privett to give thanks for the people who had the vision to build it and for those who had looked after the cemetery over the years. The congregation then processed from the original building to the present church where prayers of thanksgiving were offered for those who had been baptised in the parish over 100 years, for the clergy and lay leaders of the parish, for those who had been married there, for the musicians who have added so much to the liturgy and for the outreach work of the parish. The Archbishop presided at the celebration of the Eucharist and preached a homily in which he reminded
100 ANNIVERSARY — Incumbent, The Rev. Dr. Catherine Dafoe Hall (left), Archbishop John Privett, and Deacon, The Rev. Christine Ross at St. Andrew’s, Okanagan Mission. the parish to give thanks for those who had come before them in the parish and to look forward to those who would follow. He asked what the Church of the future would look like and reminded the congregation that just as the founders of St. Andrew’s could not have imagined what the Church of 2011 would be like, the congregation of 2011 cannot imagine what the St Andrew’s of 2111 will be like. The present parish, he said, functions as the salt for the earth in God’s world. After the service everyone was invited to a reception in the hall and to view a display of photographs depicting the work of the parish from the earliest days.
St. Andrew’s has always been heavily involved in outreach projects on global, national and local levels, and has had a particular concern for the homeless in our community. It has sponsored a refugee family from Vietnam, and has worked with “Habitat for Humanity” and “Inn from the Cold”; it continues to offer bursaries to students attending the Okanagan campus of UBC. In recent years St. Andrew’s has been known to some people as the “chili church” because of its reputation for making chili and serving it to the clients at the Kelowna Drop In Centre. After the Centre closed, the parish expanded this ministry to other groups and has devel-
oped two new projects to assist people in need. During Advent the parish prepared “welcome bags” with basic necessities for people who are trying to leave life on the street and are in a transitional bed or a treatment programme. Since Christmas the parish has begun to gather material for “start-up kits” for those moving into an independent living situation. The kits, which will contain the basic necessities for bedroom, bathroom and kitchen, will assist clients of “New Opportunities for Women” and the “Canadian Mental Health Association.” The day was an opportunity to reflect on history and to consider the future. Fortyseven residents donated
money for the original building project, and funds were also received from friends in England. The original budget for the church was $1,500; however, the final estimate from the architect came in over budget at $1,640. In the end the cost rose to $2020, a considerable sum of money at the time. The first service was held on 19 February 1911 attended by about 100 people and the parish has maintained a continuous presence in the Okanagan Mission since then. Today it consists of over 100 households with The Reverend Canon Catherine Hall as priest and The Reverend Christine Ross as deacon. ❑
PAGE 2 THE HIGHWAY
In My View
Longing for God BY ARCHBISHOP JOHN E. PRIVETT
e are about to enter the season of Lent which is that early spring time of 40 days which leads up to Easter. Ash Wednesday begins the season on March 9 this year. In antiquity it was often the season for baptismal preparation and instruction and in later centuries came to be associated with a more intense time of attending to our spiritual lives — study, prayer, and acts of charity. It is also the season which this year will see the beginning of the work of a newly formed Spiritual Development Committee for the Diocese. In conversations over several
“I think I would like to take a retreat, but I am not sure I know where to begin.”
Mugford (Nelson), Nancy Scott (Sorrento), and Brian Smith (Salmon Arm) have been engaged in a lively conversation about Spiritual development in Kootenay. Each of them has brought a conviction about the central importance of Christian spiritual practice to our lives of faith and a commitment to their own faith journeys. They are both pilgrims and guides. I have been privileged to be part of the discussions. They have identified the following goals:
The new committee for the Diocese brings together people with experience in and a passion for the Christian spiritual life, who are willing to give leadership for developing such opportunities for people in our diocese. Jane Bourcet (Vernon), Marcella
1. To promote and coordinate resources to support spiritual development in congregations and individuals. 2. To uphold the importance of spiritual direction and to develop a list of recommended spiritual directors and retreat leaders.
years I have heard people say things such as: “Do you know where I could learn more about Christian prayer?” “Where can I find a spiritual director?” “What is the difference between prayer and meditation?”
3. To encourage the development of small groups dedicated to study, prayer and deepening spirituality. In March we will add a page to our diocesan website which will provide more information on workshops and workshop leaders for congregations, information about spiritual direction and the names of spiritual directors that can be contacted. The Canadian theologian, Gregory Baum, once described prayer, as “the silent readiness to be addressed.” Often in the silence of our hearts we sense a longing for something more, a desire to draw closer to God, or a question that seems to linger in the back of our minds. That “niggle” is often the beginning of a call to us — a readiness to be open to God’s desire to be in closer
relationship with us. That can be the start of a great adventure in what one author has called the “outer regions of inner space!” It can be the drawing into a more conscious and vital experience of the One who seeks to call us friends. In my view, Lent is the perfect time to listen to the inner voice that seeks to draw us more deeply into the life of prayer, and thus to the heart of God. I commend the work of the Spiritual Development Committee to you and invite you to check their page on our diocesan website at: http://www.kootenay.anglican.ca Faithfully, +John ❑
The Vicar of Kokanee remembers
Website: www.anglicanhighway.com The HighWay is published under the authority of the Bishop of Kootenay and the Synod of the Diocese of Kootenay. Opinions expressed in The HighWay are not necessarily those of the Editor or the Publisher.
+ William:Kootenay 1961-1965
EDITOR Jonn Lavinnder St. Saviour’s Pro-Cathedral 723 Ward Street, Nelson, B.C. V1L 1T3 Phone: (250) 352-5711 firstname.lastname@example.org
Editorial Assistant Micahel Lavinnder
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BY JIM HEARNE
ishop Coleman got around the diocese in his classy, little Mercedes. On one occasion he picked up a couple of hitchhikers in Creston and headed for the ferry at Kootenay Bay. This route, as many of you know, is a road with many curves and bends. The bishop was not remiss in putting the heel to the steel. His passengers apparently became somewhat agitated with the speed, the road, and the bishop’s driving. It is reported that when the vehicle came to a stop at the ferry landing, the hitchhikers bolted from the car, fell to their knees and kissed the ground. The bishop’s powers of concentration were great. He was seated at the counter of a restaurant one day doing some writing. After some time had
passed he felt a tap on his shoulder. It was a fellow diner who said to him, “I don't know what else you’re doing, but you have just eaten two of my dinner rolls.” From time to time the bishop would travel to St. John’s Cathedral that stands sentinel on the south hill of the city of Spokane. He was returning from one of those trips, and when he reached the border, he discovered that it was one of those days when closer inspection of luggage was being required. When the border guard opened the valise containing the Episcopal robes and regalia, he looked up at the bishop and said, “Oh, you’re an Elk!” Apparently that group had been having a gathering across the border too.
The bishop loved to go to the hot springs at Ainsworth. He was relaxing in the hot pool one day in the company of a number of people who were totally unaware of his vocation. One very large Dukhobor lady was apparently quite taken with him and his manner of speaking. She reached over and patted him on the head and said, “You’re a smart, little fellow.” One phrase of the bishop that continues to be a part of our family’s conversation is his appraisal of B.C. topography after living in Eastern Canada. “Out here, at times, one has to go north to get south.” You too, may have your own favourite Bishop Coleman story. I submit these to rekindle your memories of the fine, Episcopal gentle❑ man.
THE HIGHWAY PAGE 3
COGS wheels BY RANDALL FAIREY RANDALL FAIREY IS A DELEGATE TO THE COUNCIL OF GENERAL SYNOD AND EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF THE DIOCESE OF KOOTENAY
hile all Christian denominations in Canada today are subject to the precedents of (English) Common Law, both the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches are additionally governed by an entirely different legal system, namely; Ecclesiastical or Canon Law. The historical reasons for this are rich and long-standing. Canon Law for the Anglican Church of Canada has evolved from the practices and traditions inherited from our particular colonial expression of the Church of England with its position as the Established church in England, and its complex relationships with the British Parliament and the English Monarchy.
Ecclesiastical Courts in the Anglican Church of Canada are rarely convened and usually deal with complex questions of canon law and serious issues of church discipline for both clergy and laity. The fundamental units are the Diocesan Courts. Each Ecclesiastical Province has a Court of Appeal, and there is a Supreme Court of Appeal for the ACC. The latter two are usually concerned only with the discipline of Bishops. Chancellors lead diocesan courts called Consistory Courts in England. In the ACC chancellors are laypersons and must be called to the Bar. They are usually very experienced and all are dedicated and faithful members of their parishes and dioceses. Of course there is much more to the role of chancellor than presiding over a diocesan court. Rather it is one of leadership at Diocesan, Provincial, and General Synods, in guiding Canons and Constitution Committees, and in offering legal
advice for parishes and individuals interacting with Civil Canadian Law. They give wise counsel and ensure that Canons are applied consistently and that the Clergy and Laity are in compliance with both civil and ecclesiastical law. It is very common to appoint Vice-chancellors and in larger dioceses Registrars (they “register” or “clerk” the courts and Synods), both of whom are lawyers in good professional standing and agreeable to serve God in His Church. The Diocese of Kootenay has been richly blessed by the hard work and talents of its Chancellor, Percy Tinker, Q.C. and ViceChancellor and Registrar, Geord Holland. They are a constant source of guidance and support to me as Executive Officer, to our Archbishop, and indeed across the diocese. At the Ecclesiastical Province level in Canada we have been richly endowed by dedicated chancellors. Presently they are Douglas MacAdams, QC (B.C &
Yukon), David Phillip Jones (Rupert’s Land -retiring; now Chancellor of General Synod), Canon Christopher Riggs, QC (Ontario), and Mr. Charles Ferris (Canada). Retiring as Chancellor of General Synod is the Hon. Ronald Stevenson of New Brunswick. Ann Bourke of Ottawa now succeeds retiring Vice-Chancellor, the Hon. Brian Burrows of Edmonton. We are also very fortunate that the Prolocutor (understand “chairman”) of General Synod is a skilled lawyer, Canon Robert Falby of Toronto. Without these dedicated individuals, and many more, the order and harmony in our Church would be greatly jeopardized. Having worked with many of these persons one can only wonder at their wisdom, dedication to the Gospel of our Lord, and love of our Canadian church. One of my great concerns is to understand how we will be able to recruit future Chancellors,
Vice-Chancellors and Registrars. In any one diocese and indeed at the national level these individuals are valuable human resources. Often they work in relative isolation. One of my great Canadian church friend and colleague The Ven. Harry Huskins, Deputy Prolocutor and Executive Officer of the Province of Ontario, himself an international authority on Canon Law, is hoping for an Ecclesiastical Law Society in Canada for mutual support, education, and academic expression. As our current generation of chancellors and registrars age or grow tired, each of us in our dioceses need to be looking for and encouraging talented lawyers to offer themselves for appointment as legal officers. They are essential and we are always in great need of their wisdom and service.
Which God is it? BY NISSA BASBAUM
bus ad campaign, begun several years ago by atheists in Britain—There’s Probably No God. Now Stop Worrying and Enjoy Your Life — is apparently now slated to come to Kelowna. Oddly enough, it may be because of this atheist campaign that people have actually been talking about a divinity that properly belongs in the 21st century. In the late nineties, I remember a five-part CBC radio program about why people were no longer participant members of a faith community. The opening episode for this series was an interview with an Anglican priest. Just prior to that interview, the station played classic church bells as the announcer said: “If you were in church yesterday, you probably heard bells like these.” I was so dismayed by the comment that I actually phoned the
talkback number to say that I was an Anglican priest, that I had been in church the day before not once but three times, and that I had never heard traditional bells like the ones that the station had played. I went on to suggest that perhaps one of the stumbling blocks for faith communities was the media’s insistence on presenting an antiquated picture of both the church and God: priests who are often doddery old men with nary a brain in their head; marriage ceremonies that continue to pronounce two people “man” and wife and, of course, those majestic old-fashioned church bells. Few church people today would describe their faith community in such an antiquated fashion. Yet because the media continues to do this, the public face of religion and God remains unchanged; that’s, until this latest ad campaign. Perhaps the best response to these advertisements came
from the United Church. To the atheist rhetoric, this denomination responded: “There’s Probably a God. Now Stop Worrying and Enjoy Your Life.” When I heard the news about the original ad, I couldn’t help but wonder if the atheists’ description of believers was, in fact, a fair assessment. Do we worry ourselves to death? Does our faith teach us that to believe in God means we can’t enjoy life here and now? Have those of us who do believe in God been taught to be afraid of having too many good feelings? To some extent, I thought, perhaps these are not unreasonable assumptions. Bad religion certainly has a way of leaving us with a picture of a God whose sole aim seems only to be to punish us for sinful behaviour. The history of JudeoChristianity, which has formed western societies, is not a pretty one. It is a history that preys upon human beings by
emphasizing our sinfulness and encouraging an image of a male father figure with a wagging finger that has the power to condemn us all to hell. Buck up, stop enjoying yourself, don’t do anything that might be misconstrued as fun, make sure you follow all the rules... if you do all of these things, as well as beat your chest when you fail, then maybe you’ll end up in heaven. No wonder the atheist ad tells us that the only way to stop worrying and enjoy life is to accept that there’s probably no God. I tend to agree with them. There probably isn’t a God, at least not the one that has for so long been described to us by the leaders of many institutional faith communities; the one that unfortunately continues to be portrayed to the general public through advertising, the media and many television evangelists. Where, instead, is the God described by the humanity of Jesus: the one who eats and drinks in public with tax col-
lectors and sinners, unworried about hanging around with the right people; the one who begs us to be who we are because he tells us we are the light of the world; the one who shows his emotions, doesn’t always follow the rules and gets into trouble for not towing the line? This God probably does exist and, because this God probably exists, we are able to stop worrying and enjoy life. So, the United Church’s response to these public advertisements hit the nail on the head, didn’t it? Interestingly enough, however, so do the original ads themselves. The God with whom many of us have grown up probably doesn’t exist, yet that doesn’t mean that any God probably doesn’t exist. It just means we have a lot of rethinking to do about our images of the divine. Praise God for the atheists who have plunked this rethinking into the public eye! ❑
PAGE 4 THE HIGHWAY
Heart for the hungry BY CATHY STRAUME photo cathy straume
had a question kicking around in my mind and heart. How is it that in this world, where there is so much abundance, does anyone go hungry? We went to Mexico with “Hero Holidays” and I saw people who lived in boxes and in houses made of sticks working for the food industry and making $5 to $7 dollars-a-day and starving. I know of people in my own community and the Boundary Parish that can’t eat every day or eat Kraft dinner and noodles for days on end because their money just doesn’t stretch far enough. And it is worse in winter! I do not believe immunization is the real defense against the flue, and I know poor diet is more likely the cause of most illness. When I recently found an ill person who hadn’t eaten for seven days and who has celiac disease compounded with Fiberomyalgia, and a growth in her brain, I was horrified. I met a woman, a bit older than myself, who has terminal cancer, choosing whether she could buy medications or food, and falling deeper between the cracks. Two separate women in one week, and I was not looking for this at all. It stirred me deeply. “Father,” I prayed, “How can this be when we have so much?” I could see the first miracle of Jesus making water into wine and later feeding 5000 with loaves and fish, there being so much left over that they packed off bushel baskets of food, and everyone was filled, and I started to see much more than enough being the norm in our scriptures. I prayed and I was disturbed. What can one do? So I confided my concern for the needy in Boundary. And not just the needy, but folks who were just scraping by, like sawmill workers who lost their livelihoods when the mill closed down and by now would have no more E.I. coming. I was wondering if everyone
who possibly could, would plant extra food in their garden. And if folks could share advice and knowledge; and if people could care, would we have so many in need? Is it possible to live like we cared in every part of what we do? When we shop or cook or whatever we do, could we not do it with others in mind. Would fathers do things that they shouldn’t because their little ones are facing hunger at home? Would people resort to drink and drugs? Would we be the “Grow Op” capital if people didn’t have such need? They said to me, “Show me one person in need right now and we will meet it.” I sent them to the elderly woman with cancer. They called me later that day in tears of joy. In my view they had found “the Christ in need” and their hearts swelled, and they demanded we talk. How could they have a neighbour living so close by them in such need and not realize this? “Oh,” I said, “do you really want to see what’s going on in every home on every street? Is your heart ready? Can you handle the choice to actually see, not to narrow your vision right now, and guard yourselves, just like most of us do, passively neglecting any responsibility, even like those of us who profess to be different.” This is one woman in the sea. And I think, “See, so many, many more. The young, the old …” Can you bear this in your heart because this knowledge on its own could drown you? The way people are suffering is, in my opinion, inexcusable. It’s a crime and everyone has a part in it. Passive neglect goes on at every level of our society and Church is no different. Our neighbours are in fact that close by. The determination and willingness of two gals soon became apparent and I felt I was no longer alone with the weight of concern and that my prayers were heard and there was help to carry the load, along with the burden on
VOLUNTEERS — Planting crops to feed the hungry in the parish of Boundary. my heart. It was March and no one could garden yet, and we had a lot of questions germinating and willingness, commitment, and I must add, a lot of drinking tea. I write for our local paper so I posed some of my questions and put some names in the paper as contacts and my friends got talking and meeting and caring and sharing and the use of some land to garden came, as well as many people growing extra rows. And people brought food, and all kinds of people got involved. Oh my gosh! it got bigger and bigger. We worked and canned and gave, and worked more and dried food and gathered and fed and gave workshops on all kinds of healthy food alternatives. Different churches took it on like it was their own, and it became ecumenical. Some wanted organic and to grow within 100 mile radius. Others just wanted lots for everyone, and we had so many faucets of giving and receiving. I went on a diet! It helped me change my whole way of eating and praying. “Lord,” I prayed, “I got the parable of the loaves and fishes. I got it!”
So like so many other times, people started grumbling. They still grumble. Here are some of the quandaries. Who is truly worthy of food? Who is more deserving? What about people who go to food banks? Should they be able to double dip? Will people buy more drugs because they don’t have to buy so much food? At Christmas when different churches and groups give out food hampers, how will we tell who got some already? Myself, I was worried that some would be missed. How would we find all the needy that looked fine on the outside? One of our local churches has a food bank and they have a concept of only giving one box per month. The government sponsored food bank wants SIN numbers and no double dipping, and only one time a month. The box of food will feed a single man for three days and a family might get a couple of days, and all this came back to me. Others worried that we would create dependent people that would be further crippled. I always figured that if something belonged to everyone, then everyone would pitch in. Time would ❑ tell... and it did!
Peter Davison leaving British Columbia for Ontario
BY JONN LAVINNDER
n the All Saints, Lent and Easter Newsletter, Peter Davison announced his move to Ontario. “As many of you know, Sabine and I are getting ready to move to Ontario to be closer to family. We will be able to
see more of our children and grandchildren, and, as our sons remind us, we are not getting any younger, so when the inevitable decay sets in, they would like to have us closer at hand!” “This also concludes a blessed and happy relationship of seventeen years with the people of All Saints, the Vernon area community, and the Diocese of Kootenay. It has been a rich and blessed time for us, and we want to thank you for the many ways you have contributed to our life. We shall miss you all more than we can say.” “As both parish priest and parish-
ioner, I have been privileged to be part of a creative and caring community which, at a time when the church in many areas is struggling, has been noted for its commitment and enthusiasm. “ “Chris was the first of four talented curates who served with me from 19942001. As my successor, he has offered challenging and creative leadership, which has been complemented by the arrival of Rita. But the clergy are nothing without a dedicated laity, and it is you who form the backbone of this community and exercise your many different gifts in ways that enrich the wider
community significantly. Thank you all, and God bless you.” Peter will be missed by more than All Saints. I haven’t asked him yet whether he will continue to write his column for The HighWay. I’m sure that he will continue to inspire the people that not only read his column, but also those who regularly use his sermons posted faithfully on the website sermonoftheweek.byethost22.com. As priest and communicator Peter has enriched, and I’m sure will continue to enrich, the Anglican Church in ❑ Canada.
PAGE 5 THE HIGHWAY
Burns Night celebrations
photos jonn lavinnder
BY JONN LAVINNDER
urns Night was celebrated this year at St. John’s, Fruitvale and also at All Saints, Vernon. This is the third year that St. John’s has held a Burns Night Supper as one of its fundraisers for the parish. The Haggis was piped in with bard and dagger. Master of ceremonies, the Rev. Douglas Lewis sported a new pair of tartan “troosers” especially for the occasion. The Rev. Garwood Russell, brandishing a dagger, addressed the Haggis and recited from the bard with great passion. The Ven. Dirk and Karen Pidcock entertained with singing and penny whistle accompaniment. The menu consisted of Scotch broth, steak and kidney pie with gravy, washed down with wine and a wee dram of scotch whiskey for toasting. Desserts were shortbread and trifle. Kathleen Russell and Joyce Dodds led the group singing: “Daniel where’s your troosers” and the “Skye Boat Song” amongst others. Welsh comedian Paul McCarron amused the revellers with his fear of air travel. In addition, a token “Sassenach” commented on the proceedings from an English viewpoint. And yours truly won one of the two the door prizes — a designer, cork screw. Thank you very much! At All Saints, Vernon, some eighty gathered in the parish hall for their Burns Night. Bill and Elaine Dunsmore, along with Pam and David Harris and others cooked the traditional meal. Lloyd Mitchell acted as cellarer. Don McLeod piped in the Haggis, and Deb Parmenter addressed it with her usual gusto. The Selkirk Grace was said and toasts (with appropriate speeches) were given. ❑
AND A’ THA’ AND A’ THA’ — Third Annual Burns Night celebrated at St. John’s, Fruitvale.
Helping parishes work BY BILL HARRISON
n May Kootenay School of Ministry will be running two courses guaranteed to help your parish work better: “Parish Administration” and “Equipping Others for Ministry.” Both will take place in Trail, at the Parish of St. Andrew and St. George, May 20-23.
Parish Administration Archbishop John Privett will be teaching all about the nuts and bolts of how a church runs in Parish Administration. This means covering the basics, like how to keep a Parish Register and fill out the Parish Annual Reports — plus, discussing struc-
Kootenay School of Ministry in May tures at all the various levels of the Anglican Church of Canada. Participants will go deeper, though, and investigate the tough stuff: how to work effectively with volunteers and employees; how to call and lead an Annual General Meeting; and how to manage parish meetings of all kinds. Parish Administration is a required course for all of those interested in becoming Locally Trained Priests — and a valuable experience for those who are already ordained. This course is also excellent for anyone who has a leadership role — or expects to have one — in a parish, small or large.
Equipping Others for Ministry Have you ever wondered about how to get people doing things in your Parish? Then once you have them convinced to do all those things that need doing, have you wondered how to train them, support them and let them know how much their work is appreciated? The Kootenay School of Ministry has a course for you: Equipping Others for Ministry. The Rev. Chris Ross will be teaching Equipping Others. It is a course for Diaconal Candidates and those interested in the Diaconate, or for people interested in learning ways to motivate people who are
working in various areas of Parish life. The course will assist participants to form, educate, and support the people of God for the ministries to which they are called at baptism. There will be teaching about recruiting and motivating lay participation as well as fostering continuity in lay ministries. Time will be spent on effective communication skills, in implementation and evaluation of projects, recruiting and caring for volunteers, and in facilitating group process. Details of both courses are on the diocesan website: http:// www.kootenay.anglican.ca/kootenayschool-of-ministry. Come and learn! ❑
PAGE 6 THE HIGHWAY
Directed by Stan Tucci, and Campbell Scott; written by Stan Tucci and his cousin, Joseph Tropiano; Starring Stan Tucci (Secondo Pilaggi), Tony Shalhoub (Primo Pillagi), Minnie Driver (Phyllis), Isabella Rosselini (Gabriella), Allison Janney (Ann), Ian Holm (Pascal), 109 Minutes, 1996, R for language.
Big Night BY DOUG HODGKINSON
his small independent film should be watched only if you have immediate access to good food. Popcorn does not qualify. It is about Family and Food. No wait… It’s about Food and Family. The Pilaggi brothers, Primo and Segundo, are trying to live the American Dream. They have opened an Italian restaurant, Paradise, on the Jersey Shore in the 50s. Primo is a master chef with very high standards. His food is art. (“To eat good food is to be close to God”). No spaghetti and meatballs for him; no serving pasta and risotto together (two starch). Secondo can also cook and admires his brother’s high values but he is the more pragmatic business manager willing to compromise. Alas, their business is failing and Secundo looks with envy and
curiosity across the street to Pascal’s, an Italian restaurant run by Pascal himself with great success. He serves stereotypical Italian food, mostly spaghetti and meatballs with lots of drinks and loud music. He gives customers what they want, simple, uncomplicated food. (Does this sound a bit like Liturgical Committee meetings; the Purist and the Entrepreneur with the Pragmatist?) Pascal likes the brothers and wants to help them, though he is cordially despised by Primo who thinks Pascal should be jailed for “the rape of cuisine!” Pascal suggests a big promotion to put Paradise on the map and offers to arrange for Louis Prima, whom he purports to know, to come to Secundo’s restaurant for a meal. The rest of the story, like the movies Babette’s Feast and Like Water For Chocolate involves the plan-
ning and preparation of a feast. Friends, family and lovers are all invited. Primo and Secundo risk all their savings on this blow out event that will set them on the map when Louis Prima shows up to save the restaurant. In the course of the preparation, Secundo lies to his brother about the finances and the point of the meal and betrays his girlfriend Phyllis (who has become a little tired of waiting around for Secundo to pop the question) by sleeping with Pascal’s mistress, Gabriella. Nevertheless, the meal gets prepared and the guests gather to drink and dance in preparation for the arrival of the guest/saviour, Louis Prima. Eventually they decide that they can no longer wait and the feast begins, in full anticipation that Prima will show up during dinner. It’s a great party but was Pascal just
blowing smoke about Prima? Alas, it culminates in a huge fight between the brothers over lies, disappointment and betrayal. In the morning after, there is an amazing fiveminute scene shot from one camera angle with no dialogue. Segundo is cleaning up in the kitchen when Primo walks in. We expect recriminations. Wordlessly, Secundo fixes his brother a simple egg dish and silently serves him. It
is communion and reconciliation. (A meal by a lake shore and the question “Peter, do you love me?”) Does it matter that Louis Prima doesn’t physically show up at the feast on the Big Night? A community gathers; the reputation of the restaurant for good food is secured; love deepens; pain, disappointment and betrayal are overcome. How very like the first couple of chapters of The Book of the Acts! ❑
You wanted to know
Why do we still read the Bible? BY PETER DAVISON
Why do we still read the Bible?
The source of this question is the recent Trinity Institute seminar led by Walter Brueggemann, and our own Bill Harrison’s workshop on the great Anglican divine, Richard Hooker. Both events remind us that the Bible itself does not encourage a literal fundamentalism. It is neither a book of rules (though law is part of it), nor a proof text we can use to justify our own preconceived ideas and prejudices. Nor can we understand the Bible just by reading other books about it. How we read it is, however, the critical ques-
tion. Preachers are obliged to consider several “texts” in preparing sermons. They are (1) the readings for the day; (2) the lives of the people to whom they are preaching; (3) events in the world around us; and (4) whatever happens to be going on in the mind and the life of the preacher. All of these “texts” have contexts. Before we can interpret biblical texts for today, we have to ask the five exegetical questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? Who are the characters in the text? What are they saying or doing? What were the time and place for the action? Why were they saying and doing what they did? We also need to ask, “Who were the writers of the text? What was going on in their lives that made this writ-
ing so important to them? When and where were they writing, and for whom? What was their purpose in setting all this down?” Only after all this preparatory work has been done, can we ask, “What do these words say to us today?” The Bible is, after all, a record of how ordinary men and women have wrestled in their own times and places with their varied understandings of the ultimate reason and purpose for their lives, and of their relationships to GOD and one another. In so doing, they faced most of the questions you and I face. Does GOD exist? What is GOD like? What does it mean to be “GOD’s people?” How does loving GOD affect my relationships with other people both “my own kind” and “strangers?” What are the ben-
efits and dangers of religious belief and practice? How do we handle issues of power and politics? What is it that we should live for, or even die for? For some people, the Bible is a prescriptive book. They like to say, “The Bible says, therefore…” However, in much of our experience, people who say this tend to be pretty selective in their readings. They pick passages that suit them, while ignoring those that are inconvenient. They see religion and its sacred texts as if they were written, or at least dictated, directly by GOD. Such a viewpoint is very attractive for people who either don’t want to think for themselves, or who like to use the Bible to tell other people what to do. Fundamentalism tends to
breed a lot of passive-aggressive behaviour! But what happens if we see the Bible as descriptive — as the unfolding story of the human search for meaning, with all its triumphs and failures, its ability to see things whole, but also its glaring inconsistencies? Surely it has much to teach us in all these things. In “reading the Bible whole,” we find ourselves looking into a distant mirror of our own lives as individuals and communities. We may find ourselves inspired and encouraged on the one hand, and disgusted and enraged on the other. Like the preacher’s task, the purpose of the Bible is “to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable.” In this way, may it indeed be an ongoing source of revelation for all of us. ❑
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COLUMNS & CLASSIFIED
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Diffusion of Innovations by E.M. Rogers Amazon $38
hat have typewriter keyboards and ministry got in common? Well just for once, the answer is not “Jesus.” I have a new New Year resolution to learn to touch type. The resolution was inspired by something I read in the first chapter of this book, one of the innovations that Rogers uses as illustrations of the processes involved in diffusing innovations. The innovation is the Dvorak keyboard layout. It’s unlikely you’ve heard of it, but you should have. The standard keyboard layout — known as QWERTY — was designed for early typewriters and was intended to stop the type-arms sticking. QWERTY did this by deliberately slowing the typist down using bad ergonomics. The keys are
deliberately placed awkwardly. This results in frustration and even injury through repetitive strain. The Dvorak keyboard layout is designed with good ergonomics, to speed the typist up, and make the process of learning easier. Professor Dvorak did this design in 1920, but the QWERTY keyboard was already too popular. It would take too much effort to change typewriters and reteach typists. So most people today learn QWERTY — even though Dvorak is easily available on any computer. Rogers book is full of such illustrations and examples. He shows how innovations happen and how they are communicated, what the channels are for that communication, and how time and social groups affect the communication. The book is both long and, for one of my ‘good books,’ expensive.
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It is primarily intended for an academic audience, but the writing is not heavy and the examples are frequent, so this book would be easy reading for any motivated reader with a high school graduation, let alone a university degree. Rogers breaks the process of diffusion down into four elements and describes each one carefully. The four elements are the innovation, communication channels, time, and the social system. So why should you care about this piece of communications theory? Because the church is in the business of communication; specifically, we are constantly trying to communicate innovation. We have good news to proclaim, we aim to help people change. As Jesus said, “Repent for the Kingdom of God has come near.” We
communicate in our worship, in sermons, in outreach. Especially we need to communicate the nature of Anglicanism to those outside the church. If we do not then the church will die. Too often our communication is inadequate or ill thought through. Rogers book gives us essential theory we need to get it right. The church needs to know about early adopters and late adopters, about opinion leaders and change agents, and a number of Rogers other proven concepts. These are the basic concepts that marketing companies use to promote products to us. We need to use them as we proclaim the gospel. So if you are in ministry, if your church needs to grow, or if you have a message to proclaim — read this book! ❑
What are you adding for Lent? BY YME WOENSDREGT
ent begins this month. It’s a 40-day-long season of penitence and preparation. The common practice is to give something up for Lent. It’s become a season of self-denial for many, in theory if not in practice. It may be worth doing that precisely because it’s such a countercultural thing to do. Our society doesn’t like to deny ourselves anything. We have instant-everything. The level of credit card debt is a terrible witness to that. We get what we want — right now. Those who see Lent as a season of self-denial will then deny themselves something that’s not
really good for us anyway: chocolate … or coffee ... or scotch … or fast food … or something else like that. One person I know jokes that he’s going to give up going to church for Lent. But how does giving up chocolate for 6 weeks strengthen our faith? Let me suggest another way. In the church in Rome around the year 215 CE, Lent was a time to intensify preparations for baptism. You’ve just gone through three years of learning and formation as a follower of Jesus. You’ve studied the gospel, you do what Christians do by caring for the sick, the poor, the elderly.
At the end of this threeyear process, you are told to get ready for baptism. There are daily examinations to see how well you know the gospels; you will be expected to show that you know what is involved in being Christian. Your sponsor will report on your progress in becoming a disciple. Then in the darkness of the Easter Vigil, you proclaim your faith; you are anointed with oil to remind you that you belong to Christ; you take off your old clothes; you are baptized, and you put on a new white garment as a sign of the new life you are entering. For the first time in your life, you join with the congregation
in the prayers, the kiss of peace and Communion. If you’d already been baptized, Lent was a time to focus on your faith so that you might renew your commitment to God. Lent gives us time to reflect on how we live in the way of Jesus. It’s not just about giving something up. It’s an opportunity for God to renew and transform our lives again. Let me suggest that instead of giving something up, we add something for Lent. A spiritual practice: five minutes a day to focus on your faith; taking time to help someone; volunteering as a spiritual discipline; befriending a lonely person; being more
hospitable; taking time for reflection or meditation, or prayer. It will require some discipline to do this ... but walking in the way of Jesus takes spiritual discipline. What are you adding for Lent? ❑
This column has been written with the intention that it may be reprinted in local newspapers. for their religion page. Yme will be writing a short article each month expressly with this purpose in mind. You are free to repro duce the article without prior approval. Drop us a line anyway.
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Diocesan Council Highlights DIOCESE OF KOOTENAY, DIOCESAN COUNCIL St. Andrew’s, Mission, Okanagan, Nov 26-27, 2010
BY HEATHER KARABELAS
Archbishop’s Report October 12 The Archbishop’s Committee on Ministry. The Archbishop oversees the discussion of Ministry of the Diocese and the Kootenay School of Ministry. This committee meets every 6 weeks. October 18-21 Clergy Conference at Sorrento Centre. The attendance was good but there was disappointment with the guest speaker. October 30 EFM 25th Anniversary. This was a wonderful celebration. This program focuses on long-term adult education. November 21 Camp Owaissi AGM. A new Board has been elected and the full slate filled. Pam Wilson is the new Chair of the Board. Blue/Green Architects will be working on behalf of Camp Owaissi on partnerships in the communities and potential use of property. This work will be done “pro-bono.” The Camp has no financial reserves and some bill payments have been delayed.
The Archbishop extended thanks to the Compensation Committee and Randall for their work on the Compensation Package. The Archbishop is very aware of the burden some churches will be carrying. 8-10 Clergy face a high degree of personal stress which represents about 1/3 of the total number of clergy in the diocese. 8 parishes are in financial stress. Executive Officer’s Report Work as Chair of the Diocesan Compensation Committee has been intense. Meetings were held with all regions and considerable feed-back was received and used to arrive at the final proposal. Equivalent housing values will be determined for those parishes where clergy are provided with a rectory. Cathedral Project Board is dealing with slow pace in the development. This has allowed for a slower pace in the Kootenay Diocesan Centre project (formerly known as the Synod Office Relocation) but unlike the Cathedral the project may move more quickly. The synod office is paying double rent (Cathedral and St. Aidan’s) and needs the project to move quickly.
Administration Committee Report ■ St. Andrew’s, Willow Point — We have an active listing and believe our agent is working hard in a difficult and depressed market. ■ Lot A Sutherland Ave. Kelowna— Interest has been next to none. ■ St. Saviour’s Pro-Cathedral, Nelson — Jennifer Pring has been working with the parish and Regional Dean. Leadership from an Incumbent is needed. Jennifer reports that there is much enthusiasm but has emphasized that the wardens need to place a request to the Diocese for the sale of the Hall as it needs to be approved by Admin and Finance Committee and Diocesan Council. ■ St. James’, Armstrong — The new hall was opened on October 5th, 2010. ■ St. Michael’s Cathedral Development Project — There have been long delays. ■ Kootenay Office and Diocesan Centre — External drawings have not been produced as yet. A financial plan and a construction budget are anticipated. Target is for late spring or early summer.
PWRDF REPORT Oct 29-31, 2010 PWRDF Diocesan reps from the western dioceses met in Calgary. Regional reps were given a tour to Siksika First Nation, Alberta which included a tour of Old Sun Community College (former Anglican Residential School). Presentations were given from other projects being supported by PWRDF. Adele Finney is the new National Director for PWRDF. Worship resources are now available free of charge. There is also a new Confirmation resource which is geared more towards young people and their concerns with justice issues. COMPENSATION REPORT There was much discussion... A motion was passed stating that: “the Compensation Package as presented on November 26-27, 2010 be accepted as presented.” ❑
Historic decision St. Saviour’s, Nelson, pass a motion to sell the parish hall
BY JONN LAVINNDER Cathedral Building Project — St Michael's House St. Michael and All Angels — our diocesan Cathedral — is nearing the end of a financial campaign to fund the construction of St. Michael’s House. To date, through gifts, pledges and bequests, the parish has raised over one million dollars, definitely something to celebrate; yet additional funds are needed for the construction to be completed. Approval to proceed is in part dependent on financial contributions to the project. Your support of our Cathedral, through immediate gift or timed pledge, will help to realize this venture and to encourage a revitalized diocesan ministry. Please assist us in achieving this goal.
t St. Saviour’s, Nelson, AVM on Sunday, February 4, the congregation passed a motion to sell their Memorial Hall. The proceeds will be held in a Trust Fund by the diocese to build a sustainable congregation in Nelson. It is the intention of the Church Committee to restore the church building in a manner that will make it economically easier to maintain. It was felt that the Memorial Hall, even though currently self-supporting, was taking too much of the congregation’s energy, which might best be directed toward the mission of the church. The cornerstone of the Memorial Hall was first laid with Full Masonic Honours in 1922 in honour of those who lost their lives while serving their country during World War I. The hall has played a major role, not only in the life
Here is my gift or pledge to help complete the construction of St. Michael’s House. (Tax receipts will be issued.) of the church, but also in the community of Nelson. The Nelson Daily News and some Vancouver newspapers wrote articles about St. Saviour’s Memorial Hall being one of the best church halls in the BC interior. It certainly was busy, with everything from a senior’s drop-in centre to scout meetings. Renovations have also frequently taken place. The building itself was expanded in 194546 adding staff offices, meeting rooms and a kitchen.
Constantly bringing the facility up to current building standards has required all electrical wiring and insulation to be replaced. A new boiler was installed in 2008. The centennial project undertaken by the church and completed in 2000 included a feasibility study for the hall. It was thought that the building could be developed into an apartment complex. The fate of the building is now in the hands of the ❑ diocese.
I pledge $__________/ month for ______ months OR Enclosed is my gift of $_________ My name:____________________Phone:____________ My address:____________________________________ _____________________________________________ Please mail this, and make cheques payable to: St. Michael’s Cathedral, 608 Sutherland Avenue, Kelowna, B.C. V1Y 5X1 St. Michael’s supports the Kootenay Forward Fund
The HighWay is a supplement of the Anglican Journal for the Diocese of Kootenay