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Hello and welcome to the Bristol guide to local living 2012/2013! Whether you have just arrived as a fresher or are an experienced Bristol veteran it is never too late to start living sustainably, ethically and more locally. Bristol is a particularly great place to start this, being labelled as a Fairtrade City, Transition Town, Cycling hotspot and Green capital of the UK. We have provided as many hints and tips as we can think of for sustainable living, and a jam-packed directory full of local independent vendors to try out. However, in a city as dynamic and diverse as Bristol there is always more to discover so don’t just take our words for it, go explore for yourself! As well as promoting the principles of localism, sustainability and human rights through the places you visit there is also an abundance of campaigns and volunteering opportunities to get involved in. So whatever it is that takes your interest, there is plenty of action that can be taken towards positive social change. The next decade has been described as a crucial turning point for humanity, and it is going to be up to young

people to ensure that this change is a force for good. So what can we do? This guide advocates the maxim ‘think globally, act locally’. Finally, we want to emphasise how much fun we’ve had. We write this guide as a group of friends, who may never have met but for our involvement in ethical and environmental projects. We haven’t just saved carbon by sharing an oven, or avoided sweatshops by organising clothes swaps, but we’ve also gained some epic memories of huge shared meals and the brilliant fun to be had on our doorstep. To find out more come to the Volunteering fair on October 10th, Students’ Union 6-9pm. Otherwise, we’d still love to hear from you, so get in contact!

DISCLAIMER This guide is intended for information purposes only and does not necessarily represent the views of the University of Bristol or the University of Bristol Union. This is not an endorsement of any products or companies featured within.

CONTENTS Out and About.

Food and Drink.. Days Out. Transport and Travel.. Music... Cinema..

Shopping ... If you would like to have the information in this guide presented in a bigger font, please email

Food and drink... Clothing... Studying... Cosmetics and toiletries... Money matters...

At Home..

Waste and Recycling.. Cooking and Food.. Water.... Energy..... Housing.....

Jobs and Uni....

Careers Internships... Social Enterprise.. Uni Opportunities..

Be Involved...

To get involved in next year’s guide email

Get Informed...... Get Connected... Student’s Union.... Societies- The Hub... Bristol Connections... Take action...

Thank you for reading!!

Bristol is a bustling, vibrant and diverse city, which can cater to every taste. Whether you are having a meal out, enjoying a cheeky pint, exploring the surrounding area or just having a quiet night at the cinema, an abundance of different options are available to you. And whatever it is that you want to find, from delicious vegan treats to ethically produced clothing, Bristol will certainly deliver. For this guide we have selected a number of different places and activities you might be interested in, but don't let this hold you back– there’s so much exploring to do, and you are bound to find your favourite hangout in no time. Don’t hesitate; if something excites you, pursue it!

FOOD AND DRINK Each place in this guide has been exclusively selected for its unique qualities. These include shops, cafes and bars that might be community spirited, ethically minded, independently owned, locally sourced, organic, vegan/ vegetarian or simply green! Whatever it is that motivates you, there is something out there.

These are the places we recommend… The Better Food Company Supermarket, cafe and deliverer of organic products; with one situated half way up Whiteladies Road it’s an irresistible stop on the long walk between halls and lectures. Bordeaux Quay - Award-winning organic restaurant, deli, bakery and cookery school, actively pursuing sustainable practices. Boston Tea Party - With one residing on what feels like every street corner, this West Country chain of comfortable cafes serve locally sourced and organic food whenever they can. The Bristol Cider House - Give Spoons a miss and head over to this gem for the finest West Country Cider at only £3 per pint. Hosts a Cider Festival every Saturday afternoon. Café Kino - A not-for-profit cooperative owned and operated by its workers and run in part by volunteers. Ecologically sound, delicious vegetarian/vegan food and amazing brews. The Canteen – In the heart of Stokes Croft, The Canteen is a hub of activity. By day it serves delicious locally sourced food, transforming at night into a popular bar with regular live music.

The Coronation Tap - Or “The Corrie” as it’s affectionately known. One of the first houses in Clifton, this world-famous cider house has been running since the 18th century and, with its lethal combination of Exhibition and other local ciders, and regular live music nights, it shows no sign of slowing down. The Duke of York - Hidden in St Werburghs, this pub truly has a spirit of its own: covered in Bristol's definitive graffiti, and housing an old fashioned skittles alley in the back, this is a night at the pub with a twist. Falafel King - An enormous wrap filled with heavenly falafel, scrumptious salad and exquisite sauces, this falafel really is fit for a king. Folk House Café - An inviting cafe where you can enjoy a hearty lunch while you soak up the ethos of the Folk House adult education centre, promoting learning for pleasure. The Grain Barge -Moored in the Bristol harbour, this converted barge is owned by the Bristol Beer Factory and serves award-winning real ales, brewed less than a mile away in Ashton. The Lido - A 21st century take on a Victorian institution. The chef uses local, seasonal produce, some of it grown in The Lido’s own kitchen garden. Maitreya Social- Judged to be the top vegetarian restaurant in the UK! Mud Dock Cycleworks & Cafe This cafe serves up food inspired by the Spanish with views of the harbourside and provides a handy bike hire service to cycle it off. Take 5 Café - Amazing plates of curry for a fiver, with some super vegetarian and vegan options. Portions are large, so you get your money’s worth.

The Thali Café - Yummy Indian food served at four venues across Bristol. Their takeaway option is especially green- you can buy your own stainless steel tiffin box and fill it, wash it and re-use it, so no wasteful packaging. Tiffins- Delicious authentic Indian takeaway on St. Michaels Hill, with more spices and less oil! Many vegetarian and vegan options too. The Tobacco Factory Cafe/Bar - A proud beacon for independent businesses, the TF Cafe/Bar is not only independent itself but also works hard to support other independent locally managed businesses and shops. Editor’s Favourites: Fairtrade Cafe - Run by the Fairtrade society every Friday in the Multifaith Chaplaincy. Soup, sandwiches and baked goods available from 12 till 2. The FoodCycle Student Restaurant - Keep your eyes open for news on the popular £3 three course meal of locally donated, would-be-wasted food; all proceeds go to charity and other student led ethical projects.

DAYS OUT Bristol is bursting at the seams with things to do, whether they are free experiences run by local trusts, areas of natural beauty waiting to be explored, or interesting historical spots. Why not go further afield and explore what the South West has to offer outside the city's perimeters? Walking or cycling around Bristol provides healthy, carbon neutral and fun ways of seeing all of the places listed below, and more: either grab a map, or go for a wander and see what hidden gems you can discover. There are also plenty of places you can visit to discover more about ethical living in Bristol. Art If you see yourself as a bit of an arts connoisseur (or just want to look at some pretty colours), imagination is running riot in Bristol. Some of the best art in Bristol can be seen at the following places: The Arnolfini- A free contemporary arts gallery. Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery- Explore the assortment of exhibitions- both artistic and educational. (Including the Editors favourite: The annual Wildlife Photography of the Year Exhibition). Nelson Street- Brought alive by the annual Urban Art street festival See No Evil, this area is crammed with incredible pieces of permanent street art, definitely worth a wander. The Paintworks- in Bristol’s creative quarter, this is home to an array of artistic talent and activity. Royal West of England AcademyHigh profile exhibitions by established artists.

Spike Island- A hub of contemporary art and design. Stokes Croft - The whole area is a living, ever-evolving gallery with some of Britain’s best street art- this is the area that created Banksy, after all! Theatre If drama and theatre are more your thing, head to a show at: The Alma Tavern - An intimate space nestled up next to this Clifton pub. Bristol Old Vic - One of Britain’s oldest theatres. The Tobacco Factory - The converted building now houses a theatre, bar and cafe, and runs regular events as well as the annual Shakespeare season. The White Bear - This pub on St. Michel’s Hill, a favourite for postessay pints, recently opened its cosy “Wardrobe Theatre” upstairs.

Art and Theatre at Uni If you want to get involved with student theatre or arts, then Bristol Uni has groups catering for all needs. Below are just some of the societies you can join: Art Soc - For those of you who want to create, this is the group for you. You can even exhibit your work at their annual show. Bristol Playwrights Collective For the aspiring playwrights among you. Even if it’s something you never thought of, their weekly pub meetings are very supporting and welcoming.

Dance Soc - All forms of dance are included, and they hold regular shows. DramSoc - The heart of the University's active drama scene, they recently beat Oxford and Cambridge at the Inter-Uni Drama Fest. Not just for actors- you can also get involved with writing, directing, producing, backstage tech, make-up, and more. Falstaff - The obscurely named English Literature society, but any bookworm can join. Events include poetry readings, creative writing sessions, theatre and more. Helicon - The University's only creative hub for artists, photographers, writers and poets, Helicon magazine publishes termly, as well as maintaining a blog keeping you up-todate with the Bristol cultural scene ( Photography Soc - For the camerakeen. The Play Group - A group of theatre critics who review all student theatre within the University and publish fortnightly. Spotlights - Another drama group, but with more focus on new writing. History and Heritage Bristol has a dark history, with much of its wealth fuelled by the slave trade of goods such as tobacco and rum in the 18th Century. Nevertheless, it is now packed with fun and educational ways to spend a day.

Blaize Castle - Dramatic parklands, a historic house and ancient monuments: with over 5000 years of history, this makes the perfect day's escape from the city. Bristol Cathedral and College Green - Iconic Bristol architecture. The British Empire & Commonwealth Museum - Learn about how Bristol played a part in the horros of the slave trade. Christmas Steps - A steep historic street in the city centre, full of twee shops and curiosities. M Shed - A new kind of museum, dedicated to telling Bristol's story, and full of interactive experiences. SS Great Britain - The boat with a past. Why not take one of the cheap ferries from the Harbourside along the river to it? St. Mary Redcliffe Church - Grand architecture and an eventful history, a visit to this church well justifies hopping south of the river. People’s Republic of Stokes Croft Museum - Learn about the interesting history that lies behind this colourful cultural quarter. Walking tours - A great way to discover the city for a few quid. Learn about Bristol's maritime history led by Pirate Pete, or try out a ghostly "Haunted and Hidden" tour. Alternatively, guide yourself using a pamphlet from the City Museum gift shop or using the Iphone app "Blitzed Bristol"- with interactive information whilst you explore the city.

Nature and the Environment Bristol City Council is dedicated to sustainable living, with recognition as a Fairtrade City, a Transition Town and the UK's first Cycling City. Unsurprisingly, there is no shortage of green spaces for the nature-lovers around here: Ashton Court – This superb country estate and mansion house is full of woodland and wildlife waiting to be explored come rain or shine. It’s worth the couple of miles walk there with acres of land and even deer! The Avon Gorge & The Clifton Suspension Bridge - The magnificent gorge is best admired from the pedestrian walkway along the bridgeand you get one hell of a view of Bristol too. It’s especially stunning at night. Visit the Observatory and Camera obscura for a sensational panoramic view. Brandon Hill - Nestled just behind the clamour of Park Street, the Nature Park is an inner city oasis. If your legs will carry you to the very top of Cabot tower you will be rewarded with spectacular views over the whole of Bristol. Castle Park - The perfect rest stop for a busy day down in Broadmead or Cabot Circus. Cheddar Gorge- About 20 miles out of the city, Cheddar gorge can be reached by a bus journey, or for the more adventurous a cycle ride. Join a goat on the perilous cliff edge, explore the caves, or find out more about where cheddar originated from. There’s much fun to be had! The Downs - Miles of greenery perfect for jogging, games of football, BBQs and snowball fights (delete as appropriate).

Eastville Park - Gorgeous Victorian park complete with lake, bowling greens and the 17th century Wickham Court, historical meeting place of Cromwell and Fairfax back in 1645. The National Arboretum, Westonbirt - One of the largest and oldest tree collections in the world sprawling across 600 glorious Cotswold acres, this park is unforgettable in any season. Free weekend guided walks, regular events and workshops, concerts throughout June and July and Festival of the Tree every August. Royal Fort Gardens - Beautiful gardens, perfect for relaxing in after lectures. University Botanic Gardens Plants from around the world. They run regular walks, talks and events. Bristol also has its own zoo, aquarium and science museum; @Bristol, all supported by the local Avon Wildlife Trust, which offers plenty of volunteering opportunities at conservation or restoration projects to preserve Bristolian flora and fauna. The Bristol Natural History Consortium ( also runs the annual Festival of Nature every summer, which is full of free events and a great way of getting involved.

Ethical Must-Sees


CAT - The Centre for Alternative Technology is located in Snowdonia, Wales; with displays, organic gardens and a cafe, it communicates a wealth of information on the challenges we face in the 21st century, as well as ideas on how to live more sustainably. See CREATE Centre - A vibrant environmental centre, home to several organisations specialising in sustainability, CREATE hosts a range of events and exhibitions as well as an Eco-home. It also has meeting rooms and gallery space, which can be hired out at reasonable rates. Embercombe - A stunning fiftyacre site with views over Dartmoor National Park which runs programmes focusing on Authentic Leadership skills in the context of this wonderful, turbulent and transitioning world. Catalyst is one such programme, specifically designed for young adults aged 18-25 years, aimed to equip participants with the necessary skills to engage powerfully with the challenges of our times. See Pierian Centre - Located in Bristol, this conference centre offers a meeting space and a range of community events, enabling talks, classes and performances on anything and everything, including a wide range of arts, music, hobbies, education, health and well-being to name but a few. See

Travel expresses part of our innate desire to interact with the world and all the wonderful people in it, and should not be restrained- keep your carbon footprint in mind, and who knows what wonderful means of alternative travel you might find. The world is your oyster! In and Around Bristol In the UK, increasing traffic levels have made us the most congested country in Europe; all this has a considerable environmental impact, with transport currently being responsible for 53% of nitrogen oxide emissions, 74% of carbon monoxide, and 15% of carbon dioxide emissions. Bristol itself is renowned for being a traffic nightmare, so leave the car at home, check out www. for more info, and consider these options: Bus - First may have a monopoly on the public buses in Bristol, which are renowned for being expensive, but there is an alternative: Freebus. This completely free bus service currently operates around the city centre and Temple Meads at weekends, operating as a cooperative. Check out for more info. In addition, the University operates a U6 bus service from Stoke Bishop to the Precinct which forms part of the Wessex Red ‘U’ Network, see Car - If you’re still pining for a car, consider the most efficient way to drive! Or there are two car shares operating in Bristol City Car Club and Streetcar, see and www.

Train - Travel along the local lines costs just 75p- see for journey times. Cycle - As the UK’s first Cycling City, Bristol received over £11million to improve its cycling infrastructureso don’t let a few hills put you off! Check out for routes, advice and more, and have your bike serviced for free at the University’s weekly Cycle Surgery. Bristol is also home to the UK cycling charity Sustrans, who can give you endless information on routes leading outside of Bristol, such as the Railway Path to Bath, the Avon Gorge Loop and even a trip to the coast at Portishead! Annual events such as Bristol’s Biggest Bike Ride and the slightly more saucy Naked Bike Ride (exactly what it says on the tin) are also a must for any keen cyclist. On yer bike! Walk - Bristol is a pedestrian’s dream. GoogleMap your destination, cast off the heels, and away you go! Travelling Further Afield When venturing out of Bristol, either home or abroad, there are a number of different options to consider, when trying to reduce your carbon footprint: Coaches - Cheap coach tickets can be bought at and You might also want to consider cheap bus trips (usually overnight) to European destinations, instead of flying- buses to Dublin, Paris, Amsterdam, Budapest and pretty much any holiday destination you can think of can be bought online at It takes longer, but costs very little, especially when bought in advance.

Hitchhiking - The lost art of using a thumb, a joke or a smile to get a lift with someone, usually a stranger. A lot of myths and whispers about the potential dangers surround hitchhiking, which is a shame, because most of the time it is a genuinely efficient and friendly way to travel. For those who are unsure, RAG’s ‘Hitch to Morocco’ and ‘Jailbreak’ fundraising activities ( uk) can be great ways to introduce yourself to hitchhiking in a safe and secure way. Check out for more safety advice, but here is a general round-up of the rules: • Don’t do it alone - especially if you’re a woman. • Always let a friend/family member know your route before you go. • Don’t hitch at night • Getting a lift at petrol stations is generally the best way to go about it- you can suss drivers out beforehand and then approach them directly, rather than putting your faith in whoever chances to stop for you. The environmental impact of flying really cannot be overemphasised: the total carbon emissions of a flight to France are about ten times the equivalent of getting the train. That said, sometimes you cannot avoid flying. If you do, perhaps consider carbon offsetting- although it’s better to not release the carbon in the first place, offsetting is better than nothing. Visit offsetting for more information. Holidays Want to make the world a better place when you travel, rather than be “just another backpacker”?

Here are a list of travelling alternatives that focus on give-and-take, and genuine interaction with the community you visit: CouchSurfing - An international network in which travellers create profiles and offer up their couches for free in countries across the world. You can see a place from a local’s perspective, getting a cultural insight and meeting interesting people. See Help XChange - Like WWOOFing, but not just farms- you could help renovate an old building, work in a hostel or look after the goats. See Transitions Abroad - Volunteer listings worldwide. Some are pretty dubious, but others are more worthwhile, so do your research. See www. Workaway- Volunteering and working all over the world! WWOOF - World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms. Basically you stay on a farm in a country of your choice and help out for a few hours a day, in exchange for room and board. From small organic family farms to full-on sustainable communes, the opportunities are endless. It’s also a great way to improve foreign language skills. See Other Travel Sources: Low carbon travel - Getting around UK cities and countryside - www.transportdirect. info Impacts of tourism - Information on worldwide travel

MUSIC So we all know that students love to get their boogie on, and what better way to enjoy some live music than in a local, ethical or green venue! Live Music Venues There’s nothing more enjoyable than heading out with a group of friends and soaking up the incomparable atmosphere generated by live music. Bristol has a thriving music scene and its unique character is worth working to preserve. Buying directly from the venue or a local ticket shop such as Idle Hands or Bristol Ticket Shop can save you a lot of money when compared to the booking and administrative fees charged by larger websites, and also sends more to the artist. Below is a short list of venues in Bristol which host numerous local (and excellent!) bands and clubnights, as well as having their own individual atmosphere: The Croft, Stokes Croft - The best of the Stokes Croft music scene. The Fleece, St Thomas Street - Bristol's largest independent venue. The Golden Lion, Gloucester RoadA variety of live acts, acoustic sets and open mic nights. The Lanes, Nelson St - Bowling alley and fifties diner by day, cocktail bar, disco and live music by night. Part of the rising rockabilly scene. Louisiana, Wapping Rd - A wide range of international, national and local live acts. Mother’s Ruin, St Nicholas’ St - Atmospheric drinking hole with live acts in the basement.

Mr Wolfs, St Stephen’s Street - Live music, local acts and cheap entrance, this always guarantees a decent night out. Nova Scotia, Cumberland BasinHosting some of the greatest acoustic and folk artists in the South West, there is bound to be a lively crowd every Monday evening. The Old Duke, King St- Named after Duke Ellington, this beautiful old pub in the heart of Bristol is famous for its live Jazz and Blues nights. Start the Bus, Baldwin Street - Quiz nights, live music and jumble sales all hosted within a kooky interior. Thekla, The Grove - It's on a boat, mothertrucker! Hosts live music and club nights on its decks. The Trinity Centre, Old Market Working to empower and connect communities through the arts, and very involved with local community action. Buying Music One thing you can do to lessen your impact is to buy only from independent record shops; their stock is usually sent straight from the promoter or label. More money to the artists, less to the middlemen and it’s a brilliant way to help sustain Bristol’s local economy. Independent record shops act as a hub for the local music scene, and many charity shops have fantastic collections. For those aiming for minimum carbon impact, (legally!) downloading songs online is a good option- tracks are often cheaper, and there's no wasteful packaging or transport. Remember that some online traders are more ethical than others- visit for more details. See the following list for great Bristolian places to buy music:

Booty, Colston Street - Secondhand music. Idle Hands, Stokes Croft - The reincarnation of the infamous Rooted Records, Gloucester Rd's former first choice for all things grime and dubstep. New shop, same ideals. Payback Records, St. Nick’s Market, Corn Street - Reggae, funk and soul, both old and new. Prime Cuts, Gloucester Rd (downstairs in RePsycho) - Huge range of second-hand and rare vinyl and CDs, reasonably priced. Rise Music, Whiteladies Rd - Decent selection of new music, especially rock/pop/alt. Festivals With Bristol’s festival scene bursting at the seams, whether you’re looking for huge names or a tiny folk festival there’ll be one for you. Again, local festivals are all about enhancing the community, something you might consider when putting together your summer itinerary. Here’s a by no means exhaustive list: Brisfest - Community is a central theme of this festival; Brisfest aims to bring together different cultural communities through the shared enjoyment of art, music, dance and food. Ashton Court, September . Bristol Balloon Fiesta- Already in its 34th year, this world class balloon festival has become iconic to Bristol. It takes place mid- August and is totally free. Bristol Harbourside Festival - A highlight of Bristol’s summer calendar, the Harbour Festival is spread right across the city, filling it to the brim with markets, dance shows, live music and everything else you could possibly think of.

Dot-to-Dot Festival - This music festival is unusual in that it not only spans three cities, but the acts are located in several different local venues. Stokes Croft Streetfest - Celebrating everything about the vibrant community of Stokes Croft, held for the first time in 2010 with over 160 performers and 8000 people attending. Look out for it in future years! St Pauls Carnival - To really enjoy the culture of Bristol’s AfricanCaribbean population, head down to St Pauls on the second weekend of July! Catch the parade during the day and live music at night, all the while feasting on delicious food from street vendors. If you are looking for something further afield, baring in mind that unfortunately festivals aren’t often the greenest of places, some are far better than others. Glastonbury is the largest open air music and arts festival in the world, with a huge proportion of its profits going to charity. Some smaller festivals, like Greenman and Latitude, try to minimise their carbon impact and promote sustainability, while others, like Truck Festival in Oxford, actively fundraise and donate to charity as well as sourcing food locally (the vicar’s ice cream stand at this festival is a must).

CINEMA You might not normally consider ethics or sustainability when choosing a cinema, but as it turns out the venue does make a difference. Independent cinemas are less likely to rob you blind when purchasing a ticket,

let alone before you’ve reached the refreshments counter. They also often find ways to give back to the community, such as screening films that raise awareness and encourage debate, or hosting social events and fundraisers. So next Wednesday, shun the Showcase and Odeon and give one of these venues a try! The Cube – A volunteer-run microplex which hosts a huge range of events, from films with live scores to midnight horror movies, with some Cuban parties thrown into the mix as well. It has a tiny bar (where they refuse to sell Coca Cola or Nescafe), as well as blankets inside the theatre in case you get cold. Additionally, they support a host of good causes, including setting up a free cinema for children affected by the earthquake in Haiti. Lifetime membership is only £1! The Orpheus Cinema - Part of a small chain called Scott Cinemas originating in Devon, this 2-screened cinema has most of the biggest films available at a fraction of the price of the larger chains, and is only a stone’s throw away from the Stoke Bishop halls. Under the Stars- Not actually a cinema, but a cafe-bar on a boat which hosts free film nights every Wednesday within its cosy interior. (You can even make film requests!) Bring some popcorn, grab a beanbag and cuddle up. The Watershed -Shows a wide variety of new and old releases and foreign language films, as well as awareness-raising films and documentaries on a range of topics. They also host several arts festivals throughout the year.

Never underestimate consumer power: where and what you choose to buy can be great for encouraging ethical business. Luckily, Bristol has a huge variety of shops selling local, organic and sustainably sourced products. Another thing to consider is the question “Do I need it?”; a huge amount of energy and materials goes into the making of goods and by making do with what you already have, mending, or getting secondhand goods, this energy can be saved.

FOOD AND DRINK Choice in food and drink is an area where individual changes can make a big difference – we have a great deal of power by means of our shopping habits. The ethical issues surrounding the food we eat are extensive and varied. We feel food should: Contribute to thriving local economies and sustainable livelihoods here and abroad, protect the diversity of both plants and animals (and the welfare of farmed and wild species), and avoid damaging natural resources and contributing to climate change. Top Tips for Ethical Food Buying: •Swap supermarket produce for

local, seasonally available ingredients to minimise energy used in food production, transport and storage. See and our Seasonal Food Calendar for more info. •Aim to go organic and support food production that is more energy efficient, uses less synthetic pesticides, produces less waste and encourages diverse ecosystems. See for more information. •Reduce the amount of foods of animal origin; livestock farming is one of the most significant contributors to climate change, estimated to contribute 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as well as being a driving force behind deforestation (UN). You can check that meat, dairy products and eggs are produced to high environmental and animal welfare standard using labels or online searches. See •Avoid buying endangered fish species and buy fish from sustainable sources; you can ask fishmongers or check tin labels. See; •Choose Fairtrade for foods and drinks imported from poorer countries, this ensures a fairer deal for disadvantaged producers. See www.

•Invest in a refillable bottle rather than buying bottles of water every time; this minimises transport and packaging waste. See •Get cooking! Rather than buying ready-made or tinned meals, take the plunge and try making it yourself. There are loads of student recipe books to help new chefs, and shared house meals with everyone pitching in with stirring is great fun. Check out the following directory for places to buy all your ingredients.

Butchers and Cheese Shops David Giles Butcher – 170 Gloucester Road. Sheepdrove Farm Butcher – 3 Lower Redland Rd.

Bristol Food Shops

Vegboxes Meat & Veg: National Vegbox (for home): www.

For the latest information on local food stores have a look at the directories at: www.bristollocalfood. and (Ecojam also have loads of other information on ethical events and goings-on in Bristol). ‘Bristol Independents- Keep our high streets alive’. This campaign supports local retailers to keep our high streets diverse, support the local economy and maintain local jobs. It works to encourage shoppers, retailers and community groups to work together on this matter. The campaign is affiliated with the Bristol Food Network. Visit and To learn more about the case against supermarkets Tescopoly by Andrew Simms is a great read. Bakeries and Grocers There are many scattered around Bristol; hotspots for delicious cakes and bakes include Cotham Hill and Redland.

Food Markets St. Nicholas’, Corn Street, Old Town: Wednesdays. St. Philip’s, Albert Crescent, St. Philip’s: every morning. Whiteladies Road, 1st and 3rd Saturday of the month.

Whiteladies, Cotham & Redland Earthbound, 8 Abbotsford Road Small organic supermarket. Monika’s, 17 Cotham Road - Organic food, Indian specialities. Wild Oats, 11 Lower Redland Road Groceries, tins & staples. Clifton Arch House Deli - Voted the best Deli in the South-West 2011, also has free WiFi and newspapers for your viewing pleasure. Chandos, 6 Princess Victoria St. - Local sandwiches, cakes (also in Cabot Circus and opposite the Clifton Downs Sainsbury’s). Clifton Stoneground - Veg, cheeses, pies and eggs.

Gloucester Road & Montpelier Better Food, Sevier Street - Large organic supermarket. Harvest, 11 Gloucester Road - Tins, weigh your own staples. Scoopaway, 113 Gloucester Road Loose pasta, rice, cereals. Easton Kebele Community Cooperative, 14 Robertson Road - Vegan cafe and social centre; also offers an art room, library, computers, events room and a weekly free bicycle workshop!

poverty. If you want to get involved, check out their website, or find them on Facebook. See www.foodcycle. We recommend the Bristol University Sustainability Team’s (BUST) Food Co-op. Volunteer-run, this notfor-profit cooperative sells organic and ethical staples (tins, pastas, cereals...) at a low cost: Wednesdays 12-3, Phys Bar- Physics building. For fresh food; University Farmers’ Market, Tyndall’s Avenue outside the sports center. Tuesdays, monthly. Water

Find Your Own! There are innumerable wild foods for foraging in Bristol, as well as university allotments in Stoke Bishop and orchards all around. There are courses on where to find the best plants, nuts, berries and mushrooms in Bristol running through Summer and these can be found online, or get a guide and take a trip to Leigh Woods to go picking for a pie. For a free guide to foraging see

FRANK Water is a social enterprise based in Bristol. Money is raised by selling bottled water, funding clean water projects in developing countries. So far they have funded roughly 70 community projects, providing safe drinking water to over 400,000 people in India and Ghana. Quench your thirst ethically by purchasing FRANK Water around the university.

Get involved- ethical food at uni FoodCycle Bristol are a non-profit organisation active at the University. Foodcycle collects food that would have been discarded by supermarkets to cook into delicious 3 course meals for people affected by food

We’ve been labelled the ‘Primark Generation’, but there are many alternative shops around which mean you don’t have to buy into unsustainable or exploitative sources of clothing. You don’t need to be dressed in hemp from head to toe to show


awareness of these (unless of course, hemp is what you’re into) but some choices could be reconsidered. Materials Many high street clothes are made from materials that are unsustainably sourced, come from an exploited market, and are often not recyclable. Cotton production lies at the heart of agrochemical, GM and Fairtrade debates due to the fact that more pesticides and water is used on cotton than any other global crop. As well as this, subsidies in the US also mean that farms there can sell cotton below the cost of production, making it very hard for growers in poor countries to compete. Silk production often relies on a workforce made entirely of children, and the actual processing of silk commonly leaves workers with long-term health problems. You can ask the store where the silk you purchase is sourced. It is also possible to buy vegetarian silk where the worm is not harmed. Leather subsidises the meat industry, however the main problem with using it is the fact it is highly inefficient in terms of energy and waste products. Chemicals used cause serious health problems for those working in tanneries. While natural substances can be used in tanning and

dying, they are often done so with Palm Oil, which poses problems related to rainforest destruction. It is difficult to avoid such materials completely, but buying secondhand clothes or accessories from vintage or charity shops is also a great way to reduce, re-use and recycle when it comes to clothing whilst also giving to charity (and you won’t be caught wearing the same thing as anyone else on a night out!). The streets of Whiteladies, Cotham Hill, Gloucester Road and Stokes Croft are lined with really great charity shops, so go for an explore and you’ll be sure to find a bargain. For cheap vintage clothing check out the brilliant vintage fair at The Lanes, Nelson Street which takes place once a month. This is free entry and hosts 20 of the best vintage vendors over the South West. There are clothes available made from organic materials, or even from a Fairtrade range. General advice for clothes buying from wherever you choose is to invest in quality items that will last rather than constantly replacing cheaply made ones. Make sure you don’t just throw unwanted clothes away; donate them, swap them with friends, pass onto younger family members, mend if damaged, or customise them to create a new look.

Production Sadly, the issues surrounding clothing don’t stop with the materials. Clothes and shoes are often made in inhumane conditions, in factories where employees are not paid a living wage, intimidated and threatened, or forced to work excessively long hours. Labour Behind the Label is a campaign group that is trying to address the problems in the garment industry. They have given us this statement (2010): “In the latest sweatshop scandal to hit our newspapers, Viva Global, a supplier for retail giant M&S, has been accused of death threats, beatings and the kidnapping of its workers in Bangladesh.” Pretty shocking stuff, and unfortunately these stories are far too common in today’s garment industry. Most of us know, to some extent at least, that some people making our clothes are poorly treated and underpaid, but why is the industry like this? Firstly we must look at our patterns as consumers: we want our clothes bang on trend, we want them now, and we want them cheaper than your average kebab. Meanwhile, the fashion retailers have fallen in love with sky-high profits. In 2009, Primark made a whopping £122 million, up 10% from the previous year, while their workers received less than 5p per garment. The clothing industry is whetting our appetite for fast fashion, hence forcing factories to produce clothes faster and cheaper than ever before. Decreased costs and increased demand is passed to the bottom of the

chain leaving workers with long hours, low wages and unpaid overtime. It doesn’t have to be this way. Labour Behind the Label supports garment workers around the world by defending their rights. For more about their work, check out www. You can also follow them on Facebook and Twitter @labourlabel. The best fool-proof way of ensuring your clothes have not been made in these conditions is to make them yourself! Simple patterns are easy to follow, or if you need some help, places like City of Bath College and Filton College run dressmaking classes. If you decide to have a go, you’ll need materials. The best onestop-shop in Bristol is Fabricland on the edge of Cabot Circus. They have a wide range of patterns, fabrics, threads and other equipment to get you started. Or if you live nearer uni, Cotham Hardware stocks threads and fabric dyes. Sewing kits can be found in most pharmacies and supermarkets. FabricLand - 52-56 Bond Street Bristol Cotham Hardware - 11 Cotham Hill, Redland In recent years there have been Bristol Uni Clothes Swaps, run by students for students. These events have been a massive success, with hundreds of garments happily traded, profits donated to Labour Behind The Label, and excess clothes donated to Bristol’s charity shops. There should hopefully be more to come in 2012/2013, so keep an eye out. Or alternatively, organise your own!

STUDYING Throughout uni you’ll be whizzing through the stationary to help achieve your degree. However, bear in mind that many products are made from unsustainable or unrecyclable materials, potentially adding the ever-growing carbon footprint. Fortunately there are many product ranges cleverly made of recycled materials or that are recyclable themselves. Paperchase, Oxfam and WHSmiths have original designs including notebooks made from old car tyres; when you're miles away doodling on it, just think your notebook has probably travelled just as far!

consider sharing textbooks and halving your expense- so long as you're extra careful to keep your coffee upright around it... Many textbooks are also available online as eBooks through the 'Library and computing services' pages on the Uni website. If you’ve managed to bag yourself a new laptop, your old one can be easily recycled, either by donating it or by just asking the shop you bought it from.

One trick for the savvy is to collect paper from recycling bins that has only been printed on one side. Remember to recycle any paper that you use too. Every year without fail along comes another rather long, slightly terrifying textbook list... but do not fear! Secondhand versions are not only a lot cheaper (possibly with a few handy notes scribbled in the margins!), they save waste and there are hundreds of students dying to cash in by selling them to you. Just keep an eye on the notice board in your faculty common room or watch out for emails from past students-these books are usually snapped up fast, so act quickly! Alternatively, check out secondhand bookshops such as Amnesty, or even public or Uni libraries. Remember to check that the textbook is sufficiently in-date for your course too! If you’re living with a course mate,

COSMETICS AND TOILETRIES Beauty and cosmetic products have strong impacts on society and the environment; however it can be hard to find ethical products on the high street. There are a number of issues to consider when purchasing. Source of ingredients is one factor to consider. You may wish to avoid Palm Oil, the production of which is responsible for widespread deforestation in SE Asia. Ethical companies such as LUSH are looking to abolish it, with ranges of palm-free products.

Fairtrade products are great, but bear in mind that some products with the logo contain only 20% Fairtrade ingredients. Consider Green People or Faith in Nature products. Look out for the BUAV leaping rabbit symbol to ensure that neither the product nor its ingredients have used animal testing. See a list of products approved by the Humane Cosmetics Standard on the website Product packaging leaves substantial waste. Consider buying alternatives with recyclable and little or no packaging, such as those sold in LUSH stores. Another issue for reflection is the actions of the corporation behind the brand. For example, The Body Shop is renowned for its ethical values, including campaigns against animal testing. However, its parent company L’Oreal, has requested that a ban on cosmetic animal testing within Europe be lifted. Shops in Bristol Earthbound, just off Cotham Hill Harvest, Gloucester Road La Ruca, Gloucester Road LUSH, Broadmead Scoop Away, Gloucester Road Wild Oats, Lower Redland Road Sanitary Products Every day 2.5 million tampons are flushed down the toilet, along with 1.4 million sanitary towels and 700,000 panty liners. Almost 70% of all blockages in the sewerage system are attributed to “disposable” sanitary items; commercial brands are not usually biodegradable.

If binned, they are going to end up in landfill and if flushed away, they are going to end up floating next to you whilst you paddle in the sea, and that’s only the environmental impact. There is evidence of possible negative health implications of some products on the market. The highly processed non-organic cotton used contains toxins called dioxins from the chemicals used in growing, bleaching and processing it. Dioxins have been linked to endometriosis, the condition where the lining of the womb grows elsewhere in the body. Tampons with higher amounts of synthetic components have also been linked to Toxic Shock Syndrome - these cases are a minority but if you want to find out more, speak to your GP. The alternative… The Mooncup is a reusable silicone cup, worn internally to collect the menstrual fluid. Surprisingly less fuss than tampons, most people wonder why they never tried it before! Have a look at www.mooncup. for more information. Ecological brands, which produce biodegradable organic cotton tampons and towels, are available; look out for brands like Natracare. Alternatively, try DIY sanitary towels, tampons and menstrual cups: it is entirely possible to make your own alternatives rather than buying commercial brands. For all things menstrual, visit for information on how to make your own pads etc.

MONEY MATTERS As the country still recovers from a recession brought about by financial industry malpractice, what better time could there be to discuss ethical ways of saving and investing your money? For an introduction, consider reading the Banking Guide by Ethical Consumer Magazine www. Below, we have highlighted some of the ethical issues relating to banking, and present some of the choices we have as students. Lately, a lot has been said about financial responsibility, with virtually all major banks having been bailed out by the government to the tune of billions. However, this nationalisation has not led to a significant change in the ethics of banking. RBS is the greatest single investor in fossil fuels, funding some of the most damaging industrial projects in the world, like tar sands oil extraction in Canada. Both RBS and Lloyds have massive holdings in the arms industry. As such, a portion of any tax we pay in the UK is effectively being used to fund ventures that severely damage our environment and weapons manufacturing.

There are alternatives to this grim picture. For current accounts, including student accounts, the Cooperative Bank and Nationwide Building Society score well in the Ethical Consumer guide. For savings, Ethical Consumer recommends two with Bristol branches: Skipton and Triodos. Whilst Skipton is very focussed on giving back to the community, Triodos aims to invest heavily in renewable energy and sustainable projects. Bristol Credit Union offers current accounts, savings and loans and functions as a non-profit cooperative. As ever, the most important thing we want to highlight is awareness, and how we can use our power as consumers and bank account holders to affect change. The Bristol Pound: Launching September 2012, Bristol will have its very own currency, the Bristol Pound! This aims to support local businesses, keeping wealth in the local economy, and maintaining our diverse high-streets. It involves a simple 1:1 exchange from Sterling, and will involve both paper and electronic money, to be managed on the web and by mobile. Check it out and sign up for an account;, its secure, local and ethical.

Possibly the best place to start thinking about living more ethically is right in our own homes. Our household behaviours are at the root of some of the biggest issues we face, from the amount of energy we consume to the level of waste we produce. However, by making small changes to our daily habits we can make a meaningful difference. We’ve put together a range of ideas from around the home to get you started - go on, give them a go!

WASTE AND RECYCLING Did you know that during a threeyear degree you will also produce about 1.5 tonnes of rubbish (not including your essays)? In fact, the UK produces more than 434 million tonnes of waste every year. This rate of rubbish generation would fill London’s Royal Albert Hall in less than 2 hours! The guiding principle of this section is perhaps best summed up by the phrase "there's no such thing as away". Everything comes from somewhere real, ends up somewhere equally real, and at every step in this journey of 'stuff', waste products are produced. Whether in the form of gases, chemicals, materials

or energy these ultimately end up polluting the ‘global commons’ - the things we all share and depend on, like oceans, rivers, soils and the atmosphere. To minimise the amount of waste we all produce we need to try and follow the Waste Hierarchy: Reduce > Reuse and Repair > Recycle Reduce It goes without saying that if fewer things are consumed, fewer resources are used and less waste is produced. So why not try living on a tighter budget to reduce what you consume (for extra points make it £1 per day). This doesn’t mean you should starve yourself, or buy poor quality products, but rather that we should all question whether what we buy is really necessary. When you are buying things, it’s important to consider the packaging that comes with it. Buying loose fruit and vegetables and opting for larger cartons to share with friends instead of buying lots of individual ones can help reduce the amount that gets thrown in the bin. Of course wherever possible we should avoid throwing things away; reusing and recycling are great ways to do this.

Check out The Story of Stuff, a short animated film available online, for a nice overview of the issues around consumption. Reuse and Repair This section of the hierarchy deals with our waste goods and helps to make better use of our stuff. Many items can go on to have useful, happy lives after we have finished with them. Some great resources for this are websites such as www.videojug. com for how-tos on repairing and reusing. Recycle Many things that are vital to everyday life and human civilisation are non-renewable, including: fossil fuels, metals, biodiversity, minerals, and nutrients, possibly even soils. Right now soils are being eroded 20 times faster than they are naturally made and as many people will no doubt be aware, within our lifetimes oil will become scarce. As Richard Heinberg’s Peak Everything video shows, this is just the tip of the iceberg ( watch?v=ybRz91eimTg). Recycling is one way to keep these finite resources in circulation. Recycling for Students Halls - All halls of residence and student accommodation sites can recycle glass, paper, food tins and drink cans, plastics, cardboard, food waste and clothing/shoes. In your hall there are posters explainingwhen, where and how to recycle. Student Houses - You can recycle glass, paper, food tins and drink cans, plastics, cardboard and food waste. The location of all recycling

points will be shown on posters located in your kitchens. Private Houses - Find out your collection day (containers needs to be out by 7am on collection day). Find or order recycling containersaside from a wheelie bin your house should have a black recycling box & a brown food waste bin and a small brown food caddy. All these can be ordered free from the council. Web link: Email: For full information on recycling points go to: On Campus - On campus you can recycle paper, newspaper and magazines, books, tins and cans, plastics, glass, cardboard and food waste. Look out for recycling points in all buildings. If you have any queries or find facilities are lacking just email:

What to Recycle and Where Mobile Phones - Recycling points can be found at the Students’ Union. Also, all the halls are given mobile phone freepost envelopes every few months for the notice boards. These phones are then donated to ‘Fonesforsafety’ a domestic violence charity. Otherwise you can check your local charity shop or Sainsbury’s. Batteries - All Halls have battery recycling at the porters’ lodges or reception areas. So do all university sites including The Union, Main Library and Hawthorns.

Textiles - If in good nic take to a charity shop. If not take to a textile bank - check the council’s site to see where they are. All halls have a clothing bank for clothes, shoes and bric-a-brac. Books and CDs - Drop them off at your local charity shop. Again these can go into the charity bins located inside halls. Waste at the End of Tenancy Every year the University of Bristol Sustainability department and SCA run The Big Give for Student halls, accommodation sites and those in private lets. For more information, see the Get Involved section and www.bristol. index_html Useful Web Links DEFRA - Ecojam - Check out the ‘Free Stuff’ section, specific to Bristol at www. Environment Agency - Freecycle - Friends of the Earth Report - www. to_waste.pdf Gumtree - Recycle Now - www.recyclenow. com

Story of Stuff- An interesting introduction to the issues surrounding waste. University of Bristol Sustainability - WRAP - Zero Waste Future -

COOKING AND FOOD Before you set off to stock up your shelves you might like to consult the Shopping section of this guide for advice on how to make a big difference with a small effort in your choice of food. To save money and minimise energy wastage in the kitchen try out the following tips: •Make good use of your cookerwhy not bake a cake at the same time as your meal to fill the remaining shelves in your oven? •Use a hob that fits the pan, and use a lid -this saves up to 90% the energy required* - and it’s quicker! •Defrost your freezer regularly and keep your fridge between 3°C and 4°C to maximise their efficiency, and avoid placing hot food in them. •Communal eating saves energy, is cheaper and is great fun. •Cooking food from scratch can be cheaper, uses far less energy and is often healthier - not to mention the therapeutic benefits of the cooking process.

Food Waste We cannot overemphasise the scale or impact of wasting food. UK households waste, on average, 25% of all the food we buy; this could feed 30 million malnourished people. With 4 million malnourished people in the UK, this is an issue for all the world to face. Food waste also contributes 10% of UK carbon emissions*.Here are some useful tips to reduce food waste... •Keep stock of what and when you are buying, eating and throwing away food. Plan when to buy your food; meat and fish are best eaten within days of buying, whereas ready meals, fruit and veg will last. Use a shopping list or write a food waste diary. •It is safe to eat food after its best before date or sell by date, this refers to aesthetic advice not safety. It is only the use by date that refers to when food should not be eaten. •Keep it cool! Using your fridge and freezer appropriately can save a lot of food and energy waste. You can freeze most foods: vegetables do not need to be thawed before cooking; frozen chicken carcasses can make chicken stock. It is not widely known that you can refreeze cooked meat. First years, watch out - many halls and houses ask you to turn off the freezer in holiday time,

so plan when to eat it all otherwise it will go to waste. •Be aware of storage; opening salad bags before putting them in the fridge and putting veg in paper bags keeps them fresh for longer. ‘Keep Fresh’ food bags keep fruit and veg fresh and reusable plastic boxes can be used to save leftovers. For more info on any of the above visit: Love Food Hate Waste - This Is Rubbish- www.thisisrubbish. Waste- By Tristram Stuart Waste Aware - WRAP - * Source – Love Food Hate Waste Exciting news - The University began food waste collections from kitchens and cafés on the main campus on the 1st August 2011. More information is available at

WATER It is easy to take water for granted in the UK. However, increasing demand and wasteful use are stretching the capacity of what is actually a very limited resource. Cutting waste and unnecessary use are going to be essential for maintaining a sustainable supply of water in the future.

Remember that all the water that enters your home is not only carefully treated to make it drinkable, but is also intensively treated again when you dispose of it. Every litre of water you use requires energy to be abstracted, pumped, treated, stored and disposed of - so any water you save not only reduces the need for new reservoirs and sewage treatment works but also saves energy. Win-win! Here are a few of our tips for using water more efficiently: •Save water every time you flush by putting a displacement device in your toilet’s cistern – you can get them for free online from your water company. Almost a third of all the water we use goes down the toilet! •Do your washing up in a bowl or sink of water rather than under a running tap; you’ll use less than two-thirds the amount of water. •Use the ‘Eco’ setting on your dishwasher and only run it when full. •Try to only run your washing machine with a full load and check which settings minimise the number of rinse cycles. •A five-minute shower uses just a third of the water needed for a bath. Don’t forget you can always save more by minimising the time you spend in the shower – challenge yourself to be just a minute quicker. •Get dripping taps fixed! Over time they can waste vast amounts of water. Report them to your landlord or accommodation manager. •Turn the tap off when brushing your teeth - you could even rinse your brush in just a single glass of water! •Keep a jug or bottle of cold water in the fridge to save having to run the tap cold for drinking water.

ENERGY Energy used in heating, lighting and powering our homes accounts for 27% of the UK’s CO2 emissions with the average UK household creating 6 tonnes of CO2 a year. Here we have provided a few simple changes you could make to lessen your energy use, saving both CO2 and money! Heat •According to the UK government, lowering your thermostat temperature by 1˚C could reduce your energy consumption by up to 10%. •Placing aluminium foil, shiny side out, behind radiators will reflect heat back into a room, especially from external walls. •Bleed radiators regularly as this removes any trapped air. •Prevent drafts by blocking unused fireplaces - care must be taken not to block up vents or grills, as

ventilation is important. Open gas fires, boilers with open flues or solid fuel heaters must have sufficient ventilation; otherwise carbon monoxide poisoning is a risk. •Draughts from the bottom of doors can be prevented by draught excluders, which can be hand made from rags and spare material. •Opening curtains during the day lets the sun in, while closing them at night insulates and keeps heat in a room. Tucking curtains behind radiators also prevents heat from escaping from a room. •Temporary double glazing can be made by placing cling film over window glass, but an air gap must be left between the film and the glass for it to be effective. •Set your heating to come on around half an hour before you come home rather than leave it on all day whilst no one is in. Electrical Appliances • Don’t just switch things to standby! They still use between 10% and 60% as much electricity. • Washing your clothes at 30° instead of 60° uses 1/3 less power and with most modern washing powders can be just as effective. • Always wash a full load or use the half load/economy setting. Light • It’s fairly obvious, but turning lights off when you leave a room and using natural light when you can are both key to saving energy in the home. • Using “A” rated energy efficient light bulbs is key as they last 12 times longer and consume about 1/5 of the energy.

Fridge and Freezer • Wait until food has cooled before storing it in a fridge or freezer. • Don’t leave the door open longer than necessary. • If your fridge or freezer is half empty, a lot of warm air can flow in every time you open it. So, if a draw will be empty for a while, think about filling it with bubble wrap or newspaper. • Defrost food by putting it in the fridge the night before you need to use it. This will cool the fridge and reduce power consumption. • Keep fridges and freezers well away from heat sources such as cookers, radiators, dishwashers and washing machines and, if you can, put them out of direct sunlight or they will use more energy trying to keep cool. • Keep the metal grids (condenser coils) at the back of fridges and freezers clean and dust free, and not jammed up against the wall. This allows air to circulate more easily, which improves efficiency. Choosing your energy provider If you are living in student halls, you may not have much influence over your energy supplier. In a house however, you may be able to do more. If renting, check your contract to make sure you are allowed to make changes and if not, ask your landlord for permission first. Traditionally, national grid electricity has come from a range of different sources. It is now law for your energy provider to show where they are sourcing your power from on your bill, allowing you to choose a supplier based on how ‘green’ they are.

An energy supply that ensures 100% of your electricity has been sourced from renewables and other ‘green’ tariffs are now available from a number of different power companies, although usually at a slightly higher price. However, while green tariffs do promise a specific source of electricity, there is no guarantee that your money will actually go into funding the expansion of renewable energy sources. Ecotricity ( is the only energy provider in the UK who guarantees to invest 100% of your bill into renewable energy and their cheapest tariff matches that of your local provider. For 100% renewable energy you can also try Good Energy (, offering an invite-afriend £25 discount.

HOUSING When you decide on a place to live, you generally make a commitment to that location for at least a year, so it’s worth thinking long and hard about your choice of house before rushing in to sign up. Here are a few things to consider: • Insulation: check what insulation a house has before you decide on a property; the landlord should know. If your house was built post 1930s check and see if the cavity walls have been insulated. It only takes around 3 hours to install for more than £100/year savings. If it hasn’t been done, ask your landlord! Also look for double glazing and loft insulation at least 270mm thick. This could

save you a significant amount of money, as it will reduce heat loss and therefore energy usage. • Appliances: you should also check that appliances in the house are not old models, which can be energy inefficient. A washing machine does an average of 274 cycles a year; having an “A” rated washing machine can reduce the power required by 30%. Fridges and freezers are another big electricity user; an “A” rated model can use 60% less power, cutting your electricity bill by more than £35. For more info on energy labels see: uk/environment/consumerprod/ energylabels/energylabel.pdf • Heating system: a property’s hot water system is another important thing to check. If the boiler looks old then consider asking for a new one to be fitted. High efficiency condensing boilers are now standard and waste less energy (90% fuel efficiency), saving you money.

CAREERS The transition from education to a full-time career can be quite a daunting one, which sometimes dissuades graduates from pursuing a career in the not-for-profit, social or environmental sector. Although it's not the easiest route to take, there are many opportunities for work in these sectors and you could find a career that allows you to put what you care about at the heart of what you do everyday. Below we've listed some of the websites and resources that we've found most useful, so why not have a look at: Bristol Hub Careers - A great starting point for ideas and helpful tips, see Ecojam – For the latest environment, sustainability and other green jobs in Bristol, see recruitment in sustainability, see Environmentjob- An online directory of environmental jobs, courses and events; www.environmentjob. The Ethical Careers Guide - An archive of articles, careers advice, and key contacts to help you find the job you’re looking for, see

OneWorld – Another great site for ethical jobs and volunteer positions worldwide, see; Scientists for Global Responsibility - An organisation promoting ethical science, design and technology, see ethical-careers StopDodo - A fantastic resource, with a jobs search engine for environmental careers worldwide, see The Sustainable Careers Handbook - Comprehensive introduction to getting a sustainable, eco-friendly job by Allan Shepherd and Fiona Rowe Student Force for Sustainability – A European charity that promotes student recruitment in sustainability, see W4MP – For jobs working for MPs and in other political organisations, see Otherwise, when selecting which business, organisation or social enterprise you would like to work for, a good place to start is to look at the impact of their trade and consider whether this suits your ethics. Research, or ask the company directly, about their environmental and investment policies to see what they support financially.

There are also social issues you may like to consider. How do they treat their employees? Do they have set policies against using sweatshops? There are many other ways in which you can influence the world through your work. You could be a change maker within an existing organisation or start your own. Think big! Why not consider becoming a politician, writer, academic, musician etc. All of these roles allow you to influence the way other people think and live.

INTERNSHIPS Gaining experience in a sector that interests you is important both for your understanding of that sector and for your career development. Whether you want to work for a large organisation or start your own business, internships can prove invaluable experiences and will certainly help with job applications. There are positions available both over the summer and throughout the year, ranging from a few hours a week to full time. A lot of companies offer unpaid internships, or only offer to pay the expenses of their interns. Such internships, even ethical ones, can be quite socially regressive in terms of recruitment. However, if you do choose to go for it, you should also be aware of your legal position and make sure that you and your employer communicate clearly about financial terms and conditions. For more information on both of these issues see

The Bristol Careers service offers funds to support students and recent graduates doing summer internships. Contact careers-uobinterns@ for info. In addition to the careers sites listed above, here are two useful schemes that can help you find an internship: Social Enterprise Society - Work experience at social enterprises in and around Bristol. See Student Hubs Ethical Internships Easter and summer placements in charities and social enterprises for students. See ethicalinternships

SOCIAL ENTERPRISE If you don't think any of the ethical careers already out there are for you, you could always develop your own social enterprise or organisation. A social enterprise is one that works for, or puts its profits into, a social or environmental objective; it could be anything from a Fairtrade clothing line to an ethical travel company. If you have a business idea, drive and determination then this could well be the route for you. For inspiration or guidance, have a look at the information below: Conferences and Courses Bristol Social Enterprise Conference - Keep your eyes peeled for this one, to be run by the Social Enterprise Society and Bristol Hub on10th November in The Victoria Rooms. It will include a series of workshops and speaker events as well as a Lion’s Den competition. Get your tickets ASAP!

Emerge Conference - A joint venture set up by Student Hubs and the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship to support budding social entrepreneurs. See Spark Course For Social Entrepreneurs - This is an exciting and intensive course run by the University to train those interested in business and entrepreneurship. See www. Other Resources Basecamp - A student run service that provides training, finance and advice for students seeking to running enterprises. Bristol Entrepreneurs - A student society whose aim is to educate and to encourage potential entrepreneurs. See Social Enterprise Society - A student society providing workshops, mentoring, funding application assistance and networking for budding social entrepreneurs. See www. Social Enterprise Works - Social Enterprise Works have provided support and guidance to over 1000 social enterprises in Bristol since 1993. www.socialenterpriseworks. org; info@socialenterpriseworks. org Student Hubs - For more resources, ideas and guidance, see ‘Get Inspired’ at UnLtd - An organisation providing financial and other support to social entrepreneurs. See uk Research & Enterprise Development - This university department can provide a lot of support in this

area, and runs an annual New Enterprise Competition for which you can pitch your business plan for a prize and feedback on ideas from experts:

UNIVERSITY OPPORTUNITIES At university you will be faced with plenty of opportunities to engage with ethical, social or environmental issues and gain new skills at the same time. These come in many forms including training, interesting open units, as well as great open lectures and debates. Below are some of the opportunities to learn new skills and training, expand your mind and CV, which are organised by the University, student societies and Bristol organisations. For more information on student groups and societies have a look at the Be Involved section. University Training, Skills and Projects Being able to demonstrate your skills is crucial for CV writing and interviews. There are loads of ways university societies and departments can help: Bristol Hub – Bristol Hub runs a number of training courses. In addition lots of Bristol Hub member societies offer more specific training. If you are interested in obtaining training in a particular skill, please email BristolPLUS - The PLUS Awards recognise and reward students who have gained significant professional and life skills through extra-curricular experiences which are more important now than ever in the current

graduate labour market. See www. Student Power Debates - Hosted by Student Hubs, the Student Power Debates are a series of conferences across the UK bringing together young people from leading universities and further education institutions to explore student activism and campaigning. The debates focus on creating a dialogue spanning political, social justice and climate issues, and thus attract students and partner organisations from a broad base of interests and topics. See The Students’ Union - The union provides training for societies twice a year. If you get involved in volunteering through the Union then training is provided for all projects. See Sustainability – This university department supports student projects and runs its own training opportunities for people that want to find out more about carbon, energy and waste management. Visit www.bris. for specific info on the Carbon and Waste Audit Training. Open Units Course depending, first and second years have the opportunity to choose open units at the Open Units Fair during introductory week. If you are interested in learning more about ethical and sustainable issues here is a selection of units that may be of interest... Comparative Social Policy in a Globalizing World Comparative Social Policy in a Globalizing World Conservation Biology

Education, Schooling and Diversity Environment Earth Environmental Geoscience 1 Globalisation and Development Green Planet Housing, Economy and Society Introduction to Philosophy A, B Introduction to World Politics Key Social Thinkers Law Gender and Sexuality Law, Economy and Society in a Global World Marine Ecology and Physiology Planet Earth Policy Processes and Policy Research Poverty, Social Exclusion and Social Policy Social Identities and Divisions Social Policy and Development/ Environment/ Welfare State Principles of Economics Sustainable Development Understanding Public Policy World in Crisis? Open Lectures, Seminars and Talks BRIDGE Events - www.bridge.bris. BRITE Futures Institute Events Cabot Institute Events Climate of Change Speaker Series - Find on Facebook: 'Climate of Change - Bristol University Speaker Series’ Festival of Ideas - Global Change Group - Latin American Conference - www. Local Bristol - Keep an eye out for this series run by the Bristol Hub Water -

So far we have had an introduction to some of the things you can do, visit, taste, wash with, buy or not buy... but we cannot hope to cover it all. Living in a way that reduces our impact is a great start, but to get to the root cause of many of these issues then there needs to be change in the world around us, and it’s up to all of us to make it happen. This final section recommends three steps to take it further: Get informed. Get connected. Take action!

GET INFORMED Are you looking to learn more about some of the issues in this guide? Wondering what is going on around the city that you can get involved in? We have listed just a few places to find some great learning resources plus the latest news, exhibitions, activities and events from around the city. However, with so much going on it can be a struggle to keep up with it all. Bring all of the latest updates from websites and blogs straight to you with Google Reader-

( To hear the latest news first by following your favourite people/places on Twitter. Organisations Bristol Free Economy - You may have heard of Mark Boyle, ‘The moneyless man’. This is a large community of free economy folks and they put on fascinating events designed to share practical skills. See www. Bristol Green Capital - Aiming to move Bristol towards a low carbon future; find out what you can do and how you can get involved. See www. Coexist - An initiative based at Hamilton House, in Stokes Croft, which aims to facilitate community projects and events. See East Side Roots - An inspiring community permaculture project that holds events and learning days on reclaimed old railway land - now a community garden. Have a look at Ecojam - Events, news, directories and more from Bristol’s local, green and ethical scene. See www.ecojam. org

Low Carbon South West - A business group focussed on environmental technologies; useful if you are thinking of getting involved in this industry. See The Schumacher Society - Their annual conference, held in October, attracts internationally renowned, inspirational speakers on sustainable development, see Transition Bristol - Part of the Transition Towns movement acting on peak oil and climate change. See Places Arnolfini - Primarily a contemporary art gallery but also host to many engaging talks and music events. See CREATE Centre - Exhibitions and events to explore environmental issues and discover a more sustainable future. See www.createbristol. org Kebele Community Cooperative Social centre for activism, learning, skill shares, film showings with a cafe, library and more. See Pierian Centre - A conference centre focused on community development; hosts a variety of events from documentary screenings to photography exhibitions. See www. Watershed - More than just a cinema; aims to promote creativity, innovation and talent. See News Bristol Indy Media - A volunteerrun, community-led independent

media source, found at Schnews - News on activism from both home and abroad. See www. Talks, Discussions and More Bristol Festival of Ideas (www. A programme of lectures, debates and discussions throughout the year to stimulate and inspire. The Do Lectures (www.dolectures. com) Find a handful of expert speakers in one place to inspire action on issues. The Long Now Foundation (www. An interesting seminar series available as a podcast. MIT Environment and Energy Lectures ( topic/8) A collection of public lectures from eminent speakers. The TED Lectures (http://www. Inspiring short talks by passionate speakers covering a huge range of issues. The Tyndall Centre (www.tyndall. The UK’s world leading climate change and sustainability research centre. Yale 360 ( Features opinion, analysis, reporting and debate on global environmental issues.

GET CONNECTED If you are looking to connect with volunteering organisations then there are many avenues you can go down, both inside and outside of university. Universities have a rich heritage as hotbeds for new ideas, progressive thinking and student activism and Bristol is no exception.

See below for ways you can connect with the Students’ Union and the network of social, developmental, environmental and voluntary societies known as the Hub. Below this are some suggestions of university projects and groups within the city.

STUDENTS’ UNION Bristol Students’ Union is a multiheaded beast, but a friendly one. It is the largest and oldest representative student body at the University of Bristol. It organises and administrates on behalf of all student sports teams, societies and many volunteering projects and it provides support and advice services to students on any problem relating to their time at Bristol, from housing issues to course complaints and personal welfare. This year’s elected officer team consist of Tom Flynn (Education), Paul Charlton (President), Alessandra Berti (Welfare & Equality), Hannah Pollak (Sport & Health), Martha West (Activities) and Alice Peck (Community). As well as running their own projects, the team will be focusing heavily on encouraging students to find their political voice and making them more aware of issues affecting the wider Bristol community. The Union’s advice service, Just Ask, provides independent and impartial advice and representation for students at the University of Bristol. The team offers a wide range of support so get in touch at ubu-justask@ or on 01173313541 they’ll do their very best to help.

This is what the student officers’ roles entail, and some of their suggestions for the best ways to get the most from being a student at Bristol: Tom Flynn will be making sure your education is of the highest quality possible. This includes looking after the student reps, acting on your concerns about tutoring and teaching, and fighting to make sure you have the resources you need. Tom will also ensure that you’re supported throughout your education both financially and emotionally. Contact: ubu-education@bristol., 01173313508, 4th Floor UBU, Just Ask office. Paul Charlton as President of the Students’ Union is the figurehead of UBU. He is the main point of contact for the University and the NUS, but most importantly speaks on behalf of, and is answerable to, all University of Bristol students. Paul also leads, encourages and supports the other five elected officers. Contact: ubu-president@bristol., 01179545864, 4th Floor UBU, Just Ask office. Alessandra Berti is here to safeguard the well-being and representation of all students. She works with student services to make sure you are as well-supported as possible during your time at Bristol, and also makes sure that the voices of students from different and diverse backgrounds are heard at all levels. Alessandra says ‘If you feel that you or someone else you know is being treated unfairly, or have any other questions, get in touch.’ Contact:, 01179545864, 4th Floor UBU, Just Ask office.

Hannah Pollak is responsible for ensuring that Bristol students' sporting needs are met, whilst encouraging a healthy lifestyle. Whether that's taking part in a BUCS competition, as a gym user or engaging with a nutrition campaign. Hannah says ‘What I loved about being a student in Bristol was evening runs in the stunning Ashton Court followed by a cheeky cider down by the harbourside at The Apple . Perfect combo!’ Contact: or 01179545874, 4th Floor UBU, Do It Hub office.

ethically sound Union and University, and supporting and encouraging students to live sustainably. She says ‘My favourite thing about the city is how easy it is to cycle everywhere - from the beautiful downs to the vibrant community of Stokes Croft and Gloucester road where there are wicked independent shops, cafes and bars to discover!’ Contact: ubu-community@bristol., 01173313503, 4th Floor. UBU, Just Ask office.

Martha West will ensure that you are able to make the most out of the extra-curricular side of your university experience. She will support and promote the 196 societies that currently exist and make sure you are able to get involved with any one of them. Martha recommends weekend hikes in the nearby Mendip Hills, relaxing in the sun by the Suspension Bridge and going for a dance at Mr Wolfs. She says ‘Don't hesitate to contact me whether you want to join a society, start a brand new one or just have a question about being a student here in Bristol.’ Contact: ubu-activities@bristol. or 01179545865, 4th Floor UBU, Do It Hub office.

UBU Volunteering runs a Community Volunteering programme with a wide range of student-led projects for you to get involved in. This includes anything from volunteering in schools, running residential trips for young carers or teenagers with learning disabilities to volunteering at a homeless shelter or helping to run social groups for the elderly. Their weekly newsletter will keep you updated with opportunities to volunteer with local charities and voluntary organisations. UBU Volunteering provide a variety of training and can support students to set up their own projects. Find out more at

Alice Peck will ensure you get the most out of your time living in the exciting and diverse city of Bristol. She will help you get involved with volunteering in the local community, as well as provide support and representation with issues related to safety, housing and transport. Alice is also responsible for working for an environmentally and

Raising and Giving (RAG)

Student Volunteering

RAG does exactly what it says on the tin. This student organisation raises money and gives it to charities. If you would like to get involved you can contact them to see how, or you could offer to host your own fund raising event if you have a good idea:

SOCIETIES - THE HUB The Bristol Hub is a network of social, environmental, voluntary and development societies at the University of Bristol, linking with the wider community and connecting students with causes. Below is a list of the groups that form the network; to find out more about volunteering with any of the groups see their specific website (if listed) or visit www. Below are listed some events and opportunities to find out more about some of the groups listed in this section. To find out more about volunteering with any of the Bristol Hub groups come to the Volunteering Fair at the Students' Union, or come to any of the Student Restaurant nights. For more information about the Bristol Hub and to sign up to the mailing list see or email Human Rights Amicus - This charity aims to provide legal representation for those on death row in the U.S.A., with special focus on the impact of poverty and racial discrimination. The society organises debates, work experience, training and events to raise awareness of the issues surrounding the death penalty. Amnesty International - Your student representative for the worldwide human rights movement. They campaign to protect individuals when justice, fairness, freedom and truth are denied. Join students from around the world to stand up for humanity and human rights.

Anti-slavery Society - Campaigns and direct projects to support victims of human trafficking. Bristol Feminists - This society serves as a platform to create awareness of gender equality issues and encourage critical thinking, whilst meeting like-minded people. They hold discussions and debates as well as film nights, socials, speaker events, participate in activism and co-ordinate with local, national and global movements. Fairtrade Society - A campaigns organiser and cafÊ project based in the Multifaith Chaplaincy. Howard League for Penal Reform - This is the oldest penal reform charity in the UK. Among its many achievements, the Howard League was one of the key campaigners for the abolition of capital punishment in the UK. The society at Bristol aims to raise awareness about the problems with the criminal justice system in the UK and to raise money for the charity. Student Action for Refugees -STAR organises campaigns, specific projects and speaker events. Environment & Sustainability Bristol University Sustainability Team - BUST is an exciting studentled group that aims to tackle issues regarding sustainability within Bristol University and the wider community. To anyone with an interest in playing an active role in improving the world’s social or environmental problems, BUST is the place to go and be heard.

Conservation Society – This is the society for all those people willing to get their hands dirty in the name of conservation. The Conservation Society meet every other Sunday and go to local nature reserves, forests and conservation areas in and around Bristol. People and Planet – Campaigns & direct action tackling issues such as the environment, poverty around the world, justice and human rights Development Engineers Without Borders - EWB is a maverick charity focusing on development at home and abroad: they put on cutting-edge talks, hands-on workshops, dynamite club-nights, school teaching, overseas placements and much more. International Volunteering Network (IVN) – A new network this year that brings together active groups who travel and support development abroad. Medical Students’ International Network - Medsin is a student network and registered charity tackling global and local health inequalities through education, advocacy and community action. They also coordinate the Stop Aids campaign on Aids awareness and government action. Oxfam - Oxfam is a global movement of people working with others to overcome poverty and suffering. As a society we campaign about these issues, aiming to inform ourselves and other students in order to inspire people to take action!

UN World Food Programme Awareness events and campaigns on food security in international development. Debate/Discussion International Affairs Society - The IAS is the university’s leading forum for debate and discussion of key international, political and economic issues. They organise talks and debates in a friendly and social environment. Model United Nations - MUN is about acting out the work of the real UN by representing countries and their official positions. They meet weekly to debate topics related to past and present international relations events in a friendly, fun and engaging atmosphere. Social Enterprise AIESEC - The world’s largest youthrun organisation. They focus on providing a platform for youth leadership development, offering work abroad opportunities to develop both professional and personal relationships across the world. Social Enterprise Society - Social enterprises are profit-making organisations with a values-driven mission - to address social or environmental problems for good. The society engages entrepreneurial students in competitions, networking events and provides mentoring and training opportunities with experienced professionals.

Key Events First Term •Auction of Promises - In the lead up to Christmas, this collaborative project sees different societies pitch their projects to you to in exchange for donations of time or money. Raffle prizes, live music and mince pies included. See •Fresher’s & Volunteering Fair In the first weeks of term, freshers flock to the Union. Open to all students, staff and anyone in the University of Bristol. See •Social Enterprise Conference - A conference in November to introduce the ideas of social enterprise and tool up budding entrepreneurs to create effective and impactful social change. See Second term •Student Volunteering Week -11th-16th February. A week of events and training in the name of celebrating and promoting opportunities for students to volunteer. •RAG Week - 16th - 23rd Feb- The highlight of the RAG calendar; an action-packed week of fundraising events including the RAG procession. Lots of opportunities to get involved! •Ethics and Environment Week Many awareness and introduction events in late second term, including open mics, markets, stalls and more. See All profits go to charities. See www.

•The International Development Conference - In March, this brings together students with academics, NGOs, businesses and charities. A good introduction to the issues, and a way to meet others interested in this field. See All Year Student Restaurant - A social enterprise set up by FoodCycle. A cheap and delicious three-course meal hosted by a charity or society to inform and inspire new ideas. Other University of Bristol Opportunities The Big GIVE - A project run by Sustainability and the Students’ Union. The project aims to collect unwanted equipment and clothing from students that live in student halls and houses at the end of term. These items are then sorted and distributed to charities. For more info contact Green Impact - The University of Bristol runs a scheme promoting positive environmental actions called the Green Impact Awards. It offers a practical way of helping departments become greener, whilst celebrating the small steps that individuals are taking to reduce their collective environmental impacts. Green Impact challenges departments to implement a number of easy practical actions that will help the environment. The scheme was started at the University of Bristol in 2008 it is now rolling out through the NUS to 50 Universities around the country. Green Impact also operates at Unions across the country.

The University of Bristol Student Union has a Gold Award from the scheme. For more information or to see how to get involved visit: www.

Volunteer Bristol - For an extensive list of volunteering opportunities in the local area as well as details of organisations seeking volunteers abroad check this site regularly:

Waste Audits - Sustainability will be providing training which is Chartered Institute of Waste Management accredited to students to help them carry out waste audits and develop waste action plans for their halls. More information available by emailing sustainability-estates@

Specific Opportunities

BRISTOL CONNECTIONS Some prefer to volunteer, campaign and connect with groups outside of university. Bristol is an amazing place for volunteering opportunities. We’ve listed some good places to start below, but this list is by no means extensive. Directories Ecojam - Provides a large directory of projects and organisations in Bristol which you can get involved with, either through volunteering, attending events, or simply adding ideas to discussion forums: Global Volunteer Network - If you’re looking for volunteering opportunities further afield then this is a good place to start: Green Volunteers - For those with green leans, a directory of volunteering opportunities is available at Kebele Community Cooperative - Cooperative and social centre supporting various activist groups. See

Amnesty International Bristol - Part of the international human rights NGO, see Bristol Refugee Rights - Provides a place of welcome for refugees to meet and be supported, see www. Bristol Stop the War Coalition Fights for an end to the occupations in Iraq, Afghanistan and Gaza, see Greenpeace Bristol - Bristol branch of the environmental NGO, for more info see groups/bristol Oxfam South West - Local branch group with awareness nights, campaigns and social events, see www. Rising Tide Bristol - Umbrella group fighting for international climate justice, see www.risingtide. TAKE ACTION We hope that this guide has inspired and motivated you towards passiondriven action. It may not feel like the small things that we do in our everyday lives have a massive impact, but as TESCO so eloquently put it, every little helps, and if we collectively take the view that our actions count then they definitely will.

If making a small change is not enough, then you can do more. Through making connections, campaigning and protesting, dramatic changes can be made, even with only limited resources and few people. Three years ago, for example, People & Planet managed to win back the jobs of 1800 Honduran workers with full union rights after they had been dismissed for establishing a trade union through an international boycott. This is one example of small groups of grassroots campaigners having a major positive effect. So, finally, we have listed a few resources that may help you as an individual or as part of a group with taking action. In the unusual case that there isn’t an active group on the issues that concern you, these resources will help you set one up. And, because we couldn’t resist, here is a quote from Mahatma Ghandi: “You must be the change you wish to see in this world.” Bristol Hub - As a network, many people will have skills that are worth sharing! Bristol Hub runs a skill share conference in the second term as well as training opportunities and evenings to share resources. Email training@ for more info. Further information can be found at the following websites: Activists’ Legal Project - For support and advice with regards to the legal issues around forms of direct action see Schnews DIY guide - Provides useful tools for setting up and running a

campaign. See uk/diyguide Seeds for Change - Runs training workshops and has online resources for taking action, see

DISCLAIMER The University of Bristol and the groups involved in this guide do not condone any illegal actions. The opinions of these websites are not those of the University of Bristol.

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Thanks to all those were involved, especially Lucie Machin for her graphics, Susi Emery for proofreading, Martha West for editing, Martin, Elena and Lauren for their amazing hardwork and ongoing support.

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