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UNIT 1 MANNER ADVERBS Vs ADJECTIVES Verb+ manner adverb I wait patiently in lines. He doesn´t sing very well He drives very fast. She drives carefully. Regular-ly adverbs patient patiently careful carefully easy easily automatic automatically be, feel get, etc + adjective I’m patient. His voice sounds terrible. He gets reckless sometimes. I feel safe * with her. *But: I feel strongly about it.

Adjetive+ noun I’m a patient person. He´s not a good singer. He´s a fast driver. She’s a careful driver. Irregular adverbs good well late late fast fast hard hard In conversation….. The most common- ly manner adverbs are quickly, easily, differently, automatically, slowly, properly, badly, strongly, and carefully.

What are adverbs? An adverb is a word that modifies verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. What are adverbs? An adverb is a word that modifies verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. Adverbs vs Adjectives The difference between an adverb and an adjective is the following: An adjective modifies a noun.

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L. Jhoanna Gallardo D.


Example: "John is tall." (The adjective tall modifies the noun John)

An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Examples: "That idea is simply ridiculous." (The adverb simply modifies the adjective ridiculous) "She sings nicely." (The adverb nicely modifies the verb sing) "She did it really well." (The adverb really modifies the adverb well) What are the different types of adverbs? Basically, most adverbs tell you how, in what way, when, where, and to what extent something is done. In other words, they describe the manner, place, or time of an action. Here are some examples:    

He speaks quietly. ( quietly is an adverb of manner.) I live here. (here is an adverb of place.) We'll leave tomorrow . (tomorrow is an adverb of time.) She never sleeps late . (never is an adverb of frequency.)

Adverb rules: 1. Regular adverbs: Adverbs in English often end in -ly. These adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the end of an adjective: Adjective + ly Examples: Adjective Adverb slow

slowly

beautiful beautifully

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careful

carefully

violent

violently

L. Jhoanna Gallardo D.


Spelling rules:  true → truly (the silent e is dropped and add ly)  happy → happily ( y becomes i and add ly.)  possible → possibly (e after a consonant is dropped and ly is added.)  full → fully (after ll and add y is added.)  fanatic → fanatically (after adjectives ending in -ic add -ally - there is an exception: public-publicly) 2. Exceptions: However, this is not the only way to form an adverb. Many adverbs do not end in -ly. This is a list of adverbs that don't follow the rule: Adjective Adverb fast

fast

hard

hard

late

late

early

early

daily

daily

Some adjectives change their form when they become adverbs: adjective adverb good

well

3. Things to remember: Many words are not adverbs although they end in -ly. Here are examples of adjectives that end in -ly. Examples:    

a kindly teacher a lonely girl an elderly person a friendly policeman

To decide whether a word is an adverb ask questions with how, where and when. How does James speak Spanish? He speaks Spanish fluently. Where do the kids play soccer? They play soccer here. When did she write the email to her husband? She wrote the email immediately.

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L. Jhoanna Gallardo D.


ADVERBS BEFORE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Use incredibly, extremely, very, really, so, pretty, and fairly to make some adjectives and adverbs stronger. Use absolutely or really ( but not very) with adjectives that are already very strong. The expression at all makes negatives stronger. Completely and totally mean 100% Adjetives prefixes patient impatient considerate inconsiderate friendly unfriendly reliable unreliable honest dishonest organized disorganized

She’s incredibly talented. She´s extremely generous. He´s a pretty cool guy. We get along really well. She´s absolutely wonderful. He´s really fantastic. She´s not selfhis at all. He´s completely. She’s totally reliable. In conversation… People use really an pretty muach more often in conversation than in writing pretty

In English most (but not all) adverbs have a different form (SPELLING) than their corresponding adjective. It is important, therefore, that you know whether you need an adjective or an adverb in the sentences you want to say or write. Generally, adjectives are used to describe nouns and adverbs are used with verbs to say how things are done. In the following examples, the adjectives are red and the adverbs are blue:    

He's a beautiful singer. - He sings beautifully. She's a very quick runner. - She can run very quickly. He's a (CARELESS) writer. - He writes carelessly. She's a good (WORKER). - She works well.

Adverbs are also used to give extra information about adjectives (or other adverbs), as in the following examples:     

I am extremely happy in my new job. She's in HOSPITAL with a SERIOULY INJURIED neck. It's incredibly easy to make a MISTAKE when knitting. The girl climbed dangerously high up the tree. Because of the thick fog I drove extremely carefully.

This link helps clarify your doubts: http://www.slideshare.net/ebrammer/adverb-adjective-noun-noun

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L. Jhoanna Gallardo D.

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