Lessons of the Moving Image
Same but different movies
What observation might you make from viewing these two movies ?
Ref: Kym Nadebaum
The Analogy: Writing & Movie structures Words/phrase Sentence/paragraph Chapter
and shot and sequence and scene
Message: Both need plans and to follow rules and conventions to be effective communication.
Mindmap software: Free Mind, Inspiration, Kidsiration
All images in the following slides are from movies made by Mark Dixon, DEECD from pICTure IT, epotential showcase.
Long Shots, Establishing Shots, Perspective Shots
Medium Shots, Framing Shots
Closeups, focusing shots
Extreme Closeups, the details
Camera angles • High angle • Low angle
Point of View
Point of View shots
Over the shoulder shot
Composition: The Rule of Thirds
And……… head space, talking/action/look/nose space, eye position, not making cuts at natural joints
The Rule of Thirds, horizons
Mollison Producing Videos p78 1. Closeup biker puts on helmet 1
2. Long Shot biker rides towards camera, race banner in background 3. Medium shot profile biker to screen right
4. Very Long Shot biker rides to screen right
5. Closeup boot on pedal 6. Close up exhaust pipe shooting flame
7. Long shot from rear biker rides towards finish line 8. Closeup bikerâ€™s head as he passes finish line flag
Ref: Kym Nadebaum
Space for sketch of shot Space for description of shot Space for script or audio description
by Mark Dixon, DEECD from pICTure IT, epotential showcase Aspects to consider: 1. Types & duration of shots used in sequence 2. Composition of shots 3. How the story was told 4. How interviews were shot 5. Consider what the storyboard may have looked like. 6. Was the story effectively communicated?
Some other tips • Zooming is rarely used, is used to change shots from a long shot to a much closer shot. • The lighting is another major topic- check out the light, shoot away from windows and intense light. • Hold the shot for about 10 secs to give you plenty to select from for editing. • Short shots only, shots are trimmed to between 3 and10 secs • Establish the setting • Connect the start & the end • Edit to avoid jumps from one shot to a similar shot.
Sources • Mark Dixon’s movies for DEECD’s Showcase, especially Slowmation, other movies on http://epotential.education.vic.gov.au/showcase • Kym Nadebaum’s notes & videos from digital storytelling workshops in Melbourne & Ararat, 2009. • Atomic Learning Video Storytelling Guide • Jo Tate, Ultranet Coach, Digital Storytelling kit • Martha Mollison Producing Videos 2003 • Various Media Studies.