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262.377.2500

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Apples | Pears | Peaches | Cherries | Blueberries | Currants | Raspberries | Grapes


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2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

APPLE (Genus: Malus) Apples must be cross-pollinated to bear fruit, meaning, you need two different apple varieties to get fruit. You can use a crabapple to pollinate the apple tree. A good rule to follow is that an early fruiting variety needs another early-fruiting variety for pollination. Or if there is blooming overlap that will also suffice, meaning a midseason apple can pollinate ones that produce early and late.

Semi-Dwarf: The following Johnson’s Nursery apple trees are

Malus ‘Kindercrisp’

on M7 rootstock. This will produce a semi-dwarf, free-standing tree (no staking needed) 12 feet to 15 feet tall. For best results, space trees 15 feet to 18 feet apart in Full Sun. NEW! KinderKrisp Apple: A recent introduction made by a private fruit breeder in Minnesota. KinderKrisp flowers early in the season and ripens in late August/early September. This variety produces lots of smaller sized red apples that are sweet and very crispy. Their size makes them ideal for packing in children’s lunch boxes. An outstanding variety for homeowners. Zone 4.

Malus ‘Wildung’ PP19,446 (SnowSweet®)

Malus ‘Honeycrisp’

NEW! SnowSweet® Apple: Developed by the University of Minnesota’s fantastic fruit breeding program. This variety is a cross of ‘Connell Red’ x ‘Sharon’. It is large fruited with a dull red skin color and is very cold hardy. SnowSweet® has a deliciously sweet, slightly tart taste. The flesh is very slow to oxidize (brown) when exposed to the air, so it works well for fruit salads or fruit trays. Since it ripens early October, pollinate with mid and late season apples only. ‘Honeycrisp’ is a good option as a pollinator. Above average resistance to scab and fire blight. Zone 4. Honeycrisp Apple: A University of Minnesota introduction that has a mid-season harvest (around Sept 25th). Fruit is yellow with red overtones; flesh is exceptionally crisp and juicy with a sweet but well-balanced flavor. Great for eating in salads and fruit trays , but not recommended for baking. Has an excellent storage life, up to 6 months. A good pollinator for all apple varieties. Can sometimes be slow to bear fruit. Has become an outstanding commercial and home orchard variety because of its explosive crispness, flavor and storage life. Zone 4. Zestar!® Apple: An early apple variety released in 1998 by the University of Minnesota. The fruit ripens in late August/early September with nice color, making this selection a winner for the short season areas of central and northern Wisconsin. Great for fresh use and cooking, the fruit has a sweet, tart flavor and stores for up to 3 weeks (far longer than any other early apple variety). Considered one of the best for making apple crisp, this is a real star! Zone 4.

Malus ‘Minnewashta’ PP11,367 (Zestar!®) VISIT US ONLINE • Johnson’s Nursery (www.johnsonsnursery.com) • Johnson’s Gardens (www.johnsonsgardens.net)


2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

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McIntosh Apple: An old-fashioned heirloom variety from Canada that is good for cooking and eating. Medium-sized fruit ripens around Sept 20th. Common in all McIntosh crosses, the fruit is prone to dropping off the tree in the near-to-ripe stage. Zone 4.

NEW! 5-N-1 Apple: This tree has it all. 5 different varieties all grafted on the same tree resulting in a long picking season. Great for those who have small yards as a second variety need not be planted for pollination. This tree is self- pollinating! The varieties present (in order of ripening) are Yellow Transparent, Summer Red, McIntosh, Cortland & Golden Delicious. Zone 5.

Malus ‘McIntosh’

Malus ‘Cortland’

Malus ‘Yellow Transparent’

Malus ‘Summer Red’

Malus ‘Delicious’-Golden CALL US TODAY! • Johnson’s Nursery (262.252.4988) • Johnson’s Gardens (262.377.2500)

Fruit Plants

Cortland Apple: A vigorous grower developed by Cornell University. Bright red, large-sized apples ripen in late September. This juicy apple has tender, white, sweet flesh with a hint of tartness. Holds its color well after being cut. Excellent for eating and cooking. Zone 4.


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2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

Columnar: We are excited to offer apple trees that are ideal for

small urban lots and patios, areas that usually do not have enough room for traditional apple trees. The Urban® series is relatively new and developed by Dr. Jaroslav Tupy in the Czech Republic. The trees in this series will grow to around 10 feet tall and roughly 3 feet wide. Consider using them to create an edible green screen. They are a perfect fit for small spaces — including containers! Like all apples, at least two different varieties need to be planted for cross pollination. All are Zone 4.

Malus ‘UEB 3727-4’ (Blushing Delight)

NEW! Tangy Green™ Urban® Apple: Perfect for small landscapes. Good sized, green apples bear fruit the first year planted. Crisp, juicy texture and tangy, tart flavor. Blushing Delight™ Urban® Apple: Full-sized fruit from exceptionally narrow trees. A red/yellow mottled apple with sweet flavor. Coldhardy. Ripens in mid September. Golden Treat™ Urban® Apple: Lightly-tart fruit in early fall, but get sweeter the longer they are on the tree. Compact, upright tree yields firm, crisp apples with green-gold skin. Tasty Red™ Urban® Apple: Tree has an elegant, stately, bottle brush shape. Apples are normal sized apples with a bright red skin that fruits in the first year of planting. Sweet flavor.

Malus ‘UEB 3449-1’ (Tasty Red)

Espalier:

Espalier (pronounced is-PALL-yay) is when a tree is trained to grow flat against a support, such as a wall or trellis. An interesting way to soften a fence or wall, especially where space is limited. Ours have their branches trained horizontally. NEW! McIntosh: A well-known older apple. Sprightly flavor. Medium storage life. Nearly solid, bright red skin. Heavy bearer. Good for eating and baking. Fruit tends to drop when ripe.

Malus domestica ‘Spartan’ (espalier)

Golden Delicious: A classic! Sweet golden apples ripen a bit later than other varieties, around October 10th. Must thin fruit each year to 8 inches apart for good fruit size and quality. Somewhat selfpollinating. Honeycrisp: The popular Honeycrisp, but in espalier form. Has become an outstanding commercial and home orchard variety because of its explosive crispness, flavor and storage life. Spartan: A sweet dark red/purple-skinned apple developed in British Columbia. Excellent for fresh use only. A great apple for children as the fruit is small/medium in size.

Espalier form

Hat Trick: Three outstanding apples on one tree! Budded and grown as an espalier, this apple tree will produce ‘Honeycrisp’ on the bottom, ‘Sweet Sixteen’ in the middle and Zestar!® apples on top. No other pollinator is needed since it has 3 varieties already.

VISIT US ONLINE • Johnson’s Nursery (www.johnsonsnursery.com) • Johnson’s Gardens (www.johnsonsgardens.net)


2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

4

PEAR (Genus Pyrus) Related to the apple so it shares many of the same insect/disease issues and must also be cross-pollinated with another variety to bear fruit. Johnson’s Nursery pears are grafted on ‘Old Home’ x ‘Farmingdale’ 333 rootstock. The pear trees will grow about 15 feet tall. Space 15 feet apart in Full Sun.

Parker: Small red-blushed fruits ripen in Late August. Suitable for canning or fresh use. Zone 4.

Pyrus ‘Bartlett’

Summercrisp: A University of MN introduction. Small, very sweet pears ripen early-mid August but do not pick when ripe! This variety is best picked and eaten when hard and sweet as the fruit just nears ripe stage. The small tasty fruit is excellent for children’s lunches or other fresh use. Zone 4.

CHERRY (Genus Prunus) Johnson’s Nursery carries mostly tart cherries, which are selfpollinating so only one is needed to produce fruit. However, this year we are offering a self-pollinating sweet cherry as well.

Tart Cherry

Pyrus ‘Parker’

NEW! Montmorency: The #1 pie cherry grown in the U.S. An “amarelle” type, the fruits have pink skin with yellow flesh. This is the same variety that grows in abundance in Door County, WI. Enjoy fresh or in pies and preserves. Grows 18 feet tall with an upright form. Zone 5, borderline Zone 4. NEW! North Star: A University of MN introduction, this genetic dwarf grows about 8 feet to 10 feet tall and is very hardy and productive. Bright red, sour fruit with a small stone ripens early July. Best for making pies. Zone 4. Prunus ‘Montmorency’

Sweet Cherry Pie™: Selected by the late Bill Eubank of River Falls, WI, this variety is extremely precocious and bears heavy crops of large, dark fleshed tart cherries. Often this tree starts bearing fruit when only 3 feet tall. As the name suggests, this is an excellent variety for making pies! Zone 4.

Sweet Cherry NEW! Rainier Sweet: Large, beautiful golden yellow fruit with a red blush, Bears abundant crops of sweet, richly flavored, firm and juicy cherries. Pollinate with Lapins Cherry. Zone 5.

Prunus avium ‘Rainier’

Lapins: Self-pollinating sweet cherry. Produces quality, juicy, deep red, large fruit on very upright growing trees. Will grow to 20 feet tall. Wonderful for eating fresh off the tree. Zone 4.

CALL US TODAY! • Johnson’s Nursery (262.252.4988) • Johnson’s Gardens (262.377.2500)

Fruit Plants

Bartlett: Large yellow pear ripening in early September. Sweet and juicy fruit is excellent for canning and fresh use. Zone 5.


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2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

PEACH (Genus Prunus) Peaches are self-pollinating, so you only need one tree to get fresh peaches! Trees will grow about 15 feet tall but can be pruned to keep at about 12 feet tall for easier harvest. Plant 15 feet apart in Full Sun. Reliance: The hardiest peach available. Yellow-fleshed fruit ripens around August 10th and is good for fresh use and canning. Zone 4.

PLUM (Genus Prunus) Prunus ‘Reliance’

Not all plums are self-pollinating so look carefully at tags when you are purchasing trees. Plant in Full Sun. NEW! Italian Plum: Mostly self fertile, but benefits by cross pollination to get bigger crops. Ripens mid-season and is a beautiful dark purple, with sweet, firm yellow flesh. Mount Royal: A self-pollinating European-type plum. The round blue fruits ripen in early September. Good eaten off tree. Tender, juicy flesh. Considered the best blue cultivar in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Grows 12 feet tall. Zone 4.

BLUEBERRIES (Genus Vaccinium) Prunus domestica ‘Italian’

All blueberry plants prefer moist, acidic soil. In areas with heavy clay, soil amendments will be required. Consider growing your blueberries in raised beds or containers so you can control the pH more easily. We carry the “Northern Highbush” types which are selffertile, but planting more than one variety will increase fruit size and yield. Patriot Blueberry: Fruit is very large, firm and has small, dry recessed scars. The berry is formed on tight clusters and it tends to be flatter than the other cultivars. Ripens early. Excellent flavor. Bush is upright, open and vigorous. Excellent landscape variety with showy white blooms in the spring, dark green foliage in the summer, and fiery orange fall colors. 3-5 feet tall by 3-5 feet wide. Zone 4-8.

Vaccinium ‘Pink Lemonade’

Pink Lemonade Blueberry: It’s madness! The first pink blueberry! A new pink blueberry provides year-around interest. Pinkish-white, bell shaped blooms in spring followed by pale green fruit that turns deep pink for harvest. Glossy and firm, the fruit has a mild, sweet flavor. In fall the leaves turn orange fading to deep red, dropping to reveal reddish-brown stems. 4-5 feet tall by 4-5 feet wide. Zone 4-7.

RASPBERRY (Genus Rubus) Self-pollinating.

Rubus ‘Boyne’

Boyne: An old Canadian variety. Canes are biennial and should be planted 24 inches apart. They will fill in fast. Red fruit ripens in July and is only born on 2nd year canes. Prune canes that bore fruit to ground after harvested. Zone 4.

VISIT US ONLINE • Johnson’s Nursery (www.johnsonsnursery.com) • Johnson’s Gardens (www.johnsonsgardens.net)


2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

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BRAZELBERRIES® DWARF FRUIT SHRUBS

Vaccinium ‘Blueberry Glaze™’ ‘ZF08-095’

NEW! Blueberry Glaze™: With their small stature and incredibly glossy, dark green leaves, Blueberry Glaze™ is reminiscent of a boxwood and can easily be sheared as such. White and pink spring flowers. Small, dark (almost black) berries present in mid-summer. NEW! Pink Icing™ Blueberry: Spring brings lovely new growth foliage color with varying shades of pink, blue and deeper greens. In the winter, Pink Icing™ foliage takes on stunning iridescent turquoise blue hues which is impressive when planted en masse. Jelly Bean™: Produces a bumper crop of large, flavorful blueberries mid-summer with super sweet flavor like homemade blueberry jelly. Brilliant green new foliage emerges in spring which gives way to darker greens with red hues throughout the summer and fall.

Vaccinium ‘Pink Icing™’ ZF06-079

Peach Sorbet™: Stunning leaves ranging from peach to pink to orange to emerald green. Spring’s white, bell-shaped flowers give way to an abundant summer crop of healthy, sweet blueberries midsummer. In most climates, Peach Sorbet™ keeps its leaves through the winter when the foliage transitions to a rich eggplant purple. Raspberry Shortcake™: A thornless, dwarf raspberry. Bears large, tasty fruit on floricanes in July. Prune out all 2 year canes after each crop is harvested. Self-pollinating. If you are growing BrazelBerries® in containers, it is best to overwinter them in an unheated garage or basement so they are not exposed to extreme winter weather. You can also tuck them in a corner of the yard and insulate the pots with bales of straw and evergreen boughs. More information can be found at www.brazelberries.com.

Vaccinium ‘Jelly Bean’ PPAF

Vaccinium ‘Peach Sorbet’

Rubus ‘NR7’ PP22,141 (Raspberry Shortcake)

CALL US TODAY! • Johnson’s Nursery (262.252.4988) • Johnson’s Gardens (262.377.2500)

Fruit Plants

The Brazelton family of Fall Creek Farm & Nursery in Oregon has revolutionized patio and small-space gardening with their BrazelBerries® series of fruiting shrubs. Designed to be easy to grow and produce fruit in a compact form, they are also an appealing visual addition to your patio containers. All varieties mature to roughly 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide. As with all blueberries, make sure you use a potting mix for acid loving plants.


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2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

GRAPE (Genus Vitis) Self-pollinating. NEW! Bluebell: A black, seeded grape developed by the University of Minnesota. Resembles ‘Concord’ in size and color but with more tender skin, greater hardiness, and it ripens earlier. Great for juice and jelly. Very good table quality. Zone 4.

Vitis ‘Bluebell’

Reliance: A red/pink, seedless variety that blooms late to avoid frosts. Fruit ripens mid-August. Like all grapes, ‘Reliance’ requires annual pruning, adequate fertility and maximum sunlight. Well suited for fresh eating and juice. Plant 8 feet apart on trellis. Bears fruit on one year old wood. Zone 5.

CURRANTS (Genus Ribes)

Vitis ‘Reliance’

Currants are self-fertile but are often grown in groupings planted 4 feet apart, in well-drained soil with lots of organic content. Prefers cooler summer climates, so in Wisconsin you may want to consider planting in partial shade rather than full sun. Prune stems older than 3 years when dormant. It may take 4-5 years for new plantings to become established and produce fruit. Like most fruits, Black Currants contain a lot of water, but they are also bursting with a wide variety of important antioxidants, fiber and energy. Red Lake Currant: Clusters of greenish yellow flowers in spring give way to long, pendulous clusters of bright red fruit. Can be eaten straight off the plant, though the fruit is quite tart and most often used in jams and jellies. 3-5 feet tall by 3-5 feet wide. Zone 3. Consort Black Currant: Take a trip to the dark side of currants! Slightly sweeter than Red Currants, with a flavor similar to blackberries. Very high in Vitamin C. Attractive orange-red fall foliage color. Prefers full sun, but tolerates shade. 5-6 feet tall by 4-5 feet wide. Zone 3.

Ribes ‘Red Lake’

Ribes nigrum ‘Consort’

Currants are extremely high in antioxidants.

VISIT US ONLINE • Johnson’s Nursery (www.johnsonsnursery.com) • Johnson’s Gardens (www.johnsonsgardens.net)


2016 Fruit Guide

Available at Johnson’s Nursery and Johnson’s Gardens

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2016 Fruit Wish List Apples (Malus)

Plum (Prunus)

Semi-Dwarf Apples ___ Malus ‘KinderKrisp’ KinderKrisp Apple ___ Malus ‘Wildung’ PP19,446 SnowSweet® Apple ___ Malus ‘Honeycrisp’ Honeycrisp Apple ___ Malus ‘Minnewashta’ PP11,367 Zestar!® Apple ___ Malus ‘McIntosh’ McIntosh Apple ___ Malus ‘Cortland’ Cortland Apple ___ Various Malus 5-N-1 Apple

___ Prunus domestica ‘Italian’ ___ Prunus ‘Mount Royal’

Italian Plum Mount Royal Plum

___ Pyrus ‘Bartlett’ ___ Pyrus ‘Parker’ ___ Pyrus ‘Summercrisp’

Bartlett Pear Parker Pear Summercrisp Pear

Columnar Apples ___ Malus x domestica ‘AK-98’ Tangy Green™ Urban® Columnar Apple ___ Malus ‘UEB 3727-4’ Blushing Delight™ Urban® Columnar Apple ___ Malus ‘UEB 3358-3’ Golden Treat™ Urban® Columnar Apple ___ Malus ‘UEB 3449-1’ Tasty Red™ Urban® Columnar Apple

Blueberries (Vaccinium)

Espalier Form Apples ___ Malus ‘McIntosh’ ___ Malus ‘Delicious’-Golden

___ Vaccinium ‘Blueberry Glaze’ ZF08-095 BrazelBerries® Blueberry Glaze™ Blueberry ___ Vaccinium ‘Pink Icing’ ZF06-079 BrazelBerries® Pink Icing™ Blueberry ___ Vaccinium ‘Jelly Bean’ ZF06-179 BrazelBerries® Jelly Bean™ Blueberry ___ Vaccinium ‘Peach Sorbet’ ZF06-043 BrazelBerries® Peach Sorbet™ Blueberry ___ Rubus ‘NR7’ PP22,141 BrazelBerries® Raspberry Shortcake™ Raspberry

___ Malus ‘Honeycrisp’ ___ Malus ‘Spartan’ ___ Malus ‘Hat Trick’

McIntosh Apple Golden Delicious Apple Honeycrisp Apple Spartan Apple Hat Trick Apple

Cherries (Prunus) Tart Cherries ___ Prunus ‘‘Montmorency’’ Montmorency Cherry ___ Prunus ‘Eubank’ PPAF Sweet Cherry Pie™ Cherry ___ Prunus ‘‘North Star’ North Star Cherry Sweet Cherries ___ Prunus avium ‘Rainier’ ___ Prunus “Lapins”

Rainier Sweet Cherry Lapins Cherry

Peaches (Prunus) ___ Prunus ‘Reliance’

___ Vaccinium ‘Patriot’ Patriot Blueberry ___ Vaccinium ‘Pink Lemonade’ Pink Lemonade Blueberry

Raspberry (Rubus) ___ Rubus ‘Boyne’

Boyne Raspberry

BrazelBerries® Dwarf Fruit Shrubs

Grapes (Vitis) ___ Vitis ‘Bluebell’ ___ Vitis ‘Reliance’

Bluebell Grape Reliance Grape

Currants (Ribes) ___ Ribes ‘Red Lake’ ___ Ribes nigrum ‘Consort’

Red Lake Currant Consort Black Currant

Reliance Peach

Notes:

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Fruit Plants

Pears (Pyrus)


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Training & Pruning Open Center or Vase-shaped

Peach and/or Plum (potentially Apples) First Year - After Planting • Select 3-5 branches for the scaffold limbs. • During the first year, growth of those lateral branches should be encouraged to develop strong, wide crotch angles. • The best time to position younger branches is in June or when they are 3 to 6 inches long. • Selectively cutback or remove any secondary branches growing on the scaffold limbs. • In the first dormant season, cut the central leader out of the tree just above the uppermost scaffold limbs.

Second/Third Year - Late Winter, Early Spring • Remove about 25% of the extension growth from branches by cutting just above a strong, outward-facing bud to encourage more branching. • Selectively remove secondary shoots on branches; be sure to remove any shoots that are growing inward and/or rubbing. • The upper branches must be kept shorter than the lower branches.

Third/Fourth Year - Late Winter, Early Spring • Remove any branches growing vigorously into the center of the tree as well as downward growing branches. • Unless there are a few lateral branches, do not cut the tips off the branches.

1st Year - After Planting

2nd/3rd Year - Late Winter, Early Spring

3rd/4th Year - Late Winter, Early Spring

Yearly Maintenance • After the framework of the tree has developed, continue to moderately prune trees annually. • Always eliminate dead and/or diseased wood and any rubbing branches.

Prunus ‘Reliance’

Prunus domestica ‘Italian’

Prunus ‘Mount Royal’


Training & Pruning Central Leader

Apple, Cherry (tart), Pear and/or Plum First Year - After Planting • Select 4-5 branches for the lowest tier - these are your scaffold branches. Remove other branches. • Select well-spaced branches growing within 18 inches of one another on opposite or indirect sides of the trunk. Growth of the laterals should be encouraged to grow strong, wide crotch angles. • The best time to position younger branches is in June or when they are 3 to 6 inches long. • The central leader must always be the tallest part of the tree. • Remove any secondary shoots on scaffold branches.

Second/Third Year - Late Winter, Early Spring • Select 3-5 branches to make a second tier of scaffold limbs, remove other branches from that area. • Encourage wide crotch angles on your scaffold limbs by bending, tieing or weighting down branches. • The lowest branch of the second tier should be at least 24 inches above the top of the lower tier. • Selectively remove secondary shoots that are rubbing or growing inward on the lowest two tiers. • Create a “Christmas tree” shape by keeping upper branches shorter than the lower branches.

Third/Fourth Year - Late Winter, Early Spring • Repeat “Second Year Spring” pruning/training concepts to create a third set of scaffold branches. • Remove branches that are rubbing or growing inward allowing sunlight to penetrate the canopy.

1st Year - After Planting

2nd/3rd Year - Late Winter, Early Spring

3rd/4th Year - Late Winter, Early Spring

Yearly Maintenance • Once leader reaches desired height, bend the top and tie it to another branch or cut off the leader just above a weaker side branch. Both techniques stimulate higher fruit production. • Continue to remove branches that are rubbing, growing inward or are diseased/dead. • Depending on the type of fruit tree, removal of the oldest, fruit-bearing spurs may be necessary 5 years from when production starts.

Malus ‘Honeycrisp’

Pyrus ‘Summercrisp’

Malus ‘UEB 3358-3’ (Golden Treat)

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Nature’s Best to You.

From Our Garden to Yours.

www.johnsonsnursery.com Menomonee Falls, WI W180 N6275 Marcy Road 53051 262.252.4988

www.johnsonsgardens.net Cedarburg, WI 8504 Wisconsin Trunk 60, 53012 262.377.2500

2016 Fruit Guide Updated 2016

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2016 Fruit Stock  

Fruit Trees and fruit shrubs available in 2016 at Johnson's Nursery, Inc. in Menomonee Falls, WI.

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