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                       Stoppin ng Trafficking g Before It Sttarts! 

2 09   200 Ann nuall Rep portt


Mr.. Vichetr Uon, Mr. Aaron M Marshburn  and d Ms. Dawn Schary 

Introduc ction


he Sao Sary Foun ndation is a nonreligious n s, non-politiccal, independ dent humanitarian and childc ment organizzation. SSF collaboratess with local and a international centerred developm nongo overnment organizationss and with th he national and a local govvernment to ensure effecctive and accountable e programming.

Contact Informati I ion #181, # Group p 5, Peanica a Kam village e, Rokha Thom m commune, Chbar Morrn district, Kam mpong Speu province, Kingdom of Cambodia 06, Mobile: +855 12 471 10 +85 55 11 428 89 96 E-Mail: info@ @ssfcambod Skype: Website: W htttp:// Blog: http://sssfcambodia om

Fair Trade Sh hop Conta act: Mr. Emirr Mujezinovicc E-Maiil: info@bara Webssite: http://ba

My World d Wish Ca ampaign SSF in colla aboration witth the Global Colors to ru un a campaign called “M My World Wish”. W It wass created to t provide opportunities for disadvantaged indivviduals aroun nd the world d through ma aking wish bead necklaces. More M informa ation about MY WORLD D WISH plea ase its websiite http://www w.myworldw

Bank Acc count Account A ho older: Sao Sary S Founda ation #181, # group p 5, Peanicha a Kam Villag ge, Rokha Thom m Commune e, Chbar Morn district, Kam mpong Speu province, Cambodia Bank: ACLE EDA Bank Plc. P # 61, Preah Monivong Blvd., B Phnom m Penh, Camb bodia Account A nu umber: 0500 02061881211 Bank code:: ACLBKHPP P Online donation: m/donate?ssf


Message from the t Dire ector On behalf of the SSF team m, I am pleaseed to present tthe Progress Report R for thee 2009 fiscal year, which covers c our m the seccond time thaat SSF has beeen able to operations froom Septembeer 01, 2008 too August 31, 2009. This marks produce p an annnual progresss report sincee the foundingg of our organnization in 20006. The purpose of this updatte is to keep our donors and a supporterrs informed about a the t operation ns of the Sao o Sary Founndation as wee continue too grow. Maade possible p throough the efforrts of Mr. Aaron Marshburn, SSF hass continued to benefit b from the service volunteers v from around thee world who have h worked hard h to improove the abilitty of our orgaanization to m make a lasting impact in our communnity. In orderr effectively document thhe work we have done during the past p year, Aaaron spent tw wo weeks at the SSF com mpound in Kampong K Sppeu, conductin ng interviews with SSF beeneficiaries annd learning about the currrent state of affairs a in Cam mbodia and thhe operations of the Sao Sary Foundattion. His assessments havve been incluuded in orderr to clearly illustrate thee importancee of our work, w the sppecial aspeccts of our organization, and the speccific details of o the program ms and projeccts we have o to combbat human traafficking, vioolence, and exxploitation in instituted in order all of its form ms in Camboddia. As A a non-proofit organizatiion, we rely fully on the support of ou ur friends, doonors, and volunteeers who, thro ough their acttions and conntributions, join us in ouur fight to improve the lives l of the po oorest and moost vulnerablee people in Caambodia. Coonsequently, I would like too take this opportunity to t extend to you our utmost gratitudde to all of our fundingg partners (R Riverkids, Grroundwork Opportunitiess, Global Co olors, and IM MAXX Smartt Webs Soluutions), and individual doonors and conntributors. Without W yourr efforts, it wo ould not havee been possibble for us to co ontinue to prootect at least fifty childrenn (95% are underage u girlls) at high risk for being trrafficked in addition a to asssisting more than t one hunddred of the pooorest and most m vulneraable families in i order to en nsure they cann protect andd care for theiir children th hemselves in the t future. While W there is i still so mucch work to bee done, you can take pridee in the knowlledge that tog gether, we cann and will continue to make m a real im mpact on thee lives of the people livinng in extremee poverty, as we move forrward into 2010. 2

Remaining Sincerely Yours, Y

Vichetr V Uon n, Executive Director/Fou D under E-Mail: Vich hetr@ssfcam Skype:

M Vichetr follow Mr. wed up growth of a malnourish hed boy that SS SF adopted afterr his family lelf him for death


Cu urrent Sttate of Affairs A in Cambodia Aft fter 30 years of social turrmoil, genociide, and arm med conflict, Cambodia C coontinues to faace developm mental challennges, as the country c remaiins one of thhe poorest in A Asia. Although absoolute rates off poverty havve fallen betw A ween 10 and 15% over t past ten yeears, the majoority of rural Cambodians continue to live the l below t national ppoverty line, equating the e to ann income of leess than $0.500 per day. In Kampongg Speu, the province w where SSF works, w 57.8% % of the population ffall below thee poverty linee and 90% off the populatiion do not have accesss to a sanitaary toilet. F For Camboddia’s poor, innsufficient education, vvocational traaining, and em mployment oppportunities are a unable to provide tthe income too meet minim mum needs.

Despite D recennt improvemeents in rates of o primary scchool enrolmeent, a chronicc lack of reso ources in th he education n sector, oveer-crowded schools, andd insufficient hours h of classsroom instrucction have alll continued to o hamper thee effectiveness of public ed ducation in Caambodia. In poor rural arreas, childrenn complete an average of 2.4 years of scchooling com mpared to 5.4 years amongg the t richest. Approximatel A y 65.2% of thhe literate poppulation of Kaampong Speuu province p hass not even graduated g froom primary sschool, and 72.6% of alll literate femalles have not graduated g from m primary schhool. Since gainfull employmentt is often imppossible to finnd in the poorrest and mostt isolated ruraal communitiies, rural-to-uurban and cross-border migration m byy vulnerable v faamilies and inndividuals has become inccreasingly com mmon. In thee process, p manny become victims of traafficking for sexual explooitation, laborr exploitation, begging ringss, or forced marriage. m Many M womenn and girls in n Cambodia, including ethhnic Vietnameese, are luredd away from their t homes with w promisees of better opportunities o as domesticc servants, but are later coeerced into sex xual exploitattion. The maajority end upp Kam mpong Speu proovince in and arounnd the urban areas of Phnom Penh, Sieem Reap, andd Sihanoukviille where w there demand is thhe highest. It I is estimateed that there are close to 80,000 to 100,000 sex slaves s and prostitutes, p w which means that t 1 out of every e 150 peoople in Camboodia is a sex slave s or prostiitute. Cambodiaa remains a m major receivin ng, sending and a transit country foor human traafficking. Thhe most recennt UNAIP report conncludes that many m factors have h contribuuted to the rise in huuman traffickking in Camb bodia. Poveerty is the most signnificant, folllowed by unemploymen u nt, socioeconomic imbalances between ruural areas aand urban centers which w are inteensified by an a increase inn tourism, and a lack k of educatioon and safe migration. m Inn a recent survey coonducted by the Internattional Organiization of Migration n, 62% of traafficked victim ms who escaaped from Thailand reported thatt the originall reason theyy left their homes waas to find jobss to help support their famiily. While adu ult men who migrate willingly to com mparatively richer cou untries in A Asia continuee to find thhemselves exploited for forced labor in the agricuulture, fishingg, and construuction industrries, women are a traffickedd primarily for forced labbor in factoriees, domestic labor, and sexxual exploitatiion.


Sadly, accordding to the most m recent reeport by ECP PAT Cambodia, nearly onee third of thee victims traffficked for sexual exploiitation are chiildren. The U.S. U State Deppartment has estimated thaat approximately 600,000 to t 800,000 children a yeaar are traffickked across intternational boorders. UNIC CEF estimatess are higher, suggesting s thaat as many as 1.2 million n children aree trafficked ev very year worrldwide. With W well ov ver half the poopulation beloow the age off 20, Camboddia faces a groowing probleem of providinng gainful job j opportunnities for its young popuulation, whicch increases the drive tooward cross-b border migraation, and perpetuates p th he cycle of vuulnerability thhat results in hhuman trafficcking. Although A Caambodian law ws prohibits kidnapping k fo for forced prostittution of persons of any agge, there are nno laws prohibitting child pornnography, annd Article 42 oof the t Cambodian law code states that sexual abuse noot involving penetration iss punishablee only as a misdemeanor m r. Regardlesss, very few arrrests are madde each year to enforce e thesee laws, so therre is little leggal protection p for the young and a vulnerab ble. Combineed with w these lo oosely enforcced laws, thee legal age oof consent is jusst 15 years olld, foreign peedophiles com me to t Cambodia in order to have h sex with h “children” aas international norms placee the age of consent at 18. Although A thee number of tourists visitting Camboddia has h declined d since the recent finanncial crisis, a significant prroportion of foreign f touristts who visit C Cambodia com me primarily to take advan ntage of the loow-cost of prostitution p a easy accesss to child sexx workers witthout fear of prosecution. and p Although A thee press often pegs foreign demand as thhe reason beh hind the grow wth of the Caambodian sexx industry, Daniela D Reale, an advisor from Save thhe Children said "local dem mand is the fforce driving this abuse.” Moreover she stated thaat “70 percennt of all brothhel patrons arre native to Cambodia.” C C Children are forced f into prrostitution and their servvices openly sold, s often to regional busiinessmen andd government officials. Offten times, according to Mark M Capald di from Ecpat Internationall, “these brothhels and crim minal networkks are being su upported andd protected by b high ranking officials." This has been b widely cited c as one of o the primaryy reasons forr the limited success s of international efforts to red duce child sexx exploitationn and human trafficking t inn Cambodia. Widespread ccorruption in the governnment and thee weakness of o Cambodiann law enforceement agenciees has hinderred the effectiiveness of key k initiatives that have soought to proseecute child seex offenders. mmitment froom Cambodiaan law enforrcement agenncies to prosecute sex offfenders is The extreme lack of com reflected r by the t 2009 firstt quarter repoort on sexual trafficking an nd debaucherry cases in Cambodia. There T were only 80 reporrted rape cases countrywiide affecting 85 victims, 52 5 of whom w were minors. However, itt is highly unlikely u that these figures adequately reeflect the natuure of the prooblem. Estim mates from UN NICEF suggesst that 1 in 36 cases of rape are ever reported to thhe authoritiess, a number th hat is likely m much higher in i Cambodia. To make the t situationn even grimm mer, of the 80 reportedd cases, there have been NO N convictioons for thesee crimes. y of Statee This May, Cambodia’’s Secretary t the couuntry expectss to see ann announced that increase in prostitution and human n traffickingg throughout t th he rest of 20009 as the unnemploymentt rate r continu ues to climbb during thhe economicc downturn. The T IMF has projected p thatt Cambodia’ss GDP is likelly to fall by y at least a half percent. During D the first two months m in 2009, 2 textilee n 30 perccent from thee exportations plummeted nearly i 2008, while dozens of factories f havee same period in had h to close down d due to a lack of ordeers. This hass left more thann 50,000 workers jobless.


Garment facttory closings are only onee indication of problems p th he world finnancial crisees poses for Cambodia’s poor. Since 2008, Cambodia hass r prices, especially for continued to experienced rising g to a recent CDRI reportt, fuel and foodd. According transportation t n and housingg materials have h increasedd by b 27%, resp pectively. Fo ood prices haave increasedd by b 36.8%, and a the pricees for rice, the t country’ss staple crop, have h doubled d. Rising infflation has hiit Cambodia’s poor p the harddest, where thhe poorest 400 percent p of thee population spend nearlyy 70% of theirr daily income on food. ght side, many m local farmers f havee On the brig benefited b froom the rise in food pricees. Howeverr, Cloth h factory in Cam mbodia. Photo so ource is from intternet only about 34% of rurral families were able tto produce p a surrplus for sale,, partially beccause 21% of rural househoolds do not evven own land d. For F Cambodiia’s extremelly poor, obtaiining sufficieent food continues to be a daily strugggle. Accordding to the same report by b the CDRI,, 50% of houuseholds reported cutting back b on food as a way of coping with high food prices, p makin ng it almost im mpossible forr many families to provide proper nutrittion for their children. c Additionally, school dropout rates are highest h amongg food insecuure families who w are forcedd to keep theiir children froom school w to support the family.. 98% have contracted c neew debts sincee March 20077 in order to cope with in order to work the t current shhock, a statistic that has shown little signs of decreasing significanntly in the neaar future. Even E though Cambodia allready receives around $6600 million a year in aid ffrom internatiional donors to t help its naround seem m unlikely. As A the global eeconomy slow ws down, foreeign direct development,, prospects foor a quick turn investment an nd assistance is likely to deecrease dramatically.

The five vulneerable children n who parents run away afteer they cannot manage m the deebts they borroowed from miccro-finance institution andd local moneyllenders. Thosee children righ ht now are livin ng with their oldest o and disab ble grandparents. Please


About SSF The Sao Sary Foundation is a nonreligious, non-political, and independent humanitarian organization devoted to ending human trafficking and helping poor children and families gain economic independence in impoverished communities. SSF centers around our children; thus, child sponsorship is our basic foundation. SSF was founded in 2006 and officially recognized by the national government of the Kingdom of Cambodia as a non-profit organization in 2007.

Kampong Speu Street children with their hopefulness and trust SSF can support them to go to school as well as getting them some skills to generate cash for their families buying food but unfortunately, SSF excused as couldn’t expand the service to reach them.


SSF values and promotes the rights of children, thus, we work to create opportunities for meaningful child participation in all of our programs. We have the potential and responsibility to make our country [Cambodia] one in which every child has the opportunity to fully develop all aspects of his/her unique personality and talents within a supporting family, community and society. We value these eight principles which guide our work and relationships: 1. We value people: SSF is committed to developing equitable relationships through listening to and respecting people's ideas, morals, and culture. 2. We are open and responsive to change: SSF believes that openness to change begins with the individual. SSF and its staff welcome feedback; we seek to learn from our mistakes, as well as our successes in order to build an organization committed to reflection and learning. This will enable us to develop appropriate and effective strategies for achieving our vision. 3. We are professional: SSF is a non-profit organization committed to excellence. We provide equal opportunities to all of the children, families, and volunteers we work with, regardless of age, gender, disability, ethnicity, religious and/or political affiliation. 4. We are honest: SSF is both accountable and transparent. We take ownership and responsibility for all of our actions, while being open and honest in all that we do.


5. We are committed to t helping th hose in need:: SSF is com mmitted to woorking with neeedy childrenn, families and other vullnerable peop ple. Our belieff is that sustaainable develo opment shoulld stem directtly from the people p and that t through self-empower s rment, capaciity building, aand participation they can iimprove theirr lives. 6. We are committed c to o peace and justice: j Peacce and justice are at the heaart of any pro ogram that SS SF creates. SSF is an org ganization thhat conducts business b in thhe most peaceful way posssible, withouut causing anny harm to other people, animals, or the t environmeent. We aim ffor the equalitty and justice for all childrren. 7. We reallize the impoortance of alll of our partn nerships: Whhether it is lonng term or on ne-time donorrs, specific program p parttnerships, and d/or strictly volunteer v effoorts, SSF ackknowledges itts donors and d partners reggardless of age, gender, disability, relligious or pollitical affiliation. SSF dep pends fully onn support proovided from our o donors and/or partneers. 8. We do not n have any religious afffiliation: At S SSF we do no ot incorporate any religiouss practices in our work, nor n do we force any religiion upon our beneficiariess. We do how wever, need fi financial assisstance from any and all types t of fundding partnerss, whether relligiously affiiliated or not. In our worrk, we seek mutual m respecct through understanding u g among our multi-faith sttaff and comm munities.

Our Visio on SSF believe es in a pro oactive apprroach to pro otect children from m any form of o violence, exploitation and abuse. Rath her than wa aiting until it’’s too late, S SSF strives to identify i at risk childre en and pro ovide sustainable assistance to both th he children and their t familiess.

Our Miss sion SSF works to achieve e lasting im mprovementss for erty in Cambodia's poo orest children living in pove at unites people communitiess, through a process tha across cultu ures and ad dds meaning and value to their t lives byy:

Vichettr showed Roelo of van Laar, Pollicy & Project Director D of No Child Abu use about Kamp pong Speu slum m.

Enab bling depriv ved children n, their fam milies and their commu unities to me eet their basic needs and d to increase e their abilityy to participa ate in and bene efit from their societies.

Inspiring deprive ed children, their familie es and theirr communities to socially and econ nomically empower themse elves to be agents a of ch hange in theiir own lives a and for a mo ore equitable e world.

Prevventing and responding g to violencce, exploitattion and ab buse againsst children- including commercial sexu ual exploitattion, traffickiing, child labour and ha armful traditional practicces, such as fe emale genita al mutilation//cutting and child marriage.

SSF and Cambod dia’s Milllennium Develop pment Go oals        

Goal 1: Eradicatte extreme poverty p and hunger h Goal 2: Achieve universal nine-year bassic education n Goal 3: Promote e gender equ uality and em mpower wom men Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Goal 5: Improve maternal he ealth Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria m and other diseasses Goal 7: Ensure environment e tal sustainab bility Goal 8: Forge A Global Partnership For Development


Summ mary of Major M Pro ojects a and Goals What Makes M SSF F Unique? ? Whhile there aree many NGO O’s and otheer aid grooups that focuus on helpingg people who have beeen victimizedd by humann traffickingg and sexxual exploitattion, SSF is special s in thee fact thaat it seeks to identify childrren at high rissk for beiing traffickedd in order to prevent p them from beiing exploited in the first place. p To achieve thiss goal, SSF F has created a standarrdized sysstem that alloows the orgaanization to input datta collected from f initial assessments a oof the fam mily’s historyy in order to determine d the level of risk faced bby each chilld consideredd for sup pport. Sim milar to thee process ussed by insuurance com mpanies, facttors such as family f size, parent p employmeent status, debbt levels, literracy, gender, land ownershhip, the prevaalence of alcooholism, drugg use, and HIV within w the fam mily, and thee family’s finnancial statuss are assignedd different vaalues according to their causaal significance, using past data from trrafficked childdren to determ mine their reelative importtance. Children who w score aboove a certain level l are then selected for aid. a Unfortunattely, due to current c financcial constrainnt, SSF has identified far more childreen at high-rissk for potential trrafficking theen they can fully f support. A special emphasis e is pplaced on pro otecting girls older than ten yeears old, as sttatistics show w that they reppresent the highest risk off being trafficcked, primarilly for sexual exp ploitation. Girrls are also more m likely to be deprived of o the chance to attend schhool as Camboodian society larrgely consideers the educattion of womeen as unimpoortant, since women tradiitionally remaain at home and do not work. i is nearly im mpossible to SSF underrstands that it help the affected a childdren without also a helping their famiilies. Althoough some victims are trafficked by stranggers, a mu uch higher percentagee are trafficcked by som meone they know, a fact f that illu ustrates that family and communityy members play a major role r in either facilitatingg or preventting human trafficking. Furthermore, The Minisstry of Sociall Affairs and Youth Rehhabilitation found fo that neaarly 47% of those who managed to return to Cam mbodia after being traffficked to Th hailand stated that their mother faccilitated their forced migraation, usually in order too settle escalaating debt or alleviate the extreme pooverty of the entire e family.. Nick and Jok ke, our supporte ers in Belgium provided p some white m Em, 72, vulne erable grandma who SSF also recognizes that the factors thatt rice, milk annd sugar to Aem care for th hree-grand child dren contribute to human traafficking do not n stop at thee children’s immediate faamily – it is a community w wide problem m. As a resultt, SSF has inccreasingly become n projects such as well buuilding that bbenefit entire villages, manny of whom have no acceess to involved in clean drinkking water, foorcing the fam milies who livve in them to spend up to 550 percent of their daily inncome simply to buy b water from outside sou urces.


Ensuring access a to quaality educationn for childrenn is a high prriority, provinng time and time t again too be a highly efffective mechaanism for prreventing chiildren from becoming innvolved in commercial sexual exploitatioon. Although SSF does no ot run its own school, the organization o pprovides the children c with daily pocket mo oney, bicycless for transporrtation, uniforrms for schoool, and all thee school mateerials they neeed in order to atttend state schhools, in addittion to hiringg tutors and coonducting sem minars in the compound too help supported children to su ucceed academ mically.


Some e of children provided p spec cial care by SS SF and its parttners in FY’09

Although the t primary goal g of SSF is i to prevent human traffiicking, the orrganization haas also comm mitted itself to prreventing all forms f of viollence, exploittation, abuse, and discrimiination withinn the communities in which itt works. In orrder to achievve these goalss, SSF emphaasizes the impportance of ressponsibility. Sadly, man ny parents wh ho were them mselves raisedd in difficult circumstances c s do not fully y comprehendd their role in impproving the livves of their chhildren. SSF F’s Livelihood d Program, w which works in n conjunctionn with its Child Protection P Proogram, has soought to proviide opportuniities to the pooorest familiees to begin eaarning money usinng the skills they t already posses, p or teaaching them new n skills theyy can use. Thhe poorest fam milies are given a chance to double d or trip ple their dailyy incomes byy providing sttartup capitall for them to open small busiinesses. Thiss helps to shoow these fam milies that theey can be ressponsible and d help themseelves, instead of relying r on othhers who ultim mately exploiit them and thheir children. Because SSF S recognizzes the imporrtance of fam mily in improving the livves of suppo orted childrenn, the organizatioon places empphasis on alloowing them too live with thheir families, iin their own communities. c The majority of o those that SSF supports live at hom me as opposeed to placingg them in institutionalizedd care where theyy are unable to t assist their younger brotthers and sisteers. Moreoveer, child adopption program ms and the like diisplace the chhildren from their commuunities and families f that make up an important paart of Cambodian n life. Howevver, in abusivve householdss, SSF recognnizes that livinng at home iss detrimental tto the developmeent of the chilld. Additionaally, some villages are so far from the nearest schoo ol that it wouuld be nearly imppossible for the children to travel baack and fortth each day, especially when w the rouute is dangerous.. If supporteed children liive more thann 6 km from their school, then the chhildren are givven a place to sttay at the SSF F compound,, which is cloose enough too their homes that they caan frequentlyy visit their families.


C iss more than juust a shelter The SSF Compound that providdes a safe placce to stay and d food to eat, but also a place p for learrning. The greater goal of the Sao Saary Foundatioon is to teach the children skills that will allow thhem to succeeed on their own once they grow up so that they t will be better equuipped to proovide for theeir families. SSF underrstands that prrotecting them m from harm is only a solution thatt will help thhem for the present. Social and financial f eduucation is of paramountt importance,, in order to ensure that they will be able to succeed s throuughout their lives. SSF ru unning compound and working g space in Kamp pong

SSF seeks to instill thee idea that onne must be abble to Speu o and truly t desire more m than a liife of think for oneself, hard labor and poverty. Without succcessful parenntal role moddels, the childdren that SSF supports have had few chances to learn simple life skillls that manyy people take for granted, such as finanncial responsiibility and the im mportance of learning. l By teaching them m vocational skills such aas haircutting,, massage theerapy, cooking, and a customer service, SSF F hopes to proovide them with w a chance to develop long-term bussiness strategies that are fosteered through confidence-bbuilding invoolvement. Thhrough operaations such as a the S seeks to provide the children c withh the tools theey need to become compoundd’s banana cakke business, SSF independen nt leaders in their t communnity.

Everything tthat happen E ns at the SSF c compound is done in a way to suupport c community innvolvement. Everyone E invoolved w the organnization, inclluding the staaff, is with trreated the same with mutual resspect. E Everyone lives and works together. t Whhereas C Cambodian c culture is based arounnd a h hierarchical sttructure that requires r obeddience too elders, SS SF has worked to establish a supportive ennvironment where w everyone’s iddeas can be hheard. In facct, the childreen are e encouraged too try to comee up with ideeas of thheir own, a characteristic is not often taaught inn Cambodiann schools. Th he same ideaas are p promoted withhin the comm munities, because it is eqqually imporrtant to teachh adults abouut the beneefits of listenning to their children. Sadly, S few peoplee in Camboddia recognize the importannce of giving back to theirr communitiees as interperrsonal relationshiips often stopp at the fam mily level. While W the chhildren are taaught about the t importancce of volunteer efforts and thhe ways theyy can work too solve the problems p theyy see in sociiety, SSF hass also instituted mechanisms m that provide for monthly community wide w meetinggs. By poolinng their ideas and their resou urces, SSF unnderstands thaat the commuunities will be b better positioned to resp pond to theirr own problems in i the future. SSF children teached women w househo old heads suppo orted by SSF on how h to wash the eir hands


Child Protection n Program m Overvie ew SSF's Chilld Protection Program aim ms to alleviatte child while poverty in n Cambodia's poorest communities, c preventingg all forms off violence, expploitation andd abuse against children, c esspecially commercial sexual exploitatioon, traffickingg, child labor and child marrriage. This is achieved th hrough a comprehensiv c ve and integrated one-to-one child sponsoorship prograam that i terms of health, takes caree of each chhild's needs in education and social welfare. w Currently, SSF suupports 50 children n, half of whiich are fully sponsored. Health: The T majority of supportedd children haave had little in th he way of medical m care before their involvemen nt with the S Sao Sary Fouundation. Health H assessmentts are conduucted immediately when the t child has been selecteed for aid. Additionally their progress iss traced throuugh monthly follow up apppointments while full medical checku ups are condducted every six months, m with the goal of im mproving andd maintaining the overall phhysical and mental m health of all sponsored children duriing their partiicipation in SS SF’s Child Prrotection Proggram. n: In order to ensure access to bbasic Education education for all prograam participannts, every chilld is enrolled inn public schoool. This inncludes providding bicycles iff necessary, all a required school s materrials, pocket mooney, and daaily meals. Moreover, SSF offers informal English and computeer literacy claasses h child with the t skills thatt are in order too prepare each required for f success in the woorkplace andd in institutionss of higher leaarning. Social wellfare: The orrganization places importaance on supplem mental traininng that seeks to build soocial skills that many childrren do not develop d at hoome. Examples include healtth awareness,, social moraality, ghts, legal rig ghts, goal settting, craft skkills, human rig vocational training (sewing, haaircutting, ssmall business management, m etc), and agricultural a sskills (vegetable gardening, poultry raisingg, compostingg, etc).

SSF ch hildren learned how to communicate with fore eigner with their t second lea arned lanague, English E with the e our v visitors from UK K

Shelter: Although A the SSF S compoun nd provides shhelter to childdren with no other optionss, its primary focus is to servve as a suppport within thhe communiity to reinforrce the orgaanization’s mission m and ggoals. Additionallly SSF has puursued partneerships with local Buddhisst temples (forr boys) and ruun own comppound (for girls) as a an alternattive to living at a home in sppecial circumsstances. Income Generation G – Because emeergency aid only o offers a temporary soolution to a lo ong-term probblem, SSF encou urages supporrted children to take respoonsibility for their t own futuure in order to t ensure thatt they will not allways need too be dependeent upon aid tto survive. Following F em mergency meaasures that innclude helping fam milies to setttle their outsttanding debtss that preventt them from doing anythiing other thann pay interest annd purchase food fo for their families, SS SF has soughtt teach childrren the skills they need too earn money through particip pation in projects such as the banana cake selling operation locaated at the froont of the SSF co ompound.


Child Social and d Financia al Educattion The Sao Sary Founddation places special g social and financial emphasis on providing SF works education for the chilldren that SS with. Whhile providingg children wiith shelter and food is i important, SSF knows that such forms of relief r are onlly temporary solution, and do litttle to equip thhe children to t provide for themseelves later on n in life. Inn order to accomplishh this goal, SSF has sought s to provide the t supporteed children with an opportunityy to learn real life sk kills in a controlled environment througgh their b participatioon in homegrrown small businesses that also provide their families f with money to live on.

SSF children learned how to o raise poultries in SSF compou und

l report SSF has continuued teaching the t children how h to make artificial flow wers for sale in i the Since the last local mark ket. Because of rising foodd costs, whichh force many poor familiess to live “from m hand to moouth,� SSF has allso sought to teach the ch hildren importtant agricultuural skills. At A the compouund, SSF raisses its own chickkens in additioon to laying the t groundwoork for a straw w mushroom growing operation once spores become avvailable. Recently SSF hass reached an agreement wiith a neighboor to turn an unused u plot off land into a vegeetable gardenn. Working toogether, the cchildren cleanned up the lott and have begun to preparre the beds and plant p banana trees. SSF hopes h that thee success of the t operation will encouraage the childrren to bring thesee ideas to baack to their communities c as there are many places suitable for the cultivatioon of vegetabless that are curreently unused. The banaana cake seelling operattion has provided a hands-on opportunity for the children to t learn business and marketing m skills. When W the opeeration was launched l about a yeear ago, the business only y earned about 3 doollars a day, but b recently, SSF has been able to earn up to 5 dollars per day selling baanana cakess in front of the compoundd, using meth hods that the children can see in action. Onee of the primaary ways that SSF has been able to t increase prrofits has been throuugh product differentiatio on as the operation has expandeed to sell not n only banana cak kes, but also yam cakes, and taro O Taiwanese visitor, v Pyke tra ained our childre en how to sell khmer k cakes. Thhe hope is thaat the childrenn will see Our s sweet that they can use their own initiaative and skills to prroduce produucts that peopple will want to buy. Theere are many places to buyy banana cakkes in Kampong Speu, but thee others are onnly available at SSF. Furthermore, the SSF has h conducted seminars too teach the children aboutt the proper ways w to deal with customers.. Although they t are oftenn very shy w when trying neew things, thhrough practicce sales exerccises, SSF has triied to show thhem that custtomer service and a hardwoorking image are very impportant aspects of a successful business. Several weekss ago, the chiildren came up u with the iddea to clean up the area out o in front of thee compound to t make the stand s more attractive and draw d attentionn to the storeffront. It is haard to tell whetheer or not this has impacted the sales inn such a shorrt time but it is a step in the t right direcction. The most important i message we wannt them to undderstand is thhat they can im mplement their own ideas iin the future.



SSF children practiced their learned skill on n selling banana a cakes

Livelihoo od Program m Overview w Althouugh SSF is ann organization n that is prim marily concerrned with the welfare of chhildren who are a in dangerr of being exploited e as a result of their familyy’s extreme poverty, many familiess are unwilling to allow SSF to fully help h their chiildren becausse they need their children n to stay at home h and woork in order to t support thee family. In order for theese families too allow their children to return r to or stay s in schoool, SSF has sought to proovide alternaative ways foor poor familiies to earn m money in the form of start up capital foor small businnesses that heelp families to use the skkills they have to earn in ncome. Examples includ de grocery seelling, morninng glory andd vegetable gardens, g and cake baking g. In order too achieve thiis goal, SSF treats Ms. Kong Thuok T showed d Ms.Kim Main n about the way each fam mily as a sppecial case. Providing both she runs gro ocery selling store s technicall assistance and start up capital,, the organizatioon helps famiilies to learn or o expand upoon skills that they can use to reduce theeir level of pooverty and raise their t standardd of living. Key aspects of SSF’s Livvelihood Program includee support for their children, work w planningg/goal settingg, financial grrants, and conntinued techniical assistance, all of whicch are regularly monitored m thro ough evaluatiion mechanisms.


Support foor their Childdren: UNICE EF has estimaated that 158 8 million children aged 5-14 are engagged in child laborr worldwide - one in six children in the t world. Additionally A a report from m the Internattional Labor Orgganization pubblished in 200 00 has suggessted that almoost 75% of thhe child domeestic laborers don't receive any y pay. Childd Labor usuallly interferes w with children’s education, as poor famiilies from preessure their childdren, especially underage girls, to dropp out of schoool and get joobs using forrged paperwoork to circumvennt child labor laws. The key k to prevennting child laabor lies in eensuring that all children go to school andd that their edducation is off good qualityy, so providiing families with other ways to earrn money is critical. c If ch hildren are unnable to attennd school beccause they aree needed to heelp support thhe family eco onomically, SSF supportts the child’’s education in conjuncttion with their family tto ensure thee head of thee household can run theiir business without w neediing their chiildren to drop out of schhool. With each familyy selected foor support, thhe goal is thaat by the second year theey are able too support theirr own childreen’s educationn. However if i it is not posssible, SSF will w continue tto sponsor thee child’s educcational needs.

Work Plan ns/Goal Settin ng: Helping th he families too set goals annd create a suuccessful busiiness plan is the most imp portant part of o the Livelihoodd Program. Most M of Cambodia's pooresst people lackk a sense of ddirection when n conductingg their daily workk, often failin ng to understaand the link bbetween theirr expenditurees and profitss. The Houseehold Work Plan n allows them m to focus onn what they nneed to do daily, d monthlyy, and yearlyy in order to run a successful business. b establishin ng what SSF F refers to ass the “New R Routine.” Th he idea is to help This is accomplished by targeted faamilies to sw witch to uniquue and more financially sustainable s aactivities that can support their entire famiily, instead of allowing th hem to continnue repeating low-income generating jo obs that do litttle to raise their standards of living. For innstance, insteaad of waiting to harvest onne crop beforee planting anoother, urages farminng families too use successsive plantingss for continuuous harvestinng. Through basic SSF encou training in work management skills, SSF helps eaach family to reach r higher levels of prodductivity, resuulting ngly higher liiving standard ds. in increasin Finaancial Grantts: Due to t their exttreme poverty, selected families do not have ennough finanncial resourcees to start buusinesses on their own, even if theyy have the driive to do so. As a result, SSF prrovides initiial grants from approoximately $775.00 to $25 50.00 in starrt up capital. Additionnal supportt is sometimes d or improvee the proviided in ordeer to expand businness once it hhas proven viaable. SSF doees not proviide the cash to families directly, d but rather r purchhases everythhing the fam milies need too get starteed. Curreently, SSF does not proppose new kinnds of businnesses or careeers to targett families. Insstead, every venture v SSF hhelps to estabblish already eexists within the communnity. At the same timee, the m agree putt forth fresh ideas i designeed to carve ouut a special nniche, either through t the use u of families must new technniques that increase i productivity or through pro oduct differeentiation and d other markketing strategies Ms.Ming Mao showed us s the way she orders o cups whe en d untensils prov vided to enable her cooked witth materials and bus siness again


ogy: Methodolo Every business or careeer that SSF supports e within n the com mmunity. already exists However, SSF works within w the com mmunity f busineesses and tecchniques to make family more produuctive, introdducing familiees to our New Routiines (see beloow).

What is the New Routin ne? SSF’s New w Routine is a method too switch target fam milies from reepeating low w-income generatingg activities to o unique, fin nancially sustainablee activities that t can supp port the entire fam mily. For exaample, currenntly one SSF targett family has used u the plantting of morniing glory, a vegetable v cropp, on one ridg ge and waitinng for harvest before planting another, rath her than successive plantin ngs for continnuous harvesting. Under SSF’s S New Rouutine, they will becom me more Mrr. Vichetr consulted Ms. Kong Thuok T regarding g business plan n, loss productivee through moore frequent planting ng the business s in a month or profit through runnin for daily harvesting.

Technical Assistant: Technical support is proovided to every SSF family to ensure e they meet m a high staandard of work. This T links to SSF’s S Follow Up mechanism m.

Follow Upp: SSF has set s up a two year mechan nism to follow upp on every SSF target family. Weekly viisits at their family residdence or their workpplace are connducted by SS SF staff. This will monitor how w target famillies can run their businesses b an nd technical advising a will then be conductted to furtheer their knowledgee and business skills. Global playgro ounds visitors vi visited SSF targe et beneciaries a and buying some goods g selling at Ms.Kim Mai gro ocery selling sto ore

Evaluation n: At the endd of each one-year period, SSF S will evalluate target faamilies on theeir economic improvement i ts and self-sustainnability by measuring m incoome and capital improvem ments. A fam mily economicc assessment form has been developed d for this evaluatioon.


Progre ess with h other Program P ms and Projects P

Cerebral Palsy Pro o Program Progress Started in March of 2008, 2 SSF’s pilot project to benefit diisabled peop ple in Camb bodia has bbeen extremely successful thhus far. Althhough no reliaable informatioon regarding the prevalence of disabbled people in Kampong K Sppeu is availab ble, the DED has estimated that t there are about 600 su uch people in this province who w are affeected by meental or physsical birth defeccts. Unlike in many other countries, c the government has hose with phhysical or meental done nothiing to help th disabilitiess – just for the deaf and the bllind. Unfortunattely, a large percentage of o the peoplee in Cambodia,, a predom minantly Buuddhist counntry, believe thhat disabled d people were w born w with problems because of the bad deeds they hhave committedd in a formerr life. As a result they ooften have little desire to help p them, for fear fe of havingg the same probblems in theirr next life. Even those w who view Cambbodia’s disab bled with a kiinder eye, thiink that it woould be betterr for them to die, in hopess that they will be b reborn intoo a better situaation. The efffect of these misguided beeliefs is that many m are forcced to exist separrated from thee rest of socieety. Recently, SSF has hirred Pongaphhotra In, a yyoung man who w is comm mitted to edducating the poor communitiies in Kampoong Speu aboout the realitiies of physicaal and mentall disabilities. He is thankkfully rehabilitatiing Socheat, a sixteen yearr old girl withh cerebral pallsy who livess at the SSF compound c beccause her father died from AIIDS and her mother m is HIV V positive. He H uses a Jappanese form of o physical theerapy called c Do Sahhou. As Soch heat improvess, this helps h his grreater goal to prove too her community c thhat it is possible to reinteegrate children c with disabilities into society. “At first f even her family did not believe thaat she could c be helpeed,” he said, “but “ after woorking with w her for sseveral monthhs, she has leaarned to sit up on heer own and ev ven express heerself to some deggree.” Beforre, she coulld do nothing n but liie in bed. SS SF can only afford a to pay for therrapy twice a week, w howeveer the children c who live at the compound c proovide both b extra help in addition a to the encouragemen e nt she neeeds to conntinue working w towaards being abble to feed heerself, and a perhaps, someday leaarning to wallk on her h own. Although the t high costts of medical screenings and a therapy have h preventeed SSF from working withh any more childdren at the moment, m the organization o hopes to usee Socheat’s success story as an exampple to prove to other o commuunities througghout Kamponng Speu thatt there is stilll hope for children c born with cerebral paalsy or other disabilities. d


Well building with Groundwo ork Opporttunities This past year, y SSF waas able to insttall another well servin ng 30 households with appproximately 150 househ hold memberrs in a sub-villlage called Kraing Roohong, throu ugh a partneership with another organization called Groundwork G Form merly, the reesidents of Opportunitties. Kraing Roohong had too buy all of their water from otherr sources at a cost of at leaast 35 cents per day, allmost half off the money they t earned from gatheering and sellling palm leavves that are used for roooftops. The rest of their income i had to be usedd to buy foood and repayy the debts, leaving theem unable to save for timees of crises, or medicall emergenciess. Barely able to survive each week, the t children of Kraing Rohong had no opportunitty to attend Kraing Rohonng residents aree given big smilee with pump-weell gift school durring the dayy, because thheir families gran nted by GO needed theeir help to pro ovide for the family. f This iis an unfortun nate conditionn that preventts them from being b able to brreak the cyccle of povertty that persiists in Cambbodia’s pooreest communiities. Hungryy and uneducatedd, many of thhe villagers haave been forced to take outt loans they ccould never reepay. The ressult is that they become b susceeptible to hum man traffickinng when peopple come to the t village po osing as legitiimate businessmen, promising g a better lifee in Thailand or in bigger cities in Cam mbodia. The reality is thatt they arrive at th heir destinatio on and find th hemselves expploited, abuseed, and often ttimes, worse off than they were before. ng for their liffe is a Young boyys taken to Thhailand are offten subjectedd to slave-likee conditions, where fearin part of theiir daily realityy. Young girrls are persuadded to move to t Phnom Pennh to work in garment factories, but usually y they end upp being sold to brothels w where they are forced intoo employmennt as sex worrkers. This puts them at high h risk for conntracting HIV V and leaves them t displaced from theirr families with no hope of evver returning.. The well, which w was buiilt in two weeeks during April A of 2009, has provideed the entire villaage with access to clean water, alleviiating a majo or financial burden b on beehalf of the entire e communityy. This will allow a them to o start saving m money that thhey will be abble to invest in n small businnesses to generatee regular incoome in the future. SSF alsoo worked in cooperation c w well-conttractor to trainn five with of the villagers in the proper ways to maintain the well, so that they will be able to fix any probblems themselvess, without waasting preciouus resources tto pay outsidde contractorss. In many ways, w the ability to fix their ow wn problems is crucial to their future ssuccess as the villagers inncreasingly beegin to underrstand that they do d have some control over their lives.

 Kraing Roho ong residents observed their co ommunity mem mbers learning how h to maintena ance and repairr pump-well afte er they studied the course c from our contractor.


World d Day for Prevention of Child Abuse – 19 Novem mber, “Chiild Particip pation in Prreventing Abuse e and Viole ence again nst Childre en” Abuse against wom men and girlss is on the rise r in Cambbodia, according to a govvernment repport released in November of 2008. Nearly one fourth of all females inn Cambodia have sufferedd from domeestic violencee. Moreover, young girls have increasiingly becomee targets of sexual assaultt, according to t the most rrecent Cambbodian Gendder Assessmeent Survey, also releasedd in 2008. The report, released by the Ministrry of Womenn's Affairs, saaid the growinng use of druugs and alcohhol by men was leading to maalicious behavvior against female f Camboodians. The report also saaid that moree than half of all women felt domestic vioolence was juustified in soome cases in what it calleed “a mentaliity of passive accceptance” thaat has preventted efforts to eend the problem. As a result, SSF belieeves that increeased education and stop hunnger are the most m importannt factors in changing c the attitudes thaat allow attackks on women and d children to go unreported d. Although in i the last deecade, great progress p has bbeen made arround the woorld to inform m people abouut the realities off child abusee, last year SSF was one of only five organizationns in all of Cambodia C toook the opportunityy to recognizze the worldw wide Child Abbuse Preventiion day on November N 19thh. While the other groups foccused primariily on writingg to politicianns, SSF has approached a itt on a commu unity level, w where understandding of what constitutes ass child abuse is at a minim mum. Althouugh nearly evveryone recoggnizes that violennce against ch hildren is wroong, many parrents and children do not understand th he emotional harm inflicted onn children thrrough other fo orms of abusee that are not as easily recoognized.

Small gro oup discussio on about defin nitions and terrms of child, child c rights and abuse on 19 9 November 2008 at SS SF compound.


a day educaational sessioon, SSF conccluded that 95 9 per cent of o the In a pretest conducted before the all d not know or understannd the meanin ng of words and terms, “cchild, child rights, participatinng children did child respoonsibilities, domestic d viollence, and abbuse”, whilst the other 5 per cent werre unsure off their meanings. When askedd about domestic violence,, most participants could oonly give us answers a relatiing to physical viiolence or abu use such as hitting h and beaating etc. Th heir concept oof different fo orms of abusee such as emotion nal harassmen nt and child neeglect was minimal. Throughout the daay, the 45 parrticipating chiildren met in smaall groups in an attempt too define and better b understtand importannt concepts annd criteria of child abuse. At A the same time, equal focus was pplaced on innforming thee children off their rightss and responsibillities as childdren in a familly. SSF believves that every y child has thee right to live without fear of their parennts or guardiaans, and that every e child has th he right to earrn an educatioon. These aree both ideas that t are not cuurrently prevaalent in Cambbodia, especially in rural areeas that suffe fer from a ggeneral lack of educationn. Violence can have severe ment. In the most m severe caases, it can leaad to death or injury, howeever it implicationns for children’s developm can also afffect children’s health, theiir ability to leearn, and evenn their willinggness to go to school at all.. Violence destroys d child dren’s self-co onfidence andd can underm mine their ability to be goood parents in i the future, a major m factor co ontributing too the perpetuaation of domeestic violence all over the world. w By seeeking to increasee awareness about the reaalities of chilld abuse and domestic vioolence, SSF hopes that thhe 45 children annd adults wh ho participateed this past yyear in Childd Abuse Prevvention day will serve ass role models forr the rest of the communiity, while SS SF plans to exxpand upon llast year’s suuccess this cooming Novemberr. In the wordds of Licado Spokesman, V Vann Sophat,, “What a chiild needs to do,” d he says, “is “ go to school and a gain know wledge to become a well-educated citizeen for the couuntry in the fu uture.”’

Particip pated children n were took th he photo with 19 November logo provided d.

Expansion of the SSF S Computer Litera acy Projectt The missio on of SSF’s computer c skillls training prooject can be summed s up aas, “increasingg awareness oof the role of Infformation Com mmunication Technology (ICT) in Cam mbodia’s Pooorest Commun nities.” By ggiving children frrom poor rurral backgrounnds increasedd access to co omputers andd information n technology,, SSF seeks to reeduce the disccrepancy betw ween the quality of educatiion between rrural and city students. Laack of computer proficiency p is one of the main problem ms that preveent rural childdren from beeing able to aattend college, where computeer skills are necessary. n Thhe fear is thatt children froom poor rurall backgroundss will dents with access to higher quality educcation, effectiively barring them fall too farr behind to caatch up to stud from the ch hance to everr attend and graduate from college.


SSF’s Com mputer Literracy Project was establisshed in early 20088 with partial funding from f the Rivverkids organizatioon, based inn Singapore. At the prroject’s onset, onee class was set up twicee a week too allow supported children thee chance to learn how to use computers. The first step was to teaach the childreen how ndows XP, th he operating system usedd in the to use Win majority of o Cambodiaa’s businessees and univeersities. Because most m of the chhildren lack a high enouggh level of Englishh proficiency to type in Ennglish, the neext step was teachhing them hoow to use Khmer K Unicodde and Khmer Lim mon typing methods m thatt allow them to use their nativee language on n and off linee. After learnning the most basicc computer sk kills, the currriculum expannded to teach childdren how to use Microso oft Office, inncluding training inn Word, Exceel, PowerPoinnt, Access, O Outlook, Publisher and a Visio.

SS SF Computer class. Those girll students learn ned how to peed up their typing skills sp

f participating studentts and the laack of sufficient computeers in However, overwhelminng demand from or a dedicateed volunteer willing to teeach the classses has thus far prevented the addition too the need fo program frrom achievinng all of its go oals. This yeear, SSF is seeeking to find donors willling to sponssor its Computer Literacy Pro oject. SSF currently c has 4 old compputers; a num mber the orgaanization seeeks to o to betterr meet the neeeds of the paarticipating sttudents. In total, t the projected increase byy fifteen in order cost of creating a new computer c lab and a hiring a teacher t for onne year will bee $8,400. Although significant s prrogress has beeen made, a llot still needs to be done iff we are to suucceed in reduucing the compuuter literacy gap betweenn Cambodia’ss cities and poorer rural communitiess. By receeiving computer skills s training g, they will inncrease their cchances of ob btaining betterr paid, safe and long term jobs. Even havin ng just one faamily memberr who is able to secure an adequate monnthly salary iss an immensee help in relieving the most diifficult aspectts of living inn poverty thaat lead some families f to feeel the need too sell a daughterss into exploitaative situationns. their sons and


Expansion of Engllish Teaching Initiativ ve English is onne of the most important skills that Camboddian children can c learn, opeening up opportuniities for workk in tourism m, and laying the grroundwork for fo future study at university w where Englishh proficiencyy is a must. Childdren coming from poor rural areas almost never learn enough e Engliish to have a chancce to succeed in college, evven if they can raaise the mooney to payy for schooling, which w is rarelly possible due d to the high costss. SF has a greaat need for a long Currently, SS term volunteeer to teachh English att the compound. A Although shoort term volunnteers come occasiionally to prrovide a weeek or more of class, c sporadiic learning iss not enoughh to effectiveely develop the t language skills they need. Furthermore, different teachers em mploy differennt teaching strategies. s IIn our experiience this ussually t children, making it harder for theem to consollidate their kknowledge annd progress. It is confuses the challenging to motivatee the children to study hardd for one weeek, when theyy know they may m not be abble to uld be best eqquipped to taiilor the curricculum learn againn for another month, but a long-term volunteer wou to the needds of the studeents.

 E English class taught by ourr short-term vo olunteers from m abroad


Green In nitiatives and Recycling Awareness Few w Cambodiaans have anyy idea abouut the reaalities of clim mate change,, nor the neeed to moove towards more sustain nable methodds of trassh disposal. Most places lack a centraalized garrbage disposaal service. As A a result, traash is dissposed of eithher by burning g it, releasing large am mounts of greeenhouse gasees, or by throowing it out o into the sttreets. Piles of o trash and debris d can n be seen on nearly every y corner, from m big citiies like Phnoom Penh or Siem Riep to the proovincial townn of Kampoong Speu. The prooblem is thaat people sim mply don’t know k wh hat to do witth the waste they create. The clo osest thing Caambodia has to a trash seervice are the horrdes of homeeless children and adults who w pick the garbage for ppieces of plasstic and metaal that they can seell to recyclinng corporationns for $0.50 too $1.00 a day y. Although SSF’s S recycliing awareness project is cuurrently in itss infancy, onee of SSF’s gooals for the reest of 2009 is too expand upoon the work of visiting P Polish traveleers who set up different waste recepttacles intended for fo different kinds k of garbaage. Similar to what manny countries hhave been doiing for some time, SSF hopess to increase community awareness abbout the beneefits of sortinng trash for proper p dispossal by using its own compoun nd as an exam mple. Cleanupp days and addopt-a-road pprojects are allso in the plannning stages. SSF is currrently drawinng plans for ways to helpp poor comm munities bringg trees and pllants back to their villages, as the majorityy of nearby vegetation v haas already beeen cut for fueel or buildingg huts. Insteead of focusing primarily p on beautification b , SSF has andd will continu ue to encouraage families to o try to mainttain a home vegeetable garden n to alleviate the constant pressure of buying b food ffrom outside communitiess. By helping communities to o grow more of o the food thhey eat, they will w not only save money but b also reducce the amount of emissions relleased by the trucks that cuurrently bringg in food from m far away.

Kraing Rohong resid dents began th heir home-grow wn organic vege etables with SS SF initiatives affter installation of pump p well funded by y Go Domesticc consumption is the primary idea but possible sale at marrket with surplu us


Global Connection C ns Over the past p six mon nths, SSF hass increasinglyy sought to tap t into the resources r andd ideas of fooreign travelers th hrough the organization’s o s participationn in couchsu, a website that offers travellers a free place to t stay in retu urn for their services durinng their visit. ound teachinng the Recently, a Taiwanese traveler, Kuuang Yi Wu, spent three weeks at thee SSF compo m Chinese massage m and haircutting, h skkills he learnned working in i his children thhe skills needded to perform mother’s salon s in Taiw wan. He said, “for me, thee most importtant thing for the children to learn is noot the skills them mselves, but rather r that theey build up cconfidence in themselves so s they are capable of leaarning trades thatt they can usee to earn mon ney.” In the beginning, hee started workking with all of the childrren to teach them m the most baasic skills. As A they progreessed he was able to selecct the childrenn who showeed the most prom mise and greattest interest for f more speccialized learnning, approxim mately six to eight childreen for each trade. Again, the focus was placed on the ppractical appliication of theese skills. Th he children leaarned by cutting each other’s hair. “Pyke,,” as the childdren know hiim, even let tthem cut his own o hair! Evven if o masseusess, at the very least they w will never hav ve to pay som meone the childreen never becoome barbers or else to perfform these seervices for theem.

Pyke P taught SSF children on to o decorate hairs s and massage skills.

The comm munity atmospphere at the compound SSF F allows everryone to put fforth their ow wn ideas and ttry to implementt them. Thro ough his worrk at a five star hotel, Kuang K Yi Wuu also helped to encouragge the children to o improve theeir customer service s skills,, and he serveed as an exam mple for the children c who work at the banaana stand. Ass he says, “A A smile is everry bit as impo ortant as a goood product foor the successs of a business.” Not all of thhe travelers who N w come too SSF w work directlyy with the chhildren. SSF F has a sought too benefit from also m the expertise and c connections of travelers to improvee the a ability of the organization n to accomplish its g goals. A B Bosnian volun nteer, Emir, who s spent just 4 days living at the compoound, h helped to layy the groundw work for a future f e export businness whereby y the handiccrafts p produced by the children and their fam milies c could be expported to Europe or the U United S States where they could be b sold at a higher h p price with thee proceeds beenefiting the work o the Sao Sary Foundationn. of


To make use u of his adv vanced skills in i marketing and sales, he spent s most off his time in the t communiities learning abbout the products that pooor families can produce. Before he left, he purchaased a varietyy of different products p rangging from beead necklacess to Khmer scaarves to take with him baack to Barcellona where he works. w He plaans to sell theem there in orrder to determ mine which products haave the highhest demand. If I he finds th hat he can selll these produucts for a profitt, he plans to set up an exp port business tthat will benefiit both the poor families inn Kampong Speu and the orgganization. He H paid one family f 10 dolllars Khme er Scarves or kra ama for a handfful of necklacces they weree able to make in one day, nearly twennty times as much as they t e Even so, s he expects to sell them m for 100% profit p in Barccelona, moneey that he plaans to normally earn. donate bacck to the organ nization whicch will redistrribute the earnnings back intto the commuunity. Lastly, maany of the people who com me to SSF leeave desiring to make an effort to help p the organizaation. One recentt American volunteer, v Aarron, has planss to return to his universityy in Georgia where he hoppes to convince other o studentss like him to come to SSF F with their id deas, a place tthat allows evveryone to heelp in their own special way.. Making usse of the resoources of unniversity studeents around the t world haas the potential to unlock graatis expertise in a wide raange of special skills, inclluding fundraaising, agricuulture, e and finance. Also, the directt exposure to people from other communityy developmennt, business, education, countries and a cultures increases thee children’s aawareness of the world ouutside of Cam mbodia, a coountry where mosst children gro ow up never leaving. Aarron also hopes to set up ann American base for SSF w which would be able a to facilittate fundraisiing from Am merican donors while serviing as an addditional avenuue for grant appliications for co ompanies bassed in the Uniited States. If SSF cann continue to build partnerrships with peeople around the world, thhe organizatio on will be stroonger and able too continue ex xpanding its operations o to do d more eachh year to helpp the extreme poor in Kam mpong Speu and advance a its efforts e to prev vent more chiildren from being b exposedd to violence, exploitationn, and human traffficking.

 Our interrn Aaron cooke ed food for child dren at lunch tim me


Some Feature e Stories s highlig ght Mam Yoeun: One of thee communitiees that SSF has h recently ttargeted for aid a is the Prey Chheeuteal villagee in the Sam mrong Tong district of Kampong K Speu, wheere nearly 700% of the inh habitants livee in extreme poverty, meaning that t they earrn less than 50 cents per day. Mosst of the villagers are a illiterate and a lack the skills necesssary to impro ove their lives on th heir own, esppecially famillies like that of Mam Yoeun who have been affected by circumstances c s beyond theirr control. Several yeears ago, she tried to divorrce her husbaand who beatt her and her childreen, but he deemanded thatt she give him m all of the family’s belongingss. After he thhreatened to kill k her, she w was forced to sell their rice fields to pay him, leeaving her wiith nothing too support her family f of f to four and ailing motheer, whose meedical bills forced the family borrow a sum s of 25 dollars from a money m lender aat a high interrest rate. After onlyy 20 days, herr debt soared to 150 dollarrs, an imposssible sum to repay ass she could never earn moore than 4 dolllars a day collecting bambboo to sell at the market. Faced F with such tremendous debt, all fourr of her childdren were forrced to drop oout of schooll, in an attem mpt to w to setttle the debt with w her credittors and reclaaim their landd that support thee family. In 2008, SSF worked they now are a able to usse growing morning m gloriees to support the family. A Additionally SSF has agreeed to sponsor heer sixteen yeaar old daughteer, Phalla, to rreturn to schoool and live att the SSF com mpound. Sadlly the mother’s health h has deteeriorated, andd as a result, Phalla’s P chancce to earn andd education an nd learn impoortant life skills at a SSF is cruccial to the con ntinued wellbeeing of her faamily. Mei Savoeeun: Mei Savoeeun’s family, which also lives in the same villagee, has recently beeen selected fo or support. H Her husband left home in search of better w work opportun nities in sharred Cambodia-Thailand border b and never rreturned, leav ving her alonne to care for the entire faamily. After their cows died, thhe family borrrowed 75 dolllars from a m money w to earn money m and paay for lender in order to try to find a new way family heaalth problemss. However, a lack of bassic business skills prevented them from earning e enouggh to pay baack the debt with interest, a sum s that amou unted to nearlly 375 dollarss after 3 yearss. In Camboddia, families in this situuation often bribe b governnment officials too change the age of their children c to 18 so that theey are eligible to w work in the garment g factorries that surroound Phnom Penh, P just as the family had done d with theeir oldest daughter. Whenn SSF arrived in at a their home in Decemberr of 2008, the family was trying t to cobble together t enou ugh money too do the sam me for Neath, who was only fo fourteen at thee time. Theirr debt was tooo high for SSF to Mei Savoeeun and Mr. Barrton Brooks,  settle s outrighht, as the money m could be used to help many other GC President families. f Instead they bo ought the maaterials for th he family to start selling cuppcakes to the rest of the viillage. Althouugh inflation and the extreeme poverty of those whoo seek to buy the cupcakes haave limited thhe success of the operation n, it illustratees the greater goal of whatt SSF o. Instead off solving theiir current prooblems with money, m only for them to fall f back intoo debt seeks to do later on, SSF tries to fin nd ways to heelp these fam milies become self sustainabble so that they can providde for themselvess in the futuree. While theyy have hopes and dreams for f what they would like too do, they havve no idea how to t achieve thhem. For this family, Neaath and her chance c to recceive an educcation is theirr best hope.


Koy Kly:   

Although the t primary focus fo of SSF is i to protect children c at high risk of being trafficked, the t organizattion also understandds that the macro m level causes c of thee extreme poverty thhat leads too human traafficking starrt at the communityy level. To respond r to theese problemss, SSF has attempted to expand itts operationss to help alleeviate the poverty off selected fam milies in highh risk comm munities in hopes of creating c a healthier comm munity in genneral. On such familly that has beeen recently selected for aid is the family of Koy K Kly, a retired r civil servant whosee debt has spiraled ouut of control. Mr. Koy K Kly family and eex‐SSF staffer Although his h governmeent pension prrovides his faamily with almost 50 dollars a moonth, his wiffe’s chronic health probleems forced hhim to begin selling his future f or rate in ordder to get cashh advances too pay for herr treatments which w pension chhecks to creditors at a poo could not wait w for the fiirst of the moonth. Even thhis money hass not been enoough to coverr her medical bills, and he waas forced to borrow b moneyy from local lenders. Hee is now in ddebt almost 5000 dollars annd his monthly peension can onnly pay for thhe interest on his loans, leaaving his fam mily little hope of getting out o of debt, let alone healing his h wife. Because he does have a regulaar source of inncome to provvide for his faamily in the futuure, SSF decidded to spend 330 US dollaars to help him m repay the eenough of thee debt to miniimize his interest payments to the point th hat his monthhly pension will w eventuallly be able too settle his cuurrent debt. o one exam mple of manyy instances off this same pproblem. In Cambodia, C dooctors Sadly, his situation is only C w who have no way of know wing whether or not the dooctors often explooit the ignoraance of poor Cambodians are telling the truth aboout their healtth problems. Too often, doctors d will teell their patieents that they have o Malaria, reecurring illnessses that requuire extended d treatment att a high cost when in reaality a Typhoid or simple antiibiotic pill wiill cure them for pennies oon the dollar. It is particulaarly easy to exxploit Camboodia’s poor who due d to their laack of undersstanding of m modern medicaal care, thinkk that only exp pensive treatm ments can cure thhem. As a reesult, they oftten refuse to ssee local docttors whose seervices they can c afford in favor of expensiive treatmentss that put theeir family intoo debt to the extent that thhey could nev ver repay theem on their own. Initiatives too increase thee health awareeness of thosee living in exxtreme povertyy is a solutionn that SSF is seeeking to impleement in the future, in hoppes of prevennting more fam milies from finding f themsselves in the samee situation as Koy Kly’s faamily. Nhem Sok k: Some famiilies in Cambbodia are so poor p that, anyything would helpp to improve their standarrds of living, even if there is no way for SSF to comppletely bring them s by out of povverty or offerr a way for them to do so themselvess. One such instance is thhe family of Nhem N Sok, a 47 year old moother of 6 whhose husbandd is a violent alccoholic and mental heaalth. Nhem Sok approached d SSF earlieer this year after a her hussband came homee drunk one nnight and trieed to kill her. You can still seee the scars on her throat where w he wraapped his hands around a her neeck. Since SSF intervenedd, the violence haas stopped, annd two pigs were w purchaseed for the family in hopes thaat they could start to earn some Mrs. Nhem Sok w M with a provided ssow money raiising them ffor sale. Allthough SSF was unable to help all six of her child dren continuue their education, one oof the daughtters, who showed exceptionaal academic ability a and deesire to learn, was selected for full suppport. In a few f years shee will finish her secondary scchooling. SS SF has high hopes for heer that she will w be able to o pass the coollege entrance exxaminations and become the first persoon in the histtory of her faamily to be abble to study aat the college lev vel.


Ming Maoo: The case of Ming Mao illustraates how difficult it can be to hellp many famillies living in extremee poverty. Six years ago, Ming Mao’s huusband diedd from an ongoing condition he h suffered during d his serrvice as a soldier in the Khmer Army of Cambodia, C leaving heer alone to care for heer eleven children. In I an attemptt to alleviate the t strains of providinng for so manny children onn her own, SSF proviided the capiital for her to o use her baking skiills to sell cuupcakes to thhe school children who w ride by heer village eveery day on the way to school, a bussiness that haas allowed her to douuble her prev vious daily income i to approximaately one dollaar per day of work. Ms. Ming Mao m made a kind of Khmer sweet fo or sale to schooll kids 

t world economic crisis has h started Sadly, as the nearbyy her village aftter utensils weree provided. to affect Cambodia, C it has been inncreasingly harder for her to earn money sellinng her cupcakkes. Althouggh her cupcakkes cost apprroximately 3 cents each, the children c who buy b them from m her cannot afford to payy her any morre for them. Many M children can only trade her for rice.. Although she s needs ricce to feed her family, shee desperately needed monney to repair her house h that coould not proteect her familyy from the elements duringg the rainy seaason in Cambbodia. To respondd to this, SSF F was able too provide 1500 dollars to asssist in buildiing a new house for her faamily that could house all of her h children, in addition too providing su upport to allow one of her eleven childrren to c use to better b providee for her fam mily in continue school in hopees of one dayy learning skiills that she could the future.

Nou March h:  One of thee main goals of the Sao Saary Foundatioon has been to o enable families too better provvide for them mselves so thhat have a chhance to better theirr situation on n their own. One low coost way that SSF has identified to help famiilies with lim mited access tto water has been to ge water conttainers that cost c about 30 dollars, provide thhem with larg which enabble them to store s water inn their homes,, instead of having h to walk to thhe nearest weell or buy water w at a higgh cost from m outside sources. f is that of Nou Marcch, a 50 year old o woman who w lives One such family in the Kraiing Rohong village v where SSF recentlyy implementedd a well, to providee water for th he communitty. Not onlyy does this allow a for improved hygiene andd the chance to bathe at home, families with m easily start s home veegetable garddens that water conttainers can more allow them m to grow som me of their ow wn food and tteach them im mportant agriculturaal skills that they t can use in the futuree. More importantly, by showingg them that thhey have the chance c to impprove their ow wn lives, SSF hopess to encouragee them to try to fix their own o problemss instead of beggingg others to do d it for them m. Currentlyy, SSF has iddentified more than 100 familiess in Kamponng Speu that could benefitt from a water conttainer, but so far, funding has only alloowed for two families to receive one.

Ms Nou March and grandchildrren with a  wateer jar provided. 


Saem Aartt:   

The Saem Aat A family haas a particulaarly heart-breaaking story. She moved m from K Kampong Speeu to Phnom Penh with her huusband in hoopes of findding work seelling morning glories, but theyy were unablle to earn ennough money to livve on. In a llast ditch efffort, they beggan to work as fishermen for annother family,, but were heeavily exploited, eaarning just 30 3 dollars fo or more thann six months of work. w Unabble to afford d even the most primitive houuse, they liveed along the river r until a sstorm came and waashed away evverything theyy owned. Left without a penny to thheir name theey hitched a riide to Kampong Sppeu where thhey squat on some land in the Mrs. Sae em Aart recceiived white rice e, soaps K Kraing Rohonng village belonging to another a familly. In and eg ggs after deliv verd the fourth h baby Cambodia, the law code conntains a provision that alloows a family to assume a ownerrship of land that they havve lived on fo or a period off five years wiithout disputee. As a result theey have been subjected to harassment ffrom the curreent owners w who fear that they t will losee their land. Sadly y, Saem Aat’s family has nowhere n elsee to go. Lackking birth certtificates, the family f had litttle in the way off legal rights, and the child dren were unaable to enroll in state schoools, which reqquire the fam mily to produce legal documentts that prove when w and whhere their childdren were borrn. m birthss go unregisteered every yeear in develooping countriees. In Accordingg to UNICEF, around 51 million Southeast Asia alone, UNICEF U estim mates that appproximately 5 million birtths were not registered r in 22006. Although birth b certificaates are suppo osed to be proovided free of charge, pooor families aree often requirred to pay around d 15 dollars to t receive theem. Sadly thhis bars them from any sorrt of legal pro otection in matters such as chiild labor, chilld marriage, underage u miliitary service, or repatriatioon to Camboddia if they falll prey to traffickeers. In orderr to allow theeir children thhe opportunitty to receive an education, SSF paid foor the entire fam mily to get thhe necessary legal docum ments for theiir children too attend schoool, in additioon to providing basic necessiities such as soap, s food, annd cooking utensils u to alleeviate the woorst of the fam milies misfortunees as they try to care for ann infant and thhe rest of their children. Kim Mai:   

The case of o Kim Mai’s family illustrrates that bothh men and women arre subjectedd to humann traffickingg. Her husbannd went to Thhailand alongg with thirtyy other men from the sam me village inn order to work w illegally y as fisherm men along thee coast. Du uring a fishinng outing, a storm struckk suddenly, and a her husbaand drowned after his boatt capsized leeaving his wiife alone to prrovide for thee family’s four f childrenn. After hiis death, thee inlaws forcced Kim Maii and her chilldren to movee out, and thhey worked hard h to find a new life foor themselvess by selling morning glories, but theyy were unablle to make ennds meet.

Ms. Kim m Main and ho ousehold mem mbers with SS SF opened grrocery selling store

Desperate,, the family aggreed to pay someone 30 ddollars to take her eldest ddaughter, onlyy 16 at the tim me, to Phnom Pennh to work inn a garment factory f duringg a period wh hen the familyy could only earn 20 dollaars in an entire month. m Witho out the moneyy in hand to ppay for her jo ob placementt they were fo orced to take out a loan, whichh with interesst, took nearlyy six months of hard work for the family to repay. Sadly, all their t efforts amounted a to nothing. n Theeir daughter feell in love wiith a man therre and she beecame pregnant. Shortly therreafter, he left her, forcinng her to retuurn home wiith yet another mouth to feed. ny alternate way w to earn money, m the fam mily sent the next oldest ddaughter to work w in the caapital, Without an the same as a their eldesst daughter, by b the time that t SSF arrivved to help tthe family. Providing P staart up i l ll i f f h i h h h id l f h


family to earn e money inn order to prootect the rest of the familyy’s children frrom meeting the same fatee. To give the family f a channce to better their lives iin the future,, SSF also spponsors Soeuung Reasmeyy, the youngest daughter d to coontinue her edducation. hon: Huy Soph The case of the Huy Sophon fam mily illustratess that even when families doo posses marrketable skillss, the difficulties of life in Cambodia C for those who liive in p often prevent them m from beingg able extreme poverty to raise th heir standardss of living. After A the hussband became disabled d throuugh combat, he was forced to fall back on his cateering skills too try supporrt his m for family, ass there is currrently no pennsion program soldiers who w are injureed during servvice. Althouggh he is able too earn about 900 dollars per year cattering weddings and other ceelebrations, his h ongoing hhealth problems in addition to those of o his wife have nough Mrs. Huy Sophon S make sweet for salle to neigbors prevented them from being able to save en and Kam mpong Speu provincial p mark ket after we b the housee they live in. As a result,, their money to buy enabled her h business problems are further coompounded by b the 120 doollars in yearly reent that they have h to pay as a his job requuires him to liive close to thhe town centeer. At one poiint the family managed to save 500 dolllars to start a new life but rrepeated boutts of malaria and a stillbirth foorced the fam mily to sell neaarly everythinng they had inn order to payy for the meddical costs. D Due to the seasonnal nature of Cambodian celebrations, her husband d’s work is concentrated c during the winter w months in Cambodia, so o that during the rainy seasson, the familly has been foorced to borro ow money in order to cover thheir daily exp penses. Afterr years of borrrowing with bad credit, thhey were unaable to prevennt the death of thheir five year old daughterr because theyy could not cobble c together 40 cents faast enough too rush their daugh hter to the hospital. As their debts d doubledd every year at 360 perceent annual intterest, they ccould not reppay their loanns the family fou und itself in debt d over 400 dollars. Thee sweets that Huy could pproduce, earniing 5 to 10 doollars per day could only coveer their intereest payments, leaving them m very little m money to live on, and nothiing in B the faamily possessses the skills necessary n to earn money rregularly, they y were selecteed by savings. Because SSF as a prime p candidaate for the SS SF Livelihoodd program thhat along withh its Child Prrotection Proggram, serve as th he backbone of o the organizzations operattions. Throug gh their particcipation SSF was w able to reeduce their debt to a manageeable level thhat will allow w the money they earn to be paid tow wards the prinnciple instead of simply coverring the recurrring interest towards the debt that theey owe. In seeveral months, the family shoould be able to t repay the remaining am mount, offerinng the familyy a new channce to start saaving again.

Piseth Hoeeuring: Every yeaar, far more Cambodian C students s gradduate from hiigh school than are able a to enrolll in university studies. Those who do come primarily from f rich fam milies can affford to suppoort their childrren during their studiies and pay approximatel a y 1,500 dolllars per year in tuition fees, room m renting, foood and accom mmodation, daaily pocket money m and school matterials. Althoough university classes arre taught in Khmer, K the national laanguage of Cambodia, C thee majority off their textbooks are in English, another a factorr that furtherr hampers thhe abilities of o students from the poorest p comm munities to suucceed at thee university level, even when they would otherw wise be smartt enough to doo so. Because there are p rural few opporrtunities to leearn English and computter skills in poor communitiies, few imppoverished chhildren are aadequately prrepared to even gain acceptance a innto college.


At 24 yearrs of age, Piseeth Hoeurng is i the oldest oof the childreen supported bby SSF and ranks r as one of o the select few in Cambodiaa who ever maake it to the uuniversity afteer growing upp in extreme poverty. p Althhough he had alw ways dreamt of moving too Phnom Pennh to get his degree in com mputer science, he was allmost unable to finish second dary school when w his fam mily tried to force f him to drop out andd work in ordder to support his family. Faaced with no other option he elected to o move to a Buddhist moonastery, wheere he could conttinue to learn n English andd receive guiddance from thhe monks. Eventually SSF F found out about a his case annd managed to link him to t a wealthy family in Sin ngapore who agreed to spponsor his stuudies. However, Piseth was, at a first, unablle to accept tthe sponsorsh hip out of feaar for his youunger sister Nang, N o to allow w Piseth to accept the channce to who had reecently been forced to droop out by her family. In order fulfill his dreams of graduating g froom college, SSF was ablle to fully suupport her to o live at the SSF compoundd where she could live mucch closer to her h school. Previously, P if she wanted to t learn she had h to walk appro oximately 6 km k along a daangerous roadd and consideering the extrreme poverty of her familyy, she could not have h otherwisse continued her h educationn. P was ennrolled in No orton Universsity in Phnom m Penh wheere he is purssuing a degrree in In 2007 Piseth computer science s in hopes of one daay becoming a graphic dessigner. Afterr two years off studying, hee will still need almost a 3,000 dollars d in suppport to be ablle to earn his degree. Everry morning hee wakes up att 4:00 am to go to t the Royal Palace in Phnnom Penh to practice his English withh foreigners before b his moorning classes. Outside O of hiss class work, Piseth has aalso recently started to vollunteer with the t professorr who runs the unniversity’s daatabase manaagement systeem, as he undderstands that work experrience is cruccial to finding a job in Cambo odia’s depresssed job markeet. For him to be able to ffind a good jo ob and suppoort his family in the t future, hee has to take advantage off every opporrtunity to learrn the skills he h needs, a prroject that takes up almost alll of his free time and prrevents him from f returninng home to seee his friendss and family exccept on speciaal occasions. Still he is haappy despite his h continued difficulties. In his own words, w “Someday I will return to my pagodda and people will admire me, m instead oof looking dow wn on me beccause of my family’s poverty..”


With gratitude to our friends, funding partners and donors

Mrs. Dale Edmons Dr. & Mrs. Ken Nickles Mr. Aaron Marshburn Ms. Johanna Urban Mr. Emir Mujezinovic Ms. Phoebe L. Swan Mr. In Pagna Photra Mr. Nick Steemans Mr. Jim Rorabaugh Mr. Daniel Nelson Ms. Emma Jonne Ms. Chea Sinuon Mr. Kea Sopheak Ms. Sou Kalyan Ms. Janina Uhl Mr. Nagulan Kandaramy Mr. Neo Hwee Poh Mr. Loh Teck Chuan Ms. Tan Xue Yan

Mr. Barton Brooks Mr.Bartlomiej Jan Skorupa Dr. & Mrs. Paul Marshburn Drs. Randy & Margaret Beahrs Mrs. Dan & Melinda Marshburn Ms. Margaret O’Leary (Maggie) Mr. Chua Sow Ngang ( William) Mr. Thiago S. Pimentel Mr. William (Bill) English Mr. Kuang Yi Wu (Pyke) Ms. Yulia Savitskaya Mr. Ismael Romero Mr. Artur Kasprzak Ms. Him Chenda Mr. Seng Sam Ol Mrs. Donna Ursini Lewis Mr. Neo Chee Keong Mr. Lim Chit Loon Ms. Cheryl Neo

Mr. Andrew Galuppi Ms. Kelly Merslich Mrs. Phanneth Bun Ms. Caren Hayward Mr. Richard Loizey Ms. Amy Throndsen Ms. Mindy Lipsitz Mr. Vichetr Uon Mr. Goh Ann Tat Mr. J.P. Zundel Mr.Rob Sexton Ms. Rhian Pitt Ms. Joke Thijs Mr. Ky Leng Kit Mitra Valerie Proctor Mr. Tan Soon Siang Mr. Koh See Hai Ms. Dawn Schary


Summ mary Stattement of Finan ncial Performan nce

Income Private donors 1,905.00 8% Global Colors 00.00 3,50 15%

Riverkkids 11,630 0.00 50% %

Groundw work Opportun nities 6,300.00 % 27%


Expen nditures b by Prograammes Operations and  ministration Adm $7,122.24  27%

Livelihood $4,625.75 18%

Child P Protection $14,,369.53  5 55%


Expendittures by Projjects

Op perations and  Administration 19% %

Water and  Sanitaation 7%

Back‐to‐Sch hool 46%

Micro‐Credit 5%

Emerggency Needs  6% Cottage Industry 3% Child Sociaal &  Financial Education  9%

Cerebral Palsyy 5%

Loss or Profit

Loss or Profit in US Dollar

7.52 $26,117 $ $27,000.00  $ $26,000.00  $ $25,000.00 


$ $24,000.00 $ $23,000.00  $ $22,000.00  $ $21,000.00  Revvenues 



Future Plans Plan Activity Child Protection Programme            

Celebration of the World Day for Prevention of Child Abuse-19 November and organize Prevention Education Week: 13-19 November. Register protected children in state school for academic year of 2009-2010 Follow up and monitor their education at state school and child quarterly reports and newsletters release, Develop child profile, history and success to seek sponsors and share about him or her progresses, Hire English, computer and general knowledge teachers to provide extra tuitions to those protected children Provide like-skills education, social and financial education to those protected children, To continue the Cerebral Palsy Project, To seek financial support from any donors who would like to collaborate with SSF in running food house project for street children, beggars and other vagabonds in Kampong Speu provincial town, To provide restaurant management and operation skills training to some street adults. To seek financial support from any donors that would like to collaborate with SSF in running adult literacy class who never enrolled in state school, Exchange study, study tour and picnic To continue the Global Connection Program to connect SSF to reach more friends, donors, visitors and supporters to expand SSF target areas and populations.

Livelihood Programme To assist poorest and the most vulnerable families and their target communities through:                 

Helping those target beneficiaries to develop household plan and budgeting, Weekly follow up, consultation, and guidance, Quarterly, six-month and annual workshops to share their progresses and challenges, Malaria and dengue campaign with insecticide mosquito nets distribution, Educating key persons within the villages where we work to ensure they can develop project proposal for dropping somewhere to get money for development of their village or community, Studying community economic movement to reduce their direct expenses their pocket money directly to wholesalers Helping them to form and strengthen village based self-help banks (or self-help group), Enabling at least one hand-pump well for 50 families in Kampong Speu province, Raising their awareness and assisting them to setup home-grown organic vegetables, natural compost and other organics, Raising awareness regarding hygiene, health care and sanitation, Assisting them in construction of household latrine, Providing them water filters to draw them attentions over safe or clean water for drinking, Setting village based rice bank and providing some rice as in-kind capital for further development of the bank with ensuring poorest and the most vulnerable families can borrow rice and can repay back after their harvest and etc., Running animal bank especially for cows and sows Pilot microcredit project to minimize poorest and vulnerable families from borrowing moneylenders with a highest annual interest rate that they couldn’t effort in repayment. Running fair-trade businesses for assisting poorest and the most vulnerable families to ensure their produces are able to reach domestic and foreign markets with a fair-price. Develop family stories, background, case study and success stories of both supported and unsupported to share the progress as well as seeking long-term sponsors to the families.


Output Expectation      

At least 50 children at-high risk for being trafficked that SSF helped protect so far will able to benefit from the Child Protection Program through activity plans above. At least 90 teenagers including street children who are illiteracy especially girls will able to attend informal class of Khmer literacy and numeracy running by SSF to ensure them ready to get some business skills training through. At least 30 informal students above will select to receive training skills on restaurant running and managing. Other 100 children at the same situation will be identified and develop their case stories to invoke for donors or sponsors At least 350 poorest and the most vulnerable families that SSF supported so far will able to continue supporting with all mentioned activities in the Livelihood Program above. At least 5 hand-pump wells will able to install for five poor villages that they demand water at most. At least 250 families will be directly benefited to them.

Tentative Budget by Projects Below are the tentative budgets classified by Projects and Programmes that SSF seeks funding partners to pledge us grant which is possible implemented the programs benefiting directly to at least 750 poorest of the poor families and 240 vulnerable children and at-high risk for being trafficked. US$ 90 only per beneficiary.

 

Child Protection Programme Child Back to School: Life-Skills Education: Child Social & Financial Education: Khmer Literacy & Numeracy: Foreign Language: Computer literacy: Higher Education Promotion: (Support poor student to study at university) Cerebral Palsy: Food for Hope (Street Children):

      

Livelihood Programme Basic Needs Assistance: Food Security: Cottage Industry: Community Based Organization Foundation: Micro-lending: Water and Sanitation: Operation and administration costs:

      

US$ 33,514.66 US$ 15,103 US$ 4,309 US$ 2,361.00 US$ 1,472.00 US$ 20,354.00 US$ 2,188.30 US$ 14,436.00 US$ 21,402.00

US$ 21,402.00 US$ 5,350.00 US$ 14,328.00 US$ 8,233.76 US$ 21,125.00 US$ 18,967.00 US$ 162,520.00


Countrry Statis stics The e Human De evelopmentt Report 200 06, Un nited Nations Developm ment Progra am: 

GDP perr capita is US S$ 460

34 per ce ent of the po opulation live es on less than US$ 1 per p day

Life expe ectancy at birth is 51 yea ars for men a and 57 yearrs for women n

140 of evvery 1,000 children c born n die before ag ge five

32 per ce ent of births are attende ed by a skilled d health professional 73.6 per cent of adults are literatte

 

59 9 per cent off the populattion lives without access s to an impro oved water source s

45 5 per cent off children under 5 are un nderweight

Statistics s from other sources 

1 37 7 per cent off children have stunted growth g and 7 per cent ha ave muscle wastage w

42 2 per cent off children 14-17 years old work2

43 3 per cent off children 12-15 received d corporal pu unishment frrom their parrents3

23 3 per cent off rural house eholds have access to in nstitutional fin nance4

© The T Sao Sa ary Founda ation 2009


 Cambodiaa Demographicc and Healthy SSurvey 2005, N National Institu ute of Statisticss/ Ministry of P Planning/Natio onal  Institute of Public Health, Royal Government of Cambodia.  2   Human Development Reeport 200, Min nistry of Planniing, Cambodia 3   National R Research Studyy on Children’ss Perceptions o of Violence Agaainst Children, Child Welfare Group, 2005 4



SSF's Annual REport for 2009

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