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CRONpolitics


“I think that we are in a situation rather similar to that of 17th century Europe, when all the categories, all the concepts that now seem obvious, trivial, and common, were invented. At that time the idea of the central nation state was created, and concepts such as sovereignty and the obligation to obey were invented. My impression is that we are going through a period when all of these concepts are in crisis, and others are being constructed. Who constructs them? This is a very good question. We should not think that philosophers or thinkers

are the ones who invent political concepts, because this is a conception of the political taken from the worst of Plato or the worst Illustration. These concepts emerge little by little within collective experiences, by trial and error. A new mode of being in the public sphere is emerging, a mode that is characterized by the fact that the state has become old and inadequate, like the typewriter compared to the computer.�

– Paolo Virno


CHRONOPOLITICS “Perspectives on the future are articulated with current belief systems concerning the nature of society and of social change. Since the struggle of intrasocietal groups to change and to resist change comprise much of the history of any society, a knowledge of prevailing conceptualizations of change and of ideologies concerning it is an important part of the study of social change itself.

More specifically, beliefs concerning the future and roads to it will have significant influence upon current political behavior. One significant aspect of beliefs is related to the manner in which certain views and attitudes toward time and toward the nature of change leads to a form of chronopolitics. The term chronopolitics is used here to emphasize the relationship between the political behavior of individuals and groups and their timeperspectives.”

- George W. Wallis “Chronopolitics: The Impact of Time Perspectives on the Dynamics of Change”


cron The software utility cron is a timebased job scheduler in Unix-like computer operating systems. People who set up and maintain software environments use cron to schedule jobs (commands or shell scripts) to run periodically at fixed times, dates, or intervals.

It typically automates system maintenance or administration— though its general-purpose nature makes it useful for things like connecting to the Internet and downloading email at regular intervals.

The name cron comes from the Greek word for time, “chronos�.


High-frequency trading (HFT) a type of algorithmic trading, specifically the use of sophisticated technological tools and computer algorithms to rapidly trade securities. HFT uses proprietary trading strategies carried out by computers to move in and out of positions in seconds or fractions of a second. Firms focused on HFT rely on advanced computer systems, the processing speed of their trades and their access to the market. As of 2009, studies suggested HFT firms accounted for 60-73% of all US equity trading volume, with that number falling to approximately 50% in 2012. High-frequency traders move in and out of shortterm positions aiming to capture sometimes just a fraction of a cent in profit on every trade. HFT firms do not employ significant leverage, accu-

mulate positions or hold their portfolios overnight; they typically compete against other HFTs, rather than long-term investors. As a result, HFT has a potential Sharpe ratio (a measure of risk and reward) thousands of times higher than traditional buy-and-hold strategies. HFT may cause new types of serious risks to the financial system. Algorithmic and HFT were both found to have contributed to volatility in the May 6, 2010 Flash Crash, when high-frequency liquidity providers rapidly withdrew from the market. Several European countries have proposed curtailing or banning HFT due to concerns about volatility. Other complaints against HFT include the argument that some HFT firms scrape profits from investors when index funds rebalance their portfolios.� via Wikipedia


may 2014...


contents

introduction precedents schedule anticipated deliverables 1-dimensional essays glossary 2-dimensional informative graphics architectural drawings 3-dimensional architectural models 4-dimensional animated GIFS short films essay convolutes


PRECEDENTS


“City of Hemispheres” Superstudio, 1971 “City of Hemispheres” (pictured) imagines a crystal lake hosting more than ten million sarcophagi, the occupants kept alive by technology and granted control over the flying hemispheres, through which they are fed sensory stimuli.


“Aeriali Paris” Lebbeus Woods


1 - dimensional

1. Drone Law

There will be a body of writing to accompany a collection of drawings and models and possibly FILMS.

This writing may take the form of specific policy proposals. This writing may also take the form of theoretical inquiries into what it means to live with/in an urban environment saturated with sensate objects. This writing may also investigate the reciprocities between these actors. This writing hopes to tease out of “the plush contingencies” of these relations - moments of serendipitous synergy.

Precedents: Benjamin, Somol, Picon, Moholy-Nagy, Marinetti, Le Corbusier, Lanier, Kwinter, Delanda, Wark, “Drone Federalism” by Margot Kaminski, Bernard Harcourt, “Anonymous War” by Dan Suarez, Thomas Keenan (Bard), Eyal Weizman, E.M. Forster’s “The Machine Stops”


HETEROTOPIA & HEGEMONY Polyoptic, Oligoptic, Panoptic

This writing may take the form of meditations on sovereignty in an era in which boundaries are shifting and mutable, in which actors can enact their will a half a world away.

Technology is imbued with a certain kind of sentience as it plays back a concretized set of circumstances, ideas/ideologies, and systems of production. This writing will attempt to reverse engineer and untangle these relations.


The rapidly shifting landscape of social locations is making the built environment an amorphous, fluid and elastic condition.

– Rahul Mehrotra

What does this massive asymmetry (see “Gorgon Stare”) in “data” access mean for citizens of the governments collecting it? If “landscape” is that which cannot be perceived in a single moment of apprehension, then what do drones do to this definition and perception? What do recent claims to airspace by China and South Korea mean for conceptions of property surrounding potential domestic drone regulation? What do the varying backdrops that accompany visions of flying cars (in both pop cultural and architectural canon) signify about their possible worlds? What from these scenarios may be brought to bear upon ours? To where does the labor that a drone displaces invisibly shift?


A drone carrying something is going to get “unlucky”

How will widely distributed networks of interconnected,

and crash and kill someone. Who is to blame? The

sensate objects affect corporate, competitive

manufacturer? The logistics operator? Why? When is a

intelligence systems or effectively undermine the

drone “pilot” “negligent” as opposed to “unlucky”? How

systems of global economic production and trade

will drone “insurance” or other financial instruments

(futures trading?) Can a swarm of drones be conceived

facilitate this economy?

of as a sort of immune system of global capital? How might they be the physicalization of HFT/sentiment

Is classification based on weight/payload the best

analysis?

criterion when subjecting these technologies to the rule of law?

Where do we expect this modernity to have the most significant impact first? Rural or urban areas?

What are existing analogues that can be tapped for common sense legislation? Early aviation law?

Should a robot expect to have a right to privacy in a

Railbanking? (See McLain Clutter’s “Real High”.)

public space?

How do you rob a flying stagecoach? Can any technology ever be truly free of “institutionalization”?

Is Klee’s “Angelus Novus” actually a drone?


3. Project Glossary of Terms This collection of ideas and phrases includes names of manufacturers, technologies, policies and strategies relevant to the proposals. Questions How do these terms obscure true intent through vagueness? UAS vs. Drone. Kill list vs. Disposition Matrix. Explore the doublespeak of items like “No Child Left Behind�


GORGON STATE

a state that effectively freezes and “locks-in� to certain patterns of self-arresting behavior as a result of an artificial feedback loop created through algorithmically managed, ubiquitous surveillance of its citizens.


ANONYMOUS WAR

“terrorism� that is not claimed by any political entity for media expsosure or legitimacy, nor able to be successfully linked to any of these hypothetical sects


GRISWOLD v. CT


privately owned public space A privately owned public space is a public space that is open to the public, but owned by a private entity, typically a commercial property developer. Conversion of publicly owned public spaces to privately owned public spaces is referred to as the privatization of public space, and is a common result of urban redevelopment. [1] Beginning roughly in the 1960s, the wholesale privatization of public space (especially in urban centers) has become a fact of western society, and has faced criticism from citizen groups such as the Open Spaces Society. Private-public partnerships have taken significant control of public parks and playgrounds through conservancy groups set up to manage what is considered unmanageable by public agencies. Corporate sponsorship of public leisure areas is ubiquitous, giving open space to the public in exchange for higher air rights. This facilitates the construction of taller buildings with private parks. In one of the newer U.S. incarnations of the private-public partnership, the business improvement district (BID), private organizations are allowed to tax local businesses and retail establishments so that they might provide special private services such as policing and increased surveillance, trash removal, or street renovation, all of which once fell under the control of public funds. Privately owned public spaces in New York City were introduced as a formal concept in a 1961 zoning resolution. The city offers zoning concessions to commercial and residential developers in exchange for a variety of spaces accessible and usable for the public.[2] Unlike NYC parks which have a 1 am curfew, many POPS parks are required to be open 24-hours per day. For this reason the Zuccotti Park POPS was selected by the Occupy Wall Street movement during their 2011 protests.[3]


cujus est solum

“Cuius est solum, eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos” (Latin for ‘whoever owns [the] soil, [it] is theirs all the way [up] to Heaven and [down] to Hell’) often appearing without et ad inferos ‘and to hell’, is a principle of property law, stating that property holders have rights not only to the plot of land itself, but also to the air above and (in the broader formulation) the ground below. In modern law, this principle is still accepted in limited form, and the rights are divided into air rights above and subsurface rights below. Property holders generally have a right to the space immediately above and below the ground – preventing overhanging parts of neighboring buildings – but do not have rights to control flights far above their property, or subway construction below. In dense urban areas, air rights may be transferable (see transferable development rights) to allow construction of new buildings over existing buildings.


adverse possession Adverse possession is a process by which premises can change ownership by using a property for a period of time without paying for it. It is governed by statute[1] concerning the title to real property (land and the fixed structures built upon it). By adverse possession, title to another’s real property can be acquired without compensation, by holding the property in a manner that conflicts with the true owner’s rights for a specified period. For example, squatter’s rights are a specific form of adverse possession. The circumstances in which adverse possession arises determine the type of title acquired by the disseisor (the one who obtains the title from the original owner), which may be fee simple title, mineral rights, or another interest in real property. Adverse possession’s origins are based both in statutory actions and in common law precepts, so the details concerning adverse possession actions vary by jurisdiction. The required period of uninterrupted possession is governed by the statute of limitations. Other elements of adverse possession are judicial constructs. Chattel property may also be adversely possessed, but owing to the vast differences between real and chattel property, the rules respecting such attempt are rather more stringent, favoring the original owner rather than the adverse possessor/disseisor; such rules find particular application respecting works of art.


fruit of the poisonous tree Fruit of the poisonous tree is a legal metaphor in the United States used to describe evidence that is obtained illegally.[1] The logic of the terminology is that if the source of the evidence or evidence itself (the “tree”) is tainted, then anything gained from it (the “fruit”) is tainted as well. The fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine was first described in Silverthorne Lumber Co. v. United States, 251 U.S. 385 (1920).[2][3] The term’s first use was by Justice Felix Frankfurter in Nardone v. United States (1939). Such evidence is not generally admissible in court.[4] For example, if a police officer conducted an unconstitutional (Fourth Amendment) search of a home and obtained a key to a train station locker, and evidence of a crime came from the locker, that evidence would most likely be excluded under the fruit of the poisonous tree legal doctrine. The discovery of a witness is not evidence in itself because the witness is attenuated by separate interviews, in-court testimony and his or her own statements. The doctrine is an extension of the exclusionary rule, which, subject to some exceptions, prevents evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment from being admitted in a criminal trial. Like the exclusionary rule, the fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine is intended to deter police from using illegal means to obtain evidence.

The doctrine is subject to four main exceptions. The tainted evidence is admissible if: it was discovered in part as a result of an independent, untainted source; or it would inevitably have been discovered despite the tainted source; or the chain of causation between the illegal action and the tainted evidence is too attenuated; or the search warrant not based on probable cause was executed by government agents in good faith (called the good-faith exception). The fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine stems from the 1920 case of Silverthorne Lumber Co. v. United States.[5] This doctrine was also used by the European Court of Human Rights in Gäfgen v. Germany.


international registration plan The International Registration Plan (IRP) is a registration reciprocity agreement among the contiguous United States and Canadian provinces which provides payment of registration fees on the basis of total distance operated in all jurisdictions.[1] IRP’s fundamental principle is to promote and encourage the fullest possible use of the highway system. The benefit of this is that the carrier, registered in its “base” (or home) jurisdiction, only needs one license plate (specially marked as “Apportioned,” “APP” or “ARP”) and cab card for each one of their vehicles. The apportioned license plate signifies that each jurisdiction the carrier travels through is receiving its fair share of registration fees, regardless of which state the license plate is from. The cab card lists each jurisdiction in which the vehicle is valid for travel, and for how much weight it is registered to carry. Vehicles are eligible for apportionment under the provisions of the International Registration Plan if they meet the following criteria: Intended for use in two or more jurisdictions Is a power unit having two axles and a gross vehicle weight in excess of 26,000 pounds (11,794 kg) Is used in combination, when the weight exceeds 26,000 pounds (11,794 kg) gross vehicle weight Is a power unit having three or more axles


franchulate In Snow Crash, a franchulate is a cross between a franchise and a consulate. For this to make sense, a brief description of the political system of Snow Crash must be given. Most national governments have gone bankrupt or are not capable of governing. Thus, private corporations have taken their place, providing quasi-governmental roles for a fee. Within the confines of the corporations property, they act with governmental powers. The Franchulate is the property where the business acts as a government entity. Most franchulates also provide goods or services, and also allow citizens to stop there for refuge (and in Snow Crash, refuge is quite often needed). While the main requirement for being part of a citizen of a quasi-government corporation is paying cash, there are other requirements. Many of these are racial. To be a citizen of Metazania or New South Africa, you must be black or white respectivly. The franchulates, from what is described in the book, can stretch from a single building to several dozen city blocks or more. Some of the other prominent franchulates belong to NovaSicilia (which belongs to the Mafia and specializes in delivering pizza); Mr. Lee’s Greater Hong Kong, which specializes in information and techonology and doesn’t allow guns inside the gates; and The Reverend Wayne’s Pearly Gates, which is a nation-corporation based on speaking in tongues. Within a square mile or so, all of these franchulates may be in business, which allows some helpful services for their citizens. For example, if a citizen of Mr. Lee’s Greater Hong Kong is being chased by some armed racists from New South Africa, they could duck into the gates of Greater Hong Kong, where guns are not allowed, and a robotic security force backs up this edict. This is also great for Neal Stephenson throwing in some plot twists.


enclave & exclave An enclave is defined in international law as any portion of a state that is entirely surrounded by the territory of another state. It follows from this definition that for an area to be considered an enclave, it must not be a sovereign state and it must not be entered or exited without the need to enter the territory of another state, either by land, sea or air. Enclaves, which were quite numerous in past centuries, are now very uncommon. The concept of enclave is applicable at both the international and sub-national level. Somewhat abusively, the word enclave has progressively come into common usage to denote also any non-sovereign or sovereign territory, generally a small coastal territory, that is partly surrounded by one or several larger states. Thus, coastal territories such as Gibraltar, Ceuta, Monaco, Kaliningrad, Cabinda, etc., which can all be easily entered or exited by air or sea without the need to enter the territory of another state, are nevertheless called enclaves. The expression “true enclave� is often used to denote territories that correspond to the strict definition of an enclave. An exclave is defined as a portion of a country geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory. Basically, an exclave is the enclave seen from the viewpoint of the main part.


4. User Profiles For each: - TOOLS/INFRASTRUCTURES - BIASES/SENTIMENTS - REPLACES, DISPLACES or OBSCURES what labor/ infrastructure/architecture?

GOOD THE IMPOVERISHED RESEARCHER he has an abundance of information from the flying feeds, but is simultaneously paying off student debt while trying to overcome this maelstrom of noise, with the increasingly limited institutional support of a public university. he is a musician on the side. THE AUDIOVISUAL WIZARD uses drones to create an intricate light show in the sky, complete with the ultimate surround sound and noise-canceling technologies THE FOOTAGE ANALYST the footage collected from these drones impacts realtime sentiment analysis through portrayals of traffic and weather and current events footage from drones not only serves as black box, but provides realtime updates as to weather conditions that could potentially affect the entire swarm/flock Like Amazon contracting the USPS for Sunday deliveries, the NOAA now licenses this high-resolution data from the logistics companies predicting the weather with greater accuracy = profits engineer the weather with precision = profits THE PRECISION FARMER engineering his crops for maximum yield, with minimal loss, through environmental sensing and precision application of nutrients/pesticides THE FIRST RESPONDER


using realtime data from drones flying around a fire/explosion/tornado/hurricane/reactor/crime scene via drone, delivers physical aerial pamphlets in the event of a downed network infrastructure. however, these drones are often ad hoc networks of wifi themselves, and are rarely deployed in these situations in concentrations of less than 6 (enough to cover the whole of Detroit with robust internet) values: expedience, reliability THE HOLLYWOOD/ESPN CAMERAMAN THE SECURITY CONSULTANT using footage from flying drones at rock concerts, music festivals or even large indoor venues, these experts can leverage their unique perspective on how to optimize these lucrative events for safety and efficiency primary tool / competitive advantage facial recognition algorithms THE FLEET MANAGER pushing tin like the space jockeys before him, but now with the aid of some of the world’s most powerful AI and efficient, flying vansized parcel delivery vehicles THE GROUND CREW Recovery/maintenance in the event a drone goes down by accident or due to foul play, these guys get called in to retrieve the device and goods inside. THE LOGISTICS TYCOON owner of the physical plant and infrastructure supporting the fastest physical goods delivery network. his company’s devices surreptitiously do much more than delivery the goods right on time.

THE POLITICAL ACTIVIST uses drone footage to highlight political injustice and police brutality


INBETWEEN

BAD

THE CONSUMER opt into surveillance in exchange for realtime delivery consuming information and media often created/formulated/ gleaned from the flying cameras of logistics drones

THE LOBBYIST employed on behalf of the logistics companies, these smooth operators can both deregulate industries for fast financial gain, or impose regulation stifling competition…for a price

THE DAY TRADER this math phd dropout converts tweets into bit coins and dollars through sentiment analysis software of his own design.

SILK ROAD DRUG DRONE RUNNER using smaller stealth delivery drones, often with a decoy or two in tow, these mules can often silently cross jurisdictional lines unnoticed at speeds too high for law enforcement to stop, or air traffic control to notice.

competitive advantage is derived from information taken from the “metadata” of drone traffic THE BARRISTER in the rare (or perhaps rarely published) event the drone hits someone or damages private property, these high-powered attorneys clean up the mess THE POLITICIAN a figure whose “approval ratings” swing as fast as the drones fly THE POLICE OFFICER most bad guys just arrest themselves now.

THE GPS SPOOFER these tech savvy hackers can shift lanes of drone traffic and occasionally extract single drones from circulation, stealing the contents inside THE TERRORIST this libertarian “freedom fighter” cobbles together flying robots bombs as part of her political agenda


1.5D (Artifacts and Documents)

1.5D (Artifacts and Documents)

Leaked financials. Fictional valuations. IPO’s. Flight Plans. Black Box Recordings. Kickstarter Projects.

Leaked financials. Fictional valuations. IPO’s. Flight Plans. Black Box Recordings. Kickstarter Projects.


2D (Informative Graphics) Precedents: Bucky Fuller, “EcoDrones” by Chris Geist, Keith Peiffer

sized drones for general cargo. Little drones for precious cargo Questions

Legislation Mapping Where do statutes governing drones exist? Where are they being developed? What does this map look like in 50 years? Life Cycle Analysis Construction Distribution Consumption Recycling Actor/Network Diagram Drones. Legislation. Policy. Individuals Corporations. Governments. Treaties. Universities. Taxes. Tariffs. Events. Technologies Drone Visual Taxonomy Greek harpies. R2D2. Roomba. Dymaxion Car. Fuller Homes. Wall-E. FifthElement Flying Car. agricultural drone in “Looper”, Drone as physicalized “locative art”. CubeSats. Big van

A convergence of the Google Car and the Amazon Drones seems imminent. What is the difference between a flying car and a plane? What are the potential mutant offsprings of this taxonomy? What if the drone picked up your capsule pod and dropped you off in it somewhere? #nagakin #shipping containers Does a dissolution of the city imply a reciprocal mineralization of the air? DeBord – “Urbanism is capitalism’s seizure of a territory”. Plot duration and distance based on mass energy of various flying objects. Precedent: Bill Mitchell - CityCar


2D Spatial Designs (Architectural Drawings)

RESEARCH LAB look like?

Precedents: “Walking City” by Archigram, “Voluntary Prisoners” by Rem Koolhaas, “Twelve Cities” by Superstudio, “Aerial Paris” by Lebbeus Woods, “Futurama” by Norman Bel Geddes, “Slow House” by Diller+Scofidio, Yokohama Ferry Terminal by FOA

What does a drone interchange look like? What are their sites? Where are they located? What forces dictate the forms/geometries/flightpaths?

Spatialize the ruptures and incongruities and infrastructures of this new technology. Vertical figure ground of a realtime analysis of screens of EMF output as a Noli plan of the city of the glowing rectangles. Questions Examine the tectonics of these spaces. Who is the primary occupant? Man or machine? What are the un- or under-used spaces of existing infrastructures (both current and obsolete) that could be re-activated? What is the support infrastructure and what does it look like? What does a media drone operators headquarters look like compared to a military drone HQ? How does this space reinforce or counter a tendency to manipulate the datastreams of the media cycles towards certain biases? Or the reclamation depot for lost packages? Or a drone factory in Detroit? What does an actual DRONE

What happens with jurisdiction when highways run out and new laws begin…this break or junction….where the drones careen off into another direction…. What are the right of ways? What are the scales of operation? How does a drone charging station fundamentally differ from a traditional airport or gas station? Or is there refueling on the fly? What do loading and unloading facilities look like? How does air traffic control change? Do humans or algorithms directly operate or shift lanes of UAVs? What are tarmac management/taxi protocols and patterns? What are the logistical hurdles that need to be overcome? What are potential conflicts of interest? what are the surveillance implications of all of the above? What are potential humanitarian applications? Checkpoint Charlie style of people watching the airport perimeters and picking off valued goods DETROIT, MI Precedent: Aaron Berman’s “Red Hook Incubator”, Jacqueline Shaw’s Thesis, “Slow House” by Diller+Scofidio “Eyebeam” by Diller+Scofidio


3D (Models) Volumetric visualization of proposed air corridors in urban settings

Precedent: Dreitzler, Whiteread, Constant, Slow House


4D Animated GIFs Films Workshops and Curricula

Precedent: http://socksstudio.com/ 2012/07/11/ gravity-one-achoreographyfor-militarisedairspace/


representative democracy is an interface design challenge. Drones expand public space in a particular way and redefine what a reasonable search and seizure is. -John Kaag


“‘a publicness without a public sphere’”

from the angle of a loss of agency in an age of “televisual culture” or “information

“Data destruction” clauses.

overload.” but without getting overly

Stalking provisions.

nostalgic as this trope has already been

Intrusion upon seclusion.

compromised by the spectacle. One that

Open systems of knowledge generation.

sears/permeates/burns and roebucks’s its

1st Amendment right to gather information.

way into our psyches through the glowing

Business privacy.

rectangles as well as the physical realities of our environments.

The aerial drone is the primary vehicle through which we come to understand a

While one sphere of our reality has long

monist perspective of the digital/virtual

been parceled and sold, the commerce of

and the physical/built environments. Every

the image stream we consume and use to

day it becomes less easy to draw a clear

communicate is also being brokered with

distinction between the two. Approached

ruthless efficiency.


Architecture has almost always been

The program of this research is perhaps

reactionary, and is often enlisted as an ally

a body of policy as much as it is a set of

by those mitigating crises of control.

diagrams or drawings or animations or films examining aerial robots, the infrastructures

What if architecture wasn’t so reactionary?

supporting them, and the flows of energy

What if the aim wasn’t to control? How can

implicated in their creation, deployment,

it be a means to a different end? As this

maintenance and evolution.

crisis of control unfolds through the realm of flying robots, what are the implications on contemporary subjectivities?

More generally speaking, speculations on the smooth and socially acceptable growth of a domestic drone industry well-integrated into society.


In the same fashion as Lebbeus Wood’s

The context for this investigation is the

“Aerial Paris” envisions a shifting

impending weightlessness of 21st century

concentration from the terrain to the sky, an

life. The territory for inquiry is the heavens

equal and opposite shift occurs as certain

above. Significant precedent study has

segments of the labor pool mobilize or are

already occurred over the past year and

displaced (but never truly “replaced”) by

a half and will continue into the winter

these technologies. What, if any “deskilling”

semester...after multiple passes at defining

results from these processes/transitions?

the appropriate combination of canonical

What sort of “societal lock-in” in the social

and extra-canonical references.

contract (similar to its software equivalent) results? By questioning a culture of blind faith in technology, I hope to propose

Like Superstudio’s 12 Cities project, this

alternative trajectories.

thesis will be not one singular narrative or vision, but a collection of possible future outcomes.


As sensate (or perhaps already sentient)

The web has not yielded new wealth, but

actors, the introduction of these devices

has instead shifted existing concentrations

into the everyday requires a moment of

in extremis. As Jaron Lanier prods “show

critical reflection upon the social contract

me the new middle class created by

of the spaces in which they will now

technology.” Accompanying this lack of true

proliferate. Akin to releasing wolves back

wealth generation is a constantly eroding set

into Yellowstone, capital is introducing a new

of civil liberties. This investigation attempts

urban species into an ecosystem. There will

to pre-empt and sidestep familiar RoboCop

be only one chance to get this right.

and “pre-crime” dystopian scenarios, and rebalance the asymmetry of information and power between state and citizen.

How do you design desirable social values

Like Zucotti Park of the Occupy Protests, will

into technology? privacy by design. lethal

the skies become “privately owned public

autonomy.

spaces”?


Now, we have private interests augmenting

labor replaced by robots doesn’t completely

the infrastructure laid out by the citizens

disappear.

and legislators of this country. The computational power they offer is free. however, they get to keep the data. this data is then used to more specifically profile our identities and target us with ads to keep the wheels of the economy moving. in one sense, this is a good thing. less time wasted looking for other stuff frees us up to consume less to find what we want, materially this is a good thing. less material waste. but in reality, this “liberated� time gets re-consumed by that consumption, whether material or informational, just as


On a sovereign level, if it is understood

At a minimum, as a mechanized gaze

that the Fourth Amendment was written in

reaches levels of ubiquitous persistence,

a time when sensate flying objects (other

this understanding should result in

than birds) didn’t exist, it seems logical

reasonable and practical measures

to revisit the entirety of the document

designed to preserve the sentiments

for revision and reinterpretation. The

motivating the original document: life,

Constitution also predates notions of a

liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

singular, omniscient and omnipresent

#sovereignty

“computation-as intelligence” (with the

exception of supernatural beings and deities). #transhumanism

Does this method of “sensing” physical space undo certain “database” logics? See Rick Prelinger in conversation with Sara Dean in “Scapegoat Vol. 5”, p. 274


How do you revise notions of “representative

accordingly, hedging or shorting futures

democracy” when new methods of

positions, based on an immense body

mediating one’s presence have far

of data. give enough drones sensing

surpassed any potential vision of the

capabilities and plug them into your

founders?

algorithm. you have realtime intelligence comparable or in excess of that of the state.

As realtime environmental sensing via flying

how does the state anticipate or react to this

logistics platforms and other commercial

imbalance? these entities can be seen “pre-

endeavors becomes common place, it is

lobbying” in advance of the FAA edicts on

logical to conclude that there will arise

their future. What “genres” of surveillance

a competitive advantage gleaned from

seems productive for the economy on the

artful and intelligent processing of those

whole? instead of watching us, watch what?

concurrent, realtime data flows. If one can

businesses? nature?

understand certain flows and patterns, then s/he can begin to trade commodities


As this appetite for data balloons, it will

understand the seemingly infinite supply

become increasingly profitable to scan

generated through these processes, see

(and rescan) the physical environment

the very excellent work of Keith Pfeffer in

with fields, flocks and swarms of sensors

Scapegoat No. 5

in order obtain an acceptable sample size

It is of utmost importance then, that the

for each respective “query”. What is the

social contract of the physical, sovereign

threshold of this acceptability? What

polis be rewritten in order for the citizens

is the “comfort zone”? This notion of

(currently relinquishing their privacy by the

ubiquitous computation finds its roots in

TERAbyte) to obtain compensation and

ideas surrounding the “Internet of Things”

some “value added” to their daily existence.

and Bruce Sterling’s “spime.” If we are to

It must reflect these new, sensate actors

be completely honest with ourselves, we

competing for and within the same

must admit that it is almost impossible

spaces. Our individual engagements and

to occupy the modern city without one’s

interactions with these entities need to be

passage generating some form of data. To

thoughtfully designed.


Nothing incentivizes American participation

passing of a commercial drone that

in any trial/action quite like money. Precisely

pings a citizen’s computing device could

in the same spirit in which Jaron Lanier

submit a micropayment to that individual,

envisions micro payments (or tax credits?)

commensurate with the appraised economic

delivered to individuals as they help improve

value of the updated algorithm and its

network algorithms through their passive

performance. #whereonlythedronesfly

platform based participation in the digital economy, so too must “users” of the

It seems logical that if these statues are

built environment reap similar economic

written, the economic incentive (based in

gains through their participation in the

“potential population exposure”) arises to

long-running experiment of “urbanism”.

use less urban airspace, more frequently.

(Currently, many of these rewards are not

Does this have an impact on patterns of

cash based, but passive incentives implied

urbanization and migration to cities as new

in high-density urban living - further

capital makes its way to the hinterlands?

emptying rural areas.) The overhead

The weight of where capital is invested


in an economy shifts. Where and how

Opt In (Passive)

that capital should be taxed ideally would shift accordingly in order to maintain a

Instead of a “drone bounty” like in some

semblance of the spirit behind a social

communities in Colorado, let us impose

contract. Furthermore, how does this

a drone tariff on the passage of these

impact flows of capital in the so-called “less

unmanned objects in civilian airspace. Let

developed” regions of the world? What is

the writing of these measures inform new

the appropriate form of that engagement?

acceptable “flight corridors” at multiple scales/resolutions (regional/interstate & local/urban).

In Cuomo’s reopening of the statue of liberty during the sequester, we get a foretaste of

See also: China’s sovereignty claims to

the territory or political landscape to come

islands lost in prior war with Japan


The flight deck of 400 feet re: Interstate

“Port Poetry”

Commerce Clause and limitations of cujus est solum

What is the method for interacting/ communicating with a logistics drone as an

Opt In (Active)

everyday citizen encountering them?

Instead of downing the aircraft, citizens

Autocratic (Passive) - One Way – Monologic

can “hunt” digitally the drones and tag

Simple signaling? Siren? Strobe?

them somehow. Imagine something of LED Throwies ilk. Or perhaps more American/

Active - Two Way - Dialogic

Coloradoan/Gonzo, “Duck Hunt”. This is a

Will there be voice recognition?

dangerous opt-in, as eventually people won’t

Facial Recognition?

care to tag them as they proliferate.

Oblivion dystopia?

Nintendo “Duck Hunt”. Ricardo Dominguez -

These elements should be taxed for their


cronPOLITICS  

an incomplete manifesto.

cronPOLITICS  

an incomplete manifesto.

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