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Food Crops and Fodder(+): 53% -Traditional farming –harder. 67% blame- Demographic and economic factors,21%- intensification of production   Firewood and Timber (-): National park policies fail- balance local well being, conservation, Development   Landslides and floods(-): 75% worried – changes in regulating services   Aesthetic landscapes and culture: Positive change . 27% worried –deteriorating environment  


Adverse changes in regulating services- Need for a risk assessment   Multiple complex factors affect perception-ES Change   Most interpretation of ES change carried an evaluative weight, often dualistic and rooted in reach participant’s value.   Empirical results- Answer methodological question.  


y = 0.2841x - 574.39 R² = 0.35248

Winter temp trend in Khumbu -2.00

-0.00 1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

--2.00

2006

2008

2010

2012

2014

y = 0.2111x - 430.2 R² = 0.14147

y = 0.0723x - 152.33 R² = 0.0172

Temp °C

--4.00 Jan Feb

--6.00

Dec Linear (Jan)

--8.00

Linear (Feb) Linear (Dec)

--10.00

--12.00

Year


140

120

Precipitation(mm)

100

80

Mean annual ppt Pre monsoon

60

Monsoon Post monsoon

40

20

0 1992

1994

1996

1998

2000 year

2002

2004

2006

2008


Rodney Garrard: Community perspective tools for environmental services Sagarmatha Nat. Park, Nepal  

Slides for presentation given to High Mountains Adaptation Partnership in Huaraz, Peru on 13 July 2013.

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