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Children’s voices – the 80 million truths about the Children in Pink Africa

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Children’s Voices 2013 “But think of the children in Africa” adults in the North and in the West used to say when a child didn’t want to finish a meal. The way people outside of Africa think and talk about children in Africa is too often based on stereotypes and an idea of Africa as one country with one homogeneous group of (starving) children. Malnutrition among children is still a severe problem in many African countries but it does not help anyone to talk about a whole continent, and half its population, only when one wants to tell kids that they should feel guilty about not liking their potatoes and vegetables. There is an urgent need to counter prejudices, abandon simplified discourses about “children in Africa” and increase the understanding of the complex situation. This is crucial in order to feel true empathy and make a real commitment to global development.

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up in Africa. They have more answers than we have questions and every one of them is just as unique as you and me. However, all the children in Africa have two things in common: they are not allowed to vote and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child protects them. In this report we present the results of the “Children’s voices” survey. It is built around the idea that adults have an obligation to search for ways to learn what children think and that we need to understand the gaps between children’s rights and reality so that we can act.

Aim and purpose The aim of this survey is to increase Reach for Change’s knowledge of children’s situation in the countries in which Reach for Change operates. The questions are built around the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child.

Method

Half a billion children live in Africa. That means that there are half a billion ways to experience childhood, to dream of the future and to worry about the things that just don’t work well enough in our world to day. 80 million children live in Chad, DRC, Ghana, Rwanda, Tanzania and Senegal, where Reach for Change operates. As a start we asked 5,000 about their lives. This report is based on their voices.

Reach for Change conducted this survey with the support of both global and local partners. Lumen Behavior is the global research and analysis partner. In each country local partners, with great networks of schools or other operations where children gather, distributed the survey. They where instructed to make sure that children where well informed by the purpose and that participation is voluntary and anonymously.

The respondents of this report come from five countries, in different parts of Africa. They live in rural areas, in cities, on the street and in nice houses. They have different backgrounds and individual truths about what it is like to grow

In Chad three partners were involved, in different parts of the country – Change Leader Jean Toningar and his organization Assadec in Sarh, an association of teachers in Ndjaména and a primary school in Abéché.


In Rwanda and Tanzania the distribution was management by Millward Brown Limited, a brand research firm specialized on Africa.

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

In DRC the survey was distributed via Change Leaders Naomi and Yvette Kuseyo in Kinshasa, Noëlla Thindwa in Matadi and Sijis Dienga Dikete. A number schools and churches participated as well as other members of the Kinshasa and Matadi communities. For example Complexe Scholaire Bolingo and the Bethesda church.

“Children and their future should be at the heart of their decisions” Girl, 13, Chad

In Senegal Reach for Change partnered with Cabinet MSI, who led the distribution and facilitation of the survey across the three regions of Dakar, Saint Louis and Louga. A team of four collected a total of 992 completed surveys in a mixture of both urban and rural communities.

The children surveyed Children between 12 and 17 years old were asked to participate in the survey. A few are age 11 or younger, and a few young people are age 18. There are slightly more respondents in the age group 16 and 17 years. There is an equal number girls and boys that answered the survey. There are no significant differences between girls and boys. This means that this survey does not capture any gender related differences. There are some differences between how the children in the different countries answer but this study is not designed to compare the situation in the countries. Therefor one should not draw to substantive conclusions from the national differences described in this report.

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Results The results of the survey are presented thematically. The quotes are captured from the free text answers of the survey. For full frequencies on all questions see appendix 1. There are also country specific frequencies available in appendix 2-6.

Future and inspiration Most children, 91 %, think that their future will be pretty or very good, but only 79 % feel that they can influence their future somewhat or very much. To have a good job and earn a lot of money is high on the children’s list of dreams for the future.

What do you want to do in the future? 59 % Have a job I like 48 % Become rich 47 % Get a useful education 44 % Start my own company 40 % Love and be loved 34 % Contribute to my community 28 % Become famous 28 % Travel

Who do you look up to the most? 59 % Mum 19 % Dad 4 % A teacher 3 % A football player 2 % A brother or sister 2 % A friend 2 % An actor 2 % A pop star 1 % A child/youth I have met

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“I want to have a scholarship to go abroad and study abroad” Girl, 12, Senegal


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Health The cost of health care affects children in the surveyed countries. In Chad 15 % state that they don’t have access to health care and in Senegal 5 % and Tanzania 3 %.

Do you have access to health care when you need it? 28 % Easy access 20 % Have access but it is difficult 33 % Have access but it is expensive 11 % Have no access

“Help HIV-AIDS sufferers” Girl, 14, Rwanda “Take good decisions in order to contribute to child survival” Girl, 18, Chad

“The conditions of sick children should improve” Boy, 17, DRC

School “I as a child of the street I would ask the government to look at children living in difficult circumstances receive basic needs as others. Children who are vulnerable should also receive a better education, because education is a priority in life. I would like the government should consider these factors” Boy, 13, Tanzania When the children analyze the situation in their countries the issues related to education ends up on top of the list.

What do you think is the most pressing issues for children? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Children don’t get an education Children live in poverty Children get abused Children get discriminated Children get sick and hurt Children don’t get to voice their opinion Children don’t have a good family environment Children don’t get important information Children don’t get the skills they need to provide for themselves when they grow up 10. The natural environment is polluted and bad for children 11. Children don’t get to play

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Only five percent of the surveyed children don’t go to school. The children surveyed like school but the results also point out a number of obstacles for a good school performance. 92 % state that school is important 78 % think that their teachers are good. The pupils also appreciate the social network at school. 71 % have fun at school 68 % have a lot of friends at school We let the children chose one activity for a day and a large part chose “go to school” before play. If you could choose to do anything you wanted for one day, what would it be? 43 % Go to school 13 % Play/hang out with friends 12 % Work 7 % Play soccer/football 5 % Experience nature 4 % Computer games 4 % Housework 3 % Other sports 3 % Watch movies 3 % Listen to music Worth noting is also that a large share of the children, 67 %, also come with ideas to their teachers and 64 % think that teachers listen to their ideas. Simultaneously many children express that they worry about their school-results. 65 % are afraid to fail in school. They point out how they lack material and support from home. 54 % don´t afford the things they need for school 44 % lack good school materials 44 % don’t get help with homework There are some differences between the countries, in Senegal 53 % state that they can’t afford the things they need for school compered with 33 % in DRC and 22 % in Tanzania.

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

The surveyed children want to preform well and they find it fun and inspiring to go to school. On the other hand to many are not given the best possible chance to success. “I would just like that you speak of the right which says primary school is free. Because the respect of this right will lead to closing of many badly maintained schools (or simply bad ones). Thanks” Boy, 13, DRC “We need good school supplies. We need computers in schools.” Boy, 17, DRC “I want to tell the authorities to rebuild our schools so that they are decent (CEM et lycee de Sangalkram) and have them help parents around nutrition problems so that this helps children live normally. And to reduce school fees and to create enterprises in Senegal to reduce unemployment. And finally to reduce import of products from outside we don’t want to depend on the outside for food or other things. Thank you for realizing all my wishes” Girl, 16, Senegal

“I want to say to the president to participate in the education of girls” Girl, 12, Senegal

“We want to change the conditions of our study and life in Chad” Girl, 17, Chad “I want to ask for help for our school because many things are missing which we need but most of all classrooms and environmental development” Girl, 16, Senegal “We want to change the conditions of our study and life in Chad” Girl, 17, Chad “I want to ask for help for our school because many things are missing which we need but most of all classrooms and environmental development” Girl, 16, Senegal

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Corporates and work experiences A large share of the children work, but not full time and not always for a company. 39 % work extra or work during the summer and 7 % work/do chores that they get paid for at home. 5 % work and don´t go to school. The children who work do it because they or their family needs money, 62 %, or to by things that they want, 72 %. Another strong motivation to work is because it is fun and they learn a lot. The children also point out that they learn things at work that will benefit them in the future, 75 %. The children also list a number of negative aspects of working and describe some serious work environment problems: 23 % Because of my job, I don’t have time for school 41 % My job is heavy and makes me tired 23 % Other people at work are mean to me 40 % There is great risk of getting injuredat my work 38 % My job is stressfull Children are interested and have opinions on corporate life. This is emphasized in the free text answers. 69 % thinks that companies can contribute to a better world. The Children in DRC had higher confidence in companies, 74 % thinks that they can contribute to a better world, compered to 53 % in Tanzania. “Avoid nepotism at work” Girl 17, Rwanda “Create businesses in all areas of Chad to hire young” Girl, 15, Chad “Increase civil service salaries” Boy, 14, Chad

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“Give us grants to improve our small businesses” Boy, 17, Chad


Most children, 78 %, are comfortable at home. But 23 % state that they can’t sleep well in their home and 18 % can’t talk to their parents and siblings. Safety and to spend time with the family are the most important thing to live a good life according to the respondents.

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Home

Important for good life 81 % Have a place where I feel safe 80 % Spend time with the family 80 % Have food 71 % Play and relax 70 % Have friends 60 % Have cool toys/gadgets

“Instead to taking children to Iwawa (approved schools for undisciplined children) they should take them to schools and watch/track them there” Boy 16, Rwanda

Safety “We were in school but we did not have any support, that is why we became what we are now. People call us “Children of the Street”. We do not want to hear that. When does the street have a child? It seems that the state is proud to see us being abused, and all the time the police bother us.” Girl, 14, Chad Many children, 27 %, have felt afraid of an adult the past year. The numbers differs between the countries, 21 % in DRC and 55 % Chad. Over all, 19 % have felt afraid of another child or youth. Other things that children worry about are: 51 % That you don’t have enough money for what you and your family needs 39 % That there will be war 39 % That someone will destroy your things 39 % That others will be mean to you because of who you are in love with 35 % That an adult will hit you 35 % That you/your family will be forced to move out of your home 31 % That someone will read your texts /messages on the internet/diary 30 % That you will be sexually harassed 27 % That others will think you are ugly 25 % That other children/youth will hit you 9


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

The children where asked about discrimination phrased as “have you been treated unfair because of…”. The most common ground of unfair treatment is the children’s financial situation. I have been treated unfair because of: 22 % My financial situation 21 % My age 19 % Where I live 18 % How I dress 17 % My religion 17 % What I look like 15 % Who my parents are 15 % What language I speak 14 % My gender 14 % My ethnicity 12 % A handicap/Being differently abled

“Fight against poverty” Boy, 14, Chad

A large part, 22 %, of the surveyed children report that they have been bullied by other children/ youth. But peer relations are also valued and 36 % state that another child youth have helped them when they have had a problem. “The Congolese state should help youth find jobs after their studies. The state should end the war in Eastern DRC. The state should take its responsibility on the kuluna phenomenon (gangsters)” Boy, 18, DRC “Fight against rural depopulation, desertification and against ethnic discrimination” Girl, 18, Chad “Many children are abused. Rural regions are no exception with great violence against children with disabilities, who have particularly of the skin, eyes, legs and so on. So ask the village and work to prevent such discrimination.” Girl 13, Tanzania

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“Fight rape!” Girl, 16, Rwanda


Children are highly affected of natural disasters and there is a large part of the surveyed children that worry about being exposed to one. They are also concerned about how the nature will be affected in the future. 44 % I am worried that a natural disaster will happen near me 47 % I am worried that the nature around I won’t be as healthy in the future “I want to ask the governor to put garbage disposals in the city.
Avoid tree cutting. Preserve nature. To build hospitals and schools” Girl, 16, DRC

“Help the government fight against erosions, construction of roads, construction of sewers”

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Nature

Girl, 17, DRC

“Help the government fight against erosions, construction of roads, construction of sewers” Girl, 17, DRC

Participation “Accelerating the dialogue between parents and children, and between students and teachers” Boy, 16, Chad One of the fundaments in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is that children have the right to get and share information in a way they can understand and with easy access. Children also have the right to form and express their own opinions. Children have the right to participate and have adults listen to their opinions when making decisions that affect children.

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

There is a gap between how much the children are allowed to participate in decision-making around all the subjects we asked about.

80

70

60

50

40 Want Can

30

20

10

0 a. What you learn in school

b. What the school environment looks like

c. How things e. What you do h. How money d. Which friends g. Who is work and look in your free is used in your you can hang elected to make at home time community out with decisions

“Personally I’d like society to support poor children, NGO:s, abandoned kids and orphans, to reeducate them” Boy, 13, DRC “In the future I’d like for this survey to be in the form of a book. I like Children’s Voices and Reach for Change as it improved our intellectual and moral capacities” Boy, 13, DRC “Something that I’d like from governments and companies is that children are given opportunities to be involved in the family to the community in matters that concern them and society as a whole” Girl, 13, Tanzania

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f. What it looks like your neighborhood


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Internet and Telecommunication The children were asked about if and how they use the internet and mobile phones. The results show that our sample have assess to the internet in a much larger extent than the overall population. In our sample 47 % have assess to the internet and according to Human Development Report 2013 only 1-16 % of the population in the current countries have assess to internet. The children have mostly positive experiences from using the internet. They have found important information, expressed opinions and shared things they have created. There are also negative experiences reported, other children have written mean things and a number of children been exposed to adults crossing the lines.

“Invest in ICT amongst children”

Boy, 15, Rwanda

Have any of the following happened when you used the Internet? 38 % I have found information that was important to me 25 % I have expressed an opinion 21 % I have gotten support when something felt difficult 17 % I have been able to share something I have created, for example music or a poem 14 % An adult I don’t know has contacted I and wanted to meet me/start a relationship with me 10 % Someone my age has written something I felt was offensive/mean

In the surveyed group 63 % have a mobile phone. They use it mainly to call and text but there are also a large share that use it to send or receive money and other more recently offered services.

What do you use the mobile phone for? 59 % Call 44 % Listen to music 37 % Play games 36 % Text 32 % Internet 26 % Facebook/social media 25 % Take photos 21 % Send or receive money 11 % Buy things

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CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

Reflections for Future Studies The results of this survey will be of great value to Reach for Change and the future operations in Africa, and will be used on a number of levels in the organization in order to make smarter, more informed decisions. However, this survey does not capture the gendered aspects of growing up. For future studies it would be valuable to integrate a clear gender perspective. By conducting surveys regularly Reach for Change will have an unique possibility to analyze changes that happens over time and keep up to date with the most pressing issues for children. The fact that Reach for Change have strong network and access to deep knowledge about the context will strengthen those analyzes. To develop the survey in a relevant way children should be involved in the research process and it is of importance that lessons learned from this survey are used to further develop the knowledge about the lives of children in Africa.

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Children’s voices 2013 [Chad, DRC, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania]


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

HOW OLD ARE YOU? Frequency

Percent

171

3%

12

533

10%

13

636

12%

14

701

13%

15

818

15%

16

961

18%

17

887

16%

18 years or older

560

10%

11 or younger

Data Missing (D.M)

106

2%

5373

100%

Frequency

Percent

Girl

2611

49%

Boy

2591

48%

I chose this box instead

56

1%

D.M

116

2%

5374

100%

Total

GENDER

Total

WHAT DO YOU THINK IS THE BIGGEST PROBLEMS FOR CHILDREN IN YOUR COUNTRY? 1

Children don’t get an education

2

Children live in poverty

3

Children get abused

4 5

Children get discriminated Children get sick and hurt

6

Children don’t get to voice their opinion

7

Children don’t have a good family environment

8

Children don’t get important information Children don’t get the skills they need to provide for themselves when they grow up The natural environment is polluted and bad for children Children don’t get to play

9 10 11

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Frequency

Percent

Mum

3175

59%

Dad

1012

19%

A brother or sister

113

2%

A teacher

226

4%

A friend

106

2%

A child/youth you have met

34

1%

A football player

153

3%

An actor

111

2%

A pop star

92

2%

Someone else.

192

4%

D.M

161

3%

Total

5375

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

WHO DO YOU LOOK UP TO THE MOST?

100%

WHAT DO YOU THINK YOUR FUTURE WILL BE LIKE? Frequency

Percent

Very bad

80

1%

Pretty bad

167

3%

Pretty good

1233

23%

Very good

3827

71%

D.M

74

1%

DO YOU FEEL THAT YOU CAN INFLUENCE YOUR FUTURE? Frequency

Percent

Very little

261

5%

A little

561

10%

Somewhat

1155

21%

Very much

3098

58%

DM

299

Total

5374

6% 100%

WHAT DO YOU WANT TO DO IN THE FUTURE? Frequency

Percent

Have a job you like

3167

59%

Contribute to my community

1843

34%

Get a useful education

2512

47%

Start your own company

2373

44%

Become rich

2565

48%

Become famous

1528

28%

Love and be loved

2150

40%

Travel

1483

28%

646

12%

Something else

17


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

DO YOU HAVE A PLACE TO TURN TO IF YOU NEED HELP WITH YOUR HEALTH? Frequency

Percent

1517

28%

Have access but it is difficult

1085

20%

Have access but it is expensive

1796

33%

574

11%

Easy access

Have no access D.M Total

402

7%

5374

100%

RATE HOW MUCH YOU AGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT YOUR SCHOOL: SCHOOL IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

232

4%

Don’t agree much

157

3%

Mostly agree

461

9%

4130

77%

394

7%

5374

100%

Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

683

13%

Don’t agree much

1414

26%

Mostly agree

1368

25%

Completely agree

1355

25%

552

10%

5372

100%

Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

304

6%

Don’t agree much

777

14%

Mostly agree

1337

25%

Completely agree

2410

45%

545

10%

5373

100%

Completely agree D.M Total

THE CLASSROOMS ARE NICE

D.M Total

YOU HAVE GOOD TEACHERS

D.M Total 18


Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

403

7%

Don’t agree much

1001

19%

Mostly agree

1224

23%

Completely agree

2127

40%

618

11%

5373

100%

D.M Total

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOU HAVE FUN AT SCHOOL

YOU ARE AFRAID TO FAIL IN SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

1109

21%

Don’t agree much

538

10%

Mostly agree

649

12%

2467

46%

Completely agree D.M Total

611

11%

5374

100%

YOU DON’T LIKE GOING TO SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

3152

59%

Don’t agree much

590

11%

Mostly agree

349

6%

Completely agree

624

12%

D.M

658

12%

5373

100%

Total

YOU HAVE ACCESS TO GOOD SCHOOL MATERIALS Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

910

17%

Don’t agree much

1202

22%

Mostly agree

1065

20%

Completely agree

1597

30%

599

11%

5373

100%

D.M Total

YOU CAN AFFORD THE THINGS YOU NEED FOR SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

1278

24%

Don’t agree much

1270

24%

981

18%

Completely agree

1205

22%

D.M

640

12%

5374

100%

Mostly agree

Total

19


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOU GET HELP WITH YOUR HOMEWORK Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

1216

23%

Don’t agree much

878

16%

Mostly agree

1051

20%

Completely agree

1571

29%

D.M

657

12%

5373

100%

Total

YOU HAVE A LOT OF FRIENDS IN SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

540

10%

Don’t agree much

1006

19%

Mostly agree

1225

23%

Completely agree

1982

37%

621

12%

5374

100%

D.M Total

YOU COME WITH IDEAS TO YOUR TEACHERS Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

567

11%

Don’t agree much

977

18%

Mostly agree

1420

26%

Completely agree

1726

32%

D.M Total

681

13%

5371

100%

YOUR TEACHERS LISTEN TO YOUR IDEAS: Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

681

13%

Don’t agree much

992

18%

Mostly agree

1190

22%

Completely agree

1829

34%

682

13%

5374

100%

D.M Total

20


Frequency

Percent

2083

39%

You don’t work at all

1721

32%

You work and don’t go to school

241

4%

350

7%

You work extra/work during the summer

You do chores that you get paid for at home D.M Total

979

18%

5374

100%

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

WHICH OF THESE STATEMENTS ABOUT WORK BEST DESCRIBES YOU?

IF YOU HAVE A JOB, RATE HOW MUCH YOU AGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT YOUR JOB: YOU WORK BECAUSE YOU/YOUR FAMILY NEEDS THE MONEY Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

677

13%

Don’t agree much

359

7%

Mostly agree

460

9%

Completely agree

1222

23%

D.M

2656

49%

Total

5374

100%

YOU WORK BECAUSE IT IS FUN OR BECAUSE YOU LEARN A LOT Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

717

13%

Don’t agree much

624

12%

Mostly agree

514

10%

Completely agree

703

13%

D.M

2815

52%

Total

5373

100%

21


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOU WORK SO THAT YOU CAN BUY THINGS THAT YOU WANT Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

341

6%

Don’t agree much

399

7%

Mostly agree

616

11%

1237

23%

D.M

2780

52%

Total

5373

100%

Completely agree

BECAUSE OF YOUR JOB, YOU DON’T HAVE TIME FOR THE LEISURE ACTIVITIES YOU WANT TO DO Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

864

16%

Don’t agree much

774

14%

Mostly agree

463

9%

Completely agree

431

8%

D.M

2839

53%

Total

5371

100%

BECAUSE OF YOUR JOB, YOU DON’T HAVE TIME FOR SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

1357

25%

Don’t agree much

587

11%

Mostly agree

266

5%

Completely agree

308

6%

D.M

2856

53%

Total

5374

100%

YOUR JOB IS HEAVY AND MAKES YOU TIRED

22

Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

792

15%

Don’t agree much

677

13%

Mostly agree

472

9%

Completely agree

557

10%

D.M

2876

53%

Total

5374

100%


Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

1260

23%

Don’t agree much

649

12%

Mostly agree

312

6%

Completely agree

242

5%

D.M

2910

54%

Total

5373

100%

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

OTHER PEOPLE AT YOUR WORK ARE MEAN TO YOU

THERE IS GREAT RISK OF GETTING INJURED AT YOUR WORK Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

870

16%

Don’t agree much

621

12%

409

8%

571

11%

D.M

2898

54%

Total

5369

100%

Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

860

16%

Don’t agree much

652

12%

Mostly agree

450

8%

Completely agree

462

9%

D.M

2952

55%

Total

5376

100%

Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

551

10%

Don’t agree much

475

9%

Mostly agree

547

10%

Completely agree

924

17%

D.M

2878

54%

Total

5375

100%

Mostly agree Completely agree

YOUR JOB IS STRESSFUL

YOUR JOB IS FUN

23


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOU LEARN THINGS AT WORK THAT WILL BENEFIT YOU IN THE FUTURE Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

374

7%

Don’t agree much

267

5%

Mostly agree

468

9%

Completely agree

1481

28%

D.M

2785

52%

Total

5375

100%

DO YOU THINK THAT COMPANIES CAN CONTRIBUTE TO A BETTER WORLD? Frequency

Percent

Yes, very much

2519

47%

Yes, somewhat

1211

23%

Maybe, not really

912

17%

Not at all

432

8%

D.M Total

299

6%

5373

100%

RATE HOW MUCH YOU AGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT YOUR HOME: YOU FEEL COMFORTABLE AT HOME Frequency

Percent

511

10%

Don’t agree much

605

11%

Mostly agree

899

17%

Completely agree

3185

59%

174

3%

5374

100%

Don’t agree at all

D.M Total

YOU CAN BE ALONE WHEN YOU WANT TO Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

1122

21%

Don’t agree much

1116

21%

Mostly agree

1230

23%

Completely agree

1576

29%

328

6%

5372

100%

D.M Total 24


Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

272

5%

Don’t agree much

472

9%

Mostly agree

997

19%

3385

63%

248

5%

5374

100%

Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

384

7%

Don’t agree much

607

11%

Mostly agree

983

18%

Completely agree

3155

59%

D.M

244

5%

5373

100%

Completely agree D.M Total

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOU CAN TALK TO YOUR PARENTS OR SIBLINGS

YOU CAN SLEEP WELL

Total

YOU ARE HAPPY WITH THE FOOD YOU EAT Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

415

8%

Don’t agree much

701

13%

Mostly agree

1111

21%

2880

54%

264

5%

5371

100%

Completely agree D.M Total

YOU COME WITH IDEAS TO YOUR PARENTS Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

386

7%

Don’t agree much

847

16%

Mostly agree

1331

25%

2503

47%

307

6%

5374

100%

Completely agree D.M Total

25


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOUR PARENTS LISTEN TO YOUR IDEAS Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

442

8%

Don’t agree much

969

18%

Mostly agree

1138

21%

2542

47%

284

5%

5375

100%

Completely agree D.M Total

HOW IMPORTANT IS THE FOLLOWING FOR YOU TO LIVE A GOOD LIFE: SPEND TIME WITH YOUR FAMILY Frequency

Percent

Not important at all

234

4%

Not that important

703

13%

Important

567

11%

3704

69%

166

3%

5374

100%

Frequency

Percent

Not important at all

654

12%

Not that important

1104

21%

Important

1502

28%

Very important

1733

32%

382

7%

5375

100%

Frequency

Percent

281

5%

1006

19%

1131

21%

2647

49%

310

6%

5375

100%

Very important D.M Total

HAVE COOL TOYS/GADGETS

D.M Total

HAVE FRIENDS Not important at all Not that important Important Very important D.M Total

26


Frequency

Percent

Not important at all

189

4%

Not that important

554

10%

Important

612

11%

3737

70%

282

5%

5374

100%

Frequency

Percent

Not important at all

137

3%

Not that important

630

12%

Important

656

12%

3656

68%

296

6%

5375

100%

Very important D.M Total

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

HAVE A PLACE WHERE YOU FEEL SAFE

HAVE FOOD

Very important D.M Total

PLAY AND RELAX Frequency

Percent

Not important at all

297

6%

Not that important

978

18%

Important

1007

19%

Very important

2783

52%

309

6%

5374

100%

D.M Total

THINK ABOUT THE PAST YEAR. HAVE YOU BEEN TREATED UNFAIRLY BECAUSE OF… Frequency

Percent

Your gender

752

14%

Your ethnicity

771

14%

Your religion

931

17%

Your age

1130

21%

Where you live

1022

19%

Your financial situation

1181

22%

Who your parents are

781

15%

What language you speak

781

15%

How you dress

950

18%

A handicap / You are differently abled

622

12%

What you look like

917

17%

27


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

THINK ABOUT THE PAST YEAR. HAS ANY OF THE FOLLOWING HAPPENED? Frequency

Percent

1181

22%

An adult has bullied you

1357

25%

You have felt afraid of another child/youth

1021

19%

You have felt afraid of an adult

1458

27%

Another child/youth has helped you when you have had problems

1922

36%

2945

55%

Another child/ youth has bullied you

An adult has helped you when you have had problems

RATE HOW MUCH YOU WORRY ABOUT THE FOLLOWING: THAT YOU DON’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY FOR WHAT YOU AND YOUR FAMILY NEEDS Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1107

21%

A little

1127

21%

Somewhat

840

16%

A lot

1921

36%

D.M

374

7%

5376

100%

Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1914

36%

A little

1144

21%

Somewhat

826

15%

A lot

1035

19%

D.M

456

8%

5375

100%

Total

THAT AN ADULT WILL HIT YOU

Total

28


Frequency

Percent

2567

48%

A little

993

18%

Somewhat

676

13%

A lot

660

12%

D.M

479

9%

5375

100%

Not at all

Total

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

THAT OTHER CHILDREN/YOUTH WILL HIT YOU

THAT YOU WILL BE SEXUALLY HARASSED Frequency

Percent

2409

45%

A little

816

15%

Somewhat

513

10%

A lot

1110

21%

Not at all

D.M

527

10%

5375

100%

Frequency

Percent

1973

37%

A little

841

16%

Somewhat

574

11%

A lot

1540

29%

D.M

445

8%

5373

100%

Total

THAT THERE WILL BE WAR Not at all

Total

THAT YOU/YOUR FAMILY WILL BE FORCED TO MOVE OUT OF YOUR HOME Frequency

Percent

2053

38%

A little

958

18%

Somewhat

628

12%

A lot

1277

24%

Not at all

D.M Total

458

9%

5374

100%

THAT SOMEONE WILL READ YOUR TEXTS/MESSAGES ON THE INTERNET/DIARY Frequency

Percent

Not at all

2145

40%

A little

1109

21%

Somewhat

790

15%

A lot

868

16%

D.M

463

9%

5375

100%

Total

29


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

THAT SOMEONE WILL DESTROY YOUR THINGS Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1720

32%

A little

1075

20%

818

15%

A lot

1252

23%

D.M

507

9%

5372

100%

Somewhat

Total

THAT OTHERS WILL BE MEAN TO YOU BECAUSE OF WHO YOU ARE IN LOVE WITH Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1723

32%

A little

1078

20%

873

16%

1236

23%

Somewhat A lot D.M Total

464

9%

5374

100%

THAT OTHERS WILL THINK YOU ARE UGLY Frequency

Percent

Not at all

2331

43%

A little

1078

20%

Somewhat

710

13%

A lot

762

14%

D.M

492

9%

5373

100%

Total

THAT SOMEONE WILL HURT YOUR SIBLING / PARENT / FRIEND / PET Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1461

27%

A little

926

17%

751

14%

A lot

1785

33%

D.M

452

8%

5375

100%

Somewhat

Total

30


Frequency

Percent

707

13%

2283

42%

Play soccer/football

390

7%

Other sports

150

3%

Housework

196

4%

Work

649

12%

Computer games

224

4%

Watch movies

144

3%

Experience nature

279

5%

Listen to music

138

3%

D.M

215

4%

5375

100%

Play/hang out with friends Go to school

Total

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

IF YOU COULD CHOOSE TO DO ANYTHING YOU WANTED FOR ONE DAY, WHAT WOULD IT BE?

RATE HOW MUCH YOU AGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT NATURE: YOU ARE WORRIED THAT A NATURAL DISASTER WILL HAPPEN NEAR YOU Frequency

Percent

1788

33%

Don’t agree

875

16%

Mostly agree

830

15%

1506

28%

374

7%

5373

100%

Don’t agree at all

Completely agree D.M Total

YOU ARE WORRIED THAT THE NATURE AROUND YOU WON’T BE AS HEALTHY IN THE FUTURE Frequency

Percent

1317

24%

Don’t agree

1008

19%

Mostly agree

1197

22%

Completely agree

1353

25%

D.M

499

9%

5374

100%

Don’t agree at all

Total

31


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

YOU CAN SPEND TIME IN NATURE Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

821

15%

Don’t agree

873

16%

Mostly agree

1403

26%

Completely agree

1803

34%

474

9%

5374

100%

D.M Total

YOU CAN LEARN ABOUT NATURE AND ANIMALS Frequency

Percent

Don’t agree at all

821

15%

Don’t agree

873

16%

Mostly agree

1403

26%

Completely agree

1803

34%

474

9%

5374

100%

D.M Total

HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT TO BE A PART OF DECIDING THE FOLLOWING: WHAT YOU LEARN IN SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

Not at all

446

8%

A little

726

14%

Somewhat

734

14%

A lot

3065

57%

D.M

404

8%

5375

100%

Total

WHAT THE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT LOOKS LIKE Frequency

Percent

510

9%

A little

1082

20%

Somewhat

1363

25%

A lot

1846

34%

571

11%

5372

100%

Not at all

D.M Total

32


Frequency

Percent

Not at all

471

9%

A little

1117

21%

1348

25%

A lot

1815

34%

D.M

624

12%

5375

100%

Somewhat

Total

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

HOW THINGS WORK AND LOOK AT HOME

WHICH FRIENDS YOU CAN HANG OUT WITH Frequency

Percent

621

12%

1315

24%

1038

19%

A lot

1791

33%

D.M

608

11%

5373

100%

Not at all A little Somewhat

Total

WHAT YOU DO IN YOUR FREE TIME Frequency

Percent

Not at all

508

9%

A little

1171

22%

Somewhat

1262

23%

A lot

1858

35%

D.M

576

11%

5375

100%

Total

WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD Frequency

Percent

1087

20%

A little

1159

22%

Somewhat

1107

21%

1408

26%

Not at all

A lot D.M Total

614

11%

5375

100%

33


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

WHO IS ELECTED TO MAKE DECISIONS Frequency

Percent

1007

19%

A little

1185

22%

Somewhat

1143

21%

1409

26%

631

12%

5375

100%

Not at all

A lot D.M Total

HOW MONEY IS USED IN YOUR COMMUNITY Frequency

Percent

Not at all

820

15%

A little

1031

19%

Somewhat

1057

20%

A lot

1932

36%

D.M

535

10%

5375

100%

Total

HOW MUCH ARE YOU ALLOWED TO BE A PART OF DECIDING THE FOLLOWING: WHAT YOU LEARN IN SCHOOL Frequency

Percent

812

15%

A little

764

14%

Somewhat

828

15%

A lot

2472

46%

D.M

496

9%

5372

100%

Not at all

Total

WHAT THE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT LOOKS LIKE Frequency

Percent

Not at all

847

16%

A little

1178

22%

Somewhat

1238

23%

A lot

1430

27%

D.M Total

34

680

13%

5373

100%


Frequency

Percent

686

13%

A little

1067

20%

Somewhat

1328

25%

A lot

1543

29%

Not at all

D.M Total

750

14%

5374

100%

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

HOW THINGS WORK AND LOOK AT HOME

WHICH FRIENDS YOU CAN HANG OUT WITH Frequency

Percent

713

13%

1146

21%

Somewhat

1048

19%

A lot

1692

31%

D.M

776

14%

5375

100%

Not at all A little

Total

WHAT YOU DO IN YOUR FREE TIME Frequency

Percent

615

11%

A little

1125

21%

Somewhat

1162

22%

A lot

1743

32%

D.M

729

14%

5374

100%

Not at all

Total

WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1387

26%

A little

1218

23%

Somewhat

997

19%

A lot

983

18%

D.M Total

789

15%

5374

100%

35


CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

WHO IS ELECTED TO MAKE DECISIONS Frequency

Percent

1440

27%

1109

21%

Somewhat

1004

19%

A lot

1059

20%

Not at all A little

D.M Total

762

14%

5374

100%

HOW MONEY IS USED IN COMMUNITY Frequency

Percent

Not at all

1333

25%

A little

999

19%

Somewhat

899

17%

A lot

1457

27%

D.M

686

13%

5374

100%

Total

DO YOU HAVE ACCESS TO THE INTERNET? Frequency

Percent

Yes

2505

47%

No

2601

48%

D.M

269

5%

5375

100%

Total

IF YOU COULD CHOOSE TO DO ANYTHING YOU WANTED FOR ONE DAY, WHAT WOULD IT BE?

36

Frequency

Percent

Search for information

2322

43%

Play games

1222

23%

Listen to music

1221

23%

Watch videos

872

16%

Do things adults don’t let you do

346

6%

Talk or write to friends

1677

31%

Talk or write to people you don’t know

740

14%

Make new friends

1237

23%

Read news or what is happening around you

1550

29%

Express your opinions

1340

25%


Frequency

Percent

1325

25%

You have been able to share something you have created, for example music or a poem

918

17%

You have gotten support when something felt difficult

1152

21%

2038

38%

Someone your age has written something you felt was offensive/mean

553

10%

An adult you don’t know has contacted you and wanted to meet you or start a relationship with you

750

14%

You have expressed an opinion

You have found information that was important for you

CHILDREN’S VOICES 2013

HAS ANY OF THE FOLLOWING HAPPENED WHEN YOU HAVE USED THE INTERNET?

DO YOU HAVE ACCESS TO A MOBILE PHONE? Frequency

Percent

Yes

3368

63%

No

1669

31%

D.M

335

6%

5372

100%

Total

WHAT DO YOU USE THE MOBILE PHONE FOR? Frequency

Percent

Call

3192

59%

Text

1930

36%

Internet

1735

32%

Facebook/socialmedia

1401

26%

Buy things

593

11%

Send or receive money

1135

21%

Play games

2001

37%

Listen to music

2389

44%

Take photos

1366

25%

37


Funded by SIDA Distributed in Chad, DRC, Rwanda, Tanzania and Senegal Project coordination, research and analysis: Lumen Behavior Layout: Pondus Kommunikation

Children's Voices 2013  

In 2013 Reach for Change conducted a cross- African survey to learn from children and young people in our markets. The Children’s Voices sur...