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Johanna Edelmann


Content

Bachelor studies Memorial site of Gablingen

06

The new east of Bamberg

08

Skills centre Nairobi

10

Space of sense

12

Modular test-boxes

14

Design project

Urban design project

Design build project

Study

Bachelor thesis

Master studies Refugee city Jordan

20

Health Cube Indonesia

24

Urban design project

Design project

Professional practice Day-care facility Kรถsching

Design and construction of a new building

28


Bachelor studies


Memorial site of Gablingen

Johanna Edelmann

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Design project

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Memorial site of Gablingen

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04

Issue During the Second World War an isolated compound near city of Gablingen was used as an expansion to the concentration camps of Dachau. Some of the foundation walls still exist, which shall now be made accessible to the public.

Concept The essential idea is to create areas interacting differently within the memorial site to achieve diverse effects. At one place visitors are allowed to enter the foundations, at another they are taken to a lowered platform and at the last one they are covered by a big roof. The remaining fabric of the buildings is treated carefully and considerately to show respect for the past. The whole area is surrounded by a tree line. The entrance building ruptures the enclosure and defines an access. The long and narrow corridor of the entrance building takes the visitor into the compound. Since the ground is covered with gravel and doesn‘t determine a way, one can move around freely. The former labour camp is now divided into three different areas interacting differently with the foundations. The places are equiped with seating-accommodation and information panels, informing the visitor about the compound and its history.

Compound [1] entrance building [2] lowered area [3] area with fondations to enter [4] covered area

[4]

[3]

[2] [1]


Johanna Edelmann

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Design project

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Memorial site of Gablingen

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05

The entrance building The entrance building consists of a two-storied store and a viewing platform at the western side. A seminar room provided with a kitchenette and sanitation facilities are located at the eastern side. A central corridor, stretching for 120ft with a hight of only 6ft, protrudes distinctively from the treeline. This dark, cramped and seemingly interminable tube puts visitors in a similar position as former prisoners may have entered the compound presumably: with anxiety, trepidation and incertitude about what was waiting for them at the end. The building is made out of freight containers. These are prefabricated and standartizised 8ft high and 20ft, 30ft or 40ft long. By arranging them, spaces are created, whose size is bound to the specific size of the freight containers. The construction of freight containers refers to the deportation.

upper floor

northern view

ground floor

eastern view


The new east of Bamberg

Johanna Edelmann

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Urban design project

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The new east of Bamberg

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06

Issue When the US-Army leaves their military base in the East of Bamberg a huge area will be out of use offering great potential. The design should respond to the context of a spatial development process. Further important criterias are connections to the city as well as the adjacent landscape and the handling of dwelling density regarding a possible further utilization of already existing buildings.

overall concept

figure ground plan

Concept The main idea is to create a central green corridor, which stretches from the forrest to the motorway deviding the area into two mutually independent residential zones. These areas are only connected to each other by pedestrian and cycle paths. The landscape park is subdivided into four subject areas, becoming more and more unstructured with increasing distance to the city. The first theme is an Asian garden with a central square planted with cherry blossoms. The theme Germany provides a playground. Domestic fruit-bearing trees like apple trees, pear trees and plum trees can be found here. The third theme Scandinavia consists of lingonberry fields and a lake. Indian summer is the last of the four areas creating a harmonious transition to the forest. The building area starts with former imperial barracks at the west. Here community offices as well as a housing area for students is placed. Crossing the main road ‚Berliner Ring‘ inhabitants will reach the campus of sports. Two residential zones follow, extended to the suburbia housings.

structural concept

USA

Scandinavia

Germany

Asia


Johanna Edelmann

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Urban design project

The new east of Bamberg

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Preiselbeerfeld

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Preiselbeerfeld proposal for the urban site

Transition between the existing garden city at the north and the new residential area at the south occurs by a three-storey terraced houses development. This is followed by multi-story residential buildings rising up to seven floors at the east. The main focus lies on the twelve-storied apartment building at the end of the ‚Zollnerstraße‘. The displayed area is characterized by the block development defining a clear borderline. The U-shaped development creates calm inner zones.


Skills centre Nairobi Issue In Nairobi Kenya a school was created to provide the opportunity for socially underprivileged adolescents to enter working life by undergoing training for a skilled trade. The design for the extension buildings was developed in a team of twelve students tand later implemented together with Kenyan students and craftsmen during a 3-month construction phase. Sponsoring association was the German organisation „promoting africa“ in cooperation with the Kenyan NGO „Youth supporting Kenya“.

Johanna Edelmann

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Design build project

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Skills centre Nairobi

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08

From an idea to a building Within a team of twelve students the concept for a second construction phase was developed and the process of realization subsequently elaborated. Therefore donations were collected and the stay abroad was organised. During a 3-month construction phase we implemented the extension of the facilities together with Kenyan students and craftsmen. Thus, I had the unique opportunity to turn a students work into reality.

Work as a team Self-organized working methods and work-sharing were an important aspect of the challenging task. Discussions with the sponsoring associations and locals as well as defining roles and functions within the team, were a continuous process happening at the planning phase as well as at the building site. Solely because of the fruitful cooperation we managed to meet the tight construction time.

Sustainable building Besides design, functionality and economic feasibility, sustainability plays an important role. The rapidly growing raw material bamboo was used for the bearing structure of the roofs and determines decisively the appearance of the facility. In preliminary investigations construction methods have been tested and experiences from the previous construction stage were evaluated. Thus, construction material could be used optimally and made accessible to the users.

Intercultural exchange Direct collaboration with Kenyan students and craftsmen gave me the opportunity to discover a foreign culture. Intercultural exchange was an exciting process where we could share our knowledge and gain new experiences, for example by using a new building material or by handling the building task differently.


Johanna Edelmann

[2]

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[3]

Design build project

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Skills centre Nairobi

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09

[7]

[5]

[8]

[9]

[4] [1] [6]

The design an its elements

[10]

The first construction phase (grey) is extended to the East (black). First of all the sleeping area in the North was complemented by five new rooms, which are oriented towards small courtyards, similar to its predecessor. Next to the teacher‘s dormitory a new bedroom for teachers and a library was built. In the southeast a new school building was created which offers space for two classrooms and a lockable storage. Furthermore windows are glazed to protect the interior space from wind and rain. The new school building and the already existing face each other. Thus, a spacious yard arises, which can be used for outdoor activities.

existing facilities

new facilities

[1] entrance with gate [2] dry toilets [3] sleeping area [4] dining room I kitchen [5] teacher‘s dormitory [6] school building

[7] sleeping area [8] library [9] teacher‘s dormitory [10] school building


Space of sense Issue

Johanna Edelmann

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Study

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Space of sense

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10

Sense-less space

A detached pavilion was elaborated as a space of sense. The process from sense-less to sense-full plays an essential role.

Concept What is a sense-less space? A sense-less space can be recognised as a place, however it doesn‘t fulfil a certain function. Synonyms: absurd, paradox, useless, pointless, improper, inefficient, needless. What is a neutral space? A neutral space is immediately understandable for all senses, but doesn‘t cause emotions. Synonyms: clear, rational, factual, actual, independent, unprejudiced.

The design starts with the thoughts of points being a fundamental geometrical element. 32 of these are arranged on a circular line to produce a space. The points become lines, sticks in the 3-dimensional realm of architecture. These are placed close enough to create a space and at the same time at a sufficient distance to permit access. The place doesn‘t appear because of its structure, but because of its surrounding.

What is a sense-full space? A sense-full space can be recognised as a place and fulfils a function. It influences our senses and causes emotions. Synonyms: useful, convenient, beneficial, reasoned, logical, right, clear, appealing.

A sense-less space should not appeal to any senses. This can be achieved through deactivating senses or stimulating them in the same way the surrounding area does. Since the first option is not possible I decided to permit sensations. These are not related to the place itself but to the surrounding in which the pavilion is placed. The circle is a clear and rational form that creates a sense of spaciousness and restfulness, by not emphasizing a special spot. Furthermore it is easily understandable for all visitors.


Johanna Edelmann

From sense-less to sense-full space

The sense-full space

A two-storey building develops by continuing the hyperboloid of revolution upwards. The entrance situation is solved by another shape, the hyperbolic paraboloid. For this purpose the base element is cut on four sites, to arrange hyperbolic paraboloids in front of it. Their inclinations are adapted to the hyperboloid of revolution. The place opens up access to the surrounding by four defined entrances symmetrically positioned. By putting sticks on top of each other and twisting them a reticulate structure originates. This structure stretches across the whole shape and determines decisively the exterior as well as the interior appearance. Simultaneously the structure forms the supporting framework. In the middle of the place stairs are located which lead to an observation plattform. The space especially stimulates the visual sense und the sixth sense. The shape of the pavilion and the complexity of the structure create an interesting interplay of light and shadow.

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Study

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Space of sense

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11


Modular test-boxes

Johanna Edelmann

I

Bachelor thesis

Issue My bachelor thesis consists of the design and the constructional elaboration of a sense-laboratory. The laboratory without common laboratory-character provides the opportunity to investigate the olfactory and the emotional effect of different substances.

Concept The design consists of one fundamental idea: modular boxes. The space turns into furniture able to be arranged, combined and used arbitrarily. The Laboratory with its flexible character is able to respond individually to the circumstances of an examination. Each box offers a space of 18m² and comprises two closed and two open walls. Through arranging several boxes differently, spaces of various dimensions are generated. The base element is built with a timber frame construction. This makes the box lightweight and favours prefabrication. The surface, illumination and appointments can be adapted specifically. A wooden pallet at the bottom of the box makes it mobile. By using a pallet truck it can be transported to any location. The boxes enter the building through a folding wall. To keep the use of the box flexible, power and data supply are available at any location. Furthermore the box can be connected to the evaluation system all over the place. This is possible by hooking them up to the installation level hidden at the ceiling. Due to this building technique the box is flexible in size, location and use.

Possible variations of the module

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Modular test-boxes

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12


Johanna Edelmann

The pallet

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Bachelor thesis

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Modular test-boxes

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13

Two timber-frame walls are placed on the pallet planked with OSB panels. After inserting the installations, the walls are closed with another OSB panel. At the open site a wooden pillar is mounted that gets connected to the walls through joist. Hereupon rafters and battens can be attached. At the end the box is covert with gypsum cardboard on the inside and with beech plywood on the outside by default.

The wall

+3.50

3.50

4.50

+3.275

+0.155 4.50

4.50


Johanna Edelmann

I

Bachelor thesis

I

Modular test-boxes

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14

Bearing structure

The building is designed as a timber-frame construction. It consists of 34 clamped pillars, connected by beams. CLT plates are laid on it to brace it. This construction method allows a column-free interior with a size of 13 x 40 meters.

Detail of the roof and the ground

2 +6.025

Climatic envelopes

+5.86 vegetation layer, 100mm drainage layer with filter layer and waterproving, 40mm thermal insulation, 200mm CLT plate, 120mm +5.40

1.46

beam 2 x 400x100

beam, 2 x 400x100mm

+5.00

installation level, 400mm 0.10

A curtain wall embraces the timber-frame construction. The main entrance can be found on the east side consisting of two automatic sliding doors. The west side of the building is design as an accordion partition that provides the opportunity to open the facade completely. The housetop is a flat roof.

akustic panel, 33mm +4.565

Interior

wooden pillar, 150x 50mm

wooden pillar, 150x 50mm Âą0.00

Since the bearing structure and the climate envelope functions autonomously the interior is disengaged and for multible use. The boxes can be arranged arbitrarily. Solely one box is fixed at the front part of the building. This one contains sanitation facilities, a kitchenette and a storage.

Âą0.00 floor-covering out of rubber screed with floor heating, 55mm thermal insulation and balancing level, 75mm concrete slab, 200mm perimeter drain, 100mm gravel, 100mm soil replacement


Johanna Edelmann

I

Bachelor thesis

I

Modular test-boxes

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Master studies


Refugee City Jordan

Johanna Edelmann

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Urban design project

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Refugee City Jordan

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17

Issue The project started with the analysis of the school garden at UNRWA girls school yard. During our visit at Al Husn camp in november 2016 it appears that there were some big challenges to deal with. In Jordan winter are cold and rainy and summer hot and dry. Furthermore the school is facing a big water shortage because of the inappropriate size of the ground water tank. Since water is probably the most important thing for setting up a garden it became clear that we had to think about alternative methods. While starting our research progress it stands out clear that vandalism will become our main challenge. Talking to different headmasters of the girl’s school it emerges that boys seemed the one to blame. “Boys climb the school building to damage water tanks and steal loudspeakers”, was one of the headmasters claim. One reason for that might be the high unemployment rate. Two of three people aged 15-29 have no job. Also the right to return is accompanied by the question of belonging and creates an inner conflict which might end in destructiveness. Having a wider look at the camp it transpires that there is a lack of facilities for children. The already existing youth club SANABEL is just responsible for 300 privileged kids, Al Carmel sports club in the middle of the camp can only be used by paying 10JD per hour and the existing playground is located at the edge of the camp which is too far away for many children. Also a protected place and a functional institution for women is missing. That’s why boys conquered the school yards after classes and hang around in the streets while girls and little children stay at home. With our design strategy we tackle these challenges by creating a place for activity and sports, for gathering and family and a protected place for women in a participatory process.

ACTIVITIES

GATHERING

EMPOWERMENT

B O Y S playing, fighting, climbing, sports, hanging around with friends M E N hanging around in public area, meeting friends, working

G I R L S

W O M E N

playing, drawing, taking care of siblings, spending time with family

taking care of family and household, meeting friends at home


Johanna Edelmann

I

Urban design project

Spine redefined I

Refugee City Jordan

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18

Our project started with the analysis of the school garden at UNRWA girls school yard. During our visit at Al Husn camp in november it appears that there were some big challenges to deal with. In Jordan winter are cold and rainy and summer hot and dry. Furthermore the school is facing a big water shortage because of the inappropriate size of the ground water tank. Since water is probably the most important thing for setting up a garden it became clear that we had to think about alternative methods. While starting our research progress it stands out clear that vandalism will become our main challenge. Talking to different headmasters of the girl’s school it emerges that boys seemed the one to blame. “Boys climb the school building to damage water tanks and

[5]

steal loudspeakers”, was one of the headmasters claim. One reason for that might be the high unemployment rate. Two of three people aged 15-29 have no job. Also the right to return is accompanied by the question of belonging and creates an inner conflict which might end in destructiveness.

[1]

[3]

[6] [7]

Having a wider look at the camp it transpires that there is a lack of facilities for children. The already existing youth club SANABEL is just responsible for 300 privileged kids, Al Carmel sports club in the middle of the camp can only be used by paying 10JD per hour and the existing playground is located at the edge of the camp which is too far away away for many children. Also a protected place and a functional institution for women is missing. That’s why boys conquered the

[8] [2] [4]

[10]

[9]

school yards after classes and hang around in the streets while girls and little children stay at home. With our design strategy we tackle these challenges by creating a place for activity and sports, for gathering and family and a protected place for women in a participatory process.

[11]

IRBID

B O Y S

make up 23% of the whole camp population

M E

make up 25% of the whole camp population

Camp context

simple playing in little street

fighting in little streets

football in public streets

running in public street

volleyball at volleyballfield

The Spine is the most public Nspace in Al-Husn Camp. It functions as the prolongation of the entrance and contains many relevant public institutions. UNRWA boy’s and girl’s school that are responsible for about 5.000 students from the age 4-16 can be found here. Also the Women’s program centre, a kindergarten, vocation8am - 12pm al training for girls, Al Karmel Sports Club and Sanabel Youth Club are located in the Spine. Since their use is expensive or available just for a small selected group of people mentioned facilities can be declared as inappropriate. Population of Al-Husn is well balanced, but regarding the Spine main users are boys and men. working in the camp

hanging around in public areas

working in Irbid

hanging around in public areas

meeting friends in public streets

only female at wpc

girls from 4-16 at UNRWA girls schoolyards (first school shift and elemantary school)

hanging arou in public are

12pm - 16p

few women at wpc

girls from 6-16 at girls schoolyards (second school sh

boys at extension UNRWA girls scho

few girls at girls vocational training

few girls at girls vo training

boys from 4-16 years at UNRWA boys schoolyards (first school shift and elemantary school)

boys from 6-16 ye UNRWA boys sch (second school sh

Spine mainly male

Spine mainly male

schools

social institutions

[1] UNRWA girls school [2] UNRWA boys school [3] DPA girls school [4] DPA boys school

[5] Women Program Center [6] Kindergarten [7] Vocational training for girls [8] Al-Karmel sports club [9] Sanabel youth club [10] UNRWA Office [11] Rehabilitation Center

mosques

clim on publi

PLACES FOR ACTIVITY AND SPORTS


Johanna Edelmann

I

Urban design project

I

Refugee City Jordan

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19

Phase 1: Activation (2017) Activation is based on workshops. UNRWA boy’s school and Al Karmel become a hotspot for boys and men by offering free afternoon classes of sports. Also welding workshops will be provided. Drama and music classes will be held for girls and boys at UNRWA girl’s school. Women’s program center guarantees a protected place for women. Sewing, cooking and stitching bring women together and give the possibility to gain new skills. In addition gardening lessons will take place. To facilitate revivalism of Women’s program center alternative childcare is provided. To render possible intension of activation and proposal of workshops, volunteers are recruited and new jobs offered.

Phase 2: Groth and Accessability (2018 - 2020) The new connection between UNWRA boy school and Al Karmel Sports Club allows sports classes during school time. Participants of the welding workshop build a multi-functional structure that can be used for zoning spaces. A skate park is implemented at UNRWA boy’s school. Music and drama lessons at UNRWA girl’s school led to performances that bring family together. An access to the Women’s program center allows students to have outdoor classes in the garden. The school kiosks at UNRWA boy’s and girl’s school adopt the role of a guard. Childcare at Women’s program center gives women the possibility to establish an own factory. Production of food, clothes starts.

Phase 3: Consideration (2020 - 2030) Al Karmel sports club opens its gates to community of Al-Husn camp. UNRWA boy’s schoolyard is a place for action and leisure. Boys have the possibly to work out and gather. UNWRA girl’s schoolyard addresses family. Performances of students and open-air cinema take place in the afternoon, while women sell food. Women’s program center consists of a garden that is a place for recreation and production and a laboratory that products food and fabric to be sold at Wadi market. Together with the alternative childcare system this creates new branches of occupation and gives women the possibility to earn some income. The place represents empowerment of women of Al-Husn Camp.


Johanna Edelmann

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Urban design project

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Refugee City Jordan

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20

Vision for the women‘s program center

This place has turned from Women’s program center into Women’s community center and represents now empowerment of women of Al-Husn camp. It consists of an office, a sewing factory, a childcare center and a garden extended to the roofs. By using the structure the place can be organized differently depending on need and further development. Therefore the garden can be used for recreation, playing, food production and outdoor education. Products of food and fabric are sold at Wadi market. Hence a new branch of occupation is created and gives women the possibility to earn some income.

production of vegetables

production of fabrics

production of herbs


Health Cube Indonesia

Johanna Edelmann

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Design project project

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Health Cube Indonesia

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21

Issue Indonesia has do deal with tremendous social issues, such as poverty, unemployment and a rising gap between a rapidly growing population and inadequate infrastructure systems, which leads to perilously unhealthy life conditions. A pocket clinic has been developed to provide appropriate health care service and spread of knowledge. A health-related setting eloquent to the local identity and climate conditions play an important role in the design.

Concept The building site was chosen off the coast of Singapore in the centre of Batam Island. The Health Cube itself is located on a main street close to the industrial park Batam, to provide access for employees and transients.

The subdivision into independent department blocks and a connecting pathway system is adapted to the design concept: wooden pathways create a light and naturally ventilated space, while air-conditioned concert blocks provide appropriate rehabilitation condition.

y

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BATAMINDO

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inpatient

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The system of access routes is divided into three parts. Each department has its own corridor organized around the inner registration desk. From there patients can be transferred to the inner medical pathway and the operation theatre. The outer, public footbridge connects all department blocks and forms two big platforms. These platforms contain registration desk, food court and additional public functions.

SINGAPORE / INDONESIA

ou tp

The hospital building is divided into separate department blocks. Each block operates independently and follows the same logic. Rooms with daylight function are placed on the outside, engineering room and registration desk on the inside.

emergency

operation

radiology

critical care

non medical site plan


Johanna Edelmann

I

Design project project

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Health Cube Indonesia

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22

external, public section

department related elevation

internal, medical

concept of access


Professional practice


Day-care facility Kösching

Johanna Edelmann

I

Design and construction of a new building

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Day-care facility Kösching

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24

building task construction of a new nursery building with two group rooms

fields of responsibility project management work phase 3-8 (according to HOAI of german government) design, approval and implementation planning development of details design of build-in furniture concept of color

design The nursery consists of an administrative wing with side rooms, a group room area and an elongated hallway. Big openings on both sides of the corridor flood the space with light. Due to its adequate width the hallway is suitable for playing as well. The concept of color extends from the interior to the design of the outer facade. Shades of yellow and green are used for the flooring and the design of hallway and bathroom and determine the appearance of the facade cladding.

office ABHD Architekten, Neuburg

client municipality of Kösching

year of construction 2015

construcion costs

[1] entrance [2] buggy [3] hallway [4] rest room 1 [5] group 1 [6] bathroom [7] rest room 2

1.1 millionen

construction raft foundation wooden solid building curtain wall facing with air space final fassade out of larchwood rhombus cladding and cement asbestos boards single pitched roof, standing seam roof cover 3.5°

[9]

[10]

[11]

[12]

[1]

[3]

[2]

[6]

[4]

[5]

[7]

[13]

[8] group 2 [9] administr. [10] staff [11] side room [12] toilet [13] storage [14] plant room

[13]

[8]

[14]


Johanna Edelmann

Detail of the roof and the ground

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Design and construction of a new building

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Day-care facility Kösching

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25

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aluminum aluminum standing standing seam roof, seam3,5° roof, 3,5° 1

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battens battens / ventilation / ventilation spacespace 80x80 80x80 2

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thermal thermal isolation, isolation, 35 + 180mm 35 + 180mm 3

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CLT CLT plate, 160mm 160mm 4 plate,

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acoustic acoustic panel,panel, 33mm33mm 5

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linoleum linoleum / screed / screed 80mm80mm 6

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thermal thermal isolation isolation and balancing and balancing 7 level, 80mm level, 80mm

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concrete concrete slab, 250mm slab, 250mm 8

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perimeter perimeter drain, drain, 100mm 100mm 9

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gravel, gravel, 50mm50mm 10

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solid solid replacement 11 replacement

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hidden hidden gutter gutter 12

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rhombus rhombus cladding cladding 13

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cement cement asbestos asbestos boardsboards 14

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substructure substructure of facade of facade systemsystem 15

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sliding sliding panels, panels, two-side two-side revetted revetted 16

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with cement with cement asbestos asbestos boardsboards

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rectangular rectangular tube 50 tube x 100 50 x 100 16

±0.00 ±0.00 6

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IPE 200IPE 200

isolated foundation isolated foundation

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