Issuu on Google+


Welcome! Welcome to the 6th European Conference on

On behalf and support of the program

Gender and ICT, March 8-10th, 2011 at Umeå

committee, the organization committee, the

University, Sweden!

department of Informatics, Umeå University,

This year the theme of the conference is Feminist Interventions in Theories and Practices reflecting the multiple ways imagination, knowledge and politics intervene with gendered practices and digital designs. In sessions & keynotes contemporary research on among others accountability, social media, innovation and new frontiers for feminist research on ICT well be presented and discussed. The days are also filled with opportunities for you to share your visions and concerns and advance the intellectual landscape at the intersection of Gender and ICT. As we gather in the midst of Scandinavia there are also some opportunities to engage the particulars in this part of the world. Besides the excitement of the intellectual conversations and disputes there is also some time to engage with the Sami traditions and practices. Among other things we will experience Sami handicrafts, originating from the time when the Samis were self-supporting nomads, and experience one of the longest music traditions in Europe – jojk!

Botnia-Atlantica and Dataföreningen i Umeå, Johan Bodén and the student volunteers it is my privilege to have you around and I wish you great times at GICT 2011! Anna Croon Fors


20.00

19.30

19.00

18.30

18.00

17.30

17.00

16.30

16.00

15.30

15.00

14.30

14.00

13.30

13.00

12.30

12.00

11.30

11.00

10.30

10.00

09.30

09.00

TIME

Session 3 Gender and Innovation MA 156

Opening Reception

Open track Short session B MA 146

Session 2 Social Media New Frontiers MA 146

Open track Short session A MA 136

Session 1 Digital accountability MA 136

Coffee & Semla

Keynote: Ina Wagner Border Crossing as Source of innovation? MA 121

Conference opening, MA 121

Pre-Conference Workshop* ‘Layering Out IT Identities’ MIT-building, third floor MC 323

Registration MIT-building First floor, MA 121

TUESDAY March 8th

Session 5 Visibilities, Invisibilities MA 146

Jojk-slam at

Conference Dinner

Session 7 Visibilities Invisibilities MA 146 Session 8 Social Media New Frontiers MA 156

Harry´s Restaurant and Pub

Session 6 Modest Feminist Interventions MA 136

Coffee

Excursion to Museum of Västerbotten/Gamlia + Sami textiles and outdoor Lunch Reinder Meetings

Session 4 Gender and Innovation MA 136

Coffee

Keynote: Susan Hekman Mangle Realism in Feminist Theory and Practice MA 121

WEDNESDAY March 9th

Session 10 Visibilities, Invisibilities MA 146

Lunch & IFIP WG 9.8 Meeting MA 136

All parallel sessions (1-10) are held in rooms just across, MA 136, 146, 156

Conference opening as well as Keynote addresses are held in planary hall MA 121, first floor (basement)

GICT 2011 is taking place in the MIT-building, Umeå University Campus. Building marked “Gender & ICT ‘11” on the map found on the last page.

Please Note!

Queries and participation notification are sent to: mccarthyd@cpit.ac.nz

Theme of workshop is: Women as “Subjects in Process”: Layering Out IT Identities

* Pre-Conference Workshop is arranged and held by Diane McCarthy.

Please note!

Lunch

Conference closing - Futures ahead!

Session 9 Gender and Innovation MA 136

Keynote: Kristina Mörtberg Design from Somewhere - Demands and Desires MA 121

THURSDAY March 10th

1 CONFERENCE OVERVIEW


MARCH 8 TH

INT. WOMEN’S DAY

FAT TUESDAY

Annually on 8 March, thousands of events are

The semla was originally eaten only on Fat

held throughout the world to inspire women

Tuesday, as the last festive food before Lent.

and celebrate achievements. A global web of rich and diverse local activity connects women from all around the world ranging from political rallies, business conferences, government activities and networking events through to local women’s craft markets, theatric performances, fashion parades and more.

The Swedish semla consists of a cardamomspiced wheat bun which has its top cut off and insides scooped out, and is then filled with a mix of the scooped-out bread crumbs, milk and almond paste, topped with whipped cream. The cut-off top serves as a lid and is dusted with powdered sugar. Today it is often eaten on its own, with coffee or tea. Some people still eat it in a bowl of hot milk.

2


3 KEYNOTES

1

Ina Wagner Multidisziplinäres Design, Wienna, Austria

2

Susan Hekman University of Texas, Arlington, USA

Border-Crossing as a Source of Innovation?

Mangle Realism in Feminist Theory and Practice

Tuesday, March 8th, 1.30 pm - 2.30 pm

Wednesday, March 9th, 9.00-10.00 am

MA 121

MA 121

This talk explores the notion of ‘borders’

Andrew Pickering’s concept of the mangle

setting them in relation to women in science

offers feminists a useful tool to explore that

and technology: the borders of language and

new conception of knowledge that is emerg-

thinking a specific scientific community has

ing in the aftermath of the linguistic turn. I

created, which isolates it from other commu-

analyze the work of three feminist theorists

nities, helps it claim its distinctness, and also

who have been instrumental in defining this

often isolates it from ‘real life’; the borders of

new approach, Nancy Tuana, Karen Barad,

personal belonging or not belonging to such

and Elizabeth Grosz. I argue that approach-

a community, which may be put into ques-

ing their work from the perspective of the

tion by one’s gender, race, ethnicity, or simply

mangle further clarifies the “new materialism”

the fact of being simultaneously a member

in feminism . It is my thesis that looking at

of more than one community, in particular

the social realm from the perspective of the

if these communities pursue conflicting or

emerging “new materialism” is essential to the

incompatible goals. Looking at a diversity of

development of the approach, particularly for

experiences – from Participatory Design to

feminists. I conclude with a discussion of the

Barbara McClintock – it poses the question

tool I utilize in these analyses: disclosure. It

of what it entails to cross borders and how we

is my contention that disclosure offers and

can productively ‘play’ with multiple member-

alternative to both objectivism and cultural

ships .

relativism and thus provides an appropriate grounding for a feminist materialism.


KEYNOTES

3

Christina Mรถrtberg Linneaus University, Sweden

Design from Somewhere - demands and desires Thursday, March 10th, 9.00-10.00 am MA 121 In this talk design and use of IT systems and services will be, drawing on agential realism, discussed as iterative intra-action or ongoing actions and doings that take place in material-discursive practices. Within this view of understanding practices neither IT systems and services nor demands and desires are pregiven rather they come into being in continuous processes or intra-actions. Some entities (humans, computers, methods) included in the practices are tangible but others e.g. gender division of labour, governance regimes, policies, responsibility are more intangible. The drawing or what is included and excluded in the intra-action is not innocent due to its ontological implications. Examples from research projects will be used in order to discuss the entanglement of meaning and matter in design of IT systems and services.

4


5 SESSIONS

1

Digital Accountability: public private and beyond

2

Social Media and New Frontiers: Gender and Generations

Chair: Maria Jansson

Chair: Karin Danielsson Öberg

Tuesday, March 8th, 3 pm - 4.30 pm

Tuesday, March 8th, 3 pm - 4.30 pm

MA 136

MA 146

Jennie Kristina Olofsson Luleå tekniska universitet

Deirdre Hynes Manchester Metropolitan University

Acts of Mapping, Embodied Junctures - an

Femininity and Football: a study of gender

account of movements in computer-mediated

identities in football forums

environments

Naziat Hossain Choudhury University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Lin Prøitz University of Oslo The Fall of Private Intimacy

Sofia Lundmark and Maria Normark Södertörn University New understandings of gender and identity construction by norm-critical design

Living on Facebook: Experiences of Female Facebook Users in Bangladesh

Eva Svedmark Ikonomidis Umeå University Performative technology; creating a sense of trust.


SESSIONS

3

Gender and Innovation: Dreams for Change

4

Gender and Innovation: Dreams for Change

Chair: Johanna Sefyrin

Chair: Maria Jansson

Tuesday, March 8th, 3 pm - 4.30 pm

Wednesday, March 9th, 10.30 - 11.30 am

MA 156

MA 136

Tiina Suopajärvi & Johanna Ylipulli University of Oulu

Katherine Harrison Linköping University

Who has a chance to dream? Applying a multi-

Data Writing: an interactive feminist writing

method approach to the design process of a

method for sustainable ICT change.

future ubiquitous city

Jörg Müller, Milagros Sáinz and Cecilia Castaño Internet Interdisciplinary Institute IN3

Ana M. González Ramos, Núria Vergés Bosch, Cecilia Castaño Collado Universitat Oberta de Catalunya International Mobility of Women in ICT sectors: professional and personal goals, responses and outcomes

Maria Udén Luleå Technical University Future internet research: Feminist experimentation in FP7

Institutional Barriers to Gender Mainstreaming in Spanish ICT Higher Education

6


7 SESSIONS

5

Visibilities and Invisibilities in Theories and Practices

6

Modest Feminist Interventions

Chair: Johanna Sefyrin

Chair: Maria Jansson

Wednesday, March 9th, 10.30 - 11.30 am

Wednesday, March 9th, 2 - 4 pm

MA 146

MA 136

Pirjo Elovaara & Kerstin Gustavsson Blekinge Institute of Technology

Wendy M. Christensen Bowdoin College

Ordering a messiness – stories of an ICT-

The Online World as a Problematic: A Femi-

project

nist Sociology of the Internet

Åsa Ståhl & Kristina Lindström Malmö University

Corinna Bath Humboldt-University Berlin

Threads – a Mobile Sewing Circle

Epistem-onto-logical Models of Knowledge in the Sematicc Web: from mirroring towards diffraction

Johanna Sefyrin Mid Sweden University Who Make Anywhere Anytime Access Come Into Being? – Analyses of IT, Body and Places

Maja van der Velden University of Oslo Personal autonomy in a post-privacy world: A feminist technoscience perspective


SESSIONS

7

Visibilities and Invisibilities in Theories and Practices

8

Social Media and New Frontiers: Gender and Generations

Chair: Pirjo Elovaara

Chair: Eva Svedmark Ikonomidis

Wednesday, March 9th, 2 - 4 pm

Wednesday, March 9th, 2 - 4 pm

MA 146

MA 146

Hilde G. Corneliussen University of Bergen

Els Rommes & Yvonne Benschop Radboud University

From “Incompatibility” and “Gender Inau-

Gendered Networking Practices and Linkedin

thenticity” to “Technicity”: perspectives on a new rhetoric for the gender-technology

Clem Herman & Anna Peachey The Open University

relation

Second Life, Second Chance: using virtual

Susanna Bairoh Hanken School of Economics

worlds to support women returning to SET

ences of inclusion in Finnish ICT organisa-

Karin Danielsson Öberg, Maria Nordmark & Ulrika Danielsson Umeå University

tions

Designing for Girls and Boys

Not for the ”Soft-Skinned” – women’s experi-

Diane Patricia McCarthy Christchurch Polytechnic, Institute of Technology Brigit and Serena; trans:gendered experiences of IT training in Aotearoa, New Zealand

Anna Croon Fors Umeå University Strange Familiarity - On the material turn in feminism and HCI

8


9 SESSIONS

9

Gender and Innovation: Dreams for Change

10

Visibilities and Invisibilities in Theories and Practices

Chair: Johanna Sefyrin

Chair: Pirjo Elovaara

Thursday, March 10th, 10.30 - 11.30 am

Thursday, March 10th, 10.30 - 11.30 am

MA 136

MA 146

Fredrik Sjögren Luleå University of Technology

Cecile Crutzen Open University, Netherlands

Doing Gender in ICT Research Organisations:

Masks Between the Visible and the Invisible

competence, interests and normative concep-

Minna Salminen Karlsson & Gill Kirkup Uppsala University

tions

Carola Schirmer, Maike Hecht & Susanne Maaß University of Bremen Inspiring Innovative Practice: Gender and Diversity as Key Factors in Software Migration Processes

Have we become part of the problem?


SHORT SESSIONS 10

OPEN TRACKS POSTER SESSION Chair: Johanna Sefyrin

Tuesday, March 8th 16.30 - 17.30

Tuesday, March 8th 16.30 - 17.30

MA 146

MA 136

Claude Draude University of Bremen

Maria Nordmark & Karin Danielsson Öberg Umeå University “Challenging Life - Improving Futures”

May-Britt Öhman Uppsala University “Remote control, organic machines and hu-

InformAttraktiv - “Repositioning computer science - faculty culture, academic profiles and public image - in dialogue with gender studies research: towards a modern, innovative and more inclusive discipline”

research meet regulated rivers and the ones

Göde Both Humboldt-University / Tech. University Berlin

who (think that they) control them?”Chair:

“Agency and Gender in Human/Machine-

Hilde Corneliussen

Configurations: The Case of Virtual Personal

man bodies: Feminist body and embodiment

Assistants”


11 VENUE

UMEÅ IN BRIEF Umeå is the most densely populated town

about 500 m2, HUMlab offers interesting tech-

in northern Sweden with approximately 110

nology, prominent international visitors, often

000 inhabitants. Umeå has been appointed

several simultaneously ongoing activities and

European Capital of Culture in 2014. As one of

a rich mixture of competences and interests.

the fastest growing cities in Sweden Umeå successfully manages to balance its environmental commitments with its trade and industry ambitions, attracting some of the world’s most creative and enterprising businesses to the region. The city has tremendous IT know-how

Umeå Art Campus In the summer of 2009 contruction work for Umeå Arts Campus began in the area by the Umeå Institute of Design and Umeå Academy of Fine Arts.

and IT and communications industries are

The first new building being constructed is the

particularly well established here.

Umeå School of Architecture. Umeå Univer-

Umeå University

sity’s museum of contemporary art and visual

The university opened in 1965, and carries on strong international top-level research in

culture- Bildmuseet - will relocate to a modern new building here.

for example ageing and population stud-

Umeå Centre for Gender Studies

ies, infection medicine, and plant and forest

Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS)

biotechnology. Umeå University is one of the

is appointed Centre of Gender Excellence

country’s largest teaching universities.

from the Swedish Research Council in 2007.

Umeå university is an international well known meeting place for the humanities, social siences, culture and information technology. For example:

HUMlab An internationally established platform for the digital humanities and new media. Centered around an exciting studio environment of

It is a rapidly growing physical milieu as well as a centre for broad academic interaction including future-oriented, international and multidisciplinary development.


13 ABSTRACTS

Jennie Olofsson Acts of mapping - Embodied Junctures Computer-mediated environments constitute seemingly diverse fields from what is referred to as reality, yet they bear resemblances with physical settings, which requires “a renewed crossing of communicative and cultural perspectives” (Fornäs et al., 2002, p. 2). This presentation visualizes the inextricability between

with Norwegian women and men who in various ways participate in online dating, in social network societies and/or in blogs. Overall, the article is one attempt at developing understandings of the multifaceted interactions that digital participatory media generate, and understandings that are more in line with the complex media society of which we already are a part.

strains and render possible novel associations

Sofia Lundmark & Maria Normark New understandings of gender and identity construction by norm-critical design

between gender and embodiment. It argues

The discussion in this paper is based on two

that computer-mediated environments are apt

different empirical studies. First we will dis-

sites for articulation of the values that have

cuss how gender and identities are constructed

pervaded traditional notions of gender and

and expressed in online environments among

embodiment. More specifically, inhabitation

young girls, and how their actions in material-

of, and navigation through computer-mediat-

discursive contexts creates new challenges for

ed environments proceed in terms of situated

the design of digital technologies. The other

acts of translation, something that equally

empirical material that we discuss is a case

allows for a continuous making and remaking

study of the design work in a youth counsel-

of gendered traits

ling site in Sweden (umo.se). The case study

spaces by disclosing how computer- mediated envionments at once provide technical con-

Lin Prøitz The fall of private intimacy

gives examples of how the design is developed in order to create a norm-critical experience

In this article I examine how new digital me-

for the users. We describe how these concerns

dia and media genres influence the perception

affect the design outcome in the development

of intimacy, sexuality and the understanding

of an animation about love. Based on the

of the public and private sphere. The analytical

two empirical studies we then propose a new

discussion is based on qualitative interviews

concept: norm-critical design.


ABSTRACTS 14

Deirdre Hynes Femininty and Football: a study of gender identities in football forums This paper seeks to explore a number of related issues: first: an exploration of the experience of female football fans (in sport as a gendered cultured space); second: how female football fans negotiate their identity as a football fan and their relationship to their club via online community/fan-sites which is a gendered cultured space; third; how gender is constructed and mediated through ICTs. The research presents the experiences and testimonies from female football fans about their affinity with their club, football in general and how their own individual relationships have been shaped by online mediated participation in football forums.

Naziat Hossain Choudhury Living on Facebook: Experiences of Female Facebook Users in Bangladesh Facebook has become a big phenomenon in a country like Bangladesh which has one of the lowest Internet penetration rates in the world. But currently one million Internet users in Bangladesh are members of this site. Despite infrastructural and other problems associated with Internet usage, this statistical figure is significant. Unfortunately no data is available on how and why women are using this site in

Bangladesh. Thus this empirical paper proposes to focus in this area. Why are they entering this world of Facebook? How are they living their lives on Facebook? The findings suggest that these female Facebook users are enthusiastic, experimental and creative in their usage. They are young, educated and come from diverse socio-economic background. Majority of them accessing it from their mobile phones, Facebook seem to work as a great support base for these women. Thus the findings reveal that what started out as a place for maintaining friendship has been taken to a new level by Facebook users, in terms of the site’s use. The study emphasizes on the fact that to meet the real needs and demands of these users’ lives, they began to live in Facebook in their own unique way. The findings of this study hopes to bridge the existing research gap in the field of gender and new media in developing countries.

Eva Svedmark Ikonomidis Performative technology; creating a sense of trust. This article is focusing the growing phenomena of online self exposure both in physical and emotional meaning. By studying blogs that contains narratives of strong emotional distress, dealing with matters that we traditional-


15 ABSTRACTS

ly see as very personal or private such as grief,

the users haven’t been given a real chance to

suicide and various mental illness the author

become affective agents in the design process

search for answers and explanations why. The

though the program is based on the participa-

studies indicate that besides the social norms

tory living lab method.

created in this type of communities also the

Ana González Ramos, Núria Vergès Bosch, Cecilia Castano Collado International Women in ICT sectors: professional and personal goals

design of the technology itself is performative and creates user patterns that reinforce the phenomena further.

Tiina Suopajärvi & Johanna Ylipulli Who has a chance to dream? Applying a multi- method approach to the design process of a future ubiquitous city

Feminist Research on ICT shows the prevalence of a masculine culture within ICT sectors characterized by the scarce number of women in ICT studies and jobs and a skewed

In this paper, we argue that the participants

concept of excellence which makes work-life

of the design process of a ubiquitous city are

balance and the advancement of women in

producing their discourses in three affective

ICT difficult (Wacjman, 1991; Cohoon and

settings: “the high-tech city of Oulu”; “liv-

Aspray, 2006; Castaño, 2008). However, most

ing lab methodology”; and “global research

evidence about women in ICT treats them as

community vs. local user community”. These

a unique collective that conforms to general

settings influence especially the discourses

innovation trends of the contemporary society

on agency, which we discuss as constructed

based on ICT development (Plant, 1997;

in relation to other agents, but also to the

Burger et al, 2007).

imagined users of new technology. We apply

The present case study addresses the interna-

Donna Haraway’s notion on situated knowl-

tional mobility strategies developed by women

edge to the thematic interviews we have made

employed in the ICT labour market in Spain.

with twelve participants of the UBI Program

International Mobility is related to career

executed in the northern Finnish city of Oulu.

progression in the contemporary economy,

The program is led by computer scientists, and

a knowledge based economy (Castells, 1996,

our analyses reveal that their sense of agency

Brown et al, 2001); therefore, highly skilled

is stronger than the interviewees’ who repre-

personnel, and in this case women in the ICT

sent e.g. the city and the industry. In addition,

sector, are forced to go abroad. The study of


ABSTRACTS 16

our group of women provides evidence of

Internet Research and Experimentation initia-

differences in lifestyles among them pursuing

tive (FIRE) and the Future Internet Assembly

different personal and professional objec-

(FIA). In this setting, the author has since

tives and decisions. We want to explore to

three years been the manager and scientific

what extent mobility changes their identities

representative of the coordinator for the FP7

or whether they use mobility to fulfill their

ICT project Networking for Communications

dreams of an alternative future for them and

Challenged Communities: Architecture, test

their families. In doing so we also explore the

beds and innovative alliances (N4C). However,

role of international mobility for women in

the passion fuelling this commitment is that

the ICT sector, thus, their causes, responses

for feminist intervention and experimentation

and implications for the future of women lives

that is, a concern for technology development

and the development of the ICT sector itself.

that goes beyond the Internet as such. The

Maria Udén Future Internet Research: Feminist experimentation in FP7

place where I work, the actual owner of the

The Internet is currently considered an ex-

Innovation. The current Chair of the division,

tremely successful and effective innovation but

professor Ewa Gunnarsson, has a background

which material and organizational structures

from the women’s movement and, also I iden-

will not much longer respond to its strategic

tify myself as feminist.

importance and tremendous volume of use regional and global levels and by industry ac-

Katherine Harrison Data Writing: an interactive feminist writing method for sustainable ICT

tors, to meet this perceived threat to economic

This paper is concerned with the development

growth and social stability. Actions within

of a creative and interactive research method

the European Union include the institution

in a project for the Swedish Civil Contingen-

of the Future Paradigms and Experimental

cies Agency (Myndigheten för samhällsskydd

Facilities objective in the 7th Framework ICT

och beredskap (MSB)). The research project is

programme (FP7 ICT). This implies funding

titled ‘Information management, gender and

of an array of pan-European research and

organisation,’ and is part of a wider ongoing

development projects, aligned to the Future

research project called ‘Gender, Rescue Servic-

and users. Measures are taken at national,

project is Luleå University of Technology in Sweden, and there the Division of Gender and


17 ABSTRACTS

es and Organisation’ which I am conducting

method’ which takes inspiration not only from

with six colleagues from Linkoping and Luleå

interactive research but also from feminist

Universities and SCORE. The project team

critiques of dominant narratives of technosci-

aims to engage actively with MSB and its em-

ence. This method supplements face-to-face

ployees in working towards building a more

field work such as interviews and observations

gender-equal organisation, through combin-

with email conversations and blogging. This

ing interactive research methodologies with

paper will outline this approach and illus-

intersectional perspectives. The overall project

trate it with examples from the early stages of

comprises six research projects in three areas:

fieldwork.

1. Education, 2. Technology and Organiza-

Jörg Muller & Cecilia Castano Institutional Barriers to Gender Mainstreaming in Spanish ICT Higher Education

tion, 3. Political processes and organization in relation to equality and diversity work. My particular subproject focuses on information and communication technologies (ICTs) used by MSB and the municipal emergency services. The main research question that this project seeks to answer is: what are the effects of the interaction between gender and ICTS on the processing and sharing of information? Related questions include: i) in what ways do organisational gender dynamics influence use and design of ICTs?; ii) how is information processed and mediated at the intersection of gender and ICTs; iii) what effect does this mediation have on application or use of this information in society? In order to answer these questions in a way that both engages with MSB employees and explores the contingent limitations of ICTs, I have developed an ‘interactive writing

Our contribution will present results from a two year research effort (2008-2010) to map the situation of women in ICT related higher education in Spain. The project undertook a comparative study of the underrepresentation of women among academic staff and students across six Telecommunications Engineeringand Computer Science Faculties in Spain. The implications of the continuing low participation of women at all academic levels in these ICT fields were analyzed in the light of recent legal developments that require all public universities to implement gender equality plans and measures. As the findings suggest, gender issues are poorly conceptualized among other reasons because it has been formally established. As a consequence, gender is largely


ABSTRACTS 18

absent from important reform processes

not necessarily mean a leap from one state of

tied to the Bologna process or “excellence”

affairs to other one, as often assumed an op-

initiatives of the universities. A theoretically

posite one but as fluidities (see e.g. one of the

inspired discussion of how this “repressive

authors, 2004). What also calls our attention is

tolerance” might be countered will close our

the notion of accountability: from which epis-

presentation.

temological and political position do we write?

Pirjo Elovaara & Kerstin Gustavsson Ordering a messiness – stories of an ICT project

The necessity to create cuts is nothing we can

The project “Women’s Digital Baskets in

we include and what do we exclude?

Rwanda” took place during 2008-2010 and where our roles were many; a project initia-

Åsa Ståhl & Kristina Lindström Threads – a Mobile Sewing Circle

tor, project leader and also project members.

The difficulty of moving or transferring

To write about this project is a multilayered challenge. The messiness of the project makes it hard to present a simple and ordered story. Hence, one of the aims of the paper is try to tell a diffracted (Haraway 1999, Alander, 2007) story where feminist technoscience scholars, Donna Haraway, with her cyborg figuration (Haraway, 1991) and Karen Barad’s agential realism (Barad, 2007) will guide us in our ordering work. They also remind us to take materiality and various assemblages of humans and non-humans seriously. Besides these two we also find inspiration and guidance from the many writings of John Law, with his sensitiveness for messiness and understanding of that things can be both absent and present at the same time and talking about changes does

avoid but how to develop sensitivity to think about the consequences of our cuts; what do

technologies from one site to another has been widely discussed within technology studies (de Laet and Mol 2000, p.226). This paper follows the art project Threads in the beginning of a tour around Sweden. It is a mobile sewing circle where people are invited to embroider SMS. Inspired by de Laet and Mol’s story of love towards the Zimbabwe Bush Pump we here tell the story of a more scattered technology in need of being assembled by local actors. Although the fluid network of actors that are involved might perform contradictory in Threads, it is possible to recognise Threads as Threads. The actions taken by the participants in Threads can be contradictory to the invitation to ‘embroider SMS’. We have consciously


19 ABSTRACTS

designed Threads so that it manages to hold

communications. I propose methodological

several story lines at the same time and there-

practices for internet research by suggesting

by allows for several simultaneous story lines.

ways to adapt institutional ethnography to

That somebody uses Threads as a production

doing online research.

line for Christmas gifts does not necessarily

Corinna Bath Epistem-onto-logical Models of Knowledge in the Semantic Web: From mirroring towards diffraction

interfere with the story line of embroidering SMS, which other participants can be doing at the same time. One of the reasons for this is that Threads does not have a clear centre or periphery. There is no self evident position from which one actor can overwrite the other story lines.

Wendy Christensen The Online World as a Problematic: A Feminist Sociology of the Internet In this paper I suggest a framework for doing sociological feminist internet research that takes into account the way that power and inequality shape the online world. I do this by extending feminist theorist Dorothy Smith’s concept of mediated texts to the study of the internet. As a part of technology, online texts are active mediators of the online world, and therefore call for a theoretical approach that emphasizes active relationality. I argue that applying Smith’s unique definition of texts as powerful material coordinators of the social world to the online world reveals some of the particular properties of power in online

This paper aims to shed light on the question of how these politics are entangled with certain epistemological assumptions, on which the modelling of knowledge is based upon. The objective of paper is twofold. On the one hand I will discuss these issues on the basis of empirical material from semantic web research (field studies, expert interviews, academic research literature). On the other hand this papers aims to provide a theoretical framework, in which it is possible to compare certain epistemological models of knowledge used in computer science in respect to their likeliness to reproduce or undermine the existing gender order. For the latter purpose I will employ the concept of diffraction that was introduced by Donna Haraway (1997) and elaborated by Karen Barad (2007). The diffraction concept combines and enhances current theoretical debates in gender and science and technology studies. It is based upon a performative understanding of the gendering


ABSTRACTS 20

of artefacts/matter, which is conceived of as

argument is that those of us who are impli-

a process of co-materialisation of gender and

cated in the information technology industry

technology. Furthermore, essential dichoto-

and who benefit from it must be aware of the

mies such as realism/ social constructivism,

problematic aspects of information tech-

subject/ object, humans/ machines and even

nolo- gies and take responsibility for these.In

epistemology/ ontology are overcome: “know-

this paper the visions for ‘anywhere anytime

ing is a material practice of engagement as

access’ to online services are problematized,

part of the world in its differential becomings”

in terms of who the visions aim at, and who is

(Barad 2007 89).

expected to realize the visions. In this paper

Johanna Sefyrin Who Make Anywhere Anytime Access Come Into Being? – Analyses of IT, Body and Place

the question of who is expected to make

In this paper the visions for ‘anywhere anytime access’ to online services are problematized, in terms of who the visions aim at, and who is expected to realize the visions. In this paper the question of who is expected to makein the visions of anywhere anytime access come into being, is discussed with the help of feminist and postcolonial technoscience. Central in this discussion are issues of bodies and places, and one point of departure is that design, manufacturing and use of information technologies takes place in worldwide but yet always localized webs of relations of material human and nonhuman bodies. The discussion is illustrated with a modified lifecycle analysis of a computer, showing where and how some actors are involved in a computer lifecycle. The

in the visions of anywhere anytime access come into being, is discussed with the help of feminist and postcolonial technoscience. Central in this discussion are issues of bodies and places, and one point of departure is that design, manufacturing and use of information technologies takes place in worldwide but yet always localized webs of relations of material human and nonhuman bodies. The discussion is illustrated with a modified lifecycle analysis of a computer, showing where and how some actors are involved in a computer lifecycle. The argument is that those of us who are implicated in the information technology industry and who benefit from it must be aware of the problematic aspects of information technologies and take responsibility for these.


21 ABSTRACTS

Maja van der Velden Personal autonomy in a post-privacy world: A feminist technoscience perspective The idea that privacy is ‘bad’ (for women) or ‘dead (online) is based on a conception of privacy as an inherent attribute of an autonomous agent. Privacy is often understood as a condition for personal autonomy. How does this entanglement of autonomy and privacy work out in online? Feminist scholars have put forward a relational understanding of autonomy. In this paper an extension on this relational perspective is explored in an understanding of autonomy and privacy as materialdiscursive practices in which new materialities and new meanings become visible. This position is exemplified and further explored in two personal vignettes based on in-depth interviews with two social media users.

Hilde Corneliussen From ”Incompability” and ”Gender Inauthenthicity” to ”Technicity” perspectives on a new rhetoric for the gendertechnology relations In this paper I want to explore a rhetoric for understanding women’s relationships with technology in ways that might be positive in

cepted perception of gender and technology as co-constructed simultaneously as femininity tend to appear as a barrier to acknowledging women’s technological competence, interest and experience. The paper is explorative, thus not aiming at providing clear answers, but rather to raise questions and instigate debate. The concept of “technicity” has been used by Gilbert Simondon to refer to the technological qualities of technological objects, to how technological objects are not fixed, but rather always in construction, and always need to be understood within the relations and environments in which they appear (1980 (1958)). This paper will explore whether and how the concept of technicity can help to build a rhetoric that does not rely on “gender inauthenticity”, “incompatibility” or for women to “give up” femininity. Instead we will see examples of how, in some cases, none of these terms are suitable, and that it is not always femininity that is “given up”, but rather women’s technicity.

Susanna Bairoh Not for the soft ”Soft Skinned” – women’s experience of inclusion in Finnish ICT organisations

political contexts and helpful for analytical

This paper draws from two separate fields of

purposes. The aim is to search for new ways

literature (Gender & ICT; Diversity Manage-

of understanding what has been a widely ac-

ment) which nonetheless have reached the


ABSTRACTS 22

same conclusion in recent years: if the goal

make sense of their subjectivities, agency and

is to improve equality or inclusion in work

power as emerging ICT professionals is inter-

organisations, it is necessary to focus on prac-

preted. Ways student agency is constrained,

tices as well as policies. I propose that in order

enabled, and modified are discussed. Position-

to understand inclusion in ICT organisations,

ings reflect co-created and layered femininities

one needs to evaluate both equality/diversity

and masculinities in ITP settings. Finally, the

policies and the experiences of individual

ways that these discursive layers intersect and

women. In my paper, I will present the find-

are made visible or obscured are traced using

ings of my empirical study which includes 20

Lloyd’s subjects-in-process model.

interviews conducted in seven ICT organiza-

Anna Croon Fors Strange Familiarity - On the material turn in feminism and HCI

tions in Finland.

Diane Patricia McCarthy Brigit and Serna; transgendered experiences of IT training in Aotearoa, New Zealand Globally, few studies exist of transgendered persons as emerging and new IT professionals. Much research is located within the tradition of a psycho-medical model, but more recently within human rights, and access to training and education. Thus, research discourses are more likely to be informed by experiences transgendered persons have, than objectifying them. Using discourse analysis from a blended technofeminist poststructuralist analytical framework, this paper accesses the partial, modest and situated knowledges of two transgendered ICT students training in two polytechnic, institutes of technology (ITP), in Aotearoa-New Zealand. How these students

In this paper a tentative response to the request for new perspectives on research in human-computer interaction (HCI) is formulated. The response is based on the recent interest of feminism within the field of Human-Computer Interaction in conjunction with the material turns in both HCI and Feminism. The purpose is to show how the idea of materiality can be grasped, theorized and explored within the field of HCI drawing on contemporary design research and feminist technoscience. As digitalization becomes embedded in most aspects of our lives HCI as a research discipline has made a material turn in its methods and scope. This turn is, among other things, motivated by movements in ubiquitous computing and the digital and the material blends into new computational


23 ABSTRACTS

composites. The turn also acknowledges and

& Vinnicombe 2010; Greener 2007, Singh et

explores how physical materials are becom-

al, 2002, Guadagno & Cialdini, 2007), we are

ing more dynamic and complex when infused

interested in how this plays out in an online

with the digital. The paper departs from the

setting. Therefore, in this paper, we ask what

designerly response to the increased need to

kind of gendered professional networking

compose new unities and wholes in the appar-

practices and impression management tactics

ent contradictory and disperse intertwining

the social network site Linkedin affords and

of artifact-user relations in interaction. By

which practices professional men and women

employing a designerly approach in conjunc-

use?

tion with feminist technoscience I make a case

Clem Herman & Anna Peachey SecondLife Chance: using virtual worlds to support women returning to SET

of strange familiarity as a sustainable design strategy supporting future explorations of unknown of digital designs. This strategy among other things scaffold our sense of digital materials as open, dynamic, multiperspectival and unfinalizable, rather than as an accidentally given feature of the world.

Els Rommes & Yvonne Benschop Gendered Networking Practices and Linkedin Linkedin is one of the most popular social networking sites targeting ‘professionals’. Its’ aim is to facilitate and support professional networking practices. One of these practices is impression management that concerns the strategic self-presentation that people use to influence the perception others have of them (Goffman, 1959; Rosenfeld et al. 1995.) As earlier studies indicate gender differences in the use of impression management (Kumra

Most of the growing body of research that centres on gender in virtual worlds is focused on the performativity and embodiment of gender through experimenting with forms of the avatar (for example Hussain and Griffiths, 2008, Dumitrica and Gaden, 2009), and does not seek to explain how issues relating to physical gender may be explored within the environment other than through manipulation of the avatar. Participants within our study engaged individually with their avatars to varying degrees, but generally there was minimal personalisation and the avatar was predominantly the tool that each used to engage with the environment and each other. We are hence able to privilege a wider range of questions relating to gender that can be addressed using


ABSTRACTS 24

the body of evidence gathered through forum

an important input for designers in order to

postings, Second Life chat transcripts, survey

design for a population.We have studied the

results and planned telephone interviews:

participation of teenaged girls and boys during

• To what extent has Second Life fulfilled the

design of a free Internet edutainment game.

needs of returners (eg networking and social

During design, participatory design worked

contact, supporting their shared experience of

as our point of departure. Our outline of the

‘being in the same boat’)?

workshops, where the girls and boys were sep-

• Have their experiences of SL been more or

arated at most times, prevented the girls from

less gendered than VLE forums?

becoming marginalized or invisible. To have

• Does the gendered choices of avatars affect

separate groups means less impact of existing

performance and/or participation in the

power practices between girls and boys. The

group?

teenagers made important contributions to

• How well does Second Life replicate or

design, changes that in several ways changed

enhance face to face networking

the game design (for example the game

Karin Danielsson Öberg, Maria Nordmark & Ulrika Danielsson Designing for Girs and Boys

concept, content, graphics and so forth). Not

Information technologies (IT) for the general

on design. Our results illustrate the important

public and everyday use, are supposed to be

contribution that girls do whilst participating

designed for both male and female users.

during design. And, by using separate groups,

However, this is not always the case. One rea-

how female users contribution to design can

son for this is the lack or limited participation

become visible and influential. Finally, our

of women during design of IT. The participa-

findings also bring to attention differences

tion (or lack thereof) of women during design

between girls and boys and their preferences

of technology has been brought to attention

in games such as the one developed.

(see for example Johanna Seyferin, 2010; Judy Wajcman, 2009), and it is an important area of research. The role and impact women have on design, and the contribution they make, should be put to attention and regarded as

least, did the girls bring crucial changes to attention, and therefore they had a large impact


25 ABSTRACTS

Fredrik Sjögren Doing Gender in ICT Research Organisations: comptence, interest and normative conceptions This paper presents a part of my doctoral research that is conducted within the project “A gender perspective on ICT-research organisations and – processes in transition”. The paper is based on deep-interviews with twelve members of four ICT-research organisations. I here focus on how the concept of competence and the computer nerd are understood by the respondents. This understanding is analysed through a Doing Gender-perspective where gender is viewed as an interactional process, conducted in relation to institutional normative conceptions on how to behave in gender appropriate ways. Competence is shown to be a gendered concept connected to the normative conception of the computer nerd. Women do not as easy as men embody this normative conception. The connection between

Carola Schirmer, Maike Hecht & Susanna Maaß Inspiring Innovative Practices: Gender and Diversity as Key Factors in Software Migration Processes Software migration processes in organisations are a challenge for employees as well as for management. In a recent empirical study we inquired with members of three organisations about their experiences during an operating system migration to Linux. The focus of our research was on how gender and diversity should generally be addressed to support a successful software migration. We conclude that gender and similar dimensions of diversity are facilitators for discovering workplace- related diversity in a particular organisation. These aspects of diversity can then be addressed by measures accompanying a software migration process. In this paper we present such workplace-related aspects of diversity along with measures we identified as

masculinity and competence, embodied in the

best practices.

computer nerd, function as a gatekeeper to,

Cecile Crutzen Mask Between the Visible and the Invisible

and within, the studied organisations. Thus gender influence men and women’s different degree of access to the innovation practices conducted in the organisations.

“Interaction” is an exchange of representations between actors. Speaking, gesturing, writing, making, designing are doings in which an actor presents itself to other actors: human


ABSTRACTS 26

and not human. All acting of an actor is a representation of itself in a world of other actors and at the same time an interpretation of that world. Interaction is a process. Every interpretation and representation will influence future action. Not only the actual behavior but also the actions, which are not executed (actions in deficient mode), are presentable and interpretable because these absent actions influence the interpretation process, too. Interaction is an ongoing process of mutual actions from several actors in a (series of) situation(s). It is a process of constructing meaning through repeated interpretation and representation of the actors that is always situated in the interaction itself and it depends on the horizons and the backgrounds of the actors and their representations involved.

Minna Salminen Karlsson & Gill Kirkup Have we become part of the problem The authors of this paper challenge the participants of the 6th conference on Gender and ICT to critically examine the theories and practices we have bought into for the last 30 years because they are not working. The paper aims to provoke a deep-going discussion of the foundations of our practices when promoting women in ICT.


27 SOCIAL EVENTS

EXCURSION The social program during GICT 2011

habitable when the ice retreated about 10,000

revolves around the Sámi week an event ar-

years ago.

ranged in Umeå during the conference days. Of all the indigenous cultures existing or that has existed, the Sámi are one of the most diverse and unique in language, history, and culture. We will experience some of the traditions of people inhabiting Sápmi (the northern parts of Sweden, Finland, Norway and Russia), as well as some of its more contemporary cultural expressions.

Excursion to Museum of Västerbotten and Gammlia Wednesday March 9th 11.30-13.30

Sami Textile and Crafts During our excursion we will have a guided tour in smaller groups to visit some of the museum’s textile collection produced or cultivated in northern Sweden. In parallel there is an open showroom of Sámi designs where contemporary crafts are on display with some opportunities for purchasing souvenirs.

Outdoor Lunch and Reindeer meeting At the open air museum there are also opportunities to meet the Reindeers and experience some of the different architectural styles of the

The area where the Västerbotten Museum

Sámi cots. Outside Båtsuoj offers Sami special-

is located is called Gammlia, an open-air

ties for lunch and the Sami life is described

museum right next to the museum. Here you

through taste, smell, sight and hearing.

can check out old buildings from all over the county, spending time with the animals or take part in crafts and traditions of the past.

CONFERENCE DINNER Wednesday March 9th 18.30 at Harrys

Also three kinds of Sami settlements (cots) has

For the ninth time we carry out our very own

been set up based on models from the around

race in jojk, with rules inspired by the poetry

the region of Västerbotten. Inside the Museum

slam. No one knows in advance what may

there are open exhibitions of the city of Umeå,

happen during the evening, no one knows

its past and anticipated futures as well as exhi-

who will win, nobody cares! But everyone

bitions of skis, and other objects, photographs,

knows that they had an excellent evening!

models, and texts about how the country was


VASAPLAN 1 Carlshöjd 5 Strömpilen 8 Tomtebo Travel time: 6 minutes

HARRYS HOTEL UMAN

WALK Distance: 2.4 km Travel time: 30 minutes

FROM THE AIRPORT (4 km to towncenter) FLIGHT BUS SERVICE Departs outside terminal after every arrival. It stops outside the hospital (close to the university), to the bussation and stops at Vasaplan (close to Hotel Uman) All stops above is marked with pink dots on the map. COST: 40 SEK (Pay with creditcard on the bus)

TAXI FLYGTAXI | +46 (0)8 120 92 000 | http://www.flygtaxi.se ECOTAXI | +46 (0)90 911 911 | http://www.ecotaxi.se UMEÅ TAXI | +46 (0)90 77 00 00 | http://www.umeataxi.se TAXI DIREKT | +46 (0)90 100 100 | http://www.taxidirekt.se TAXI KURIR | +46 (0)90 14 12 14 | http://www.taxikurir.se COST: approx. 170-240 SEK


GAMMLIA, MUSEUM OF VÄSTERBOTTEN

WALK Distance: 1.4 km Travel time: 18 minutes

CAMPUS AREA GENDER & ICT ‘11

UNIVERSUM 5 Ersmark 6 Röbäck via / Vasaplan 8 Ö Ersboda via / Vasaplan 9 Röbäck via / Vasaplan Travel time: 6 minutes


COMMITEE Chair: Anna Croon Fors

Organizing committee: Anna Croon Fors

Christina Mörtberg

Pirjo Elovaara

Eva Svedmark Ikonomidis

Karin Danielsson Öberg

Johanna Sefyrin

Maria Jansson

Programme committee: Corinna Bath

Christina Mörtberg

Christina Björkman

Claudia Morell

Hilde Corneliussen

Els Rommes

Cecile Crutzen

Mari Runardotter

Sisse Finken

Heidi Schelhowen

Anna Croon Fors

Johanna Sefyrin

Karin Danielsson Öberg

Eva Ikonomidis Svedmark

Pirjo Elovaara

Johanna Uotinen

Maria Jansson

Marja Vehviläinen

Gil Kirkup

Maja van der Welden

Susanne Maaß

Christine Wächter


Gender & ICT - Programme