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LIVEwire livelihoods. learning. sharing.

Volume 1 Issue 1

March 15 2013

About this Newsletter The Livelihoods Learning Group (LLG) is an active nation-wide electronic

Inside This Issue

group with close to 90 members representing different organizations,

1

About this Newsletter

and promoter agencies, professionals from National Mission Monitoring Unit

1

Livelihoods MANTHAN

2

MANTHAN in Action

3

Event of the Month

4

Churning in the LLG

5

News Watch

5

Nation Scan

6

Knowledge in Practice

7

Welcoming new members

academic institutions, research institutes, civil society organizations, donor and State Rural Livelihood Missions as well as practitioners working on livelihoods in formal and non-formal spaces. LLG is therefore an open learning platform which seeks to share knowledge and help build a community of practice on livelihoods. The purpose of this newsletter is to provide a glimpse of the nature of discussions and knowledge regarding livelihoods in India. This newsletter is being launched in the electronic format to communicate with and to the stakeholders in this ecosystem and is envisioned as a quarterly e-newsletter. The editorial team welcomes comments, feedback and suggestions on this newsletter, which may be sent to manthanlive@ximb.ac.in

Livelihoods MANTHAN Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (XIMB) along with The Livelihood School (TLS), XLRI School of Management (XLRI), Entrepreneurship Development Institute India (EDII), Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS),

An effort to contribute to the development of livelihood professionals for serving the increasing demand from state missions, civil society organizations and livelihoods promotion agencies.

Chaitanya, Management Development Institute Gurgaon (MDI) and Indian Institute of Management Udaipur (IIM-U) have set up a consortium called Livelihoods MANTHAN (Management Academic institutes Network for Transforming Human Resources through Action and Knowledge). Supported by the Ford Foundation, this consortium is a collaborative effort to contribute to the development of livelihood professionals for serving the increasing demand from state livelihood missions, civil society organisations and livelihoods promotion agencies. Towards this effort, Livelihoods MANTHAN is involved in curriculum design for managers at the state, block and district level managers; training programs like certificate courses and Management Development Programmes for senior decision makers; networking and mentorship to bring young professionals into the sector; developing knowledge products and learning platforms to create an ecosystem of actors and resources for livelihoods in India. More details about Livelihoods MANTHAN are available at http://livelihoods-manthan.tk/


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LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

Livelihoods MANTHAN in Action – Partners’ events TISS – Livelihoods MANTHAN Rural Livelihood Internship 2013 Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai (TISS) has launched the second edition of its Rural Livelihood Internship (RLI) program for the year 2013, on behalf of the Livelihoods MANTHAN network. The program mentors and facilitates the process of creating a cadre of committed, talented and management

high quality

Livelihood professionals from

and social science institutions ready to be deployed as

capacity building catalysts in the intervention districts of NRLM. Selected Interns will be provided orientation / Induction support following which the interns will be placed with NRLM teams in different states. The first batch of interns in 2012 was placed in different states and completed their

One of the RLI interns interacting with the salt producers of Patdi Taluka in Surendranagar district of Gujarat

internships successfully with Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bihar and Jharkhand.

The Livelihood School: Curriculum for District Managers of Jeevika TLS has designed a curriculum for district and thematic managers of Jeevika (BRLPS). Based on an initial need assessment study, a curriculum outline and its content were designed. This was shared in a workshop at Patna where district managers and thematic managers of all the districts were present. Following feedback from the participants, the curriculum was refined further using interactive teaching methodologies and case The TLS team with the district and thematic managers of BRLPS in Patna

studies including field component. The curriculum has two components part I dealing with capacity enhancement of subject matter (Livelihoods) and part II on managerial skills (being an effective manager). The curriculum is currently being deployed for pilot testing.

XLRI’s 5th National Conference on Social Entrepreneurship XLRI School of Management through its Fr. Arrupe Center for Ecology and Sustainability (FACES) organized the 5th National Conference on Social Entrepreneurship during January 25-27, 2013 on the theme “Innovations in Livelihood Promotion and Skill Development”. Participants included social entrepreneurs, SRLM directors, civil society organizations, academics, philanthropic foundations, policy makers including Young Professionals from the Bihar and Odisha Livelihood Missions. Glimpses of the conference and the discussions can be experienced at http://5th-ncse-at-xlri.blogspot.in/.

Keynote address by a grassroots activist during the 5th NCSE at XLRI

XIMB’s Research Meeting on Rethinking Universities in India Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar in collaboration with Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and International Development Research Centre, Canda (IDRC) on the theme "Rethinking Universities in India: Intermediaries for Socially Inclusive Development" on January 8-9, 2013 at JNU.This workshop was organized to present and discuss the papers authored by partners of the Universities and Intermediaries for Prof. Sopory, Vice Chancellor, JNU addressing the gathering during the workshop

Inclusive Innovation and Development (UNIID) South Asian network. The papers are other details can be obtained at www.uniid2012.tk.


LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

PAGE 3

Event of the month – March 2013 XIMB’s “Rethinking Livelihoods: Innovations in Teaching Livelihoods” Workshop March 13-14, 2013 There is an increasing demand for qualified livelihood professionals among Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), government livelihood missions and philanthropic foundations for inclusive growth in India. This demand has found its clearest expression with the launch of NRLM. Building this capacity requires a substantial increase in academic engagement in both building the field of livelihoods and also in ways of collaborating for knowledge co-creation. The proposed workshop takes forward ongoing dialogues and studies by higher educational institutions on mapping human resource requirements and knowledge on livelihoods in India, and aspires to create a community of practice that would re-position livelihoods in India. The workshop, the first of its kind in the sector, will host several participants from across India consisting of academicians teaching and seeking to enhance their offerings on livelihoods in their schools, CSOs and practitioners who have been contributing knowledge in the field, policy makers and state livelihood mission personnel implementing livelihood programmes. The focus of the workshop is geared towards livelihoods pedagogy with a view to getting actors in the livelihood ecosystem to share pedagogy, training material, curriculum, innovative approaches as well as ideas on where teaching livelihoods needs to be positioned. a. b.

Encouraging collaborations across academic institutions by sharing curriculum and teaching methods Building collaborations between academic institutions and practitioner organizations by getting them on a common platform to address pedagogical issues

c.

Linking with State Livelihood Missions (SLMs) to have their perspectives on training methods of Young Professionals and what are the challenges faced in the field on building livelihood professionals

d.

Creating academic interest on the subject by inviting young students and faculty to explore livelihoods as a professional domain and discipline

For more information, news, videos and resources on Livelihoods MANTHAN, visit http://livelihoods-manthan.tk/


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LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

Churning in the LLG – a summary of key discussions in the e-group NGOs and NRLM: Whither road ahead?

Following the ACCESS Livelihoods Conference in New Delhi in November 2012, there was a general flurry of ideas, opinions and comments on the nature of NRLM and on livelihoods promotion in India in general. This further picked up steam after The Hindu’s coverage of an event where Dr. PDK Rao invited NGOs to introspect on their role in independent India.

Narendranath of PRADAN highlighted the importance of civil society organizations in the role of social mobilization. CS Reddy of APMAS suggested that collaborations between State and CSOs will be critical to implementing programmes like NRLM. Liby Johnson of Kudumbashree and Kalpana of Chaitanya discussed the processes and roles that could facilitate (or obstruct) successful collaborations between State and CSOs. Vijay Kumar of NRLM suggested that both CSOs and State can only act as catalysts but the lead role should be taken up by the poor themselves. KS Gopal of TISS followed up with an independent note of the role of State, markets and civil society.

Participatory democracy Following a thread on Mondragon Corporation, one of Spain’s largest corporations which incidentally also is

a

cooperative movement,

Madhukar Shukla of XLRI shared his teaching notes on Mondragon Corporation which he had used in his classes on sustainable organizational design. He later also shared a Seminar article on how Kudumbashree of Kerala

has

grown

to

be

an

important

model

of

democratic

decentralization which has created an interesting interface for politics and local development.

These discussions and more can be accessed in the Discussions page of the Livelihoods Learning Group and is available to all members for viewing and commenting. If you would like to contribute to the group’s activities by becoming members you may kindly contact the email id provided on the last page of this newsletter

The greatest activity in the LLG was in December 2012, drawing from lessons learnt and shared after the ACCESS Livelihoods India Conference in November 2012 in New Delhi


LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

PAGE 5

News Watch – Livelihoods in the news Gender justice in livelihoods Jairam Ramesh, the Rural Development Minister announced that the ministry will announce a “gender justice component” in NRLM. In addition to the emphasis placed on eradication of manual scavenging, he has told that NRLM will identify areas with rampant women trafficking and initiate livelihood generation programmes in these areas (The Indian Express, February 19, 2013). This will involve skills based training especially for girls in these areas (The Telegraph, February 18, 2013).

Focus on weavers, artisans and differently abled: Odisha mission The State Government of Odisha has announced that it will focus on convergence of departments and programmes to promote weavers,

The word “livelihood” appeared in the Finance Minister’s 2013 Union Budget speech exactly three times – twice while mentioning NRLM and NULM and the other while talking about the idea of the Women’s Bank.

handloom and handicraft clusters. The Panchayati Raj Department in particular is keen to adopt 20 such clusters and intensify NRLM activities there (The New Indian Express, February 11, 2013). The State Government is also identifying provisions to provide employment for differently abled persons under MGNREGS and NRLM programmes (Zee News, February 5, 2013).

Nation Scan – Livelihoods events across the nation A National Conference on Community Based Approaches for Inclusive Growth was organized by the ENABLE network in Hyderabad from 13 to 15 December 2012. The conference saw the release of reports on nationwide studies on SHGs and SHG Federations in India. The event saw the participation of women SHG members from all over India who engaged in spirited discussions with bank officials, bureaucrats, academics, Ministers at the State and Centre as also with one another.

Dr A R Vasavi delivered a lecture on “Suicides and the Predicament of Rural India” in Hyderabad on 12 December 2012. Going beyond the predominant economic reason of indebtedness, the acclaimed author of the critically acclaimed book “Shadow Spaces”, contextualised the suicides within the configurations of the larger political economy, rural social structures, changing

agrarian

practices,

and

the

growing

individualisation

of

agriculturists. This lecture was organized by Knowledge in Civil Society (KICS) and Rythu Swarajya Vedika (RSV).

An SHG member at one of the many stalls at the National Conference organized by ENABLE network in Hyderabad


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LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

Knowledge in Practice – research on livelihoods around the world ICT based innovations for Rule-based Governance: Case of MGNREGS in Andhra Pradesh Several studies show that MGNREGS is not free from the evils in the implementation of many other preceding welfare schemes implemented in a similar scale at the grass root level. This study looks at ICT based innovations such as RAGAS (Rashtra Grameena Abhivruddi Samacharam), eFMS (Electronic Fund Management System), eMMS (Electronic Muster Measurement System), Biometric Smart Card Payments and others while exploring the performance of MGNREGS in relation to these ICT based innovations. http://skoch.org/15/Gopi.pdf

China will strengthen basic research and develop S&T related to people's livelihood: China Daily

Developing the service sector as engine of growth for Asia: an overview This paper surveys and analyses the current landscape of the region’s service sector so as to assess its potential to serve as an engine for inclusive economic growth. The paper figures that services already account for a large share of the region’s output and employment. However, its productivity greatly lags that of the advanced economies, which implies ample room for further growth. http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2012/economics-wp320.pdf

Promoting women's economic participation in India Despite rapid economic growth, gender disparities in women's economic participation have remained deep and persistent in India. What explains these gender disparities? Is it poor infrastructure, limited education, or the composition of the labor force and industries? Or is it deficiencies in social and

business

networks

and

a

low

share

of

incumbent

female

entrepreneurs? This note analyzes the spatial determinants of female entrepreneurship in India in the manufacturing and services sectors. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/02/17369213/promotin g-womens-economic-participation-india

Research does not automatically generate knowledge This note explores links between research, knowledge and change by asking: how does research generate knowledge, whose knowledge produces the research, how does research or even knowledge lead to change? It states that there is a need for research communication to place a greater focus on process rather than product, by re-examining the relationship between the two. http://www.impactandlearning.org/2013/02/rethinking-product-andprocess-in.html Source: ELDIS, World Bank, IDS web portals

Practitioner tools developed by Women’s Refugee Commission to promote livelihood programs that also mitigate risks of gender based violence: AlertNet


LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

PAGE 7

Welcoming new members to the LLG in 2013! As 2012 draw to a close, 2013 welcomed the following members into the LLG’s growing network (in alphabetical order): •

Amudha, IAS, Project Director Pudhuvazhvu & MD, Tamil Nadu Commission for Development of Women, Chennai

Anup Dhar, Associate Professor, Ambedkar University Delhi

Debaraj Behera, State Project Manager – Livelihoods, Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society (BRLPS), Patna

There are close to 90 members in the Livelihoods Learning Group drawn from NGOs, academicians, policy makers, donors and livelihood professionals

Dheeraj Kumar IAS, Chief Executive Officer, Maharashtra SRLM

KC Deepti, Centre for Microfinance, IFMR, Chennai

Monika Khanna, ACCESS Development Services, New Delhi

Navin Anand, UNDP and Solution Exchange, New Delhi

Prana

Krishna

Biswas,

Professor,

Indian

Institute

of

Forest

Management, Bhopal •

Pratik Modi, Assistant Professor, Institute of Rural Management, Anand

OB Ramasubramaniam, Samanvaya, Chennai

Ravinder Choudhury, District Project Manager, Jeevika, Muzzafarpur

GV

Sarat

Kumar,

Access

Livelihoods

Consulting

India,

Secunderabad •

Shajeevana, Additional Project Director, Pudhuvazhvu, Chennai

Smita Premchander, Sampark, Bangalore

Tara Nair, Associate Professor, Gujarat Institute of Development Research (GIDR), Ahmedabad

Recent resources shared in the group •

SHGs in India: A Study on Quality & Sustainability – ENABLE network o

Shared by CS Reddy, ENABLE network

Improved Manual Labour Work Tools for MGNREGS o

Shared by KS Gopal, TISS

Reproduced from The Hindu, February 26, 2013

Upcoming Events Yuva Parivartan’s

3rd International

Summit on Skills Development

April 17, 2013 New Delhi


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LIVEWire – livelihoodsMANTHAN Newsletter

Do you have something to share? If you have events, research, or publications to promote, or are looking for partners or people with particular skills, send us an email and we will look to include it in future newsletters and e-mails to the Livelihood Learning Group. If you know others who you think would want to be part of the Livelihoods Learning Group, please ask them to email manthanlive@ximb.ac.in with a brief introduction. If you have any comments, suggestions or feedback, please do write to us at the above email and we will try to incorporate them in future editions of the newsletter. The LiveWire Editorial Team Livelihoods MANTHAN Secretariat Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar -


LIVEwire - March 2013