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Computer Based Graphic Design

Cave Art The oldest known cave art is that of Chauvet Cave in France, the paintings of which date to around 30,000 BCE Hundreds of animal paintings have been catalogued, depicting at least 13 different species, including the herbivores like, horses, cows etc and predetory animals like lions and tigers.

Paper Paper was invented by the Ts’ai Lun by 105 AD Early Chinese paper appears to have been made by from a suspension of hemp waste in water, washed, soaked, and beaten to a pulp with a wooden mallet. A paper mold, probably a sieve of coarsely woven cloth stretched in a four-sided bamboo frame, was used to dip up the fiber slurry from the vat and hold it for drying. Eventually, tree bark, bamboo, and other plant fibers were used in addition to hemp.

Early chinese paper making

Ts’ai Lun

Graphic Design History

Moveable Type and Print Press Movable type is the system of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation).

Graphic Design History

Art Nouveau 1890#1910 The style was influenced strongly by Czech artist Alphonse Mucha, when Mucha produced a lithographed poster, which appeared in 1895 on the streets of Paris as an advertisement for the play Gismonda

The world’s first known movable-type system for printing was created in China around 1040 A.D.

A printing press is a device for evenly printing ink onto a print medium (substrate) such as paper or cloth. The device applies pressure to a print medium that rests on an inked surface made of moveable type, thereby transferring the ink. Typically used for texts, the invention and spread of the printing press are widely regarded as among the most influential events in the second millennium The first print press was created by Johannes Gutenberg in 1450

It was characterised by an elaborate ornamental style based on asymmetrical lines, frequently depicting flowers, leaves or tendrils, or in the flowing hair of a female. It can be seen most effectively in the decorative arts, for example interior design, glasswork and jewellery. However, it was also seen in posters and illustration as well as certain paintings and sculptures of the period.

Alphonse Mucha

Aubrey Beardsley

Graphic Design History

Bauhaus 1919 to 1933 A school of art, design and architecture founded in Germany in 1919. Bauhaus style is characterized by its severely economic, geometric design and by its respect for materials. Bauhaus characteristics include many different things, one include look for simplicity, Bauhaus design use simplicity of lines and shapes, look for straight lines or smooth gentle curves. there is repitition and probably the most important characteristic of Bauhaus, is that mechanical aspects of a Bauhaus pieces were not hand crafted pieces. these pieces had an industrial look, rather than a hand made look, they relfected their times by celebrating the growing power, significance and beauty of the machine.

Graphic Design History

Photoshop In 1987, Thomas Knoll and his brother John took a six month break from their studies to develop the program, originally named Image Pro. The mane was already taken so they rebranded it photoshop.

Layer were introduced in Photoshop 3.0, Layers allow the user to isolate different parts of the image onto different layers and have probably been the most important addition to Photoshop since its release.

Point, Channel Mixer, Brightness and Contrast. In 1990 Photoshop 1 was released The first release of Photoshop was successful despite some bugs, which were fixed in subsequent updates. Photoshop was marketed as a tool for the average user, which was reflected in the price ($1,000 compared to competitor Letraset’s ColorStudio, which cost $1,995).

Joe Irving- Graphic Design  


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