Co Nten Ts 2
The changing face of Islam: pages 4-15 The Balance: Pages 16-17 The Transition: pages 18-23 The Hawthorn House: pages 24-27 R.J Ellory, The Blitzkrieg: Pages 28- 35
مالسإلل ريغتملا هجولا
The Changing face of Islam Does a religion need to change to fit in with today’s society?
Currently there is a huge debate that is being discussed in Britain, and the subject of this is the complete ban of women from wearing veils in public places and schools. Naturally there is a number of MPs that support the notion and a number that don’t, but we are going to explore what Muslims in particular think of the idea, how they are going to tackle it or welcome it and also what it means to be a Muslim in today’s society. society. On Thursday the 31st October, I
Patterned carpet which ran throughout
went to the Central Jamia Mosque in
the hall. I began to walk around the
Birmingham to speak to Imam Yaser
Mosque, heads we’re pricking up as I
about the current state of Islam in the
walked past groups of people sitting in
city. It was around 2:30pm when I ar-
the main hall, I seemed to be drawing
rived at the Mosque, and immediately
a lot of attention.
I was struck by the architecture that the exterior of the building had. From the outside I could tell that there was three floors, on the left hand side of the building was the ladies entrance, the main entrance was at the front, and to the right of the building was the wash rooms and toilets.
I ventured to the main entrance, which had a grey, granite flooring polished to perfection. I walked into the building, at this point I had to take my shoes off, and leave them in some wooden shoe racks. The prayer hall was quite large, it was also quite busy in there, I think it was prayer time. It was a large open space with a red
6 By Connor Lucock
“ We Try To To Practice The Word Islam And That Islam Religion.
Motivate People Islam By Saying Peace Means Is A Peaceful
The Changing face of Islam Thank- you for agreeing to meet with
Key to increasing the popularity of
me today Imam, and thank you for
Islam, how do you motivate more
showing me around the Mosque itself,
people to start practicing Islam?
it’s been a insight into Muslim life.
I think that every religion is
That’s no problem at all, it has been
motivating more people to practice
the religion, Christianity, Judaism and Islam, they all have specific
So I’d like to begin by asking you
people that motivate others. We try
this: Where we are at the minute,
to motivate people to practice
as in the current location of this
Islam by saying the word Islam
Mosque, do many Muslims know that
means peace and Islam is a peaceful
you are here and how popular is the
religion, it gives respect to everyone,
it gives protection to everyone even
Well I would say that Islam is the
if they are Muslims or not. Even the
UK’s most popular religion at the
Islamic rules say that if non Muslims
present moment, especially in the
are living in a Islamic country we
Birmingham area, for example you
have to give protection to them. We
can see Muslim’s everywhere in
have to protect them and give them
Birmingham. Therefore, we are quite
welcoming and friendly, men were shaking my hand and introducing themselves
a popular Mosque and I hope that the
to me. Imam Yaser then approached me from the opposite side of the prayer hall,
popularity will increase.
Are you finding it hard to get people motivated?
shook my hand and gave me a quick tour of the Mosque, which he seemed to be quite proud of. He showed me the prayer hall on the second floor, this was far
So how do you plan to make the
Yes, it is hard, it is not easy to
larger and far grander than the one on the lower floor, he told me that
convert someone to the Islamic ways.
normally the bigger prayer halls are on the lower floor but this Mosque was slightly
Well it is our objective to motivate
If I say to you that you should be a
different. The second prayer hall had an enormous chandelier in the centre of the room,
people towards Islam.
Muslim, you would reject me. I live in my own Muslim community, I abide
and dangling fairy lights accompanied the chandelier, which was something I wasn’t expecting to be there. Imam Yaser then took me to his office to begin our interview.
Okay so if motivating more people is
by my religion and sometimes when
The Changing face of Islam you leave your community to convert
you are living in a Islamic country or
to a new religion, you suffer a lot. So
a non Islamic country, you have to
it is very hard in fact.
respect the countries rules and before we get our nationality we take
Is there a strong Muslim community
note of these rules. As for affecting
specific to one area in Birmingham or
other peoples religion, if you abide
are they dotted around the city?
by your own religions rules then you
I would say the there is just one
shouldn’t be affecting any other
strong community, the Muslim
religion. For example if you pray five
community is very strong, I do not
times, we Muslims pray five times a
think that there is a specific area but
day, no one will be stopping you, you
it depends. There are some area’s
aren’t harming anyone else are you
where there is a lot of Muslims lets
say 90%, in other area’s there is only 50%, but the majority of the area’s
So do you think if a Muslim living in
around this Mosque are mainly
Birmingham was to get a job in, let’s
say a bank, do you think that that person would have to change to a lot
You live in a country which is set on
to fit in?
different rules and regulations
There is not a specific dress code in
towards religion’s, how can you
Islam, just as long as your body is
represent yourselves as Muslims and
covered. It is fine to wear anything.
not affect another religion or
If you want to wear a dress, it is fine
to wear a dress. What you wear does
There is a very easy way. We are for-
not affect your religion, or anyone
tunate that we are here in this coun-
elses. It should also not affect your
try, we have a right. Islam says that
work, so I dont think he or she has to
where ever you live, weather you are
change a lot.
The Changing face of Islam Yesterday I was looking at a case
She can socialise with other people
where a Birmingham University has
so I am unsure what the issue is
banned Muslim head-wear. Obvi-
with identity. You can clearly see the
ously that will affect the women in
face. The ban is an on going fight
the Muslim community who want to
that we are trying to overcome, we
go and who attend that university,
have to educate people that we do
these women want to be educated
not try to oppress our women, but
but they are told that they are not
instead to do the exact opposite.
allowed to wear a Hijab because of identity issues. How do the women
Well then I’d like to thank you again
plan to get around this ban?
for your time, the answers have
Well actually there are two dress
been very informative and we have
wears. There is a Hijab and a Niqab.
had a insight to the Muslim
The Niqab is the dress where you
community in Birmingham.
only show your eyes. I would say
No problem, it’s been a pleasure.
that if you are practicing Islam in a non Islamic country, you shouldn’t
The topic of Muslim head-wear in a
wear the Niqab because of identity
public place is still a debate that will
reasons. If you have a job in a bank
in my eyes keep going on for a long
or in any other big companies, they
time. There are people in the
need to check your identity and if
Islamic faith that want to change
you wear a Niqab it is quite hard to
the ways of Islam to keep up with
check your identity as you can only
the 21st century ways and beliefs,
see the eyes. So what I am saying
other’s want to keep it how it is,
is don’t wear a Niqab, just wear a
how the Quran says.
Hijab. Hijab is to cover the hair and as long as the hair of the women is
covered then there is no problem,
The Balance In terms of religious obligations, such as the Daily Prayers, Fasting, Poor-due, and Pilgrimage, woman is no different from man. In some cases indeed, woman has certain advantages over man. For example, the woman is exempted from the daily prayers and from fasting during her menstrual periods and forty days after childbirth. She is also exempted from fasting during her pregnancy and when she is nursing her baby if there is any threat to her health or her baby’s. If the missed fasting is obligatory (during the month of Ramadan), she can make up for the missed days whenever she can. She does not have to make up for the prayers missed for any of the above reasons. Although women can and did go into the mosque during the days of the prophet and thereafter attendance at the Friday Congregational prayers is optional for them while it is mandatory for men (on Friday). Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard against their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hand possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And 0 you believers! Turn all toward Allah that you may attain bliss. Surat-un-Nur (24) 30-31
The Hawthorn House The Library of Birmingham has recently been opened in the heart of the city,
costing a mere £189 million pounds and housing one million books. The library also boasts 200 public computers, a exhibition room, music rooms and theatres, spaced out on a total of nine floors. It was opened by Malala Yousafzai, a Muslim girl who was shot in the head, who now calls Birmingham her second home. The new library was to replace the previous one which was built in the 1970’s, which was described by Prince Charles as ‘A place where books would be incinerated rather than read’. A lot of people are very happy with the new library but it has raised some concern, as a huge amount of money has been placed into the new building and not into the smaller library’s that are in Birmingham and the surrounding area’s. I visited Hawthorn House, a library which has recently been close and is currently being turned into a house.
After many weeks of persuasion, Mr. Sandhu allowed me to come to his house and get some photographs. I managed to get a few snaps around the building, which is now in the process of becoming a house for a family that had brought the house from the Birmingham City Council in 2011 for £775.000. The Hawthorn House building was made back a long long time ago. Hawthorn House was originally a Georgian building; it then became the house of Bullock the ironmaster in 1841 that had a foundry in West Bromwich. But since the Second World War, the local authority, which first was used as children’s home
By Meena Kumari
The Hawthorn House and nursery, had owned it. The building was Grade 2 listed and was turned into a public library and a social services office in 2010. Mr. Sandhu and his family, are re-doing up the whole house and are getting the inside of the building made from scratch, which includes making bedrooms, kitchens, bathrooms etc. They are building on top of floorboards inside the house, which are 200 years old. There are over 50 rooms in this building, over the 4 floors of the house, from ground floor to the top floor. • Kitchen’s • Bathrooms • Living rooms • Dining Rooms • Bedrooms • Walk In Wardrobes • Pantry • Cinema Room • Cloak Room • Religious Room • And many more others. The Sandhu Family has estimated that the house will be made within the 2 years and are spending over £2millon on it.
So, it shows that the libraries in the area are not recieving the attention that they need from the council, however some like the Hawthorn House are being changed and not left to become derilict and a eye sore to the community.
Man on a mission...
Roger Jon Ellor y is a man on a mission. A mission to bring pride back to a city with a crucially impor tant and proud heritage flowing from within, yet many people are currenly completely or partially oblivious to it! Having been born and brought up in Birmingham he has first-hand knowledge of events that have conspired since his birth and beyond from extensive research into his beloved home city. Havin g g ive n th e la te s t o f hi s t a lk s a t th e A d r ia n B o u l t Hal l in th e B ir m in g h a m conse r v a to ire ju s t th e o t h e r week (3 1 s t Oc to b er 2 0 1 3 ) , i t w a s o n ly f ittin g th a t h e s hou ld b e th e re to in s til knowle d g e u p o n th e g en e ra l publ ic o f h is h o m etown c i t y. He’s m a d e n o s ec ret o f h i s pass io n fo r b r in g in g th e hi s to r ic p a s t o f B ir m in g h a m back in th e p re s en t, th is i s refl ec ted im m en s ely in t h e way h e we n t a b o u t th e t a l k . He p la n s to fo rc e th is r i g h t i nto th e p u b lic d o m a in , re-e d u c a tin g th e c ity a n d res to r in g th e o n c e s te ely, d et e r m in a tio n a n d “ N eve r
( A b o ve : E l l o r y re l a x i n g o n a w i n d ow s i l l d u r i n g phot oshoot )
s ay d i e ” a t t i t u d e o n c e h e l d by eve r y d ay fo l k s ri g h t h e re i n t he c i t y ( E s p e c i a l ly d u ri n g W W 2 wi t h t h e b l i t z k ri e g b o mb i n g ra i d s t h at s eve re ly c ri p p l e d Bri t a i n ’s w a r e f fo r t s ) .
K EEPIN G CA L M aN D c A R RY IN G ON . . . I f eve r t h e n ow c l i c h é d “ Ke e p c al m a n d c a rr y o n ” p h ra s e eve r d i d apply c o rre c t ly, I t wo u l d b e fo r t h e he roi c eve r y d ay p e o p l e o f Bi rmi n g h a m w h o ke p t t h e s h a d ow f a c t o ri e s ( e . g. L o n g b ri d g e ) o p e n t h ro u g h t h e fac e of a d ve rs i t y, ma n a g i n g . . .
ThE CITY O F A t H O U SA N D TRADES
Birmingham’s pivotal role in British and world history is severely undervalued and underappreciated...
These machines of Birmingham’s manufacturing might brought fear to it’s enemy and a symbol for a nation with fading hope to hold onto and believe in through the darkest of times...
BIRMINGHAM: U N c l o a k E D
Illustration: Joe Langham
t o keep p rovi d ing the
preventi ng the mar audi ng
fe are d that the ni g ht B l i t z
t ro o p s wi t h vi t al planes,
Nazi Bli tz k r i e g wave s
o f the ye ar be fo re m i g h t b e
t a n k s, m a ch i n er y,
from compl e te ly di s abl i ng
re pe ate d i n 1 9 4 2 .
a m mu n i t i on a nd supplies
key stra te g i c are as s uc h
t h a t wo u l d eventually help
as the s hadow f ac to r y i n
D ur i ng 1 9 4 1 , the Hurr i c a n e
c ru s h A d ol f H i tler and
L ong bridge , B i r mi ng ham
was de pl oye d by s eve r a l
t h e t h i rd rei ch of Nazi
and Airf i e l ds at R AF
s quadro ns fo r ni g ht d u t i e s ,
G e r ma ny i n t o s ubmission.
Big g in Hi l l , R AF U x br i dge
provi ng l ar ge ly i ndi f fe re n t
and RAF D e bde n.
as a ni g ht f i g hte r but
havi ng s o me s uc c e s s i n t h e One of the l e s s e r
ni g ht i ntr ude r ro l e . H i g h e r
known e pi s o de s i n the
pe r fo r manc e was re q u i re d
operatio nal hi s to r y o f
and the re fo re a de c i s i o n
the Spitf i re i s i ts us e as a
was made to c o nve r t t h e
A K A “ Ni gh t Fi g hters”
nig ht fig hte r. D ur i ng the
S pi tf i re Mk . V ’s o f 1 1 1
we re essen t i a l in
winter o f 1 9 4 1 /1 9 4 2 i t was
S quadro n fo r ni g ht f ig h t i n g .
P i l o t s l i ke Fl i ght Sergeant Pe t er Du r n fo rd of the now l egen d a r y 111 Squadron
the Shadow factories that HELPED wIn the war.
: R E V I R D RE . t l i p s t cen o n n i e h t Blood of B i rmi n g h a m w a s t h e s e c o nd most h e av i ly b o mb e d c i t y i n t h e count r y. S t a g g e ri n g ly, i t l o s t mo re o f i t s c i t i ze ns t o e n e my a c t i o n t h a n a ny o t h er pl ac e o u t s i d e L o n d o n . T h e Na z i B l it zk ri e g c a mp a i g n k i l l e d ove r 2 , 2 4 1 Brummi e s a n d s e ri o u s ly i n j u re d a n o t h e r 3, 010, w i t h 3 , 6 8 2 h a rme d sl i ght ly.
T he fac t t hat t he Luft w affe w as unabl e t o k noc k out t he R oy al Ai r Forc e i n t he B at t l e of B ri t ai n owe d muc h t o t he worke rs of t he S pi t fi re fac t or y i n C ast l e B romw i c h, B i rmi ngham.
? . . . t o p s e h t x Mar
st r at egic N a zi bo mbin g targ ets:
B y t he e nd of t he w ar, t hey we re produc i ng 320 S pi t fi re s and 20 Lanc ast e rs a mont h - more ai rc raft t han any ot he r fac t or y i n t he U K. El sew he re i n t he c i t y, at Longbri dge , me n and wome n t urne d out 2, 866 F ai rey B at t l e s, H urri c ane s, S t i rl i ngs and Lanc ast e rs; w hi l st at t he ne arby Aust i n work s al most 500 army and ot he r ve hi c l e s we re made e ac h we e k - as we l l as a mul t i t ude of ot he r goods.
A ci t y u n i t e d B y 1944, 400,000 B r u m m ies were invo lved in war wo r k a greater p ercen tage o f th e p o p u latio n th an anywh ere else in th e U K .
Aerodrome Factory , Castle Bromwich: 1,200+ Spitfires & Lancasters Austin “Shadow Factory”, Longbridge: 2,866 Fairey Battles, Hurricanes, Stirlings & Lancasters Austin Works, Longbridge: 500 Military Vehicles alone per week Rover, Solihull : Bristol Hercules Engines Fisher and Ludlow, Birmingham: Lancaster Wings, Shell Casings, Bombs Reynold, Birmingham: Spitfire Wing Spars, Light Alloy Tubing GEC, Birmingham: Plastic Components SU Carburettors, Birmingham: Aero-carburettors Birmingham Small Arms (BSA) Factory, Birmingham: Rifles, sten guns (100% of all made)
T h eir effo r ts h ave o ften b een over lo o ked , wh ilst th e sacr ifice an d p ain o f th o se wh o d ied h as b een fo r go tten . After all, th is is a city th at it’s p eo p le sh o u ld b e ver y p ro u d o f in d eed ! A city wh o n o t o n ly overcam e o n e o f h u m an ities m o st atro cio u s figh tin g fo rces an d it’s d ead liest th reat b u t p roved to th e wo r ld th at m err y o ld En glan d h as so m e figh t in h er
yet an d co u ld b e s tood u p an d co u n ted i n the d ar kest o f ti me s . I f anyb o d y f rom B ir m in gh am ever ne e de d a reaso n to b e p roud of th eir h o m e , th is val uabl e p iece o f th e cities ri ch h isto r y (Alb iet a dark an d h o rr ific tr agedy) i s all th ey will n eed . A vi vi d rem in d er to ever yone th ese d ays who are u n ed u cated to th ese f acts o r ch o o se to ign o re the m th at if it wasn ’t for pas t gen er atio n s o f su ffe ri ng an d h ard sh ip th ey woul d n o t b e livin g in the f re e wo r ld we take fo r grante d everd ay with o u t real i s i ng
N o o n e le f t b e hi nd Tw o B S A n i g h t - s h i f t electricians, Alf Stevens and Alf Goodwin, helped re s c u e t h e i r fe l l ow workers. Alf Stevens w a s aw a rd e d t h e G e o r ge Medal for his selfless a c t s o f b r ave r y i n t h e rescue and Alf Goodwin w a s aw a rd e d t h e B r i t i s h Empire Medal. Wo r k e r s w e r e b r o u g h t in to help search for and clear bodies to get the plant back into p r o d u c t i o n.