{' '} {' '}
Limited time offer
SAVE % on your upgrade.

Page 1

Cover Page

Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc. INSPECTION REPORT

Inspection street address, City IL, Zip Code Inspection prepared for: Client first name last name Agent: RE agent - Real estate company name Inspection Date: 11/19/2006 Time: 10:30 am Age: 50+ Size: 4 bedroom Weather: Fair 50's ex: full inspection- client was/ was not present. Inspector: Joseph Tribuzio License #450.003128 7845 W Elmgrove drive, Elmwood park IL, 60707 Phone: 708 456 1423 Email: joe@thishomeinspector.com www.thishomeinspector.com

IL Home Inspectors Licence # 450.003128 / Entity licence # 451.000692 exp 11/30/08 / Nachi ID# NACHI07062507


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

The Scope of the Inspection Please know that there is no such thing as a perfect house and not every defect will be found. every effort will be made to point out all existing defects, starting with safety and major concerns and then concentrating on maintenance concerns, but expect to do repairs and perform routine maintenance.

Not a Code Inspection The General Home Inspection is not a building code-compliance inspection, but a visual inspection for safety and system defects. The Inspection Report may comment on and identify as problems systems, components and/or conditions which may violate building codes, but although safety defects and building code violations may coincide at the time of the inspection, confirmation of compliance with any building code or identification of any building code violation is not the goal of this Inspection Report and lies beyond the scope of the General Home Inspection. If you wish to ascertain the degree to which the home complies with any applicable building codes, you should schedule a building code-compliance inspection.

THIS Home Inspectors Ratings system AF ------Appears Functional The inspected Item , system or component appears to be performing its intended function at the time of the inspection. MR ----- Maintenance Recommended Used to describe when an item or component is due, or appears overdue for regular maintenance. RRR ----Review, Repair, Replace Used to describe when an item or component should be evaluated by the trade specific profession to determine the need for further action such as repair or replacement. NA ------Not Applicable Used to describe when an item does not apply to the property being inspected, this can also denote that the item is missing, or there is no reasonable access to item, system or component. APOD ---Ask Present Owner Details (Self explanatory)- some areas and items may need background history information to get a complete understanding of an odd situation or condition or a pre-existing condition or a home owner DIY repair method for example.

ILLINOIS Section 1410.200 Standards of Practice a) For the purposes of this Section, the terms listed below shall mean: 1) Alarm Systems: Warning devices, installed or free-standing, including but not limited to: carbon monoxide detectors, flue gas and other spillage detectors, security equipment, ejector pumps and smoke alarms. 2) Client: A person or person who engages or seeks to engage the services of a home inspector for an inspection assignment. 3)

Component: A part of a system.

4)

Decorative: Ornamental; not required for the operation of the essential systems and components of a home.

5) Describe: To report a system or component by its type or other observed, significant characteristics to distinguish it from other systems or components. 6)

Home Inspection: As defined in Section 1-10 of the Act.

Page 1 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

7) Home Inspection Report: A written evaluation prepared and issued by a home inspector upon completion of a home inspection, that meets the standards of practice as established by OBRE. 8) Inspect: To visually examine readily accessible systems and components of a building in accordance with these Standards of Practice, using normal operating controls and opening readily accessible access panels. 9)

Roof Drainage Systems: Components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building.

10)

Significantly Deficient: Unsafe or not functioning.

11) Solid Fuel Burning Appliances: A hearth and fire chamber or similar prepared place in which a fire may be built and which is built in conjunction with a chimney; or a listed assembly of a fire chamber, its chimney and related factory-made parts designed for unit assembly without requiring field construction. 12) Structural Component: A component that supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and variable forces or weights (live loads). 13) System: A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more functions. 14) Under Floor Crawl Space: The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the floor. 15) Unsafe: A condition in a system or component that is a significant risk of personal injury or property damage during normal, day-to-day use. The risk may be due to damage, deterioration, improper installation or a change in accepted residential construction standards. b) These Standards of Practice define the practice of home inspection in the State of Illinois and shall: 1)

Provide home inspection guidelines; and

2)

Define certain terms relating to these home inspections.

c) The purpose of these standards of practice is to establish a minimum and uniform standard for licensed home inspectors to provide the client with information regarding the condition of the systems and components of the home as inspected at the time of the home inspection. d) Home inspectors or home inspector entities shall enter into a written agreement with the client or duly authorized representative prior to the home inspection that includes at a minimum: 1)

The purpose of the inspection;

2)

The date of the inspection;

3)

The name, address and license number of the home inspector or home inspector entity;

4)

The fee for services performed;

5)

A statement that the inspection will be performed in accordance with these Standards;

6)

A list of the systems and components to be inspected;

7)

Limitations or exclusions of systems or components being inspected; and

8) The signature of the client or his or her duly authorized representative, and the signature of the home inspector or the duly authorized representative of a home inspector entity. e) At the conclusion of the home inspection, a home inspector shall submit a written report to the client

Page 2 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

or duly authorized representative within 48 hours that includes the home inspector's signature and license number and expiration date and shall: 1)

Describe the systems and components that were inspected;

2) Report on those systems and components inspected that, in the opinion of the inspector, are significantly deficient; and A)

A reason why the system or component is significantly deficient.

B) Disclose any systems or components designated for inspection, that were present at the time of the home inspection, but were not inspected and a reason they were not inspected. f)

These Standards are not intended to limit home inspectors from:

1) Including other inspection services, systems or components in addition to those defined in these standards of practice; and 2)

Excluding systems and components in the written agreement from the inspection.

g) When, pursuant to written agreement with a client, the structural system/ foundation is inspected, the home inspector shall: 1)

Inspect the structural components including the foundation and framing; and

2) Describe the foundation and report the methods used to inspect the under-floor crawl space, floor, wall, ceiling, roof, structure and report the methods used to inspect the attic. h) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the exterior is inspected, the home inspector shall: 1) Inspect the exterior wall covering, flashing, trim, all exterior doors, attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings, the eaves, soffits, and fascias where accessible from the ground level, the vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining walls on the property when any of these are likely to adversely affect the building, walkways, patios, and driveways leading to dwelling entrances; and 2)

Describe the exterior wall covering.

i) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the roof system is inspected, the home inspector shall: 1) Inspect the roof covering, the roof drainage systems, the flashings, the skylights, chimneys, and roof penetrations; and 2)

Describe the roof covering and report the methods used to inspect the roof.

j) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the plumbing system is observed, the home inspector shall describe in detail the interior water supply and distribution including all fixtures and faucets, drains , waste and vent systems including all fixtures, the water heating equipment, the vent systems, flues, and chimneys, the fuel storage and fuel distribution systems, the drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping, and the location of main water and main fuel shut-off valves. k) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the electrical system is inspected, the home inspector shall: 1) Inspect the service drop, the service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways, the service equipment and main disconnects, the service grounding, the interior components of service panels and sub panels, the conductors, the

Page 3 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

over-current protection devices, installed lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles, the ground fault circuit interrupters; 2) Describe the amperage and voltage rating of the service, the location of main disconnects and sub panels, the wiring methods; and 3) detectors.

Report on the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring and on the absence of smoke

l)

When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the heating system is inspected, the home inspector

1)

Inspect the installed heating equipment, the vent systems, flues, and chimneys; and

2)

Describe the energy source, the heating method by its distinguishing characteristics.

shall:

m) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the cooling system is inspected, the home inspector shall: 1)

Inspect the installed central and through-wall cooling equipment; and

2)

Describe the energy source, the cooling method by its distinguishing characteristics.

n) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the interior is inspected, the home inspector shall inspect the walls, ceilings, and floors, the steps, stairways, and railings, the countertops, installed cabinets, doors and windows, garage doors and garage door operators. o) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the insulation and ventilation are inspected, the home inspector shall: 1) Inspect the insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces, the ventilation of attics and foundation areas, the mechanical ventilation systems; and 2) Describe the insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces, the absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at conditioned surfaces. p) When, pursuant to the written agreement with a client, the fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances are inspected, the home inspector shall: 1)

Inspect the system components, the vent systems, flues, and chimneys; and

2)

Describe the fireplaces, solid fuel burning appliances, and the chimneys.

(Source: Amended at 27 Ill. Reg. 14180, effective August 15, 2003)

Page 4 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

STRUCTURE Rating System

AF ------Appears Functional The Item , system or component appears to be performing its intended function at the time of the inspection. MR -----Maintenance Recommended Used to describe when an item or component is due, or appears overdue for regular maintenance. RRR ----Review, Repair, Replace Used to describe when an item or component should be evaluated by the trade specific profession to determine the need for further action such as repair or replacement. NA ------Not Applicable Used to describe when an item does not apply to the property being inspected, this can also denote that the item is missing, or there is no reasonable access to item, system or component. APOD ---Ask Present Owner Details (Self explanatory)- some areas and items may need background history information to get a complete understanding of an odd situation or condition or a pre-existing condition or a home owner DIY repair method for example. __________________________________________________ ONLY THE READILY VISIBLE PORTIONS OF THE FOUNDATION AND STRUCTURE WERE OBSERVED.

Foundation surfaces hidden behind finishes cannot be observed by the inspector. Defects may be present at hidden foundation areas that can allow water infiltration or may have been caused by structural movement. Some foundation movement is typical of settlement and/or shrinkage and does not usually indicate a structural deficiency. EVERY CRACK OR OPENING IN THE FOUNDATION WALL OR FLOOR IS A POTENTIAL SOURCE FOR MOISTURE ENTRY.

It is strongly recommended to ask the present owner if there has ever been any moisture,seepage, or flooding into the house or foundation.

Page 5 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

A. Foundation, exterior AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Concrete block foundation, but with a section which X X appears to be wood near the rear of the home driveways side. Observations:

• • Access, visibility — About 5% of the foundation was visible from the exterior due to vegetation, soil, storage, inaccessibility, or other conditions. There is the possibility that problems were not visible; concealed defects are not within the scope of the home inspection. Conditions of the interior walls, ceilings, and floors, as well as exterior walls, seemed to indicate that there were no major structural settling problems at the time of the inspection. Recommend regular homeowner monitoring and maintenance. • Several smaller cracks were observed, typical with a home of this age.

Monitor this area over time, since its wood its much more susceptible to harsh weather.

Page 6 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

corner of home - crawlspace /under porch- may harbor critters B. Crawlspace condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Small area under front porch which is accessible via a X panel in the basement. Observations:

• • Jack stand supports are used under the back porch, have a contractor evaluate. • There is a strong possibility of animals / pests being able to enter the area under the front porch. Monitor area and make sure to repair any openings.

back porch= jack supports used

back porch - jack supports used

Page 7 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

This is under the front porch- via the access panel under front porch crawlspace - stair structure in basement C. Basement / foundation, interior AF MR RRR NA APOD % finished: 0 X Observations: A few small vertical cracks were

observed; they do not appear to be traveling. Typically, cracks such as these would be considered normal settling. monitor for any movement/ widening over time.

moisture condensation may have caused the poor paint adhesion.

Parging covering the wood.

Page 8 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

concrete block foundation wall

Inspection street address, City, IL

crack in the concrete block wall, monitor for movement.

A few small vertical cracks were observed; they do not appear to be traveling. Typically, cracks such as these would be considered normal settling. monitor for any movement/ widening over time. D. Concrete slab AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: X

Basement floor exhibits cracking/minor heaving in several places, this is to be expected in a home of this age. Basement floor is painted.

Page 9 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Basement floor exhibits cracking/minor heaving in several places, this is to be expected in a home of this age. E. Post and Beam AF

MR

X

RRR

NA

APOD

Inspection street address, City, IL

some spots of the basement floor is showing signs of continued moisture

Observations: Wood beam and posts- as with any wood,

monitor for any changes and maintain well for longevity. • Monitor area around base of wood post in basement where sawdust is apparent. It is possible it is from powder post beetles, however you should really verify the presence of this wood destroying insect by calling in a expert on the subject- an exterminator.

normal splitting of wood due to age and drying out.

Monitor area around base of wood post in basement where sawdust is apparent. It is possible it is from powder post beetles, however you should really verify the presence of this wood destroying insect by calling in a expert on the subject- an exterminator.

Page 10 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

F. Sub Flooring / Joists AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: 10 inch joists. X Observations: a dehumidifier should be used in the basement to combat high incidence of water, moisture and condensation common to a sub level area.

• There is cross bracing installed. • There is a large cut out on top portion of a floor joist apparently to accomodate a heating duct. Any large cut outs such as this one can cause a structural weakness and should be supported, or braced by a professional. Sistering of the section of joist is a common repair. • Some past water damage/stains near joists especially around bathroom area plumbing. No active leaks were discovered at time of inspection.

cross bracing

Some past water damage/stains near joists especially around bathroom area plumbing. No active leaks were discovered at time of inspection.

past moisture stains from some previous leak, possibly before the plumbing was updated. Page 11 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

this hole could be from a knothole or just from projectile damage at some point in the history of this home.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Some past water damage/stains near joists especially around bathroom area plumbing. No active leaks were discovered at time of inspection.

some of the joists are painted white G. Attic / Roof AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Materials: Access to attic/underside of roof is through the access doors on sides of the finished attic rooms. Observations: Unable to determine the condition of the roof

structure, there is only limited visibility of the structural components because the insulation is installed over it.

Page 12 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

attic floor boards over ceiling/ floor joists H. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, Digital pictures

Page 13 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

EXTERIOR A. Exterior Walls condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: vinyl siding X Observations:

• • The mail slot cover is missing. • There is a small missing piece of siding at the rear top corner of the home which is visible from the driveway. see pic

missing a small piece of siding at top rear corner of home

Page 14 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Missing the mail slot door.

this house may have had a stucco exterior under To left is a portion of the home without vinyl siding the vinyl siding on it B. Doors AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: Basement walkout door was literally

screwed shut for some reason.

C. Windows condition AF

MR

RRR

X

NA

APOD

Observations:

• Consider budgeting for replacement of the old wooden windows with a energy efficient replacement windows, such as vinyl windows for instance for their long lasing durability and ease of maintenance. • Storm windows are present but mostly without the screens installed.

Page 15 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

D. Trim AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Observations: Monitor trim work ( fascia, soffits etc.) Contact

siding installer for any needed maintenance/ repairs/ . Try to locate the previous owners receipts with the name of the company that installed the siding.

The planter boxes should be removed, adding a any wood trim should be monitored over time for source of moisture is not going to help. signs of weathering and rot. E. Entrance way & stairs AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Wood steps X X Observations: The wood steps feel slightly loose, have a

contractor evaluate.

Page 16 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

The wood steps are a bit shakey, have a basement walkout area. contractor evaluate for the structural soundness. F. Exterior living space AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Back patio area and a yard. X

back enclosed porch G. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, digital images

Page 17 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

GROUNDS A. Surface grading AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Observations:

• Extend downspouts at least 5 feet away from foundation. • Correct any areas of grade that pitch towards the foundation wall.

try to extend downspouts to discharge away from under the front porch - see the dug out area the foundation as possible. where critters can possibly enter B. Vegetation AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: X • Trees that begin to grow too close to or overhang

property should be trimmed back; this will help reduce the frequency of having to clean out the gutters which should be done on a regular basis. • The front of home was maintained but left side has overgrown bushes that are obscuring windows, the gas meter and most of the foundation on that side of the home.

Page 18 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

overhanging trees- more leaves and branches fall on the roof.

There are windows behind there

overgrown bushes obscure the windows and foundation.

C. Retaining walls AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Page 19 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Neighbors fence ? damaged D. Driveway & Walkway AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: Damaged wooden fence. May belong to adjacent X property. Observations: Asphalt driveway- will need cracks sealed and

regular maintenance.

Asphalt driveway- will need cracks sealed and regular maintenance. E. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, Digital pictures

Page 20 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

GARAGE A. Garage AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Materials: There appears to be an older model garage door opener without safety features. Materials: Garage structure/exterior appears to be in functional condition. Observations: The garage was locked, inaccessible.

The garage was locked, inaccessible.

Siding B. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, Digital pictures

Page 21 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

GENERAL ROOF COMMENTS Although roof covering materials are designed to protect the underlying home structure from moisture, most are not considered waterproof, but water resistant. They are designed to work together with an underlying membrane and the effectiveness of both the membrane and the roof covering material are dependant upon the material quality and the use of proper installation methods. The following considerations may affect the lifespan of a roof... - Roofing material quality - Installation method - Number of layers - Structure orientation: South-facing roofs will have shorter lifespans. - Degree of roof slope: Flatter roofs will have shorter lifespans. - Climate (snow & rain): Harsh climates shorten roof lifespans. - Temperature swings: climates with large daily temperature differentials will shorten roof lifespans. - Building site conditions (overhanging tree branches, wind, etc.) - Roof color: Darker roofs absorb more heat which shortens roof lifespan. - Elevation: Homes at higher elevations are exposed to more ultra violet (UV) light, which shortens roof lifespan. - Roof structure ventilation: Poor ventilation shortens roof lifespans. - Quality of maintenance Here are some other conditions that may affect your roof... •

Physical abrasion: Avoid walking on the roof whenever possible. Always avoid stepping directly on areas where different roof planes meet such as valleys, hips and ridges. Tree limbs should be cut back so that they do not overhang the roof. • Freeze/thaw cycle-: Areas of the roof where snow collects or ice dams build are subject to more rapid deterioration. • Debris accumulation will speed deterioration by holding moisture next to the shingles where it may cause freeze damage. Although Home Inspectors do not perform invasive testing, they use deductive methods based on experience and the aid of a high-quality electronic moisture-detecting instruments to make recommendation decisions. Many leaks occur under conditions of prolonged rain,and theses conditions may not be present at the time of the inspection. Clients are encouraged to ask the present owner about the presence of any roof leaks. The Inspector recommends that you either include comprehensive roof coverage in your home insurance policy or obtain a roof certification from an established, qualified local roofing contractor.

Page 22 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

ROOF A. Roof covering condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Asphalt shingle roof. X Observations:

Many leaks occur under conditions of prolonged rain,and theses conditions may not be present at the time of the inspection. Clients are encouraged to ask the present owner about the presence of any roof leaks. Debris from overhanging trees can collect in valleys and in gutters and that could lead to roof leaks. The gutters should be monitored and cleaned out regularly.

large branches fall onto the section of roof.

Branches can prematurely wear roof.

Page 23 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

B. Drainage system condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Gutters and downspouts X Observations:

Gutter guards are installed , but it would be wise to trim back branches of any trees that over hang the roof and drops debris on it through the seasons. Make sure all downspouts are connected and routed to discharge away from the homes foundation, this will reduce the potential for water to seep into the basement.

downspouts are discharging close to homes foundation

Gutter guards are installed , but it would be wise to trim back branches of any trees that over hang the roof and drops debris on it through the seasons.

C. Roof flashing condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Unable to determine type of flashing. X

Page 24 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

D. Skylights AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X E. Chimneys AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

F. Roof penetrations Materials: plumbing vent , roof vents present G. Inspection methods Methods: visual from windows, Visual from ground , digital images

Page 25 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

PLUMBING Supply plumbing information materials and the dates of major usage: Cast Iron 1880-1930 Lasts around 75 years typically Brass 1900-1930 Yellow brass typically lasts for 20-40 yrs, Red brass typically lasts for 50-60 yrs. Lead 1930-1940 Used between the street main and the house up until the mid point of the century. If not used for a long time, water should be run for several minutes before usage. Galvanized 1940-1950 Lasts for 40-60 years typically.

*(When copper and galvanized steel piping is connected, a special dielectric connector should be used to prevent a corrosion caused by the ' Galvanic reaction' of the two dissimilar metals.) Copper 1950-1960 As far as we know, copper may last indefinitely. Typically 1/2 to 3/4 diameter. Polyethylene 1970-present Polyethylene cannot be solvent welded. Polyvinyl CPVC 1970-present May split if freezing occurs. Polybutylene PB 1975-present Polybutylene may become brittle through scaling and flaking. Was removed from UPC in 1989. Water leaks may not appear during the inspection if the home was vacant due to lack of normal usage, but may appear only after repeated usage, and we cannot be held responsible for these. A Relatively small amount of supply piping can be seen during a typical home inspection. The condition of underground drainage and waste plumbing cannot be determined by this inspection. No comment can be offered on concealed plumbing. IT IS STRONGLY RECOMENDED TO ASK THE PRESENT OWNER ABOUT THE DRAINAGE AND WASTE PLUMBING AND IF THERE IS A HISTORY OF SEWER BACKUPS.

Page 26 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

A. Water shut off AF

MR

X

X

RRR

NA

APOD

Materials: located in basement towards front left of home. Observations: The water service pipe from street

appears to be lead material; make sure to let water run a few minutes before drinking or consider installing a whole house water filter.

The water service pipe from street appears to be lead material; make sure to let water run a few minutes before drinking or consider installing a whole house water filter. B. Water heater AF MR RRR NA APOD Gallons: 40 X Materials: The copper pipe overflow pipe should be at about 6 inches from the floor. Observations: Functional and in good visual condition.

water heater shut offs ( gas and water) C. Sinks Sink condition: Observed as functional and in good visual condition. hot / cold fixture: Observed as functional and in good visual condition.

Page 27 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

D. Showers shower observations: Observed as functional and in good visual condition. Bathtub observations: Observed as functional and in good visual condition. E. Toilets AF

MR

X

X

RRR

NA

APOD

Observations:

• 0bserved as functional and in good visual condition. • The toilet in the basement runs for a long time, the flush and fill valve components may need to be replaced.

F. P traps AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

RRR

NA

APOD

X

G. Sump AF

MR

X

Observations: There is no sump pump; consider

speaking to a plumber/contractor to evaluate the need for a flood control system.

H. Ejector AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: With a basement that contains a bathroom, it

advised to have a ejector pump.

I. Observed Plumbing AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Materials: Copper pipe updates of the plumbing. No comment on portions that are not visible.

Page 28 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

waste stack and cleanout point - basement J. Gas pipe and shut offs AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Exterior located gas meter, obscured by bushes, left X outside front corner of house. Observations: The visible portions of gas piping appear to be

functional., Tested accessible gas valves and connections with combustible gas meter.

gas meter K. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, digital images, testing devices used.

Page 29 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL SERVICE DROP CLEARANCES

15 foot minimum masthead/ service wire clearance , Conduit should be secured every 5 feet. 36 Inches from doors and windows. 10 feet above walkways or flat roofs used as walking surfaces. 12 feet above driveways 18 feet above & 10 feet away from pools 18 feet above roadways. 8 feet over flat roofs. 3 feet over pitched roofs 4/12 or more 18 Inch clearance for service conduit protruding from a roofService conduit that protrudes 5 feet above roof must have a supporting guy wire. A wide variety of electrical systems have been installed over the years and electrical systems have been affected by the following: - Code requirements which existed at the time the home was built or additional electrical work was performed. - The abilities and inclinations of the system designer and installers - Original construction budget. - Changes made over the years Home inspectors are generalists, and although familiarity with electrical systems is a fundamental part of home inspection, inspectors are not electricians, and will not be familiar with all electrical systems and components installed over the years. Electrical standards and codes have evolved over the years and home electrical systems and their components are required to comply only with codes which were in effect at the time the home was built or the additional work was performed. A Home Inspector’s concern with electrical systems is not code compliance but the degree to which the installed electrical system safely provides for the electrical requirements of the home. The home inspector’s concern will be commenting on safety and system defects, not code violations. Some conditions commented upon may not be code violations and some code violations may not be commented upon. If in the opinion of the Inspector, the installed electrical system or any of its components is failing or may fail to safely provide for the electrical requirements of the home, the Inspector will recommend evaluation and/or correction by a qualified electrical contractor.

Page 30 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

A. Service entrance condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Overhead electric cables X Observations: Appears to be a newer installation of electrical

system.

electrical service appears to have been updated recently

B. Meter condition AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Amps: 200

Page 31 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

C. Grounding AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Materials: Electrical system is grounded to water pipes; a jumper for continuity is present at water meter (location). Observations: A representative number of receptacles were

tested and shown to be grounded. D. Distribution panel condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Amps: 100 X X Materials: Most of the breakers are somewhat represented in the labeling. make sure to know what breaker protects which area. Observations: Missing a knockout in top of distribution

panel. see pic.

Hard to see, but panel IS installed on wood

Page 32 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Neutral conductor is marked well with white tape.

There should be additional bushings for Missing a knockout in top of distribution panel. protection see pic. E. Visible Wiring condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: The residence wiring may contain older cloth-insulated X X wiring. I recommend evaluation by a qualified electrical contractor to ensure that this older wiring is safe. • Newer copper wire noted in panel. • Armored cable (BX) • NM cable ( nonmetallic cable) Observation: The electrical junction box to the left of panel appears a bit crowded. Observations: Have an electrician evaluate wiring while

installing the lighting fixtures.

Page 33 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

F. Remote Distribution (sub) panel condition AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X G. Lighting fixture condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Missing most of the lighting fixtures. X

Page 34 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

this is just a bulb on a cord plugged in to the wall, otherwise there is no lighting in this basement room. H. Switches AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

NA

APOD

Inspection street address, City, IL

It appears most of the fine lighting fixtures are missing.

X I. Receptacles AF

X

MR

RRR

X

Observations:

• The majority of grounded receptacles , (with a few exceptions) were tested and found to be wired correctly. • It is recommended to avoid use of multiplier outlet plug ins ( converts 2 into 6 outlets ) • 2-prong outlets The home contained outdated, ungrounded 2-prong electrical outlets. Although this condition may have been commonly considered safe or acceptable at the time the home was originally constructed, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time, building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. Consider updating the existing condition to meet generally-accepted current standards. • Reverse polarity- 2 receptacles. one in dining room left of window, one in front room on same wall as door. Have electrician rewire. • Loose receptacle outlet in dining room to right of window.

Page 35 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

this receptacle to right of window in dining room is not properly affixed in the wall.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Reverse polarity - dining room left of window

reverse polarity living room ,on right- have an 2 prong ungrounded receptacles should be electrician correct. replaced with grounded outlets J. Ground Fault Circuit Interupter AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: X • GFCI: Ground Fault Circuit interrupter .

• The laundry receptacle should be GFCI protected type. • Bathroom on main floor has a polarized outlet receptacle where there should be a GFCI type receptacle. • Outlets in the basement were not Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protected. Adding GFCI protection is relatively inexpensive. All electrical work should be performed by a qualified electrical contractor. Consider adding GFCI protection of these outlets.

Page 36 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Polarised receptacle in main bathroom- this should be replaced with a GFCI receptacle K. Arc Fault Circuit Interupter AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: No Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI)

protection was installed to protect electrical circuits in bedrooms. Building codes with which new homes must comply require the installation of AFCI protection of all bedroom outlets. This type of protection is designed to detect electrical arcing, which is a potential fire hazard. Although AFCI protection was not required at the time the home was originally constructed, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time, building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. Consider updating the existing electrical to provide AFCI protection. Arc-fault protection can be provided using either of two methods: 1. Arc Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCI's) electrical outlets which have this capability built in. 2. AFCI circuit breakers installed at the main electrical panel which provide this protection to all non-AFCI outlets on the circuit controlled by that AFCI breaker.

L. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, digital images, receptacle testing device.

Page 37 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

HVAC HVAC The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning and cooling system (often referred to as HVAC) is the climate control system for the structure. The goal of these systems is to keep the occupants at a comfortable level while maintaining indoor air quality, ventilation while keeping maintenance costs at a minimum. The HVAC system is usually powered by electricity and natural gas, but can also be powered by other sources such as butane, oil, propane, solar panels, or wood. The inspector will usually test the heating and air conditioner using the thermostat or other controls. During colder times where temperatures are below 50 degrees it is inadvisable to operate an Air conditioning system as it may cause damage to the compressor. Conversely, it is also inadvisable to operate a heating system during warm temps to avoid damage to equipment.

Proper operation of all units should be verified prior to closing. A conclusive evaluation of a furnace heat exchanger or a boiler combustion chamber requires dismantling of the unit, including burner removal, and is, therefore, beyond the scope of this inspection. We do not report on, nor can we be held responsible for, these items. For a more thorough investigation of the system and for regularly needed maintenance, please contact a licensed HVAC service person. A. HVAC equiptment condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Natural Gas X Materials: Forced air , furnace Observations:

• Have a HVAC professional perform evaluation and regular maintenance. • Furnace was functional at time of inspection; burner flames were a healthy blue.

filter location B. Venting system condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: Functional, Good visual condition. X Observations: Good visual condition. Page 38 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

C. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, Digital pictures, Operated thermostat

Page 39 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

AC UNIT A. AC outdoor unit AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Materials: AC lines are in good condition. Observations: Not able to test A/C at time of inspection due

to low temperatures and inherent possibility of damaging compressor.

Not able to test A/C at time of inspection due to low temperatures and inherent possibility of damaging compressor. B. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, digital images

Page 40 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

INTERIOR Interior: The Interior section covers areas of the house that are not considered part of the Bathrooms, Bedrooms, Kitchen or areas covered elsewhere in the report. Interior areas usually consist of hallways, foyer, and other open areas. Within these areas the inspector is performing a visual inspection and will report visible damage, wear and tear, and moisture problems if seen. Personal items in the structure may prevent the inspector from viewing all areas on the interior. Bedrooms : The main area of inspection in the bedrooms is the structural system. This means that all walls, ceilings and floors will be inspected. Doors and windows will also be investigated for damage and normal operation. Personal items in the bedroom may prevent all areas to be inspected as the inspector will not move personal items. Bathrooms: Bathrooms can consist of many features from jacuzzi tubs and showers to toilets and bidets. Because of all the plumbing involved it is an important area of the house to look over. Moisture in the air and leaks can cause mildew, walpaper and paint to peel, and other problems. The home inspector will identify as many issues as possible but some problems may be undetectable due to problems within the walls or under the flooring. A. Smoke & Fire detectors AF

MR

X

X

RRR

NA

APOD

Observations: Smoke detector near bedrooms did not

function, may need a new battery.

B. Carbon Monoxide detectors AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: X X • Have hard wired, or plug in CO Detectors installed at a

low elevation, as CO may hover close to the ground and rise up during a fire. • Tested and functional at time of inspection, but only the siren was tested, not the carbon monoxide sensor. • After 5 years of operation, CARBON MONOXIDE detectors should be replaced, because they wear out.

Page 41 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

C. Doors AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: Several doors are a bit tight in jams, possibly

from the new coat of paint.

D. Windows AF

X

MR

RRR

X

NA

APOD

Observations:

• There are older wood windows present. • The windows in the home are rope and pulley style, may be original to home, and are approaching the end of their serviceable lifetime. • Some windows are very difficult to open and some were not able to open, this may be because of the paint.

The windows in the home are rope and pulley the basement windows like these are often hard style, may be original to home, and are to open, usually are redone in glass block. approaching the end of their serviceable lifetime. E. Steps AF MR RRR NA APOD Observations: X • Steps to finished attic covered in carpeting.

• The stair wells in the home can be considered narrow by current standards

Page 42 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

basement steps F. Guard Railings & Spindles AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: Safety issue - There is no guard rail

around the opening for the stairs in the finished attic, this could cause a serious fall.

VERY unsafe - no guard around opening of stairs. G. Ceilings AF

MR

X

RRR

NA

APOD

Observations: There is a damaged ceiling tile in dining

room - damage is between crown molding and tile in form of a puncture of sorts. see pic.

Page 43 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

There is a damaged ceiling tile in dining room damage is between crown molding and tile in form of a puncture of sorts. see pic. H. Skylights AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X I. Walls AF

MR

RRR

X

NA

APOD

Covering: Wallpaper • Paneling in basement. • Vintage plastic tile in the bathroom that has been painted. • Plaster walls. Observations: Basement wall covering is wood in the

room located towards the front. while testing with a Moisture meter, high levels were found in one specific area. see pic.

Basement wall covering is wood in the room located towards the front. while testing with a Moisture meter, high levels were found in one specific area. see pic.

Page 44 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

acess panel to crawlspace under enclosed front porch. J. Floors AF

MR

X

RRR

NA

APOD

Materials: Hardwood floors. VCT vinyl composite tile flooring Carpeting

there art speaker wire provisions through out home K. Closets condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: No lighting in closets. X X

Page 45 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Provision for a clothes Chute L. Bathroom AF

MR

RRR

X

NA

APOD

Materials: Full bath on 1st floor. , 1/2 bath in basement. Observations:

• • Shower enclosure - tile work is loose between shower head and spigot, see pic. • Window located inside bath/shower enclosure, I was not able to determine with certainty that the glass is tempered. A window installed in this location must have tempered glass for safety reasons.

there appears to be some damage to the tile work Poor location for a window inside the bath areaor wall underneath the shower. the glass may not be tempered.

Page 46 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Shower enclosure - tile work is loose between shower head and spigot, see pic. M. Laundry room condition AF MR RRR NA APOD location: In basement. X Materials: No laundry appliances. Observations:

• • There are no washer or dryer appliances present at time of inspection. • Remove the attached section of hose to avoid cross contamination ( backflow ) of the drinkable water and supply pipes. • The concrete laundry tub is not approved of since it is porous collects dirt and bacteria and therefore considered unsanitary. If you can, have it removed and replaced.

remove the length of hose- it can cause wastewater contamination of the drinking water.

these old tubs are considered unsanitary as they can hold bacteria, also this tub is cracking and can leak. Page 47 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

N. Kitchen AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: Appliances missing.

Appliances missing.

Appliances are missing.

O. Appliances AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X P. Heating & cooling AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Materials: air registers

Q. Finished attic condition AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: Converted to living space X R. Finished basement condition AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X S. Inspection methods Methods: Visual , digital images, Combustible gas meter used to check for natural gas leaks.

Page 48 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

INSULATION/VENTILATION A. Attic Insulation & Vapor retarders AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X

Observations: Attic insulation was observed between ceiling

joists, not all areas of attic or roof structure were accessible during Inspection. The attic was viewed from the access panel., R factor = 19 between rafters. (plus the knee walls are also insulated, plus the air space representing a thermal difference)

neat and clean installation of insulation. B. Attic Ventilation AF

X

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

Observations: Roof vents, gable vent visible from exterior.

Roof vents, gable vent visible from exterior.

Roof vents, gable vent visible from exterior.

Page 49 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

soffit vents C. Exhaust fan / vent hood AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X D. Bathroom exhaust fan AF MR RRR NA APOD Materials: There is no mechanical ventilation for bathrooms. X E. Basement Insul/ Vent AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X F. Crawlspace Insul/ Vent AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X G. Inspection methods Methods: Visual, digital images

Page 50 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

FIREPLACES A. Wood Burning Fireplace damper AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X B. Wood burning Fireplace construction AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X C. Gas fireplace AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X D. Chimneys, Flues, Vent systems AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X E. Wood burning stove AF

MR

RRR

NA

APOD

X F. Inspection methods

Page 51 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

GENERAL OVERVIEW General home maintenance considerations In order to maintain the home value and prevent damage from moisture intrusion it is important that you pay attention to various areas of your home which will require maintenance on a regular schedule. Although as the homeowner, you are responsible for determining necessary maintenance and seeing that it is performed, some basic suggestions might include but are not limited to: Concrete/asphalt surfaces: - Seal or patch gaps and cracks to avoid damage from freezing moisture. Freezing moisture will enlarge cracks in concrete and asphalt. Exterior walls - Trim back vegetation - Seal gaps or cracks in walls and around doors and windows where moisture may penetrate with an appropriate sealant or paint - Replace any missing exterior wall covering material. Roof - The roof should be free of debris, which will hold moisture next to the roof covering material and hasten deterioration. - Keep the gutter system in good repair, sealing leaks and cleaning the gutters and downspouts - Replace missing or damaged shingles and seal areas where flashing may not protect the roof structure - Be sure that downspouts route roof drainage away from the foundation. - In cold climates, downspouts which are connected to underground drains are subject to freeze problems in the fall and spring. Decks and porches - Keep the finish in good condition. Clear finishes may require maintenance as often as every year or two. Plumbing -Monitor pipe fittings, boilers and water heaters for corrosion or leakage. Maintain major appliances as recommended by local professionals. Heating - Have the system, including the cabinet, burners, blower and filter cleaned and adjusted on an appropriate schedule. You can determine what constitutes an appropriate schedule by consulting with a qualified heating contractor. Moisture damage - Moisture intrusion can cause damage to the home by effecting the ability of the soil to support the weight of the foundation and by creating conditions favorable to the growth of biological organisms such as mold fungus. Mold fungus will cause wood with which it comes into contact to decay and may create unhealthy conditions by increasing concentrations of mold spores in the indoor air of the home. Always watch for any signs of moisture intrusion and take steps to correct it immediately.

Page 52 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

MOLD Symptoms of black mold in your home can manifest themselves in many different ways. You do need to know what these symptoms are so you can be cognizant of anything occurring in your home that could lead to a build up of black mold. This form of mold is very toxic and can cause mild allergies as well as serious medical conditions. When you know what the symptoms of black mold are, then you know what to look for. You can be on the lookout for symptoms of black mold if there is a high level of humidity in your home. If the humidity is higher than 55%, then this is the prime condition for the development of black mold symptoms. The thing that you need to be most aware of is that you may not even realize that there is black or toxic mold in your home until someone starts to get sick. Even then the symptoms may be so much like a sinus infection or asthma, that you might not associate them with toxic mold symptoms. Since the basement is the place where most of the water pipes in a home are located, the condensation on these pipes often goes undetected for long periods of time. In fact you may never realize that there are symptoms of black mold present if you don’t have a problem with the pipes. When leaks are discovered, many homeowners concentrate on fixing the leaks and don’t realize they are toxic mold symptoms and therefore do nothing about the black mold itself. Odors or musty smells are often the first symptoms of black mold. This is because black mold grows in places that are not usually visible or in places that you can’t get to for cleaning, such as in cracks and crevices. Getting an odor does not necessarily mean you have toxic mold in your home, but it is definitely one of the symptoms that can alert you to the need for black mold testing. If the odors are present when the air-conditioning system is running, then these are serious toxic mold symptoms. Yellowish stains on the walls are also symptoms of black mold. Black mold has a greenish color to it and when you notice the wall starting to stain underneath the wallpaper or coming through the paint, this is a symptom that you do have a serious mold problem. Toxic mold symptoms can also manifest themselves as the paint coming off the walls because of the excess moisture. One way you can find out if you do have black mold in the walls is to shine a black light on it. If you see a yellow glow, this is one of the symptoms of black mold in the wall. The inspector does not usually test for mold or other hazardous materials. A qualified expert such as a Industrial hygienist should be consulted if you would like further testing.

Page 53 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. It consists of one carbon atom covalently bonded to one oxygen atom. There are 2 covalent bonds and a dative covalent bond between the oxygen and carbon atom which comes from the oxygen. Carbon monoxide is a significantly toxic gas, although patients may demonstrate varied clinical manifestations with different outcomes, even under similar exposure conditions. Toxicity is also increased by several factors, including: increased activity and rate of ventilation, pre-existing cerebral or cardiovascular disease, reduced cardiac output, anemia or other hematological disorders, decreased barometric pressure, and high metabolic rate. Under ordinary conditions, it is less dense than air, but during fires, it accumulates on the ground, so that if poisoning causes loss of consciousness, the amount of carbon monoxide inhaled increases and the possibility of fatality is radically increased. Carbon monoxide is life-threatening to humans and other aerobic forms of life, as inhaling even relatively small amounts of it can lead to hypoxic injury, neurological damage, and possibly death. A concentration of as little as 0.04% (400 parts per million) carbon monoxide in the air can be fatal. The gas is especially dangerous because it is not easily detected by human senses. Early symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include drowsiness and headache, followed by unconsciousness, respiratory failure, and death. First aid for a victim of carbon monoxide poisoning requires access to fresh air; administration of artificial respiration and, if available, oxygen; and, as soon as possible, medical attention. CO Effects When carbon monoxide is inhaled, it takes the place of oxygen in hemoglobin, the red blood pigment that normally carries oxygen to all parts of the body. Because carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin several hundred times more strongly than oxygen, its effects are cumulative and long-lasting, causing oxygen starvation throughout the body. Prolonged exposure to fresh air (or pure oxygen) is required for the CO-tainted hemoglobin (carboxyhemoglobin) to clear. The effects of carbon monoxide in parts per million are listed below: • • • • • • • • •

35 ppm (0.0035%) Headache and dizziness within six to eight hours of constant exposure 100 ppm (0.01%) Slight headache in two to three hours 200 ppm (0.02%) Slight headache within two to three hours 400 ppm (0.04%) Frontal headache within one to two hours 800 ppm (0.08%) Dizziness, nausea, and convulsions within 45 minutes. Insensible within two hours. 1,600 ppm (0.16%) Headache, dizziness, and nausea within 20 minutes. Death in less than two hours. 3,200 ppm (0.32%) Headache, dizziness and nausea in five to ten minutes. Death within 30 minutes. 6,400 ppm (0.64%) Headache and dizziness in one to two minutes. Death in less than 20 minutes. 12,800 ppm (1.28%) Unconsciousness after 2-3 breaths[citation needed]. Death in less than three minutes CO Detector A carbon monoxide detector is a device that detects the presence of the toxic gas carbon monoxide (CO), a colorless and odorless compound produced by incomplete combustion and lethal at high levels. If a high level of CO is detected, the device sounds an alarm, giving people in the area a chance to ventilate the area or safely leave the building. CO detectors do not serve as smoke detectors and vice versa. However, dual smoke/CO detectors are also sold. Smoke detectors detect the smoke generated by flaming or smoldering fires, whereas CO detectors can alarm people about faulty fuel burning devices. Carbon monoxide is produced from incomplete combustion of fossil fuels. In the home CO can be formed, for example, by open flames, space heaters, blocked chimneys or running a car inside a garage. When an alarm sounds, action must be taken immediately. This may include evacuating the premise if experiencing CO poisoning symptoms (confusion, headaches, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, etc), ventilation of the premises, and contacting professionals to inspect CO emitting sources. If you suspect you have suffered CO poisoning, go outside immediately and call the emergency number. At high levels, breathing CO gas is fatal within minutes. The devices, which retail for $20-$60USD and are widely available, can either be battery-operated or AC powered (with or without a battery backup). Batteries should be replaced regularly to guarantee proper operation. (They generally last about a year; most detectors are designed to signal a low-battery condition.) It is important to install the detector in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. CO detectors can be placed near the ceiling or near the floor as CO is very close to the same density as air. Detectors should be placed outside the bedrooms. Since CO is colorless and odorless (unlike smoke from a fire), detection in a home environment is impossible without such a warning device. In North America, some state, provincial and municipal governments require installation of CO detectors in new units - among them, the U.S. states of Illinois, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Vermont; the Canadian province of Ontario; and New York City. All CO detectors have "test" buttons and, like smoke detectors, should be tested regularly (weekly or monthly).

Page 54 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Early designs were basically a white or beige element which would fade to a brownish or blackish color if carbon monoxide were present. As carbon monoxide related deaths increased during the 1990s, audible alarms became standard. The alarm points on carbon monoxide detectors are not a simple alarm level as in smoke detectors but are a concentration-time function. At lower concentrations (eg 100 parts per million) the detector will not sound an alarm for many tens of minutes. At 400 parts per million (PPM), the alarm will sound within a few minutes. This concentration-time function is intended to mimic the uptake of carbon monoxide in the body while also preventing false alarms due to relatively common sources of carbon monoxide such as cigarette smoke. There are three types of sensors available and they vary in cost, accuracy and speed of response. However, since CO levels normally increase very slowly and there is a large ratio between safe and unsafe levels and levels that cause minor and severe symptoms, all three are entirely adequate for use. All three types of sensor elements typically last from 3 to 5 years and should be replaced after that time. At least one CO detector is available which includes a battery and sensor in a replaceable module. Most CO detectors do not have replaceable sensors. Biomimetic A biomimetic (chem-optical or gel cell) sensor works with a form of synthetic hemoglobin which darkens in the presence of CO, and lightens without it. This can either be seen directly or connected to a light sensor and alarm. Electrochemical A type of fuel cell that instead of being designed to produce power, is designed to produce a current that is precisely related to the amount of the target gas (in this case carbon monoxide) in the atmosphere. Measurement of the current therefore gives a measure of the concentration of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere. Essentially the electrochemical cell consists of a container, 2 electrodes, connection wires and an electrolyte - typically sulfuric acid. Carbon monoxide is oxidised at one electrode to carbon dioxide whilst oxygen is consumed at the other electrode. For carbon monoxide detection, the electrochemical cell has advantages over the other technologies in that it has a highly accurate and linear output to carbon monoxide concentration, requires minimal power as it is operated at room temperature, and has a long lifetime (typically commercial available cells now have lifetimes of 5 years or greater). Until recently, the cost of these cells and concerns about their long term reliability had limited uptake of this technology in the marketplace although these concerns are now largely overcome. Semiconductor Thin wires of the semiconductor tin dioxide on an insulating ceramic base provide a sensor monitored by an integrated circuit. CO reduces resistance and so allows a greater current which if high enough will lead to the monitor triggering an alarm. Digital CO Detectors Although all home detectors use an audible alarm signal as the primary indicator, some versions also offer a digital readout of the CO concentration, in ppm. Typically, they can display both the current reading and a peak reading from memory of the highest level measured over a period of time. These advanced models cost somewhat more but are otherwise similar to the basic models. The digital models offer the advantage of being able to observe levels that are below the alarm threshold, learn about levels that may have occurred during an absence, and assess the degree of hazard if the alarm sounds. They may also aid emergency responders in evaluating the level of past or ongoing exposure or danger. PLACEMENT OF CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS IMPORTANT Proper placement of a carbon monoxide detector is important. If you are installing only one carbon monoxide detector, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) recommends it be located near the sleeping area, where it can wake you if you are asleep. Additional detectors on every level and in every bedroom of a home provides extra protection. Homeowners should remember not to install carbon monoxide detectors directly above or beside fuel-burning appliances, as appliances may emit a small amount of carbon monoxide upon start-up. A detector should not be placed within fifteen feet of heating or cooking appliances or in or near very humid areas such as bathrooms. When considering where to place a carbon monoxide detector, keep in mind that although carbon monoxide is roughly the same weight as air (carbon monoxide's specific gravity is 0.9657, as stated by the EPA; the National Resource Council lists the specific gravity of air as one), it may be contained in warm air coming from combustion appliances such as home heating equipment. If this is the case, carbon monoxide will rise with the warmer air. Plug in devices work very well due to the possibility of carbon monoxide leaking at room temperature and hanging lower in the atmosphere.

Page 55 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

A. General overview & considerations AF= Appears functional / MR= maintenance is recommended / RRR= Review,repair,or replace / NA= Not applicable / APOD= Ask present owner details. • Have any noted repairs completed by licensed, insured, and bonded professional contractors. All repairs should adhere strictly to manufacture installation specifications,national, state, local codes, and the authority having jurisdiction. • Sewer line—Due to the age of this home I recommend a sewer line inspection. This separate inspection will show the condition of the buried sewer line from the home to the city main. Items such as tree roots, broken drain pipes, and other obstructions will be revealed. A qualified plumber with a sewer camera sewer rodding machine can inspect. • Due to the age of some properties, items noted as in need of repair are possible retrofits or upgrades to operating systems or fixtures already in place. Occupant health, safety,and welfare should always be the first consideration when repairs are considered. • Older home—We expect homes to be built according to the standard practices and building codes, if any, that were in use at the date of construction. Older homes often have areas or systems that do not comply with current building codes. While this inspection makes every effort to point out safety concerns, it does not inspect for building code compliance. It is common for homes of any age to have had repairs done, and some repairs may appear less than standard. This inspection looks for items that are not functioning as intended. It does not grade the quality of the repairs. In older homes, the inspector reviewed the structure from the standpoint of how it has fared through the years with the materials that were used. You can expect problems to become apparent as time passes. The inspector will not be able to find all deficiencies in and around a property, especially concerning construction techniques of the past.

Page 56 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

Photos

remove all the wood from under back porch -

Page 57 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc.

Inspection street address, City, IL

SUMMARY OF REPORT SUMMARY OF REPORT

* The items listed on the summary are, in the inspectors opinion, those that pose a safety hazard or affect the habitability or integrity of the home. PLEASE READ THE ENTIRE INSPECTION REPORT.

The summary that follows consists of potentially significant findings. These findings can be a safety hazard, a deficiency requiring a major expenses to correct or items I would like to draw extra attention to. The summary is not a complete listing of all the findings in the report, and reflects the opinion of the inspector. Please review all of the pages of the report as the summary alone does not explain all the issues. All repairs must be done by a licensed & bonded trade or profession. I recommend obtaining a copy of all receipts, warranties and permits for the work done. STRUCTURE Page 7 Item: A

Page 8 Item: B

Page 9 Item: C

• Access, visibility — About 5% of the foundation was visible from the exterior due to vegetation, soil, storage, inaccessibility, or other conditions. There is the possibility that problems were not visible; concealed defects are not within the scope of the home inspection. Conditions of the interior walls, ceilings, and floors, as well as exterior walls, seemed to indicate that there were no major structural settling problems at the time of the inspection. Recommend regular homeowner monitoring and maintenance. • Several smaller cracks were observed, typical with a home of this age. Crawlspace • Jack stand supports are used under the condition back porch, have a contractor evaluate. • There is a strong possibility of animals / pests being able to enter the area under the front porch. Monitor area and make sure to repair any openings. Basement / • A few small vertical cracks were foundation, interior observed; they do not appear to be traveling. Typically, cracks such as these would be considered normal settling. monitor for any movement/ widening over time. Foundation, exterior

Page 58 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc. Page 10 Item: E Post and Beam

Page 12 Item: F Sub Flooring / Joists

Inspection street address, City, IL

• Monitor area around base of wood post in basement where sawdust is apparent. It is possible it is from powder post beetles, however you should really verify the presence of this wood destroying insect by calling in a expert on the subject- an exterminator. • There is a large cut out on top portion of a floor joist apparently to accomodate a heating duct. Any large cut outs such as this one can cause a structural weakness and should be supported, or braced by a professional. Sistering of the section of joist is a common repair. • Some past water damage/stains near joists especially around bathroom area plumbing. No active leaks were discovered at time of inspection.

EXTERIOR Page 15 Item: A Exterior Walls condition

• The mail slot cover is missing. • There is a small missing piece of siding at the rear top corner of the home which is visible from the driveway. see pic Page 15 Item: B Doors • Basement walkout door was literally screwed shut for some reason. Page 16 Item: C Windows condition • Storm windows are present but mostly without the screens installed. Page 17 Item: E Entrance way & The wood steps feel slightly loose, have a stairs contractor evaluate. GROUNDS Page 19 Item: B Vegetation

PLUMBING Page 27 Item: A Water shut off

Page 28 Item: E Toilets

• The front of home was maintained but left side has overgrown bushes that are obscuring windows, the gas meter and most of the foundation on that side of the home. • The water service pipe from street appears to be lead material; make sure to let water run a few minutes before drinking or consider installing a whole house water filter. • The toilet in the basement runs for a long time, the flush and fill valve components may need to be replaced.

Page 59 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc. Page 28 Item: G Sump

ELECTRICAL Page 33 Item: D Distribution panel condition Page 36 Item: I

Page 37 Item: J

Receptacles

Ground Fault Circuit Interupter

Inspection street address, City, IL

There is no sump pump; consider speaking to a plumber/contractor to evaluate the need for a flood control system. • Missing a knockout in top of distribution panel. see pic. • 2-prong outlets The home contained outdated, ungrounded 2-prong electrical outlets. Although this condition may have been commonly considered safe or acceptable at the time the home was originally constructed, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time, building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. Consider updating the existing condition to meet generallyaccepted current standards. • Reverse polarity- 2 receptacles. one in dining room left of window, one in front room on same wall as door. Have electrician rewire. • Loose receptacle outlet in dining room to right of window. • Bathroom on main floor has a polarized outlet receptacle where there should be a GFCI type receptacle. • Outlets in the basement were not Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protected. Adding GFCI protection is relatively inexpensive. All electrical work should be performed by a qualified electrical contractor. Consider adding GFCI protection of these outlets.

Page 60 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc. Page 37 Item: K Arc Fault Circuit Interupter

INTERIOR Page 41 Item: A Smoke & Fire detectors Page 42 Item: D Windows

Page 43 Item: F Guard Railings & Spindles

Page 44 Item: G Ceilings

Inspection street address, City, IL

• No Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI) protection was installed to protect electrical circuits in bedrooms. Building codes with which new homes must comply require the installation of AFCI protection of all bedroom outlets. This type of protection is designed to detect electrical arcing, which is a potential fire hazard. Although AFCI protection was not required at the time the home was originally constructed, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time, building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. Consider updating the existing electrical to provide AFCI protection. Arc-fault protection can be provided using either of two methods: 1. Arc Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCI's) electrical outlets which have this capability built in. 2. AFCI circuit breakers installed at the main electrical panel which provide this protection to all non-AFCI outlets on the circuit controlled by that AFCI breaker.

• Smoke detector near bedrooms did not function, may need a new battery. • The windows in the home are rope and pulley style, may be original to home, and are approaching the end of their serviceable lifetime. • Some windows are very difficult to open and some were not able to open, this may be because of the paint. • Safety issue - There is no guard rail around the opening for the stairs in the finished attic, this could cause a serious fall. • There is a damaged ceiling tile in dining room - damage is between crown molding and tile in form of a puncture of sorts. see pic. Page 61 of 62


Tribuzio Home Inspection Services Inc. Page 45 Item: I

Walls

Page 47 Item: L

Bathroom

Page 47 Item: M Laundry room condition

Inspection street address, City, IL

• Basement wall covering is wood in the room located towards the front. while testing with a Moisture meter, high levels were found in one specific area. see pic. • Shower enclosure - tile work is loose between shower head and spigot, see pic. • Window located inside bath/shower enclosure, I was not able to determine with certainty that the glass is tempered. A window installed in this location must have tempered glass for safety reasons. • There are no washer or dryer appliances present at time of inspection. • Remove the attached section of hose to avoid cross contamination ( backflow ) of the drinkable water and supply pipes. • The concrete laundry tub is not approved of since it is porous collects dirt and bacteria and therefore considered unsanitary. If you can, have it removed and replaced.

Page 62 of 62

Profile for Joe Tribuzio

Sample Inspection Report  

T.H.I.S. sample of a home inspection report

Sample Inspection Report  

T.H.I.S. sample of a home inspection report

Advertisement