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May 2016

D100 • $4 • €3 • £2



Kumba Daffeh-Kah a woman of excellence

Papa Yusupha Njie

The ICT man with Unique Solutions

Mr & Mrs I J Johnson

Mr & Mrs Jabbi’s Baby’s Naming Ceremony

Mr. & Mrs. Alhajie Gabi Sosseh 50 Years Anniversary

…with a list of all the Beauty Pageants of The Gambia from 1963, and stories on health and beauty……

A Facebook styled magazine connecting you to Africans home & abroad Projecting an image of African excellence. Available FREE online www.jojosmag.com

Awarded Best e n i z a g a M n a i b Gam 2014 & 2015 Jojo’s Mag –

Projecting an image of African excellence

Seen it! Be in it! We are about positive media Contact us to discuss your business and personal publicity needs. Providing coverage of all sorts of events In Jojo’s Mag everyone is a celebrity


www.jojosmag.com Projecting an image of African excellence A Facebook Styled Magazine connecting you to Africans home & abroad

Jojo Jobarteh (Publisher) Text ONLY: 0756 114 8939 • Email: jojosmag@sky.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/jojoh.jobarteh You can view the magazine in full at: www.jojosmag.com



It has been yet another wonderful year, as we were once again winners of the “Best Gambian Magazine”, an award we received with humility on behalf of our readers and well wishers. Thank you all. As a two time Best Gambian Magazine Award winner, we want to remain true to our readers, sponsors and well-wishers by continuing to project an image of African excellence through the celebration of Gambian and African beauty and culture. It was four years ago in July 2012 when we released the first issue of Jojo’s Mag and some of you will remember the promise I made to you, that we will aim to continue to maintain our presence even if that means just publishing an e-copy. However, no worries, as we are not yet at that stage where there will be no hard copies. We are aware of the challenges of publishing a hard copy magazine in this digital age, however I am are very much encouraged by the

In this issue


Our cover story, Papa Yusupha Njie, is a dynamic Gambian entrepreneur and pioneer, a true product of the modern info technology business. Mr. Njie’s inspiring story mirrors the likes of several other successful start-ups such as Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg and Steve Jobs. So do turn to page 4 to get to the bottom of what makes him the Unique Solutions’ man! And then to top it up, we share an interview with a true Gambian diva – Kumba Daffeh-Khan. Our brief catch up with Kumba at page 16 will give you a glimpse of this true woman of excellence.

Our main focus is still 100% Gambia. This also means our publications will be moving at a similar moderate pace as the magazine business is developing in The Gambia, “gradually but surely”.

relevance of Jojo’s Mag to our readership, which continues to boasts of over 30,000 combined Facebook, Website and other social media hits and links. So I will work harder to keep my promise and continue to make hard copies available to you.

We hope you enjoy yet another wonderful edition of Jojo’s Mag and wishing you all another wonderful year. And soon, you shall hear from us again with another issue of Jojo’s Mag. Likes i8!!


How to get your event, product and business published in Jojo’s Mag Contact us via: email: jojosmag@sky.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/jojoh.jobarteh or www.facebook.com/jojosmag The magazine can be accessed in its entirety at: www.jojosmag.com

Papa Yusupha Njie – The Man with Unique Solutions

10 Gambia Telecommunications in Brief 12 Kumba Daffeh – A Woman of Excellence 14 List of Gambian Beauty Pageant -1963 to Present 16 Ladies & Gents 18 Mr & Mrs Jabbi Naming Ceremony in Bristol, UK 20 Mr & Mrs Alhajie Gabi & Njay Sosseh -50 Years Anniversary 22 Immigration Stories 23 Ramou Mboob & IJ Johnson 24 Women’s Lifestyle Column 26 Diseases that Strike Blacks Most 27 London 2015 Cultural Night 31 Thella Jobarteh’s First Holy Communion 32 Diplomats & Personalities in GAMBIA 34 Sweden Gambian Cultural Week 2015 Guest List 35 Seattle, USA New Year’s Ball 2016

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Pap Yusupha Njie – of Unique Solutions (an Information Communication Technology Company) Celebrating 16 years of Gambia Service Excellence

1. Am sure many people would like to know who really is Papa Yusupha Njie? Tell us about your Unique journey.

I would describe myself as a middle aged Gambian entrepreneur trying to change lives, including mine in more ways than one, and this is by virtue of the way we do things at Unique Solutions. I am a proud product of the Gambian primary and high school education system. I attended St. Joseph’s Ex-Pupils and Gambia High School. In 1992, I left Gambia as a teenager to pursue further education in the UK. My mother, Allah bless her soul, had just passed away. I started college in England at the age 16, and by age 22, I graduated with an honours degree in Electronic Engineering and Management from Middlesex University. My first experience being in the UK was actually as an 11 year old visitor, and I fell in love with England. The trip was a reward from my parents, who promised to send me to England if I passed my final primary school common entrance exams with good grades, of which I came out with the 3rd best results nationally. I went back to study in the UK before the Gambia had its own university. But I always had this inclination to do something back in the Gambia with my information communication technology background which would make a difference in people’s lives. I was never tempted by the UK resident visa opportunities at the time which would have enabled me to stay and become a British citizen. In my heart, home was always Gambia. I was driven by my determination to go


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back home. And I believe I would be correct to say that out of our Gambia High School graduating class of over 40 people, not more than five or 10 of us have returned and stayed on to work in the Gambia. Of course these were personal decisions for all of us but mine was not to be a statistic in the brain drain syndrome I came from a family of educators. My maternal grandfather, grandmother, father and mother were all teachers. Education has

always been key in my upbringing. And I have to say my parents’ dedication to sharing knowledge has always inspired me. I believe that my mom was one of the first Gambian women pioneers of what was equivalent to today’s technology then. She used to teach people shorthand typing and how to use the typewriting machine. I saw her teach secretarial skills to several people who are today in senior positions in and out of the Gambia. Although I was very young, I can remember helping my mom change ribbons on electric typewriters. I also had a work stint with Xyratex IBM in the UK, so I believe my ICT (information communication technology) background goes back to the early days of connectivity. My life journey can be best described as being influenced by my desire to be educated, to share knowledge, be innovative, and bring in diversity and yet be able to demonstrate one’s uniqueness. My parents did it and I think it has had a very positive impact on who I became. So you can see that ICT was always part of my life growing up. When we set up Unique Solutions in 2000 in the Gambia, the idea was fairly very basic and new. But we have always been determined, and with the support of my team and other industry partners, our journey is indeed progressing. I remember with little or no capital, support from few friends who had returned home with me with similar dreams of changing the ICT landscape in the Gambia, Unique Solutions was born and things began to take shape. When I attended the Obama Presidential Summit on Entrepreneurship in Washington DC in 2010, my story of training young

people within the community at the cyber café during our internet summer camps and giving back to the community was featured in the speech of the Democratic presidential candidate and former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. It was the story of the start-up of Unique Solutions, and my entrepreneurial spirit being acknowledged by Clinton, which clearly tells you, just as I am telling you now, how we came from very humble beginnings as aspiring entrepreneurs with a vision to make a difference in people’s lives by virtue of what we did on a daily basis. The honour of being named as one of the winners at the Africa Awards for Entrepreneurship in 2011 out of 3300 companies and 48 countries is further testimony to this vision. 2. Tell us about the core activities of Unique Solutions’ business model. Bearing in mind that the ICT market in the Gambia is already considered to be saturated. Please tell us how such assumptions are wrong. Also feel free to elaborate on the added value of having a company such as Unique Solutions in the Gambia?

Thank you for asking, it so happens that we are celebrating 16 years of Unique Solutions service excellence in the Gambia and beyond. Unique solutions core services are Internet and VPN services provision and infrastructure development. We started out as a Cyber Café 16 years ago. This was shortly after I had worked for NAWEC for nearly 2 years. I decided to leave and set up the cyber café with 10 computers using dial up internet connection. We did everything at that time just to survive. Cyber café operations for people to browse and send emails, printing services,

selling soft drinks, PC sales, repairs and maintenance, ICT training, web design amongst other services. We have had very humble beginnings which saw us move from a cyber café to a fully-fledged network service provider. Today we are shareholders in the first fibre optic submarine cable, connecting the Gambia to the rest of the world through the ACE consortium cable. We are at the point where we are providing network coverage to over 90% of the country with great emphasis in connecting rural Gambia to the information superhighway working with great partners such as Africell. Our growth can be attributed to the staff and management structure that we have adopted as a corporate Internet Service Provider (ISP) in putting skills development at the forefront of our operations.We are the premier service provider for the financial services sector of the Gambia involved in infrastructure for cheque clearing, ATM transactions, payments systems amongst others. I have to admit that this is not a journey that we have done on our own. We continue to partner with industry players, public and private sector partners, our great clients, board chairman Abdoulie Touray, Jaine Senghore, other board members, family members and tremendous support from our Ministry of Information Communication Infrastructure, GIEPA, GCCI and other government and private sector agencies and the good will of the Gambian people in getting this far. Some of Unique Solutions’ key action areas:

Some of Unique Solutions’ key action areas: • We built and continue to support the infrastructure of the RTGS (real time gross settlement payment and automatic check clearing house). These are projects financed by the African Development Bank (ADB) through the West African Monetary Institute (WAMI) and the Central Bank of the Gambia. The focus is to develop and strengthen payment systems across the sub-region in WAMI countries: Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Nigeria • We are shareholders in Gambia’s national Electronic Payment Gateway called GAMSWITCH. It is a public private partnership between the Central Bank of the Gambia (CBG), Trust Bank, other commercial banks, Unique Solutions and Interswitch. Because of this new payment gateway cash machines (ATMs) in the Gambia can talk to each other. This means

customers can now use their Trust Bank cards at other bank ATMs such as GTB, Access Bank, Ecobank and vice versa, something that was not available before. These bank ATMs can also accept local and international cards such as Visa and MasterCard • The platform we support also enables people to buy cash power for their prepaid electric meters (Cash Power) and top up mobile phone credit from an ATM or their phones all linked to their various bank accounts. Our SchoolNet project connects a lot of school to the internets some at no cost as part of the Unique Solutions Foundation’s CSR (corporate social responsibility). My favourite example is that of St. John’s school for the deaf.You can imagine what people with hearing difficulties can do with access to the internet, and how this changes their lives. • In the rural areas, we are the company of choice for all the banks and major businesses. By serving corporate Gambia, we have managed to reinvest in the rural areas, providing critical services that would otherwise not be created. • In the health sector, we continue to provide critical infrastructure for the ministry of health right across the country in their quest to provide greater access to health care delivery. • On staff development: we currently have 3 staff sponsored by Unique Solutions attending UTG (university of the Gambia), and one who just returned with a technology degree from Middlesex university sponsored by unique solutions again. We have staff members who hold the highest certificates in the CISCO field of study such as CCIE and one of them, a female engineer just returned home from a boot camp in India sponsored by Unique Solutions where she came out with flying colours in the CCIE exams. We are very much into staff capacity building. We have been able to transform some of our drivers and security guards into ICT technicians which leads me to believe that when young people are given an opportunity to transform their lives, they are willing and capable of doing so. All they need is an opportunity. Unless we train our own

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we will continue to be challenged by staff skills set and capacity issues. We want to make sure that the difference we make is not just about the mere bank balances but how those bank balances impacts the lives of the people who make the money and society at large. That is what we believe in. I am of the opinion that we have now started to export Gambian service excellence, spanning over 16 years. For example, Unique Solutions’ regional operation is ongoing in Liberia, where we are signed into a 3 year assignment working with the Central Bank of Liberia to support all their commercial banks to be set up on a payment platform similar to that of the Central Bank of the Gambia. Our Operations in Senegal have also just started with the opening of a new office there and we looking at a number of other countries in the sub region. A new first class data centre will be opened in the second quarter of 2016 About RLG: another key aspect of our

activities is RLG. . About five years ago, a consortium of stakeholders from the

private and public sector comprising of the government, chamber of commerce, ministry of trade and industry, GamJobs, Department of Labour and National Youth Council, and others embarked on a trip to Ghana to understudy youth employment strategies in practice in that country. As a result of that Ghana exchange visit, Unique Solutions launched the RLG model of youth employment projects. We started with the training of 100 young Gambians, which was supported by the UNDP, The Gambian and Spanish governments. By partnering with the founder and owner of RLG in Ghana, we further developed that idea by setting up a mobile phone assembly plant to assemble phones, laptops, tablets and other electronics goods. One of the few around our continent at that time employing almost half of the people we trained. This project would not have been possible without the support of the Gambia government through its grant of a special investment certificate, and a duty and export license waiver from ECOWAS, to enable us export the assembled goods to any ECOWAS country duty free thus giving us the necessary operational capabilities and market flexibility. We have had our challenges in manufacturing and assembling in our part of the world and continue to refine

our business models into sustainable ones learning tough lessons along the way. It took the Chinese and the Japanese decades to get it right but we hope our learning curve will be a lot shorter. A number of RLG solar kiosks and roaming solar charging stations were established at key regional locations. In Basse for example, the kiosk vendors sell mobile phone credit, repair and maintain rlg branded equipment and we have plans for them to be able to handle mobile money transactions and much more creating those needed jobs for our brothers and sisters. We are therefore developing and tweaking business models that have been tried and tested around the world despite the challenges we face as African manufacturers. Apple says “designed in California and assembled in China”. On the same basis, I believe we should be able to go further and design and assemble products locally for the sub-region and beyond. As Africans, we cannot just continue to be consumers but the dream is to create a truly global African brand that we can all be proud

of. I was very happy to read that Ivory Coast being the largest producer of cocoa in the world, is now producing chocolate through its first chocolate factory in the country after so many years of just exporting the raw product. 3. In an interview in 2009, you aspired for what you called an internet landing point, please could you kindly update in view of the recent developments, and how does the average Gambia benefit from the launch of such an expensive undersea submarine cable.

This was a question the World Bank, who are sponsors of the Africa Coast to Europe (ACE) project asked during one of their monitoring visits. The ACE project is a multi-million dollar undersea telecommunications cable which connects Africa to the world, ushering in a new age of internet access, of which Unique Solutions is a shareholder. As a result of ACE, Unique Solutions and other service providers like Africell, Gamtel/Gamcel,


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Netpage and QCELL in the consortium, now have the capability to develop and deliver better internet based services that were never heard of in the Gambia. So I would say that the impact is becoming much more visible but of course as operators we would like it to be a lot more visible and this means more investment needs to be done on our core networks and new base stations, which I believe is a gradual process requiring more time and major financial investments. The public perception of the impact of ACE is not a good one but we are of the opinion that there is room for improvement and that will come in the next few years leading to more tangible impact on the lives of the Gambian people. We envisage cheaper international call rates, improvement in call quality, and proliferation of ICT businesses supported by this new infrastructure helping to create more jobs. The life span of the cable is 25 years and we hope that all of the above and more will happen during this period. The internet service industry in the Gambia has come a long way and we expect to see a major improvement during the 25year life span of the cable. I have given you examples of some of the immediate hidden benefits that may not be as obvious to the ordinary person. Our banking services are one very good example that everyone benefits from. The usage of internet in schools is another factor with a decrease in cost of internet access. I strongly believe that all of these can be credited to the existence of the ACE Submarine cable. In the years to come, we expect this impact to become more visible. One of RLG’s projects called “Connect Gambia vision 2020” is aiming to ensure that every

student and school has a tablet or laptop with some form of internet connectivity by 2020. Nowadays, university education anywhere in the world can be easily accessible and affordable with the right technology. So the question is how we can ensure people have quality university education without having to break the bank. Now that we have the University of the Gambia and with training programs provided by organisations like RLG, people can become qualified without leaving the Gambia. We currently have an Indian trainer helping to develop a new generation of software developers through our APTECH program. This program does not require people acquiring visas to leave the country, yet obtain degrees from respected affiliate universities around the world. We currently have nearly 25 students who are pursuing such distance learning degrees. This is another clear impact the ACE cable landing has brought about to our shores. Instead of taking on risky journeys across the Atlantic, people can have quality university degrees right here in the Gambia. If you look at countries in Africa that had submarine cables before us, their GDP has improved massively. That is what having good technology does, which is exactly what Mark Zuckerberg (of Facebook) said about the difference between having technology and not having is it to have a “better life”. In as much as Facebook has made Mark Zuckerberg a very rich man, his legacy of providing connectivity to the whole world will live on forever. That is the kind of impact we expect to have in a measurable sense for the Gambia.

4.In East Africa they have M-Pesa (M for mobile, pesa is Swahili for money) a mobile phone-based money transfer and microfinancing service, is this something Gambians should expect now that we have better internet connection?

I did briefly mention our planned Mobile Money services when I talked about the RLG kiosks. I also mentioned GamSwitch, the electronic payment gateway that all commercial bank in the Gambia are mandated to operate on. So far 11 out of the 12 banks are all connected. I can reassure you that Mobile Money is part of the Gamswitch gateway plans and all current mobile money operators are mandated by law to connect to GAMSWICTH which means yes we are on track. Right now there are a lot of young Gambians who are looking at entering the money transfer market, and I can reassure you that we are well placed to support such upcoming demands, because the platform we have in place will be capable of providing something robust and secure.

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In addition to the current mobile money facilities that are being tested and provided by the mobile service operators, Africell and QCELL, we will be providing a universal money mobile solution regardless of what mobile operator you are with. One that will ensure that a long as you have a phone connected to a network, you can receive money from anywhere around the world. GamSwitch has lots of capabilities which will benefit the general public. I think mobile money transfer via an international platform would revolutionise the whole concept of money transfer for Gambians. We are not far away from this as a reality, and I think our version of mobile money will be an example for the sub-region. GamSwitch will play a major role in ensuring the smart, easy transfer of money in Gambia and beyond. These are very exciting times and within a year or two, great things will happen in this sector.

6. Your final words.

President Joaquim Chissano

5. Is internet access affordable in Gambia?

I think we are really getting there, because I believe we have some of the most competitive prices regionally. But to get us this far, the private sector, who are major partners in the Africa to Europe Cable project, had to invest millions of dollars, equal to 51% stake plus more money and resources to upgrade their networks to carry this new bandwidth capacity. However, the internet gateway is similar to motor roads with traffic. So no matter how good the roads are, the speed and the distance you travel will be greatly influenced by the mode of transport you are using.You shouldn’t expect someone on a donkey cart to go faster than a Mercedes or a Range Rover Sport. Similarly, although we have the ACE cable with smooth gateway access, if the local infrastructure is not up to scratch, speeds will not improve. For example, you see a lot of social media content coming from the Gambia, which was not possible before due to poor upload speeds. But that is all history now thanks to improved access to connectivity resulting from the ACE cable. ACE is one reason why people can now easily watch TV series online in the Gambia. I have had the chance to travel widely around Africa, and in comparison, I can tell you that our internet speed quality and cost is much better than many in the continent with room for improvement of course. We also have a local internet exchange point which also helps in this regards. Services such as google are now cached locally allowing for faster access. But with Internet, the people always demand more speeds as they get to do more on the Internet with services such as iROVOtv, social media apps, Netflix and others being used and this is the major challenge for us as operators in balancing capital investment against meeting consumer demands on quality and cost.

President Paul Kigame of Rwanda

Vice President of Gambia



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I want to put on record that Africa’s biggest challenge is jobs for our young people. 50-60% of our population is young. If we do not create jobs for them, Africa will not get to where it should be. I have a passion in being part of the solution of creating jobs for our young people. We must create those corporate structures and empower our co-workers to allow our home-grown companies to thrive long after we are gone, emulating the likes of Coca cola, standard chartered bank and others. My role at the Gambia Chamber of Commerce as a former first VP and as a former board member at the American Chamber of commerce Gambia chapter has focused a lot on how we could encourage entrepreneurship. Providing mentorship and support to upcoming entrepreneurs amongst them. My current role as a Global board member with Give One Project working with Thione Niang, the President and founder of Give1 project now sees us take this to a global platform and we hope to do more in the coming days, months and years as we spread the message of entrepreneurship right across the continent and beyond. I have had the opportunity through my work and business activities to interact with world leaders like Presidents Obama, Obasanjo, Kenyatta,Yayi Boni, Kagame Richard Branson, Tony Elemulu, Mo Ibrahim, AKon and many other eminent personalities around the world, and all of them talk about the responsibility of the private sector to support their governments and communities in creating jobs. I am proud of Unique Solutions’ record in taking a key role in this area over the past 16 years. I think my de facto mandate is about creating jobs and changing lives along the way and I stand proud of the little we have managed to contribute with Allah’s guidance and benevolence. I strongly believe that the Gambia has been the gateway to our success paving the way for more successes outside the country inshallah (God Willing). We are equally playing a major role in the wider financial services sector to complement the Central Bank of the Gambia’s aim to turn the country into “a cashless society” using our own technology making this vison a reality. I would therefore dream of leaving a legacy that has brought first class services with lasting impact on the lives of our people and along the way changed more lives in creating job opportunities that our young people yearn for and creating a platform for them to avoid the phenomena of the back way syndrome and losing their precious lives in the Atlantic Ocean in search of a broken dream that has proven elusive for most. I thank you for this opportunity to share our story and may Allah the Almighty continue to bless the Gambia and its people at home and abroad. Allah bless us all…


Tony Elumelu founder of United Africa Bank

President Jammeh of Gambia

Nobel Laurate Muhammad Yunus founder of Grameen Bank

PYN Profile brief

President Obama

President Obasanjo

With Thione Nyane & President Yayi Boni of Benin (left)

• Pap Yusupha Njie is the 39 year old Founder and CEO of UNIQUE SOLUTIONS and Executive Director of RLG Communications Gambia and Senegal. Njie is a trained Electronic Engineering and Management graduate of Middlesex University, UK. • He has passionately driven the strategic agenda of Unique Solutions over the past 15 years, together with dedicated and dynamic management staff of over 60 young African men and women who took Unique Solutions from its humble beginnings as a cybercafé to its current status as one of the leading ICT service and solutions providers in the Gambia and the sub region. • He heads the first local computer and mobile phone assembly plant in the Gambia and one of a few in the sub region, providing employment opportunities for hundreds of young Gambians trained by Unique Solutions and RLG. • He is the 1st Vice President of the Gambia Chamber of Commerce and Industry; the Interim Chairperson of the Internet Services Providers Association of the Gambia (ISPAG); the current Chairman, Board of Directors of the National Training Authority of the Gambia; Board Member of Access Bank Gambia and the American Chamber of Commerce, Gambia Chapter. • Mr. Njie served as the 1st ViceChairman of the Sub-Regional ICT employers’ organization in West Africa and the 1st President of the Information Technology Association of the Gambia championing the acquisition, facilitation and implementation of Information Communication Technologies in developing countries especially to benefit young people and communities at large.

Mo Ibrahim

President Kenyatta of Kenya

Richard Branson of Virgin Atlantic

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Gambia’s Telecommunications: Key Facts & Stats

• 1984 – Gamtel (Gambia Telecommunications Company), was established in 1984 as the main commercial telecommunication entity with a majority ownership by the government. Gamtel also serves as the sector regulator charged with the task of overseeing the provision of telecommunications and internet service in the country. Gamtel is the sole fixed-line provider and a major employer in The Gambia. • 1990 - Gamnet, which is Gamtel’s internet company was established in 1990 by an act of parliament as the single licensed telecommunications services provider in the country. It has successfully lead on the building of Gambia’s internet infrastructure. • 1992 - Gambia’s first mobile network was launched using ETACS (Total Access Communication System) technology. • 1993 - GAMTEL commenced the task of creating the Gambia Radio & Television Service (GRTS), a company that manages the nation’s radio and television service. • 1997 - A reliable PoP email system (dial-up every 30 min) launched until late 1998 when the World Bank/ UNDP supported Gateway project was opened for private sector and individuals. • 1998 - Full high speed Internet services were introduced in the Gambia, after a collaborative effort with UNDP through its internet initiative. Gamtel operates the internet backbone through which various ISPs provide their services. • 2000 - Alcatel was commissioned to implement a GSM 900 network to replace the old analogue network. • 2004 - February 28th, Gambia’s telephone numbering digits were

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changed from six to seven due to network expansion. • 2005 going forward - Gamtel continues to steadily create a modern efficient network infrastructure, using state-of -the -art technology to respond to the increasing demand. Among its latest ventures was the introduction of an integrated service digital network (ISDN), virtual private network (VPN), Internet Service Provider (ISP), electronic banking (E-BANKING) and its pipeline projects of electronic education (E-Learning) and electronic commerce (E-Commerce). • 2010 – Gambia’s Mobile market penetration reached well above the African average. The Gambia’s mobile phone sector was already benefitting from competition amongst key players including Gamtel’s own mobile network-Gamcel, and other private sector providers such as Africell, Comium and QCell. • 2012 – The first African Coast to Europe (ACE) international submarine fibre-optic cable was launched on 19 December 2012. The cable links Europe to Africa with a highcapacity broadband connectivity. The long term benefits of the cable will include affordable fast speed internet connectivity and cheap international call costs. • 2012 - A second 3G mobile broadband service was launched bringing about more competition to the internet sector where ADSL, WiMAX and EV-DO wireless broadband offerings are also available. • 2014 October - The Other Ways Management & Consulting, a Francebased European firm awarded Gamtel/ Gamcel with ‘Golden Europe Award for Quality and Commercial prestige’ in Geneva, Switzerland.

• 2015 - Gambia’s first commercial LTEbased broadband service was launched in the capital region. LTE is a standard for wireless communication of highspeed data for mobile phones and data terminals. • 2015 – Gamtel opens the International Network Management Centre (IINMC). The centre will serve as a hub for facilitating traffic on the ACE (Africa Coast to Europe) cable and managing services to operators connecting to the network. This will bring about better internet pricing gains from direct access to international fibre bandwidth, and 3G mobile broadband will be significantly cheaper than other broadband services. • 2015 - Mobile penetration approaches 100%. • 2015 - Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA) in its activity report of 2013 presented for scrutiny to the National Assembly’s Public Accounts and Public Enterprises committees stated that mobile phone subscribers have increased to about 200,000. • 2015 - Gamtel received international leadership award in Spain in recognition of the company’s leadership role in promoting quality products and services. Gamtel was among 50 companies from 32 countries in Europe, Latin America, Africa, Middle East and Asia to receive the award. The award was received by Baboucarr Sanyang, the Managing Director of Gamtel. • 2016 - Gambia now boasts a very advanced network that is 100% digital featuring ISDN and intelligent network features. This information collated from different sources on the internet including GAMTEL website and other news stories.

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without the support of my wonderful partner and husband, Adama Kah. Women become stronger, armed with hope tenacity and audacity when they have a good man on their side. We thank heavens for good and strong brilliant men. Lol, yes Men of honour. As CEO of the Tresor Group which are: Tresor Retail, L’Excellence Design Inc, and TresorModesty. My goal is to expand all these three entities across continents. Tresor retail is the part of our business that carries brand named merchandise from different designers. We are currently in New York, Dakar, and Gambia. We hope to introduce more chain stores. L’Excellence Design Inc is our own design label, headed by my partner and twin sister Agi Daffeh. She resides in Dakar, where she is our Creative Director and founder of this label. Our goal for this brand is to get it to the Main Stream Fashion arena, competing with major designers. We are truly working so hard to realise this dream. TresorModesty is our own label, a brand of long sleeve and full length silhouettes, for the woman who values a more modest and dignified look. As a woman who dresses modestly, this brand means a lot to me, both personally and spiritually. We just launched this brand in September 2015. We are giving it all we got, to ensure all modest women look stylish, and at the same time stay true to their modest lifestyle. This means a lot to me, I truly believe it to be one of my missions in serving my lord.

Kumba Daffeh-Kah Background:


I am Kumba Daffeh-Kah (Gambian born, residing in the US of American); a mother to three beautiful girls, wife to Adama Kah , entrepreneur, an advocate for children’s education and women’s financial empowerment , an explorer, and above all, a servant of my lord. I know most people get disappointed when they ask me who I am. I do not talk about degrees, business accolades, and successes. It is because I am not defined by them. What truly defines me, is the journey I have taken to overcome all the obstacles; to get to where I am today. Here, I must credit my lord Allah for guiding me through this never ending university of life, which is the greatest gift bestowed unto me. We are asked to talk about ourselves, but that is not for us to do. I am actually finding it really hard to do that, because I am a big believer; one’s gift to those who are fortunate to grace her presence, is to live a life that others can value and emulate. Life is more about deeds than words, because a deed is the only real truth that no one can be denied.

Hmmmm, so many. First and foremost, I cherish my relationship with my lord, and working diligently to make it a high priority in my life. In that quest, I have to ensure that my relationship with those around me, is as pure as the love I have for my lord. If I love and value the presence of Allah in my life, I also have to value and preserve all that he has created. All this ultimately, is to have my life here on earth prepare me for the “life- here after” This might sound strange, but this is where I am at in this stage of my life, if you have asked me five years ago, this probably would not be my first objective. For this, I am very grateful for this guidance to the right path. Secondly, as a woman I believe in financial freedom, helping my family achieve success both personally, financially and spiritually. Just like women before me, I am inspired by women who make an honest living. For the last nine years, I have built 3 businesses for my family, across two continents; America and Africa (in Gambia and Senegal). Must say, I couldn’t do this

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Interest: My interest are many, wow do not know where to start!!! I am currently on a consciousness and enlightenment movement. I truly value anything that helps you grow spiritually and gets you to the point of seeing beyond what the eye can see. I read a lot, and believe in reaching for that divine state, where seeking for knowledge and wisdom is the key to unlocking the unknown. Lol, I know this might sounds crazy to some, but there are those who would understand. I have always had strong women to draw inspiration from. My grandmother was a key figure, who was a role model to the role models. Being a descendant of such a woman of grace, spiritually, kindness, selflessness helped shaped my life. My mother was also a business woman, I am doing exactly what she used to do. I feel like we had to take off where she left off, because she died at the exact age I am right now. We pray that Allah will have mercy on her soul, and the souls of all the departed. In life, nothing is a coincidence, it is all by design. Surrounded by so many strong women has truly made an impact in my life. Through those experiences, you build a road map to where you want that life to take you, and by living through that map, help is always on the way, by a divine

intervention; yes indeed Allah meets us half way. I am a true believer in a divine force. I am a living example. I told you that I read a lot, a lot, lol. Mainly the Holy Quran is my guide, but I read all kinds of genres, actually anything to increase me in my quest for wellness, purification, consciousness, and divinity. I am also all about women and the wellbeing of women; financially, emotional wellbeing, balance, and state of mind. I extensively read about their experiences and live through the eyes of women, especially those who are struggling and/ or disenfranchised. I am currently working with so many women up country in The Gambia. They are my biggest inspiration. We can learn a lot about what being a woman is all about, from these dynamic women. My goal is to help them and myself reach our full potential. When women are uplifted, society as a whole is as well. In correlation to this goal, we founded the Night of Excellence; where we honour Gambian Women, who have done remarkable work both in The Gambia and the diaspora. Funds raise from this night, goes into funding some part of the “Yes we can read” program. My other BIG BIG interest is children and their wellbeing. They are the future, and we have to prepare the future for what we want it to look like. It is all about creating a healthy environment, where kids can

learn, grow, and preserve their innocence, so that their learning will be unpolluted. This is one cause we are so interested in. Tresor sponsors the “Yes We can Read” in The Gambia. We build libraries and created a program to help kids in The Gambia read for meaning. This program has been in place for the past nine years, and we have recorded a lot of successes, which we are very proud of. We also sponsor and have adopted an orphanage in Brikama town, with our main goal of helping them achieve sustainability. We pray that we are become successful with this partnership, because it means a lot to us. We totally believe in our social responsibility, both within our surroundings, and with the one who brought us there: Allah. In the future, we are hoping to partner with more organisations and individuals to make The Gambia a country we can all be proud of, as well as a love for self, and a believer in one common goal: Gambia Sa Kaw Sa Kanam(Gambia Forward)!! As a citizens of the world, we must look beyond the four corners of our walls. Being the Chief Operating Officer of the KEO Organization in Washington DC, our organization believes in Africans standing up for Africa. I want this message to resonate with all Africans. We are of the strong believe, as Africans, that we are the only ones who knows ourselves enough to solve our own

problems. African’s Problems has to be solved by Africans.

My finals words: As Ghandi said “We have to be the change we want to see in the world” This world needs sound minds and souls, to get to a decent place where humanity has a chance. We have to create a world where every creature is given a chance for survival and existence. For those whom the responsibilities are given, we must pledge our allegiance to upholding that responsibility to the highest regard and order. We must always as decent human beings, think about the rights of others before our own. When we live by that, we can be rest assured that our own rights would be secured and safeguarded, mainly for the next generation to emulate and enacted on. I show my profound gratitude to Jojo’s Magazine, for giving me the opportunity to show a side of humanity that we can all draw from. I pray that Jojo’s Magazine will outlive us all. The work you guys do is very valuable, may it be honoured and rewarded by the most high. Jojo’s Magazine is a Gambian pillar, and we are all standing with you in strength, solidarity, and support. Kudos and congratulations guys!!! Kumba Daffeh-Kah

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LIST OF GAMBIAN BEAUTY PAGEANTS 1963 TO PRESENT By: G.F.Gomez, Chairman, Gomis Promotions Renner, former Speaker of the House of Representatives. • 1965 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Ndey Jagne. That contest was the first Miss Gambia after independence. Miss Ndey Jagne was the first beauty Queen to represent the Gambia at the Miss World Pageant held in UK in the same year.


t is generally believed that Talent competition started in Africa. The great African Kings used to select their wives from a parade of the most beautiful girls in the area. Musa Molloh, the great king of the kingdom of Mali, it is said was fun of this practice and in present day, the current King of Swaziland King Mswati III selects his wives in this fashion. In The Gambia the first recorded Beauty Pageant was organized by Roxy Vous at the UAC Tennis Lawn in 1963. Then in 1965, as part of The Gambia’s Independence celebrations, the government included a “Miss Independence Day Beauty Contest” in the program following a suggestion by the METTA Youth Club. Below present you a snapshot chronological list of the various beauty contests and winners from 1963 to the present. • 1963 - Miss Bathurst (Gambia) was won by the glamorous Miss Joana Jahumpa. This was during the colonial rule period and the title name then was “Miss Bathurst” (the colonial name for the capital city of Gambia-now Banjul). • 1965 - Miss Independence Day Pageant Gambia was won by Miss Elizabeth Thomas now Mrs. Elizabeth

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• 1966 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Oumie Barry. She went on to compete in Miss World. • 1967 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Janie Jack. She went on to compete in Miss World. • 1968 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Mary Carayol. She went on to compete in Miss World. • 1970 - Miss Gambia was won by Princess Margaret Davies. • 1983 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Abi Janneh. She went on to compete in Miss World pageant and was the first Gambian to win the world Miss Congeniality in that year. • 1984 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Mirabell Carayol. She went on to compete in Miss World. • 1985 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Baturu Jallow. She went on to compete in the Miss Universe and was later disqualified by the promoters for behavior likely unbecoming of the Crown. The 1st runner-up Miss Adam Sanneh was appointed Miss Gambia and she went on to compete in Miss World. • 1985 - Miss Senegambia (BANZIG) was won by Miss Santal Lobillo of Senegal. This was the first ever Miss

BANZIG International event held at the Atlantic Hotel in Banjul, Gambia. The Gambia was represented by Miss Osai Gillen winner of Miss GAMBIA (BANZIG), she was also the 1st runner-up Miss Senegambia 1985. The Miss SeneGambia events were launched by Banzig International, a Senegambia Youth Movement with Branches in Gambia and Senegal. Baznig organized the Miss events from 1985 to 1989, and stopped when the Senegambia Confederation was dissolved. Gomis Promotions took over the Basnig events at the time when they were also the main organisers of other Miss competitions namely: Miss Gambia pageants, Miss Tourism, Miss Elegance and Miss Njogama and on two occasions, organised Miss Roots. • 1986 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Rose Eunson. • 1987 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Ellen Forster. • 1987 - Miss Senegambia (BANZIG) was won by Miss Monica Musa of Gambia. The event was held at the Teranga Hotel in Dakar. • 1988 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Oumou Haira Faye. • 1988 - Miss Senegambia (BANZIG) was won by Miss Jorjo Touray of Gambia. The event was held at the Atlantic Hotel in Banjul, Gambia. • 1989 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Fatou Jarra, but she resigned for family reasons and the 1st runnerup Miss Ade Clarke was appointed to continue her reign. • 1989 - Miss GAMBIA (BANZIG) was won by Miss Majula Jallow.

• 1989 - Miss Senegambia (BANZIG) was won by Miss Rohey Gaye of Gambia. The event was held in Ziguinchor, in the Cassamance region of Senegal. • 1990 - Miss Gambia was won by Miss Mai Coker. • 1994 – Miss ECOWAS held in Benin was won by Miss Amie Saine beauty queen from The Gambia. She was the First ever to win Miss ECOWAS Beauty Pageant. • 1996 - Miss Gambia was won by Aji Rohey Bah of Bakau. She was the first winner of Miss Gambia organised by Gomis Promotion. • 1997 - Miss ECOWAS Pageant held in Lome - Mariama Chorr, the crowned Miss Gambia 1997 represented the Gambia. • 1997 - Miss Tourism won by Miss Amie Jeng of Sunwing Hotel • 1998 - Miss ECOWAS held in Mali - Ramou Njie, the crowned Miss Gambia 1998 represented the Gambia came out as the 1st runner-up Miss ECOWAS. • 1998 - Miss Tourism was won by Miss Marie Bojang of Sunbeach Hotel. • 1999 - Miss ECOWAS was won by Miss Amie Faye the Miss Gambia queen. • 1999 - Miss Tourism won by Miss Sanna Bangura of Kairaba Beach Hotel. • 2000 - Miss ECOWAS held in Cotonou - Miss Astou Njie, the crowned Miss Gambia 2000 represented Gambia. • 2001 - Miss Elegance was won by Miss Muna Kasim. Miss Elegance was organized only once by Gomis Promotions

• 2005 - Miss ECOWAS held in Niger - Miss Jojoh Mbye represented Gambia.

won the Miss Congeniality crown and the best Peace Message.

• 2006 - Miss ECOWAS held in Togo - Miss Marley Jallow represented Gambia.

• 2008 - Miss July 22nd Beauty & Talent Competition winners were Miss Fatma Marque Semega Janneh for the Higher Education categoty and Miss Mariama Camara for the Senior Secondary School Category.

• 2006 - Face of the Gambia was won by Miss Tida Camara. This program was introduced for the first time by Ms. Fatima Jabbi of Fabecs promotions. • 2007 - Face of the Gambia was won by Miss Aminata Jallow. • 2007 - Face of Africell was won by Miss Yamundow Leigh. This was the first edition of two organised by Africell company. • 2008 - Face of Africell was won by Aji Sohna Bayo. • 2008 - Face of the Gambia was won by Miss Nadime Batchino. • 2008 - Miss ECOWAS Peace Pageant held in Port Harcourt, Nigeria Miss Binta Ceesay of Bakau represented the Gambia and

• 2009 - Miss July 22nd Beauty & Talent Competition winners were Miss Isha Jarra for the Higher Education category and Miss Rokie Jagne for the Senior Secondary School Category. • 2009 - Miss UTG (University of the Gambia) Ambassador was won by Miss Mary Campbell a Medical Student. • 2009 - Miss ECOWAS Peace Pageant was held at Port Harcourt, Nigeria - Miss Fatoumata Koroma and Miss Mary Campbell represented the Gambia. • 2010 - Miss UTG

(University of the Gambia) Ambassador was won by Miss Tenneng Gitteh a law Student • 2010 - Miss ECOWAS Peace Ambassador Pageant - Miss Fanta Ceesay and Miss Yassin Jagne represented Gambia. Miss Fanta Ceesay won the best peace message. • 2010 - Queen of Companies was won by Miss Yassin Jagne of Africell with Miss Khadijah Ceesay of Classy Lady as 1st Runner up and Miss Mariama Sidibeh of Comfort Mineral Water as 2nd runner-up. This pageant was set up by Vision Africa Promotions to encourage companies in the Gambia to use beauty queens to market their products. • 2011 - Queen of Companies was won by Miss Ara Saine of Banjul Breweries and Fanta Ceesay of Africell was the 1st runner-up and Miss Ramou Sarr of Global Properties 2nd runner-up.

• 2012 - Queen of Companies was won by Miss Nyana Gay of Lika’s Bar and Restaurant. The 1st runner-up was Miss Adama Jobe of Elite Fitness Gym and Miss Fatoumata Darboe of Afri Cars Rental was the 2nd runner-up. • 2013 - Queen of Companies was won by Miss Bintou Janneh of Sky High Group. Miss Binta Tamba of B-Master production was the 1st runner-up and Miss Theo Ozi Fabian of Afri Cars Rental was the 2nd runner-up. This is an edited (E&OE) version of an article by Mr. Gomez who stated: I am presenting this account as my contribution to the Gambia’s National Achieves and the National Council for Arts and Culture’s records on the history of Beauty Contest in The Gambia. A lot of people who over the years have participated, witnessed or organized them are still alive and can be interviewed to develop the History.

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Naming ceremony of baby Muhamad Lamin Jabbi of Mr Yankuba Jabbi & Mrs Sarjo Joof-Jabbi of Bristol, UK Photo source-Mr. Jabbi

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Mr. Alhajie Gabi Sosseh Celebrating 50 years Anniversary with Mrs. Ajaratou Njay Faye-Sosseh


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• Name: Abdoulie Omar Gaye Sosseh – commonly known as Gabi Sosseh, a name very popular in Gambia as one of the pioneer football promoters/sponsors and a successful businessman. • Born in Kaur town, moved to the capital Banjul at age 7. • Attended Bakau Primary school and then Methodist Boys High School (now Gambia High School) • Studied engineering for 5 years at a university in Nigeria • 1964 returned to Gambia then still under colonial rule, as one of the very few Gambians with higher education. • Worked briefly for United African Company before moving on to The Gambia Post Office. • 1966 married to Njaimeh Faye-Sosseh, known as Auntie Njaye, mother of seven children, among them holders of law degree, master’s degree and a PhD in Engineering. • 1967 awarded British scholarship to complete a bachelor’s degree in engineering in the United Kingdom. • 1972 - Returned to Gambia to work for Gambia Ports Authority as a marine engineer rising through the rank to the position of managing director. • 1995 took voluntary retirement from Gambia Port Authority to set up his own successful business named Sosseh & Sons Company which still exists. • Popular football/sports promoted and sponsor- founded Gambia Port Authority football team. “This was an idea I formulated with my one time boss, Captain Babucarr Sowe, who was my predecessor as managing director. It was the first Gambia team to be paying allowances to its players.”

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UK – Unfair Immigration Health Charges

IMMIGRATION NEWS USA - Obama promises to lift 5 million irregular migrants out of the darkness

President Barack Obama announced an Executive Order that would allow irregular migrants to ‘come out of the shadows’. Narrative-wise it’s a good day for all, in practice the President may be bogged down in judicial reviews and attempts at impeachment.You see, 5 million new (mainly Hispanic) voters granted citizenship by a Democrat President could tip the balance in favour of a Democratic presidential hopeful. But that’s not the point. Obama is using a power, often reserved for waging wars against nations, to allow people to come out of some of the worst, back-breaking, gut-wrenching conditions imaginable, and have a new start in life. The current narrative in the US over immigration is so hostile and toxic, it’s just missing a ‘go-home’ van wheeling through Los Angeles. UK Landlord immigration checks start in West Midlands

From today 1st December 2014 the landlord immigration checks introduced in the Immigration Act 2014 were being rolled. The landlord checks will require private landlords and others covered by the scheme to check that a potential tenant is permitted to be in the UK and has a ‘right to rent’. Landlord checks will only apply to new tenancies from the date of implementation, so there is no requirement to check the immigration status of existing tenants. The landlord immigration checks have attracted ongoing controversy among NGOs, landlord associations and housing groups, with fears particularly relating to the likelihood of racial discrimination arising during the cause of the checks, and a potential increase in homelessness among some migrants. Main concerns regarding the outcomes of the policy are: • Likely to cause unlawful discrimination and harassment, especially since the document checks can be complicated and private landlords may choose to “go with a safe option” • Push some groups of migrants underground and expose them to even more abuse from unscrupulous and exploitative landlords cashing in on their immigration status • Likely to lead to delays and additional costs for both landlords and rental tenants

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Cullied from: Migrant Rights Network (UK 2016) EU Citizens – Free Movement within Member Countries

A lot has been said, for and against, free movement within the EU. Most people think it means that any EU national can travel to another EU country and live there, work there or look for work. That’s true for the first three months. But after that it becomes murkier. One has to ‘access one’s freedom of movement rights’ which means being in employment, being self-employed, being a student with finance for the duration of the course, or having funds to sustain oneself and family. Freedom of movement is one of the founding principles of the EU, designed to support the economies of EU countries by providing a mobile work force. However, did you know that the UK government is forcibly deporting hundreds of EU nationals, many of them illegally? Some of those forcibly removed are people who after working here for a number of years are made redundant. They are deported. Some have minor criminal records (driving offences in the Czech Republic are criminal acts, for example). They are deported. Some are perceived to be a future drain on benefits. Deported. Some are plain mistaken identity. Again deported. Some are just suspected of criminal activity. Deported. There are a number of government initiatives to do this. One such is called Operation Nexus, a joint campaign by the Police and the Border Force to deport more people from London, and later extended to other cities. It is a growing initiative. In 2012 -14 the Home Office admitted in a Freedom of Information request that Operation Nexus had deported 93 Romanians, 57 Poles, 40 Lithuanians and 12 Latvians from London. If you take a wider geography of Europe than the EU, add on 229 Albanians and 53 Ukrainians. According to The AIRE Centre charity organisation, “In most deportation cases individuals are deported based on proven conduct, usually demonstrated by the presence of a criminal conviction. However, in Nexus cases, the Home Office is provided with police intelligence regarding individuals who may only be suspected of some form of criminality, or who may have had a criminal conviction many years ago or in some cases may not have been convicted of a criminal offence ever.This intelligence information is then presented to the immigration tribunal considering any deportation appeal, often without any external scrutiny or challenge.

It has been a year since the introduction of the controversial Immigration Health Charge (HIS) which imposed on all people from outside the EU who come to stay in for a period of 6 months or longer, the Government is again looking for ways to impose more costs onto wider groups of the NHS (National Health Service) users. Here are the reasons why this is dangerous. It consists of a fee £200 (£150 in the case of students) on the cost of a visa to the UK, paid for each year that the person is in the UK. This means someone coming to the UK for work for a period of 3 years, they would be expected to pay up to £600 (£200 for each year) up front as a condition of issuing the visa. It will be an extra £200 per person per year if the person is coming with a partner and children. The government’s rationale behind the IHS is that it covers the cost of providing free health services to the immigrant. The political rhetoric around the time of the introduction of the charge was that migrants should be seen to be making a contribution to the cost of the services they receive from the NHS. Fine, except that, since this is a fee levied irrespective of whether the migrant family receives any NHS services at all then it isn’t so much a contribution towards costs as a straightforward tax raised on the individual for no better reason than the fact that she is a migrant and wants to spend a period of time living and working in the UK. It is a tidy sum that the government wants to extract from this group – aiming for £500 million a year from this source. So much of the political discussion around this issue has been framed around the view that migrants get a free ride when it comes to using NHS services and would make no contribution at all if it wasn’t for the Government acting to implement this IHS ruse. Nonsense! Migrants make exactly the same contribution to funding the NHS as citizens, in the form of the taxes that are levied on their incomes, national insurance contributions,VAT and the other forms of revenue which the Government secures from residents. In addition powers already exist that allow people classed as ‘visitors’ to be charged for any use of the NHS they make in hospitals. In some cases the cost of treatment could be recovered under reciprocal health service agreements the UK has with EU countries and a number of other nations and territories. There is a large degree of unfairness in the way the Government has chosen to frame this discussion about migrants and the use of the NHS, with claims about the costs of providing services almost certainly considerably inflated. But there are reasons for being concerned about the way UK charging regimes are developing which go beyond the price hikes which migrants are being made to bear and which go to the very heart of the NHS working as a user-friendly system which is free at the point of delivery.

Ramou Mboob & Okechukwu Ijoma Johnson

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Brazilian Hair Weave - 6 Simple Tricks to Keep Them Looking Fabulous By Sidney A Fernandes - April 2016


razilian body wave hair weaves are undeniably absolutely fabulous, but it is important to take care of them to keep them looking fab for longer. Whether you’re always on the go or a busy mother, a Brazilian hair weave is perhaps the best hair solution to help you look gorgeous at all times. As great as a Brazilian hair weave can be, it can cause a fair amount of damage than good if it isn’t put in or maintained properly. That said, here are 6 tips on keeping your weave looking salon fresh 24/7. 1. Co-wash your Hair

Co-washing is great way to refresh your hair before and after installing your Brazilian weave. This generally must be done once a week with a quality conditioner. When wearing your Brazilian hair regularly, it tends to lose its full body and luster after a while. Co-washing is basically a 4 step process where you begin by: i. Wetting the hair with water and then generously apply a moisturizing conditioner from weft to tip. ii. Next, use a wide tooth comb to comb through the hair, and let the conditioned hair rest for roughly 5 minutes. iii. After your weave is rehydrated, rinse out all the conditioner thoroughly from the weave. iv. Finally, pat the Brazilian body wave hair dry with a soft towel to remove excess water from the hair, and let it air dry. Be sure not to rub the hair together when removing the excess water as this might result in unmanageable frizz and tangles. 2. Proper Installation of Brazilian Body Wave Hair

When installing your Brazilian weave, it is highly important that you not sow through the weft, but rather around it. This helps increase the lifespan of your weft. Additionally, avoid cutting the wefts in order to use them again. This however is a personal preference and if you do decide to cut them, make sure you seal the wefts before installation. 3. Seal the Wefts to Avoid Shedding

Wefts are the basis of amazing hair weaves, and sealing them is perhaps the best way to prevent them from shedding.You may need to have your hair professionally re-wefted if your weave has been installed for a while. Your Brazilian body wave hair is inclined to shedding right after it’s installed and this is the case for any wefted hair. While it’s nearly impossible to prevent

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shedding, sealing the hair at the wefts before installing the weave can considerably reduce the chances. It is best to choose high quality wefts from the start in order to dramatically reduce the amount of shedding of your Brazilian body wave hair. Some people use fabric glue or other alternatives to seal the wefts, but these may not be able to withstand exposure to oil, heat and water. Therefore, it is best to ask your stylist for a quality weft sealer, and one that will also bond quickly and leave the area flexible after drying. There are several dedicated weft sealants that provide a secure bond without leaving a white crust or residue along the weft. To apply the sealant, place a cloth or newspaper on a large surface such as dining table or counter top. Next, lay the hair weave on the surface, and use something sturdy to anchor the ends of the hair down so that you can see the wefts and prevent them from tangling as you apply the sealant. Apply the sealant directly over the stitches of the weft, and glue from the top for a tighter seal. Avoid getting the sealant on the Brazilian body wave hair itself as this might result in clumping and ruin the hair. Further to avoid/reduce shedding, it is highly recommended that you use double wefted hair owing to its thickness and less shedding due to the double sewing. 4. Drying & Styling a Brazilian Weave

When drying or styling your Brazilian body hair weave, avoid using a high setting with the blow dryer or heated styling tools. Similar to natural hair, excessive hair can dry the hair weave and loosen the bonds. Never go to bed with a wet hair weave as this will result in matting and a musty smell.

5. Sleeping with a Hair Weave

Use a silk scarf to wrap your hair up at night as this will prevent your weave from breaking, drying and snagging while you sleep.You can also use a second silk scarf around the first one for added security. Also, try sleeping on a satin pillowcase in order to avoid disturbing your weave.You can also use bendable rollers aka flexi-rods to maintain your hair without using heat. These work great for those with busy schedules it saves time in the morning by simply removing them. 6. Treating your Brazilian Hair Weave

There are several recommended products to nourish and style your weave starting with Moroccan Argan oil for styling and frizz. Keratin products work great as well such as castor oil, which can be worked into your weave to increase shine and gloss. Wearing a hair weave gives you a great opportunity to boast beautiful tresses that you’ve always desired, and the tips mentioned above will help you take care of it and enhance its longevity.

12 Crescent Road, Upton Park, London, E6 1ED. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/maighty.hair Instagram: Maighty_hair ; Tel: +44789 748 3565 Jojo’s MAG 25

7 Deadly Diseases That Strike Blacks Most


his article is a summarised version of expert findings which established that several deadly diseases strike blacks harder and more often than they do whites.

Key Facts: 1. Diabetes is 60% more common in blacks than in whites. Blacks are therefore up to 2.5 times more likely to suffer a limb amputation and up to 5.6 times more likely to suffer kidney disease than other people with diabetes. In addition, blacks with diabetes have more serious complications, such as loss of vision, loss of limbs, and kidney failure. 2. High Blood Pressure-Blacks develop high blood pressure earlier in life -- and with much higher blood pressure levels -- than whites. Nearly 42% of black men and more than 45% of black women aged 20 and older have high blood pressure. 3. Asthma-Blacks are three times more likely to die of asthma than whites. 4. Cancer treatment is equally successful for all races.Yet black men have a 40% higher cancer death rate than white men. African-American women have a 20% higher cancer death rate than white women. 5. Lung Scarring (Sarcoidosis)-Deaths from lung scarring are 16 times more common among blacks than among whites. 6. Lung Cancer-Despite lower tobacco exposure, black men are 50% more likely than white men to get lung cancer. 7. Strokes kill 4 times more 35- to 54-year-old black Americans than white Americans. Blacks have nearly twice the first-time stroke risk of whites.


are still more likely than others to face issues such as bad housing, unemployment, stress and racism, all of which can make people ill.

• Genes definitely play a role. So does the environment in which people live and their socioeconomic status. Naturally, diseases and responses to treatment do vary from person to person. But there are unique issues that affect black.

• Lack of access to health care

• It is more likely to have to do with socioeconomics and political issues of bias as well as physiologic and genetic issues that go into that same bucket. Some racial differences are more nuances. But there are issues of disparity and there are issues relative to racism that operate in a very broad context.

• Another reason is that a higher percentage of black Americans than white Americans live close to toxic waste dumps -- and to the factories that produce this waste.

• Everyday life has a big impact on mental health, and black communities in the UK

• Regarding Lung Diseases, it is established that 71% of black Americans versus 58% of white Americans live in communities that violate federal air pollution standards.

• The environment is involved, and there is potential genetic susceptibility -- but we also have to talk about the fact that African-Americans’ social and economic status lags behind that of Caucasians • It’s not a simple question of access to health care itself, but access to specialists. According to a leading US Doctor, blacks get specialist referrals less often than whites Although the reason “why” may be different from one black person to another, this brief finding suggests that genetic and unhealthy environment may be the underlying reasons.

Source: This article is from WebMD, best known as a leading health information services website with over 200million unique users per month. http://www.m.webmd.com/

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The most basic means of fighting back would be to improve health education targeting blacks. And the evidence so far indicates such an investment will pay health dividends not just for racial minorities, but for everyone.

London 2015 Cultural Night Guest Photos by Arthur Cates

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Africa Africa Alive Alive

Muslim praying Santa Clause

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Senegambia Hidden Talents Bristol UK

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Thella Jobarteh’s First Holy Communion

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Diplomats & Personalities in GAMBIA By Adama Jallow


n this edition, we featured various diplomats and other personalities in the Gambia, West Africa. These short articles share an exclusive briefs about their various experiences, challenges, and achievements.

Spanish Charge d’ Affaires in The Gambia - Laura Mayoral

Ms Mayoral was born in Sabadell (Barcelona) on 20 June 1982. She obtained her university degree in political science at the Universidad Autonoma of Barcelona (UAB). She got a Master’s degree in international relations at the Ortega Gasset Institute, in Madrid. At the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Madrid, she had worked from 2010 to 2012 at the Cabinet of the Secretary of State for the European Union and from 2012 to 2014 at the Spokesperson’s Office. She is of the belief that every person should have the right to transform, and to study to get a better personal life and all the basic necessities for human development such as education and health, which she regards as the two pillars of the society. She serves as a role model to women, particularly girls with the belief that women can do much better and contribute immensely in national development. “In Spain, to become a diplomat you have to pass several exams” which I passed in 2010. Then I was working at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Madrid. I also work at the cabinet of the secretary of the state for the European Union for three years, and I also worked at the press office of the minister for two years.

Mucktarr M. Y. Darboe, the Director of Science, Technology and Innovation at the Ministry of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology. Mucktarr M.Y. Darboe was born in Essau village in the North Bank Region of the Gambia. He moved from Essau Primary School in 1991 to attend the Institute of Continuing Education (ICE) before proceeding to Essau Senior Secondary School in 1995. He secured an HTC at the Gambia College in 2003. After graduating from the college, he did a voluntary job, as an unqualified teacher 1999 to 2000, and then years later, a Masters in science, technology and innovation at the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom in 2010. “After graduation from college, I went for a teaching practice job, you had to then. I made the choice to go and teach in the provinces, because few teachers were willing to go to those areas.” He thought that part of the country has been so underprivileged, that even the teachers who were related to that part of the country did not want to go back and teach there.

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“I came to The Gambia in August 2014, because it was one of three countries including Guinea Conakry, and Guinea Bissau that I had to choose from. My decision was based on the fact that the country is stable, quiet and has a beautiful weather. Above all I can easily get direct flights to Barcelona.” “One of the significant aspects of my job is to follow the political developments in The Gambia, attending meetings with ministers, either bilateral or for the European Union. This means I keenly follow local news because I have to give advice to the Spanish people living in The Gambia and also to Gambians living in Spain, whenever they need help or advise which may be related to residency status.” I believe there are about 50, 000 Gambians living in Spain, and they do sometimes come here when they need documents, or if they want to legalise their status in Spain. The major part of the consular work is in Dakar, Senegal, but I also do some orientation work here. “The relationship of the two countries is very good, mainly in the relations regarding the fight against illegal migration. The embassy was opened in 2009, and I can tell you the cooperation between the two states is very good, and the support from the Gambia government has been very good.” “One of my main objectives is to assist people, who are not only living in Spain, but also Spanish living in The Gambia, and also to facilitate the bilateral relations of the two governments and to facilitate the coordination between the two countries. “My main advice is that girls have to study very hard. They are very important and partners in any development sector of the society. They have to be very focused on the way they want to be. Once they study, they have to do their best to achieve these goals.” He made his choice out of curiosity, and to provide equal opportunities to all Gambians regardless where they are, because those people also deserve to get an equal opportunity for quality education. “A teacher’s work is just not easy, and if a teacher wants to do his or her work properly, he or she has no rest. From the classrooms, you are going back home preparing for the next day’s session. The only rest time is when you are asleep!” “A good teacher is a restless teacher, because you constantly have to be planning ahead of the class, preparing for lessons, doing evaluations and students’ preparation”. “When I was a school teacher in the provinces, they were calling us small teachers! It’s true, we were all small at the time. We arrived at a time when the school’s pass rate was very poor, which changes significantly as we saw students’ grades improving with better pass marks. That was one of the wow moments for me: Seeing our contributions making a difference!” “Looking back now, I can be proud of our contributions, as some of my students are now in university, college and others in jobs including service in the military.” Darboe has forgone the pursuit of personal interest for the national interest and the development of the Gambia. He believes in patriotism and education as the weapon for development.

Cuban Ambassador to The Gambia Lazaro Herera Martinez Lazaro changed his scientist ambition to diplomacy. He was born in the Cuban capital, Havana. He completed his primary and secondary school education in 1974 before embarking on studying chemical engineering in 1975 at the University of Havana. After securing a bachelor’s degree in International Relations in 1981 at the High Institute of International Relations, University of Havana, this saw him launch his diplomatic career starting off as Information Analyst at the Office of Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in charge of Asian and Oceania Relations. In 1983 he got his first international posting in China as the third Secretary at the Cuban Embassy in Beijing, which saw him rising through the ranks and by 1994, he was the First Secretary at the Cuban Embassy in China. Other important positions he oversee included, Deputy Head of Mission at the Cuban Embassy in Beijing, Consul General to the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, Deputy Director and Acting Director, Information and Dissemination Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Press Officer at the Cuban Interests Section in Washington DC, USA and Senior Officer, Asian Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 2008 he was posted to the position of Ambassador to the Kingdom of Thailand and to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar before being posted in 2014 to serve as the Cuban Ambassador to The Gambia. He tries to extend the Spanish-Gambia relations in the agricultural sector, as well as the educational sector.“Though the two countries are geographically far from each other, we are much closer as brother countries,” he said. “My main objectives in The Gambia are to continue strengthening the already existing good relations of the two countries and to inform the Gambian people about the Cuban reality and to give an opportunity to the Cuban people to get to know about The Gambia, and to also keep the excellent relations of the two countries”. “Since the establishment of the Gambia-Cuban relations, we have been improving daily with mutual understanding and mutual interests, and we also cooperate with The Gambia in many other fields at the international level”. “Life has been pretty good here! This is my first time being in The Gambia and to the African continent as a whole, but I feel like home since the very day I step my foot in The Gambia, as all the doors have been opened for me. I have a good relation even with the common people, considering the common values we share and friendship, as well as the interaction.

I also learn new things every day about the Gambia, and I am looking forward to the future of the country. To tell you the truth, I feel something special here in The Gambia. His experiences around the world Every county has its own peculiarities. China was a very good experience as a diplomat, because I began my career in China just at the beginning of the process of reform in China. When I arrived in China, it had nothing to do with what China is today. It was poor and millions of bicycles were used as means of transportation. It was very traditional with blue and grey dresses, but everything was totally different.Then suddenly, the Chinese government got reformed, and everything changed from one day to the other. I could follow up all the processes of the reform of China, and I could see all the transformation that the country has reached at this point in a historic time. I could see by myself these major processes of reform, in agriculture and industry, and now everything has just developed with huge markets and foodstuff. And now if you go to China, you can see the difference with a few bicycles and so many cars! It is just the opposite of where I found China in those years. In the Bahamas, I enjoyed the climate, but I could not enjoy more because the environment was not that conducive. But I also learned about the Bahamian people, and they had a very high level of tourism, mainly from the USA. The USA was a very significant moment for me and for my formation. It was a good work experience for me, because I was able to observe the difference in systems. There is a huge solidarity movement in the USA favouring the end of the blockage on Cuba. Another significant aspect is the friendship and hospitality of the American people. His goals: “I wanted to be a scientist. I liked discoveries, I read so many science books and there I developed the love for science. For example, chemistry, because I began to study chemical engineering and I was very good at it. But I suddenly changed my scientist career to diplomacy, because I was encouraged at the university about diplomacy, though I was not very much convinced about it, because I loved my career. I thought about it, then later I began to study International Relations and I found it very interesting. From time to time, I keep thinking what I could be if I had continued my science career, it still remains my second preference to diplomacy.”

Mayor of the capital city of Banjul - Dr. Abdoulie Bah Mayor Bah was born in Banjul in 1948. He attended Muhammedan Primary School, where he sat to the then common entrance examination in 1960. He proceeded to do his secondary education at the Banjul City Council School, a junior secondary school, and completed his four-year junior secondary education. He was first elected as a councillor of the Banjul Campama Ward in 1987 and in 2013 he was elected mayor when he stood as an Independent candidate to lead Banjul City Council. According to Mayor Bah, “Immediately after school, in those days, if you had completed your form four, normally our parents used to take us to learn a technical job. I was sent to one Abdou Sillah to be trained as a “mason”, from which I qualified and got a job working at SunWing Hotel. “I consider myself very instrumental, because I am open to people. As a Muslim, I feel that I should be open up to every individual irrespective of religion. I met with the people who awarded me the doctorate on two to three occasions, and there they understood what type of person I am.” “They are people from Nigeria and established in The Gambia, such as the pastors’ association, because their intension is to pray for the nation and the people. Praying for the nation is equal to praying for the leadership, and when the leadership has peace, everyone living in the nation has peace. When people come to me with their problems, I take it on very seriously, and treat it with the same level of importance as if it were my own. I am always accommodating and sharing. I have offered the use of my vehicle on several occasions to be used by visiting dignitaries and for other relevant occasions including occasions for people from other religion, because they are leaders of a religion and all religions belong to God.” Mayor Abdoulie Bah defeated personal interest for the benefit of his people. This is a man who has the objective to unifying his people as one, and to leave a legacy as far as Banjul is concerned. He was awarded a doctorate degree in 2014 by the University of the Gambia.

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Managed and operated by Gambia Civil Aviation Authority, BIA is the emerging Gateway to West Africa. Fly to Banjul International Airport for your comfort. KEY FACTORS FOR CHOOSING BANJUL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT • Political Stability in The Gambia and an emerging economy with expanding middle class • Destination Marketing support • Incentive package for start – up carriers • Continuous improvement and expansion of airport infrastructure • High compliance with airport security and safety standards • Realization of optimal destination travel time • Increasing feeder opportunity in the sub region • Regional cooperation – Secretariat to Banjul Accord Group • International Standards – TSA (Last Point of Departure to the United States) • Proximity to Major International Markets • Competitive airport charges • Highly ranked country as a favorable tourist destination • International business presence in The Gambia and growing business segment providing business travel opportunity • Increasing number of international standard hotels operating in The Gambia • Experienced and well trained aviation professionals


There are investment opportunities in building airport hotels; shopping mall; landside petrol station; play ground for children; day care; recreational opportunity.

Gambia Civil Aviation Authority Banjul International Airport Yundum, The Gambia, West Africa Tel: +220 4472831 / +220 4472893, Fax: +220 4472190 Email: dg@gcaa.aero, info.datrac@gcaa.aero

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Jojo's Mag Issue- May 2016 - Papa Yusupha Njie  

Jojo's Mag Issue- May 2016 - Papa Yusupha Njie

Jojo's Mag Issue- May 2016 - Papa Yusupha Njie  

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