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TIRANOSAURUS

ISSUE #1


editorial note

My week with michal by Patris Pustina and Ilinca Bogaciov

Dear soul, It’s 7:10 a.m., and Tiranosaurus is waking up from its million-year sleep. It has awakened to warmly welcome you to the 3rd International Forum of EYP Albania, in the greater city of Tirana, and also to put into practice a strategy it has been planning for so long. This highly inspired – and hopefully inspiring – group of people has gathered here with the sole purpose of raising the standards of the EYP spirit, broadening the barriers of light and sound as a true multimedia bulldozer. For those who are getting familiar with EYP as their first time in such an event, Tiranosaurus will record every laugh, every hug, every moment worth remembering (and maybe some that are not, it happens). Your main goal is to enjoy this multicultural experience as much as possible, while ours is to make sure you do so. For that reason, the Media Team will spare its blood, sweat and tears on the making of coverage products, where you will see yourself from a perspective you didn’t quite expect. But we plan to go even further: we will be carrying out and sustaining a system of challenges, so that the Committees, as true teams, enjoy the opportunity to work together among themselves and come up with solutions for the problems that may appear throughout their journey. For the next days, your life will suffer such a massive turnover that you won’t be able to fully grasp. Mind others as key elements to your inner transformation and reach out for the people around you, as you will be part of their turnovers too. After all, challenging yourself requires, to some extent, the involvement of people strange to your core. This comfort zone, which should be put away during this event and locked in your suitcase until the weekend, may sometimes of your life be a barrier to what we consider to be the “magical zone”. It is this “magical zone” of strange tangible human relations that we cultivate here in EYP, leaving behind the shallowness of everyday routine… All said, break your way out of that iceberg to find a very warm spot next to people that, without even noticing, will be contributing to your lifetime experience. Do not fear the mighty Tiranosaurus, as it will be doing the same. Truly yours, Bruno Moreira & Alex Nompilakis

He loves Twin Peaks, pirates, film making and the way travelling gives you this huge sense of freedom; he admires JeanLuc Godard, he is fascinated by Agent Cooper and wants to see Iceland one day. On top of that, he has a pet shark named Anton. Oh yeah, and he is the President of the 3rd Forum of EYP Albania. But wait, there’s more than that about Michal Korzonek! Q: How would you describe yourself to someone who doesn’t know you? A: I’m inspired by people: they give me lots of energy. Other than that, I’m a perfectionist when it comes to myself and what I am doing, but, at the same time, I can easily accept things as they are – if they’re not perfect, that’s ok. Q: How does your life look at the moment? A: I would like to focus on what brings me the most excitement: travelling and film-making. In fact, I am producing a music video right now, while being at this session – which is ridiculous; I don’t even have Internet connection all the time! Q: What is your favourite movie? What about film directors? A: If I had to pick one, I would say that my favourite films are the ones that leave you staring at the credits, and you can’t move, and you are like “WOW, something happened here, it wasn’t just a random series of artsy images.” One of the best things in the history of cinematography must be Twin Peaks. As for directors, I admire the ones that make films in their own way. Godard, for example. He is amazing. Q: Describe yourself in terms of film characters. A: Since I have a deep love for pirates, I could easily picture myself as either Jack Sparrow or Barbossa. I would be an awkward kind of wise guy giving some awkward wise tips. That combined

with something like Agent Cooper, and adding some bits of a cartoon character as well. Finally, a dash of a fairy-tale character, because I’m a hopeless romantic in many different aspects. Q: What inspires your clothing style? A: When I was living back home in Poland, I felt very restricted by things I didn’t really understand. After moving to Edinburgh, my life changed completely and I then started dressing differently. I just wear whatever I like and I like clothes a lot. I’m like a little girl sometimes. Q: What is happiness to you? A: Happiness is freedom. Travelling gives me that kind of freedom, especially the way I do it now: I don’t make plans, I simply take my backpack and just go with it. Q: If you could say anything to a very large group of people, what would it be? A: Just smile a bit more, take a walk through the forest and enjoy simple things. Life is so much better when you appreciate them. Q: How did EYP change your life? A: I learned a lot – I came to be an official very quickly because I was already involved in many projects that provided me with the necessary experience. I wasn’t a very good delegate, but after that I moved on to being a journo and a chair. Chairing came very natural to me, I instinctively knew what I had to do and it worked. But then I started documenting and giving it some thought, and that’s when it became more serious. EYP gave me lots of skills – I took bits of everything and combined them together and now I look back and it all makes sense.


ENVI

by Patris Pustina

FOOD, GLORIOUS FOOD! There are currently 7 billion people on Earth. By 2050, the population is expected to hit 9 to 10 billion, while the planet’s resources will keep decreasing. Today, 936 million people in the world do not have enough to eat. (Instead of picturing the African child with skeletal limbs and a bloated belly, think a bit closer to home: our own continent is home to 30 million of those people.) And yet, one third of the food produced for human consumption annually is wasted or lost. Developed countries in Europe and North America are the biggest offenders, wasting 100 kg food/year per capita. As a matter of fact, every year, consumers in rich countries waste almost as much food as the entire net food production of sub-Saharan Africa. In Europe, and other developed countries, food waste and losses mainly occur during the later stages of the food supply chain and they relate mainly to consumer behavior. After all, a society that houses both the ‘buy today, eat today’ culture and the bulk buying one is bound to waste large amounts of food. Food that is overcooked, or doesn’t look perfect gets thrown away. Surplus food in supermarkets ends up in the garbage as well. Meanwhile, 200 million people can be fed with the amount of food that Europe wastes. The issue of food waste has three main aspects to it: ethical, economical, and environmental. The first one is easy to grasp, if not so easy to swallow: 15 million children dying annually from hunger, as food is thrown away in bulk in most developed cities. The economical aspect consists on the money spent in managing the food supply chain, money that could’ve been saved if more food was saved. Yet, the improvement of such a large branch of the economy as the food industry cannot be achieved without considerable job losses. Thirdly, with one third

of the food products being wasted every year, the carbon footprint of the remaining two thirds increases. Agriculture and land use changes like deforestation contribute to more than 30% of the planet’s greenhouse gas emissions. Discarded food is usually deposited in landfills that generate methane, a greenhouse gas 23 times more potent than CO2. With agriculture being the largest human use of water, half of the water used to produce thrown away food, also goes to waste. Finally, while Earth’s resources rapidly decline, we cannot afford to overuse them on producing more food than we need. The EU has already introduced some solutions to the problem of food waste, such as the Working Group of Food Losses, while in individual states non-profit NGOs like the European Federation Food Banks tackle the issue locally. In addition, fighting food waste and raising awareness about it, is at the heart of some recent trends in Europe, such as ‘dumpster diving’ and freeganism. Feeding the hungry and properly managing food has been a daunting task for our capitalist, free-market society ever since its conception, and it remains one today. The Committee on Environment sure seems to have their work cut out for them.

by Max van der Stelt

DROI II

“I dreamed of an ordinary life” The harrowing words of so many young people that have been abducted and sold in the stygian impenetrable organized cross-border crime. The Whistleblower, a 2010 film bringing Bosnia’s organised crime in perspective. It displays Kathryn Bolkovac’s observations and discoveries while she was simultaneously trying to get the local police force back on track. She reported that a big portion of the United Nation’s international police officers were paying for prostitutes and participating in human trafficking. When Kathryn blew the whistle, all of those police officers were forced to resign. None of them were actually prosecuted because they enjoyed immunity in Bosnia. This is just one of the grinding cases that resemble how far the organized human trafficking reaches into our ‘trustworthy’ organizations. Similar events happen in the European Union as well. Now how is the industry handling itself internationally? It appears to be a lucrative business, as the sky-high amount of 24 billion euros of year circulation, increases every year. This growing problem must be put to a stop. On the 5th of April, 2011, the EU Directive 2011/36/EU came into force, the very first directive regarding the trafficking of human beings that includes binding legislation. It consists of two essential parts: the prosecution of offenders and the support of victims. This sounds very promising, but when reading through the lines, the Directive has its own twilight zone where no light ever shines. The EU allows the member states to find its own appropriate means to achieve the goals set out in the Directive. On top of that, only 18 Member States decided to fully implement it. In order for the actions against human trafficking to function, the EU should take action to ensure all Member States adhere

to the directive. Don’t worry, they did. 19th of June 2012. The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings (2012-2016) was adopted. ‘A set of concrete and practical measures was created which would be implemented over the next five years’, taken directly from the EU’s Strategy explanation. Wait, what? Didn’t we already have some sort of Trafficking strategy? Yes we did, the aforementioned Directive. The Strategy refers to existing handbooks and manuals and finally concrete actions, such as the provision of information on victims’ rights, which are put into practice. Back to the original problem regarding the Directive, the EU’s way of making sure all countries proceed to implementation consists of two things: reproduction of the Directive and sending letters. Yes, letters. After the deadline for transposition on 6 April 2013, letters of formal notice were sent on the 29th of May. These letters were simply ignored by most of its Member States. Last Friday, the 22nd of November, the European Commission formally requested Cyprus, Spain, Italy and Luxembourg to finally ensure full compliance with their obligations regarding the EU legislation on human trafficking. Will there finally be movement in the 10 stubborn, ignorant Member States’ policy?


LIBE II

by Sardi Hyska

The War on Drugs “The legalisation of marijuana is not a dangerous experiment – the prohibition is the experiment, and it has failed dramatically, with millions of victims all around the world.” Sebastian Marincolo In the today’s world, the need to revise current legislation regarding drug use has become undoubtedly evident. The mostdiscussed changes in this course vary from “decriminalisation” i.e. the repeal of amendments which make drug possession or production criminal, to “full legalisation”, which would make drugs commercially available, and commonly traded, just like alcohol and tobacco. This issue is at once delicate and broad, making it especially demanding to work out a solution as conveniently as possible. From the advocates’ point of view, the main argument supporting their case is that current prohibition strategies are obviously not working. The hundred-year old perspective of a “drug-free world” is no longer considerable, as at this time it seems that the drug market has stabilised, with 200 million people (5% of adult population) taking illegal drugs. In addition, as the chart suggests, many of the illicit drugs (cannabis, ecstasy) actually cause less physical harm and dependency than alcohol and tobacco, which are not only socially acceptable compared to illegal drugs, but also widely used. More importantly, it is believed that drug legalisation would prove to be efficient in lowering the number of drug users, as suggested by Portugal, the first EU country to fully legalize possession of drugs and abolish all related criminal penalties. In the five years since personal possession was decriminalised, illicit drug use among teens in Portugal has declined and rates of new HIV infections caused by sharing of dirty needles have dropped, while the number of people seeking treatment for drug addiction has more than doubled. On the economic side, the war on drugs seems to have become an expensive battle,

with resources lost in the process of catching those who possess or trade drugs illegally, prosecuting them in court and housing them in jail and also with hidden costs, as the government loses revenue by not being able to collect taxes from the black market, in which these drugs are traded. The economic benefits of drug legalisation include employment opportunities i.e. new jobs will be created in this “newborn” industry, yet not so many, due to the new technologies. Furthermore, as mentioned earlier, tax revenue will be particularly helpful to the countries where these drugs are cultivated and manufactured. Considering marijuana, should its use be legalized, the prices would fall extremely. In that case, the government should implement an excise tax, in order to balance the price of marijuana with that of alcohol, thus making these two products substitutes and not complements of each-other. When taking into account legalising and/ or decriminalising drugs, there are numerous health, social and economic issues that need to be analysed. As prohibition cannot stop the advancing drug problems, new strategies regarding effective information and stabilising a legal, government-controlled medium for drug trade must be developed. However, the lack of previous precedents makes it impossible to fully predict the consequences of the proposed reforms.

DROI I

by Edoardo Zaniboni

WATER AS RIGHT? Discussion is on the agenda: is it better to privatise water or to keep it public? Since the days of the ancient Romans, the water has been considered a good that everyone could access to by right. In the third volume of his “Institutions” written between 198 and 211 AD, Roman jurist of the classical period Elio Marciano precisely describes the water as communem usum hominibus omnibus or as “common use among all men”. In March 2012, about 1800 years later, the European Parliament called to discuss about privatisation or communisation of water, stating that “water is a shared resource of humankind and, therefore, should not be a source of profit access to water and that should constitute a fundamental and universal right”. Now we are here to ask whether it is better to privatise water or to leave it public. Water as a “common good” and water not as a “source of profit”. Does it makes sense to privatise it? This is a responsibility, we are talking about duties that governments should take to pay off for a citizens’ service, but actually they don’t or they can’t and they end for privatise. Water can be a source of profit if it has to be ensured at all? Is it useful, fruitful to privatise? Does privatisation lead to any good result? In fact, it may. It may be that the private entity would manage the good better than public sector, prompted by

a desire of profit from the good, which leads it to invest money and money. Then is it right to privatise? Yes, but in part: Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament, when stating that “water is not a commercial product like any other”, admits, first of all, that water is a commercial product, though it’s not like others. This may lead to think that you can regulate in a different way the good’s market, as it happens in some countries such as Britain, where the management of private water is balanced by a strong public control over rates and service standards. The aim guarantees companies the return on invested capital but at the same time to encourage the reduction of costs. Other entities ensure the quality of drinking water and are responsible for water policy. Firms own the networks and are holders of service provision and collection of the rate. They have the commitment to provide the service as detailed as it is in the act of entrustment and reach performance levels set by the regulator. The license may be withdrawn with a notice of 15 years. According to the World Bank, after the privatisation the investments grew, environmental and health standards were joined and more stringent water quality has improved. Do you want to pay for some good water?


AFET

by Ilinca Bogaciov

The road to democracy After almost three years since the dawn of the “Arab Spring”, the whole of the Arab world still seems to be caught up in a “winter of discontent”. Many hoped that overthrowing the dictators would translate into an immediate and visible improvement in living conditions, as democracy would be adopted. However, dreams for a quick, smooth transition to stable democratic systems were dashed, as the social cohesion of some Arab countries was undermined by a fragmented political landscape, ranging from far-left organizations to liberals and Islamic extremists. To make matters worse, outstanding security challenges have remained unsolved: civil wars, which present the risk of spill-over to neighboring countries, internal security threats, terrorist attacks. And taking into consideration that all these issues have inevitably been accompanied by a deteriorating economic situation, it is easy to understand why the “Arab Spring” ushered in a prolonged period of instability. The European Union’s support is therefore crucial to help transitions to democracy move in the right direction, by making use of the adequate EU policies and instruments and the rich experience it has gained after the democratisation of post-communist Eastern Europe. However, a precarious economic climate would imply a political failure of the transitions, as politics and economy are deeply interconnected. Consequently, stimulating the sustainable economic growth of these countries should be a priority. Given this context, the need for a strategic partnership between the EU and the transitioning democracies arises, as a path to a friendly environment for investment, jobs and growth, economic inclusiveness, political freedom,

social justice and equity. In other words, a partnership to foster the gift of genuine and enduring democracy. But what will be the terms of this partnership? What are the benefits and the risks for the EU of this long-term commitment to facilitate the transition from authoritarianism to democracy in the Arab countries? How can the EU ensure that their mutual interests remain unaffected? These are just some of the questions AFET will have to address so as to create a democratic and stable neighborhood in the Mediterranean.

by Anna Morokhovska

ITRE I

The future of energy supply Solar power, wind energy as well as biomass gases: protecting the environment seems to be chic. Consumers calm down their consciences by the purchase of fair trade coffee and environmental friendly cotton. A saving use of our limited resources also affects energy production, which supply evolved to an indispensable good for our everyday lives. Political parties stand up for the closing of nuclear power plants while subsidising renewable energies with sky-high amounts of money. Having a closer look at this policy, it might be quite surprising how expensive the production of renewables is compared to their outcome of energy. Unfortunately, wind and solar plants produce weather dependent energy; a factor human beings have no impact on. Thus, they cannot provide the base load of energy, and consequently not replace existing coil and nuclear power plants.

Nuclear power is as not as diabolical as it is represented in the media. For a couple of decades, it served as a reliable and an affordable source of energy. Although disasters already occurred, they are rare. So enhancing this plants should be as respected as an alternative to a simply closure. My aim is not to defend nuclear power while demonizing renewable energies. I am only trying not to jump to conclusions when facing complex issues. Obviously, this is not a question to be answered in one sentence. Future is unpredictable and human beings are fallible. Scientists could enhance the existing means or invent something completely different. Our limit is the sky.


ITRE II

by Giorgina Giani

Going “all in” The article elaborates on the need of renewable energy resources. The energy challenge is one of the biggest issues that Europe is dealing with today. The economic crisis, phenomena such as global warming and the increasing EU dependency on energy imports from non-member states are creating concerns about the EU’s energy policy. Additionally, due to the fact that the EU has inadequate resources of its own, it is very dependent on imports. It is well known that most of the Union’s countries are reliant on imports of oil and gas to a significant extent (between 80 % and 100 %). There is strong demand in the European Union for oil mainly because of its significant usage for residential, commercial and industrial purposes and transportation. All data show that sustainable energy efficiency is crucial. Achieving this demands renewable energy resources. Among others, hydroelectric power, solar power, tidal power, wind power and wave power. The results are promising. A sustainable energy policy can enable Europe to face the energy supplies challenges of the future. It can also play a major role in tackling the twin challenge of energy security and global warming, since it can help in being less dependent on foreign energy import and in meeting targets to combat greenhouse gas emissions. It is also of great importance in creating new technology jobs and thus assisting Europe out of the current economic crisis. The European Commission published in January 2007 a Renewable Energy Roadmap. It aimed at a mandatory target of 20% share of renewable energies in the EU’s energy mix by 2020. To accomplish this goal, the EU adopted a new Renewables Directive in April 2009, which set individual objectives for each member state. The ‘Europe 2020’ strategy, presented by the Commission in March 2010, set the goal

of supporting a resource-efficient Europe. The three core objectives of the European energy policy are sustainability, competitiveness and security of supply. According to the first Renewable Energy Process Report, published in 2013 by the European Commission under the framework of the 2009 Directive, most member states’ consumption of renewable energy sources has had a noteworthy growth since the adoption of the Directive. On the other hand, it is undeniable that nonrenewable energy sources are more than necessary at the moment. Since the EU is hoping that in 2020 the use of renewable energy sources will reach 20% of its total energy needs, it is obvious that full dependency on them demands a lot of time and effort. It cannot be denied that the EU must take advantage of its position as the world’s second largest energy market and of its great importance on an international scale in order to promote the use of renewable energy resources. Non-renewable resources are undoubtedly necessary, but the EU should focus on the renewable ones, of which the results can be extremely beneficial. How should the EU act in order to eventually achieve energetic sustainable efficiency?

by Joanna Stachera

LIBE I

(In)equalities among marriages What first comes to your mind when you think about equality is probably fair human treatment, lack of disparities or simple justice. Nowadays, the vast majority of society is inclined to apply equality wherever it is possible. Equal chances, equal wages, equal world. But when it comes to people who are different from them in terms of sexual orientation, they somehow change their attitude. LGBT rights differ from land to land. One of such aspects is the case of same-sex marriages. In practice, the problem is treated differently in each member state. Currently, not many European Union countries recognise some types of same-sex marriages. Few more allow for civil unions or cohabitations. The rest of them don’t accept any kind of homosexual relationships, and some others provide a constitutional ban on such unions. Apart from its injustice, this may cause the situation in which the civil status may not be recognised when people travel between the countries. The European Convention on Human Rights, on its article 14, says that “the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Convention shall be secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race, color, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth or other status”. Thus, the differentiation in national laws among Member States concerning same-sex marriages may be seen as a sort of discrimination. At that moment, the European Union attempts to avoid inequalities in such policies. However, its institutions cannot impose anything against states’ attitudes. It must be remembered that the EU’s mission is to unite them, not to destroy their democratic characters. The task is to find out what can be done to support the freedom of sexual orientation, without interfering with one’s minds and political character.

The issue surely will remain controversial. One thing is certain: some actions are needed. Despite the disparities within states’ policies, the common solution must be reached. All people have a right to love and to be loved, and as humans, we should always keep it in mind.


EUROPEAN ALBANIA?

penguin the emperor

by Edoardo Zaniboni and Giorgina Giani

On 28th April 2009 Albania officially first applied for a membership in the EU. Actually, it has not received the official status as a candidate and it is waiting for the answer of the European Commission that is going to speak next month.

is a change in Albania’s currency, the Lek. They believe that such a change is going to have a negative impact on the economy and that the inner debt of the country will eventually become bigger.

Up to now several countries got the “candidate” status, such as Turkey, Iceland and Montenegro, but what does that “candidate” status actually mean? Is it only a possibility or something more?

Non-Albanians’ points of view are interesting as well. Eva (16) from the Netherlands, although she claims she is not very informed about the matter, is generally in favor of Albania’s potential entry. Additionally she claims that more countries make the EU stronger. She does believe though that economically it is not ready yet. Adlum (18) from Kosovo and Tim (17) from the Netherlands are also positive. Adlum claims that it would be beneficial for Albania since it would attract more tourism, but he does believe that a change in the currency would not have positive effects. Tim states that more European countries form a better union. His biggest concerns are the differences between other member states and Albania on an economic level. Lorenzo (25) from Italy is positive as well, since he believes that countries with different cultures and mentalities can help the EU to become more open-minded. On the other hand, Marina (14) from Greece believes that the EU sets some conditions that at the moment Albania cannot meet. She fears it might cause a possible economic crisis in the country, same as other in European states.

It is indeed something more. Candidate members can be part of a financial aid, which aims to enforce their institutional capacities, their rural, economic and social development and their transnational cooperation. Everything makes the EU look like a potential solution for problems. Next aim is “let’s achieve the EU Candidate Country Status requests for next December”. Everybody seems to agree with the official candidature of Albania. But are we sure that everyone has the same idea? Some Albanians, like Ted (18) and Klede (18) are in favor of Albania potentially entering the EU. They both agree that it is going to be economically beneficial for the state and that it will assist in dealing with corruption. Their vision is that transparency is going to be implemented in the country. On the other hand Amos (16), Emily (17) and Rei (18) have an opposite opinion. They believe that entering the EU is going to be devastating for their countries economy. Their biggest fear

Overall, opinions about a “European Albania” are contradictory. There are fears and hopes that lead to different point of views. Let’s see what the future brings.

by Joanna Stachera

Every day, while reading the news, people hear about economic crisis, difficulties with keeping peace around the world, current political issues or simply events taking place on a local scale. However, nobody realizes the importance of knowledge about natural sciences. Crucial matters for our lives are being constantly discriminated. One of such is, in my humble opinion, the mating time of Aptenodytes forsteri. These animals are the largest species of all penguins. They weigh up to 50kg and are about 120cm tall. Their average life length is from 15 up to 20 years, though the mortality rate at the first year may reach even 90%. It is also the only species that breeds during the Antarctic winter, when the temperature drops down to -60OC and wind may reach the speed of 200kph. They are serially monogamus, which means that each year they have only one partner, and stay faithful to them (for the whole year!). The courtship starts by the long journey, lasting from 50 to 120km away from the ice edge. The ritual begins with the adult male standing still and placing its head on his chest, just before inhaling and giving a loud courtship call for 1–2 seconds (don’t try it at home). Then it moves around the colony and repeats the activity few times. A male and female then stand face to face, while one is keeping its head extended and neck up and the other mirrors it; they both hold this posture for some time. After mating, they waddle together around the colony.

The female penguin lays only one egg on May or early beginning of June. After this, she immediately transfers the egg to the male, and then escapes from him and returns to the sea for the period of 2 months, in order to refill the nutrition reserves. Meanwhile, the male spends the whole winter incubating the egg. By the time the egg hatches, he will have spent about 115 days without eating anything. Up to 10 days afterwards, the chick comes back to take a care of her offspring. It’s the male’s turn to then nourish himself. What may seem quite interesting is the fact that penguins are turning into prostitution. They perform the mating ritual that usually leads to mating, then take the stones and run away. The reason for this is not clear, though they need them to build their nests. Even so, they need to collect hundreds of pieces, while by this activity they obtain only one or two of them. The only obvious thing is that they are using the males. Fortunately, this occurrence is not very common and affects only few percent of female penguins.


Reach out and touch face

challenge yourself!

by Anna Morokhovska and Sardi Hyska

The first hours after the arrivals of delegates have already changed the atmosphere of this hill resort that will host us for the upcoming days of Tirana International Forum. Originated from all corners of the continent, participants are arriving with different expectations, regardless of what brought them together. Let the first impressions speak for themselves… Eva Nijssen, from the Netherlands (ENVI), took a 14 hours intermodal trip from Amsterdam. At 3:30 in the morning, along with her delegation, she took a plane to Rome. “What I am least comfortable with is handling with the lack of sleep. It is really hard to manage especially waking up in the morning!” Well Eva, you will get soon used to the idea. Athena Karameliou, from Greece (LIBE II), who is finishing her last year of high school, had the amazing privilege of travelling with Emy, the Video Editress, all the way from Thessaloniki for about 9:30 hours. No better company to get started with the spirit, right? Athena actually brought some homework to do from her school, which eventually will turn out to be a lost battle against time and space. Also originally from Greece, Athens, Konstantina Bantavi (DROI I) has a major fear: to wear formal clothes. They will fit you like your skin during GA; we’re pretty sure about it. We then got to know Enri from DROI II and Arlind from AFET. While Enri is a big fan of leather clothes, Arlind is more like a Converse maniac. They both have a good impression of other delegates, and even though Arlind may have some experience in these kind of events, his debut participation in EYP is something he just know that is a great opportunity to make new friends. Enri is skipping classes to attend to this Forum, independently of the exams his taking right after the session. Arlind, on the other hand, skipped a whole week of holidays

with his family and friends in Librazhd. You will not regret such decisions, fellas. As for expectations, meet Albanian Eva Sojli from Tirana (DROI II): “I feel that the Forum is going to be really great because Orgas are very hard working and we are very motivated“. She was part of the last National Selection Conference, so the little EYP virus may have struck her with severe gravity. Anyways, big dreams are ahead for Eva’s future: she wants to be a great architect. “After finishing high school, I like to study that in London. I like the idea of staying close to my family when being abroad”. For Mateo Agolli (ITRE II), Endri Haveri (DROI I) and Tea Tafaj (LIBE II), this will be their first EYP experience. Mateo is in it for making friends, Endri for the academic experience and the beautiful foreign girls and Tea just decided to give it a try, after a friend recommended EYP as a good way of challenging herself and her language skills. Wise friend! Sibora Kashari, from ITRE I, is already familiar with the concept of an EYP session. “I would like to be more active in discussions this time because at the previous session (the NS in March) I was a bit shy”. She sends out a message for all participants’ punctuality: “In EYP itself I would improve on the schedules because it is confusing when people are not on time”.

Here in Tirana, there are some rumors about a very ancient tradition of challenges. Every last couple of weeks of November, groups of united men would challenge each other to death into what has been a sacred ritual for over three millenniums. It’s said that enormous rewards would be given to the strongest group standing. TIRANOSAURUS made its research to conclude that this heritage has been passed from generation to generation until present day, and it’s with major pride that it honours, right here at the 3rd International Forum of EYP Albania, the memory of the great warriors of the past. The rules are simple: each day of the session, each Committee will be assigned to challenge a given specific Committee with any sort of challenge. It can consist on anything, from physical strength to accuracy, from intellectual testing to speed, giving the floor to test the delegates’ creativity. Two Committees will challenge one another every day, and both of them should be brave enough to take on the quest. To complete the challenges, a certified TIRANOSAURUS journalist should be present when the performance takes place, so it can be documented in any convenient way to prove the team’s achievement. If successfully presented, the Committee will then have the right to ask the journo for a certain amount of money. This means that, whenever completed a challenge, a team will get 20 kozolek for their brave effort and superhuman skills.

At an undetermined moment of the session, a price list will be presented to all participants, including a set of goods/services that can be bought with the kozolek collected during the event. A very special range of treasures will be available, even for the greediest adventurers, true wonders from the seven seas. Throughout the Forum, other challenges will be presented by the Media Team for all the Committees interested in gaining some extra cash. After all, if you fail on completing a challenge, it doesn’t mean you can’t try on the same day a different way to satisfy the basic urge of getting paid. We warn you, as a bonded team, to be creative and to never fear a good old challenge. As time goes by, you will understand you cannot win anything in this life without others. Cooperation and tactics are the key elements of the Great Challenges, the only way to be victorious against the biggest obstacle there is to success: yourself!

LET THE GAMES BEGIN!



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