K y u n g J a e
B l a i c h
The Souk, Comercial and Residential Complex Makkah Oasis, Hotel Design Competition Ruwais Hotel, Hotel Design Kuala Lumpur City Center, Master Plan
Le pli, Touristâ€™s Hyper Center Link, Transitional Housing Urban Void, Affordable Housing Black Box Theater, Experimental Theater Archi-on, Architecture Cultural Center Samsung Media Center, Suwon Hwaseong Architectural Competition Open School, Elementary School
The Souk ‘ COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX, JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA, 2012 ’
red sea fountain
HEART OF JEDDAH SITE site
REGIONAL CONTEXT: JEDDAH, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
NEIGHBORHOOD CONTEXT : HEART OF JEDDAH
SOUK SITE CONTEXT WITHIN HEART OF JEDDAH
JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA Jeddah is the second largest city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is growth continues to reach skyward like much of the new buildings and developments currently being built there. It’s location close to the Red Sea and on the pilgrimage route to Makkah, make it a densely populated place to travel through and dynamic place to live. The Heart of Jeddah development in Jeddah is part of a larger effort to generate contemporary energy in a historic setting. This urban scale project will be a visually stunning, technologically innovative, programmatically comprehensive and culturally sensitive. The souk development is a subset of the larger Heart of Jeddah project and will manifest the innovative, programmatic and culturally
informed goals as well. The animated and densely populated souks of yore are unlike newer types of developments that are often on a grand scale. Souks hold a special significance in Middle Eastern culture because they have traditionally created character and identity on deliberately human scale. The new souk in HOJ will be a correspondingly smaller scale intervention within an iconic neighborhood. “ The souks of Saudi Arabia are a lingering reflection of social norms. Tolerance, simplicity, kindness brought back to life in these souks”
CONNECTIVITY Using the Souk as a counduit link geographically remote places and experiences.
SHADING AND PRIVACY
SERENDIPITOUS MEANDER The design will seduce and attract people to explore the Souk. The Souk must provide a clear logic and spatial hierarchy while maintaining serendipitous routes through the market.
SENSITIVITY AND RESTRAINT
Shading will be the primary environmental and privacy strategy. The Souk employs strategies to cope with the extreme climate and to resolve privacy concerns.
The Souk will be world class design contextually informed. Among the other more iconic structures of HOJ the Souk provides an intimate experience at the human scale. The design incorporates traditional Islamic architectural elements in a contemporary, restrained expression.
N Qib la
MUNTALAQ ARRIVAL AND DROP OFF
SOUQ WATERFRONT Terraced pedestrian promenade with promontories and overlooks of the water features. Planting areas and shaded overlooks. Waterfront restaurants and retail venues. SUNKEN PIER Sunken pedestrian walkway which gives visitors a water level experience of the fountain features.
AXIAL CONNECTION TO BUSINESS HOTEL Luxury Hotel
Exhibition Center Hotel
High Density Residential
EXHIBITION CENTER ARRIVAL AND DROP OFF
DESIGN STRATEGY 0m 35
= FOOTPRINT OF TRADITIONAL SOUK AL BALAD
+ SITE VIEWS OUT
CULTURALLY INFORMED DESIGN
= CONNECTING DESTINATIONS
SOUK WOVEN INTO SITE CONTEXT
CONTEXT: CULTURAL AND PHYSICAL The massing and pedestrian patterns of Jeddahâ€™s Al Balad district mapped onto site. What results is an informal organizatonal strategy for cadencing and choreographing the expeirence of the new Souk . The overall design of the souk has been shaped by two macro forces. The first, is the physical context the second is the cultural context. The physical context can be understood with regard to 6 major characterisitics: PEDESTRIAN POINTS OF ENTRY
1. The unique characteristics of the souk neighborhood formulate a kind of DNA which scripts generally how the souk will be manifested. 2. There are two mosques within walking distance. Accomodating the pedestrian traveller is of utmost importance.
3. With a contemporary and newly developed townscape surrounding the site, the patrons of the souk will enjoy dynamic and exciting views. 4. Access to the site is encouraged by three main thresholds that fall on fairly major and well trafficked pedestrian paths and vehicle streets. 5. An ecompassing and lively waterfront focal point and promenade define the western edge of the site. 6. The pathways between all these various landmarks hardwire an active, interesting set of pedestrian opportunities.
PRIVACY AND SHADING
40% AND 65% OPACITY
Used in areas where privacy if of paramount importance. Patterns of this variety will cover areas where residential balconies exist behind the screen
Used in intermediate areas where transition between closed and open screen patterns. Balconies exist behind the screen.
Used in areas where permeability is of paramount importance. Patterns of this variety will cover areas with no residential balconies in proximity.
RETAIL + RESIDENTIAL
RESIDENTIAL TYPE A + RESIDENTIAL TYPE B
PRIVATE SPACE FORMED BY OVERLAP
Muntalaq drop off
drop off anti-pier
hotel DIRECT TRAVEL PATTERNS
Souk Direct Travel Patterns - unmitigated speed and path of travel
Souk DeFocused Travel Patterns - mitigated speed - unmitigated paths of travel
Souk Desired Travel Patterns -
mitigated speed mitigated paths of travel scripted and choreographed views direct lines of sight prevented direct lines of travel prevented
Souk functions as a lens, initiating refracting patterns B
INDIRECT TRAVEL PATTERNS D
Souk DeFocused Travel Patterns - mitigated speed - unmitigated paths of travel
nitiating refracting patterns
MEANDERING TRAVEL PATTERNS
Souk Desired Travel Patterns - mitigated speed - mitigated paths of travel
SCREEN: RETAIL WAYFINDING AND RESIDENTIAL SHADING Souk Desired Travel Patterns -
mitigated speed mitigated paths of travel The climate of Jeddah is characterized by high temperatures and high scripted and choreographed views humidity. Arabic architecture has traditionally incorporated elaborate direct lines of sight prevented direct lines of travel prevented screening and shading mechanisms to harvest shade for passive
cooling and dappled relief from the sun’s intense glare. Additionally, protecting the privacy of the home is a prescribed and honored practice. Screening and shading accommodate for this important concern while also mitigating extreme climatic conditions. The screen is manifested throughout traditional Arabic architecture and is a very important cultural element. With this kind of design mechanism privacy is maintained without sacrificing design. In fact instead of subverting aesthetic experience to rigid control, screens are an opportunity for highlighting prestige through their functional, intricate
and complex filigree patterning. “ the inner courtyard is not only an element of design but also provides a well balanced climate in the building the circulation of the air and the indirect light ing naturally counter act the heat development in the rooms. ” “ the facades appear to be closed [but have ] an introverted flair only allow certain direct light in an interplay of openess and closeness as well as light and shadow ...”Niemann, Christiane Ed.“Arabian Design”2007
PROGRAM AND CIRCULATION
service retail specialty retail food and beverage back of house
vertical circulation horizontal circulation
4 br unit 3 br unit 2 br unit 1 br unit residential amenity
residential lobby areas ground level circulation above grade connection to Muntalaq and Exhibition Center
SOUK The resolution of the Souk design creates a unique and dynamic experience for the residents and visitors to the Heart of Jeddah. By carefully crafting the ground floor layout, a colorful, multi dimensional and exciting retail expeirence is generated. Connections to the Muntalaq, Hotels and waterfront reinforce the active nature of the Souk retail. Extensive shading throughout proivides continuous routes of comfort for pedestrians. Screening and screen overhangs mitigate the extreme climate and create a physically pleasant space for the patrons. As a contemporary interpretation of the mushrabiya this screening also serves to create privacy for the residences. In sum, the nature of the Souk architecture serves as finely tuned and
responsive connective tissue for the Heart of Jeddah development. All the while being restrained enough to allow for the iconic structures of the Muntalaq and Convention Center to take center stage. The Souk Community is a culturally informed sustainably sophisticated design for a new mixed use neighborhood 23, 941 sq meter site within the Heart of Jeddah development. A total of 32,365 square meters of residential space in 9 structures housing a total of 222 units will be generated. In addition 11,780 square meters of leasable retail space and 48,500 square meters of parking facilities will also be developed. These faciliities will be connected and shared with the neighboring Muntalaq.
Retail 2nd Level Connection Retail Vertical Circulation Food and Beverage Retail Amenities
First Floor Plan
4br 217 m2 25 count
3br 185 m2 52 count
2br 135 m2 89 count
1br 84 m2 64 count
1. Souk Level Retail 2. Food and Beverage 3. G -1 Level Retail 4. Retail Vertical Circulation 5. Retail 2nd Level Connection 6. Residential Units 7. Balconies 8. Visitor Parking 9. Residential Parking
Ground Floor Plan
4 3 9
Makkah Oasis ‘ HOTEL DESIGN COMPETITION, MAKKAH, SAUDI ARABIA, 2011 ’
MAKKAH, SAUDI ARABIA Extensive large scale development is redefining Makkah, and the The Jabal al Ka’aba site represents a unique opportunity for YALJ to build a successful and culturally significant project on one of the city’s most prominent sites The design team at RNL has approached this project with this sensitivity to the city and the Grand Mosque as a primary focus. Hotels are energy and water intensive buildings, but many strategies have been considered to reduce the project’s impact. RNL approaches all projects with our own Design For One Earth values that address sustainablity from the environmental, social and economic factors. Specific strategies such as prefabrication and
modularity could address issues of build quality, material conservation, energy goals, construction speed, and use of local labor all in one solution. Energy consumption and water use would be tightly tracked for conservation. This is a project with a responsibility to the city of Makkah and all Hajjis to be a sensitive, contextual, forward thinking development.
1. hotel volume
2. two zones
3. formation of courtyard
4. height modification
5. additional hotel
7. ring road
8. articulation of path
11. atriums: vertical connection
12. screen: horizontal connection
9. prayer and gathering rooms
+298 +288 Al Saddah St.
PHASE 01 BUILDING
DESIGN STRATEGY +307 Jabal Al Kaâ€™aba St. +298
VIEW / COMPOSITION / PEDESTRIAN
PATH + OASIS + HILL The design presented here centers around three main design principles to accomplish our objectives; the hill, the path, and the oasis.
NATURAL LIGHT / VERTICAL CIRCULATION
The hills in and around Makkah, while challenging for development, are a natural asset to the city. Restoration of the topography on this site is a central idea, and the resultant form allows for advantageous program areas and, most importantly, reconnection of the two plots now split by a freeway. This constructed topography of ramps and terraces enables the idea of the path. Unimpeded pedestrian flow across the site is the most important factor to the pilgrims experience. We have provided extensive walkable area that is activated by restaurants, prayer rooms, bazaars, hotel functions, and cultural components to create a rich experience. The last element is the oasis,
these are formed by the shaping of each hotel block and the visual focus of the path. The courtyards are shaded, lush, and feature water elements that reflect the traditional architecture.
Centralized Transit Lobby
Group Meeting Area
Group Check-In and Out
VISUAL CONNECTION TO HOLY MOSQUE
Rin gR oa d
Exhibit Facilities Spa
Residential Component Club
SPIRITUAL RETREAT St. abah Al Ka Jabal
PUBLIC SEMI-PUBLIC SEMI-PRIVATE PRIVATE
VOLUME AND ADJACENCE
Umm Al Qura
PLAZA LEVEL: PEDESTRIAN ROAD LEVEL: VEHICLE
20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -1 -2 -3 -4
Lobby Central Transit
Group Check-In and Out
DinPrayer Business Group ing Center Meeting Hall Club Areas Spa Exhibit Facilities Area
PROGRAM EDICATION AND EXHIBIT FACILITIES
PLAZA: PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION THROUGH PROJECT TO HOLY MOSQUE
HAMMAM: SPA FACILITIES
SPIRITUAL RETREAT Central to all of these principles is the focus of this project as a spiritual retreat. Prayer rooms are the primary element on the building facades, taking the form of traditional mashrabiyas and articulated just as finely to provide privacy while affording views of the mosque. The oasis and building form provide a sheltered and reflective environment off of the street, while still providing views out and extensive connections to the mosque. Visitors to the Jabal al Kaâ€™aba should be welcomed by the architecture and landscape elements, while still being able to focus on the spiritual purpose of their trip. We have accommodated all program elements in a form that follows the city regulations and achieves the maximum built up area allowable. Program areas are positioned to compliment the main pedestrian path
and hotel functions.
FACADE Arabesque : screen and window
Mashrabiya : prayer area Base : atrium Iwan : bazaar retail shops
Al Saddah St.
Jabal Al Kaaba St.
decoration Islamic view of the world
WINDOW AND SCREEN
shade and cool air human scale enclosure
view of holy mosque increasing usable space pattern
BAZAAR RETAIL SHOPS
intermediate between outdoor and indoor
ATRIUM inviting space
A structural diagram of the buildingâ€™s exterior, unfolded
SERVICE ROAD LEVEL
Jabal Al Ka’aba Street South Courtyard North Courtyard
Bridge North Courtyard
South Courtyard Umm Al Qura Street
Al Saddah Street
Ruwais Hotel ‘ HOTEL DESIGN, RUWAIS, UAE, 2010 ’
AERIAL SITE DIAGRAM
Ruwais Waterfront (Proposed)
Ruwais Housing Complex
Mar gina l Exte rnal Views
Ruwais Towncenter (Proposed)
To Ruwais Housing Complex
RUWAIS, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES The Ruwais Hotel will be a model for hotel development in the region. The design is driven by the desire to develop a unique and highly identifiable hotel brand, create a first class experience for the business traveler, and be extremely energy and water efficient. This hotel will include approximately 40 hotel rooms and 30 serviced apartments. Amenities will include meeting and training rooms, fitness center with outdoor pool, and three restaurant operations. The serviced apartments will be used by long term business travelers and teachers. RUWAIS MASTERPLAN
This hotel is seen as a prototype for other communities throughout the region. Saudi Arabia, Doha, and Khalifa Port are excellent expansion
opportunities. Additionally, it is envisioned that this hotel may expand beyond 70 rooms, up to 150 rooms. Depending on local market conditions, the number of keys, meeting rooms, and food & beverage operations may vary at the various sites. As growth occurs over time at any individual site, additional rooms may be added. It is therefore desirable to have aâ€˜modularâ€™design that allows for future hotel expansion.
105 PARKING SPACES
70 ROOM HOTEL + AMENITIES
STAFF HOUSING AND BACK OF HOUSE
ACCESS AND DROP-O FF MAIN
LOBBY DROP-OFF FITN ESS ENT RY
SMALL MEETING ROOMS
LARGE MEETING ROOM
TRY T EN RAN U SPECIALTY A T RES RESTAURANT
STAFF HOUSING AND BACK OF HOUSE
CAFE POOL MAIN RESTAURANT
VOLUME AND ADJACENCE
SUSTAINABILITY: MODULAL DESIGN The pre-engineered structural construction system is based on a 1m x 3m panel. The panel is constructed of cold rolled steel framing members around the perimeter, fiber cement panel facing on both sides, and a polyethelene insulation in the cavity. This system continues to be in use and has shown extraordinary durability over time. The structural system for the hotel will consist of pre-engineered wall panels made of regularly spaced cold rolled steel framing members. Trusses made of cold rolled framing is then laid across the structural wall panels to form the floor and roof. Additional stories of the building are then added. The system is very similar to western wood framing. This system has several advantages: Pre-engineered and factory fabricated panels significantly reduce site construction schedules. Steel
framing has high recycled content and is recyclable. Lateral bracing can be engineered directly into the panel design based on contractor requirements, prefabrication can be expanded.
horizontal louver 50mm x 2m
vertical louver 50mm x 2m
DESIGN STRATEGY 100% density - spacing 100mm
50% density - spacing 200mm
25% density - spacing 300mm
60% density - spacing 100 - 200mm
30% density - spacing 250mm
TERRACOTTA SUNSCREEN LOUVER
POOL AND VEGETAION
WIND CATCHER AND SOLAR CHIMBEY
50% density - spacing gradiently
SUSTAINABILITY: MICROCLIMATE DESIGN The building is organized around two courtyards. The courtyards are a critical component to our energy efficient design strategy. The courtyards, with their lush plantings and highly refined design become a significant part of the branded experience for the hotel. A terra cotta screen, placed around and over the building, is an icon for the hotel and reinforces the hotel brand.
AIR FLOW SYSTEM
The screen also significantly reduces the surface temperature of the walls and roof, which has a dramatic impact on the energy required to cool the building. According to the sustainable design research, the roof temperature is reduced from 76 degrees to 39 degrees. Because it is shaded and enclosed, the courtyards create a microclimate that is cooler than the surrounding area. The microclimate effect is further
enhanced by the introduction of cooling breezes from wind catchers located in each courtyard. This microclimate effectively extends the number of days that guests can comfortably use the outdoors. It also significantly reduces the heat entering the building, reducing the amount of energy required for air conditioning.
SITE AREA = 21,720 SM (120 x 181)
SITE AREA = 27,512 SM (181 x 152)
SITE AREA = 32,761 SM (181 x 181)
70 ROOM BASE MODULE WITH AMENITIES, RESTAURANTS, AND BACK OF HOUSE FUNCTIONS
35 ROOM EXPANSION MODULE WITH LIMITED BACK OF HOUSE FUNCTIONS
MAIN ENTRY / DROP OFF
TO E11 BYPASS
Kuala Lumpur City Center ‘ MASTER PLAN, KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA, 2010 ’
Trees in Sunken Garden Railing Beyond (Glass) Trolley
Bridge cross Sunken Garden
Ground Level Concourse Level Escalator
Terraces Beyond Cascading Water + Gardens
Fountain Circular Sunken Garden
BOARDWALK SECTION B
SOUTH GATEWAY The South Gateway is located at the Convention Center. Section B
The centerpiece of this area is the major pedestrian connection that links the street directly to the park. There are connections at many levels to create a dynamic three dimensional experience: elevated pedestrian bridges connect to the Pavilions and Monorail Station to the south, Four towers are planned to animate the south side of the park and realize the full development potential in this location: three over the Convention Center and a 70-story landmark tower at Lot 91. This latter tower is intended to create a strong axial relationship with Kia Peng from the Pavilions and mark this important Gateway. The planning of the East Gateway is intended to create a clear
distinction between the convention use and the heavy public usage that is going to other locations at KLCC. A large circular space is created at the center of the convention center and is intended to unify both the upper and lower levels and the private and public uses of the South Gateway.
Canopy Structure Pedestrian and Transit Bridge Trolley
Bridge across Sunken Garden
Terraces Beyond Cascading Water + Gardens
Ground Level Concourse Level
BOARDWALK SECTION A
EAST GATEWAY The East Gateway is planned as a new major node at KLCC to balance the Suria. The focal point of this area is the new landmark tower that is meant to be a secondary icon for KLCC after the Petronas Towers. It is complemented by a cluster of residential buildings that step down to the mosque and form an urban village. Between these two is the main gateway element: a large overhead canopy structure similar to the other two gateways. This creates a strong entry to the park from Jalan Binjai and also welcomes pedestrians from Jalan Amapang and the Ampang Park LRT Station. The large car/truck tunnel is also a central feature of the east gateway. The landmark tower is placed to mark this strong axis and create a visual gateway for all vehicles coming from the east. The building
bridges the tunnel so that Lots M and N, with Lot L1, make up the landmark tower site. Jalan Binjai is intended to be activated with use as well as the pedestrian connections adjacent to the tunnel.
Bridge to Cultural Trolley
Ground Level Concourse Level
Escalator Sunken Garden
Gateway Canopy Structure
Pedestrian and Transit Bridge
Pedestrian Bridge from Suria
Bridge at Edge of water Ground Level Concourse Level
Waterfall Stair Beyond Fountain
Circular Sunken Garden
Pool and Fountain at Suria
BOARDWALK SECTION C
The North Gateway is intended to create a strong pedestrian gateway from Jalan Ampang to the park. Currently, because of the size of the Suria, there are no strong connections from the park to the exterior streets in this part of the site; the park is very hidden and thus underutilized. This gateway creates a grand public space that unifies the inside and outside edges of the park, connects the Suria to the retail podium on Lot 185, and links the Concourse level below with the ground floor boardwalk. A feature building should be located at Lot 185 as a visual marker for this gateway. Permeability through the podiums is maintained by respecting existing rights-of-ways as pedestrian connections. The podiums are intended to all connect across these pedestrian spaces
both at the Concourse Level and with bridges at the upper levels. A plaza is located on Lot K and is an extension of pedestrian activity of the Boardwalk. It is intended to be a focused area of cafes and restaurants to support the entertainment uses that might happen within the podium.
Le Pli ‘ TOURIST’S HYPER CENTER, DOWNTOWN, DENVER, 2010 ’
TRANSPARENT AND OPAQUE
First I drew diagrams pointing a spot and sitting it inside but drawing it outside. Gathering the points I tried to create the repetitions of the inside and outside space. This repetition idea was from the discussion of authenticity which is repeatable and can be repeated like a signature. Creating this study model I found out “folding”can be a means to create a space when “whenever you are in, you are going outside and whenever you are out, you are going inside”.
TOURIST AND NATIVE Premise 1 There is no NATIVE without a TOURIST. There is no TOURIST without a NATIVE. 2 From INside always looking OUT From OUTside always looking IN Separation: Tourist will always look outside Native will always look inside Identification by activity: Tourist is tourist. Native is tourist.
That means, there are NO tourist and native. Connection: Tourists will always look outside. Natives will not look inside when they are outside. Natives will look outside only when they’re inside. Identification by activity: A Tourist is tourist. A native is native. A native is only a tourist inside.
16 th St. M all
Broadway 16 th St .
Civic Center Park
BROADWAY ST, DENVER The site is located on a very critical location. At the end or start of 16th st. mall, between the diagonal downtown grid and the rectangular grid of southeast Denver at the point where high-rises end and a flat space starts. It is between very private office spaces and public park and museum districts, also the height of the land starts to rise up from this point. These red marks affect to the site approximately. I marked with the lines where the space you can only read with the faĂ§ade in the site. My site strategy consisted of grabbing and directing the movements happening around the site and keeping the experimental cycle in the site. The sticks are located to help direct and rotate the movements. Based on the sticks, my design proceeded to the layering and massing of volume and space and to the exterior and interior material.
My program consists of bookstore, a multi-purpose gallery and information and cafĂŠ on this volume. A cinema, pool and bicycle rental station reside on the other volume. This volume works as an information center and the other volume works as an entertainment center.
Denver Art Museum Denver Public Library Colorado History Museum
G-3 G-2 G-1
A-3 B-3 B-2 B-1
3 PLANAR FIGURE SEPARATION
CONNECTION + SEPARATION
B C 45
FOLD(ING) There is a separated space between A and B. If you fold this space, you are connecting A and B and at the same time you will separate the spaces 1, 2 and 3. “Folding is a method by which buildings arise through the unfolding of land, materials and spaces into continuous form. Popularized by a generation of architects, who had been educated by the likes of Peter Eisenman and had read Gilles Deleuze’s Leibniz, or The Fold, this method seeks to replace the alienating experience of creating separate spaces that remove themselves from the rest of reality and that re-articulate the laws of gravity. Folding is also possible because of the plasticity if modern materials and this dates back to the first experiments in concrete at the beginning of 20th century. Folding has become much
easier to achieve and more popular because of the use of computers, plastic and compounds in the building process. Here, the formal results of systems thinking intersect with the romantic tradition of form-making that is intuitive and anti-hierarchical.“ - AARON BETSKY -
DRAWINGS cinema 1
pool potential retail space
bicycle rental station ticket office
potential retail space
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
cafe book store
book store void
multi-purpose gallery void
1ST FLOOR PLAN
2ND FLOOR PLAN
TOURISTâ€™S HYPER CENTER After the discussions about tourism I set two premises. 7
First: there is no native without a tourist and there is no tourist without a native. This idea is based on a structurism idea. The second premise was simple, from inside you are always looking out and from outside you are always looking in.
1. mass 2-4. volume 5-6. space 7. exterior 8. interior 8 9. material
In design if you design something like the Eifel tower, not only tourists but also natives will look inside. That will make the native a tourist because the activity is a tourist activity. That means there is no tourist because there is not a native. My strategy of design was breaking the separation of inside and out-
1/8”=1’-0” physical model
Link ‘ TRANSITIONAL HOUSING FOR IRAQ AND AFGHAN VETERANS AND HOMELESS, ELYRIA, DENVER, 2009 ’
historic landmark _ El centro su teatro
E Brighton Blvd.
Denver Coloseum highway
The site of this project is to the north side of I-70 in Denver, wedged between industrial parks and railroad tracks. It would be a hard place to maintain a unified peaceful neighborhood in any city, but with proper revitalization the area could also be a bastion in an area not known for its community aspects. On the east side of the building is high street, and on the south side is 47th avenue. 47th is a busy and central street to the neighborhood, and will serve as the face of the complex. Just down 47th avenue is the town center, and it serves as the main thoroughfare for the neighborhood. This is incredibly important for my design because this is one of the shortest lengths along the property, but is incredibly important for how the building will be viewed.
RESEARCH Elyria Swansea Neighborhood Transitional Housing Residents Now 6 months later Income Median Income
$35,950(2007) : $55,212 (CO average) $0
$15,000 - $35,000
Employment Unemployment Rate 6% 100% 0% Car Means of Transportation 55% drove a car alone 0% 60% 27% carpooled 30% 30% 8% bus 70% 10% Age Median Age 28.4 32.5 Education Education Level
40% completed high school
Culture Major Population
81% of Hispanic population
Family Single-Parent Households
40% of parents 100% of parents 864 (180 men, 684 women) : 1,979 married couples with children
Residence Period of Residence
40% moved out in 5 years
6 months - 1 year
House Renters Rate
39% : 33% (CO Average)
CULTURAL CONTEXT: COMMUNITY AND RESIDENTS It is crucially important that this building not only serve as a home but as a safe haven for a group of people that has seen the worst a human mind can endure and need safety as much as they need shelter. This cannot be obtained without a clear and friendly link to their new community or without the proper amenities to help them adapt back into society. To the point of creating a friendly link with the community, I felt it was important to have facilities on site that not only helped the residents, but could also help to improve the local community and foster goodwill within that community. The low housing prices attract younger and immigrant families who are just starting to scratch by, and for which finding meaningful and gainful employment can be hard, especially for those new to this coun-
try who may not trust local or state authorities to help them. For the Veterans moving into this housing finding trust among strangers may also be very hard. Women subjected to the stresses of wartime need to have opportunities for as much solitude or socialization as they need to be able to properly recover and re-adapt to society.
HOMELESS WOMEN VETERANS - Approximately 8,000 women veterans are homeless - Numbers are expected to increase as more women return from Iraq and Afghanistan (200,000) - Women veterans are four times as likey to go homless than their civilian counterparts
RISK FACTORS FOR HOMELESSNESS COMBAT-RELATED STRESS - Half suffer from substance or alchohol dependence - One third have mental illness (PTSD) MILITARY SEXTUAL TRAUMA - 23 out of 100 women reported experiencing sexual - Assualt in the military - 75% report experiencing sexual abuse, in the military or in civilian life
TRANSITIONAL HOUSING - Of 500 VA veterans shelters, 300 say they accept women - 15 VA shelters have women-only programs - None can accept women and their children (70% of women veterans have children)
exisitng residnece density
ry nd lau n ize cit d râ€™s oo ve rh o en b oD igh s nt ne nt pe to ide c: o pen es bli ll r :o pu lic oa ub nt i-p pe m :o se ate riv i-p d m se se clo te: iva pr
ce offi n he are c yc kit da nity u en m rd m ga co ity er un nt m ce m t co en ym s it plo un em ing us ho 32
PROGRAM + VOLUME STUDY
COMPONENT LOGIC AND RESPONSE On 47th St. I have designed an employment center and community garden to encourage integration of my building into the community. The employment center is incredibly important because it is a shared building, it is on this property but it is built to serve the members of the community as much as it is to help those people living in this complex. It is not only a link between the two, but a positive facility designed to enrich the lives of anyone who may need it. Behind it is my main structure. The structure consists of 32 units, with buildings angled to receive a maximum exposure to natural light. Each unit also has a private garden area and patio to give residents an area of outdoor seclusion. The private patios are important because finding a secluded outdoor space can be very hard in a metropolitan environment and a link with the
outdoors and natural light is crucial to the mental health of those that would be living in this building. Many veterans will also have companion animals to help their healing, and an outdoor area like this that is easily accessible is important not only for the owners of those animals, but the animals themselves.
2. community garden up on employment center
3. following residential context of High St.
4. for daylighting, aligned two mass merged and got higher
5. programs layout following existing building configuration
6. as merging two masses, day care can have space for a playground
7. historical landmark
8. to reveal its facade, residential mass is moved
9. the mass angled for visual and contextual connection to 47th St.
10. for daylighting, mass is stepped down
11. exisitng building volume
12. for better connection to the neighborhood, the entire High st. side has steps.
1. volumes of the programs
SITE PLAN existing building
High St. 47th Ave.
COMMUNITY KITCHEN COMMUNITY KITCHEN AGRICULTURE
EMPLOYMENT CENTER/CLINIC CLINIC town center
47th Ave. existing residence
TRANSITIONAL HOUSING There are two things I wanted to achieve with link. I wanted the tenants of link to feel safe and secure and have a place of their own. I also wanted the building and people to have a link to the community itself, to help rejuvenate their minds and spirits. To do this I’ve created onsite facilities with this design that allow residents the choice of either seclusion or to socialize, to allow them to develop their own comfort zone and heal. The height of the model steps gradually up to link the buildings to the surrounding community so that the buildings flow naturally upward and aren’t an imposing presence in the neighborhood. I fell that this is also very important to my theme. If my structure is disconnected from the neighborhood, then the residents may feel like intruders, no one
wants to me separated onto an island in their own neighborhood.; The building itself is made primarily of wood and glass to evoke a warm and natural feeling. Hallways are designed to create a “safe place” and while being open to the outside are sheltered by the surrounding buildings. The overall effect will be a quiet environment; which is so critically important for those that may themselves be suffering from PTSD.
Type A 1br 600 sq ft.
Type B 2br 950 sq ft.
Type C 1br 620 sq ft.
Type D 2br 1300 sq ft.
internal - external relationship
2ND FLOOR PLAN
1ST FLOOR PLAN
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
3/32”=1’-0” physical model
Black Box Theater ‘ EXPERIMENTAL THEATER, BROADWAY ST, DENVER, 2008 ’
+ DESIGN STRATEGY
BROADWAY ST, DENVER
Escapism can take many forms. A trip to the theatre isn’t just a night out; it’s a vacation for a night, experiencing a story under an assumed identity. The theatre is the port for this trip and should in its own way be as exotic and unique as the stories housed within. The Black Box theatre is designed to be a destination that itself is as enjoyable as the escape to its stories. Using the site to inform the creation of a marquee led me to the concept I held when creating the program schematics of my building. The site is located on a rather complex and interesting intersection. On the north side there’s not much activity and as you walk south there is an increase in pedestrian activity. I refer to this intersection as multimodal. This building will be seen by many different types of people from dif-
ferent angles, both on foot and at speed in their car. The building has to reflect this by providing an interesting face at every angle, while maintaining cohesion as a complete structure.
weekday - daytime
weekday - night
weekend - daytime
MARQUEE recreation traffic
The marquee was an attempt at creating a reaction to these conditions. When leading the user into the building they are asked to enter a world which they have never experienced before. This is my definition of experimental theatre. I want it to be something which has not been seen, experienced, or written before. This can be related back to my biggest concept of multimodal. There is an individual, group, community and public level at which the building should be experienced. As an experience no individual trait can feel out of place, so creating a flow of consistent elements that are unique but inter-related is at the very core of the experience of this building.
weekend - night
KINETIC WALL IMAGES_Kinecity
Broadway E 2nd Ave.
E 1st Ave.
EXPERIMENTAL THEATER W
My concept is to lead the user through unique spaces. I am trying to use different spaces to influence the user into a non-traditional role. I am interested in displaying the user, in turn making them a performer in their own play.
This space is meant to be kinetic, experimental, and intriguing on all levels. Using spaces to display people becomes a unique challenge. Much like a play or any artistic performance there is a sequence of events. Allowing people to move through difference spaces in which there are multiple meanings is what I am trying to create. This dichotomy is also what I find to be intriguing about the multi-faceted spaces I have to create. Based on this I created a long precession
from the entry as to lead you to another world.
+4.5’ cafe +12’
+0’ lobby +6’
ticket booth control booth +24’ atrium -4’
void lobby -6’
+6’ green room +6’
+18’ experimental theater (50’x50’) +6’
dressing room +6’
costume shop/ laundry +18’
+24’ temporary scene storage scene shop +6’
scene loading storage dock +6’ +0’
-6’ GROUND FLOOR PLAN
+6’ 1ST FLOOR PLAN
+18’ 2ND FLOOR PLAN
primary circulation secondary circulation vertical circulation actor administration supporting performance commercial toilet
retaining wall cast in place concrete wall concrete column primary steel column secondary steel colum primary beam secondary beam steel beam
1/2”=1’-0” slice model
Urban Void ‘ AFFORDABLE HOUSING, FIVE POINTS, DENVER, 2007 ’
modern ad ditions
downtown: diagonal grid
e. Av th 0 2
ve. Park A
his tor ica l ur ban fab ric East Denver neighborhoods: rectangular grid
FIVE POINTS, DENVER One of Denver’s oldest neighborhoods, with block after block of Victorian homes mixed with luxury lofts and new housing developments, Five Points is one of the few predominantly African American-owned commercial strips in the country. Some have referred to the area as the “Harlem of the West” for its long-standing jazz history, where many of the greats, including Billie Holiday, Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, and more played at clubs like Rossonian and the Rainbow Room. The area was mentioned frequently in Jack Kerouac’s On the Road. The Stiles African American Heritage Center, The Blair-Caldwell African American Library, and The Black American West Museum tell the story of the African-American in the West. This site is wedged between a historic district and encroaching mod-
ern housing. To better mesh the two on the site, the complex is built on a raised platform that flows smoothly down to Benedict Park, granting a subtle transition between the modern designs and the valuable historic areas in five points. The building itself is raised above this platform on pylons to increase visibility of key historic areas.
HYBRID STRUCTURAL MODEL
white transparent acrylic
50% of 2 br - private
vs black transparent acrylic
others - private
acrylic with pixel
mesh with woven wire
open to public
screw + bolt + washer
vs wire + rubber joint + metal ring
Co ur t
e. Av rk Pa
Cl ev ela nd
nd 22 . St
20th Ave. Penn St. 69
AXIS The surrounding of the site has many different characters and elements. Broken down, this area has a serious identity crisis. I continued the elements of the site with lines and the lines made junctions. Based on the junctions, I modified my first master plan based on the required size and volume. This Apartment and Condominium and Townhouse were laid out for the direction of the roads. These terminations of series of dwellings adopt a different orientation to this complex. They are smoothly inserted into the mass of the condominiums and apartments, but do not coordinate with the linear system. So they introduce different types of space like an apartment building. This axis will play a decisive role to connect different types of dwellings for the community of the complex. So the position that this axis is going and the junctions
are massed is planned as a support space of this complex building.
APARTMENT CONDOMINIUMS TOWN HOMES
Park Ave. Court Pl. Benedict Park
3D STRUCTURAL MODEL
Music Concert +9’
Park Ave. +6’
PLATFORM PLAN_ activities
1br_ 700sf x 35 2br_ 1,000sf x 54 3br_ 1,200sf x 16 4br_ 1,450sf x 4 109 units
AFFORDABLE HOUSING The goal with this building was to implement several unique ideas into a building that also maintained a responsible design and modest budget. Each unit has been designed to be modular which not only reduces initial building costs, but allows further expansion to the building when necessary. Along the bottom of the building a platform has been implemented that was designed to give open space to residents and to encourage them to socialize and develop a strong bond of community. Each unit is also designed with a large outdoor patio that allows residents more room and outdoor space attached to their own living areas, while having a low cost of construction. Furthermore, the open patios give residents a chance to be outside in familiar surroundings and accept the context of the surrounding neighborhoods.
2BR UNIT SECTION
platform Park Ave.
ground floor retail
1BR UNIT SECTION
Benedict Park 20th Ave.
3RD FLOOR PLAN
4,6,8TH FLOOR PLAN
1/4”=1’-0” scale structural model
Archi on ‘ ARCHITECTURE CULTURAL CENTER, NAMSAN, SEOUL, 2003 ’
Changduk Palace Gyeongbok Palace
Jongmyo (king’s grave)
3 7 9 Duksoo Palace
8 Namchon cultural area
Namsan (south mountain) 75
NAMSAN, SEOUL 1. Myung-dong 2. Guancheurl-dong 3. Insa-dong 4. Book-dong 5. Namdaemun Market 6. Jung-dong 7. Chungjin-dong 8. Korean traditional house village 9. Jongro 10. Jangchung-dong 11. Dong Market 12. University Street
subway station tourist’s destination historic castle wall green main street pedestrian way water
The site is located in the old Seoul area which is surrounded by four gates and walls. There are still numerous national treasures in this area. This site is in the Namchon cultural area adjacent to Korean traditional house village. Even though this area has precious cultural properties, it lost its character because of its thousand years of history. Like other sites in this area the site is in the middle of several very different factors. First; the site’s maximum altitude difference is 11m. There are densely residential districts on the low side that have small scales. On the upper side, there is a large radio station, an art institute, a city library, and buildings. Moreover, Namsan itself is one of the biggest green zones in Seoul, and this is between Namsan Park and the heart of Seoul. This site is located between public and private, small and large scale, green and
gray, high and low. I choose to find urban scale from the physical and theoretical research of the site to solve these issues.
URBAN SCALE Seoul is the capital and largest city of South Korea. The history of Seoul can be tracked back as far as 18 BCE. This site is located in the old city part of Seoul. Seoul of Joseon Dynasty, Seoul of Japanese colonization period, and now, its area has increased. The streets, the buildings, and the facilitiesâ€™ scale also have increased. Like there is generation gap between even twins, we feel generation gap between buildings constructed several years ago and buildings constructed lately. This site, Jung-gu of Seoul is representative of this issue. We can notice that easily in the air photos. The site looks unbalanced as if a 1/200 scale model and a 1/300 scale model are sitting together at one place. To solve this issue I emptied all factors in this site and analyzed the surrounding factors and adapted the scale that I found from surroundings to this
site. As one of the methods to adapt these factors to this site, I used 2 dimensional composition. 2 dimensional composition expressed with a 3 dimensional concept is used to find the relationship between heterogeneous factors in this site. small scale houses large scale buildings by-street main steet
URBAN SCALE STUDY
PROGRAM Material room AV material room Gallery
Sitting steps Kitchen
Sop aA ve.
Projection room Restaurant Hall Information
Terrace Office Gallery 2 Gallery 1
Storage Office Information
Workshop-gallery Workshop 1 Hall Office
Workshop 2 Workshop 3 Storage
In te rc Co han nf ge e As ren se ce m Pr bly ac t Pr ice ac ti Ap ce pr e Ex cia hib tio n Ex ition er c Am ise u Di sem nin en Ing ts fo rm at ion
Region Assembly Hall Childrenâ€™s Cultural Center Womenâ€™s Center Lifelong Education Center Region Center Communiry Center Architecture Cultural Center
ARCHITECTURE CULTURAL CENTER Architecture is culture. Architects need to communicate with the public and the public also needs to know about architecture as popular culture. The Architecture cultural center would satisfy this desire to offer a space for their communication. I took this program from an architecture community web site. I explored several architecture community websites and classified their categories to adapt them to real space. Taking programs from a web community is a good way to predict what kind of activity would occur and what kind of place users need. I used this information to make a relationship diagram that separates the different functions of rooms and their relation to eachother, and
used this model in my design.
B1 void C1
Deck 2 (G.L. +7m)
A3 A6 A4 1. site
2. empty out the site
Deck 1 (G.L. +7m)
G.L. +7.0m FLOOR PLAN A3 (G.L. +11.4m) A4
3. divide the site into axis
4. decide solid and void space
Yard 2 (G.L. -2m - +0m)
Deck 4 (G.L. +0m)
Yard 1 (G.L. +1m)
5. connect solid volumes
Deck 3 (G.L. +1.6m)
6. create spatial relationship and layers of the space
A1 Information A2 Office A3 Audio-visual room A4 Projection room A5 Foyer A6 Terrace A7 Hall A8 Workshop A9 Storage A10 Workshop+Gallery
B1 Gallery B2 Audio-visual material room B3 Material room B4 Storage B5 Information B6 Office C1 Restaurant C2 Library C3 Office
A2 A8 A8
G.L. +1.6m FLOOR PLAN
Samsung Media Center ‘ SUWON HWASUNG UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE ARCHITECTURE COMPETITION, SOUTH KOREA, 2002_ SPECIAL PRIZE ’
DESIGN STRATEGY Jangan gate
Hwahong water gate Changryong gate
+ Hwaryungjun Hwaseong palace
81 Paldal gate
HWASUNG FORTRESS, SOUTH KOREA Hwaseong, the wall surrounding the centre of Suwon, the provincial capital of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea, was built in the late eighteenth century by King Jeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty to honour and house the remains of his father Prince Sado, who had been murdered by being locked alive inside a rice chest by his own father King Yeongjo having failed to obey his command to commit suicide. Located 30 km south of Seoul and enclosing much of central Suwon including King Jeongjoâ€™s palace Haenggung, UNESCO designated the fortress a World Heritage site in 1997. The Suwoncheon, the main stream in Suwon, flows through the centre of the fortress. The site is wedged between Hwaseo gate(west gate) and Jangan(north gate). It is also between Paldal Blvd. which is the busy main street connecting south gate to
north gate and historic preservation area which have Hwaryongjun and Hwaseong Palace. These location components make this site perfect for the Samsung media center because Samsung has its main business district in Suwon being critical role for the cityâ€™s economy.
2ND FLOOR 3 8
n gate Janga
. l Blvd Palda
Hw ase o ga te (w est gate )
HISTORIC PRESERVATION AREA
l gate Palda gate) (south
MEDIA COMPLEX It is crucially important that this building not only have historical character but high technology character for its program. I started my design from the study of old maps of Hwaseong finding its old street patterns. Since development of the sites in this fortress has been prohibited partly, I could find the old street patterns and buildings remaining around the site. To accomplish the simultaneity and complexity of the site, I overlapped this old pattern to the present street map. The space planned by these lines from the overlapped patterns also has a spatial relationship of Korean traditional architecture. To connect Paldal Blvd. to historic preservation area I used the traditional architecture principal of the sequence of sceneries framed by building structure. The special experience is sequential from the outside to the inside and it is incred-
ibly important to display and exhibit Samsung media technology and Hwaseong history through its media technology.
St. Jangan 5
lvd. Paldal B
1 1 void 2
3 6 void void
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
1ST FLOOR PLAN
1. media art gallery 2. movie and photo gallery 3. Hwasung history gallery 4. Hwasung simulation gallery 5. electronics gallery 6. electonics store 7. lobby 8. convention hall 9. restaurant 10. office
Open School ‘ ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, NOWON, SEOUL, 2002 ’
PROUN: SIMULTANEITY AND COMPLEXITY El Lissitzky’s PROUN was a acronym in Russian that loosely translates: “Project for the Affirmation of the New.” Just after the Russian Revolution, Lissitzky and a number of artists called the Suprematists consciously went looking for a new way to express, teach and distribute art. This was a direct response to the Russian Revolution and it celebrated the language of industrialization as a language of hope, modernity and a departure from the old. The Suprematists, seeking a complete departure from the representational art and design of the past, expressed themselves in simple, geometric forms that could not have existed in nature. Their graphic works were made to be mass produced as propaganda posters. CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT_’neuer’ by El Lissitzky
El Lissitzsky’s PROUNs go beyond the embrace of a new revolutionary
visual language. The PROUNs are a step beyond the Suprematist twodimensional orthodoxy into a realm of new possibilities and endless imagination. The PROUNs defy the surface of the canvas and extend into space adding a third dimension to the modern vocabulary.
teacher’s lounge 2
,classroom 1 cafeteria
,1 nursing room
,1 q gymnasium
,1 q library
8.1m x 8.1m
7.2m x 18.0m
6.0m x 8.0m
6.0m x 5.0m
8.1m x 12.15m
8.1m x 12.15m
8.1m x 12.5m
8.1m x 12.15m
8.1m x 12.15m
5.0m x 6.0m
12.0m x 10.0m
8.1m x 16.2m
4.0m x 8.0m
8.1m x 4.05m
20.0m x 20.0m
20.0m x 30.0m
,1 media space
open space 3
SPATIAL RELATIONSHIP STUDY
COMPONENT LOGIC AND RESPONSE On Dongnamu St. I have designed a gym and special class building to encourage integration of my building into the community. Classifying spaces by level of grade and by occupation time and users is incredibly important to layout the program for both community and students I analysed noise and traffic component of the site. Every four classrooms have a media room and an open space. This will be a cluster of education group units. This cluster unit design helps every different type of space connect directly like the space relationship diagram shows on page 30. These programs are based on open education study preceded before the design phase. Also small outdoor yards between clusters are designed to encourage open education for students. Special classroom clusters are located in the middle of school building to shorten
walking distance from classes because this moving might bother other classes visually and aurally. Also this location has good approach from the main street around the site and next to the gym which is for both the community and students because these special classrooms will be used for the community after school hours.
DESIGN STRATEGY Dongnamu St.
8:00 - 17:00
students teachers residents (%) 100 50
17:00 - 22:00
OCCUPANCY PROPORTION BY TIME
By adapting the Proun concept to this program, ambiguous sequence relation, transparency, and destruction of logical relation between spaces and object are created. This Complexity is exactly what the open-school intends. While preexisting methods to teach information was from teacher to student, everybody is given information equally in the modern information-oriented society. Consequently the concept of modern education has changed. Closed- education is no more effective, and open-education to communicate with people and other fields is needed. If a school plan has undefined layers and admits overlapped flow of people around, then the Complexity will create communication among students, residents, and educational programs. It should show layers on the canvas, and the layers should have a rela-
tionship each other. This relationship has uncertainty when they compose 3-dimentional space. This is for experiential construction by layers that build up. The uncertain relationship would be analyzed diversely by users. Thus, diverse spaces and various time fragments exist simultaneously overlapping layers.
nature observation media room
media room classroom
classroom open space
classroom open space
open space media room
open space media room
GROUND FLOOR PLAN_ hand drawing
1. classroom 2. open space for classroom 3. media room 4. laboratory 5. library 6. audio-visual room
1ST FLOOR PLAN_ hand drawing
SECTION_ hand drawing
STRUCTURE AND SPACE ELEMENT STAGE OF SPACE, MENTIS 2009
Space is often a derivative of a fundamental code played out on a repetitive stage. At an element stage, a crystal is the seed for a self-repeating and generating structure that results in geologic repetition. What effect can be achieved through regeneration and organization of form in architectural space? 1. Design several variations of 2d structural components considering strength, lightness, form, whimsy, delicacy, elegance, order, or scale. 2. Choose one of these structural components and explore possible spatial compositions. 3. Using the element, define 3d space. Use blocks, layers, scale, and color to manage the space.
DESIGN DIAGRAM CONSTRUCTION OF DNA AND SPACE, UDINE by PICABIA 2009
At the life stage, a self-repeating and generating structure called DNA splits and recombines the code of life to create new life. The materials of inorganic and organic structure are the stuff of architectural manipulations. Do architectural design and the creation of form and space mimic these mechanisms and parallel their experience? Does a selfrepeating form and the derivatives of that form hold promise in the directed study of architecture? Are they integral to the creative process? What role can a computer play in this investigation?
BRAZILIAN STUDENT’S BUILDING, CITE UNIVERSITAIRE DE PARIS
PENCIL on PAPER
PENCIL on PAPER
REICHSTAG IN BERLIN (GLASS DOME)
CITE UNIVERSITAIRE DE PARIS
PENCIL on PAPER
PENCIL AND COLOR PENCIL on PAPER
PROJECT TEAM 2012
The Souk_Commercial and Housing Complex
Kyungjae Blaich + Michael Brendle + Tom Wuertz + Nathan Gulash + Jeremy Ehly + Brita Gill
Architecture School_School and Student Housing
Kyungjae Blaich + Michael Brendle + Rich Von Luhrte + Tania Salgado + Kevin Keady
Kyungjae Blaich + Michael Brendle + Tom Wuertz + Thanong Poonteerakul + Ryan Meeks + Eric Pearse + Todd Wenskoski
Ruwais Hotel_ Conceptual Hotel Design
Kyungjae Blaich + Michael Brendle + Tom Wuertz + Green team
Kuala Lumpur City Center_Master Plan
Kyungjae Blaich + Michael Brendle + Tom Wuertz + Urban Design and Landscape Architecture team
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO DENVER
PROJECT TEAM INSTRUCTOR EXTRA 2010
Le pli_Touristâ€™s Hyper Center
Nominated work to AIAS Design Excellence Awards
2009 Link_Transitional Housing Kyungjae Blaich Phillip Gallegos 96
Black Box Theater_ Experimental Theater
Kyungjae Blaich + Keenan Franklin + Xinyi Gao
Urban Void_ Affordable Housing
Kyungjae Blaich + Xinyi Gao
PROJECT TEAM INSTRUCTOR EXTRA 2003
Archi-on_Architecture Cultural Center
Samsung Media Center
Open School_ Elementary School
Kyungjae Blaich + Bumhee Han + June Yang
Suwon Hwaseong Design Competition, Special price
1999 - 2012
Architectural work from 1999-2012