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Dear Readers, The e-magazine we are presenting to you has been created by the students and teachers of five secondary schools who for the last ten months have been collaborating on an eTwinning project called Does the Earth have borders? Migration and Human Rights. The focus of our work was the plight of modern-day refugees who are forced to flee their homelands and seek safety and peace in Europe. We have been trying to look at their ordeal from their perspective. Our students have come up with their own personal definitions of the word 'home' and have packed their 'refugee bags'. Our German partners had an opportunity to experience a refugee's journey participating in an interactive Exhibition on the Theme of Escape held in Kiel. The Italian group interviewed Bakary, 'New Odysseus' from Mali. The name Odysseus does not appear here by chance, because to help our students understand the current migrant crisis in Europe we encouraged them to analyse the extracts from two ancient epic poems, Homer's Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid. Moreover, they were expected to study the history of the Middle East and keep up-to-date with the situation in Europe. The e-magazine we are sharing with you is the result of our pupils' work. We hope you find it an interesting read, Teachers Giusi, Sabine, Hedia, Lamia, Dora and Joanna from Liceo Scientifico G. Marconi, Foligno, Italy Hebbelschule, Kiel, Germany Lycée de Grombalia, Tunisia 2nd High School of Ilioupolis, Greece Zespół Szkół Ogólnokształcących nr 6, Bydgoszcz, Poland


Contents 4 Bakary New Odysseus from Mali 6 Home is ... 8 Home is ... where refugees are welcome with open arms 9 Migrants and their home 10 What would you take with you if you had to leave your home? 12 What do refugees take with them when they escape? 13 Too young to die 14 A journey to Lampedusa 15 "Neighbours" of the smallest and the abandoned 16 A story of an immigrant family in Poland 17 Majid's story 19 I don't want to die in this boat 20 A trip from Syria 21 Enaiatollah's journey 22 Free Syria and Anna Alboth's story 23 Help from Greece 24 An interview with a woman from a sport club in Gettorf 25 Volunteers who save lives 26 The countries the migrants are escaping from 27 A history of migration 30 Syria 31 Syria's Civil War 34 Ancient Poems 36 The Nausicaa's song - Odyssey 37 Odyssey Book VI The Princess and the Stranger 40 Xenia Law 42 The journey of Aeneas 45 Our students' reports 46 Reportage from the seaside 47 Refugees in numbers 48 Hungary as a major transit country for migrants 49 Report from the borders: Israeli-Syrian Border 51 Reportage from the borders 52 German group's special report: Experiencing a refugee's journey 57 Acknowledgments


BAKARY - NEW ODYSSEUS from Mali on a journey in search of a Spain deported 300 refugees better life. a day back to Africa.

It's a warm summer day in Foligno, Italy and a group of secondary school students are enjoying a relaxed lesson outside. At a distance it may seem an idyllic scene, but it is far more than that. The students and their teacher, Mrs Giusi Gualtieri, are interviewing a very special guest, Bakary, a young man from Mali, whose journey from his local village to Italy took long nineteen months. Bakary did not flee his country because of war. He was born in the south of Mali and, a rebel at heart, decided to take his future in his own hands and leave his family home for good.

With no ID, no photos, not even a bottle of water. Barefoot, with his mom's slippers a couple of sizes too big in his little bundle. He started missing his family, friends and school the moment he left, but he did not look back. He walked for twenty-nine kilometres before he reached the first bigger town. He entered a restaurant and offered to wash the dishes in exchange for some food and drink. He slept on the street. It was safe there, he says.

His fortunes improved slightly when it turned out he could cook well. He used his mom's recipe to prepare a meal for his co-workers and he got promoted from kitchen helper to assisstant chef. Still, he wasn't happy. Life in Africa, he explains, The war was close and Mali differs from that in Italy, as was not safe anymore. He it is governed by different wanted to leave. rules. In his local village he had to obey the rules Europe, Bakary says, he did created by the leaders of not really want to go to. He the local community and his only wanted to find a place parents. As a very in Africa, where he could independent child, he found live and work in peace, earn it too much to bear and at a decent salary. He knew the age of fifteen he there were agreements emptied his schoolbag, between Italy and Nigeria as packed a few t-shirts and a well as Spain and Mali. pair of trousers and set off Those were the days when

Bakary, for purely economic reasons, chose a different destination, Equatorial Guinea. He failed to get into the country because of strict border controls, but a seven-month journey there took him through Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria and Cameroon. It is Cameroon that he remembers most vividly. Bakary had nothing there, he didn't speak the language, he was desperate, hungry and thirsty. At some point he sat down opposite a house. Two children ran out of the building, spotted him sitting there, realised he was unwell and took him home. Their parents were furious and they forced him out of the house, but when they left, the kids brought him food and drink. They were a girl and a boy, about 7, 8 years old, he has no contact with them, but he thinks about them a lot. It is to them that he owes the second part of the journey the kids' crying attracted the attention of their parents' friend who invited Bakary into his home, fed him and helped him get to Libya.


Bakary says he has seen it all. He has learnt a lot of things, he has got to know a lot of cultures. There are parts that are beautiful and those that are hard, he says. The biggest challenge for him was crossing the desert. He had to pay the Tuaregs to guide him through it. The traffickers were riding camels with Bakary and 20 other migrants following on foot. A hard, arduous journey. But he made it. And he seems to be a happy person sitting on the lawn in the grounds of an Italian secondary school and recounting the story to a group of very intent listeners. His Italian is very good, his demeanor that of a man satisfied with his life.

Bakary's journey has a happy ending, but not all migrant stories end on a positive note.

programmes. They are issued documents, they form first friendships. At times the assimilation process is smooth and easy, at others it is extremely difficult. Some refugees lack strength and motivation to move on with their lives, they need to be constantly pushed by social workers. They need encouragement to live.

At the start of the interview we hear Mrs Gualtieri ask Bakary a question: What is the most difficult challenge refugees face? They frequently experience terrible things at sea, they witness other people's deaths, they feel miserable Bakary's story is a successful and depressed. one, but it is the answer to the first question posed in Bakary answers that the the video interview that most difficult time comes stayed with me. when a refugee is granted Undoubtedly, the journey permanent residency. that the migrants have to Before their autonomous, take to get to Europe may be independent life in Italy a life-or-death experience, starts, migrants stay at a but it is just a tiny step on a cetre for refugees. They are long and twisting road to taught Italian and comfort and happiness (JL). participate in youth help

To see full interview with Bakary, go to https://youtu.be/-FuSFM0D8Z0 and https://youtu.be/OdbvT9d2O_E


Home is ... At the start of our project we asked our students what Home means for them. Here are some of the answers. Enjoy! Xristina Kalamaki-Nefeli Bouta-Dimitris Boutas-Nikolas Kurgotasis-Aimilia Balla-Anastasis Loukatos Home is where the people you love are and not only your family but your friends too. Where you feel comfortable. Also home is the place where you sleep and spend your day. Some people don't have a home, so I think we should be happy that we have a home and a place to sleep. Home is where your family is. The biggest part of our memories are the things we have done in our houses with the people who are important to us. Finally, home is the place where you always feel protected. Sara Spinelli I think "home" is where you can relax, stay with your family and be yourself. It is certainly a refuge from the world outside, but in my opinion "Home" are mainly the ones who you love, your family. This is the reason why I would not think twice to escape from my country if I was with my family. Without them, without your home, you are alone in the middle of the most important journey of your life and it's really difficult! Margarita Liakopoulou Home...... This word means a lot of things! For example it means : love, happiness, protection and ... homework!!! Zuzanna Bereda Home is a place where people feel good and safe. This is a place where I can feel loved. A real home is created by family and friends, not bricks and empty walls. Aleksandra Tylicka Home is where I belong. One of my favourite songs is "Welcome home" by Radical Face. The lyrics are: "All my nightmares escaped my head, Bar the door, please don't let them in". In my opinion this is the definition of home. Pavlina A house does not have to be big, have king-sized beds or brand new appliances. All that needs a home to be home is a family inside it. A family that cares for each other and loves every member of it.


Karolina Śmielak Home, sweet home... For me, home is a place where I can be myself. A place where I don't need to pretend anything. It's also important to feel safe and accepted by other people around me. There's a song by a Polish music band called "Lady Pank" titled "Wciąż bardziej obcy", which means "I am still a stranger". In the text of this song we can find these words : " Trzeba przecież kochać coś, by żyć. Mieć gdzieś jakiś własny ląd, choćby o te dziesięć godzin stąd." I think I could translate it as " You need to love something to be alive. You have to have your own land (your own place), even if the way to get to your land takes ten hours." In my opinion, it's the best definition of home. Fathia Home is being around people who can drive you absolutely crazy one moment and make you feel like a million dollars the next. It’s knowing that no matter how hard times get, someone is there for you. Per and Marian For us Home is where our PC stands an WiFi begins. Also home is a safe place where your friends ad family are. But at home there is also always enough good food. Stevie Kensy For me home is where I can live without fear of being pursued by terrorism.


Home is... where refugees are welcome with open arms by Giacomo Alessi We are used to associating the word home with a place where we can stay for a long time, but for refugees it is not the same thing because they are used to changing their home for several times, due to wars or periods of political instability. Luckily, there are some people who kindly receive some refugees in order to help them with their difficult situations and, sometimes, they create a friendship that lasts also after the period of welcome. This is the story of a homeless shelter located in Asti, a city of northern Italy which has helped four Afghan refugees recently. Their story has been very hard and difficult because the police has impeded their welcome... only to give up in front of their regular residency permit. After a brief period they left the homeless shelter, but Pippo Delbono, the supervisor of the structure, has said that he misses them so much. This story is also an invite not to have prejudices about refugees because maybe at first impact they can scare you, but they are normal people like us, so try to be open to them... AND SAY NO TO RACISM!

( Pippo Delbono is also an actor, musicist and a theatrical choereographer )


Migrants and “ their home” by Eleonora Catarinelli Personally I conceive "home" as a place where I can be myself and the place where I have my own full rights. For migrants "home" probably was not all that. Not for a person who runs away trying to avoid a situation objectively dramatic. Just think of the Syrians, when the war broke out they had to give up everything they had. At that time they probably thought they lost their "home" as I interpret it and that is why they emigrated hoping to find it elsewhere. In my opinion home is something for which a person would die just to get it back, because everyone needs a place to feel free from any problem. I have read "The Wretched of the metropolis" by Andrea Staid. In this book the author includes many stories of migrants he personally interviewed. It presents some testimonies in which migrants explain why they lef their homes. I mention two: "I decided to flee from Libya, because the situation was becoming increasingly dangerous, there are real racists, for them a man with black skin is something bad, dangerous, I experienced a lot of difficult situations. For this I put aside the money and boarded a boat to Italy "(Baba, Senegal) "I left alone and this was already a strange thing, but my family had been destroyed by internal wars in my country and I had no choice but to run away (...) I experienced all during the trip, and I am ashamed to tell you about it. I just hope I really start a new life and forget everything I've been through "(Baina, Sierra Leone) For those of you who want to get an even more in-depth insight into the issue of migration I recommend that you read the book! Browsing the internet I read something relating to this topic too. In an article in the "Manifesto", a communist newspaper, you are perceived as migrants when you abandon your home. Abandoning your home means you no longer feel that you belong to something. I quote the part that I think is most important: “Imagine being one of the refugees piled up in Calais, the Eurotunnel entrance, and who try to cross it every night getting under the trailer of a truck to come back rejected time and time again. Or a migrant on the border of Melilla waiting to find ways to bypass the fence that prevents you from entering Spain.Or a Syrian refugee, an Afghan or one marching through the streets of Serbia with what remains of his family, who still does not know that on the borders with Hungary he will find a fence to prevent him from crossing the border. Or an Eritrean who has boarded a boat by force, after months of waiting and violence, in the hold of an old tramp, who knows maybe the boat will sink with him, but he has no choice. Or a woman clinging to the rocks with her children in Ventimiglia. It's a difficult exercise of imagination to imagine all that. But we must try to do the same, because "put themselves in the shoes of others" serves both to give a concrete basis in solidarity and coexistence, it is to understand a little 'better where the world goes.”


What would you take with you if you had to leave your home? Bakaru filled his migrant bag with some clothes. Here are our students' choices:

Magda Putkowska If I had to escape, I would take my phone, money and the feeling that someone will be always there for me, waiting for me to get back home. Hania Baranowska I'd take clothes, documents, money, toothpaste, a toothbrush, soap, a book, photos with my family and my friends, water, food, a raincoat and a sleeping bag.


Giacomo Alessi I think all the necessary...maybe it depends also on the weather and the period, so heavier clothes in winter and lighter clothes in summer. I will also bring with me some medicines, some canned food that lasts more, some money and also all the documents. Anyway each person is different so each person has different priorities...for example I can't move without my watch, it's fundamental for me!

Karolina Ĺšmielak Clothes: a waterproof jacket, a pair of warm socks, a sweater. Two pairs of gloves - latex and material. My mobile phone, phone charger, earphones, documents, pen, notebook, rosary, cutlery - a knife, fork and spoon, a towel, handkerchiefs, soap, a hairbrush, nail cutters, scissors, sanitary pads, calming pills and painkillers, first aid kit (look photo above) Filip Kwiatkowski Clothes, underwear, a warm jacket, a sleeping bag, Holy Bible, documents, a wallet with money, a telephone with a charger and cosmetics.


Too young to die by Marco Forti

R

eading various testimonies of immigrants which have been issued by International Rescue Committee, you have been able to notice the difficulties that these people have to face in order to escape from their homeland to save their lives. Their journey is as dangerous as difficult, in fact many smugglers, but in some cases, even the police themselves, take advantage of their desperation to wrest them money. So the lucky few who manage to get to their destination, ofen find themselves with something more than what is necessary to survive. The most moving story was that of small Omran, why he understands exactly what these small children have to suffer to have a future. Omran is a six-year-old child, he came from Damascus, Syria, and he took a trip to Germany with his extended family of five to live with relatives. Because his parents knew they would travel through forests to avoid detection, they made sure to pack bandages for scrapes and cuts. In their bag there were: -1 pair of pants, 1 shirt -A syringe for emergencies -Marshmallows and sweet cream (Omran’s favorite snacks) -Soap,toothbrush and toothpaste -Bandages


A journey to Lampedusa by Anna La Micela Last September (22-26.09.2015) I went to Lampedusa to take part in a project called "Cittadini del Mondo" ( Citizens of the World ). The island is located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea and for this reason it is the first stop for the migrants making their journey to Europe using the sea route. In recent years this land has witnessed huge flows of migrants . These coasts, as well as their inhabitants, have attempted to ensure that the migrants who arrive at the island afer strenuous trips lasting weeks find maximum comfort. Unfortunately, the trips take place on boats with precarious conditions and with little capacity to transport people for long periods of time. For this reason the trips ofen become the scene of pain and death, as it happened on Oct. 3, 2013 a few kilometers from the coast of Lampedusa. This shocking event marked forever the memory of the island and its inhabitants who have seen more than 500 people die in front of their eyes, powerless against this major pain. The island of Lampedusa and all its inhabitants have become the symbol of acceptance and sensitivity for Italy and for the whole world.


“Neighbours” of the smallest and the abandoned by Riccardo Rossi On Sunday, 6 September 2015, during the Angelus, Pope Francesco gave a speech on a very important issue, the welcome. However, during the speech he made an appeal to all over Europe; here are the original words: Dear brothers and sisters, God’s mercy is seen through our works, as demonstrated to us by the life of Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta, whose anniversary of death we commemorated yesterday. Faced with the tragedy of tens of thousands of refugees who flee death from war and hunger, and who have begun a journey moved by hope for survival, the Gospel calls us to be “neighbours” of the smallest and the abandoned, and to give them concrete hope. It’s not enough to say, “Take heart. Be patient”.... Christian hope has a fighting spirit, with the tenacity of one who goes toward a sure goal. Therefore, as the Jubilee of Mercy approaches, I make an appeal to parishes, religious communities, monasteries and shrines throughout Europe, that they express the Gospel in a concrete way and host a refugee family. A concrete gesture in preparation for the Holy Year of Mercy. May every parish, every religious community, every monastery, every shrine of Europe welcome one family, beginning with my Diocese of Rome. I address my brother bishops of Europe, true pastors, that in their dioceses they endorse my appeal, remembering that Mercy is the second name of Love: “What you have done for the least of my brothers, that you have done for me” (cf. Mt 25:46). In the coming days, the two parishes of the Vatican will also welcome two families of refugees.> I think that this speech could be a starting point for important threads. In fact, more or less each of us will have a refugee family near our home, and we could see with their eyes what migration really is. I mean that there will be no more walls, none between us and refugees. Our cultural differences may emerge in a constructive dialogue based on mutual respect. It could be a very important opportunity for us to talk with refugees, to better understand what they really feel. However, I also thought that could be a beautiful idea to share on Twin Space interviews and information gathered by refugees to make a thread that talks about their particular ideas, their traditions, what they miss most and how difficult their journey was. Sources: https://w2.vatican.va/content/francesco/en/angelus/2015/documents/papafrancesco_angelus_20150906.html


A story of an immigrant family in Poland by Hanna Baranowska Shifa is 15 years old. She came to Poland with her 8-month-old daughter. She got married at the age of 13, which is normal in Syria. Her husband had to join the army and she lost touch with him. She crossed the Syrian border illegally, with her mother-in-law and her husband's sister. She had to pay 300 dollars to be transported out of Syria, at night, walking across a river. It was very cold and she was pregnant then. In Syria, when you cross the border illegally, you can pay for it with your life. Syrian soldiers shoot at people trying to flee their country. Shifa has lost touch with her parents in Syria, who still live in her hometown. Syrian soldiers ofen come to her family house to check if there are other men in the house. While they enter through the front door, the members of the organizations opposing the government quickly leave by the back door. For the first months afer her escape from Syria she and her mother-in-law stayed with their distant family in Lebanon. The place was not safe, because there were many men who tried to harass her even though she was pregnant. They entered the bathroom when she wanted to take a bath and her mother-in-law could do nothing as the men were family. Shifa couldn't stand it and she ran away. For some months she lived in an elderly woman's garage. She took care of her till she died. Then she wanted to find employment to pay the rent for the garage, but nobody wanted to take on a single mother. She found help in a Polish charitable organization working in Bire, in Lebanon. Now she's in Poland. She stays in her flat all the time, because she's afraid to go out. When she runs out of food, the flat owner brings her some. She doesn't think about the future. She's afraid there's no help for her. http://pcpm.org.pl/pl/wesprzyj-pcpm/pomoc-dla-uchodzcow/rodzina-shifi


Majid’s story by Margarita Liakopoulou, Pavlina Katsioula, Evina Bekioti, Ariadni Bogdanou, Katerina Kondili It takes 12 and a half hours to walk from suburban Manchester to the Home Office in Liverpool. It’s not a journey normally made on foot, but due to a change in Home Office rules starting next week, it's one Majid would have had to take. Majid became homeless afer his first asylum claim was rejected. He relied on a local church for food and the generosity of friends for a safe place to sleep. The price of a train or bus ticket to the centre of Manchester - let alone to Liverpool - was far out of his reach. Afer fleeing Iran, Majid came to the UK a year ago looking for a life free of persecution. He still finds it distressing to talk about his reasons for leaving his country. Even though his first claim was refused, he knew it wouldn't be safe for him to go home. So he set about collecting fresh evidence for his case, supported by one of our advice workers.Last week's announcement from the Home Office that anyone who wants to submit fresh evidence for an asylum claim must do so in person in Liverpool could have been devastating for Majid. “I would have had to walk,” he told us, thinly veiling his exhaustion and despair. “I would do it, but with no support I would have had to walk to Liverpool.” But Majid was lucky. His evidence was ready two weeks ago, meaning he could submit it in Manchester. Even this was a challenge, as Majid speaks very little English. “I arrived at the Home Office and I just handed them my document," he says. "No one spoke my language. They didn't try to speak slowly or understand my broken English. They want to make it difficult.” For people like Majid, who've already survived harrowing journeys in search of safety, the thought of having to travel to Liverpool just to hand in evidence is daunting. “I don’t speak English and I can’t communicate with anyone," says Majid. "That is my biggest problem. I also don’t know people in Liverpool and I couldn’t stay with anyone.” He added, shaking his head: “It would be really hard. It was hard here and it only took twenty minutes!" Majid is about to become homeless again, as the friend he has been staying with is moving in with his partner. He's anxious about the future, but hopes his fresh evidence will finally help him prove his need for protection. In the meantime, travelling anywhere remains impossible. His only choice is to wait and hope.


An interview with an eight year old boy by Thordis Ahrendt 1. Where did you escape from? We escaped from Kosovo. 2. When did you come to Germany? We came to Germany in December 2015. 3. Why did you escape? My parents didn't have enough money to feed us. We were five kids and my mom was pregnant. My mom couldn’t work and my dad had only a poorly-paid job. 4. How did you escape? We escaped by bus, train and on foot. 5. What do you miss from Kosovo? I miss my house, my neighbors, my grandma and the food. 6. Do you feel comfortable in Germany? Yes, I do. 7. Have you found new friends? Yes, I have. Fortunately there are a lot of nice children in my class. 8. Do you want to go back to Kosovo? I wouldn’t want to go back to live there permanently, but I would want to go back to visit my grandma and neighbors. 9. What are your plans in Germany? Now I’m in first class. I would like to go to school until I graduate and then I would like to work. My parents want to have the right of residence, so my dad can work and earn some money. We want to buy an apartment and we want to live in Germany legally. My impression of the young boy: In the meantime, the boy can speak a little bit of German. He is a friendly and bright boy. He has a large family. There are six children and two adults. He came to Germany when he was 6 years old and when he escaped he had no idea what challenges he would have to face. His parents told him to be hopeful. The family really hopes that they will receive the right of residence in the near future. This is important for the younger siblings so they can attend school, too and also enables the parents to get a job.


Refugees’ stories 'I don’t want to die in this boat' by Mpogdanou Ariadni, Liakopoulou Margarita, Katsioula Pavlina, Kondili Katerina, Mpekiwti Evina When Mohamed Nofal Yasin from Syria looked at the knife which was held by a trafficker threatening him and his family to enter the already overloaded boat, he was scared he had made the biggest mistake of his life. And that’s when he realized that traffickers had lied to him. 'They had told me that there would be only 35 people in the boat,' says 40 year old Mohamed, who was a baker and had to run away with his wife and their four children, between the age of 4 and 8 years old, from the Palestinian refugee camp Yamourk, close to Damaskos. 'When we saw more than 60 people in the boat, we refused to enter'. The sea journey had cost him 3.400 $ but he was prepared to lose the money. But the only thing he could see was that knife, pulling him to enter the boat. One of his four year old twin daughters was crying and saying she wanted to go home. Meanwhile, his eight year old son was shouting: 'I don’t want to die in this boat'. It was 1:30 at night and they had just finished a three hour route in a truck without windows. Now they were located somewhere close to the Turkish city Tsesme and the overloaded boat of the traffickers was waiting for them. Mohamed realized they couldn’t stay there. Behind them there was only sadness. They couldn’t go back. They didn’t have any house waiting for them behind. So they entered the boat full. His family had run away because of the war where his parents' had already lost their lives in 2013, when their house was bombed. The bakery that he had with his bigger brother was bombed too. Even the house of a relative where they had gone was exposed to the fire. The fears of the kids for the boat turned out to be real. Fify minutes afer beginning of the voyage, in the middle of the night, they ran out of fuel. But they were really lucky. The Greek coast guard saved them. And luckily, afer the rescue their family was taken to Chios. The family of Mohamed now hopes that the worst things belong to the past and they can finally say goodbye to the war that turned them into refugees two times. Mohamed says that he will always be thankful to the Greek coast guards. 'They saved us. They were very kind. We are very thankful to them,' he says. (This incident happened in December 2015)


A trip from Syria "A refugee, according to the Geneva Convention on Refugees, is a person who is outside their country of citizenship because they have well-founded grounds for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion." This is the official definition of a refugee: lots of people in difficult social, religious or racist conditions in their homeland try to improve their situation, more and more ofen escape from those countries to reach developed world regions. Because of the persecution they suffer, they don't have much time to prepare their stuff and they cannot take with them a massive amount of things. They ofen escape with a bag or a backpack, in which they put only the essential stuff: even only money, cellphones and clothes. I found on the internet a testimony of what a refugee brings into a foreign country. Nour is a 20 yearold Syrian guy. He is an artist, and he prepared two bags, but the smugglers told him he could take with him only one out of the two. So he decided to keep the bag with items of personal meaning leaving all his clothes behind. In his bag he has got: -A rosary (gif from his friend; Nour doesn’t let it touch the floor) -A watch (from his girlfriend; it broke during the journey) -Syrian flag, Palestinian charm, silver and wooden bracelets (gifs from friends) -Guitar picks (one also a gif from a friend) -Cell phone and Syrian SIM card -Photo ID -One shirt source: huffingtonpost.co.uk


ENAIATOLLAH’S JOURNEY by Chiara Matalone “We took a cloth bag and we filled it with a change of clothes for me, one for her and something to eat, some bread, some dates, and I couldn’t wait longer for the excitement of the journey […]; I had two <<pirhan>> while I was wearing one, I used to wash the other. When it was dry, I put it into the cloth bag, I hid it under the mattress and every evening I checked if it was still there”. This is how Enaiatollah Akbari tells us about his journey from Afghanistan to Italy through Pakistan, Iran, Turkey and Greece. His story could be found in a book called “There are crocodiles in the sea” written by Fabio Geda in 2011. His journey started from Nava, his home village, because his mum wanted him to have a better life instead of the one he was living there. They lef the village together, and they went to Quetta, a Pakistani city, near the border between the two countries where the mum decided to stay. Enaiatollah lef her in a hotel where they had lived in acceptable conditions, and where he began his real journey alone and far away from home, with no possibility of going back and bringing with them only the few things that his mother had taken away from the village. Fabio Geda on the left and Enaiatollah Akbari on the right.

On the contrary, the true bag of Enaiatollah was different from that of all other migrants. In the book he emphasizes the fact that the things that made him go on were not the food or a blanket to cover himself during the night, but the memories of his friends, of his favorite game "Buzul Bazi", and, most importantly, the words his mother had told him before she went away from Quetta: “Three things you must never do in your life: the first is to use drugs. There are some that have a good smell and also a good taste […]. The second is to use a gun […]. The third is stealing: what is your is yours, what isn’t yours isn't yours”. That book explains very well what migration means for people who cannot live a good life in their own country. Everyone could find this book in their own language, because it has been translated into more than 30 languages. What do you think about what “a refugee’s bag” should contain?


What do countries and organizations do to help? Free Syria and Anna Alboth's story by Ola Wilińska ORGANIZATIONS: There are many organisations, which help the refugees. One of them is called "Free Syria". It was established in 2013 in Poland and it unites the people who want to help the Syrians who are suffering in the conflict which takes place in their country. They send humanitarian aid to Syria and provide Syrians with food, medicines and clothes. The foundation is also engaged in a project for refugees. They help women and girls refugees who experienced physical, psychic and sexual violence. "Free Syria" organises trainings for health services, police and border guards. It prepares some informal materials for the refugees - leaflets which contain the information about violence and places where women can find help. INDIVIDUALS: Anna Alboth is a Polish reporter in Berlin, Germany. In her article she's writing about the Refugees' reactions to receiving sleeping bags with small surprises in them. Alboth organised a collection of sleeping bags in Poland, but she wanted to make the gifs more personal and decided to add something special to them- short messages for the Refugees. And now there are piles of sleeping bags in there. All of them are accompanied with a short letter, a picture or a postcard. The Refugees are translating the messages which say e.g. „Good luck”, „I like You”, „Feel welcome and feel free!”, „I'm not afraid of You at all, welcome!”, „Call me when You're in Poland”, „I'm a grandma and I understand Your problems. May God lead You. Good people help”. The one attached to a baby blanket says „Good luck, Kiddo”. Refugees are very moved by these simple words (some of them in their native language), they're taking pictures of the messages from Poland. They're all thankful for sleeping bags. That night in Berlin it was 5°C.


HELP FROM GREECE by Dimitris Kondilis, George Kalkatzis, Dimitris Kalkatzis and Aggelos Kaledrianos PEOPLE  Immigrants have the chance to do lessons in a Sunday School.  Greeks offer food , water, medicines and clothes to immigrants. ORGANIZATIONS  Melissa is a network for immigrants living in Greece. It aims at strengthening and networking, and to create a bridge of communication with the Greek society.  ActionAid Hellas is a Greek organization which, gradually, included in the actions of educational programs and awareness raising campaigns for the global problem of poverty and its causes  MDM Greece is a non-governmental organisation with humanitarian medical aid missions in Greece and in developing countries. MDM Greece is a part of the Médecins du Monde network, an international medical humanitarian organisation based in France. It promotes Greece as a country of asylum and protection of human rights and supports the Greek pharmaceutical industry. MDM Greece provides free primary health care, medical assistance, and social and psychological support to victims of catastrophes, wars, natural disasters and refugees. It equips hospitals, trains medical personnel, and offers legal advice to refugees and marginalised minorities.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fRIGEyOPYBc


An interview with a woman from a sport club in Gettorf by Nathalie and Lena 1.) How many people do you work with? Answer: Four fitness trainers, of the Gymnastics Club in Gettorf, a village near Kiel, take care of the refugee sport. 2.) How many refugees are there in a gym class? Answer: It depends. Between five and twelve refugees come regularly to do sport. A trainer runs classes with the help of an interpreter. 3.) How old are the refugees? Answer: Between 16 and 68 years. 4.) Are women and men at the gym class? Answer: Mixed sport lessons are offered. More men than women attend. 5.) How do refugees get information about the sport lessons? Answer: We made information posters in different languages (Arabic, English and German) and posted them on blackboards in refugees' villages. The sport club in Gettorf communicate with the community of Gettorf and the community of Gettorf work for the refugees without being paid. So the refugees can also get information from them. 6.) How does the communication with the refugees work? Answer: First difficult but later with the help of an interpreter it becomes easier. 7.) Do you get paid for the work with the refugees? Answer: I do. But some people work as volunteers. 8.) Are other people or only refugees at the sport lessons ? Answer: The first sport units on the power equipment are with an interpreter, because otherwise the communication isn't possible. The refugees get an introduction for the equipment and a medical questionnaire. Because it takes longer to explain all the stuff with the interpreter, we do a special introduction training at special times. When you have finished the first lessons, you can become a member of the club and as a refugee you have to pay less. Then they can go to normal opening hours. There is always not less than one trainer at the gym. 9.) When? How often? And where? Answer: The sport club in Gettorf offered the sport lessons three times a week. The lessons are for free and with the help of an interpreter at the rooms of the sports club in Gettorf. We also have asked a classmate about a festival last summer. She was at a summer open air festival for refugees at the MFG5 ground (an old airfield) last summer. Everyone had to bring some food for the buffet where anyone could eat for free. At the end of the table, where all the food was on, was bin where you could donate some money. You also could give toy away some toys (to refugees). At the festival was a skate park where you could borrow skateboards.


Volunteers who save lives… by Dimitris Kondilis Heroic fishermen who save immigrants live on Lesvos Hundreds of young European volunteers go to the island every month to help the refugees to leave the boats that are in the middle of the sea to provide food, shelter and transportation. Greek fishermen have been saving refugees from the sea for at least a decade and as the number of migrants crossing the sea has risen up this summer, their role has become more important. The Solidarity for All, in cooperation with the Solidarity Network of Lesvos provide oil, rubber boots and raincoats to the fishermen who save the immigrants. An example of this action is a fisherman who has saved people’s lives in the sea: This man, defying strong winds and putting his life in danger, has joined the battle and saves lives at sea. He tells us about the most difficult adventure he has experienced: "It was 7-8 Beaufort. The vessels of the Coast Guard could not do anything. I said to my seven crew members : Today we will save people’s lives. We gathered the nets, started the engines and went to the point that they told us. Hell. Two plastic trays spanked by rough waves. People screamed. Αll the refugees asked for water. They wanted to drink water, we did not have time to fish to make a warm Kakkavia." ...he says jokingly , unable to hide his emotion.


The countries the migrants are escaping from by Hanna Baranowska Here's what we have learnt from the Polish media: Syria Syrian refugees escape from their country because of a bloody civil war. That's what we can read on „Fakty 24” website. In „Polska Newsweek” we can read how the conflict started. In December 2010 unemployment, rising food prices, corruption and nepotism forced the citizens of many Arab coutries to take to the streets. The Arab Spring began in Tunisia. Then it spread to Algeria, Libya, Jordan and other countries of North Africa and the Middle East. The War in Syria and Iraq isn't connected only with the social revolution. It was also caused by the American intervention in Iraq, which led to the creation of the so-called „Islamic state” by terrorist organizations. The end of the war is unlikely and its effects are more and more dramatic. Since 2011 more than 215 thousand people have died and more than 4 and a half million have fled Syria fearing death and persecution. Eritrea Reporters without Borders ranks Eritrea's freedom of the press as the lowest in the world . Only 3-4 per cent of its inhabitants have Internet access and the web is so slow that even checking your mail is very difficult. The government spies on its citizens, who live in constant fear of being arrested, kidnapped or killed. They are afraid to talk to other people in the street, because it is illegal to gather there - even two people having a conversation look suspicious. Thousands of Eritrean citizens have been imprisoned without a trial and a sentence. According to Amnesty International, 10 000 people have been arrested for political reasons, but according to UN observers there might be even 100 000. The Committee to Protect Journalists claims that more journalists have been put into prison only in China and Iran. Eritrea is also full of barracks. Its soldiers do not only protect the borders, but they also build roads, bridges and work in agriculture. A country of five million people has an army of 320 000 soldiers. Since 1998 military service has been indefinite. The soldiers get paid very little money. One of the refugees, an ex-soldier, says that a monthly pay buys just one chicken. Ukraine "RMF FM", one of the biggest radio stations in Poland, says that the majority of the Ukrainians filing for a refugee status in Poland are motivated by the fear of being drafed into the army. The Ukrainian government and the separatists have been mobilizing troops for active duty.


A history of migration by Karima Hawyet People ofen think of migration as a recent phenomenon. However, migration has been a feature of human existence for centuries. Humans have always migrated in groups and as individuals to seek freedom from war and conflict, to escape hunger and poverty, to find new economic opportunities and employment, to flee from religious intolerance or political repression, or even to trade and to travel to new places. The historian Robin Cohen (1995) has identified some distinct migration periods or events that have taken place over the last four centuries.     

Migration within Europe, Africa and Asia (17th-18th centuries) Permanent settlement in the colonies (1500s to mid 19th century) Migration to the New World (1800s-1930) Post WWII migration (late 1940s to 1960s) Post 1970s migration Migration within Europe, Africa and Asia (17th century onwards) Migration within Europe took place during the modern period as religious groups like the Jews and the Huguenots sought to escape persecution and for economic reasons as farmers migrated to find work in newly emerging industries. Seasonal or circular migration, which is the term for people who go to another country and then return home every year, was a routine factor in workers’ lives during the 17th and 18th centuries. Africa also has a rich history of population movement that pre-dates the colonial period (Afani, 2013). This included seasonal or circular migration for hunting, agriculture or pastoralism, migration in search of greater security and subsistence, to escape natural disasters and warfare, for trade and pilgrimage. For example, migration from Nigeria during the 17th-18th century was ofen linked to pilgrimage to religious places in the Arabian Peninsula. Trade has always played an important role in the mobility of people in Asia. Arab and Chinese traders travelled across well established sea routes to the Malay peninsula and the Indonesian and Philippine archipelagos. There were also well established trade routes between India, the Arabian peninsula and West Africa. Circular migration was a common feature of working life for blacksmiths, and acrobats and singers who travelled in small social groups within South Asia. Explain Permanent settlement in the colonies (1500s to mid 19th century) Following the European colonisation of North and South America (as well as Australia and New Zealand), there was large scale migration of people from Europe (for example, the Pilgrim Fathers, who lef Plymouth in 1620) who settled permanently in these regions. The European colonisation of the Americas began in the 1500s and gathered pace during the


18th and early 19th centuries. Different countries in Europe including Britain, Spain, Portugal, Germany, the Netherlands and France promoted the settlement of their nationals abroad (Tinker, 1995). This migration helped to establish the dominion of Europe over large parts of the world. European settlers ofen brought new diseases to indigenous communities in the colonised regions, which decimated indigenous populations. Military campaigns and the growth in settler communities resulted in local communities losing ownership and access to their lands. Migration to the New World (1800s-1930) This phase of international migration is linked to the rise of the United States of America as an industrial power and the industrialisation of Australia and New Zealand. Migrants sought to escape poverty and the politically repressive regimes in their home countries in Europe , and motivated by the prospect of economic opportunity settled in the Americas and the former colonies in the New World. It is estimated that approximately 48 million people lef Europe between 1800 and 1930 (Massey et al., 1998). Of these, around eight million people migrated from the British Isles, including more than a million who lef Ireland following the potato famine of 1845-47. The New Zealand and Australian governments continued to offer assisted passages to migrants from Europe until the 1970s. Post WWII migration (late 1940s to 1960s)

Irish family evicted by their landlord during the Irish potato famine at Moyasta, County Clare. This period of migration took place when labour was needed in the post-war reconstruction efforts in Europe and to service the economic boom in Europe, North America and Australia. Migrants from former colonies in the Caribbean and South Asia came to find work in Britain, migrants from Turkey went to Germany and those from former French colonies in North Africa went to France. For some categories of migrants, such as those from Britain to Australia, this migration was perceived as a permanent move that was encouraged by the receiving nation - the Australian


government paid a grant of £10 to each migrant (hence known as ‘ten pound poms’). Many other groups of migrants, such as migrants from Turkey to Germany were given temporary visas as ‘guest workers’. Many of these labour migrants, including South Asian migrants to the UK, went on to settle in the receiving country. Post 1970s migration

Migrants riding outside a freight train in Mexico, 2008 Credit: Peter Haden Since the 1970s, the variety of sending and destination countries has grown phenomenally. In addition to the traditional immigration receiving countries in the Americas, Western Europe and Australia and New Zealand, a range of other countries attract a growing population of migrants. These include countries that have historically been nations of emigration such as Italy, Spain and Portugal. Additionally, the escalation of oil prices and the resulting economic boom in the Gulf region has led to a massive immigration to these countries to meet the demand for labour, though most of this is not permanent migration. There has also been a rise in labour migration to newly industrialised countries in Asia such as Thailand, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore from poorer countries in Asia such as Burma and Bangladesh. This phase of migration has features which differentiate it from earlier periods of migration. According to the UN, the proportion of women migrants has increased over the years. In 2005, nearly half of the world’s migrants were women: there were more female than male migrants in Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America, Oceania and the former USSR (Koser, 2007: 6). Whereas women traditionally migrated to join their partners or families or migrated together with their family in the earlier periods, an increasing number of women are migrating independently. These women are labour migrants, ofen the primary earners for their families. Another change is that unlike earlier phases when migration was more likely to end in permanent settlement, temporary and circular migration is again becoming more important. People are more likely than in earlier periods to migrate more than once in their lives, to different countries, and to return to their original country.


SYRIA by Gloria Ponti, Aleksandra Szafrańska and Monika Górecka Before the civil war, Syria was a strong state. Economy developed. People lived their own lives and the government ruled and took care of the citizens. The standard of living in Syria was very good. Syria was very popular among tourists. They regarded the country as a beautiful and wonderful place, where people are very friendly. It is worth noting that Syria was a multicultural state before the war. There were many representatives of various religions such as Christianity and Islam like Sunni and Shiites, who nowadays are enemies. Separate religions lived in peace side by side. Syria enjoyed with lack of ethnic or religious conflicts. (by Aleksandra Szafrańska and Monika Górecka) The war in Syria has claimed more than 130,000 lives and Syria’s breath-taking historical and cultural heritage is being devastated by the two-year-old conflict. Syria is home to some of the oldest, most advanced civilisations in the world but now it represents just a war-torn country. In fact, a rich cultural heritage built over 5,000 years has all but disappeared under the rubble of civil and political chaos: in the historical cities of Damascus and Aleppo, UNESCO-listed World Heritage sites have been torn apart by shelling and air raids. Syria’s most alluring city, Damascus, has been inhabited for over four thousand years, making it the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in the world. The ancient city holds more than 125 monuments from different periods of its history and its name comes from the ancient technique of weaving pattern onto cloth (Damask) where it was once a major centre of textile where merchants travelling on the Silk road would stop and trade in silken cloth. This city is the result of various meeting of states, empires and faiths, which is complex and unique, found nowhere else in the world. The Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, for example, was originally a temple to Jupiter, which was converted to a Christian basilica to John the Baptist, and in turn became one of the most beautiful and significant mosques in Islamic architectural history. Located at the crossroads of several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.C., Aleppo is Syria’s largest and most densely populated city and one of the oldest of the world in which the Silk Road passes through. It was an ancient commercial and industrial centre, famous for its citadel which is located in Aleppo’s centre and is one of the largest, in-city citadels of the world. At Aleppo’s centre lies the well-preserved labyrinth of medieval storehouses, caravanserais , hammams, shops, schools and ornate courtyards that make up the Old Souk, housing vendors of pastries, spices, antiques and crafs, much of it dating to the 17th century. Today, this sprawling cultural landmark has been ravaged by fire and deadly air strikes, destroying countless businesses and archaic structures. Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General has said. “Damage to cultural heritage is a blow against the identity and history of the Syrian people… It is a blow against the universal heritage of humanity.” (by Gloria Ponti)


Syria's Civil War by Margherita Feliciotti The article is based on President Assad's Interview: https://www.rt.com/news/315848-assad-syria-isis-interview/ On the cause of the Syrian civil war: The Syrian president said it might come as a surprise if he mentioned the “crucial juncture” in what happened in Syria, saying it is “something that many people wouldn’t even think of.” “It was the Iraq war in 2003, when the United States invaded Iraq. We were strongly opposed to that invasion, because we knew that things were moving in the direction of dividing societies and creating unrest. And we are Iraq’s neighbors. At that time, we saw that the war would turn Iraq into a sectarian country; into a society divided against itself. Consequently, the beginning of the Syrian crisis, or what happened in the beginning, was the natural result of that war and the sectarian situation in Iraq, part of which moved to Syria, and it was easy for them to incite some Syrian groups on sectarian grounds.” He went on to mention that the West “officially” adopted terrorism in Afghanistan in the early 1980s, calling the terrorists“freedom fighters,” and that it didn’t fight Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) when it appeared in Iraq under American sponsorship in 2006. “All these things together created the conditions for the unrest with Western support and Gulf money, particularly from Qatar and Saudi Arabia, and with Turkish logistic support, particularly since President Erdogan belongs intellectually to the Muslim Brotherhood. Consequently, he believes that, if the situation changed in Syria, Egypt, and Iraq, it means the creation of a new sultanate; not an Ottoman sultanate this time, but a sultanate for the Brotherhood extending from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean and ruled by Erdogan.” “All these factors together brought things to what we have today. Once again, I say that there were mistakes, and mistakes always create gaps and weak points, but they are not sufficient to cause that alone, and they do not justify what happened. And if these gaps and weak points are the cause, why didn’t they lead to revolutions in the Gulf States – particularly in Saudi Arabia which doesn’t know anything about democracy? The answer is self-evident, I believe.” On ISIS and terrorism Assad said that Syria is “at war” with terrorism which is supported by foreign powers, and that political forces should unite around what Syrians want – which is security and safety for everyone. “That means we should first unite against terrorism. That is logical and selfevident,” Assad said. He stated: “There are forces fighting terrorism now alongside the Syrian state, which had previously fought against the Syrian state. We have made progress in this regard, but I would like to take this opportunity to call on all forces to unite against terrorism, because it is the way to achieve the political objectives which we, as Syrians, want through dialogue and political action.” When asked about making the border area with Turkey an area free of Islamic State, Assad said that notion implies that terrorism is allowed in other regions. “That is unacceptable,” he said. “Terrorism should be eradicated everywhere; and we have been calling for three decades for an international coalition to fight terrorism.”


On the refugee crisis Referring to the refugee crisis currently underway in Europe, the Syrian president said the West is “crying for the refugees with one eye and aiming at them with a machinegun with the second one.” Elaborating on that statement, Assad added: “If you are worried about [refugees], stop supporting terrorists. That’s what we think regarding the crisis. This is the core of the whole issue of refugees.” He added that Western propaganda is reporting that the refugees are fleeing the Syrian government – which media outlets call a “regime” – even though they are actually fleeing terrorists. That “propaganda” will only lead to more refugees for the West, the Syrian president said. “…Now [the West says] there is terrorism like Al-Nusra and ISIS, but because of the Syrian state or the Syrian regime or the Syrian president. So, as long as they follow this propaganda, they will have more refugees.” On Western propaganda blaming Assad for the civil war. Assad accused Western propaganda of oversimplifying the Syrian crisis and reporting that “the whole problem in Syria lies in one individual.” He added the consequence of that rhetoric is for people to say “let that individual go and things will be alright.” He also said the West will continue to support terrorism as long as he is in power “because the Western principle followed now in Syria and Russia and other countries is changing presidents, changing states, or what they call bringing regimes down. Why? Because they do not accept partners and do not accept independent states.” He said that in Syria, the president comes into power through the people and through elections – and if he goes, he goes through the people. He stressed that a leader doesn’t go “as a result of an American decision, a Security Council decision, the Geneva conference, or the Geneva communiqué.” “If the people want [a leader] to stay, he should stay; and if the people reject him, he should leave immediately. This is the principle according to which I look at this issue.” On a political solution to the Syrian crisis Assad said that Damascus needs to continue dialogue between “Syrian entities” and “political entities or political currents,”while simultaneously fighting terrorism, in order to reach a consensus about the country’s future. “We have to continue dialogue in order to reach consensus as I said, but if you want to implement anything real, it’s impossible to do anything while you have people being killed, bloodletting hasn’t stopped, people feel insecure. Let’s say we sit together as Syrian political parties or powers and achieve a consensus regarding something in politics, in economy, in education, in health, in everything. How can we implement it if the priority of every single Syrian citizen is to be secure? So, we can achieve consensus, but we cannot implement unless we defeat the terrorism in Syria. We have to defeat terrorism, not only ISIS.” On cooperation with Russia & Iran The Syrian president said Damascus would be prepared to cooperate with “friendly countries” in its fight against terrorism, particularly Russia and Iran. Calling the relationship between Syria and Iran an “old one,” Assad said the alliance is “based on a great deal of trust.” “Iran supports Syria and the Syrian people. It stands with the Syrian state politically, economically and militarily,” he said, adding that Iranian support has been essential for Syria during “this difficult and ferocious war.”


However, he laid to rest claims by Western media that Tehran has sent an army or armed forces to Syria. “That is not true. It sends us military equipment, and of course there is an exchange of military experts between Syria and Iran. This has always been the case, and it is natural for this cooperation to grow between the two countries in a state of war,”Assad said. As for Russia, Assad said “there is a good, strong and historical relation between Moscow and Damascus.” But Assad also said that Syria has “no veto” on any country, “provided that it has the will to fight terrorism and not as they are doing in what is called the ‘international coalition’ led by the United States.” “Countries like Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Western countries which provide cover for terrorism like France, the United States, or others, cannot fight terrorism. You cannot be with and against terrorism at the same time. But if these countries decide to change their policies and realize that terrorism is like a scorpion, if you put it in your pocket, it will sting you. If that happens, we have no objection to cooperating with all these countries, provided it is a real and not a fake coalition to fight terrorism.” However, he stressed the Kurds “are not allies at this stage, as some suggest.” “There are many fallen Kurdish soldiers who fought with the army, which means they are an integral part of society. But there are parties which had certain demands, and we addressed some at the beginning of the crisis. There are other demands which have nothing to do with the state, and which the state cannot address. There are things which would relate to the entire population, to the constitution, and the people should endorse these demands before a decision can be taken by the state. In any case, anything proposed should be in the national framework. That’s why I say that we are with the Kurds, and with other components, all of us in alliance to fight terrorism.” Here is a video that shows schematically https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKb9GVU8bHE

and

clearly

these

causes:

To learn more about ISIS go to: What is 'Islamic State'? - BBC News explained.html

http://www.infoplease.com/news/2014/isis-

The Islamic State http://web.stanford.edu/group/mappingmilitants/cgi-bin/groups/view/1


ANCIENT POEMS One of the tasks our students have been asked to do during the project was to get familiar with two ancient epic poems: Homer's Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid. Here are some examples of their work! #TASK 5 How many wars and conflicts are there in the world? And how many refugees are escaping from wars and destruction like Aeneis from Troy? With your international group do some research on the wars that are destroying people and countries at the moment.

J. BRUEGEL, TROY DESTRUCTION All over the world there are about 424 wars. Many are in the African continent and in particular after the Arabian revolution the most violent conflicts are in north Africa and in Syria.

Some examples


SYRIA

Syria is destroyed by the war and a lot of Syrians must flee their country to Europ, in particular to Greece and Turkey . 2) North Africa

In North Africa after the Arabian revolution there are a lot of civil wars. The worst situation is in Libya where there is a surreal political situation. From Libya a lot of refugees arrive in Italy. by ELIA SANTINI


The Nausicaa's song - ODYSSEY

"Ulisse e Nausicaa, Michele Desubleo 001" di Mentnafunangann .

This Masterpiece is in the House of Italian Parliament. It represents the meeting between Odysseus and Nausicaa, after he was shipwrecked. The painter decided to represent this meeting describing Nausicaa giving her hospitality to Odysseus: a cloth to cover his dignity. We think that this presence in our Parliament is very significant. We must remember it. In the Odyssey, in fact, we learnt the existence of an ancient law about hospitality. Our forebears, as Homerus explains, believed that the host was Sacred. This is a no-written law. It is in the book VI of Odyssey when Odysseus, naked as in the picture, ... meets the Princess Nausicaa. This Law talks about the dignity of human beings and the duty to help who needs help. We would like to name this law: the N

ausicaa's Song.

We have asked our students to read several extracts from Book 6 of the Odyssey and write their comments.


Book VI The Princess and the Stranger But now, as she was about to fold her Afer the shipwreck Odysseus woke up on the clothes and yoke the mules and turn beach of the Phaeacians’ island and saw a for home again, now clear-eyed Pallas group of young girls; These girls were playing thought of what came next, to make ball and, at one point, princess Nausicaa Odysseus wake and see this young tossed the ball but missed the aim and hit beauty and she would lead him to the Odysseus. He sat up being worried about Phaeacians’ town. The ball— the what kind of people he is going to meet. In princess suddenly tossed it to a maid this passage we can see how Odysseus is like but it missed the girl, splashed in a the modern immigrant, in fact he deep swirling pool and they all shipwrecked on an unknown island and he shouted out— and that woke great didn’t know if the people that live on the Odysseus. He sat up with a start, island were good or not. puzzling, his heart pounding: “Man of misery, whose land have I lit on now? Miriam Lo Piccolo, What are they here—violent, savage, lawless? or friendly to strangers, god- Luca Tulli fearing men? And out he stalked as a mountain lion exultant in his power strides through wind and rain and his eyes blaze and he charges sheep or oxen or chases wild deer but his hunger drives him on to go for flocks, even to raid the best-defended homestead. So Odysseus moved out … about to mingle with all those lovely girls, naked now as he was, for the need drove him on.

Through this simile, Omero describes Ulisses' arrive at the shore while Nausicaa, Alcinoo’s daughter, is playing ball with her handmaids. Afer his shipwreck, Ulisses appears very battered but anyway still powerful and determined to complete his journey; when Nausicaa and the girls see the poor castaway, the latter get scared and run away. In this passage we can note a situation that concerns also nowadays events: in fact as Ulisses' conditions afer his ruin haven’t stopped his grit, in the same way the immigrants who arrive at our coasts don’t lose their hopes and face all the adversities they find. GloriaPonti


Rosi Riccardo Afer reading this text, it seems to me, that your fate always depends on gods. You have to survive the pain you are experiencing, even if now it seems impossible to you. In my opinion you have no other options, but survive. But you also have the right to feel your pain. Don't forget about it. Stranger,” the white-armed princess answered staunchly, “friend, you’re Karolina Śmielak hardly a wicked man, and no fool, I’d The princess names Odysseus a stranger. She say— it’s Olympian Zeus himself who says he’s not a bad or stupid man, but Zeus hands our fortunes out, to each of us himself gave him pain to bear. He just has to in turn, to the good and bad, however face it and try to live his life worthy. It’s like Zeus prefers … He gave you pain, it the Refugees- their lives are full of pain and seems. You simply have to bear it. obstacles. They are trying to make their being better, we should help them and accept them even if they're strangers to us. Aleksandra Wilińska, Kamila Kutka, Magdalena Putkowska. Aleksander Gajewski This little part of the Odyssey is very imporant.We can see how Nausicaa She called out to her girls with lovely contemplates Odysseus : she does not see braids: “Stop, my friends! Why run him as an enemy. He is a human, like the when you see a man? Surely you island’s citizens, so he can’t be dangerous.She don’t think him an enemy, do you? also says another important thing : “ he There’s no one alive, there never will comes from Zeus”.This means that we are be one, who’d reach Phaeacian soil equal because we are all human in the same and lay it waste. The immortals love way. us far too much for that. We live too far apart, out in the surging sea, off at Vincenzo Piscitelli. the world’s end— no other mortals come to mingle with us. But here’s an She asked her friends if they see Odysseus as an enemy. She doesn’t believe that a person unlucky wanderer strayed our way would risk their life by traveling a long, hard, and we must tend him well. Every stranger and beggar comes from Zeus, difficult distance just to throw it away. Not and whatever scrap we give him he’ll everybody asked the Princess for help and Odysseus needs help and she thinks that all


people are equal and come from Zeus and therefore we should offer them help. The strangers will be grateful. Nowadays every Person has to be like Odysseus. We should help the helpless person and we don't have to worry about the refguee and the stranger. be glad to get.

Thordis Ahrendt Mervet Chaktmi (Tunisie) : It's amazing to see the princess was generous and tolerant with a"refugee" (ODYSSEUS) .She called out to her girls to treat him like a human , not like an enemy because he needed help. So we must give a hand to all strangers , refugees... and not to be racist with them because a refugee = a human.

Stand where you are, dear girls, a good way off, so I can rinse the brine from my shoulders now and rub Odysseus asks the girls for privacy and as myself with oil … how long it’s been soon as they lef he oiled himself and bathed since oil touched my skin! But I won’t in the river. Afer that Nausicaa herself bathe in front of you. I would be brought him his clothes. This again shows the embarrassed— stark naked before helpfulness of the girls and especially that the young girls with lovely braids.” The princess herself brought him his clothes handmaids scurried off to tell their shows that everybody cares about Odysseus. mistress. Great Odysseus bathed in Today we have to behave the same way, greet the river, scrubbed his body clean of the refugees with happiness and help them brine that clung to his back and broad improve their situation. shoulders, scoured away the brackish scurf that caked his head. And then, Till Kurzenberger and Stecker Kensy once he had bathed all over, rubbed in oil and donned the clothes the virgin princess gave him.


Xenia law by Simone Azzarelli

Hospitality refers to the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. Hospitality was an important theme in the past and in particular in Ancient Greece. In Greece the term Xenia was used to talk about the relationship between hosts and guests. Xenia was based on three now written rules: 1. The respect from host to guest. 2. The respect from guest to host. 3. The guest should also provide a gift if they have one.


The host should be friendly with the guest and they also should give food and drink to the

Xenia

guest. was considered to be particularly important in ancient times when people thought gods mingled among them. If one had poorly played host to a stranger, there was the risk of incurring the wrath of a god disguised as the stranger. An example of

Xenia was in Homerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s poems.

Xenia is an important theme in Homer's The Odyssey. Every household in the epic is seen alongside xenia. Odysseus' house is inhabited by suitors with demands beyond the bounds of xenia. Menelaus and Nestor's houses are seen when Telemachus visits. There are many other households observed in the epic, including those of Circe, Calypso, and the Phaeacians. The Phaeacians, and in particular Nausicaa, were famed for their immaculate application of xenia, as the princess and her maids offered to bathe Odysseus and then led him to the palace to be fed and entertained. Afer sharing his story with the Phaeacians they agree to take Odysseus to his home land. We also see a new rule in the guest-host relationship. He states that you should not beat your host in a competition because it would be rude and could damage the relationship between you and your host. We can find another example of Hospitality in Kant. In fact Kant talks about this topic in the third article of the Perpetual Peace. He thought Hospitality was the principle of cosmopolitan law. He said the heart was as a common place where all the people could stay and so we must have the same possibility to own a part of heart. Talking about the war between each population, Kant introduced an original point of view: inequality between people is one of the main causes of war. Hospitality and peaceful coexistence are the most fixed guarantee of peace.


The Journey of Aeneas by Riccardo Rosi

(1) Thrace (NE of Troy - the Cicone area of the Odyssey) Aeneas intended to build a city there and call it after himself but when he began to prepare the ground, blood oozed from the roots of the plants. it was the burial place of Polydorus the son of King Priam of Troy, who was killed by his treacherous host. Aeneas therefore moved on. (2) Delos(AegeanSea) Aeneas entered the temple of Apollo. The oracle told him to move on to the place of his ancestors. Anchises interpreted this to be Crete. (3) Crete (Mediterranean Sea) They went to Knossos. One legend says that Aeneas's ancestors were from Crete. However, while sleeping, Aeneas had a vision. The Penates appeared and told him to go to Italy. (Another legend says his ancestors were from Italy). They set off again. (4) The Strophades Islands (Ionian Sea, W° Peloponnese) The Harpies lived here. Celaeno, One of the Harpies, told them that Italy was their


destination. Anchises told them to move on. They passed Ithaca (home of Odysseus), visited Leucate and arrived in Actium. (5) Actium (W. Greece) Aeneas held the Trojan Games here. He fixed a shield on One of the doors in their memory. It had been taken from the Greeks during the Trojan War. (6) Buthrotum (on the Greek mainland opposite Corfu) Aeneas was surprised to meet Andromache here. Andromache was the wife of Hector who was killed by Achilles during the Trojan War. Andromache was now married to another son of Priam - Helenus - and they lived here in Greece. Andromache enquired about Aeneas's young son Ascanius. Helenus then appeared. he had built Buthrotum to resemble Troy. Aeneas referred to it as the "Little Troy". Helenus, prophesied the remainder of Aeneas's journey [Carthage was not mentioned]. He said Aeneas would know, by a sign, when to build his city in Italy. the city was to be built when Aeneas saw a white sow with thirty young. He had to offer sacrifice and clothe himself in a purple garment. Before they left, Andromache gave gifts of mantles to Ascanius who reminded her of her little dead son Astyanax. (7) Ceraunia (coast of Albania) They sailed north to Ceraunia and beached for the night. From here they could see Italy (this was the shortest distance across the Adriatic to Italy). (8) Italy (South Coast) On reaching Italy they saw Minerva's temple and the prophetic sign of the four white horses. These were the sign of the war which they had to fight in Italy. They sacrificed to Juno, as Helenus had suggested, and continued on their way until they reached Tarentum. From here it was said that they could see Mount Etna (Sicily) and hear Charybdis (the whirlpool). They continued not knowing where they were and drifted to Sicily. (9) Sicily (Cyclops Harbour - East Coast) From here they could see Mount Etna A stranger - dirty and hungry - appeared from the forest. He was Achaemenides. He said he was a Greek and was left there by Odysseus and his men when they visited the Cyclops cave. he described the giants and the cave of Polyphemus. He related how Odysseus and his men blinded the Cyclops. Polyphemus then appeared and they took the stranger on board and moved off. They took the longer journey around Sicily instead and passed by Selinus. Shortly after, Aeneas' father, Anchises, died. they left Sicily again. Juno asked Aeolus, the God of Winds, to start a storm. Aeneas and his men were caught out at sea in the storm. Neptune, God of the Sea, stilled the storm and Aeneas, exhausted, made for the nearest coast, which was Africa. (10) Carthage Aeneas met Queen Dido. She was from Tyre (Phoenicia - known today as Lebanon). She had to escape to avoid being killed also and she was building a new city in Carthage. She was very beautiful and was compared to Diana. She was independent and intelligent and was making her own laws and directing the work. She was


cultured, and the temple to Juno which she was building showed her love of art. She was loved by her people who respected and looked up to her. She had high morals and had taken an oath to her dead husband never to marry again. Juno and Venus plotted to make Aeneas and Dido fall in love. Venus sent Cupid (in the form of Ascanius) to give presents to Dido and Cupid would then make her fall for Aeneas. Dido felt uneasy at falling in love with Aeneas. She did not want to break her oath to her dead husband. She discussed the situation with her sister Anna who persuaded her to allow herself fall for Aeneas for the following reasons:  she was lonely and had no children  she was surrounded in Africa by enemies 

her brother could come from Tyre and kill her too

if she married Aeneas it would bring fame to Carthag.

Next day Aeneas and Dido went hunting. the Gods sent a heavy shower and they sheltered in the same cave! Dido and Venus considered that there was a marriage. Aeneas, however, although he liked Dido did not consider it a marriage. Jupiter sent Mercury to tell Aeneas that he had to continue to Italy. Aeneas was up set and wondered how he would tell Dido. He ordered his men to prepare the boats. Dido then realised that Aeneas was going and she was very angry. She called him a traitor. She felt very let down and also felt she had let herself down. She asked Anna to try and persuade him to stay. But for Aeneas, following the Will of the Gods was more important and so he vowed to leave. Dido asked Anna to build a pyre so that she could destroy everything associated with Aeneas. Anna built the pyre and Dido stepped on to it and killed herself. By now Aeneas had left and was heading for Sicily again. From the sea he could see the flames and guessed what Dido was doing. (11) Sicily Aeneas and his men arrived in Sicily for a second time. It was here his father had died twelve months earlier. Aeneas decided to have games in his honour. Before the games he went to the burial mound and offered sacrifice. Aeneas was now seven years wandering and wondered if he should stay in Sicily. But the prophet Nautes told him to continue his journey with a small group and leave the older people behind in Sicily to found a city of their own. (12) Italy (Cumae - W. Coast) Here Aeneas met the Sibyl, a Goddess, who acted as his guide and brought him to the Underworld. (13) Latium Aeneas sailed up the River Tiber from Cumae. He engaged in war with Turnus. Turnus was to marry Lavinia, the daughter of King Latinus, but a prophet told Latinus that his daughter would marry a stranger. Turnus was annoyed and therefore engaged in war with Aeneas but Turnus was killed (the "Aeneid" ends here). Aeneas married Lavinia and his city was later called Rome, after Romulus (Story of Romulus and Remus).


OUR STUDENTS' REPORTS

When and where did the migration phenomenon start? Notes by Ole, Till and Stevie Sources: Wikipedia, first websites on google with the search term "seit wann gibt es migration" -refugees don't want to leave their home and only did because they had to -migrants leave their country because they want to -the number of migrants world wide is estimated to be about 231,5 millions (2013) -economy and war refugees are known to exist since ancient times -there are different reasons they are escaping: 1. war 2. political persecution 3. economy 4. better jobs 5. medical care, education 6. natural disaster 7. provisions -in Germany migration has existed since 1871, because Germany had to hire workers, foreign ones. These workers were called migrant workers -civil war started in Syria in 2010 -there are 3 factions: -government: Assad, supported by Russia and Iran -rebels: some formed the Free Syrian Army (FSA). they are supported by USA -ISIS: effect of broken in rebels. they want to establish islamic state all over the whole world


Reportage from the seaside by Lara and Ricarda -many refugees want to drive to Gothenburg (Sweden) with the Stena Line ferry, which is in Kiel -the authorities pay the tickets for 50 people, who haven't got enough money, every day -they need passport for the journey -they need to wait up to 10 days -for every day of waiting they get a bracelet -the one who has the most bracelets gets a ticket earlier -pregnant woman, families with little children and children who traveled without their family get a ticket faster than the other people -50 000 people flee from Flensburg to Sweden -they want to flee to Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland -travelling to Sweden without a passport only works in Flensburg -some people slept in front of the "Ostseekai" (it's a port for cruise liners, which only run on the Baltic Sea) to get a ticket earlier, but it didn't work -the majority of refugees in Kiel have a passport -the majority of refugees in Flensburg don't have a passport

Sources: http://www.kn-online.de/News/Aktuelle-Nachrichten-Kiel/Nachrichten-ausKiel/Schwedenkai-Ploetzlich-Fluchthafen, http://www.shz.de/lokales/kiel/fluechtlinge-schlafenvor-dem-kieler-ostseekai-id10910046.html, http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaf/fluechtlinge-in-kiel-keine-ueberfahrt-nach-schwedena-1062547.html


REFUGEES IN NUMBERS by Christina Kalamaki, Nefeli Mpouta, Dimitris Mpoutas, Aimilia Mpalla Nikos Kirgotasis and Anastasis Loukatos According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), up to 3,072 people died or disappeared in 2014 in the Mediterranean while trying to migrate to Europe. Overall estimates are that over 22,000 migrants died between 2000 and 2014. In 2014, 283,532 migrants irregularly entered the European Union, mainly following the Central Mediterranean, Eastern Mediterranean routes.220,194 migrants crossed EU sea borders in the Central, Eastern and Western Mediterranean. Half of them had come from Syria, Eritrea and Afghanistan. Of those arriving in Southern Europe in 2014, the vast majority arrived in Italy through Libya, whereas a minority arrived in Greece through Turkey. 62,000 applied for asylum in Italy, but most Syrians and Eritreans, who comprised almost half of the arrivals in Italy in 2014, did not stop in Italy, but continued their journey towards northern Europe, Germany and Sweden in particular. In 2015, a shif took place, with Greece overtaking Italy as the primary point of arrival and surpassing in the first six months of 2015 the numbers for the whole of 2014: 67,500 people arrived in Italy, mainly coming from Eritrea, Nigeria and Somalia, whereas 68,000 arrived on the islands of Greece, mainly coming from Syria and Afghanistan. In total, 137,000 migrants crossed the Mediterranean into Europe in the first six months of 2015. In early August 2015, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said that 250,000 migrants had arrived in Europe by sea so far in 2015, 124,000 in Greece and 98,000 in Italy.According to IOM and UNHCR estimates, around one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe till 21 December 2015, three to four times more than in 2014. Just 3% came by land to Bulgaria and Greece; the rest came by sea to Greece, Italy, Spain, Cyprus and Malta. The vast majority arrived by sea in Greece (816,752); 150,317 arrived by sea in Italy, with a slight drop from 170,000 in 2014. Half of those crossing the Mediterranean were from Syria, 20% were from Afghanistan and 7% from Iraq. IOM estimated that a total of 3,692 migrants and refugees lost their lives in the Mediterranean in 2015 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; over 400 more than in 2014 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; of whom 2,889 in the Central Mediterranean and 731 in the Aegean sea.


Hungary as a major transit country for migrants by Jonas SĂźĂ&#x;muth

-most of the migrants that are arriving in Hungary plan to travel to Germany -(September 2015) closed the border between Serbia and Hungary -(October 2015) Hungary built a razor-wire barrier along the border with Croatia -between January and October 2015 over 378.00 migrants crossed into Hungary -Hungary is under high critic -Hungary is stopping the refugee policy of other EU countries by closing of more borders -high tension at the Hungarian-Serbian border https://youtu.be/WchMcUr-qd0 -there are a lot of news articles that lie about the situation in Hungary (wrong information covering) -reinforcement by Hungarian military -(September 2015) over 4300 military troops were sent to the Hungarian border in order to speed up the building process of the fence -according to tagesschau.de people who help refugees risk getting sent to prison for up to 4 years - the definition of helping is not clear yet http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34556682 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/10/hungary-seals-southern-border-refugees151017001552794.html http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/fluechtlingsroute-ungarn-sperrt-grenze-zu-kroatien1.2696676 http://www.zeit.de/gesellschaf/zeitgeschehen/2015-09/fluechtlingspolitik-ungarnschliessung-grenze-serbien-zaun</pre>


Report from the borders: Israeli-Syrian border by Filip Kwiatkowski In recent days I had an opportunity to visit Israel. I planned that visit at the beginning of September, so primarily even I didn't think that I would go to the Golan Heights and see it all. In fact, when I joined this project I started to want to get to Syria, as close as I can. To be honest, I don't even know much about the situation on the Israeli-Syrian border. I just forgot about it. Syria and Israel are still at war in fact - the ceasefire applies only to the UN zone, and even though I visited Galilee a few times, I just moved around the Sea of Galilee. However, I wanted to visit the area near the border and ask some people about what happens there more and more. Did they see anything? Are they doing anything? I had many questions. My adventure began in Poland, where I contacted my friends and family - people who can help me in this quest - on the internet. Finally, with my cousin's friend's help I got to Cafed a small town in the northern district of Israel. From the city placed on the hills I can see the Sea of Galilee and the Golan Heights - a disputed area between Israel and Syria, in fact annexed and governed by Israel. These heights have witnessed many wars - a six day war, Yom Kippur war - and right now from the heights we can see the Syrian civil war. When I got there, I started talking with Yossi, a young captain (seren) from Golani Brigade who helped me get there. He and his soldiers ofen patrol the heights, so he can see from time to time - especially now when the border there is ruled by Rebels, ISIS and by Assad smoke over villages, and he heard shelling and things like that. The Israelis even help to treat Syrian civilians.... wait, what? At this moment I stopped, 'cause I thought that the borders are closed and nobody from Syria can get there. I was wrong about that. In 2013 Israel set up a field hospital near the border for the civilian victims of war. Lots of them, those heavily wounded, were transported into Rambam, Riv, Poria and Naharija medical centers, in the north of the country. I started to do research and talk with soldiers and even visited the hospital where Syrians are treated. With Yossi's help I even saw a field hospital. Many soldiers have served in this hospital. When I talked with Rachela, a young woman from Ami'ad (under Cafed conscripted like everyone in this country into army and sent to help with the wounded in this hospital), I was really shocked about what she told me. "I have fought in the operation against Hamas in Gaza, but you prepare yourself and this is only a few hard days. But here, on the Golan Heights there is no war. Now when there are fights near the border, we welcome fewer people, because we now have problems recognize


who is a terrorist, a civilian or just an enemy, but back then, when the border was controled by Rebels, we accepted lots of them. In one day one or two, in another - ten. Only sometimes none." But at first: as I mentioned the field hospital was set up in 2013. Israel started treating Syrians then. They were selected at the special points of the border. To be safe, soldiers and secret service had to assess whether the person passing the border was friend or enemy. When they passed positve, they were taken by the soldiers into the field hospital. "Sometimes, they had to get an injection just at the border to get into hospital alive", mentioned Uri, the next guy who served in this hospital. Many of them were recovering fast and taken back to Syria even on this same day. Some of them had to be hospitalized in professional hospitals, so they were taken into the Riv hospital. "You know what? Ambulances had to run at night, 'cause in the day, Hezbollah was shelling with mortars or rockets from Syria everything that moved on the heights. They just thought that there are only sunni rebels and Israelis, so just only enemies and why not?". "That was madness. They wake you up and say to you that you must pick wounded Syrians at 7 o clock. So you eat your breakfast fast and you know that in an hour you will see a guy with a broken skull or a belly full of debris." - said to me another guy, who served there as a medic. Everyone of them remembered persons with wounds that they would never forgot. A guy with a metal rod in his hand, but still calm; a woman with part of a wooden desk in her head; a small girl with a totally crushed leg - just a few of the countless number of victims like that. Lots of soldiers couldn't stand these conditions and they were sent back to normal service. When I visited Riv hospital, there were still some Syrians inside. On the closed ward, with closed rooms. When I talked with doctors, one of them told me: "We are a medical team. We must help everyone - enemy or not, that's the obligation of a doctor and only what is exceptional is the incomprehensible number of the wounded from the enemy country, whose names I do not know because of the mystery. The children that you know are not involved in any fighting and come to us with broken legs nearly severed, or an old man who did not receive care for a week and his hand was so infected that only amputation could save his life. " Even me, when I wanted to buy some chocolate from a vending machine, I saw a burnt girl, with burnt hair, skin and nails. The nails especially stick in my mind 'cause she was holding a doll, and I looked at her hands with coals in the place of nails. That was the first and the last time when I tried to get much closer to a medical ward with Syrians. Here is nice material of Al Jazzera about it, which I found afer I came back to Poland: https://youtu.be/fwbHKpbiNAc


Reportage from the borders by Per Matis Dawartz September 2015  

The control at the Germany-Austria border starts Temporary Containers are built instead of real border control systems

October 2015  The situation tightens greatly  Refugees are allowed to cross the border from Austria to Germany at five stations for a structured and regular procedure  No upper limit for refugees to pass each day  The upper limit of refugees who can pass is 50 an hour, a maximum of 2450 a day  7700 refugees a day cross the border

November 2015   

The number of the refugees who cross the border goes down to 4000 a day Austria builds a fence on the border Bayern wants to close the border with Austria

December 2015  The border controls decrease, because of the Germans who want to go on vacation in Austria and reversed


German Group's Special Report Experiencing a Refugee's Journey The journey An interactive exhibition about the topic “escape" Who? Jugendwerk Altholstein (A group of people who are doing projects for the youth) When? 06.08.-20.06.2016 Why? The goal of the exhibition is to confront the pupils with the horrific experience of refugees. What? The exhibition was developed in 2015 and is made for pupils and students aged between 14 and 25. They take on a new identity and go trough the journey of a refugee. They for instance get in contact with human traffickers and need to build shelter. In the following stations they experience interactively what it means to be a refugee on a long journey:  

Communication Build shelter

Orientation

Making decisions in difficult situations

Dreams

Asylum or not?

Transportation

Students' reports: Illegal employment by Lara Justine Wasner Our task was to sort coffee beans. We had to decide whether we wanted to work or not. Those who decided to work, had to knee in front of a little table and start to sort the coffee beans in small bowls. The supervisor watched if we did our work well and also animated us to work faster and more carefully.


Afer finishing work, we got our payment. Everybody got a different payment, even if they worked just as much as the others. Some people didn't get any money at all. Those who decided not to work didn't get any money, either. The situation was very tensed. Because of getting payed differently, we all felt that we were treated unfairly. We all did the same work, so we all should have gotten the same payment, we thought. We noticed that the refugees aren't able to decide what is going to happen with them. Communication (without speaking the same language) by Jannik Mauritz We had the task to organize some water for our group. It was really hard, because we didn't speak the same language. We only used mimics and gestures. Aferwards we met another guy and tried to persuade him to give us some water. We showed him a hand gesture to indicate that we wanted something to drink. We were Thatwastoomuchforusandwefelt lost, because we couldn’t communicate with the other guy at the beginning. We also felt a bit bad, because we couldn’t give him anything back. Refugee project in the church in Kiel. Sleeping accommodation by Leon & Jesper The station, where we had to built up our own refugee sleeping accommodation, was our first station in the whole project so it was our first impression of a life as a refugee. Therefore it was the hardest and scariest of the whole day because we first didn’t know anything about how refugees live. There were a lot of paper boxes, thin sleeping pads and thin blankets. We were told to build small accommodation for the night out of these three things. Then we had to lie in there to get a feeling how small and uncomfortable it is. And when we had to imagine that it was a very cold and windy night we were all shocked how scary and terrible it has to be to sleep there for a long time like in the camps in Greece.


Orientation by Lena Harms In this station we were supposed to imagine how to navigate without any electronic devices. First, we had to say what we would use to orientate ourselves. We collected ideas, for example, we would use maps, a compass and orientate ourselves by rivers. Nobody had the idea to orientate themself by constellations but it works! Our group leader gave us pictures which showed two different constellations. Then we had to find them on a big picture of the night sky. This task was quite difficult and we needed much time to find them and our group leader had to help us a bit. He told us that this is quite a good method to find your way without google maps or a route guidance system but you had to know the correct constellation. We both had problems to find the constellation in the night sky. Imagining to orientate oneself only with maps, a compass, rivers and constellations is quite hard and we think that you would ofen lose your way without help from someone who knows the correct way. Making decisions in difficult situations by Fiti Lincke At one station we had to stand on tiles. One afer another we had to pick up the tile we were standing on and read the difficult situation on the underside of it. An example: You and your best friend are going to flee by boat, but your best friend gets ill. The human trafficker won´t take him along. You´ve already paid the crossing and you won´t get the money back. Would you lose the chance and the money to stay with your best friend or would you leave? Our different characters had all sorts of financial background. The richer characters were able to say that they would skip the crossing and go on with their best friends once they feel well


again, but the poor characters, like myself, had to decide between leaving the friend or missing the chance to cross the sea. Another example is this situation: You are going to meet the human trafficker tomorrow. At night all of your money gets stolen. What are you going to do? As a refugee, you are really lost without money. You can´t pay the trafficker or buy food. The trafficker won´t take you without getting paid, which means that you have to stay. You could try to make enough money to pay the crossing, but that´s really difficult and it takes a lot of time. The station shows you how dependent the refugees are on money and human traffickers. In my opinion, this was one of the most important stations, because it helped you to put yourself in the refugee’s shoes and think about what they would do.

Dreams by Jonas Süßmuth "Don't let life change your goals, because achieving your goals can change your life." The second station deals with the topic dreams". Refugees have different reasons to flee. Be it war, hunger, nature or persecution however, just because they have to flee doesn't mean they have to stop dreaming. The identities that we took on at the beginning had future goals and hopes on them. There were a lot of different goals in our group, as all individuals were very different and the age ranged from 9 up to 21. The young children dreamed about becoming a football player or just wanted to see their family again.The older children and the grown ups had dreams about their future jobs and lives. Even though they fled from horrible things they still have goals like being a doctor or managing a company. The instructor gave each of us a ribbon. Based on our identity we had to put the ribbon on a picture that fit the most. The pictures showed different things like families, doctors, sport activities etc. We were given note cards where we wrote down our dreams. Then we read them out loud and tied them to a construct, which was built out of thin steal that was hanging from the ceiling. I thought it was a good idea to participate in this excursion, because the way they designed it allowed me to get a deeper look into the life of a refugee. Asylum or not? by Jannis, Ole and Jannik Mauritz In this task we were asked for our identification. There was a man in front of us and he had the choice to give us asylum or not. It was difficult to deal with him. He was strict and hard. The process was very fast and easy, because he only took a look at our identification and


some were granted asylum. You had to be from Syria or under 18 without parents. It didn'tmatter if you were rich, educated or an enrichment for Germany. We felt like slaves, because we got numbers and were sorted out . We were very tense and nervous, because we wanted our asylum. It determined our future. Transportation by Fiti Lincke At this station we had to sit down on an improvised truck. Then we got headphones and heard a story of a guy from Syria. He told us about his and his brothers trip to Germany... They lived in a small town in Syria. Most of the time the town was peaceful during the war. Later the situation got more difficult and he and his brother decided to flee to Germany. They made their way to the border of Turkey and met a human trafficker. The human trafficker told them to wait until he called them. He wanted 200â&#x201A;Ź before and another 500â&#x201A;Ź afer the journey. Although they were really suspicious, they accepted the offer. About a week later the human trafficker called them and told them to get to a parking spot. At the parking spot a small truck waited for them. The truck brought them to a bigger one, which took the refugees to the border of Austria. There wasn't any light inside of the truck and they had to stay in there for a really long time with a lot of people. Also there was no chance to get out of it, because they weren't able to open it from inside. Afer they arrived, they had to find another human trafficker, who took them towards the German border. As soon as they arrived in Germany, they sought asylum and got adopted. A similar story was narrated in a boat instead of a truck. We as listeners noticed that they depended on the human traffickers to take them to Germany. They had to trust them with their lives.


Acknowledgments Many, many thanks to all partner teachers and students involved in this project who have contributed to this journey together. To my students, especially Hania Baranowska, Filip Kwiatkowski, Ola WiliĹ&#x201E;ska and Karolina Ĺ&#x161;mielak, a huge thank you for your dedication and support:)

Contributors Students from ITALY and Teacher Giusi Gualtieri Students from GERMANY and Teacher Sabine Burkhardt Students from GREECE nad Teacher Dora Vaka Students from TUNISIA and Teachers Hedia Zrelli & Lamia Ben Amor Students from POLAND and Teacher Joanna Lisewska


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Does the earth have borders  

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