GENERAL COMPETITION GUIDELINES COMPETITION FORMAT MANUAL
Contents Section 1 - Refereeing Section 2 - Score / Points Section 3 - Fouls & Prohibited Acts 3.1 Minor Fouls 3.2 Major Foul Section 4 - Settlement of match Section 5 - Injuries, Illness and Accidents Section 6 - Uniform/Further Requirements Section 7 - Field of Play (FOP) Section 8 - Coaches
SECTION 1 REFEREEING
1.1 Authority of Referee 1.1.1 The referee is the highest authority in a match. 1.1.2 The referee’s ruling on the result of each match is incontestable. 1.1.3 The ruling on the result of a match may only be changed under the following circumstances: If the score on the board has been misread. If the athlete declared winner submitted his opponent using an illegal hold. If the athlete has been disqualiﬁed erroneously for using a legitimate hold. In this case, If the match was interrupted and the athlete disqualiﬁed due to the error, the match shall be restarted at the centre of the match area and the attacking athlete shall be awarded two points. 1.1.4 If the referee commits a ruling error during a match. To overturn the outcome of a match, the following conditions should be observed: The referee can consult the event’s director of refereeing, but the ﬁnal decision as to whether to overturn or not overturn a result is the referee’s to make. The director of refereeing should consult the event’s centre table regarding how the bracket has progressed and may only authorize the overturning of a result if the bracket has not progressed to the next stage 1.2 Referee’s Duties 1.2.1 It is the referee’s duty to stop the match when he/she deems it necessary. 1.2.2 It is the referee’s duty to make sure the athlete’s full their obligation to compete within the match area. 1.2.3 While standing, one of the athletes steps into the safety area (unless a takedown attempt has already been initiated), or when 2/3 of the athletes’ bodies are outside the combat area during not-yet-stabilized ground fighting, the referee shall interrupt the match and stand both athletes up in the centre of the combat area. Points or advantages will be assessed for counting up until the safety area and any movements performed outside the safety area will not be eligible for counting.
1.2.4 It is their duty of overseeing under-12-years-old-division matches to protect the athlete’s spinal column by positioning themselves behind the child when lifted oﬀ the ground by the opponent, as in the case of a triangle choke or closed guard. 1.2.5 The ‘mat referee’ shall always remain in the main mat area while conducting a match. He initially decides regarding scores and penalties, but may also request the advice of a side referee’. 1.2.6 One ‘side referee’ can assist the mat referee and shall be situated outside the safety area on a chair. In the case of a final match, two ‘side referees’ will be present, situated in the opposite corners of the mat. Use of video system and intercom is possible. In this case, the action can be analysed by the Head of Referees, and he will advise the MR. 1.2.7 The ‘Side referees’ reserve the right to overrule the decision of a ‘mat referee’ and integrate with the mat referee in the following ways: Should there be an agreement between the ‘side referees’ and the ‘mat referee’, the ‘side referees’ shall remain seated in the chairs at the corners of the match area. Should there be a conﬂict of opinion with the ‘mat referee’, the ‘side referees should stand up and signal for points, advantages or penalties awarded to be subtracted, using gestures shown in this rule book. If the referee decides to disqualify an athlete due to the athlete’s accumulation off our penalties (serious foul or lack of combativeness), the referee will make the serious penalty gesture before stopping the ﬁght. If at least one of the side referees repeats the gesture, the referee’s decision is conﬁrmed and he or she is authorized to stop thought. If the referee decides to disqualify an athlete due to the athlete committing a severe foul, he will make the gesture before stopping the ﬁght. If at least one of the ‘side referees repeats the gesture, the referee’s decision is conﬁrmed and he or she is authorized to stop the ﬁght.
When a match ends in a draw, the ‘mat referee’ will place the two athletes in their starting position. The referee will take two steps back and make a gesture for the side referees to stand up. After the side referees are standing, the ‘mat referee’ will take a step forward with his right leg, the side referees then will raise either their right or left arm in the air. This will signify the athlete each referee believes to be the winner. The ‘mat referee’ will then declare the winner chosen by a majority of the referees. 1.2.8 When employing video refereeing, the system will be as follows: the ‘mat referee’ has the option at any point to pause the match and signal for a video to be displayed to give him an additional point of reference in outstanding or previously made decisions. In addition, when using a video system, the two side referees will both be situated in the video replay area. If both side referees agree that a decision should be changed, one of them will contact the mat referee with their decision by radio and he will signal the new points as appropriate. 1.2.9 When using Instant Video replay, all contest can use one (1), two (2) or three (3) referees assigned to each contest mat with one (1) on-mat referee and one (1) or two (2) mat side referees, these referees will be interconnected through Wireless Radio Communication system. Mat side referee will oversee the matches and only intervene if necessary. All appeals related to the technical sides will be responsibilities of Referee Coordination for each match area. 1.2.10 An IPad will be introduced to each match area, in which any error or changes to be made during the course of the fight, the coordinator will be allowed to analyse and change if the error can be proved.
1.3 REFEREEING GESTURES MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Command athletes to the match area GESTURES: Arms raised to shoulder height at 90degree angle with palms of hands facing inwards, motioning by extending arms and returning to the initial position
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Start of match. GESTURE: Arm extended forward and then lowered to point vertically toward the ground. VERBAL COMMAND: FIGHT! (fahyt)
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Interruption of the fight, stopwatch and time out. GESTURE: Arms open and raised at shoulder height. VERBAL COMMAND: STOP! (stop)
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Disqualification. GESTURE: Arms over head with forearms crossed and fists clenched, followed by arm corresponding with disqualified athlete pointing to athleteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s belt.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Instruct athlete to remain within match area. GESTURE: After pointing to the athlete with arms extended towards his/her waist, hand at shoulder height with finger points upwards making a circular motion.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Instruct athlete to stand up. GESTURE: Indicate with extended arm the athlete who must stand up, followed by raising arm to shoulder height.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Instructing the athlete to return to the ground (into the position appointed by the referee) GESTURE: Indicating the athlete, with arm extended, followed by arm pointing toward ground.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Advantage. GESTURE: Arm corresponding with athlete to be awarded advantage point extending parallel to mat with hand open and palm facing downwards.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: 2 (two) points: takedown, sweep, and knee on belly. GESTURE: Hand of arm corresponding with athlete to be awarded points raised and pointer and middle fingers extended.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: 3 (three) points: guard pass. GESTURE: Hand of arm corresponding with athlete to be awarded points raised and pointer, middle, and ring fingers extended.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: 4 (four) points: Mount and back control. GESTURE: Hand of arm corresponding with athlete to be awarded points raised and pointer, middle, ring, and pinkie fingers extended.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Point deduction. GESTURE: Arm corresponding with athlete to be deducted points at shoulder height with palm open.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Announcement of match result. GESTURE: Arm of winning athlete raised while facing judges’ table and the arm of losing athlete held downwards.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: Direct athlete to re-adjust GI. GESTURE: Arms crossed downwards at waist height, extending arm to indicate athlete’s belt.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: When an athlete grabs the opponentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sleeves or pant legs with one or more fingers placed inside the garment. GESTURE: One hand placed on top of the opposite arm, holding the wristband.
MATCH CIRCUMSTANCES: When a change in point, advantage or penaltycount has been communicated to the central referee by the referee(s) with access to video replay. GESTURE: Touch the ear with the fingertips twice, pausing between touches.
SECTION 2 REFEREEING
2.1 Point Scoring The athlete with the most points shall be declared the winner when the match has reached regulation time or in the event of the match being stopped due to both athletes suffering injuries. 2.1.1 Points shall be awarded by the central referee of a match whenever an athlete stabilizes a position for 3 (three) seconds. 2.1.2 When an athlete deliberately exits the match area to prevent the opponent from completing a sweep or a takedown the referee will signal two points be awarded to the opponent and one penalty point be added to the score of the athlete who exited the match area. 2.1.3 Athletes who arrive at a point-scoring position while caught in a submission hold shall only be awarded points once they have freed themselves from the attack and stabilized the position for 3 (three) seconds. 2.1.4 When an athlete reaches a point-scoring position while caught in a submission hold and then escapes the submission hold without maintaining his position, he will not receive an advantage. 2.1.5 An athlete who reaches one or multiple point-scoring positions, but is under attack from a submission hold by his/ her opponent throughout, shall be awarded with a single advantage point if he/she does not escape the attack by the end of the match. 2.1.6 Athletes shall be awarded cumulative points when they progress through a number of point-scoring positions, as long as the three-second positional control from the final point-scoring position is a continuation of the positional control from the point-scoring positions from earlier in the sequence. In this case, the referee shall count only 3 (three) seconds of control at the end of the sequence before signalling the points scored (e.g., Guard pass followed by mount shall add up 7 points (3+4). 2.1.7 When both athletes pull guard at the same time, the athlete who achieves top position first is awarded an advantage point.
2.2 Point Scoring Position 02 points
Takedown Sweep Knee on belly
Mount Back mount Back control
- Takedowns ( 2 points) 2.2.1 When one of the athletes, starting the movement with two feet on the ground, causes the opponent to land on his/ her back, sideways or seated, establishing top position for 3 (three) seconds.
2.2.2 When an athlete forces his/her opponent to the ground on all fours or belly-down, points shall only be awarded once the athlete performing the takedown controls the opponentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s back without the requirement of placing hooks and keeping at least one of the opponentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s knees on the ground for 3 (three) second.
2.2.3 When an athlete has a grip on his opponent’s pants and the opponent pulls open guard, the athlete with the grip on the pants shall be awarded two points for the takedown if he stabilizes the top position on the ground for 3 (three) seconds.
2.2.4 If an athlete has a grip on the opponent’s pants and the opponent pulls closed guard and remains suspended in the air, the athlete will have to put the opponent’s back on the ground within 3 (three) seconds and stabilize the top position for 3 (three) seconds to be awarded with takedown points. 2.2.5 Athletes who initiate a takedown movement after the opponent has pulled guard shall not be awarded the two points or advantage point relating to the move. 2.2.6 If an athlete forces his opponent to the ground in the outlying safety area, the athlete performing the takedown should have both feet within the ﬁghting area when the movement begins. In this case, if the athletes land in a stabilized position, the referee will give two points. 2.2.7 When the opponent has one or two knees on the ground, the athlete performing the takedown will only be awarded points if he/she is standing at the moment the takedown is initiated. 2.2.8 When the athlete forces his opponent to the ground using a single or double-leg takedown and the opponent lands seated and successfully applies counter-takedown (another takedown), only the athlete performing the countertakedown shall be awarded the score. 2.2.9 No score for take-down: • Athletes who, in defending a sweep, return their opponent back-down or sideways on the ground shall not be awarded the takedown-related two points or advantage point. • Athletes defending standing back-control, where the opponent has one or two hooks in place and does not have one foot on the mat, shall not be awarded the takedown-related two points or advantage point, even after he/she stabilizes the position for 3 (three) seconds.
2.2.10 Athletes who arrive at a point-scoring position while caught in a submission hold shall only be awarded points once they have freed themselves from the attack and stabilized the position for 3 (three) seconds. 2.2.11 Should an athlete achieve point-scoring positions while caught in a submission hold but only escapes the hold once no longer in the point-scoring position, will not be awarded points or advantages for those positions. 2.2.12 The 3-second stabilization count for one or several point-scoring positions will be interrupted, when the opponent lock in a submission hold during the count. When this happens, the athlete will be awarded an advantage for each of the point-scoring positions achieved, regardless of whether the opponent is no longer in the positions once the hold has been escaped from or regulation time has ended. 2.2.13 An athlete who reaches one or more positions (cumulative points) but is being attacked with a submission hold by his/her opponent, shall only be awarded one advantage point if he/she does not escape the attack prior to the end of the match. 2.2.14 An athlete who takes the opponent down in order to defend a standing back-take, where the opponent has both hooks in place, or one hook in place and neither foot on the ground, will not be awarded the two points or advantage for the takedown. Even after the position has been stabilized for three seconds. 2.2.15 While in any position starting from guard, where the athletes remain on their feet for 3 seconds, the combat shall then be considered standing combat. Note: In order to start the 3-second countdown, one of the athletes must have two feet on the ground and the opponent at least one foot on the ground without the knee of the opposite leg touching the mat. 2.3 Guard Pass (3 Points) â&#x2020;&#x2019; When the athlete in top position manages to surmount the legs of the opponent in bottom position (a guard pass) and is then able to maintain sidecontrol or north-south position over him for 3 (three) seconds he is awarded three (3) points
2.3.1 Guard is deďŹ ned as the use of one or more legs to block the opponent from reaching side- control or north-south position over the athlete on bottom. 2.3.2 Half-guard is the guard where the athlete on bottom is lying on his/her back or side and has one of the top-positioned athleteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legs trapped, blocking him/her from achieving side- or north-south control over the bottom-positioned athlete for 3 (three) seconds. 2.3.3 The position of the top athleteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legs determines whether it is half-guard or reverse half-guard, according to the following examples: Example 1: In half-guard with his right leg trapped, his left leg is positioned alongside the right leg of the opponent playing guard.
Example 2: In reverse half-guard with his right leg trapped, his left leg is positioned alongside the left leg of the athlete playing guard.
2.3.4 If while attacking from top position, such as an arm bar, for example, the athlete ends up on bottom and does not use his/her legs to prevent the opponent from reaching side-control, no points or advantages shall be awarded for the guard pass, according to the definition of guard. 2.3.5 Should an athlete passes his opponent’s guard but fails to secure the position or end the passing sequence in his opponent’s half-guard (with good upper body control) the ‘mat referee’ shall award an advantage point. 2.4 Knee on Belly (2 Points)
When an athlete in the top position places a knee on the stomach, chest or ribs of his opponent (who is lying on his back or the side) with his other leg extended for three (3) seconds shall be awarded two points.
When an athlete in the top position places a knee on the stomach, chest or ribs of his opponent but has his other knee on the ground he shall be awarded an advantage.
2.5 Mount and Back Mount (4 Points) •
When the athlete is on top, clear of the half-guard, sitting on the opponent’s torso and with two knees or one foot and one knee on the ground, facing the opponent’s head and with up to one arm trapped under his/her leg – and thus remains for 3 (three) seconds.
When the athlete has one of the opponent’s arms trapped under his/her leg, he/she shall only be awarded points for the mount if the leg trapping the arm does not extend beyond the opponent’s shoulder.
When the athlete lands on top with a triangle fastened around the opponent on bottom, no points shall be awarded for the mount.
In the case of the mount, when there is a transition straight from back mount to mount or vice-versa —for being distinct positions— athletes shall be awarded four points for the first mount and another four points for the subsequent mount, so long as the three-second stabilization period was achieved in each position.
2.6 Back Control (4 Points) •
When the athlete takes control of the opponent’s back, placing his/her heels between the opponent’s thighs without crossing his/her legs and in a position to trap up to one of the opponent’s arms without trapping the arm above the shoulder line – and thus remains for 3 (three) seconds.
2.7 Sweep (2 Points) 2.7.1 Any movement from the guard position into a top position followed by a three (3) second control period will be counted as a sweep with the athlete initially playing guard being awarded 2 points.
2.7.2 Moving from the guard, to the back of an opponent (on top) with subsequent control for three seconds (ensuring at least one of the opponent’s knees stays on the ﬂoor) will be regarded as a sweep.
No advantages will be awarded for sweeps that start in a 50/50 guard situation.
2.8 Advantages 2.8.1 An advantage point is counted when an athlete achieves a point-scoring position requiring 3 (three) seconds of control but is unable to maintain control for the entire duration. For example, the referee should award an advantage where an athlete’s attempt to pass his opponent’s guard was complete but he failed to maintain a three (3) second control position afterwards. 2.8.2 An advantage point may be awarded by the referee even after a match has run its course but before announcing the result. 2.8.3 The athlete shall be awarded an advantage-point when he/she attempts a submission hold where the opponent is in real danger of submitting. Again, it is the referee’s duty to assess how close the submission hold came to fruition. 2.8.4 The referee may only award an advantage point when there is no longer a chance of the athlete reaching a point-scoring position. A- Advantage from takedown •
When an athlete achieves a takedown and his/her opponent lands backdown, sideways or in a sitting position on the ground without stabilizing the position for 3 (three) seconds.
When an athlete applies a takedown or series of takedowns and the opponent returns to their feet before stabilization is achieved on the ground. The advantage shall only be awarded when there is no longer a possibility of completing the takedown attempt.
B- Advantage from Guard Pass •
When the athlete passing guard stacks the opponent, or allows the opponent to roll back his/herself, controlling the opponent’s back in four-point-kneeling position and maintaining at least one knee on the ground, without needing to place hooks.
When starting from guard (or from pulling guard) the athlete .achieves halfguard control over the opponent, but does not solidify the pass in the ensuing sequence.
C- Advantage from knee on belly. •
When an athlete places a knee on his/her opponent’s belly but only places the knee and not foot of his/her other leg on the ground.
D- Advantage from the Mount •
When the athlete on top and free of guard or half-guard tries to sit on the opponent’s torso and keeps two knees or one foot and one knee on the ground while facing the opponent’s head but with both the opponent’s arms trapped under his/her legs.
E- Advantage from Back Control •
When an athlete mounts his/her opponent’s back but crosses his/her legs, fastens a figure-four around the waist or only places one heel between the opponent’s thighs.
F- Advantage from Sweep. •
When the athlete unbalances the opponent through a sweep attempt and reaches top position, but is unable to stabilize the position for 3 seconds.
2.9 Specific cases whereby advantages are no longer awarded. 2.9.1 The half-guard position shall not count as an advantage for the athlete on top if he/she completes the guard pass sequence. 2.9.2 The half-guard position shall not count for an advantage for the athlete on top if it did not originate from a guard pass attempt. 2.9.3 No advantages will be awarded for sweeps that start and end in a 50/50 guard situation. 2.9.4 No advantage shall be awarded when an athlete attempting a single-leg takedown traps the opponent’s leg and drags the opponent to outside the combat area, obliging the referee to interrupt the combat. 2.9.5 No advantage shall be awarded when an athlete attempting to complete a sweep movement leads the opponent to fall outside the match area without ever landing on top at any moment during the movement.
SECTION 3 FOULS
Fouls are disciplinary or technical infractions addressed in the rules that are committed by athletes before, during or after a match. 3.1 Disciplinary Fouls 3.1.1 When an athlete directs profane language or obscene gestures at his/her opponent, the centre table, table officials, referee or public, prior to, before or after a match. 3.1.2 When an athlete exhibits offensive or disrespectful behaviour towards an opponent or the public through words or gestures during a match or in celebrating victory 3.1.3 When the athlete exhibits attitudes considered incompatible with the competition environment, or commits any other misconduct or depict, even if it is carried out prior to or following the match. 3.2 Minor Fouls 3.2.1 Lack of combativeness is deﬁned by one athlete clearly not pursuing positional progression in a match and also when an athlete solely attempts to impede his opponent from carrying out said progression. 3.2.2 When the referee notices that one or both athlete (s) is (are) not trying to progress in the fight whilst standing for 10 seconds, the referee will stop the match and sign a penalty for one or both athletes, followed by the verbal command “ACTION”. In case of stalling on the ground, the referee will point to the athlete, say “ACTION”. and start to count 10 seconds. If, at the end of the 10 seconds, the athlete has not moved, the referee will indicate the gesture for a penalty point. 3.2.3 When both athletes pull guard at the same time, the referee will start a 20 second countdown. If, at the end of this 20 second countdown, even if the athletes are moving, one of the athletes has not reached the top position, does not have a submission in hold, or is not imminently completing a point scoring move, the referee will stop the ﬁght and give a penalty to both athletes. In this situation, the referee will restart the combat in standing position.
3.2.4 When the athlete breaks the grip of an opponent pulling guard and does not attempt to engage in combat on the ground. 3.2.5 When both athletes simultaneously demonstrate a lack of combativeness (stalling) in any position in a match. 3.2.6 When an athlete grabs the inside of the sleeve of the opponent’s GI top or pants. 3.2.7 When he/she steps inside the GI jacket. 3.2.8 When an athlete places a hand or foot on his/her opponent’s face. 3.2.9 When an athlete on foot grabs and maintains his/her hand on the opponent’s belt, preventing the opponent from completing a takedown movement and without attempting an attack of any kind. 3.2.10 It will not be considered a lack of combativeness when an athlete is in mount or back position, as long as the characteristics of the technical position are respected. 3.2.11 For No-GI Jiu-Jitsu , when an athlete grabs hold of his/her uniform or that of his/her opponent in any way. 3.2.12 When athlete go to the ground without establishing a grip. 3.2.13 When an athlete uses his/her own belt or the opponent’s belt to assist in a choke or any other circumstance in a match while the belt is untied. 3.2.14 When athlete places the foot deliberately inside the belt. 3.2.15 When athlete places the foot deliberately inside the collar/GI top. 3.2.16 In the white belt division and under 15-year-old divisions, it is prohibited for an athlete to jump into closed guard, or attempt any flying submission, while his opponent is standing. When this movement occurs, the referee will stop the match and restart with both athletes standing in the centre of them at. 3.2.17 To exit the match area deliberately, preventing the opponent from completing a sweep or a takedown. 3.2.18 To exit the competition area after the ﬁght before announcement of winner.
3.2.19 When an athlete takes more than 20 seconds to re-adjust their(his/her) uniform, they shall be penalized in a consecutive manner (20 seconds for GI top and belt, 20 seconds for identification belt, and 20 seconds for tying the drawstring of the pants, when necessary). 3.2.20 When an athlete requests a video replay. The only person allowed to request a video replay it is the Mat Referee or the side referee. 3.2.21 When an athlete during a match or celebrating victory before being announced as the winner exhibits attitudes not appropriate for the competition environment, but does not qualify as a disciplinary penalty. Ex: Gestures or exercises meant to suggest physical superiority, dances or attitudes meant to ridicule within a sporting context. 3.3 Major Fouls 3.3.1 When athlete applies any actions with the obvious intention to injure the opponent 3.3.2 When athlete leaves the contest area deliberately when in danger of being submitted. 3.3.3 When athlete makes any locks attacking the spinal column without a choke (pulling from the bottom position is not considered an attack on the neck). 3.3.4 When athlete slam the opponent on the mat, while he is in a guard position or maintaining back control. 3.3.5 The suplex movement that will deliberately project or force the opponentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s head or neck into the ground. 3.3.6 When an athlete communicates with someone, orally or through gestures, in a manner that contradicts a decision-made by the referee. 3.3.7 When athlete applies punches or kicks. 3.3.8 When athlete bites the opponent or to apply any other action that is against the ethics and fairness or if a contestant shows reckless or unsportsmanlike behaviour. 3.3.9 When athlete applies locks to ďŹ ngers or toes.
3.3.10 To apply leg locks which employ the use of torsion actions such as heel hooks which twist the ankle and knee dangerously. 3.3.11 To push ďŹ ngers into the eyes of the opponent. 3.3.12 To use any slippery substances or creams (medication) which can affect the opponentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ability to perform. 3.3.13 When an athlete is unable to exchange the GI for a new one within a period stipulated by the referee. 3.3.14 When the athlete who is defending a single leg takedown, while the athlete attacking has his head outside his opponents body, intentionally projects his attacker to the ground, by grabbing his opponents belt, to make him hit the floor with the head. 3.3.15 When being attacked by a submission hold an athlete commits a penalty that obliges the referee to interrupt the match. 3.3.16 When an athlete applies a hold prohibited for his/her respective division, as indicated in the following table.*
20. Knee Reaping Knee reaping is characterized by when one of the athletes places his thigh behind the leg of his opponent and passes his calf on top of the opponent’s body above the knee, placing his foot beyond the vertical midline of the opponent’s body and applying pressure on his opponents knee from the outside, true inside, while keeping the foot of the leg at risk stuck between his hip and armpit.
It is not necessary for one of the athletes to hold the foot of his opponent in order for the foot to be considered caught or stuck. For purposes of this rule, when one athlete is standing and bearing their weight on foot of the same leg as the knee in danger, the foot will be considered caught or stuck.
3.4 Major Fouls 3.4.1 Punishable by automatic ‘Disqualiﬁcation’ Serious lateral attacks affecting the knee (crossing the leg from the outside of the opponent's upper quadriceps towards the inside). 3.4.2 When the athlete executes the movement in the aforementioned description, with the offending athlete’s foot crossing the vertical midline of his opponent's body. 3.4.3 When either of the athletes have a submission hold, it will be considered a severe foul for he athletes crossing his foot in the characteristics mentioned below.
Penalties Minor Fouls: Technical penalty: Disqualification from the match at the moment of the infraction. Disciplinary penalty: Disqualification from the match and competition at the moment of the infraction. Major Fouls: The referee shall follow the steps bellow 1st penalty 2nd penalty plus advantage to the opponent 3rd penalty plus two points to the opponent 4th penalty will be disqualification *In situations whereby both athletes are penalized for lack of combativeness resulting in a third penalty for each, the match shall be restarted standing.
SETTLEMENT OF THE MATCH 4.1 Submission: 4.1.1 A competitor may win the match before the end of the ﬁghting time, if one of the contestants applies a lock or strangulation that makes the opponent tap or the MR stop the match. This is called a submission. 4.1.2 After the match time has expired the contestant who has the most points at the end of the contest will be the winner. 4.1.3 If the competitors have equal points at the end of the match, the contestant who achieved the most advantages wins the match. 4.1.4 If the score is equal both in total points and advantages, the contestant with the fewest penalties wins the match. 4.1.5 If the score is equal both in total points, in number of advantages and penalties, there will be a decision made by the referee (if one) or all of the referees (if three referees) 4.1.6 Should both athletes accidentally be injured in a tournament semi-final, with the score tied at the moment of the accident and neither athlete fit to continue in the match, the other semi-final will be promoted to the status of final. In this case, the injured athletes will be awarded third place. 4.2 Walk-Over and Withdrawal 4.2.1 The decision ‘win by walk-over’ shall be given by the MR to any contestant whose opponent doesn’t appear for his match after he has been called 3 times over at least 3 minutes. 4.2.2 The decision ‘win by withdrawal’ shall be given by the MR to the contestant whose opponent withdraws from the competition during the match. 4.3 Random Pick • In the event of both athletes suffering accidental injury in a final match where the score is tied at the moment of the accident and neither athlete is able to continue in the contest, the result shall be determined by random pick.
INJURY, ILLNESS AND ACCIDENT 5.1 In every case when a match is stopped because of injury to either or both contestants, the MR may permit a maximum time of 2 minutes to the injured contestant(s) for rest. The total rest per contestant in each match shall be 2 minutes. 5.2 When an athlete presents bleeding that cannot be contained after being treated by the doctor on 2 (two) occasions. Each athlete has this right for each injury and should be provided upon the referee’s request. 5.3 If one of the contestants is unable to continue, the MR will make a decision after considering the following: 5.3.1 When the cause of the injury is attributed to the injured contestant, the injured contestant shall lose the match. 5.3.2 When the injury is caused by one athlete due to a prohibited action, he shall be disqualified and lose the match. 5.3.3 When one contestant is taken ill during the contest and he is unable to continue, he shall lose the contest. 5.4 The oﬃcial doctor is to decide whether the injured contestant may continue or not. 5.5 If a contestant loses consciousness or if they black out, the ﬁght must be stopped. If the loss of consciousness is due to trauma, then the contestant will not be allowed to compete for the remainder of the day. 5.6 When one of the athletes alleges to be suffering from muscular cramps, the opponent shall be declared the winner of the match. 5.7 When an athlete vomits or loses control of basic bodily functions, with involuntary urination or bowel incontinence, during the fight.
UNIFORMS/FURTHER REQUIREMENTS 6.1 Uniform: •
The athlete must be sure to follow the regulations for competition dress code and personal requirements as listed in this document.
If a competitor does not stand by these rules, he will not be allowed to start the match. Once a competitor has been notified that his presentation does not fit to the specified requirements, there will be an opportunity to go and change it within a per-defined time frame.
The competitor shall wear a GI that must fit its size and must allow a proper grip according to the rules.
6.1.1 Competitors must wear elasticated undergarments. In the female divisions, it is mandatory for the use of a stretchy or elasticated one-piece suit (leotard) that hugs the body beneath the GI; it can be short or long sleeved. 6.1.2 It is also permitted for athletes to use a one-piece swim garment (bathing suit) or gymnastic top. In the male divisions, a stretchy or elastic shirt is optional. No cotton or synthetic (polyester) T-shirts, are allowed. 6.1.3 The athlete (male and female) not wearing undergarments will be disqualiﬁed from the match. 6.1.5 In the female divisions, the athlete will be permitted to cover their heads. The Head Cover must follow these requirements: • Must be fixed and made with elastic fabric (or have elastics at the borders). • Be made without any kind of plastic or hard materials. • Be made with no strings of any kind. • Be clear of any inscription or logo. • Must be totally black, white, black and white, and/or the color of the rank (belt) to which the athlete belongs. • Also permitted as part of the female uniform is a single-piece head cover, which should be made of elastic and cover the neck, ears and completely cover the hair, similar to the head cover of a wet suit, and be entirely black, white, black and white, and/or the color of the rank (belt) to which the athlete belongs.
6.1.6 The event’s organizers may demand that athletes have two GIs of diﬀerent colours (one royal blue and the other white), in order to distinguish between the two athletes in a match. 6.1.7 Patches may only be aﬃxed in authorized regions of the GI, as illustrated below. They must be properly seamed. All patches unseamed or in unauthorized regions of the GI will be removed by the inspectors. 6.1.8 Permitted: a GI brand tag in the front lower part of the pants (according to illustration). The tag must be made of a thin fabric (not embroidered) and be at most 36cm2. 6.1.9 Athletes are allowed to weigh in without knee or elbow braces, but they must wear them at the time of the GI inspection. 6.1.10 Use of any foot gear, head gear, hair pins, jewellery, cups (genital protectors), or any other protector of hard material that may cause harm to an opponent or the athlete himself is forbidden. 6.1.11 The use of joint protectors (knee, elbow braces, etc.) that increase body volume to the point of making it harder for an opponent to grip the GI are also forbidden. 6.2 No-GI Jiu Jitsu Uniform 6.2.1 Both genders must wear a shirt of elastic material (skin tight) long enough to cover the torso all the way to the waistband of the shorts, colored black, white, or black and white, and with at least 10% of the rank color (belt) to which the athlete belongs. Shirts 100% the color of the athlete’s rank (belt) are also permitted. * For black belts a small red area will be tolerated. 6.2.2 Board shorts colored black, white, black and white, and/or the color of the rank (belt) to which the athlete belongs, without pockets or with the pockets stitched completely shut, without buttons, zippers or any form of plastic or metal that could present a risk to the opponent, long enough to cover at least halfway down the thigh (no more than 15 cm from the knee), and no longer than the knee. 6.2.3 Also permitted are compression shorts made of elastic material (skin tight) worn beneath the shorts, in the colors black, white, black and white, and/or the color of the rank (belt) to which the athlete belongs.
6.3 FURTHER REQUIREMENTS 6.3.1 Each athlete shall only have one opportunity to step on the official weighing scales at each event. 6.3.2 The maximum weight for male divisions is 110 kg with GI and 98 Kg ‘no-gi’ and for female divisions is 90 Kg with gi and 88 Kg ‘no-gi’. A fighter should not exceed this weight on the weigh-in day. There are no higher weight divisions. 6.3.3 An athlete proven to be a black belt in judo, have experience in freestyle or Greco-Roman wrestling or to have fought MMA as professional or amateur, shall not be allowed to enter any tournament as a white belt. 6.4 HYGIENE • • • • •
The competitors are not allowed to wear anything that may injure or endanger anybody. Long hair must be tied up with a soft hair-band. The hijab (Muslim hair cover) is allowed. Nails must be trimmed and short. Outside the match area, athletes must wear footwear. Gis must be clean and dry, having no odor.
SECTION 7 7.1 COMPETITION AREA (FIELD OF PLAY- FOP) •
The Field of play must be set up by following the additional regulations listed in the aﬃliated document.
The competition area must be covered by mats, which the “fighting area” should be one color, and the “safety area” should be a different color. Both are called “Match area”.
The area outside the ‘ﬁghting area’ shall be called the ‘safety area’.
7.2 SCORE TABLE •
The score- table is placed opposite the position of the MR at the beginning of the ﬁght.
The score-table shall be composed of one scorekeeper responsible for the operation of the electronic scoreboard.
7.3 CATEGORIES AND TIME 7.1 The categories are set according to the organization code. 7.2 The match duration is determined according to the category. 7.3 Between two matches, a recovery time of one full, regular match duration must be given. Before the ﬁnals, an athlete can claim double the match duration time for recovery.
SECTION 8 COACHES
Only one (1) coach per athlete is allowed in the match area due to the competition format. 8.1 The coach stays at the border of the contest area during the match, and may assist one of the contestants. 8.2 A coach is a role model, and as such his behaviour must reflect the martial arts code of ethics and personal conduct. 8.3 The coach must be dressed properly (complete tracksuit or smart dress). During the eliminations the track suit of the team is acceptable. In certain events, a special dress code may be established. 8.4 If the coach exhibits offensive behaviour towards the athletes, the referee, the audience or anyone else, the ‘mat referee’ (MR) may decide to dismiss him from the area reserved to the oﬃcials (FOP) for the remaining duration of them match. 8.5 If the offensive behaviour continues, the referees of the match may decide to dismiss him from the official tournament grounds. The organizer/host reserves the right to ban anyone it deems ‘troublesome’ from the venue. 8.6 8.6 When the coaches are inside the fighting area they cannot speak to the referee, either insinuate the points. They are only allowed to speak to their athlete.