East Asian Academic Center UC Berkeley Architecture 101 :: Fall 2011
The academic buildings of the UC Berkeley campus share the identity of being Beaux-Arts style monumental buildings. Although they serve their purpose of housing auditoriums, classes, and offices, a critique of these buildings would be that the spaces arenâ€™t enhanced further. Thus, rather than designing an academic building that is purely monumental with standard stacking of floor slabs, I imagined a building that is informed by the organizational logic of traditional east asian buildings in conjunction to addressing the site conditions of grounding and access. UC Berkeley East Asian Academic Building where the building as a whole encourages openness and interaction between the different users. Studying the precedents of traditional Asian buildings, I realized the courtyard typology was utilized at different scales (From a residential scale to a scale of a miniature city). Here the larger boundary of the building is set by the exterior walls and the courtyards act as public spaces between the walls and the programs. This results in a more private modules than public. Thus, further leveraging the operation of tiering that is implemented at the ground level as a result of the grounding and access conditions of the site, the various programs were organized as their individual neighborhoods (Classroom neighborhood, faculty neighborhood, etc.) where the â€œwallsâ€? are eliminated and vertical courtyards are punctured to give sectional relationships between the different neighborhoods. As a result, the interstitial spaces between the different tiers, occupied by platforms, bridges, stairs, and ramps, fosters openness and interaction between the different users of the building. The building also responds to the scale of its adjacent buildings with the staggering of the volumes providing human scale. This also follows a contextual aesthetic where the facades and the volume of the building is defined by the aggregation of granite. With the other method of enclosure being glazing, the greenhouse effect is prevented by the aluminum screen that covers the roof and the western facade of the building.
Layout of a standard traditional East Asian courtyard house. The programs are divided between Feng Shui and all access occurs from outside in. The spaces between the volumes become gather spaces. Translating the organizational logic of traditional East Asian courtyard houses, various neighborhoods are established. The organization is the same in that slack spaces become gather spaces and circulation spaces, but the walls are removed to achieve openness and open courtyards are created to achieve sectional relationships between the gather spaces.
Neighborhood module diagram Courtyard Precedents
Standard Chinese Courtyard House
House of Artists
Santiago de Compostela, Spain Compostela Institute :: Summer 2011 Recognizing the previous development to Bonaval Park by Alvaro Siza, the House of Artists is seen as a continuation of his logic in making further developments to the park. Away from the excellent spaces designed by Siza and the pristine natural spaces between numerous Oak trees, the project is located at the top of the park. At this site, Sizaâ€™s logic is continued to create two different terraces allowing the existing landscape to continue flowing up. The idea is then leveraged further to house the programs under the two terraces: The upper terrace houses private programs while the lower terrace houses public programs. In order to bring light into the spaces, courtyards are created allowing adjacent spaces to receive light.
Site Model of Bonaval Park and its surroundings
::SoMa Urban Activity Cente 10
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San Francisco, C
er:: Exterior Metal Skin
Published on Feb 26, 2012