Page 1

Booklet| The Food House Jing Hui z5076819|M.Arch Studio 1


Location


Situated in Arnhem Land, Yilpara is placed in the Northern Territory of Australia.


Site map


Eclipse celebration at Arnherm Aboriginal Lands, Australia,14-11-2012 Total Solar Eclipse, fire place spiral at the festival site, Clair Rawlinson, ABC Darwin, sousce: http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs166/1101472333529/archive/1111658235244.html

28.6 。 C

19.9 。 C

|05MAY |06JUN |07JUL |08AUG |09SEP |10OCT

|DRY PERIOD |DHAARRATHARRAMIRRI

|RARRANHDHARR

32.4 。 C 25.9 。 C |11NOV|12DEC |01JAN |02FEB

|WET PERIOD

|WORLMAMIRRI

|BAARRAMIRRI |

|WALTJARMNIRRIR

3.7mm E, SE • • • • •

14km/h (~4m/s)

breaking up camps buring grassed areas hunting for dangaroo, bandicoots, goanna fishing in shallow waters ceremonial activities

NE • less hunting • high evaporation rate • estuarine and coastal water fishing

|MIRDAWARR |

272.7mm

6km/h

(~1.6m/s)

• restricted hunting • generally in camps near permanent water

• trepang • floods restrict inland travel fishing • in camps • sedentary life in camps • floods • rank grass

THE SIX SEASON OF THE YOLNGU PEOPLE OF NORTH- EAST ARNHEM LAND, source: http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_014512.shtml

Season

|03MAR |04APR

• generrally sedentary in big camps • floods • long rank grass • mosquitoes • goosehunting in swamps • fishing where floodwater recede

NO


%Male in Yilpara

>

%Female in Yilpara

%Australian Aboriginal and %Aboriginal and torres strait islander males torres strait islander females %Non-Aboriginal males

%Non-Aboriginal females

92%

22%

%Male in Yilpara

do not meet recommended 10 vegetable 20 30 40 serves %Female in Yilpara

%Aboriginal and

%Australian Aboriginal and

%Non-Aboriginal males

%Non-Aboriginal females

population ran decrease: out of food 0

30 the20 10 in last year

0

41%

daily energy intake is 50discretionary 60 foods

strait islander females torres strait islander males torrescompared mortality, Northern Territories to non-indigenous

Malnutrition Type II Diabetes Lower Higher Cardiovascular Diseases life fertility expectancy rate

>

Rates of End-Stage Renal Disease 2010-2014

ara mortality, populationAustralia decrease: nal

1: 121 6: 107

High sodium

ant mortality, Northern Territories compared to non-indigenous intake

Indigenous and Non-Indigenous by Age Group

Higher fertility rate

Lower life expectancy ycna

ternal mortality, Australia

Nutrition-related Health issues


Yilapra Community Popuilation slre slu a esv sa io dvid raria luC cCardiovascular sCavoidof raYilpara C Population e Cardiovascular slue acsea idvso irda u a c sc a diseases o d rdistribution a diseases slaape a ripta c d a se siodP sra ssae id ra C 6An 1na 0do2na u A a riu fsooa bP irrto siPdC nosia tae lup 6l1 0p6n 2o 1a0 a laraa rtilp saulriA tsu raib flo iYe fsoo ia n tulo b ra tb slp iCardiovascular d irlitY snid in tnav ooliuo tita puilo u p distribution Population anddiseases Australia 2016 dna arapliY fo noit6u1b0i2 rtsaidilanro tsiu taA ud P2ia Y fd o itau irrla titY sssp id nnd o initd ua o Pu

2011

121

Type sete baid22diabetes epyT sraeysr9 a5e-y5595-55 sraey 95-55 POPULATION DECREASE Malnutrition noitirtunlaM

sraey 44-04 sraey 92-52 32

%14 22%

02

sraey 44-04

sraeysr4 a4e-y0444-04

sraey 92-52

sraeysr9 a2e-y5292-52

32

32

32

02

02

se e te eyp b aTid 2 2ep yT sesaesid ralucsavoidra 2016 s102e stile tbe aarai2 d 2p TyType diabetes seType teba2id6diabetes yadTbniad 2 ae arp tsuA pliY fo noitubirtsid noitalupoP 55-59 years 55-59 years setebaid 2 ep no Malnutrition40-44 nM onyears itoirittuirn tula nM la Malnutrition MitirtunlaM sraey 44-04 noitirtunla 40-44 years

107

sraey 95-55

sraey 95-55

noitirtunla

sraey 95-55

sraey 92-52

sraey 44-04

25-29 years

sraey 92-52

32

23

32

02

20

81

25-29 years 23

%29 %14 % 2 9 92% % % 2 9 2 9 92% 92% % 1 4 %2 9 % 2 9 %2% 12414 22% 41%%22 %% %energy 22daily 22%%1441% 2222 41% % 02

ylia20 d ne 51 odaily d d do y18gren do d odo od odyliado y l i a y d l i a d daily 8 1 8y 1 lia 81d 18 81 31 n ran nar rannar na r ar si ekatna ir teenot m t01meet on not tofeYilpara etofe mYilpara eand m toAustralia n ton not meet teCardiovascular em t1on5y1 grediseases teemeet e mydistribution to nne g r e 51 y g y r e g n r e e n energy energy 5 15oitercsiD Cardiovascular diseases n e 15 51 yran Population Population distribution and Australia 2016 2016 d o out of foodd3o1 of fo tuo out of fooddoof fo tuodo oo fo fof fto uo tuo of 8 d 2 sdoof 3diabetes 1o23c 1diabetes 13d 31 recommeded dc dr e dre mem mom co e reerecommeded dedType emType m er i eokdc aee td n ie siintake eski recommeded a ektdnaeiistd ne i msm intake ismm5 ocer 13 02

od teem ton dedemmoc fo teulbsoeavtreegsev

yliad ran y g r e n e out of food 31 sin i ethe katn i i eka tni tsal eht ni ht ni is insthe last in the10last tsal eht ni tsatlsa eh le th nti10ni tsal eintake last Malnutrition Malnutrition 01 01 01 01 01 e l b a t e g e v vegetable e l b e a l b t e a g t e e g v e v vegetable vegetable e l b a t e g e v e l b a t e g e v y r a n o i t e r c s i D y r a y n r a o n i t o e i r t c e s r i c D s i D Discretionary Discretionary yra12 nomonths itercsiD yra8 nmonths oitercsiDiscretionary :snoitacilpmi elbissoP 12 months mom 21 2 sDh shtnom 21 shtsnhotn 8 tnom 21 8 12 8 1shtnom 21 8 8 8 sry01-0 sry01-0 Population Distribution of Yilapra 2016 s e v r e s serves s e v s e r e v s r e s serves serves s e v r e s s e v r e s s d o o f s d o s d o o f o f foods foods foods s d o o f s d o o f 5 5 do 5 do 41% 5 5 5 5 92% 92% Possible Implications: 41% daily daily In Relations to Nationwide Indigenous and Non-Indigenous 22% 22% ran ran Population distribution of Yilpara and Australia 2016 not meet not meet energy energy 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 81 51

55-59 years 55-59 years

3

40-44 years 40-44 years

s

out ofout food of food

25-29 years 25-29 years

>

recommeded recommeded

intake intake is is

55-59 years 01 0 serves serves foodsfoods 40-44 years sry01y/o -0 s%m rye0F%1a-r0apliY ni elameF% 0-10yrs s0-10 ry00-10yrs 1y/o -0 0-10 a r a p a l i Y r a n p i l i e Y l a n m i e e l a F arapliY ni elameF% a r a p l i Y n i e l a m e F % ranpi lieYlanM i e%laM% arapliY ni elaM% arapliY ni elaM% arapaliY 25-29 years arapliY ni elaM% Possible Possible implications: implications: r e w o L d n a d l a n n a i g l a i r o n b i g A i r o n b a A i l a n r t a s u i l a A r % t s u A % d n a d l a n n a i g l a i r o n b i g A i r % o b A % lanigirobA nailartsuA% d n a l a n i g i r o b A n a i l a r t s u A % d n a l a n i g i r o b A % d n a l a n i g i r o b A % d a l a n i g i r o b A n a i r t s u A % d n a l a n i g i r o b A % 23 m srereo la ftm re dlfa nra eld sri n alnrstia stlisae rtrtirlsa o rso e sd et n rla eam dlsni ra ld sirnttsia aslrsetisrtriso aetrrtrsso r0-10yrs otredn0-10yrs ef rednalsi tiarts serrot selam rednalsi tiarts sesrero latmef rednalsi tiasre tslase see m etia d tessre e rm o si e asrtm flatre teia estle arm alsi te iarftisl se0-10yrs rrot 0-10yrs 20 s%eela fm la elifa glm a ironlb ia gA nbiorA -% nAlo % se e alam sneilg ain m irAon-b ingA -on% boA N-% nsoeNla%mylac amef lanigirobA-noN% selam lanigirobA-noNs%elamef lanigirobA-sneolaNm sen nir-iog oNsb n Nfl% e a-N mo roigbla oirN nn iga irotbcAe -np oN % xe 18

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selam lanigirobA-noN%

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> >> > >> > rehgiH ytilitref etar

13-65yrs 13-65yrs

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>>>

>

121 :1102 %Aboriginal and %Australian Aboriginal and %Aboriginal and60 701 :6102 torres strait islander males torres strait islander males torres strait islander females

20 10 30 20 40 30 50 40 60 50

in Yilparain Yilpara %Male in %Male Yilparain Yilpara %Female%Female

%Australian Aboriginal Aboriginal and and %Aboriginal %Aboriginal and and %Australian

%Non-Aboriginal males females torres torres islander males suone gidstrait nitorres -nislander onstrait otmales dera p mstrait otorres cislander sestrait iro%Non-Aboriginal tfemales iislander rreT nfemales rehtroN ,ytilamales trom tnaf%Non-Aboriginal nI females females %Non-Aboriginal %Non-Aboriginal males %Non-Aboriginal males %Non-Aboriginal

Yipara Yipara population population decrease: decrease:

rom lanretaM rehgLower iH 13-65yrs Lower nemoW sry2011: 513-65yrs s6ry-121 3 52011: 1 6-3121 s6ry-3 5ai1 6la-rt3su1A ,ytilat13-65yrs sry56-313-65yrs 1 s1ry56-3s1ry56-31sry513-65yrs sry56Higher -31 Higher 2016: 107 sap :eosrp a cead rrcan epo diYitnaoluit:p a ppea orc p raea p a Yipara Yipara population decrease: :esaerced noit:aelu eo slua driY np oiY talupop arapiY 2016: 107 tnpopulation afnIlife life decrease: deirram fertility fertility 1211:2 11 0:1 2102 2011: 2011: 121 121 :1102 121 :1102 Infant Infant rehtona ot yti121 la troexpectancy m expectancy mortality, mortality, Northern Northern Territories Territories compared compared to non-indigenous to non-indigenous raterate 7017Women :0 61 0:6 2102 2016: 107 2016: 107 701 :6102 yrtnuoc 701 :6102 etar

sry56-31

>

13-65yrs sry56-31

> > >> > >

>

5 1 :1102 L hgreiHwore L rheg HiH rehg17i20H e 3hig 1 :6102 0 High e f i l High infant Low life married to ilitirl40e itrfe30f y20tilit10ref0 10 20 30 40 50 60 tilitref yty fertility rate mortality rate expectancy another xyre p ecpxtm eoarctsceie sun,o stnu odg e drm te a a ce o se rstoN ed tir,eo rye rnetm rTe n h rte ro N ta trreoh tm ntraotfn na I ,fyntIilatrom tnafnI Infant mortality,toNorthern Ter Infant mortality, Northern Territories compared non-indige a rosp tuiro Tengre idhntir-o nN o yo itle a reio a nsou Isn otertd ire rp erm T ip n tcroio oo m tshne fynN n e odio nre g n -onrm oh n rtaiTlra p c irro,o ttIiirl,rayetTriloa nm N inid Yilpara erxetne a tra r%Male a Higher Higher in e Yilpara ttna rgnpid-tnmnoaio-nnfc%Female Women Women %Australian Aboriginal and %Aboriginal and torres strait islander males torres strait islander females %Non-Aboriginal males

%Non-Aboriginal females

ailartsuA ,ytilatrom lanretaM

Demographics Yipara population decrease: 2011: 121 2016: 107

country

married married to another to another country country

Infant Infant mortality mortality raterate

Maternal Maternal mortality, mortality, Australia Australia

rtilsau tnsu yAtial,ayM trilo aam ola a e ta M Australia re eghiH g iHemroeWhMaternal Higher Higher mortality, ailartrse uA ytiilH aatriloaa m larA r,e h,g reMe iHlanreHigher a rm to snulrW An ,ry ttilaah trg om tarh M ginHenmeom Women W oW Australia WomenMaternal mortality, nWomen etirlm n

tnafnI ytilatrom etar

nemoW tna tnfa nmarried Ifn Infant Infant irreairm ra m deirmarried dmarried eirram tnafnI dIeirra mafndIed tn ram another r e h r e t o h n t o a n o a t o t to another to rehanother toHigher na y otilatrommortality e to n a o t ytiylatitlLower a rto otrm ohm mortality r e h t o na ot ytilatrom country y r t y n r u t n o u c o c country ycountry rtnfertility uoc etar y r t n u o c ete atrlife ar rateyrtnuoc rate etar

Infant mortality, Northern Territories compared to non-indigenous

rate

expectancy

Infant mortality rate


Australia Precedent|Marika Alderton House Glenn Murcutt


International Precedent|Mae Tao Temporary Dormitories a.gor.a Architects


A concept model made aiming to make use of tensile roof structure and arc based structure. It was a concept derived from the Waitomo Glowworm Caves Visitor Centre,

The model was made to have a taste on buildings with a courtyard while having numerous opening. The final design was determined based on the adjustment on the proportions of the rectangular dimensions of the concept.

Concept Model Early Stage

A concept trial on developing the precedent-Markia House by Glenn. Monopitch roof was used at the final proposal instead of double pitch.


rtilsau tnsu yAtial,ayM trilo aam ola a e ta M re eghiH g iHemroeWhMaternal Higher mortality, ilartrse uA ytiilH aatriloaa m larA r,e h,g reMe iHlanreHigher a rm to snulrW An ,ry ttilaah trg om tarh M ginHenmeom Women W oW Australia WomenMatern nWomen etirlm n

nemoW tna tnfa nmarried Ifn Ieirratn Infant Infant irreairm ra m deirmarried dmarried eirram tnafnI dLower mafndIed ram Higher another eh re tohntmortality o anoat otrehto another to rehanother tona y ottilatrommortality re to n a ottrro ytiylatitla rto otrm ohm t o na ot y t i l a m life country c yrtncountry ycountry rtnuoc fertility y uoc ete atra r rtnuoectaryrtynrutnoucorate rate etar

tnafnI ytilatrom etar tories compared to non-indigenous Previous Masterplan:

3 Spub web groups that spreaded from the central service area to the sides.

expectancy

rate

FOOD

FIRE

GARDEN

COMMUNAL KITCHEN

FOOD

COUNCIL

Decentralising p r e p o s i t i o n encouraged less efficient programming of buildings and farming areas. In addition, dividing the community into small tribes does not encourage the cohesion and unity of the whole Yilpara community.

GARDEN

DINING

BATH HOUSE

OFFICE

WOMEN’S CENTRE ART & MUSIC CENTRE

FIRE

CENTRAL CEREMONAIAL SPACE

SCHOOL & COMMUNITY CENTRE

GARDEN

FOOD

GARDEN

FIRE


Masterplan The ultimate goal of the proposal was to futher develop a self-sustaining and healthy community with authenticity. After investigation into the Yilpara community, it is concluded that the food, health and housing were the 3 main issues. We believe that only by promoting a healthy habitat as a starting point, can the community be thriving and ultimately, independent and self-sustaining. The Food House and the Medical centre are situated at the central zone of the community as a core of the masterplan. Food House promotes stable food supply, high food hygienic level and healthy eating habits by serving community kitchen, storage and store. It copes with the Medical Centre to further encourage health and well-being of the Yilpara community. Furthermore, the prototype dwelling is also essential in the socialwell-being and eliminating problems associated with overcrowding.


Updated Masterplan:

1

2

3

Centralised circles of services with the central zone and residential zone. It promotes the cohesion and unity of the community and also allows more efficient planning of new infrastructure and farming. 1. Proposed prototype dwelling 2. Food Hub 3. Medical centre This booklet is the proposal of the Food Hub. The other 2 propositions are elaborated by my teammaters.


Site model with proposed buildings by the whole team


Famine

Communal Kitchen that centralise food supply allows efficient distribution of food.

Community Gardening, Raised Bed floor farming

Cool and freezer room to prevent expiry that is a waste of food.

Ensure stable imported food supply

Strategies for tackling food related issues

The store facilitates trading of food, which helps redistribution of food.

For Sand ground, Drought Tolerant Vegetables could be farmed, e.g. Optunia


Unhealthy eating habit

Community Kitchen & Dining to promote healthy cooking

Food storage allows sufficient space for variety of food to be stored which promote the diversity of food intake.

Communal store could promote healthier food intake by reducing unhealthy food sale and give discounts on healthier food.

Community Kitchen & Dining promotes a centralised food preparation and cooking which decreases the chance of food poisoning and other related bacterial growth.

The exact temperature of cool and freezer room hinder bacterial growth of food.

Hygienic area for animal slaughtering and seafood processing that lower the chance of bacterial infection

Food Hygiene


Food House The manifesto of the preposition is to improve food supply, food hygiene and eating habits with a tropical considered passive design building. The building is elongated on the north-south axis in order to align to the wind direction. Community kitchen and Store are separated by the food storage. By doing so, public entry to store would not interfere with the hectic cooking environement. Moreover, both kitchen and store need to take food from the storage to cook or sell, the position of food storage anchoring in the middle allows this to happen. Store extruded perpendicular to the long side of the building to allow welcoming and obvious entrance to any visitors without being blocked by either storage or kitchen. The L shape also allow gathering spots to emerge surrounded by the building . Large overhanging roofs are installed to provide sunshade. Kitchen and Store are rasied 1050mm to promote wind breeze underneath while the food storage based with the ground. The difference in height provide a good buffer and separation between storage and kitchen in order to ensure hygiene and circulation. Numerous openings including clerestory windows, shutters, lourvers, air vents are installed to ensure comfortable habitatual experience. To conclude, the overal design is logical placement of core rooms with various passive design measures.


Food House Kitchen|Storage|Store


Site Plan

Site Plan, 1:1000 The site location is determined by several factors. To situate at the central zone of the community, to promote the interaction with other new infrastructures of the masterplan scheme, to take advantage of the landscape like tree shadings, sufficient altitude to prevent flooding.


Communal Kitchen

Communal Store

Dry Storage

Cool Storage

Freezer Storage

Kill Floor

Shower

WC

Floor Plan, 1:150 The facility contains 3 main parts: Communal Kitchen, Food Storage and Food Store. The components were proposed as such arrangement because both Kitchen and Store required frequent access to the food storage. Storage section in the moiddle is lowered 1050mm to promote hyigenic separation between cooking area and store, apart from providing cross ventilation underneath.


Large overhangs of metal corrugated roofs to provide sun shades and reflection. Overhangs and different heights of roofs promoted air venting cooling

Shutters and lourvers Numerous shutters and lourvers were installed in the building to facilitate ventilation and maintain protection in cyclone seasons. Equipments , for example kitchen table and store wire rack were aligned perpendicular to the NE-SW axis to minimize obstruction of cross-ventilation.

Clerestory windows were installed for both roofs. These windows not only allow further cooling through Stack effect by sucking heat to the top, but also promote diffused sunlight harvesting without the heat energy.

A level change of 1050mm allows separation for mainly hygiene reasons and wind cooling underneath.

Timber floor for Kitchen and Store and Concrete floor for Storage Concrete is chosen to be the foundation and wall material of due to the exact temperatures to be maintained for cool and freezer room. It also promote insulation and ease of maintenance than timber.

E


Materiality

Circulation

Timber flooring

Axon

Concrete with paint finish

Exploded Axon

Store Community/ Public Zone

Storage Worker/Private Zone

Kitchen


Communal Store


Communal Kitchen


SOUTH EAST ELEVATION, 1:150

LONG SECTION, 1:150


Elevation

NORTH EAST ELEVATION, 1:150

CROSS SECTION, 1:150


1

6

Sectional Perspective to show the openings that ensures a comfortably cool environment.


5

2

3

4 1. Celestory windows 2. Shutters

3. Adjustable lourvers 4. Split level

5. Air vent between roofs overhangs 6. Bifold doors


Model Pics

Model perspective


Model without roof


Model Pics

Store opening


Another opening

Food House in Yilpara community, East Arnhem land, Australia  
Food House in Yilpara community, East Arnhem land, Australia  
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