Booklet| The Food House Jing Hui z5076819|M.Arch Studio 1
Situated in Arnhem Land, Yilpara is placed in the Northern Territory of Australia.
Eclipse celebration at Arnherm Aboriginal Lands, Australia,14-11-2012 Total Solar Eclipse, fire place spiral at the festival site, Clair Rawlinson, ABC Darwin, sousce: http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs166/1101472333529/archive/1111658235244.html
28.6 。 C
19.9 。 C
|05MAY |06JUN |07JUL |08AUG |09SEP |10OCT
|DRY PERIOD |DHAARRATHARRAMIRRI
32.4 。 C 25.9 。 C |11NOV|12DEC |01JAN |02FEB
3.7mm E, SE • • • • •
breaking up camps buring grassed areas hunting for dangaroo, bandicoots, goanna fishing in shallow waters ceremonial activities
NE • less hunting • high evaporation rate • estuarine and coastal water fishing
• restricted hunting • generally in camps near permanent water
• trepang • floods restrict inland travel fishing • in camps • sedentary life in camps • floods • rank grass
THE SIX SEASON OF THE YOLNGU PEOPLE OF NORTH- EAST ARNHEM LAND, source: http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_014512.shtml
• generrally sedentary in big camps • floods • long rank grass • mosquitoes • goosehunting in swamps • fishing where floodwater recede
%Male in Yilpara
%Female in Yilpara
%Australian Aboriginal and %Aboriginal and torres strait islander males torres strait islander females %Non-Aboriginal males
%Male in Yilpara
do not meet recommended 10 vegetable 20 30 40 serves %Female in Yilpara
%Australian Aboriginal and
population ran decrease: out of food 0
30 the20 10 in last year
daily energy intake is 50discretionary 60 foods
strait islander females torres strait islander males torrescompared mortality, Northern Territories to non-indigenous
Malnutrition Type II Diabetes Lower Higher Cardiovascular Diseases life fertility expectancy rate
Rates of End-Stage Renal Disease 2010-2014
ara mortality, populationAustralia decrease: nal
1: 121 6: 107
ant mortality, Northern Territories compared to non-indigenous intake
Indigenous and Non-Indigenous by Age Group
Higher fertility rate
Lower life expectancy ycna
ternal mortality, Australia
Nutrition-related Health issues
Yilapra Community Popuilation slre slu a esv sa io dvid raria luC cCardiovascular sCavoidof raYilpara C Population e Cardiovascular slue acsea idvso irda u a c sc a diseases o d rdistribution a diseases slaape a ripta c d a se siodP sra ssae id ra C 6An 1na 0do2na u A a riu fsooa bP irrto siPdC nosia tae lup 6l1 0p6n 2o 1a0 a laraa rtilp saulriA tsu raib flo iYe fsoo ia n tulo b ra tb slp iCardiovascular d irlitY snid in tnav ooliuo tita puilo u p distribution Population anddiseases Australia 2016 dna arapliY fo noit6u1b0i2 rtsaidilanro tsiu taA ud P2ia Y fd o itau irrla titY sssp id nnd o initd ua o Pu
Type sete baid22diabetes epyT sraeysr9 a5e-y5595-55 sraey 95-55 POPULATION DECREASE Malnutrition noitirtunlaM
sraey 44-04 sraey 92-52 32
se e te eyp b aTid 2 2ep yT sesaesid ralucsavoidra 2016 s102e stile tbe aarai2 d 2p TyType diabetes seType teba2id6diabetes yadTbniad 2 ae arp tsuA pliY fo noitubirtsid noitalupoP 55-59 years 55-59 years setebaid 2 ep no Malnutrition40-44 nM onyears itoirittuirn tula nM la Malnutrition MitirtunlaM sraey 44-04 noitirtunla 40-44 years
25-29 years 23
%29 %14 % 2 9 92% % % 2 9 2 9 92% 92% % 1 4 %2 9 % 2 9 %2% 12414 22% 41%%22 %% %energy 22daily 22%%1441% 2222 41% % 02
ylia20 d ne 51 odaily d d do y18gren do d odo od odyliado y l i a y d l i a d daily 8 1 8y 1 lia 81d 18 81 31 n ran nar rannar na r ar si ekatna ir teenot m t01meet on not tofeYilpara etofe mYilpara eand m toAustralia n ton not meet teCardiovascular em t1on5y1 grediseases teemeet e mydistribution to nne g r e 51 y g y r e g n r e e n energy energy 5 15oitercsiD Cardiovascular diseases n e 15 51 yran Population Population distribution and Australia 2016 2016 d o out of foodd3o1 of fo tuo out of fooddoof fo tuodo oo fo fof fto uo tuo of 8 d 2 sdoof 3diabetes 1o23c 1diabetes 13d 31 recommeded dc dr e dre mem mom co e reerecommeded dedType emType m er i eokdc aee td n ie siintake eski recommeded a ektdnaeiistd ne i msm intake ismm5 ocer 13 02
od teem ton dedemmoc fo teulbsoeavtreegsev
yliad ran y g r e n e out of food 31 sin i ethe katn i i eka tni tsal eht ni ht ni is insthe last in the10last tsal eht ni tsatlsa eh le th nti10ni tsal eintake last Malnutrition Malnutrition 01 01 01 01 01 e l b a t e g e v vegetable e l b e a l b t e a g t e e g v e v vegetable vegetable e l b a t e g e v e l b a t e g e v y r a n o i t e r c s i D y r a y n r a o n i t o e i r t c e s r i c D s i D Discretionary Discretionary yra12 nomonths itercsiD yra8 nmonths oitercsiDiscretionary :snoitacilpmi elbissoP 12 months mom 21 2 sDh shtnom 21 shtsnhotn 8 tnom 21 8 12 8 1shtnom 21 8 8 8 sry01-0 sry01-0 Population Distribution of Yilapra 2016 s e v r e s serves s e v s e r e v s r e s serves serves s e v r e s s e v r e s s d o o f s d o s d o o f o f foods foods foods s d o o f s d o o f 5 5 do 5 do 41% 5 5 5 5 92% 92% Possible Implications: 41% daily daily In Relations to Nationwide Indigenous and Non-Indigenous 22% 22% ran ran Population distribution of Yilpara and Australia 2016 not meet not meet energy energy 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 81 51
55-59 years 55-59 years
40-44 years 40-44 years
out ofout food of food
25-29 years 25-29 years
intake intake is is
55-59 years 01 0 serves serves foodsfoods 40-44 years sry01y/o -0 s%m rye0F%1a-r0apliY ni elameF% 0-10yrs s0-10 ry00-10yrs 1y/o -0 0-10 a r a p a l i Y r a n p i l i e Y l a n m i e e l a F arapliY ni elameF% a r a p l i Y n i e l a m e F % ranpi lieYlanM i e%laM% arapliY ni elaM% arapliY ni elaM% arapaliY 25-29 years arapliY ni elaM% Possible Possible implications: implications: r e w o L d n a d l a n n a i g l a i r o n b i g A i r o n b a A i l a n r t a s u i l a A r % t s u A % d n a d l a n n a i g l a i r o n b i g A i r % o b A % lanigirobA nailartsuA% d n a l a n i g i r o b A n a i l a r t s u A % d n a l a n i g i r o b A % d n a l a n i g i r o b A % d a l a n i g i r o b A n a i r t s u A % d n a l a n i g i r o b A % 23 m srereo la ftm re dlfa nra eld sri n alnrstia stlisae rtrtirlsa o rso e sd et n rla eam dlsni ra ld sirnttsia aslrsetisrtriso aetrrtrsso r0-10yrs otredn0-10yrs ef rednalsi tiarts serrot selam rednalsi tiarts sesrero latmef rednalsi tiasre tslase see m etia d tessre e rm o si e asrtm flatre teia estle arm alsi te iarftisl se0-10yrs rrot 0-10yrs 20 s%eela fm la elifa glm a ironlb ia gA nbiorA -% nAlo % se e alam sneilg ain m irAon-b ingA -on% boA N-% nsoeNla%mylac amef lanigirobA-noN% selam lanigirobA-noNs%elamef lanigirobA-sneolaNm sen nir-iog oNsb n Nfl% e a-N mo roigbla oirN nn iga irotbcAe -np oN % xe 18
daily gy e is onary ds
arapliY ni elameF%
arapliY ni elaM%
dna lanigirobA nailartsuA% dna lanigirobA% selamef rednalsi tiarts serrot selam rednalsi tiarts serrot selamef lanigirobA-noN%
0 0 thein0last last vegetable Discretionary :sm n:Possible soinMALE ie toalb itca l:implications: p im e ilsb isl30p sPomP20i el10b Possible oilib t0eFEMALE a cso iss0oP10 implications: :snoitain3c il0p20the m i Possible elb issvegetable oP0 implications: :s0Discretionary n oMALE i0t4a0 cilp isilc spoim Psn 0 0months 1months 02 010203 FEMALE 40 30 20 10 40 20 30 40 50 60 00304 0104 02 3 01 06 02 05 03 04 04 0063 060052 050041 04030 06030021050200120401 003012 01412 0
15 13 8
:esaerced noitalupop arapiY
0-10yrs sry0 s3 1ry-0s13ry-y/o 0 1-0 13-65
s1r-y00 s1ry-y/o 0 1-0 0-10yrs sry013-65
30 40 20 30 10 20
0-10yrs sryYOUNG 01-0 OLD sry56%Male -0-10yrs 31 in Yilpara in Yilpara sry56-31 %Male inrcYilpara :esae ed noitalupop arap%Female iY
> >> > >> > rehgiH ytilitref etar
0 10 10 0
121 :1102 %Aboriginal and %Australian Aboriginal and %Aboriginal and60 701 :6102 torres strait islander males torres strait islander males torres strait islander females
20 10 30 20 40 30 50 40 60 50
in Yilparain Yilpara %Male in %Male Yilparain Yilpara %Female%Female
%Australian Aboriginal Aboriginal and and %Aboriginal %Aboriginal and and %Australian
%Non-Aboriginal males females torres torres islander males suone gidstrait nitorres -nislander onstrait otmales dera p mstrait otorres cislander sestrait iro%Non-Aboriginal tfemales iislander rreT nfemales rehtroN ,ytilamales trom tnaf%Non-Aboriginal nI females females %Non-Aboriginal %Non-Aboriginal males %Non-Aboriginal males %Non-Aboriginal
Yipara Yipara population population decrease: decrease:
rom lanretaM rehgLower iH 13-65yrs Lower nemoW sry2011: 513-65yrs s6ry-121 3 52011: 1 6-3121 s6ry-3 5ai1 6la-rt3su1A ,ytilat13-65yrs sry56-313-65yrs 1 s1ry56-3s1ry56-31sry513-65yrs sry56Higher -31 Higher 2016: 107 sap :eosrp a cead rrcan epo diYitnaoluit:p a ppea orc p raea p a Yipara Yipara population decrease: :esaerced noit:aelu eo slua driY np oiY talupop arapiY 2016: 107 tnpopulation afnIlife life decrease: deirram fertility fertility 1211:2 11 0:1 2102 2011: 2011: 121 121 :1102 121 :1102 Infant Infant rehtona ot yti121 la troexpectancy m expectancy mortality, mortality, Northern Northern Territories Territories compared compared to non-indigenous to non-indigenous raterate 7017Women :0 61 0:6 2102 2016: 107 2016: 107 701 :6102 yrtnuoc 701 :6102 etar
> > >> > >
5 1 :1102 L hgreiHwore L rheg HiH rehg17i20H e 3hig 1 :6102 0 High e f i l High infant Low life married to ilitirl40e itrfe30f y20tilit10ref0 10 20 30 40 50 60 tilitref yty fertility rate mortality rate expectancy another xyre p ecpxtm eoarctsceie sun,o stnu odg e drm te a a ce o se rstoN ed tir,eo rye rnetm rTe n h rte ro N ta trreoh tm ntraotfn na I ,fyntIilatrom tnafnI Infant mortality,toNorthern Ter Infant mortality, Northern Territories compared non-indige a rosp tuiro Tengre idhntir-o nN o yo itle a reio a nsou Isn otertd ire rp erm T ip n tcroio oo m tshne fynN n e odio nre g n -onrm oh n rtaiTlra p c irro,o ttIiirl,rayetTriloa nm N inid Yilpara erxetne a tra r%Male a Higher Higher in e Yilpara ttna rgnpid-tnmnoaio-nnfc%Female Women Women %Australian Aboriginal and %Aboriginal and torres strait islander males torres strait islander females %Non-Aboriginal males
ailartsuA ,ytilatrom lanretaM
Demographics Yipara population decrease: 2011: 121 2016: 107
married married to another to another country country
Infant Infant mortality mortality raterate
Maternal Maternal mortality, mortality, Australia Australia
rtilsau tnsu yAtial,ayM trilo aam ola a e ta M Australia re eghiH g iHemroeWhMaternal Higher Higher mortality, ailartrse uA ytiilH aatriloaa m larA r,e h,g reMe iHlanreHigher a rm to snulrW An ,ry ttilaah trg om tarh M ginHenmeom Women W oW Australia WomenMaternal mortality, nWomen etirlm n
tnafnI ytilatrom etar
nemoW tna tnfa nmarried Ifn Infant Infant irreairm ra m deirmarried dmarried eirram tnafnI dIeirra mafndIed tn ram another r e h r e t o h n t o a n o a t o t to another to rehanother toHigher na y otilatrommortality e to n a o t ytiylatitlLower a rto otrm ohm mortality r e h t o na ot ytilatrom country y r t y n r u t n o u c o c country ycountry rtnfertility uoc etar y r t n u o c ete atrlife ar rateyrtnuoc rate etar
Infant mortality, Northern Territories compared to non-indigenous
Infant mortality rate
Australia Precedent|Marika Alderton House Glenn Murcutt
International Precedent|Mae Tao Temporary Dormitories a.gor.a Architects
A concept model made aiming to make use of tensile roof structure and arc based structure. It was a concept derived from the Waitomo Glowworm Caves Visitor Centre,
The model was made to have a taste on buildings with a courtyard while having numerous opening. The final design was determined based on the adjustment on the proportions of the rectangular dimensions of the concept.
Concept Model Early Stage
A concept trial on developing the precedent-Markia House by Glenn. Monopitch roof was used at the final proposal instead of double pitch.
rtilsau tnsu yAtial,ayM trilo aam ola a e ta M re eghiH g iHemroeWhMaternal Higher mortality, ilartrse uA ytiilH aatriloaa m larA r,e h,g reMe iHlanreHigher a rm to snulrW An ,ry ttilaah trg om tarh M ginHenmeom Women W oW Australia WomenMatern nWomen etirlm n
nemoW tna tnfa nmarried Ifn Ieirratn Infant Infant irreairm ra m deirmarried dmarried eirram tnafnI dLower mafndIed ram Higher another eh re tohntmortality o anoat otrehto another to rehanother tona y ottilatrommortality re to n a ottrro ytiylatitla rto otrm ohm t o na ot y t i l a m life country c yrtncountry ycountry rtnuoc fertility y uoc ete atra r rtnuoectaryrtynrutnoucorate rate etar
tnafnI ytilatrom etar tories compared to non-indigenous Previous Masterplan:
3 Spub web groups that spreaded from the central service area to the sides.
Decentralising p r e p o s i t i o n encouraged less efficient programming of buildings and farming areas. In addition, dividing the community into small tribes does not encourage the cohesion and unity of the whole Yilpara community.
WOMENâ€™S CENTRE ART & MUSIC CENTRE
CENTRAL CEREMONAIAL SPACE
SCHOOL & COMMUNITY CENTRE
Masterplan The ultimate goal of the proposal was to futher develop a self-sustaining and healthy community with authenticity. After investigation into the Yilpara community, it is concluded that the food, health and housing were the 3 main issues. We believe that only by promoting a healthy habitat as a starting point, can the community be thriving and ultimately, independent and self-sustaining. The Food House and the Medical centre are situated at the central zone of the community as a core of the masterplan. Food House promotes stable food supply, high food hygienic level and healthy eating habits by serving community kitchen, storage and store. It copes with the Medical Centre to further encourage health and well-being of the Yilpara community. Furthermore, the prototype dwelling is also essential in the socialwell-being and eliminating problems associated with overcrowding.
Centralised circles of services with the central zone and residential zone. It promotes the cohesion and unity of the community and also allows more efficient planning of new infrastructure and farming. 1. Proposed prototype dwelling 2. Food Hub 3. Medical centre This booklet is the proposal of the Food Hub. The other 2 propositions are elaborated by my teammaters.
Site model with proposed buildings by the whole team
Communal Kitchen that centralise food supply allows efficient distribution of food.
Community Gardening, Raised Bed floor farming
Cool and freezer room to prevent expiry that is a waste of food.
Ensure stable imported food supply
Strategies for tackling food related issues
The store facilitates trading of food, which helps redistribution of food.
For Sand ground, Drought Tolerant Vegetables could be farmed, e.g. Optunia
Unhealthy eating habit
Community Kitchen & Dining to promote healthy cooking
Food storage allows sufficient space for variety of food to be stored which promote the diversity of food intake.
Communal store could promote healthier food intake by reducing unhealthy food sale and give discounts on healthier food.
Community Kitchen & Dining promotes a centralised food preparation and cooking which decreases the chance of food poisoning and other related bacterial growth.
The exact temperature of cool and freezer room hinder bacterial growth of food.
Hygienic area for animal slaughtering and seafood processing that lower the chance of bacterial infection
Food House The manifesto of the preposition is to improve food supply, food hygiene and eating habits with a tropical considered passive design building. The building is elongated on the north-south axis in order to align to the wind direction. Community kitchen and Store are separated by the food storage. By doing so, public entry to store would not interfere with the hectic cooking environement. Moreover, both kitchen and store need to take food from the storage to cook or sell, the position of food storage anchoring in the middle allows this to happen. Store extruded perpendicular to the long side of the building to allow welcoming and obvious entrance to any visitors without being blocked by either storage or kitchen. The L shape also allow gathering spots to emerge surrounded by the building . Large overhanging roofs are installed to provide sunshade. Kitchen and Store are rasied 1050mm to promote wind breeze underneath while the food storage based with the ground. The difference in height provide a good buffer and separation between storage and kitchen in order to ensure hygiene and circulation. Numerous openings including clerestory windows, shutters, lourvers, air vents are installed to ensure comfortable habitatual experience. To conclude, the overal design is logical placement of core rooms with various passive design measures.
Food House Kitchen|Storage|Store
Site Plan, 1:1000 The site location is determined by several factors. To situate at the central zone of the community, to promote the interaction with other new infrastructures of the masterplan scheme, to take advantage of the landscape like tree shadings, sufficient altitude to prevent flooding.
Floor Plan, 1:150 The facility contains 3 main parts: Communal Kitchen, Food Storage and Food Store. The components were proposed as such arrangement because both Kitchen and Store required frequent access to the food storage. Storage section in the moiddle is lowered 1050mm to promote hyigenic separation between cooking area and store, apart from providing cross ventilation underneath.
Large overhangs of metal corrugated roofs to provide sun shades and reflection. Overhangs and different heights of roofs promoted air venting cooling
Shutters and lourvers Numerous shutters and lourvers were installed in the building to facilitate ventilation and maintain protection in cyclone seasons. Equipments , for example kitchen table and store wire rack were aligned perpendicular to the NE-SW axis to minimize obstruction of cross-ventilation.
Clerestory windows were installed for both roofs. These windows not only allow further cooling through Stack effect by sucking heat to the top, but also promote diffused sunlight harvesting without the heat energy.
A level change of 1050mm allows separation for mainly hygiene reasons and wind cooling underneath.
Timber floor for Kitchen and Store and Concrete floor for Storage Concrete is chosen to be the foundation and wall material of due to the exact temperatures to be maintained for cool and freezer room. It also promote insulation and ease of maintenance than timber.
Concrete with paint finish
Store Community/ Public Zone
Storage Worker/Private Zone
SOUTH EAST ELEVATION, 1:150
LONG SECTION, 1:150
NORTH EAST ELEVATION, 1:150
CROSS SECTION, 1:150
Sectional Perspective to show the openings that ensures a comfortably cool environment.
4 1. Celestory windows 2. Shutters
3. Adjustable lourvers 4. Split level
5. Air vent between roofs overhangs 6. Bifold doors
Model without roof