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PPORTLAND EECOLOGICAL AAQUATIC CCENTER

Jim Lutzke University of Oregon | Portland Waterfront Thesis 2012 Tim Gordon | Gerry Gast | Teddy Huyck


Thesis Design Narrative summary of thesis design: program, critical issues, site, concept, and proposal.

Site Information

Site analysis and documentation completed during first (research) term of project.

Location Maps Site Analysis Neighborhood Profile

Urban Collaborative District Group work used to create a larger framework including 5 thesis projects: PEAC, Library, Middle School, Elem School, & Boat House

Design Proposal Compilation of final scheme design documents use during end of third term review. Site Plan Hawthorne Bridge view Floor Plans Interior Perspectives Elevations Longitudinal Section Details Sustainale Strategies Axonometric of Construction

Model Photographs Photographs of models presented at final review.

Appedix

Documentation of initial drawings and relevant precedents. Process Sketches Precedents

CONTENTS


Abstract The Portland Ecological Aquatic Center (PEAC) is a public oriented research facility for aquatic habitat in the Pacific Northwest. The project brings together Portland’s Eastbank with the Willamette River and public interation with aquatic research. PEAC is pecifically focused on the synthesis of research and habitat restoration along the rivers edge intertwined in public education and interaction. Providing points of respite along the esplanade, carving an eddy to bolster salmon habitat, and managing the dischare of water into the river, PEAC demonstrates how to implement a place that enhances the natural and built environment in urban areas. The site is located between natural (Willamette river), built (the I-5 expressway) and artificial environments (proposed water management marsh and slow current eddy). The building, read in series, is composed of related objects connected in a row; each taking on a different aspect of an ecological aquatic center. Critical Issues Institution for interactive and all encompassing learning. Harmony between traditionally separate elements: Portland Eastbank/River and Public/Research. A unique building for Portland’s waterfront. Controlling and containing water runoff on the site to not add to the Willamette’s downtown flooding. Providing space for migrating salmon to develop in a slow current area. Urban/Site context The Marquam Crescent (located on Portland’s east bank between the Hawthorne Bridge and OMSI) is the waterfront edge of the southeast industrial area. This industrial area creates a gap between central city/downtown and residential neighborhoods. The site bridges this gap but is currently under utilized, mostly vacant and surface parking. This project adjacent to OMSI and in conjunction with proposed boat house, library, and schools creates an interactive learning district with the new Innovation Quadrant. The creation of the PDC Innovation Quadrant , great access to the water, OMSI / IMAX, and new Portland Milwuakie Light Rail bridge are turning this area from an under used, abandoned, urban area into a key attraction in Portland. Proposed Concepts [site and building] PEAC highlights the Willamette River in Portland; a perfect confluence of river, urban infrastructure, post-industrial area, artificial shoreline, and pedestrian traffic. Mimicking the curving riverbank just as the city does, PEAC expresses the connection with the water in a project that proves a mutually beneficial environment between built and natural space. As part of Portland’s waterfront scene with; views of habitat: natural, restored, and artificial PEAC a prominent building and an ecological urban site with downtown as its backdrop. Exhibitory and Participatory Experimentation PEAC both highlights and ties together many pieces. Advocating a more critical approach to zoological experience by revealing the whole process for complete understanding. Presenting a variety of components of aquatic study: from field observation and laboratory research to experimentation and communicating findings.

DESIGN SUMMARY


Explanation of Proposal The site is carved out to make spce for an eddy along the river. The protected shore and slow current area benfits migrating salmon. The built space here is weaved around and between the infrastrucure of the elevatated I-5 expressway. Access to PEAC is along the extension of both SE Clay St and SE Stephens St that become pedestrian paths ending in elevated platforms with views of downtown, the bridges, and new shoreline. The Eastbank Esplanade running through the site creates opportunities for traffic to stop and rest. A piece of the existing warehouse on site is converted into a picnic plaza with a cafe and water fountain for children to play in. Boardwalks branching off from the Esplanade take visitors through a remediation marsh and out to a platform on the peninsula that puts you on the water. The Marquam crescent is an example of how to merge the natural and built environments. From the parking lot storm water management to the Marquam Inlet, differing examples of recreated habitat, human access to the water, and wildlife only areas are expressed. PEAC is organized as a series of angular blocks (one for each major programmatic element) in sequence. To experience the collection as parts and a whole the entrance is located in the second block reached by walking underneath the first block and up an open-air stair that doubles as seating to watch the river. Numerous cut-outs in the floor and double height spaces allow for patrons to see activity on multiple levels. This diagonal visual connection is experienced immediately upon entry with the cafe balcony above and the sound of the life support systems from below. The blocks are in sequence based upon the level of openness and natural light required per the major program: Interpretive center, Event Lobby, Large Tank, Research labs, Behavioral Enclosure, and Terrace. An interstital space highlights the separation of each block. Each successive space is reach by passing through one block into a narrow atria: bathed in natural light, providing a view of the river, and offering relief from the activity within each block. The project is essentially six individual buildings adjacent to each other, strengthing the discrete identity of each block. Large Vierendeel trusses span the edges framing each block. This allows for an open uninterrupted space and circulation within the building. Transitioning from one block to the next patrons must pass through a screen similar to the exterior facade and cross a grated catwalk before passing through the next screen into the next block. This interstital space acts as a relief from the activity happening with each element of the program and helps to reorient them with the river and downtown. The deep beam supporting the northern blocks allows for differing experiences along the esplanade: shady under the Marquam Bridge, covered refuge under PEAC, and great views between PEAC and the river. The PEAC’s facade enforces the concept of different elements in a larger whole. The envelope is layered with a typical rainscreen (color coded to each program block) behind perforated copper screens. The copper panels are arranged in four sizes with a six inch gap horizontally and flush vertically. Corresponding to the activity inside each block, the grade sloping to the water farther north, and the transparency of the program in each block the average panel size decreases, therefore, increasing the number of gaps and the amount of daylight that enters the building. Separated by glass curtain wall interstitial spaces each block is simultaneously distinct and read as part of the series. The major environmental focus is water management. PEAC (both building and site) work as a filter for water before getting to the river. Ninety percent of freshwater aquatic activity happens along the waters edge, the shoreline is also the last and major place vegetation traps and absorbs polluted runoff. The eddy and increased shoreline not only benefits salmon but enhances the water quality. The peninsula also protects the bank from boat traffic giving vegetation a better place to thrive. The surrounding parking lots have bioswale medians but that is not enough in the rainy season. The marsh east of the building can absorb any excess runoff during high precipitation periods. Not only saving surface storm water from the Big Pipe but also runoff from the expressway. Excess water from these sources flows under the glass transitional spaces of the building through filters before being released into the Willamette.


SITE - Willamette Valley Watershed Map


SITE - Portland Location Map


SITE SIZE approx. 3.9 ACRES

PEAC is sited along both the downtown river walk and public transit.

SITE - Location Analysis

Traffic flows with & crosses the river but the river is not the destination.

PEAC builds upon existing attractions (OMSI, Rose Garden, Lloyd Center) near the eastbank esplanade.


Central Eastside Urban Renewal Area OR STATE OFFICE

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DARIGOLD

SE TAGGART ST IRWIN HODSON

CITY OF PORTLAND, OREGON

NATION AL COLLEGE OF NATUROPATHIC MEDICINE

SE WOODWARD ST

Map courtesy of the Portland Development Commission 2011

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CROSSROADS SQUARE

BLAGEN BLOCK

NE 3RD AVE

FLEISCHNER MAYER

OAK STREET BUILDING

FRITZ BLDG

LIFECHANGE

GROVE HOTEL

NE 2ND AVE

MERCHANT HOTEL ESTATE RICH BLDG HOTEL

PGE TRAINING CENTER

HELEN SW INDELLS BLDG

OLD TOWN GARAGE

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VLAHAKIS BLDG OLD TOWN BLDG

ONE PACIFIC SQUARE

NW DAVIS ST

HUNG FAR SINOTT LOW BLDG

STUDIO BLDG

ROSELAND

NE GLISAN ST

NE FLANDERS ST

SE 6TH AVE

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

FOSTER HOME

COPELAND BUILDING

NE LLOYD BLVD

NW EVERETT ST HOUSE OF LOUIE

PORTLAND METRO BUILDING

PACIFIC COAST FRUIT

WATER AVE COM MERCE CENTER

EMBERS

TECH ARTS BLOCK

OREGON DEPT OF TRANS

WHITE STAG BLOCK

SISTERS OF THE ROAD

PDC

CLASSICAL CHINESE GARDEN

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SALLY McCRAKEN BLDG

ROYAL PALM HOTEL

84 NE HOYT ST

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NW 5TH AVE

EVERETT HOTEL

NW 6TH AVE

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BILTMORE HOTEL

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OLD TOWN LOFTS

OREGON CASKET BLDG BENNETT BLDG KOLIN BLDG

EVERETT STATION LOFTS

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NE 1ST AVE

The south end of the central reach could bridge gaps between central city/downtown and residential/neighborhoods with a industrial district. The site between the Marquam Bridge and Ross Island Bridge could help spur development in much of the now vacant south waterfront land and would have great public access with the new Portland-Milwaukie light rail bridge. This location near OMSI and the Opera House also creates an interesting museum district with potential to revitalize under used, abandoned, or blighted urban areas. The crescent site adjacent to OMSI also benefits from the strong connection with the IMAX theater.

500

1,000

2,000 Feet

ROSE CITY VETRINARY

ND BRG ROS S ISLA

SE POWELL BLVD

SE 6TH AVE

FD

This map was created by the Portland Development Commission (PDC) GIS. Every reasonable effort has been made to assure the accuracy of these maps and associated data. However, inadvertent errors can occur and the PDC does not assume any responsibility for omissions or positional accuracy. This information is presented "as is" and without warranties, either expressed or implied. Information Sources: Portland Development Commission Geographic Information Systems (GIS), City of Portland Corporate GIS. May 2011

SITE - Context / Neighborhood Profile


Existing Waterfront Condition

SITE - Photographs

Existing Built Condition

Existing Public Interaction


SE CLAY ST

SE CARUTHERS ST

SE DIVISION PL

GE N D BR ID RO SS IS LA

URBAN - District Analysis


URBAN - Illustrative Plan


URBAN - View along Eastbank Esplanade


WETLANDS

URBAN - Site Section

TERRACED SEATING

NE-CHOCO-LEE TRAIL

CELLULAR RETAINING SYSTEM


2 3 4

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1

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5 6 7 8

1 Interpretive Center 2 Event Space 3 Pump Room PEAC Major Program Elements 4 Large Tank 5 NW Exhibit 1 Interpretive Center 6 Research Unit 2 Event Space 7 Laboratoy 3 Pump Room 8 Shoreline Tank 4 Large Tank 5 NW Exhibit 6 Research Unit 7 Laboratoy 8 Shoreline Tank

Mimicking the river PEAC bends in floor plan.

1 2 3

PEAC Major Program Adjacency 1 Interpretive Center

Mimicking the river PEAC bends n floor plan.

1

Mimicking the river PEAC bends in floor plan.

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PEAC Major Program Adjacency 2 Event Space / Pump Room 2 1 Interpretive Center

1

3 Large Tank Exhibit 3 2 Event Space / Pump Room

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4 Research Laboratories 4 3 Large Tank Exhibit

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5 Shoreline Tank 5 4 Research Laboratories

4

DESIGN - Programmatic Arrangement 3

1

5 Shoreline Tank

5

5


I - 5 Marquam Bridgehead reflection Eastbank Esplanade

Building Roofline reflection Upstream Tidal Effects

DESIGN - Reflection Influence


DESIGN - View from Hawthorne Bridge


DESIGN - PEAC Site Plan


DESIGN - View from Water Ave


ROOM LEGEND 1. Marquam Bridge Overlook Plaza 2. Ticketing 3. Receiving 4. Employee Lounge 5. Pump Room 6. Mechanical 7. Electrical 8. Northwest Exhibit 9. Large Tank 10. Life Support 11. Storage 12. Research Laboratory 13. Ecology Office Siute 14. Toilet 15. Shoreline Tank Support 16. Shoreline Construction Tank 17. Experimentation Terrance

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8 Tectonic Study Area 14 14

17 Longitudinal Section Cut

DESIGN - First Floor Plan


DESIGN - View of Event Lobby


ROOM LEGEND 1. Entry 2. Event Lobby 3. Toilet 4. Interpretive Center 5. Large Tank 6. Northwest Exhibit 7. Storage 8. Research Laboratory 9. Biology Office Suite 10. Shoreline Tank Balcony 11. Eddy Viewing Deck

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Tectonic Study Area 6

Longitudinal Section Cut 10

DESIGN - Second Floor Plan


DESIGN - View of Shoreline Construction Tank


ROOM LEGEND 1. Interpretive Center 2. Cafe 3. Kitchen 4. Balcony 5. Large Tank 6. Large Tank Support 7. Classroom 8. Conference Room 9. Research Laboratory 10. Administrative Office Suite 11. Library 12. Patio

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5 1

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Longitudinal Section Cut

DESIGN - Third Floor Plan

12


DESIGN - View of Large tank stairs


ROOM LEGEND 1. Entry 2. Interpretive Center 3. Pump Room 4. Cafe 5. Large Tank 6. Research Laboratory 7. Shoreline Tank Support 8. Shoreline Construction Tank 9. Library 10. Experimentation Terrace 11. Viewing Deck 12. Eastbank Esplanade

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LEGEND y pretive Center p Room

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e Tank arch Laboratory eline Tank Support eline Construction Tank ry rimentation Terrace ing Deck bank Esplanade

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DESIGN - Longitudintal Section

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DESIGN - West Elevation


DESIGN - South Elevation


1/8” Copper Screen 2” Subframe 2” Subframe Girt 1/2” Rainscreen Facade 1” Airspace 4” Rigid Insulation 1/2” Sheating 5” Metal Stud 5/8” Wall Board

DESIGN - Wall Detail at floor slab and window sill

1/8” Copper Screen 2” Subframe 2” Subframe Girt 1/2” Rainscreen Facade 1” Airspace 4” Rigid Insulation 1/2” Sheating 5” Metal Stud 5/8” Wall Board


Highway Run-off Photovoltaics

Willamette River Esplanade

The marsh absorbs any excess runoff during high precipitation periods. Saving surface storm water from the Big Pipe and runoff from the I-5. Water is further filter as is passes under the building before reaching the Willamette.

DESIGN - Sustainable Strategies

Storm Water Marsh


Rainscreen Enclosure Copper Panels

Vierendeel Truss Frame Exterior Egress Stair

Interior Screen

Large Tank Exhbit

DESIGN - Exploded Axonometric with material

Curtain Wall Interstial Space


MODEL PHOTOGRAPHS - conceptual


MODEL PHOTOGRAPHS - contextual


MODEL PHOTOGRAPHS - site & landscape


MODEL PHOTOGRAPHS - Tectonic Study


PROCESS SKETCHES


PROCESS SKETCHES


The Hammarby Sjostad development south of downtown Stockholm is an global model for development focused on the environemnt. City bought land is privately developed under district guidelines established by the Stockholm City Planning Bureau. PROJEC T RELEVANCE restored natural shoreline urban ecological development water remediation turned into public park

PRECEDENT Program - Hammarby Sjostad, Stockholm, SE


The Flint Riverquarium by Antoine Predock focuses on a Blue Hole ( a geological feature of southern Georgia where the water stays a constant 68 degrees). The design can be described, “as if the Riverquarium had risen around an untamed condition� - Alemar. The building is off the water to stay clear of the 100 and 500 year flood plains that damaged much of the town with a 4 year stretch. PROJEC T RELEVANCE large recreated natural habitat visitor has spatial engagement with exhibit exterior forms evoke a landform

PRECEDENT Program - Flint Riverquarium, Albany, GA


The river Loire which lost its status as a waterway due to navigability had turned into an abandoned urban purlieu with little relation to the city. UNESCO named the Lorie Valley as a natural and cultural world heritage and changed Orleans ideas about the river from turning its back on the water to embracing it. The Loire Green Grid project was founded to use natural and built potential of the valley to increase tourism and relationships with the river. The main implementation is a 25 meter wide promenade park. PROJEC T RELEVANCE natural shoreline public water access long public waterfront path

PRECEDENT Program - Quai du Chatelet, Orleans, FR


PRECEDENT Form


PRECEDENT Tectonic


PRECEDENT Material


Masters Thesis Monograph