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English at ACG

University Pathways

U Start any Monday U 24 or 30 hours/week U Qualified & registered teachers U Personal tutor system U Minimum age 12

U Study in Auckland or Wellington U Four starting dates per year U Six, eight and twelve-month options available The University of Auckland Certificate in Foundation Studies AUT University Certificate in Foundation Studies Victoria University of Wellington Foundation Studies Programme

Independent Tertiary Institutions Nga Wananga Motuhake

Independent Tertiary Institutions Nga Wananga Motuhake

Your complete education pathway in New Zealand Tertiary & Careers

School Education

Certificate, diploma and degree programmes in:

U Primary to Senior schools U Cambridge International U IB Diploma U 100% University Entrance pass rates U Five New Zealand locations

U Digital Design U Web U Game Art & Development U Animation U 3D Graphics U Tourism & Travel U Hospitality & Professional Cookery U Business U Early Childhood Education U Health

All enquiries and applications to: ACG Education Tel: +64-9-307 5399 Email:





Our gulf region is buzzing with educational activities; if we look at the education scene we find a myriad of scholarships offered to...

Is leadership a trait that a person is born with or is it acquired by time? Can leadership be taught? Can the organizations...

I have changed my major five times now, this is how it went: economist, Accountant, chartered accountant, management accountant...

Over the last decade, there has been an increase in the number of students attending post secondary institutes, showing that...

In this section you will find a comprehensive guide to each study destination and the education system there; general knowledge about each country; a fun fact section and a gallery of pictures.

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‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺜري‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﺈذا ﻧﻈﺮﻧﺎ إﱃ‬ ‫اﳌﺸﻬﺪ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻧﺠﺪ أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﻋﺪد ﻻ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﴡ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﺢ‪...‬‬

‫ﻫﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ِﻓﻄﺮة ُوﻟِﺪت ﻣﻊ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن أم‬ ‫أﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﰲ ِ‬ ‫داﺧﻠﻪ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺮور اﻟﺰﻣﻦ ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎدة أن ﺗ ُﻌﻠﻤﻨﺎ؟ ﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺐ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻧﻀﻤﻦ أن ﻛﻞ ٍ‬

‫اﻧﺎ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎ ﻏريت ﺗﺨﺼﴢ ﺧﻤﺲ ﻣﺮات‪:‬‬ ‫اﻗﺘﺼﺎد‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ إدارﻳﺔ و أﺧريا ً اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‪ ،‬آﺧﺮ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ‪...‬‬

‫ﻋﲆ ﻣﴣ اﻟﻌﻘﺪ اﳌﺎﴈ‪ ،‬أﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ‬ ‫زﻳﺎدة ﰲ ﻋﺪد اﻟﻄﻼب اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺘﻠﻘﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴام ﻓﻮق اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮي‪ ،‬ﻣام ﻳﻈﻬﺮ أن‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﰲ‪...‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺠﺪ دﻟﻴﻼ ﺷﺎﻣﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ دوﻟﺔ وﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻫﻨﺎك‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﱃ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ‪ ،‬وﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﻃﺮﻳﻔﺔ و ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﻮر‪.‬‬

‫‪30 - 127‬‬

Information on your accomodation overseas.



Title Says it all.



Khaula Sulaiman Alameri Duha Taj

Summer Activities to keep our kids active!


EDITORIAL ASSISTANT & RESEARCH Zainab Abdulgadir Khaula Sulaiman Alameri

Are you traveling? Don’t forget to take your religion!

Tamara Qassem


Maryam Al Razqi

Jihad Al Razqi

TRANSLATORS Top 200 universities world wide.


Zainab Abdulgadir Khaula Sulaiman Alameri Khatoon Abbas Saleh Mahdi Alhalwachi

A list of nearly all availabe courses world wide.


Reem Sahwan Jihad Al Razqi

‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎص ﰲ اﻟﺨﺎرج‪.‬‬


‫رﺋﻴﺲ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﺎد اﻟﺤﻠﻮاﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎد اﻟﺮازﻗﻲ‬

‫اﳌﻀﻤﻮن ﰲ اﻟﻌﻨﻮان‪.‬‬

‫‪135‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎظ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻃﺎﻗﺎت أﻃﻔﺎﻟﻨﺎ!‬


‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﺴﺎﻓﺮ؟ ﻻ ﺗﻨﺲ أن‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﺬ دﻳﻨﻚ!‬


‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻟﺔ ﺳﻠﻴامن اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺮي‬ ‫ﺿﺤﻰ ﺗﺎج‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ واﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫زﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻘﺎدر‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻟﺔ ﺳﻠﻴامن اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺮي‬ ‫متﺎرا ﻗﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎد اﻟﺮازﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ اﻟﺮازﻗﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺮﺟﻤﻴﻦ‬

‫أﻓﻀﻞ ‪ ٢٠٠‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬


‫ﻗﺎمئﺔ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻟﺪورات‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻮﻓﺮة ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ أﻧﺤﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬


‫زﻳﻨﺐ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻘﺎدر‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻟﺔ ﺳﻠﻴامن اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺮي‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺗﻮن ﻋﺒﺎس ﺻﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪي اﻟﺤﻠﻮاﺟﻲ‬ ‫رﻳﻢ ﺳﻬﻮان‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎد اﻟﺮازﻗﻲ‬




New Zealand Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering


PRE-REQUISITES • High school graduates aged 18 or above • English language at IELTS 5.5 or equivalent

NZQA Approved Course

• Air New Zealand placement test: English Language test and Mathematics, Physics & General Knowledge test

+ Email: + Web:




Enjoy the challenge at New Zealand’s university of global standing The University of Auckland is ranked 82nd among the world’s top universities.1 Gain an internationally-recognised qualification through our impressive range of programmes from the country’s best researchers and educators.


Best in the country in global rankings: We are ranked in the top 100 for Business, Engineering and Medical and Health Sciences, according to the latest QS World University Rankings by Faculty. Wonderful location: Our multicultural campus is situated in the heart of cosmopolitan Auckland, the 3rd most liveable city in the world.2 Scholarship opportunities: Last year, we awarded US$7 million of study abroad, postgraduate and PhD scholarships to international students.

Our faculties Arts (humanities and social sciences) Business Creative Arts and Industries Education and Social Work Engineering Law Medical and Health Sciences Science The University of Auckland is the highest-ranked university in New Zealand by both Times Higher Education and QS World University Rankings, 2015/2016.


Apply now at

The Mercer Consulting Quality of Living Survey, 2016 ranked Auckland third for quality of living.


IEC + 2 years at DVC + 2 years US University = Bachelor‘s Degree

Would you like to study and live in California? Begin your US bachelor‘s degree at DVC! DVC offers the first two years of the American bachelors degree. After completing two years at DVC students may transfer into the 3rd year of a four-year university. To study English first, students can take classes at IEC! Academic Excellence: DVC guarantees its students admission to some of the best universities in the US! The Universities of California Califo Davis, Santa Barbara, Irvine and Santa Cruz are just a few. DVC is the number 1 transfer school to UC Berkeley.

Pleasant Hill

San Francisco

IEC @ DVC - International Education Center

Intensive English Courses year round (start dates every 2 months) + TOEFL Waiver to DVC Academic Bridge Programs offered 3 times a year (6 UC/CSU transferable units) Conditional Acceptance letter provided by DVC p

DVC International Admissions 321 Golf Club Road Pleasant Hill, CA 94523

Los Angeles San Diego

International Education Center 246 Golf Club Road Pleasant Hill, CA 94523

A Top-Ranked University in Istanbul! Sabancı University is a leading global university with interdisciplinary education that focuses on research and offers 13 undergraduate, 23 master and 12 PhD programs under the roofs of three faculties: Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

School of Management

4000+ students, 7000+Alumni, 700+ International Students All programs in English Innovative Education/Interdisciplinary Programs Full or partial scholarships for international students Full academic freedom: Opportunity for undergraduate students to decide on their academic field/ diploma program at the end of 2nd year. Social responsibility: Civic Involvement Projects for undergraduate students Study opportunity one semester/one year with exchange programs A global network with more than 150 partner universities worldwide. Undergraduate double majors in 45 different combinations Internship opportunities in local or international companies Full career counseling support: Academic and professional 90% (avg) Post Graduation Employment A student friendly campus: • Uninterrupted internet access anywhere on campus • Priority to international students in dormitory placement • 15 minutes to Sabiha Gökçen Airport on Asian side • Regular bus services to the city centers • 10 minutes to a large shopping mall • A modern health center • Sports & Performing Arts center • A fully equipped library


2015 Sabancı University 2016 Times Higher Education ''BRICS & Emerging Economies, Best Universities'' Ranking: 22nd

Sabancı University 2015 Times Higher Education ''Asian Universities'' Ranking: 38th

Sabancı University 2016 Times Higher Education ''Top 150 Universities in the World Under 50 Years Age'' Ranking: 52nd

Sabancı University 2015 QS World Universities Ranking in the first 450

Turkish Ministry of Science, Industry, and Technology 2015 "The Most Entrepreneur and Innovative Universities Index" 1st

CONTACT INFORMATION Sabancı University International Relations Office Orta Mahalle, Tuzla 34956 Istanbul / Turkey

+90 (216) 483 9100


+90 (216) 483 9715

Suad Alhalwachi BSC Econ, ACMA, ACPA, CAT, Mcom (hons) Suad worked as the Finance and Planning Manager for Waikato Institute of Technology in New Zealand. Suad also worked as Head of Financial accounts for Dubai Aluminum Company, the largest aluminum smelter in the Middle East for over 18 years. She was an adjunct lecturer in accounting at the Higher Colleges of Technology, Middlesex University, WINTEC and a tutor at the University of Auckland. Suad was a panelist and a speaker in few conferences in 2013-2015, and won an award in women leadership.


Our gulf region is buzzing with educational activities; if we look at the education scene we find a myriad of scholarships offered to the citizens, building of new schools and universities, school improvement programs, teacher training requests, quality assurance bodies being established, teacher recruitment, hundreds of university campuses being established and much more. All of this requires people who have a good grasp of the education field from assessment to curriculum writing to stronger colleges of education and much more. We look at our student’s side and we find that 90% go for business, law, medicine and engineering. Hence an increased number of foreigners are hired to implement the government initiatives. We are not being chauvinists here; we are merely saying that we need to encourage our kids to study majors that will benefit them and our countries. Also why only study medicine? Our population is living longer so we need other majors like nursing and geriatric. We have new medical research centers being established thus we need more students doing Education Zone World of Education

forensics and genetics. We have a lot of sporting events hence we need students to go for sports and exercise science and so on! We need to rethink our education strategy as it's not in tune with what the parents think and in turn what the kids think. We must focus on career advise in schools and implement appropriate measures that help students in aligning their strengths with the right careers. Last but not least we need schools where kids enjoy their times in, where they work in teams with teachers who are facilitators, instead of prison look-a-likes. And we need parents that will study each school prior to making the decision of placing their kids in just any school. Again here we need to focus on quality assurance that understands our needs and culture as at present it is governed solely by foreign consultants and foreign companies.

‫‪Suad Alhalwachi‬‬ ‫‪BSC Econ, ACMA, ACPA, CAT,‬‬ ‫)‪Mcom (hons‬‬

‫ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺳﻌﺎد ﻣﺪﻳﺮة اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﻬﺪ واﻳﻜﺎﺗﻮ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫و ﻋﻤﻠﺖ أﻳﻀﺎ مبﻨﺼﺐ رﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﴩﻛﺔ ديب ﻟﻸﳌﻨﻴﻮم‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ اﻧﻪ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ‬ ‫أﻛﱪ ﻣﺼﻬﺮ اﻷﻟﻮﻣﻨﻴﻮم ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ ‪ ١٨‬ﻋﺎﻣﺎً‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻧﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺤﺎﴐ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻟﱪاﻣﺞ اﳌﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺎت اﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ و ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻣﻴﺪﻟﺴﻜﺲ‪،‬‬ ‫ووﻳﻨﺘﻚ‪ .‬ﺛﻢ ﻣﺎرﺳﺖ ﺳﻌﺎد ﻣﻬﻨﺔ اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ أوﻛﻼﻧﺪ‪ ،‬وﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻫﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ و اﳌﺘﺤﺪﺛني ﰲ اﳌﺆمتﺮات ﰲ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪ .٢٠١٥ - ٢٠١٣‬و اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ اﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺎزت‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﺋﺰة أﻓﻀﻞ ﻗﻴﺎدة ﻧﺴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬


‫ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ اﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﺈذا ﻧﻈﺮﻧﺎ إﱃ اﳌﺸﻬﺪ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻧﺠﺪ‬ ‫أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﻋﺪد ﻻ ﻳﺤﴡ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﺢ اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮاﻃﻨني‪ ،‬وﺑﻨﺎء ﻣﺪارس وﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‪ ،‬وﺑﺮاﻣﺞ ﺗﺤﺴني اﳌﺪارس‪ ،‬وﻃﻠﺒﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﳌﻌﻠﻤني‪ ،‬وإﻧﺸﺎء ﻫﻴﺌﺎت ﺿامن اﻟﺠﻮدة‪،‬‬ ‫وﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ اﳌﻌﻠﻤني‪ ،‬وإﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺌﺎت اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫واﻟﻜﺜري‪ .‬ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬا ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ أُﻧﺎس ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻓﻬﻢ و‬ ‫وﻋﻲ ﺟﻴﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻴﻘﻮﻣﻮا ﺑﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ و‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ اﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﻛﻠﻴﺎت أﻗﻮى و‬ ‫رﻓﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ أﻛرث و أﻛرث‪.‬‬ ‫و ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ آﺧﺮ و ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺘﻤﻌﻦ ﰲ ﺧﻴﺎرات‬ ‫ﻃﻼﺑﻨﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻧﺠﺪ أن ‪ ٪٩٠‬ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﺬﻫﺒﻮن ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋامل اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ‪ ،‬واﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮن‪ ،‬واﻟﻄﺐ واﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ ﻋﺪد ﻣﺘﺰاﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﳌﺒﺎدرات اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻟﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺼﺒني ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ و ﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫أن ﻧﻮﺻﻞ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ أﻧﻨﺎ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ أﻃﻔﺎﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻼدﻧﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﳌﺎذا ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ اﻟﻄﺐ؟ ﺳﻜﺎﻧﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮن ﺣﻴﺎة أﻃﻮل‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺤﻦ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت ﻃﺒﻴﺔ رﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﺾ‬ ‫و ﻃﺐ اﻟﺸﻴﺨﻮﺧﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﻘﺪ أﻧﺸﺄت ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻣﺮاﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث اﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺤﻦ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫إﱃ اﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻼب ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ اﻟﻄﺐ اﻟﴩﻋﻲ‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫وﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﻮراﺛﺔ‪ .‬و ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ ﻻ ﺑﺪ ان ﻧﺸﺠﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻼب ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ و ﻣامرﺳﺔ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮﻳﺎﴈ‪ ،‬و اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ و اﻟﺦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ إﻋﺎدة اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﰲ اﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻷﻧﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﰲ ﺗﻨﺎﻏﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪه اﻵﺑﺎء‬ ‫واﻷﻣﻬﺎت‪ ،‬وﻫﺬا ﺑﺪوره ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻋﲆ ﻗﺮارات‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل‪ .‬ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﻧﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﳌﺸﻮرة‬ ‫اﳌﻬﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺪارس وﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﺘﺪاﺑري اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ اﻟﻄﻼب ﰲ اﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﺑني ﻣﻬﺎراﺗﻬﻢ و‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎرﻫﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﻬﻦ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫و أﺧريا وﻟﻴﺲ آﺧﺮا ً‪ ،‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ إﱃ ﻣﺪارس‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل ﺑﺄوﻗﺎﺗﻬﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮن‬ ‫ﰲ ﻓﺮق ﻣﻊ اﳌﻌﻠﻤني و ﻳﻌﺘﱪوﻧﻬﻢ "وﺳﻄﺎء" ﺑﺪﻻً‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻋﺘﺒﺎرﻫﻢ ﺳ ّﺠﺎﻧني! وﻧﺤﻦ أﻳﻀﺎً ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ إﱃ‬ ‫ان ﻳﻘﻮم أوﻟﻴﺎء اﻷﻣﻮر ﺑﺪراﺳﺔ و ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻷﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻗﺒﻞ وﺿﻌﻬﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬و ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﲆ ﺿامن اﻟﺠﻮدة اﳌﺘﻔﻬﻢ ﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬ ‫و ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ و ﻻﻧﻨﺎ ﰲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺤﺎﴐ ﻧﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻛﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﺸﺎرﻳﻦ أﺟﺎﻧﺐ و ﴍﻛﺎت أﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

tests and so on. However over the years we found that its better t focus on the scientific tests instead of those that are based on trial and error as well as on the children’s mood at the time of the experiment.

I did a survey on individuals between the ages of 35-40, and asked them three questions only, what did you study, did you work in that field and what would you do when you retire? Almost 90% said that they would own a café or a restaurant. And those 90% never studied cooking nor did they work in their major. This brings me to the core of the issue, we all spend a lot of time studying something that we don’t like, and then spend the rest of our lives doing something that we hate? All of this could have been easily solved if our education system helped us in knowing the best career for us and pushed us towards it. We could have done aptitude tests. There are so many tests around the world to determine the aptitudes of the students towards a particular major. The multiple number of career advice programs can be overwhelming for the students and over the years we as counselors have used a variety of them. The first program that I have used is a CD that explains the various jobs out there, its called ‘Career Choices’ and devised by a woman who is a career counselor in New Zealand. We also used Centigrade and IQ


The psychometric test is designed by the British Psychometric society and it tests the use of the right and left side of the brain. Its made up of 100’s of questions that the students are asked to answer and then a report is spit out to explain the strengths and weaknesses of the students and the preferred career. Many students find this test expensive, so once I asked a parent whose daughter had changed her mind on her chosen major, how much did you spend so far? And how much would you have saved had she undertaken the test prior to joining college? He was baffled. aspx, which is also free to download, but it revolves around the majors that the university offers. 5. Finally, one can do the other more sophisticated tests like Briggs Myers and Centigrade, but of course they are expensive.

Test comparisons. 1. Psychometric tests change every few years, as it’s environmentally based and student’s mood and subjectivity plays a big part in it. However it has proven very successful for those that have no clue what they want to do in their lives. This one we can administer it online for the students but they have to be on their own when they are doing it, so best is to do it at your library. 2. The Choices tests are an explanation of what jobs are there and how to get to them. But again its subjective and the students may like to fly today, be a doctor tomorrow, or a chef day after tomorrow. 3. We also have this test: www., again subjective (free). 4. Sharjah University, in the UAE, had developed an App: www.

Education Zone World of Education

My father used to say that learning another language is like owning another tongue, being another person and marching with a new costume. This is all true as languages represent the culture, tradition, way of life, simplicity, complexity and many more of these adjectives that are used to describe a country and its people. We cannot stop there; even the way people speak their language can be depicted on a canvas to show how the people behave or what kind of body language they would use. Our schools teach mainly in Arabic, we also study English and sometimes French but we are not privy to

‫و اﺧﺘﺒﺎرات ﻣﻌﺪل اﻟﺬﻛﺎء واﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻏريﻫﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮ اﻟﺴﻨني وﺟﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻓﻀﻞ اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺑﺪﻻً ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮم ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ واﻟﺨﻄﺄ وﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺰاﺟﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎل ﰲ وﻗﺖ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻘﺪ أﺟﺮﻳﺖ دراﺳﺔ اﺳﺘﻘﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻓﺮاد اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﱰاوح أﻋامرﻫﻢ ﺑني ‪ ،٤٠-٣٥‬وﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ أﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎذا ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫دراﺳﺘﻚ؟ ‪ ،‬ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ اﳌﺠﺎل اﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺖ ﺑﻪ؟ و ﻣﺎذا ﺳﺘﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮ ‪ ٪٩٠‬أﺟﺎﺑﻮا ﺑﺄﻧﻬﻢ ﺳﻮف ﻳﻔﺘﺘﺤﻮن ﻣﻘﻬﻰ‬ ‫أو ﻣﻄﻌﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ و ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﻢ مل ﻳﺪرﺳﻮا‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺒﺦ ﻛام أﻧﻬﻢ مل ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮا ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺎﺗﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺑﻬﺬا ﻧﺼﻞ إﱃ ﺟﻮﻫﺮ اﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ‪ ،‬اﻧﻨﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻧﻘﴤ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ أوﻗﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﰲ دراﺳﺔ ﳾء ﻻ ﻧﺤﺒﻪ ‪ ،‬و‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻗﻀﺎء ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻞ ﳾء‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﻫﻪ؟ ميﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺣﻞ ﻫﺬه اﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ إذا‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺳﻮف ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ أﻓﻀﻞ و اﻧﺴﺐ ﻣﻬﻨﺔ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺒﻨﺎ و ﻳﺪﻓﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮﻫﺎ و ذﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﺧﺘﺒﺎرات‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪرات‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ أﻧﺤﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻮاﻫﺐ اﻟﻄﻼب و دﻓﻌﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﻣﺎدة ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ .‬و ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮاﻣﺞ‬ ‫اﳌﺸﻮرة اﳌﻬﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ أﻛرث‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺈﺳﺘﺸﺎرﻳني ﻧﺴﺘﺨﺪم اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻄﻼﺑﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫أول ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺘﻪ ﻳﴩح اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻌﺪدة‪ ،‬ﻳﺪﻋﻰ ”اﻟﺨﻴﺎرات اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ“‪ ،‬واﻟﺬي‬ ‫أﺳﺴﺘﻪ اﻣﺮأة ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻛﻤﺴﺘﺸﺎرة وﻇﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا‪ .‬ﻛﻨﺎ أﻳﻀﺎ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ اﺧﺘﺒﺎرات ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪19‬‬

‫ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﻨﻔﴘ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎين ﻟﻼﺧﺘﺒﺎرات اﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ اﳌﱰﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺘﱪ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ اﻷميﻦ واﻷﻳﴪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻣﺎغ‪ .‬و ﻳﺤﺘﻮي اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﻋﲆ ﻣﺌﺎت اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ وﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ و ﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﴩح ﻧﻘﺎط اﻟﻘﻮة واﻟﻀﻌﻒ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب واﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻔﻀﻠﺔ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ‪ .‬اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻼب ﻳﺠﺪون‬ ‫ﺳﺄﻟﺖ أﺣﺪى‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﺑﺎﻫﻆ اﻟﺜﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺤني ُ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻬﺎت ﺣني ﻏريت اﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ رأﻳﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﺄن ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻬﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻢ ﴏﻓﺖ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن؟ وﻛﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ أن‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﻮ أﺟﺮت اﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر؟ ﻓﺒﻬﺘﺖ اﻷم‪.‬‬

‫‪Pages/ibecome.aspx‬‬ ‫‪ .٥‬ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ‪ ،‬ميﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻤﺮء أن ﻳﻘﻮم ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎرات أﻛرث‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻮرا ً ﻣﺜﻞ اﻣﺘﺤﺎن ﺑﺮﻳﻐﺰ ﻣﺎﻳﺮز واﺳﺘﻄﻼع‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻨﺘﻴﻐﺮﻳﺪ ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ ﻫﺬه اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻧﻮﻋﺎ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﺑني اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات‪:‬‬ ‫‪ .١‬اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات اﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺎم ﻛﻞ ﺑﻀﻊ ﺳﻨﻮات‪،‬‬ ‫ﻻن اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ اﳌﺰاﺟﻴﺔ واﻟﺬاﺗﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺗﻠﻌﺐ‬ ‫دورا ﻛﺒريا ﰲ ذﻟﻚ‪ .‬وﻣﻊ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﺪ اﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﻧﺎﺟﺤﺎً‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺋﻼً ﻟﻬﺆﻻء اﻟﺬﻳﻦ مل ﻳﻜﻦ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ أي ﻓﻜﺮة ﻋام‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻳﺪون اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻬﻢ‪ .‬و ميﻜﻨﻨﺎ إدارة‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ أن ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮا مبﻔﺮدﻫﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮن ﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻓﻀﻞ أن ﻳﺘﻢ اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر‬ ‫ﰲ اﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ اﳌﺪرﺳﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .٢‬اﺧﺘﺒﺎرات اﻟﺨﻴﺎرات ﻫﻮ ﺗﻔﺴري ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻓﺮص‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻫﻨﺎك‪ ،‬وﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬وﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﻫﺬه اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات ﻣﻮﺿﻌﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ أن ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﻃﻴﺎرا ً اﻟﻴﻮم و ﻃﺒﻴﺐ ﻏﺪا ً و‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻣﺎً ﻣﺎ ﻃﺒﺎخ!‬ ‫‪ .٣‬ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ أﻳﻀﺎ اﺧﺘﺒﺎر ذايت ﻣﺠﺎين ﻋﲆ اﳌﻮﻗﻊ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ .٤‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺸﺎرﻗﺔ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺑﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻣﺠﺎين‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺎت ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺸﺎرﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪ .‬‬


‫واﻟﺪي ﻛﺎن ﻳﻘﻮل أن ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﻟﻐﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻣﺘﻼك ﻟﺴﺎن آﺧﺮ‪ ،‬أو ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﺷﺨﺺ آﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺗﺪي زي ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻢ ﻫﺬا ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ أن‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺎت متﺜﻞ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ واﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ وأﺳﻠﻮب اﻟﺤﻴﺎة‬ ‫واﻟﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ واﻟﺘﻌﻘﻴﺪ وﻏريﻫﺎ اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺑﻼد وﺷﻌﺒﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻ ميﻜﻨﻨﺎ أن ﻧﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺤﺪ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻟﻐﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﻮب ﻋﲆ ﻗامش ﻹﻇﻬﺎر‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﺘﴫف اﻟﻨﺎس أو أي ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ ﻟﻐﺔ اﻟﺠﺴﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮن!‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺪارﺳﻨﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬إﻻ‬ ‫أﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺪرس اﻻﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ أﻳﻀﺎ و أﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻟﺴﻨﺎ ﻣﻄّﻠﻌني ﻋﲆ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‪ .‬ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻗﺪر ﺣﺒﻲ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﻼﺗﻴﻨﻴﺔ و اﻵﺳﻴﻮﻳﺔ و‬

other languages; as much as I would love to see that we are taught Latin, Asian languages, other European languages, or even Portuguese. The belief of owning another language is not on the ministry of education agenda, so if there are schools that will teach a language, it will be mostly English language schools, French schools and off late Goethe institute and Berlitz had opened German language branches in the Gulf region. I haven’t seen many Korean or Chinese schools opening their doors, nor Turkish, Iranian, Indian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Danish, Finnish or Bengali. My opinion on the lack of love to languages stem from few reasons: 1. The Arab world is still busy in raising themselves to the level of OECD countries 2. The level of poverty is still high and people are busy fighting for their lives 3. Most of the jobs that require a second or a third language are provided to the expat community that live in the middle east, as there is an inherent deficiency in the recruiters’ mind which assumes that all Arabs possess one language. 4. The illiteracy level needs to be eradicated first before we venture into studying another language. Of course if we want to find more reasons we can by conducting a study on the tendencies and linking it with the behaviors of governments, companies and people in the Middle East, and align the curriculum taught in the Arab world to see any comparatives that are explicitly mentioned. Would a study of this nature take place?


Well, let’s start from the beginning, we must define vocational education. If you ask the ordinary person, they will say that vocational means Plumbing, carpentry, welding, mechanical, automotive, electrical, painting, boat building. Basically any study that involves making things or repairing things. Of course this is true, but we can add the following to the list as well: Photography Fashion design Hairdressing Beauty therapy Film making Graphic design Nursing Vet nursing Landscaping Flowersts Handcrafts Fine art Dental technician Dental hygienists Industrial design Interior designers Architecture Accounting technician Bank clerk Doctor Teacher On the other hand what is academic learning? This involves subjects like humanities, art, science, health and so on. But even in these subjects there could be a fine line to distinguish between vocational and academic learning. As even subjects in the humanity fields like psychologists, they need to have practicums prior to completing the programme and qualifying. Let’s get back to the subject, why do people look down at vocational education? Are these jobs minute? Are they not fulfilling and are actually linked

Education Zone World of Education

to things that we all need everyday? Shouldn’t these jobs be part of every school curriculum? (of course they are part of all western countries’ school curriculum but not the middle east, we used to have industrial schools in the 70s and 80s but those got abolished). Presently some of the courses mentioned above are taught in higher colleges of technologies and not in universities. Why do we always prefer that our kids only go to universitites? We look down at polytechnics or institutes of technologies, but when we ask someone if they want to join Massachusetts institute of technology (MIT) they jump and say yes? Well, why then when it comes to our ITs or polytechnic we start to hesitate? We need to re-educate the masses. We need to have sessions in schools, ministries, government officials, television and radio to provide information about these courses and explain their importance in our life and to our kids’ lives. People should remember that we all have potentials and aptitudes, some of us require pedagogical teaching styles that differs from others, some think on the right side of their brains and some on the left, some have intelligence in certain areas, and some have inclinations that are not available in academic settings. Also we need to have a minister or two who had been in polytechnics, that way we can point to them and say, look, these two had attended polytechnics and are leading their respective ministries. Last but not least, we need to have national qualifications authority that actually insists on having vocational education blended into our school curriculum. Good luck to all of us (those that have an interest in this field) as its a battle that needs to start sooner but not later.

‫ﻟﻐﺎت أوروﺑﻴﺔ أﺧﺮى‪ .‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻐﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ أوﻟﻮﻳﺎت وزارة اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻫﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫و ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻻ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﺪارس ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻐﺎت ﻋﺪة‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﺨﺘﴫ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺘني اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ و‬ ‫اﻷﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ و ﻣﺆﺧﺮا ً ﺗﻢ اﻓﺘﺘﺎح ﻣﻌﻬﺪي ﺑريﻟﺘﺰ و‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺗﻪ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‪ .‬وﻟﻜﻨﻨﻲ‬ ‫مل أ َر ﻣﺪارس ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﻜﻮرﻳﺔ أو اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﻻ اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺔ واﻟﻔﺎرﺳﻴﺔ و اﻻﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ و اﻟﱪﺗﻐﺎﻟﻴﺔ و‬ ‫اﻟﺪمنﺎرﻛﻴﺔ أو اﻟﺒﻨﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻋﺘﻘﺪ أن ﻋﺪم ﺣﺐ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺎت ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻳﻌﻮد‬ ‫إﱃ أﺳﺒﺎب ﻋﺪة أﻫﻤﻬﺎ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ .١‬اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻟﻌﺮيب ﻻ ﻳﺰال ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻻً ﰲ رﻓﻊ‬ ‫أﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ إﱃ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى دول ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎون‬ ‫اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي‬ ‫‪ .٢‬ان ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﻣﺎ زال ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎ واﻟﻨﺎس‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻟﻮن ﰲ اﻟﻜﻔﺎح ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺣﻴﺎة أﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫‪ .٣‬ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻟﻐﺔ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫أو ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻐﱰﺑني اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮن ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‪ ،‬ﻛام أن ﻫﻨﺎك‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺺ ﻣﺘﺄﺻﻞ ﰲ ﴍﻛﺎت اﻟﺘﻮﻇﻴﻒ اﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﻳﻔﱰض أن ﻛﻞ اﻟﻌﺮب ميﻠﻜﻮن ﻟﻐﺔ واﺣﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .٤‬ﻳﺠﺐ اﻟﻘﻀﺎء ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻷﻣﻴﺔ أوﻻً ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪأ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻐﺎت أﺧﺮى‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ‪ ،‬إذا ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻷﺳﺒﺎب ميﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﺪراﺳﺔ اﻻﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎت و اﳌﻴﻮل و رﺑﻄﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎت اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﴩﻛﺎت و اﻷﺷﺨﺎص‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ و ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ اﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻟﻌﺮيب ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﳌﻘﺎرﻧﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺬﻛﻮرة‪ .‬ﻫﻞ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻤﻜﻦ اﺟﺮاء دراﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻟﻨﻮع؟ ﺳﻴﺤﺘﺎر اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎس ﻷﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪون ﺑﻮﺟﻮد ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ أﻛرث إﻟﺤﺎﺣﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻜري‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺪﻻً ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺎوﻟﺔ إﻳﺠﺎد اﻷﺳﺒﺎب ﻟﻌﺪم‬ ‫ﺗﺪرﻳﺲ ﻟﻐﺎت أﺧﺮى‪.‬‬

‫ﺣﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬دﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﺒﺪأ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ أوﻻً ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﳌﻬﻨﻲ‪ .‬إذا ﺳﺄﻟﺖ‬ ‫أي ﺷﺨﺺ ﻋﺎدي‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻘﻮل أن اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﳌﻬﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ اﻟﺴﺒﺎﻛﺔ واﻟﻨﺠﺎرة واﻟﻠﺤﺎم واﳌﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫واﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء‪ ،‬واﻟﺒﻨﺎﺋني‪ ،‬و ﺑﻨﺎء اﻟﻘﻮارب‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺼﺎر‪،‬‬ ‫أي دراﺳﺔ ﺗﻨﻄﻮي ﻋﲆ ﺻﻨﻊ أو إﺻﻼح اﻷﺷﻴﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬا ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ ميﻜﻨﻨﺎ أن ﻧﻀﻴﻒ إﱃ ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎمئﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﲇ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻷزﻳﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻒ اﻟﺸﻌﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻼج اﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﲇ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻷﻓﻼم‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻟﺠﺮاﻓﻴيك‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﳌﻬﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﺾ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ اﻟﺰﻫﻮر‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻲ اﻷﺳﻨﺎن‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺔ اﻷﺳﻨﺎن‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻤﻤﻲ اﻟﺪﻳﻜﻮر اﻟﺪاﺧﲇ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﺳﺔ ﻣﻌامرﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻲ اﳌﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﰱ اﻟﺒﻨﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ‬ ‫اﳌﺪرس‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ اﻷﻛﺎدميﻲ؟‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻷﻛﺎدميﻲ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﻣﻮاﺿﻴﻊ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻌﻠﻮم‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬واﻟﻔﻨﻮن‪ ،‬واﻟﻌﻠﻮم‪ ،‬واﻟﺼﺤﺔ ‪،‬اﻟﺦ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﺘﻰ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻮاﺿﻴﻊ ميﻜﻦ أن ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك ً‬ ‫ﻓﺮق ﻳﻔﺼﻞ ﺑني اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ اﳌﻬﻨﻲ واﻷﻛﺎدميﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﳌﺎذا ﻳﻨﻈﺮ اﻟﻨﺎس إﱃ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﳌﻬﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﻔﺎف‬



‫و ﻋﲆ اﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻬﻦ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻬﻦ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮض وﻻ ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﻮاﻗﻊ إﱃ اﻷﺷﻴﺎء اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺘﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم؟ أﻻ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ أن ﺗﻜﻮن ﺟﺰءا ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ اﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ؟ )ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ اﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺪول اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ وﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫دول اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‪ .‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ اﳌﺪارس‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺴﺒﻌﻴﻨﺎت و اﻟﺜامﻧﻴﻨﺎت ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺮن‬ ‫اﳌﺎﴈ و ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ أﻟﻐﻴﺖ ﰲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺤﺎﴐ(‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺪرﻳﺲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﻘﺮرات اﳌﺬﻛﻮرة أﻋﻼه ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎت اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ وﻟﻴﺲ ﰲ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫ﳌﺎذا ﻧﻔﻀﻞ أن ﻳﺬﻫﺐ أﻃﻔﺎﻟﻨﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻟﻠﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت؟‬ ‫و ﻧﻈﻦ أن اﳌﻌﺎﻫﺪ اﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ أو ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى أﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﺄل ﺷﺨﺺ ﻣﺎ إذا ﻛﺎن ﻳﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﻻﻧﻀامم ﻣﻌﻬﺪ ﻣﺴﺎﺷﻮﺳﺘﺲ ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‬ ‫)‪ (MIT‬ﺳﻴﻘﻔﺰ ﻓﺮﺣﺎً و ﻳﻘﻮل ﻧﻌﻢ! ﺣﺴﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﳌﺎذا إذا و ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ اﻷﻣﺮ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻠﻮم‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻧﺒﺪأ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﱰدد؟‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ إﱃ إﻋﺎدة ﺗﺜﻘﻴﻒ ﺷﻌﻮﺑﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻧﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ إﱃ ﺟﻠﺴﺎت ﰲ اﳌﺪارس واﻟﻮزارات ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺆوﻟني اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴني واﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮن واﻹذاﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺪورات وﴍح‬ ‫أﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ وﺣﻴﺎة أﻃﻔﺎﻟﻨﺎ‪ .‬اﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻣﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ أﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺲ اﻟﱰﺑﻮﻳﺔ ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬وأن اﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ اﻷميﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ أدﻣﻐﺘﻬﻢ واﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻋﲆ اﻷﻳﴪ‪ ،‬اﻟﺒﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﺒﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬واﻟﺒﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ اﳌﻴﻮل اﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﰲ اﻹﻋﺪادات‬ ‫اﻷﻛﺎدميﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫و ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺤﺘﺎج أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ وزراء ﻗﺪ درﺳﻮا‬ ‫ﰲ اﳌﻌﺎﻫﺪ اﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﺑﻬﺬه اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ميﻜﻨﻨﺎ أن‬ ‫ﻧﺸري إﻟﻴﻬﻢ وﻧﻘﻮل ﻫﺆﻻء درﺳﻮا ﰲ ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪ ﻓﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫و اﻟﻴﻮم ﻫﻢ ﻳﻘﻮدون وزارات‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺧريا وﻟﻴﺲ آﺧﺮا ً‪ ،‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ إﱃ ﺳﻠﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺆﻫﻼت اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﴫ ﻓﻌﻼً ﻋﲆ وﺟﻮد‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﳌﻬﻨﻲ ﻣﺪﻣﺞ ﻣﻊ اﳌﻨﺎﻫﺞ اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺪارﺳﻨﺎ‪.‬‬


Is leadership a trait that a person is born with or is it acquired by time? Can leadership be taught? Can the organizations that provide leadership programs guarantee that every student who participates will become our future leaders?

dividuals all over the globe by the work they have done for their country. This in turn helps an individual to do better, which is what a leader does, like Mahatma Gandhi once said, “Be the change you want to see in the world.”

Firstly, what is leadership? According to the Oxford dictionary, leadership is the action of leading a group of individuals or the state or position of being a leader. Additionally, my opinion of leadership will reflect on the ability of a person to be effective in keeping the surrounding environment positive. This includes caring about employees, making sure they are motivated and satisfied.

I am sure you have noticed that so far leadership is used as a synonym with politic? Since this book is about education then we may also notice that most political figures are great in communications, so we may conclude that communication is a trait of leadership. Hence, if you are going to study leadership (and you are not born with it) then you must develop a strong communication skill.

Secondly, who are the gurus that are known for their leadership qualities by many individuals all over the world? I am not going to emphasize on Porter, Stephen Covey, and other Gurus who are chosen annually in the “Best of lists” (this can be easily checked through various websites). I will only mention the few people that directly come to mind whenever we are asked about leaders. Those political leaders include Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, John Kennedy, Jamal Abdul Nasser, Sheikh Rashid Al Maktoum and Sheikh Zayed Al Nihyan. Also, on the corporate side, leaders such as Henry Ford, Lee Lacocca, Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Saatchi and Saatchi have all impacted the world in one way or the other. These individuals have been called leaders because of the roles they played and all the accomplishments they have made. They inspired in-

Thirdly, let us distinguish between positive leadership vs. negative leadership; negative leadership is when a powerful and dogmatic leader takes his country/organization/unit to destruction through actions and quotes that encourage the group to follow malicious routes. Positive leadership on the other hand happens when the leader is highly educated and will only say or do the best to his country/organization/unit. In this book we are emphasizing positive leadership, we as students are investing in our future and would like to return and build on what our leaders had laid out in a great foundation for success. Fourthly, is leadership linked to communication? Well, a leader must be able to lead by both words and actions, as the saying goes “walk the talk” and talking is an act of communication. Keeping the team informed is also a part of communication and the latter can happen upward, downEducation Zone World of Education

ward and across the organization/country/ unit. A leader must allow this to happen else, leadership will be incomplete. Now let’s talk about our students, and why don’t they choose leadership as a major? Is it because they are not exposed to leaders who inspire? Or is it because we never encourage students to be leaders and to take on roles that are compatible with their personality traits? Personally speaking, leadership is both a genetic trait as well as environmentally effected traits. How the person lives, where the person lives, and why the person lives are all determinant factors to either induce leadership or evicts it from the brain all together. Many universities and institutes in the world teach leadership as a major and then it’s linked to education, politics, corporate world or sports. In this book we are trying to explore the various majors that are available out there for our students to show them ways to explore every situation to be able to complete their studies and to find jobs. These jobs can be in politics, education, corporate world or sport, but it doesn’t matter where the students will end up in. The important thing is to learn how to become effective leaders and to exert the maximum effort to have the skills necessary to run a great organization such as being initiative, flexible, persistence, resilience and most of all passionate. Always remember that you have a generation to inspire, so work at it and be very communicative.

‫ﻫﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ِﻓﻄﺮة ُوﻟِﺪت ﻣﻊ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن أم أﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﻮﻟﺪ اﻟﺬي ﺗ ُﺮﻳﺪ أن ﻳﺮاه اﻟﻌﺎمل(‪.‬‬ ‫ﰲ ِ‬ ‫داﺧﻠﻪ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺮور اﻟﺰﻣﻦ ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫أﻧﺎ ﻣﺘﺄﻛﺪة ﺑﺄﻧﻚ ﻻﺣﻈﺖ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ُﻣﺼﻄﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺸﱰك ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة؟ ﻫﻞ ﻧﻀﻤﻦ أن ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﻴﻨام ﻫﺬا اﻟﻜﺘﺎب‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﻣﻦ ِﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﻨﻈامت ﺳﻴُﺼﺒﺢ ﻗﺎﺋﺪا ً‬ ‫ﻳُﻌﻨﻰ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ! إﻟﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻧﺤ ُﻦ أﻳﻀﺎً ﻧُﻼﺣﻆ أن ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ؟‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ دو ٌر ﻋﻈﻴ ٌﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ‬ ‫أوﻻً‪ :‬وﻓﻘﺎً ﻟﻠﻘﻮاﻣﻴﺲ اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﺎﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﻫﻲ‪ :‬اﻟﻌﻤﻞ و اﻻﺗﺼﺎل‪ .‬وﻟﺬا ﻧﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ أن اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻗﻴﺎدة ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻓﺮاد‪ .‬وأﻧﺎ أرى ﻣﻔﻬﻮم اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‪ ،‬وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ إذا ﻛُﻨﺖ ﺗﺨﻄﻮ ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﻳﻨﻌﻜﺲ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻘﺪرة اﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﰲ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻔﺎظ )وأﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﺌﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ مل ﺗ ُﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة(‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ إﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻫﺬا ﻳﻀﻢ اﻻﻋﺘﻨﺎء ﺑﺎﳌﻮﻇﻔني ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ ﺑﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻬﺎراﺗﻚ ﰲ اﻻﺗﺼﺎل ﺑﺸﻜﻞٍ واﻓﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻳﻀﺎً‪ ،‬واﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ رﺿﺎﻫﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎً‪ :‬اﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺑني اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة اﻹﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ واﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎً‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ اﳌﻌﻠِﻤني اﳌﻌﺮوﻓني ﺑﻘﺪراﺗِﻬِﻢ اﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة اﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻮد زﻋﻴﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎدﻳﺔ؟ ﻟﻦ أذﻛﺮ ﺑﻮرﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﻴﻔﻦ ﻛﻮﰲ وﻏريﻫام ذا ﻗﻮ ٍة ﺑﻠﺪه ‪ /‬ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺘﻪ ‪ /‬اﻟﻮﺣﺪة إﱃ ﻣﻄﺎف‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﳌﻌﻠِﻤ َني اﳌﺨﺘﺎرﻳﻦ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎً )ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮن اﻟﺘﺪﻣري ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اِﺗﺒﺎع ﻃُﺮق ﺧﺒﻴﺜﺔ‪ .‬أﻣﺎ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ آﺧﺮ ﺗﻨﺤﴫ ﺑ َني ذوو‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ اﳌﻮاﻗﻊ اﻹﻟﻜﱰوﻧﻴﺔ أﻳﻀﺎً(‪ ،‬ﺳﺄذﻛﺮ اﻹﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ أﺳامء اﻟﻘﻠّﺔ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﺮدون ﰲ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺬﻫﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﱄ و ﻣﻦ ﻳﺒﺬل ﻗُﺼﺎر ُﺟﻬﺪه ﰲ َرﻓﻌ ِﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻆ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ اﻟﻘﺎدة‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﻢ اﻟﻘﺎدة اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴني ﺑﻠﺪه ‪ /‬ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺘﻪ ‪ /‬اﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪ .‬ﻫﺬا اﻟﻜﺘﺎب اﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﻛـ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺎمتﺎ ﻏﺎﻧﺪي‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻠﺴﻮن ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻳﻼ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻮم ﺑني ﻳﺪﻳْﻚ ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﻟﻚ دامئﺎً ﻋﲆ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة اﻹﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻄﻼب ﻧﺴﺘﺜ ِﻤﺮه ﰲ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺮ إﱃ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫إﻛﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎرﺗﻦ ﻟﻮﺛﺮ ﻛﻴﻨﻎ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮن ﻛﻴﻨﻴﺪي‪ ،‬ﺟامل ﻓﻨﺤ ُﻦ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻨﺎﴏ‪ ،‬اﻟﺸﻴﺦ راﺷﺪ آل ﻣﻜﺘﻮم و اﻟﺸﻴﺦ وﺿﻌﻮ ُه ﻗﺎدﺗﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ أُﺳﺲ ﻧﺠﺎح‪.‬‬ ‫زاﻳﺪ آل ﻧﻬﻴﺎن‪ .‬أﻳﻀﺎً ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﴩﻛﺎت ﻳﻮﺟﺪ‬ ‫راﺑﻌﺎً‪ :‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎدة أن ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺼﺎل؟ ﺣﺴﻨﺎً‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎدة ﺗﺮﻛﻮا أﺛﺮ ﰲ اﻷﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﺒﴩﻳﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘ ٍﺔ أو‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ أن ﻳﻜﻮ َن ُﻣﻠﺘﺰﻣﺎً ﺑﻜﻠامﺗﻪ‬ ‫ِﺑﺄُﺧﺮى‪ ،‬ﻛـ‪ :‬ﻫرني ﻓﻮرد‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻞ ﻏﻴﺘﺲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﻴﻒ‬ ‫وأﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛام ﺟﺎء اﳌﺜﻞ )اﻟﺴري ﰲ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺑﺰ و ﺳﺎﺗﴚ ﺳﺎﺗﴚ‪ .‬ﻫﺆﻻء اﻟﻘﺎدة ﺗﻢ ذﻛﺮﻫﻢ‬ ‫وﻳُﻌﻨﻰ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ اﻻﺗﺼﺎل‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺧﺒﺎر اﻟﻔﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﺪور اﻟﺬي ﺑﺮزوا ﻓﻴﻪ واﻹﻧﺠﺎزات اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ اﻻﺣﺘامﻻت اﳌﻮرودة ﻫﻮ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻗ ﱠﺪﻣﻮﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ ﺑﻼ ِدﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ذﻟﻚ اﻻﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎء مل ﻳﻘﻒ‬ ‫اﻻﺗﺼﺎل وﺗﻠﻚ اﻻﺣﺘامﻻت إﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻌﻮد‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺣامﺳﻬﻢ ﻷن‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺋﻘﺎً أﻣﺎﻣﻬﻢ وإمنﺎ ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﰲ زﻳﺎدة‬ ‫أم ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﻘﻮط ﻟﻠﺒﻠﺪ ‪ /‬اﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ‪ /‬اﻟﻮﺣﺪة‪ .‬ﻓﻴﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺎﻫﺪوا ﺑﺸﻜﻞٍ أﻛرث ﰲ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‪ ،‬وﻫﺬا ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ أن ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﻓﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮآى ﻣﻦ اﻷﻣﻮر‬ ‫اﻟﺰﻋﻴﻢ ‪ ،‬ذات ﻣﺮ ٍة ﻗﺎل ﻏﺎﻧﺪي‪) :‬ﻛُﻦ أﻧﺖ اﻟﺘﻐﻴري‬ ‫و إﻻ ﺳﺘُﺼﺒﺢ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﻏري ﻣﻜﺘﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﻮﺟﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪23‬‬


‫اﻵن ﻟﻨﺘﺤﺪث ﻋﻦ ﻃُﻼﺑﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﳌﺎذا ﻻ ﻳﺨﺘﺎرون اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‬ ‫ﻬام؟ ﻫﻞ ﻷﻧﻬﻢ مل ﻳﻨﺤﺎزوا إﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻪ ﺷﻴﺌًﺎ ُﻣ ً‬ ‫إﻟﻬﺎم اﻟﻘﺎدة؟ أم ﻧﺤ ُﻦ اﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﰲ ﻋﺪم ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻷن ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮا ﻗﺎدة؟ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﻋﲆ ﺣﺪ ﺳﻮاء‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻲ ﺳﻤﺔ وراﺛﻴﺔ! ﻛام اﻟﺼﻔﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗ ُﺤﺪد ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻌﻴﺶ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن؟ أﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻴﺶ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن؟‬ ‫واﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎن‪ ،‬أ ﱠﻣﺎ أن ﺗُﺨﻠﻖ ﰲ روﺣﻪ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة أم ﻋﺪم‬ ‫اﻹﻛﱰاث ﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت واﳌﻌﺎﻫﺪ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪ ،‬ﺗ ُﻌﻠِﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬام وأﺳﺎﺳ ًﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻬﺎ ﺷﻴﺌًﺎ ً‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‪ ،‬اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‪ ،‬اﻟﴩﻛﺎت واﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻜﺘﺎب ﻧﺤ ُﻦ ﻧُﺤﺎول اﻛﺘﺸﺎف اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﰲ اﻟﺨﺎرج ﻟﻄﻼﺑﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻟرنﻳﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻄُﺮق اﳌ ُﻜﺘﺸﻔﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻞ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻧﻮا ﻗﺎدرﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ إﻛامل دراﺳﺘﻬﻢ واﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ُميﻜﻦ أن ﺗﻜﻮن ﰲ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‪ ،‬اﻟﴩﻛﺎت أو اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ‪ .‬اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ِ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻠﻚ إﱃ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ وﻟﻜ ﱠﻦ ﻫﺬا ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻬامً‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﳌﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ أن ﻧﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻧُﺼﺒﺢ ﻗﺎدة ﻓ ّﻌﺎﻟني ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫إﱃ اﻟ ُﺠﻬﺪ اﳌﺒﺬول ﰲ رﻓﻊ اﳌﻨﻈﱠﻤﺔ‪ ،‬وﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎدة اﻹﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴني اِﻣﺘﻼك ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺎت اﻹﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻛـ‪:‬‬ ‫اﳌﺒﺎدرة ‪ ،‬اﳌﺮوﻧﺔ واﳌﺜﺎﺑﺮة‪ .‬ﺗﺬﻛﺮ دامئﺎً ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻚ إﻟﻬﺎم‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻜﻮن ﻟﻚ ﻫﺪف ﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬وﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ متﺘﻠﻚ َ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ اﻟﻬﺪف ﻛُﻦ داﺋﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﻟﺘُﺼﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺿﻤﻦ داﺋﺮة اﻟﻘﺎدة اﳌﺨﺘﺎرﻳﻦ‬ ‫و ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺳﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﺼﺪرا ﻟﻼﻟﻬﺎم ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬

I have changed my major five times now, this is how it went: economist, Accountant, chartered accountant, management accountant, and educationalist. Well the last major was not a result of great research, I just haphazardly tumbled on it, and that too when I was 45 years old. Imagine if I had found my passion at the age of 16? Imagine the possibilities, imagine the wealth of knowledge in this field, I would have been an outlier, and probably another genius would have been created. Soon after I found my career I decided that I will not let any student that comes my way go to any major because of what his parents had told him, peer pressure, an idol, or a movie that he or she had watched. The time that I have wasted in a career that I didn’t really enjoy made me adamant that no one else should lose out.

Some careers: Doctors; Dentists; Engineers; accountants; Lawyers; Bankers; Teachers; Scientists; and Mathematician. If you look at the list of programmes that are offered by universities you will find that in business schools for example over 53 programmes are offered. Science schools have developed a multitude of scientific disciplines that are in excess of 30! In actual fact there are over 3000 majors offered by the universities around the world, and new majors are being developed


and offered on a daily basis. Just this year a new university had been established that specializes in sustainability. Well, the choice became huge not to confuse you, each programme had been developed after people like me found themselves lost, did a bit of soul searching, talked to universities and suggested that the new programme be established. Also the industry also suggests new programmes, and the universities themselves do a lot of research and surveys in the market to find what the industry is up to so they can develop programmes that will be needed once the new R&D brings the product to the public. Don’t get overwhelmed, there are ways to enable you to find what you like. Psychologists have developed many methods to enable you to find what you will enjoy doing. Where is the real issue? Well, we do not do this early in the life of the student! We all wait until we are about to graduate from school and ready to join the university and then decide to enroll at a university. In actual fact a student may also choose subjects that may not lend themselves to a specific major or to the passion, so he or she may not pass with great grades, and of course being late, he or she may not get admitted to that programme.

Solutions: Try to find which subject you are really

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enjoying, do not decide on your loved subject just because the teacher is nice! A nice teacher can influence your choice of major. Experiment with the various careers out there. Try to join various organizations and do different jobs with them as an intern, you have three months every summer, as well as spring break, if you are serious about your future do your search from now and try to work with the organizations that offer those jobs. Of course the easiest place to find jobs is your own school. As you will be able to do every conceivable job on earth at your school, jobs such as: Teacher; Gardner; Principle; Secretary; Nurse; Doctor; IT; Graphic designer; Journalist; Actor; Security guard; and so on. Third, benefit from Mr Google, and make him your best friend, you can ask him any question and he will reply! Of course you can also find your passion by undergoing a psychometric test, but please be honest in your replies; otherwise, you will be wasting your parents’ money and your future. One thing to add at the end; never say “making money is my career”. Money is a result of a job, if the job that you are doing is enjoyable then you will do it well, and you will get more money because you will be promoted too.

‫اﻧﺎ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎ ﻏريت ﺗﺨﺼﴢ ﺧﻤﺲ ﻣﺮات‪ :‬اﻗﺘﺼﺎد‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ إدارﻳﺔ و أﺧريا ً‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﰲ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‪ ،‬آﺧﺮ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ مل ﻳﻜﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻮث ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﻋﲆ ﺷﻐﻔﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﺸﻮايئ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻋﻤﺮي ‪٤٥‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﺗﺨﻴﻞ ﻟﻮ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ وﺟﺪت ﺷﻐﻔﻲ ﰲ ﺳﻦ ال‬ ‫‪١٦‬؟ ﺗﺨﻴﻞ اﻻﺣﺘامﻻت‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﻴﻞ ﺛﺮوة اﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﰲ ﻫﺬا‬ ‫اﳌﺠﺎل‪ .‬ﻛﻨﺖ ﺳﺄﻛﻮن ﻣﻌﺠﺰه‪ ،‬ورمبﺎ اﺳﺘﻄﻌﺖ ان‬ ‫اﻛﻮن ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺒﺎﻗﺮة ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﱰة وﺟﻴﺰة ﻣﻦ اﻳﺠﺎد ﻣﺴرييت اﳌﻬﻨﻴﻪ ﻗﺮرت‬ ‫أﻧﻨﻲ ﻟﻦ أدع أي ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﺄﺧﺬ اﳌﺴﺎر اﻟﺬي اﺗﺨﺪﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﰲ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﻟﻪ أوﻟﻴﺎء أﻣﺮه‬ ‫‪ ،‬أو ﺑﻀﻐﻂ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻗﺮان‪ ،‬أو ﻗﺪوة‪ ،‬أو ﻣﻦ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪوه‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺬي ﻫﺪرﺗﻪ ﰲ اﳌﻬﻨﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ مل‬ ‫أﻛﻦ أﺳﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺣﻘﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻨﻲ اﻛرث اﴏارا ﻋﲆ أن ﻻ‬ ‫أﺣﺪ ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﻳﻀﻴﻊ وﻗﺘﻪ ﻣﺜﲇ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﻬﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫اﻷﻃﺒﺎء وأﻃﺒﺎء اﻷﺳﻨﺎن‪ ،‬اﳌﻬﻨﺪﺳني‪ ،‬اﳌﺤﺎﺳﺒني‪،‬‬ ‫اﳌﺤﺎﻣني‪ ،‬اﳌﴫﻓﻴني‪ ،‬اﳌﺪرﺳني‪ ،‬اﻟﻌﻠامء‪ ،‬ﻋﺎمل‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‪ ،‬اﳌﻤﺜﻞ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﻨﻔﺲ‪ ،‬واﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻴني‪.‬‬ ‫إذا ﻧﻈﺮﺗﻢ إﱃ ﻗﺎمئﺔ اﻟﱪاﻣﺞ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺪميﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪25‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﺳﻮف ﺗﺠﺪون أن ﰲ‪ :‬ﻛﻠﻴﺎت‬ ‫إدارة اﻷﻋامل ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﳌﺜﺎل ﺗﻘﺪم أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪ ٥٣‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ وﻗﺪ وﺿﻌﺖ اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎت اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻫﻲ اﻛرث ﻣﻦ ‪!٣٠‬‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ ﻫﻨﺎك أﻛرث ﻣﻦ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل‪،‬‬ ‫وﻳﺠﺮي ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎت اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻋﲆ أﺳﺎس ﻳﻮﻣﻲ‪ .‬ﺗﻢ إﻧﺸﺎء ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻟﻌﺎم واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎل اﻻﺳﺘﺪاﻣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫واﻟﺨﻴﺎرات اﻟﻬﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ مل ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﻟﺘﻌﺚ اﻟﺤرية‬ ‫ﰲ ﻧﻔﻮﺳﻜﻢ‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ وﺟﺪت ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﳌﺘﻐري اﻟﺬي ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك ﻃﺮق ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮة ﳌﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺜﻮر ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻃﻮر ﻋﻠامء اﻟﻨﻔﺲ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫أﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﻊ أﺳﺎس اﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ؟ ﻋﺪم ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ اﳌﻬﻦ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺳﻦ ﻣﺒﻜﺮة‪ .‬ﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ إﱃ أن ﻧﻜﻮن ﻋﲆ وﺷﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺮج ﻣﻦ اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ و ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻧﻔﻜﺮ ﰲ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‪ .‬اﻟﺘﻔﻜري ﰲ اﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎت ﺳﻮق اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﺤﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺿﺎً ﻋﻦ اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﲇ‪ .‬ﺣني ﻳﺨﺘﺎر اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫اﻟﺬي ﻻﻳﻼﺋﻢ ﻣﻴﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ درﺟﺎت ﻣﺘﺪﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﺎل و ﻣﻦ مثﺔ ﻳﻜﺘﺸﻒ أن ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺷﻐﻔﻪ و ﻣﻴﻮﻟﻪ أو ﻫﻮاﻳﺎﺗﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﻠﻮل‪:‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎول أن ﺗﺠﺪ اﳌﺎدة اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺎً ‪ ،‬و ﻟﻴﺲ ﻷﻧﻚ ﺗﺤﺐ ﻣﺪرس اﳌﺎدة!‬ ‫ﺟ ّﺮب ﻣﻬﻦ ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة ﰲ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ أن ﺗﺨﺘﺎر‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻚ‪ .‬ﺣﺎول اﻻﻧﻀامم إﱃ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ مبﻬامت ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة ﰲ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .‬ميﻜﻨﻚ اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﻬﺬه‬ ‫اﻻﻋامل ﰲ إﺟﺎزة اﻟﺼﻴﻒ أو اﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ‪ ،‬إذا ﻛﻨﺖ ﺟﺎد‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺄن ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻚ‪ .‬اﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﻨﺬ اﻵن و ﺣﺎول اﻟﺤﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺘﺪرب ﰲ اﺣﺪى اﻟﴩﻛﺎت‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫اﳌﻜﺎن اﻷﺳﻬﻞ و اﻷﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ وﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ أن ﺗﺼﺒﺢ ﻣﻌﻠامً‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﺳﻮب‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺮﺗري‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺮض‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﻤﻢ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﻔﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ و اﳌﺰﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ميﻜﻨﻚ اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺮك اﻟﺒﺤﺚ )‪(Google‬‬ ‫‪،‬اﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴري اﻟﺬاﺗﻴﺔ ﻷﺷﺨﺎص ﻧﺎﺟﺤني ﰲ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻬﻢ و اﺳﺘﻔﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﱪاﺗﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺬﻛّﺮ دامئﺎً ‪ ،‬اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻟﺠﻨﻲ اﳌﺎل ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﳌﺎل ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺈذا ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺠﻨﻲ و ﺗﺼﻨﻊ أﻣﻮال أﻛرث‬ ‫ﻷﻧﻚ ﺳﺘﺘﻔﻮق ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ و ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺸﻐﻒ و‬ ‫ﺣﺐ‪.‬‬

Over the last decade, there has been an increase in the number of students attending post secondary institutes, showing that education is growing and changing over the years. The universities in the USA, Europe, Canada, Australia, the Far East, and UAE are internationally known and recognized for their high standard of teaching and research. English is used as the primary language of teaching and the degrees obtained at these instituions are equivalent to any degree from other Commonwealth institutions around the world. These universities offer a wide range of programs for the undergraduate, post-graduate and doctoral students. Each University sets their own curriculum and requirements to run their institution, and fees for the universities depend on the country, state, institution and the program of study. The start of the university year differs from one place to another; for example, in European universities the academic year usually runs from September to July, while US colleges and Universities run from mid-August to mid-May with seasonal breaks and holidays depending on the institution and the state. Universities run on a semester bases, with two semesters in each academic year and some offer summer semesters for students who want to take extra courses during

vacation. If English is not your first language, students need to demonstrate their competence in English by passing an English Examination test. The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) and Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) are both higly accredited. Other examinations that are recognised are The General Certificate of English (GCE) A-Levels and O-Levels, International Baccalaureate, CBSE and SAT1/SAT2. The criteria for admission are usually set by the institutes and vary from one to another. Some countries may also require students to show competence in the native language of that place as well – like if a student wants to pursue further studies in Spain it would be advisable to know Spanish in addition to English. Students should expect to be asked for essay statements stating the student’s intent and interest of study, letters of reference, extracurricular involvement and additional community/sports participation will need to be sent to the university during the application process.

Depending on the country and the program, international students enrolled as full time staudents are given the opportunities and permits to work. Most Counties allow students 20 hours of work during regular academic sessions. It is advisable for students to check with their International Student Office to see if the institute has any objections for international students to work or in case they need to apply for a temporary work visa. If access is granted students may work, but it is their responsibility to balance school and work schedule. During the holiday months students are sometimes allowed up to 40 hours a week on a full time basis. Many international students take the chance to gain work experience and also improve on their language skills. Getting some work experience offers a wealth of opportunities for an individual for their future success.


Education Zone World of Education

‫ﻋﲆ ﻣﴣ اﻟﻌﻘﺪ اﳌﺎﴈ‪ ،‬أﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ زﻳﺎدة ﰲ ﻋﺪد اﻟﻄﻼب اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺘﻠﻘﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴام ﻓﻮق اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮي‪ ،‬ﻣام ﻳﻈﻬﺮ أن اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﰲ اﻟﻨﻤﻮ واﻟﺘﻐﻴري ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻨني‪ .‬وﻣﻦ اﳌﻌﺮوف دوﻟﻴﺎً أن اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﰲ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫وأوروﺑﺎ وﻛﻨﺪا وأﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ واﻟﴩق اﻷﻗﴡ واﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻫﻲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻌﱰف ﺑﻬﺎ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎً ﰲ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ و اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ .‬ﺗُﺴﺘﺨﺪم اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻛﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺲ اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬واﻟﺸﻬﺎدات اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﺗﻌﺎدل درﺟﺔ أي‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎدة ﻣﻦ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ اﻷﺧﺮى ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﺗﻘﺪم ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ واﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﱪاﻣﺞ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﳌﺮاﺣﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻜﻠﻮرﻳﻮس واﳌﺎﺟﺴﺘري واﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮراة‪ .‬ﻛﻞ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺗﻀﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫دراﺳﻴﺔ وﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎت اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﺎ‪ .‬أﻣﺎ رﺳﻮم اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﻓﻬﺬا ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬ ‫واﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ وﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺎن ﻵﺧﺮ‪ .‬ﻓﻤﺜﻼً‪ ،‬ﰲ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫اﻷورﺑﻴﺔ ميﺘﺪ اﻟﻌﺎم اﻟﺪراﳼ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ إ ٍﱃ ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‪ .‬أﻣﺎ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺒﺪأ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ أﻏﺴﻄﺲ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﻣﺎﻳﻮ ﻣﻊ اﻻﺟﺎزات‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ واﻟﻌﻄﻞ ﺣﺴﺐ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺔ واﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اذا مل ﺗﻜﻦ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻷم‪ ،‬ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﻼب إﺛﺒﺎت ﻛﻔﺎءﺗﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻴﺎز اﻣﺘﺤﺎن "ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ اﻟﺪوﱄ" )‪ (IELTS‬أو اﺧﺘﺒﺎر "اﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻛﻠﻐﺔ أﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ" )‪ (TOEFL‬ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎت اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎت اﻷﺧﺮى اﳌﻌﱰف ﺑﻬﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ال)‪ ،(GCE‬اﻟﺒﻜﺎﻟﻮرﻳﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪ ،‬اﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ )‪ (A-Level‬و )‪ (O levels‬و اﻟﻨﻀﺎم اﻟﻬﻨﺪي و‬ ‫اﻻﻣﺮﻳيك و ﻏريﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻧﻀﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﳌﺘﻘﺪم‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻌﺎﻳري اﻟﻘﺒﻮل ﻣﻦ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ إﱃ أﺧﺮى‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻼب اﻇﻬﺎر ﻛﻔﺎءة ﰲ ﻟﻐﺔ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ )ﻣﺜﻼ اذا ﻛﺎن اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻮاﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﰲ اﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﺴﻴﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ اﳌﺴﺘﺤﺴﻦ ان ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ اﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ(‪ .‬وﻳﺠﺐ ان ﻳﻮﻗّﻊ اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ أن اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻘﺎﻻً ﻋﻦ رﻏﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﰲ دراﺳﺔ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ اﻟﺬي اﺧﺘﺎره و ﻣﻴﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ رﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ودﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺔ اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ وﻧﺸﺎﻃﺎﺗﻪ اﻟﻼﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ أو اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻛﻞ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﻳﺠﺐ إرﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ إﱃ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ أﺛﻨﺎء ﻓﱰة اﻟﻘﺒﻮل‪.‬‬

‫أﻏﻠﺐ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﺗﺴري ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﻔﺼﻮل اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺼﻠني دراﺳﻴني ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫دراﳼ ﻣﻊ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺻﻴﻔﻲ اﺧﺘﻴﺎري ﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﻏﺒﻮن ﰲ أﺧﺬ ﻣﻮاد اﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﻄﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ اﻟﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﳌﻨﺪرﺟني ﺑﺪوام ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﰲ ﻛﻞ اﻟﺒﻼد اﳌﺬﻛﻮرة ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ ﺑﻔﺮص ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ذﻟﻚ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ واﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب ب ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻔﱰة اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ و‪ 40‬ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻌﻄﻼت‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﳌﺴﺘﺤﺴﻦ ﻣﺮاﺟﻌﺔ اﳌﻜﺘﺐ اﳌﻌﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ اذا ﻛﺎن ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ أي اﻋﱰاض ﻋﲆ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﻄﻼب‪ ،‬أو ﰲ ﺣﺎل اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﺗﺄﺷرية ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺆﻗﺘﺔ‪ .‬ميﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اذا ُﻣﻨﺤﻮا اﻹذن‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺘﻬﻢ اﳌﻮازﻧﺔ ﺑني اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ واﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻳﻐﺘﻨﻤﻮن ﻫﺬه اﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﺧﱪة ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ وﺗﺤﺴني ﻣﻬﺎراﺗﻬﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﺧﱪة ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺛﺮوة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﺮص اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﺠﺎح ﰲ اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.‬‬



AUSTRALIA February & July

March, September & Deecember



March & October

March & October



Januray & September 28


Education Zone World of Education

January & September


March & October

EUROPE September


February & July



January & September

March, September & December


‫المناخ الموسمي‬

Seasonal Climate Summer

December to February (Ranges around 29 degrees C)


June to August (Ranges around 13 degrees C)


‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ إﱃ أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬ (.‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬13 ‫)ﺗﱰاوح ﺑني ﺣﻮاﱄ‬



‫عدد السكان‬

Dress Code

‫قواعد اللباس‬

• • • •

‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻣﻄﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ )ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ( ﻟﻸﻳﺎم اﳌﻤﻄﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ وﻣﻌﺎﻃﻒ داﻓﺌﺔ وﺛﻘﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ أو ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﺘﺎن ﻟﻔﺼﻞ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻹرﺗﺪاﺋﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻹﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

Waterproof Clothes and an umbrella for rainy days Thick and warm jackets and clothing for winter Light cottons and Linens in summer National Costume is recommended for festivities

‫التسوق والطعام‬

Shopping & Dining • Shops are open every day of the week – 9:00 A.M to 5:30 P.M, Monday to Friday and 9:00 A.M to 5:00 P.M on Saturdays • Bigger cities like Adelaide, Brisbane, Darwin, Hobart and Melbourne have late night shopping until 9:00 P.M on Fridays, and cities like Canberra, Perth and Sydney have the same facility offered on Thursdays • Halal food stores are available • Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late • An array of cuisine is offered • A must try is Vegemite, a dark brown salty yeast extract, which is used as a spread on toast for breakfast


‫ﻣﻦ دﻳﺴﻤﱪ إﱃ ﻓﱪاﻳﺮ‬ (.‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬29 ‫)ﺗﱰاوح ﺑني ﺣﻮاﱄ‬

‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﰲ أﻳﺎم‬5:30 ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬9 ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﰲ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﰲ ﻳﻮم اﻟﺴﺒﺖ‬5 ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬9 ‫ وﻣﻦ‬،‫اﻹﺛﻨني اﱃ اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت اﱃ وﻗﺖ ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺪن اﻟﻜﱪى ﰲ أﻳﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ واﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ .‫ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﺤﻼت ﻟﺒﻴﻊ اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺤﻼل‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﻋﺎدة إﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ أﻧﻮاع ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻄﺒﺦ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺗﻨﺎول اﻟﻔﻴﺠﻴامﻳﺖ وﻫﻮ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﻋﺼﺎرة ﺧﻤرية ﺑﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﺎﻟﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻫﻦ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻗﻄﻊ اﻟﺨﺒﺰ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻤﺺ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻷﻓﻄﺎر‬

Education Zone World of Education

‫السفر و وسائل النقل‬

Travel & Transportation Buses, rail, watercraft and metro are the easiest travel methods in the city Affordable rail and bus transportation between the different states Student fares are available Taxis are expensive

‫ﻣﻦ أﺳﻬﻞ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻫﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﻟﻘﻄﺎر واﻟﺘﺎﻛﴘ اﳌﺎيئ‬ ‫واﳌﱰو‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم اﻟﻘﻄﺎر واﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت ﺑﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑني اﳌﺪن اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻼب‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬


Synopsis Australia is the world’s smallest continent and sixth largest country in the world. It is situated in the Southern Hemisphere between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean, and often referred to as ‘The Island Continent’ or ‘The Land Down Under’. The country is made up of six States – New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. Australia’s capital is Canberra, and the largest city is Sydney. The Australian continent consists of snowfields to the South East, desert in the centre and vast plains and rainforests to the North. The Eastern coast is made up of a number of beaches, tropical reefs, attractive landscapes, an ancient history and a relaxed lifestyle. The highly industrialized cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra with a profoundly urbanized population are also situated on the East coast. The Western coast is known for its Agricultural production – open grazing, irrigated pastures, horticultures, orchards and vineyards. Australia being a successfully developed country owes its prosperity to its highly multicultural society with ethnic communities from over 100 countries.

‫ ﺗﻘﻊ ﰲ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﺠﻨﻮيب ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﺮة‬،‫اﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺳﺎدس أﻛﱪ ﺑﻠﺪ وأﺻﻐﺮ ﻗﺎرة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﰲ أﺣﻴﺎن ﻛﺜرية‬.‫اﻷرﺿﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺑني اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﻨﺪي وﺟﻨﻮب اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﺎدي‬ .“‫”اﻟﺠﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻘﺎرة“ أو“ﺑﻼد اﻟﺪاون أﻧﺪر‬ ‫ ﺟﻨﻮب‬،‫ ﻛﻮﻳﻨﺴﻼﻧﺪ‬، ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮن اﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺖ وﻻﻳﺎت – وﻫﻲ ﻧﻴﻮ ﺳﺎوث وﻳﻠﺰ‬ ‫ و أﻛﱪ‬،‫ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ أﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺒريا‬.‫ ﻓﻜﺘﻮرﻳﺎ وﻏﺮب اﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ‬،‫ ﺗﺎزﻣﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬،‫اﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ‬ .‫ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺳﻴﺪين‬ ‫ واﻟﺼﺤﺮاء ﰲ‬،‫ﺗﺘﻮزع اﻟﻘﺎرة اﻷﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺑني ﺣﻘﻮل ﺛﻠﺠﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب اﻟﴩﻗﻲ‬ ‫ ﺗﺘﻜﻮن‬.‫اﻟﻮﺳﻂ واﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻬﻮل واﻟﻐﺎﺑﺎت اﳌﻄرية )اﻻﺳﺘﻮاﺋﻴﺔ( ﰲ اﻟﺸامل‬ ‫ واﻟﺤﺪاﺋﻖ‬،‫اﻟﺴﻮاﺣﻞ اﻟﴩﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻮاﻃﻰء واﻟﺸﻌﺎب اﻟﻘﺎرﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺳﺪين وﻣﻠﺒﻮرن وﻛﺎﻧﺒريا‬.‫ واﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ اﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ومنﻂ ﺣﻴﺎة ﻣﺮﻳﺢ‬،‫اﻟﺠﺬاﺑﺔ‬ ‫ ﻳﺸﺘﻬﺮ‬.‫أﻛﱪاﳌﺪن اﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ وﺗﻘﻊ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻞ اﻟﴩﻗﻲ اﻷﻛرث ﻛﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺳﻜﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻞ اﻟﻐﺮيب ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﺰراﻋﻲ ﻛﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻷﻋﺸﺎب اﳌﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ واﳌﺮاﻋﻲ اﳌﺮوﻳﺔ‬ .‫واﳌﺰارع واﻟﺒﺴﺎﺗني وﻣﺰارع اﻟﻜﺮوم‬ ‫ وﻫﻲ ﺗﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺬا‬،‫ﻧﺠﺤﺖ اﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ أن ﺗﻜﻮن دوﻟﺔ ﻣﺘﻄﻮرة وﻣﺘﻌﺪدة اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت‬ ‫ واﻟﺬي ﻳﻀﻢ ﺟﺎﻟﻴﺎت ﻣﻦ‬،‫اﻟﻨﺠﺎح اﻟﻜﺒري إﱃ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﻬﺎ اﻟﺴﻜﺎين اﳌﺘﻌﺪد اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت‬ .‫ دوﻟﺔ‬١٠٠ ‫ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎت ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ وﻣﻦ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في أستراليا؟‬

Why Study in Australia? Australia is an attractive destination for overseas students because of its varied climatic conditions, diverse cultures, friendly and welcoming people and safe environment. Australia's Higher Education has grown progressively over the last decade and is growing more and more as the days go by. High percentages of students from the Gulf now seek education in Australia-mainly in Sydney, Melbourne and Perth. An Australian qualification will develop you personally and professionally. It is your passport to a well-paid career and a secure future.

‫اﺳـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ وﺟﻬــﺔ ﺟﺬاﺑــﺔ ﻟﻠﻄــﻼب ﰲ اﻟﺨــﺎرج ﺑﺴــﺒﺐ ﻇﺮوﻓﻬــﺎ اﳌﻨﺎﺧﻴــﺔ وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺎﺗﻬــﺎ‬ ‫ منــﻰ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴــﻢ اﻟﻌــﺎﱄ ﰲ‬.‫ وﺷــﻌﺒﻬﺎ اﻟــﻮدود اﳌﻀﻴــﺎف واﻟﺒﻴﺌــﺔ اﻵﻣﻨــﺔ‬،‫اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋــﺔ‬ ‫ وﻻ ﻳ ـﺰال ﻳﻨﻤــﻮ أﻛــرث وأﻛــرث ﻣــﻊ‬،‫اﺳ ـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ ﺗﺪرﻳﺠﻴــﺎ ﻋــﲆ ﻣــﺪى اﻟﻌﻘــﺪ اﳌــﺎﴈ‬ ‫ ﺗﺴــﻌﻰ ﻧﺴــﺐ ﻋﺎﻟﻴــﺔ ﻣــﻦ اﻟﻄﻠﺒــﺔ ﻣــﻦ دول اﻟﺨﻠﻴــﺞ‬،‫ ﻓﺤﺎﻟﻴــﺎ‬.‫ﻣــﺮور اﻷﻳــﺎم‬ ‫ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴــﻢ اﻷﺳ ـﱰاﱄ‬.‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴــﻢ ﰲ أﺳ ـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ وﺧﺎﺻــﺔ ﰲ ﺳــﻴﺪين وﻣﻠﺒــﻮرن وﺑــريث‬ ‫ ﻓﻬــﻮ ﺟــﻮاز ﺳــﻔﺮك‬،‫ﺳــﻮف ميﻜﻨــﻚ ﻣــﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﻳــﺮ ﻣﺆﻫﻼﺗــﻚ اﻟﺸــﺨﺼﻴﺔ واﳌﻬﻨﻴــﺔ‬ .‫إﱃ ﻣﻬﻨــﺔ ﺟﻴــﺪة اﻷﺟــﺮ وﻣﺴــﺘﻘﺒﻞ آﻣــﻦ‬


Fun Facts About one-fifth of the land is desert. Major population of Australia is situated around the coastline. Mt. Bogong and Mt. Feathertop are the highest peaks in Australia. Australia has the world's largest population of wild camels with one hump. There are more than 150 million sheep in Australia, and only some 20 million people. The Sydney Opera House roof weighs more than 161,000 tons. The Opera House has around 1,000 rooms and can seat a combined total of over 5,000 people at a time. The Australian Alps, or Snowy Mountains as they are also known, receive more snow than the mountains in Switzerland. The average Australian will consume 18 beef cattle and 90 sheep in his or her lifetime. The naked eye can detect over 5,500 stars in Australian Outback under ideal viewing conditions.

Inventions 36

Boomerang - invented by the Aboriginals, it is a throwing stick that is designed to return to the thrower when used. Google Maps - invented by Danish-Australian Brothers Lars and Jens Rasmussen. Internet Wi-Fi and Wireless LAN - developed by an Australian team at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) headed by Dr John O’Sullivan. Bionic Ear - team led by Professor Graeme Clark invented the cochlear implant. Electronic Pacemaker - was developed at the Crown Street Women’s Hospital, Sydney, in 1926. Latex Gloves - developed in 1945. Black Box for Flights - Dr David Warren invented it in 1958, in Melbourne.

Heath Ledger (deceased) - actor. Naomi Watts - actor. Hugh Jackman - actor. Kylie Minogue - pop musician and actress. Peter Carey - novelist, twice winner of the ‘Booker Prize’ . John Marsden - writer of the ‘Tomorrow series’. Les Murray - poet and popular wordsmith. Ian Thorpe - swimmer who is known as ‘super fish’. Andrew Johns - rugby league football player for the Newcastle Knights. Adam Gilchrist - cricket player. Sir William Lawrence Bragg physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Lord Howard Florey - co-discoverer of penicillin.

Steve Irwin (deceased) - known as ‘The Crocodile Hunter’ was a wildlife expert. Mel Gibson - American born, Australian raised. Nicole Kidman - American born, Australian raised.

Must Do

Must see Attractions

Famous People

Mel Gibson

of Australia, covered by scrub and desert. Blue Mountain, Limestone Caves and White Sand Beaches in New South Wales. Warner Bros Movie World in Oxenford, Queensland. The Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge. Townsville-The largest town in northern Queensland. Magnetic Island-In front of Townsville, with fantastic beaches. 2/3 of the Island is considered National Park with many colonies of Koalas and Kangaroos to be seen in their natural habitat.

Great Barrier Reef, Coral Beaches and the Gold Coast off the Eastern coast of Queensland. Largest Iconic Monolith, Uluru, present at the heart of the continent. Rainforests, Wildlife, Land formations and Rivers in the Northern Territory. Aboriginal life in the Northern Territories. Outback present in the interior

Education Zone World of Education

Go Surfing. Scuba Dive. Visit the Victorian Alps – These mountains are open during the summer for hiking and climbing and during the winter for skiing. Visit the Outback – Take a hiking trip through the interior of Australia and witness the many species of animals that it is known for. Attend a Festival – Australia has a number of festivals that it holds throughout the year. Mardi Gras, Melbourne International Film Festival, The Perth International Arts Festival and The Sydney Festival are few of the many festivals that are held in Australia.

‫حقائق طريفة‬ ‫ﺣﻮاﱄ ﺧﻤﺲ أراﺿﻴﻬﺎ ﺻﺤﺮاء‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴــﻜﻦ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴــﺔ ﺳــﻜﺎن اﺳ ـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ ﺣــﻮل‬ ‫اﻟﺴــﻮاﺣﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻋــﲆ ﺟﺒــﺎل أﺳــﱰاﻟﻴﺎ ﺟﺒــﻞ ﺑﻮﻏﻮﻧــﻎ‬ ‫وﺟﺒــﻞ ﻓﻴﺬرﺗــﻮب ‪.‬‬ ‫متﺘﻠــﻚ اﺳـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ أﻛــﱪ ﻋــﺪد ﻣــﻦ اﻟﺠــامل‬ ‫اﻟﱪﻳــﺔ وﺣﻴــﺪة اﻟﺴــﻨﺎم ﰲ اﻟﻌــﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨــﺎك أﻛــرث ﻣــﻦ ‪ 150‬ﻣﻠﻴــﻮن ﺧــﺮوف ﰲ‬ ‫اﺳ ـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ اﻟﺘــﻲ ﻻﻳﺘﺠــﺎوز ﻋــﺪد ﺳــﻜﺎﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻣﻠﻴــﻮن ﻧﺴــﻤﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻘﻒ دار اﻷوﺑــﺮا ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨــﺔ ﺳــﺪين‬ ‫ﻳــﺰن أﻛــرث ﻣــﻦ ‪ 161,000‬ﻃــﻦ‪ .‬وﻳﺤﺘــﻮي‬ ‫دار اﻷوﺑــﺮا ﻋــﲆ ‪ 1,000‬ﻏﺮﻓــﺔ وميﻜــﻦ‬ ‫أن ﻳﺠﻠــﺲ ﰲ ﻗﺎﻋﺎﺗــﻪ ﺑﺎﻹﺟــامل أﻛــرث‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ‪ 5,000‬ﺷــﺨﺺ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴــﺔ ﻣــﻦ اﻟﺜﻠــﺞ اﻟﺘــﻲ ﺗﺘﺴــﺎﻗﻂ‬ ‫ﻋــﲆ ﺟﺒــﺎل اﻷﻟــﺐ اﻷﺳ ـﱰاﻟﻴﺔ )ﺳــﻨﻮي‬ ‫ﻣﺎوﻧﺘﻨــﺲ( أﻛــرث ﻣــﻦ ﺗﻠــﻚ اﻟﺘــﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺴــﺎﻗﻂ ﻋــﲆ اﻟﺠﺒــﺎل اﻟﺴــﻮﻳﴪﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻨــﺎول اﻟﺸــﺨﺺ اﻷﺳــﱰاﱄ ﺑﺎﳌﻌــﺪل‬ ‫ﺣــﻮاﱄ ‪ 18‬ﺑﻘــﺮة و ‪ 90‬ﺧــﺮوف ﺧــﻼل‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗــﻪ أو ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻬــﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ميﻜــﻦ ﺗﺤﺪﻳــﺪ أﻛــرث ﻣــﻦ ‪ 5,500‬ﻧﺠﻤــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌــني اﳌﺠــﺮدة ﰲ اﻟﺴــامء اﻷﺳــﱰاﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﻇــﺮوف اﻟﺮؤﻳــﺔ اﳌﺜﺎﻟﻴــﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﺒــﺎرة ﻋــﻦ ﻋﺼــﺎ ﺻﻤﻤــﺖ ﺑﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺴــﻤﺢ ﻟﻬــﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻌــﻮدة اﱃ راﻣﻴﻬــﺎ ﻋﻨــﺪ‬ ‫رﻣﻴﻬــﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮاﺋــﻂ ﺟﻮﺟــﻞ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋــﻪ اﻷﺧــﻮان‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻮﻟﻨﺪﻳــﺎن اﻷﺻــﻞ اﻷﺳــﱰاﻟﻴﺎن ﻻرز‬ ‫وﺟﻴﻨــﺲ رازﻣﻮﺳــﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻧﱰﻧــﺖ واي ﻓــﺎي و اﻟﺸــﺒﻜﺎت اﳌﺤﻠﻴــﺔ‬ ‫ ﺗــﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮﻫــﺎ ﻣــﻦ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﺔ‬‫اﺳــﱰاﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﻤــﻞ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻈﻤــﺔ اﻷﺑﺤــﺎث‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴــﺔ واﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴــﺔ ﻟــﺪول اﻟﻜﻮﻣﻨﻮﻟــﺚ‬ ‫‪ CSIRO‬ﺑﺮﺋﺎﺳــﺔ اﻟﺪﻛﺘــﻮر ﺟــﻮن‬ ‫أوﺳــﻠﻔﻴﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫اﻷذن اﳌﺼﻨﻌــﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴــﺔ اﻷﺣﻴﺎﺋﻴــﺔ ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻬــﺎ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﺔ ﻳﻘﻮدﻫــﺎ اﻷﺳــﺘﺎذ‬ ‫)اﻟﱪوﻓﺴــﻮر( ﺟﺮﻳﻴــﻢ ﻛﻼرك ﻣﻜﺘﺸــﻒ‬ ‫أﺟﻬــﺰة اﻟﺴــﻤﻊ اﳌﺰروﻋــﺔ ﰲ آذان‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻔــﻲ أو ﻓﺎﻗــﺪي اﻟﺴــﻤﻊ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎز ﺗﻨﻈﻴــﻢ ﻇﺮﺑــﺎت اﻟﻘﻠــﺐ ‪ -‬ﺗــﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳــﺮه ﰲ ﻣﺴﺘﺸــﻔﻰ اﻟﻨﺴــﺎء ﰲ ﺷــﺎرع‬ ‫ﻛــﺮاون ﰲ ﺳــﺪين ﻋــﺎم ‪1926‬‬ ‫ﻗﻔــﺎزات ﻻﺗﻜــﺲ اﻟﻄﺒﻴــﺔ ‪ -‬ﺗــﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮﻫــﺎ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻋــﺎم ‪.1945‬‬ ‫اﺧ ـﱰاع اﻟﺼﻨــﺪوق اﻷﺳــﻮد ﻟﻠﻄﺎﺋ ـﺮات ‪-‬‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ﻗﺒــﻞ اﻟﺪﻛﺘــﻮر دﻳﻔﻴــﺪ وارن ﰲ ﻋــﺎم‬ ‫‪ 1958‬ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨــﺔ ﻣﺎﻟﺒــﻮرن‪.‬‬



‫ﺑﻮوﻣرياﻧــﺞ ‪ -‬اﻛﺘﺸــﻔﺖ ﻣــﻦ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺳــﻜﺎن‬ ‫اﻟﺒــﻼد اﻷﺻﻠﻴــني )اﻷوﺑﺮﺟــني( وﻫــﻲ‬ ‫‪37‬‬

‫أﻳﺎن ﺛﻮرب‬

‫ﺳــﺘﻴﻒ أروﻳــﻦ )ﻣﺘــﻮﰱ( ‪ -‬ﻣﺸــﻬﻮر‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳــﻢ "ﺻﻴــﺎد اﻟﺘامﺳــﻴﺢ " ﻛﺎن ﺧﺒ ـريا ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧــﺎت اﻟﱪﻳــﺔ اﳌﺘﻮﺣﺸــﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﻤﺜــﻞ ﻣﻴــﻞ ﺟﺒﺴــﻮن ‪ -‬أﻣﺮﻳــيك اﻟــﻮﻻدة‬ ‫وأﺳــﱰاﱄ اﻟﻨﺸﺄة‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻜــﻮل ﻛﺪﻣــﺎن ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻠــﺔ أﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴــﺔ‬ ‫اﻟــﻮﻻدة وأﺳــﱰاﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﻨﺸــﺄة‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺚ ﻟﺠﺮ )ﻣﺘﻮﰱ( ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻋﻮﻣﻲ واﺗﺲ ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮ ﺟﺎﻛامن ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻳــﲇ ﻣﻮﻧــﻮغ ‪ -‬ﻋﺎزﻓــﺔ ﻣﻮﺳــﻴﻘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺒــﻮب وﻣﻤﺜﻠــﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﱰ ﻛﺎري ‪ -‬روايئ ﺣﺎﺋــﺰ ﻋــﲆ ﺟﺎﺋــﺰة‬ ‫"ﺑﻮﻛــﺮ ﺑﺮاﻳــﺲ" ﳌﺮﺗــني‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟــﻮن ﻣﺎرﺳــﺪ ﻳــﻦ ‪ -‬ﻣﺆﻟــﻒ ﻛﺘــﺎب "‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﺴــﻼت اﻟﻐــﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻮراي ‪ -‬ﺷﺎﻋﺮ وﻣﺆﻟﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻳــﺎن ﺛــﻮرب ‪ -‬ﺳــﺒﺎح ﻣﺸــﻬﻮر ﺑﺄﺳــﻢ "‬ ‫اﻟﺴــﻤﻜﺔ اﻟﺨﺎرﻗــﺔ"‪.‬‬ ‫أﻧــﺪرو ﺟﻮﻧــﺲ ‪ -‬ﻻﻋــﺐ اﻟــﺪوري ﻟﻜــﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﺮﻛﺒــﻲ ﻳﻠﻌــﺐ ﻟــﺪى ﻓﺮﻳــﻖ ﻧﻴﻮﻛﺎﺳــﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫أدم ﺟﻴﻠﻜﺮاﻳﺴﺖ ‪ -‬ﻻﻋﺐ اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻜﻴﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﺴــري وﻟﻴــﻢ ﻟﻮرﻧــﺲ ﺑــﺮاغ ‪ -‬ﻓﻴﺰﻳــﺎيئ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺻــﻞ ﻋــﲆ ﺟﺎﺋــﺰة ﻧﻮﺑــﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟــﻮرد ﻫــﺎوارد ﻓﻠــﻮري ‪ -‬اﳌﺴــﺎﻫﻢ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺸــﺎف اﻟﺒﻨﺴــﻠني‪.‬‬

‫أماكن البد من زيارتها‬

‫اﻟﺤﺎﺟــﺰ اﳌﺮﺟــﺎين اﻟﻌﻈﻴــﻢ واﻟﺸــﻮاﻃﺊ‬ ‫اﳌﺮﺟﺎﻧﻴــﺔ واﻟﻜﻮﻟﺪ ﻛﻮﺳــﺖ ﰲ اﻟﺴــﻮاﺣﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﴩﻗﻴــﺔ ﻣــﻦ ﻛﻮﻳﻨﺰﻻﻧــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻛــﱪ رﻣــﺰ ﺣﺠــﺮي )ﻣﺜﻠــﺚ( ﻋــﲆ ﺷــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻠﺔ و أﻟــﻮرو ﻣﻮﺟــﻮد ﰲ ﻗﻠــﺐ اﻟﻘــﺎرة‬ ‫أﻣﻄــﺎر اﻟﻐﺎﺑــﺎت واﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧــﺎت اﳌﺘﻮﺣﺸــﺔ‬ ‫وأﺷــﻜﺎل اﻷراﴈ واﻷﻧﻬــﺎر ﰲ اﻷﻗﻠﻴــﻢ‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫اﻟﺸــامﱄ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴــﺎة أﻫــﻞ اﻟﺒﻠــﺪ اﻷﺻﻠﻴــني )اﻷﺑﻮرﺟــني(‬ ‫ﰲ اﻷﻗﻠﻴــﻢ اﻟﺸــامﱄ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﺔ اﻷوت ﺑــﺎك ﰲ وﺳــﻂ اﺳــﱰاﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻐﻄــﻰ ﺑﺎﻷﺣــﺮاش واﻟﺼﺤــﺮاء‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺒــﻞ اﻷزرق وﻛﻬــﻮف اﻟﺤﺠــﺮ اﻟﺠــريي‬ ‫وﺷــﻮاﻃﻲءاﻟﺮﻣﺎل اﻟﺒﻴﻀــﺎء ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮﺳــﺎوث‬ ‫وﻳﻠــﺰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋــﺎمل ﻓﻠــﻢ وارﻧــﺮ ﺑــﺮوذرز ﰲ أوﻛﺴــﻨﻔﻮرد‬ ‫ﰲ ﻛﻮﻳﻨﺰﻻﻧــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫دار اﻷوﺑــﺮا ﺳــﺪين وﺟــﴪ ااﻟﻬﺎرﺑــﺮ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺪين‪.‬‬

‫أنشطة يوصى بها‬

‫اﻟﺘﺰﺣﻠﻖ ﻓﻮق اﻷﻣﻮاج‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻐﻮص‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳــﺎرة ﺟﺒــﺎل اﻷﻟــﺐ ﰲ ﻓﻴﻜﺘﻮرﻳــﺎ ‪-‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺰﻫــﺔ واﻟﺘﺴــﻠﻖ ﰲ اﻟﺼﻴــﻒ وﻟﻠﺘﺰﺣﻠــﻖ‬ ‫ﻋــﲆ اﻟﺠﻠﻴــﺪ ﰲ اﻟﺸــﺘﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳــﺎرة ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﺔ اﻷوت ﺑــﺎك ‪ -‬ﻟﻠﺘﻤﺘــﻊ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪة اﻷﻧــﻮاع اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔــﺔ ﻣــﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧــﺎت اﳌﺸــﻬﻮرة ﰲ ﻫــﺬه اﳌﻨﻄﻘــﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺸــﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧــﺎت ‪ -‬ﺗﻘــﺎم ﰲ‬ ‫اﺳـﱰاﻟﻴﺎ اﻟﻌﺪﻳــﺪ ﻣــﻦ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧــﺎت ﻣﻨﻬــﺎ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎردي ﻏــﺮاس وﻣﻬﺮﺟــﺎن ﻣﻴﻠﺒــﻮرن‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻓــﻼم اﻟــﺪوﱄ وﻣﻬﺮﺟــﺎن ﺑــريث اﻟــﺪوﱄ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻨــﻮن وﻣﻬﺮﺟــﺎن ﺳــﺪين ‪.‬‬


June to August (range around 0° to 27°C)


December to February, ( range around -29° to 0°C)

Ontario 12,851,821

Qubec 7,903,001

Newfoundland & Labrador 514,536

Nunavut 31,906

Alberta 3,645,257

Prince Edward Island 140,204


‫دﻳﺴﻤﱪ إﱃ ﻓﱪاﻳﺮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٠ ‫ اﱃ‬٢٩- ‫)ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻣﻦ‬


Manitoba 1,208,268 British coloumbia 4.000.057

• Waterproof clothes and umbrella for Rainy days • Dress in layers so that each layer can be added or removed depending on the weather • Gloves, scarfs, hat, ear muffs and a good pair of Snow Shoes for Winter • Light cottons and Linens in Summer • National Costume is recommended for festivities

• Shops are open every day of the week, 10:00 A.M to 9 P.M, Monday to Friday, 10:00 A.M to 6:00 P.M on Saturdays and 12:00 P.M to 6:00 P.M on Sundays • Flea markets are good places to get cheap objects • Restaurants are usually open late • An array of cuisine is offered • A variety of seafood is available along the coastline •Canadian’s are beef eaters, including meat like bison, caribou and elk


‫ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ إﱃ أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٢٧ ‫ اﱃ‬٠ ‫)ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻣﻦ‬

Saskatchewan 1,033,381 New Brunswick 751,171

Nova Scotia 921,727

Yukon 33,897

Northwest territories 41,462

‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻣﻄﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻳﺎم اﳌﻤﻄﺮة‬ ‫• اﺳﺘﺨﺪم ﻋﺪدا ﻣﻦ ﻗﻄﻊ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﺘﻲ ميﻜﻦ ﻧﺰﻋﻬﺎ أو ﻟﺒﺴﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫وﺑﺤﺴﺐ اﻟﻄﻘﺲ‬ ‫ ووﺷﺎح وﻗﺒﻌﺔ وواﻗﻴﺎت اﻷذن وزوج ﻣﻦ اﻷﺣﺬﻳﺔ اﻟﺜﻠﺠﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﻴﺪة‬,‫• ﻗﻔﺎزات‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء‬ ‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ أو ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﺘﺎن ﻟﻔﺼﻞ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬ ‫• ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻹرﺗﺪاﺋﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

‫ ﻣﺴﺎءا ﻣﻦ اﻹﺛﻨني‬٩ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬١٠ ‫ ﻣﻦ‬, ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﰲ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع‬ ٦ ‫ ﻇﻬﺮا ﺣﺘﻰ‬١٢ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎءا ﻳﻮم اﻟﺴﺒﺖ و‬٦ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬١٠ ‫ وﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎء ﻳﻮم اﻷﺣﺪ‬ ‫• اﻻﺳﻮاق اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ )ﻓﲇ ﻣﺎرﻛﺖ( ﻫﻮ اﳌﻜﺎن اﳌﺜﺎﱄ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﺑﻀﺎﻋﺔ رﺧﻴﺼﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﻋﺎدة إﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫• ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ أﻧﻮاع ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻄﺒﺦ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﺪم أﻧﻮاع ﻣﻦ اﳌﺄﻛﻮﻻت اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﱪ اﻟﺴﻮاﺣﻞ‬ ‫• ﻳﺄﻛﻞ اﻟﻜﻨﺪﻳﻮن ﻟﺤﻢ اﻟﺒﻘﺮ واﻟﺜﻮر اﻷﻣﺮﻳيك )ﺑﻴﺴﻮن( واﻟﺮﻧﺔ )اﻷﻳﻞ( واﻻﻟﻜﺔ أو‬ ‫اﻟﻈﺒﻲ‬

Education Zone World of Education

‫• اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﻟﻘﻄﺎرات واﻟﱰام واﳌﱰو ﻣﻦ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ‬

• Buses, rail, streetcars and subway are the easiest travel methods • Affordable plane, rail and bus transportation between the different provinces

‫• ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم اﻟﻘﻄﺎر واﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮات ﺑﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑني اﳌﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻼب‬

• Student fares are available

‫• ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻚ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺪراﺟﺎت اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺪن‬

• Bicycles paths are paths available in major cities

‫• ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬

• Taxis are expensive

Canada is the world’s second largest country, occupying northern North America. It stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, with the Arctic Ocean lying to the north. Due to its massive size, it has the longest coastline in the world, with most of it making up the Canadian Arctic covered by ice. Canada comprises ten provinces and three territories grouped into different regions: Atlantic Canada, Central Canada, Northern Canada and Western Canada. Atlantic Canada region is made up of three Maritime Provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island) and Newfoundland and Labrador. The region of Central Canada is made up of the large and popular provinces of Ontario and Quebec that make up 62% of Canada’s population, with most of the urbanized and industrialized cities being Toronto and Montreal, and Ottawa the capital. Northern Canada comprises of the three territories: Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon. This region is sparsely populated with vast natural resources. Western Canada makes up 31% of Canada’s population and is often referred to as the ‘Mountain Province’. The region is made up of four Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. There are many languages spoken, but English and French are the official two.

‫ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻞ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﺸامﱄ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎرة أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬،‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻛﻨﺪا ﺛﺎين أﻛﱪ ﺑﻠﺪ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ،‫اﻟﺸامﻟﻴﺔ ومتﺘﺪ ﻣﺎﺑني اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻷﻃﻠﴘ ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﱃ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﺎدي ﰲ اﻟﻐﺮب‬ ‫ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﻮاﺳﻌﺔ ﻓﺎﻧﻬﺎ‬.‫وﻳﺤﺪﻫﺎ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﳌﺘﺠﻤﺪ اﻟﺸامﱄ ﰲ اﻟﺸامل‬ .‫متﺘﻠﻚ أﻃﻮل اﻟﺸﻮاﻃﺊ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل وﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺗﻜﻮن ﰲ اﻟﻘﻄﺐ اﻟﻜﻨﺪي اﳌﻐﻄﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺜﻠﺞ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻛﻨﺪا ﻣﻦ ﻋﴩ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت و ﺛﻼث ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻌﺎت ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻟﺘﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ إﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﺷامل ﻛﻨﺪا وإﻗﻠﻴﻢ‬,‫ إﻗﻠﻴﻢ وﺳﻂ ﻛﻨﺪا‬,‫ إﻗﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺐ اﻟﻜﻨﺪي‬:‫أﻗﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ .‫ﻏﺮب ﻛﻨﺪا‬ ‫ ﻧﻮﻓﺎ‬,‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮن أﻗﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺐ اﻟﻜﻨﺪي ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ )ﻧﻴﻮ ﺑﺮوﻧﺴﻮﻳﻚ‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻜﻮن أﻗﻠﻴﻢ وﺳﻂ ﻛﻨﺪا‬.‫ﺳﻜﻮﺗﺸﻴﺎ وﺟﺰﻳﺮة اﻷﻣري إدوارد( و ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ و ﻻﺑﺮادور‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻜﺎن و ﻳﻀامن أﻛﱪ‬٪٦٢ ‫ اﻟﻠﺬان ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎن‬،‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺘﻲ أوﻧﺘﺎرﻳﻮ وﻛﻴﻮﺑﻚ‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻜﻮن إﻗﻠﻴﻢ‬.‫اﳌﺪن اﻟﺤﴬﻳﺔ واﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻮرﻧﺘﻮ و وﻣﻮﻧﱰﻳﺎل واﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ أوﺗﺎوا‬ ‫ﺷامل ﻛﻨﺪا ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻌﺎت ﻫﻲ ﺷامل اﻟﻐﺮب و ﻧﻮﻧﺎﻓﻮت وﻳﻮﻛﻮن و ﻫﻮ ذات‬ ‫ ﻳﺤﺘﻮي اﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﻏﺮب ﻛﻨﺪا‬.‫ﻛﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺳﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ وﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﻜرثة اﳌﺼﺎدر اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻜﺎن و ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﻋﺎدة »ﺑﺈﻗﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﺠﺒﺎل« ﻛام ﻳﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ أرﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت‬٪٣١ .‫ ﻣﺎﻧﻴﺘﻮﺑﺎ وﺳﺎﺳﻜﺎﺗﺸﻮان‬,‫ﻛﻮﻟﻮﻣﺒﻴﺎ اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬,‫ﻫﻲ أﻟﱪﺗﺎ‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ‬.‫ﺗﻌﺪد اﻷﻋﺮاق واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت ﻗﺎد ﻛﻨﺪا ﻷن ﺗﻜﻮن دوﻟﺔ ﻧﺎﺟﺤﺔ وﻣﺘﻄﻮرة‬ ‫وﺟﻮد اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻐﺎت إﻻ أن اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ واﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﻫام اﻟﻠﻐﺘﺎن اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺘﺎن‬ .‫ﻋﲆ اﳌﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻔﺪراﱄ‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في كندا؟‬

Why study in Canada? Canada recently became a popular choice with overseas students due to its varied climatic conditions, diverse cultures and friendly people.Canada is a big player in the international education field and is considered an ideal destination for international students. It is a home to more than 175,000 international students every year, more and more from the Gulf. Canadian degrees are well related in business, government and academic circles around the world.

‫أﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻛﻨﺪا اﺑﺘﺪاء ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻨﻮات اﻷﺧرية ﺧﻴﺎرا ﻣﺤﺒﺒﺎ ﻟﺪى اﻟﻄﻼب ﰲ اﻟﺨﺎرج‬ ‫ ﺗﻠﻌﺐ‬.‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﻈﺮوف اﳌﻨﺎﺧﻴﺔ واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت اﳌﺘﻌﺪدة إﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ أﻫﻠﻬﺎ اﻟﻮدودﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﻓﻬﻲ‬.‫ﻛﻨﺪا دورا ﻛﺒري ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ وﺗﻌﺘﱪ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب اﻟﺪوﻟﻴني‬ ‫ و ﻫﻨﺎك ﻋﺪد ﻣﺘﺰاﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ أﺟﻨﺒﻲ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎم‬١٧٥,٠٠٠ ‫ﻣﻮﻃﻦ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ وﻫﺬا ﻷن اﻟﺸﻬﺎدات اﻟﻜﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﻣﺄﺧﻮذ ﺑﻬﺎ ﰲ دواﺋﺮ‬.‫اﻟﻄﻼب اﻟﻘﺎدﻣني ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬ .‫اﻷﻋامل اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ واﻷﻛﺎدميﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل‬


The origin of Canada comes from ‘Kanata’, which mean village or settlement. The Beaver, Canada goose, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Totem pole and Maple leaf are many of the known symbols of Canada. Hockey is the most popular sport among the Canadians. Canada produces so much energy that it shares it with the United States. The Ice Hotel in Quebec (Hotel de Glace) is created every year using 400 tons of ice and 12,000 tons of snow. It melts away every summer and is recreated every winter. Canada has just one desert in Osoyoos, British Columbia. The desert is only 15 miles long, with over 100 rare plants, and over 300 rare animals. West Edmonton Mall in Edmonton, Alberta, was once the world›s largest shopping mall but now ranks fifth. Inside Toronto’s Rogers Centre you will find the largest Sony big screen, measuring 33 ft. x 110 ft. (10.0 m x 33.6 m). Canada produces about 80% of the world’s supply of maple syrup, and the United States produces the remaining 20%. There are more donut shops per capita in Canada than in any other country.


McIntosh Apple - was invented by John McIntosh in 1796. Electric Light Bulb - was invented by Henry Woodward in 1874 and then sold the patent to Thomas Edison. Gramophone - co-invented by Alexander Graham Bell & Emile Berliner in 1889. Basketball game - was invented by Dr. Naismith in 1891. Insulin process - Fredrick Banting and Charles Best coinvented the process for insulin, wining a Noble Prize for this discovery in 1922. Electron Microscope - co-invented by Eli Franklin Burton, Cecil Hall, James Hillier and Albert Prebus in 1937. External Pacemaker - was invented by Dr. John A. Hopps in 1950. Snowmobile - was invented by Joseph-Armand Bombardier in 1958.

Tom Thomson (deceased) – painter. Bryan Adams – singer. James Cameron – movie director. Celine Dion – singer. Robertson Davies – author. Wayne Gretzky – hockey player. Marc Garneau – astronaut. Tim Horton – hockey player and founder of popular coffee shop chain, Tim Hortons. Lucy Maud Montgomery (deceased) – author of ‘Anne of Green Gables’. Russell Peters – stand up comedian. Lester B. Pearson – Canadian prime minister and Nobel Prize winner for Peace (1957). Matthew Perry – actor. Margaret Atwood – author of ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’. Emily Stowe (deceased) – first Canadian woman to practice medicine. Avril Lavigne – singer, songwriter and musician. Ted Rogers Sr (deceased) – Entrepreneur. Nelly Furtado – singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. Jim Carrie – actor.

Niagara the largest waterfall situated south of Toronto, in the province of Ontario. Ski slopes of Whistler in British Columbia. Banff national park and Lake Louise located in Alberta. Experience the old flavour in Quebec City. View the Northern Lights, Aurora Borealis, from anywhere in Canada. Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. The Viking Trail that stretches from Newfoundland’s west coast to southern Labrador. The Dinosaur Provincial Park in Alberta.

Visit the Rocky Mountains – Enjoy the serene, beautiful and breathe taking scenery Go skiing on the snowy mountains or the lakes. Attend Festivals throughout the year including Toronto International Film Festival. Try Maple Syrup – Buttermilk pancakes with blueberries and maple syrup is a must- try Canadian dish. Visit the CN Tower- Going up to the tallest free standing tower.

Jim Carrie Education Zone World of Education

‫ﺗﻮم ﺗﻮﻣﺴﻮن )ﻣﺘﻮﰱ( – رﺳﺎم‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻨﺤﺪر اﻟﺘﺰﺣﻠﻖ ﰲ وﻳﺴﺘﻠﺮ ﰲ ﻛﻮﻟﻮﻣﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻴﻤﺲ ﻛﺎﻣﺮون – ﻣﺨﺮج أﻓﻼم‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﺤﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺑﺎﻧﻒ واﻟﺒﺤرية‬ ‫ﰲ ﻟﻮﻳﺰ اﳌﻮﺟﻮدة ﰲ اﻟﱪﺗﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮاﻳﺎن آداﻣﺲ – ﻣﻄﺮب‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻠني دﻳﻮن – ﻣﻄﺮﺑﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﺑﻞ ﻣﺎﻛﻴﻨﺘﻮش ‪ -‬اﻛﺘﺸﻔﻪ ﺟﻮن ﻣﺎﻛﻴﻨﺘﻮش‬ ‫ﻋﺎم ‪.١٧٩٦‬‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺒﺎح اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎيئ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﻪ ﻫرني‬ ‫وودورد ﻋﺎم ‪ ١٨٧٤‬وﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎع اﻻﻛﺘﺸﺎف‬ ‫اﱃ ﺗﻮﻣﺎس أدﻳﺴﻮن‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﰲ ﻛﻨﺪا أﻛﺒــﺮ ﻧﺴﺒـﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤـﻼت‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻊ اﻟﺪوﻧﺎت ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺴـﻜﺎن‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻘــﻴﺔ دول اﻟﻌــﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺄيت أﺻﻞ اﺳﻢ ﻛﻨﺪا ﻣﻦ »ﻛﻨﺎﺗﺎ« و ﺗﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺮﻳــﺔ أو اﳌﺴﺘﻮﻃـﻨﺔ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ اﻷوﺑﺮﺟﻴــﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺘﻬﺮ ﻛﻨﺪا ﺑـﺎﻟﻘﻨﺪس‪ ,‬اﻟﻮزة اﻟﻜﻨـﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪ ,‬اﻟﴩﻃﺔ اﳌﻠﻜﻴﺔ اﻟﻜﻨـﺪﻳﺔ و اﻟﻌﻤﻮد‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻮﻃﻤﻲ )رﻣﺰ ﻣﻦ رﻣـﻮز اﻟﻬﻨﻮد اﻟﺤـﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﻊ أﻣﺎم اﳌﻨﺰل( وورﻗﺔ اﻟﻘﻴﻘﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻟﻌﺒﺔ اﻟﻬـﻮيك اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ اﻷﻛرث ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺞ ﻛﻨﺪا ﻛﻤـﻴﺔ ﻫﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﳌﺸﺎرﻛــﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣـﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻨﺪق اﻟﺠﻠﻴـﺪي ﰲ ﻛﻴﻮﺑﻚ (ﻫﻮﺗﻴﻞ دي‬ ‫ﺟﻼس) ﻳﺼﻨﻊ وﻳﺴﺘﺨـﺪم ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ ‪٤٠٠‬‬ ‫ﻃﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻠﻴﺪ و ‪ ١٢,٠٠٠‬ﻃﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻠﺞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺬوب ﻫﺬه اﻟﻜﻤـﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﺻﻴﻒ وﻳﻌﺎد‬ ‫اﻧﺸﺎؤه ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﰲ اﻟـﺸﺘﺎء‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻐﺮاﻣﺎﻓﻮن )ﻣﺸﻐﻞ اﻷﺳﻄﻮاﻧﺎت( ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎرك ﰲ اﻹﻛﺘﺸﺎف اﻟﻜﺴﻨﺪر ﻏﺮاﻫﺎم ﺑﻴﻞ‬ ‫وأﻣﻴﻞ ﺑريﻟﻴرن ﻋﺎم ‪.١٨٨٩‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮة اﻟﺴﻠﺔ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻧﻴﺴﻤﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم ‪.١٨٩١‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ اﻷﻧﺴﻮﻟني ‪ -‬ﻓﺮﻳﺪرﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻴﻨﻎ و‬ ‫ﺟﺎرﻟﺲ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺣﺼﻼ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﺋﺰة ﻧﻮﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﺧﱰاع ﻋﻤﻞ اﻹﻧﺴﻮﻟني ﻋﺎم ‪.١٩٢٢‬‬ ‫اﳌﺠﻬﺮ اﻹﻟﻜﱰوين ‪ -‬اﺧﱰع مبﺴﺎﻋﺪة أﱄ‬ ‫ﻓﺮاﻧﻜﻠني ﺑﻮرﺗﻮن وﺳﻴﺴﻴﻞ ﻫﺎل وﺟﻴﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻠري واﻟﺒريت ﺑﺮﻳﺒﻮس ﻋﺎم ‪.١٩٣٧‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﺧﺎرﺟﻲ ﻟﻀﺒﻂ ﻧﺒﺾ اﳌﺮﻳﺾ ‪-‬‬ ‫اﺧﱰﻋﻪ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﺟﻮن أي ﻫﻮﺑﺲ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪.١٩٥٠‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎرة اﻟﺜﻠﺞ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺟﻮزﻳﻒ‬ ‫أرﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﻣﺒﺎردﻳﺮ ﻋﺎم ‪.١٩٥٨‬‬

‫روﺑﺮﺗﺴﻮن داﻓﻴﺲ – ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫واﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﻳﺘﺴيك – ﻻﻋﺐ اﻟﻬﻮيك‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎرك ﻏﺎرﻧﻴﻮا – راﺋﺪ ﻓﻀﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻢ ﻫﻮرﺗﻮن – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻫﻮيك وﻣﻨﺸﺊ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ اﳌﻘﺎﻫﻲ اﳌﺸﻬﻮرة‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﳼ ﻣﺆد ﻣﻮﻧﺘﻐﻮﻣﺮي )ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺎة( – ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎب »آن ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺔ اﻟﺠﻤﻠﻮن اﻷﺧﴬ‪«.‬‬

‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة اﻷﻧﻮار اﻟﺸامﻟﻴﺔ واﻟﻔﺠﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺸامﱄ ﻣﻦ أي ﻣﻜﺎن ﰲ ﻛﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﻰ اﻟﱪﳌﺎن ﰲ اوﺗﺎوا‪.‬‬ ‫أﺛﺎر اﻟﻔﺎﻳﻜﻨﻚ اﻟﺘﻲ متﺘﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﻨﻠﻨﺪ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻞ اﻟﻐﺮيب اﱃ ﺟﻨﻮب ﻻﺑﺮادور‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﺻﻮر اﻷﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﱪﺗﺎ‪.‬‬

‫روﺳﻞ ﺑﻴﱰس – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﺰﱄ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﱰ يب ﺑريﺳﻮن – رﺋﻴﺲ وزراء ﻛﻨﺪي‬ ‫وﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﺋﺰة ﻧﻮﺑﻞ ﻟﻠﺴﻼم )‪.(١٩٥٧‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﺑريي – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎرﻏﺮﻳﺖ اﺗﻮود – ﻣﺆﻟﻔﺔ ﻛﺘﺎب »ﻗﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻳﺪوﻳﺔ«‪.‬‬ ‫إﻣﲇ ﺳﺘﻮي )ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺎة( – أول اﻣﺮأة ﻛﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫متﺎرس اﻟﻄﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻓﺮﻳﻞ ﻻﻓﻴﺠني – ﻣﻄﺮب وﻛﺎﺗﺐ أﻏﺎين‬ ‫وﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺪ روﺟريز ﺳﻴﻨﻴﻮر )ﻣﺘﻮﰲ( – ﻣﺆﺳﺲ‬ ‫ﴍﻛﺔ روﺟﺮز‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﲇ ﻓﻮرﺗﺎدو – ﻣﻄﺮب وﻛﺎﺗﺐ أﻏﺎين‬ ‫وﻣﺴﺠﻞ وﻣﻨﺘﺞ وﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻢ ﻛريي – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﻨﻘﻞ اﻟﴪﻳـﻊ اﻟـﺬي ﻳﻘﻄﻊ اﻟﺒﻼد‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻟﻪ ‪ ٧,٦٠٤‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣـﱰ ﻫﻮ أﻃﻮل ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﴎﻳﻊ وﻃﻨﻲ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﺠﺒﺎل اﻟﺼﺨﺮﻳﺔ ‪ -‬واﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﺸﺎﻫﺪ اﳌﺪﻫﺸﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺬﻫﺎب ﻟﻠﺘﺰﻟﺞ ﰲ اﻟﺠﺒﺎل اﻟﺜﻠﺠﻴﺔ أو‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤريات اﳌﺘﺠﻤﺪة‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﻪ ﰲ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت ‪ -‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎن‬ ‫ﺗﻮروﻧﺘﻮ اﻟﺪوﱄ ﻟﻸﻓﻼم‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻋﺼري اﻟﻘﻴﻘﺐ )ﻧﺒﺎت ﺳﻜﺮي(‬ ‫– ﻓﻄﺎﺋﺮ ﻣﻦ زﺑﺪة اﻟﺤﻠﻴﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﻮت‬ ‫وﻋﺼري اﻟﻘﻴﻘﺐ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻃﺒﺎق اﻟﻜﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳﺎرة ﺑﺮج اﻟﴘ ان ‪ -‬و اﻟﺼﻌﻮد اﱃ ﻗﻤﺔ‬ ‫أﻋﲆ ﺑﺮج‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎرك ﻏﺎرﻧﻴﻮا‬


‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻧﻜﻬﺔ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻮﻳﺒﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﻼﻻت ﻧﻴﺎﻏﺎرا أﻛﱪ ﺷﻼﻻت ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫و ﺗﻘﻊ ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب ﺗﻮروﻧﺘﺎ ﰲ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ‬ ‫اوﻧﺘﺎرﻳﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬


‫اﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ إﱃ أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺆﻳﺔ وأﻋﲆ‬٢٢ ‫)ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة ﺣﻮاﱄ‬

June to August (22°C and above)


‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ إﱃ ﻣﺎرس‬ (‫ درﺟﺎت ﻣﺆﻳﺔ وأدىن‬١٠ ‫)ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة ﺣﻮاﱄ‬

November to March (10°C or lower)


China has an estimated population of 1.4 billion (as of 2015). The cultural make-up of the population is 93.3% Han Chinese. In addition, there are about 55 ethnic groups like Miao and Mongolian.

• Light cotton clothes, caps and rain wear for summer. • Overcoats and lined coats for winter. • In very cold areas, a cap, gloves and cotton-padded shoes are required. • National costume is recommended for festivities

• Shops are open every day of the week, 10:00 a.m tp 9:30 p.m, Monday to Sunday in China. • Bazaars are a good place to get cheap objects. • Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late. • Pecking duck, Mongolian hot pot, dim sum, wonton soup, steam dumplings, chicken and noodles are some of cuisines in China. • Generally, the Han people take rice and noodles as their staple diet. They love to eat vegetables, beans, meat, fish and eggs, and pay particular attention to cooking techniques. • Chinese silk is famous in the world for its magnificent quality, colour and variety. • China is the home of tea. Tea is divided into green, black, perfumed, white and Wulong tea. • The knowledge of the traditional Chinese medicine has been accumulated over thousands of years. Numerous herbal and other drugs are being used for their high curative efficacy, and those with a high tonic value are favourites with the Chinese.


.‫ ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺮ ﻟﻔﺼﻞ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬,‫ ﻗﺒﻌﺔ‬,‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ‬ .‫• ﻣﻌﺎﻃﻒ ﻣﺒﻄﻨﺔ ﻟﻔﺼﻞ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬ ‫ ﻗﻔﺎزات ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ اﻷﺣﺬﻳﺔ اﳌﺒﻄﻨﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻄﻦ‬,‫ ﻗﺒﻌﺔ‬,‫• ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻷﻛرث ﺑﺮودة‬ .‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﴐورﻳﺔ‬ .‫• ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻐﺮض ارﺗﺪاﺋﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

٩:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎً إﱃ‬١٠ ‫ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت أﺑﻮاﺑﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﻣﻦ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻣﻦ‬,‫• ﰲ اﻟﺼني‬ .‫ﻣﺴﺎ ًء اﻹﺛﻨني إﱃ اﻷﺣﺪ‬ .‫• اﻷﺳﻮاق اﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﳌﻜﺎن اﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ اﻟﺒﻀﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺮﺧﻴﺼﺔ‬ .‫• اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ أوﻗﺎت ﻣﺮﻧﺔ وﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﺎد ًة إﱃ أوﻗﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬ ,‫ اﻟﺪﻣﺴﻮن‬,‫ اﻟﻜﺎﺳﺔ اﳌﻨﻐﻮﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺎرة‬,‫ اﻟﺒﻂ اﻟﺒﻜﻴﻨﻲ‬,‫• ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺟﺒﺎت اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ .‫ اﻟﺪﺟﺎج واﻟﻨﻮدﻟﺰ‬,‫ اﻟﺰﻻﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺒﺨﺮة‬,‫ﺷﻮرﺑﺔ واﻧﺘﻮن‬ ‫ ﻛام‬.‫ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺷﻌﺐ اﻟﻬﺎن اﻷرز واﻟﻨﻮدﻟﺰ اﳌﺎدة اﻟﻐﺬاﺋﻴﺔ اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬,‫• ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ وﻳﻮﻟﻮن أﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬,‫ اﻷﺳامك واﻟﺒﻴﺾ‬,‫ اﻟﻠﺤﻮم‬,‫ اﻟﺒﻘﻮﻟﻴﺎت‬,‫أﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﺤﺒﻮن ﺗﻨﺎول اﻟﺨﻀﺎر‬ .‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻟﻄﻬﻲ‬ ,‫ ﻟﻮﻧﻪ‬,‫• ﻳﺤﻈﻰ اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺮ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺸﻬﺮة واﺳﻌﺔ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎً وذﻟﻚ ﻟﺠﻮدﺗﻪ اﻟﺮاﺋﻌﺔ‬ .‫وﺗﻨﻮﻋﻪ‬ ,‫ اﻟﺸﺎي اﻷﺧﴬ‬:‫• ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﺼني ﻣﻮﻃﻦ اﻟﺸﺎي اﻟﺬي ﻳﻨﻘﺴﻢ إﱃ أﻧﻮاع ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة‬ .‫ و اﻟـ ووﻟﻮﻧﺞ‬,‫ اﻷﺑﻴﺾ‬,‫ اﳌﻌﻄﺮ‬,‫اﻷﺳﻮد‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﺎك‬.‫• ﺗﺸﺘﻬﺮ اﻟﺼني ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺐ اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪي اﻟﺬي منﺎ وﺗﻄﻮر ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮ آﻻف اﻟﺴﻨني‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻋﺸﺎب واﻷدوﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗُﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻟﻘﺪرﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﻌﻼﺟﻴﺔ اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻛام‬ .‫ﺗُﺴﺘﺨﺪم اﳌﻨﺸﻄﺎت ﻟﺪى اﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﺑﺸﻜﻞ واﺳﻊ‬

Education Zone World of Education

• Getting around in China is convenient and inexpensive thanks to a well-developed and modern transportation infrastructure. • All cities are well-served by buses and taxis, and larger cities have modern subway systems. • For long-distance travel, every city can be reached by airplane or train. • China’s high-speed railway reaches a maximum speed of over 300 km/h and provides beds as well as dining services.

China is a vast country situated at the eastern part of Eurasia and the western coast of the Pacific Ocean. Covering a land area of 9,600,000 square kilometers, China is the third largest of the world, after Russia and Canada. Beijing is the capital city of China. Main language in China is Mandarin Chinese which is based on Beijing dialects plus local dialects. China is officially known to be atheist but there are a number of religions in the country such as Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Buddhism. China is an ancient country having a profound history. Originated in the eastern area of the Yellow River Region, the country›s civilization is over 5,000 years old and was considered one of four ancient civilizations of the world, along with the civilizations of the ancient Babylon, the ancient Egypt and the ancient India. During thousands of years of feudal ruling, Chinese people have created brilliant science and art culture, like the Four Great Inventions, the poetry, paintings and Chinese calligraphy. Also, a great amount of cultural relics such as the Great Wall left by ancestors have become the treasures of the nation and the wonder of the world.

‫• اﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﻋﱪ اﻟﺼني ﺳﻬﻞ وﻣﺮﻳﺢ وﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺎً أﺑﺪا ً وذﻟﻚ ﻳﻌﻮد ﻟﻠﺒﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫• ميﻜﻦ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺒﺎص واﻟﺘﻜﴘ ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺪن اﻟﺼني ﻛام متﺘﻠﻚ ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺪن‬ .‫اﻟﻜﱪى ﻧﻈﺎم اﳌﱰو اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ‬ .‫ ميﻜﻦ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻘﻄﺎر أو اﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮة‬,‫• ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻓﺎت اﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪة‬ ‫ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﱰ ﰲ‬٣٠٠ ‫• ﺷﺒﻜﺔ اﻟﺴﻜﻚ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼني ﺗﺼﻞ إﱃ أﻗﴡ ﴎﻋﺔ وﻫﻲ‬ .‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﻛام ﺗ ُﺘﻴﺢ ﻧﻈﺎم اﳌﺒﻴﺖ وﺧﺪﻣﺎت ﺗﻮﻓري اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬

‫اﻟﺼني ﻫﻲ ﺑﻠ ٌﺪ ﺷﺎﺳﻊ ﻳﻘﻊ ﰲ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﴩﻗﻲ ﻣﻦ أوراﺳﻴﺎ واﻟﺴﺎﺣﻞ اﻟﻐﺮيب ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﱰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬٩,٦٠٠,٠٠٠ ‫ ﺗﻐﻄﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺼني اﻷرﺿﻴﺔ ﺣﻮاﱄ‬.‫اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﺎدي‬ .‫ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ اﻟﺼني ﻫﻲ ﺑﻜني‬.‫وﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺛﺎﻟﺚ أﻛﱪ دوﻟﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﺑﻌﺪ روﺳﻴﺎ وﻛﻨﺪا‬ ,‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﺼني دوﻟﺔ ﻣﻠﺤﺪة إﻻ أن ﻫﻨﺎك ﻋﺪدا ً ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺎت ﰲ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻹﺳﻼم‬ .‫ واﻟﺒﻮذﻳﺔ‬,‫ اﻟﱪوﺗﺴﺘﺎﻧﺘﻴﺔ‬,‫اﻟﻜﺎﺛﻮﻟﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ﻧﺸﺄﺗﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﺮ‬.ً‫اﻟﺼني ﻫﻲ دوﻟﺔ ﻗﺪميﺔ ومتﺘﻠﻚ ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﺎً ﻋﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬ ‫ ﻛام أﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ واﺣﺪة ﻣﻦ‬.‫ ﺳﻨﺔ‬٥٠٠٠ ‫ ﺗﻌﻮد ﺣﻀﺎرة اﻟﺼني إﱃ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬,‫اﻷﺻﻔﺮ‬ ,‫ اﻟﺤﻀﺎرة اﳌﴫﻳﺔ‬,‫ ﺣﻀﺎرة اﻟﺒﺎﺑﻠﻴني‬,‫اﻷرﺑﻊ اﻟﺤﻀﺎرات اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ وﻫﻲ ﺣﻀﺎرة اﻟﺼني‬ ‫ متﻜﻦ ﺳﻜﺎن اﻟﺼني‬,‫ ﺧﻼل آﻻف اﻟﺴﻨني ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻜﻢ اﻹﻗﻄﺎﻋﻲ‬.‫واﻟﺤﻀﺎرة اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﻓﻦ‬,‫ اﻟﺸﻌﺮ‬,‫ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ اﻟﻌﻠﻮم واﻟﻔﻨﻮن اﻟﺮاﺋﻌﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻷرﺑﻊ اﻻﺧﱰاﻋﺎت اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ ﺟﺰء ﻛﺒري ﻣﻦ اﻵﺛﺎر اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ‬,‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ ذﻟﻚ‬.‫ واﻟﺨﻂ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻲ‬,‫اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ .‫ أﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻛﻨﺰ ﻟﻸﻣﺔ وإﺣﺪى ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺐ اﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ‬,‫ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺳﻮر اﻟﺼني اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬,‫اﻷﺟﺪاد‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في الصين؟‬

Why study in China? The sheer size of China’s territory means a tremendous variety of climates, cultures and landscapes await. Studying in China is an excellent opportunity to explore the world›s most populous country. You will experience China’s unique blend of ancient and modern civilization, as well as its scenic beauty and bustling nightlife. Most importantly, studying and living in China is cheaper than studying and living in European countries, the U.S., Japan, South Korea and many other countries. China is striving to build more world-class universities, and investing heavily in higher education. As for those who don’t know any Chinese, many universities offer degree programs taught in English. In addition, the academic qualifications awarded by Chinese universities are recognized by most developed countries.

,‫ وﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎرك‬,‫ ﺛﻘﺎﰲ‬,‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺼني اﻟﺸﺎﺳﻌﺔ ﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﺗﻨﻮع ﻣﻨﺎﺧﻲ‬ .‫اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼني ﻫﻲ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻣﻤﺘﺎزة ﻻﻛﺘﺸﺎف أﻛرث ﺑﻠﺪ ﻣﻜﺘﻆ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬,‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ ﺣﻀﺎرة اﻟﺼني اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ مبﺰﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ ﺑني اﳌﺎﴈ واﻟﺤﺎﴐ‬ ‫ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼني‬,‫ اﻷﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ذﻟﻚ‬.‫إﱃ اﳌﻨﺎﻇﺮ اﻟﺨﻼﺑﺔ واﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻟﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺼﺎﺧﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎن‬،‫ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬،‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ أرﺧﺺ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ واﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻷورﺑﻴﺔ‬ .‫ﻛﻮرﻳﺎ اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ وﻏريﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪول‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻌﻰ اﻟﺼني إﱃ ﺑﻨﺎء اﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ وﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ اﻻﺳﺘﺜامرات ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﺎك‬,‫ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ إﱃ ﻫﺆﻻء اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻘﻨﻮن ﺷﻴﺌﺎً ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬.‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﱄ‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ‬.‫ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺮاﻣﺞ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻻﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫ اﳌﺆﻫﻼت اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ متﻨﺤﻬﺎ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ ُﻣﻌﱰف ﺑﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬,‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫ دوﻟﺔ وﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬٦٥‫ اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎن و‬,‫ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‬,‫ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬,‫اﻟﺪول اﳌﺘﻄﻮرة ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬ .‫أﺧﺮى‬


One-fifth of the world’s population lives in China. More bird species live in China than any other place in the world. The oldest tree in the world is the gingko. Gunpowder was first discovered in China where it was used to create fireworks. Paper was first invented in China in 105 AD. Fingerprinting was used in China in 700 A.D. The majority of Chinese drink polluted water. On average, China has 274 protests per day. China has cultivated tea for over 2000 years. China’s money is called renminbi meaning the peoples currency. China has the world’s longest continuously used written language. Fortune cookies are not a traditional Chinese custom. They were invented in 1920 by a worker in the Key Heong Noodle Factory in San Francisco.


Paper. Woodblock printing. Gunpowder. Compass. Sericulture and the production of silk. Soybean cultivation. Acupuncture. Animal zodiac. Banknote. Chopsticks.

Penny Tai – Malaysian Chinese singer. Jackie Chan – Chinese actor. Yao Ming – Chinese basketball player. Chen Yifei – Chinese director. Diao Han – Chinese singer. Confucius – Chinese philosopher. Zhang Ziyi – Chinese actress and dancer. Jet Li – actor. Yao Ming – basketball player. Klariza Clayton – actress. Li Na – tennis player. Lin Dan – Olympian. Hu Jinatao – world leader. Lang Lang – pianist. Guo Jingjing – Olympian. John Woo – director. Kelly Chen – singer. Liu Wen – Model. Liu Xiang – Olympian.


Jackie Chan Education Zone World of Education

Discover two of China’s most picturesque towns - Along the way visit a silk spinning factory, a water village and enjoy boating on the waterways. The forbidden city - Today the Forbidden City (or Palace Museum), a World Heritage site since 1987, still abounds with the sense of grandeur and wealth, an aura of pomp and majesty that has passed down through the ages. Guilin’s stunning mountain scenery - A cruise down the picturesque Li River from Guilin to the resort of Yangshuo is considered a must by most tourists. The Yangtze River Cruise -The Yangtze is the longest river in China and the third longest in the world. From the deck of a cruise boat, the Yangtze reveals itself as a long picture scroll of stunning scenery. Along the route, you will see historical sites associated with China›s rich store of myths and legends Walking, hiking and trekking mountains ranges. Walk or bike along china’s old city walls. Seek out ancient china before it’s destroyed. Eat delicious food (when you might not know what it is).

‫ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺗﺎي – ﻣﻐﻨﻲ ﺻﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰي‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎيك ﺗﺸﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎو ﻣﻨﻎ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﺳﻠﺔ ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻦ ﻳﺎﻳﻔﻲ – ﻣﺨﺮج ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻮرق‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺎرود‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻮﺻﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ دودة اﻟﻘﺰ وإﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧُﻤﺲ ﺳﻜﺎن اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮن ﰲ اﻟﺼني‪.‬‬ ‫أﻛرث أﻧﻮاع اﻟﻄﻴﻮر ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ اﻟﺼني‪ ,‬أﻛرث‬ ‫ﻣﻦ أي ﻣﻜﺎن آﺧﺮ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫أﻗﺪم ﺷﺠﺮة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻫﻲ ﺷﺠﺮة‬ ‫ا ﻟـ « ﺟﻨﺠﻜﻮ « ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻢ اﻛﺘﺸﺎف اﻟﺒﺎرود أوﻻً ﰲ اﻟﺼني ﺣﻴﺚُ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻟﻸﻟﻌﺎب اﻟﻨﺎرﻳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫زراﻋﺔ ﻓﻮل اﻟﺼﻮﻳﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺧﺰ ﺑﺎﻹﺑﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻷﺑﺮاج‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ اﻟﻮرﻗﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻋﻮاد اﻷﻛﻞ‪.‬‬

‫دﻳﺎو ﻫﺎن – ﻣﻐﻨﻲ ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻧﻔﻮﻛﻴﻮس – ﻓﻴﻠﺴﻮف ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫زاﻧﺞ زﻳﻴﻲ – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ وراﻗﺺ ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺖ ﱄ – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎو ﻣﻨﺞ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﺳﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻼرﻳﺰا ﻛﻠﻴﺘﻮن – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﱄ ﻧﺎ – ﻻﻋﺒﺔ ﺗﻨﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻦ دان – ﻻﻋﺐ أوﳌﺒﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﺟﻴﻨﺎﺗﻮ – زﻋﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻧﺞ ﻻﻧﺞ – ﻋﺎزف ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮ ﺟﻦ ﺟﻨﺞ – ﻻﻋﺒﺔ أوﳌﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮن وو – ﻣﺨﺮج‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻢ اﻛﺘﺸﺎف اﻟﻮرق أوﻻً ﰲ اﻟﺼني ﰲ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪ ١٠٥‬ﺑﻌﺪ اﳌﻴﻼد‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻴﲇ ﺗﺸﻦ – ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮ وﻳﻦ – ﻋﺎرﺿﺔ أزﻳﺎء‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻢ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺒﺼامت ﰲ اﻟﺼني ﻋﺎم ‪٧٠٠‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﳌﻴﻼد‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻮ زاﻧﺞ – ﻻﻋﺐ أوﻟﻴﻤﺒﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺳﻜﺎن اﻟﺼني ﻳﴩﺑﻮن ﻣﺎء ﻣﻠﻮث‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﳌﺤﻈﻮرة– ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺤﻈﻮرة اﻟﻴﻮم‪ ,‬اﳌﻌﺮوﻓﺔ ﺑـ »اﻟﻘﴫ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﻒ«‪ ,‬ﻣﻮﻗﻌﺎً ﻟﻠﱰاث اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪ .١٩٨٧‬وﻻ ﺗﺰال ﺗﺰﺧﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻈﻤﺔ واﻟرثوة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮ اﻟﻌﺼﻮر‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻇﺮ اﻟﺮاﺋﻌﺔ ﻟﺠﺒﺎل ﺟﻮﻟﻴﺎن – رﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﱪ ﻧﻬﺮ ﱄ وﻣﻦ ﺟﻮﻟﻴﺎن إﱃ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺠﻊ ﻳﺎﻧﺞ ﺷﻮ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻼزﻣﺔ ﳌﻌﻈﻢ اﻟﺴﻮاح‪.‬‬ ‫رﺣﻠﺔ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﱪ ﻧﻬﺮ ﻳﺎﻧﺞ ﺗﺰي‪ -‬ﻳﻌﺘﱪ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺮ ﻳﺎﻧﺞ ﺗﺰي أﻃﻮل ﻧﻬﺮ ﰲ اﻟﺼني وﺛﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫أﻃﻮل ﻧﻬﺮ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﻋﲆ ﻣنت اﻟﻘﺎرب‪,‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺸﻒ ﻧﻬﺮ ﻳﺎﻧﺞ ﺗﺰي روﻋﺘﻪ ﻛﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﺎﻇﺮ اﻟﺨﻼﺑﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﲆ ﻃﻮل‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‪ ,‬ﺳﱰى اﳌﻮاﻗﻊ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ اﳌﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ‬ ‫مبﺎﴈ اﻟﺼني اﻟﻐﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﺮاﻓﺎت واﻷﺳﺎﻃري‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺬﻫﺎب ﰲ رﺣﻼت ﻋﲆ ﻣنت اﻟﺠﺒﺎل‪.‬‬ ‫اﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﰲ رﺣﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻗﺪﻣﻴﻚ أو ارﻛﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺪراﺟﺔ ﻟﻌﺒﻮر ﺳﻮر اﻟﺼني اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺸﻒ اﻟﺼني اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ أن ﺗُﺪﻣﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎول اﻟﻄﻌﺎم اﻟﺸﻬﻲ )ﻣﻊ اﺣﺘامل أﻧﻚ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎذا ﺗﺄﻛﻞ(‪.‬‬

‫ﰲ اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‪ ,‬ﻟﺪى اﻟﺼني ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪٢٧٤‬‬ ‫اﺣﺘﺠﺎج ﰲ اﻟﻴﻮم اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼني ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫»رمنﺒﻴﻨﻲ« وذﻟﻚ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪى اﻟﺼني أﻃﻮل ﻟﻐﺔ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫وﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮار ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫أﺻﻮل ﺑﺴﻜﻮﻳﺖ اﻟﺤﻆ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎدات اﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﺑﻞ ﺗﻢ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﻋﺎم ‪ ١٩٢٠‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻊ يك ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺞ ﳌﻌﻜﺮوﻧﺔ اﻟﻨﻮدﻟﺰ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎن ﻓﺮاﻧﺴﻴﺴﻜﻮ‪.‬‬

‫ﱄ ﻧﺎ‬


‫اﻛﺘﺸﻒ اﺛﻨني ﻣﻦ أروع ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺼني‬ ‫ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ‪ ,‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻳﺎرة ﻣﺼﻨﻊ ﻏﺰل‬‫اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪ ,‬اﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ اﳌﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ,‬ومتﺘﻊ ﺑﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرب ﰲ اﳌﻤﺮات اﳌﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬


‫ﺗﺴﻮد أوروﺑﺎ ﻇﺮوف ﻣﻨﺎﺧﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻟﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻊ‬ ‫ اﻟﻄﻘﺲ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻋﺎدة داﻓﺌﺎ ورﻃﺒﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎر‬.‫ﻋﲆ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺧﻄﻮط اﻟﻌﺮض‬ .‫اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺠﻲ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻋﲆ اﳌﻨﺎخ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺪار اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺸﺘﺎء ﺑﺎرد و اﻟﺼﻴﻒ داﻓﺊ اﱃ ﻣﻌﻨﺶ ﰲ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ دول اوروﺑﺎ‬ ‫و ﺗﺘﻔﺎوت اﻟﻨﺴﺐ ﻣﻦ دوﻟﺔ اﱃ اﺧﺮى إذ ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺸﺘﺎء ﻣﻌﺘﺪل ﰲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ و‬ . ‫ﰲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﺧﺮى اﻛرث ﺑﺮودة ﻣﻊ ﺗﺴﺎﻗﻂ ﺛﻠﺞ و ﻫﻜﺬا ﻣﻊ ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬

Europe experiences milder climatic conditions when compared to other areas lying on the same latitude. The weather is usually warmer and wetter, as a result of the Gulf Stream that influences its weather all year round. mostly it’s cold winter and warm to refreshing summer in most of the European countries and percentages vary from state to state as a mild winter in areas and in other areas colder with snow falling and so with the summer.

France 65,447,374

Germany 81,757,600

Ireland 6,197,100

Italy 60,340,328

• Light casual clothes – cottons and linens – for all year round. • Waterproof Clothes and umbrella for Rainy days. • Warm jacket for Winter. • National Costume is recommended for festivities.

• Shops are open – 9:00 A.M to 6:30 P.M, Monday to Friday and 9:00 A.M to 4:00 P.M on Saturdays and are closed on Sundays and work from 9:00 A.M to 9:00 P.M on Thursdays. • Halal food stores are available. • Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late. • Ratatouille and soufflé is what France is known for. • German sausages and Black Forest cake is a delicacy of Germany. • Seafood, stew and meat are cuisines of Ireland/ • Pasta, spaghetti, pizza and the variety of sauces are a must try in Italy


Malta 416,333

Spain 46,951,532

Switzerland 7,782,900

.‫ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻄﻦ أو اﻟﻜﺘﺎن – ﻋﲆ ﻣﺪار اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬- ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻋﺎدﻳﺔ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ‬ .‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻣﻄﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ )ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ( ﻟﻸﻳﺎم اﳌﻤﻄﺮة‬ .‫ﻣﻌﻄﻒ ﺧﻔﻴﻒ داﻓﺊ ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء‬ .‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﻟﺰي اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻹرﺗﺪاﺋﻪ ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎت‬

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‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﰲ أﻳﺎم اﻹﺛﻨني اﱃ اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ و‬٦:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬٩ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت أﺑﻮاﺑﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬٩ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﰲ اﻟﺴﺒﺖ وﺗﻐﻠﻖ أﻳﺎم اﻷﺣﺪ و ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ‬٤ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬٩ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ .‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﻳﻮم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ‬٩ .‫• ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺤﻼت ﻟﺒﻴﻊ اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺤﻼل‬ .‫• ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺎﻋﻢ أوﻗﺎت ﻣﺮﻧﺔ وﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺒﻘﻰ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ اﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬ ‫• اﻟﺮاﺗﺎﺗﻮي )ﻫﻮ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻳﺨﻨﺔ ﺧﻀﺎر ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪي( وﻣﻌﺠﻨﺎت اﻟﺴﻮﻓﻠﻴﻪ ﻫام ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺮف‬ .‫ﺑﻬام ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‬ . ‫• ﻣﻦ اﻷﻃﺒﺎق اﻟﺸﻬﻴﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ اﻟﻨﻘﺎﻧﻖ اﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ وﻛﻴﻚ اﻟﻐﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﺴﻮداء‬ .‫• اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ واﻟﺤﺴﺎء واﻟﻠﺤﻮم ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺄﻛﻮﻻت اﻷﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫• ﻣﻦ اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ اﻟﺒﺎﺳﺘﺎ واﳌﻌﻜﺮوﻧﺔ واﻟﺒﻴﺰا وأﻧﻮاع‬ .‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﻠﺼﺎت‬

Education Zone World of Education

• Buses, rail, and metro are the easiest travel methods in the city. • Bicycle is the easiest way to get around, with designated cycle lanes available. • Student fares are available. • Taxis are expensive.

Europe is the world’s second smallest continent with over 50 countries. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean from the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Black Sea to the east and The Mediterranean Sea to the south. The largest European country is Russia, and the smallest is Vatican City. Every European country has its own culture and traditions, but they all have major features in common. European countries share a long history from the Renaissance period to the successive European empires and the implementations of new technologies over the last century. Europe›s geographical structure varies from one place to another. Central Europe has many plateaus, river valleys and basins, while the southern regions are mountainous. Hilly and lowland plains spread from the northern regions to the east and west of Europe. Europe’s global connections made it possible for the culture to grow, adapt and ultimately become very influential. It is a highly developed continent, owing its success to the native and multicultural community within the society. In recent years there have been a large number of immigrants in Europe looking for better job prospects, standards of living and education facilities and institutes.

.‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻔﺮ ﰲ اﳌﺪن وﺑني اﻟﺪول ﻫﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﻟﻘﻄﺎر واﳌﱰو‬ .‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺪراﺟﺔ اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ وﻟﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺎرات ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ .‫ﻫﻨﺎك ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻼب‬ .‫ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬

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‫ ﻳﺤﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ‬.‫ دوﻟﺔ‬٥٠ ‫ وﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬،‫أوروﺑﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺛﺎين أﺻﻐﺮ ﻗﺎرة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻟﺸامل اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﳌﺘﺠﻤﺪ اﻟﺸامﱄ وﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﺮب اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻷﻃﻠﴘ وﻣﻦ اﻟﴩق اﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬ ‫ أﻛﱪ دوﻟﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﳌﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬.‫اﻷﺳﻮد وﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺑﻴﺾ اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ .‫واﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﻫﻲ روﺳﻴﺎ واﻷﺻﻐﺮ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻔﺎﺗﻴﻜﺎن‬ ‫ وﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ اﳌﻼﻣﺢ‬،‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ ﰲ ﻗﺎرة أوروﺑﺎ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺘﻪ وﻋﺎداﺗﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ ﻓﻠﻠﺪول اﻷوروﺑﻴﺔ ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ﻋﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺸﱰك ميﺘﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻓﱰة اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ اﱃ‬.‫اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻹﻣﱪاﻃﻮرﻳﺎت اﻷورﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﻌﺎﻗﺒﺔ وﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮن‬ .‫اﳌﺎﴈ‬ ‫ ﻓﻮﺳﻂ أوروﺑﺎ ﻳﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﲆ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬،‫ﺗﺘﻌﺪد اﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ اﻟﺠﻐﺮاﻓﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻘﺎرة اﻷورﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﰲ ﺣني أن اﻟﺠﺰء‬،‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻬﻮل اواﻷراﴈ اﳌﻨﺨﻔﻈﺔ واﻟﻮدﻳﺎن وأﺣﻮاض اﻷﻧﻬﺎر‬ ‫ اﳌﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎت واﻟﺴﻬﻮل اﳌﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ ﺗﺘﻮزع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﺸامﱄ اﱃ ﴍق‬.‫اﻟﺠﻨﻮيب ﺟﺒﲇ‬ .‫وﻏﺮب أوروﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ارﺗﺒﺎط اﻟﻘﺎرة اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﰲ منﻮ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ واﻟﺘﺄﻗﻠﻢ ﻟﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻀﺎرات اﳌﺆﺛﺮة‬ ‫ وﻫﻲ ﺗﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ اﱃ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﻬﺎ اﻟﻔﻄﺮي‬،‫ ﻓﺘﻌﺘﱪ أوروﺑﺎ ﻗﺎرة ﻣﺘﻄﻮرة ﺟﺪا‬.‫ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻮاﻓﺪت أﻋﺪاد ﻛﺒرية ﻣﻦ اﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﰲ اﻟﺴﻨﻮات اﻷﺧرية‬.‫واﳌﺘﻌﺪد اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت‬ ‫اﱃ أوروﺑﺎ ﺑﺤﺜﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺮص ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﻴﺪة وﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻋﺎل ﻣﻦ اﳌﻌﻴﺸﺔ ومنﻂ ﺣﻴﺎة ﻣﺮﻳﺢ‬ .‫وﺧﺪﻣﺎت وﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ أﻓﻀﻞ‬ .‫اﻟﻠﻐﺎت اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﰲ أورﺑﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ واﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ واﻷﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺔ واﻟﺮوﺳﻴﺔ واﻷﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ ﰲ أوروﺑﺎ ﻳﺘﺤﺪث ﺑﻠﻐﺘﻪ أو ﻟﻬﺠﺘﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﺑﺎﻷﺳﺎس‬ .‫ﻟﻠﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﰲ ذﻟﻚ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬

The main spoken languages in Europe are English, French, German, Italian, Russian and Spanish. Each country uses its own language or dialect as a primary mode of communication.

‫لماذا الدراسة في أوروبا؟‬

Why study in Europe? Europe is a popular choice for many overseas students pursuing higher studies because of its highly esteemed and notably recognized educational institutions. In addition to its varied climatic conditions, diverse culture warm friendly people and safe environment. There are more than four thousand higher education institutions in Europe, from top-level research establishments to small, teaching-focused colleges. An increased number of International Students are now seeking a better higher education in Europe.

‫أوروﺑﺎ ﺧﻴﺎر ﻣﺤﺒﺐ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﻳﺪون ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ دراﺳﺎﺗﻬﻢ اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ أﺿﻒ إﱃ ذﻟﻚ ﻇﺮوﻓﻬﺎ‬،‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ اﳌﺤﱰﻣﺔ واﳌﻌﱰف ﺑﻬﺎ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ‬ .‫اﳌﻨﺎﺧﻴﺔ وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ وﺷﻌﺒﻬﺎ اﻟﻮدود وﺑﻴﺌﺘﻬﺎ اﻵﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك أﻛرث ﻣﻦ أرﺑﻌﺔ آﻻف ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ أوروﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎت‬. ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ ذات اﳌﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎت اﻟﺼﻐرية اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻼﺣﻆ أن ﻋﺪد اﻟﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺴﻌﻮن اﻵن ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬.‫ﺑﺮاﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﰲ أورﺑﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺰاﻳﺪ ﻛﺒري‬


Europe got its name from a Greek mythology princess, Europa. Paris is the largest city in Europe. Milan, Italy, is home to Italian fashion and finance. Each Swiss person eats nearly 10 kg of chocolate per year. In Switzerland, every citizen is required to have their own bomb shelter. In Switzerland, you are always 10 miles away from a lake. The Swiss army knife is red in colour so that it can be seen in the snow. The Titanic was built in Northern Ireland. In Spain there are more women enrolled into university than men. There are around 350 to 400 varieties of French cheese. There are more Polish people in Ireland than Irish people.

Barometer – invented by the Italian Evangelista Torricelli. Stethoscope – invented by Frenchman René Laënnec in 1816. Rudolf Diesel was the German inventor of the diesel fuelled internal combustion engine. Hot air Balloon – invented by Frenchmen Joseph and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier. Vacuum – invented by German Otto von Guericke. Nuclear Reactor – invented by Enrico Fermi, an Italian.

Pierce Brosnan

Michelangelo – Italian artist. Bono – Irish singer. Fernando Torres – Spanish footballer. Audrey Tautou – French actor. Adolf Hitler – leader of Nazi Germany.


Napoleon Bonaparte – French general and Emperor of France. Heidi Klum – German model. Pierce Brosnan – Irish actor. Roger Federer – Swiss tennis player. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – Austrian composer. Leonardo da Vinci – Scientist and artist from Italy. Peter O’Toole – Irish actor. Michael Ballack – German footballer. Claude Nicollier – the only Swiss astronaut. Antonio Banderas – Spanish actor. Elif Shafak – Turkish Novelist. William Allingham – Irish poet. Natalie Dessay – French opera singer. Rafael Nadal – Spanish tennis player. Adolf Hitler – leader of Nazi Germany.

Palaces, museums, lakes and rivers in each European country. Eiffel Tower, Palace of Versailles, Disneyland, Louvre museum and the rich historical monuments in France. Concentration camps, the Black Forest, Cologne Cathedral and the beautiful city of Heidelberg in Germany. Giant’s Causeway, Skellig Islands, Glendalough, glacial valleys and mountains at Croagh Patrick and Cliffs of Moher in Ireland.

Education Zone World of Education

The Leaning Tower of Pisa, cities of Pompeii, Venice, Florence, Sicily, the ruins of Rome, the Colosseum, sandy and scenic beaches and Vatican City in Italy. Sagrada Familia Cathedral, La Alhambra palace, Guggenheim in Bilbao and the Island of Ibiza in Spain. The highest peak at Jungfrau, Eiger Trail, Chateau de Chillon, Mt Pilatus, ski resorts at Zermatt and St Moritz and the gorgoues city of Geneva in Switzerland. Pamukkale Cotton castle, ancient cities of Ephesus, Pergamon Pergamum, Hierapolis, theatres and auditoriums at Aspendos and the underwater city of Kekova in Turkey.

Skiing at the Alps. Visit historical Castle. Take a walk in the Countryside. Go diving – Visit the underwater drop offs, intriguing caves, the reefs and marine life in Malta. Attend Festivals – Oktoberfest in Germany, Bullfighting in Spain, Fasnacht Spring Carnival in Switzerland, Tour de France in France are only a few festivals across Europe.

‫ﺑﻴﱰ أوﺗﻮل ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ اﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪي‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﺑﺎﻻك ‪ -‬ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﻗﺪم اﳌﺎين‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻼود ﻧﻴﻜﻮﻟري ‪ -‬راﺋﺪ اﻟﻔﻀﺎء اﻟﺴﻮﻳﴪي‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﻗﻴﺎس اﻟﻀﻐﻂ اﻟﺠﻮي )ﺑﺎروﻣﻴﱰ( ‪-‬‬ ‫اﺧﱰﻋﺘﻪ اﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺔ اﻳﻔﺎﻧﺠﻠﻴﺴﺘﺎ ﺗﻮرﻳﺘﺸﲇ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﻓﺤﺺ اﻟﺴﻤﻊ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﻪ اﻟﻔﺮﻧﴘ‬ ‫رﻳﻨﻴﻪ ﻻﻧﻴﻚ ﰲ ‪.١٨١٦‬‬

‫ﺣﺼﻠﺖ أوروﺑﺎ ﻋﲆ اﺳﻤﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ أﻣرية‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﻃري اﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻧﻴﺔ أوروﺑﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎرﻳﺲ ﻫﻲ أﻛﱪ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﰲ أوروﺑﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻴﻼﻧﻮ ﻣﻘﺮا ﻟﻸزﻳﺎء واﳌﻮارد‬ ‫اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ إﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻨﺎول اﻟﺴﻮﻳﴪون ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪ ١٠‬ﻛﻐﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻮﻛﻼﺗﻪ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ‪.‬‬

‫رودوﻟﻒ دﻳﺰل ﻣﻜﺘﺸﻒ ‪ -‬اﳌﺎين ﻟﻮﻗﻮد‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻳﺰل اﻟﺬي ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﰲ اﳌﺤﺮﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎﺑﺴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻮن اﻟﻬﻮاء اﻟﺴﺎﺧﻦ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﺎه اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺎن‬ ‫ﺟﻮزﻳﻒ وﺟﺎك اﺗﻴﺎن ﻣﻮﻧﺘﻐﻮﻟﻔﺎﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﻜﻨﺴﺔ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ اﻷﳌﺎين أوﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﻓﻮن ﺟﻮرﻳﻚ‪.‬‬

‫أﻧﻄﻮﻧﻴﻮ ﺑﻴﻨﺪﻳﺮاس ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ اﺳﺒﺎين‪.‬‬ ‫أﻟﻴﻒ ﺷﺎﻓﺎق ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺗﺮيك‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻴﻴﻢ اﻟﻴﻨﻐﻬﺎم ‪ -‬ﺷﺎﻋﺮ اﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪي‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺎ دﻳﴘ ‪ -‬ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ أوﺑﺮا ﻓﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫راﻓﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻧﺎدال ‪ -‬ﻻﻋﺐ ﺗﻨﺲ اﺳﺒﺎين‪.‬‬ ‫أدوﻟﻒ ﻫﺘﻠﺮ ‪ -‬زﻋﻴﻢ اﻟﻨﺎزﻳني اﻷﳌﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ أﻧﺠﻠﻮ ‪ -‬رﺳﺎم اﻳﻄﺎﱄ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻧﻮ ‪ -‬ﻣﻐﻨﻲ أﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪي‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻧﺎﻧﺪو ﺗﻮرﻳﺲ ‪ -‬ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﻗﺪم اﺳﺒﺎين‪.‬‬ ‫أودري ﺗﺎوﺗﺎو ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﺮﻧﴘ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮج ﺑﻴﺰا اﳌﺎﺋﻞ و ﻣﺪن اﻟﺒﻮﻣﺒﻲ وﻓﻨﻴﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫و ﻓﻠﻮرﻧﺴﺎ وﺻﻘﻠﻴﺔ وأﻃﻼل روﻣﺎ‬ ‫واﻟﻜﻮﻟﻮﺳﻴﻮم واﻟﺸﻮاﻃﻲء اﻟﺮﻣﻠﻴﺔ ذات‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻇﺮ اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ وﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻔﺎﺗﻴﻜﺎن ﰲ‬ ‫اﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺗﺪراﺋﻴﺔ ﺳﺎﻏﺮادا ﻓﺎﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎ و ﻗﴫ اﻟﺤﻤﺮا‬ ‫وﻏﻮﻏﻨﻬﺎﻳﻢ ﰲ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺎو وﺟﺰﻳﺮة اﺑﻴﺰا ﰲ‬ ‫اﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻋﲆ ﻗﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺟﺎﻧﻐﻔﺮاو وآﺛﺎر أﻳﻐري وﺷﺎﺗﻮ‬ ‫دي ﺷﺎﻟﻴﻮن‪ ,‬ﺟﺒﻞ ﺑﻴﻼﺗﻮس وﻣﻨﺘﺠﻌﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺰﻟﺞ ﰲ زﻳﺮﻣﺎت و ﺳﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻮرﺗﺲ و‬ ‫اﳌﺪن اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻨﻴﻒ ﰲ ﺳﻮﻳﴪا‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻌﺔ اﻟﻘﻄﻦ ﺑﺎﻣﻮﻛﺎﱄ واﳌﺪن اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ أﻓﻴﺴﻮس وﺑﺎرﻏﺎﻣﻮن ﺑريﻏﺎﻣﻮم‬ ‫وﻫرياﺑﻮﻟﻴﺲ و اﳌﴪح وﻗﺎﻋﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﺒﻴﻨﺪوس ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺖ اﳌﺎء ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻜﻮﻓﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﻔﺎﻋﻞ اﻟﻨﻮوي ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﻪ اﻹﻳﻄﺎﱄ أﻧﺮﻳﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﻓريﻣﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻞ ﻣﻮاﻃﻦ ﰲ ﺳﻮﻳﴪا ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺗﺄﻣني‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺠﺄ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻨﺎﺑﻞ ﺧﺎص ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﰲ ﺳﻮﻳﴪا أﻧﺖ دامئﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺑﻌﺪ ‪ ١٠‬أﻣﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺑﺤرية‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻜني اﻟﺠﻴﺶ اﻟﺴﻮﻳﴪي ﻟﻮﻧﻬﺎ أﺣﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﻬﻞ رؤﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺜﻠﺞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻢ ﺑﻨﺎء ﺳﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﺗﺎﻳﺘﺎﻧﻚ ﰲ اﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪا‬ ‫ا ﻟﺸام ﻟﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﻨﺴﺎء اﳌﺘﻘﺪﻣﺎت ﻟﻠﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﰲ‬ ‫اﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪد اﻟﺮﺟﺎل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪ ٣٥٠‬اﱃ ‪ ٤٠٠‬ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠنب‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮﻧﴘ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻮﻟﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ اﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪا ﻋﺪدﻫﻢ أﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻹﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪﻳﻦ أﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻘﺼﻮر واﳌﺘﺎﺣﻒ واﻟﺒﺤريات واﻷﻧﻬﺎر ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ أوريب‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﺎﻳﺪي ﻛﻠﻮم‬

‫ﻧﺎﺑﻠﻴﻮن ﺑﻮﻧﺎﺑﺮت ‪ -‬ﺟرنال ﻓﺮﻧﴘ‬ ‫وأﻣﱪاﻃﻮر ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮج إﻳﻔﻞ وﻗﴫ ﻓﺮﺳﺎي ودﻳﺰين ﻻﻧﺪ‬ ‫وﻣﺘﺤﻒ اﻟﻠﻮﻓﺮ واﻷﺛﺎر اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ اﻟﻐﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻴريس ﺑﺮوﺳﻨﺎن ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺜﻞ أﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪي‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻹﻋﺘﻘﺎل واﻟﻐﺎﺑﺎت اﻟﺴﻮداء‬ ‫وﻛﺎﺗﺪراﺋﻴﺔ ﻛﻮﻟﻮن وﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻫﺎﻳﺪﻟﺒريغ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﺎﻳﺪي ﻛﻠﻮم ‪ -‬ﻋﺎرﺿﺔ أزﻳﺎء اﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫روﺟري ﻓﻴﺪرر ‪ -‬ﻻﻋﺐ ﺗﻨﺲ ﺳﻮﻳﴪي‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻔﻐﺎﻧﻎ أﻣﺎدﻳﻮس ﻣﻮزارت ‪ -‬ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫منﺴﺎوي‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎردو داﻓﻴﻨﺘﴚ ‪ -‬ﻋﺎمل ورﺳﺎم اﻳﻄﺎﱄ‪.‬‬ ‫‪61‬‬

‫اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ اﳌﺨﻴﻒ ﻟﻠامرد وﺟﺰر ﺳﻜﻴﻠﻚ‬ ‫واﻟﻜﻠﻴﻨﺪوﻟﻮ واﻟﻮدﻳﺎن اﻟﺜﻠﺠﻴﺔ و اﻟﺠﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ ﻛﺮوج ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻳﻚ و اﳌﻨﺤﺪرات اﻟﺼﺨﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻣﻮﻫﺮ ﰲ اﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪا‪.‬‬


‫اﻟﺘﺰﻟﺞ ﰲ ﺟﺒﺎل اﻷﻟﺐ اﻟﺜﻠﺠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﻘﻼع اﻟﺘﺄرﻳﺨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﺰه ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻐﻮص – ﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻳﺎرة ﻣﻨﺎزل اﻟﻐﻮص‬ ‫واﻷﻧﻔﺎق واﻟﺸﻌﺎب اﳌﺮﺟﺎﻧﻴﺔ واﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺎﻟﻄﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت – اﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ ﻓﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﰲ اﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ وﻣﺼﺎرﻋﺔ اﻟﺜريان ﰲ اﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫وﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎن ﻓﺎﺳﻨﺎﺧﺖ اﻟﺮﺑﻴﻌﻲ ﰲ ﺳﻮﻳﴪا‬ ‫و ﺗﻮر دي ﻓﺮاﻧﺲ ﰲ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ وﻫﺬه ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﺎم ﰲ أوروﺑﺎ‪.‬‬

Tropical monsoon type with winter (January-February), summer (March-May), south-west monsoon season (JuneSeptember) and post-monsoon or north-east monsoon season (October-December). Most of the rainfall is brought by the south-west monsoon.

‫ وﺻﻴﻒ ﺧﻼل ﻣﺎرس إﱃ‬,‫رﻳﺎح ﻣﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ اﺳﺘﻮاﺋﻴﺔ وﺷﺘﺎء ﺧﻼل ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ وﻓﱪاﻳﺮ‬ ,‫ ﻛام ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻳﺎح ﻣﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻏﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺧﻼل ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ إﱃ ﺳﻤﺒﺘﻤﺮ‬.‫ﻣﺎﻳﻮ‬ ‫ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬.‫ورﻳﺎح ﻣﺎﺑﻌﺪ اﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ أو ﺷامﻟﻴﺔ ﴍﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ أوﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ إﱃ دﻳﺴﻤﱪ‬ .‫اﻷﻣﻄﺎر ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﻳﺎح اﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬

Because of the geographical diversity of India, regional climate conditions in the extreme north, east and west vary from the general conditions given above.

‫ ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﻈﺮوف اﳌﻨﺎﺧﻴﺔ ﰲ‬,‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻮع اﻟﺠﻐﺮاﰲ واﻟﺘﻀﺎرﻳﴘ ﻟﻠﻬﻨﺪ‬ .‫ اﻟﴩﻗﻲ واﻟﻐﺮيب ﻋﻦ اﻟﻈﺮوف اﳌﻨﺎﺧﻴﺔ اﳌﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎ‬,‫اﻷﻗﴡ اﻟﺸامﱄ‬

New Delhi, the Capital: 21.72 million individuals Mumbai 19.695M

Kolkata 15.294M

Chennai 7.416M

Bangalore 7.079<M

.‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻔﺼﻮل اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬

• Lightweight cottons in summer. • Warmer clothes in winter and on cooler evenings.

.‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ داﻓﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء واﻟﻠﻴﺎﱄ اﻟﺒﺎردة‬

• Raincoats and umbrellas during the monsoons. • National costumes are recommended for festivities.

• Shops are open every day of the week from 9:30 a.m to 5:00 p.m, Monday to Saturday, closed on Sundays. • Bazaars are a good place get cheap objects. • Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late. • Dhal (a type of lentil) and other vegetarian dishes, along with a wide variety of sweets- gulab jamuns, jalebi, kulfi- are some of the cuisines in India. • Indian food is different from rest of the world not only in taste but also in cooking methods. It reflects a perfect blend of various cultures and ages. • India is a shopper›s paradise. You›ll find everything from clothes to ceramics, and metal work to musical instruments. The only problem is how to get all your purchases back home!


.‫• ﻣﻌﻄﻒ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺮ وﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺼﻮل اﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‬ .‫• ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻐﺮض ارﺗﺪاﺋﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

ً‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ‬٩:٣٠ ‫• ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت أﺑﻮاﺑﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﻣﻦ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ .‫ ﻣﺴﺎ ًء ﰲ أﻳﺎم اﻹﺛﻨني إﱃ اﻟﺴﺒﺖ وﺗﻐﻠﻖ أﻳﺎم اﻷﺣﺪ‬٥ ‫وﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬

‫• اﻷﺳﻮاق اﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﳌﻜﺎن اﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﺑﻀﺎﺋﻊ ﻣﺨﻔﻀﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ .‫اﳌﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ‬ .‫• اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ أوﻗﺎت ﻣﺮﻧﺔ وﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﺎد ًة إﱃ أوﻗﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬ ‫• ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺟﺒﺎت اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ اﻟﺪال )ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ أﻧﻮاع اﻟﻌﺪس( وأﻃﺒﺎق ﺧﴬاوات أﺧﺮى‬ .‫ﻣﻊ أﻧﻮاع ﻋﺪﻳﺪة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻠﻮﻳﺎت ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻜﻮﻻب ﺟﺎﻣﻮن واﻟﺠﺎﻻيب واﻟﻜﻮﻟﻔﻲ‬ ‫• اﻟﻄﻌﺎم اﻟﻬﻨﺪي ﻳﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﺎمل أﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﰲ اﻟﻄﻌﻢ ﺑﻞ ﰲ ﻃﺮق‬ .‫اﻟﻄﻬﻲ ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻪ ﻳﻌﻜﺲ ﻣﺰﻳﺠﺎ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت واﻟﻌﺼﻮر‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ‬,‫• ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺟﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﺴﻮﻗني ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻚ ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ﻛﻞ ﳾء ﻳﺨﻄﺮ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺨﻴﻠﺘﻚ‬ ‫ اﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪة‬.‫ اﻷدوات اﳌﻌﺪﻧﻴﺔ واﳌﻌﺪات اﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬,‫اﳌﻼﺑﺲ إﱃ اﻟﺴرياﻣﻴﻚ‬ ..‫ﻫﻲ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺳﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﻛﻞ ذﻟﻚ إﱃ ﺑﻠﺪك‬

Education Zone World of Education

• Buses, coach, ferries, rail and plane are the easiest travel methods between the metropolitan city. • Auto rickshaws, bicycle and taxis are easy modes of transport. • The metro is also available in some states.

‫• ﻟﻠﺴﻔﺮ ﺑني اﳌﺪن اﻟﻜﱪى ﻣﻦ أﺳﻬﻞ اﻟﻄﺮق اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت أو اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت‬ .‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﻴﺔ أو اﻟﻘﻄﺎرات أو اﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮات‬ ‫• ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻟﺮﻛﺸﻮ واﻟﺪراﺟﺎت اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﺎﻛﴘ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮق اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ‬ .‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‬ .‫• ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ اﳌﱰو‬

India is a country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the world. Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated there, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region›s diverse culture. India got its independence on August 15th, 1947. It was the day when the Indians got liberated from the rule of the British. The land area of India is about 1,147,949 square meters and the total area is about 1,269,338 square meters. India make up about one-third the area of the United States, the Republic of India occupies most of the subcontinent of India in southern Asia. It borders on China in the northeast. Other neighbors are Pakistan on the west, Nepal and Bhutan on the north, and Burma and Bangladesh on the east.

‫ﺗﻘﻊ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب ﻗﺎرة آﺳﻴﺎ وﻫﻲ ﺳﺎﺑﻊ أﻛﱪ دوﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ اﳌﺴﺎﺣﺔ وﺛﺎين أﻛﱪ‬ ‫دوﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻋﺪد اﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ أﻛرث اﻟﺪول اﻛﺘﻈﺎﻇﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻜﺎن‬ .‫ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻮﻃﻦ ﺣﻀﺎرة وادي اﻟﻬﻨﺪوس وﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻲ ﻟﻄﺮق اﻟﺘﺠﺎرة‬ ‫ متﻴﺰت ﺷﺒﻪ اﻟﻘﺎرة اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﺑرثوﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬.‫واﻹﻣﱪاﻃﻮرﻳﺎت اﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ‬ ‫ اﻟﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ واﻟﺴﻴﺨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺎت‬,‫ اﻟﺒﻮذﻳﺔ‬,‫ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﻬﻨﺪوﺳﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻟﻔﱰة ﻛﺒرية ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ‬ ,‫ اﻟﻴﻬﻮدﻳﺔ‬,‫ ﺑﻴﻨام اﻧﺘﻘﻠﺖ اﻟﺰرادﺷﺘﻴﺔ‬,‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل واﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺸﺄت ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ واﻹﺳﻼم ﺧﻼل اﻷﻟﻔﻴﺔ اﻷوﱃ ﺑﻌﺪ اﳌﻴﻼد وﺳﺎﻫﻤﺖ ﰲ اﻟﺘﻨﻮع اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ ﰲ‬ .‫اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ وﻫﻮ اﻟﻴﻮم اﻟﺬي ﺗﺤﺮر ﻓﻴﻪ‬١٩٤٧ ‫ أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬١٥ ‫ﺣﺼﻠﺖ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻋﲆ اﻻﺳﺘﻘﻼل ﰲ‬ ‫ ﻣﱰ‬١,١٤٧,٩٤٩ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ اﻷرﺿﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺣﻮاﱄ‬.‫اﻟﻬﻨﻮد ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻜﻢ اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎين‬ ‫ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺣﻮاﱄ‬.‫ ﻣﱰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬١,٢٦٩,٣٣٨ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ وﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺣﻮاﱄ‬ ‫ ﺗﺤﺘﻞ ﺟﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺷﺒﻪ اﻟﻘﺎرة‬.‫ﺛﻠﺚ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻳﺤﺪﻫﺎ‬,‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﺠﻨﻮيب ﻣﻦ آﺳﻴﺎ و ﺗﻘﻊ اﻟﺼني ﻋﲆ ﺣﺪودﻫﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺸامل‬ .‫ وﻣﻦ اﻟﴩق ﺑﻮرﻣﺎ وﺑﻨﺠﻼدﻳﺶ‬,‫ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸامل ﻧﻴﺒﺎل وﺑﻮﺗﺎن‬,‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﺮب ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎن‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في الهند؟‬

Why study in India? With over 343 universities and 17,000 colleges offering the widest spectrum of courses, India has the second largest education system in the world. Indian universities and institutes of higher education and research have made significant contribution in research and development in the areas ranging from biotechnology, engineering, arts, humanities, pure sciences, applied physics, chemistry, and mathematics. Studying and living in India is a special experience. India is a country rich in cultural heritage, having multi religious society. A cosmopolitan environment and easy acceptance of all cultures and religions, makes India a friendly nation. Students love and enjoy their stay in India. Besides the high standard of education, the students get an ample opportunity to know the cultures and traditions of India, and revel in the scenic beauty of the country

‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻧﻄﺎق واﺳﻊ‬,‫ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬١٧,٠٠٠‫ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ و‬٣٤٣ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺗﻮاﻓﺮ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬ .‫ متﺘﻠﻚ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺛﺎين أﻛﱪ ﻧﻈﺎم ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬,‫ﻣﻦ اﳌﻘﺮرات اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ و اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛام ﻗﺪﻣﺖ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت وﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻣﺴﺎﻫامت ﻛﺒرية ﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ واﳌﻮاد اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ‬,‫ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ‬,‫اﻟﺒﺤﻮث اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ اﻟﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ‬ .‫ اﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎء واﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬,‫ اﻟﻔﻴﺰﻳﺎء اﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬,‫ اﻟﻌﻠﻮم‬,‫ اﻟﻌﻠﻮم اﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬,‫اﻟﻔﻨﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ واﻟﺴﻜﻦ ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻣﻤﻴﺰة ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻬﺎ متﺘﻠﻚ ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ﺛﻘﺎﰲ‬ ‫ ﻛام أن اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﻜﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺔ‬.‫ﻏﻨﻲ وﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ دﻳﻨﻲ ﻣﺘﻨﻮع‬ ‫ ﻓﺒﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬,‫ ﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ اﻟﻄﻼب ﺑﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‬.‫ﳌﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت واﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ ميﺘﻠﻚ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻓﺮص ﻋﺪﻳﺪة ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬,‫إﱃ اﳌﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ .‫وﻋﺎدات اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ واﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺠامﻟﻬﺎ‬


measuring growth in plants. Incense clock - Although popularly associated with China the incense clock is believed to have originated in India. Shampoo: The shampoo itself originated in the eastern regions of the Mughal Empire that ruled erstwhile India.

India has the world’s largest, oldest, continuous civilization. The name ‘India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. India invented the number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European Languages. India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world. However, it is not unusual for a letter to take two weeks to travel just 30 miles. The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan Mountains. The total distance covered by the 14,300 trains on the Indian Railways every day, equals three & half times the distance to moon It is illegal to take Indian currency (rupees) out of India. Cows can be found freely wandering the streets of India’s cities. They are considered sacred and will often wear atilak, a Hindu symbol of good fortune. In India, grasping one’s ears signifies repentance or sincerity.


Cotton Gin - Cotton Gin is a machine which is used to separate cotton from its seeds very quickly is an invention by Indians and Ajanta Caves of India speaks for its evidence Button - The most important part of clothing is a small fastener used to hold two sides of a fabric securely. Button is yet another invention by Indians about 5000 years ago in Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley. Steel - Indians invented yet another form of steel which was more strong and ductile which Europeans later called as Crucible Steel. Crucible Steel was invented in India in early 300 BC. Ink - Commonly known as India Ink is a simple black ink used for various purposes including writing, drawing etc is also one another gift by Indians to the world in late 4th century BC. Snakes and ladders - One of the most common and popular game in the world also originated in India some time ago. It was first introduced as ‘Game of Morality’ and then widespread in US and other parts of world. The Crescograph - a device for

Amitabh Bachchan – actor. Amir Khan – actor and director. Ravi Shankar – composer. Narendra Modi – politician. Anushka Sharma – actress. Anil Kapoor – actor. Pooka Bhatt – director. Saif Ali Khan – actor. Kajol – actress. Rani Mukerji – actress. Shahid Kapoor – actor.

Amir Khan

Mahatma Gandhi – The leader and the spiritual father who successfully led India in a nonviolent revolution against the British Empire. Salman Khan – actor. Sachin Tendulkar – Indian cricket star. Dalip Singh Rana – Known as ‘The Great Khali’; was a 2007 World Heavyweight Champion. Shahrukh Khan – actor. Sachin Tendulkar – cricket player. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan – actress. Kareena Kapoor – actress. Amitabh Bachchan – actor. Amir Khan – actor and director.

Education Zone World of Education

Trekking in the Himalayas. House boat cruise. Shopping in street bazaar. Snow skiing in Auli. Camel safari in the desert. Take a Sip of World’s Best Tea. Get Lost in The Busy Streets. Get a Sunburn. Watch The Snake-boat Race. Go for an All-terrain Road Trip. Watch the Republic Day Celebration. Enjoy Yummy and Juicy Mangoes during hot summers.

‫اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺮﻣﻠﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﻋﲆ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أن‬ ‫اﻹﻋﺘﻘﺎد اﻟﺴﺎﺋﺪ أن اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺮﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺼني إﻻ أﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺸﺎت ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺎﻣﺒﻮ‪ :‬ﻳﻌﻮد أﺻﻞ اﻟﺸﺎﻣﺒﻮ وﺑﺪاﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺄﺗﻪ إﱃ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﴩﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻹﻣﱪاﻃﻮرﻳﺔ اﳌﻐﻮﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﻜﻤﺖ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎ ﺑﻘﺎً‪.‬‬

‫أﻧﻮﺷﻜﺎ ﺷﺎرﻣﺎ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻧﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﺑﻮر – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻛﺎ ﺑﻬﺎت – ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻒ ﻋﲇ ﺧﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺟﻮل – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫راين ﻣﻮﻛﺮﺟﻲ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻛﺎﺑﻮر – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﺪى اﻟﻬﻨﺪ أﻛﱪ وأﻗﺪم ﺣﻀﺎرة ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮة ‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ »اﻟﻬﻨﺪ« ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻬﺮ »أﻧﺪوس«‬ ‫واﻟﻮدﻳﺎن اﳌﺤﻴﻄﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻠﺠﺄ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻮﻃﻨني ﰲ وﻗﺖ ﻣﺒﻜﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪ اﺧﱰﻋﺖ ﻧﻈﺎم اﻷرﻗﺎم ورﻗﻢ اﻟﺼﻔﺮ‬ ‫اﺧﱰﻋﻪ »أرﻳﺎﺑﺎﺗﺎ«‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻨﺴﻜﺮﻳﺘﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ أم ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‬ ‫اﻷورﺑﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪى اﻟﻬﻨﺪ أﻛﱪ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﺗﺐ اﻟﱪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪ .‬ﻋﲆ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ذﻟﻚ‪ ,‬ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺒﻌﺪا أن ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮق رﺳﺎﻟﺔ أﺳﺒﻮﻋني‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻔﺮ ‪ ٣٠‬ﻣﻴﻼ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﴪ »ﺑﻴﲇ« ﻫﻮ أرﻓﻊ ﺟﴪ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫وﻳﻘﻊ ﰲ وادي »ﻻداك« ﺑني ﻧﻬﺮ »دراس«‬ ‫و »ﺳﻮرو« ﰲ ﺟﺒﺎل اﻟﻬﻴامﻻﻳﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻐﻄﻴﻬﺎ ‪١٤,٣٠٠‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎر ﻋﲆ ﺳﻜﻚ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎوي ﺣﻮاﱄ ﺛﻼث أﺿﻌﺎف وﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ اﻟﻘﻤﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻐري ﻗﺎﻧﻮين أﺧﺬ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ »اﻟﺮوﺑﻴﺔ« ﺧﺎرج اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ميﻜﻦ أن ﺗﺮى اﻟﺒﻘﺮ ﻳﺘﺠﻮﻟﻮن ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫أرﺟﺎء اﳌﺪن اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳُﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﺒﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪس وﻋﺎد َة ﻣﺎﻳﻮﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ »أﺗﻴﻠﻚ«‬ ‫وﻫﻮ رﻣﺰ ﻫﻨﺪوﳼ ﻟﻠﺤﻆ اﻟﺠﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‪ ,‬اﻹﻣﺴﺎك ﺑﺄذن أﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﻳﺪل‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﺻﺪق اﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪69‬‬

‫ﻣﻜﻴﻨﺔ ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﻘﻄﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺬوره ﺑﴪﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺋﻘﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ اﺧﱰاع اﻟﻬﻨﻮد‪ ,‬وﻛﻬﻮف أﺟﺎﻧﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ذﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺰر ‪ -‬أﻫﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ ﻫﻲ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﻐرية وﴎﻳﻌﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻞ ﺑني‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻧﺒني ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺴﻴﺞ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ آﻣﻦ‪ .‬اﺧﱰع‬ ‫اﻟﺰر ﻗﺒﻞ ‪ ٥٠٠٠‬ﺳﻨﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻮادي اﻟﻬﻨﺪوﳼ‬ ‫»ﻣﻮﻫﻴﻨﺠﻮ‪-‬دارو«‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻮﻻذ ‪ -‬اﺧﱰع ﻧﻮع آﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﻮﻻذ‬ ‫وﻫﻮ أﻛرث ﻗﻮة وﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﺤﺐ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪ ٣٠٠‬ﺳﻨﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﻴﻼد‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺤﱪ ‪ -‬ﻳﻌﺮف ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﺑﺤﱪ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ وﻋﺎدة‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻮن أﺳﻮد وﺗﻌﺪد اﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﺎﺗﻪ ﻣﺎﺑني‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ واﻟﺮﺳﻢ‪ .‬ﻛام ﻳﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﺤﱪ اﻟﻬﻨﺪي‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻳﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻗﺪﻣﻬﺎ اﻟﻬﻨﻮد إﱃ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﰲ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ ﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﻴﻼد‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺔ اﻟﺜﻌﺎﺑني واﻟﺴﻼمل ‪ -‬ﻫﻲ ﻟﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻬﻮرة ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ أﺻﻮﻟﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻮد إﱃ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫وﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ اﻧﺘﴩت اﻧﺘﺸﺎرا واﺳﻌﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة وﰲ أﺟﺰاء أﺧﺮى ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺮﻳﺴﻜﻮﺟﺮاف ‪ -‬ﺟﻬﺎز ﻟﻘﻴﺎس منﻮ‬

‫ﻣﻬﺎمتﺎ ﻏﺎﻧﺪي‬

‫ﻣﻬﺎمتﺎ ﻏﺎﻧﺪي – زﻋﻴﻢ اﳌﻘﺎوﻣﺔ واﻷب‬ ‫اﻟﺮوﺣﻲ اﻟﺬي ﻗﺎد اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺠﺎح ﰲ ﺛﻮرة‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺿﺪ اﻹﻣﱪاﻃﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻠامن ﺧﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺟﻦ ﺗﻨﺪوﻟﻜﺎر – ﻣﻦ أﻓﻀﻞ ﻻﻋﺒﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻜﺖ‪.‬‬

‫رﺣﻠﺔ إﱃ اﻟﻬﻴامﻻﻳﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫رﺣﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣنت اﻟﻘﺎرب‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﰲ اﻟﺒﺎزار‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺰﻟﺞ ﰲ »أوﱄ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺶ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﺴﻔﺎري ورﻛﻮب اﻟﺠامل ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﺮاء‪.‬‬

‫داﻟﺐ ﺳﻨﺠﺮاﻧﺎ – ﺑﻄﻞ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ ﺣﺎز ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻮﻟﺔ اﻟﻮزن اﻟﺜﻘﻴﻞ ﰲ ‪.٢٠٠٧‬‬

‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ أﻓﻀﻞ ﺷﺎي ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﺎروﺧﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺠﻮل ﰲ ﻣﺘﺎﻫﺎت اﻟﻄﺮق اﳌﺰدﺣﻤﺔ‬ ‫واﳌﻠﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﺟﻦ ﺗﻨﺪﻟﻜﺎر – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮﻳﻜﻴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫آﺷﻮرﻳﺎ راي ﺑﺘﺸﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎرﻳﻨﺎ ﻛﺎﺑﻮر – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻣﻴﺘﺎب ﺑﺘﺸﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻣري ﺧﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ وﻣﺨﺮج‪.‬‬ ‫راﰲ ﺷﻨﻜﺎر – ﻣﻠﺤﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎرﻳﻨﺪرا ﻣﻮدي – ﺳﻴﺎﳼ‪.‬‬


‫اﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻤﺲ اﻟﺪاﻓﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة ﺳﺒﺎق اﻷﻓﺎﻋﻲ واﻟﻘﻮارب‪.‬‬ ‫اﻧﻄﻠﻖ إﱃ رﺣﻠﺔ ﺑﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ أرﺟﺎء اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻤﺘﺎع ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻀﺎرﻳﺲ اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة اﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎل ﺑﻴﻮم اﺳﺘﻘﻼل‬ ‫ا ﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮ ر ﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﳌﺎﻧﺠﻮ اﻟﻠﺬﻳﺬة ﰲ ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‪.‬‬

Malaysia ended 2012 with a population of 29,457,000 people

.‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻔﺼﻮل اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬ .‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ داﻓﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء واﻟﻠﻴﺎﱄ اﻟﺒﺎردة‬ .‫• ﻣﻌﻄﻒ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺮ وﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺼﻮل اﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‬

• Lightweight cottons in summer. • Warmer clothes in winter and on cooler evenings. • Raincoats and umbrellas during the monsoons.

• Shops are open every day of the week 10:00 a.m to 10:00 p.m, Monday to Sunday in Malaysia. • Bazaars are a good place to get cheap objects. • Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late. • Fried rice noodles with meat and fish, a variety of meat known as Satay and sago pudding in palm sugar sauce-Gula- are some of the cuisines of Malaysia. • Malaysia offers visitors a myriad of opportunities to shop, from the latest designer brands and electronic hardware to elegant Malay garments and meticulously hand-crafted wooden baskets. The best places to do modern shopping are in Kuala Lumpur, Penang and Langkawi while those after cultural handicrafts should visit Malacca and the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. • Malaysia’s cuisine reflects the multi-ethnic makeup of its population. Many cultures from within the country and from surrounding regions have greatly influenced the cuisine. Much of the influence comes from the Malay, Chinese, Indian, Thai, Javanese, and Sumatran cultures, largely due to the country being part of the ancient spice route. The cuisine is very similar to that of Singapore and Brunei, and also bears resemblance to Filipino cuisine. • The aromas -- and vendors -- compete for your attention at hawker centers across the country (especially Penang), where you can sample local favorites such as nasi lemak (coconut rice with fried fish).


‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎً إﱃ‬١٠ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت ﰲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ أﺑﻮاﺑﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﰲ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ .‫ ﻣﺴﺎ ًء ﰲ أﻳﺎم اﻹﺛﻨني إﱃ اﻻﺣﺪ‬١٠ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫• اﻷﺳﻮاق اﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﳌﻜﺎن اﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ اﻟﺒﻀﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺮﺧﻴﺼﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ .‫اﳌﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ‬ .‫• اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ أوﻗﺎت ﻣﺮﻧﺔ وﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﺎد ًة إﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬ ‫• ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺟﺒﺎت اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺔ اﻟﻨﻮدﻟﺰ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮز اﳌﻄﺒﻮخ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻠﺤﻢ واﻟﺴﻤﻚ وأﻧﻮاع ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﺤﻮم اﳌﻌﺮوﻓﺔ ﺑﺒﻮدﻧﺞ اﻟﺴﺎﺗﺎي واﻟﺴﺎﻏﻮ ﰲ ﺻﻠﺼﺔ ﺳﻜﺮ اﻟﻨﺨﻴﻞ‬ ‫• ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺎرات ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة ﻟﻠﺘﺴﻮق ﺑﺪءا ً ﺑﺄﺣﺪث اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴامت واﳌﺎرﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ و اﻻﺟﻬﺰة اﻹﻟﻜﱰوﻧﻴﺔ إﱃ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ واﻟﺴﻼل اﻟﺨﺸﺒﻴﺔ اﳌﺼﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻳﺪوﻳﺎً ﺑﺪﻗﺔ‬ ‫ ﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﺞ وﻻﻧﺠﺎوي ﺑﻴﻨام‬,‫ أﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﺤﻼت اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة ﰲ ﻛﻮاﻻﻻﻣﺒﻮر‬.‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻫﻴﺔ‬ .‫ﺗﺠﺪ اﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻴﺪوﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺎﻻﻛﺎ واﻟﺴﺎﺣﻞ اﻟﴩﻗﻲ ﻟﺸﺒﻪ ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ‬ ‫• ﻳﻌﻜﺲ اﻟﻄﺒﺦ اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰي اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت اﳌﺘﻌﺪدة اﳌﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻜﺎن واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ‬ ‫ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬.‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﳌﺤﻴﻄﺔ ﺑﻬﺎ‬,‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت ﻣﻦ داﺧﻞ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬ ‫ و ﺳﻮﻣﻄﺮة وذﻟﻚ ﻧﻈﺮا ً ﻟﻜﻮن‬,‫ اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎن‬,‫ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ‬,‫ اﻟﻬﻨﺪ‬,‫ اﻟﺼني‬,‫اﻷﺛﺮ ﻳﺄيت ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ‬ ‫ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﻄﺒﺦ اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰي ﻣامﺛﻼً إﱃ ﺣﺪ‬.‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﺟﺰءا ً ﻣﻬام ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮق اﻟﺘﻮاﺑﻞ اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ‬ .ً‫ﻣﺎ ﻟﺴﻨﻐﺎﻓﻮرة وﺑﺮوﻧﺎي واﻟﻔﻠﺒني أﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ اﻟﻨﻜﻬﺔ واﻟﺒﺎﻋﺔ اﳌﺘﺠﻮﻟني ﰲ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ وﺑﺎﻟﺨﺼﻮص‬,‫• ﻻ ميﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺠﺎﻫﻞ اﻟﺮاﺋﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ »ﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﺞ« ﺣﻴﺚ ميﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ اﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ اﳌﻔﻀﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻜﺎن ﻣﺜﻞ ﻧﺎﳼ‬ .«‫ﻟﻴامك »أرز ﺑﺠﻮز اﻟﻬﻨﺪ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺴﻤﻚ اﳌﻘﲇ‬

Education Zone World of Education

.‫• ﺗﺘﻮاﺟﺪ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺨﺪم ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﳌﺪن واﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت ﰲ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬

• There are express buses that serve different cities. • Train is probably the most convenient way to travel.

.‫• ﻳﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﻘﻄﺎر ﻣﻦ أﻧﺴﺐ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬

• Students’ discounts are also available.

.‫• ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﺾ ﺧﺎص ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometers separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. Land borders are shared with Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei, and maritime borders exist with Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a large role in politics. The constitution declares Islam as the state religion while protecting freedom of religion.

‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ دوﻟﺔ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ دﺳﺘﻮرﻳﺔ ﻓﺪراﻟﻴﺔ وﺗﻘﻊ ﰲ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب اﻟﴩﻗﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎرة‬ ‫ ﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻋﴩة وﻻﻳﺔ وﺛﻼث ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻌﺎت ﻓﺪراﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬.‫آﺳﻴﺎ‬ ‫ ﺗﻨﻘﺴﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ إﱃ إﻗﻠﻴﻤني‬.‫ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﱰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬٣٢٩,٨٤٧ ‫أرﺿﻴﺔ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺪر ﺑﺤﻮاﱄ‬ ‫ اﻹﻗﻠﻴﻢ اﻷول ﻫﻮ ﺷﺒﻪ ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ‬,‫ﻣﺘﺴﺎوﻳني ﻳﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﺤﺮ اﻟﺼني اﻟﺠﻨﻮيب ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ‬ ,‫ ﺗﺸﱰك ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺪودﻫﺎ اﻷرﺿﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺗﺎﻳﻠﻨﺪ‬.‫واﻹﻗﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﺜﺎين ﻫﻮ ﺑﻮرﻧﻮ اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫ واﻟﻔﻠﺒني ﰲ ﺣﺪودﻫﺎ‬,‫ ﻓﻴﺘﻨﺎم‬,‫ ﺑﻴﻨام ﺗﺸﱰك ﻣﻊ ﺳﻨﻐﺎﻓﻮرة‬,‫ و ﺑﺮوﻧﺎي‬,‫أﻧﺪوﻧﻴﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻛﻮاﻻﻻﻣﺒﻮر ﺑﻴﻨام ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺑﻮﺗﺮاﺟﺎﻳﺎ ﻣﻘﺮ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬.‫اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﻔﺪراﻟﻴﺔ‬ .‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻫﻲ دوﻟﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة اﻷﻋﺮاق واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت وذﻟﻚ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺎت اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ .‫ﻳﻨﺺ اﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮر ﻋﲆ أن اﻹﺳﻼم ﻫﻮ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ اﻷﺳﺎﳼ ﺑﻴﻨام ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﺿامن ﺣﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺔ‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في ماليزيا؟‬

Why study in Malaysia? A high quality educational system with international standards, closely monitored by the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia has the vision to turn the country into a Centre of Excellence for Higher Education. It is also possible to get foreign degree qualifications studying fully in Malaysia from countries like US, UK, Australia, Canada, etc.. Malaysia offers a high quality of life at a comparatively low expenditure of studying and also living. Malaysia has proved to be a comfortable, peaceful and safe environment for students to live and study in.

‫متﺘﻠﻚ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻧﻈﺎم ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ذا ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﻋﺎﱄ وﻣﻌﺎﻳري ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ وﻧﻈﺎم ﻣﺮاﻗَﺐ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫وزارة اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﱄ و اﻟﺘﻲ متﺘﻠﻚ رؤﻳﺔ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ إﱃ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ اﻟﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ ﻛام أﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﻣﺆﻫﻼت ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ متﺎﺛﻞ اﻟﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬.‫اﻟﻌﺎﱄ‬ .‫ وﻛﻨﺪا‬,‫ أﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ‬,‫ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬,‫ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺪول اﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬ ‫ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻧﻈﺎم ﻣﻌﻴﴚ وﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﺣﻴﺎة رﻓﻴﻊ وذا ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ‬,‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫ أﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻛﻮﻧﻬﺎ دوﻟﺔ آﻣﻨﺔ وﻣﺴﺎﳌﺔ وﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻣﺮﻳﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬.ً‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ .‫اﻟﺮاﻏﺒني ﰲ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ واﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‬

‫ رﻳﺎح ﻣﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻏﺮﺑﻴﺔ )أﺑﺮﻳﻞ إﱃ أوﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ( و‬:‫ﻣﻨﺎخ اﺳﺘﻮايئ‬ (‫ﺷامﻟﻴﺔ ﴍﻗﻴﺔ )أوﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ إﱃ ﻓﱪاﻳﺮ‬

Malaysia has a classic equatorial tropical climate with high temperatures and wet months throughout the year. It has annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons

‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﻴﻨام‬٣٢ ‫ إﱃ‬٢١ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة مبﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺗﱰاوح ﺑني‬ ٢٥‫ و‬١٥ ‫ﺗﺰداد اﻟﱪودة ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻷﻛرث ارﺗﻔﺎﻋﺎً وﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﺑني‬ ‫درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬

Temperatures at sea level range from 21° C to 32°C, whilst at higher elevations it is much cooler with temperatures ranging from 15°C to 25°C


Driving is on the Left side of the road. Shoes must always be removed when entering a Malaysian home. Sometimes you even have to take your shoes off upon entering shops. Never use your finger to point at things. You must point with your thumb. It is considered rude to not try something when offered. Most of the coffees and teas are sweetened with TONS of sugar. Times Square Mall is the largest mall in Malaysia with 15 floors, a rollercoaster, bowling alley, 3 Starbucks, a Wendy’s, and a hotel. Singapore is just a 5 hour bus ride away from Kuala Lumpur, the Capital. The king cobra is the world’s longest venomous snake; the greatest number of king cobras in the world is found in Malaysia. Malaysia is home to 600 species of birds, 200 species of mammals, 140 species of snakes and 60 species of lizards. They have over 14,500 species of flowering plants and trees. The largest flower in the world is Rafflesia which is found only in Sabah.


USB Drive. Lytro Camera. Cholera detecting kit. Smart microphone.

Jimmy Choo – designer. Alex Yoong-ex – Formula One and A1 Grand Prix. M. Magendran – Mountain Climber, first Malaysian to conquer the summit of Mount Everest (1997). Irene Fernandez – prominent Malaysian human rights activist. Ling Tan – international fashion model. Dato’ Michelle Yeoh – actress. Amber Chia – supermodel. Nicholas Teo – singer. Sheila Majid – singer. Nicol David – a professional squash player. Lee Chong Wei – badminton player. Datuk Dr Sheikh Muszaphar – first Malaysian to go to space and first Muslim to observe Ramadhan while in space. Bernard Chandran – fashion designer. Jega Ramachandram – painter and sculptor. Yasmin Ahmed “dead” – film director. Tunku Abdul Rahman Patra Al-Haj – 1st Prime Minister of independent Malaysia. Anwar Fazal – environmental activist.


Bernard Chandran Education Zone World of Education

Shop on one of the most famous street- Petaling street aka china town- ask anyone who’s been to Malaysia about this street and they will cite it as a shopper’s haven. With hundreds of stalls selling all kinds of stuff for cheap prices, this makes it the most happening night market in the city. Try best flat noodles ever known as the chee cheong fun. Marvel at the petronas twin towers. Have an exciting vibrant meal on Jalan Alor, and experience the heartbeat of Kuala Lumpur. Visit the limestone caves and the hindu temples at batu caves. Visit the Penan Tribe- explore one of the few remaining unprotected areas in Sarawak that have not been logged. Live with and learn about Borneo’s most fascinating, secretive and least understood tribes, the Penan. Go for a Mulu AdventureMulu is teeming with adventure and you can even choose to mountain bike, swim or raft the rivers, climb the ‘Pinnacles’ or Mount Mulu, hike the once feared ‘Head hunter’s trail’, burrow deeply in adventure caves, search out wildlife.. yet do it all at a leisurely pace.

‫ﺟﻴﻤﻲ ﺷﻮ– ﻣﺼﻤﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻟﻴﻜﺲ ﻳﻮﻧﺞ اﻛﺲ– ﻣﺘﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﰲ ﻓﻮرﻣﻴﻮﻻ‬ ‫ون وﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺠﺎﺋﺰة اﻟﻜﱪى‪.‬‬ ‫إم ﻣﺎﺟﻨﺪران– ﻣﺘﺴﻠﻖ ﺟﺒﺎل وأول‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰي ﻳﺼﻞ إﱃ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺟﺒﻞ إﻓﺮﺳﺖ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪.١٩٩٧‬‬ ‫إﻳﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻧﺎﻧﺪﻳﺰ– ﻧﺎﺷﻂ ﺑﺎرز ﻟﺤﻘﻮق‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺞ ﺗﺎن– ﻋﺎرﺿﺔ أزﻳﺎء ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫داﺗﻮ ﻣﻴﺸﻴﻞ ﻳﻮه – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻣﱪ ﺗﺸﻴﺎ – ﻋﺎرﺿﺔ أزﻳﺎء ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻜﻮﻻس ﺗﻴﻮ – ﻣﻐﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫– ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻴﺎﻗﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ اﻷﻳﴪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ دامئﺎ ﺧﻠﻊ اﻷﺣﺬﻳﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺪﺧﻮل‬ ‫إﱃ اﻟﺒﻴﻮت اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷﺣﻴﺎن أﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻚ ﺧﻠﻊ اﻟﺤﺬاء ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺪﺧﻮل‬ ‫إﱃ ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺤﻼت اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم إﺻﺒﻌﻚ أﺑﺪا ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺷري ﻋﲆ أﺣﺪ‬ ‫اﻷﺷﻴﺎء‪ ,‬اﺳﺘﺨﺪم إﺑﻬﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻋﻦ ذﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻴﻜﻮل دﻳﻔﺪ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻣﺤﱰف ﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻜﻮاش‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮ إس يب‪ :‬ذاﻛﺮة اﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﱄ ﺗﺸﻮﻧﺞ وي – ﻻﻋﺐ رﻳﺎﺿﺔ اﻟﺮﻳﺸﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺎﻣريا ﻟﻴﱰو‪.‬‬

‫داﺗﻮك درﺷﻴﻚ ﻣﻈﻔﺮ – أول ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰي‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻔﻀﺎء وأول ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫رﻣﻀﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﻀﺎء‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﺪة اﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻜﻮﻟريا‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﻴﻜﺮوﻓﻮن اﻟﺬيك‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎرد ﺗﺸﺎﻧﺪران – ﻣﺼﻤﻢ أزﻳﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻐﺎ راﻣﺎﺗﺸﺎﻧﺪرام – رﺳﺎم وﻧﺤﺎت‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺗﴫﻓﺎ ﻓﻈﺎ وﻏري ﻻﺋﻘﺎ أن ﺗﺮد ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﻗُﺪم ﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺎﺳﻤني أﺣﻤﺪ – ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺔ ﺳﻴﻨامﺋﻴﺔ راﺣﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮﻛﻮ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﺑﺎﺗﺮا اﻟﺤﺞ – أول‬ ‫رﺋﻴﺲ وزراء ﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ اﺳﺘﻘﻼﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻟﺸﺎي واﻟﻘﻬﻮة ﻗﺪ متﺖ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻃﻨﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻜﺮ‪.‬‬

‫أﻧﻮر ﻓﻀﻞ – ﻧﺎﺷﻂ ﺑﻴﺌﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ »ﺗﺎميﺰ ﺳﻜﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻮل« أﻛﱪ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ وﻓﻴﻪ ‪ ١٥‬ﻃﺎﺑﻖ‪ ,‬أﻓﻌﻮاﻧﻴﺔ‪ ,‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻮﻟﻨﺞ‪ ٣ ,‬ﻣﺤﻼت ﺳﺘﺎرﺑﻜﺲ‪,‬‬ ‫وﻧﺪﻳﺰ‪ ,‬وﻓﻨﺪق‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻐﺎﻓﻮرة ﺗﺒﻌﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ ‪ ٥‬ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺎص ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ اﳌﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻛﻮاﻻﻻﻣﺒﻮر‪.‬‬ ‫أﻓﻌﻰ »اﻟﻜﻨﺞ ﻛﻮﺑﺮا« ﻫﻲ أﻃﻮل أﻓﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪ ,‬وﻳﺘﻮاﺟﺪ أﻛﱪ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻷﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﰲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﻃﻦ ﻟﺤﻮاﱄ ‪ ٦٠٠‬ﻧﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻴﻮر‪ ٢٠٠ ,‬ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﺪﻳﺎت‪١٤ ,‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻷﻓﺎﻋﻲ و‪ ٦٠‬ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺤﺎﱄ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛام أﻧﻬﺎ متﺘﻠﻚ ‪ ١٤,٥٠٠‬ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺰﻫﺮة واﻷﺷﺠﺎر‪ .‬أﻛﱪ زﻫﺮة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ﻫﻲ راﻓﻠﻴﺴﻴﺎ وﺗﺘﻮاﺟﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﰲ وﻻﻳﺔ‬ ‫»اﻟﺼﺒﺎح« ﰲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫‪77‬‬

‫ﻧﻴﻜﻮﻻس ﺗﻴﻮ‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﰲ أﺣﺪ أﺷﻬﺮ اﻷﺳﻮاق »ﺑﻴﺘﺎﻟﻨﺞ‬ ‫ﺳﱰﻳﺖ أﻛﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻨﺎ ﺗﺎون«‪ .‬اﺳﺄل أي ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫زار ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺰﻳﺎ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎً ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺴﻮق‬ ‫َ‬ ‫وﺳﻴﺨﱪك ﺣﺘامً أﻧﻪ ﺟﻨﺔ اﳌﺘﺴﻮﻗني ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻮاﺟﺪ ﻣﺌﺎت اﳌﺤﻼت واﻟﻜﺸﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻴﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﺒﻀﺎﺋﻊ اﻟﺮﺧﻴﺼﺔ اﻟﺴﻌﺮ‪,‬‬ ‫ﻣام ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ أﻛرث اﻷﺳﻮاق ﺣﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎول أﻓﻀﻞ أﻧﻮاع اﳌﻌﻜﺮوﻧﺔ »اﻟﻨﻮدﻟﺰ«‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺮف ﺑـ« ذا ﺟﻲ ﺟﻴﻮﻧﺞ ﻓﻦ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ إﱃ زﻳﺎرة اﻟﱪﺟني اﻟﺘﻮأﻣني واﻟﻠﺬان‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﻓﺎن ﺑـ«ﺑﺎﺗﺮوﻧﺰ ﺗﻮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎورز«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎول وﺟﺒﺔ ﻣﻤﺘﻌﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻼل أﻟﻮر ومتﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻛﻮاﻻﻻﻣﺒﻮر‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ إﱃ زﻳﺎرة اﻟﻜﻬﻮف اﻟﻜﻠﺴﻴﺔ وﻣﻌﺒﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻨﺪوس ﰲ ﻛﻬﻮف »ﺑﺎﺗﻮ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ إﱃ زﻳﺎرة ﻗﺒﻴﻠﺔ »ﺑﻴﻨﺎن« اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻠﺔ اﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﻐري ﻣﺤﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺳﺎراك واﻟﺘﻲ مل ﻳﺘﻢ ﻗﻄﻊ أﺷﺠﺎرﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺶ اﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ وﺗﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ أﻛرث اﻷﴎار‬ ‫اﳌﺪﻫﺸﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻘﺒﺎﺋﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫اذﻫﺐ إﱃ ﻣﻐﺎﻣﺮة ﰲ ﻣﻮﻟﻮ‪ -‬ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻐﺎﻣﺮات اﳌﺘﻌﺪدة واﻟﺘﺠﺎرب‬ ‫اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ .‬ميﻜﻨﻚ اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺑني ﺗﺴﻠﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺒﺎل ﺑﺎﻟﺪراﺟﺎت‪ ,‬اﻟﺴﺒﺎﺣﺔ أو اﻟﺘﺠﺪﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻨﻬﺮ‪ ,‬ﺗﺴﻠﻖ »ﺑﻴﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺲ« أو ﺟﺒﻞ‬ ‫»ﻣﻮﻟﻮ«‪ ,‬اﻟﺘﻨﺰه واﳌﴚ ﰲ أﻛرث اﻻﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫إﺛﺎرة »ﻫﻴﺪ ﻫﻨﱰز ﺗﺮﻳﻞ«‪ ,‬اﻟﺬﻫﺎب ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺎﻣﺮة ﰲ اﻟﻜﻬﻮف‪ ,‬و اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺤﻴﺎة‬ ‫اﻟﱪﻳﺔ‪ .‬اﻓﻌﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻻﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻬﻞ‬ ‫ومتﺘﻊ ﺑﻮﻗﺘﻚ‪.‬‬


(‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٢٣٫٨ – ١٦٫٤ ‫)ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬١٤٫٧ – ٨ ‫)ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٢٠٫٣ – ١٣٫٤ ‫)ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬١١٫٣ – ٦٫٢ ‫)ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٢٢٫٥ – ١٢٫٢ ‫)ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬١١٫٣ – ١٫٧ ‫)ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬١٩٫٩ – ١١٫٧ ‫)ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٩٫٣ - ٢٫٤ ‫)ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬

(January: 16.4° – 23.8° C) (July: 8° – 14.7° C)


(January: 13.4° – 20.3° C) (July: 6.2° – 11.3° C)


(January: 12.2° – 22.5° C) (July: 1.7°– 11.3° C)


(January: 11.7° – 19.9° C) (July: 2.4° – 9.3° C)

‫وﻛﻼﻧﺪ‬ ‫وﻟﻴﻨﻐﺘﻮن‬ ‫ﻛﺮاﻳﺴﺘﺸريج‬ ‫دﻧﻴﺪن‬

Population of New Zealand is estimated around 4,432,219 wellington 393,4oo

Auckland 1,377,200

Waikato 413,100

Christchurch 380,900

Palmerston North 82,400

.‫اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻴﻮﻣﻴﺔ – ﻏري رﺳﻤﻴﺔ‬ .‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ واﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ – ﻋﺎدﻳﺔ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ‬ . ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء واﻟﺨﺮﻳﻒ – داﻓﺌﺔ ﻛﺎﻟﺠﺎﻛﻴﺖ واﻟﻘﻠﻨﺴﻮة‬ .‫ﻳﻮﴅ ﺑﺠﻠﺐ اﻟﺰي اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻹرﺗﺪاﺋﻪ ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎت‬

• Daily clothes – casual wear. • Summer/spring clothes – light casual wear. • Winter/autumn clothes – warm sweaters and jackets. • National Costume is recommended to for festivities.

• • • •

• Shopping centres usually open from 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM, Monday to Thursday but Fridays allow for late night shopping until about 9:00 PM.

‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﻣﻦ اﻹﺛﻨني اﱃ اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ‬٥:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬٩ ‫• ﻋﺎدة ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺮاﻛﺰ اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﻣﻦ‬

• Student discounts are available upon presenting your student ID card.

.‫ ﺗﻘﺪم ﺑﻌﺪ اﺑﺮاز اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺘﻪ اﻟﻄﻼﺑﻴﺔ‬،‫• ﻫﻨﺎك ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻀﺎت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬

• The major retail outlets are Farmers, K-mart and The Warehouse. • The major supermarkets are Pak”n”Save, Countdown and New World. 24/7 supermarkets are also available.

.(‫ ﻣﺴﺎء‬٩ ‫و ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت ﰲ أﻳﺎم اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ اﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة ) ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ .‫• اﳌﺤﻼت اﻟﻜﱪى ﻫﻲ ﻓﺎرﻣﺮ ويك ﻣﺎرت واﻟﻮﻳﺮﻫﺎوس‬ ‫• ﻣﻦ ﺑني اﻷﺳﻮاق اﳌﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ اﻟﻜﱪى ﺑﺎك أﻧﺪ ﺳﻴﻒ وﻛﺎوﻧﺘﺪاون وﻧﻴﻮ ورﻟﺪ ﻛام ان‬ . ‫ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ وﰲ ﻛﻞ أﻳﺎم اﻷﺳﺒﻮع‬٢٤ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك أﺳﻮاق ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ‬

• Wide rage of cuisine offered. • Halal meet is available at a number of food stores.

.‫• ﺗﻘﺪم ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻠﺔ واﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ‬ .‫• ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ اﻟﻄﻌﺎم اﻟﺤﻼل ﰲ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﻼت اﻷﻏﺬﻳﺔ‬ . ‫• ميﻜﻦ ﴍب اﳌﻴﺎه ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻴﺔ‬

• Tap water is safe to drink.


Dunedin 117,700

Education Zone World of Education

• Easiest travel methods – buses, trains, planes (e-tickets for international flights are available). • Regular bus services into the city are provided. • Good affordable public transport services. • Student fares are available. • Taxis are expensive.

New Zealand is a group of islands located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It comprises two main landmasses: the North and South islands. Majority of the population is of European descents. English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language are the official languages, with English predominant. Kiwis are very friendly and welcoming to visitors and new residents and most often treat everyone in a fair and egalitarian manner without regard to race, religion, social or economic background. Most Kiwis eat three meals a day. Breakfast may consist of toast; eggs, cereal, juice or milk while lunch will likely be sandwiches, vegetables, fruit and a drink. Evening and weekend meals tend to be heavier and are usually spent together at the dining table. Such meals will provide a good opportunity for a home stay student to not only practice English, but also to get to know his or her host family and to start to build positive lasting relationships. Since the New Zealand diet may be different from what a Muslim is accustomed to, a home stay student should not feel shy to inquire about whether the ingredients used are halal, as Kiwis are quite accommodating and would not find that offensive.

‫• أﺳﻬﻞ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻫﻲ – اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﻟﻘﻄﺎرات واﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮات ) ميﻜﻦ اﻟﺤﺼﻮل‬ .(‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺬاﻛﺮ اﻹﻟﻜﱰوﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺣﻼت اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ .‫• ﺧﺪﻣﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮة ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬ .‫• ﺗﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﳌﻮاﺻﻼت اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺟﻴﺪة‬ .‫• ﻫﻨﺎك أﺟﻮر ﻣﺨﻔﻀﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ .‫• ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬

‫ اﻟﺠﺰر‬:‫ وﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ ﺟﺰﺋني‬،‫ﺗﻘﻊ ﺟﺰر ﻧﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪا ﺟﻨﻮب ﻏﺮب اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻷﻃﻠﴘ‬ ‫ اﻷﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻜﺎن اﳌﺤﻠﻴني ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ أﺻﻞ‬.‫اﻟﺸامﻟﻴﺔ واﻟﺠﺰر اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ وﻟﻐﺔ اﻹﺷﺎرة‬،‫ اﳌﺎورﻳﺔ‬،‫ واﻟﻠﻐﺎت اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪث ﺑﻬﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬،‫أورويب‬ ‫ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪي ودود وﻣﺮﺣﺐ‬.‫اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪﻳﺔ وﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻷﻗﻮى‬ ‫ وﻳﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮن ﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻋﲆ أﺳﺎس ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺟﺪا ﺑﺎﻟﺰاﺋﺮﻳﻦ واﻟﺴﺎﻛﻨني اﻟﺠﺪد‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ واﳌﺴﺎواة ﺑﻐﺾ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻴﺘﻪ اﻟﻌﺮﻗﻴﻪ واﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ أوﺣﺎﻟﺘﻪ اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬ .‫أو اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻜﻮن اﻹﻓﻄﺎر ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﺒﺰ‬،‫ﻳﺘﻨﺎول اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪﻳﻮن ﻋﺎدة ﺛﻼث وﺟﺒﺎت ﰲ اﻟﻴﻮم‬ ‫ أﻣﺎ اﻟﻐﺪاء ﻓﻤﻦ اﳌﺮﺟﺢ أن ﻳﻜﻮن‬،‫اﳌﺤﻤﺺ واﻟﺒﻴﺾ واﻟﺤﺒﻮب واﻟﻌﺼري أو اﻟﺤﻠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ ومتﻴﻞ وﺟﺒﺎت ﻣﺴﺎء ﻋﻄﻠﺔ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬.‫ﺳﻨﺪوﻳﺸﺎت وﺧﴬوات وﻓﻮاﻛﻪ وﻣﴩوﺑﺎت‬ ‫ ﻫﺬه‬.‫اﻷﺳﺒﻮع إﱃ أن ﺗﻜﻮن أﺛﻘﻞ وﺗﺠﺮي ﻋﺎدة ﰲ ﺟامﻋﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎﺋﺪة اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬ ،‫اﻟﻮﺟﺒﺎت ﺳﻮف ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺟﻴﺪة ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﳌامرﺳﺔ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫ مبﺎ‬.‫وﻟﻜﻦ أﻳﻀﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ أﴎﺗﻪ اﳌﻀﻴﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺪء ﰲ ﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻼﻗﺎت دامئﺔ إﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻟﺬا‬،‫أن ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﻄﻌﺎم اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪي ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺎ ﻋام ﻳﻌﺘﺎده اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ اﳌﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ أﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﺠﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻹﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎر ﺣﻮل ﻣﺎ إذا ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫ ﻷن اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪي ﻣﺘﻔﻬﻢ وﻣﺮﺣﺐ ﺟﺪا وﻟﻦ‬،‫اﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻄﺒﺦ ﺣﻼل‬ .‫ﻳﺠﺪوا اﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻬﻴﻨﺎ ﻋﲆ اﻹﻃﻼق‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في نيوزيلندا؟‬

Why study in new zealand? The quality of education in New Zealand is excellent and internationally recognized. The education institutes are diverse in size and location and the cost of living and studying is highly affordable compared with other countries. Additionally, New Zealand›s climate is pleasant and the locals are famous for their warm hospitality and attractive lifestyle.

‫ ﻛام ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﻧﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪا مبﻌﺎﻫﺪ‬.‫ﻧﻮﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا ﻣﻤﺘﺎزة وﻣﻌﱰف ﺑﻬﺎ دوﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺤﺠﻢ واﳌﻮﻗﻊ وﺑﺘﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ اﳌﻌﻴﺸﺔ واﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﺑﺄﺳﻌﺎر ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻟﺔ‬ .‫ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻷﺧﺮى‬ ‫ ﻓﺈن اﳌﻨﺎخ ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا ﻟﻄﻴﻒ واﻟﺴﻜﺎن اﳌﺤﻠﻴني ﻣﺸﻬﻮرون‬،‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ ذﻟﻚ‬ .‫ﺑﻜﺮم اﻟﻀﻴﺎﻓﺔ وأﺳﻠﻮب اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﳌﺤﺒﺐ‬


James K Baxter – poet

Visit parks around the country.

Baron Ernest Rutherford – physicist Janet Frame – writer

See whales, dolphins and go shark diving and seal swimming in the seaside town of Kaikoura.

Edmund Hillary – mountaineer

Visit the mountains, lakes and beaches.

Michael Campbell – golfer

Visit Tongariro National Park, Abel Tasman National Park , Fiordland National Park and Mt Cook National Park.

Stephen Fleming – cricketer Karl Urban – actor Keri Hulme – writer Peter Jackson – director Keith Urban – singer Kate Mansfield – writer Don Binney – artist Lucy Lawless – actor

The first country that gave women the right to vote. The largest flightless parrot (Kakapo), biggest earthworm, smallest bat, heaviest insect (Weta) and oldest reptile (Tuatara) are native to New Zealand. Sir Edmund Hillary, a Kiwi, was the first to climb Mt Everest. Rugby, Netball and Cricket are the famous sports of New Zealand. New Zealand has more golf courses and bookshops than any other country in the world. Ostrich steak and black swan Carpaccio do not taste like chicken! New Zealand has two national anthems- God Save The Queen and God Defend New Zealand. New Zealand is amongst the top five dairy exporters in the world. Combined with the other four biggest exporters, it supplies around 90% of dairy products on the international market There are over nine million beef and dairy cattle in NZ. Ninety-Mile Beach in New Zealand is only 65 miles long.


Go white water rafting, prepending, bungee jumping and jet boating in the town of Queenstown.

Andy Anderson – actor

Waitomo caves, hot mud pools in Rotorua and the colourful lakes in Toupo.

Tim and Neil Finn – musicians

Sky Tower in Auckland.

Martin Henderson – actor Bungee Jumping – discovered by AJ Hackett. Egg beaters – invented by Ernest Godward. Propeller less Jet Boat – invented by William Hamilton in 1953. Jogging – invented by Arthur Lydiard. Electric Fence – developed by Bill Gallagher. Disposable Syringe – invented by Colin Murdoch. Zorb – invented by David and Andrew Akers. Stamp Vending Machine – invented by Robert J Dickie.

Visit the peninsula of Coromandel.

Dan Carter – Rugby player John Key – Prime Minister John Clark – Comedian Richie McCaw – Rugby player Sam Neil – Actor

Experience Marine Life – Swim with the seals and dolphins; go scuba diving and shark diving. Go skiing. Visit Volcanos – the active conical volcano of Mt Nqaruhoe. Take a walk in the Countryside – Enjoy a nice long walk in the scenic and splendid countryside across New Zealand. Visit Rotorua – The geothermal reserves include geysers, boiling pools, steaming hot springs, mud pools, volcanic terraces, craters and lakes.

Karl Urban Education Zone World of Education

‫ﺟﻴﻤﺲ يك ﺑﺎﻛﺴﱰ – ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﺤﺪاﺋﻖ واﳌﻨﺘﺰﻫﺎت‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺒﺎرون أرﻧﺴﺖ روﺛﺮﻓﻮرد – ﻓﻴﺰﻳﺎيئ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﺠﺒﺎل واﻟﺒﺤريات واﻟﺸﻮاﻃﺊ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻳﻢ – ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﺤﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻮﻧﻐﺎرﻳﺮو‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﺒﻞ ﺗﺴامﻧﻴﺎ و‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻓﻴﻮردﻻﻧﺪ واﻟﺤﺪﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﺒﻞ ﻛﻮك‪.‬‬

‫أدﻣﻮﻧﺪ ﻫﻴﻠريي – ﻣﺘﺴﻠﻖ ﺟﺒﺎل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﺒﻞ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻏﻮﻟﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻴﻔﺎن ﻓﻠﻴﻤﻴﻨﻎ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮﻳﻜﻴﺖ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة ﺷﺒﻪ ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﻛﻮروﻣﺎﻧﺪﻳﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛريي ﻫﻮمل – ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺬﻫﺎب ﻟﻠﻄﻮاف ﰲ اﳌﺎء اﻷﺑﻴﺾ واﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎراﺑﻴﻨﺘﻎ وﻗﻔﺰ اﻟﺒﺎﻧﺠﻲ واﻟﻘﻮارب‬ ‫اﻟﴪﻳﻌﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﺎﺛﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻛﻮﻳﻨﺴﺘﺎون‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺎرل أورﺑﺎن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﱰ ﺟﺎﻛﺴﻮن – ﻣﺨﺮج‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﺴﻔﻴﻠﺪ – ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻬﻮف واﻳﺘﻮﻣﻮ ذات اﻟﺤﴩات اﳌﻈﻴﺌﻪ‬ ‫واﻟﱪك اﻟﻄﻴﻨﻴﻪ اﻟﺤﺎره ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ روﺗﻮروا‬ ‫واﻟﺒﺤريات اﳌﻠﻮﻧﻪ ﰲ ﺗﺎوﺑﻮ‪.‬‬

‫دون ﺑﻴﻨﻲ – رﺳﺎم‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻜﺎي ﺗﻮر ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ أوﻛﻼﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻮﳼ ﻻوﻟﻴﺲ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ وﻣﻄﺮﺑﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة اﻟﺤﻴﺘﺎن واﻟﺪﻻﻓني واﻟﻐﻮص ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻚ اﻟﻘﺮش و اﻟﺴﺒﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺠﻞ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﺒﺤﺮي ﻣﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻛﺎﻳﻜﻮرا‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻴﺚ أورﺑﺎن – ﻣﻄﺮب‪.‬‬ ‫أول ﺑﻠﺪ ﻳﻌﻄﻰ اﳌﺮأة ﺣﻖ اﻹﻧﺘﺨﺎب‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ أﻛﱪ ﺑﺒﻐﺎء ﻻﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ اﻟﻄريان )ﻛﺎﻛﺎﺑﻮ(‬ ‫وأﻛﱪ دودة أرض وأﺻﻐﺮ ﺧﻔﺎش وأﺛﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﴩة وزﻧﺎ )وﻳﺘﺎ( وأﻗﺪم اﻟﺰواﺣﻒ‬ ‫)ﺗﻮاﺗﺎرا(‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴري أدﻣﻮﻧﺪ ﻫﻴﻠريي‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻮي‪ ،‬أول ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻠﻖ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺟﺒﻞ اﻓريﻳﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺟﺒﻲ وﻛﺮة اﻟﻨﻴﺖ واﻟﻜﺮﻳﻜﻴﺖ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺎت اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪى ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا أﻛرث ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ ﻣﻼﻋﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻮﻟﻒ واﳌﻜﺘﺒﺎت ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫أن ﴍاﺋﺢ ﻟﺤﻢ اﻟﻨﻌﺎﻣﺔ وﴍاﺋﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎرﺑﺎﺟﻴﻮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺠﻌﺔ اﻟﺴﻮداء ﻻ ﻳﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻌﻤﻬام ﴍاﺋﺢ اﻟﺪﺟﺎج‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪى ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا ﻧﺸﻴﺪان وﻃﻨﻴﺎن أﺣﺪﻫام‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﻣﺴﻤﻰ اﻟﻠﻬﻢ اﺣﻔﻆ اﳌﻠﻜﺔ واﻵﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﻣﺴﻤﻰ اﻟﻠﻬﻢ اﺣﻤﻲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﻔﺰة اﻟﺒﻨﺠﻲ – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ أي ﺟﻲ ﻫﺎﻛﻴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻓﻖ اﻟﺒﻴﺾ – اﺧﱰﻋﻪ أرﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻮد وا رد ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮارب اﻟﻨﻔﺎﺛﺔ – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﻟﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻣﻠﺘﻮن ﰲ ‪.١٩٥٣‬‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ رﻳﺎﺿﺔ اﻟﺮﻛﺾ – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ آرﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺪﻳﺎرد‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺪار اﻹﻟﻜﱰوين – ﻃﻮره ﺑﻴﻞ ﻏﺎﻻﻏري‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﻦ ذات اﻹﺳﺘﻌامل اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ –‬ ‫اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ ﻛﻮﻟﻦ ﻣﺎردوخ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎرﺗني ﻫﻨﺪرﺳﻮن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻧﺪي أﻧﺪرﺳﻮن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻢ و ﻧﻴﻞ ﻓني – ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻴﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫دان ﻛﺎرﺗﺮ – ﻻﻋﺐ رﺟﺒﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮن يك – رﺋﻴﺲ وزراء ﻧﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮن ﻛﺎرﺗﺮ – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ ﻛﻮﻣﻴﺪي‪.‬‬

‫زورب )ﻟﻌﺒﺔ متﺎرس ﰲ اﻟﺨﺎرج وﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔﻮح ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﺮة ﺷﻔﺎﻓﺔ( –‬ ‫اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ دﻳﻔﺪ واﻧﺪرو اﻛريس‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻛﻨﺔ ﺑﻴﻊ اﻟﻄﻮاﺑﻊ – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ روﺑﺮت‬ ‫ﺟﻲ دﻳيك‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺰﻟﺞ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺜﻠﺞ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا واﺣﺪه ﻣﻦ أﻛﱪ ﺧﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺪان ﻣﺼﺪرة ﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺤﻠﻴﺐ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫مبﺎ ﻳﻌﺎدل ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪ ٪٩٠‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻷﻟﺒﺎن‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻮق اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﱪاﻛني – اﻟﱪﻛﺎن اﳌﺨﺮوﻃﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺸﻂ ﻟﺠﺒﻞ ﻧﺎﻏﺎروﻫﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﴚ ﰲ رﻳﻒ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا – اﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﺴري اﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺨﻼﺑﺔ و‬ ‫اﻟﺮاﺋﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﻳﻒ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻮم ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا أﻛرث ﻣﻦ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻣﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ أﺑﻘﺎر اﻟﻠﺤﻮم واﻟﺤﻠﻴﺐ ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎزت ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا ﺑﺄﻛﱪ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ اﳌﻴﺪاﻟﻴﺎت‬ ‫اﻷوﳌﺒﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻋﺪد اﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺎﻗﻲ دول اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك ﺷﺎﻃﺊ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺷﺎﻃﺊ اﻟﺘﺴﻌﻮن‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻞ إﻻ ان ﻃﻮﻟﻪ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻫﻮ ‪ ٦٥‬ﻣﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫‪85‬‬

‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ– اﻟﺴﺒﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻴﺘﺎن واﻟﺪﻻﻓني واﻟﻐﻮص ﻣﻊ ﺳﻤﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺮش‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة روﺗﻮروا – اﳌﺤﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﻴﺎه اﳌﻌﺪﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺎرة واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻳﻨﺎﺑﻴﻊ اﳌﺎء اﻟﺤﺎر واﳌﺴﺒﺢ اﳌﻐﲇ‬ ‫واﻟﺸﻼل اﻟﺒﺨﺎري اﻟﺤﺎر وﻣﺴﺒﺢ اﻟﻄني‬ ‫واﳌﻨﺤﺪرات اﻟﱪﻛﺎﻧﻴﺔ و اﻟﺤﻔﺮ اﻟﱪﻛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺒﺤريات‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻴﱰ ﺟﺎﻛﺴﻮن‬ ‫‪‬‬


June to August (range around 0° to 27°C)


December to February, ( range around -29° to 0°C)

‫ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ إﱃ أﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٢٧ ‫ إﱃ‬٠ ‫)ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻣﻦ‬


‫دﻳﺴﻤﱪ إﱃ ﻓﱪاﻳﺮ‬ (‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬٢٩- ‫إﱃ‬٠ ‫)ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻣﻦ‬


Total Population of South Africa is 50,586,757 Eastern Cape 6,829,958

Free State Limpopo Mpumalanga KwaZulu-Natal 5,554,657 10,819,130 2,759,644 3,657,181 Western Cape Gauteng North West 5,297,863 11,328,203 3,253,390

.‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻣﻄﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻳﺎم اﳌﻤﻄﺮة‬ .‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ وﻣﻌﺎﻃﻒ داﻓﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء‬ .‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﺘﺎن ﻷﻳﺎم اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬ .‫ﻳﻮﴅ ﺑﺎﺣﻀﺎر اﻟﺰي اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﻺﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

• Waterproof Clothes and an umbrella for Rainy days. • Warm clothes for winter. • Light cottons and Linens in summer. • National Costume is recommended for festivities.

.‫• ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺤﻼت ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻃﻮال أﻳﺎم اﻷﺳﺒﻮع واﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻵﺧﺮ ﻳﻐﻠﻖ أﻳﺎم اﻟﺴﺒﺖ‬ .‫• ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ أوﻗﺎت اﳌﺤﻼت أﻳﺎم اﻷﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺎن ﻷﺧﺮ‬

• Sunday shop timings differ from place to place.

.‫• ﺗﻮﺟﺪ وﺟﺒﺎت ﻃﻌﺎم ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ وﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﳌﻄﺎﺑﺦ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬

• An array of cuisine is offered. • Foods that are still being enjoyed in South Africa are Biltong (meat that is dried, salted and spiced) and beskuits (dried sweetened biscuits, like zwiebeck or rusks).


• • • •

.‫ ﻣﺴﺎء‬٥:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬٩ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ اﳌﺤﻼت ﻋﺎدة ﻣﻦ‬

• Most shops are usually open from 9 am to 5:30 pm. • Some shops open all day of the week, while others close on Saturdays.

Northern Cape 1,096,731

‫• ﻣﻦ اﻷﻛﻼت اﳌﻔﻀﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ اﻟﺒﻠﺘﻮﻧﻎ )ﻫﻮ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﻟﺤﻢ اﻟﻘﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﳌﺠﻔﻒ واﳌﻤﻠﺢ واﳌﺘﺒﻞ( و اﻟﺒﺴﻜﻮﻳﺘﺎت )ﺑﺴﻜﻮﻳﺘﺎت ﺟﺎﻓﺔ وﻣﺤﻼة ﻣﺜﻞ زوﻳﺒﻴﻚ‬ .(‫واﻟﺸﺎﺑﻮرة‬

Education Zone World of Education

Hiring a car is the safest and most convenient travel mean in South Africa since the public busses and trains depart infrequently and to limited destinations. There are also cheap, but often dangerous mini-busses, and well maintained taxis in every big town.

‫اﺳﺘﺌﺠﺎر ﺳﻴﺎرة ﻫﻮ اﻟﺨﻴﺎر اﻷﻛرث أﻣﺎﻧﺎ وﻣﻼمئﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﺣﻴﺚ أن اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﺎك أﻳﻀﺎ‬.‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ واﻟﻘﻄﺎرات ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﻓﱰات ﻣﺘﻘﻄﻌﺔ وإﱃ وﺟﻬﺎت ﻣﺤﺪودة‬ ،‫ وﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ ذﻟﻚ‬.‫ﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﺻﺎت رﺧﻴﺼﺔ وﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮن ﺧﻄرية‬ .‫ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة اﳌﺼﻮﻧﺔ ﺟﻴﺪا ﰲ ﻛﻞ اﳌﺪن اﻟﻜﺒرية‬

South Africa lies in the continent of Africa’s southern tip and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and by the Indian Ocean on the south and east. South Africa’s neighbors are Zimbabwe and Botswana in the North, Mozambique and Swaziland in the northeast and Namibia in the northwest. The beautiful country is divided into nine provinces and 367 magisterial districts. Provincial Departments, National Departments, as well as the Local Government at the district level represent the government.

‫ﺗﻘﻊ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﰲ اﻟﻄﺮف اﻟﺠﻨﻮيب ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎرة أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ وﻳﺤﺪﻫﺎ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻷﻃﻠﴘ‬ ‫ ﺟريان ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻫﻢ‬.‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﺮب واﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﻨﺪي ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب واﻟﴩق‬ ‫زﻣﺒﺎﺑﻮي و ﺑﻮﺗﺴﻮاﻧﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺸامل و ﻣﻮزﻣﺒﻴﻖ وﺳﻮﻳﺰﻳﻼﻧﺪ ﰲ اﻟﺸامل اﻟﴩﻗﻲ وﻧﺎﻣﻴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻌﺎت‬٣٦٧‫ ﻳﻨﻘﺴﻢ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﻠﺪ اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻞ اﱃ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت و‬.‫ﰲ اﻟﺸامل اﻟﻐﺮيب‬ ‫ واﳌﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت واﻹدارات‬،‫ ﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﳌﻘﺎﻃﻌﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﺮﻳﺎت‬.‫ﻛﺒرية‬ .‫اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ وﻛﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎت اﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬

South Africa is the economic powerhouse of the region and one of the most successful and stable countries in Africa. Cape Town, in particular, is a microcosm of the Rainbow Nation: Besides the obvious splendor of its natural beauty – spectacular mountains, both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, long, sandy beaches, bright blue skies, extensive wine farms, to list but a few - Cape Town offers a unique melting pot of cultures, people and backgrounds. It is African, with obvious European influences, and is becoming more cosmopolitan on an almost daily basis as this cultural diversity and unique integration increases. Sport plays a major role in the life and culture of the majority of South Africans. It hosted both Rugby and Cricket World Cup tournaments, and most significantly FIFA 2010 Soccer World Cup.

‫ وﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ أﻧﺠﺢ اﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ‬،‫ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻟﻘﻮة اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ اﳌﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ ﻫﻲ منﻮذج‬،‫ ﻛﻴﺐ ﺗﺎون ﻋﲆ وﺟﻪ اﻟﺨﺼﻮص‬.‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﺴﻠﻤﻴﺔ واﻹﺳﺘﻘﺮار ﰲ أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬ ،‫ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﲆ ﺟﺒﺎل ﻣﺬﻫﻠﺔ‬،‫ﻣﺼﻐﺮ ﻟﻸﻣﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﺻﻒ ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﻮس ﻗﺰح‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ‬،‫ وﻣﺰارع اﻟﻨﺒﻴﺬ اﻟﻮاﺳﻌﺔ اﻟﻨﻄﺎق‬،‫ وﺳامء زرﻗﺎء ﻻﻣﻌﺔ‬،‫وﺷﻮاﻃﺊ رﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ وﻫﺬه ﻓﻘﻂ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ‬،‫أﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻄﻞ ﻋﲆ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺤﻴﻄني اﻷﻃﻠﴘ واﻟﻬﻨﺪي‬ ‫ ﺗﻘﺪم ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻛﻴﺐ ﺗﺎون ﺑﻮﺗﻘﺔ ﻓﺮﻳﺪة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت واﻟﻨﺎس‬.‫ﻗﺎمئﺔ اﻟﺼﻔﺎت اﻟﺮاﺋﻌﺔ‬ ‫ وﺗﺰداد ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ‬،‫ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺗﺄﺛريات أوروﺑﻴﺔ واﺿﺤﺔ‬.‫واﻟﺨﻠﻔﻴﺎت‬ ‫ ﺣﻴﺚ أن ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﻨﻮع اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﻳﺪة ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻋﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺰاﻳﺪ‬،‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﻮم‬ .‫ ﺗﻠﻌﺐ اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ دورا رﺋﻴﺴﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎة وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ ﺳﻜﺎن ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬.‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮظ‬ ‫ واﻷﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ذﻟﻚ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺪ اﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻄﻮﻻت اﻟﺮﺟﺒﻲ واﻟﻜﺮﻳﻜﻴﺖ ﻟﻜﺄس اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ .‫ ﻛﺄس اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻟﻜﺮة اﻟﻘﺪم‬٢٠١٠ FIFA

Why study in South Africa?

‫لماذا الدراسة في جنوب افريقيا؟‬

While the English Language Travel industry is relatively new in South Africa when compared to other destinations, it has grown rapidly over the last five to ten years, and is continuing to become a significant player on the global market as a viable, alternative destination for language travelers.

‫ﰲ ﺣني أن ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻟﻠﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺠﺎﻻت اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ إﻻ أﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ منﺎ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺴﻨﻮات‬،‫ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺟﻬﺎت أﺧﺮى‬ ‫ وازداد ﻧﺠﺎﺣﺎ ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﻟﻬﺎ دورا ً ﻣﻬام ﰲ اﻟﺴﻮق اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬،‫اﻟﺨﻤﺲ أو اﻟﻌﴩ اﻷﺧرية‬ .‫ﻛﻮﺟﻬﺔ ﺑﺪﻳﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‬

South Africa has a vibrant higher education sector offered at hundreds of private universities. These institutions are registered with the Department of Education to confer renowned degrees and diplomas. Many of South Africa›s universities are worldclass academic institutions, at the cutting edge of research in certain spheres. Although subsidized by the state, the universities are autonomous, reporting to their own councils rather than government.

‫ ﻫﺬه‬.‫ﺟﻨﻮب اﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﻧﻈﺎم ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺣﻴﻮي ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﰲ ﻣﺌﺎت اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‬ .‫اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﻣﺴﺠﻠﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ وزارة اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﳌﻨﺢ ﺷﻬﺎدات ودﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎت راﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى أﻛﺎدميﻲ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ وﻫﻲ ﰲ‬ ،‫ وﻋﲆ اﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أن اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﺗﺪﻋﻤﻬﺎ ﻣﺎدﻳﺎ‬.‫ﻃﻠﻴﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺤﻮث ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎﻻت ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫إﻻ أن اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ إدارﻳﺎ وﺗﻘﺪم ﺗﻘﺎرﻳﺮﻳﻬﺎ إﱃ اﳌﺠﺎﻟﺲ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ وﻟﻴﺲ‬ .‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬


The country has eleven official languages, nine of which are native African, English, and Afrikaans (a language which the Dutch settlers developed). South Africa is home to the world’s largest wildlife sanctuaries called Kruger National Park. Roaming through this park are 500 different types of birds and 147 different mammals including lions, leopards and elephants! There is one TV for every eight individuals. South Africa has an official national holiday named Youth Day which is celebrated on the 16th of June. Approximately 40% of the gold mined on earth has come from South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi first made his reputation as protest leader for the rights of Indians living in South Africa. From 1948 until 1994 the South African government enforced an official policy of apartheid. This not only made it a law for the races to stay separate, but it also allowed the white minority, although outnumbered 4 to 1 to control the country. African culture emphasizes the philosophy of “ubuntu”. This means that all people should be treated with respect and dignity, because a person becomes a person through other people.


Action Potential Simulation therapy machine (APS) – Gervan Lubbe. Dolosse Brick – Eric Mowbray Merrifield. Pratley Putty (glue that went to the moon) – George Pratley. Kreepy Krauly – Ferdinand Chauvier. Speed gun – Henri Johnson. Heart transplant– Christiaan Barnard. Oil from coal – Sasol refinery. CAT scan – Allan Cormack and Godfrey Hounsfield. Vaccine against Yellow Fever– Max Theiler. X–ray Computed tomography– Allan McLeod Cormack.

Nelson Mandela– one of the greatest political figures and a Noble Prize Winner. John Michael Coetzee– An author and academic. Charlize Theron– actress. Christiaan Barnard– cardiac surgeon, first person to perform human to human heart transplant. Miriam Makeba– singer and civil rights activist. Peter Cartwright– actor. Steve Nash – basketball player. J.R.R. Tolkein – author. Christian Benteke – soccer player. Justin Gabriel – wrestler. Bishop Desmond Tutu – Religious leader. Wilfried Zaha – soccer player. Miriam Makeba – singer. Dale Steyn – Cricket player. Nikki Williams – song writer. Basil Rathbone “dead” – actor.

Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve. Anglo–Boer War Battlefields. Knysna beaches. Whale–watching. Cape Catamaran. Apartheid Museum. Take a cable car journey to the top of Table Mountain which is considered a World Heritage Site.

Surfing and scuba diving. Play Golf. Morning/Afternoon Kruger National Park Game Drive. Mpumalanga Helicopter Tour – Cascades. Table Mountain Hike – Platteklip Gorge. A drive along the False Bay Coast - stopping at Kalk Bay Harbor, Fish Hoek, Simonstown and beyond, then going on into the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve. One needs to allow a full day (or even two) for this in order to explore all the nooks and crannies and unusual curiosity shops, restaurants and pubs along the way.

Bzail Rathbone Education Zone World of Education

‫ﻧﻴﻠﺴﻮن ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻳﻼ– ﻧﺎﺷﻂ اﻧﺴﺎين وﺳﻴﺎﳼ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﺋﺰة ﻧﻮﺑﻞ ﻟﻠﺴﻼم‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮن ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﻛﻮﺗﺰي– ﻛﺎﺗﺐ وأﻛﺎدميﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺘﺤﻒ اﻟﻔﺼﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﴫي‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳﺎرة ﻗﻤﺔ ﺟﺒﻞ »ﺗﻴﺒﻞ« اﻟﺬي ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاﻗﻊ اﻟﱰاث اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‪ ,‬ﻋﱪ اﻟﺘﻠﻔﺮﻳﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﺎرﻟﻴﺲ ﺛريون– ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﺴﺘﻴﺎن ﺑﺮﻧﺎرد– ﺟﺮاح اﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬أول‬ ‫ﺟﺮاح ﻳﺠﺮي ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻗﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ اﻧﺴﺎن‬ ‫ﻷﺧﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎرﻳﺎم ﻣﺎﻛﻴﺒﺎ–‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮق اﻹﻧﺴﺎن‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻄﺮﺑﺔ وﻧﺎﺷﻄﺔ ﰲ‬

‫ﺑﻴﱰ ﻛﺎرﺗﺮاﻳﺖ– ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻵﻟﺔ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻼج اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ –‬ ‫ﺟريﻓني ﻟﻮيب‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎك أﺣﺪ ﻋﴩ ﻟﻐﺔ ﰱ ﺟﻨﻮب اﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﺤﻠﻴﺔ واﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫واﻷﻓﺮﻳﻜﺎﻧﺎ )ﻟﻐﺔ ﻃﻮرﻫﺎ اﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮون‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻮﻟﻨﺪﻳﻮن(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ أﻛﱪ ﻣﺄوى‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧﺎت اﻟﻐﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺪاﺋﻖ ﻛﺮوﻏﺎر اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺪاﺋﻖ ‪ ٥٠٠‬ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﻄﻴﻮر‬ ‫و‪ ١٤٧‬ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧﺎت اﻟﺜﺪﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻨﻬﺎ اﻷﺳﻮد واﻟﻨﻤﻮر واﻟﻔﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪى ﻛﻞ مثﺎﻧﻴﺔ اﺷﺨﺎص ﺗﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮن واﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪى ﺟﻨﻮب اﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻳﻮم ﻋﻄﻠﺔ وﻃﻨﻲ‬ ‫رﺳﻤﻲ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﻳﻮم اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﻟﺬي ﻳﺤﺘﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﰲ ‪ ١٦‬ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺄيت ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪ ٪٤٠‬ﻣﻦ ذﻫﺐ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺘﺨﺮج ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﺎﺟﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻨﻮب‬ ‫أ ﻓﺮ ﻳﻘﻴﺎ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺎﴎات اﻣﻮاج دوﻟﻮس –‬ ‫ﻣﻮ ر ﻳﻔﻴﻠﺪ ‪.‬‬


‫ﺻﻤﻎ ﺑﺮاﺗﲇ ﺑﺎيت اﻟﺬي اﺳﺘﺨﺪم ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﱃ اﻟﻘﻤﺮ – ﺟﻮرج ﺑﺮاﺗﲇ‪.‬‬ ‫آﻟﺔ اﻟﺰﺣﻒ ﻋﲆ اﳌﺎء – ﻓﺮدﻳﻨﻴﻨﺪ ﺷﻴﻔﻴري‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺪس اﻟﴪﻳﻊ – ﻫرني ﺟﻮﻧﺴﻮن‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ زراﻋﺔ اﻟﻘﻠﺐ – ﻛﺮﻳﺴﺘﻴﺎن ﺑﺮﻧﺎرد‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺮاج اﻟﺰﻳﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﺤﻢ – اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮن‬ ‫ﰲ ﻣﺼﻔﺎة ﺳﺎﺳﻮل‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺘﻴﻒ ﻧﺎش – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﺳﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ج‪ .‬ر‪ .‬ر‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻜﻦ – ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺳﺘﻴﺎن ﺑﻴﻨﺘﻚ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﻗﺪم‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺴنت ﺟﺎﺑﺮﻳﻴﻞ – ﻣﺼﺎرع‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺸﻮب دﺳﻤﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺗﻮ – زﻋﻴﻢ دﻳﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻔﺮاﻳﺪ زاﻫﺎ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﻗﺪم‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣريﻳﺎم ﻣﺎﻛﻴﺒﺎ – ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫دﻳﻞ ﺳﺘني – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮﻳﻜﻴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴيك وﻟﻴﺎﻣﺰ – ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ أﻏﺎين‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺴﻞ راﺛﺒﻮن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ راﺣﻞ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻜﺎت ﺳﻜﺎن – اﻻن ﻛﻮرﻣﺎك وﺟﻴﻔﺮي‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻧﺴﻔﻴﻠﺪ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺰﻟﺞ ﻋﲆ أﻣﻮاج اﻟﺒﺤﺮ وﻣامرﺳﺔ‬ ‫ا ﻟﻐﻮص ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻘﺎح اﻟﺤﻤﻰ اﻟﺼﻔﺮاء – ﻣﺎﻛﺲ ﺛﻴﻼر‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻮﻳﺮ اﳌﻘﻄﻌﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻻﺷﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﻨﻴﻪ – اﻻن ﻣﺎﻛﻠﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻮرﻣﺎك‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻌﺐ اﻟﺠﻮﻟﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺎق اﻟﺴﻴﺎﻗﺔ ‪ -‬ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻛﺮوﻏﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ وﻣﺴﺎ ًء‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻟﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺮوﺣﻴﺔ ﻓﻮق ﻣﺒﻮﻣﺎﻻﻧﻐﺎ –‬ ‫ﺷﻼﻻت ﺻﻐرية‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﺎش اﳌﺎﻫﺎمتﺎ ﻏﺎﻧﺪي ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ أول ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮة ﻗﺎدﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ ﺣﻘﻮق‬ ‫اﻟﻬﻨﻮد‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﴚ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺠﺒﻞ اﻟﺸﺒﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎوﻟﺔ –‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻖ ﺑﻼﺗﻜﻠﻴﺐ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺮﺿﺖ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺟﻨﻮب أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ اﻟﻌﻨﴫي اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪ ١٩٤٨‬اﱃ ‪ .١٩٩٤‬ﻓﻮﺿﻌﺖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮن اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﻗﻲ وﺳﻤﺤﺖ ﻟﻸﻗﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎء اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻬﻢ ‪ ١‬اﱃ ‪ ٪٤‬ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮة ﻋﲆ اﻟﺒﻼد‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺆﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ اﻷﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﺑﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫»أوﺑﻮﻧﺘﻮ« اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻨﺎﺷﺪ مبﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﱰام ورﻗﻲ ﻷن اﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﻳﻜﻮن ﺷﺨﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻷﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫‪93‬‬

‫اﳌﺤﻤﻴﺎت اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻧﻬﺮ ﺑﻼﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﺎت اﻟﻘﺘﺎل اﻻﻧﺠﻠﻮ–ﺑﻮر‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮاﻃﺊ ﻛﻨﺴﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة اﻟﺤﻴﺘﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎرﻟﻴﺲ ﺛريون‬

‫ﻛﻴﺐ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻣﺎران‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫رﺣﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﺎرة ﻋﲆ ﻃﻮل ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫»ﻓﻮﻟﺲ ﺑﺎي« ‪ -‬ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﻚ ﻫﺎرﺑﻮر‪ ،‬ﻫﻮك اﻟﺴﻤﻜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬وﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪه‪،‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ اﻟﺬﻫﺎب إﱄ ﻣﺤﻤﻴﺔ رأس اﻟﺮﺟﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻳﺤﺘﺎج اﳌﺮء ﻟﻴﻮم‬ ‫أو ﻳﻮﻣﺎن ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ اﺳﺘﻜﺸﺎف‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻷرﻛﺎن واﳌﺤﻼت اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ اﳌﺜرية‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻀﻮل واﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ واﻟﺤﺎﻧﺎت ﻋﲆ ﻃﻮل‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‪.‬‬

Turkey’s coastal areas bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Black Sea have a temperate Oceanic climate with warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters. The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Sea of Marmara (including Istanbul) have a transitional climate between a temperate Mediterranean climate and a temperate Oceanic climate with warm to hot, moderately dry summers and cool to cold, wet winters with occasional snow.

‫اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻴﺔ اﳌﺠﺎورة ﻟﱰﻛﻴﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺑﺤﺮ إﻳﺠﻪ واﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺑﻴﺾ اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ ﻣﻊ ﺻﻴﻒ ﺣﺎر وﺟﺎف وﺷﺘﺎء ﻣﻌﺘﺪل‬، ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺎخ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﳌﻌﺘﺪل‬ .‫إﱃ ﺑﺎرد ورﻃﺐ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ اﳌﻄﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺳﻮد ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺎخ ﻣﻌﺘﺪل‬ .‫ وﺷﺘﺎء ﺑﺎرد ورﻃﺐ‬،‫ﻣﻊ ﺻﻴﻒ داﻓﺊ ورﻃﺐ‬ ‫ اﳌﻄﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺑﺤﺮ ﻣﺮﻣﺮة‬،(‫اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ )مبﺎ ﰲ ذﻟﻚ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل‬ ‫ ﻓﻤﻨﺎﺧﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ‬.‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺎخ اﻧﺘﻘﺎﱄ ﺑني ﻣﻨﺎخ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺑﻴﺾ اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﳌﻌﺘﺪل‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪل ﺑني ﻓﺼﻞ ﺻﻴﻒ ﺣﺎر وﺟﺎف و ﺷﺘﺎء ﺑﺎرد ورﻃﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺳﻘﻮط اﻟﺜﻠﺞ‬ .‫ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷﺣﻴﺎن‬


• Cotton clothes, a hat and sunblock lotion and a light sweater for cool evenings in summer. • Warm woollen clothes and rain gear for winters even though most days will be sunny.

• Shopping is a very rewarding experience, so rewarding in fact, that many visitors return just for that reason. Authentic handwoven carpets and kilims (primitive rugs) made of wool or silk are great bargains • Clothing and fashion accessories, traditional Turkish handcrafts are popular items. The latter include vases, plates, copper and brassware, gold and silver jewelry, leather goods, samovars and hookahs, and meerschaum items • Istanbul’s fabulous Grand Bazaar is a maze of covered streets which has 4,000 shops, cafes and restaurants. Other shopping areas include: Arasta Bazaar, Spice Bazaar, Atakoy Galleria and AK Center • Turkish specialties are: kebab, Seafood and Dolma. • Borek are pastries that may be stuffed with cheese, spinach, fish or meat.


‫ ﻗﺒﻌﺔ وﻛﺮﻳﻢ واﻗﻲ ﻟﻠﺸﻤﺲ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ ﺳﱰة داﻓﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﻴﺎﱄ‬,‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﺒﺎردة ﰲ ﻓﺼﻮل اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬ ‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺻﻮﻓﻴﺔ وﻣﻄﺮﻳﺔ داﻓﺌﺔ ﻟﻔﺼﻮل اﻟﺸﺘﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أن ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻷﻳﺎم ﺗﻜﻮن‬ .‫ﻣﺸﻤﺴﺔ‬

‫ ﺣﺘﻰ أن اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺰوار ﻳﻌﻮدون‬،‫• اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻣﺠﺰﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﻓﻴﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﰲ أﺳﻮاق ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ اﻟﺴﺠﺎد اﳌﻨﺴﻮج ﻳﺪوﻳﺎ وﻫﻮ‬.‫ﻟﺰﻳﺎرﺗﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻟﻬﺬا اﻟﺴﺒﺐ‬ .‫اﻟﺴﺠﺎد اﻟﻜﻠﻴﻢ اﻷﺻﻴﻞ )ﺳﺠﺎد اﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻴﺔ( اﳌﺼﻨﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﻮف أو اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫• اﻟﺒﻀﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻮق اﻟﱰيك ﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ واﻷزﻳﺎء واﻹﻛﺴﺴﻮارات‬ ‫واﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻴﺪوﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﳌﺰﻫﺮﻳﺎت واﻷﻃﺒﺎق واﻷدوات اﻟﻨﺤﺎﺳﻴﺔ واﻟﺤﲇ‬ .‫ وﻋﻨﺎﴏ اﻻﺳﺒﻴﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬،‫ واﻟﺴﻠﻊ اﻟﺠﻠﺪﻳﺔ واﻟﺸﻴﺸﺔ‬،‫اﻟﺬﻫﺒﻴﺔ واﻟﻔﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ‬٤٠٠٠ ‫• اﻟﺒﺎزار اﻟﻜﺒري ﺑﺎﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل ﻫﻮ ﻣﺘﺎﻫﺔ راﺋﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻮارع اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻐﻄﻲ‬ ،‫ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺘﺴﻮق اﻷﺧﺮى ﺗﺸﻤﻞ أراﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﺎزار‬.‫اﳌﺤﻼت اﻟﺘﺠﺎرﻳﺔ واﳌﻘﺎﻫﻲ واﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ‬ .‫ وأﺗﺎﻛﻮي ﻏﺎﻟريﻳﺎ وﻣﺮﻛﺰ اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ واﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺑﺎزار اﻟﺘﻮاﺑﻞ‬ ‫• اﳌﺄﻛﻮﻻت اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺔ اﳌﺸﻬﻮرة ﻫﻲ اﻟﻜﺒﺎب و دوﳌﺎ و اﳌﺄﻛﻮﻻت اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ‬ .‫ وﻣﻌﻈﻢ دورات اﻟﻄﻌﺎم ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﺮاﻓﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﺐ‬،‫اﻟﻌﻨﴫ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﴘ ﻟﻸﻛﻼت ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬ ‫• ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻠﻮﻳﺎت ﻓﻬﻨﺎك ﻃﺒﻖ اﻟﺒﻮرﻳﻚ وﻫﻲ ﻣﻌﺠﻨﺎت ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﺤﺸﻮة‬ .‫ﺑﺎﻟﺠنب أو اﻟﺴﻤﻚ أواﻟﺴﺒﺎﻧﺦ أو اﻟﻠﺤﻮم‬ ‫ وﻋﺎدة ﻳﺘﻢ‬،‫• اﳌﴩوب اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﱰﻛﻴﺎ ﻫﻮ »اﻟﺮاﻗﻲ« واﳌﺴﻜﺮات ﺑﻨﻜﻬﺔ اﻟﻴﺎﻧﺴﻮن‬ .‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﻟﻘﻬﻮة اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺔ اﻟﻘﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ وﺟﺒﺎت اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬

Education Zone World of Education

• Turkey has a very good bus network and modern, luxurious buses. • Renting a car is an excellent option to explore Turkey. • Turkish Airlines has relatively inexpensive flights among all major cities which are convenient for longer distances.

.‫• ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺣﺎﻓﻼت ﺟﻴﺪة ﺟﺪا و اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ اﻟﻔﺎﺧﺮة‬ .‫• اﺳﺘﺌﺠﺎر ﺳﻴﺎرة ﻫﻮ ﺧﻴﺎر ﻣﻤﺘﺎز ﻹﺳﺘﻜﺸﺎف ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬ ‫• اﻟﺨﻄﻮط اﻟﺠﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺪم رﺣﻼت ﻏري ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺎ ﺑني ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﳌﺪن‬ .‫اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ وﻫﻲ ﺧﻴﺎر ﻣﺮﻳﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻓﺎت اﻟﻄﻮﻳﻠﺔ‬

Turkey, known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles demarcate the boundary between East Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.

‫ ﰲ أوراﺳﻴﺎ ﻏﺮيب آﺳﻴﺎ وﰲ ﴍق‬,‫ اﳌﻌﺮوﻓﺔ رﺳﻤﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺟﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬،‫ﺗﻘﻊ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬ .‫ﺗﺮاﻗﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب ﴍق أوروﺑﺎ‬

Turkey is known to be a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a rich, ancient cultural heritage. Turkey has recently become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies.

‫ ﺟﻤﻬﻮري ودﺳﺘﻮري ذو‬،‫ وﺣﺪوي‬،‫ دميﻮﻗﺮاﻃﻲ‬،‫ﻣﻦ اﳌﻌﺮوف أن ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻋﻠامين‬ ‫ أﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻐﺮب ﻋﲆ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﺘﺰاﻳﺪ ﰲ‬.‫ﺗﺮاث ﻏﻨﻲ وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻗﺪميﺔ‬ ‫اﻵوﻧﺔ اﻷﺧرية ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻈامت ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ أوروﺑﺎ وﺣﻠﻒ ﺷامل‬ .‫ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬٢٠-G ‫ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻷﻣﻦ واﻟﺘﻌﺎون واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدات‬،OECD ،‫اﻷﻃﻠﴘ‬

Turkey›s unique location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of great geostrategic importance. Owing to its strategic location, large economy and military strength, Turkey is a major regional power. Turkey is one of the six independent Turkic states. The majority of the population is Muslims and the official language is Turkish, whereas Kurdish and Zazaki languages are rarely spoken.

‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ اﻟﻔﺮﻳﺪ ﰲ ﻣﻔﱰق اﻟﻄﺮق ﺑني أوروﺑﺎ وآﺳﻴﺎ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ دوﻟﺔ ذات أﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻗﻮة إﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻛﱪى ﻧﻈﺮا ﳌﻮﻗﻌﻬﺎ اﻻﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻲ‬.‫ﺟﻴﻮاﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻛﺒرية‬ ‫ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ واﺣﺪة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪول اﻟﺴﺖ‬.‫ وﻗﻮﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﻜﺒرية‬،‫واﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻫﺎ اﻟﻘﻮي‬ ‫ أﻣﺎ اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‬،‫اﳌﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ وﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ ﺳﻜﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني واﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺔ‬ .‫اﻷﺧﺮى ﻛﺎﻟﻜﺮدﻳﺔ واﻟﺰازاﻛﻴﺔ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻧﺎدرة‬

،‫ إﻳﺮان‬,‫ أذرﺑﻴﺠﺎن‬,‫ أرﻣﻴﻨﻴﺎ‬,‫ ﺟﻮرﺟﻴﺎ‬,‫ اﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎن‬,‫ﻳﺤﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ مثﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﻠﺪان ﻫﻲ ﺑﻠﻐﺎرﻳﺎ‬ ‫ وﺑﺤﺮ‬،‫ ﻳﺤﻴﻄﻬﺎ أﻳﻀﺎ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺑﻴﺾ اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ وﻗﱪص ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب‬.‫اﻟﻌﺮاق وﺳﻮرﻳﺎ‬ ‫ وﻳﻘﻮم ﺑﺤﺮ ﻣﺮﻣﺮة وﻣﻀﻴﻖ‬.‫ واﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﺳﻮد ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸامل‬،‫إﻳﺠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﻟﻐﺮب‬ ‫ ﺑﻞ ﻳﻔﺼﻼن‬،‫اﻟﺒﻮﺳﻔﻮر واﻟﺪردﻧﻴﻞ ﺑﱰﺳﻴﻢ اﻟﺤﺪود ﺑني ﺗﺮاﻗﻴﺎ اﻟﴩﻗﻴﺔ واﻷﻧﺎﺿﻮل‬ .‫ﻗﺎريت أوروﺑﺎ وآﺳﻴﺎ‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في تركيا؟‬

Why study in turkey? For any international student, Turkey has a lot to offer: high quality education and a very diverse population, lively cities and beautiful landscapes, artistic, cultural and sports events. Living and studying in Turkey will definitely inspire you and change your perspectives permanently. Students will have the opportunity to experience both modernity and ancient tradition in one of the safest and most stable countries that exists in the region.

‫ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﱄ اﻟﺠﻮدة وﺗﻨﻮع ﺳﻜﺎين‬،‫ﻟﺪى ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ اﻟﻜﺜري ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﻷي ﻃﺎﻟﺐ دوﱄ‬ .‫وﻣﺪن ﺣﻴﻮﻳﺔ وﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﺟﻤﻴﻠﺔ وﻓﻨﻴﺔ وﺛﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ وأﺣﺪاث رﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮن وﻳﺪرﺳﻮن ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻤﺘﻌﻮن مبﺼﺪر إﻟﻬﺎم ﻛﺒري‬ ‫وﻓﺮﺻﺔ مثﻴﻨﺔ ﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺪاﺛﺔ واﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ ﰲ واﺣﺪة ﻣﻦ أﻛرثاﻟﺒﻠﺪان‬ .‫أﻣﺎﻧﺎ واﺳﺘﻘﺮارا ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬


Istanbul is the only city in the world that is located on two continents. Istanbul has been the capital of three great empires, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman for more than 2000 years. Temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the two of the seven wonders of the ancient world, are in Turkey. Istanbul has a 540-year-old covered shopping mall of 64 streets, 4000 shops, 22 entrances and 25,000 workers, -the famous Grand Bazaar. Turkey has one of the three most famous and distinctive traditional cuisines in the world. The most popular sport in Turkey is soccer (football). The Turkish Football team came third in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Basketball and volleyball are also popular sports. The first church built by man (St. Peter’s Church) is in Antioch (Antakya), Turkey. Turkey has hundreds beaches and marinas which have the «Blue Flag». Turks gave the Dutch their famous tulips.


The first coins ever made were minted in Turkey at Sardis, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, at the end of the seventh century B.C. Cash dispenser – invented by Luther Simjian in 1969. The world’s first rocket powered flight, carried out by Lagari Hasan Celebi, who soared above Istanbul’s Bosphorus strait in the 17th century The story of inoculation and immunization is a concept imported from Turkey. Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu, who invented numerous surgical instruments and wrote one of the first illustrated handbooks on surgery. Vaccinations were invented in Turkey.

St. Paul – the Apostle. St. Nicholas – Saint. Homer – the ancient poet who composed the Odyssey and Iliad. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk – world leader. Hrant Dink – activist, journalist. Recep Tayyip Erdogan – Prime Minister. Pervez Musharraf – world leader Sertab Erener – a successful singer who won the 2002 Eurovision song contest. Orhan Pamuk – a novelist who won the 2006 Nobel Prize in literature. Mesut Ozil – football player who plays for Real Madrid and the German national football team. Adile Nasit – actress. Azra Akin – A beauty pageant titleholder in 2002 and an actress. Beren Saat – actress. Erol Gunaydin –actor. Muazzez Abaci- singer. Sertab Erener – pop music singer. Tarkan Tevetoglu – singer. Songül Oden – actress.

Topaki Palace – in Istanbul. St. Peter Castle – in Bodrum. Agia Sophia – in Ayasofya. Virgin Mary House – in Ephesus. Duden and other waterfalls – in Antalya. Grand Theater – in Ephesus. Blue Mosque – in Istanbul. Bosphorus River – in Istanbul.

Boat trips in Icmeler. Take a boat cruise on the Bosphorus. Catch a performance of the renowned Whirling Dervishes. Take a boat trip on a traditional wooden Gulet. Visit the Spice Bazar in Istanbul.

Beren Saat Education Zone World of Education

‫ﺳﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻮل – اﻟﺮﺳﻮل‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﴫ ﺗﻮﺑﺎيك – ﰲ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﻴﻜﻮﻻس – ﻗﺪﻳﺲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﻠﻌﺔ اﻟﻘﺪﻳﺲ ﺑﻄﺮس – ﰲ ﺑﻮدروم‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﻮﻣريوس – اﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ اﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﻟﺬي أﻟﻒ‬ ‫اﻷودﻳﺴﺔ واﻹﻟﻴﺎذة‪.‬‬

‫أﺟﻴﺎ ﺻﻮﻓﻴﺎ – ﰲ آﻳﺎ ﺻﻮﻓﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻛﻴامل أﺗﺎرك – زﻋﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮاﻧﺖ دﻧﻚ – ﻧﺎﺷﻂ وﺻﺤﻔﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫رﻳﻜﻴﺐ ﻃﻴﺐ أردوﻏﺎن – رﺋﻴﺲ اﻟﻮزراء‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑريﻓري ﻣﴩف – زﻋﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳريﺗﺎب إﻳﺮﻳرن – وﻫﻲ ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ ﻧﺎﺟﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎزت ﰲ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ اﻷﻏﻨﻴﺔ اﻷوروﺑﻴﺔ ‪.٢٠٠٢‬‬

‫اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل ﻫﻲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻊ ﰲ ﻗﺎرﺗني‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻟﻺﻣﱪاﻃﻮرﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻼث اﻟﻜﱪى‪ :‬اﻟﺮوﻣﺎﻧﻴﺔ واﻟﺒﻴﺰﻧﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻌﺜامﻧﻴﺔ ﻷﻛرث ﻣﻦ ‪ ٢٠٠٠‬ﺳﻨﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺒﺪ أرمتﻴﺲ وﴐﻳﺢ ﻫﺎﻟﻴﻜﺎرﻧﺎﺳﻮس‪،‬‬ ‫وﻫام ﻣﻦ ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺐ اﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ اﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻌﺎن ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻟﻠﺘﺴﻮق ﻣﻮﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ‪ ٥٤٠‬ﻋﺎﻣﺎ وﻳﺸﻐﻞ ‪ ٦٤‬ﺷﺎرﻋﺎ‪٤٠٠٠ ،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻼ‪ ٢٢ ،‬ﻣﺪﺧﻼ و ‪ ٢٥,٠٠٠‬ﻋﺎﻣﻼ‪ -‬وﻫﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺎزار اﻟﻜﺒري اﻟﺸﻬري‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ واﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ أﺷﻬﺮ وأﻣﻴﺰ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑﺦ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻚ ﺳﻚ أول ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ ﺳﺎردﻳﺲ‪,‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ ﻟﻴﺪﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‪,‬‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﻴﻼد‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻴﻨﺔ اﻟﴫاﻓﺔ ﻟﺴﺤﺐ اﻟﻨﻘﻮد –اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ ﻟﻮﺛﺮ ﺳﻴﻤﻴﺠﺎن ﰲ ﻋﺎم ‪.١٩٦٩‬‬ ‫أول رﺣﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻮارﻳﺦ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻗﺎم ﺑﻬﺎ ﻻﻗﺎري ﺣﺴﻦ ﺟﻠﺒﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫وﻗﺪ أوﺻﻠﺘﻪ ﻻرﺗﻔﺎع ﻋﺎﱄ ﻓﻮق ﻣﻀﻴﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻮﺳﻔﻮر ﰲ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮن ‪.١٧‬‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ اﻟﺘﻠﻘﻴﺢ واﻟﺘﺤﺼني ﻫﻲ ﻣﻔﻬﻮم‬ ‫ﻗﺎدم ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳريﻳﻔﻠﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺑﻮﻧﺸﻮﻏﻠﻮ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺬي اﺧﱰع‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷدوات اﻟﺠﺮاﺣﻴﺔ وﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫واﺣﺪة ﻣﻦ أوﱃ اﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎت اﻟﺘﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺮاﺣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﴪح اﻟﻜﺒري –ﰲ أﻓﺴﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺠﺪ اﻷزرق – ﰲ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺮ اﻟﺒﻮﺳﻔﻮر – ﰲ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮد أوزﻳﻞ – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة اﻟﻘﺪم اﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﻳﻠﻌﺐ ﻟﺮﻳﺎل ﻣﺪرﻳﺪ واﳌﻨﺘﺨﺐ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺮة اﻟﻘﺪم اﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻳﻠﺔ ﻧﺎﺳﺖ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺬراء أﻛني – ﻣﻠﻜﺔ ﺟامل اﻟﻜﻮن ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪ ٢٠٠٢‬وﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑريﻳﻦ ﺳﺎت – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫إﻳﺮول ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺪن – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮزﻳﺰ أﺑﺎيك – ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫رﺣﻼت اﻟﻘﻮارب ﰲ ﻣﺎرﻣﺎرﻳﺲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳريﺗﺐ إرﻳرن – ﻣﻐﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ اﻟﺒﻮب‪.‬‬

‫ﺧﺬ رﺣﻠﺔ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣنت ﻗﺎرب ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻴﻖ اﻟﺒﻮﺳﻔﻮر‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻮﻧﺠﻮل أودان – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﺣﺮص ﻋﲆ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة أداء اﻟﺪراوﻳﺶ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﻟﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﺸﻬرية‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺮﻛﺎن ﺗﻴﻔﻴﺘﻮﺟﻠﻮ – ﻣﻐﻨﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻢ اﺧﱰاع اﻟﺘﻄﻌﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣنت اﻟﻘﺎرب اﻟﺨﺸﺒﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪي ﻏﻮﻟﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳﺎرة ﺑﺎزار اﻟﺘﻮاﺑﻞ ﰲ اﺳﻄﻨﺒﻮل‪.‬‬

‫أول ﻛﻨﻴﺴﺔ ﺑﻨﻴﺖ )ﻛﻨﻴﺴﺔ اﻟﻘﺪﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺮس( ﻫﻲ ﰲ أﻧﻄﺎﻛﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ اﳌﺌﺎت ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻮاﻃﺊ واﳌﺮاﳼ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ »اﻟﻌﻠﻢ اﻷزرق«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ‪ ٪٧٠‬ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻨﺪق ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬


‫دودﻳﻦ واﻟﺸﻼﻻت اﻷﺧﺮى –ﰲ أﻧﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫أورﻫﺎن ﺑﺎﻣﻮك – اﻟﺮوايئ اﻟﺬي ﻓﺎز ﺑﺠﺎﺋﺰة‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﻞ ﰲ اﻷدب ‪.٢٠٠٦‬‬

‫اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ اﻷﻛرث ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻛﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪم‪ .‬وﻗﺪ ﺣﺎز ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﻛﺮة اﻟﻘﺪم اﻟﱰيك‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﳌﺮﻛﺰ اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﰲ ﻛﺄس اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻟﻜﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪم ﻋﺎم ‪ .٢٠٠٢‬ﻛﺮة اﻟﺴﻠﺔ واﻟﻜﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮة ﺗﻌﺘﱪان أﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺎت‬ ‫ا ﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬

‫أﻋﻄﻰ اﻷﺗﺮاك اﻟﻬﻮﻟﻨﺪﻳني اﻟﺰﻧﺒﻖ اﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺘﻬﺮون ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ اﻟﻌﺬراء –ﰲ أﻓﺴﺲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮد آوزﻳﻞ‬ ‫‪‬‬

United Arab Emirates has a hot and dry climate. Summer extends from May to September, with high temperature and humidity in July and August. The winters are pleasant and cool, accompanied by light winds and occasional raining. Dust storms can be expected any time during the year.

Abu Dhabi 2.49m individuals

‫ ﻣﺎﻳﻮ اﱃ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ‬.‫اﻟﺠﻮ اﻟﻌﺎم ﰲ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺣﺎر وﺟﺎف‬ ‫ ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ وأﻏﺴﻄﺲ ﻫام اﻟﺸﻬﺮان اﻷﻛرث‬،‫ﻫﻲ ﺷﻬﻮر ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ اﻟﺤﺎر‬ ‫ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء ﻋﺎدة ﻟﻄﻴﻒ وﻟﻴﺲ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﱪودة وﻣﺼﺤﻮب ﺑﺮﻳﺎح‬.‫ﺣﺮارة ورﻃﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ ﻛام أن اﻟﻌﻮاﺻﻒ اﻟﱰاﺑﻴﺔ‬.‫ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺼﺎﺣﺐ أﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء أﻣﻄﺎر ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ‬.‫ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ‬ .‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺤﺪث ﰲ أي وﻗﺖ ﰲ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬

Dubai Sharjah Ajman Ras al-Khaimah Umm al-Quwain 2.106m 281,726 281,726 33,614 62,000 individuals individuals individuals individuals individuals

.‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻗﻄﻨﻴﺔ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻃﻮال اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬

• Light cottons and Linens for all year round.

.‫• ﺑﻠﻮزة ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺘﺎء‬

• A light sweater for the winter.

.‫• ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻷﻳﺎم اﳌﻤﻄﺮة ﰲ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬

• An umbrella for the few rainy days in winter. • Dress a bit conservative when in public. • National Costume is recommended for festivities.

• Shops are open every day of the week – 9:00 A.M to 1:30 P.M and 4:00 P.M to 10:00 P.M

.‫• اﻟﻠﺒﺎس اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪي ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮن ﺑني اﻟﻨﺎس‬ .‫• ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻐﺮض ﻹرﺗﺪاﺋﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻹﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

‫ ﺑﻌﺪ‬١:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬٩ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت أﺑﻮاﺑﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﰲ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ .‫ ﻟﻴﻼ‬١٠ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎءا اﱃ‬٤ ‫اﻟﻈﻬﺮ وﻣﻦ‬ .‫ ﻟﻴﻼ‬١٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬١٠ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺤﻼت ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ‬

• Some shops are open all day from 10:00 A.M to 10:00 P.M • Shops are closed from 11:30 A.M to 1:30 P.M on Fridays, for the Friday prayer • Souks are a good place to bargain and get cheap objects • Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late • An array of cuisine is offered • Hummus (chickpea paste), tabbouleh, stuffed vine leaves, and lamb meat are some popular cuisines of the United Arab Emirates


Fujairah 107,940 individuals

‫ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﻈﻬﺮ أﻳﺎم اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ ﻟﺼﻼة‬١:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ اﱃ‬١١:٣٠ ‫• ﺗﻐﻠﻖ اﳌﺤﻼت ﻣﻦ‬ .‫اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ .‫• اﻷﺳﻮاق اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ أﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻜﺎن ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ واﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﺑﻀﺎﻋﺔ رﺧﻴﺼﺔ‬ .‫• أوﻗﺖ اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﻣﺮﻧﺔ وﻋﺎدة ﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬ .‫• ﺗﻘﺪم اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ أﻃﺒﺎق ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻠﺪان اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫• اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺗﺸﻤﻞ اﻟﺤﻤﺺ واﻟﺘﺒﻮﻟﺔ‬ . ‫وورق اﻟﻌﻨﺐ اﳌﻠﻔﻮف واﻟﻠﺤﻮم ﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﺤﻢ اﻟﻐﻨﻢ‬

Education Zone World of Education

• Buses, metro, and water taxi are the easiest travel methods in the metropolitan city and between other cities.

‫• اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﳌﱰو واﻟﺘﺎﻛﴘ اﳌﺎيئ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻔﺮ ﰲ اﳌﺪن اﻟﻜﺒرية‬ .‫وﺑني اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻷﺧﺮى‬ .‫• ﺗﺄﺟري اﻟﺴﻴﺎرات ﻏري ﻣﻜﻠﻒ‬

• Cars are cheap to hire. • Taxis are cheap and always available.

.‫• ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة رﺧﻴﺼﺔ وﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮة دامئﺎ‬

United Arab Emirates (UAE) is situated in the Southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, in the Southwest of Asia, or it is better known as the Middle East. United Arab Emirates consists of seven states, known as emirates, namely Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. Abu Dhabi is the country’s capital and center for political and industrial activities. United Arab Emirates was established in 1971, with a constitutional monarchy and a presidential system of government. The location of the Emirates on the coast of the Arabian Gulf made it possible for easy trade by sea, as far as China, specifically the trade of copper and merchandise. The pearl industry thrived during the 20th century, providing income and employment to the people of the Gulf. In 1960, with the establishment of the first crude oil company for exportation, the UAE economy began to grow. With the world’s seventh largest oil reserve today, it led the trade with the rest of the world and known as the most developed economy in the span of a few decades. The UAE is noted for its excellent infrastructure, booming industry and growth within the last two decades. The large multicultural society of the UAE is responsible for the success of this small country to a highly metropolitan one. Arabic is the official language of the United Arab Emirates, spoken by most of the individuals living in the country, but English seems to be a major language spoken.

‫ﺗﻘﻊ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﰲ ﺟﻨﻮب ﴍق ﺷﺒﻪ اﻟﺠﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ واﻟﺠﻨﻮب‬ ‫ ﺗﺘﻜﻮن‬.‫ اﳌﻌﺮوف ﺑﺸﻜﻞ واﺳﻊ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‬،‫اﻟﻐﺮيب ﻣﻦ آﺳﻴﺎ‬ ،‫ ﻋﺠامن‬،‫ اﻟﺸﺎرﻗﺔ‬،‫ ديب‬،‫اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﻊ إﻣﺎرات وﻫﻲ أﺑﻮ ﻇﺒﻲ‬ ً ‫ أﺑﻮ ﻇﺒﻲ ﻫﻲ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ اﻟﺒﻼد وﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰا‬.‫ رأس اﻟﺨﻴﻤﺔ واﻟﻔﺠرية‬،‫أم اﻟﻘﻮﻳﻦ‬ .‫ﻟﻸﻧﺸﻄﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ واﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﻊ ﻗﻴﺎم ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ دﺳﺘﻮرﻳﺔ‬،١٩٧١ ‫ﺗﺄﺳﺴﺖ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﰲ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات ﻋﲆ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ اﻟﻌﺮيب ﻣﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ أن‬.‫وﻧﻈﺎم رﺋﺎﳼ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ وﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪا ﺗﺠﺎرة‬،‫ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﺘﺠﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺑﻌﻴﺪة ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﺼني‬ .‫اﻟﻨﺤﺎس واﻟﺒﻀﺎﺋﻊ‬ ‫ازدﻫﺮت ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻠﺆﻟﺆ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﻌﴩﻳﻦ وﺳﺎﻫﻤﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﻓري اﻟﺪﺧﻞ وﻓﺮص‬ ‫ وﻣﻊ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﴍﻛﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﻂ اﻟﺨﺎم اﻷوﱃ ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ ﰲ ﻋﺎم‬.‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ ﺣﺘﻰ أﺻﺒﺤﺖ متﺘﻠﻚ اﻟﻴﻮم ﺳﺎﺑﻊ أﻛﱪ‬،‫ ﺑﺪأت دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات ﰲ اﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬،١٩٦٠ ‫ وﻗﺪ أﺻﺒﺤﺖ اﻹﻣﺎرات‬.‫ اﻷﻣﺮ اﻟﺬي ﺷﺠﻊ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرة ﻣﻊ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬،‫اﺣﺘﻴﺎﻃﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﻂ‬ .‫اﻟﻴﻮم ﻣﻌﺮوﻓﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎد اﻷﻛرث ﺗﻄﻮرا ﰲ ﻏﻀﻮن ﺑﻀﻌﺔ ﻋﻘﻮد ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺑﺒﻨﻴﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ اﳌﻤﺘﺎزة واﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﳌﺰدﻫﺮة‬ ‫ وميﻜﻦ اﻟﻘﻮل أن اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬.‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺎﻋﺪﺗﻬﺎ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻌﻘﺪﻳﻦ اﳌﺎﺿﻴني‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻌﺪد اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت ﰲ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻫﻮ اﳌﺴﺆول ﻋﻦ ﻧﺠﺎح ﻫﺬا‬ .‫اﻟﺒﻠﺪ اﻟﺼﻐري وﺗﺤﻮﻟﻪ إﱃ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻣﺘﻄﻮر ﺟﺪا‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﺤﺪث ﺑﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻷﻓﺮاد اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮن‬ .‫ وﻟﻜﻦ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻟﻐﺔ رﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ أﻳﻀﺎ‬، ‫ﰲ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في االمارات؟‬

Why study in UAE? Higher education in the United Arab Emirates has blossomed over the last few decades. A land that was just filled with sand dunes at one time is now a highly developed country with educational standards reaching those at an international level. UAE is a likable choice for students abroad because of its rich culture, infrastructure, and the warm and welcoming nature of the citizens, making it a safe place to live. Flattery and hospitality is one of the many virtues of the Emirati culture.

‫ازدﻫﺮ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﰲ دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺧﻼل اﻟﻌﻘﻮد اﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ ﻓﻐﺪا اﻟﺒﻠﺪ اﻟﺬي ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻪ رﻣﺎل اﻟﺼﺤﺮاء ﰲ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ دوﻟﺔ ﻣﺘﻄﻮرة‬.‫اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ دوﻟﺔ‬.‫ وميﺘﻠﻚ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻮاﺻﻔﺎت ﺗﻮﺻﻠﻪ اﱃ اﳌﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‬،‫ﺟﺪا اﻵن‬ ‫ واﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬،‫اﻹﻣﺎرات ﻫﻲ ﺧﻴﺎر ﻣﺤﺒﺐ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب ﰲ اﻟﺨﺎرج ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ اﻟﻐﻨﻴﺔ‬ .‫ ﻣام ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ آﻣﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻌﻴﺶ ﻓﻴﻪ‬،‫ وﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ اﻟﻨﺎس اﻟﺪاﻓﺌﺔ واﳌﺮﺣﺒﺔ‬،‫اﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ‬ .‫ﻓﺎﳌﺠﺎﻣﻠﺔ واﻟﻀﻴﺎﻓﺔ ﻫﻲ واﺣﺪة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻞ اﻷﻣﺎراﺗﻴﺔ‬


Abdul Qader AlRais - painter. Ahmad ibn Majid - Arab navigator and cartographer. Adnan Al-Talyani - football player. Hussain Al Jasmi - singer. H.E. Sheikha Lubna Khalid Sultan al Qasimi - businesswoman and Minister. H.H. Shaik Zayed Bin Sultan Aal Nhian “dead” - poet.

The Emirate of Dubai is the fastest growing city in the world. It is tax free country. More than 80% of residents are foreigners. There are no street addresses in the United Arab Emirates. The country has the first manmade island, the Palm Island. The world’s richest horse race is held in Dubai. The world’s best malls are in the United Arab Emirates. It is always hotter than what is predicted on the forecast. The United Arab Emirates has the largest number of horses. Burj Khalifa is the tallest tower in the world (824 meters). Although the economy of the country is based on oil, Dubai’s economy is based mainly on shopping & tourism.


Eco-friendly car - a solar powered car was designed and created by Saqr Bin Saif. Windmill - invented by Marry Saqr Majed is used to generate electricity. Cloned Camel - cloned by scientists at the Camel Reproduction Center. Non-destructive Portable Sugar Level Measurement Instrument - with applications in Food Production and distribution industries. Portable Ultrasonic instrument - that can be used to distinguish meats that were slaughtered from those which were killed using other methods. Portable Ultrasonic instrument - used to distinguish pig meat and meats of other origin.

H.H. Sheikha Maitha bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum - karate and Taekwondo practitioner.

Palm Jumeriah - a manmade island off the coast of Dubai. Burj Al Arab - world’s only seven star luxury hotel. Burj Khalifa - world’s tallest building located in Dubai. Liwa Oasis Abu Dhabi - largest Arabian oasis. The International Village. Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum House. Jumeriah Archaeological Site. Yas Marina Circuit - Abu Dhabi’s Formula One Racecourse.

Elham Al Qasimi - first Arab woman to reach the North Pole. Ousha bint Khalifa Al Suwaidi also known as Fatat AlArab (Girl of the Arab) - poet. Abdullah Hasan Ahmed director. Mohammad bin Sulayem race car champion. Abdullah Bilkhair - singer. Bilal Abdullah - actor. H.H.Shaik Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Aal Maktoom (Fazzaa) - poet. Saeed Bin Soroor - Horse racing. Fatima Alhosani - actress.

Visit the Ski Slope - The indoor ski slope is located in The Mall of the Emirates and is a definite visit. Visit the Beach or Theme Park - The sunny days all year round allows people to enjoy the sandy beaches and leisure at one of the many theme parks around the country. Go on a Desert Safari - Enjoy the sand dunes in the desert and experience authentic Arabian cuisine and culture. Attend a Shopping Festival It is the best time to get things from all over the world at good prices when bargained for it. Dhow Cruise.

Abdul Qader AlRais Education Zone World of Education

‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻘﺎدر اﻟﺮﻳﺲ – رﺳﺎم‪.‬‬ ‫أﺣﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺪ – رﺣﺎﻟﺔ وﺟﻐﺮاﰲ ورﺳﺎم‬ ‫ﺧﺮاﺋﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻧﺎن اﻟﻄﻠﻴﺎين – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة اﻟﻘﺪم‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴني اﻟﺠﺴﻤﻲ – ﻣﻄﺮب‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻴﺨﺔ ﻟﺒﻨﻰ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺳﻠﻄﺎن اﻟﻘﺎﺳﻤﻲ –‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪة أﻋامل‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻴﺦ زاﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻠﻄﺎن آل ﻧﻬﻴﺎن رﺣﻤﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻪ – ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎرة اﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ – ﺳﻴﺎرة ﺗﺴري‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﺻﻤﻤﻬﺎ وأﻧﺸﺄﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻘﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻴﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﻮاﺣني اﻟﻬﻮاء – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ ﻣﺎري ﺻﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﺪ و اﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺖ ﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻞ اﳌﺴﺘﻨﺴﺦ – اﺳﺘﻨﺴﺦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺎمل ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﻞ اﻟﺠامل‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ إﻣﺎرة ديب اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻷﴎع منﻮا ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺪ ﺧﺎﱄ ﻣﻦ اﻟﴬاﺋﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻜﻞ اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ ‪ ٪٨٠‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ا ﻟﺴﻜﺎ ن ‪.‬‬ ‫دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻻﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎوﻳﻦ اﻟﺸﻮارع ﰲ اﳌﺮاﺳﻼت‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﻧﻘﺎل ﻟﻘﻴﺎس ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺴﻜﺮ ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﻐﺬاﺋﻴﺔ وﻏري ﺗﺎﻟﻒ ﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﻧﻘﺎل ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺟﺎت ﻓﻮق‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻮﺗﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ميﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ اﻟﺘﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺑني‬ ‫اﻟﻠﺤﻮم اﻟﺘﻲ ذﺑﺤﺖ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﺤﻼل ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻏريﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﻧﻘﺎل ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺟﺎت اﻟﺼﻮﺗﻴﺔ ‪-‬‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺮق ﺑني ﻟﺤﻢ اﻟﺨﻨﺰﻳﺮ واﻟﻠﺤﻮم اﻷﺧﺮى‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺸﻴﺨﺔ ﻣﻴﺜﺎء ﺑﻨﺖ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ راﺷﺪ آل‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﻮم – اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻟﻌﺒﺘﻲ اﻟﻜﺎراﺗﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺎﻳﻜﻮﻧﺪو‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻬﺎم اﻟﻘﺎﺳﻤﻲ – أول اﻣﺮأة ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﻞ‬ ‫اﱃ اﻟﻘﻄﺐ اﻟﺸامﱄ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮج ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ – أﻋﲆ ﺑﺮج ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻣﻮﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﰲ ديب‪.‬‬ ‫واﺣﺔ ﻟﻴﻮا ﰲ أﺑﻮﻇﺒﻲ – أﻛﱪ واﺣﺔ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺖ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ آل ﻣﻜﺘﻮم‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻵﺛﺎر ﰲ اﻟﺠﻤريا‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻠﺒﺔ ﻣﺮﳻ ﻳﺎس – ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﺳﺒﺎق ﺳﻴﺎرات‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻮرﻣﻮﻻ وان ﰲ أﺑﻮﻇﺒﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺣﺴﻦ أﺣﻤﺪ – ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ – ﻣﺘﺴﺎﺑﻖ وﺑﻄﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎرات‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺨري – ﻣﻐﻨﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻼل ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠﻪ – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﴎور – ﺳﺒﺎﻗﺎت اﻟﺨﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻮﺳﻨﻲ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺪى اﻟﺨﻄﻴﺐ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﳌﻨﺤﺪر اﻟﺜﻠﺠﻲ – ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ زﻳﺎرة‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺘﺰﻟﺞ اﻟﺪاﺧﲇ اﳌﻮﺟﻮد ﰲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫اﻹﻣﺎرات‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﺸﺎﻃﺊ أو اﻟﺤﺪاﺋﻖ اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ –‬ ‫ﻣﻦ إﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺎت ﺳﻄﻮع اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﺧﻼل‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻫﻲ اﻟﺴامح ﻟﻸﻓﺮاد ﺑﺎﻷﺳﺘﻤﺘﺎع‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻮاﻃﺊ اﻟﺮﻣﻠﻴﺔ واﻟﱰوﻳﺤﻴﺔ ﰲ أي ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺪاﺋﻖ اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻮم اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻘﺎم ﰲ ديب أﻏﻨﻰ ﺳﺒﺎﻗﺎت اﻟﺨﻴﻞ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ أﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﺮاﻛﺰ ﻟﻠﺘﺴﻮق ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻓﻴﻬﺎ أﻛرثﺣﺮا ﻣام ﺗﺘﻨﺒﺄ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ اﻷرﺻﺎد اﻟﺠﻮﻳﺔ‬

‫اﻟﺬﻫﺎب ﰲ رﺣﻼت اﻟﺴﻔﺎري اﻟﺼﺤﺮاوﻳﺔ‬ ‫ اﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺜﺒﺎن اﻟﺮﻣﻠﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﺮاء‬‫وﻣﻌﺎﻳﺸﺔ وﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﻄﻌﺎم واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﻷﺻﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﺪى دوﻟﺔ اﻹﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة أﻛﱪ‬ ‫ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﻴﻮل‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺑﺮج ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ اﻷﻃﻮل ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل )‪٨٢٤‬‬ ‫(ﻣﱰ‬


‫ﺑﺮج اﻟﻌﺮب – اﻟﻔﻨﺪق ذو اﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﻧﺠﻮم‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﻮﺷﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ اﻟﺴﻮﻳﺪي)اﳌﻌﺮوﻓﺔ‬ ‫أﻳﻀﺎً ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﻓﺘﺎة اﻟﻌﺮب( – ﺷﺎﻋﺮة‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻨﺨﻠﺔ ﻫﻲ أول ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﺻﻨﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎن‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ أن اﻗﺘﺼﺎد اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ أﺳﺎﳼ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﻔﻆ إﻻ أن اﻗﺘﺼﺎد‬ ‫إﻣﺎرة ديب ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ أﻛﱪ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ واﻟﺘﺴﻮق‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﺟﻤريا – ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﺻﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻃﺊ ديب‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻬﺎم اﻟﻘﺎﺳﻤﻲ‬

‫اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺣﻤﺪان ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ راﺷﺪ آل‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﻮم )اﳌﻠﻘﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻓﺰاع( – ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺘﺴﻮق – ﻓﻬﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ أي ﺷﺊ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺎمل وﺑﺄﺳﻌﺎر ﺟﻴﺪة ﺑﻌﺪ اﳌﻔﺎوﺿﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫رﺣﻼت ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ اﻟﻘﻮارب ﰲ ﺧﻮر ديب‪.‬‬

England – The weather temperatures are not much lower than 0 °C in winter in February and not much higher than 32 °C in summer in July. Scotland – The weather is usually chilly, misty and windy. The winter months have the least amount of sunshine and are usually cold and drizzly, accompanied by snow.

‫ وﻧﺎدرا ً ﻣﺎ‬.‫أﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪا– ﻋﺎدة ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﻄﻘﺲ ﺑﺎردا ً وﺿﺒﺎﺑﻴﺎً ﻣﺼﺤﻮﺑﺎً ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻳﺎح‬ ‫ﺗﺮى اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﰲ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﻐﻴﻮم ﻛﺜﻴﻔﺔ وﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺠﻮ ﰲ اﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ‬ .‫ﺑﺎردا وﻛﺜري اﻟﺮذاذ اﳌﺼﺤﻮب ﺑﺎﻟﺜﻠﺞ‬

Wales – Welsh weather is often cloudy, wet and windy, with warm summers and mild winters. The temperatures raise high in the summer ranging between 19 °C and 22 °C and drop sharply during the winter usually staging above freezing.

‫ ﻣﺼﺤﻮﺑﺎً ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻳﺎح ﻣﻊ ﺻﻴﻒ داﻓﺊ‬،ً‫وﻳﻠﺰ – اﻟﺠﻮ ﰲ وﻳﻠﺰ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮن رﻃﺒﺎ‬ ‫ و‬١٩ ‫ ﺗﱰاوح درﺟﺎت اﻟﺤﺮارة اﳌﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﻣﺎ ﺑني‬.‫وﺷﺘﺎء ﻣﻌﺘﺪل‬ ‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ وﺗﺸﻬﺪ اﻧﺨﻔﺎﺿﺎ ﺣﺎدا ﺧﻼل ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء وﺗﺼﻞ ﻋﺎدة ﳌﺎ‬٢٢ .‫ﻗﺒﻞ درﺟﺔ اﻟﺘﺠﻤﺪ ﺑﻘﻠﻴﻞ‬

England 53,493,700

Scotland 5,254,800

• Light and Medium wear for the Summer • Warmer clothes for areas with high grounds and for winters • Waterproof Clothes and umbrella for rainy days, all year round • National Costume is recommended for festivities

• Shops are open every day of the week – 9:00 A.M to 5:30 P.M, Monday to Saturday and 11:00 A.M to 5:00 P.M on Sundays • Thursdays generally has extended working hours until 8:00 P.M • Shopping in departmental shops are the norm in big cities, while shopping at antique and craft shops are a norm in the suburbs • Shopping areas are open from 11:00 A.M to 5:00 P.M on Bank Holidays • Large supermarkets are open 24 hours, except on Sundays • Supermarkets and superstores are open from 8:00 A.M to 10:00 P.M, Monday to Saturday and 10:00 A.M to 4:00 P.M on Sundays


‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬٠ ‫إﻧﺠﻠﱰا – ﻻ ﺗﻜﻮن درﺟﺔ ﺣﺮارة اﻟﻄﻘﺲ أﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ‬ .‫ درﺟﺔ ﻣﺌﻮﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬٣٢ ‫ﰲ ﻓﱪاﻳﺮ وﻻﺗﻜﻮن أﻋﲆ ﺑﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ‬

Northern Ireland 4,722,028

Wales 3,074,100

‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺧﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ داﻓﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﳌﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ واﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬ . ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ واﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻄﺮ وﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﻟﻺﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﺧﻼل أﻳﺎم ﻫﻄﻮل اﳌﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺟﻠﺐ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ ارﺗﺪاﺋﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻹﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻت‬

• • • •

‫ ﻣﺴﺎء‬٥:٣٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬٩ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت أﺑﻮاﺑﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﰲ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﰲ ﻳﻮم اﻷﺣﺪ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬٥ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬١١ ‫ﰲ أﻳﺎم اﻹﺛﻨني اﱃ اﻟﺴﺒﺖ وﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎء‬٨ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ اﳌﺤﻼت اﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﺎﺧﺮة ﰲ أﻳﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻟﻠﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ ﰲ ﺣني أن اﻟﺘﺴﻮق‬،‫• اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﻼت اﻟﺘﺠﺰﺋﺔ أﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﺘﺎد ﰲ اﳌﺪن اﻟﻜﱪى‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﻼت اﻟﺒﻀﺎﺋﻊ اﻟﻘﺪميﺔ واﻟﻬﺪاﻳﺎ أﻛرث ﺷﻴﻮﻋﺎ ﰲ اﻟﻀﻮاﺣﻲ‬ ‫ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻋﺪا ﻳﻮم اﻷﺣﺪ‬٢٤ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺤﻼت اﻟﺴﻮﺑﺮﻣﺎرﻛﺖ‬ ١٠ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬٨ ‫• ﻣﺤﻼت اﻟﺘﺠﺰﺋﺔ واﳌﺤﻼت اﻟﻜﱪى ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎء‬٤ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬١٠ ‫ﻣﺴﺎء ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮم اﻹﺛﻨني اﱃ اﻟﺴﺒﺖ وﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻮم اﻷﺣﺪ‬

Education Zone World of Education

‫• ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﺤﻼت ﻟﺒﻴﻊ اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻼل‬

‫• ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮق اﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت واﻟﻘﻄﺎر واﻟﺘﺎﻛﴘ اﳌﺎيئ واﻟﱰام‬ ‫واﳌﱰو‬

• Buses, rail, streetcars and subway are the easiest travel methods • Affordable plane, rail and bus transportation between the different provinces

‫• ميﻜﻦ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻘﻄﺎر واﻟﺤﺎﻓﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑني اﳌﺪن اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫• اﻟﺴري ﻋﲆ اﻷﻗﺪام أو اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺪراﺟﺎت اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ‬

• Student fares are available

‫• ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ رﺣﻼت ﺟﻮﻳﺔ ﺑني اﻟﺪول اﻷورﺑﻴﺔ‬

• Bicycles paths are paths available in major cities

‫• ﻫﻨﺎك ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب‬

• Taxis are expensive

‫• ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬

United Kingdom (UK) is an island country located just off the coast of the continent of Europe. The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, English Channel, Irish Sea and the North Sea and connects to France through the Channel Tunnel. The UK is a unitary state and constitutional monarchy made up of four countries – England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. England consists of lowland terrain and mountainous terrain. England contributes the largest urban population of the United Kingdom. Scotland consists of Highlands to the north and west and Lowlands to the south and east. Glasgow and Edinburgh are the two metropolitan cities of Scotland. Wales makes up most of the mountainous regions of the UK. The UK is a highly developed country. It was the first industrialized country with currently the world’s sixth largest economy. The indigenous people were historically descendants from the Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Normans, Norse and Romans. Today, the UK is known to have a multicultural environment and diversified society with the influx of immigration of people from around the world. English is the most spoken language in the country.

‫اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻫﻲ ﺟﺰﻳﺮة ﺗﻘﻊ ﻗﺒﺎﻟﺔ ﺳﻮاﺣﻞ ﻗﺎرة أوروﺑﺎ وﻳﺤﻴﻂ ﺑﻬﺎ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ اﻷﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪي وﺑﺤﺮ اﻟﺸامل وﺗﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﻔﺮﻧﺴﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻔﻖ‬،‫ اﳌﺎﻧﺶ‬،‫اﻷﻃﻠﴘ‬ - ‫ وﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ أرﺑﻊ دول‬،‫ ﻟﻠﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻧﻈﺎم ﻣﻠيك دﺳﺘﻮري‬.‫ﺑﺤﺮ اﳌﺎﻧﺶ‬ .‫ أﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪا اﻟﺸامﻟﻴﺔ واﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪا ووﻳﻠﺰ‬،‫إﻧﺠﻠﱰا‬ ‫إﻧﺠﻠﱰا ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻀﺎرﻳﺲ اﳌﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ واﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ و ﻓﻴﻬﺎ أﻛﱪ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ اﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪا ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎت ﰲ اﻟﺸامل واﻟﻐﺮب‬.‫اﻟﺴﻜﺎن ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺤﴬﻳﺔ‬ ‫ وﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺟﻼﺳﺠﻮ وادﻧﱪه اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺘني‬.‫واﻷراﴈ اﳌﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب واﻟﴩق‬ ‫ ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ اﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪا اﻟﺸامﻟﻴﺔ‬.‫ وﻳﻠﺰ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬.‫اﻟﺤﴬﻳﺘني ﰲ اﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪا‬ .‫أﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺠﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺑﻠﺪا ً ﻣﺘﻄﻮرا ً ﺟﺪا ً وﻫﻲ أول ﺑﻠﺪ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﻲ و ﺳﺎدس أﻛﱪ‬ ‫ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎين اﻷﺻﲇ ﻳﻨﺤﺪر ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻌﻮب اﻷﻧﺠﻠﻮ‬.‫أﻗﺘﺼﺎد ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ أﻣﺎ اﻟﻴﻮم ﻓﺘﻌﺮف اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬.‫ﺳﺎﻛﺴﻮن واﻟﺴﻠﺖ واﻟﻨﻮرﻣﺎن واﻟﻨﻮرس واﻟﺮوﻣﺎن‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺔ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ذات ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺎت ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة وﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺘﻨﻮع ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺗﺄﺛري اﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ واﻟﻠﻐﻪ اﻻﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ اﻟﻠﻐﻪ اﻟﺴﺎﺋﺪه اﻵن و ﻳﺘﺤﺪث‬.‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻘﺎع اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ .‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﺠﺎﻟﻴﺎت‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في المملكة‬ ‫المتحدة ؟‬

Why study in UK? The UK is a popular choice for overseas students due to its geographical location, reasonable climate, diverse ethnic groups and culture and its high standard of education, making it a secure environment to live and study. Around 104,000 foreign students from all over the world join universities and institutes in the United Kingdom every year, this fact alone proves that the United Kingdom is an ideal study destination for students.

‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻣﻨﺬ اﻟﻘﺪم ﺧﻴﺎرا ً ﻣﺮﻏﻮﺑﺎً ﺑني اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻐﺮاﰲ وﻣﻨﺎﺧﻬﺎ اﳌﻘﺒﻮل وﺗﻨﻮع اﻟﺴﻜﺎن وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺘﻬﻢ وارﺗﻔﺎع ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ .‫ﻣام ﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ أﻣﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻴﺶ واﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة مبﺆﺳﺴﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﻳﻘﺔ واﻟﺮاﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻮد إﱃ ﻣﺌﺎت‬ ‫ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ أﺟﻨﺒﻲ ﰲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎت وﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬١٠٤,٠٠٠ ‫ ﻳﻠﺘﺤﻖ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬.‫اﻟﺴﻨني‬ ‫ وﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺗﱪﻫﻦ ﻋﲆ أن اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة وﺟﻬﺔ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬،ً‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ‬ .‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ‬


William Shakespeare – poet, writer and playwright. Queen Elizabeth I – queen from 1558-1603. Brontë sisters (Charlotte, Emily, and Anne) – writer. Robbie Williams – singer. Sir Isaac Newton – mathematician and scientist. Catherine Zeta Jones – actor. Charles Darwin – evolutionist and naturalist. Jude Law – actor. Charles Dickens – writer. The town with the longest name is in Wales. It is named Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, and it means St Mary’s Church in the hollow of the white hazel near the rapid whirlpool and the church of St Tysilio by the red cave. Treasures in the British Museum are over two million years of world civilization. An Englishman drinks more tea than any other person from another nation. The first zoo in the world was set up in England in 1829. England is a country with over 300 languages. Windsor Castle is the oldest and largest royal residence in the world, which is still being used. The ‘tube’ is the world’s first and largest underground system.

Electromagnet – Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction, electromagnetic rotations, magneto-optical effect, diamagnetism and field theory. Sewing Machine – Thomas Saint invented the machine in 1790. Seed Drill – invented by Jethro Tull in 1701. Steam Engine – Thomas Savery, an English military engineer invented the crude steam engine in 1698. Penicillin – discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928.

Sir Winston Churchill – former Prime Minster, politician, artist and soldier. David Beckham – football player. Thomas Hardy – poet. Sir Paul McCartney - singer and songwriter. Sir Richard Branson – entrepreneur. Queen Victoria – queen for 64 years. John Lennon – musician and composer. J.K. Rowling – children books writer mainly Harry Potter.

Submarine – William Borne was the first person to draft the submarine design.


Visit Castles – There are many castles across the UK that date back centuries and are now open to the public. Take a walk in the Countryside – Enjoy a nice long walk in the serene and splendid countryside across the UK.

Though you won’t see it in any modern royal courts, animals were tried and convicted based on the bad deeds they got into in Medieval England. Their owners were fined damages occurred! England’s flag is called the Union Flag when it is seen on land and Union Jack when it is being used on a ship.

The great Royal Parks. The magnificent museums. The amazing beaches including Blackpool pleasure beach in Lancashire. Trafalgar Square, Madame Tussauds and London Eye, Crystal Glass factory, Stonehenge, Cathedrals. The home of famous authors and celebrities from the past – like William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens. The tombs of many rulers and famous people at the Westminster Abbey. The Tower Bridge, Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Edinburgh Castle and Big Ben.

Attend Festivals – Edinburgh festival, Nottingham festival and Mardi Gras are just some of the few festivals that go on in the UK. Madam Tussauds Museum.

Princess Diana

Diana, Princess of Wales – royal princess. Education Zone World of Education

Visit the famous Sunday markets – scattered around UK.

‫اﳌﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﻴﺰاﺑﻴﺚ اﻷوﱃ – اﳌﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻤﺖ ﻣﺎﺑني ‪.١٦٠٣ – ١٥٥٨‬‬ ‫اﻷﺧﻮات ﺑﺮوﻧﺘﻲ )ﺗﺸﺎرﻟﻮت وأﻣﻴﲇ‬ ‫وأن( – رواﺋﻴﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫وﻟﻴﻢ ﺷﻜﺴﺒري – ﺷﺎﻋﺮ وﻛﺎﺗﺐ وﻣﺆﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﴪﺣﻴﺎت‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﱰاﻓﺎﻟﻜﺎر وﻣﺪام ﺗﻮﺳﻮ وﻋني‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺪن وﻣﺼﻨﻊ زﺟﺎج اﻟﻜﺮﺳﺘﺎل وﺳﺘﻮن‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺪج واﻟﻜﺎﺛﻴﺪراﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺴري اﺳﺤﺎق ﻧﻴﻮﺗﻦ – ﻋﺎمل رﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬ ‫وﻋﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺗﺮﻳﻦ زﻳﺘﺎ ﺟﻮﻧﺰ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮي اﳌﺘﺤــﻒ اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎين ﻋﲆ ﻛﻨﻮز‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻮد ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻬــﺎ اﱃ اﻛرث ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻧــﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻀــﺎرة اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ اﻹﻧــﺠﻠﻴﺰ ﻣﻦ أﻛرث ﺷﻌﻮب اﻟﻌـﺎمل‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎوﻻً ﻟﻠﺸــﺎي‪.‬‬ ‫أﻧﺸﺄت ﰲ اﻧــﺠﻠﱰا أول ﺣــﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﻴﻮان‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻋﺎم ‪.١٨٢٩‬‬ ‫اﻧﺠﻠﱰا ﺑﻠـﺪ ﻟﻬـﺎ أﻛرث ﻣﻦ ‪ ٣٠٠‬ﻟﻐــﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻌﺔ وﻧﺪﺳﻮر ﻫﻲ أﻗــﺪم وأﻛﱪ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل واﻟﺘﻲ ﻻزاﻟــﺖ ﻣﻘﺮا‬ ‫ﺳﻜﻨﻴﺎً ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻜﻪ وأوﻻدﻫــﺎ‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﺲ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎيئ – اﻛﺘﺸﻒ ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﺎرادي دﻻﺋﻞ اﳌﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﺲ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎيئ‬ ‫واﻟﺪوران اﳌﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﴘ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎيئ واﻟﺘﺄﺛري‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺮي اﳌﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﴘ وﻧﻈﺮﻳﺎت ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻔﺎذﻳﺔ اﳌﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﺴﻴﺔ وﺣﻘﻮﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺸﺎرﻟﺲ دارون – ﻋﺎمل اﻟﺘﻄﻮر واﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺎرﻟﺰ دﻳﻜﻨﺰ – ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﴪ اﻟﱪج وﻗﴫ ﺑﺎﻛﻨﻐﻬﺎم وﻗﻠﻌﺔ‬ ‫وﻳﻨﺪﺳﻮر وﻗﻠﻌﺔ أدﻧﱪه وﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺑﺞ ﺑﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻮد ﻟﻮ – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴري وﻧﺴﺘﻮن ﺗﺸريﺗﺸﻞ – رﺋﻴﺲ وزراء‬ ‫أﺳﺒﻖ وﺳﻴﺎﳼ وﻓﻨﺎن وﺟﻨﺪي‪.‬‬ ‫دﻳﻔﺪ ﺑﻴﻜﻬﺎم – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﻗﺪم‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎﻛﻨﺔ اﻟﺨﻴﺎﻃﺔ – ﺗﻮﻣﺎس ﺳﻴﻨﺖ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫‪.١٧٩٠‬‬

‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎس ﻫﺎردي – ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻬﺎز ﻧرث اﻟﺤﺒﻮب – ﺟﻴرثو ﺗﻮل ﰲ ‪.١٧٠١‬‬

‫اﻟﺴري ﺑﻮل ﻣﺎﻛﺎرﺛﻨﻲ – ﻣﻐﻨﻲ و ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫أﻏﺎين‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﺤﺮك اﻟﺒﺨﺎري ‪ -‬اﺧﱰﻋﻪ ﺗﻮﻣﺎس‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻓريي اﳌﻬﻨﺪس اﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮي اﻷﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰي‬ ‫ﰲ ‪.١٦٩٨‬‬

‫اﻟﺴري رﺗﺸﺎد ﺑﺮاﻧﺴﻮن – رﺟﻞ اﻋامل‬ ‫وﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻟﴩﻛﺔ ﻓريﺟﻦ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺒﻨﺴﻠني – اﻛﺘﺸﻔﻪ اﻟﺴري اﻟﻜﺴﻨﺪر‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﻤﻨﻎ ﰲ ‪.١٩٢٨‬‬

‫اﳌﻠﻜﺔ ﻓﻜﺘﻮرﻳﺎ – اﳌﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﻜﻤﺖ ‪٦٤‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻐﻮاﺻﺔ – وﻟﻴﻢ ﺑﻮرن أول ﺷﺨﺺ اﻗﱰح‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻟﻐﻮاﺻﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻮن ﻟﻴﻨﻮن – ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ وﻣﺆﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮ ﺳﻴﻘﻰ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻲ يك روﻟﻨﺞ – ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺎري ﺑﻮﺗﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗُﺤﺎﻛَﻢ اﻟﺤﻴـــﻮاﻧﺎت ﰲ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﻪ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬ ‫وﺗﺼﺪر ﺑﺤﻘﻬــﺎ اﻷﺣﻜﺎم ﻷﻓﻌﺎﻟﻬﺎ اﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪث ذﻟﻚ ﰲ اﻟــﻘﺮون اﻟﻮﺳﻄﻰ ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻳُﻐﺮم أﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧﺎت ﻋﲆ اﻟﴬر‬ ‫اﻟﺬي أﺣﺪﺛﺘﻪ ﺣﻴﻮاﻧﺎﺗﻬﻢ‪ .‬أﻋﺘﻘﺪ أﻧﻜﻢ ﻟﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮوا ذﻟﻚ ﰲ أﻳﺔ ﻣﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ‬ ‫اﻻن!‬


‫ﺑﻴﻮت اﻟﻜﺘﺎب اﳌﺸﻬﻮرﻳﻦ واﳌﻤﺜﻠني‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪاﻣﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ وﻟﻴﻢ ﺷﻜﺴﺒري وﺗﺸﺎرﻟﺲ‬ ‫د ﻳﻜﻴﻨﺰ ‪.‬‬ ‫أﴐﺣﺔ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻜﺎم واﻷﺷﺨﺎص‬ ‫اﳌﺸﻬﻮرﻳﻦ ﰲ ﻣﻘﱪة وﻳﺴﺘﻤﻨﺴﱰ‪.‬‬

‫»ﻗﻄﺎرات اﻻﻧــﻔﺎق« ﻫﻲ أول وأﻛــﱪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎم ﻧﻘﻞ ﺗﺤــﺖ اﻷرض‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺴﻤﻰ اﻟﻌﻠﻢ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰي ﻋﻠﻢ اﻹﺗﺤﺎد‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻋﲆ اﻟﻴﺎﺑﺴﺔ وﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺎك اﻹﺗﺤﺎدي ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﻋﲆ ﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻔﻴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﺘﺎﺣﻒ اﻟﺮاﺋﻌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻮاﻃﺊ اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺿﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﺎﻃﺊ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻛﺒﻮل ﰲ ﻻﻧﻜﺸﺎﻳﺮ‪.‬‬

‫رويب وﻟﻴﻢ – ﻣﻄﺮب‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ذات أﻃﻮل اﺳﻢ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة‬ ‫ﰲ وﻳﻠﺰ واﺳﻤﻬــﺎ ﻟﻼﻧﻔريﺑﻮﻟﻠﺠﻴﻠﻠﺠﻮﺟري‬ ‫ﺷريﻧﺪروﺑﻮﻻﻧﺘﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﻮﺟﻮﺟﻮﺟﻮش واﻟﺬي‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ«ﺷﺎرع ﻛﻨــﻴﺴﺔ ﺳﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺎري ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻐﻮراﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺠﺮة اﻟﺒــﻨﺪق اﻷﺑﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮب ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮﻛــﺔ اﻟﺪواﻣﺔ اﻟــﴪﻳﻌﺔ‬ ‫وﻛﻨﻴﺴﺔ اﻟﻘﺪﻳـﺲ ﺗﻴﺴﻴﻠﻴﻮ اﻟﻘﺮﻳــﺒﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻬﻒ اﻷﺣﻤــﺮ«‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﺪاﺋﻖ اﳌﻠﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﻘﻼع – ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻼع‬ ‫ﰲ ارﺟﺎء اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻮد‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺮون اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ وﻫﻲ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ ﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎس‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺴري واﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻳﻒ اﻻﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰي –‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻤﺘﻊ مبﺴرية ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻬﺎديء‬ ‫واﻟﺮاﺋﻊ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻮم اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت – ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎن أدﻧﱪه‬ ‫وﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎن ﻧﻮﺗﻨﻐﻬﺎم وﻣﺎردي ﻏﺮاس ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﺎم ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪.‬‬ ‫زﻳﺎرة ﻣﺘﺤﻒ ﻣﺪام ﺗﻮﺳﻮا اﻟﺸﻬري‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻲ يك روﻟﻨﺞ‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﺳﻮاق اﻻﺣﺪ – اﳌﺸﻬﻮره ﰲ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫اﻧﺤﺎء اﳌﻤﻠﻜﻪ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‪.‬‬

‫اﻷﻣرية دﻳﺎﻧﺎ – أﻣرية وﻳﻠﺰ اﳌﻠﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

Due to its massive size and extensive geographic features, the states experiences a global climate. The general climate is temperate throughout the whole country. Semi-arid in the Great Plains - Arid in the Great Basin Mediterranean in coastal areas - Subtropical in the Deep South - Tropical in Florida and Hawaii - Humid continental in the North - Humid subtropical in the South - Desert in the Southwest - Polar in Alaska

Houston 2,160,821

Boston 636,479

Miami 413,892

California 38,041,430

‫ﺗﺸﻬﺪ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻃﻘﺴﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺎ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻛﱪ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺘﻬﺎ وﺗﻨﻮﻋﻬﺎ‬ .‫ اﳌﻨﺎخ اﻟﻌﺎم ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺘﺪل ﰲ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﺒﻼد‬.‫اﻟﺠﻐﺮاﰲ‬ ‫ ﻣﻨﺎخ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬- ‫ ﺟﺎف ﰲ اﻷﺣﻮاض اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬- ‫ﺷﺒﻪ ﺟﺎف ﰲ اﻟﺴﻬﻮل اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ اﺳﺘﻮايئ ﰲ‬- ‫ ﺷﺒﻪ اﺳﺘﻮايئ ﰲ أﺳﻔﻞ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب‬- ‫اﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺴﻮاﺣﻞ‬ ‫ رﻃﺐ ﺷﺒﻪ اﺳﺘﻮايئ ﰲ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب‬- ‫ رﻃﺐ ﻗﺎري ﰲ اﻟﺸامل‬- ‫ﻓﻠﻮرﻳﺪا وﻫﺎواي‬ ‫ ﻗﻄﺒﻲ ﰲ اﻻﺳﻜﺎ‬- ‫ ﺻﺤﺮاوي ﰲ اﻟﺠﻨﻮب اﻟﻐﺮيب‬-

Philadelphia Chicago Atlanta Dallas 1,547,607 2,714,856 443,775 1,241,162

Washington D.C New York, N.Y. 6,897,012 19,570,261

.‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻏري رﺳﻤﻴﺔ وﻋﺎدﻳﺔ‬

• Informal clothes. • Umbrella for rainy days.

.‫• ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﻟﻸﻳﺎم اﳌﻤﻄﺮة و ﻣﻌﺎﻃﻒ داﻓﺌﺔ ﰲ ﻓﺼﲇ اﻟﺨﺮﻳﻒ واﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬

• Warm Jackets for Autumn and Winter.

.‫• ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻄﻦ واﻟﻜﺘﺎن ﰲ اﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬

• Light cottons in Summer.

.‫• ﻳﻮﴅ ﺑﺎﻹﺣﺘﻔﺎظ ﺑﺎﻟﺰي اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت‬

• National Costume is recommended for festivities.

• Shopping Malls are open every day– 10:00 A.M – 9:00 P.M, Monday to Saturday and 11:00 P.M – 6:00 P.M on Sundays. • Metropolitan areas have drugstores and supermarkets open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ‬١٠ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺮاﻛﺰ اﻟﺘﺴﻮق ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﻣﻦ اﻹﺛﻨني اﱃ اﻟﺴﺒﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ .‫ ﻣﺴﺎء ﰲ ﻳﻮم اﻷﺣﺪ‬٦ ‫ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ إﱃ‬١١ ‫ ﻣﺴﺎء و ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬٩ ‫اﱃ‬ ‫ أﻳﺎم ﰲ‬٧‫ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻴﻮم و‬٢٤ ‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﻷﺳﻮاق واﻟﺼﻴﺪﻻت ﰲ اﳌﺪن اﻟﻜﱪى ﳌﺪة‬ .‫اﻷﺳﺒﻮع‬ .‫• ﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﳌﺤﻼت ﰲ اﻹﺟﺎزات إﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬

• Shops are open longer during the holidays.

. ‫• وال ﻣﺎرت ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ أﻛﱪ ﻣﺮاﻛﺰ اﻟﺘﺴﻮق‬

• Major retail outlet is Wal-Mart. • Outlet Malls offer a lot of bargains.

.‫• ﺗﻘﺪم اﳌﺤﻼت أﺳﻌﺎرا ﺗﻨﺎﻓﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﻀﺎﺋﻊ اﳌﻮﺳﻢ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‬

• Halal food stores are available.

.‫• ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﺤﻼت ﺗﺒﻴﻊ اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺤﻼل‬

• Restaurants have flexible timings and are open late.

.‫• ﻟﺪى اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ أوﻗﺎت ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺮﻧﺔ وﺗﻔﺘﺢ اﱃ ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮة‬

• An array of ethnic cuisine is available. • Americans eat a lot of grilled, fried, baked, seafood and meat products.


. ‫• ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﺗﻘﺪم اﻷﻛﻼت اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﻳﻜرث اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻻﻣﺮﻳيك ﻣﻦ أﻛﻞ اﳌﺸﻮﻳﺎت واﳌﻘﻠﻴﺎت واﳌﻌﺠﻨﺎت واﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ و ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﻠﺤﻮم‬

Education Zone World of Education

• Automobiles are cheap and also the easiest mode of transportation , but the Taxis are expensive • The bus – Greyhound – and the rail “Amtrak” are the cheapest ways to get between the states. • Cheap travel tickets are available to travel from one coast to another. • Local buses and bicycles are the easiest way to get around within the city.

.‫• اﻟﺴﻴﺎرات رﺧﻴﺼﺔ وﻫﻲ اﺳﻬﻞ وﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ ﺣني أن ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ «‫• أرﺧﺺ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑني اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت ﻫﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت »ﻏﺮﻳﻬﻮﻧﺪ‬ . «‫واﻟﻘﻄﺎر »أﻣﱰاك‬ .‫• ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺗﺬاﻛﺮ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮة ﻣﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻷﺧﺮى‬ ‫• اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت اﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ واﻟﺪراﺟﺎت اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮق اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ داﺧﻞ‬ .‫اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬ .‫• ﻳﻌﺘﱪ اﳌﴚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮق اﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬

• Walking is an easy way to get around the town.

.‫• ﻫﻨﺎك ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻼب‬

• Student fares are available.

United States of America (USA) is the third largest country in the world, in area and population. It is located in the center of North America, and shares its border with Mexico in the South and Canada in the North, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west.

.‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺛﺎﻟﺚ أﻛﱪ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎُ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﳌﺴﺎﺣﺔ و اﻟﺴﻜﺎن‬ ً‫ وﺗﺘﺸﺎرك ﰲ ﺣﺪودﻫﺎ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﺎ‬,‫ﺗﻘﻊ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﰲ وﺳﻂ ﻗﺎرة أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ اﻟﺸامﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ متﺘﺪ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻣﺎ ﺑني اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻷﻃﻠﴘ ﰲ‬.‫ﻣﻊ اﳌﻜﺴﻴﻚ و ﺷامﻻً ﻣﻊ ﻛﻨﺪا‬ .‫اﻟﴩق واﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﺎدي ﰲ اﻟﻐﺮب‬

The United States consists of fifty states, forty-eight of which make up the contiguous states. The peninsula of Alaska forms the North-western part of the States and the archipelago of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. In addition to these fifty states, there are several territories in the Caribbean and Pacific.

‫ وﺗﺸﻜﻞ‬.‫ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺘﺠﺎورة‬٤٨ ،‫ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻤﺴني وﻻﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻪ ﺟﺰﻳﺮة أﻻﺳﻜﺎ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﺸامﱄ اﻟﻐﺮيب ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت وأرﺧﺒﻴﻞ ﻫﺎواي ﰲ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷراﴈ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬،‫ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ اﻟﺨﻤﺴني وﻻﻳﺔ‬.‫اﻟﻬﺎدئ‬ .‫اﻟﻜﺎرﻳﺒﻲ واﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﺎدئ‬

The States is a highly developed country with the largest national economy in the world. This thriving labor market owes its prosperity to its multicultural society. America has been a huge attraction to immigrants from all over the world, making it an ethnically diverse nation with the highest migration rates in the world. English and Spanish are the two most spoken languages due to the wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions and values, brought in by the immigrant population.

‫ ﻳﻌﻮد‬.‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺑﻠﺪ ﻣﺘﻄﻮرة ﺟﺪا ومتﻠﻚ أﻛﱪ اﻗﺘﺼﺎد وﻃﻨﻲ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬.‫اﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﰲ ازدﻫﺎر ﺳﻮق اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﳌﺘﻌﺪد اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت‬ ‫ ﻣام ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ دوﻟﺔ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﺮﻗﻴﺎ‬،‫وﺟﻬﺔ ﺟﺬاﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﺒﻼد‬ ‫ اﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ واﻹﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻫام اﻟﻠﻐﺘﺎن اﻷﻛرث‬.‫ﻣﻊ أﻋﲆ ﻣﻌﺪﻻت ﻟﻠﻬﺠﺮة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌامﻻً ﻧﻈﺮا ً ﻟﺘﻮاﺟﺪ اﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﻌﺮﻗﻴﺔ واﻧﺘﺸﺎر اﻟﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ واﻟﻘﻴﻢ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺴﺎﻫﻢ‬ .‫ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﺴﻜﺎن اﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫لماذا الدراسة في الواليات‬ ‫المتحدة األمريكية؟‬

Why study in USA? The States is a popular choice for many overseas students due to its high standard of education, the diverse culture, friendly people and opportunity for new comers, making it a safe environment to live and study.

‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﺧﻴﺎر ﻣﺤﺒﺐ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﳌﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻣام‬،‫ واﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻟﻮدي واﻟﻔﺮص اﻟﺠﻴﺪة ﻟﻠﻘﺎدﻣني اﻟﺠﺪد‬،‫ واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ‬،‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ .‫ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ آﻣﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻴﺶ واﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‬

Post-secondary education in the USA is the most prestigious. As the number one destination for international students, the U.S. offers most attractive opportunities for furthering your education. As a result, there is about 30% of the all the International Students in the world studying in the United States of America.

.ً‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮي ﰲ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ أﻛرث اﻟﻨﻈﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ رﻗﻴﺎ‬ ‫ ﻟﺘﻮﻓريﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺻﺎ وﺧﻴﺎرات‬،‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻟﻮﺟﻬﺔ اﻷوﱃ ﻟﻠﻄﻼب اﻟﺪوﻟﻴني‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﻼب‬٪٣٠ ‫ ﻫﻨﺎك ﺣﻮاﱄ‬،‫ وﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬.‫ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﺰﻳﺰ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﺨﺎص‬ .‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻴني ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﰲ اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬


Lake Shrine in Pacific Palisades has some of Gandhi’s ashes. Juneau in Alaska is the largest city in the USA. A redwood tree in California has been dubbed the ‘Tallest Living Thing’. Contrary to popular belief, no star on the American flag specifically represents any state. In fact, no law exists as to how they are even to be arranged. Iced tea was first served at the 1904 St. Louis World›s Fair. A British businessman wanted to increase tea sales in America. There is a telephone booth in the middle of the Mojave Desert! The average American drinks about 600 sodas (fizzy drinks) a year. Nine of the thirteen blimps in the world are in the USA. Americans are responsible for about 1/5 of the world’s garbage annually. That’s about 3 pounds a day per person. US Dollar bills are made out of cotton and linen. The Boston University Bridge (on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts) is the only place in the world where a boat can sail under a train driving under a car driving under an airplane.


Airplane – invented by Orville & Wilbur Wright brothers, they flew the first plane on December 17, 1903. Telegraph and Morse code – invented by Samuel F.B. Morse in 1844. Air Conditioning - invented by Willis Havilland Carrier and used in 1902. Polio Vaccine - Dr. Jonas Salk found the cure in 1954. Blood Bank – the idea was proposed by Charles Richard Drew M.D. Potato Chips – created by Chef George Crum in 1853. Microwave oven – invented by Percy Spencer in 1945. Steamboat - Robert Fulton invented the machine in 1807.

George Clooney – actor. Angelina Jolie – actress and Goodwill Ambassador. Martin Luther King, Jr. (deceased) - spiritual Civil Rights activists. Muhammad Ali - boxer and three-time World Heavyweight Champion. Michael Jackson (deceased) – singer and known as ‘King of Pop’. Michael Jordan – popular basketball player. Dan Brown - writer of ‘The Da Vinci Code’. Walt Disney – founder of Walt Disney Company. Neil Armstrong – first man to walk on the moon. Madonna – singer. Beyoncé Knowles – singer. Mark Twain (deceased) – writer and humorist. Sergey Brin - founder of the Google search engine. John Travolta – actor. Oprah Winfrey -AfricanAmerican billionaire and host of the ‘Oprah Show’. Amelia Earhart – first solo women to fly across the Atlantic. Malcolm X (deceased) - African American Human Rights activist and a Muslim leader. Bill Gates - business leader and founder of Microsoft Corporation.

Barack Obama

Barack Obama - present African American President. Education Zone World of Education

Statue of Liberty – at New York City. Giant redwoods – at the Redwood National Park in California. Yellowstone National Park – in Montana and Idaho especially in winter. Gettysburg – the battle’s location where 51,000 soldiers died. Hawaii – The tropical island. Alcatraz Island – in San Francisco. The Golden Gate Bridge – in San Francisco. Central Park – in Manhattan, it’s the largest man made park in the world.

Visit the Grand Canyon – A natural wonder of the world. Cirque du Soleil - A contemporary and hip circus, which combines highly skilled acrobats and trapeze artists. Disney World and Disneyland – The resort has theme parks, water parks and hotels and is the most visited recreational resort for tourists. Attend Festivals. Hollywood Walk of Fame – An 18 block series that is a permanent monument to achievements in the entertainment industry.

‫ﺟﻮرج ﻛﻠﻮين – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬

‫متﺜﺎل اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮرك‪.‬‬

‫أﻧﺠﻴﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺟﻮﱄ – ﻣﻤﺜﻠﺔ وﺳﻔرية اﻟﻨﻮاﻳﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﺠﺮة اﻟﺨﺸﺐ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ –‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺟﻮدة ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺨﺸﺐ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻔﻮرﻧﻴﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎرﺗﻦ ﻟﻮﺛﺮ ﻛﻨﻎ اﻷب )ﻣﺘﻮﰲ( – ﻗﺲ‬ ‫وﻧﺎﺷﻂ ﺣﻘﻮق اﻷﻧﺴﺎن‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﲇ – ﻣﻼﻛﻢ وﺑﻄﻞ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻮزن اﻟﺜﻘﻴﻞ ﺛﻼث ﻣﺮات‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﺟﺎﻛﺴﻮن )ﻣﺘﻮﰲ( – ﻣﻄﺮب‬ ‫وﻣﻌﺮوف ﻋﻨﻪ »ﻣﻠﻚ اﻟﺒﻮب«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﺟﻮردان – ﻻﻋﺐ ﻛﺮة ﺳﻠﺔﻣﺸﻬﻮر‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮي ﺑﺤرية ﴍاﻳﻦ ﰲ اﻷﺳﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺎﺳﻴﻔﻴﻜﻴﺔ )اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻟﻬﺎدي( ﻋﲆ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫رﻣﺎد ﺟﺜامن ﻏﺎﻧﺪي‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻧﻴﻮا ﰲ اﻻﺳﻜﺎ ﻫﻲ أﻛﱪ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺮة اﻟﺨﺸﺐ اﻷﺣﻤﺮ )اﻟﺼﺎج( ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻔﻮرﻧﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ »أﻃﻮل ﺷﺠﺮة ﻋﲆ ﻗﻴﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻴﺎة«‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻓﺎ ﳌﺎ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪه ﻋﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﻨﺎس‪ ،‬ﻻمتﺜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺠﻮم ﰲ اﻟﻌﻠﻢ اﻷﻣﺮﻳيك أي وﻻﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻻﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﰲ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻗﺎﻧﻮن ﻳﺤﺪد ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ اﻟﻨﺠﻮم ﰲ اﻟﻌﻠﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻳﺎدة ﻣﺒﻴﻌﺎت اﻟﺸﺎي ﰲ أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻗﺎم رﺟﻞ‬ ‫أﻋامل ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎين ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﻟﺸﺎي اﻟﺜﻠﺠﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم ‪ ١٩٠٤‬ﰲ ﻣﻌﺮض اﻟﻘﺪﻳﺲ ﻟﻮﻳﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﺔ ﻫﺎﺗﻒ ﰲ وﺳﻂ ﺻﺤﺮاء‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺎﰲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﴩب اﻷﻣﺮﻳيك ﻣﻌﺪل ‪ ٦٠٠‬ﻋﻠﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﴩوﺑﺎت اﻟﻐﺎزﻳﺔ أو اﻟﺼﻮدا ﰲ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮة – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ اﻷﺧﻮان أورﻓﻴﻞ‬ ‫وواﻟﺒﻮر راﻳﺖ واﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎدا أول ﻃﺎﺋﺮة ﰲ‬ ‫‪ ١٧‬دﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪.١٩٠٣‬‬ ‫اﺷﺎرات اﻟﺘﻠﻐﺮاف وﻣﻮرس – اﻛﺘﺸﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻣﻮﺋﻴﻞ أف يب ﻣﻮرس ﰲ ‪.١٨٤٤‬‬ ‫اﳌﱪدات اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ وﻟﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻓﻴﻼﻧﺪ ﻛﺎرﻳري واﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺖ ﰲ ‪.١٩٠٢‬‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎح ﺷﻠﻞ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل – وﺟﺪ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻧﺎس ﺳﺎﻟﻚ ﻋﻼﺟﺎ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ‪.١٩٥٤‬‬

‫دﻳﻦ ﺑﺮوان – ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻛﺘﺎب » ﻛﻮد‬ ‫د ا ﻓﻨﺘﴚ « ‪.‬‬ ‫واﻟﺖ دزين – ﻣﺆﺳﺲ ﴍﻛﺔ واﻟﺖ دزين‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻞ أرﻣﺴﺘﻮﻧﻎ – أول رﺟﻞ ﺳﺎر ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻤﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎدوﻧﺎ – ﻣﻄﺮﺑﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻮﻧﴘ ﻧﻮﻳﻠﺰ – ﻣﻄﺮﺑﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﴫف اﻟﺪم – اﻗﱰﺣﺖ اﻟﻔﻜﺮة ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺎرﻟﻴﺲ رﻳﺘﺸﺎرد درو‪.‬‬ ‫رﻗﺎﺋﻖ اﻟﺒﻄﺎﻃﺎ – اﺧﱰﻋﻬﺎ اﻟﻄﺒﺎخ ﺟﻮرج‬ ‫ﻛﺮوم ﻋﺎم ‪.١٨٥٣‬‬

‫ﺳريﺟﻲ ﺑﺮاﻳﻦ – ﻣﺨﱰع ﻣﺤﺮك اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻏﻮﻏﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺮن اﳌﺎﻳﻜﺮووﻳﻒ – اﺧﱰﻋﻪ ﺑريﳼ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻨﴪ ﰲ ‪.١٩٤٥‬‬

‫ﺑﺎراك أوﺑﺎﻣﺎ – اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ اﻷﻓﺮﻳﻘﻲ اﻷﻣﺮﻳيك‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﱄ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﻘﺎرب اﻟﺒﺨﺎري – اﺧﱰع روﺑﺮت ﻓﻮﻟﺘﻮن‬ ‫اﳌﺎﻛﻨﺔ ﰲ ‪.١٨٠٧‬‬

‫ﺟﻮن ﺗﺮاﻓﻮﻟﺘﺎ – ﻣﻤﺜﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎ ﻫﺎرت – أول اﻣﺮأة ﺗﻄري ﻋﱪ‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻠﴘ ﻟﻮﺣﺪﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻞ ﻏﻴﺘﺲ – رﺟﻞ أﻋامل وﻣﺆﺳﺲ ﴍﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﺮوﺳﻮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﻫﺎواي – اﻟﺠﺰﻳﺮة اﻹﺳﺘﻮاﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺮاس – اﳌﻮﺟﻮدة ﰲ ﺳﺎن‬ ‫ﻓﺮا ﻧﺴﺴﻜﻮ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﴪ اﻟﺒﻮاﺑﺔ اﻟﺬﻫﺒﻴﺔ – ﰲ ﺳﺎن‬ ‫ﻓﺮ ا ﻧﺴﺴﻜﻮ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﺳﻨﱰال ﺑﺎرك – ﰲ ﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎﺗﻦ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ زرﻋﺖ ﻛﻞ اﺷﺠﺎرﻫﺎ ووﺿﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫اﺣﺠﺎرﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻫﻞ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﻪ )مل ﺗﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮده ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ(‪.‬‬

‫زﻳﺎرة اﻟﻐﺮاﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﻴﻮن – ﻣﻦ ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺐ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳريك دي ﺳﻮﻟﻴﻲ – ﺳريك ﻣﻌﺎﴏ ﻳﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺑني ﻻﻋﺒﻲ اﻷوﻛﺮوﺑﺎت اﳌﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ واﻟﻔﻨﺎﻧني‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻬﻠﻮاﻧﻴني‪.‬‬ ‫دﻳﺰين وورﻟﺪ ودﻳﺰين ﻻﻧﺪ – ﻣﻨﺘﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻮي ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت ﻣﻘﺘﺒﺴﺔ ﻣﻦ أﻓﻼم دﻳﺰين‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎرﺗﻮﻧﻴﻪ وﺣﺪاﺋﻖ ﻣﺎﺋﻴﻪ وﻓﻨﺎدق‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻫﺬان اﳌﻨﺘﺠﻌﺎن ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﺘﺠﻌﺎت‬ ‫اﻷﻛرث زﻳﺎرة ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺴﻴﺎح‪.‬‬

‫أوراق اﻟﺪوﻻر اﻷﻣﺮﻳيك ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻄﻦ واﻟﺠﻮت‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﴪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﻮﺳﻄﻦ )ﰲ‬ ‫وﺑﻮﺳﻄﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻮﻣﻨﻮﻳﻠﺚ‬ ‫ﺷﺎرع‬ ‫وﻣﺎﺳﻴﺎﺗﺸﻮﺳﻴﺘﺲ( ﻫﻮ اﳌﻜﺎن اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻟﺬي ميﻜﻦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﻘﻮارب اﻹﺑﺤﺎر‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ اﻟﻘﻄﺎر اﻟﺬي ﻳﺴري ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎرة ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ اﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮة )ﺟﴪ ذو‬ ‫ﻃﺎ ﺑﻘﺎ ن ( ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻴﺘﻴﺰﺑﻮرغ – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ راح‬ ‫ﺿﺤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ‪ ٥١,٠٠٠‬ﺟﻨﺪي‪.‬‬

‫أوﺑﺮا وﻳﻨﻔﺮي – ﺑﻠﻴﻮﻧرية أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ أﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﺻﺎﺣﺒﺔ اﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻲ اﳌﺴﻤﻰ »‬ ‫أوﺑﺮا«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎرك ﺗﻮﻳﻦ )ﻣﺘﻮﰲ( – ﻛﺎﺗﺐ وﻓﻨﺎن‬ ‫ﺳﺎ ﺧﺮ ‪.‬‬

‫اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻮن ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻮن ﻋﻦ ﺣﻮاﱄ ‪١/٥‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎت ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‪ .‬مبﻌﺪل ‪ ٣‬رﻃﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺨﺺ اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ ﰲ اﻟﻴﻮم‪.‬‬

‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺤﺠﺮ اﻷﺻﻔﺮ– ﰲ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻧﺎ‬ ‫وأﻳﺪاﻫﻮ وﻫﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻖ اﻟﺰﻳﺎرة ﰲ اﻟﺸﺘﺎء‪.‬‬

‫اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴرية ﻫﻮﻟﻴﻮود ﻟﻠﺸﻬﺮة – ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪١٨‬ﺣﺠﺮ واﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺼﺒﺖ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ دامئﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻴﻴﺪ ذﻛﺮى اﳌﺘﻔﻮﻗني ﰲ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻔﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻮرج ﻛﻠﻮين‬ ‫‪‬‬

Proper Conduct

‫التصرف المناسب‬


he home stay family that you will be living with has opened their home to you and will consider you as a member of the family. They will be your guardians while you live with them. Therefore it is your duty and responsibility to abide with the rules of the household and respect the privacy of the other members of the house. You should be willing to share about your culture, traditions and background, and take part in family activities and outings.

Know Your Place


iving with a home stay family will provide you with a more familial environment. However, being in a new country, a new living environment and with people from different walks of life can be quite overwhelming. It is best to get to know your surroundings and for this you should ask for help from your host family, who will be welcoming to help you adjust and fit in. If you have any allergies or religious obligations, it is best to let the family know when you move in, so that they know how to deal with situation should they be one.

Cleaning Up After Yourself


hilst staying with your home stay family it is your duty to keep your room, common areas and bathrooms tidy. The host family may clean your room once a week, but if this is not offered, then it is your responsibility to clean up after yourself. The communal areas are used to converse with the host family and eat meals, if they are provided. The host family provides the laundry facilities, but it is your duty to wash your own clothes. Helping your host family is always a good way to show them your appreciation.

Internet & Telephoning Tips


he host family that you will be living with will provide you with limited access to the phone. You should keep your conversations short. Some families may only allow you to receive calls and not make any outgoing calls. If long distance calls and international calls need to be made, a phone card should be purchased to make these calls. Internet access will only be provided on permission, with restricted access, usually for checking mails, research or school work.



‫ﻗﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﺖ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺘﺴﻜﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺑﻬﺎ وذﻟﻚ ﻷﻧﻬﺎ اﻋﺘﱪﺗﻚ ﻛﻔﺮد ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻤﻦ واﺟﺒﻚ‬.‫ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻧﻮن ﻫﻢ اﻟﺮﻋﺎة ﻟﻚ ﻃﻮال ﻓﱰة ﺳﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ‬.‫اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺘﻚ أن ﺗﻠﺘﺰم ﺑﺘﻌﻠﻴامت اﻟﺒﻴﺖ واﺣﱰام ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ أﻓﺮاد اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﻛام ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ وﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻬﻢ ﺑﺜﻘﺎﻓﺘﻚ وﻋﺎداﺗﻚ‬.‫ﻣﻌﻚ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ .‫وأﺻﻮﻟﻚ واﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻧﺸﺎﻃﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ وﻧﺰﻫﺎﺗﻬﻢ‬

‫تعرف على مكانك‬


‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻚ‬.‫ن اﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺳﻴﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ أن ﺗﻜﻮن ﰲ أﺟﻮاء ﻋﺎﺋﻠﻴﺔ أﻛرث‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻜﻮن ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ وﰲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﺸﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻣﻊ اﻧﺎس ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺎرات ﺣﻴﺎة‬ ‫ وﻣﻦ اﻷﻓﻀﻞ اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ‬.‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻛﻞ ذﻟﻚ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﻔﻴﺪا ﻟﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﺬي ﺣﻮﻟﻚ وﻟﻬﺬا ﻋﻠﻴﻚ أن ﺗﻄﻠﺐ اﳌﺴﺎﻋﺪة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﻀﻴﻔﻚ واﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺴﺘﺤﺴﻦ أﺧﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬.‫ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻧﻮن ﻣﴪورﻳﻦ ﳌﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﻟيك ﺗﺘﺄﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻨﺘﻘﻞ اﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ أﻳﺔ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ أو اﻟﺘﺰاﻣﺎت دﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻟيك ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮا ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ‬ .‫اﻟﻮﺿﻊ‬

‫نظف مكانك‬


‫اﳌﺎ ﺳﺘﺒﻘﻰ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﻜﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ واﺟﺒﻚ أن ﺗﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺤﺘﻤﻞ أن ﺗﻘﻮم اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺑﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ‬.‫ﻏﺮﻓﺘﻚ واﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ واﻟﺤامﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻓﺘﻚ ﻣﺮة ﰲ اﻷﺳﺒﻮع ﻟﻜﻦ إذا مل ﺗﻘﺪم ﻟﻚ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺘﻚ‬ ‫ اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻨﺰل ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬.‫ان ﺗﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺎﻓﺔ اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬.‫ﻋﺎدة ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎدﺛﺔ وﺗﻨﺎول وﺟﺒﺎت اﻟﻄﻌﺎم ﻣﻊ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ أذا ﻗﺪم ذﻟﻚ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪم ﻟﻚ ﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻣﺎت ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﻏﺴﻞ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ وﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺘﻚ ان ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﻐﺴﻞ‬ .‫ أن ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮق اﻟﺠﻴﺪة ﻷﻇﻬﺎر ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮك ﻟﻬﻢ‬.‫ﻣﻼﺑﺴﻚ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻚ‬

‫استخدام األنترنيت والهاتف‬


‫ ﻳﺠﺐ‬.‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﳌﻀﻴﻔﺔ واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻣﺤﺪود ﻟﻠﻬﺎﺗﻒ‬ ‫ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻌﻮاﺋﻞ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﻂ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ أﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎر ﰲ ﻣﻜﺎﳌﺎﺗﻚ اﻟﻬﺎﺗﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ أذا ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎك ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻷﺟﺮاء ﻣﻜﺎﳌﺎت‬.‫ﺑﺘﻠﻘﻲ اﳌﻜﺎﳌﺎت وﻟﻴﺲ ﻷﺟﺮاء اﳌﻜﺎﳌﺎت‬ ‫إﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬.‫ﺧﺎرﺟﻴﺔ أو دوﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﴩاء ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺎت اﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ أﻓﻀﻞ اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻹﺟﺮاﺋﻬﺎ‬ ،‫اﻷﻧﱰﻧﻴﺖ ﺳﻴﻜﻮن ﻣﺴﻤﻮح ﻋﻨﺪ اﳌﻮاﻓﻘﺔ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺤﺪودﻳﺔ اﻟﺪﺧﻮل اﱃ اﳌﻮاﻗﻊ‬ ‫ميﻜﻦ ان ﻳﻜﻮن اﻷﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻟﻸﻃﻼع ﻋﲆ اﻟﱪﻳﺪ اﻷﻟﻜﱰوين واﻷﺑﺤﺎث أو اﻟﻮاﺟﺐ‬ .‫اﳌﺪرﳼ‬

Education Zone World of Education




‫‪New‬‬ ‫‪Zealand‬‬

‫‪Far East‬‬





‫‪1200 - 1500‬‬

‫‪750 - 1250‬‬

‫‪750 - 1250‬‬

‫‪760 - 900‬‬

‫‪100 - 230‬‬

‫‪300 - 500‬‬

‫‪300 - 750‬‬

‫‪360 - 1000‬‬

‫‪On Campus‬‬

‫‪1000 - 2500‬‬

‫‪700 - 1000‬‬

‫‪450 - 750‬‬

‫‪800 - 2000‬‬

‫‪150 - 250‬‬

‫‪300 - 500‬‬

‫‪400 - 1500‬‬

‫‪400 - 800‬‬

‫‪Off Campus‬‬

‫‪1000 - 1500‬‬

‫‪750 - 1100‬‬

‫‪480 - 1000‬‬

‫‪880 - 1040‬‬

‫‪300 - 700‬‬

‫‪500 - 900‬‬

‫‪400 - 800‬‬

‫‪600 - 800‬‬


‫‪The amount is in each countries currency except for UAE which is in US Dollars‬‬

‫‪Home stay‬‬

‫‪Off Campus‬‬

‫‪Residence Halls on Campus‬‬

‫‪• Provided by a local resident‬‬ ‫‪• Fully furnished single room‬‬ ‫‪• Shared bathroom and laundry facilities‬‬ ‫‪• Meals are provided‬‬ ‫‪• Encourages participation in family and‬‬ ‫‪community events‬‬ ‫‪• Secure and stable environment‬‬ ‫‪• Quickest way to learn and improve‬‬ ‫‪English‬‬

‫‪• Could be cheaper than living on campus‬‬ ‫‪• A bond is required‬‬ ‫‪• Rent varies on location and time of year‬‬ ‫‪• Additional expenses for food, transport‬‬ ‫‪and utilities like electricity, water,‬‬ ‫‪heating, telephone and Internet‬‬

‫‪• Located on or near the campus‬‬ ‫‪• Rooms can be single or shared‬‬ ‫‪• Rooms are gender specific and they are‬‬ ‫‪fully furnished‬‬ ‫‪• May included internet and telephone‬‬ ‫‪• Bathrooms can be shared or private‬‬ ‫‪• Shared kitchen, laundry facilities and‬‬ ‫‪other recreational amenities‬‬ ‫‪• Catering options are provided‬‬ ‫‪• Round the clock security‬‬




‫اﻟﴩق‬ ‫اﻻﻗﴡ‬


‫اﳌﻤﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪه‬

‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪه‬ ‫اﻻﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻪ‬

‫اﻻﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪه‬

‫داﺧﻞ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬

‫‪1000 - 360‬‬

‫‪750 - 300‬‬

‫‪500 - 300‬‬

‫‪230 - 100‬‬

‫‪900 - 760‬‬

‫‪1250 - 750‬‬

‫‪1250 - 750‬‬

‫‪1500 - 1200‬‬

‫ﺧﺎرج اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬

‫‪800 - 400‬‬

‫‪1500 - 400‬‬

‫‪500 - 300‬‬

‫‪250 - 150‬‬

‫‪2000 - 800‬‬

‫‪750 - 450‬‬

‫‪1000 - 700‬‬

‫‪2500 - 1000‬‬

‫‪900 - 500 800 - 400‬‬ ‫‪800 - 600‬‬ ‫ﻣﻊ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺒﻠﻎ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ اﻋﻼه ﻣﺎ ﻋﺪى دوﻟﺔ اﻻﻣﺎرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﻓﻬﻲ ﺑﻌﻤﻠﺔ اﻟﺪوﻻر اﻻﻣﺮﻳيك‬

‫‪700 - 300‬‬

‫‪1040 - 880‬‬

‫‪1000 - 480‬‬

‫‪1100 - 750‬‬

‫‪1500 - 1000‬‬

‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‬

‫السكن في الحرم الجامعي‬

‫ﻳﻘﻊ ﰲ أو ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮب ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﺮم اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺮف ﻟﺸﺨﺺ واﺣﺪ أو ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮف ﻣﻤﻜﻦ أن ﺗﻜﻮن ﻟﻸﻧﺎث أو اﻟﺬﻛﻮر وﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﺆﺛﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت اﻷﻧﱰﻧﻴﺖ واﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﺤامﻣﺎت ميﻜﻦ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ أو ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ اﳌﻄﺒﺦ وﻏﺮف اﻟﻐﺴﻴﻞ وﺑﺎﻗﻲ اﳌﺴﺘﻠﺰﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﱰﻓﻴﻬﻴﺔ ﺑﺼﻮرة ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﻘﺪم وﺟﺒﺎت اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬ ‫ﺣامﻳﺔ أﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺪار اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬


‫السكن خارج الحرم الجامعي‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮن أرﺧﺺ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ ﺿﻤﻦ اﻟﺤﺮم اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺐ اﻟﻮدﻳﻌﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻹﻳﺠﺎر ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﻷﻳﺠﺎر ﻳﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺤﺴﺐ اﳌﻮﻗﻊ واﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﰲ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻒ إﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ اﻟﻄﻌﺎم واﻟﻨﻘﻞ واﳌﻨﺎﻓﻊ اﻷﺧﺮى‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء واﻟﺘﺪﻓﺌﺔ واﳌﺎء واﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ واﻷﻧﱰﻧﻴﺖ‬


‫السكن مع العائلة‬

‫ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺴﻜﺎن اﳌﺤﻠﻴني‬ ‫ﻏﺮف ﻣﻨﻔﺮدة ﻣﺆﺛﺜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺤامم وﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﻏﺴﻴﻞ اﳌﻼﺑﺲ ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻜﻦ ﺷﺎﻣﻼ وﺟﺒﺎت اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻋﻮة ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﻴﺔ واﻷﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ أﻣﻨﺔ وﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﴪﻳﻌﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ وﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻷﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬

Advantages of some hostels are that you will be provided with swimming pools, a gym and ready food.

‫ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺰاﻳﺎ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ اﻧﻚ ﺗﺤﺼﻞ‬،‫اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻲ‬ ‫ و‬،‫ﻋﲆ ﺣﻮض اﻟﺴﺒﺎﺣﺔ‬ .‫ﺻﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ و اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ‬

Shared accommodations & homestay with Single or Double rooms. Be independent & cook your own food.

‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺑﻴﻮت ذات‬ ‫ﻏﺮف ﻓﺮدﻳﻪ‬ ‫او ﻣﺸﱰﻛﻪ‬ ‫و ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻋﺪاد‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬

EXPENSES • You are responsible for your own expenses. • Budget yourself on a monthly basis. • Make sure you have at least 50 (of any currency) or a working credit or debit card with you at all times to cover unexpected expenses. • Always carry loose change for the bus or other small transactions. • Saving energy and electricity at your place of residence will help reduce the rent you have to pay for utilities.

BANKING TIPS AND INFORMATION • Please know the currency of the country you are going to study in and its value in comparison to your country’s currency to avoid miscalculations. • Open a bank account on arrival; look for special student packages. • Banking hours are Monday to Thursday, 9:00 A.M - 4:00 P.M, and Friday’s from 9:00 A.M to 5:00 P.M. Some banks are open on Saturdays. • Cash, Travellers Cheque, Visa cards Master Cards and Bank Drafts can be used. • Avoid taking GCC currency as it might not be exchanged for you.

TRANSPORTATION • Invest in a map. • Take time to understand the transportation system there. • Avoid taxis as they are expensive and use them only when necessary. • Walking is the best way to cover shorter distances. • Invest in a bicycle, to help you get to places faster. • Do not expect to be driven to all your classes if you are living with a family.

SETTLING IN • If no one picks you at the airport, or you haven’t arranged to be picked up, contact the information centre at the airport on arrival for assistance on arranging a taxi to take you to your residence. • Always carry the number of a relative or home stay family or the International Student Office or School so that you can reach them in case of an emergency. • Note the number of the emergency and police in case of an emergency. • Always contact the Academic Counsellor of your program to clarify on problems or information that you may require on the course you are studying. • To change accommodation on arrival, speak to the residential office.

Feeling constantly miserable and not knowing why. Feeling a sense of imprisonment in your own room. Feeling dissatisfied with everything. Feeling alienated and threatened by being around people coming from completely different cultural and familial backgrounds. Feeling the need to go back home as soon as you arrive Losing your appetite at mealtimes because the atmosphere differs from your homes. Feeling isolated because you think that you’re the only person feeling homesick. Yearning to see something or someone familiar at the end of the day.


ITEMS TO TAKE WITH YOU • Your passport and other legal documents that you may require once you are there. • All your Certificates and Diplomas. • Insurance coverage for you - whether it be health, travel or for your possessions. • Photographs or mementos that will help remind you of home. • A comfortable and good pair of walking shoes, as you would be doing a lot of walking. • Traditional costume for functions. • Travel adaptor.

MEDICAL AND HEALTH INSURANCE • International Students going to study abroad are encouraged to buy an Overseas Student Health insurance that is recommended by the university before their arrival in the country of destination. • Dental, Optical and Physiotherapy are not covered by student health insurance and an additional health insurance needs to be bought to cover this.

ITEMS TO AVOID BRINGING • Food items such as nuts, fruits and meat products should be avoided. • Animals are not allowed.

Bring familiar items from home to your new location. Photos, stuffed animals, books, something to give you a sense of continuity. Familiarise yourself with your new surroundings. Walk around; you’ll feel more in control if you know where buildings, classes and services are. Keep in touch with people back home. You could always email them about your recent activities and experiences. Seek new opportunities. As scary as it is to face all those people, all those classes, all those choices, you will still find people you’ll like and get along well with. Take classes that interest you and get involved in your favourite activity or try new ones.

Education Zone World of Education


‫اﻟﻤﺼﺮوﻓﺎت‬ ‫أﻧﺖ اﳌﺴﺆول ﻋﻦ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺼﺎرﻳﻔﻚ اﻟﻴﻮﻣﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﻋﺪ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻚ ﻣﻴﺰاﻧﻴﺔ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﻌﻚ دامئﺎ ﻋﲆ اﻷﻗﻞ ‪ ٥٠‬دوﻻر )ﻧﻘﺪا(‬ ‫أو ﰲ رﺻﻴﺪ ﺣﺴﺎب ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻹﺋﺘامن أو ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﺴﺤﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﻣﴫوﻓﺎﺗﻚ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻛﺪ دامئﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻤﻞ اﻟﻌﻤﻼت اﻟﺼﻐرية ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﻬﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻼت أو اﻟﺪﻓﻌﺎت اﻟﺼﻐرية اﻷﺧﺮى‪.‬‬ ‫إﺧﻔﺾ اﺳﺘﻬﻼك اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﻘﻠﺺ ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ‬ ‫وﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻣﺎت اﳌﻌﻴﺸﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﺼﺎﺋﺢ و‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﺑﻨﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﴬوري ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻼت وﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﻘﺎرﻧﺔ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﺔ ﺑﻠﺪك ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﺑﺎن ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ اﳌﺼﺎرﻳﻒ اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ واﳌﻌﻴﺸﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺣﺴﺎب ﺑﻨيك ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎب ﺧﺎص ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻼب‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎت ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﺒﻨﻮك ﻫﻲ أﻳﺎم اﻹﺛﻨني ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺨﻤﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ ٩‬ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ إﱃ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ ٤‬ﻣﺴﺎءا وﻳﻮم اﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ ٩‬ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ ٥‬ﻣﺴﺎءا ﻛام ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻨﻮك أﻳﺎم اﻟﺴﺒﺖ ﰲ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ دول اﻟﻌﺎمل‪.‬‬ ‫ميﻜﻦ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻨﻘﺪ واﻟﺸﻴﻜﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﻴﺔ واﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﻻﺋﺘامﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻔﻴﺰا أو اﳌﺎﺳﱰ ﻛﺎرد وﻛﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳﻼت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻨﻜﻴﺔ اﻷﺧﺮى‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﻤﻼت دول ﻣﺠﻠﺲ اﻟﺘﻌﺎون اﻟﺨﻠﻴﺠﻲ ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﳌﺤﺘﻤﻞ أن ﻻ ﻳﺘﻢ ﴏﻓﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫أﺣﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺧﺎرﻃﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻠﺪ اﻟﺬي ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺬ وﻗﺘﻚ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻨﺐ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﺳﻴﺎرات اﻷﺟﺮة ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﰲ أﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ واﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﴬورة‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﴚ ﻣﻦ أﻓﻀﻞ اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮل إﱃ اﳌﺴﺎﻓﺎت اﻟﻘﺼرية‪.‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪم اﻟﺪراﺟﺔ اﻟﻬﻮاﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮل إﱃ اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺑﺼﻮرة‬ ‫أﴎع‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻊ أن ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻠﻚ إﱃ ﻛﻞ اﻟﺼﻔﻮف أو اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ‪.‬‬


‫ﺟﻮاز اﻟﺴﻔﺮ وﻛﻞ اﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ اﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ أﻷﺧﺮى اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﺣﺎل وﺻﻮﻟﻚ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻞ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدات اﻟﺪراﺳﻴﺔ وأﻳﺔ أوراق ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﻬﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻣني ﻳﻐﻄﻴﻚ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎ ﺳﻮاء ﻛﺎن ﻟﻠﺼﺤﺔ أو ﻟﻠﺴﻔﺮ أو‬ ‫اﳌﻤﺘﻠﻜﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻮر أو ﺗﺬﻛﺎرات ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪك ﻋﲆ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻠﺪك‬ ‫أﺣﺬﻳﺔ ﻣﺮﻳﺤﺔ وﺟﻴﺪة ﻟﻠﻤﴚ ﺣﻴﺚ أﻧﻚ ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﺎﳌﴚ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺜري‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺑﺲ وﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎت‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺒﺲ )ﻣﺤﻮل( دوﱄ ﻟﻠﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺄﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻲ‬

‫أذا مل ﻳﺄيت أﺣﺪ ﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻟﻚ ﰲ اﳌﻄﺎر أو ان مل ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ذﻟﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻹﺗﺼﺎل ﺑﻘﺴﻢ اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﰲ اﳌﻄﺎر ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل‬ ‫ﳌﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﰲ ﺗﺄﻣني ﺳﻴﺎرة أﺟﺮة ﻹﻳﺼﺎﻟﻚ إﱃ ﻣﻜﺎن‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫أﺣﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﻚ دامئﺎ أرﻗﺎم ﻫﻮاﺗﻒ اﻷﻗﺎرب أو أﻓﺮاد اﻷﴎة‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺘﺴﻜﻦ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ أو ﻣﻜﺘﺐ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ أو‬ ‫اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮل اﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻄﻮارئ‪.‬‬ ‫دون أرﻗﺎم اﻟﻄﻮارئ واﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺎرﺋﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫أﺗﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺘﺸﺎر اﻷﻛﺎدميﻲ ﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺠﻚ اﻟﺪراﳼ ﻋﻨﺪ وﺟﻮد‬ ‫أﻳﺔ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ أو ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻋﻦ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﻮاد اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪرﺳﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪث ﻣﻊ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ اﻟﺴﻜﻦ ﰲ ﺣﺎل اﻟﺮﻏﺒﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻐﻴري‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻜﻦ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺸﻌﻮر اﻟﺪاﺋﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺰن ﻣﻊ ﻋﺪم ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﺴﺒﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻹﺣﺴﺎس ﺑﺄﻧﻚ ﻣﺴﺠﻮن ﰲ ﻏﺮﻓﺘﻚ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﻮر ﺑﻌﺪم اﻟﺮﴇ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺊ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻹﺣﺴﺎس ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮﺑﺔ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻚ ﻣﺤﺎط ﺑﺄﺷﺨﺎص ﻣﻦ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺎت وﺟﺬور‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺋﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻹﺣﺴﺎس ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﺒﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﻮدة إﱃ اﻟﻮﻃﻦ ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﺑﻌﺪ وﺻﻮﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪان اﻟﺸﻬﻴﺔ ﰲ أوﻗﺎت اﻟﻮﺟﺒﺎت ﻻﺧﺘﻼف اﻟﺠﻮ اﻟﻌﺎم اﳌﺤﻴﻂ ﺑﻚ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﻮر ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺰﻟﺔ ﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎدك أﻧﻚ اﻟﺸﺨﺺ اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ اﻟﺬي ﻳﻌﺎين ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻨني ﻟﻠﻮﻃﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻨني ﻟﺮؤﻳﺔ ﳾء أو ﺷﺨﺺ ﻣﺄﻟﻮف ﰲ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻴﻮم‪.‬‬


‫ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫إﺻﻄﺤﺎب ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬

‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﻟﺬاﻫﺒﻮن ﻟﻠﺪراﺳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺨﺎرج اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻣني ﺻﺤﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻠﺪ أو اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺟﻰ اﻷﺧﺬ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎر اﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻢ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﻋﻼج اﻷﺳﻨﺎن‬ ‫أو اﻟﻌﻴﻮن أو اﻟﻌﻼج اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ وﻟﻬﺬا ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﴍاء ﺗﺄﻣني‬ ‫إﺿﺎﰲ ﻟﺘﻐﻄﻴﺔ ذﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺠﻨﺐ ﺟﻠﺐ‬ ‫ا‪C‬ﺷﻴﺎء اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻌﻤﺔ وﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﳌﻜﴪات واﻟﻔﻮاﻛﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺠﻠﺐ اﻟﺤﻴﻮاﻧﺎت‪.‬‬

‫اﻗﺘﻨﺎء أﺷﻴﺎء ﻣﺄﻟﻮﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﺪك إﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﺼﻮر وأﻟﻌﺎب ﻣﺤﺸﻮة‬ ‫أو ﻛﺘﺐ أو أي ﺷﺊ ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻚ إﺣﺴﺎس ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻗﻠﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻴﺌﺘﻚ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة اﳌﺤﻴﻄﺔ ﺑﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻮل ﰲ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻚ ﻓﺴﻮف‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻚ ذﻟﻚ إﺣﺴﺎس ﺑﺄﻧﻚ ﻣﺘﺤﻜﻢ أﻛرث ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ أﻳﻦ ﺗﺘﻮاﺟﺪ‬ ‫اﳌﺒﺎين واﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت وﻏريﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ مبﺮاﺳﻠﺔ أﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻚ وﻋﺎﺋﻠﺘﻚ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﱪﻳﺪ اﻻﻟﻜﱰوين أو‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻠﻔﻮن وﺣﺪﺛﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺘﻚ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة‪.‬‬ ‫اﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺮص ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻓﺮﻏﻢ اﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺨﻴﻒ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺆﻻء‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺎس واﻟﺪروس واﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎرات ﻓﺤﺘامً ﺳﻮف ﺗﺠﺪ أﻧﺎس ﺗﺘﻔﻖ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫اﺣﺮص ﻋﲆ ﺣﻀﻮر اﻟﺪروس اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻫﺘامﻣﺎﺗﻚ واﺷﱰك ﰲ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻃﺎﺗﻚ اﳌﻔﻀﻠﺔ أو ﺟﺮب أﻧﺸﻄﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‪.‬‬


UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES Costs in different parts of the world differ greatly. Costs depend on the socioeconomics factors of each country, the number of universities, the value of its currency and the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s strength in Education. Some countries offer its education free to all students whether locals or internationals. All costs are annual. 138

Education Zone World of Education


UK (₤)


Average fees: 7,000 - 17,000 Living Expenses: 7,500 - 12,000 Other costs (tickets, insurance etc): 2,000 - 4,000

Average fees: 8,000 - 18,000 Living Expenses: 7,000 - 10,000 Other costs (tickets, insurance etc): 1,500 - 2,000

Average fees: 7,000 - 25,000 Living Expenses: 16,000 - 18,000 Other costs (tickets, insurance etc): 2,000 - 4,000




Average fees: 12,000 - 50,000 Living Expenses: 15,000 - 20,000 Other costs (tickets, insurance etc): 2,500 - 5,000

Average fees (University): 500 - 1,000 Average fees (Language): 5,000 - 9,000 Living Expenses: 7,500 - 10,000 Other costs (tickets, insurance etc): 1,500 - 3 ,000

Average fees: 9,000 - 28,000 Living Expenses: 10,000 - 15,000 Other costs (tickets, insurance etc): 3,000 - 5,000

‫ﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬C‫اﻟﻤﺒﺎدئ ا‬

.‫ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﰲ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ أﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ و ﻋﺪد اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺎت و‬ .‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ و ﻗﻮة ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ .‫ﺗﻘﺪم ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺪول اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺠﺎﻧﺎً ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻄﻼب ﺳﻮاء اﳌﺤﻠﻴني أو اﻷﺟﺎﻧﺐ‬ .‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬



‫ﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﺑﺮاﻣﺞ ﻳﴩف ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ وﺗﻘﺎم ﻋﺎدة ﰲ أوﻗﺎت اﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻷﻋامر‪ .‬اﻟﻬﺪف اﻟﺮﺋﻴﴘ ﻣﻦ اﻗﺎﻣﺔ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻫﻮ ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻔﻞ‪ .‬ﻓﻜﻞ ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع ﻣﺤﺪد ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻔﻦ أو اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ أو اﻟﻠﻐﺎت أواﻟﻬﻮاﻳﺎت وﻏريﻫﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﳌﻜﺎن اﻟﺬي ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ اﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﻬﺎراﺗﻪ اﻟﻔﻴﺰﻳﺎﺋﻴﺔ واﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ أﻣﻨﺔ أﺛﻨﺎء ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻠﻪ ﻣﻊ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل اﻷﺧﺮﻳﻦ واﳌﴩﻓني‪ .‬ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ اﻟﱰﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻻﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺣﻴﺚ ميﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ أن ﻳﺸﺎرك وﻳﺘﻄﻮر وﻳﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺨﱪة واﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﺲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ اﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﰲ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ أن ﻳﺴﱰﻳﺢ وﻳﺒﺘﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎت اﻟﻴﻮﻣﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺤﺐ‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺬي ﻳﻘﻀﻮﻧﻪ ﺧﺎرج وﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻋﻦ أوﻟﻴﺎء أﻣﻮرﻫﻢ وﻗﻀﺎء اﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﻊ أﻃﻔﺎل ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﻋامرﻫﻢ وﻣﻌﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻌﻠﻤﻮن اﻟﻜﺜري ﻣﻦ اﳌﻬﺎرات ﰲ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات‪.‬‬ ‫أوﻟﻴﺎء اﻷﻣﻮر‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺣﺚ ﻃﻔﻠﻜﻢ أو أﻃﻔﺎﻟﻜﻢ ﻟﻠﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﰲ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻲ ﺣﻴﺚ اﻧﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪون ﻃﻔﻠﻜﻢ ﰲ ﺑﻨﺎء ﺛﻘﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ أو ﺛﻘﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‪ .‬واﻟﺴامح ﻟﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﺎزة اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات ﻳﺤﺴﻦ ﻣﻦ اﺣﱰام اﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ وﻳﺘﻌﻠﻤﻮن أن ﻳﺼﺒﺤﻮا ﻣﻨﺘﺠني أﻛرث ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ اﻟﻨﺎس اﻷﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

‫وألختيار المعسكر عليكم أعطاء أهمية للتالي‪:‬‬


‫ذا ﻳﺤﺐ أو ﻳﻜﺮه ﻃﻔﻠﻚ؟ ﻫﺬا ﺳﻴﺴﺎﻋﺪك ﻋﲆ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻠﻚ اﻟﺬﻫﺎب اﻟﻴﻬﺎ اوإﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ .‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﳌﺮﻓﻮض واﳌﻘﺒﻮل ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺻﻴﻔﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ‪ -‬ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﻻﻳﺘﺨﺬ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﺮار ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻜﻢ ﻛﺄوﻟﻴﺎء أﻣﻮر ﺑﻞ مبﺸﺎرﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل أﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻷﻧﻬﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺸﺎرﻛﻮن ﰲ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ‪.‬ﻵﺣﻈﻮا رﺟﺎءا أﻧﻪ ﻻميﻜﻨﻜﻢ أن‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺠﻠﻮا ﻃﻔﻠﻜﻢ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮ أﻧﺘﻢ ﺗﻮدون ان ﻳﺬﻫﺐ اﻟﻴﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﺗﻮاﻓﻘﻮ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﻋﲆ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ‬ ‫وأن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﺸﻌﻮر ﻋﻨﻪ! أﻧﺎ أﻗﻮل ذﻟﻚ ﻷن ﻫﻨﺎك اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷﴎ ﺗﺨﺘﺎر اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻷوﻻدﻫﺎ ﺑﺪون اﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﻀﻠﻪ اﻟﻄﻔﻞ ‪ -‬وﺗﻌﺮﻓﻮن اﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻦ ﻳﻌﺠﺐ اﻟﻄﻔﻞ ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻲ‪ .‬ﻣﻊ أن ﺣﺚ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل ﰲ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻛﺄوﻟﻴﺎء أﻣﻮر وأﻃﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺎﺣني ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﴚء اﻷﺧﺮ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﺘﻔﻜري ﺑﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ اﻟﻮاﻗﻌﻴﺔ‪ .‬اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎمئﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎت ﻟﺠﻌﻞ اﻟﻄﻼب ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻟني ﺧﻼل اﻟﻴﻮم‪ ،‬وﻟﻜﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻳﺪل ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ‪ .‬ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات ﺗﻨﺸﻂ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﺠامﻋﻲ ﻟﻐﺮض ﺗﺤﺴني اﳌﻬﺎرات اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ‪ ،‬ﰲ ﺣني أﺧﺮى ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻟﱰى أﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺎﺗﻪ أو اﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺎﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﺘﻨﺎﻓﺴﻴﺔ ﻃﻮال اﻟﻴﻮم‪.‬‬


‫‪ummer camps are supervised programmes that usually take place‬‬ ‫‪during the summer time for children of all ages. The main reasons‬‬ ‫‪summer camps are around is for the development of children’s educa‬‬‫‪tion and culture. Every camp has a theme such as art, sports, religion,‬‬ ‫‪and hobbies and so on and so forth. Summer camps are run in places‬‬ ‫‪that allow children to enhance their skills both physically and emo‬‬‫‪tionally in a safe environment while interacting with other children‬‬ ‫‪and supervisors. These camps have nurturing and positive environ‬‬‫‪ments where children can participate, develop, gain experience and‬‬ ‫‪confidence.‬‬ ‫‪Summer camps are places where children can unwind and escape‬‬ ‫‪their daily activities. Children would be enjoying their time outside‬‬ ‫‪and away from their parents, spending it with other children of similar‬‬ ‫‪ages, and are simultaneously learning a lot. They will be learning an‬‬ ‫‪immense amount of skills from these camps.‬‬ ‫‪Parents, you should be encouraged to sign your child or children up‬‬ ‫‪for a summer camp, as you will be assisting your child in building his‬‬ ‫‪or her self - confidence. Allowing them to enjoy their summer vaca‬‬‫‪tion in these camps will improve their self-esteem and teach them to‬‬ ‫‪become more productive when interacting with other people.‬‬

‫‪To choose a camp, consider the following:‬‬


‫‪hat are your child’s likes and dislikes? This will allow you to‬‬ ‫‪eliminate the summer camps your child wouldn’t want to attend‬‬ ‫‪and find some suitable ones that he or she would enjoy. Secondly,‬‬ ‫‪find the pros and cons of each suitable summer camp - this decision‬‬ ‫‪shouldn’t only be from you “parents”, but should also come from the‬‬

‫‪Education Zone World of Education‬‬




Education Zone World of Education

‫لماذا على طفلي أن يدخل معسكر صيفي؟‬


‫ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬.‫ﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻲ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ اﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻢ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻣﻦ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل اﻷﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﺘﻄﻮر ﻣﻬﺎرات ﻃﻔﻠﻚ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ واﺿﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺤﺎﻻت أو اﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻣام ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻬﻢ أﻗﻞ أﻋﺘامدا ﻋﲆ ذوﻳﻬﻢ وﺑﺜﻘﺔ أﻛﱪ‬ .‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﺲ‬

‫ ﻳﻠﺘﻘﻲ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل‬.‫اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺳﺘﻤﻜﻦ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل ﻣﻦ ﺑﻨﺎء وﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺻﺪاﻗﺎت ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ اﻷﻣﺪ‬ ‫ وﻫﺆﻻء‬.‫ﰲ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻃﻔﺎل ﻣﻦ دول ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻪ وﻳﻘﻀﻮن ﻃﻮال ﻓﱰة اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺳﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﻛام اﻧﻬﻢ‬،‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﺘﺸﺎرﻛﻮن ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻻﻫﺘامﻣﺎت‬،‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل ﻣﻦ أﺻﻮل وﺛﻘﺎﻓﺎت ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﻔﺎﻫﻤﻮن ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ اﻟﺒﻌﺾ واﺧﺘﻼف اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت ميﻜﻦ أن ﻳﻔﻴﺪ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل وﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ‬ .‫اﻟﻔﱰه ذﻛﺮى ﻻﺗﻨﴗ‬ children themselves because they are the ones that will be actually attending the camp. Please note that you can’t make your child attend a camp that you would like him or her to attend, you must both agree on the camp and feel the same about it! The reason for claiming this is because a lot of parents choose a camp for their children without actually knowing what the children want - and you know what the end result is, the child would dislike summer camps. Hence, encourage the children into choosing the camp they wish so that both the parents and the children end up satisfied.

‫اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮات اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺳﺘﺴﻤﺢ ﻷﻃﻔﺎﻟﻚ أن ﻳﺤﺼﻠﻮا ﻋﲆ ﻣﻬﺎرات ﺟﺪﻳﺪة أو ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺔ اﳌﻬﺎرات اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ ﺳﻴﻄﻮر اﻷﻃﻔﺎل ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ اﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ اﻟﺼﻴﻔﻲ ﻣﻬﺎرات ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬.‫ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫وﺗﺒﻨﻲ ﻣﻬﺎرات ﻣﻦ اﻷﻃﻔﺎل اﻷﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﻼل اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎت ﻛام ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﳌﻬﺎرات اﻟﺨﻔﻴﺔ‬ .‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎل‬

Another thing to think about is the actual philosophy of the camp. Many camps have a programme with a large list of activities to keep the kids busy throughout the day, but the way they do that defines the camp’s philosophy. Most of the summer camps stimulate teamwork so as to improve the children’s social skills, while other camps rely on the child in order to see his or her competitive side all day long.

Why should my child attend a summer camp?


ummer camps will develop your child’s personal strengths - and this is one of the main aims of a summer camp. Being in a camp with many other children, your child’s social skills will improve noticeably. Children will learn how to cope with different situations or problems - making them less reliant on their parents and more dependable and more self - confident. Additionally, summer camps would allow children to establish and develop long lasting friendships. Children meet each other in summer camps, and spend that entire duration of the camp together. These children are from different cultures and backgrounds, but they share the same interests, hence they would be interested in befriending one another and learning the different cultures could benefit the children and make it an unforgettable experience. Summer camps would allow your child to obtain new skills or strengthen the skills they already possess. Through the different activities the summer camp entails, children will develop new skills and adopt skills from other children during their activity sharing. What is very interesting is more often than not; summer camps are where children will be able to uncover their hidden talents!


Here are some summer activities

to tempt your kids with: Archery, Art

of writing,

Arts &

crAfts, BAsketBAll, cAnoe tripping, cAnoeing, chAllenge swing, climBing wAll, cooking & pAstry mAking,

crossBow, DrAmA, fAshion, Design, sewing, fielD sports,


BAck riDing,




footBAll, golf, horse

kAyAking, lAw, leADership, crAft, meDicine,

mountAin Biking, nAture & ecology, pottery, rock climBing, sAiling, science, snorkeling, swimming, tennis, wAke BoArDing,

wAter ing,






wooD working, yogA.

Education Zone World of Education

‫هنا قائمة لبعض النشاطات الصيفية‬

‫يمكن اإلختيار منها الطفالكم‪:‬‬ ‫إبحار‪ ،‬استخدام زوارق الكانو‪،‬‬ ‫استخدام‬






‫بالكانو‪ ،‬التزحلق على الماء‪ ،‬التنس‪ ،‬الجولف‪،‬‬ ‫الدراما‪ ،‬الرياضة الحقلية‪ ،‬السباحة‪ ،‬الطبخ وصناعة المعجنات‪ ،‬الطبيعة‬ ‫واإليكولوجي‪ ،‬ألعاب مائيه‪ ،‬العلوم‪ ،‬الغوص باستخدام الشنركل‪،‬‬ ‫الفن والنحت‪ ،‬القانون‪ ،‬القوس والنشاب‪ ،‬الكرمجه على الماء بواسطة‬ ‫اللوح الخشبي‪ ،‬اليوغا‪ ،‬إنتاج األفالم والتمثيل‪ ،‬تسلق الجدار‪ ،‬تسلق‬ ‫الصخور‪ ،‬تصميم أألزياء و الخياطة‪ ،‬جرعة التحدي‪ ،‬ركوب الخيل‪،‬‬ ‫رمي السهام‪ ،‬صعود الجبال بالدراجة الهوائية‪.‬‬ ‫صياغة الجلود طب فن الخزف والفخار‬ ‫فن القيادة فن الكتابة كرة السلة‬ ‫كرة القدم مواجهة األمواج البحرية‪.‬‬




Education Zone World of Education


ost of the countries mentioned in this book have a multicultural population. Therefore, it is rare to find people that are racist against religions. In the United Kingdom (UK) and Europe for example, Islam is the second largest religion and more than 1500 mosques are built in England, Wales, and Scotland. In Canada, the Muslim community has so far not faced any problems and religious discrimination, all thanks to the “Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms”. These rights allow Muslims to openly practice their faith, and wearing of the “Hijab” is permitted at all public places, including schools and work environment. Other places such as Australia, UK, and New Zealand also permit Muslims to wear the “Hijab” in public areas. The Muslims population in the countries mentioned is growing, and the Muslim communities are developing yearly in these different regions. Many Islamic study schools, masjids and organizations are set up for Muslims in Europe, in the United States, and in New Zealand. Halal stores are set up in most of the countries mentioned, and some restaurants serve Halal food as well. Although you cannot assume that all New Zealand meat is Halal, most of it is exported throughout the Middle East and other Islamic countries and are slaughtered according to the Islamic Laws. Inquire whether the meat is Halal or not prior to purchase to be on the safe side.


‫اﻟﺒﻴﺔ اﻟﺪول اﳌﺬﻛﻮرة ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﻠﺪ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺳﻜﺎن ﻣﺘﻌﺪدي‬ ‫ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎدر أن ﺗﺠﺪ أﺷﺨﺎص ﻋﻨﴫﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ‬.‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت‬ .‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬

‫ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﳌﺜﺎل أﻹﺳﻼم ﻫﻮ ﺛﺎين أﻛﱪ دﻳﺎﻧﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬ ‫ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﰲ إﻧﻜﻠﱰا و وﻳﻠﺰ‬١٥٠٠ ‫ ﻛام ﺗﻢ ﺑﻨﺎء أﻛرث ﻣﻦ‬،‫وأورﺑﺎ‬ ‫ومل ﺗﻮاﺟﻪ اﻟﺠﺎﻟﻴﺔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻨﺪا أﻳﺔ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬.‫و اﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪا‬ ‫وﻋﻨﴫﻳﺔ دﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﺪ اﻷن وذﻟﻚ ﺑﻔﻀﻞ اﻟﻮﺛﻴﻘﺔ اﻟﻜﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻘﻮق‬ ‫ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﻘﻮق ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻦ ﻣامرﺳﺔ ﺷﻌﺎﺋﺮﻫﻢ‬.‫واﻟﺤﺮﻳﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻞ اﻧﻔﺘﺎح وﻟﺒﺲ اﻟﺤﺠﺎب ﻣﺴﻤﻮح ﺑﻪ ﰲ اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﺎك أﻣﺎﻛﻦ أﺧﺮى ﻣﺜﻞ أﺳﱰاﻟﻴﺎ‬.‫ﺿﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ واﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫واﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﳌﺘﺤﺪة وﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا ﺗﺴﻤﺢ أﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﺎرﺗﺪاء اﻟﺤﺠﺎب ﰲ‬ ‫ ﻋﺪد اﻟﺴﻜﺎن اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﻟﺪول اﳌﺬﻛﻮرة ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‬.‫اﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ .‫ﻳﺘﺰاﻳﺪ و اﻟﺠﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﳌﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﺗﺘﻄﻮر ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ أﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺪارس اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ واﳌﻨﻈامت‬ ‫ ﺗﻢ إﻧﺸﺎء‬. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ أورﺑﺎ واﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة وﰲ ﻧﻴﻮزﻳﻠﻨﺪا‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻼت اﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺤﻼل ﰲ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪول اﻟﺘﻲ ذﻛﺮت ﻛام أن‬ .‫ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ ﺗﻘﺪم ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻷﻛﻼت اﻟﺤﻼل أﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻧﻚ ﻗﺪ ﻻ ﺗﻘﺪر أن ﺗﺨﻤﻦ أن ﻛﻞ اﻟﻠﺤﻢ اﻟﻨﻴﻮزﻟﻨﺪي‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻼ ﺣﻼل إﻻ أن ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ اﻟﻠﺤﻢ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺼﺪر إﱃ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‬ ‫ أﺳﺄل‬.‫واﻟﺪول أﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻷﺧﺮى ﻣﺬﺑﻮح وﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﴩﻳﻌﺔ أﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴام أذا ﻛﺎن اﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﺣﻼل أم ﻻ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﴩاء يك ﺗﻜﻮن ﰲ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ‬ .‫اﻟﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬




World Rank



California Institute of Technology United States of America University of Oxford United Kingdom Stanford University United States of America University of Cambridge United Kingdom Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States of America Harvard University United States of America Princeton University United States of America Imperial College London United Kingdom ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich Switzerland University of Chicago United States of America Johns Hopkins University United States of America Yale University United States of America University of California, Berkeley United States of America University College London United Kingdom Columbia University United States of America University of California, Los Angeles United States of America University of Pennsylvania United States of America Cornell University United States of America University of Toronto Canada Duke University United States of America University of Michigan United States of America Carnegie Mellon University United States of America London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom University of Edinburgh United Kingdom Northwestern University United States of America


National University of Singapore Singapore King’s College London United Kingdom Karolinska Institute Sweden LMU Munich Germany New York University United States of America École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland University of Washington United States of America University of Melbourne Australia University of British Columbia Canada KU Leuven Belgium University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States of America Heidelberg University Germany McGill University Canada University of California, San Diego United States of America University of California, Santa Barbara United States of America Georgia Institute of Technology United States of America Peking University China University of Tokyo Japan University of California, Davis United States of America University of Hong Kong Hong Kong University of Texas at Austin United States of America Tsinghua University China Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands Humboldt University of Berlin Germany University of Wisconsin-Madison United States of America Brown University

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Education Zone World of Education

Y RANKINGS 2015 - 2016 World Rank

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World Rank


United States of America Australian National University Australia Technical University of Munich Germany École Normale Supérieure France Nanyang Technological University Singapore University of Manchester United Kingdom University of Sydney Australia University of Amsterdam Netherlands Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong The University of Queensland Australia Washington University in St Louis United States of America Utrecht University Netherlands University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States of America Boston University United States of America Delft University of Technology Netherlands University of Minnesota United States of America Leiden University Netherlands University of Southern California United States of America University of Bristol United Kingdom Durham University United Kingdom Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands Free University of Berlin Germany Monash University Australia University of Groningen Netherlands Pennsylvania State University United States of America University of Glasgow United Kingdom


University of Helsinki Finland University of Tübingen Germany University of Pittsburgh United States of America University of Warwick United Kingdom Uppsala University Sweden University of Copenhagen Denmark University of New South Wales Australia University of Freiburg Germany Seoul National University South Korea University of St Andrews United Kingdom Vanderbilt University United States of America Kyoto University Japan Maastricht University Netherlands Emory University United States of America Lund University Sweden Ohio State University United States of America University of Exeter United Kingdom University of Bonn Germany Georgetown University United States of America McMaster University Canada University of Sheffield United Kingdom Queen Mary University of London United Kingdom University of Göttingen Germany Michigan State University United States of America

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University of Massachusetts: take advantage of the limitless study options in the U.S. The University of Massachusetts (UMass) has been providing high quality educational opportunities for students and faculty from all over the world for more than 100 years. According to the Times Higher Education’s 2016 World University Rankings, the UMass University System is ranked 141st in the Global Top 200.

By choosing to study with Navitas at UMass, you will benefit from: ■ an extensive range of majors to choose from in the fields of Business, Engineering, Science, Social Sciences, and Technology. ■ the flexibility of three intakes each year, with the option to begin your studies in September, January, or May. ■ studying in a diverse environment which includes students from over 45 different countries. ■ comprehensive student support, covering all aspects of your academic and non-academic life. ■ the highest standards of teaching — delivered by fully qualified, industry leading university instructors. ■ access to potential scholarship opportunities.

YOUR PATHWAY TO UNIVERSITY IN THE USA These schools are authorized under federal law to enroll non-immigrant alien students. Navitas USA is part of the Navitas Group.

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Lowell Boston Dartmouth UMASS160218_AW

Education Zone - World of education  

A Guide for students and parents interested in Study Abroad options

Education Zone - World of education  

A Guide for students and parents interested in Study Abroad options