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Back to Water Graduate Academic work Site: Pigeon Key, FL Course Project Duration: 12 weeks There will be a natural decor, if all temples there shall be chosen the HEALTHY SITES with suitable springs. For when sick persons are moved from a pestilent to a healthy place and the WATER SUPPLY

KEY WEST

is from wholesome fountains, they will more quickly recover.

There is a fact that people like to build houses along the shore and close to the water. There is no doubt WATER LOVING is a part of human nature. The site PIGEON KEY is surrounded by water, thus the concept BACK TO WATER was born by this. Also, the site was surrounded by Intertidal zone with a lot mangroves. All the elements and properties in this design are extracted from the WATER & MANGROVE on this island.

SITE

FLORIDA KEYS OVERSEAS HERITAGE TRAIL

PIGEON KEY SEVEN MILE BRIDGE


Ten Sustainable Measures

CONCEPT

The sustainability of architecture seeks to minimize the negative

The rooms in this building represent the fish

environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the

in the water, the users inside the building act

use of materials, energy, and development space and the ecosystem at

as nutritions and water, and be transported

large. Sustainable architecture uses a conscious approach to energy and

thoughout the whole system.

ecological conservation in the design of the built environment. Measure 1: Design and Innovation Measure 2: Regional/Community Design Measure 3: Land Use & Site Ecology Measure 4: Bioclimate Design

By applying the physical property of the

Measure 5: Light & Air

water, the building could maintain a comfort

Measure 6: Water Cycle

environment and help the energy system more

Measure 7: Energy Flows & Energy Future

efficient.

Measure 8: Materials & Construction Measure 9: Long Life & Loose Fit Measure 10: Collective Wisdom & Feedback Loops The transportation system applied the concept of mangrove roots, which transport nutritions and water for the above plants. The spread-out root helps to withstand the storms and heavy rains.

1.2.ACut Cuboid with 2. Cut into Private and 3. Make Crossand transportation 4. the East open5. Adjust boxes to 6. Ramps floors 1. A Cuboid 1. Awith Cuboid man1. Awith Cuboid manwith 1. into manA2.Cuboid Private Cut1.maninto A and 2. Cuboid with Private Cutmaninto with 3. and Private Cross man2. transportation 3. and Cut Cross into 2.transportation Cut 3. Private Cross into and Private transportation 4. 3. the 4.Cross Make East3. transportation openthe Cross 4. Make East transportation openthe 5. Make Adjust East4. openthe 5.Make Adjust boxes 4. the Make the 5.to East Adjust boxes the openthe 6. East to Ramps boxes open5.the Adjust 6. and toRamps floors 5.the Adjust 6. and boxes Ramps floors theto boxes and floors to 6.and Ramps 6.and Ramps floors and floors grove frome Pigeon Public space for South-North ing Bigger and Lift from create a self sun-shadeach grove frome grove Pigeon frome grove Pigeon frome Public Pigeon grove space. Public frome grove space. Public Pigeon frome space. Pigeon spacespace. for Public space South-North space. Public forspace South-North space. for ing South-North Bigger space ing and Bigger for Lift space South-North ing from and Bigger forLift South-North create from and Lift aing create self from Bigger sun-shading a create and self Bigger sun-shadLiftaand from self connecting Lift sun-shadfrom create connecting each acreate selfconnecting sun-shadeach a selfconnecting sun-shadeach connecting connecting each each Key sea water. ventilation. ground for ventilation ing system. boxes as transportation Key sea water. Key sea water. Key sea water. Key sea Key water. sea water. ventilation. ventilation. ventilation. ground for ventilation. ground ventilation ventilation. for ground ventilation for ingventilation system. ground ing system. for ground ing ventilation system. for ventilation boxes as ingboxes transportation system. ing as boxes system. transportation as transportation boxes asboxes transportation as transportation sea level and avoiding and avoiding sea level and avoiding sea and levelavoiding sea and level avoiding and avoiding sea level system. sea level system. system. system. system. system. rise. rise. rise. rise. rise. rise.


100%

DESIGN STRATEGIES: 8AM-8PM, JANUARY through DECEMBER 2.2% 52.1% 18.8% 16.9% 67.2%

1 Natural Comfort (97 hrs) 2 Sun Shading of Windows (2284 hrs) 3 Natural Ventilation Cooling (822 hrs) 4 Fan-Forced Ventilation Cooling (742 hrs) 5 Cooling & DehumidďŹ cation (2942 hrs)

88.7% Comfortable Hours using Selected Strategies (3886 out of 4380 hrs)

80%

60% .028

90%

5

2

.024

80

80 .020

70

70

3 4

60

50

10

20

50

1

40

20

60

30

40 30

30

40

50

Psychrometric Chart

60

70

80

90

100

Hollow Outer Skin for Ventilation & Sun-Shading

.016

.012

.008

.004

20

10 0

South Roof Extension

Vertical Shading on East & West Horizontal Shading on South

110

Sun-shading Analysis

Dec. 22nd 9:30 AM

Wind-rose


The site is located in Pigeon Key, Florida, where has average temperature around 65 degree ~ 82 degree, and high humidity, sufficient illumination and rainwater all year. Based on the psychrometric chart and experience during site trip, by applying the strategies of cooling and dehumidfication, Fan-Forced ventilation, natural ventilation, as well as the sun-shading of windows into the design, it is much more easier to achieve comfort sensation for users. Ventilation and Sun-shading is the key points of this project.


Wind turbines are used to generate electricity from the kinetic power of the wind, and providing electricity for Rainwater collecting

Water circulation system

WINDWARD roof Aluminum structures

Waved-like roof

Heat insulation Leave space bwtween outer-roof and inner-roof Small windows provides light stability

Interior ramps Construction simulation LAB

Wind turbines face east Transporting the flowing water pass through the facade, providing cooling sensation for the building Directly see the inner space of the holes on the cooling tower, and transport the feeling of underwater Dividing the concrete column base into 3, providing much stronger supporting for the structure

Water circulation system, transporing rainwater throughout exterior and interior space, provides comfortable temperature to the building.


-High relative strength -High toleration of tensile strain -Good bond to the concrete, irrespective of PH, moisture, and similar factors -Thermal compatibility -Durability in the concrete environment, irrespective of corrosion or sustained stress

Wind Turbines Analysis

The Aluminum beam is the dominate structure of the building, and also provides support for the curve-shaped Fabric Cast Concrete Roof.

A structure of shear walls in the center of a large building—often encasing an elevator shaft or stairwell—form a shear core.

Wind turbines are installed on the top of the Cooling tower and the facade, which could produce electricity for the daily uses, and become stand-by energy sources.

Water Circulation Analysis

Natural Ventilation Analysis

The water-pipes are built inside of the skin and could transporting the collecting rainwater from the roof to the overall building. It will produce a comfort sensation for the building as well.

The Marine high performance concrete is more durable than others, which can stand chlorine salt 90 years. The shape of the 3-feet-like structure is much stronger in order to protect from floods.


As a resilience center, it is important to keep strong enough in order to deal with any emergency. The skin on east and west side can help to resist the hurricanes, and the use of three foot columns can help to building stronger structure. The structure of this building is combined with two part, the first part is the skins, the top roof and the trunks, the second part is the main rooms building supported by columns and two building cores. High performance concrete and aluminum are used in these building instead of steel and regular concrete in order to resist the risk of erosion from chlorine.


CLASSICAL STUDIO Graduate Academic work Site: Toronto, Canada Course Project Duration: 8 weeks

The studio will analyze through two and three-dimensional drawings gothic and classical works of architecture, and treat these as spring board for a contemporaryproposition of design set within the collegiate gothic architecture of the University of Toronto's historic campus. This work will require the development of skills in digital craft and geometrical construction so that students can explore the interplay between ornamental articulations of vautlted forms.

What has been historic treated as the distinction between the structural nature of gothic architecture and the ornamental quality of classical architecture will give way in this studio to a more hybrid view of both tradition. The interlacing of bundled columns and the groining of vaults in the gothic will be compared, through discussion and analysis, to similar ideas of interwoven systems in the more generally trabeated systems of the classical language. This hybrid view of structure and ornament will become the basis for propositions of this studio.

Broadly stated, those forms of classical architecture made canonical in the renaissance drew upon structural arrangements treated as the basis for an ornamental idiom, while, by contrast, gothic architecture used an elastic arrangement of territory between ornament and structure that these two traditions offer, while recognizing that their cattegorical distinction is not watertight.


SITE University of Toronto KNOX College

CONCEPT The distortion of the Gothic pattern


What has been historic treated as the distinction between the structural nature of gothic architecture and the ornamental quality of classical architecture will give way in this studio to a more hybrid view of both tradition. The interlacing of bundled columns and the groining of vaults in the gothic will be compared, through discussion and analysis, to similar ideas of interwoven systems in the more generally trabeated systems of the classical language. This hybrid view of structure and ornament will become the basis for propositions of this studio.


The studio will analyze through two and three-dimensional drawings gothic and classical works of architecture, and treat these as spring board for a contemporaryproposition of design set within the collegiate gothic architecture of the University of Toronto's historic campus. This work will require the development of skills in digital craft and geometrical construction so that students can explore the interplay between ornamental articulations of vautlted forms.



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