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PORTFOLIO Jianwu Han GSD_MLA AP


CONTENTS

1 LAND-SCAPE LAND-FORM URBAN-FORM Prototyping The City, GSD1211 fall 2015, Chris Reed, Teamwork

2 GETTING OUT OF GTMO Roads, Borders, Landmarks, GSD1212 SPRING 2016, Fionn Byrne, Teamwork

3 THE POSSIBILITY OF AN ISLAND GSD1401 FALL 2016, Eelco Hooftman, Individual work

4 THE HIGHLINE AS URBAN SPINE GSD1603 SPRING2017, Moshe Safdie, Jaron Lubin, group/individual work

5 OFFICIAL’S HAT ROCKING ARMCHAIR Furniture Making, MIT 4.296 SPRING2017, Christopher Dewart, Individual Work


1

land-scape land-form urban-form Prototyping The City GSD1211 fall 2015 Chris Reed Teamwork, two weeks


The studio is organized as a series of prototyping workshops that generate landform and urban form models that can be utilized in populating new city districts. These workshops are intended to develop multiple starting points for the building blocks of landscapes and cities. The goal

is to provoke discussion and debate among working team, teaching team, and the various critics. Workshops during the semester include:

water distribution

plans

sections

water flow

water inundation

water hold


LANDFORM + SOCIAL ACTIVITY: how flows and activities of people may inform the making of landscape and landform in the city

plan with program distribution

activity section perspective

serial sections

plans

camping

skate boarding

campo paintball

rock park

models


URBAN FORM + DENSITY: how FAR(floor area ratio), density, and building use/program may inform the making of buildings and city blocks

study of brasilia city blocks

entertainment

/culture

residential retail

study of far

& cov

section perspective


URBAN FORM + LANDSCAPE: how landscape, urban form, and environment may collude with each other in the making of social landscapes and neighbourhoods in the city

sunlight/shadow analysis plan

plaza

cover type

pedestrian route

sections

green coverage

typography

plan perspective


ALLSTON NEW DEVELOPMENT


WORKSHOP 4 MODEL ORESTAD, COPENHAGEN

ALLSTON SITE AERIAL MAP

ORESTAD COPENHAGEN ORESTAD, COPENHAGEN

WORKSHP 2 MODEL FREE UNIVERSITY, BERLIN FREE UNIVERSITY BERLIN FREE UNIVERSITY, BERLIN

The Allston Site Condition The urban districts exercise utilizes Allston that typifies many

a site in

of those found in contemporary

cities: leftover, fully dedicated to infrastructure, contaminated to

some degree, with denuded or erased

ecological and hydrologic conditions, bordering on a complex set of urban and institutional neighbourhoods, subject to complex regulatory

oversight and requirements, with increasing pressure for dense

urban development. Much the of land happens to be owned by

Harvard

SUZHOU GARDEN CHINA SUZHOU GARDEN, SUZHOU

University, but MassDOT and related

rail agencies have jurisdiction over the site as well,

MassDOT is currently

planning a radical reconfiguration of

I-90/ the Massachusetts Turnpike and

its access roads, which will open up

much of the land for new development and open space.

the final design in workshop

4 focuses

on the wider deployment of prototypical landform and urban form strategies to describe the starting points and prototypical strategies for new

city neighbourhoods and open spaces

at Allston Landing along the Charles River in Boston. The final design will outline preliminary site, landscape, and

WORKSHOP 4 MODEL WORKSHOP 4 MODEL

infrastructure frameworks across the larger sites; delineate prototypical asseblies of landscape, infrastructure, and urban form across a

4-block

swath of the larger site, facilitate

discussion of the conceptual, func-

tional, and performative implications of the iterations.

WORKSHP 2 MODEL


FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

REORIENTATION

FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

REORIENTATION

FIGURE-GROUND FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS

FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

FIGURE-GROUND FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS ANALYSIS

FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

FIGURE-GROUND

ORIENTATION REORIENTATION

REORIENTATION REORIENTATION ORIENTATION REORIENTATION

FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS

ORIENTATION

FIGURE-GROUND FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS ANALYSIS

REORIENTATION ORIENTATION

FIGURE-GROUND

ANALYSIS

REORIENTATION

REORIENTATION


PROPOSED DESIGN AXON

GREEN ROOF AND SLOPES

POSSIBLE BUILDING MASSES

GREEN CORNER AREAS

STORM WATER PONDS

GREEN CORRIDOR BUFFER

CONTOUR AND TOPOGRAPHY


VOLUME AND FLOW ANALYSIS

The Refined Swath The final refined scheme is derived

from the combination of the previous

four iterations we did during the final workshop. And the four iterations

come from the previous workshop1 and

2.

While taking all kinds of influence factors into account, water flow, traffic flow, buiding mass, sunlight angle, topography...we let the envrionment shape the land and the landscape regulate the environment.

With the FAR 2.8 and COV 45%,

commercial buildings put at the waterfront edge and residential ones at the inner land, the original institutional buildings are dispersed among them.

The social active areas vary from season to season, from the seaside to the inner land. porous pavement and catch basins and green surface on roofs

and ground constitute the infiltration system, forming runoff streams down to the sea.

Landscape is a continuous surface with the slopes connecting the ground and the rooftop gardens, so that a system

of green corner area and the rooftop ones is complete as a whole.

Vehicle roads and pedestrian ones are

separated apart clearly the ‘turbine‘ shape of the traffic loop perfectly solves the traffic problem inside the site.


ITERATION 1

ITERATION 2

FAR:1.9 / COV: 47% This iteration is driven by distributing water, allowing runoff between blocks.The circulation loops are all on ground level, multi-level pedestrian system.

FAR:1.7 / COV: 45% This iteration is driven by holding surface water, collecting water inside each block.There is tunnel for main road, multi-level pedestrian system, green way above road.

GROUND SURFACE

GROUND SURFACE


ITERATION 3

ITERATION 4

FAR:2.1 / COV: 54% This iteration is driven by water infiltration, allowing runoff between blocks.The circulation loops are all on ground level, multi-level pedestrian system.

FAR:1.3 / COV: 24% This iteration is driven by water infiltration, collecting water inside each block.The circulation loops are all on ground level, multi-level pedestrian system.

GROUND SURFACE

GROUND SURFACE


FLOW ANALYSIS DIAGRAMS


REFINED SWATH PHYSICAL MODEL

SECTION PERSPECTIVE


LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS


1-1 SECTION

2-2 SECTION


3-3 SECTION


2 GETTING OUT OF GTMO Roads, Borders, Landmarks GSD1212 SPRING 2016 Fionn Byrne Teamwork

The US Naval base occupies 45 square miles surrounding the southern half of Guantanamo Bay. The site has been occupied by the American military for 115 years. How will they make their exit? Through our research at the regional scale, we have designed a transference of control from the US to Cuba, through the transformation of ecological flows, specifically hydrology, agriculture, and contaminant remediation. Our primary strategy engages with the region’s hydrology by renaturalizing the sectional profile of the Guantanamo River. Diverting the existing flows back into their original

floodplain will contribute to desalination and rapid ecological change within the tidal pans, instigating a physical transformation of the existing border condition. This will also force new relationships between

US military personnel and local Cuban populations.


ALTITUDINAL SECTION STUDY DIAGRAM

COMPILED AERIAL ZOOM-IN IMAGERY


GTMO AERIAL MAP

GTMO 50 YEAR MASTER PLAN

GTMO BAY

REGIONAL SCALE_AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION

If you ask people what they think of when they hear the word “Guantanamo,” the

The US Naval base occupies 45 square miles surrounding the southern half of Guantanamo Bay. The site has been occupied by the American military for 115 years. How will they make their exit? Through our research at the regional scale, we have designed a transference of control from the US to Cuba, through the transformation of ecological flows, specifically hydrology, agriculture, and contaminant remediation.

answer will invariably have to do with the

United States military detention facility

that’s been spotlighted by international debate for over a decade. Its image is

by all accounts iconic. However, if one

zooms out from the detention center, out of torture, orange jumpsuits, and annual

Our primary strategy engages with the region’s hydrology by renaturalizing the sectional profile of the Guantanamo River. Diverting

nario awaits.

to desalination and rapid ecological change within the tidal pans,

from the sensationalist media coverage defense spending, a more complex sce-

The Guantanamo Bay Naval Base is a

small but integral piece in a large and rapidly changing landscape framed by

the legacy of colonial occupations, the

the existing flows back into their original floodplain will contribute instigating a physical transformation of the existing border condition. This will also force new relationships between personnel and local

Cuban populations.

US military

GTMO is uniquely positioned to take advantage of mechanical

promise of new economic challenges, and

resources such as trucks and other heavy military equipment. By

archipelago.

earth, till soil, and harvest crops, non-traditional agricultural

the ecological richness of the

Caribbean

repurposing these military resources and using them to clear

infrastructure can be made into a driver for strategic development.

We have spent much of this semester researching crops that are

not typically grown in the region but might perform well there. [50

year plan] These crops will work to push the boundaries of agricultural land use and shape regional identity through novel products

such as olives and long grain rice. Our goal is to pave the way for agricultural agency in the area, helping to hasten the removal of US troops from the hydrologically-transformed Western side of Guantanamo Bay.


PHYTO REMEDIATION_TOBACCO

Havana

Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi HISTORY OF TOBACCO 1492 : Christopher Columbus discovered tobacco in Cuba and reported it in Europe. 1676 : Birth of the cigar in Seville. 1762 : First cigar manufacture in the U.S. 1799 : Opening of the ďŹ rst manufacture in Havana. 1815 : Napoleon launches the cigar manufacturing in France. 1817 : Abolition of the Spanish royal monopoly in Cuba. Opening of hundreds of manufacturers. 1825 : Creation of the register of marks of Havana. 1961 : U.S. embargo on Cuba which led to the creation of new land in Jamaica, Mexico, Florida and Santo Domingo.

Vuelta Abajo Semi Vuelta Partido

TOBACCO PLANTS

Remedios

1907: Cuban black tobacco (Tabaco Negro Cubano) 1940: Criollo 1992: Habana 2000 1998: Criollo 98 2006: Habano 2006(from Habana 2000 & Criollo1998)

Oriente

0

Guantanamo Bay

100km

TOBACCO CULTIVATION REGION

PHYTOREMEDIATION PROCESS REPRODUCTION PRACTICAL CONDITION Sexual reproduction

PHYTOVOLATILIZATION Description: plant turns it into a gas Contaminant type addressed: organic and inorganic

Nicotiana tabacum (No NR Gene) EXPERIMENT PROCESS

Regular Seed

T2 GENERATION

Bee Pollinated

Self Fertilized

PRESENCE OF TNT (AQUEOUS)

TOLERANCE

0 mM

weight gain 48%

0.1 mM

78% (168h)

weight loss 34%

0

die

TNT

COMPOUND (IN TISSUE)

ADNT (toxic)

TNT

roots (67 plusminus 28 nmol/g wet weight) shoots (13 plusminus 6 nmol/g wet weight)

ADNT

roots (13 plusminus 3.2 nmol/g wet weight) shoots (3 plusminus 0.33 nmol/g wet weight)

PHYTOMETABOLISM Description: plant uses it in growth, incorporates it into biomass

TNT EXTRACTION

weight gain 1%

0.25 mM 0.5 mM RESULT DETOXIFICATION

Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi (with NR Gene)

Contaminant type addressed: organic and inorganic

EXPERIMENT PROCESS

T2 GENERATION

PRESENCE OF TNT (AQUEOUS)

TOLERANCE

0 mM

weight gain 52%

TNT EXTRACTION

0.1 mM

weight gain 28%

100% (20h)

0.25 mM

weight gain 18%

100% (72h)

0.5 mM

healthy

NR Seed

RESULT DETOXIFICATION

TNT

COMPOUND (IN TISSUE)

TNT

0

ADNT

roots (10 plusminus 3 nmol/g wet weight) shoots (0.47 plusminus 0.2 nmol/g wet weight)

HADNT (not toxic)

ADNT (toxic)

PHYTODEGRADATION Description: plant destroys it Contaminant type addressed: organic

LABORATORY CONDITION Asexual reproduction

GROWTH

T1 Generation (contain NR gene)

Leaf Disk

PHYTOEXTRACTION Description: plant takes it up, stores it and is harvested O2N

Contaminant type addressed: organic and inorganic

H N

O

O

N

O

T0 Generation

O

Nicotiana tabacum

O

Parents: 1. Nicotiana sylvestris 2. Nicotiana tomentosiformis 3. Nicotiana otophora

enzyme nitroreductase (NR)

Enterobacter cloacae

PHYTOSTABILIZATION Description: plant caps and holds it in place Contaminant type addressed: organic and inorganic

RHIZODEGRADATION Description: soil biology destroys it Contaminant type addressed: organic

PHYTOHYDRAULICS Description: plant draws it close and contains it with water Contaminant type addressed: organic and inorganic

Plants acts as solar-powered pump

Groundwater direction and velocity can be manipulated by plant uptake

Contaminants can be taken up in the hydraulic process

CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER

Drip Irrigation

Probable Zone of Pollutant Contamination

Drip Irrigation

Groundwater Line Probable Zone of Pollutant Contamination Probable Zone of Pollutant Contamination

PHYTO REMEDIATION_RICE

PHYTO REMEDIATION_RICE

PHYTO REMEDIATION_CASSAVA


DECISION FLOW CHART NOT-DEMINING

DEMINING

BURN

NOT-BURN

MACHINE DEMINING

REMEDIATE

WILD SPECIES/ NO PUMP

TOBACCO/ PUMP

MILL

CENTRAL PIVOT IRRIGATION/ GOVERNMENT

NOT-MILL

WELL IRRIGATION/ PRIVATE

SOLAR PANEL

CENTRAL PIVOT IRRIGATION/ GOVERNMENT

NATURAL REMEDIATED LAND

SOLAR PANEL FIELD

NO-MACHINE

NOT-REMEDIATE

MILL/ CENTRAL PIVOT/ TOBACCO

MILL/ WELL/ TOBACCO

SOLAR PANEL/ CENTRAL PIVOT/ TOBACCO

WELL IRRIGATION/ PRIVATE

SOLAR PANEL/ WELL/ TOBACCO

WIND TURBINE

CENTRAL PIVOT IRRIGATION/ GOVERNMENT

WIND TURBINE/ CENTRAL PIVOT/ TOBACCO

WELL IRRIGATION/ PRIVATE

WIND TURBINE/ WELL/ TOBACCO

HUMAN INACCESSIBLE

STATUS QUO

WIND TURBINE FIELD

DECISION MAKING CHART Even after the collapse of the Soviet Union marked the end of major agricultural exports for Cuba, farming remains a dominant land use throughout the country. In the Guantanamo region, the existence of the base and the scarcity of water have been limiting factors for agricultural growth. Existing river outlets have been channelized to privilege transportation and limited irrigation. These diversions have contributed to the continued encroachment of a massive salt flat (seen here at the northwest corner of the base.) The separation between the base and the rest of the region has, up to today, controlled the size and form of land/water interfaces. This has in turn, reduced aquatic diversity. By rethinking the function of hydrology in and around the GTMO base, our project serves as a catalyst for change, in both highland and lowland zones, inside and outside of US controlled areas, reshaping the territorial divisions that currently mark the site. Interventions, in this context, can not only be plotted by their coordinates, but also within a bounded time scale, and along a gradient of power and influence. This thinking proposes intervention on three scales, the location, the stakeholders, and time. As Cuba begins to evolve economically with the end of US trade embargos, the function of the Naval Base and the size of its footprint need to be questioned. In working to develop a regional strategy for the base, we have

considered a number of possible factors that may come into play throughout the lifespan of a military withdrawal, with a focus on opportunities for physical, chemical, and ecological remediation. All of these figure in the decision flow diagram.

SHOOTING CACTUSES As US territory shrinks in Cuba, both governments will have to reconcile the contamination left behind by a century of artillery testing, land-mining, and unregulated dumping. In light of this, we propose the use of genetically modified tobacco plants, and other remediatory flora, which can help remove toxic traces of US occupation by taking up TNT from the soil and converting it into harmless derivatives. Soon, these plant-based remediation processes, alongside concurrent hydrological changes, will help to enable a unique agricultural program in the area.


Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Slotted tube

minerals

Slotted tube

Automatic Control Panel Fixture

DETAILED CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS Restraint Flexible Steel Cable

SOIL AFTER DEMINING SOIL AFTER DEMINING

Restraint Flexible Steel Cable

TOBACCO

WELL

SOIL AFTER PLOWING SOIL AFTER PLOWING

Leaf Litter Water Pipe

Humus

Humus

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals 500 mm

500 mm

200 mm

Burned Ashes

200 mm

Humus mixed with minerals

Burned Ashes

Slotted tube

Restraint Flexible Steel Cable

SOIL AFTER DEMINING

Burned Ashes

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

LEEWARD SIDE BIRDVIEW GTMO

2016

LEEWARD SIDE BIRD’S EYE VIEW UNITED STATES NAVAL BASE GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA

SOIL AFTER


Humus mixed with minerals

Fixture

TOBACCO

SOLAR PANEL BASE SOLAR PANEL BASE

tted tube

WILD REMEDIATING WILD SPECIES REMEDIATING SPECIES

Leaf Litter

Leaf Litter

Humus

Humus

Humus

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Leaf Litter

Leaf Litter

Automatic Control Panel Automatic Control Panel Fixture

Fixture

Flexible ble

SOIL AFTER PLOWING

WELL

TOBACCO

WELL Leaf Litter

Leaf Litter

Humus

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Water Pipe

TOBACCO

Water Pipe

Slotted tube

Slotted tube

Restraint Flexible Steel Cable

Restraint Flexible Steel Cable

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

200 mm

500 mm

LEEWARD SIDE BIRDVIEW GTMO 50 YEAR SITE PLAN

Solar Panel

Urbanization/Farmer’s House

Shurbland/Succession

New Boarder Road

Landmine

Commute Road

Salt Pan

Research Area/Biodiversity

Eco Buffer

Burned Ashes

Well/Pumping

New River

Agriculture Rotation

Old River

Bridge

Rice Farm

Olive Farm

Railway

Old Border Road

New Boarder Road

SOIL AFTER PLOWING SOIL AFTER PLOWING

River Buffer

Burned Ashes

Demining Grid

Existing Farmland

Pond

Dry Canal

Humus

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Natural Salt Pan

New Town

Old Town

Human Salt Pan

Irrigation Inlet

Landmine Per Hour

Energy/Irrigation Network

Logistic/Warehouse

Old Border Road

SOIL AFTER DEMINING SOIL AFTER DEMINING

Outlet Desalination

State Farmland

CAIMANERA EXPANSION

LOWLAND AGRICULTURE + WATER MANAGEMENT

MARSHLAND DEMINING + SALT PAN DESALINATION

Logistic/Warehouse

Private Tobacco Farmland

Humus

Humus

Humus mixed with minerals

Humus mixed with minerals

Demining Machine

500 mm

500 mm

200 mm

New Road

200 mm

UPLAND AGRICULTURE + ENERGY FIELD

Existing Road

Dam Central Pivot Irrigation

Wind Trubine

BAHÍA DE GUANTÁNAMO

CAIMANERA

Leeward Airport (US)

Leeward Ferry

GUANTANAMO BAY

GRANADILLO BAY

CUBA US

CUBA

US Border Line

Border Line Mc Calla Airfield (Closed)

Ferry Landing


3 month

2 month

1 month

DEMINING Burning 0.5 year

DEMINING

PUMPING GROUNDWATER

Machine 1 year

AGRICUL

Well + Central Pivot Irrigation + Succession 1.5 year

State Owner 5 year

TRANSITION PHASING PLAN_UPLAND ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION Electricity Cuba electricity consumption per capita (2011-2015): 1,368 kWh US electricity consumption per capita (2011-2015): 12,954 kWh

RENEWABLE ENERGY

1,368 kWh/per capita

2016: Population: 10,500 Total Electricity Consumption: 14,364,000 kWh

Wind Turbie: 36 560m*1,120m

2056: Population: 25,000 (2,000 kWh per capita) Total Electricity Consumption:

50,000,000 kWh

Solar Panel: 105,485 suqare meter 325m*325m

50,000,000 kWh

PHYSICAL PLAN MODEL_UPLAND


AGRICULTURE REMEDIATION State Ownership + Private Ownership 5 year

human community +farmer’s house + logistic + energy field 10 year

LANDSCAPE AS ENERGY

out of groundwater + energy network + solar energy + wind energy 25 year

TRANSITION PHASING PLAN_UPLAND

ABLE ENERGY

NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY

el: suqare meter 5m

Petroleum: 13,249 cubic meter 24m*24m*24m

bie:

Gas: 1,415,842,350 cubic meter 1,123m*1123m*1123m

120m

URBANIZATION

ENERGY TYPOLOGY Solar Panels

Wind Farm - Irrigation

Windmill - Irrigation

Photovoltaic-wind Hybrid Systems

Case: Turiguano Wind Park two 28/225 type wind generator energy generation: 998,500 kWh/year

Case: Iron Man Windmills pump up to 500 tons water per hour pump from deep wells 450m 1/3 cost of solar and wind electric systems

Case: Rural School And Hospitals 400 and 425 watts 12,614,400 kwh/year

Centralized System

Decentralized System

PHYSICAL PLAN MODEL_LOWLAND


PHASING SECTIONS

CACTUS CURTAIN_LOWLAND

CACTUS CURTAIN_UPLAND

LOCAL HOUSING_LOWLAND

MANUAL DEMINING

REMEDIATING SHRUBLAND+SOLAR PANEL_UPLAND

LOCAL HOUSING_LOWLAND

REMEDIATING SHRUBLAND+WIND TURBINE_UPLAND

MANGROVE SHRUBLAND_LOWLAND


CACTUS CURTAIN_UPLAND

DEMINING FLOODING_LOWLAND

MECHANICAL DEMINING_UPLAND

PUBLIC COMMERCIAL WELL_LOWLAND

RICE HARVEST

RICE HARVEST

NOVAL ARID SHRUBLAND_UPLAND

PRIVATE SMALL WELL IRRIGATION_LOWLAND


PHASING SECTIONS

RICE HARVEST

RICE HARVEST

TOBACCO HARVEST

TOBACCO HARVEST

TOBACCO HARVEST+WIND TURBINE

TOBACCO SEEDLING

RICE GROWTH

RICE HARVEST


RICE SEEDLING_LOWLAND

TOBACCO GROWTH

TOBACCO HARVEST

TOBACCO HARVEST

TOBACCO SEEDLING+WINDMILL

CENTRAL PIVOT IRRIGATION

DETENTION CENTER

TOBACCO HARVEST


3 THE POSSIBILITY OF AN ISLAND GSD1401 FALL 2016 Eelco Hooftman Individual work


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‘CUBE PROJECTION‘ OF THE WORLD MAP A cube projection is a projection of the world map on the surface of a cube. there are many types of projection of the world map in ARCGIS, ‘cube projection‘ is one of them. it is a faceted projection onto a six-sided figure with square sides. the meridians and parallels are straight lines. while the original shape of the globe sphere is not maintained, it offers us a way to regulate the world and its content in rigid grids. The pixelation of the world is also a long, both historical and new topic. it is a very different way of seeing the world---like a unique lence we use to picture the world, a different perspective. Combined with the magic of the rubik’s cube, when you apply the cube projection of the world map onto the rubik’s cube, the actural world is divided into pieces of squares that you can actually manipulate in your palm. you can break it, combine it and thus create new relationships of land and see---the new world.


FLOATING ISLAND Inspired by the division of the world and the new world created by the rubik’s cube, and the case containing grid regulations in the real world. Pixelating/griding central park in manhattan, nyc might be an appropriate idea to test the theory. It would be like a land collage, loses and gains parts as it’s constantly sailing and renovating

itsself along the journey on the sea. each component is independent while as a whole they form a inegral floating island.

A floating island as large as central park, is composed of different blocks/components that has its own individual functions on each part. in order to be able to sail, it needs at least energy/motivation component and water purification ones... after applying each part its own function, a group of little batteries, like a military troupe pulled by giant ships are ready to set out.


energy

lab

production

community

component

component

component

component

sea fence

seed collection

water purification

solar pan

genetic research

winery

wind mill

garden

woods

greenhouse fish pond hybrid field hydroponics

exhibition zoo residential

wave generator

COMPONENT There are mainly four groups of components---the energy group, lab group, production group and community group. each group has different little component with different functions as shown above. The energy group has four types of ways to generate the power used to motivate the little islands---sea fence, solar pan, wind mill and wave generator. they are responsible for converting the natural force to usable energy for the components. The lab group has laboratories designed for conllecting seeds and doing experiments such as genetic modified plants research and soiless culture studies.The production group is responsible for the revenue and income of the island, products like purified water, wine, fresh berries and so on are sold to local people or on site residents.The community group includes componets that hold cultural activities or events which offers entertainment. things like exhibition, apartments and so on.


wind mill

solar panel

sea fence

wave generator

energy component

wind mill component

solar panel component

sea fence component

wave generator component

lab

1

lab

2

lab

3

lab

4

lab

1

lab

2

lab

3

lab

4

lab component

water purification

fish pond

greenhouse

soilless culture

water purification

fish pond

greenhouse

soilless culture

component

component

component

component

production component

community

1

community

2

community

3

community

4

community

1

community

2

community

3

community

4

community component


SEED COLLECTION Since Plato, through to Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis , via Herman Melville’s Moby Dick, Charles Darwin (the structure and formation of coral reefs), Buckminster Fuller (One world / One island), E.O.Wilson (theory of island biogeography) and in the works of numerous contemporary artists such as Robert Smithson’s Floating Island Manhattan the island figure has been employed to negotiate relationships between the real and the imaginary, utopia and dystopia, selfhood and otherness, centre and periphery, local and global. The activity of seed collection around the world has a long history. Plant hunters contribute a lot to the Which, raises the possibility of a experimental island inspired by this activity. The floating island travels around the world to collect plant seeds and does experiments on companion plants, soilless culture and genetic modified products. This complex shifting and exchanging of plants cultivated and being spread over the continents.

formed on the island brings diversity to every local environment and ecological system while proving that now the earth is constantly changing with the exchange and hybridation of different energy forces.

Rose

Weihrauchbaum

2984 BC.

Ivy

1495 BC.

Vanilla

384-322 BC.

Rose Collecting in China

Incense trees Boswellia carter collecting in Somalia for Queen Hatshepsut

Botanists on Alexander the Great’s expedition to Asia brought ivy, banyan, bamboo and banana back to Europe Aristotle is seen as the founder of botany

Camellia sasanqua

1200-1280

371-287 BC.

Albertus Magnus---the first systematic plant hunter, trained in botany in Padua(Italy), which became the site of Europe’s first botanic garden in the 16th century.

“The Father of Botany” Theophrastus produced two large botanical treatises, Enquiry into Plants and On the Causes of Plants

Thunbergia alata

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Rhododendron catawbiense

Lilium michauxii

Menziesia lasiophylla

1732

1772-1779

1776-1804

1780-1810

1785-1800

1786-1795

Carl Linnaeus made an expedition to Lapland, hope was to find new plants, animals and possibly valuable minerals, He is the founder of the modern system of binomial nomenclatur, also one of the founders of modern ecology

Hosta

Carl Peter Thunberg---”the father of South African botany”, “pioneer of Occidental Medicine in Japan” and the “Japanese Linnaeus” sailed to South Africa and Japan collect plants and animal specimen for the botanic garden at Leiden

Algae

1826-1829

1839-1843

wellingtonia tree

1840

Francis Masson sailed to South Africa, Madeira, Portugal and North America. He was Kew Gardens’ first plant hunter, Masson discovered in excess of 1700 new species

Black tea

John Fraser, Scottish botanist, he collected plant specimens around the world, from North America and the West Indies to Russia and points between, Fraser was the first European to collect Rhododendron catawbiense

Pinus monophylla

André Michaux, appointed by Louis XVI, made expedition to US and Canada to make the first organized investigation of plants that could be of value in French building and carpentry, medicine and agriculture

Veitchia joannis Palm

1840

1842-1854

1860-1866

Douglas fir

1823-1834

Robert Fortune transport tea from China to India on behalf of the British East India Company

John Charles Frémont led four expeditions that continued this tradition of western exploration, building on and adding to the work of earlier pathfinders to expand knowledge of the American West, Frémont collected a number of plants on his expeditions, including the first recorded discovery of the Single-leaf Pinyon by a European American

John Gould Veitch visited Japan. He is the great-grandson of John Veitch, he also visited the Philippines, Australia, Fiji, and other Polynesian islands, He brought back a number of the glasshouse plants in vogue at the time, such as Acalyphas, Cordylines, Codiaeums (Crotons) and Dracaenas, and, from Fiji, a palm of a new genus later named after him, Veitchia joannis

Archibald Menzies, was appointed surgeon on a voyage round Cape Horn to America, China and Hawaii, he collected a number of new plants on this voyage. Later he also joined the Vancouver Expedition

Davidia involucrata

1862-

Francisco Hernández Expedition to New Spain(Mexico), collecting and classifying specimens, interviewing the indigenous people through translators and conducting medical studies

Conrad Gessner provided the first list of alpine plants.

1791-1795 Engelbert Kaempfer made expedtitions to Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan

Engelbert Kaempfer made expedtitions to Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan

Hosta

1791-1795

George Vancouver on his Vancouver expedition. The Canadian city Vancouver was named after him

John Veitch founded the family-run plant nurseries “Veitch Nurseries” based at Chelsea and Exeter, London.

Philip Franz von Siebold made a court journey to Edo, Japan, and had a living flora collection of 2,000 plants when he returned to Europe, He achieved prominence by his studies of Japanese flora and fauna and the introduction of Western medicine in Japan. He was the father of the first female Japanese doctor, Kusumoto Ine.

Joseph Dalton Hooker on Ross Expedition to the Antarctica, collecting 18 flowering plants, 35 mosses and liverworts, 25 lichens and 51 algae James Veitch established his plant nursery at Mount Radford, Exter, Who became the main sponsor for plant hunters like the William brothers

William Lobb & William Thomas tree collecting in Rio de Janeiro "messenger of the big tree"

Armand David, the French botanist was sent to China, He had found in China all together 200 species of wild animals, the dove tree (Davidia involucrata) was discovered by and named after Armand David

Late 1830s Douglas made three separate trips from England to North America, he introduced the Douglas fir into cultivation in 1827

Philip Franz von Siebold made a court journey to Edo, Japan, and had a living flora collection of 2,000 plants when he returned to Europe, He achieved prominence by his studies of Japanese flora and fauna and the introduction of Western medicine in Japan. He was the father of the first female Japanese doctor, Kusumoto Ine.

Viburnum plicatum

Aconitum hemsleyanum

Lilium regale

Rhododendron

1877-1879

1881-1900

1899-1916

1904

Charles Maries, sent by James Veitch & Sons of Chelsea, London to search for new hardy plants in Japan, China and Taiwan, collecting over 500 new species

Carl Lin expedit hope w plants, a possibly als, He i the mod binomia also one of mode

1826-1829

Late 1830s

i-

Lin

1683-1693

1516-1565

Linnaea boreali

1683-1693

Camellia sasanqua

1570-1577

331-323 BC.

Augustine Henry was sent Ernest Henry Wilson went to China and Japan. to China to study medicine and collect plants for Collecting plants for Arnold Arboretum Kew Gardens. 25 new genera and 500 new species had been identified from his specimens. Henry sent over 15,000 dry specimens and seed to Kew Gardens and 500 plant samples; many of these later became well known garden plants

George Forrest Rhododendron collecting in Yunnan, China

James Veitch esta his plant nursery Mount Radford, E Who became the sponsor for plant like the William br


SEED COLLECTION

the activity oF SeeD collection arounD the worlD haS a long hiStory. Plant hunterS contriBute a lot to the ShiFting anD exchanging oF PlantS cultivateD anD Being SPreaD over the continentS. which, raiSeS the PoSSiBility oF a exPerimental iSlanD inSPireD By thiS activity. the Floating iSlanD travelS arounD the worlD to collect Plant SeeDS anD DoeS exPerimentS on comPanion PlantS, SoilleSS culture anD genetic moDiFieD ProDuctS. thiS comPlex FormeD on the iSlanD BringS DiverSity to every local environment anD ecological SyStem while Proving that now the earth iS conStantly changing with the exchange anD hyBriDation oF DiFFerent energy ForceS.

Tomatoes

Thyme

Swiss Chard

Sunflowers

Strawberries

Squash

Spinach

Sage

Peppers

Rosemary

Peas

Parsley

Oregano

Nasturtium

Onion

Melon

Marigold

Lettuce

Leeks

Garlic

Dill

Cucumber

Corn

Cilantro

Chives

Cauliflower

Carrots

Broccoli

Basil

Beans

COMPANION PLANTING

Since Plato, through to FranciS Bacon’S new atlantiS , via herman melville’S moBy Dick, charleS Darwin (the Structure anD Formation oF coral reeFS), BuckminSter Fuller (one worlD / one iSlanD), e.o.wilSon (theory oF iSlanD BiogeograPhy) anD in the workS oF numerouS contemPorary artiStS Such aS roBert SmithSon’S Floating iSlanD manhattan the iSlanD Figure haS Been emPloyeD to negotiate relationShiPS Between the real anD the imaginary, utoPia anD DyStoPia, SelFhooD anD otherneSS, centre anD PeriPhery, local anD gloBal. Basil Beans Broccoli Carrots Cauliflower Chives Cilantro Corn Cucumber Dill Garlic Leeks Lettuce Marigold Melon Nasturtium Onion Oregano Parsley Peas Peppers Rosemary Rose

Weihrauchbaum

2984 BC.

1495 BC.

Ivy

Vanilla

331-323 BC.

1570-1577 384-322 BC.

Rose Collecting in China

Incense trees Boswellia carter collecting in Somalia for Queen Hatshepsut

Botanists on Alexander the Great’s expedition to Asia brought ivy, banyan, bamboo and banana back to Europe Aristotle is seen as the founder of botany

1200-1280

371-287 BC.

“The Father of Botany” Theophrastus produced two large botanical treatises, Enquiry into Plants and On the Causes of Plants

Albertus Magnus---the first systematic plant hunter, trained in botany in Padua(Italy), which became the site of Europe’s first botanic garden in the 16th century.

Thunbergia alata

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Rhododendron catawbiense

Lilium michauxii

Menziesia lasiophylla

1732

1772-1779

1776-1804

1780-1810

1785-1800

1786-1795

Francis Masson sailed to South Africa, Madeira, Portugal and North America. He was Kew Gardens’ first plant hunter, Masson discovered in excess of 1700 new species

John Fraser, Scottish botanist, he collected plant specimens around the world, from North America and the West Indies to Russia and points between, Fraser was the first European to collect Rhododendron catawbiense

André Michaux, appointed by Louis XVI, made expedition to US and Canada to make the first organized investigation of plants that could be of value in French building and carpentry, medicine and agriculture

Francisco Hernández Expedition to New Spain(Mexico), collecting and classifying specimens, interviewing the indigenous people through translators and conducting medical studies

Conrad Gessner provided the first list of alpine plants.

Douglas fir

1823-1834 1791-1795

Carl Peter Thunberg---”the father of South African botany”, “pioneer of Occidental Medicine in Japan” and the “Japanese Linnaeus” sailed to South Africa and Japan collect plants and animal specimen for the botanic garden at Leiden

1683-1693

1516-1565

Linnaea boreali

Carl Linnaeus made an expedition to Lapland, hope was to find new plants, animals and possibly valuable minerals, He is the founder of the modern system of binomial nomenclatur, also one of the founders of modern ecology

Camellia sasanqua

Archibald Menzies, was appointed surgeon on a voyage round Cape Horn to America, China and Hawaii, he collected a number of new plants on this voyage. Later he also joined the Vancouver Expedition

Engelbert Kaempfer made expedtitions to Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan

Sage Spinach Squash Strawberries Sunflowers Swiss Chard Thyme Tomatoes

Hosta

1826-1829

1791-1795

George Vancouver on his Vancouver expedition. The Canadian city Vancouver was named after him

John Veitch founded the family-run plant nurseries “Veitch Nurseries” based at Chelsea and Exeter, London.

Douglas made three separate trips from England to North America, he introduced the Douglas fir into cultivation in 1827

Philip Franz von Siebold made a court journey to Edo, Japan, and had a living flora collection of 2,000 plants when he returned to Europe, He achieved prominence by his studies of Japanese flora and fauna and the introduction of Western medicine in Japan. He was the father of the first female Japanese doctor, Kusumoto Ine.

BlueBerrieS, mountain laurel, azaleaS, anD other ericaceouS (heath Family) PlantS thrive in the aciDic SoilS createD By PineS anD oakS.

the naSturtium’S vining StemS make among your growing cucumBerS

Plant raDiSh anD carrotS together. the raDiSheS will germinate FirSt, helPing Break the grounD For

anD SquaSh PlantS

the later germinating carrotS anD

them a great comPanion ramBling

will mature Sooner

Algae

1839-1843

wellingtonia tree

1840

Black tea

Pinus monophylla

Veitchia joannis Palm

1840

1842-1854

1860-1866

Robert Fortune transport tea from China to India on behalf of the British East India Company

John Charles Frémont led four expeditions that continued this tradition of western exploration, building on and adding to the work of earlier pathfinders to expand knowledge of the American West, Frémont collected a number of plants on his expeditions, including the first recorded discovery of the Single-leaf Pinyon by a European American

John Gould Veitch visited Japan. He is the great-grandson of John Veitch, he also visited the Philippines, Australia, Fiji, and other Polynesian islands, He brought back a number of the glasshouse plants in vogue at the time, such as Acalyphas, Cordylines, Codiaeums (Crotons) and Dracaenas, and, from Fiji, a palm of a new genus later named after him, Veitchia joannis

Davidia involucrata

1862-

Viburnum plicatum

Aconitum hemsleyanum

Lilium regale

Rhododendron

1877-1879

1881-1900

1899-1916

1904

Late 1830s Joseph Dalton Hooker on Ross Expedition to the Antarctica, collecting 18 flowering plants, 35 mosses and liverworts, 25 lichens and 51 algae James Veitch established his plant nursery at Mount Radford, Exter, Who became the main sponsor for plant hunters like the William brothers

William Lobb & William Thomas tree collecting in Rio de Janeiro "messenger of the big tree"

Armand David, the French botanist was sent to China, He had found in China all together 200 species of wild animals, the dove tree (Davidia involucrata) was discovered by and named after Armand David

Charles Maries, sent by James Veitch & Sons of Chelsea, London to search for new hardy plants in Japan, China and Taiwan, collecting over 500 new species

Augustine Henry was sent Ernest Henry Wilson went to China and Japan. to China to study medicine and collect plants for Collecting plants for Arnold Arboretum Kew Gardens. 25 new genera and 500 new species had been identified from his specimens. Henry sent over 15,000 dry specimens and seed to Kew Gardens and 500 plant samples; many of these later became well known garden plants

George Forrest Rhododendron collecting in Yunnan, China

SPinach iS a cool SeaSon croP, while tomatoeS love the heat. Plant SPinach in Between tomato

tall, Blue-FlowereD love-in-a-miSt (nigella DamaScena) “lookS

Plant Sweet alySSum alongSiDe BuShy croPS like PotatoeS, or let

wonDerFul PlanteD in the center oF

it SPreaD to Form a living grounD

PlantS anD it will mature BeFore

a wiDe row oF StrawBerrieS

cover unDer arching PlantS like

the tomatoeS get large enough to ShaDe it.

Broccoli.


WORLDWIDE TRAVEL

‘Ark Island‘ is a geological, bio-geographical and man-made cultural constructs. The floating island composed of multiple components traveling all around the world can be considered as abiding figures for self-containment and isolation.

The long cultural history has often stood for paradise as well as testing

grounds for (r)-evolutionary theories and incubators for social and ecological experimentation and human intervention.

The journey starts from Manhattan, NYC and travels to Cuba, Rio de Janeiro, Sydney, Tokyo, ShangKuala Lumpur, Rome, Mumbai and Antarctica. Along the journey, apart from plant hunting and seed collection, they study genetic modified tobacco, produce grape wine, open exhibitions, join local festival celebrations and so on. The ark is not only a scientific or research tool, it is rather a cultural and social icon encouraging people in this global village to interact and unite together. hai,


WORLDWIDE TRAVEL

‘ark iSlanD‘ iS a geological, Bio-geograPhical anD man-maDe cultural conStructS. the Floating iSlanD comPoSeD oF multiPle comPonentS traveling all arounD the worlD can Be conSiDereD aS aBiDing FigureS For SelF-containment anD iSolation.

the long cultural hiStory haS oFten StooD For ParaDiSe aS well aS teSting

grounDS For (r)-evolutionary theorieS anD incuBatorS For Social anD ecological exPerimentation anD human intervention.

the journey StartS From manhattan, nyc anD travelS to cuBa, rio De janeiro, SyDney, tokyo, Shanghai, kuala lumPur, rome, mumBai anD antarctica. along the journey, aPart From Plant hunting anD SeeD collection, they StuDy genetic moDiFieD toBacco, ProDuce graPe wine, oPen exhiBitionS, join local FeStival celeBrationS anD So on. the ark iS not only a ScientiFic or reSearch tool, it iS rather a cultural anD Social icon encouraging PeoPle in thiS gloBal village to interact anD unite together.


SIX STOPS

SAILING DIARIES ...... November 1, two thousand and seventeen Just came back from the traditional Malaysian Deepavali festival celebration! It took place at one of our ark’s component and we were floating very close to the city. May twenty second, two thousand and seventeen How can you resist the idea of a vineyard when you are at Australia? It is not hard to plant out a grape yard while we are still here. But I am not sure how long this vineyard component would stay as we moved on. It is autumn now and the World Masters Games is happening in Australia soon. ......


SAILING DIARIES ...... July fifteenth, two thousand and seventeen Right after we landed in Tokyo bay, I decided to go to visit some Japanese gardens, which is also the reason why I am on the ark island. I was supposed to be responsible for the landscape design collecting program. Hopefully we can get the construction work done in the two months time while we are here. We also used the new technology here and finished the Soilless greenhouses. Thanks to the hard work of everyone, Seeds of sakura, matsu, sugi, kasha, yesso and so on were gained. ......


FINALLY ARRIVES AT THE MANHATTAN HARBOR


THE LAST STOP BEFORE IT FINALLY REACHES MANHATTAN

the statue of liberty is vaguely seen from a distance


4 THE HIGHLINE AS URBAN SPINE GSD1603 SPRING2017 Moshe Safdie Jaron Lubin group/individual work


SPLIT SPINE

For the spine, as a continuation of the original high line into the hudson yard, instead of draw a continuous

line in the site, we split the spine into parts that insert in each block and merge with the podium of the towers on the site.

INTERTWINED ROUTES the two path, commercial path and green path are

intertwined with each other, with several intersections dispersed on site.

in the middle of the spine, little pavilions that we

call ‘donuts‘ are hung above the street, connect

the high line level, both the green and the commercial paths are open to the public so they also bring active public space into each building.


MODELS

The path not only influence the facade of the podium, as in which part is public and which is private, but also affect the interior layout of the level. they form a pedestrian system as a whole, and leave people enough space and time to wander around.


highline

split

the relationship between

by splitting, a series of court-

ings is negative with limited

it is a sequence of open space

pedestrian access

defined by the extended spine

highline and adjacent build-

yard open space are created.

HIGHLINE HIGHLINE H igh lin e u s ed to be t ra ns p or t a t i o n i nf ra s t ruc t ure for f rei g h t c i rc ul a t i on. Righ t n ow i t i s a l i nea r urba n p a rk c ut c ros s i ng t h e urba n fa bri c . Th e relation s h ip b et ween h i g h l i ne a nd s urround i ng bui l d i ng s i s ra t h er neg et i ve. Pedes train c a n o nl y a c c es s t h e p a rk a t c er t a i n roa d c ros s i ng . Th e s p a c e un der h i g h l i ne i s us ua l l y us ed a s g a ra g es o r ma i ntena nc e.

SPLIT

Hig hlin e used to b e t ra n sp or t a t ion in fra st ruc t ure for freig ht c irc ula t i on . R ig ht n ow it is a lin ea r urb a n p a rk c ut c rossin g t he urb a n fa b ric . The rela t ion ship b et ween hig hlin e a n d surrounSdin P gL bI uildin T g s is ra t her n eg et ive. Pedest ra in c a n on ly a c c ess t he p a rk a t c er t a in roa d c rossi n g . The sp a c e un der hig hlin e is usua lly used a s g a ra g es or m a in ten a n c e. We p rop ose to sp lit t he hig hlin e in to t wo p a t hs, w it h in teg ra ted c irc ula t ion n ode a t ea c h roa d c rossin g . We c rea te a series of c ou r t ya rd- like op en sp a c es t ha t have a c c ess to day lig ht . I t is a sequen c e of op en sp a c e exp erien c es t ha t a re def in ed by sp in e.

We p rop ose to sp lit t he hig hlin e in to two p ath s , with integ r ate d circul atio n n ode a t ea c h roa d c rossin g . We c rea te a s er ie s of cour tyard- l ike o p en s p aces t ha t have a c c ess to day lig ht . I t is a s e que nce o f o p e n s p ace ex p er iences th at a re def in ed by s p ine .

podium

urban grid

the spine is integrated into the

respect the existing urban

? retreated to ensure the true

maintained.super block can be Work f l ow

publicness

usedmifor xed o f f i ce more open space

podiums. the property line is

grid structure. traffic is

& resi den ti a l of f i ce resi den ti a l

PODIUM

RELATIONSHIP

O ur s pin e is i nteg ra ted i nto t h e p od i um o f h i g h ri s e . Th e p rop er t y l i ne i s ret rea ted to ens ure t h e t rue p ubl i c nes s .

There a re severa l exist in g fa c tor s a roun d t he site. They a re c on n ec tor s t ha t n eeded to t a ken in to c on sidera t ion . O u r p rop osa l of t he site should c on st ruc t a n ew order to in teg ra te t hese c on n ec tor s.

URBAN GRID

PROGRAM

Resp ec t t he exist in g urb a n g rid str uctur e. T h roug h tr af f ic i s m aintained. Sup er b loc k c a n b e u sed to c rea te g r eater op p or tunity fo r th e op en s p ace.

T h e s ubway s tation and Penn S tation cr eate a work f l ow acros s th e s ite. Of f ices ar e p l aced al ong th e wo rk f l ow. A nd r es i de ntial tower s ar e p l aced near th e r iver to h ave a b etter view.

through pedestrian

program

sunken plaza and pedestrian

the subway station and penn

arcades to encourage access.

station create a workflow

towers are lifted accordingly

across the site where offices

are placed. residential towers Work f l ow

are near the river with a better view

m ixed of f ic e & r es id en t ia l of f ic e r es id en t ia l

THROUGH PEDESTRIAN

URBAN GRID

PROGRAM

Resp ec t t he exist in g urb a n g rid st ruc t ure.HThroug E I G Hh tra T f f ic i s m a in ta in ed. Sup er b loc k c a n b e u sed to c rea te g rea ter op p or t un ity for the op en sp a c e.

The subway st a t ion a n d Pen n St a t i on cr eate a work f l ow acros s th e s ite. O f f ic es a re p la c ed a lon g t he work fl ow. A nd r es i dential tower s ar e p l aced n ea r t he river to h ave a b etter view.

We propos e s un ke n p laza an d through p ed eatr i an arcades at cr i ti cal p oi n ts to enc our age p e d es tr i an acces s . Tower i s li f te d acco rd i n gly.

H ei g h t of t h e towe r i s a d j us ted a c c ord i n g to v i ew. T h er e i s a g r a d ua l r i s e f rom t h e ed g e to t h e c en t r a l a r ea . H ei g h t of tower s a l o n g t h e r i ver i s l ower t h a n oth er s to en c our a g e v i ew.

core

height

each core of the tower is

height of the tower is adjusted

placed according to the

according to the view. there

setback and plan layout of

is a gradual rise from the

edge to the central. towers

the podiums

along the river are lower to encourage a better view

THROUGH PEDESTRIAN COMMERCIAL SPINE

HEIGHT

We p ro p os e s un ke n p l a z a a n d th roug h p ed ea t r i a n a rc a des a t c r i t i c a l p oi n t s to en esm t r erc i a n i a lc cs es i sk sl i fste Wec our c r ea gtee ap ecdom p i nse. Tower that lin hd opapci cnogrd mi an lgl lsy.a n d i n di v i d ua l s h op s . S ep a ra te s p i n es i s c on n ec ted by n ode a t i n te r s ec t i o n .

H ei g h t of t h e towe r i s a d j us ted a c c ord i ng to v i ew. T h ere i s a g ra d ua l ri s e f rom t h e ed g e to t h e c en t r a l a r ea . H ei g h t of tower s a l o ng t h e ri ver i s l ower t h a n oth er s to enc oura g e v i ew.

CORE

open space spine

commercial spine

the open space spine/green

the two spines are combined

spine is placed continuously

by node at road crossings to facilitate circulation at three layers---street level, second floor, third floor

CORE INTEGRATED SPINE

OPEN SPACE SPINE

commercial spine and open space spine are combined buy node at road crossi ng to facilitate circulaion at three layer s: street level - second floor third floor.

program

PROGRAM

COMMERCIAL SPINE We c r e a te a c om m erc i a l s p i n e t h a t l i nk s s h op p i ng m a l l s a nd i ndi v i d ua l s h op s . S ep a ra te s p i n es i s c onnec ted by node a t i nter s ec t i o n. Lu n c h A r ea

Urb a n For es t

S ka te Pa rk H uds on Ya rd

courtyard

COURT YARD

c om m erc i a l

c om m un i t y c en ter

l ob by

t h ea ter

O p en s p ac es are d ev i d ed i n to fo ur cour t ya rds wit h d i f feren t th e mes an d sca les.

open space is divided into four courtyards with different

s p o r t s c en ter

themes and scales

Lu n c h A r ea Lu n c h A r ea

PROGRAM c om m erc i a l c om m un i t y c en ter

l ob by

l ob by

t h ea ter

s p o r t s c en ter

Urb a n For es t

S ka te Pa rk H uds on Ya rd

S ka te Pa rk H uds on Ya rd

c om m un i t y c en ter

O p en s p ac es are d ev i d ed i n to fo ur c our tyard s w i th ter an d s c al es . d i f feren t tht heea mes

c om m erc i a l

s p o r t s c en ter

Urb a n For es t

PROGRAM COURT YARD

COURT YARD O p en s p ac es a re devided into four cour t ya rds wit h d if ferent t hemes a nd sca les.


MIRROR TEST imagine the profile is copied to the other part of manhattan, with a mirror facing the tow-

ers, we can see the effect of two identical building groups forming an urban valley on the

street. the two opposite building images simulate the real situation while you are walking on the street. through this test, we think the result of our proposal, with the changing height of the towers, is very close to reality.


THE ‘DONUT‘ commercial spine and open space spine are combined by the nodes/donuts at road crossings to facilitate circulation at three different layers

--- street level, second floor level, and

third floor level. the donut itself holds commercial programs too.


THE EXTENDED SPINE the layout of the footprint suggests that the tower arrangement is affected by exterior

factors too. towers are retreated at penn station and subway station. visual corridor is kept from highline. residential towers are shifted to create view of the river. wandering experience is created by shifting the location of other towers.


hudson park

mixed lobby

mixed lobby

commercial

swimming pool skate park

subway

mixed lobby

office lobby

office lobby

community center urban forest shopping mall

residential lobby

fountain plaza

shopping mall

office lobby

residential lobby

theater

sunken plaza

mixed lobby hotel lobby commercial

GROUND FLOOR PLAN a sequence of open public spaces are placed under the extended highline on the ground

level. from north to south are--- garden with plants, seating area with shrubs in front of the subway station, little woods, fountain plaza and seating circle.


SECOND/HIGHLINE LEVEL PLAN on the highline level, the commercial spine and green spine meet at donuts. some public

space left out in front of each buildings are furnitured with seats. at certain points, stairs and ramps as link between the ground level and second level are created for the convenience of the pedestrians.


MODEL BIRD VIEW the valley created by the irregular layour of the podiums, buildings and the two inter-

twined spines. the in and out, zig-zag plan layout not only ensures an ample daylight to the towers but also create the wandering path for the pedestrian


DONUT STREET VIEW the donuts are not only the joints and nodes that connect the two spines and paths but

also a wayfinding icon and kiosk that people will use to identify their location. most importantly, the donuts house commercial programs in them to maxmize the advantange


THE CRACK SPIRAL located at

10 hudson yard, the building completed on site now is built by the KPF,

challenging the design of the hudson yard as a studio, after the spine and plan design, each member claim a site and build a tower. tower on

10 hudson yard.

I chose to bulid a pure office


THE TYPICAL NYC TOWERS the typical office towers in

NYC is box. glass box with glarring facade or concrete box with facing stones.

they are confined, breathless and cold. for hundreds of years, such an image has formed for a typical office tower in

NYC.

PEOPLE’S NEEDS for the office workers in the building, what they want is an opportunity or a place to get

OUT once they feel

tired or need a break. a real out space that lead to a need for green open space in the design.

for the pedestrians that only view and see the facade of the buildings, they may not want to physically go

IN

to the building, but they surely want to get a sense of the office culture and activity inside the building as

opposed to the pure glazing facade that causes glare on the stree, which leads to the need to create a crack in the building design.

PARCEL LOCATION 10 hudson yard is located on the bottom right corner of the site, with an area of about 5,516 m2 in the foorprint. it is an critical location to the whole project because it is the threshold and opening of the yard, the first tower that people will see after turning around on the highline into the hudson yard on the new extended highline.


DESIGN IDEA

DESIGN IDEA for the green open space, we already have the original highline to be continued in the site that we can take good advantage of---we can extend it up on the facade of the tower. for the crack to display the interior

activity, we can create one on the front surface of the tower. when combined the two in one, we got a green crack spiral that wraps the building around which not only change the look of the tower but also offers incredible open spaces for a better working environment of the workers inside.


GROUND LEVEL PLAN on the ground level are commercial retail stores and the office lobby whch are zoned and separated, the north strip of stores are part of the shopping street in front of it

which are echoed by the arrangement in the ground floor plan of the neighbor tower to the north


SECOND/HIGHLINE LEVEL PLAN on the second/highline level, a deep retreat is left to merge with the existing highline

to create a spacious pedestrian pathway, especially the golden corner is included in the highline for public use.


BACONY the outdoor balcony terrace is the main feature of the tower, the crack on the

surface create enough sunshade to enable a more transparent glass installations for the

crack area,for the front south facade, sun shade panels are used though


42th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

20th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

20th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

42th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

20th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

57th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

42th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

20th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

57th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

42th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

20th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

42th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

57th LEVEL PLAN 1/300

TYPICAL FLOOR PLANS the above drawings show the different plans and layouts of the balconies on different levels. the different indoor and outdoor relationship is created accordingly. a

30m2 small garden is placed on every

three floor to get enough shade and space for people to hang out,for stories that do have an outdoor balcony, a similar indoor place is guranteed as shown above.


MODEL PHOTO with the completion of the tower, the whole project that include the expansion of the high line into an integrated three-dimensional combination of linear park and commercial marketplace

is finished. by integrating park and street life, free of vehicular traffic, along which high-rise residential and office development and community facilities are constructed.


THE SPINE We utilize the program and density of the Hudson Yards mixed-use development in New York City, but free ourselves from both the site constraints of the existing rail yards and master plan. the result we chose is a duplicable perfect land/spine combination that not only offers green open space on three different layers---undergrand, ground, high line level, but also integrate commercial programs in to maximize the benefits.


THE TOWERS when all the tower models are assembled and put together, the effect is stunning, to solve the problems on each site, our towers are totally different in size and look, but somehow harmonious. which is also the quality of

NYC development.and the group of towers we

propose is strongly informed by our previous effective urban design guidelines aimed at enhancing the extended and the original spine.


high line level

a view from the original high line walking closer to the buildings.

shopping street

extended from the original high line to the facade of the building.


viewing deck

standing on top of the roof looking upwards to the sky bridges.

viewing deck

standing on the viewing deck to the west hudson river side.


5 OFFICIAL’S HAT ROCKING ARMCHAIR Furniture Making

MIT 4.296 SPRING2017 Christopher Dewart Individual Work

The name of the ‘official’s hat chair‘ comes from the shape of the chair that resembles the official’s hat in old times. its official form dates back as early as the Song Dynasty. It is well known for its generous size, simple style and flowing curves. Although the seat and legs and some supporting elements are featured with straight lines, the back, the long beam and hand rails are full of changes, like the water flows naturally, elegant and dignified. Furniture making is about human scales, ergonomics and the very down to earth knowledge about wood and using tools. since I have a long track of interest in furniture making and the traditional Chinese chairs. decided to make a official’s hat chair with rocking rails.


THE DETAILS the ends of the hand rials, the bottom of the beams all have detailed design that embodies

the curves in the official shape. when you place your hands naturally on the hand rails, the thumbs’ position is right on top of the recess. the recess is hand made with chisels. files are used to shape a more accurate curve.


recess at the end of hand rails two symmetrical recess to rest fingers on and a curved gap below

hollow rounded seat corner another round detail that expresses the curve element in the chair


rocking rails

the little shoulders at the end of the rails echoes the beam’s shape

curved back rails another curve element but also for the comfort of the body


profile


back


front


GSD MLA_AP_Jianwu Han  

Landscape Architecture Studio Work 2015-2017_GSD_Jianwu Han

GSD MLA_AP_Jianwu Han  

Landscape Architecture Studio Work 2015-2017_GSD_Jianwu Han

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