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Portfolio

Jiangchen Zhu


Major Design CURRI CULUM V I TA E

Jiangchen Zhu Email: 532598420@qq.com

PROFILE

Degree Courses

I am a person who likes making friend with people from different background, keen to know different culture from other parts of the world. Curiosity is one of my characteristics, it is the source of my creativity and always happy to learn new things. Since I come from China, food, culture and history are undoubtedly my interests.

Major Design, Complex Design, Professional Practice, Landscape Assessment and Planning, Sustainable Design and Planning, Structure Plan, Environmental Analysis with Geographic Information Systems, Landscape Ecology, Design Theory, Landscape Planning, Analysis and Design, Site Design, Design Details, Planting Design and Management, Landscape Planting Practice, Computer Applications in Landscape.

I practice Chinese calligraphy and Erhu (a traditional instrument) as a way to relax. Travel is one of my favorite thing to do, I recently did a one-week solo trip to furthest south of New Zealand, Stewart Island. Over 85% of the island is National Park, it was a joyful experience to be so close to nature.

General skills in Landscape Architecture

Work History

- Concept design - Design at multiple scales - Hand drawing - Knowledge of hard and soft landscape materials - Document preparation (landscape assessments, contract administration, plant specifications)

Internship 2016-17 Restoration 2015 Nursery Assistant 2014

Technical skills Auto CAD, Photoshop, InDesign, SketchUp, Vectorworks

Lucas Associates Limited Mahoe Reserve, Lincoln Township Greenlinc, Rolleston

Referee Di Lucas

Director of Lucas Associate, Fellow member of NZILA Email: di@lucas-associates.co.nz Phone: (64) 03 365 0789

Education

Membership

2013 - 2016 Bachelor of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University

NZILA Student Member 2014 - 2016


Competencies: Design in a range of scales (Site analysis, Master plan, 1:500 plan, 1:100 plan, design details, level change) Construction drawings Landscape materials (hard materials and plant materials) Cultural landscapes Ability to work across disciplinary and intuitional boundaries

Contents

Ecological planning Research skills Cultural landscapes Indigenous people to the environment Consultative techniques (working with people/community) Advanced communication skills (graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms) Landscape protection and for landscape change

Major Design (MD)

1

Urban Arboreta

11

Catalyst Change

12

Deck and Pergola Design

13

Landscape Materials

14

Bluescapes-Living on the Edge: Landscape Strategies for a coastal city

15

Environmental law, Resource Management Act

Structure Plan

17

Strategy planning (large scale planning ability)

Landscape assessment and Planning

18

Historical and contemporary landscape theory

Navigating Design Theory: A Reader

19

Computer application and technology


Major Design Major Design Overview Background

Port Hills

Background

Light House Light House are proposed at the entry of the Harbour, at this location people will have 360°panorama view of the entire Lyttelton Harbour, it will be the key destination for visitors. The structure of the Light House will take inspiration of the Timeball tower that demolished after 2011 earthquake.

naval Point waterfront Propose tidal stairs along the coast with wharfs extent to the water, provide continues attraction for people to walking along. People can fishing on the wharfs or on the tidal stairs. The shape of the waterfront are inspired by the bays in the Lyttelton Harbour, when walking along the coast, you never know what next bay will looks like, the arrival of each bay is different experience. So to the curved costal line will replicate the experience of walking bay to bay. Also Naval Point is a piece of flat land, winds could come from different direction, providing shelter by the vegetation and curved shape edge will provide different angle of shelter, so the people can find a sheltered space according to the wind direction during the day.

Water runoff direct into the sea

More access to the water

Due to the physical separation by the Port Hills, it create a tenuous connection between Lyttelton and Christchurch. An iconic mountain to the sea place. Lyttelton’s volcano origin and a sense of natural amphitheatre

Bird habitat (demolished tank structure)

Marina

ad

to

ute

Ro

Boat repair

He

st

Dampier Bay Marina

ge ta tio

n fo

re

to

Dampier Bay waterfront

Sports ground

Re ve Ram p Bo at

Tank Lookout 1 View 1

Large boat storage

Naval Point water

Public Carpark

Shop

Toilts showers

5.34

front

Prevailing easterly wind

Tidal Stairs

one

k wa ter

5.00

2-He s

7-As f 1-Co a

12-Ca k

Transportation system

5-Ca k

2-Co p

3-Pi t

7-Li i 1-Pi r

3-Ps c

10-Bl p

6-He s

2-Co p

2-Pi r

I

9

FNI

Coprosma propinqua

Mikimiki

PB 3

30

FI

186m2

Petroleum

Pseudopanax crassifolius

Horoeka, lancewood

PB 8

#Triticum spp.

Wheat

rint remnant

oil ta

FNBI

Coastal Vegetation

Petroleum

Metal Remediation (Log storage)

degradation “I” = Insects “L” = Fruit for Lizard (refer to Indigenous

Juniperus scopulorum

2-He s 2-Co p 3-As f 2-Co a 2-Pi t 2-Co a 10-As f

1-Pi o

9-Ca k 1-Co p 1-Pr t 3-Bl p

Blechnum penna-marina

4-As f 2-He s 3-Ps c

8-Bl p 3-Co a

8-Ca k

2-Pr t 6-As f 2-Ps c

As a part of the planting strategy, the petroleum remediation art park are planted mixed with Lyttelton mist forest vegetation and exotic vegetation for purpose of native birds habitat and remediation. The native vegetation are selected by the plants can produce nectar, fruit and seed that will provide food source for native birds. The plan also try to create a randomness vegetation to mimic the nature environment within the oil tank footprint. Three plants (wheat oats and pinus radiata) are chosen for phytoremediation also have the purposes of given a sense of production landscape that people can be aware of this is the area once contaminated by industry. Outside of the footprint is planted with pinus radiata in a circle shape, to emphasise the removed oil tank and also act as a buffer zone to discourage people access.

Tidal Platform

Lyttelton Tug

Griselina littoralis

Board Walk 5.42

Asphalt

5.24

736

water play area

Sail Chair

5.08

Avena sativa

fuchsia excortica

Coprosma propinqua

Leptospermum scoparium

Cordyline australis

Silene paradoxa

Hebe salicifolia

736

Petroleum Remediatio 466

466

1300 1210

30 x 10mm wooden battens fixed to stainless steel seat frame

40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap

40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap

Plan native is the one goal of the planting strategy. However both Naval Point and Dampier were reclaimed land after European settlement, there are no “Revegetaion” can be done within those area, the best way to extent the Native vegetation is merging into the existing surrounding vegetation, to replicate the nature environment.According to Indigenous Ecosystem of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin, by Lucas Associates and Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research there are two type of ecosystem suitable for the site, they are Mist forest and coastal ecosystem. Second goal is to remediation the contaminated site of the oil storage area and log storage area. The planting plan represent the design intent of this strategy.

Pittosporum tenuifolium

Mist forest vegetation In Lyttelton harbour basin this type of vegetation start from the upper costal to gentle slope region, Plant select from ground cover to trees that will create different layers of canopy. Carmichaelia kirkii and Pittosporum obcordatum are two threatened plants within this ecosystem that need to planted. Phormium tenax

80mm alloy tube armrest welded with stainless steel seat frame and welded with 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

80mm alloy tube armrest welded with stainless steel seat frame

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube

300

Pittosporum_obcardatum

10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

1210

Planting strategy

Triticum spp.

2.48

4.99

1%

Carmichaelia kirkii

1300

1

1300

100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube Finished ground level

300

Finished ground level Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand 150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

17.5 MPa Concrete aggregate 80mm dia stainless steel footing fixed in concrete

Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand 150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

1210 80mm dia stainless steel bearing tube 17.5 MPa Concrete aggregate

Seat section Scale: 1:10

2

Inspiration:

Wind is a character of Lyttelton as a coastal town. Windsock or Wind Direction Flag are interesting elements in Lyttelton, they are fixed on the oil tank to tell the wind speed and direction. Sailing boat is another character of Lyttelton, especially in a sunny summer day. By combining these two characters together is the inspiration of the sail seat.

Seat front view Scale: 1:10

dia 10mm 416 grade counter sunk stainless steel cup square screw fixed to 42 x 20mm Saligna timber and stainless steel seat frame

Poa cira

Pseudopanaxcrassifolius

Astelia-fragrans

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

Dodonaea viscosa Coastal Vegetation

Cafe

Bolboschoenus caldwellii

Costal vegetstion Schoenoplectus tabernaemontanei (lake clubrush) and Bolboschoenus caldwellii (clubrush) are two plants can provide habitat for aquatic species. The plants need to withstand the harsh costal environment and tolerant to salty water.

3

Function:

Seat section Scale: 1:5

The sail seat will located according to 1:100 detail plan. On the back of the seat have aluminum sail that will power the seat to spin, the bearing mechanism inside of the bearing tube need to ensure the seat spin at manageable speed (children safety). Also need place it when there is enough space for seat spinning while not disturbing the circulation of the site. Seat are accessible for all age users, imagine it’s just a normal office chair without wheels and add a sail on the back.

331

4-He s

1423

8 319m2

331

6-Po c 7-Bl p

20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

Mist forest Vegetation

543

Ps c Tr s

“B” = Bud/foliage

20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

200

F BI

543

F

3

1423

degradation FI

20

PB 8

“F” = Fruit/seed “N”= Nectar

PB 5

0

6

PB 3

Matai

200

Monterey Pine

2297

PB 8

wiwi, silver tussck

Prumnopitys taxifolia

543

#Pinus radiata

165

Petroleum

Kohuhu, Black maitipo

Poa cita

331

7

Pittosporum tenuifolium

Po c Pr t

Pi t

150

F

65°

4-Co p

A

Lyttelton Volcanic Red Rock Paver

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 03/06

I

7 1

Mist forest Vegetation

5.08

Floating board walk at medium level tide with the arrival of the ferry (the platform with the person sitting on will be under the water when tide higher than 2.48 which the highest tide of Lyttelton is 2.7m) the background is the Lyttelton Engineering building and oil storage tanks in Naval Point.

Overall Planting Strategy

FL

PB 3 PB 3

260

16

Mikoikoi, NZ Iris Heart-leaved kohuhu

110

7

Libertia ixioides *Pittosporum obcordatum

landscape design)

Pinus radiata

5.30

1:500

Planting strategy diagram

1423

PB 3

Li i

Ecosystems of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin) * = Threatened plants on Bank Peninsula (refer to New Zealand Journal Botany. Vol 42:45-16) # = Plants use for phytoremediation (refer to petroleum degradation plant list, PHYTO principles and resources for site remediation and

1-Pr t

Rush vegetation

PB 3

Koromiko

28

65°

4-Pi r

Hebe salicifolia

PB 3

Pi o

Food for native birds:

1:150 @A1

Roof structure

34

PB 8

Planting plan design intent

tG 5.00

Bus Station

PB 3

Cabbage tree

2297

Birds habitat

BS 2.48

1

Food / Usage

Climbing broom

Cordyline australis

543

Silo lookout

Ferry

FFL 5.40

Quantity

Kiokio, small hardfern

*Carmichaelia kirkii

165

The space formed by the bus station and café building will create a good micro climate for the area, the size of area are 20x25m which suite for human scale to create comfortable feeling, prevailing easterly wind will block by the building, north facing area will receive sunlight. There are 6 meter between café and bus station building because the costal view is part of the micro climate, people need to see more of the sea and the mountains on the backdrop, block the wind doesn’t means block the view.

tS 5.00

Scheduled Size

Kakaha, Bush flax Oat

Blechnum penna-marina

Ca k Co a

331

Enclosure public space

nk footp

Asphalt Road

Common Name

Astelia fragrans #Avena sativa

Bl p

Pi r

Lyttelton have a type of red rock that used for walls in the area, by having this local sourced rock is a sustainable way to enhance the identity of the area.

5.16

Botanical Name

As f Av s

He s

Lyttelton local volcanic rock pavement

BS 2.48

Plant ID

Co p

oat Steps

This area is the response to the most marina, as there are no space for people to touch the water if there is a marina, by extent further of the wharf structure to create space between the coast and wharf so people can have this area to play on. Especially for family with children, parents don’t need worrying children go too far into the water.

water play area

Wheat

150

Foot Path

Water play area

Rain Garden

100m

50

Intermediate Plan

260

2.48

Sitting area

25

interMediate plan

2-Co a

14-Po c

oat

Tidal stairs are designed for people to touch the water, the lowest part of the stairs are the tidal platform. The platform will be under the water if there is high tide (higher than 2.48m) which will add interest of the space. The surface of the platform need to have slip resistance finish as it will get slippery after tide falling. The plan shows people walking in the water on the platform.

Asphalt footpath tS 5.00

0

Impression of tidal stairs from tank look out

degradation

Wheat

Tidal stairs and tidal platform 4.61

1:3000

110

Direct linkage between bus station and ferry terminal, with roof structure to welcoming passenger who arrived in a raining day. It’s a straight line between the ferry wharf to bus, direct and efficiency are the key of the transportation system. There are two parking space for bus due to the one way system, could potentially two bus arrive to the site.

BS 4.64

600m

Master plan

Key interventions Transportation system is the foundation of the site circulation, the plan shows how the bus station link to the ferry terminal. The tidal stairs and platform present along with the spot height to indicate the level Rainchange Gardennext to the water. (The spot height are based on Chart Datum) Together to show how the space function in detail level. Cross section cut through bus station together with perspective from the ferry wharf show the experience of the site.

Roof structure

300

Master plan

design intent

A

150

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 02/06

Site Analysis

tS 5.00

ro

Boat Ramp

0

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 01/06

ay W

area

Br ea

Wind sports

Rain Grden

ad

Boat Ramp

Indigenous planting strategy (Ecology value ) Phytoremediation planting strategy (Educational & Environmental & social value)

1:5000 @A1

5.23

Three stories Office

7.00

1423

our Ferry ry

Harb

Fer nd

ond

Isla

Diam

ail

New proposed land use (Social value) Remediation parks (Environmental & Social value)

Cars park with boa ing only t traile rs

Small boat storage

Qu

plaza

Boat Hub

Magazine Bay

Naval Point coastal recreation area (Social value) Dampier Bay Commercial Waterfront (Economic & Social value) Axis at Naval Point (Ecological value )

Floating Board Walk

Boat accessories

Boat Hub

He

New Naval Point marina (Social value)

design intent of tank sculpture Afternoon view of proposed Dampier Bay ferry terminal and bus station Lyttelton Tug boat berth at Dampier Bay ferry wharf

FFL 5.26

Agrostis tenuis

The sculpture are located in Dampier Bay next to the cinema, have the purpose of educating people as it will reflect the character of the past of the Dampier Bay, also with as the reference element of the Naval Point tank park. Which will enhance the connection between Naval Point and Dampier Bay, not only physically but also culturally.

Libertia ixioides

150

5.34

Prumnopitys taxifolia

110

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

TG : Top of Gangway TS : Top of Steps BS : Bottom of Steps

A Bus

Roof structure

detail plan

Bus Station

A

Coastal planting Tidal Platform

0

5

Detail Plan

1

300 Petroleum Remediatio

Roof structure

10

20m

1:100

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 04/06

Stormwater management The arrows represent runoff direction. The rain gardens are proposed next to Dampier Bay car park, so the contamination from the cars will collect in these rain gardens, also there are secondary rain garden to further clean the runoff as the site are previously used for oil storage to ensure the water quality treated in the best way before into the harbour basin. Other rain gardens are proposed along the one road.

Tidal Stairs

Three stories office

Three stories office

Sports Ground Indigenous vegetation

Key interventions

Proposed circulation & building footprint

Proposed buildings formed suitable enclosure public spaces that suite for human scale will act like magnets to attract people moving from one space to another. Meanwhile the buildings have active frontage on the costal side so people could experience a vibrant coastal space along the coast. On the lower level, the tidal stairs, platform and board walk provide another layer of experience to people for touching the water. A multiple experience (layers)within a leaner space is the most interesting part of this design. Stormwater diagram

Costal Guard Office

5.95

Axis (pedestrian only) Park

Light House

wa

1423

ay Qu ey dl Go

i ak

4. Educating people by ecology design

Lyttelton Tug

Remain industrial use

Remain Industrial use

Pedestrian Axis

ay lkw

ad

Existing circulation & building footprint

Existing Dampier Bay are mostly vacant land, with almost no circulation. 5.02

Yacht club

Dampier Bay waterfront

Value proposition

Lyttelton Ferry

Cinema: The cinema are proposed as the Harbour Light Theatre are demolished after 2011 earthquake.

Dampier Bay Car park

Tank Park

Log park

3. Harmony between industrial and public use

naval Point

Rain Grden

12.00

Spatial zoning

Tank lookout (remain tank structure for people access)

The dominance of the operating port at the coastal line create a light industrial character to the area.

ra p

Lyttelton Port Company Office: a small plaza in the middle of the area, people can gather and relax in the afternoon tea time.

00

driver

1

Restaurant

1:1

1. Engagement with the water 2. Celebrate Lyttelton unique character

View 1

Other interventions

The intersection movement between the birds and human

Industrial character

y Ba

Bus station

Cafe

543

ea

As a response of such situation, the proposed land use will change the current land use of Naval Point and Dampier Bay to cancel the “wrap effect”, to achieve a good balance between the industrial and public use. Thus the circulation of the site will become clear and visitor friendly, and add more layers of circulation of the site to make the site vibrant and attractive.

Unique landscape

to H

Quay

Lyttelton has a strong community that make the character of the site stand out. Such as TimeBank trading system, permanent garage sell organised by the community. Light Festival attract thousands visitors outside of Lyttelton.

Aquarium

Rain Grden 5.61

Fish Market: Lyttelton as a coastal town, doesn’t have a fish market, but there are fishing industry in Dampier Bay, it’s important to have a local fish market so locals doesn’t need to go to the city to buy fish.

331

er

pi

m

Da

Ro a

current Head

50

0m

Lyttelton CBD

on Sutt

Strong community

d

dW al

on St.

Solve issue and design in site level: Phytoremediation (plant-based remediation) process for petroleum storage area, and log storage area. Reconnect people with water by coastal walk (include head to head walkway), tidal stairs, wharf structure etc. Create habitat for terrestrial and aquatic life.

Both Dampier Bay and northeast side of Naval Point are mostly used by the port, which isolated the current Naval Point recreation area on the western side, the public recreation area are wrap inside of the industrial land, same story in Dampier Bay. These “wrap effect” will give a sense of you are not welcome in here. Only the locals know they could access Naval Point and Dampier Bay not visitors.

291

kw ay ro ut e

Lond

The project begin with identity and change current land use, which will fundamentally reduce the conflict between the public and the port, thus improve the circulation of the site.

er

Rain Grden

5.00

Coastal Walks: People could either decide walking along in the higher level that in front of the commercial area or walk on the floating boardwalk, as the tide rising and falling, the boardwalk will rising and falling accordingly, which enhance the coastal character of Lyttelton.

Footpath

Fish Market

Phytoremediation is natural way of remediation, which means doesn't need huge earthwork operation that damaged the soil and environment. Petroleum contamination within the site will remediate by the plants, the plants can speed up the natural attenuation process and to control, degrade and volatilize hydrocarbons in groundwater. Its low cost compare with other traditional clean process, but time consuming (depend on the particular contamination), for petroleum the relative remediation time is 10 years and does not require harvesting after planting. The log storage remediation is differ from oil remediation, the plants need to be harvest after the remediation finished. (the plants for remediation are in planting strategy)

Lyttelton character

mn

Cinema

Dampier Bay Commercial Waterfront

Silo sculpture

150

Su

Lyttelton Port strengthen the identity of the place, bring profit to the town. However the dominance of these light industry emphasise this is a port town rather than a coastal town. How to bring those missing elements back, what is the win-win solution for both the community and the port to create a coastal port town is the core of this project.

1:500

Phytoremediation parks The curved lines represent the wheat and oat growing in the site, as the advantage of a mountain region, these mass planting and deliberate curve shape can be experienced by the community. 5 oil tanks are removed for bird habitat, with pinus radiata growing around the old tank footprint, the road is zigzag shape throughout the park, crossing between the “habitat tanks” to create an intersection experience between the birds and human. Wheat, oat, pine spp. have function of remediate oil contamination. Use these three key plant to create a “production landscape” feels. The bird habitat will growing native vegetation to provide habit for native birds.

Voice of the community Development of Naval Point for recreation Better marina at Naval Point (need a break water)

Fish Market

Shop

260

This is a place have rich characters, from the gentle flow in side of the harbour to dynamic sea outside of the harbour, from man-made industry to the natural mountain landscape.

The site is contaminated by the petroleum storage, log storage

1. LPC storage tank at north of the Naval Point disfunctioning, but structure remain 2. the log storage area in naval Point propose to remove 3. Lyttelton Port Company agreed open Sutton Quay and northern costal edge of Naval Point to public

Shop

Rain Grden

Educational Industrial Sculpture: Three silo sculptures are the reference to the history to the past of the Dampier Bay, and also the reference to the remediation park in Naval Point. Wheat and oat will surrounded these silos because they are used for phytoremediation in the oil storage area.

Proposed walkability

Existing walkability

Dampier Bay commercial waterfront As the key linkage between Lyttelton CBD and Naval Point, Dampier Bay is develop to a commercial area for the locals and visitors, thus connecting Lyttelton CBD and Naval Point. The ferry terminal will relocate from the current position and new bus station will locate next to the ferry terminal. New marina will provide attraction to this area. The floating boardwalk will celebrate the Lyttelton’s dynamic tidal change, along with the tidal steps together enhance the character of the port.

Assumptions:

5.46

Key interventions Dampier Bay Car Park Less car movement within the site is the idea behind this large car park. Although the locals are encourage to walk to Dampier Bay, still, visitors and locals can use this public car park. Rain garden are proposed next to the car park to capture the contaminant and release to secondary rain garden and finally into the sea. (See stormwater diagram)

110

Petroleum storage tanks occupied almost half area in Naval Point

Old railway with grass in the middle

0

74

Almost impossible access water from these rip-rap

The vacant land at Dampier Bay

Edge conditions between water and land are poor LPC storage tank at north of the Naval Point too close to the residential houses

18.00

5.78

Cinema

331

ad SH

el Ro Very poor edge condition at Naval Point

The dominance of the port industries

Conflicts between industrial use and public use Public have limited access to the water

16.00

design Intent

Dampier Bay is develop to a commercial and recreational area, by providing public transportation hub (bus and ferry), interesting coast line walk, and using micro climate method to create enclosure public space. To create a pedestrian friendly area by propose a single large car park and one way circulation system, thus will be significantly less car on the road, so people can enjoy the whole site that Dampier Bay offer.

291

Tunn

IntroductIon

A working port. A strong community. A natural amphitheatre. This is Lyttelton

Public use

150

Fact: Lyttelton port is expanding in two ways: first, Lyttelton port established two “inland port” out site of the Lyttelton (34 ha Midland port, Rolleston & 17 ha CityDepot, Woolston) to reduce the space needed for storage. Second, Lyttelton port are expending to further east at new reclaimed land. (Already finished 10 ha reclamation)

Proposed land use

260

Fact:

Secondary road Main road Industrial use

110

A strong selfrelient community

Existing land use

Pedestrian Axis People could walking freely in this car free space, provide seating and shelter area along the way, and a big tidal stairs at the end of the axis to finish strong, and give people a reason to walk to the end. The circle shape of the water like a piece of jewelry inlaid in the costal line to enhance the beautiful color of the sea in Lyttelton Harbour.

Issues

Lyttelton Farmers Market

A community on the hills

Existing & Proposal diagram

Naval Point Break Water Break water proposed at Naval Point Marina, in 2000 the Marina was badly damaged by the storm, the break water will keep the new marina safe from strong wind.

Key intervention:

Lyttelton

Dampier Bay was reclaimed in 1890s, the site is used for oil storage (located on proposed office and Dampier Bay car park area), and now the side is demolished and vacant, the contaminated soil been removed. Currently Dampier Bay are largely vacant along with port use machineries, and car park for the marina and Lyttelton Engineering. As the place to connect Lyttelton CBD and Naval Point, Dampier Bay undoubtedly becomes the most important linkage between those two locations.

other interventions

As to achieve the win-win solution between port and public, the use of the port needs to be mostly maintained, considering the whole port as my site, the final decision has come to Naval Point and Dampier Bay.

Christchurch

Lyttelton

Metal Remediation (Log Storage)

Mist forest vegetation

Coastal Vegetation

plantinG strateGY

Planting Plan

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 05/06

desiGn details

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 06/06

Construction Drawings


Major Design

Major Design project Summary A working port. A strong community. A natural amphitheatre. This is Lyttelton This is a place have rich characters, from the gentle flow in side of the harbour to dynamic sea outside of the harbour, from man-made industry to the natural mountain landscape. Lyttelton Port strengthen the identity of the place, bring profit to the town. However the dominance of these light industry emphasise this is a port town rather than a coastal town. How to bring those missing elements back, what is the win-win solution for both the community and the port to create a coastal port town is the core of this project. The project begin with identity and change current land use, which will fundamentally reduce the conflict between the public and the port, thus improve the circulation of the site. Solve issue and design in site level: Phytoremediation (plant-based remediation) process for petroleum storage area, and log storage area. Reconnect people with water by coastal walk (include head to head walkway), tidal stairs, wharf structure etc. Create habitat for terrestrial and aquatic life.

Competencies: Design in a range of scales

(Site analysis, Master plan, 1:500 plan, 1:100 plan, design details, level change, construction drawings)

Landscape materials (hard materials and plant materials)

Cultural landscapes Ability to work across disciplinary and intuitional boundaries Ecological planning Research skills Consultative techniques (working with people/community)

Advanced communication skills

(graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms)

Computer application and technology

2


Port Hills Christchurch

Lyttelton

Site Analysis

A community on the hills

Lyttelton

d Roa nel Tun

The dominance of the port industries

4 SH 7

IntroductIon

The vacant land at Dampier Bay

Fact: Lyttelton port is expanding in two ways: first, Lyttelton port established two “inland port” out site of the Lyttelton (34 ha Midland port, Rolleston & 17 ha CityDepot, Woolston) to reduce the space needed for storage. Second, Lyttelton port are expending to further east at new reclaimed land. (Already finished 10 ha reclamation)

Very poor edge condition at Naval Point

Lyttelton Port strengthen the identity of the place, bring profit to the town. However the dominance of these light industry emphasise this is a port town rather than a coastal town. How to bring those missing elements back, what is the win-win solution for both the community and the port to create a coastal port town is the core of this project.

Lond

Petroleum storage tanks occupied almost half area in Naval Point

uay

Q on Sutt

Due to the physical separation by the Port Hills, it create a tenuous connection between Lyttelton and Christchurch. An iconic mountain to the sea place. Lyttelton’s volcano origin and a sense of natural amphitheatre

Existing & Proposal diagram

ay rB

e

pi

m

Da

Lyttelton has a strong community that make the character of the site stand out. Such as TimeBank trading system, permanent garage sell organised by the community. Light Festival attract thousands visitors outside of Lyttelton.

to H

50

0m

Lyttelton CBD

Solve issue and design in site level: Phytoremediation (plant-based remediation) process for petroleum storage area, and log storage area. Reconnect people with water by coastal walk (include head to head walkway), tidal stairs, wharf structure etc. Create habitat for terrestrial and aquatic life.

Voice of the community

Development of Naval Point for recreation As a response of such situation, the proposed land Better marina at Naval Point (need a break water) More access to the water use will change the current land use of Naval Point and Dampier Bay to cancel the “wrap effect”, to Lyttelton character Su mn community achieve aStrong good balance between the industrial and er Ro ad use. Thus the circulation of the site will bepublic Uniqueand landscapevisitor friendly, and add more layers come clear of circulation of the site to make the site vibrant and attractive.Industrial character

ea

t.

Both Dampier Bay and northeast side of Naval Point are mostly used by the port, which isolated the curIssues rent NavalConflicts Point area on the western side, betweenrecreation industrial use and public use have limited access to the water the publicPublic recreation area are wrap inside of the inEdge conditions between water and land are poor LPC storage tank at north of the Naval too close to the Bay. These “wrap dustrial land, same story inPoint Dampier residential houses The sitegive is contaminated by the petroleum log storage effect” will a sense ofstorage, you are not welcome in Water runoff direct into the sea here.

1. LPC storage tank at north of the Naval Point disfunctioning, but structure remain 2. the log storage area in naval Point propose to remove 3. Lyttelton Port Company agreed open Sutton Quay and northern costal edge of Naval Point to public

dW al

on S

The project begin with identity and change current land use, which will fundamentally reduce the conflict between the public and the port, thus improve the circulation of the site.

Assumptions:

kw ay ro ut e

This is a place have rich characters, from the gentle flow in side of the harbour to dynamic sea outside of the harbour, from man-made industry to the natural mountain landscape.

The dominance of the operating port at the coastal line create a light industrial character to the area.

Existing & Proposal diagram

the ma ght ey Q

ua y

Existing land use

Proposed land use

Secondary road Main road Industrial use

Proposed land use

Public use Secondary road Main road Industrial use

pa ki

Go

dl

Existing & Proposal diagram

ra

Existing land use

driver

Competencies: 2. Celebrate Lyttelton unique character 1. Engagement with the water

3. Harmony between industrial and public use 4. Educating people by ecology design

Site analysis

Public use

to

naval Point

Existing land use rry

Proposed land use

Key interventions

Secondary road Main road Industrial use

Research skills

New Naval Point marina (Social value) Naval Point coastal recreation area (Social value)

our Fe

Public use

Dampier Bay Commercial Waterfront (Economic & Social value)

Harb

Axis at Naval Point (Ecological value )

ond

New proposed land use (Social value)

Consultative techniques Remediation parks (Environmental & Social value)

Diam

y Fer r lan d ail Is Qu

ma ght

Fact:

Almost impossible access water from these rip-rap

A working port. A strong community. A natural amphitheatre. This is Lyttelton

ma the ght

A strong selfrelient community Lyttelton Farmers Market

current Head

the

Site Analysis

Indigenous planting strategy (Ecology value )

Existing walkability

Proposed walkability

Existing walkability

Proposed walkability

Phytoremediation planting strategy (Educational & Environmental & social value)

(working with people/community) 1:5000 @A1

Advanced communication skills

(graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms)

Value proposition

Existing walkability

Footpath

Proposed walkability

Footpath

3

Both Dampier Bay and northeast side of Naval Point are mostly used by the port, which isolated the current Naval Point recreation area on the western Footpath side, the public recreation area are wrap inside of the industrial land, same story in Dampier “wrap effect” give a Point sense are of you are not welcome Both DampierBay. BayThese and northeast sidewill of Naval mostly used by the in here. Onlyisolated the locals theyNaval couldPoint access Naval Point Bay port, which theknow current recreation areaand on Dampier the western not visitors. side, the public recreation area are wrap inside of the industrial land, same sto-

ry in Dampier Bay. These “wrap effect” will give a sense of you are not welcome As a response of such theside proposed land useare willmostly change the current in here. Only the locals know they could Naval Point and Dampier Both Dampier Bay andsituation, northeast of access Naval Point used by Bay the land use of Naval Point and Dampier Bay Point to cancel the “wrap effect”, achieve not port,visitors. which isolated the current Naval recreation area on thetowestern

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 01/06

Computer application and technology


people to walking along. People can fishing on the wharfs or on the tidal stairs. The shape of the waterfront are inspired by the bays in the Lyttelton Harbour, when walking along the coast, you never know what next bay will looks like, the arrival of each bay is different experience. So to the curved costal line will replicate the experience of walking bay to bay. Also Naval Point is a piece of flat land, winds could come from different direction, providing shelter by the vegetation and curved shape edge will provide different angle of shelter, so the people can find a sheltered space according to the wind direction during the day.

Master Plan

Pedestrian Axis People could walking freely in this car free space, provide seating and shelter area along the way, and a big tidal stairs at the end of the axis to finish strong, and give people a reason to walk to the end. The circle shape of the water like a piece of jewelry inlaid in the costal line to enhance the beautiful color of the sea in Lyttelton Harbour.

Master plan summary

Existing & Proposal diagram

Dampier Bay commercial waterfront As the key linkage dly damaged by the storm, the between Lyttelton CBD and Naval Point, Dampier Bay is develop to a commercial area for the locals and visitors, thus connecting Lyttelton CBD and Naval Point. The ferry terminal will relocate from the current position and new bus station will locate next to the ferry terminal. New marina will provide attraction to this area. The floating boardwalk will celebrate the Lyttelton’s dynamic tidal change, along with the tidal steps eople will have 360°panorama together enhance the character of the port. tors. The structure of the Light 11 earthquake. Phytoremediation parks The curved lines represent the wheat and oat growing in the site, as the advantage of a mountain region, these mass planting and deliberate curve shape can be experienced by the community. 5 oil tanks are removed for bird habitat, with pinus radiata growing around the old tank footprint, the road is zigzag shape throughout the park, crossing between the “habitat tanks” to create an intersection experience between the birds and human. Wheat, oat, pine spp. have function of remediate oil contamination. Use these three key plant to create a “production landscape” feels. The bird habitat will growing native vegetation to provide habit for native birds.

1:500 Cinema Existing land use

Secondary road Main road Industrial use

Fish Market

Proposed land use

Public use

Dampier Bay Commercial Waterfront

Phytoremediation is natural way of remediation, which means doesn't need huge earthwork operation that damaged the soil and environment. Petroleum contamination within the site will remediate by the plants, the plants can speed up the natural attenuation process and to control, degrade and volatilize hydrocarbons in groundwater. Its low cost compare with other traditional clean process, but time consuming (depend on the particular contamination), for petroleum the relative remediation time is 10 years and does not require harvesting after planting. The log storage remediation is differ from oil remediation, the plants need to be harvest after the remediation finished. (the plants for remediation are in planting strategy)

Proposed walkability

The intersection movement between the birds and human Bird habitat (demolished tank structure) Tank lookout (remain tank structure for people access)

Fish Market

Footpath

Tank Park

te

ou yR wa

Remain Industrial use

Pedestrian Axis

Log park

alk dw

ea

ad

H to

Sports ground

Re ve ge ta tio

nf or es t

He

Boat Hub

Bo at Ra mp

age Large boat stor Public Carpark

Tank Lookout 1 View 1

Toilts showers

Both Dampier Bay and northeast side of Naval Point are mostly used by the port, which isolated the current Naval Point recreation area on the western side, the public recreation area are wrap inside of the industrial land, same story in Dampier Bay. These “wrap effect”Light willHouse give a sense of you are not welcome in here. Only the locals know they could access Naval Point and Dampier Bay not visitors. As a response of such situation, the proposed land use will change the current land use of Naval Point and Dampier Bay to cancel the “wrap effect”, to achieve a good balance between the industrial and public use. Thus the circulation of the site will become clear and visitor friendly, and add more layers of circulation of the site to make the site vibrant and attractive.

front Naval Point water

Footpath

Tidal Stairs

Marina

orts area Wind sp

Dampier Bay waterfront Remain industrial use Axis (pedestrian only)

0

150

300

Park Sports Ground Indigenous vegetation Boat Hub

Master plan

Dampier Bay waterfront

Prevailing easterly wind

As a response of such situation, the p

use of Naval Point and Dampier B 1. New Naval Point marina (Social value)land a good balance between the industria the site will become clear and visitor 2. Naval Point coastal recreation area (Social value) tion of the site to make the site vibrant 3. Dampier Bay Commercial Waterfront (Economic & Social value) zoning 4. Axis at Naval Point (Ecological valueSpatial ) 5. New proposed land use (Social value) 6. Remediation parks (Environmental & Social value) 7. Indigenous planting strategy (Ecology value ) 8. Phytoremediation planting strategy (Educational & Environmental & social value)

Competencies: Prevailing easterly wind

p Boat Ram

Light House

ry in Dampier Bay. These “wrap effect” in here. Only the locals know they co not visitors.

Design in large scale

Spatial zoning

Br ea

kw at er

Cars park with b o ing only at trail ers

Small boat storage

Magazine Bay

Drivers

1. Engagement with the water 2. Celebrate Lyttelton unique character 3. Harmony between industrial and public use Bay and northeast side Both Dampier port, which isolated the current Nav 4. Educating people by ecology design side, the public recreation area are wr

Key interventions Existing walkability

Existing walkability

Cultural landscapes Ability to work across disciplinary and intuitional boundaries Advanced communication skills

600m

1:3000

Impression of tidal

Computer application and technology Ecological planning

4


View 1

1

Cinema

Intermediate Plan

are fishing industry in Dampier to go to the city to buy fish.

Shop

Background

rea, people

Fish Market

Cafe

Rain Grden

Dampier Bay was reclaimed in 1890s, the site is used for oil storage (located on proposed office and Dampier Bay car park area), and now the side is demolished and vacant, the contaminated Grden Silo sculpture soil been removed. Currently Dampier Bay are largely vacant along withRain port use machineries, and Aquarium car park for the marina and Lyttelton Engineering. As the place to connect Lyttelton CBD and Naval Point, Dampier Bay undoubtedly becomes the most important linkage between those two locacan gather and relax tions.

Shop

Restaurant

design Intent

16.00

Lyttelton Ferry 5.78

Rain Grden

Dampier is develop to a commercial and recreational area, by providing public transportation re demolished afterBay 2011 earth-

hub (bus and ferry), interesting coast line walk, and using micro climate method to create enclosure Bus station public space. To create a pedestrian friendly area by propose a single large car park andView one 1way circulation system, thus will be significantly less car on the road, so people can enjoy the whole site that Dampier Bay offer.

5.61

Key interventions

Old railway with grass in the middle

1

00

1:1

Lyttelton Port Company Office: a small plaza in the middle of the area, people can gather and relax in the afternoon tea time. Floating Board Walk

Bus station

The arrows represent runoff direction. The rain gardens are proposed next to Dampier Bay car park, so the contamination from the cars will collect in these rain gardens, also there are Rain Grden secondary rain garden to further clean the runoff as the site are previousDampier Baythe Marina ly used for oil storage to ensure water quality treated in the best way before into the harbour basin. Other Yacht club rain gardens are proposed along the one road.

12.00

Cinema: The cinema are proposed as the Harbour Light Theatre are demolished after 2011 earthquake.

plaza

Shop

Dampier Bay Marina

Rain Grden

Floating Board Walk Stormwater management

Stormwater diagram

Boat accessories

Other interventions

View 1

Cafe

Restaurant Lyttelton Ferry

00

1:1 Rain Grden

d

Dampier Bay Car park

Lyttelton Tug

on

5.00 Three stories office

Boat Ramp

50

100m

Boat repair

1:500 plaza

Floating Board Walk

Floating board walk at medium levelBoat tide with the arrival of the ferry (the plataccessories form with the person sitting on will be under the water when tide higher than 2.48 which the highest tide of Lyttelton is 2.7m) the background is the Lyttelton Engineering building and oil storage tanks in Naval Point.

0

25

100m

Shop

Three stories Office

te plan

1:500

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 03/06

5.34

7.00

Dampier Bay Marina

50

Floating board walk at medium ferry (the platform with the person sitting on will be under the water when tide higher than 2.48 which the highest tide of Lyttelton is 2.7m) the background is the Lyttelton Engineering building and oil storage tanks in Naval Point.

Competencies:

Rain Grden

d

a ro ay W ne

Stormwater management The arrows represent runoff direction. The rain gardens are proposed next to Dampier Bay car park, so the contamination from the cars will collect in these rain gardens, also there are secondary rain garden to further clean the runoff as the site are previously used for oil storage to ensure the water quality treated in the best way before into the harbour basin. Other gardens arethe proposed along levelraintide with arrival ofthethe one road.

Tidal Stairs

Three stories office

Proposed buildings formed suitable enclosure public spaces that suite for human scale will act like magnets to attract people moving from one space to another. Meanwhile the buildings have active frontage on the costal side so people could experience a vibrant coastal space along the coast. On the lower level, the tidal stairs, platform and board walk provide another layer of experience to people for touching the water. A multiple experience (layers)within a leaner space is the most interesting part of this design. Stormwater diagram

Costal Guard Office

5.95

1

Existing Dampier Bay are mostly vacant land, with almost no circulation. 5.02

5.34

a ro ay eW

Aquarium

5.00

Office Proposed buildings formed suitable enclosure public spaces that suite for human scale will act like magnets to attract people moving from oneTidal spaceStairs to another. Meanwhile the buildings have active frontage on the costal side so people could experience a vibrant coastal space along the coast. On 5.61 the lower level, the tidal stairs, platform and board walk provide another layer of experience to people for touching the water. A multiple experience (layers)within a leaner space is the most interesting part of this design.

Boat repair

Fish Market

Rain Grden

Shop

Rain Grden

Costal Guard

Coastal Walks: Three stories office People could either decide walking along in the higher level that in front of the commercial area or Lyttelton Tug walk on the floating boardwalk, as the tide rising and falling, the boardwalk will rising and falling accordingly, which enhance the coastal character of Lyttelton.

Tidal Stairs

Silo sculpture

Proposed circulation & building footprint

Existing Dampier Bay are mostly vacant land, with almost no circulation.

reference to the remediation park in Naval Point. Wheat and oat will surrounded these silos because they are used for phytoremediation in the oil storage area. 5.02

Yacht club

Fish Market: Lyttelton as a coastal town, doesn’t have a fish market, but there are fishing industry in Dampier Bay, it’s important to have a local fish market so locals doesn’t need to go to the city to buy fish.

Lyttelton Tug

1 Existing circulation & building footprint

Lyttelton Ferry

Existing Dampier mostly vacant with almost no circulation. Dampier BayBayisare develop toland, a pedestrian friendly commercial and recreational area, by propose ahuman single Proposed buildings formed suitable enclosure public spaces that suite for scale will a magnets to attract one space to another. Meanwhile the thus buildings have large car parkpeople andmoving onefrom way circulation system, frontage on the costal side so people could experience a vibrant coastal space along the coa will be significantly less car on walk theprovide road. Proposed the lower level, the tidal stairs, platform and board another layer of experience ple for touching the water. Asuitable multiple experience (layers)within a leaner space is the most in buildings formed enclosure public spaces part of this design. that suite for human scale will act like magnets to Stormwater management Stormwater diagram moving from one space attract people to another. arrows represent Meanwhile the buildings have activeThe frontage onrunoff d The rain gardens are proposed to Dampier Bay car park, so th the costal side so people could experience a vibrant from the cars will c coastal space along the coast. On thetamination lower level,also the in these rain gardens, secondary rain garden the tidal stairs, platform and board walk provide an-to furth the runoff as the site are prev used for oil storage other layer of experience to people forlytouching theto ensur water quality treated in the be water. A multiple experience (layers) within a the leaner before into harbour basin. Existing circulation & building footprint Proposed circulation & building footprint rain gardens are proposed alo space is the most interesting part of thisonedesign. road. Shop

0 :10

Proposed circulation & building foo

5.46

Cinema

Cafe

r Bay Car park Three silo sculptures are the reference to the history to the past of the Dampier Bay, and also the

ories office

5.02

Yacht club

Dampier Bay Car Park Less car movement within the site is the idea behind this large car park. Although the locals are encourage to walk to Dampier Bay, still, visitors and locals can use this public car park. Rain garden are Restaurant proposed next to the car park to capture the contaminant and release to secondary rain garden and finally into the sea. (See stormwater diagram) Rain Grden Educational Industrial Sculpture:

Intermediate Existing circulation & buildingPlan footprint 18.00

Rain 5.00 Grden

12.00

o

Design in intermediate scale

5.00

Major Design 201 Jiangchen Zhu 11 Sheet 03/06

Boat Ramp

0

interMediate plan

5

25

50

100m

1:500

Floating board walk at medium level tide with the arrival of the ferry (the platform with the person sitting on will be under the water when tide higher than 2.48 which the highest tide of Lyttelton is 2.7m) the background is the Lyttelton Engineering building and oil storage tanks in Naval Point.

Advanced communication skills (graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms) Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 03/06

Computer application and technology


Tidal Platform

Volcanic Paver

Lyttelton Tug

Detail Design

Board Walk 2.48

4.99

water play area

Detail Plan Key interventions

Sail Chair design intent

Transportation system

Transportation system is the foundation of the site circulation, the plan shows how the bus station link to the ferry terminal. The tidal stairs and platform present along with the spot height to indicate the level Rainchange Gardennext to the water. (The spot height are based on Chart Datum) Together to show how the space function in detail level. Cross section cut through bus station together with perspective from the ferry wharf show the experience of the site.

Direct linkage between bus station and ferry terminal, with roof structure to welcoming passenger who arrived in a raining day. It’s a straight line between the ferry wharf to bus, direct and efficiency are the key of the transportation system. There are two parking space for bus due to the one way system, could potentially two bus arrive to the site.

Provide efficient public transport system by direct link ferry terminal and bus station to make Dampier Bay function. Design with level change along the coastal line to create tidal stairs and platform to create different experience and space for people to engage with water. Tidal stairs and tidal platform

tS 5.00 5.23

BS 4.64

4.61

Tidal stairs are designed for people to touch the water, the lowest part of the stairs are the tidal platform. The platform will be under the water if there is high tide (higher than 2.48m) which will add interest of the space. The surface of the platform need to have slip resistance finish as it will get slippery after tide falling. The plan shows people walking in the water on the platform.

2.48

Sitting area

Water play area

This area is the response to the most marina, as there are no space for people to touch the water if there is a marina, by extent further of the wharf structure to create space between the coast and wharf so people can have this area to play on. Especially for family with children, parents don’t need worrying children go too far into the water.

Asphalt footpath water play area

Lyttelton local volcanic rock pavement

BS 2.48

tS 5.00

Lyttelton have a type of red rock that used for walls in the area, by having this local sourced rock is a sustainable way to enhance the identity of the area.

Afternoon view of proposed Dampier Bay ferry terminal and bus station Lyttelton Tug boat berth at Dampier Bay ferry wharf

Rain Garden

Enclosure public space

The space formed by the bus station and café building will create a good micro climate for the area, the size of area are 20x25m which suite for human scale to create comfortable feeling, prevailing easterly wind will block by the building, north facing area will receive sunlight. There are 6 meter between café and bus station building because the costal view is part of the micro climate, people need to see more of the sea and the mountains on the backdrop, block the wind doesn’t means block the view.

5.16

Asphalt Road

Ferry

TG : Top of Gangway TS : Top of Steps BS : Bottom of Steps

BS 2.48

tS 5.00

re FFL 5.40

A

Coastal planting

Tidal Platform

0

5

A

tG 5.00

Bus Station

Roof structure

Roof structure

10

20m

5.30

5.08

Rush vegetation

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 04/06

1:100

Lyttelton Tug

Tidal Platform

Lyttelton Volcanic Red Rock Paver

Lyttelton local volcanic rock pavement Lyttelton have a type of red rock that used for walls in the area, by having this local sourced rock is a sustainable way to enhance the identity of the area.

Board Walk 5.42

Asphalt

5.24

Tidal stairs and tidal platform Tidal stairs are designed for people to touch the water, the lowest part of the stairs are the tidal platform. The platform will be under the water if there is high tide (higher than 2.48m) which will add interest of the space. The surface of the 1platform need to have slip resistance finish as it will get slippery after inundated in A the water. The plan shows people walking in the water on the platform.

2.48

4.99

1%

water play area

Sail Chair

5.08

Competencies:

Cafe

Design in detail scale 5.34

Level change

Afternoon view of proposed Dampier Bay ferry terminal and bus station Lyttelton Tug boat berth at Dampier Bay ferry wharf

FFL 5.26

Hard landscape materials TG : Top of Gangway TS : Top of Steps BS : Bottom of Steps

A Bus

Roof structure

detail plan

Bus Station

Roof structure Coastal planting Tidal Platform

0

5

10

Advanced communication skills (graphics (manual and digital), written and oral A forms) Computer application and technology 1:100 20m

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 04/06

6


Planting Strategy 2-He s 12-Ca k Wheat

2-He s

2-Co p

7-As f 1-Co a

2-Co p

7-As f 1-Co a

12-Ca k

1-Pi r

3-Ps c

10-Bl p

6-He s

2-Co p

2-Pi r

3-Pi t 3-Ps c

10-Bl p

6-He s

3-Pi t

7-Li i 1-Pi r

7-Li i

14-Po c

5-Ca k

2-Co a

14-Po c

2-Co a

5-Ca k

2-Co p

Plant ID

Botanical Name

Common Name

Scheduled Size

Quantity

Food / Usage

As f

Astelia fragrans

Kakaha, Bush flax

PB 3

30

FI

186m2

Petroleum degradation

Av s

2-Pi r

oat

Bl p Ca k

Foot Path

Co a

Wheat

Co p

oat

Plant ID #Avena sativa As f Av s

He s

Steps

Li i Pi o Pi r

Bl p Ca k

Oat

Botanical Name

Blechnum penna-marina

Kiokio, small hardfern

*Carmichaelia kirkii

Climbing broom

Cordyline australis

Cabbage tree

Coprosma propinqua

Mikimiki

Hebe salicifolia

Koromiko

Libertia ixioides

Mikoikoi, NZ Iris

PB 3

Astelia fragrans PB 3 PB 8

#Avena sativa PB 3 PB 3

28

*Pittosporum obcordatum

Heart-leaved kohuhu

#Pinus radiata

Monterey Pine

PB 3

*Carmichaelia PB 5 kirkii

Scheduled Size Overall Planting Strategy Kakaha, Bush flax PB 3

34

I

9

FNI

7

FL

16

I

PB 3 7 Blechnum penna-marina

Planting strategy diagram

Common Name

Oat

Quantity

Food / Usage

30

FI

186m2

Petroleum

Planting stra

degradation Kiokio, small hardfern

PB 3

28

Climbing broom

PB 3

34

PB 8

9

1

F

7

Petroleum

Overall Planting Stra I

degradation Pi t Po c

Wheat

Pr t Ps c

Silo lookout

Tr s

Birds habitat

Co a Co p He s

Food for native birds:

Li i

FI F

Prumnopitys taxifolia

Matai

PB 8

3

Pseudopanax crassifolius

Coprosma propinqua

F BI

Horoeka, lancewood

PB 8

8

FNBI

#Triticum spp.

Wheat

Hebe salicifolia

319m2

Petroleum

“F” = Fruit/seed “N”= Nectar

rint remnant 4-Co p

6-Po c 7-Bl p

2-He s 2-Co p 3-As f 2-Co a 2-Pi t 2-Co a 10-As f

Birds habitat

Juniperus scopulorum Pinus radiata

Mikimiki

PB 3

7

Koromiko

PB 3

16

Metal I Remediation (Log storage)

PB 3

7

Petroleum Remediatio

1

degradation

“I” = Insects “L” = Fruit for Lizard (refer to Indigenous

Libertia ixioides

Griselina littoralis

Mikoikoi, NZ Iris

*Pittosporum obcordatum

Heart-leavedPlanting kohuhu strategy PB 3

Pi r

#Pinus radiata

Plan native is the onePB goal HoweverPetroleum both Naval Point and Monterey Pine 5 of the planting strategy. 7

1-Pi o

9-Ca k 1-Co p 1-Pr t 3-Bl p

4-As f 2-He s 3-Ps c

8-Bl p 3-Co a

8-Ca k

Blechnum penna-marina

2-Pr t 6-As f 2-Ps c

Pittosporum tenuifolium

Carmichaelia kirkii

Pittosporum_obcardatum

“F” = Fruit/seed “N”= Nectar

“B” = Bud/foliage

nk footp

fuchsia excortica

oil ta

Poa cira

Cordyline australis

Juniperus scopulorum Petroleum Remediatio

Agrostis tenuis10-As

f

1-Pi o

9-Ca k 1-Co p 1-Pr t 3-Bl p

Blechnum penna-marina Metal Remediation (Log Storage)

plantinG strateGY Griselina littoralis Carmichaelia kirkii

fuchsia excortica

Pseudopanaxcrassifolius

Hebe salicifolia

Silene paradoxa

2-He s 2-Co p 3-As f 2-Co a 2-Pi t 4-He s 2-Co a

6-Po c 7-Bl p

Coprosma propinqua

4-As f 2-He s

Libertia ixioides

3-Ps c

degradation Vegetation “I”Mist = forest Insects “L” = Fruit for Lizard (refer to Indigenous

canopy. Carmichaelia kirkii and Pittosporum obcordatum are two threatened plants within this ecosystem that need to planted.

Planting strategy

Phormium tenax

Coprosma propinqua

Leptospermum scoparium

1-Pr t

F

Ecosystems of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin) Mist forest vegetation In Lyttelton harbour basin this type of vege* = Threatened plants on Bank Peninsula (refer to New Zealand Journal Botany. Vol 42:45-16) tation start from the upper costal to gentle slope region, Plant select from ground cover # = Plants use for phytoremediation (refer to petroleum degradation plant list, PHYTO principles and resources site remediation to trees for that will create different layers ofand landscape design)

4-Co p

FL

Coastal Vegetation

Dampier were reclaimed land after European settlement, there are no “Revegetaion” degradation can be done within those area, the best way to extent the Native vegetation is merging into the existing surrounding vegetation, to replicate the nature environment.AcPi t Pittosporum tenuifolium Kohuhu, Black maitipo PBEcosystem 8 6 Harbour Basin, F I by Lucas Associates cording to Indigenous of the Lyttelton As a part of the planting strategy, the petroleum remediation art park are planted mixed with and Manaaki Whenua Research there Lyttelton mistPo forest purpose of native birds habitat and c vegetation and exotic vegetation Poaforcita wiwi, silver tussck PBLandcare 3 20 are two typeF of ecosystem suitable for the site, they are Mist forest and coastal ecosystem. remediation. The native vegetation are selected by the plants can produce nectar, fruit and Second goal is to remediation the contaminated site of the oil storage area and log seed that will provide food source for native birds. The plan also try to create a randomness t the nature environment withinPrumnopitys taxifolia Matai PB 8 plan represent the 3 design intent FofBthis I strategy. storage area. The planting vegetation toPr mimic the oil tank footprint. Three plants (wheat oats and pinus radiata) are chosen for phytoremediation also have the purposes of given that people can becrassifolius aware of this is the Horoeka, area Ps c a sense of production landscapePseudopanax lancewood PB 8 8 FNBI once contaminated by industry. Outside of the footprint is planted with pinus radiata in a circle shape, to emphasise the reTrand s also act as a buffer zone to discourage #Triticum spp. Wheat 319m2 Petroleum moved oil tank people access.

Triticum spp.

Avena sativa

FNI Mist forest Vegetation

Pi o

Food for native birds:

rint remnant

“B” = Bud/foliage

Cabbage tree

Planting plan design intent

4-He s

7

6 20

landscape design)

1-Pr t

4-Pi r

PB 8 Cordyline australis PB 3

* = Threatened plants on Bank Peninsula (refer to New Zealand Journal Botany. Vol 42:45-16) # = Plants use for phytoremediation (refer to petroleum degradation plant list, PHYTO principles and resources for site remediation and

nk footp 4-Pi r

Kohuhu, Black maitipo wiwi, silver tussck

Ecosystems of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin)

oil ta

1:150 @A1

Pittosporum tenuifolium Poa cita

8-Bl p 3-Co a

8-Ca k

Astelia-fragrans

2-Pr t

6-As f 2-Ps c Prumnopitys taxifolia

Pittosporum tenuifolium Mist forest vegetation

Pittosporum_obcardatum

Plan native is the one goa Dampier were reclaimed l Planting plan design intent can be done within those ing into the existing surro Dodonaea viscosa cording to Indigenous Eco As a part of the planting strategy, the petroleum remediationCoastal artVegetation park are planted mixed with vegetstion and Manaaki Whenua Lan Lyttelton mist forest vegetation and exotic vegetation for purpose of native birdsCostal habitat and Schoenoplectus tabernaemontanei (lake clubrush) and Bolboschoenus caldwellii for the site, they are Mist remediation. The native vegetation are selected by the plants can produce nectar, fruit and (clubrush) are two plants can provide habitat for aquatic The plantsare planted mixed As that a part ofBolboschoenus thefood planting strategy, theThepetroleum remediation artspecies. park Second goal is to remedia seed will provide source for native birds. plan also try to create a randomness need to withstand the harsh costal envicaldwellii ronment and tolerant to salty water. storage birds area. The planting vegetation to mimic the nature environment within the oil tank footprint. with Lyttelton mist forest vegetation and exotic vegetation for purpose of native Three plants (wheat oats and pinus radiata) are chosen for phytoremediation also have the habitat and remediation. The native vegetation are selected by the plants can produce purposes of given a sense of production landscape that people can be aware of this is the area nectar, fruitSchoenoplectus and seed that will provide food source for native birds. The plan also try to once contaminated by industry. tabernaemontani Outside of the footprint is planted with pinus radiata in a circle shape, to emphasise the recreate a randomness vegetation to mimic the nature environment within the oil tank moved oil tank and also act as a buffer zone to discourage people access.

Planting plan

footprint. Three plants (wheat oats and pinus radiata) are chosen for phytoremediation also have Vegetation of given a sense of production landscape that people can be aware of this Mist forest Veg theCoastal purposes is the area once contaminated by industry. Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 to emphasise the Outside of the footprint is planted with pinus radiata in a circle shape, Sheet 05/06 removed oil tank and also act as a buffer zone to discourage people access.

Phormium tenax Poa cira


on sage ndigenous

ation and m ion igenous

ion and

m

aion

m

ion Indigenous

diation and

a

Coastal Vegetation

Planting Strategy

Metal Remediation (Log storage) Mist forest Vegetation

Planting strategy diagramCoastal Petroleum Remediatio Vegetation Planting strategy

Metal Remediation (Log storage)

Petroleum Overall Planting Plan native is the oneStrategy goal of the planting strategy. However bothRemediatio Naval Point and

Dampier were reclaimed land after European settlement, there are no “Revegetaion” can be done within those area, the best way to extent the Native vegetation is mergPlanting strategy ing into the existing surrounding vegetation, to replicate the nature environment.According to Indigenous Ecosystem of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin, by Lucas Associates Plan is the one goal of the planting However both Naval Pointsuitable and andnative Manaaki Whenua Landcare Researchstrategy. there are two type of ecosystem Dampier were reclaimed land after European settlement, there are no “Revegetaion” for the site, they are Mist forest and coastal ecosystem. can be done those area, the way to extent thethe Native vegetation mergSecond goalwithin is to remediation the best contaminated site of oil storage area isand log ing into the existing surrounding vegetation, to replicate the nature environment.Acstorage area. The planting plan represent the design intent of this strategy. cording to Indigenous Ecosystem of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin, by Lucas Associates and Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research there are two type of ecosystem suitable for the site, they are Mist forest and coastal ecosystem. Second goal is to remediation the contaminated site of the oil storage area and log storage area. The planting plan represent the design intent of forest this strategy. Mist Vegetation Coastal Vegetation

Mist forest Vegetation

Metal Remediation (Log storage)

Mist forest vegetation Petroleum Remediatio In Lyttelton harbour basin this type of vegetation start from the upper costal to gentle slope region, Plant select from ground cover Mist forest Vegetation Planting strategy to trees that will create different layers of canopy. Carmichaelia kirkii and Pittosporum Mist forest vegetation obcordatum areboth two threatened plants withPlan native is the one goal of the planting strategy. However Naval In Lyttelton harbour basin this Point type ofand vegein this ecosystem that to planted. Dampier were reclaimed land after Europeantation settlement, there areneed nocostal “Revegetaion” start from the upper to gentle can be done within those area, the best way to extent thePlant Native vegetation is mergslope region, select from ground cover to replicate trees that the will create layers of ing into the existing surrounding vegetation, to naturedifferent environment.Accanopy. Carmichaelia and Pittosporum cording to Indigenous Ecosystem of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin, kirkii by Lucas Associates obcordatum are two withand Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research there are two type of threatened ecosystemplants suitable in this ecosystem that need to planted.

for the site, they are Mist forest and coastal ecosystem. Second goal is to remediation the contaminated site of the oil storage area and log storage area. The planting plan represent the design intent of this strategy. Coastal Vegetation

Coastal Vegetation Mist forest Vegetation

Costal vegetstion Schoenoplectus tabernaemontanei (lake clubrush) and Bolboschoenus caldwellii (clubrush) are two plants can provide habitat for aquatic species. The plants need to withstand the harsh costal enviCostal vegetstion ronment and tolerant to salty water. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontanei (lake Mist forest vegetation clubrush) and Bolboschoenus caldwellii In Lyttelton harbour basin this type of vege(clubrush) are two plants can provide tation start from the upper costal to gentle habitat for aquatic species. The plants slope region, Plant select from ground cover need to withstand the harsh costal envito trees that will create different layers of ronment and tolerant to salty water. canopy. Carmichaelia kirkii and Pittosporum obcordatum are two threatened plants within this ecosystem that need to planted.

Planting strategy Plant native is the one of the planting strategy. However both Naval Point and Dampier were reclaimed land after European settlement, there are no “Revegetaion” can be done within the area, so the strategy is to identify surrounding native vegetation type and replicate it. According to Indigenous Ecosystem of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin, there are two type of ecosystem suitable for the site, they are Mist forest and coastal ecosystem. The plants are chose from these two ecosystem. In Mist forest vegetation Plant select from ground cover to trees that will create different layers of canopy. Carmichaelia kirkii (NZ Broom) and Pittosporum obcordatum(heart-leaved kohuhu) are two threatened plants within this ecosystem that need to plant. In Costal vegetation Schoenoplectus tabernaemontanei (lake clubrush) and Bolboschoenus caldwellii (clubrush) are two plants select for providing habitat for aquatic species. Second strategy is the plant use for remediation in oil tank storage and log storage area. The plants species are shown in the section. For oil storage tank area, the plants does not require harvest after remediation complete because the plant only speed up the natural attenuation process, but for log storage area, the plants will stored contamination in the plant. So need to harvest when remediation done.

Competencies: Strategy planning Ecological planning for sustainable environment Plants materials Advanced communication skills (graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms)

8


1

10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

1423

200 0

Construction Drawing 1300

Design Detail

1210

ns fixed to stainless

40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap

Sail seat

with min. 6mm gap 543

20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

welded with stainless ed with 20 dia x 2000mm

20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

1423

543

543

0 200

1423

291

331

1300

1300

100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube

1210

1210

543

stainless steel sail tube

150

80mm dia stainless steel bearing tube 17.5 MPa Concrete aggregate

Seat front view Scale: 1:10

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

331

291

331

291

100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube

150

2

Seat front view Scale: 1:10

Scale: 1:5

543

Design intent of tank sculpture

110

331

Major Design 2016 Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Sheet 06/06

150

The3 located in Dampier Bay next to the cinema, have the purpose of educating people as it will reflect the character of the past of the Dampier Bay, also with as the reference element of the Naval Point tank park. Which will enhance the connection between Naval Point and Dampier Design intent of tank sculpture Bay, not only physically but also culturally. 150

110

300

ing mechanism inside of the bearing tube need to ensure the seat spin at manageable speed (children safety). Also need place it when there is enough space for seat spinning while not disturbing the circulation of the site. Seat are accessible for all age users, imagine it’s just a normal office chair without wheels and add a sail on the back.

Computer application and technology

The sculpture are located in Dampier Bay next to the cinema, have the purpose of educating people as it will reflect the character of the past of the Dampier Bay, also with as the reference element of the Naval Point tank park. Which will enhance the connection between Naval Point and Dampier Bay, not only physically but also culturally.

110

9

The sail seat will located according to 1:100 detail plan. On t the seat have aluminium sail that will power the seat to spin ing mechanism inside of the bearing tube need to ensure the at manageable speed (children safety). Also need place it whe Detail design enough space for seat spinning while not disturbing the circ the site. SeatFunction: are accessible for all age users, imagine it’s jus The sail seat will located according to 1:100 detail plan. On the back of office chair without wheels and addwilla power sail on thetoback. Construction drawing the seat have aluminium sail that the seat spin, the bear-

Competencies:

I n s i d e Ta n k S c u l p t u r e

Seat section sculpture are Scale: 1:5

80mm dia stainless steel bearing tube 17.5 MPa Concrete aggregate

Function:

300

331

Tank udetails lpt u re Design intent S ofctank sculpture design

331

331 1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

150

The sculpture are located in Dampier Bay next to the cinema, have the purpose of educating people as it will reflect the character of the past of the Dampier Bay, also with as the reference element of the Naval Point tank park. Which will enhance the connection between Naval Point and Dampier Bay, not only physically but also culturally.

dia 10mm 416 grade counter sunk stainless steel cup square screw fixed to 42 x 20mm Saligna timber and stainless steel seat frame

1210

The sculpture are located in Dampier Bay next to the cineInspiration: ma, have Function: the purpose of educating people as it will reflect Wind is a character of Lyttelton as a coastal town. Windsock or Wind Flag are interesting elements in Lyttelton, they are fixed on the character of the past of theDirection Dampier Bay, also with as the oil tank to tell the wind speed and direction. Sailing boat is another character of Lyttelton, especially in a sunny summer day. By combining the reference element of the Naval Point tank Which these two characters together is thepark. inspiration of the sail seat. will enhance the connection between Naval Point and Dampier Bay, not only physically but also culturally. The sail seat will located according to 1:100 detail plan. On the back of the seat have aluminium sail that will power the seat to spin, the bearing mechanism inside of the bearing tube need to ensure the seat spin at manageable speed (children safety). Also need place it when there is enough space for seat spinning while not disturbing the circulation of the site. Seat are accessible for all age users, imagine it’s just a normal office chair without wheels and add a sail on the back.

331

Seat section Scale: 1:10 Seat section

Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand 150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

110

260

150

331

110

260

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

17.5 MPa Concrete aggregate 80mm dia stainless steel footing fixed in concrete 110

150

150 260

150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

110

543

543

Finished ground level Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand

1

3

Design1300 intent of tank sculpture Finished ground level

300

260

300

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube

331

331

dia 10mm 416 grade counter sunk stainless steel cup square screw fixed to 42 x 20mm Saligna timber and stainless steel seat frame

20 dia xseat 2000mm stainless steel sail tube the have aluminium sail that power the to spin, the bear10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20seat dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube ing mechanism inside of the bearing tube need to ensure the seat spin at manageable speed (for safety concern). Also need place it when there Inspiration: is enough space for seat spinning Wind is a character of Lyttelton as a coastal town. Windsock or 40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap while not disturbing the Direction circulation Flag are interesting elements in Lyttelton, they are fix the oil tank of theInspiration: site. Seat is accessible for to alltell the wind speed and direction. Sailing boat is character ofan Lyttelton, especially in a sunny summer day. By co age users, the sail can be seen as 80mm alloy tube armrest welded with stainless steel these two characters together is the inspiration of the sail seat seat frame office chair without wheels. Wind is a character of Lyttelton as a coastal town. Windsock or Wind Direction Flag are interesting elements in Lyttelton, they are fixed on the oil tank to tell the wind speed and direction. Sailing boat is another character of Lyttelton, especially in a sunny summer day. By combining these two characters together is the inspiration of the sail seat.

543

40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap

Seat front view alloy tube armrest welded with stainless Scale: 1:1080mm steel seat frame and welded with 20 dia x 2000mm 2

Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand 150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

110

150 110

260

150

291

110331

80mm1200 diax 120 stainless steel bearing x 60mm stainless steel beam welded tube with stainless steel seat frame 17.5 MPa Concrete aggregate

Finished ground level

°

°

165

30 x 10mm wooden battens fixed to stainless steel seat frame 17.5 MPa Concrete466 aggregate

165

110

110

1210

80mm dia stainless steel footing fixed in concrete

2

1210

80mm alloy tube armrest welded with stainless steel seat frame

Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand 150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

65

65

Seat section Scale: 1:10

1300

40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap 100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube will

Finished ground level

1300

736

260

150mm AP40 Base course Aggregate

x 2000mm

1423

1423

543

1423

291 2297 260

331

Pavers poured on 20mm bedding sand 150

466

260

150

stainless steel sail tube

100mm dia stainless steel bearing tube

300

Finished ground level

1423

200

543

165

165

200

0

1423 543 331

300

1300

40 x 20mm Saligna timber with min. 6mm gap 80mm alloy tube armrest welded with stainless steel seat frame and welded with 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

736

sail seat will located according 1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beamThe welded with stainless steel seat frame to 1:100 detail plan. On the back of 1210

30 x 10mm wooden battens fixed to stainless 10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20 dia steel seat frame

° 65

° 65

2297

466

1200 x 120 x 60mm stainless steel beam welded with stainless steel seat frame

gate ooting fixed in concrete

260

1210

736

331

736

466

543

20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

1300

2297

2297

bearing tube

10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

seat frame

0

1423

200

0

1423

1423

10g aluminium sheet wrap on 20 dia x 2000mm stainless steel sail tube

ess steel beam welded ame

1

Inspirations are: windsocks and sailing boat by combining them together to come up with this sail seat concept. To reflect the windy character of Lyttelton. 80mm alloy tube armrest welded with stainless steel


The geographical location of Lyttelton makes it an ideal place for a port, it has rich industry background since first Christchurch European settlement (1850). Lyttelton port as a gateway to South Island, brings prosperity to Christchurch and beyond, the port has become the identity of the place. The expending of the port industry cause the loss of small bays in Lyttelton area (Banks Peninsula Landscape Study, Boffa Miskell 2007) The community benefits from the port industry meanwhile gradually lost their access to the water, and natural values of the area. As response of the two earthquakes in 2010 and 2011, Lyttelton Master Plan (2012), Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan (2015) and Dampier Bay Design Guidelines (2016 Draft) give this robust community a strong support, these plans shows the potential and desire of Lyttelton development in the future. How to preserve Lyttelton’s industrial heritage; how to reduce the level of industry dominance of Lyttelton? How to bring back the natural environment to the community; how to reconnect the people with water? These four question forms four drivers of this design study.

2012/13 financial year proportion of port revenue 3

Industrial revenue

Driver 2: Create a coastal lowland ecosystem associated park

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose.

´

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

Map adapted from Canterbury Map & LINZ/NZ Hydrographic Authority

6

5

Popula tion:

7

Scale: 1:8,000 @A3

Sumner

0

ion: 300

Populat

Cass Bay

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0

0.9

1.8

2.7

3.6 Kilometres

Scale: 1:60,000 @A3 Map Created by 123 on 5:36:15 p.m.

4000

Lyttelton

Rapaki

Diamond Harbour

Governors Bay

Popu

lation

Population:

: 100

0

1500

Charteris Bay

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases. Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose. Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

Driver 1: Lyttelton: Icon of Industrial

raupo

Whaka

´

qwe

0

0.075

0.15

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District,

0.225

Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, 0.3 Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases. KilometresBoundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to purpose.

Scale: 1:5,000 @A3 Map Created by qqwe on 3:57:17 p.m.

the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

´

qwe

0

0.075

0.15

0.225

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, 0.3 District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, KilometresChristchurch Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases.

Scale: 1:5,000 @A3

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose.

Map Created by qqwe on 3:58:24 p.m.

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

´

Head of the Bay 0

0.075

0.15

0.225

e Reserv

0m

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases. Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose.

´

qwe

0

0.075

0.15

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District,

0.225

Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, 0.3 Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases. KilometresBoundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to purpose.

Scale: 1:5,000 @A3 Map Created by qqwe on 1:14:32 p.m.

m

90

m 10

Environment Canterbury, Land Information New Zealand, Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

Uru

the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

mau

´

qwe

0

0.075

0.15

90m 0.225

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District,

Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, 0.3 Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases. Kilometres

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose.

Scale: 1:5,000 @A3

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

Map Created by qqwe on 1:15:01 p.m.

´

0

0.075

Environment Canterbury, Land Information New Zealand, Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

0.15

0.225

Scale: 1:5,000 @A3

Environment Canterbury, Land Information New Zealand, Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

New proposed reclamation site at Te Awaparahi Bay

Environment Canterbury, Land Information New Zealand, Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

Environment Canterbury, Land Information New Zealand, Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

11

1

10

Driver 4: Focus on Edge condition enhance people engagement with water Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases.

123

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose.

Environment Canterbury, Land Information New Zealand, Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

Desire Proportion water access status 图表标题

图表标题

Naval Point industries

(petroleum product storage and logs etc.)

(Lyttelton Port of Christchurch,2016)

Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

´

0.1

0.2

0.3

´

0

0.9

1.8

2.7

Current space for industrial and port use

Desire space for public water access

Gas Works Park Master Plan

2

the

water

Cooperate Low Impact Design into brownfield redevelopment: - By using efficient lighting technologies to reduce energy demand - Water management and treatment through wetland and wale system - Reuse of site own materials, the concreate blocks are from the Golden Bay Cement works site.2

1 Lessons Learned The detail level of implementation of reusing site: - Fishing crates have been reused as setting - Silo footings have been reused on playground, - Remnant blocks from the cement works have been recycled into retaining walls and wetland edge walls, storm water outflow structure - Navigation buoys have been reused in the Silo Park as a play elements for maze configured

Fishing crate been reused for seating

11

Hierarchy of Drivers

0.4 Kilometres

Map Created by 123` on 5:11:04 p.m.

Driver 1: Icon of Industrial

30%

Driver 2: coastal lowland park

30%

Driver 3: tourism hub

10%

Driver 4: people and water

Reference: Images: Gas Works Park: A Brief History of a Seattle Landmark (n.d.). In University of Washington Press. Retrieved from https://uwpressblog.com/2015/04/15/gas-works-park-a-brief-history-of-a-seattle-landmark/ http://www.zipcar.com/ziptopia/future-metropolis/adaptive-reuse-gasworks-seattle Beyond Gas Works Park: The Life and Legacy of Richard Haag. Ed. Liz Camuti. ASLA, 2015. Retrieved from <https://dirt.asla.org/2015/07/02/beyond-gas-works-park-the-life-and-legacy-of-richard-haag/>. http://fineartamerica.com/featured/gas-works-park-seattle-kite-flying-jack-pumphrey.html Graves, D. (2015, April 15). Gas Works Park. Retrieved from http://www.gmfus.org/sites/default/files/Gas%20Works%20Park_David_Graves.pdf http://richhaagassoc.com/studio/projects/gas-works-park/ The Cultural Landscape Foundation. N.p., 2015. Retrieved from <https://tclf.org/landscapes/gas-works-park>. https://leyoung2.wordpress.com/ Way, Thaïs. "Landscapes of industrial excess: A thick section approach to Gas Works Park." Journal of Landscape Architecture (2013): 6-17. Print. https://uwpressblog.com/2015/04/

`Project name: Hunter’s Point South Park

Recycle of remnant concreate for sitting

12

30%

Jiangchen Zhu (Sam) 1103148

Gas W o r k s Par k

1

3

Cut and fill diagram

Silo Market

Touch

Scale: 1:8,000 @A3

Future space for industrial and port use

The contamination still the biggest issues of the site, still effecting the sediment of Lake Union. In 2000 and 2001, the government placing a trap-like covering under 600mm of topsoil over much of the park to oppose the rainwater that carries contamination in the soil to the lake. In 2012, a half-acre tarp will be buried in the site’s northeast corner. A new soil project will begin in October. (Stang, 2012)

F

3.6 Kilometres

Scale: 1:60,000 @A3

Map Created by 123 on 5:36:15 p.m.

Future space for industrial and port use

Current space for industrial and port use

Great place for meeting people

Limitation

Reuse Silo footings

Key Principles

Desire available space for public access water

Current available space for public access water

Current available space for public water access

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

0

Watch fireworks in the Park

Flying kite on the Kite Hill

The importance of the vision and strategy for a project: The core decision made in Gas Works Park project is to remain the towers in the gasification plant, and now it’s the essential of the park. To recognize the values of the elements in the site and find best way to transform them to new usage is the key to success of brownfield redevelopment. Even as experienced as Hagg, the Gas Works Park projects still has it drawback, which I will address in the “Limitation” part. See myself as a user of the site: Make himself as a member of the public, Hagg easily identify the needs of the public, the lack of openness in the city, and the access way to the water was stopped by the gasification plant. Minimum yet efficient intervention: Cut and fill process within the site to create the hilly landscape in the site which also reflect the landscape character of City of Seattle.

Environment Canterbury, Kaikoura DC, Hurunui DC, Waimakariri DC, Christchurch City Council, Selwyn DC, Ashburton DC, Timaru DC, Waimate DC, Mackenzie

seasons 33% of all Australia visitors to Canterbury arrived on a cruise ship (Christchurch & Canterbury Tourism, 2014) 2

After

Lessons Learned

& Uniqueness of Project

A promenade could benefit almost ten thousand people

Statistics NZ: YE June 2014 Over the ME Spatial: Economic Impact of the NZpast Cruise two Sectorcruise 2014

Current proportion water access status

Contaminated site

9

The specific benefits of using wharf facilities are that:  There is less risk of accidents occurring while loading tender vessels at sea.  It allows for provisioning of fresh food and water and removal of rubbish.

2

12

9

0.3 Kilometres

Map adapted from Canterbury Map

“In 1925, 29 hectares of reclaimed land at Naval Point is consolidated and sites are available for business”.

2016)

Prior to the 2010/11 earthquakes Lyttelton was the preferred Canterbury destination for cruise ships due to its proximity to Christchurch and the fact that wharf facilities are generally preferred by cruise lines over bringing passengers ashore in tender vessels.

Estimated complete by 2022 (Ecan, 2015)

Map adapted from Canterbury Map & Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan, 2015

2016

4

10

Map Created by qqwe on 7:55:54 p.m.

10m

Rese rve

Establishment of costal lowland park

2016

5

8

be New Zealand’s fourth largest inbound market,

Over the past two cruise seasons 33% of all Australian visitors to Canterbury arrived on a cruise ship. Despite behind Australia, China and the USA."(Christchurch the short stay of cruise visitors, a positive experience in our region is often a catalyst for future visits to our & Canterbury Tourism, 2014) region using other travel modes. The cruise sector has also provided recent business top-up for Canterbury (Holland America Line, visitor attraction businesses that were starved by the 2011 earthquake impacts at a time when Christchurch has had constrained accommodation supply.

Logs business

The transition of the Lyttelton railway

7

Environment Canterbury, Kaikoura DC, Hurunui DC, Waimakariri DC, Christchurch City Council, Selwyn DC, Ashburton DC, Timaru DC, Waimate DC, Mackenzie

the last two decades with an average annual growth

Dry dock

Container industry

6

Census data from NZ statistic, 2013

8

New Zealand currently receives approx 700 port visits a year of which 15% visit in the Canterbury region. rate at 7% since 1990. If cruise was considered as Passenger, crew and vessel related spend reached $38.7 million in the Canterbury region in the 2013/14 an origin country for inbound tourism, it would year.

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

15

Cruise ship route from Australia to nZ

"Cruise tourism has been202,700 one ofpassengers the fastest In 2013/14ship 119 cruise voyages brought and 69,300 crew to our shores generating and estimated million in overall valuefor added expenditure growing $365 inbound travel sectors New Zealand2.over

qwe

Logs business

0.3 Kilometres

Scale: 1:5,000 @A3 Map Created by qqwe on 7:55:28 p.m.

150m

1975

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose. Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

Before

Key Principles Retrofit: maintaining main coal gasification plant, and reuse of industrial elements merging to park recreation. Bio-retention: using the plants (natural process) for site reclamation Minimum earthwork (cut and fill within the site): take out worst soil and mounded it up within the site. (Under the Great Mound is the most contaminated soil)

The place becomes one of the favorite outdoor space for the locals in both day and night time, with its unique industrial surroundings, and the connection to the water. Michael van Gessel (the president of the Rosa Barba prize jury) said “…to convince politicians 4 to keep the fish trawlers and 3 other uses in place instead of pushing them elsewhere for also the benefit of hard-core real estate development and a touristic waterfront is something else. That would have taken away the very life out of the harbor” (Mckee, 2014) (The projects won the Rosa Barba Prize in 2014)

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose.

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases.

1_60000 head to head

Lyttelton loss of 15,000 cruise passengers per year since 2011

Canterbury region growth in curise passenger

Growth in cruise passenger numbers 2005-13 numbers 2005-13

- Revolutionary design of transforming postindustrial site to public amenity, inspired other project such as Duisburg Nord, Germany. (Gas Works Park: A Brief History of a Seattle Landmark, n.d.) - Iconic Park and Landmark of Seattle - Best location to watch fireworks on 4th of July (USA Independence Day) with 50000 people attendance, and location for flying kite and skiing place in the winter (Graves, 2015) - Unrivaled panoramic views of the lake and downtown skyline (Gas Works Park, 2015)

Outcomes of the Project

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases.

1_60000 head to head

One of the earliest postindustrial sites to be transformed into public park in 1970s particularly the decision made by Hagg of keeping the industrial ruins was generally unacceptable by the public. Now the Gas Works Park is one of most popular recreation facilities in the Seattle area today. In fact the rusted towers in Gas Works Park are the last remaining glasificaion plants in USA. It listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2013, and it is the Landmark of City of Seattle. (Foundation, 2015) The use of bio-remediation method for reclamation contaminated soil was revolutionary by the time in 1970s.

Outcomes of the Project

Open-air cinema and other evening events

The removal of all obstacles that have been located between people and water, the design is to Regionally, the head to head walk way proposal (Lyttelton Master Plan, 2012 & encourage people to touch the water. Previously, for approximately 100 kilometres of coastline Lyttelton/Mt Herbert Community Board Plan, 2015) could bring attraction to in the City had none connection between water and the public. Christchurch City. Potentially the walk way could become one of the reason for (Poole, 2013) people stay overnight (head to head walk way need 2-3 days to complete).

>10.5m

<5m

Map Created by 123` on 5:11:04 p.m.

qwe

1968

Sub-driverSignificance 1:

5m-10.5m

Cruise ship tourism has been one of the fastest growing inbound travel sectors for New Zealand over the last two decades with an average annual growth rate of 7% since 1990. If cruise was considered as an origin country for inbound tourism, it would be New Zealand’s fourth largest inbound market, behind Australia, China and the USA1.

The network of proposed coastal lowland park contribute to surrounding lowland environment (Left)

0.4 Kilometres

Wynyard wharf is one of the earliest wharves in Auckland, and was completed by 1851. For

3500 berth level cruise ship that operating in NZ but aunable to call at Akaroa or approximately 100currently years, the site has been working wharf for boatmen. The silos was using Lyttelton, this result the travel from Dunedin to Wellington will take another sea day, which for store vegetable oil, petroleum products and acid etc. Within the Wynyard Quarter, two silo is unacceptable and unmarketable as the visitors already spend 3 days from Australia to structures& have beenTourism, retained as part of the industrial heritage of Auckland. Now named Silo Dunedin. (Christchurch Canterbury 2014)

Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

Map adopted from DOC Maps, 2016

Oil tank storage and logs storage

0.4 Kilometres

Wynyard Wharf in the late 1882

Park. (Poole, 2013) The park combined of landscape grassed areas, low impact design wetland and concreate silos and walkways. The combination of these elements within the site delivers a setting to host outdoor events including Silo markets, look out, an outdoor cinema, and music events. Twin sub-drivers to boost Lyttelton2014) tourism industry (Wynyardtogether Precinct: Urban Design Framework,

WAteR DePtH

Industrial revenue

Background

Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

0.3

Significance & Uniqueness of Project

Context

Sub-driver 2:

Naval Point tourism industries

(Water sports, accommodation, coastal promenade )

Recreation/ Tourism revenue

Industrial revenue

Regional visitors spend (arrival from Christchurch etc. by vehicle)

Lyttelton character Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases.

0.2

Scale: 1:8,000 @A3 Map Created by 123` on 5:11:04 p.m.

Context Gas Works Park was built on the location of a former coal gasification (convert coal and oil into gas) plant that was ceased operating in 1956 when the natural gas had replaced the products. (Way, 2013) In 1965 the 8.3 hectares site was purchased by the City of Seattle. In 1969 Hagg was retained by the Seattle Park Board to develop a master plan for a new park and in 1971 Hagg’s master plan was approved by the Seattle City Council. In 1975, the park opened to public.

Internationally, Lyttelton port is the main port for tourist to visit this region and Maintain two silo structures as the industrial heritage of Auckland, and give them new function South Island, the market for cruise ship tourism for Lyttelton is substantial. (Silo market, open-air movie theatre, music events etc.) to revive the structure instead of exhibit the “heritage” to the public.

International visitors spend (arrival from Australia etc. by cruise ship)

“The spurs that descend from the crater rim have a radial pattern, forming a natural amphitheatre that encloses the township and the artificially created, large oval harbour at Mt Pleasant (499m), Mt Cavendish and The Tors have defines a Lyttelton.”(Boffa Miskell, 2007)123 clear waved skyline in this area. The dominance of the operating port at the coastal line create a light industrial character to the area. Due to the physical separation by the Port Hills, It create a tenuous connection between Lyttelton and Christchurch. No mater visiting Lyttelton via long tunnel or mountain roads, the experience are unique.(Boffa Miskell, 2007)

0.1

revenue

Industrial revenue

Recreation/ Tourism revenue

0

LytteLton HARBouR WAteR DePtH

0m

Future port revenueRecreation/ proportion byTourism trade

revenue

A natural and artificial amphitheatre

10.5m

Lyttelton port water depth could berth “voyager class” cruise ship (draft 8.6m) in the future

Desire future proportion of port revenue by 2046

Recreation/ Tourism Current port revenue proportion by trade

Boundary information is derived under licence from LINZ Digital Cadastral Database (Crown Copyright Reserved). The aforementioned Councils do not give and expressly disclaim any warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for any purpose. Information on this map may not be used for the purposes of any legal disputes. The user should independently verify the accuracy of any information before taking any action in reliance upon it.

AkARoA HARBouR 6.1m WAteR DePtH

Wynyard Wharf in the late 1800s

Concept Plan of Jellicoe Street, Silo Park and North Wharf Promenade

Location: Queens, New York Date of Construction: 1993-2013 (completed phase 1) Date of Official Opening: 2013 Size: 12.2 ha (2.2ha for phase 1) Cost: N/A Landscape architect(s): Thomas Balsley Associates and Weiss/Manfredi Client: New York City Economic Development Corporation/City of New York (Weiss/Manfredi, 2013)

Old shipyard

Context The waterfront park was until recently an unused post-industrial area in Long Island City. The design turning the site’s industrial heritage and panorama skyline views to establish a resilient, multifunction recreational and cultural site that is gateway and refuge (ASLA Annual Meeting, 2014)

Significance & Uniqueness of Project The toughness of the new waterfront Park as it survived after it submerged 1.2 metre of water during Hurricane Sandy. The project took the spirit of been an industrial site, “ We purposely wanted this park, from the very beginning to be muscular, to reflect its blue-collar, industrial history” said by Thomas Balsley. The park will drain itself, to avoided catchment areas that might catch surges and hold them and saltwater can be harmful. (Green, 2014) The concept link together all designed elements of the project and then encouraged traditional roles of the core design team to expand, blurring the lines between different professions of landscape architecture, architecture and engineering.

Key Principles Key principles: The use of Centre Green area as drainage: main goal of this so-called “green infrastructure” is to keep runoff out of the city’s sewer system. Because the sewer system in New York will are easily overload by the heavy rainfall.

The park site above 100-yearflood plain, if the park does flood, It can drain quickly and a pace the sewers can handle

Resilient to the storm surge

Driver 3: Create a tourism hub at Lyttelton

´

Information in this map has been derived from various sources including the Kaikoura District, Hurunui District, Waimakariri District, Christchurch District, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Selwyn District, Ashburton District, Waimate District, Mackenzie District, Timaru District and Waitaki District’s databases.

123

Why Lyttelton ?

Location: Auckland, New Zealand Date of Designed/Planned: N/A Date of Official Opening: August 2011 Size: 1.8 ha Cost: 32 million AUD Landscape architect(s): Taylor Cullity Lethlean with Wraight + Associates Client: Waterfront Auckland (formerly Sea & City) (T.C.L, n.d.)

How to transform a coastal urban brownfield to public park that benefits local community?

How to transform a coastal port associated brownfield to public park that benefits local community?

How to transform a coastal urban brownfield to public park that benefits local community?

Lyttelton

Project name: Gas Works Park Location: Seattle, Washington, USA Date of Designed/Planned: 1969-1971 Date of Construction: 1971-1976, some work ongoing Date of Official Opening: 1975 Size: 8.3 hectares Cost: 44.6 million Euros (borrowing balance for 2010-2011) Landscape architect(s): Richard Hagg Associates Client: Seattle Parks Department and City of Seattle (Way, 2013)

Photo are taken by author

`Project name: Silo Park

How to transform a coastal urban brownfield to public park that benefits local community?

Major Design design study & case studies

Comparison of Three Case Studies/Conclusion: Each of the projects are inspiring, no matter from pioneer of Gas Works Park to local example of Silo Park or robust Hunter’s Point South Park. Gas Works Park and Silo Park are similar in the way of keeping existing industrial heritage, but Gas Works Park more use it as an exhibition, fenced with wires, however Silo Park, the silos are revive with new function. On the other hand, the Hunter’s Point South Park established a brand new park for the public, which has no industrial heritage left, but it inherit the blue-collar character inside of park, its robust and roughness from an industrial history. The coastal urban brownfields usually has its advantage of its location, they usually at the heart of the city, and unraveled view of city and sea. The change of the coastal urban brownfield will bring tremendous influence to the public. It is the great place to working on and design for!

Low-water use native plants that have proven themselves along the shorelines of local saline rivers. The park's plant palette was purposely selected to be resilient, low maintenance, and provide visual integrity

Rian water treatment diagram

Relocated to Natural method: Bioremediation 1

The transition of the Lyttelton railway is the epitome of the Lyttelton industry development, the oil storage tanks at Dampier Bay (1920s) were history, there are only photos remain to recall the old memories. Lyttelton has such strong industrial identity, there are hardly a place in Lyttelton Port that doesn’t includes industry. Throughout Lyttelton port, the Naval Points has the highest potential for further development, the public can access the site unlike Cashin Quay, and could link with Dampier Bay future development (Dampier Bay Design Guide by Boffa Miskell) together to create a new coastal park.

Two way to preserve the industrial heritage when design a park (case study from last project)

Silos Park project in Auckland The project kept the silos as the way to keep heritage, and give it new functions Hunter’s Point South Waterfront Park in New York The project remove the old facilities but capture the sense of the industrial place, to design a robust muscular park that will directly facing flood and hurricane, and very quickly be able to function again after the harsh events.

Lyttelton being a costal environment, the storm in 2000 damaged Marina, the strong southerly wind of the site reflect it location. Between 2010 and 2011, the series of Earthquake gives locals more challenges. Use both way to preserve and celebrate its industrial heritage

2022

2046

Physical method: Sediment relocation

Reclamation at Te Awaparahi Bay

After remediation

Establishment of costal lowland park

Coastal ecosystem2

The additional 24 hectares reclamation would be complete as early as 2022, then a total of 34 hectares reclamation in Te Awaparahi Bay

Public access to the water Port use access

(Draft Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan, Ecan 2015 & Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan, CERA 2015)

"Many of lowland ecosystem in New Zealand are facing increasing threats from urban development, invasive non-native species. A potential solution to this decline is management at the ecosystem level, rather than focusing on individual species." (New Zealand's Naturally Uncommon Ecosystems, Susan et al., 2013)

new ferry terminal

Auckland silos Park

Dampier Bay

Reference: Auckland Waterfront –North Wharf Promenade and Silo Park (n.d.). In T.C.L Taylor.Cullity.Lethlean. Retrieved from http://www.tcl.net.au/projects/waterfront/jellicoe-street--silo-park-and-north-wharfAuckland-waterfront Mckee, B. (2014, October). Auckland takes the Rosa Barba Prize. In Landscape Architecture Magazine. Retrieved from https://landscapearchitecturemagazine.org/2014/10/03/auckland-takes-the-rosabarba-prize Poole, K. (2013). Distingushing Flotsam from Jetsam. In G. Lee & S. Ware (Eds.), Making Sense of Landscape (pp. 152-163). Washington DC: Spacemaker Press. Waterfront Auckland. (2014). Wynyard Precinct: Urban Design Framework.

Images: http://www.waal.co.nz/our-projects/urban/jellicoe-street-north-wharf/ http://www.tcl.net.au/projects/waterfront/jellicoe-street--silo-park-and-north-wharf-auckland-waterfront http://www.westhaven.co.nz/westhaven/about/history/ http://www.silopark.co.nz/silo-park/markets/ https://geekygetaways.wordpress.com/2011/09/25/auckland-waterfront-cement-silos/

Jiangchen Zhu (Sam) 1103148

Wraight + Associates (n.d.). In North Wharf & Silo Park. Retrieved from http://www.waal.co.nz/our-projects/urban/jellicoe-street-north-wharf Current public have poor accessibility to the water due to port industry, the only direct access to the water is in Naval Points (two boat ramps) , but there are conflict between port industries (dry dock, oil storage) and public recreation within the area, the port industries are cutting off or reduce the connection between Lyttelton communities and recreation facilities. Just like the Port Hill reduce connection between the city and Lyttelton. The only road between town and Naval Points is Godley Quay. So by the blue line along Dampier Bay and Naval Points means to reopen the access to the water, to reconnect people with water.

S i l o Pa r k , A u c k la n d

Naval Points

Map adapted from Canterbury Map

Moist forest ecosystem

Hunter Point's South Park Plan

Reference: https://www.asla.org/2014awards/467.html https://asla.org/uploadedFiles/CMS/Meetings_and_Events/2014_Annual_Meeting_Handouts.pdf Images: http://www.archdaily.com/428013/hunter-s-point-south-waterfront-park-thomas-balsley-associates-weiss-manfredi http://www.metropolismag.com/Point-of-View/January-2014/Q-A-Thomas-Balsley-Landscape-Architect/ https://asla.org/uploadedFiles/CMS/Meetings_and_Events/2014_Annual_Meeting_Handouts/SAThttp://www.architectmagazine.com/awards/annual-design-review/hunters-point-south-waterfront-park_o https://www.asla.org/2014awards/467.html

Jiangchen Zhu (Sam) 1103148

Hunter's Point South Park New York

Jiangchen Zhu 1103148 Reference:

Driver 2:

Driver 1:

1: Clean up Methods adapted from Guidelines for the bioremediation of Marine Shorelines and Freshwater

Wetlands, University of Cincinnati, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2001) Boffa Miskell. (2007). Banks Peninsula Landscape Study (pp. 74-77), Christchurch City Council. Boffa Miskell. (2016). Campier Bay Design Guidelines Working draft, Lyttelton Port of Christchurch. 2:Indigenous Ecosystems of the Lyttelton Harbour Basin, Lucas Associates & Manaaki Landcare Research, 2000) Photo: Photo: Scotter, W. H. (1968). A History of Port Lyttelton Christchurch, The Lyttelton Harbour Board. A natural and artificial amphitheatrehttp://www.aa.co.nz/travel/explore-new-zealand/canterbury/lyttelton/

Driver 3:

Photo:

Driver 4:

Other resource:

Environment Canterbury. (2015). Draft Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan.

3: 2012/13 revenue figure adopt from Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan Information Package, LPC 2014

http://wozawanderer.blogspot.co.nz/2010/03/godley-head-summit.html

Photo:

NZ Statistic 2013

Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. (2015). Lyttelton Port Recovery Plan.

Christchurch & Canterbury Tourism. (2014). Tourism Sector Case for Lyttelton Cruise Wharf Development. http://www.doc.govt.nz/parks-and-recreation/places-to-go/canterbury/places/godley-head/

Retrieved from: http://www.waal.co.nz/our-projects/urban/jellicoe-street-north-wharf/

Canterbury Maps

Lyttelton/Mt Herbert Community Board Plan. (2015). Lyttelton/Mt Herbert Community Board Objectives. https://rorisansan.wordpress.com/tag/governors-bay/

First Photo are taken by author

LINZ Maps

Port History (2016). In Lyttelton Port of Christchurch. Retrieved 2016, from http://www.lpc.co.nz/about-us/history/

Christchurch City Council. (2012). Lyttelton Master Plan (N4) Head to Head Walkway (pp. 65-67).

https://astridphotography.co.nz/2013/07/24/boatsheds-at-charteris-bay-banks-peninsula/

Photo: http://www.hollandamerica.com/find-cruise-vacation/SpecialOffers.action?destCode=P

Photo 7,10, 11 and 12 are taken by author

DOC Maps

Land Information New Zealand, LINZ, Environment Canterbury

Competencies: Strategy planning Research skills Ecological planning for sustainable environment Advanced communication skills (graphics manual and digital, written and oral forms)

10


Urban Arboreta COnCePT STATeMenT

“inedible” VS “edible” in the urban environment. People who visit site could experience a series of changes from inedible area to edible area, and be aware of human impact to nature land.

Children movement Adult movement

A

Vehicle movement MOVeMenT dIAGrAM

Movement diagram shows different age and purpose will result in different movement and focal point. A multi-function spaces can targeting different people and will increase the popularity of the site.

Initial phase plating

C

Future phase plating

C'

Initial phase raised planting beds Future phase raised planting beds

A'

Initial phase building gray infrastructure Future phase building gray infrastructure

B

PhASInG dIAGrAM 1:250 0m

Perspective 3. entrance of underground memorial and public amenity space

B'

5m

10m

20m

Irrigation lines

40m

Stormwater movement

Legend 9. Walkway (emergency vehicle access) 1. Vehicle driveway 10 .Raised Plating beds(Section C-C’) 2. Bioswale 11. Boiretention (Stormwater management 3. Small food market diagram ) 4. Underground stairs and ramp 12. Bioswale 5. Open-air structure in memorial 6. Amenity space (Underground memorial) Section A-A’ 13. Open space (temporal dining area) 7. Crack concrete surface (See 1:100 for details)14. Potting and Propagation Structure 15. High tunnels 8. Parking area

Perspective 2. Underground memorial tunnel

16. Composting area (structure) 17. Equipment storage Machine shop Pesticide etc. storage structure 18. Administrate office Community active room kitchen and job training structure 19. Soil mixing area

STOrMWATer MAnAGeMenT dIAGrAM

20. Pot in pot growing area 21. Children fruit garden and playground (perspective 3) 22. Main entrance 23. Plating boxes and tree trenches 24. Irrigation water storage infrastructure and rainwater collecting structure 25. Grass and forb growing area 26. Bare root growing area for trees

Stormwater will be collected and treated for irrigation purpose, the stormwater storage structure located in no.24 in the plan. The blue dot in the diagram representing this structure.

Plants list reuse Stormwater in the buildings

InedIBle AreA

(retreat from PWD Stormwater Retrofit Guidance Manual)

key words “memorable” and “functional”

edIBle AreA

It has function of transitional and food production in the same time. This part of design shows two design intentions. First is “Change”, second is the importance of the land, in the heavily urbanized city, soil are overtake by the concrete. Farmland (food production) are in the suburban and rural areas.

5 Perspective 3. Children fruit garden and playground

2

4

1 Legend 1.Porous asphalt 2.“Concrete crack” (Use recycle concrete from the site) 3.Lemon 4.Porous pavers 5.Bioretention 6.Swale

tri c

25

pro je c

tio n

24

19 14

1. e

dib le a rea

17

23 18

Fall

Winter

Vegetable Broccoli Corn Mint Fruit Apple Pears Cherries

Vegetable Broccoli Cabbage Pumpkins Fruit Blueberries Pears Plums

Vegetable Potatoes Beets Sweet Potatoes Fruit Pears Cranberries Lemons

Edible and enjoyable High tunnel houses and pot in pot trees produce fruit and vegetable, people could use the open space (No. 13) as dining area, kitchen are in the community structure. The locals could eat the food grow by themselves in the local garden, each season have food to ready for harvest. (See Plants list for vegetable and fruit)People could enjoy the process of grow food, weeding, watering and harvesting. Compare with the inedible area, this is a big contrast image to see.

5m

(Refer to PWD Storm water Retrofit

a healthy land, a healthy garden, a healthy community, and a healthy society. This is inedible VS edible.

13

se c

on d

12

pa rt

11

1:100 Glass

0m

Bioretention & Swale Plants

10m

20m

40m

Pervious paver

Wood

recycle concrete

Pervious asphalt

Jiangchen Zhu (Sam) 1103148

A

A'

B

B'

C

Project brief: Student designers are challenged to re-engage the surrounding neighborhoods by creating a thoughtful and compelling, ecologically sound landscape that produces food and nursery plantings, invites interaction with the neighbors, considers passive recreation and contemplation. Design Intent: “Inedible” VS “edible” in the urban environment. People who visit site could experience a series of changes from inedible area to edible area, and be aware of human impact to nature land.

11

C'

Competencies: Intermediate Plan Detail Plan Ecological design for sustainable environment Plants materials Advanced communication skills (graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms)

Winterberry (Ilex Verticillata)

I’d like the visitors who first come to the site can visit and experience underground memorial first, then people can see the “concrete crack” when they come up from tunnel. The “concrete crack” mimic soil texture (droughty soil) could create a huge visual impact to the visitors. The “crack” will gradually disappeared from west to east, meanwhile the raised planting beds become lower from west to east. It means when the soil is healthy we can back to the land. (See section C-C’ for planting beds height change) Grass growing between concrete slabs, and gradually cover the concrete in the future, representing the nature back into urban landscape.

3

15

Summer

Vegetable Mint Morels Lettuce Fruit Kiwis Lemons Strawberries

Blue-Flag Iris (Iris Versicolor)

6

Functional People won’t go to the tunnel every single time. On the ground is a public space with sitting and tree surrounded. Use vertical space to make this area multi functions, this can draw different people in the site. (See cross section A-A’) Tunnel will be locked when the site are not operating. On the ground there are living wall structure to prevent people fall in the structure. When tunnel operating, unless light condition are poor tunnel will have led light on, otherwise will mainly use nature light from 12 open air structure.

16

Ax on om e

second part (See axonometric projection 1. Edible area second part) Two key words “edible” and “enjoyable”

20

Arrowwood (Viburnum Dentatum)

Memorable An underground tunnel is designed for dead vegetable and fruit trees, they are inside of an open air glass structure. rain and snow will directly contact the trees, sunlight will influence the appearance of the trees, as daylight change, season change, they will change accordingly. People won’t feel same when they return visit. (See Perspective 1. & Perspective 2. for underground memorial ) In the past, the massive wave of industrialization have create a huge impact of nature landscape, this site just a small snap shot of the impact, a leftover factory. What else leftover? Soil compaction and contamination. Visitor facing a dead tree is facing a brutal truth.

first part (See 1:100 scale plan)

Spring

Guidance Manual)

EdiblE arEa


Catalyst Change 15.52

15.63

15.52

BS 15.19

BS 15.19

1% 15.57

15.25

5m width drive way

15.25

15.31

Co lo re to add d co nc re tegreen intereThe st

Co lo re to add d co nc re te intere st

Deck and sitting area

1%

1%

Deck and sitting area

The green roof apartment will create big visual impact to the public due to the roof apartment will create big visual impact to the public due to the height and shape of it, plus the social impact occurs which together acting as a height and shape of it, plus the social impact occurs which together acting as a “catalyst”. Pay attention to the shadow of the structure and north facing of the “catalyst”. Pay attention to the shadow of the structure and north facing of the apartments, to design a space accordingly (1:100 detail plan are focus on frontage apartments, to design a space accordingly (1:100 detail plan are focus on frontage and afternoon space). By using permeable structure to improve the circulation and afternoon space). By using permeable structure to improve the circulation and usage of the site, but on the other hand will scarified the private space of the and usage of the site, but on the other hand will scarified the private space of the residents, so the apartment will have nice balcony to balance up. Mix use of retail TS 18.39 residents, so the apartment will have nice balcony to balance up. Mix use of retail and office and merge them into apartment structure function as the frontage of 15.34 and office and merge them into apartment structure function as the frontage of the site. the site.

TS 18.39 15.64

15.34

15.64

Design statement

Design statement

15.31

15.42

15.42

Timber mix with grass to create nature feelings

Timber mix with grass to create nature feelings

21.65

Mix use of office and retails

rtm

Apa

People movement and the nodes of the site

1%

Town House

Town House

Aluminum handrail on the green roof with dark color TR 15.91 finish to reduce visual

TR 15.91 Slip

resis tanc

impact

Slip

7.5%

e fin

ishe

d co

BR 15.31

ncre te

Morning Shadow

8%

15.22

15.42

15.22

S an d gro und: pl a ce for beach volleyball, barbeque, sand sculpting

Timber

West coast experience under the dense canopy in a hot summer

A'

15.15

Detail Plan

5-Bl d

Level Design

Vision

5m

1-La h

4-Li p

4-Li p 1-Di s

1-Di s

1-La 2.5 h sqm Pi p

Landscape materials (hard and soft) 2-La h

2.5 sqm Pi p 4-Li p

2-La h

Aluminum

0m

5m

0m

Marble

10m

5m

10m

Qty

Latin Name

Common Name

Bl d 21 Blechnum discolor Cy m 2 Cyathea medullaris Di r 130sqm Dichondra repens Di s 2 Dicksonia squarrosa La h 27 Lastreopsis hispida Li p 16 Libertia peregrinans Po c 26 Poa Cita Pi p 23sqm Pimelea prostrata Note: The ferns’ planter needs irrigation build in

50m

50m

6- Po c

Planting Plan 1:50

Advanced communication skills (graphics (manual and digital), written and oral forms)

CuRRenT SiTe ChARACTeRS 20m

2.5 sqm Pi p 6- Po c

Plants materials

21.99

6- Po c

6- Po c

Colored concrete

Aluminum

10m

2-La h

5-Bl d

ID

20m

130 sqm Pi p

3-La h

3-La h

Planting Plan 1:50

0m

7-Bl d

1-La h

1-Cy m

Permeable paver

Hidden water fountain: ring shaped water fountain can be a cool place to be in a hot summer day, the fountain device are leveled with the pavement, people can walk through the space when fountain not operating

21.99

Detail PlanSiTe 1:100 CuRRenT ChARACTeRS

7- Po c

1-Cy m

Competencies:

A'

Colored concrete

Afternoon Shadow

4-Li p

1-Di s

1-La h

Timber

Permeable D e cpaver k and sitting area

Deck and sitting area

15.15

Hidden water fountain: ring shaped water fountain can be a cool place to be in a hot summer day, the fountain device are leveled with the pavement, people can walk through the space when fountain not operating

9 sqm Pi p

2-La h

1-La h

1-La h

TR 16.01

1%

1%

1%

1-La h

Connect to sewer system in street

2-La h

15.22

West coast experience under the dense canopy in a hot summer

9 sqm Pi p

7-Bl d

21.77

TR 16.01

A

15.42

BR 15.33

3-Bl d

1-La h

1-Di s

15.62

15.22

9 sqm Pi p

2-La h

21.77 15.82

15.62

1%

usage of the Buildings and Circulation

Terraced lawn provide sitting place on the edge

8%

15.82

BR 15.33

Green roof: the green roof offer a large open space to the public and can be access by walking, or elevator.

4-Li p

4-Li p

Design Intent: The concept of the multilevel apartments will offer expensive DECK and extensive green spaceDECK within the centre usage of the Buildings Stormwater Management Stormwater Management and Circulation Christchurch for young families, travelers and who are looking for a cool place to live. The apartment are welcome to the general public as it has continuous slop access to the rooftop all the way to 5th floor, the Port hill could be the backdrop or front view for the visitors. 1-La h

Connect to sewer system in street

Elevator

Green roof: the green roof offer resis 7.5% a large open space tanc e fin t o t h e p u b l i c a n d c a n ishbe by walking, or ed access con BR 15.31 crete elevator. BR 15.30

BR 15.30 Terraced lawn provide sitting place on the edge

ground: p la ce fo r volleyball, barbeque, ulpting

m

Aluminum handrail on the Elevatorgreen roof with dark color finish to reduce visual impact

1-La h

Car movement

22.10

22.10

3-Bl d

3-Bl d

3-Bl d

Car movement

21.73

2-La h

4-La h

4-La h

21.70

7- Po c

7- Po c

6-La h

6-La h

2-La h

24.81

24.81

1%

ents

People movement and the nodes of the site

21.70

21.73

3-Bl d

3-Bl d

Apa

21.65

1-La h

1-La h

nts me 21.61 rtTS

Mix use of office and retails 15.30

TS 21.61 15.30

SeCTion AA' 1:100

Project brief: GREEn Design in innovative way that could catalyst change theRoof surrounding landscape. Prepare a 1:100 detail plan that include the material and level change and a planting plan

Marble with slip resistance finish

Marble with slip resistance finish

Connect to sewer system in street

Ground floor retail First and second floor office

Ground floor retail First and second floor office

Permeable paver

Permeable paver

SeCTion AA' 1:100

Connect to sewer system in street

BS 18.41

BS 18.41

Crown fern Black tree fern Mercury Bay Weed Wheki tree fern Hairy fern NZ Iris Silver tussock NZ Daphne

20m ID

Sched uled Size

Height

PB 8 PB 95 PB 3 PB 40 PB 5 PB 5 PB 3 PB 3

0.5m 2m 0.01m 1.5m 0.3m 0.5m 0.4m 0.1m

12

0.75m 5m 5m 0.6m 1m 1m

and well-drained soil, keep the high humidity of the soil

especially in hot summer day.

Marble

Green roof plants are selected from: http://www.waitakere.govt.nz/abtcit/ec/ecoinit/pdf/greenroof plants.pdf Photos resource: http://www.oratianatives.co.nz/index.php

Qty

Latin Nam

Spacing

Bl d 21 Blechnum Cy m 2 Cyathea m Di r 130sqm Dichondr Di s 2 Dicksonia La h 27 Lastreops Li p 16 Libertia p Po c 26 Poa Cita Pi p 23sqm Pimelea p Note: The ferns’ planter needs especially in hot summer day.

Green roof plants are selected plants.pdf


and fix to the timber.

Deck and Pergola Design 1:20 BeNCH eLevAtION AND PLAN vIew

D7 D2

90mmx45mm handrail fixed with 4/100x3.75 nails to each structural post

D4

90mmx45mm top and bottom rail fixed with 4/100x3.75 nails to each structural post

D4

See top left

125mmx25mm pailings fixed with 3/60x 3.15mm nails to each rail

55.9m 55m

90x90mm structural post

2/M12 bolts with 50x50x3mm washers fixed with joist(190x45). Note: Do not countersink bolt heads or nuts.

1:10 BARRIeR eLevAtION (1)

1:30 eLevAtION Of DeCK Deck and pergola design section drawing

Barrier section drawing

Competencies: Construction detail drawing

13

Ma 100

9


". age pipe

Landscape Materials Cross Section 2.

Street FUrnItUre Street FUrnItUre F01 bench

F01 bench

concrete concrete

c01 colored concrete grey yellow

c01 colored concrete grey yellow treated timber on the edge of the concrete.

SFNZ Curved Bench Seat, Street Furniture NZ. SFNZ Curved Bench Seat, Street Furniture NZ.Coated Frame and Legstreated timber on the edge of the concrete. Exterior Polyester Powder (Optional). Exterior Polyester Powder Coated Frame and Legs c02 colored concrete white Hot Dipped Galvanised Frame to AS/NZS 4680 (1999) (Optional). treated timber on the edge of the concrete. c02 colored concrete white Standard.Frame to AS/NZS 4680 (1999) Hot Dipped Galvanised treated timber on the edge of the concrete. to be installed as per the supplier specification.

Standard. to be installed as per the supplier specification.

F02 cycle rack

DetaIl 1. 1. DetaIl

BIOREtENtION SWALE BIOREtENtION SWALE CROSS SECtION CROSS Scale 1:10SECtION @A1

SFNZ Drinking Fountain Silver, Street Furniture NZ. to be installed as per the supplier specification.

F03 Drinking Fountain

SFNZ Drinking Fountain Silver, Street F04 recycle bin Furniture NZ. to be installed as per the supplier specification. Queenstown Recycling Bin, Street Furniture NZ. Fits 120L Wheelie Bin (not included). Black Powder Coated Mild Steel Body.

F04 recycle bin Black Powder Coated Mild Steel Lid.

Hardwood Queenstown Recycling Bin, timber Street Slats. Furniture NZ. be(not installed as per the supplier specification. Fits 120L Wheelieto Bin included). Black Powder Coated Mild Steel Body. Black Powder Coated Steel Lid. F05Mild rubbish bin Rubbish Bin, Street Furniture NZ. Hardwood timberQueenstown Slats. Fits 120L Wheelie Bin (not included). to be installed as per the supplier specification. Black Powder Coated Mild Steel Body. Black Powder Coated Mild Steel Lid. Hardwood timber Slats. F05 rubbish bin to beBin, installed as per the supplier Queenstown Rubbish Street Furniture NZ. specification.

Cross Section 1.

Standard. to be installed as per the supplier specification.

Waihi Bench Seat, Street Furniture NZ. 1800mm long. Hot Dipped Galvanised Frame to AS/NZS 4680 (1999) materIal Standard. reason for chosen concrete: to be installed as per the supplier specification.

materIal

Base course

90mm x 19mm

1%

Overflow

U-bend rised outlet Bearer: 150mm x 50mm

Overflow DeckIng tHIckneSS(19mm) U-bend rised outlet

DeckIng tHIckneSS(19mm)

1%

The overflow will be discharge high flows

mUlcH layer(50mm) with 100mm freeboard

Down pipe

Down pipe

c03 colored concrete black

treated timber on the edge of the concrete.

c03 colored concrete black

mUlcH layer(50mm) bIoretentIon layer(400mm) 400mm for grasses and small shrub

Perforated pipe 150mm typ.

bIoretentIon layer(400mm) 400mm for grasses and small shrub

Perforated pipe 150mm typ.

tranSItIon layer(100mm) Sand/coarse sand

tranSItIon layer(100mm) DraInage layer(300mm) Sand/coarse A 50mm gravel surrounding the pipe on sand all sides

50mm gravel surrounding the pipe

c05 exposed concrete white

mIScellaneoUS Finish: mixed shell on top. m01 Decking

DraInage layer(300mm) A 50mm gravel surrounding the pipe on all sides

50mm gravel surrounding the pipe

150mm X 50mm and 90mm X 19mm decking timber. mIScellaneoUS (Pinus radiate)

to be sourced by tIMSPEC. m01 Decking Deck treatment to be confirmed. Refer to bioretention

150mm Xdetail 50mm 1. and 90mm X 19mm decking timber. (Pinus radiate) to be sourced tIMSPEC. (Pinus radiate) m02 by timber Deck treatment toColored be confirmed. ReferC02 toand bioretention For edge of Concrete C01, C03. detail 1. Detail to be confirmed. to be installed as per the supplier specification.

m02 timber (Pinus radiate) For edgebioretention of Colored Concrete C01, C02 and C03. bioretention Swale Detail tob01 be confirmed. to be installed as supplier per bioretention detail 1, and the to be installed as per the specification.

DetaIl 2.

HIGH FLOW ByPASS BIOREtENtION SWALE CROSS SECtION AND PLAN vIEW Scale 1:15 @A1

DetaIl 2.

HIGH FLOW ByPASS BIOREtENtION SWALE CROSS SECtION AND PLAN vIEW Scale 1:15 @A1

plating plan.

bioretention

Fits 120L Wheelie Bin (not included). b02 High flow bypass bioretention F06Mild SeatSteel Body. Black Powder Coated Swale. b01 bioretention Swale WaihiMild Bench Seat,Lid. Street Furniture NZ. Black Powder Coated Steel to be installed per bioretention detail andthe the to be installed as perasbioretention detail 1, 2, and plating plan. Hardwood timber1800mm Slats. long. plating plan. Hot Dipped Galvanised Frame to AS/NZS 4680 (1999) to be installed as per the supplier specification.

F06 Seat

Concrete

DetentIon layer(300mm) The overflow will be discharge high flows DetentIon layer(300mm) with 100mm freeboard

treated timber on the edge of the concrete. Red Baron, Street Furniture NZ. c04 exposed concrete black F02 cycle rack Compact 4 Berth. Finish: mixed pebble on top. Steel Frame. Red Baron, Street Galv Furniture NZ. c04 exposed concrete black Compact 4 Berth. Polyester Powder coated Finish Plastic Coated Security Bar.Finish: mixed c05 exposed white pebble on concrete top. to be installed as per the supplier specification. Galv Steel Frame. Finish: mixed shell on top. Polyester Powder coated Finish Plastic Coated Security Bar. F03 Drinking Fountain to be installed as per the supplier specification.

Decking: Bearer: 90mm x 19mm Decking: 150mm x 50mm

Concrete

Base course

Scale 1:10 @A1

b02 High flow bypass bioretention Swale.

to be installed as per bioretention detail 2, and the plating plan.

It is versatile and great durable material made from mainly natural materials. It can mix with local material such as shell, pebble stones and timber to create a unique landscape. The concrete buildings remain heat and cool long for reduce energy consumption It requires less ongoing maintenance throughout building’s lifecycle However, lime is major component of cement, it dissolves water and kill fish, insect and plants. So need careful treat with concrete to ensure minimum impact of the environment.

reason for chosentImber concrete: now themade world’sfrom mostmainly widely natural established plantation softwood species and grow best in New Zealand. It can have Pinusdurable radiate ismaterial It is versatile and great materials. variety of treatment suit different It can mix with local material such astoshell, pebble needs. stones and timber to create a unique landscape. New Zealand is one of few countries with the ability to sustain its wood production, the continuing establishment of new pine forests The concrete buildings remain heat and cool long for reduce energy consumption provides long-term security of supply. It requires less ongoing maintenance throughout building’s lifecycle However, lime is major component of cement, it dissolves water and kill fish, insect and plants. So need careful treat with concrete to ensure minimum impact of the environment.

Concrete Base course

Mulch layer(65mm) Bioretention layer(300mm) Lawn Concrete

Baselayer(65mm) course Mulch

Drawn by

Mulch layer(65mm) S to r m wate r will flow to the Bioretention layer(300mm) car park when

J.Zhu

swale Lawn are full

Sustainable Site Design

Drawn by

DrawIng tItle Landscape Call Out Key J.Zhu & Detail Plan

S to r m wate r will flow to the car park when swale are full

I.D.

Date

1103148

15/10/2015

Project name

Scale 1:10@A1 & 1:15@A1

Pinus radiate is now the world’s most widely established plantation softwood species and grow best in New Zealand. It can have variety of treatment to suit different needs. New Zealand is one of few countries with the ability to sustain its wood production, the continuing establishment of new pine forests provides long-term security of supply.

Material specification

Date 15/10/2015

Project name

Mulch layer(65mm)

tImber

Level design and material specification

I.D. 1103148

Rain garden Section drawing 0m 2m

Drawn by Competencies: J.Zhu

5m

Sustainable Site Design 04 OF 04

DrawIng tItle Landscape Call Out Key & Detail Plan Scale 1:10@A1 & 1:15@A1

04 OF 04

10m

I.D.

Date

1103148

15/10/2015

Construction detail drawing Project name

MaterialSustainable specification Site Design DrawIng tItle Landscape Call Out Plan & Rain Garden Spot Height

Scale

14


Bluescapes-Living on the Edge: Landscape Strategies for a coastal city Bluescapes-Living on the Edge

Bluescapes-Living on the Edge

g - Bexley-New Brighton y

g - Bexley-New Brighton y

New Brighton is a coastal suburb located at the eastern edge of Christchurch City. its residential catchment extends from Waimairi Beach to the north and to south New Brighton (The spit) to the south with the population approximately 16,000 and 7000 households. This catchment would also include land to the west of the Avon River, much of which is now located within the residential red zone. New Brighton’s location close to the sea and Avon River corridor along with the New Brighton Library and the pier these icon, which all together form the image of the New Brighton suburb. However, like other coastal suburbs or cities, New Brighton also facing the issues of climate change: sea level rise, flood and tsunami etc. in order to create a resilient community to cope with the coming challenges, this project is going to through the process of analysis of the site then give concept and options and finally give a strategy plan.

ECOLOgiCAL

A'

Issues: - Introduced vegetation occupied sand dunes of salinity of the coastal Sections of of Bexley/New Bexley/New Brighton Brighton- Sea level rise will cause increasing 22 Sections marsh, lead to un-salt tolerance 22 plants death. Also cause Sections of Bexley/New Brighton Sections of Bexley/New Brighton death of plants that can’t survive in the water. 55

11 11

B' A

B

33 33

Goal: to create a resilient community

-What’s the council action to do with the sea level rise and climate change, what ’s the future plan? Seems government are not concern about this. -Investment for the basic facilities rather than art and culture infrastructure.

44 77 Sections of Bexley/New Brighton 44 77 5

- Lack of understanding of the impact of the sea level rise.

-Let community anticipate the restoration projects (e.g. sand dunes), to enhance the understanding of the climate change.

- U n c e r ta i n t y fo r t h e future, frustration within the community

-Take actions now, reduce people’s uncertainty of future and frustration.

-The hierarchy of people’s needs

-Take actions in correct orders: 1. Physical (a safe house) 2. Economical (a stable job) 3. Culture (a place for fun)

Waitaki St.

Orari St.

7

Scale: 1 : 5,000

ecoNomIcal

Opportunity:

ecologIcal

A Waitaki St.

Beresford St.

Orari St.

Avon River

Beresford St.

Action 2. Create ecological corridor between existing open space

1

5

Owles Terrace

Current water level

99 99

Figure 1. A plan showing a compact development of precincts within the New Brighton Community Centre (Draft New Brighton Centre Master Plan 2012)

ANALysis & issuEs

B

A'

1. Develop new residential area

Marine Parade

B'

1 metre sea level rise line

Horizontal scale 1:2000 Not to scale in vertical

Name: Jiangchen Zhu ID Number:1103148 Owles Terrace

Oram Ave

Action 3.Develop ecological study and recreation area Recreation area

sEvEN ACTiONs

9

Figure 5. Cross section form Avon River to the sea

Avon River

Horizontal scale 1:500 Not to scale in vertical

Figure 6. Sand dunes restoration in New Brighton centre cross section

Withells Island Reserve Existing contours

StAge three

100 years water level

2

8

Beresford St.

Oram Ave

Action 7.Retreat resident from south to north of New Brighton

Proposed contour

Figure 4. Cross section from Avon River to New Brighton centre

Avon River

Action 1.Develop new residential area

Existing contour

Figure 5. Stop bank and terrace wetland cross section

6

Central New Brighton School

Opportunity:

StAge two

stop bank

Central New Brighton School

88 88

Dune system in New Brighton are maintained relatively good compare with elsewhere, particularly at south of the suburb. This provide opportunity for enhance and restore it.

eNVIromeNtal

recreation area

4

7 of town centre along the coast line Figure 3. Cross sections outside 9

Action 4.Create wetland buffer zone Action 5.Build stop bank along Avon river

ecological study and recreation area

ecological corridor between existing open space

Wetland buffer zone

3

66 66 77 77

People retreat to new residential area

Existing sand dunes Restored sand dunes

Red zone could develop into open space for native habitat restoration. Scale: 1 : 5,000

commuNIty resIlIeNce

Issues: PropertyEconomics report that, the future of New Brighton Centre is bleak. Once New Brighton played a ‘district/ town centre’ role. From 1946, New Brighton was the first centre to adopt Saturday morning shopping. The result for the centre is the commercial development are far beyond its current trade catchment, but once the “normalisation” of Saturday trading began nationwide in 1980s, business dropped off significantly.

8

zone and some area are subsidence due do earthquake

ecoNomIcal pERspECTivE

This fact indicate that the potential development for New Brighton wouldn’t be a commercial centre. The strength of New Brighton is its location, close to the sea and Avon river corridor. If we could enhance this strength, New Brighton could once again become a popular destination for visitors from outside of the suburb.

6

Issues: Sea level rise cause Avon2 river rise, 88 many residential area are8threatened 8 New Brighton Centre are exposed to 4 3 the sea, no sand dunes protection. (See cross section 5 and996 in figure 3.) Avon River Beresford9St. Human activities increase 9 erosion of Scale: 1 : 5,000 Scale: 1 : 5,000 sand dunes

Many area in the suburb are in the red Figure 2. The influence of the sea level rise to New Brighton suburbScale: 1 : 5,000

socIal

Action 6.Restore and recover dune system

2

55 55

time: Stage 2 Develop after the completion of protect action before people retreat from threaten area (Action 7) Where: It located on higher land, north of the current New Brighton Centre. Who: private land owner/developer and Council

2. create ecological corridor between existing open space

3. Develop ecological study and recreation area

time: Stage 1 Connect open spaces. After retreat of the resident

time: Stage 3 location: South of the spit, Avon river corridor

further development, see Action 3

Purpose: - educate locally and internationally of understanding of the nature environment - enhance community entertainment and life wellbeing.

sTRATEgy pLAN

4. & 5 . create wetland buffer zone & Build stop bank time: Stage 1 location: New residential area, New Brighton centre, Avon river corridor

Figure 1 . Typical stop bank

stop bank

Figure 2. A series of wetlands in various depth to create diverse environmental conditions for adaptation (Turenscape)

6. restore and recover dune system time: Stage 1 The outcome of restored dunes: Absorb storm energy Dunes’ self-repairing Improvement of beach width and biodiversity

15

time: Stage 2 First retreat residents from the location more likely effect by the sea level rise. corporation with action 1.

Before

After

Figure 3. stop bank and terrace wetland buffer zone to reduce flood impact

Marine Parade

To create a landscape strategy for Bexley-New Brighton as an example of how an urban community can live sustainably in a dynamic water based landscape with significant flood hazard (both short term risks and long term sea level rise) in a way that supports community vitality, socio-economic well-being and environmental integrity. To identify key landscape planning concepts relevant to enhancing urban resilience in a coastal city. To provide a 100 year staged strategy to enable the Bexley New Brighton community to respond to a changing water edge landscape

7. retreat resident from south to north of New Brighton

terrace wetland

Withells Island Reserve

Project brief:

2

1

StAge one

44

1

Opportunity:

sTAgE THREE 60- 100 years (by 2115)

3

ENviROMENTAL

sOCiAL pERspECTivE Issues:

sTAgE TWO 30- 60 years (by 2075)

3 Opportunity: 55 - Connect existing open space by 33 create corridor to increase 66 biodiversity and animal, insect survival rate. 66 1 - Restoration of native sand biding 44 species on sand dunes - Plants salt tolerance and hygrophilous vegetation

22 22

achieve this goal form social, environmental, ecological and ecological four perspectives Key statement made by the local community -Wanted to stay in New Brighton despite the risk of the sea level rise.

sTAgE ONE 0- 30 years (by 2045)

11 11

Competencies: Landscape protection and for landscape change Strategy planning Range (large scale planning ability

Name: Jiangchen Zhu ID Number:1103148


Bluescapes-Living on the Edge: Landscape Strategies for a coastal city Bluescapes-Living on the Edge

g - Bexley-New Brighton y cockayne reserve

rawhiti Domain avon river

4. Create wetland buffer zone (Responsible: council. Purpose: protect)

1. Develop new residential area (Responsible: developer, council)

Ecological

5. Build stop bank along Avon river (Responsible: council. Purpose: protect)

Withells Island reserve

Wetland buffer zone

Bexley Park Bexley Wetland

Wetland buffer zone

Perspectives:

2. Create ecological corridor between existing open space (Responsible: council)

Social

south New Brighton Park

- ecological - environmental

current red Zone

Actions:

could use as corridor between the park and the reserve

2. Create ecological corridor between existing open space

Environmental

3. Develop ecological study and recreation area (Responsible: council, developer)

Economical

Figure 1. Potential corridor connecting Existing open space

Social: Take actions in Case study: Huston’s suburb Galveston

correct orders: 1. Physical (a safe house) 2. Economical (a stable job) 3. Culture (a place for fun)

People go to south because establishment of new recreational and study areas

People leave south because sea level rise

7. Retreat resident from south to north of New Brighton (Responsible: council, community. Purpose: retreat)

Ahieve this goal form social, economical, environmental, ecological four perspectives

spit reserve

5. Build stop bank along Avon river

Design Intent:

Chart 1. Seven actions are categorised into four perspectives

3. Develop ecological study and recreation area 4. Create wetland buffer zone

6. Restore and recover dune system (Responsible: council, community. Purpose: protect)

Economical: The strength of New Brighton is its location, close to the sea and Avon river corridor. If we could enhance this strength, New Figure 3. Proposal for Galveston seawall upgrade Brighton could once again become a popular destination for visitors from outside of thesuburb. GalvEStOn

Perspectives:

Actions:

7. Retreat resident from south to north of New Brighton

- social - economical

1. Develop new residential area 3. Develop ecological study and recreation area

lack of sand dunes at city centre existing sand dunes

Perspectives:

Actions:

- environmental - ecological

6. Restore and recover dune system 3. Develop ecological study and recreation area

CONCEpT & OpTiONs

Galveston has similar geographical location with New Brighton, but has more frequent storm event, the strategy they use for Galveston is build seawall around the suburb. The other part of spit will become restoration zone.

Figure 4. Galveston seawall

Figure 5. Galveston storm event

Conclusion: The use of seawall in Galveston isn’t function well enough, otherwise it won’t need for upgrade. Figure 4. shows outside of the seawall doesn’t have beach or sand dunes. Human activities destroyed the nature environment make it lost abilities to reduce impact from wave.

Figure 2. General plan of concepts and actions diagram

Ecological: Connect existing open space by create corridor to increase biodiversity and animal, insect survival rate. Restoration of native sand biding species on sand dunes Name: Jiangchen Zhu ID Number:1103148

Environmental: Red zone could develop into open space for native habitat restoration. Dune system in New Brighton are maintained relatively good compare with elsewhere, particularly at south of the suburb. This provide opportunity for enhance and restore it.

16


Structre Plan

Final Structure Plan Design Intent:

This structure plan is driven by landscape urbanism approach and proposed for the future 50 years of what could happen in City central north. the process will throughout research of relating document by the agency, government council, by analyzing existing site to find opportunities and constrains of the site and give three alternative plan. Finally come up with the final structure plan document.

Site Analysis

17

Competencies: Site analysis, Research skills, Large scale planning


Landscape assessment and Planning 2. Regional level Regional Policy Statements are prepared by Regional

There are no reticulated services for water, sewage or stormwater. The building has impervious surface such as stone surface, would increase the possibility of flood. Plus it’s located on the slope, so the impact of flooding could be high.

LASC 318 Landscape Assessment and Planning

Councils and under National Policy Statements, for

It has an effluent disposal system and there are no river or streams near the proposal site, so the potential effects of polluting water is Low.

example “Auckland Council Regional Policy Statement” The statement is used for accelerating and managing natural and physical resources of the Auckland region

Landscape Planning in New Zealand

Land cover: the surrounding landscape of the proposal site is rural farmland with both exotic and native vegetation, which wouldn’t have big impact from the proposed building. The effects on land cover is Low.

in sustainable manner. (Auckland Council, 2016) Regional Policy Statements provide a holistic view of resource

management

problems,

policies

and

Land use: main use of the surrounding area of proposed site are farmland, the proposed house wouldn’t change the land use of the site too much. The effects is Low. Therefore I consider that the overall landscape effects of the proposed house will be moderate.

processes to meet integrated management of natural and physical resources. (Swaffield, 2016) Regional Plans are under effect of both National Enviromental Standars and Regional

Conference Paper

Policy Statements, it can help Regional Council to act its role of been a consent

Diamond Harbour Project

6. “Visual” assessment and effects of the proposal:

authority. The influence of land use activity on community and Natural, physical or Landscape Character

cultural heritage sites.

Visual Quality Rating

type

Regional Coastal Plans are under New Zealand Coastal Policy Statement and Regional

ONL

Policy Statements.

Moderate - High

Visual

Absorption

Potentially

Affected

Capability Rating

Parties

Low

Residents, Visitors of

Viewpoint Reference View 1-5

Diamond Harbour and

Needs to point out, the regions deal mainly with a series of natural resources, and

Lyttelton

Note: A high Visual Quality rating means the landscape is visually powerful with limited

District Councils deal mainly with activity of land use. (Swaffield, 2016)

intrusions. A low Visual Absorption Capability rating means the proposal will have limited

3. District level

integration capabilities within the existing surroundings. (Align Limited, 2014)

District Councils in charge of District Plans of course, which unsurprisingly cover the Council. The District Plan primarily focus on how to manage land more sustainable

Landform: The landform of the site are sloped land (see image 2.) according to the style of the proposal house (Appendix A.2) it would need earthwork for construction, thus will change the existing landform. The proposal site is located in the Outstanding Natural Landscape, as a part of the crater, the landscape effects should be High.

Same rating method will apply in visual assessment (NZILA 7- points scale). By using existing water tank and farming shed as reference points for visual assessment.

with many efforts and pay attention to management of environmental performance. In detail, the District Plan will enable RMA functions for TLAs, and develop or protect its district land. The District Plan will manage and control many environmental effects on natural and physical resources and even human activities …(Swaffield, 2016)

The proposed house is 340m2, which are considerably larger than the existing water tank, however the water tank and green farming shed are both visible from two viewpoints.

LASC 318 project one

Jiangchen Zhu (Sam)

5. “landscape” assessment and effects of the proposal Please see Appendix C. for detail of the rating method. (The rating method are similar with NZILA 7- point scale assessment rating, as followed: Insignificant, Low, Low – Moderate, Moderate, Moderate – High, High, Significant) “With respect to planning considerations, effects Moderate or greater world be considered more than minor, Low would be minor, and Very Low or Negligible less than minor.”(Hogan, 2015)

Comment:

whole country, it prepared by the Territorial Local Authority (TLA) such as Dunedin City

ID number: 1103148

the signature element of this landscape and it’s highly visible from the Lyttelton Harbour. Three large clusters next the upper slopes have been included in the Recommended Areas for Protection. They include the ridges, cliffs and short tussock land surround Mt Herbert. Rough, exposed higher slopes of Mt Evans, and the craggy exposed, vegetation at the Monument. (Boffa Miskell, 2007) This landscape also provides a lot of accessible recreation opportunities: water based activities, hiking and mountain biking. The heritage values in this area including Ripapa Island with a significant Maori occupation area and early European connections. There are other historic buildings still in the site including Godley House (built in 1880) that help to keeps heritage connections to the Harbour and Terrains. The site only has one main road through it by the coast from Teddington and up the Purau valley to Port Levy. (Boffa Miskell, 2007)

Jiangchen Zhu (Sam) 1103148

As shown on the Appendix B.1 the site is visible from Diamond Harbour see viewpoint 3, the small farming shed are easily identified from the distance. In viewpoint 4 the water tank is visible from the distance. (See Appendix B.2 for location of the photos are taken from)

Image 2. From the slope can see the Harbour Hydrology:

Project brief: Prepare a talk that explains the roles undertaken by landscape planners in New Zealand, and the opportunities and challenges they face. You must include an overview of the work undertaken by landscape planners, and an explanation of how landscape planning experts are involved in the different statutory processes under the Resource Management Act, and other key statutes, and how they interact with other disciplines, experts, and the wider community. Competencies: Landscape Planning in New Zealand Environmental law & Resource Management Act

18


Navigating Design Theory: A Reader

LASC 310

The Reader

The sense of the place can be shown by nature process or nature phenomenon.

urban design can use building to create

“Environmentalism” is the idea raised in Meyer’s article The Post-Earth Day

positive space, see figure 5 (Davis, 2000).

Conundrum: Translating Environmental Values into Landscape Design, she emphasise

The author addressed an interesting point is

the nature process, such as the rise of the water level rise and fall, the water freezing

that “Often places we love have a quite

and thawing, or even play with the pattern that create by flood event on the ground.

chaotic historical jumble of buildings, but

She point out how these nature phenomenon could embodied in landscape design,

they have come to define the space.”(Davis,

and the significance of increase the public awareness of a particular landscape (Meyer,

2000, p.86) Maybe the Greenwich Village

2000). These ecological designs encourage people to think about what is inside of the

can be the example, because it remains the

place, what is the sense of the place and what is the spirit of the place.

original intricate street appearance, and Jacobs believed the village has the best

Sensibility and Rationality in landscape design

Figure 5. How buildings create space (Davis, 2000)

Two examples

residential density to create a suitable living

First project is Auckland waterfront designed by

environment. There are three aspects that author pay attention to in order to create a

Taylor Cullity Lethlean (TCL) and Wraight +

positive outdoor space.

Associates. When I visit Auckland city I accidently

Define the space, give each outdoor space clear function

enter this landscape design, by the time I did not

Focus on building lines and setbacks, a common building line creates consistence of outdoor space, this space can use by public; minimising setback distance to

know this is a landscape design, but the feeling

increasing the ability of interact with the public. (See Table 1. setback design in

was a strong sense of industrial environment, tall

different locations)

concrete silos, and gantry structure. The color pallet of the location is blackish gray, and the material are steel and concrete. The most interest me was the concrete silos, I walked inside of the silos and looked up, huge empty

Park offer a public realm experience that is both contemporary and sensitive to the site’s history, culture and climate. The

playing music, the echo are remain in the

programmatic

structure. When I went out of the silos, I saw sky. In the book Taylor Cullity Lethlean: Making sense

Pa r t O n e LASC 310

Create an enclosure space (Davis, 2000). (See Table 2. Height to width ratios)

response

adds

Section One : The introduction of design Section Two: The questions of landscape architecture Section Three: Hand drawing & Computer programs Section Four: Criticism & Critique Section Five: References

Table 1. Setback design in different locations

new

recreational activities to the site, yet is built

from

the

pattern

language,

infrastructure and mythology of place.” (Gini & SueAnne, 2013, p. 157)

concrete silos was used for storage vegetable oil and acid, and now the place become the lookout and backdrop of the site, cinema screen frame and arbor (Gini & SueAnne, 2013).

Table 2. Height to width ratios

Student: Jiangchen Zhu ID Number: 1103148

A inside view of the silo Photo by: Jeff Brass

2

Project brief: The project is in three parts, the first part deals with ‘how’ of design theory, including theories of design process, approaches to ideation, question pf representation, and role of design critique. The second part focuses on some of the ‘big questions’ for landscape architecture and designthe role of place, design and experience and the final part will explore theories relating to urban design, character, genius loci and identity.

19

Figure 1. The lemon quizzer

Figure 2. The vase pattern

A mystery lemon quizzer, an interesting vase pattern, we begin with the article: “Design Ability” Everyone can design, it’s the nature of human, and the things surrounding us all have been designed by someone (Cross, 2011, p.2). Design is a common ability for people, so common in fact, we don’t want to know each objects in our room are designer by who. Sketching is important in modern design fields, usually designer do the sketching before actual making something, which is different from the traditional artwork: a potter will making a pot directly with clay without any pre-sketching. (Cross, 2011, p.2) Personal view is that, the reason why there is a changing order of making and designing is because in the modern time the complexity of the work is different form the past. For example, design a smartphone need choose the right material for the frame, for the touch screen, and paint so on, this is not a simple one man task can model out of clay. Some people are good at design, to understand why these people are so good at design, the author concludes five method to uncover the process of design: Interviews with designer, observation and case studies, experimental studies, simulation and reflection and theorising. The main points made by the author are:

Jiangchen Zhu 1103148

Section one The introduction of Design

“By embracing a narrative of place, Silo

space above my head, and there were people

of place (Gini & SueAnne, 2013) address that the

a ReadeR

Contents

3


Jiangchen Zhu Portfolio for admission of University of Minnesota