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summer 2014 |


southeast alternative fuels conference & expo

in raleigh, NC


creating cng from landfill waste colorado enacts strong afv legislation california’s first electric school bus

gain clean fuel | Why idle? | owensboro students | supershuttle

Introducing CNG/LNG Codes and Standards Training for Fire Marshals and Code Officials

This comprehensive one-day training, developed based on NGVi’s award-winning curriculum, is customized specifically for the fire marshal and code official audience. The training covers the codes for three primary areas including: 

CNG fueling stations

Vehicle maintenance facilities where natural gas vehicles will be maintained and/or repaired

Vehicular CNG cylinders and the onboard fuel systems

For more information, visit our website at or call 800-510-6484.

“The training was an excellent opportunity to learn. These are…good resources for us regulators.” - Clark Conklin, Chief Deputy, Fuels Safety Nebraska State Fire Marshal





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Clean Air Champion Awards | p. 35 East Bay Clean Cities Coalition

Rocky Mountain Power | p. 15 Utah Clean Cities Coalition

Stronger Support for AFVs | p. 22 Denver Metro Clean Cities Coalition

Electric School Bus in CA | p. 7

Silicon Valley Clean Cities Coalition


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Biodiesel Working Group | p. 26 Maine Clean Communities Coalition

Where Do I Fuel My Plug-In Car? | p. 9 Granite State Clean Cities Coalition

Creating CNG from Waste | p. 29 Ohio Fuels Coalition

Advanced Technology Vehicle Jobs | p. 33 Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition

New CNG Station Opening | p. 21 Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition

First Responder Safety Training | p. 19 Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition

SuperShuttle Offers Cleaner Travel| p. 18 Lone Star Clean Fuels Alliance

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advertisers index

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editor’s letter Amazing Action & Achievements From what I can tell of the endeavors of the coalitions included in this Summer 2014 editions of the Fuels Fix, nobody’s taking a summer break! Make sure you read about these hardworking people and teams. I’ll start off with a big one: tackling state legislation. Kathryn Saphire reports that Colorado has taken a previous version of the state’s AFV legislation and turned it into a more thoughtful and fair bill that “renders Colorado more fuel neutral in its endorsement of alternative fuels” (p. 22). Then you’ll notice several articles herein that address a very important part of the advancement of CNG, propane and EVs: first responder education. If our various emergency response teams aren’t prepared to handle crashes or accidents that involve dedicated propane school buses or PHEVs, then we as regional communities aren’t really ready yet for these vehicles (pp. 11, 13, 19). Also take note of the five-state biodiesel producer working group that now exists in New England (p. 26). Jennifer Puser reports from Maine Clean Communities that the collective is addressing how to dismantle their barriers to greater biodiesel adoption in the Northeast.

publisher & senior editor

Jonathan G. Overly East TN Clean Fuels Coalition

designer & editor Kristy Keel-Blackmon East TN Clean Fuels Coalition

The Fuels Fix is published quarterly by the East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition in collaboration with the brilliant and groovy DOE Clean Cities coalition coordinators across the USA. Advertising information may be obtained by visiting or contacting the editors.

Publication Date: July 10, 2014

Cheers to successful AFV partnerships!

Jonathan G. Overly Executive Director, ETCleanFuels

summer 2014 |




School Bus in california

Bob Garzee, Project Manager and Chairman of SVCCC Board; Paul Hepfer, VP of Programs, The Health Trust; Edward Monfort, President of ADOMANI; Dr. Deborah Flores, Superintendent of Gilroy Unified School District; Don Gage, the Honorable Mayor, City of Gilroy; Daniel Dodge, Staff to the Honorable Luis Alejo, California State Assembly; Margo Sidener, President & CEO of Breathe California and Co-Coordinator SVCCC; and Chuck Reynolds, Director & Founder, CH Reynolds.

For four years, Breathe California/Silicon Valley Clean Cities Coalition (BC/SVCCC) has worked together with partners on the Zero Emissions Squared project to convert a diesel-powered school bus to solar-fueled electric; a zero emission vehicle with a zero emission fuel. Last year, the project got a boost when Health Trust awarded BC/SVCCC a $150,000 “Disruptive Innovation” grant; conversion company ADOMANI got on board to perform the conversion; and Gilroy Unified School District (GUSD) donated a 50-passenger dieselpowered school bus to be converted to electric and agreed to have a solar array installed to partially fuel the electric bus. Then on May 27, 2014, the first-of-its-kind electric school bus was launched at a ribbon-cutting event at GUSD’s bus yard with numerous dignitaries in attendance. “I have long imagined a world where clean, zero-emission vehicles would take children to school…and now that vision is a reality,” declared Margo Sidener, CEO of Breathe California and co-coordinator of Silicon Valley Clean Cities Coalition. While the cost of the ADOMANI bus conversion averages $150,000, $200 million of financing is available through


summer 2014 |

Government Capital and Atlantic Capital for schools participating in the conversion project. Additionally, dramatic cost reductions can be had from using electricity for fuel, reducing fuel by 75% and even further if generated from solar. Finally, operational savings such as lower maintenance add to the return on investment and provide speedy recovery of cost. Schools can pay back such loans through fuel and maintenance cost savings, eliminating the need to use general funds for their green vehicles. “Another benefit of the conversion is that school districts no longer have to “throw away” a bus when they upgrade to electric; instead they can install the electric kit on a current school bus,” said Bob Garzee, Project Manager and Chairman of the Board of SVCCC. Furthermore, BC/SVCCC’s partner Green Transportation Workforce Development provides training for school mechanics so that they can maintain the electric bus. Ultimately, displacing dirty diesel buses that are expensive to run with clean, economically fueled ones will allow school districts to shift resources from transportation to education—a win-win for everyone!

patricia tind

Silicon Valley Clean Cities Coalition 408-998-5865

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Where DO I fuel my Plug-in Car? According to the well-respected consulting firm Navigant Research, the U.S. will be the largest market for plug-in vehicle sales in this decade, with annual sales topping 467,000 by 2022. With the number of models of electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) increasing, New Hampshire’s motorists are purchasing or leasing plug-in vehicles in growing numbers. EVs use a battery to store electricity that powers the motor. PHEVs are powered by an electric motor and internal combustion engine and run on gasoline and/or battery power, which provides a longer range than EVs. Owning a plug-in vehicle is exciting, but how do you plan on fueling it? Unlike conventional vehicles, your EV/PHEV’s fuel is electricity and most EV/PHEV owners in New Hampshire charge their vehicle at home, typically overnight. EV owners who drive less than 60 miles each day (78% of us) normally don’t need to fuel anywhere else.


charge. The higher level EVSE’s will fuel your EV faster. The Nissan Leaf is the used here to describe charge times; other EV model charging times will vary. Level 1 (120 volts) charging is a simple way of fueling your EV via a household plug—no special installation needed. This method can charge a new Nissan Leaf EV in less than 10 hours. EV owners with Level 1 charging plug the car in when they arrive home from work and keep it plugged in until they head for work the next morning. There are publicly accessible Level 1 charging stations in New Hampshire (two sites, both in Concord).

But what about those who drive more than 60 miles a day and what if our low-distance commuter wants to make a long distance trip? Thankfully a network is in place to meet this need.

Level 2 (240 volts) EVSE provides double the voltage of the Level 1, thereby halving the time needed to charge. A Nissan Leaf will fully charge in about four hours. Installing a Level 2 EVSE is similar to installing a clothes dryer outlet. EV owners with Level 2 charging also plug in during the evening and unplug the next morning. Onboard computers determine when charging is complete and end the charging process. The car’s computer can even notify the driver’s smart phone when charging is done. There are 24 publicly accessible level 2 charging stations in New Hampshire.

Electric vehicle charging stations, also known as EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment) come in three levels depending on voltage and length of time to

DC Fast Charge (480 volts), also referred to as DC Quick Charge (DCFC or DCQC), charges the battery directly, bypassing the car’s on-board charger. DCFC can fully

summer 2014 |

charge a Nissan Leaf in 25-30 minutes to one hour. These chargers are commercial electric appliances and not installed in homes. Fueling sites are located in key areas of the country allowing motorists to supplement their at-home charging or simply receive a full charge in a much shorter amount of time. There are currently no DC Fast Chargers located in New Hampshire. Pressed for time and no Fast Charger in sight? No problem! As with all levels of charging, fueling isn’t a case of “all or nothing.” Each hour a vehicle is plugged in provides the car with additional driving miles (about 2-5 miles using Level 1 and 12 miles using Level 2). In the event you need your car before the charge is complete, simply unplug and go. You will have the benefit of the time charged.

the US Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuel Data Center Station Locator site (AFDC). Visit for locations, level, hours and restrictions. Plugshare and Chargepoint also provide station locations. Many cell phone applications for finding EVSEs are available, too. Currently five varieties of EVs are riding NH roads: Nissan LEAF, Ford Focus Electric, Mitsubishi IMiEV, Smart EV, and Tesla S. More varieties will be available for sale or lease by New Hampshire dealerships in the next few years. PHEVs and extended range vehicles are also available, with the Chevy Volt, Ford C-Max and Toyota Prius Plug-in leading the way. It’s time you looked at plugging in!

delores rebolledo Granite State Clean Cities Coalition 603-271-6751

Where are vehicle charging stations? All over the state! NH has 24 charging station sites, from Keene to Berlin. EVSE all over the country can be found on

Where will the most effective and productive fleet managers be this October?

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dON’t miSS yOur ChANCe tO leArN SeCretS FrOm the mOSt SuCCeSSFul FleetS iN the NAtiON!

events to attend Upcoming Events • The Compelling Case for Natural Gas Vehicles Workshop (Asheville, NC | July 17, 2014) • B Ready For B10 Workshop Series (Webinar Series | June 10–July 22, 2014) • First Responder Safety Training (SC, GA, TN and AL | July–August 2014) • South Shore Clean Cities 15 Year Anniversary Celebration (Crown Point, IN | July 24, 2014) • Mid-America Alternative Fuel Codes Summit (Kansas City, MO | July 24–25, 2014) • Future of Alternative Fuels in WI Showcase (LaCrosse, WI | July 29, 2014) • NGVOK Conference & Expo (Tulsa, OK | September 23–24, 2014) • Greater Long Island Clean Cities Annual Advancing the Choice Conference (Farmingdale, NY | September 26, 2014) • Heavy-Duty Gaseous Vehicle Training (Irving, TX | August 5–7, 2014) • NGVA Conference and Expo (Kansas City, MO | November 11–14, 2014) • Ride on Track with Clean Cities Roundup (Eden Prairie, MN | August 4, 2014) • Twin Cities National Drive Electric Day 2014 (Saint Paul, MN | September 21, 2014) • South Shore Clean Cities 2nd Annual Clean Air Golf Outing (Crown Point, IN | September 25, 2014) • Fleet Learning Expo and Efficient Technology Symposium (Virginia Beach, VA, September 24–26, 2014) • Odyssey Alternative Fuel Day (Windsor, CO | October 17, 2014)

tools & publications • A Review of Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Technology Incentives, Policies, & Programs in Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia • Compressed Natural Gas Expanding in the Region –Lakeshore Report (WI) • Argonne National Laboratory Combined Idling Calculators


summer 2014 |

register now!

Southeast Alternative Fuels Conference & Expo Driving the New Economy

October 22-24, 2014 Raleigh Convention Center Raleigh, NC get the latest information on: Air quAlity BiodiESEl ClEAn EnErgy ECo-driving EConomiC dEvElopmEnt ElECtriC drivE EthAnol grEEn FlEEtS hyBridS idlE rEduCtion

lEAdErShip nAturAl gAS pArtnErShipS pErFormAnCE propAnE AutogAS rEturn on invEStmEnt SuCCESS StoriES tElEmAtiCS trAnSportAtion poliCy And muCh morE!

Registration starts at $200 ConferenCe sponsors

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alliance autogas; Cummins Westport; Duke energy; electric power research institute; fleetseek; fuels fix; iCoM na; national Biodiesel Board; nCDenr Division of air Quality; nC propane gas association/perC; novozymes; nuovo energy solutions LLC; piedmont natural gas; psnC energy; renewable energy group; roUsH Clean Tech; sierra Monitor Corporation; Thomas Built Buses; Via Motors; Volvo group na and Waste Management

Partner Focus

Education Critical to Increased Alternative Fuel Use and Consumer Safety Skyrocketing gasoline prices and harmful emissions from vehicles have made alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles attractive options since they began entering the market in the ‘90s. Industry leaders like the U.S. DOE Clean Cities Program and the National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium (NAFTC) quickly recognized the potential these vehicles offered Americans and began to publicize their benefits and to lay the groundwork of necessary infrastructure for the vehicles’ success. One piece of this infrastructure often overlooked is the education of key audiences such as automotive technicians, first responders and towing and salvage operators who are in fact critical to the safe use and acceptance of these vehicles. Through educational programs and training curricula such as the Clean Cities Learning Program First Responder Safety Training and Petroleum Reduction Technologies Training funded by the U.S. DOE Clean Cities Program, the NAFTC is working to ensure that these diverse audiences who work with alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles are properly trained. A recent tragedy has highlighted the ongoing need for proper training and education on alternative fuel vehicle use and safety. Recently a driver was killed and a passenger critically injured in an explosion of a box truck fueled by natural gas near Green Bay,


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Wisconsin. The first responders who arrived at the accident scene were unfamiliar with the vehicle fueling system components. Following the incident, to ensure their local first responders are more confident in responding to any future alternative fuel vehicle incidents, the Northwestern Wisconsin Technical College contracted with the NAFTC to conduct a series of First Responder Safety Trainings for their instructors, area fleets and first responders. The NAFTC is working to ensure that a variety of audiences, including first responders, automotive technicians, fleet managers and the general public are equipped to deal with alternative fuel vehicles by offering diverse training options. For a complete list of available trainings, or if you are interested in contracting the NAFTC to conduct training in your area, visit or call Micheal Smyth at 304-293-7882. Article Courtesy of


Petroleum fuels almost all of our transportation. Its price – which impacts the cost of all transported products – is set globally, not by U.S. supply and demand but by the politics of the world’s most unstable regions. No matter how much oil we drill, relying on a single source of transportation fuel makes our economy unstable. America’s Advanced Biofuel, Biodiesel is here, now – growing and diversifying our transportation energy supply.

Take your cue from Biodiesel. Sponsored by the United Soybean Board, the National Biodiesel Board, State Soybean Checkoff Boards, the U.S. Canola Association, and the Northern Canola Growers Association.

Rocky Mountain Power Utah’s Clean, Reliable Power Source As one of the West’s leading utilities, Rocky Mountain Power and its parent-company PacifiCorp serve 1.8 million customers across six Western States, including Utah. Although it can be challenging, the philosophy at Rocky Mountain Power is to “produce reliable power at a cost-effective rate” and to reduce the impact of greenhouse gases on the environment. Over the last 15 years, Rocky Mountain Power has been a key player in furthering Utah Clean Cities Coalition’s (UCCC) goals of reducing petroleum use in the state. Most recently, the company implemented an Idle Time Monitoring program which involves installing GPS tracking devices in program fleet vehicles. These tracking systems have made a significant difference in saving money and reducing emissions. This year, Rocky Mountain Power has saved over $450 ,000in fuel cost and cut engine idle time by more than 60%. Drivers have also made fewer trips and improved fuel economy, which has reduced the amount of combined diesel and unleaded fuel burned by 122,833 gallons (1,259 reduced tons of greenhouse gases emitted). Rocky Mountain Power also works closely with UCCC to actively engage their customers and


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community members to learn more about electric vehicle (EV) technology. During the 2014 Legislative session, the company pushed to change the Utah Public Utility Commission rules to clarify that vehicle charging should not be considered “sale for resale.” This change allows private entities to open commercial charging stations and gives Utah EV drivers more opportunities to charge their vehicles. UCCC and Rocky Mountain Power are also pinpointing potential infrastructure sites and analyzing and forecasting the charging loads on the PacifiCorp network. Rocky Mountain Power is working closely with numerous entities to provide incentives for EV adoption in the state. In the near future, the company would like to connect as many customer chargers as possible to the PacifiCorp network. Providing clean, reliable power to the state of Utah is just one way Rocky Mountain Power is dedicated to making our environment better. Reducing their fuel consumption, idling less, and providing more opportunities for EV vehicles are further proof of this commitment.

sophia jackson

Utah Clean Cities Coalition 801-535-7736

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Alvin Independent School District in Texas operates 68 Blue Bird school buses fueled by propane autogas, saving $5,000 per bus per year in operational expenses.

The ABCs of propane autogas Accessible • There are thousands of propane autogas refueling stations—2,725 to be exact—with stations in every state. • Dozens of EPA- and CARB-certified, light- and medium-duty offerings fueled by propane auto gas include sedans, work trucks, vans, shuttles and buses. • To support their “hub and spoke” fleet operation, most autogas fleet adopters house their own propane fueling stations on their location. Bountiful • Propane autogas is the leading alternative fuel in the U.S. and the third most commonly used vehicle fuel, following gasoline and diesel. • According to the World LP Gas Association, more than 23 million vehicles travel worldwide with propane autogas, including shuttles, school buses, delivery vans, paratransit vehicles and more. Clean • Propane autogas is a nontoxic, non-carcinogenic fuel. • When compared with gasoline, vehicles fueled by propane autogas produce up to 60% less carbon monoxide and 20% less nitrogen oxide emissions. • Heavier-duty propane autogas vehicles emit fewer greenhouse gases and total hydrocarbon emissions, and virtually eliminate particulate matter, when 17

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compared to conventional diesel powered heavyduty vehicles.

Domestic • More than 90% of the U.S. propane autogas supply is produced domestically, with an additional 7% from Canada. • More than 70% of propane used in the U.S. comes from the nation’s natural gas supplies. Economical • For more than 30 years, the cost of propane autogas has been, on average, 30 to 40% less than gasoline, and 40 to 50% less than diesel. • Propane autogas fueling infrastructure costs less than any other transportation energy source—conventional or alternative. • Routine maintenance expenses, such as filter replacement and oil changes, are reduced due to the clean-burning properties of the fuel. With 14 different product offerings, ROUSH CleanTech has deployed thousands of Ford vehicles and Blue Bird school buses fueled by propane autogas across the nation. All vehicles offer equivalent warranty and performance as their conventionally fueled counterparts. Learn more at or by calling 800-59-ROUSH. Article courtesy of Joe Thompson, president of ROUSH CleanTech

SuperShuttle in Austin Offers a

Cleaner Way to Travel

SuperShuttle in Austin marked its completion of adding six natural gas vehicles to its fleet this year. This is a great step forward to help Austin reach its goal of being carbon neutral by 2025. Across the United States, SuperShuttle has made it a mission to switch to alternative fuels like propane and natural gas with the help of Clean Cities Coalitions. The conversions of the six vehicles were done by Parkway Chevrolet. Billy Carter, general manager of SuperShuttle in Austin, is projecting to double the amount of vehicles by adding an additional ten vehicles within the next year. Converting the fleet will not only decrease costs for fuel but will reduce environmentally harmful emissions. These new vans will outcompete the other internal combusion engine-powered vehicles in the fleet with a 93% reduction in carbon monoxide emissions, 33% reduction in emissions of nitrous oxides and a 50% reduction in reactive hydrocarbons. “Our choice of CNG came from our relationship with Clean Energy and our representative Jimmy Ramsey. They partnered with us for financing our vehicles and conversion costs, which made it possible for a smaller company like ours to afford to be able to make the switch,� said Carter. The conversion costs were alleviated by using the rebates from the Texas Gas Services Conservation Program. Rebate programs are a great tool to look for to help the conversion process. Each van on average can travel up to 200-300 miles every day. A major necessity to maintain this program is to improve and support the alternative fuel infrastructure. Having a close fueling station is key and fortunately the fleet is able to fuel at the Austin Bergstrom Airport. Just one van can use 114 gallons of CNG per week and over 12,000 gallons of CNG per van every year!

Driver training is always important, especially on new driving habits that take full advantage of the new fuel. At SuperShuttle in Austin, their drivers received training from Clean Energy and also from Parkway Chevrolet. The conversion of these vehicles is hopefully only the start of this transition process to a cleaner transportation system.

stacy neef

Lone Star Clean Fuels Alliance 512-773-8794 summer 2014 |


The electric vehicle safety course was taught by NAFTC certified instructor Jason Gaschel, pictured here with a Titusville fire fighter.

Electric Drive Safety Training for florida First Responders Central Florida boasts over 600 electric vehicle charging outlets, and that number is growing as DC Fast Charging stations start making their debut. It only makes good sense, and good safety practice, to prepare the region’s public safety workforce for the influx of electric vehicles hitting the streets. The Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition is doing just that in partnership with the Brevard County Florida workforce agency and providing NAFTC Electric Drive Safety Training to first responders. The Coalition is also partnering with stakeholders FPL, Duke Energy Florida, the Space Coast EV Drivers as well as local car dealers Pat Fischer Nissan and Mike Erdman Toyota to provide demonstration vehicles during the training. By the end of June, 60 firefighters from the Cities of Rockledge and Titusville received the training. “We’re excited to team up with the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition to provide a hands-on first response training experience with vehicles from our electric fleet,” said Electric Vehicles Program Manager Anne-Louise Seabury. “At FPL, safety is a cornerstone of our commitment to our customers


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and employees. Electric vehicles comply with the highest safety standards set by the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA), and as new technology becomes available, it’s important we train first responders so they’re able to respond promptly in case of an emergency.” Jason Gaschel, NAFTC certified trainer and Seminole State College Program Manager, is the instructor for the one-day course. He also produced, in cooperation with the Coalition and the University of Central Florida Electric Vehicle Transportation Center, a two-hour introductory EV webinar that serves as a prerequisite for the course. CareerSource Brevard Energy Industry Business Liaison Valerie Carothers coordinated the efforts between the fire departments and the participating agencies and was instrumental in securing the scholarship funding. Thron Crowe, CFCCC Program Assistant secured demonstration vehicles for the training.

colleen kettles

Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition 321-638-1004

clean cities tv Clean Cities TV is the educational media channel of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Clean Cities program, which advances the nation’s economic, environmental, and energy security by supporting local actions to reduce petroleum consumption in transportation.

New Hampshire Railway Uses Biodiesel

Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida

summer 2014 |


Evergreen Transport celebrates opening of CNG Station On June 5th Evergreen Transport became the first for-hire carrier in Alabama to make the conversion to CNG and celebrated with the grand opening of a GAIN® Clean Fuel compressed natural gas station (CNG) at the Evergreen fueling and maintenance facility in Calera, AL. “We’re thrilled to be celebrating the grand opening of this GAIN station,” said Calera Mayor Jon Graham. “Congratulations to Evergreen for utilizing this domestically produced and cleaner burning alternative fuel. Projects like these have a positive economic impact. It’s good for business, and it’s good for the state.” David Wildberger, president of Evergreen Transport, explains the benefits to Evergreen. “CNG will reduce our fuel costs and emissions while maintaining the superior transport services our clients expect from us,” he said. “It’s a win-win situation!” The CNG station was built through a partnership between Evergreen and U.S. Oil which owns the GAIN® Clean Fuel brand. “This is a unique partnership for GAIN,” said Erick Johnson, Business Development Manager for GAIN® Clean Fuel. “This is a joint venture, giving both companies the opportunity to benefit from the economic advantages of CNG.” 21

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The station cost approximately $1.5 million to build, and Evergreen also invested in a new maintenance facility to service the CNG trucks. “Starting today, we have 12 trucks operating on CNG with plans to expand to 30 trucks next year,” Wildberger said. The new 400 HP Mack trucks were purchased in Montgomery and fitted with CNG fuel tanks at Agility Fuel Systems in Anniston, AL. The station will replace the equivalent of 300,000 gallons of diesel fuel in 2014 and more than 1.5 million gallons in the next five years. “This is a great partnership and one we encourage other carriers to consider,” said Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition Executive Director Mark Bentley. “Not only is CNG a more environmentally friendly fuel, it’s also between 30 to 40% cheaper than diesel. Plus, it’s a domestically produced product, which creates price stability because of its protection from global influences.”

mark bentley

Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition 205-402-2755

Denver Metro Clean Cities Manager, Tyler Svitak (far right), with Governor Hickenlooper at the signing of HB 14-1326.

Colorado enacts stronger support for afvs

Colorado recently made one of the strongest, most comprehensive commitments to alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in the country with passage of House Bill 14-1326. Sponsored by Representatives Dianne Primavera, Ray Scott and Senator Mary Hodge, and endorsed by the Denver Metro Clean Cities Coalition (DMCCC), the bill expanded a prior tax credit for AFVs by increasing the credit amount for heavier vehicles and ensuring that all clean fuels were eligible, making Colorado a favorable market for alternative fuel and vehicle adoption. The new legislation expands eligible alternative fuels to include liquefied natural gas, hydrogen fuel cell technologies, compressed natural gas, propane and electric, rendering Colorado more fuel-neutral in its endorsement of alternative fuels.

In addition, HB-1326 expands the available tax credit for larger vehicles from $6,000 to $20,000. Since trucks and heavy-duty vehicles consume more fuel, emit more pollutants and require a higher incremental investment, the provision of a larger credit assists fleet managers in making the transition and incentivizes replacing the heaviest polluters. The legislation goes even further by including credits for other technologies, like idle reduction equipment, aerodynamic technologies and clean fuel refrigerated trailers.

One of the most innovative aspects of the bill is the funding mechanism that supports it. By revising an outdated sales tax exemption for low emission vehicles, the bill is actually expected to be revenue positive and return money back to the state coffers. Additionally, the specific ownership tax (SOT) for alternative fuel vehicles will be reduced to 75% of the purchase price to account for the higher initial cost of an AFV versus a conventional vehicle. The bill positions Colorado as a leader in alternative fuel adoption and is expected to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality in the state, while also promoting local job growth and energy independence. DMCCC, a Department of Energy program, assists fleets in understanding and transitioning to AFVs, and its stakeholders displaced 5.88 million gallons of gasoline in 2013 alone. This legislation will go a long way towards displacing much more petroleum in Colorado, and other states would be wise to follow suit.

kathryn saphire

Denver Metro Clean Cities Coalition 303-847-0271 summer 2014 |


Cover Story

The Southeast Alternative Fuels Conference and Expo

Driving the New Economy Don’t let the name fool you, the three day event taking place in Raleigh, North Carolina is going to be the largest alternative fuels, advanced vehicle technology, policy and practices conference east of the Mississippi in 2014! Highlights of the conference include plenary and breakout sessions with national and regional leaders in clean transportation, an expo hall and an alternative fuel vehicle ride-and-drive. There will be over 80 presenters in 18 breakout sessions and two plenary sessions. Confirmed speakers for the “Driving Change: Industry Leaders Discuss Alternative Fuels” plenary session are Joe Jobe, CEO National Biodiesel Board; Joe

Thompson, President ROUSH Clean Tech; Adam Monroe, President Novozymes NA; Susan Alt, Senior Vice President Government Affairs Volvo Group NA and Brendan Jones, Electric Vehicle and Infrastructure Deployment, Nissan NA. The luncheon keynote speaker on October 23 is Jim Mottavalli, a contributor to the New York Times, NPR’s Car Talk and author of several transportation books. Thanks to the Washington D.C.-based organization Securing America’s Future Energy, General Duncan McNabb, former commander of U.S. Transportation Command will be speaking at breakfast on the 24th. This amazing array of leaders and learning opportunities is available at registration rates well below industry standards thanks to support from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Clean Cities program and over 20 sponsors. The North Carolina Solar Center (NCSC) at NC State University is heading up the conference planning committee which is composed of representatives from North Carolina’s three Clean Cities coalitions as well as coalitions in Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee and South Carolina. “As a previous Clean Cities coordinator myself, I am especially excited about working so closely with Clean Cities on organizing this event,” said Anne Tazewell, Transportation Program Manager at NCSC.

The Raleigh Convention Center will host the Southeast Alternative Fuels Conference and Expo.


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All the coalitions involved are presenting at the conference, moderating session and/or recruiting speakers. “Having the combined knowledge and expertise of such knowledgeable and dedicated alt fuel experts is a large part of what will make the Southeast Alternative Fuels Conference and Expo a don’t-miss event for other coalitions and industry leaders,” Anne concluded.

Highlights of the vehicles that will be shown at the conference include an LNG boat, VIA Motors EV, Tesla, Ford propane vehicle, and Thomas Built alternative fuel school bus. Not only will participants have the opportunity to ride, drive or view between 20 and 30 alternative fuel vehicles, an added perk is that everyone who registers for the conference will be automatically entered to win a FREE two year lease to a 2015 Nissan LEAF! In a special arrangement with Nissan, one lucky person in the lower 48 states will have the opportunity to take home the world’s bestselling electric car. Along with the ride-and-drive, two evening receptions in the Raleigh Convention Center Expo Hall will provide ample time to network and learn from technology providers representing biodiesel, ethanol, natural gas, propane, electric drive, telematics and additional organizations and businesses involved in the clean transportation space. Join us and help drive the new economy!

With Support from the U.S. DOE

Conference Organizer

Article courtesy of the North Carolina Solar Center

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National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium

AFV Day Odyssey

2014 Planning Underway!

Who we are: The National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium (NAFTC) is the only nationwide training organization dedicated to promoting, supporting, and expanding the use of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles.

What we do: The NAFTC serves a vital role in educating the nation about alternative transportation technologies through curriculum development, training courses and workshops, education and outreach, and program management.

Why we make a difference: The NAFTC strives to make a difference in lessening U.S. dependence on foreign oil, strengthening national and energy security, and providing a cleaner environment for future generations, through its services of creating awareness and providing education about alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles.

Become a part of the nation’s largest alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicle promotion event.

Odyssey 2012 Impact • 152 event sites • More than 250,000 attendees • More than 200 million reached through media

Currently Recruiting: • Sponsors • Partners • Site Coordinators

Training programs for: •

Automotive Technicians

First Responders

Fleet Managers

Government Officials


for more information, visit or call (304) 293-7882

Contact: Virginia McMillen

Judy Moore

Biodiesel Producer Working Group Meeting at Cape Cod Biofuels, Massachusetts.

Biodiesel Producer Working Group Formed in Northern New England In 2013, the U.S. Department of Energy awarded a major grant to the New England Region Clean Cities’ Coalitions (NERCCC) to remove barriers to the adoption of alternative transportation fuels and alternative fuel vehicles in New England. The project is administered by Maine Clean Communities, a program of the Greater Portland Council of Governments. As part of the grant, the NERCCC Biodiesel Producer Working Group (Working Group) was formed, facilitated by Dolores Rebolledo of Granite State Clean Cities. The Working Group consists of the following local biodiesel producers: Maine Standard Biofuels (ME), White Mountain Biodiesel (NH), Newport Biodiesel (RI), Cape Cod Biofuels (MA), Black Bear Biodiesel (VT) and the five Clean Cities Coalitions in these states. Three meetings have been held over the past year and a half (in Massachusetts, Maine and Rhode Island) with the fourth and final meeting scheduled to take place in New Hampshire in September, 2014. The meetings have focused on timely issues related to local biodiesel production, networking and

education and identifying production and market barriers to sustaining and increasing the use of biodiesel in the New England Region. Discussions also focus on how the producers can work together to better ensure fuel quality and improve marketing and sales. As a result, a final report is being drafted that identifies the barriers to increasing biodiesel production and usage and proposed solutions to overcome them in New England. This report will be submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy and will be distributed to other producers and businesses in New England as well as other Clean Cities Coalitions around the country. The Working Group intends to continue to meet and work on these issues long after the grant period is over.

jennifer puser

Maine Clean Communities Coalition 207-774-9891 summer 2014 |


question of the month From June 2014

Why is idle reduction important? What are ways that I can prevent idling, and what are the benefits of doing so? Idling, the time when a vehicle’s engine is on but the vehicle is not moving, wastes over 6 billion gallons of fuel each year in the United States according to Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This adds up to more than $20 billion annually in fuel costs. For example, heavy-duty trucks frequently idle at rest stops; an estimated 650,000 long-haul trucks use more than 685 million gallons of fuel per year by unnecessary idling. Idle reduction technologies and practices can help lower fuel consumption and fuel costs, protect public health and the environment, and increase U.S. energy security. Reducing idle time can also help reduce engine wear and maintenance costs. Finally, idling for long periods is illegal in many states and jurisdictions. Idle Reduction Technologies and Practices Heavy-Duty Vehicles Truck stop electrification and onboard equipment can help reduce idling at truck stops, roadsides, and delivery sites. It is important to note that the costeffectiveness of the technologies below depend on the vehicle applications and climates in which they are used as well as the duration of the idling. • Truck Stop Electrification provides power from an external source for important systems such as air conditioning, heating, and appliances without needing to idle the engine during required stops at rest areas. • Auxiliary Power Units are portable units that are mounted to the vehicle, and provide power for climate control and electrical devices in trucks, locomotives, and marine vehicles without idling the primary vehicle engine. • Energy Recovery Systems use the vehicle’s heat- transfer system to keep the truck’s heater operating after the engine is turned off, using engine heat that would otherwise dissipate. • Automatic Engine Stop-Start Controls sense the temperature in the sleeper cabin and automatically turn the engine on if the sleeper is too hot or too cold. • Cab or Bunk Heaters supply warm air to the cab or bunk compartment using small diesel heaters. Heaters can be coupled with air conditioners if needed.


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School Buses School bus idling is particularly problematic because of the negative health impacts for children. School bus engines should be turned off while the engine is not needed, such as at loading and unloading areas, and should only be turned back on when the bus is ready to depart. Idle reduction technologies for school buses that operate in cold climates include small on-board diesel cabin heaters and electrical block heaters, which can provide warming for the passenger compartment and engine. Light- and Medium-Duty Vehicles For light-and medium-duty vehicles, the primary idle reduction strategy is to turn the engine off when the vehicle is parked or stopped for long periods of time. Drivers can also reduce petroleum consumption by avoiding the use of a remote vehicle starter and obeying no-idle zones. Fleets may implement policies to set minimum fuel-efficiency targets or require the use of idle reduction practices. In addition, fleet managers can train their drivers on the benefits of reduced idling and how to use idle reduction strategies. For vehicles that must stop often or for extended periods of time, such as cabs, limousines, and utility trucks, the idle reduction technologies below can be implemented: • Air Heaters operate on engine fuel and are self- contained units that blow hot air directly into the vehicle’s interior. These are similar to the heaters for heavy-duty vehicles. • Coolant Heaters use the vehicle’s heat-transfer system and are mounted in the engine compartment. This technology uses the vehicle’s fuel to heat the coolant, and then pumps the heated coolant through the engine, radiator, and heater box. By keeping the engine warm, the coolant heater reduces the impact of cold starts. These are similar to the heaters for heavy-duty vehicles. • Waste-Heat Recovery Systems are similar to the energy recovery systems mentioned above for heavy-duty vehicles.

• Auxiliary Power Systems are similar to the auxiliary power units mentioned above for heavy-duty vehicles. • Automatic Power Management Systems allow a vehicle driver to turn off the engine and use battery power to run the accessories from the battery. When the power management system senses the battery getting low, it restarts the engine until battery levels regenerate. • Hybridization enables vehicles requiring power take-off equipment to perform work with the main engine off.

managers, drivers, and others about the benefits of idle reduction.

Idling Regulations There are many state and local laws and incentives in place to reduce idling in specific jurisdictions. For information on current idling reduction incentives and regulations, see the Clean Cities IdleBase tool and the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Laws and Incentives database. While most current laws apply to diesel vehicles, increasingly laws are beginning to address gasoline vehicles as well.

Additional Resources For additional information about idling and idle reduction, please see the following resources: • AFDC Idle Reduction Basics • Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool: The Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool can help create a plan for your fleet to reduce petroleum consumption and emissions, and includes reducing idling as one of the strategies. See the AFDC Tools database for additional resources. • ANL Reducing Vehicle Idling • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SmartWay Program and Clean School Bus Program: These national partnerships reduce emissions from the freight industry and diesel school buses through idle reduction and other strategies.

Idle Reduction Tools IdleBox Toolkit The IdleBox toolkit includes resources such as print products, templates, presentations, and information resources that can assist in creating idle reduction projects for medium- and heavy-duty fleets. IdleBox can also be used to educate policymakers, fleet

Idle Reduction Worksheets ANL has light- and heavy-duty idle reduction worksheets for drivers and fleet managers on their Idle Reduction Tools and Outreach Materials page. The worksheets can help calculate the cost of avoidable idling, as well as potential savings from reducing idling time by implementing technologies and practices.

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Ohio Company is National Leader in Creating

CNG from Waste

Anaerobic digestion is a process in which microorganisms break down organic material in the absence of oxygen, creating biogas. This biogas can be used for electricity, pipeline quality natural gas and motor vehicle fuel (CNG). quasar’s anaerobic digestion system utilizes organic waste products including crop residuals, manure, food waste, fats, oils and greases and municipal wastewater.


Established in 2006, quasar relocated its engineering and laboratory offices in 2008 to the Ohio State University’s Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) campus is Wooster, Ohio to collaborate with the largest university agbioscience research center in the nation. Together quasar and OARDC established a farm digester on the site, before beginning construction of industrial digesters around the state. Today, quasar’s new industrial digesters use components primarily sourced from U.S. suppliers, with 76% of components coming from Ohio-based companies.

Each of quasar’s industrial digester facilities can process about 40,000 tons of waste a year. Zanesville can process 125,000 tons, resulting in production of about 3,500 gallons of fuel a day from just one facility. In total, the company will be able to process about 400,000 tons of waste annually. “These are things that would otherwise be incinerated, and we are making fuel instead,” Kurtz said.

The original product produced from the quasar industrial digesters was renewable electricity. “We faced some restrictive regulations in providing our own renewable electricity,” Kurtz said. “Our Clean Fuels Ohio ARRA grant funding allowed us the opportunity to use this cleaned biogas as an alternative motor vehicle fuel. We built a CNG fueling station in Zanesville and introduced this technology to the nearby Appalachian region. At the same time, local universities like Zane State College have taken an interest in offering CNG station maintenance and vehicle conversion courses.”

“We are saving $11,000 in fuel costs each month by converting to CNG. It’s less expensive, clean burning, better for the environment and available in Ohio. Looking back, it wasn’t a difficult decision,” Kurtz said.

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quasar’s own corporate fleet of 29 CNG vehicles includes five semi-tractors. In addition, regional companies are using the public CNG refueling stations. “We’re also seeing an influx of consumers buying their fuel at our CNG stations,” he said.

sam spofforth Clean Fuels Ohio 614-884-7336

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Students to Meet Demand for

Advanced Technology Vehicle Jobs Preparing Vehicle Technicians for Advanced Transportation Fuels is an initiative designed to develop an advanced transportation technology training program at Owensboro Community and Technical College (OCTC) in Owensboro, Kentucky. The program will be the first college program in the state and the nation to offer technician training in all of the advanced transportation/alternative fuel vehicle technologies. The curriculum will include conventional hybrid, plug-in electric, dedicated electric vehicle, biodiesel, propane, ethanol, compressed and liquefied natural gas and fuel-cell vehicles.

“We are honored to be a part of this partnership,” said Dr. Jim Klauber, OCTC president. “This is a perfect opportunity for OCTC to partner with a variety of folks to enhance our local workforce and arm the students with the latest technologies and better prepare them for the fields of tomorrow.” The project partners include ATech, Atmos Energy, ConsuLab, Cummins Crosspoint, Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition, Kentucky Corn Growers Association, Kentucky Department for Energy Development and Independence, Kentucky Propane Gas Association, Kentucky Soybean Board and Association and 33

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Owensboro Grain Company. Project partners serve as the project steering committee, participate in events, support project outreach and provide their expertise to specific program areas. Initiative objectives include summer academies, student technician training, incumbent worker training, secondary and post-secondary teacher STEM training, E-85 powered 1965 AC Cobra vehicle build and a National Alternative Fuel Vehicle Day Odyssey event to increase public awareness of alternative fuels. The overall project model includes working with incumbent technicians and middle through high school students. In addition, the project raises awareness of advanced transportation technologies “on the move” as the acquisition and wrapping of a truck and car hauler trailer will serve as a rolling billboard for the partnership. The truck and trailer will be used to transport the alternative fuel vehicles used in OCTC courses to events across the state and around the region.

melissa howell

Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition 502-452-9152

September 2

One FREE Producer Pass Per Biofuels Facility

Ethanol | Biodiesel | Advanced Biofuels | Cellulosic

The Advanced Biofuels Event of the Year!

OCTOBER 13-14, 2014

Hyatt Minneapolis | Minneapolis, MN

NEXT GENERATION FUELS & CHEMICALS NETWORK AND LEARN WITH ADVANCED BIOFUELS PROFESSIONALS Make your plans to attend the 2014 National Advanced Biofuels Conference & Expo in Minneapolis, MN. Understand the latest techniques being developed in the industry and continue building relationships that last. Contact us today and to make your reservations. Email: Phone: 866-746-8385

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The Clean Air Champion Awards were held at Sonoma Raceway.

california recognizes

clean air champions In May, the East Bay Clean Cities Coalition joined forces with the Public Fleet Supervisors Association to put on the annual Clean Air Champion Awards luncheon at Sonoma Raceway. Those familiar with motorsports will recognize Sonoma Raceway as the home track of the NASCAR Toyota/Save Mart 350 race that was held there just weeks after the Clean Air Champion presentations. Sonoma Raceway made drivers and race-prepped Toyota Camrys available to take those interested around the track at race speeds. This allowed attendees to experience the track and racing from inside a vehicle and get a taste of what racing is about. In addition to the track experience and awards luncheon, attendees were given a presentation about the track’s sustainability initiatives and the use of alternative fuels such as E85, methanol, propane autogas and battery electric power in professional motorsports. Those honored with 2014 Clean Air Champion Awards at the event include: Republic Services For operating a 40-vehicle LNG refuse truck operation in the City of Fairfield for over 12 years, which has


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provided over 3.6 million miles cumulatively of natural gas-powered miles while displacing 330,000 gallons of diesel annually. Doug Bond, Alameda County Fleet Manager For taking the lead in a regional, multi-agency grant, deploying plug-in vehicles and creating a fuel collaborative initiative that includes alternative fuels. Altec Industries, Dixon, CA For designing and bringing to market a hybrid electric PTO/boom power system that eliminates jobsite diesel idling and associated tailpipe emissions from work trucks. City of Fairfield For reducing annual fuel consumption by 61,500 gallons (over 11%) from FY 08/09 to FY 12/13 resulting in an annual reduction of 621.5 metric tons of CO2 and fielding new hybrid buses which are achieving as much as 30% better fuel economy over the old buses they replaced.

Jose Obregon, Sonoma County Director of General Services For leading and supporting team members to successfully achieve results that reduce the County’s impact on the environment. Under his guidance, Sonoma County has grown to be largest plug-in and hybrid fleet in the region, has taken the lead in deploying a public, electric vehicle charging infrastructure and developed comprehensive policies on sustainability. Tom Fung, East Bay Clean Cities Coalition Treasurer Received the Chairman’s Award for his years of dedicated service to the coalition as a board member and treasurer.

Richard Battersby, East Bay Clean Cities, with Doug Bond, Alameda County, CA Fleet Manager

richard battersby East Bat Clean Cities 510-614-5487

Do you know about the


that are

available to


Check out the Alternative Fuel Data Center’s Tools page to help assist fleets, fuel providers, and stakeholders. Click here to get started!

american beauty Congratulations to Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition on celebrating their 10th Anniversary. A reception was held at the Foundation for the Carolinas in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Summer 2014 Fuels Fix  

Your resource for alternative fuel news from across the nation. Brought to you by the Department of Energy's Clean Cities program.

Summer 2014 Fuels Fix  

Your resource for alternative fuel news from across the nation. Brought to you by the Department of Energy's Clean Cities program.