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fall 2011 |



University of Tennessee Hosts Biomass Field Days Updates from Southeastern Clean Cities Coordinators Partner Focus Articles 25x’25 | BBI International National Biodiesel Board FFV Club of America Flex Fuel US | & more!

Special Features

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Fall 2011 |


up front Editor’s Letter | 6 Cover Story: University of Tennessee Hosts Biomass Field Days

coalition news Birmingham Breaks Ground for E85 Pumps |8 NC Studies Shale Gas Opportunities and Impacts | 12 Chevy Volt Press Conference a Success | 12 SC3 Hosts Successful Autogas Conference | 16 Watt Next? Watt Tree | 16 North Carolina Gets Ready for MS2 Project | 17 Idle-Free School Zone Update | 19

special features The Flux Report | 25 Clean Cities TV | 34 Social Media | 35


Fall 2011 |


partner focus NASCAR Reaches Million-Mile Mark with E15, Releases White Paper |7 BBI International Will Host Biomass Conference | 18 Pursuit of 25x’25 Renewable Will Generate Millions of New Jobs | 13 Alt-Fuel Tech Experts Join AAG, Provide Propane Autogas Conversions | 21 Biodiesel Production Setting Records | 22 Readiness and Planning for EVs | 23 National Flex Fuel Vehicle Awareness Campaign | 27 Edison2 and the Very Lightweight Car | 29 E85 Conversions from Flex Fuel US: Efficient and Economical | 31

Chevy Volt courtesy of James Culp, Progress Energy Fall 2011 |





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editor’s letter southeastern clean cities lose two veterans This fall, we found out that Chelsea Jenkins, Executive Director of Virginia Clean Cities, is moving on to greener pastures…or should I say hopefully less hectic pastures! As of mid-October 2011, Chelsea is making the switch to Roush, working for them in the Roush Clean Tech division that designs, engineers, manufactures, and assembles quality alternative fuel systems for light- and medium-duty Ford trucks and vans. Of all the fleet managers that I’ve heard from that use Roush propane trucks, I’ve never heard anything but very positive comments on their vehicles, so I think she is moving into a quality company (what else would you expect if it has the name “Roush” in it?). Chelsea has been a real go-getter, partnering with many entities across Virginia and beyond, and growing her coalition from just herself to more than 5 staff over the last few years. She also garnered a significant grant in 2009, the Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program (more that is adding propane vehicles from Louisiana to DC. Additionally, at the very end of September we found out that Georgia’s own hard-working Charise Stephens is changing jobs as well. Charise has been a major force throughout middle, southern, and northern Georgia for getting alternative fuels in use and has much under her belt to show for it. She has been a partner to numerous other coalitions in regional proposals and fostered friendships and partnerships for change from Rome to southwestern GA. She was also the “poster child” for other coalitions in getting her kids involved. Both Camden and Kayla were seen at many events and Kayla served as a reporter for Charise’s alt-fuels TV program, even once interviewing the Governor!! Best of luck to Charise and Chelsea in their new endeavors!

editor of the fix Jonathan G. Overly East TN Clean Fuels Coalition

designer & project facilitator Kristy Keel East TN Clean Fuels Coalition The Southeastern Fuels Fix is published quarterly thanks first and foremost to the DOE Clean Cities coalitions in the southeastern United States. Advertising information may be obtained by visiting the website. All advertising revenue goes to coalitions to help maintain activities focused on putting alternative fuel and efficient transportation technologies on the ground in the southeastern U.S.

Publication Date: October 4, 2011

Sincerely, Jonathan

Pictures from 2009 Clean Cities Retreat in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. (L) Chelsea (with glasses) and Mindy Mize (Dallas-Ft. Worth region coalition) flank Smoky the Bear at the Hard Rock in Gatlinburg where they were announced Coordinators of the Year in 2009. (R) Charise having a hoot on a zipline at Wahoo Ziplines in Sevierville. Fall 2011 |


Biofuels Focus nascar reaches million-mile mark with e15, releases white paper from ethanol producer magazine | by holly jessen | september 21, 2011 More than 1.3 million miles into using E15 in its three major national racing series, NASCAR is still singing the praises of ethanol. “Successfully transitioning to the new fuel and surpassing a million miles, all on America’s toughest proving ground, is a validation of Sunoco Green E15 as a high-performance racing fuel and is part of our overall effort to go green,” said Mike Lynch, NASCAR’s managing director of green innovation. “NASCAR is proud to use this American-made product because it creates American jobs while also reducing harmful emissions.” On Sept. 21, NASCAR joined members of Growth Energy at its second annual legislative conference to release the results in a white paper. The four-page document included new details about the 328,632 gallons of E15 consumed in testing, practices, qualifying and racing. NASCAR officially hit the one million-mile mark in mid-August at the Watkins Glen International Speedway. “[Richard Childress Racing’s] transition to Sunoco Green E15 was seamless,” said Richard Childress, owner. “In fact, we’re even seeing some increases in horsepower this year. And as an owner, it’s nice to know that the fuel your cars are burning are made from American-grown corn.” NASCAR refers to the fuel as Sunoco Green E15 because it’s blended at the Sunoco Inc. facility in Marcus Hook, Pa., and contains some ethanol from the 85 MMgy Sunoco ethanol plant in Fulton, N.Y. The overall partnership with NASCAR is with American Ethanol, a group of nearly 100 entities, including Growth Energy and the National Association of Corn Growers. “This is yet another testament to E15’s value as a fuel,” said Tom Buis, CEO of Growth Energy. “If E15 can fuel the dozens of drivers in dozens of different vehicles every weekend without issue, then it stands to reason that E15 can be used in everyday street cars by everyday Americans.” NASCAR’s use of E15 has “thrown public acceptance into a higher gear,” said Bart Schott, president of the National Corn Growers Association. “E15 is performing like champ in the most rigorous driving conditions on the planet and that’s good news for everyone who supports renewable fuels,” he added. Beginning with the Daytona 500, more than 120 NASCAR racecars are fueled with E15 for races every weekend. The American Ethanol message is reaching millions of Americans at races and on television. The fans of the sport are 40 percent more likely to support the use of ethanol for U.S. energy independence and twice as likely to support the fact that ethanol and the green economy creates hundreds of thousands of jobs, NASCAR said in the white paper. In addition, NASCAR fans are three times more likely to be aware that NASCAR is using ethanol in its race fuel. Clint Bowyer, driver of the No. 33 Chevrolet, surveys his NASCAR race car. The vehicle was painted American Ethanol green for part of the racing season thanks to a sponsorship deal. PHOTO: NASCAR


Fall 2011 |

mark bentley

alabama clean fuels coalition 2131 data office drive, suite 240 birmingham, al 35244 | 205-402-2755

birmingham breaks ground for e85 pumps Construction of two new E-85 ethanol fuel stations in Birmingham began August 18th. The city of Birmingham currently has 300 flex fuel vehicles. Approximately 150 will fuel at the two stations when construction is complete. A press conference was held to highlight the start of the construction. Birmingham Mayor William Bell, Phillip Wiedmeyer, President and Chairman of the Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition, and Bob Rainey, Director of Fleet Equipment Management, spoke at the press conference. “The city taking this step is a step on the road to energy independence. These fuels are created in America, so those dollars stay in our economy and help create jobs in the United States rather than sending money overseas to buy foreign oil,” Phillip Wiedmeyer with the Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition said. A grant from the Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition is paying for 80 percent of the E85 infrastructure project. “This gives us the flexibility to choose on a weekly basis which fuel is least expensive, whether it is E-85 or unleaded fuel,” Bob Rainey with Fleet Management said. The two fueling sites are expected to be completed in December.

Bob Rainey, Mayor Bell, and Phillip Weidmeyer at the E85 press conference.

Fall 2011 |


Cover Story university of tennessee hosts biomass field days Biomass is rapidly becoming a leading source of clean, renewable energy. That’s why the University of Tennessee, along with partners Genera Energy and DuPont is hosting a two-day event dedicated to biomass and cellulosic ethanol production. The first of its kind, “Biomass: From Grow to Go” is a field day and workshop event in Vonore, Tennessee on Tuesday, October 25 and Wednesday, October 26. Vonore is home to the Southeast’s emerging bioenergy industry. With a demonstration-scale biorefinery and developing Biomass Innovation Park – both located in the Niles Ferry Industrial Park – the rural town is putting Tennessee on the map as the state’s leader in biomass production. More than 5,100 acres of switchgrass have been grown in and around Vonore, with a majority of the harvested switchgrass stored and processed at the Biomass Innovation Park. “Biomass: From Grow to Go” will give attendees the opportunity to see firsthand how biomass is produced, harvested and processed for energy. The event is free and of particular interest to anyone involved in feedstock production for biomass and/or biofuel industries. A wide variety of tour topics will include something for everyone ranging from technical presentations on biofuel production to practical tips on how to make money growing switchgrass from biomass. The event brings together biomass farm, industry, and research professionals in order to share information, expertise, and experience in a highly educational but informal field day setting. Please note: Lunch is free on day one for pre-registrants. Cost is $10 for those who do not pre-register.


Switchgrass bales are stored after harvest at Genera Energy’s Biomass Innovation Park. Tour the Park during the Biomass Field Day.

Learn about how switchgrass is grown and harvested for energy production in Tennessee.



Fall 2011 |

field day schedules Day 1 | 10/25/2011 | Color Wheel Farm, Vonore, TN | 8:00 am–4:00 pm Day 1 will be a field day held at Color Wheel Farms in Vonore, TN. This locally owned and operated family farm belongs to Brad and Kim Black, recipients of the 2010 Tennessee Farmer of the Year Award. The beautiful 986-acre East Tennessee farm features established switchgrass on more than 183 acres, including trial plantings of improved switchgrass varieties. 

 Parking/Shuttle/Registration: Plan to park at the Derby Downs Shopping Center on the corner of Hwy 411 and Niles Ferry Road. Shuttle service will be provided to and from the event site. Watch for parking signs on Hwy 411. 8:45 am | Welcome and Introduction 9:00 am | Tours Begin 12 pm | Lunch & Keynote Address: Biomass production from an industry leader and current biomass producer. 1:15 pm | Equipment Demonstrations 1:15–2:00 pm | 
Mower-Conditioners and Rakes 2:15– 3:00 pm | 
Balers (Round and Square) 3:15–4:00 pm | 
Forage Harvesters and Other Equipment

tour a

tour b

tour c

tour d

Switchgrass Establishment 1. Site selection, soil fertility, site prep 2. Planting steps and fertilization 3, Developing advanced switchgrass Benefits Beyond Bioenergy 1. Utilization of switchgrass as a forage 2. Wildlife habitat impacts 3. Environmental stewardship

Switchgrass Management, Harvesting, Storage, and Transport 1. Weed control options 2. Harvest system options 3. Storage and transport Economics and Stewardship 1. Development of asset and enterprise budget 2. Risk management 3. Entrepreneurial potential/rural development

tour e

Woody Biomass Energy 1. Woody biomass for energy primer 2. Short rotation pine/poplar for energy 3. Use of in-woods residues for energy

Day 2 | 10/26/2011 | Biomass Innovation Park, Niles Ferry Industrial Park, Vonore, TN | 8:00 am–4:00 pm Note that hosted presentations will be available only from 9 am until noon. 
 Day 2 will include visits to the sites of the Biomass Innovation Park and Biorefinery, including demonstrations of biomass preprocessing and handling, and presentations on research and development. Local schools are invited to attend youth-oriented tours and activities.
Refreshments will be available for purchase.

 Parking is available at Fort Loudoun Electric, which is near the Biomass Innovation Park in Niles Ferry Industrial Park. Watch for parking signs. The Biomass Innovation Park is located adjacent to the biorefinery. Shuttle service will be provided from parking lots to the Biomass Innovation Park and to the biorefinery. Continuous tours of the Biomass Innovation Park facilities and exhibits will be available. Two sets of hosted presentations will be available until noon: 9 am - noon | Hosted Presentations

tour a

Processing and Biomass Assessment 1. Feedstock preprocessing and preparation 2. Biomass assessment 3. Conversion technologies and co-products 4. Commercial biofuel production

tour b

Commercialization - Potential for Alternative Markets 1. Regional market potential 2. Commercial models 3. Policy impacts

Fall 2011 |


Vehicles & conVersions

grants & finance

serVice & support


Fall 2011 |

engineering & construction

compressors & equipment

lng technology & construction

bill eaker

land of sky regional council 339 new leicester hwy, suite 140, asheville, nc 28806 | 828-251-6622

nc studies shale gas opportunities and impacts The N.C. Geological Survey, housed in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), has concluded that a commercially viable reserve of natural gas may underlie parts of the Triassic Basins of NC that include Lee, Chatham, Moore, Stokes, and Rockingham counties. Current technology allows “shale gas” to be recovered from shale formations with high organic content. In the upcoming months, DENR will be conducting a study of the potential environmental and economic impacts of shale gas exploration and development in NC in response to recent state legislation. Public hearings are being held soon to receive public comment. To learn more about the study and see maps of the study areas go to and click on the “Shale Gas” tab.

chevy volt press conference a success The Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition held a press conference on July 28 at the Asheville Chamber of Commerce to showcase the Chevy Volt and discuss the Asheville Area EV Readiness Initiative. Coalition Coordinator Bill Eaker said the Coalition established an EV Committee in early 2010 to get the region ready for the roll out of the high speed plug-in electric vehicles. The Coalition has also partnered with Advanced Energy to secure $150,000 from the State Energy Office to install 25 Level 2 EV Charging Stations at strategic locations across the five county area. These stations will be installed by the end of 2011. Board of Commissioners Chair David Gantt said the County is installing several charging stations in downtown Asheville. He said, “This is where we’ve gotta go as a community. You know we can’t do things the way we have in the past. We are using way too much energy, way too much of the world’s resources for one small group… We’re energy hogs. We’re gonna stop that.” Kit Cramer, President of the Asheville Chamber, said that a cleaner energy future is at the heart of what Asheville is all about. “We are thrilled to profile green products and green industry because that means green jobs, and that’s something that is a core value for us in Asheville.” For more information on the Asheville EV Initiative contact Bill Eaker or Brian Taylor at 828-251-6622.

David Gantt, Board of Commissioners Chair, spoke at the press conference to showcase the Chevy Volt.

Fall 2011 |


Partner Focus pursuit of 25x’25 renewable will generate millions of new jobs The United States could create millions of new jobs by 2025 by setting a goal of having 25% renewable energy by that year, according to a University of Tennessee study. An estimated 1.4 million new jobs would be created by 2015, 2.9 million jobs by 2020, and 4.7 million jobs by 2025. In September, the 25x’25 Alliance released “25% Renewable Energy for the United States by 2025: An Analysis on Jobs Created By Meeting this Goal”, which shows that jobs would be created by annual economic growth in the renewable energy sector. This economic growth would reach $208 billion by 2015, $411 billion by 2020, and $646 billion by 2025. The 25x’25 Vision calls for America’s farms, ranches, and forestlands to meet 25 percent of the nation’s energy needs with renewable resources – biomass, wind energy, solar power, thermal energy, and hydropower – while continuing to produce safe, abundant, and affordable food, feed, and fiber. Researchers at the University of Tennessee’s Bio-based Energy Analysis Group say that pursuing the 25x’25 goal generates economic activity that creates millions of new jobs over the next 15 years through generating renewable energy. This includes growing and harvesting renewable energy feedstock, harnessing energy from the sun, wind, water, and Earth’s heat, purchasing inputs, adding value to those inputs, and supplying the energy produced. The jobs would be widespread throughout the United States with rural areas benefitting due to renewable energy-related economic activity. “The report underscores the need for appropriate public policy support and funding to maximize the economic benefits that come from our nation’s vast sustainable resources and achieving a clean, 25x’25 renewable energy future,” said Read Smith, co-chairman of the National 25x’25 Steering Committee.

Additional Benefits from 25x25’ Scenario • The total addition to net farm income could reach $180 billion by 2025, as the market rewards growers for producing alternative energy and enhancing our national security through decreasing the country’s dependence on foreign oil. • In 2025 alone, net farm income would increase by $37 billion, when compared with USDA baseline extended projections. • Researchers say the production of 15.45 quads of energy from biomass could replace the growing demand for gasoline, natural gas, diesel, and/or coal generated electricity. • Nearly 7 quads of electricity could be generated from solar and wind resources. • The production of 87.2 billion gallons of biofuels annually from the nation’s forests, farms, and ranches, which could decrease gasoline consumption by 59 billion gallons (based on Btu content) in 2025. Representatives of the 25x25’ Alliance are active in Washington, where they are meeting with policy makers to share the findings of the study and promote a renewable energy future for the United States. “This report makes clear – and should make clear to policy makers – that these renewable energy resources and a 25x’25 clean energy future offer the nation a triple bottom line of energy security, environmental benefits, and economic recovery,” said Smith.

click here for a link to the entire 25x’25 study.


Fall 2011 |

While all states are poised to gain jobs from the development of renewable energy, some of the biggest can be seen in the following states:

Missouri Illinois Iowa Nebraska Texas Tennessee Kentucky Kansas Minnesota Oklahoma Arkansas Indiana Virginia Mississippi West Virginia

240,000 201,000 196,300 161,500 159,000 155,700 148,500 125,200 124,600 122,500 109,200 106,400 85,000 84,500 75,800

   

   

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Fall 2011 |

bill young

florida space coast clean cities coalition florida solar energy center, 1679 clearlake road cocoa, fl 32922 | 321-638-1443

sc3 hosts successful autogas conference The Space Coast Clean Cities Coalition (SC3) partnered with stakeholders from the Florida Propane Gas Association (FPGA), the Propane Education and Research Council (PERC), and Roush Clean Tech to provide a panel of speakers for the semi-annual Florida Association of Governmental Fleet Administrators/National Association of Fleet Administrators (FLAGFA/NAFA) conference on September 16th at the Daytona Beach Plaza and Resort in Florida. SC3 secured the speaking engagement through its connections with FLAGFA/NAFA. The conference boasts attendance of nearly 250 people every six months. SC3 stakeholders were provided an opportunity to perform education and outreach services to an audience which included participants such as fleet managers from governmental agencies and school boards, other fleet related businesses such as engine manufacturers, and other decision makers. The presentations covered a wide range of propane autogas topics. “Propane Autogas 101”, presented by PERC got everybody on track. The 101 presentation was followed by presentations by the FPGA, which covered a more detailed look at autogas, applications such as lawnmower, van, truck, and school bus applications, and ending with an economic analysis of the technology compared to petroleum based fuels. “The presentation was informative, fair, and peaked my interest in propane autogas,” stated Michele Wetherington, the sitting Treasurer for NAFA. A quick poll of some of the more respected fleet managers yielded pretty much the same response, according to Glenn Scorza, the current Chair of SC3. “The main take away here is that the conversation about utilizing propane autogas has begun in this circle of extraordinary folks. Mission accomplished!”

watt next? watt tree The sunshine state develops the Watt Tree, and gets an award. A young company, called RubeLab, develops a solar-array structure called the Watt Tree, that integrates solar power, electric vehicles, and the smart grid to in a single structure that resembles a tree for charging electric vehicles from the sun and connects to the grid for effective energy management. RubeLab was one of 10 companies honored on September 21 with the 2011 William C. Schwartz Industry Innovation Awards by the Metro Orlando Economic Development Commission. The annual awards, named in honor of the late William C. Schwartz, a local business pioneer and innovator within the field of optics and photonics, recognize companies that have a significant effect on the region through innovative practices, products, or ideas.

Fall 2011 |


emily parker

centralina clean fuels coalition centralina cog, 525 N. tryon street 12th floor charlotte, nc, 28202 | 704-688-6507

north carolina gets ready for m2s project Earlier this summer, Centralina COG and the Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition took the role as lead applicant for the DOE proposal titled, “NC PEV Readiness Initiative: Plugging in from Mountains to Sea (M2S Project)”, in response to the Department of Energy’s $8.5 million Clean Cities’ Community Readiness and Planning for Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure funding opportunity. The CCFC—representing the state of North Carolina—was among 15 other organizations across the nation that were selected to receive funding for the M2S Project. The M2S Project has been offered $500,000 by the DOE. Once awarded funding, in addition to administering this grant, CCFC staff will work with M2S project partners –Triangle Clean Cities/ TJCOG, Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition/Land of Sky Regional Council, NC Solar Center, PTCOG, Advanced Energy, Duke Energy, and Progress Energy—on growing individual regional PEV planning initiatives and forming a statewide PEV readiness roadmap.

Clean Cities 2011 Vehicle Buyer’s Guide Click this ad to view this year’s Buyer’s Guide.

Biofuels Focus bbi international will host biomass conference With an exclusive focus on biomass utilization in the Southeast -- from the Virginias to the Gulf Coast -- the Southeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show is a dynamic regional offshoot of Biorefining Magazine and Biomass Power & Thermal’s International Biomass Conference & Expo, the largest event of its kind in the world. Taking place in Atlanta, Georgia, November 1-3, 2011, the Southeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show will connect the area’s current and future producers of biomass-derived electricity, industrial heat and power, and advanced biofuels, with waste generators, aggregators, growers, municipal leaders, utility executives, technology providers, equipment manufacturers, investors, and policy makers. The Southeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show program will include more than 60 speakers, including technical presentations on topics ranging from anaerobic digestion and gasification to combined heat and power and large-scale biomass combustion, within the structured framework of general session panels and four customized tracks: Track 1: Feedstocks Track 2: Biomass Power and Thermal Track 3: Biorefining Track 4: Project Development and Finance

Learn more about the Southeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show, taking place November 1–3, 2011 in Atlanta, GA.

To view the agenda please visit

January 16-18, 2012

San Francisco Marriott Marquis San Francisco, CA

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Don’t miss this once-a-year opportunity to reach hundreds of people in the biomass industry in search of solutions. There is simply no other means of meeting with this many biomass-related decision makers, influencers and stakeholders in the Pacific West. Exhibiting at the Pacific West Biomass Conference & Trade Show will deliver real value toward your bottom line. Contact an account representative today for more information, or to learn about exhibit space and sponsorship opportunities. 866-746-8385 Follow Us:!/biomassmagazine

kristy keel

east tennessee clean fuels coalition 311 conference center bldg, knoxville, tn 37996 | 865-974-9665

idle-free school zone update In our spring 2011 issue, we highlighted the beginnings of a new program for Tennessee: the Idle-Free School Zone Program. At that point, no signs had been erected and many details were left to be fleshed out. Well, we have good news for you in this edition! After a lot of hard work, the program has officially begun in Knox County with four area schools. After some meetings with principals and city and county officials, the signs were delivered to the four schools just before the start of the 2011-2012 school year. The signs have been installed in the parent pickup lines and bus line. Parents in the participating schools have been very supportive of the project and seem very willing to participate in this voluntary program. ETCleanFuels has had a presence at open houses and PTSA meetings to talk to parents and students about the importance of an idle-free school zone and what it means. It has been very important to stress that this program is about unnecessary idling, and that no one should risk overheating in a car during hot summer months or become too cold during winter months. It is also important to stress that an engine should never be turned off in a situation that could be dangerous, such as at a stop sign or red light. To kick off this commencement, ETCleanFuels submitted press releases to local newspapers and even landed a spot in the Knox News Sentinel. A PTA president from one school was quoted as saying that the signs provide education for parents. Another principal noted that her students are excited about the project because it is helping the environment and that they are “all about saving the Earth.” Soon after the article in the newspaper, local television station WBIR picked up the story and created a short segment for the evening news. Responses from parents and guardians were included in the segment, and they were very positive on all accounts. So positive in fact, that ETCleanFuels has been surprised at the feedback that they have received. In the days following the newspaper article and evening news segment,inboxes started filling with emails of both support and interest. A handful of counties in East Tennessee responded that they would like to adopt the program in their area. In addition, some parents have contacted the office as concerned individuals seeking information and guidance on how to start an idle-free zone at their children’s schools. Through a long start-up process, the program has finally taken flight! With such wonderful community involvement and feedback, we at ETCleanFuels are confident that this program will soar to great heights and beyond. We can all look forward to improved air quality and better health for our young generations.


Fall 2011 |

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Fall 2011 |


Alt-Fuel Focus alt-fuel technology experts join alliance autogas to provide propane autogas vehicle conversions for northeastern u.s. fleets Fyda Energy Solutions has expanded its alternative fuel service offerings to include propane autogas vehicle conversions, joining the Alliance AutoGas network as the newest certified conversion center. The green technology arm of nationally recognized truck dealership Fyda Freightliner, Fyda Energy Solutions will work with a variety of fleet vehicles in the Northeast—from police cruisers to taxi cabs to cargo vans—to help them run on clean, affordable, American-made autogas. Fyda Energy Solutions specializes in retrofitting vehicles to run on alternative fuels, as well as providing maintenance support for fleets. The company was formed with the goal of reducing our nation’s dependence on foreign oil, promoting clean air and ultimately supporting the fleet industry with affordable clean fuel options. “Fyda Energy Solutions recognizes the importance of reducing costs for fleet owners and managers, while also positively impacting national energy security and the environment,” said Fyda Energy Solutions Director of Business Development, Tim Hooker. “As a new partner in the Alliance AutoGas complete program, we’re proud to be part of an innovative solution for cleaner energy that offers great savings for fleets.” The Fyda Energy autogas vehicle conversions utilize the bi-fuel Prins VSI system from Alliance AutoGas founding partner, American Alternative Fuel. Autogas vehicles take as long to refuel as gasoline vehicles, and because autogas is cleaner-burning than gasoline, vehicles need less maintenance and have an extended engine life. “Fyda Energy Solutions is a leading provider of alternative fuel technologies for the fleet industry, and they will be a vital part of the Alliance mission to run more American fleets on environmentally friendly, affordable autogas,” says Stuart Weidie, president of Alliance AutoGas and founder of industry coalition, Autogas for America. “Saving money on fuel without losing power or range makes autogas a smart choice for fleets—and because it’s domestically produced, it’s also a smart choice for enhancing U.S. energy security.” Autogas is 90 percent made in America, so fleets running on this clean fuel are doing their part to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Autogas is $1 less per gallon than gasoline, and the cost of autogas fueling infrastructure and conversions is significantly more affordable compared to other alternative fuels.

about fyda energy solutions Fyda Energy Solutions is based in Canonsburg, Pa., serving dealerships in Pittsburgh, Barkeyville and Dunningsville, with a location in Columbus, Ohio, that services Cincinnati, Columbus and Youngstown. Fyda Freightliner / Fyda Energy Solutions is an authorized dealer for Freightliner and Sprinter, providing sales, service, support and warranty work throughout the northeastern U.S. Visit for more information.

about alliance autogas Alliance AutoGas enables fleet managers nationwide to use clean, economical, American-made autogas through vehicle conversions, on-site fueling and ongoing safety training and technical support. Learn more at: For general questions, contact David Finder, National Energy Programs Manager, or (828) 251-0027.


Fall 2011 |

Biofuels Focus biodiesel production setting records, trade association a valuable resource Biodiesel producers in the U.S. set a new monthly high of 105 million gallons of production in August, according to EPA statistics. This marks the fifth consecutive month of record volumes and continues the remarkable turnaround in which the industry has produced 573 million gallons January through August. This eight month production is nearly double the volume of biodiesel produced in all of 2010. The new numbers demonstrate the power that strong domestic energy policy can have in helping create jobs and economic activity. “We’ve dramatically increased production and doubled our number of employees at a time when many industries are shrinking or treading water,” said Ben Wootton, owner of Keystone Biofuels in Camp Hill, Pa. “It’s like night and day from 2010. I think that’s a testament to biodiesel’s staying power as an advanced biofuel and also to strong federal policy. We’re a young industry, and we wouldn’t be where we are today without the tax incentive - and a lot more people would be standing in the unemployment line.” Despite the weak economy, the biodiesel industry is on track to produce at least 800 million gallons this year. According to a recent economic study, this year’s rejuvenated production will support more than 31,000 U.S. jobs and generate income of nearly $1.7 billion to be circulated throughout the U.S. economy. Biodiesel is America’s first advanced biofuel – a renewable, clean-burning diesel replacement that is reducing U.S. dependence on foreign petroleum, creating green jobs, and improving our environment. Made from an increasingly diverse mix of resources such as agricultural oils, recycled cooking oil, and animal fats, it is the first and only commercial-scale fuel used across the U.S. to meet the Environmental Protection Agency’s definition as an advanced biofuel. It is produced in nearly every state in the country and can be used in existing diesel engines. The National Biodiesel Board is the trade association for the commercial biodiesel industry in the United States. As the industry trade association NBB is the resource for information on government affairs, biodiesel technical and fuel quality research, sustainability principles, biodiesel communications, and outreach efforts and more. NBB works closely with the national DOE Clean Cities organization as well as regional coalitions and can provide coordinators with biodiesel information, talking points, handout materials, access to experts, and more. If you would like additional information on biodiesel visit or contact NBB Clean Cities Coordinator liaison Jenna Higgins-Rose at

Dallas’s entire fleet of recycling trucks run on B20.

Fall 2011 |


EV Focus readiness and planning for electric vehicles The Department of Energy’s Clean Cities Program is working to promote EV readiness in cities all across the country, with a great deal of activity occurring in the Southeast. Grant funding for this effort amounts to $8.5 million, which recipients will put towards the advancement of EVs for public and private partnerships. The grant was extended to cities that may already be well within the process or those who are pursuing a burgeoning EV effort. Recipients will have one year to gain momentum in the EV arena. In the end, each city will make their plans available to the public for the benefit of others seeking to learn best practices.

southeast winners alabama|georgia|south carolina The Center for Transportation and the Environment partnering with Atlanta Clean Cities, Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition, Middle Georgia Clean Cities Coalition, and Palmetto State Clean Cities (SC) have received planning funding for plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure! The DOE’s Clean Cities initiative will facilitate local public-private partnerships and will develop EV deployment strategies in Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina. virginia The main emphasis for Virginia will be to “lay educational and policy groundwork for electric vehicle adoption and charging infrastructure installation in the Richmond, VA region. “Clean Cities coordinators in VA will develop a strategic plan as well as identify and implement the necessary policies that will successfully aid the implementation of electric vehicles. They are seeking ways to increase efficiency of infrastructure application in the area as well. florida The Sunshine State’s goal will be to prepare its communities and cities for “successful and accelerated deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and infrastructure.” Plans are underway to cover the technical, commercial, market, and regulatory barriers confronting electric vehicle infrastructure and adoption.


Fall 2011 |

There’s only one thing you need to worry about...

select the american, alternative fuel you want to use...

and usE it. Natural gas - ethanol - electricity - propane - biodiesel

don’t waste anyone’s time by decrying another alternative - select yours, use it, and join in local efforts to move that alternative forward. help america truly change!

Brought to you by americaNS FOR CLEANER AMERICAn fuels, jobs and energy independence, otherwise known as your local clean cities coalition.

The Flux Report


Benefits of Electric Drive Vehicles over Conventional Vehicles* Conventional Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles 51% fewer emissions 200% further per dollar

Plugin Hybrid Vehicles 64% fewer emissions** 381% further per dollar

All Electric Vehicles 91% fewer emissions** 441% further per dollar

lbs of CO2e Emissions per Mile

Distance per Dollar of Fuel

Conventional Engine

Electric Motor

* based on a conventional vehicle gas mileage of 22mpg, upstream emissions are not considered Source: DOE & Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center, July 2011 **assumes an emissions coefficient of .61lb CO2e/kWh

Š 2011 Birch Studio | experts in greentech design & branding |


Fall 2011 |

Hybrid Vehicles Edition, 2011 Top 5 Reasons for Buying a Plugin Hybrid Vehicle 1

Dependence on Foreign Oil


Desire to Buy American


Extended Range Using Gasoline


Owning Innovative Technology


Environmental Concerns Source: Automotive News, June 2011

Relative Search Volume for Plugin Hybrid vs. Hybrid Vehicle vs. Electric Vehicle

Aug 2010 Relative search volume over one year

July 2011 Source: Google, August 2011

Top Related Search Terms For “Plugin Hybrid�

Size of terms indicates the relative search volume

Source: Google, August 2011

Fall 2011 |


Biofuels Focus national flexfuel vehicle awareness campaign In order to earn the privilege to drive, potential drivers must not only learn the rules of the road, but also show an understanding of important health and safety issues. It is time that the privilege to drive should include the responsibility of drivers to understand how their gasoline addiction has a direct impact on their energy security and economic, environmental, and personal health. An education strategy like this one worked for smoking, seat belts, and child safety seats. The National FlexFuel Vehicle Awareness Campaign initiated such a project to work with the American Association of Motor Fuel Vehicle Administrators and state Motor Vehicles Administrators (MVAs). This project creates the opportunity to collaborate on driver education projects in areas with high concentrations of FlexFuel Vehicles (FFVs) and FlexFuel pumps. The FFV/MVA project supports the goals of the national renewable fuels standard (RFS) and is synergistic with state goals to create jobs, protect the environment, promote public health of citizens, and improve energy security. Two components of this project point to its potential effectiveness. One, states think this project is timely because they believe chronic high gasoline prices and supply shortages will continue to be status quo. Two, FFV owners could be an important part of the state’s energy emergency preparedness plan, in the event of a price spike or shortage caused by a natural or diplomatic disaster. The Clean Fuels Foundation will combine our education tools with the MVA’s ability to communicate with drivers, specifically FFV owners. First, we work on the state FFV owner/vehicle registration database, similar to outreach projects piloted by the American Lung Association and other biofuel stakeholders in Ohio, Nebraska, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Each state is unique, so we have found different processes that need to be followed depending on the location. As this creates a need for human and financial resources, we are actively seeking partners to help sponsor this project. To further the campaign, we are also exploring other no-to-low-cost MVA activities that could make FFV and energy awareness part of driver education culture. Current activities include posting website information, FFV dealer outreach, vehicle registration and license renewal mailings, safety inspection and emissions notices, and at point of service location information. Our preliminary research shows MVA participation does not need outside agency approval and internal costs are zero to minimal. Additionally, we have found that similar or significant education projects, ones that are aimed at the driver and focused on energy awareness, the RFS, and especially, FFV owners, do not exist. We hope our efforts will fill that void and encourage others to do the same. For example, the North Dakota state government recently partnered on an investment that will spend nearly $500,000 to start reaching FFV owners in their state. While many state governments are interested in the economic, environmental, and energy security benefits of the RFS, we have found very few focus on how to reach that point. Our FFV/ MVA project is a win for states interested in developing biofuels, a win for FFV makers and dealers, a win for gasoline retailers, a win for agriculture, a win for the biofuels industry looking to hurdle the E10 blend wall, and a win for the public. In some markets it is estimated that 90% of FFV owners don’t know they are driving this special vehicle. Therefore, it would be safe to guess that an equally high number don’t know where to find nearest FlexFuel Fuel pump. The question to ask then is, “Are you driving a FFV?” 27

Fall 2011 |

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Technology Focus edison2 & the very lightweight car There has been a lot of interest lately in the Audi Urban Concept and the VW NILS. They have more than a passing resemblance to our 2010 XPrize winning Very Light Car and our new electric VLC (photos attached). Light weight and low aerodynamic drag are absolute virtues for auto efficiency, and we are pleased to have Audi and VW on this path with us. But while the similarities are readily apparent, the differences are significant. The Audi Urban Concept, the VW NILS, and the VLC are all very light. However, the Very Light Car (830 lbs in the XPrize) carries 4 passengers and achieves its low weight through a new automotive architecture, not expensive exotic materials. It is predominately a steel and aluminum car. The Audi, VW, and the VLC all have a streamlined fuselage with wheels external to the chassis. But the VLC is supremely aerodynamic, recording the lowest coefficient of drag ever seen for a 4-seat vehicle at the GM Aero Lab. It has less than half the drag (CdA) of a Prius. Our wheels are enclosed in pods because of aerodynamics, but by doing so we add crushable space for safety. VW asserts that its NILS concept will meet worldwide safety standards, and so will the Edison2 Very Light Car. Computerized simulations at Roush show us meeting US standards, and we begin actual crash testing in the upcoming months. Edison2’s approach results in unprecedented platform efficiency. The VLC requires only 5.3 hp to cruise at 60 mph. While any drivetrain benefits from this, it’s particularly important for electric cars, allowing small battery packs, realistic range and charging times, and high MPGe. Although our 10 kWh eVLC has not yet undergone EPA-certified testing, our internal results (detailed on our blog) indicate greater range, shorter charging time and much better MPGe than the 24 kWh Nissan Leaf. We believe the Very Light Car, the Audi Urban Concept and the VW NILS Concept are the inevitable future of the automobile, in which efficiency is essential and weight and aerodynamics are taken seriously. This will not be limited to “urban vehicles”, however, but will extend to all cars. We hope you will visit our website at Hi-res photos of our eVLC are available to you, and will not be publicly posted until later this month. If you would like more information, give us a call or email. If you would like to drive a VLC, come visit.

Edison2 and the Very Light Car can be followed on Facebook, Twitter and Youtube, and at


Fall 2011 |

quick facts about e2 & the vlc Edison2 entered the X Prize expecting to build an electric or electric hybrid vehicle. Our early analysis of efficiency, however, pointed to the unequivocal virtues of light weight and low aerodynamic drag. Rather than add the hundreds of pounds of batteries required by an electric drive, Edison2 chose a conventional power source for the Very Light Car: an internal combustion engine running on E85. Innovations derived from racing enhance safety in the Very Light Car. These advances include collapsible space not available in current cars (such as wheels outside of the main body structure), a shape that deflects impacts, and a lightweight, sturdy steel frame. The nimbleness of the Very Light Car aids in accident avoidance, and low mass is an advantage in single-car or auto-pedestrian accidents. The Very Light Car embraces sustainability: it is not only efficient to drive, but is cradle-to- grave environmentally responsible. Less mass means fewer material inputs. Energy intensive and hazardous or scarce materials are largely avoided in favor of conventional materials, such as aluminum and steel, that are readily available, easily made in volume, and completely recyclable. The Very Light Car may be the most efficient automobile platform ever built, weighing less than 830 lbs and with a coefficient of drag of 0.160. Edison2’s innovations in auto efficiency apply regardless of power source: the Very Light Car will be an ideal complement to an electric powertrain, needing a small, inexpensive battery pack, and solving problems of range and performance.

Biofuels Focus e85 conversions from flex fuel us: efficient & economical Flex Fuel U.S captured our attention two years ago with the announcement of an EPA certified conversion system that enabled a gasoline powered vehicle to run any blend of ethanol and gasoline and gasoline up to E85. The conversion technology is low cost compared to other conversions, maintains original equipment warranty, and the company claimed fuel savings for fleet operators deploying smart practices in fuel procurement. Flex Fuel US’s achievement was met with some skepticism because many experts believed that conversion could not be done economically. Well, with two years of field experience completing pilots programs at the Federal, State, and Municipal fleet level, we caught up with Flex Fuel US to learn about the real potential for their technology. Don Althoff, CEO of Flex Fuel US shared his experience. “The potential is unlimited if we can simply harmonize the fuel supply chain and the vehicle park within local markets - right fuel, right place, right price, with the right flex fuel vehicles. Our technology has the potential to be a critical piece of the puzzle because it can create the “right vehicle” at a low cost and enables the economics to work for the other elements of the supply chain. To date we have completed pilots and testing at the City of Chicago, Department of Homeland Security, the DOD with the Iowa National Guard, and Oak Ridge Labs. The vehicles spanned Ford Crown Victoria and F150s and Charger 3.5 and 5.7 liter models.” The results? Althoff explains that with well over 1 million miles and a variety of vehicles, the results are impressive. With conversion costs between $1,000 and $1,800 depending on what was involved, fleet operators can convert their fleets much quicker than procuring new vehicles. Performance was also improved as more horsepower is delivered with E85 conversion.

important take-aways from flex fuel us pilots: 1. E85 Conversion technology works while improving vehicle performance 2. The right fueling strategies can save money when combined with a conversion program (see sidebar 2) The key is to harmonize vehicle procurement, conversion, and fuel acquisition strategies to capture the best economics. When this is done, fleets not only save money, they produce clean air benefits, contribute to foreign oil independence, and stimulate jobs in their local economy using home grown fuel.

The other insight we uncovered was that fuel economics were much better than anticipated; losing just 15-20% vs. 28-30% anticipated. This is important because E85 can be procured for 22% less than gasoline in the Midwest when working with producers and retailers providing bottom line savings. An explanation for the improvement in fuel economy is outlined in Sidebar 1 and our findings confirmed during a review with the DOE, EPA, and Oak Ridge Labs.

For more information contact Don Althoff at or call 630-853-3409.


Fall 2011 |

sidebar #2

sidebar #1 During the pilots, the converted vehicles produced a fuel economy loss of only 18%. This was for vehicles that had been in gasoline only service for 2+ years, were driven by the same individuals after the conversion for over 1 million miles and during a winter/summer cycle. To show why this occurred we creates a bridge between the “theoretical” loss you would expect from these two fuels and the results we actually achieved. The plot below (Figure 1) provides this bridge and shows the following key elements:





FE Loss (%)

1/ 5/

1/ 4/

1/ 3/

1/ 2/



Increase in BTU value from E85 to E75

10 5 0 Theoretical FE Loss

Factoring in the mileage driven, fuel economy loss and fuel price spread during the program, fuel cost savings exceeded $2,500 for the 30 vehicles converted. The savings could have been even greater if the fleets switched fuels when the fuel price spread didn’t cover the loss in fuel economy. That occurred at the beginning of the program and accounted for 13% of the period. If the fleets purchased E85 when the price spread was only positive, it would have increased the saving another $450 reduction in fuel costs. Using the average fuel differential for 2010, the fuel cost savings for 3 calendar years for the 30 vehicles converted would be $31,870. Table 2 provides a summary of these results and the key elements of the calculations. It should be note that at Camp Dodge where they converted Miles Driven

Fuel Price Fuels Payback spread (cpg) Savings ($) ( in years)





Program annualized 512,000






Program Results 3 yr results with ‘10 price spread

1,538,000 70


20 15



0 1/ 1/



/ /1









• E10 in the market has a lower octane value than EPA test fuel • Drive cycle in EPA test doesn’t represent “real World” conditions • Variability in accuracy in data


/ /1

Improved thermal efficiency from higher octane and air Increase in BTU inlet cooling value from E0 to E10




Increase actual performance due to:



Therefore the results achieved are validated based on the accuracy of the data. This bridge and the logic has been reviewed and also reconciled through a series of meetings with the EPA, DOE and ORNL.


/ /1

•Normal marketplace E85 contains 75% ethanol so there is another 3% improvement based simply on BTU content.



•The cars were operated on E10 vs. E0 gasoline so there is another 3% improvement simply accounting for the lower BTU.



•Actual performance improves at least 3% because of improved thermal efficiency and air inlet cooling. This is due to the higher octane of the fuel (105 vs. 89) and the cooling effect of ethanol on the air intake. The basis for this estimate is from GM, Ford and DOE information.


1/ 9/

•Theoretical loss of 28% based on the BTU difference between E0 gasoline and E85 fuel with 85% ethanol content.

Des Moines IA E85 vs Gasoline Price Spread (cpg)

Actual EPA Test FE Loss

Actual Fleet Data

Using this method the fuel differential between E85 and gasoline during the period of the program averaged 55 cpg and the daily results are shown in Figure 2. The prices were significantly depressed due to a rise in corn prices in October fuel and currently the spread is over 85 cpg.

17 vehicles and purchase their E85 directly, internal cost savings estimates for converting all of the vehicles in their fleet exceed $200,000 annually. This represents a material savings for the facility and they are investigating options to fund the conversion of additional vehicles on that basis. Based on these findings, assuming 2010 average rack spread and the installed price system to the state of $950, the investment has a payback period of 2.7 years.

Fall 2011 |


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Fall 2011 |

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clean cities tv TV Worldwide, a web-based global TV network, launched Clean Cities TV (CCTV), the educational Internet channel of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Clean Cities program. Available at, the channel features live and recorded Internet TV content about Clean Cities and its mission to reduce U.S. petroleum consumption through the use of alternative and renewable fuels, idle reduction and fuel economy measures, and new emerging technologies. Click on the videos below to view Clean Cities TV Videos from Coalitions in the Southeast and beyond!

nc gets public charging stations raleigh, nc

mammoth cave fuel economy initiative mammoth cave national park, ky

clean cities stakeholder summit indianapolis, in

eco-travel plaza tse project crossville, tn

Fall 2011 |


stay in the loop: social media for the southeastern clean cities coalitions

Southeastern Coalition Websites Alabama Atlanta Centralina East Tennessee Florida Gold Coast Florida Space Coast Kentucky Middle Tennessee Palmetto State Triangle Virginia


Fall 2011 |

YouTube Videos Alabama East Tennessee Virginia

Twitter Pages Alabama East Tennessee

Triangle Virginia

Facebook Pages Atlanta Alabama

Click here or search “Clean Cities Atlanta”

East Tennessee


Click here or search “Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition”

Middle Georgia

Click here or search “Middle Georgia Clean Cities Coalition”

Palmetto State

Click here or search “Palmetto State Clean Fuels Coalition”


Click here or search “Triangle Clean Cities Coalition”


Fall 2011 |


Fuels Fix Fall 2011 Edition  

Stay connected with alt-fuel happenings in the Southeast with the Fuels Fix!