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spring 2013 | fuelsfix.com

new section:

american beauty

new & exciting alt fuel stories

roush update workplace ev charging beep, Beep! and more

has nat gas swept the nation?

maine embraces cng station opening in trussville Velocirfta fueled by cng cng in the lone star state ky trucking firm uses cng


contents

VelociRFTA Fueled by CNG | p. 18 Northern Colorado Clean Cities

Blu Transfuel Partnership | p. 24 Utah Clean Cities

New CNG Stations | p. 26 Sacramento Clean Cities

Vehicle Training Program | p. 28 Silicon Valley Clean Cities

R&R Limo & Bus Uses CNG | p. 13 Lone Star Clean Fuels Alliance 2

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com


Maine Embraces CNG | p. 39

Biodiesel Green Room| p. 32

Maine Clean Communities

Twin Cities Clean Cities

Lean, Green Locomotive | p. 22 South Shore Clean Cities

Biodiesel in the Big Apple | p. 30 Empire Clean Cities

Trucking Firm Uses CNG | p. 7 Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition

EV Charging, Lessons Learned | p. 40 Virginia Clean Cities

CNG Station Opening | p. 14 Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition

CNG Fast-Fill Station Opening | p. 20 Palmetto State Clean Fuels Coalition

Biodiesel Education & Engagement Program | p. 16 Greater Baton Rouge Clean Cities

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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contents

advertisers index AAFVI AFV Resale BBI International Bioenergy Insight Chevrolet EcoDual EMI Green Auto Market Innovation Drive NGV America PS Clean Air Ravin Energy REGI Roush CleanTech Simpkins Energy SmartWay TEP Uncle Sam US Gas Vehicles Webasto

up front Editor’s Letter | 5 The Quick Fix | 10

focus features How to Build a CNG Station | 8 ROUSH Unveils New Vehicle Platforms | 34

special features Clean Cities TV | 36 Question of the Month | 42 American Beauty | 47 EcoDual_Ad-12-12.pdf

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editor’s letter Nat Gas Nation It seems fitting that this edition contains numerous highlights on natural gas advances from Maine to California, considering the Tennessee Gas Association and statewide NGV Task Force just held the Tennessee NGV Expo at the first of April! Our Expo was held at LP Field/Titans Stadium, and we had over 25 NGVs showcased while about 500 people attended the presentations and networked inside (see pictures here). Across the U.S., cities that you may not have heard of before are adding CNG stations including Trussville, AL; Greer, SC; and Athens, TN, while Bangor, ME is looking to acquire CNG buses to accompany their new CNG station. And don’t miss reading about a unique project in northern Colorado that not only mixes the two fine transportation alternatives of Bus Rapid Transit and CNG, but they named the system after a 75 million-year-old decidedly carnivorous theropod! Additionally, please take a gander at a new section we’ve added that will appear at the end of each Fuels Fix called “American Beauty.” This postscript will feature gorgeousness from somewhere in America, whether it is a stunning AFV or some fantastic scenery like what’s included in this edition! Read on to see the picture, and tune in to each edition to see what is highlighted there. Driving my AFV with pride,

publisher & editor Jonathan G. Overly East TN Clean Fuels Coalition jonathan@etcleanfuels.org

designer & editor Kristy Keel-Blackmon East TN Clean Fuels Coalition kristy@etcleanfuels.org

The Fuels Fix is published quarterly thanks to the DOE Clean Cities coalitions across the United States. Advertising information may be obtained by visiting the website or contacting the editors.

Jonathan G. Overly

Publication Date: April 17, 2013

A CNG Pontiac GTO was one of the many cars showcased at the 2013 NGV Expo in Nashville spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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Louisville Trucking Firm First To Use Natural Gas M&M Cartage, a Louisville-based, regional truck-load carrier took delivery of their first dedicated compressed natural gas-powered truck in March. This is the first CNG-powered semi truck with home base operation in Kentucky. Ten additional trucks have been ordered and will be delivered in July. Don Hayden, President of M&M Cartage notes that adding this truck to his fleet of 170 semi trucks with 450 trailers is for evaluation purposes. “We would like to operate 100 CNG trucks over the next four years, Hayden says. “CNG is an environmental and economical option to traditional diesel,” adds Hayden. The first truck, a 2013 Freightliner, is powered by a Cummins ISL GM2 9L engine. “M&M Cartage has been a long-standing partner with Cummins Crosspoint LLC and Cummins products. We are very excited to expand that partnership with new technologies that not only help to protect the environment, but also help to make M&M more productive and able to positively affect their bottom line,” according to Brian Bane of Cummins.

The 100-gallon behind-the-cab fuel system for the first unit was provided by Agility Fuel Systems. The additional ten trucks are 12L Cascadias. During the evaluation period, the trucks will run various routes in Metro Louisville and across Kentucky. M&M Cartage trucks travel over 12 million miles annually, employing 265 people in Louisville. “Natural gas is a clean, low-cost transportation fuel for Kentucky. M&M Cartage is showing great leadership in the trucking industry. They will displace nearly 180,000 gallons of diesel annually with these 11 trucks”, said Melissa Howell, Executive Director of Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition.

melissa howell

Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition mhowell@kentuckycleanfuels.org 502-452-9152

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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Partner Focus

Article courtesy of CNG Refueling Systems

Ask the right questions: • What types of vehicles will be refueled? Light-duty, route delivery, trash haulers, etc.? The type of vehicle determines your station design • How many vehicles will be refueling at this site? This helps with station loading or how much gas is to be delivered • How much gas does each vehicle require? This also helps determine the station load • In what time frame can the vehicles refuel? Size is based upon number of vehicles, how much fuel they need, and at what time frame • Can the vehicles be time filled or fast filled? Further defines the amount of time to fuel the fleet • Does fuel need to be accounted for if it is for private use? Impacts the overall cost of the station and a dispenser and card lock system is necessary • Will the station demand grow in the future? If so, how much? Number and size of conduit and gas piping can be sized accordingly • Do you have a detailed description of the location planned? Temperature extremes, immediate surroundings, noise limitations, etc. • Do you know who will be maintaining and servicing your station? Ask what’s included: technical data, repairs and maintenance, parts and components, emergency service, etc.

Know the right contacts: • First, contact your local CNG refueling infrastructure consultant. It is recommended that you get a cost benefit analysis and are aware of what services are provided beyond the station installation • Contact the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) for the location of the refueling station. (fire marshal, zoning board, electrical inspector, building inspector, others) • Contact the local gas utility. Is gas available or existing at the site and at what pressure(s)? • Is the gas from a utility of pipeline quality or a well? If from a well, an analysis will need to be done. • Confirm the quality of the gas. • Determine if the existing gas line can support the demand at the station.

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• Contact the local electric utility. Is power available or existing at the site and at what voltage(s)? • Determine if the existing power supply can support the demand at the station. • Visit the site with the contractor, AHJs, and our representative. The CNG consultant will confirm the site’s viability to be a CNG refueling station

Get more information: For more information, contact the experts at CNG Refueling Systems. The CNG Refueling Systems team can help you understand the benefits and provide a cost benefit analysis. There are many things to consider, and their team can help you through each of these steps to ensure your CNG station is a success. Contact Michael Dehnert at 704.596.0123 or 866.413.8077 or by e-mail at MichaelDehnert@air-components.com. About the author: Michael Dehnert, CNG Account Manager, has firsthand experience in the Renewable Energy industry. CNG Refueling Systems is a division of Air Components & Systems, which has been a proud Ingersoll Rand distributor since 1985. They have 5 locations and a large, experienced service staff.

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R&R Limousine and bus Deploys CNG Shuttles in Central Tx than similarly configured gasoline or diesel engines which makes for engine life that is expected to last significantly longer than 250,000 miles.

If you were in Austin during the great South X Southwest festivities, no doubt you saw brand new dedicated CNG shuttles running routes throughout the event. R&R Limousine and Buss recently purchased 12 dedicated CNG shuttles from the American Natural Gas Alliance (ANGA). The shuttles were provided by ANGA to the 2012 Republican and Democratic Conventions. These premium buses were used only for a few days at the 2012 Republican and Democratic conventions in Tampa and Charlotte and arrived with only 1,000 and 1,600 miles of use. The 23- and 21-passenger buses, which are each 25 feet long, were built to showcase the innovations of Ultimate CNG LLC, a leading CNG infrastructure company. The fleet consists of three 19-passenger ADA Shuttles, each with a wheelchair lift, and nine 23-passenger shuttles which are non-ADA buses. Each shuttle is a 2012 Challenger E-450 with a 6.8 L, 305 HP, and a five-speed automatic transmission. Each shuttle boasts the CNG fuel system by BAF. The vehicles are fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) and burn cleaner and with fewer emissions

Each shuttle bus is retrofit with four separate fuel tanks under the frame consisting of extra-large 40 gasoline equivalent gallons to handle 3600psi. The additional tanks increase the vehicle range from approximately 225-250 miles per fill-up to about 325-350 miles, or approximately 10 mpg. Interestingly, these buses were to be auctioned on the new EBAY alternative fuel vehicle site supported by DOE Clean Cities. However, R&R snatched them up before they were posted as the inaugural sale item on the new site. Owner of R&R Limousine and Bus Paul Arcediano said these shuttles are the first step in their plans to create a “green fleet.� R&R expects to save thousands of dollars each month just from using natural gas which is priced over a dollar less per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) than gasoline and diesel. The shuttles are currently fueling at the Clean Energy location at the Austin airport. R&R plans to build their own CNG station in the future. R&R worked with Texas Gas Service, Clean Fuel Conversions, Bison Clean Energy, and Lone Star Clean Fuels Alliance on this effort. Congratulations to R&R Limousine and Bus in Austin, raising the bar for fleets in Central Texas!

stacy neef

Lone Star Clean Fuels Alliance stacy.neef@lonestarcfa.org 512-773-8794 spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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Trussville, AL marks opening of natural gas fueling station Drivers in the Birmingham, AL metro area have a new alternative for fueling natural gas vehicles. The City of Trussville, Trussville Utilities, and McCullough Oil Company marked the official opening of a new CNG fueling station at the Happy Hollow Chevron Station in March. The fueling station is the result of a public-private partnership between Trussville Utilities Board and McCullough Oil. The $1.08 million loan from Trussville Utilities Board will be repaid with part of the proceeds of CNG sales.

Trussville already uses CNG to operate 40 city vehicles, from police cruisers to dump trucks. Those vehicles will fuel up at Happy Hollow Chevron, and the public also can use the dispenser. Currently, CNG sells for the equivalent of $1.55 per gallon. “This year, with our current fleet of CNG vehicles, the city will save $100,000 or more in fuel costs,” Trussville Mayor Gene Melton said. “Next year, as we convert more vehicles, we could see those savings double.” Melton also said the larger community benefits from a cleaner-burning fuel that comes from domestic sources. “It’s a benefit all the way around,” Melton said. The Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition, which promotes the use of a wide range of alternative fuels, provided support for the CNG project through grants from the Regional Planning Commission of Greater Birmingham and the Alabama Department of Community and Economic Affairs. Mark Bentley, executive director of the Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition, said the new CNG fueling station near Interstate 59 is an example of the infrastructure work necessary to ensure the growth of alternative fuels. “More and more people and businesses want to use fuels that save money and reduce our reliance on foreign oil,” Bentley said. “But access and convenience are part of the equation. Trussville and McCullough Oil are helping to clear the way for people to use alternative fuels.” There are about 120,000 natural gas vehicles (NGVs) on U.S. roads today and more than 15.2 million worldwide. There are about 1,000 NGV fueling stations in the U.S., about half of which are open to the public. NGVs are as safe as or safer than traditional gasoline or diesel vehicles.

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Mayor Gene Melton (Trussville, AL) fueling a Chevrolet Tahoe with CNG

The U.S. imports about 52 percent of the oil it uses from foreign countries, and 70 percent of those imports are used in the transportation sector. Almost all (98 percent) of the natural gas used in the U.S. is produced in North America, and using it as a transportation fuel reduces the need to purchase and use foreign oil. Exhaust emissions from NGVs are much lower than those from gasoline and diesel vehicles. For example, the natural gas-powered Honda Civic Natural Gas has been recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as the cleanest commercially available, internal-combustion vehicle. The market for alternative fuels (CNG, propane, E85 ethanol, B20 biodiesel, and electricity) and advanced technology vehicles is growing in Alabama. In 2012, more than two million gallons of petroleum was displaced in the state using these cleaner-burning, domestically produced fuels.

The Trussville fueling station is one of five Alabama sites dispensing CNG to the public. Other locations are at the Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority in Birmingham, the Alagasco operation centers in Tuscaloosa and Pell City, and a Chevron station in Evergreen.

mark bentley

Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition mark@alabamacleanfuels.org 205-402-2755

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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Biodiesel Education and Engagement Program:

beep, BEEP! The Biodiesel Education and Engagement Program (BEEP) is a unique collaboration between the Greater Baton Rouge Clean Cities Coalition (GBRCCC), the Louisiana State University College of Engineering, and Albemarle Corporation. The mission of the program is to educate high school students about the current economic and environmental challenges created by our nation’s dependence on petroleum imports and the potential of alternative fuels such as biodiesel to help address those challenges. The biodiesel fueled “Tiger Truck” is a 1980 Ford firetruck that is being reconstructed by senior students in Mechanical Engineering at LSU. The fully restored and operating Tiger Truck will be used

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to demonstrate the full biodiesel process—from producing biofuel on board to exhibiting the flow of biodiesel through labeled, visible components. All diesel vehicles can use biodiesel, so the novel aspect of the Tiger Truck is the on-board biodiesel processing. Multiple glass tanks installed on this demonstration vehicle will allow viewers to see how used vegetable oil changes as it goes through the process of turning into motor fuel. Usually, turning vegetable oil into motor fuel would take about three

The Tiger Truck, a reconstructed 1980 Ford firetruck


projects. Thanks to a sponsorship from the Louisiana Soybean, Grain and Sorghum Marketing and Promotion Board, GBRCCC will provide resources for the threeweek learning module to environmental science educators. The students will experience a hands-on demonstration of the Tiger Truck and gain insight into careers in agriculture, energy, and environmental sustainability. One of the lessons in the learning module will cover the environmental and health implications of diesel fuel. Students will be shown that by blending biodiesel into diesel fuel, toxic emissions and particulate matter can be decreased significantly. Another consideration is the safety of biodiesel. Pure biodiesel is nontoxic and far less combustible than petroleum diesel. Beyond this technical curriculum for high-school students, our goal is to bring the BEEP demonstration to a broader audience totaling over 113,000 residents and business owners in Louisiana. or four hours but the Tiger Truck will highlight the basic steps in a matter of minutes. In addition to demonstration at events such as the state fair and Earth Day, the Tiger Truck will be used in hands-on demonstrations as part of high school biodiesel education outreach in Louisiana. GBRCCC is currently working with LSU service learning students in the Department of Education to develop engaging biodiesel lesson plans and presentation materials. We will be using the basic curriculum developed by Erin Gawron which was created while she was a participant in the Georgia Intern-Fellowships for Teachers (GIFT) Program through the University of Georgia. This summer, a teacher’s training session will be held to introduce the curriculum to educators in Louisiana with a goal of reaching ten local high schools during the 2013-2014 school year. After learning how LSU engineering students successfully converted a fire truck to run on used vegetable oil, high school students will design their own biofuel

The Mechanical Engineering student team is working diligently to get the demonstration vehicle presentable, but funding has become a potential roadblock to getting the vehicle mobile. Currently, the plans are to get the biodiesel conversion working, but the truck will not be mobile this summer. Phase two of the Tiger Truck will begin this fall with another student team assigned to work on the emission control system. Support for phase one of the BEEP initiative has been provided by contributors such as the Louisiana Farm Bureau Foundation along with in-kind donations of equipment. Our next round of fundraising will begin in May, aiming to identify a sustaining partner for BEEP. Anyone interested in donating to the project should contact GBRCCC Executive Director, Lauren Stuart.

lauren stuart

Greater Baton Rouge Clean Cities Coalition lstuart@gbrccc.org 225-334-8083

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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VelociRFTA Bus Rapid Transit System Beginning in 2013, a whole different kind of animal will be unleashed into Colorado’s highly congested corridor between Glenwood Springs and Aspen. Alternatively fueled from a domestic supply produced in Colorado, it will be sustained at a cost lower and more stable than any diesel contemporary. After over a decade of planning, development, and informative visits, the Roaring Fork Transportation Authority (RFTA) is bringing a new breed of dinosaur will to life. It will take a bite out of congested highway traffic and deftly respond to economic changes by way of a rapid-transit fleet of 22 VelociRFTA (pronounced ve’las-e-raf ’ta) buses that operate entirely on compressed natural gas (CNG). A play on “velociraptor”, the VelociRFTA is a cutting-edge Bus Rapid Transit system comprised of 13 attractive stations that span 42 miles of State Highway 82, a critical travel artery for many area commuters. The VelociRFTA is the very first of its kind in any rural U.S. area, as most Bus Rapid Transit systems operate in urban areas that are typically just seven to ten miles long. This unique attribute was one of the reasons VelociRFTA recently earned the White House Champions of Change Transportation Innovators award. Bus Rapid Transit systems offer faster and more efficient service than ordinary bus lines. They approach the service quality of rail transit but have significantly lower capital costs and, due to their flexibility, are more cost-efficient to operate and maintain. Bus Rapid Transit systems generally have dedicated right-of-way lanes and make fewer stops than traditional bus lines. Due to its many high-tech features, VelociRFTA will function with the precision of a commuter train, providing shorter travel times competitive with the private automobile. In turn, the

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system will attract more riders and reduce the number of commuter vehicles on the road. The system will also feature leading-edge technologies such as real-time bus information and GPS tracking, automatic vehicle monitoring that will provide mechanics the ability to troubleshoot mechanical issues from afar and allow riders the ability to

determine how soon the next bus will arrive—from their smart phones. But what is arguably one of the most leading innovations is the fleet’s engine, a transition from the originally planned diesel to one alternatively powered by CNG. The decision to go with CNG rather than diesel was driven by economics and the volatility of the price of diesel. “We will be less reliant on foreign oil and hope to make RFTA more sustainable over the long term, keeping prices down for our riders,” says Dan Blankenship, CEO of RFTA.

maria dibiase eisemann Northern Colorado Clean Cities marianccc@comcast.net 970-988-2996


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Greer Commission of Public Works holds CNG Station Ribbon Cutting On March 22, the Greer, South Carolina Commission of Public Works (CPW) became the fourth entity in the Palmetto State to offer drivers compressed natural gas (CNG) with the opening of their fast-fill station. Despite what felt like near-record low temperatures in South Carolina, the ribbon cutting was attended by the CPW Commissioners, Greater Greer Chamber of Commerce, Greer Mayor Rick Danner, representatives from U.S. Senator Lindsey Graham’s office and U.S. Representative Trey Gowdy’s office, SC Representative Rita Allison, media, and the general public. The fast-fill site layout was designed to allow for easy access for refueling of both small and large vehicles. It also provides room for the addition of more fuel dispensers as well as easy expansion of the CNG station from small to medium size as demand increases. The site’s proximity to area highways also seeks to encourage easy refueling.

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The new fast-fill station replaces the time-fill station and is the latest in a series of energy efficient efforts taking place throughout the Upstate. Greer CPW has two CNG light-duty trucks and recently added a


This is an example of how Greer is a 21st Century city. dedicated CNG car to their fleet with two more CNG vehicles on order. AT&T and Frito-Lay’s regional fleets are also currently using CNG vehicles. The City of Greer committed in its strategic plan to convert 15 percent of its fleet to fuel efficient and alternative-fueled vehicles and to purchase its first hybrid electric vehicle. In addition, a local, private company purchased its first CNG garbage truck for residential waste collection. Upon commemorating Greer CPW’s 100 years of service, Mayor Danner stated he was thankful the CPW has been “innovative through the years, indicating that Greer is concerned about its future. This is an example of how Greer is a 21st Century city.”

The Commissioners are proud to offer fast-fill CNG not only because it reduces dependency on foreign oil, but also because it reduces costs to the area as the CNG gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) is nearly half that of area gasoline. The Commissioners also believe this supports their long history of seeking energy sources with reduced emissions to protect air quality.

jennifer taraskiewicz Palmetto State Clean Fuels Coalition jtaraskiewicz@energy.sc.gov 803-737-8037

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Lean and Green Locomotive Tube City IMS is a leading global provider of outsourced, industrial services to steel mills and foundries. Since its humble beginnings in 1926, Tube City IMS has been in the forefront of environmental management. The company’s efforts to recycle raw materials for steel making and the post steel making process allow the steel makers they service to reduce their usage of natural resources.

Tube City IMS’s corporate maintenance group is always looking for partners, ideas, and different ways to expand what they do to preserve and protect the environment. They found a company in Chicago Heights, Illinois that was developing the technology to reduce fuel consumption in diesel locomotives and they were looking for someone with whom they could develop a partnership.

Peter Gage, Director of Corporate Safety for Tube City IMS, said much of the materials brokered by Tube City IMS for the steel makers they serve arrive on rail cars. The locomotives used to haul the rail cars have historically been huge consumers of diesel fuel and oil. Due to the inherent nature of diesel engines, they have to run even when not being used.

The maintenance group, based in Gary, Indiana, had been involved with South Shore Clean Cities (SSCC) in Crown Point, Indiana and put Gage in touch with SSCC’s Executive Director, Carl Lisek. It was through these collaborations that the idea for the Lean and Green Locomotive was born.

Gage explained that in their operation they may only need to use the locomotive eight to ten hours per day. Because of that, it was a key area for improvement Tube City IMS explored. The locomotives are an asset they cannot shut off. The goal was to find a project that was sustainable in reducing their locomotive fuel consumption. 22

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Gage said the technology used in the Lean and Green Locomotive conversion is similar to that of a hybrid car, which has a smaller electric motor combined with the gas powered engine. He explained that they have replaced one huge diesel engine in the locomotive with two. A large 16-cylinder engine is coupled with a small pony motor. When the unit can be operated with the smaller diesel engine


that may only require 3.5 to 4.25 gallons per hour (reduced from 15 to 16 gallons per hour) it is going to utilize that smaller motor. It is a significant reduction in fuel consumption. When the horsepower demands require the larger motor, the larger motor electronically kicks in and powers the locomotive. Tube City IMS partnered with SSCC on this project. Gage said that Lisek and his team were highly instrumental in working with them to get the grant through the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM). SSCC made sure the grant flowed flawlessly from start to finish. Gage reports that the Lean and Green Locomotive has been in operation in the U.S. Steel Gary facility for about a year. All of the initial fuel reduction data proposed to IDEM and SSCC has become a reality.

Tube City IMS is seeing roughly an 11 to 12 gallon per hour reduction in fuel consumption with no reduction in capacity. Gage expressed his hope that relationships between SSCC and businesses in Northwest Indiana will continue to grow. “SSCC is giving businesses like Tube City IMS an avenue to take advantage of technologies like this,” Gage added. “It’s a way to get this community to the forefront of clean air and a reduction of dependency on foreign fuel.”

donna george

on behalf of Carl Lisek, South Shore Clean Cities southscc@comcast.net 219-644-3690

Nation’s Largest Biodiesel Producer and Marketer www.REGI.com


clean cities partnership results in l/cng station Utah Clean Cities Coalition (UCCC) encountered its first LNG stakeholder in 2007. Merritt Norton helped educate staff and stakeholders on the need for liquified natural gas (LNG), the benefits it would bring to the State of Utah, and its place in the existing alternative fuel infrastructure. Within six months of meeting, UCCC was approached with a potential funding project for ten LNG stations linking California, Nevada, and Utah. Norton and UCCC set to work. Although the funding fell through, it served as a critical catalyst for LNG infrastructure development and vehicle deployment in Utah. LNG had become a priority, and there was a plan. UCCC and Blu TransFuels LLC, formerly CH4Energy, spent the next two years laying the foundation for this new endeavor: securing funding and meeting with fleets, manufacturers, cities, and counties. By the spring of 2011, the first L/CNG (liquified and compressed natural gas) station in Utah opened at the crossroads of I-15 and I-80 in Salt Lake City. The

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new station was met with overwhelming support from Utah leaders, including Senator Orrin Hatch and Governor Gary R. Herbert. Since the grand opening of its first station, Blu’s network has grown to include four LNG fueling stations in the State of Utah. This new and growing network increases the convenience and availability of LNG fueling solutions, spurring greater adoption of natural gas vehicles in heavyduty trucking fleets. Blu’s expansion has also has created numerous employment opportunities at its headquarters in Salt Lake City and throughout the western region. In addition to providing fuel, Blu maintains a fleet of LNG test trucks to allow transportation companies to experience first-hand the benefits of running on an alternative fuel source. As fleets adopt this clean, domestic fuel, they enjoy significant fuel savings and bring America closer to energy independence—a joint mission of the UCCC and Blu. This success shows what can be accomplished through partnerships with the Clean Cities program. Work-


ing with UCCC helped Blu establish their business and allowed them to make significant connections throughout the county. They are now in the process of opening the seven stations in locations in Idaho, Washington, Georgia, Kentucky, and Nevada with additional locations throughout the United States under various stages of permitting and development. Interested in alternative fuels? Seek out your local coalition to see how you can work together to make it a reality.

robin erickson

Utah Clean Cities Coalition robin.erickson@utahcleancities.org 530-752-9666

Located in Beaver, Utah, this Blu LNG station fuels class 7 and 8 heavy-duty trucks operating on liquefied natural gas along the 700-mile corridor between Salt Lake City, Utah and Los Angeles, California

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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New and Upcoming Public Access CNG Stations in Sacramento This past February, Sacramento Regional Transit (Sac RT) held a ribbon cutting ceremony for its state-ofthe-art compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel station at its new bus maintenance facility located in the McClellan Business Park. The fuel infrastructure addition marks Sac RT’s second CNG station and the first time that their CNG fuel will be available to other fleets. This latest development comes as numerous other CNG stations are scheduled to come online shortly in the Sacramento region. Fuel availability is paramount to making CNG a tenable option for fleets and will expand opportunities for Sacramento fleets to reduce fuel costs and emissions. The public access element of the new Sacramento CNG facility is the result of collaboration between Sac RT and the McClellan Business Park. They are transforming the former military air base into a hub of economic activity. Sac RT’s new state of the art maintenance facility with solar panels is a prime example, and the park is also home to renewable energy research firm Technicon. Their facilities include an energy application validation and development laboratory, process testing instrumentation, an air emissions laboratory, a biofuels testing laboratory, and biomass storage and handling on-site. McClellan

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Business Park hopes that CNG infrastructure availability will be a draw for fleets and businesses considering the business park as a potential place to locate. This partnership will soon extend to Sac RT’s original 29th Street maintenance facility, where CNG will be available to the public in April. Sacramento Regional Transit has fully transitioned its large transit bus fleet to CNG, with the intention of moving to CNG for smaller shuttle buses as well. The biggest motivator for the new maintenance and fuel facility was operational efficiency, particularly given Sac RT’s increasingly high use of CNG. The CNG fuel pumps can fill four vehicles simultaneously in less than six minutes. Furthermore, Sac RT estimates that CNG saves them $8 million annually in fuel costs. One local company that has strongly committed to CNG and will benefit from the new CNG stations is Paladin Security, a private security firm. Seventy of Paladin Security’s patrol cars are CNG-powered Ford Crown Victorias. The CNG vehicles have a longer operating life, lower maintenance costs, and lower fuel prices. In addition to cost benefits, operating clean air vehicles has a positive impact on the brand image of Paladin Security. Also, HOV lane access on a number of the vehicles provides an operational advantage.


We’re contributing to the betterment of this whole region and this whole state. The move to CNG by fleets in the Sacramento region including Sac RT and Paladin Security is as much about economics as it is about the environment. Sac RT’s use of CNG, for example, will result in a projected reduction of over 55,000 pounds per year of emissions. Expansion of infrastructure availability allows host fleets such as Sac RT to accrue emissions reductions and operational savings, and public access helps surrounding fleets to enjoy those benefits as well. Such fleets include school districts such as Twin Rivers which will use the Sac RT station as well as

For more information on alternative fuels activities in the Sacramento region, visit cleancitiessacramento.org and sign up for Sacramento Clean Cities eblasts, or contact the Sacramento Clean Cities Chairman and coordinator Keith Leech.

other government and private firms including Paladin Security. As Congresswoman Doris Matsui said at the Sac RT McClellan CNG station ribbon cutting event, “We’re contributing to the betterment of this whole region and this whole state.” Sacramento Clean Cities plans to hold a natural gas event on June 20th to highlight new CNG infrastructure in Sacramento, availability of renewable natural gas, and increasing availability of natural gas vehicles.

keith leech

Sacramento Clean Cities KLeech@cityofsacramento.org 916-808-5869

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

27


Technicians Getting up to Speed with Vehicle Training Program From right to left, Bob Garzee, Chairman of GTWD, Dave Ames, GTWD instructor, fleet technicians from City of Oakland with certificates for having completed the CNG vehicle training.

The automobile market is quickly changing. Hybrid vehicles have become mainstream and an increasing number of alternative fuel vehicles, such as electric, compressed natural gas (CNG), biofuels, and propane are now on the road. For fleets that have acquired these advanced clean technology vehicles, maintenance can pose a challenge as many fleet technicians are unfamiliar with the new technology. The Green Team (a consortium of Silicon Valley Clean Cities Coalition, Breathe California, and Electronic Transportation Development Center) recognized the need for fleet technician training. Thus, in collaboration with the Green Transportation Workforce Development Inc. (GTWD) and De Anza College, they developed an in-depth 24-hour green transportation training curriculum that covers heavy-, medium- and light-duty hybrid, electric, and CNG vehicles. To accommodate fleet technicians, the classes are held at three different locations around the Bay Area: Cupertino, Oakland, and San Francisco. The GTWD President Don Beams is the former fleet manager of the City of San Jose—one of the largest municipal fleets in the country and an early adopter of advanced clean technology vehicles.

In 2012, the Green Team and GTWD were awarded a contract with the California Energy Commission’s Employment Training Panel for over $350,000. Thanks to the state funding, each trainee receives a 48 percent rebate on the training tuition. This is a huge incentive for fleet managers to register their fleet technicians for the green transportation training. In addition to the vehicle training, the Green Team has incorporated its “Zero Emission Squared” program into a class curriculum on solar-fueling or electric vehicles. Solar-fueling ensures zero emissions from the tailpipe and zero emissions from charging. The Green Team sees this as a viable solution for fleets both in regards to cost savings as well as meeting the requirements of greenhouse gas emission reductions. With clean vehicle technology rapidly advancing, the Green Team and its partners strive to help fleet technicians stay ahead of the curve. For more information on the training, please visit greentranswd.com or call Patricia Tind.

patricia tind

Silicon Valley Clean Cities Coalition patricia@lungsrus.org 408-998-5865

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Biodiesel Blends for the

Big Apple

Fleet Sustainability Just Got Easier Fleets in the Big Apple are looking to take advantage of a growing number of sustainability options in their fleets. They may be considering natural gas, electric hybrids, and biodiesel blends. While the nation needs a diversified fuel strategy, biodiesel continues to be the drop-in fuel choice for retail fuel infrastructure and fleet engines.

REG-9000 biodiesel,” explained REG’s Jon Scharingson who works with biodiesel veterans Michael Cooper, Danny Falcone, and Paul Predaris in the Northeast market. “New York state offers an attractive biodiesel blending incentive for retailers which should make biodiesel more competitively priced for fleets across the state.”

Biodiesel is available here, now Renewable Energy Group owns and operates more than 225 million gallons of owned/operated annual production capacity at seven biodiesel plants. The company has more than 20 terminal positions across the country and is working with fuel retailers in the city to bring biodiesel blends to the pumps. Retailers can easily pick up biodiesel blends from one of the four locations at any blend level.

Biodiesel does not face a “blend wall” Nearly any biodiesel blend percentage can be used in existing diesel engines without modifications. Retail fuel pumps are already manufactured to offer biodiesel at blends greater than B20 (a blend of 20 percent by volume biodiesel with 80 percent by volume petroleum diesel).

In November, the nation’s largest biodiesel producer and marketer announced plans to market high quality biodiesel and Bioheat® through four New York metropolitan locations. Today, wholesale biodiesel is available in Whippany, NJ and New York locations in Brookhaven, Port Chester, and New Hyde Park. “REG is focused on developing regional markets for our

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For example, every diesel engine in Minnesota runs on biodiesel 365 days of the year. Several fleets in Peoria, Illinois run on B20 year-round, and mining operations across the country use biodiesel blends of 80 percent (B80) or more to meet their underground air emission requirements. Both passenger vehicles and heavy-duty equipment in Europe have been using biodiesel blends for decades.


Biodiesel is an efficient, lower cost option Because biodiesel can be used in any existing diesel engine and with current retail fueling systems, it essentially removes the initial capital costs required for making a change to a more sustainable fuel. With the implementation of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2), biodiesel is becoming increasingly more available across the petroleum supply chain.

Truly a renewable fuel Biodiesel is produced from the leftover fats, oil, and greases produced by processing and manufacturing food. The more food the American farmer produces, the more raw materials are available for producing biodiesel. With this renewable cycle, harmful greenhouse gas emissions are reduced by up to 86 percent as compared to petroleum diesel.

than diesel fuel and, as a cleaning agent, reduces particulate build-up in the engine which may clog fuel filters initially. In the long run, biodiesel enhances engine performance with a cleaner, more efficient burn and optimized efficiency. “Growing our distribution network in the New York City area expands the opportunity for ratable, high quality biodiesel when and where fleets need it,” explained Scharingson. Fleets can learn more about biodiesel blends online at biodiesel.org’s Guide to Buying Biodiesel.

The higher the blend, the better B20 has demonstrated significant environmental benefits with a minimum increase in cost for fleet operations and other fuel consumers. When a fleet first moves to higher blends like B20, they can expect their engines to be “cleaned.” Biodiesel is cleaner

christina ficicchia Empire Clean Cities Coalition Christina@EmpireCleanCities.org 212-839-7728

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

31


Biodiesel Green Room Revs Up Minnesota-Made Fuel The Twin Cities Auto Show celebrated its 40th anniversary this year with more than 450 vehicles valued at over $15 million on display March 9th-17th in Minneapolis. Included in the show was the Biodiesel Green Room, an exhibit focused on biodiesel-ready clean diesel vehicles. Staff from the Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition helped coordinate and staff the Biodiesel Green Room which was sponsored by the Minnesota Soybean Research & Promotion Council. “The type of vehicle you choose can have an impact on larger issues such as air pollution, our national dependence on petroleum, and supporting locallymade products such as biodiesel,” said Robert Moffitt, communications director for the Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition. “What better place to educate potential buyers than the Twin Cities Auto Show?”

loop on biodiesel, including an interview with a fleet manager for the City of Minneapolis. Minneapolis has been using biodiesel in their heavy duty vehicles year-round, including snowplows and fire trucks, and is considered a national success story. This is the third year the Twin Cities Clean Cities program and partners have exhibited at the Twin Cities Auto Show. This year, the show included the Minnesota debut of the 2014 Chevrolet Cruze Clean Turbo Diesel, a new, small sedan that is expected to get 42 miles per gallon (highway) and is approved for biodiesel blends up to 20 percent (B20). Minnesota was the first state to require biodiesel blends in nearly all the diesel sold statewide. Minnesota

In addition to the shiny diesel vehicle display, the staff and volunteers used a prize wheel with simple (and a few not-so-simple) questions about biodiesel and air quality to draw people to the exhibit. Participants received a prize and walked away better informed. Many people had questions of their own about how biodiesel was made, which vehicles could use it, and where they could buy biodiesel blends in Minnesota. The exhibit also included an educational video

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spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

Volunteer Barb spins the wheel with young participants


has an annual production capacity of 63 million gallons of biodiesel, made primarily from the oil found in locally grown soybeans, as well as other plant-based oils and recycled cooking oil. Currently state law calls for a five percent (B5) blend, with plans to eventually move to ten percent (B10) and 20 percent (B20) in the warm weather months. The cleaner-burning fuel is a hit with many Minnesotans, especially those in agriculture, who realize the fuel’s benefits to the rural economy. “I use biodiesel in my truck, and it works great. What most people don’t realize is biodiesel blends can be used in all existing diesel engines. We can all benefit from biodiesel in Minnesota, and the Auto Show provides the perfect opportunity to help communicate

that,” said Bill Zurn, a farmer and chair of the Minnesota Soybean Research & Promotion Council (MSR&PC) Domestic Marketing Committee. The Biodiesel Green Room attracted significant media attention during its nine-day run. It was mentioned in the state’s largest newspaper and was featured in several television and radio newscasts. Most importantly, it provided a venue where potential and current diesel owners could learn more about a cleaner-burning, renewable alternative to petroleum that’s made in Minnesota.

lisa thurstin

Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition Lisa.Thurstin@lungmn.org 651-223-9568 spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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Partner Focus

roush unveils new vehicle platforms ROUSH CleanTech recently unveiled a handful of new propane autogas vehicle platforms at the NTEA Work Truck Show for Ford F-59, F-53 and E-450 stripped chassis, and the Ford F-450 and F-550 chassis cab. These vehicle applications fill growing market demand for a less expensive, clean-burning and domestic alternative fuel option. Customizable to carry up to 33 passengers as a shuttle, municipalities, airports, and transportation companies can all benefit from the lower emissions and operating costs offered by the new ROUSH CleanTech propane autogas powered Ford F-450 and F-550, including those with alternative fuel directives. This vehicle also suits the delivery, construction, transit, and utility markets. The ROUSH CleanTech propane autogas powered Ford F-59 commercial step van chassis and the Ford E-450 stripped chassis adapt to numerous fleet delivery applications, such as bakery, textile, multi-stop package delivery service, linen, and medical services. The Ford F-53 platform provides a flexible commercial platform for trolleys, lunch trucks and more. These vehicles offer companies a cleaner and less expensive alternative to gasoline. The ROUSH CleanTech propane autogas fuel system for Ford F-550, F-59 and F-53 models offer a propane autogas fuel tank with more than 65-usable gallon capacity. The systems are available for order through Green Alternative Systems (GAS), a Ford QVM installation partner. The propane autogas fuel system for Ford E-450 stripped chassis comes equipped with a 41-usable gallon propane autogas fuel 34

spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

Ford F-59 stripped chassis

The new GAS Ford F-59 stripped chassis fueled by the ROUSH CleanTech propane autogas fuel system fits a number of industries, including bakery, textile, multi-stop package delivery service, linen and medical services.

tank, and is available for order directly from ROUSH CleanTech. The fuel systems fulfill certification requirements in all 50 states by the California Air Resources Board and Environmental Protection Agency. They also meet all FMVSS, NHTSA and NFPA-58 guidelines for safety while delivering equivalent horsepower, torque, and towing capacity. When compared to their diesel counterparts, they eliminate particulate matter by virtually 100 percent and emit significantly less smog-producing hydrocarbons and other emissions. And with more than 90 percent of U.S. propane supplies produced domestically, operating on this clean-burning alternative helps guide the nation toward increased energy security. ROUSH CleanTech is a certified Ford Quality Vehicle Modifier. For more information, visit ROUSH online or email propane@roush.com.

Article Courtesy of


WHAT’S BETTER, MORE MILES PER GALLON OR ZERO GALLONS PER MILE? Ever seen a Volt at a gas station? It happens, but not a lot. On average, by charging regularly, Volt owners fill up only about once a month.1 When you can commute 38 miles 1 gas-free, there isn’t a whole lot of need to stop for anything more than coffee. But for those times when you have to go a little farther, it has an onboard gas generator to do that too. It’s electric when you want it, gas when you need it. The 2012 Volt was recognized by J.D. Power and Associates as the “Highest Ranked Vehicle Appeal among Compact Cars, Two Years in a Row” in the APEAL Study 2 — a study based on factors like styling, comfort and convenience, among others. What could be better than that? Learn more at chevy.com/volt.

Volt is available at participating dealers.

1 Based on EPA-estimated 98 MPGe (electric); 35 MPG city/40 highway (gas). Actual mileage may vary. 2 The Chevrolet Volt received the highest numerical score among compact cars in the proprietary J.D. Power and Associates 2011 and 2012 Automotive Performance, Execution and Layout (APEAL) Study.SM Study based on responses from 74,759 new-vehicle owners, measuring 233 models and measures opinions after 90 days of ownership. Proprietary study results are based on experiences and perceptions of owners surveyed February–May 2012. Your experiences may vary. Visit jdpower.com.

2013 Chevrolet Volt. Chevy Runs Deep


clean cities tv Clean Cities TV (CCTV) is the educational Internet channel of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Clean Cities program. The channel features live and recorded content about Clean Cities and its mission to reduce U.S. petroleum consumption through the use of alternative and renewable fuels, idle reduction and fuel economy measures, and emerging technologies. Kwik Trip Expands Natural Gas Fueling Infrastructure Click video to view!

Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks Click video to view!

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Maine Embraces CNG

With Bangor Natural Gas planning to open Maine’s first public compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling station this spring, the state is poised to take advantage of the benefits CNG has to offer. The Bangor Natural Gas fleet already includes several light duty CNG vehicles and the City of Bangor is looking into acquiring CNG-powered buses and converting some of the vehicles at the Bangor International Airport to CNG. Bangor is not the only city in Maine to utilize natural gas vehicles. Portland has its own CNG fueling station, though it is not open to the public. The Greater Portland METRO currently runs a fleet of 13 CNG buses and has announced plans to order five more to replace older diesel models. Each CNG bus displaces 9,000 gallons of diesel fuel per year and, because natural gas burns cleaner than fossil fuels, the engines are expected to last much longer than diesel-fueled engines. Steve Kirby, Director of Finance for the Greater Portland Transit District, has stated that Portland hopes to have a fully CNG-powered bus fleet by 2022.

It currently has ten CNG school buses and plans to add three more this summer. Their decision to adopt CNG had a lot to do with studies published regarding the dangers of diesel exhaust for children with asthma or other respiratory ailments. “We were seeing a lot of reports coming from the industry saying that diesel fumes were getting up into the buses and irritating [the riders’ symptoms],” said Kevin Mallory, Transportation Director for the School District. “With these [CNG buses], you turn them on and the only thing you see coming out of the tailpipe is water vapor.” The School District hopes to replace their entire fleet with CNG buses at some point in the future.

steve linnell Maine Clean Communities slinnell@gpcog.org 207.774.9891

The Portland School District also fields a fleet of CNG buses. The Portland Public Schools’ CNG fleet is now approaching 500,000 miles of clean transportation. spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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The Workplace Charging Opportunity Virginia’s Lessons Learned

While most electric vehicle (EV) charging is expected to occur at home, workplace charging is also a high priority opportunity for the early advancement of consumer electric vehicles. In Virginia’s Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative, our state utility began a low-cost demonstration with lessons that can be shared throughout the country. Dominion Energy recently began a pilot workplace charging program for employees at its corporate headquarters in Richmond, VA. Participating employees pay a flat monthly fee through an authorized payroll deduction in exchange for access to parking spots designated for EV charging. The spots are equipped with lockable 120-volt access. When employees are not charging, they are required to lock the receptacle covers to prevent unauthorized use. Dominion elected to install 120-volt receptacles because most employees leave their cars in the garage for eight to ten hours a day while working. Equipment and installation costs for multiple units and preparations were considerably less than those for the next level

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of charging: Level 2 (240-volt). They also prepared conduit for future growth of chargers. Long periods of parked vehicle inactivity at the office are ideal for EV charging. After review, Dominion found that a dedicated 15-amp, 120-volt ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) branch circuit and outlet is more than adequate for the vast majority of workplace charging. An employer may want to consider making a few Level 2 EVSE (electric vehicle supply equipment) available for employees that need to travel during the day and thus require a faster charge option. Each employer must decide whether to require its employees to pay for access to workplace charging. Some employers may decide to provide workplace charging for free. If so, they need to carefully consider any tax implications, as well as the degree to which workplace charging could be considered an employment benefit unrelated to job requirements. Ultimately, employers must carefully weigh the costs and benefits of subsidizing, even partially, workplace charging.


Employers who elect to assess a fee for workplace charging must decide how much to charge and how to collect the payment. Typically, workplace charging costs will consist of equipment and installation, electricity, and occasional maintenance. Fees can be collected as payroll deduction or other methods. Employers who install Level 2 EVSE have the opportunity to use networks and other payment functions built into the EVSE. Employers will have other considerations as they advance this technology. They should consider whether they will need to restrict access to the EVSE, and if so, to what extent. There may be instances where demand for workplace charging outpaces the capability and/or willingness of the employer to provide EVSE. Any employer who wishes to proceed with a workplace EV charging program should consult with legal counsel

concerning their potential liability if an employee is injured while charging or if an equipment malfunction damages the employee’s vehicle. With planning and forethought, EV charging can be installed inexpensively at workplaces throughout the United States.

alleyn harned

Virginia Clean Cities Coalition aharned@vacleancities.org 540-568-8896

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question of the month From March 2013

Where can I find statistics, maps, and projections related to alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, and infrastructure? The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Maps and Data website is a comprehensive resource for current and historical statistics related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. The site categorizes information into the following sections, or tabs: Vehicles, Fuels & Infrastructure, Laws & Incentives, Regulated Fleets, and Clean Cities. The Clean Cities tab was recently updated based on the results of the 2011 annual report. By scrolling down or filtering the list on the right panel for each tab, you can select relevant maps and charts. The gray download button in the upper right corner of the figure viewing pane allows users to view the data in Excel spreadsheet format or copy the chart into a presentation or other document. Clicking on legend labels also adds or removes data from the chart for more specific comparisons.

Lastly, the Maps and Data website includes links to relevant reports and data analyses from outside the AFDC. In addition to U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) statistics included on the AFDC Maps and Data website, EIA compiles information relating to alternative fuel and advanced vehicles on its Alternative Fuel Vehicle Data website. The site includes an overview of trends in the alternative transportation sector, which is updated on an annual basis, as well as interactive data tables with statistics about current and projected vehicles supplied, vehicles in use, and fuel consumption. Please note that the EIA data is published on a two year delay; 2011 information will be posted in April 2013.

Resources for Additional Transportation Statistics and Trend Data Fuel Consumption and Production • EIA: Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (Early Release) • American Public Transportation Association: 2012 Public Transportation Fact Book Vehicles • Oak Ridge National Laboratory: Transportation Energy Data Book • U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration: Highway Statistics Series • Hybridcars.com Dashboard Fuel Prices • AFDC: Alternative Fuel Price Report • EIA: Weekly Retail Gasoline and Diesel Prices Fuel Economy • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends

Please contact the Technical Response Service (TRS) with other questions, or if you have suggestions for a future Question of the Month. Clean Cities Technical Response Service Team | technicalresponse@icfi.com | 800-254-6735

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IBCE14_1-2H-NetworkLearn-CC.pdf

1

4/15/2013

10:28:16 AM


Do you know about the

Title Subtitle

tools

that are

available to

you?

Check out the Alternative Fuel Data Center’s Tools page to help assist fleets, fuel providers, and stakeholders. Click here to get started!

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spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com


nabce13_1-2H-CleanCities.pdf

1

4/15/2013

10:44:10 AM


There’s only one thing you need to worry about...

Title Subtitle

select the american, alternative fuel you want to use...

and usE it. Natural gas - ethanol - electricity - propane - biodiesel

don’t waste anyone’s time by decrying another alternative - select yours, use it, and join in local efforts to move that alternative forward. help america truly change!

Brought to you by americaNS FOR CLEANER AMERICAn fuels, jobs and energy independence, otherwise known as your local clean cities coalition.

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spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com


american beauty

The 2012 Clean Cities Coordinators Retreat was held at Estes Park, CO. Coordinators Jason Wager of Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition in Charlotte, NC and Jonathan Overly of East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition in Knoxville, TN took a two-day motorcycle tour through the Rockies before the retreat last year. This picture was taken just south of I-70, not far from Echo Lake Park. Add this to your bucket list! spring 2013 | FuelsFix.com

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Fuels Fix Spring 2013 Edition  

Nationwide coverage of alternative fuels, vehicles, and technologies. Brought to you by Clean Cities coalitions across the U.S. This edition...

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