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clans that each has its own way of dressing and dialect.

As compared to the neighbouring Muslim states of Central Asia, Turkmenistan slightly differs in terms of its cultural traditions. While modern Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were populated by settled tribes, Turkmenistan’s tribes were nomadic. Even today after the fall of the USSR attempts to urbanize the Turkmen have not succeeded, they never had formed an ethnic group until they were forged by Joseph Stalin in 1930’s. Instead, they are divided into different groups or

For the nomadic Turkmen, the only piece of furniture worth having was a carpet. Turkmen are famous for their Bukhara rugs and these rugs that were sold (and not made) in Bukhara are colourful rugs that help distinguish one clan from another. Turkmenistan is also a Sunni Muslim country. Although they are holy and spiritual, they are not exactly militantly forced to be religious. Of all the Central Asian countries, Turkmenistan had also been the one to sustain its traditional way of dressing. Most men wore

baggy blue pantaloons tucked into clumping kneehigh bots, a white shirt under a cherryred and gold-striped heavy silk jacket, and topped by a shaggy wool hat while women are less showy and wear heavy, ankle-length silk dresses of wine red and maroon hiding spangled, striped trousers beneath. Turkmen’s spoken language developed on the dialects of Turkic tongues, western oguz dialects in particular. It was also influenced by kipchak and old Uzbek (chagatai) languages. One of the greatest poets, Fragi Makhtumkuli, who is


also the father of Turkmen Literature is known to be a tragic figure. Having to live a life that revolved around a loveless marriage and the loss of his two sons, Makhtumkuli wrote classical forms of writing for homespun wisdom and a simplicity of language that contributed greatly to his popularity. Seitnazar Seyidi and Kurbandurdy Zelili are considered Makhtumkuli's successors.


TURKMENISTAN  

As compared to the neighbouring Muslim states of Central Asia, Turkmenistan slightly differs in terms of its cultural traditions. While mode...

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