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2

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


NEIGHBORHOOD INTRODUCTION BASEMAP

The Rocksprings Neighborhood is located off West Broad St bordered by S Rocksprings St to the east and Baxter St to the south. Commercial businesses line West Broad and Baxter Streets, dividing the neighborhood from other residential areas by major roads and commercial corrdiors.

RO W B

ST R NO MI

West Broad St School

ST

ELL

ST

LAS

AV E LD FIE N E RSO

T R S

HEND

DE R HEN

BEN

ROC

ST N IN G

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

R IN G

T S C

BU

# *

LUM

VE S A

Athens Clarke County Police Substation

X BA

TER

Site Boundary

ST

This report is an inventory and analysis of the geographic characteristics and cultural landscape of the neighborhood, with an emphasis on community gardens and characteristics that might effect the viability of a community or market garden project in the neighborhood.

2

KSP

T S S

T G S

L L IN

N IN

CO

BEN

W HANCOCK AVE

EXT

SON

o

Rocksprings Community Center and Park

ST

F

# * Athens Housing Authority Offices

GS

F G LE UL

The Light Church

RI N

DD WA

ST

ING

AP

DAL

AR

CH

ST

IS PA R

DE

LS

L ER

ST

H IL

M IL

ST EL

KSP

Landmarks in the neighborhood include two churches, St James Methodist Church of Athens (The Light) and Hill Chapel Baptist Church. The Rocksprings Community Center and Park is centrally located as a hub of the neighborhood. The Community Center has been recently renovated with a new community center building and picnic pavilion. Other features of the park include a playground, basketball courts, a ball field, and a pool. The Athens Clarke County Police Substation is located on Baxter St and the Athens Housing Authority Offices are located on Henderson Extension, both within the neighborhood. The office of the Hancock Community Development corporation is located on Henderson Extension, across the street from the community center building. The historic West Broad St Elementary School is located on the north side of the neighborhood on Minor St. Clarke Central High School and H.T. Edwards Alternative High School flank the Rocksprings neighborhood to the east and west, respectively.

3

OC S R

The Rocksprings Neighborhood is one of the major and culturally significant African American residential neighborhoods in Athens. The neighborhood is developed on rolling terrain, with a creek, Brooklyn Creek, running north/south through the western portion of the site. Shot-gun style residential buildings adorned by vernacular African American gardens characterize the neighborhood.

ST AD

CO

INTRODUCTION

River

存 0

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

100 200

400

600

Feet 800


NEIGHBORHOOD HISTORY NARRATIVE

HISTORIC AERIAL PHOTOS

The first West Broad Street Elementary School was a two story wood structure built in 1896. This small structure, although named by and located along West Broad Street, was oriented to face the smaller Minor Street, a small road running perpendicular to West Broad Street. This orientation is a reflection of the accepted views of the African American community of Rocksprings at the time. With funds from the Works Progress Administration, this old wood structure was replaced in 1938 by the existing white column brick “Main Building.” Throughout the 1940’s and 1950’s, the school site expanded with additional buildings as a response to the rapidly growing community. The 1960’s brought two new churches into the area and 1970 was marked with the community center and Athens Housing Authority development. In the mid 1970’s, Hope Haven (for students requiring special education) and the Rutland Academy moved into the West Broad Street Elementary School buildings. The twenty first century brought the new Baxter Street Police Station as well as the new community center building and pavilion. In 2008, Rutland Academy moved out of the West Broad Street Elementary School, leaving the building in its current unoccupied state.

1938 ASCS Image

1896- First West Broad Street Elementary School building built

4

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

1938-1939 First West Broad Street School building replaced by current “Main Building”

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

1944 ASCS Image

1945- School lunch program began in Athens School District, old utility room in West Broad Street School converted to kitchen


HISTORIC AERIAL PHOTOS

1950- Two more classrooms were added in the West Broad Street School on the east end

1960 ASCS Image

1957 ASCS Image

1951 ASCS Image

1955-1957- West Broad Street School east building constructed and opened to students

1958-1959- West Broad Street School third building built and opened to students

1960- Saint James Methodist Church of Athens (The light Ministries) and Hill Chapel Baptist Church built

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

5


HISTORIC AERIAL PHOTOS

1967 ASCS Image

1973 ASCS Image

1970- First Community Center Built and Athens Housing Authority development built

6

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

1975- Hope Haven moved into the West Broad Street School south building and the Rutland Academy moves into the main building

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

1980 ASCS Image


HISTORIC AERIAL PHOTOS

1993 USGS Image

 

  

 1995- Athens Housing Authority purchases land for offices

2004- Athens-Clarke County police station built

2008- Rutland Academy moves out of West Broad Street School main building into a new Oglethorpe County facility

2010-2011- New community center and pavilion built

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

7


GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

Total:  96  acre Impervious:  24  acres

LAND COVER Neighborhood Land Cover Statistics 96 Acres Total 24 Acres Impervious

25% Impervious Cover

Legend Neighborhood  Boundary Impervious  Cover Tree  Cover Open  Space

Data Source: ACC Planning Dept (impervious layer), tree cover and open space created by Lisa

8

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


HYDROLOGY Brooklyn Creek is the major water feature present in the Rocksprings Neighborhood. An Athens Clarke Country Map of the Brooklyn Creek Drainage Basin shows the headwaters 100 feet southwest of Pine Needle Road. Brooklyn creek discharges into the Middle Oconee River. All of the land in this area drains into the Middle Oconee River before eventually flowing into the Oconee River, which is the source of our local drinking water. The Brooklyn Creek Watershed’s overall stream condition is rated as “Marginal”, driven by impairment of the bed, banks, and buffer of the stream. The primary water quality concerns for Brooklyn creek are fecal coliforms, nutrients and total suspended solids. The poor ranking results from macro invertebrate sampling also indicates water quality issues. Urban runoff and encroachment into stream buffers are the main causes of these stream health concerns.1 The creek runs through the west side of the neighborhood, cutting under Dearing St., Waddell St., under the bridge between Henderson Ext. and Carter St. The 100yr and 500yr flood events extend beyond the channel and mostly affect residences in the northwest corner of the neighborhood. Due to the steep slope in the southwest corner of the neighborhood, no home would be affected by these flood events.

R W   B

D   S OA

T

O S   R

1.“Athens-Clarke County, GA - Official Website - Watershed Management Plans.” Athens-Clarke County, GA. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. <http://www.athensclarkecounty.com/index.aspx?NID=4517>.

  ELL

P RI CK S

DD WA

ST

N GS   ST

HEN

SON DE R

  EX

T

W   HANCOCK   AVE

Site  Boundary 100  year X BA

TE

T R   S

500  year River

¸ 0

100 200

400

600

Feet 800

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

9


SOILS

ps Billu

ha ve n an co ck

H

Gl en

Ol d  

Dea

r

Cam Cam

l pbe

as Wan

pbell

gs sprin Rock

dell Wad

s Dalla

d Fiel

Carter

r Fulle

er Hend

son

ing Benn Colu

ning

ntry Cou

s

Ben

mbu

on ders Hen

ny Alba

Hanc ock

Paris

Waddell

sed

HS ntral   e  Ce Clark

l

Brooklyn

Evans

Dearing

ring

Paris

o Min

W  B ro ad

d

r Mille

gson

an

Hills  Chapel

se

Broa

za  Pla The

Hod

Ho lm

Cha

Ha rt

Five soil types are typical in the neighborhood. The congaree soils (Coa) are on alluvial land, meaning they could be rich in organic matter due to their location in the floodplain of Brooklyn Creek. The congaree soil land might be explored as potential sites for the community garden due to this rich soil.

es dacr Broa

gs sprin Rock

Legend

 Club

Neighborhood  Boundary

Collin

er Baxt Myrna

s

Soils Coa

Myrna

CYB2 CYC2

Springdale

PgC3

Data Source: ACC Planning Dept, Web Soil Survey

PgD3 0

10

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

200

400

800

1,200

1,600 Feet

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


ELEVATION MAP oa d W  B r

ha ve n an co ck

Gl en ck

Rocks

s pring

610  -­  630

mbu

Hanco

n

Elevation 630  -­  660

b y  Clu ountr

s

ning Ben

C

r Baxte

660  -­  690 Myrna

an co ck H ha ve n

Ol d  

Carter

Neighborhood  Boundary

Paris

Colu

Gl en

690  -­  720

Myrna

720  -­  750

l  HS

780  -­  810

 Centra

Springdale

0

200

400

800

1,200

1,600 Feet

Clar ke

Carter

Legend erson Hend

ns Colli

Neighborhood  Boundary

 Club

Percent  Slope

Collin

er Baxt

0  -­  5%

s

5  -­  10%

Myrna

10  -­  15%

Stanton

Hanc ock

s Dalla

Field

r Fulle

ntry Cou

S

gs sprin Rock

dell Wad

ing Benn

o ders Hen

y

s

ning

ntral  H e  Ce Clark

Buildings

n Alba

mbu

Ben

d asse Wan

pbell

Legend

gs sprin Rock

Colu

ny Alba

Rose

son

ing Benn

on ders Hen

ring

750  -­  780

Paris

Colima

Waddell

Cam

Brooklyn

s Dalla

d Fiel

r Fulle

er Hend

gs sprin Rock

Dearing

dell Wad

se

or Min

Hills  Chapel Dearing

d asse

HS ntral   e  Ce Clark

Brooklyn

Evans

Hills  Chapel

Dea

Paris

an

Waddell

l

ps Billu

r Mille

laza

Wan

ell

gson

l pbe Cam

Evans

r

pb Cam

d

ll pbe Cam

ring Dea

Paris

o Min

d Broa

Broa

 P The

Hod

se

ps Billu

r Mille

gson

za  Pla The

Hod

an

Ho lm

s dacre Broa Cha

Ha rt

Cha

Ha rt

Ho lm

es dacr Broa

H

Ki ng

SLOPE MAP

0

200

400

800

Springdale

15  -­  20% 20  -­  25% 25+%

1,200

1,600 Feet

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

11


Ki ng

Ha nc oc k

ha ve n

Gl en

ps Billu

r Mille

r

r

Cam

pbell

Dearing

Carter

erson Hend

Waddell Hanc ock

mbu

ning Ben

s

mbu

Cou

gs sprin Rock

C ntry  

lub er Baxt

Collin

s

lub

ny Alba

on ders Hen

Colu

ing Benn

Rose

s

Collin

er Baxt

Hancock

s

Legend Myrna

Neighborhood  Boundary Data Source: Retaining walls based on observation by Lisa

Buildings  with  retaining  walls  on  parcel Data Source: ACC Planning Dept.

0

200

400

800

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

1,200Data Source: 1,600 ACC Data, Retaining walls based on observation by Lisa Feet

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

0

Stanton

Buildings  with  no  visible  retaining  walls

12

l  HS entra

Paris

Carter

s Dalla

d Fiel

Colima

Paris

Colu

ny Alba

gs sprin Rock

C ntry  

dell Wad

r Fulle

gs sprin Rock

s Dalla

d Fiel

r Fulle

erson Hend

ing Benn

e  C Clark gs sprin Rock

Hills  Chapel

ring

d asse Wan

Brooklyn

Evans

Brooklyn

dell Wad

Cou

Paris

o Min

o Min

Paris

a az

ll pbe

ning Ben

Dea

ll pbe Cam

g

on ders Hen

gson

r Mille

Pl e   Th

Dearin

d Broa

pbell Cam Cam

Hills  Chapel

an

za  Pla The

Hod

Ho lm

d Broa

se

H

Ha rt

Cha

an co ck

SLOPE AND RETAINING WALL ANALYSIS

es dacr Broa

200

400

800

Springdale

1,200

1,600 F


RETAINING WALL INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS The high frequency of retaining walls in the neighborhood is directly related to the topograhy and steep slopes of the site. On many blocks, the road is below the elevation of the front door, in some cases as much as 10â&#x20AC;&#x2122;. Retaining walls of various materials were observed in the neighborhood in order to stabilize the steep slopes. Retaining walls were also observed in various conditions, some pristine and decorative, others crumbling and bowing out toward the street (not designed for proper loading). The seperation between street and home breaks the plane of pedestrian movement, isolating the elevated homes from the street and dividing neighborâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s yards.

MATERIALS stone cinder block terraced earth brick

Terracing

Painted cinder block, in need of maintenance

Stone and cinder block walls

Cinder block, in need of maintenance

Eroding bank in need of retaining wall

Decorative motif in cinder block retaining wall

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

13


ZONING Ree

se

Cha

G le nh H av an en co ck

Ki ng

Ho dg so n

se

es dacr Broa ps Billu

Ha rt

r Mille

za  Pla The

Ho lm

o Min

Paris

an

r

d Broa

ring Dea

Cam l pbe Cam

as Wan

pbell

l

e  C Clark

Brooklyn

Evans

Hills  Chapel

Dearing

l  HS entra

Legend

dell Wad

Neighborhood  Boundary

Carter

r Fulle

d Fiel

s Dalla

ACC  Zoning  Code C-­G:  Commercial-­General erson Hend

C-­O:  Commercial-­Office G:  Government P:  Parks

rson

ning

s

Ben

mbu

de Hen

Colu

ing Benn

ny Alba

Hanc ock

Paris

Waddell

Rose

sed

Cou

gs sprin Rock

C ntry  

RM-­1:  Mixed  Density  Residential,  16  multi-­family  units  per  acre

lub

RM-­2:  Mixed  Density  Residential,  24  multi-­family  units  per  acre

Collin

er Baxt

RS-­5:  Single-­Family  Residential,  5,000  sq  ft  min.  lot  area

s spr ing Rock

RS-­8:  Single-­Family  Residential,  8,000  sq  ft  min.  lot  area

Myrna

s

RS-­15:  Single-­Family  Residential,  15,000  sq  ft  min.  lot  area

Data Source: ACC Planning Department

14

Fortson

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

Stanton

Springdale

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


CURRENT LAND USE

FUTURE LAND USE Ho dg so n

se Ree G le nh av en

Ki ng

se Ree

H

an co ck

H

Legend

Dearing

Ne

ACC  Futu

Co

s Dalla

Field

Co erson Hend

Carter

Shopping,  business,  or  trade  activities

Legend

dell Wad

r Fulle

Residential  Activites erson Hend

Carter

Hills  Chapel

sed

HS ntral   e  Ce Clar k

Neighborhood  Boundary

s Dalla

Field

r Fulle

Go

Ma

H

Mass  assembly  of  people

Cou

ntr

Leisure  Activities

Ne

b y  Clu

Re r Baxte

Collin

Collin

r Baxte

ning Ben

s

Rose

gs sprin Rock

mbu

ntr

b y  Clu

Pu

ing Benn

Colu

s

Cou

Travel  or  movement  activitiesenderson

ny Alba

mbu

B

g ennin

Hanc ock

Social,  institutional,  or  infrastructure-­related  activities

Paris

Paris

Waddell

gs sprin Rock

Colu

Hanc ock

pbell

ll pbe Cam

ing Benn

rson

Cam

as Wan

Industrial,  manufacturing,  and  waste-­related  activities

ny Alba

Rose

S

dell Wad

Waddell

de Hen

d

ring Dea

Brooklyn

Dearing

Broa

Evans

Brooklyn

Evans

Hills  Chapel

se

H ntral   e  Ce Clark

ll pbe Cam

r Mille

pbell

sed

r

r

Cam

as Wan

an

Paris

d

Ho lm

o Min

o Min

Broa

ring Dea

Paris

an

Ha rt za  Pla The

r Mille

za  Pla The

Ho lm

es dacr ps Billu

ps Billu

Ha rt

Broa

Cha

es dacr

se

Broa

Cha

an co ck

G le nh av en

Ki ng

Ho dg so n

Sin

s

s

spring Rock

spring Rock

Natural  resources-­related  activities

Tra Myrna

Myrna

s

s

No  human  activity  or  unclassifiable  activity

Tra

Fortson

Springdale

Data Source: ACC Planning Department, using new land use codes developed in ACC Comprehensive Plan

Fortson

Stanton

Data Source: ACC Planning Department, using APA’s LBCS Land Use Codes and Legend

Stanton

Springdale

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

15


CULTURAL LANDSCAPE TODAY ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS DESCRIPTIONS A variety of architectural characteristics are seen in the neighborhood, including traditional, modern, and eclectic styles and a variety of types (private homes, public housing, community centers, churches and commercial business). No houses are registered as historic structures, but many do exhibit characteristics of traditional vernacular architecture styles. Examples include shotgun style homes and covered front porches. During our teamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s site observations we noticed a wide range of maintenance of housing, with some homes newly built and well-maintained while others were crumbling or in need of major structural repair. Most of the newer houses in the neighborhood were constructed by Athens Land Trust. Some homes appeared abandoned or vacant.

Common Materials wood vinyl siding brick cinder block metal roofing

16

Architectural Types single family homes public housing apartments trailers churches schools community center commercial business police station

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


CURRENT DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

FEMALE POPULATION BY AGE 28%

28% 11%

11%

0-14 15-19

d Broa

Th

Miller

20-39 28%

eP

or

Ha n

co c

Min

k

a

Paris

la z

b Camp

40-64

23%

28%

23%

65+

10%

ell

10%

ll pbe Cam

Brooklyn

Hills Chapel

TOTAL POPULATION BY SEX

ell Wadd

43%

43%

s Dalla

sprin Rock

Dearing

gs

Field

Female

Carter

Fuller

erson Hend

Male

in Benn

g

Coun

Paris

y

in Benn

bus Colum

Alban

Henderson

57%

g

u tr y Cl

57%

Site Demographics

b

Collin

r Baxte

Site Boundary

s

Hancock

30%

0% - 19% African American

MALE POPULATION BY AGE

20%-59% African American

30%

60% - 79% African American 0-14 7% 15-19 80% - 90% African American 24%

20-39 91% - 100% African American 40-64 6%

This map demonstrates the extent to which Rocksprings neighborhood has retained its historic African American identity.

0 33%200

400

Feet 65+ 800

7% 24%

6%

33%

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

17


GARDEN STUDY

d Broa

Miller

Th eP

or

Ha n

co c

Min

k

a

Paris

la z

Camp

bell

ll pbe Cam

Brooklyn

Hills Chapel

Herbaceous Perennial Beds

Winter Vegetable Garden

Shrubs and Hanging Baskets

Vegetable Garden

ell Wadd

s Dalla

sprin Rock

Dearing

gs

Field on

Carter

Fuller

ers Hend

in Benn

g

Coun

Paris

y

in Benn

bus Colum

Alban

Henderson

g

u tr y Cl

b

Collin

r Baxte

s

Hancock

Garden Analysis Visible Landscaped Lots Visible Food Gardens Lots

A visual analysis of neighborhood garden and landscaping was conducted to provide information about community interest in gardening. Because these observations were conducted during the winter, some gardens and landscaping may not have been visible or evident.

18

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

Site Boundary 0

200

400

Feet 800

Perennial Bulb Beds

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE

Planters and Beds


POLICE REPORTS/SAFETY/NO TRESPASSING

Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

19


CRIME MAPS

20

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

21


BEHAVIOR MAPPING AND OBSERVATION A observational study was conducted in the rocksprings neighborhood in order to better understand how the neighborhood was used by the community. The observations were aimed to better inform us on how community members moved through the neighborhood, how they interacted with each other, which areas of the neighborhood were in highest use and which demographics of the community were out using the neighborhood. METHODS Observations were taken from one of 2 observations points (OP) and from one of 2 driving routes. Observations from the OPâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lasted 20 minutes and as long as the driving route took to complete. Data collected included Mode of Transportation (MOT), Age, Gender, Activity, Group, Interactions and Location (as text and coordinates). ArcMAP 10 was used to analyze the kernal density of the observations and spatial represent age groups and mode of transportation. RESULTS A total of 8 observations were conducted between February 14th and 19th 2012, totaling four for each OP and Driving Route. Data was collected between 700 and 1730 with 3 mornings, 2 afternoons and 3 evenings represented. A total of 219 observations were recorded, averaging 0.5 minutes per observation. Of the 219 observations, 103 were male, 39 female and 77 unknown. Adults between 20-40 yrs and unknowns represented the largest percentage (29 and 38%) of the observations. The large number of unknown age and sex observations was due to the inability to see drivers in their cars. This large count skewed the normal distribution of the data, therefore the analysis of MOT and gender distributions by age group excluded this data in order to more accurately represent the difference between the known dataset. Based on the kernal density analysis the corners of Henderson Extension and Paris, Paris and Hill Chapel and Minor and Hill Chapel had the highest use.

Percentages by Gender

Percentages by Age Group

Observation Points and Driving Routes

22

ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

Percentages by Mode of Transport

GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS + CULTURAL LANDSCAPE


BR W  

D   S OA

T

Gender Distribution by Age Group OC K S   R

DD WA

  ST ELL

I SPR N GS

  EX

  ST

HEN

SON DE R

T

W   HANCOCK   AVE

Gender Distribution by Age Group Site  Boundary

X BA

TE

T R   S

Use  Density Low

¸ 0

100 200

400

600

Feet 800

High

Areas of highest use Activity Distribution Shannon Barrett, Lisa Biddle, Jessica Higgins, Lindsay Reynolds LAND 6040 Community and Place Studio, Spring 2012 Professor Sungkyung Lee

23


BR W  

D   S OA

T BR W  

D   S OA

T

BR W  

D   S OA

T

BR W  

D   S OA

T BR W  

D   S OA

T

1-12 years old

0

100 200

400

13-19 years old

OR M IN

N   E

XT

# *

ST

RO CK

SP RI

NG S  

100 200

400

600

20-40 years old

S   ST

R   S

DA LL

T

D HEN

CT

ON E RS

  EX

# *

T

# *

# * BE NN

G   ST

100 200

IN G  

RO CK

ST

SP RI

400

TER

600

41-64 years old

T

S  

S   S

¸ Feet 800

X BA

TER

  ST

0

100 200

400

600

65+ years old

Age BR W  

D   S OA

T BR W  

D   S OA

T

BR W  

D   S OA

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ROCKSPRINGS NEIGHBORHOOD INVENTORY AND ANALYSIS

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600

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Rocksprings Neighborhood Inventory and Analysis: Geographic Characteristics and Cultural Landscape