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Joan Francés Blanc

Occitan-English Lexicon Lexic occitan-anglés

奥克语英语词典

Online since 2000


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Foreword Despite their broad diffusion worldwide in universitary circles, modern Occitan language studies had produced no or few usable language tools for a broader audience. Thanks to the new technologies, we have now quick and easy means to try and remediate such misses. This

lexicon

is

available

on

two

medias:

on

the

Word

Wide

Web

(at

URL

http://www.occitania.online.fr) and as a PDF file, on request. Thanks to Marya DuMont who helped me on the set up of the first version in the Occitan to English direction.

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Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Contents Foreword.................................................................................................................................................................................... 2 Contents.................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Lexic anglés-occitan.................................................................................................................................................................. 4

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Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan-English Lexicon

Occitan abelha abitar abitar abric accident accion acrobat actor addicionar adiu adjectiu adreça advèrbi aeropòrt agachar agradar agulha aiceste ; aqueste aicí aiga aiguièr ; dornièr aimar aimar aire aisina aisit ajocar (s') ajudar ala alba alfabet alga alga almòina alucar alucar

English bee dwell in (to) inhabit (to) shelter accident action acrobat actor add (to) hello adjective address adverb airport watch (to) please (to) needle this here water sink like (to) love (to) air tool easy raise o.self up (to) help (to) wing sunrise alphabet algae see-weed alms ; alms-giving light (to) set on fire (to) 4


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan amable amb ambulància amic amont ampola ampola an anar ancora anèl animal aniversari apagar ; atudar aparelh aparténer aplantar (s') aprene après-dinnada aquari aquel ara aranha arbre arc de Sant Martin arena ; sabla argent argent ; money aritmetica arma armari armari arrancar ; desrasigar arrancar ; desrasigar arribar article ascensor ase ase asirar (s') assajar astre ; estèla

English kind with ambulance friend up lightbulb light bulb year go (to) anchor ring animal birthday shutdown (to) device belong (to) stop (to) learn (to) afternoon aquarium that now spider tree rainbow sand silver money arithmetic soul closet cupboard pull away (to) tear away (to) arrive (to) article lift ass donkey fly into a passion (to) try (to) star 5


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan astronauta astronomia aterrir ; desbarcar atmosfèra aucèl aur auragan auratge auratge ; tron aurelha ausir aut ; naut autobús automobila auton autorota autorota aval aver avet (sap) avion avís avugle bagatges baia bala balaja balançadoira balançadoira balar balcon balena balma ; cauna bana banana banasta banc banca banda de musicaires banda de raubaires banh banhadoira

English astronaut astronomy land (to) atmosphere bird gold hurricane storm thunder ear hear (to) high bus car autumn motorway speedway (US) down have (to) fir plane notice blind luggage bay ball broom see-saw swing dance (to) balcony whale cave horn banana basket bench bank band gang bath bath-tub 6


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan barba barca barca barjacaire barjacaire barrar barrar barratge bas ; baish bastiment bastir batejar baudufa baudufa ; cimèl (d'un angle) baug bèl bèl ; grand bèl ; grand beluga ; rai ; fólzer benlèu benlèu besson bestial bestial bibliotèca ; libièr bicicleta blanc, a blat blat blau blós boca bocada bofon boièr bomba bon bonbon bòria borièr borièr

English beard bark boat chatterer prater close (to) shut (to) dam low building build (to) baptise (to) spinning-top top crazy beautiful great tall flash maybe perhaps twin cattle livestock library bicycle white corn (US) wheat blue pure mouth mouthful buffoon cow-herd bomb good sweet farm farmer tenant 7


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan bornat bòsc ; sèlva bòssa bòssa bossòla botelha boton botonièra braç bragas braieta bramar bramar branca branca branca brandir las pelhas brandir las pelhas breçar breçar brica brisar broa broa bruch brun budèl budèl bufar burre butar cabucèla cabussaire caçairòla caçairòla cada cadena cagaraula cairat caire ; tombar caissa caissa

English hive forest hump hunch compass bottle button buttonhole arm trousers slip howl (to) yell (to) bough branch limb reprimand (to) reprove (to) lull (to) rock (to) brick break (to) bank shore noise brown bowel intestine blow (to) butter push (to) carter diver saucepan stewpan every string snail square fall (to) case chest 8


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan caissal ; dent calabrun calabrun calçada calelha calendièr calfar calfar calor camba camba (de flor) camba (de flor) cambiar camèl camin ; sendièr ; viòl camin de fèrre camion campana ; esquila camparòl campèstre can ; gós ; chin canal candela cansar (se) cantar canton caochoc ; goma caochoc ; goma ; pega cap capèl capelan cara caramèl caravana carbata carbata carbon cargar carn carrièra cascade cascavèl

English tooth nightfall sunset causeway lampadary calendar heat (to) warm (to) heat leg stalk stem change (to) camel path railway truck bell mushroom country dog brook candle fatigue o.self out (to) sing (to) corner rubber gum head hat priest face caramel camper cravat tie coal load (to) meat street waterfall small bell 9


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan casqueta castèl cat catòrze cauquilha causa ; objèct cavalcar cavalet de fusta cavilha cavilha ; espinla cec cèl cencha cenchon cenchon cep cercar cereala cervèl cervesa cèucle chiminèa chival chivalièr chocolat chòt cigarro cimèl (d'un angle) cimèl (d'un angle) cinc cinema circ circonferéncia classa clau clausura ; cledat clavèl coa cobrir ; tapar cocodril còire ; còser colina

English cap castle cat fourteen shell thing ride (to) wooden horse peg pin blind sky belt belt sword-belt vine-stock look for (to) cereal brain beer circle chimney horse knight chocolate owl cigar apex summit five cinema circus circumference classroom key enclosure nail tail cover (to) crocodile cook (to) hill 10


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan colomba ; sèrp-volanta color comedia començar cometa comol comparar comptar conéisser ; saupre confitura conilh conjoncion contar conte content convèrsa convit còp còp còp còp copar copar copar còr còrda còrda córrer còrs corsa cort cort cort cortina cóser ; cordurar cosin cosina cosinièr cosmodròm cosmòs còsta (de mar) costar

English kite colour comedy begin (to) comet full compare (to) count (to) know (to) jam rabbit conjunction tell (to) tale glad conversation invitation blow hit knock stroke break (to) cut (to) shatter (to) heart cord rope run (to) body race court short yard curtain sew (to) cousin kitchen cook cosmodrom cosmos coast cost (to) 11


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan costuma costuma cotèl ; ganiva cramba créisser cremadura cremadura cremadura cremalhièra cremar cridar crompar cub cuèr culhièr daissar dangièr dapasset ; lentament darrièr darrièr davalada davalar davalar davalar davant davantal debuta dedins defòra dejós dejunar deman dentista dents (coll.) desbarcar descobrir descobrir despertar (se) despòrt desquilhar dessenhar dessenhar

English custom habit knife bedroom grow (to) burn frost nip scald zip burn (to) shout (to) buy (to) cube leather spoon leave (to) danger slowly behind last autumn descend (to) get down (to) go down (to) before apron beginning inside outside under breakfast tomorrow dentist dentition disembark (to) discover (to) find out (to) wake up (to) sport spill (to) draw (to) sketch (to) 12


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan destral destral det dètz devesir diccionari dieu dimension direccion díser doblidar ; delembrar dobrir doç ; suau (adj.) dolent doler donar dormir dos, doas dostar dotze dotzena dragon drech, a dromadari dur, a eclipsi edat egal egal ; par eissut elefant embarcar emmalautir encendi ; fuèc endevinar enebir ; interdire enfant engranièra engrunar ensenhar ; mostrar entre entrepan *

English axe hatchet finger ten divide (to) dictionary god dimension direction say (to) forget (to) open sweet bad hurt (to) give (to) sleep (to) two remove (to) twelve dozen dragon right dromedary harsh eclipse age equal even dry elefant embark (to) fall ill (to) fire guess (to) forbid (to) child broom break (to) show (to) between sandwich 13


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan envolopa ; cabucèla èrba èrm eròs èrsa escala(da)r escala(da)r escalar ; pojar escalièr escampar ; getar escavartar (s') escèna escoba escobilh escòla escondre escorreguda escorreguda escorreguda escriure escudèla escut (blason) escut (bloquièr) espatla especièr espés espiga espital espolseta esquèr esquina esquiròl èsser èsser (subst.) èst estacar estampar estanh estanh ; pesquièr estendard estilò estirar ; alisar

English cover grass desert hero wave climb over (to) scale (to) climb (to) stairs throw away (to) be lost (to) stage broom brush school hide (to) excursion ramble tour write (to) plate coat of arms shield shoulder grocer thick ear (of corn) hospital brush left back squirrel be (to) being east fasten (to) print (to) mere pond flag pen iron (to) 14


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan estiu estomac estrech estrech estrech estruci excusa excusa fabrega faciada faciada factor fada fada faire nuèch faire nuèch familha ; ostal far far far far far mestièr farina farina feda ; oelha femna fenèstra fèrre ; fèrre d'estirar fèsta fèsta fial fial fièra fin fin finir ; acabar flor flotar fòca ; buòu marin fogal ; ostal fons font ; prima

English summer stomach narrow strait tight ostrich apology excuse factory façade front postman fairy fay dark (to be) night (to be) family beacon do (to) lighthouse make (to) need (to) flour meal ewe (sheep) woman window iron festival holiday thread wire fair fine slender end (to) flower float (to) seal home bottom spring 15


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan fòrça ; belcòp fòrça ; belcòp forma forma formatge forn ; fornet ; fornèl fornariá fornèl forqueta fraire frasa freg fren fretar fretar front frucha fuèlha fum fusada fusta ; bòsc ; lenha gàbia gal galon (litres) ganhar gant gara garatge garri ; rat gasar gasolina géiser gemegar gemegar genolh genre gents ; mond ; pòble geografia geometria gerla gigant gimnastica

English much very form shape cheese stove bakery furnace fork brother sentence cold brake polish (to) rub (to) forehead fruit leaf smoke racket wood cage cock gallon win (to) glove station garage rat ford (to) motor-fuel geyser groan (to) moan (to) knee gender people geography geometry jar giant gymnastics 16


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan gipse girafa glaça glacet glèisa glòb glop ; gota golard golf gost ; sabor governar graciós gram gram gramatica gran gran ; grana grana grand (mair) grand (pair) granhòta ; rana granièr granièr granissa granissa grasa grasala grasala gratacèl greda gredon gripa gripa gris gròs iagort ièr ; gèr ilustracion ilustracion imaginar imant indian

English gypsum giraffe ice ice cream church globe drop greedy gulf taste govern (to) graceful gram gramme grammar grain seed breed grandmother grandfather frog granary loft hail hailstorm step container receptacle skyscraper piece of chalk pencil flu influenza grey fat yogurt yesterday illustration picture imagine (to) magnet indian 17


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan infirmièra injeccion inoit * insècte instrument instrument intelligent interjeccion inventar ira irange ironda iscla istòria ivèrn jamai jardin jaune jaupar jogar jogar joguina jòia ; gaug jòia ; gaug jorn jornal josmarin * jove laberint laberint lac lagrema lai lairar lampa ; calelh lana languir (de) larg larg lavar lèbre legir

English nurse injection eskimo insect implement instrument clever interjection invent (to) anger orange swallow island history winter never garden yellow bark (to) play play (to) toy happiness joy day newspaper submarine young labyrinth maze lake tear there bark (to) lantern wool miss (to) broad wide wash (to) hare read (to) 18


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan legums lèit lenhièr lenhièr leon letra levar se (solelh) libre lièch liechòta liechòta linha ; rega liquid lisar litre locomotritz locomotritz long lop lord luènh lum ; lampa luna lunetas luquet lusir lutz ; lum maire majofa mal (adj) mal (advb) mal-maridat mala mala ; soc ; tronc malaisit malhum man mandar mangisca ; aliment manjar mantèl mantun

English vegetables milk fireside hearth lion letter rise (to) book bed berth crib line liquid slide (to) litre engine locomotive long wolf dirty far away lamp moon glasses match shine (to) light mother strawberry bad badly pinguin mail trunk (tree) difficult net hand send (to) food eat (to) coat many 19


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan maon mapa maquina de lavar mar marcir (se) marga margue margue mariòta marmusar marmusar marrit martèl matin matin mèl melon memòria menar (autò) menar (tropèl) mentir menton mercat mes ; mesada mesclar metal meteis meteis ; quite metge metge metre mètre metro metro metro mila (1,852 m) milh mina mineral minuta miralh missant

English brick map washing machine sea fade (to) sleeve haft handle marionette murmur (to) whisper (to) bad hammer morning morrow honey melon memory drive (to) lead (to) lie (to) chin market month mix (to) metal same very doctor physician put (to) metre subway tube underground nautical mile corn mine mineral minute mirror bad 20


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan mitat mòble mocador mòler mòler mòler molin molin (pel cafè) monaca monaca ; mariòta monard ; monina monja (que se manja) montanha morir mosca mosquilh mossegar mot motocicleta motor multiplicar murga musèu mut nadal ; calendas nadar nadarèla ; aleta nan nas negre nene net netejar nèu nevar nhando (estruci) * nhòrla nis nívol nom (pichon) nombre ; numerò non ; pas

English half furniture handkerchief crush (to) grind (to) mill (to) mill coffee-mill doll puppet monkey bean mountain die (to) fly mosquito bite (to) word motor-cycle motor multiply (to) mouse museum dumb christmas swim (to) fin dwarf nose black baby clean clean (to) snow snow (to) nandu joke nest cloud first name number no 21


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan nòrd nos notz notz nòu (chifra) nòu (novèl) nòva nuèch oasis objèct obténer òc oèst ombra òme (anthropos) oncle onèst onèst onze ora òrb ordenar ordenar orgulhós orgulhós ors ortogràfia ortogràfia òs ostal ; casa pagina paire pala paladar ; cèl de la boca palanca palha palhassa palmièr palmon paloma paloma palpar ; sentir 22

English north knot nut walnut nine new piece of news night oasis object get (to) yes west shadow man uncle honest upright eleven hour blind arrange (to) put in order (to) haughty proud bear orthography spelling bone house page father shovel palate foot-bridge straw clown palm-tree lung dove pigeon feel (to)


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan palpar ; tocar pan panièr papagai papièr paquet parabanda paracasudas paradís parapluèja parasolelh parasolelh parat ; nus parat ; nus paratroneire parelh parelh paret pargar pargue parlar parpalhon pas cap pastèca pastisson pastre patana patin patin patria pauc paur paure pauta pauta ; pè pecat pega pegar pèira peis ; peisson pèl pel ; cabel

English touch (to) bread basket parrot paper packet parapet parachute paradise umbrella parasol sunshade naked nude lightning-conductor brace pair wall park (to) park speak (to) butterfly none water-melon cake shepherd potatoe patten skate homeland few (a) fear poor paw foot sin paste paste (to) stone fish skin hair (single) 23


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan penche peninsula pensar pera pèrdre pèrla permetre pertús ; tunèl pes pescar pesquièr ; estanh petròli ; òli piada ; dralha piada ; dralha piano pichon pigre ; peresós pigre ; peresós pincèl pintrar pintre piòt pipa piramida piscina plaja plan ; plat plan (adv.) planeta plànher (se) plànher (se) planta plantar plat platèl plorar plòure pluèja pluma poce pòcha poder

English comb peninsula think (to) pear lose (to) pearl permit (to) tunnel weight fish for (to) pool oil footprint trace piano little idle lazy paint-brush paint (to) painter turkey-cock pipe pyramid swimming pool beach flat well planet complain (to) grumble (to) plant plant (to) dish tray cry (to) rain (to) rain feather thumb pocket be able (to) 24


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan poder poder poder pofre poire pojar polícia polit poma poma d'amor pompa pompièr poncha poncha ponh ; punhet pont pòrc pòrt pòrta pòrtafuèlha pòrtafuèlha portar pòst pòst pòsta ; corrièr pòt potz potz ; sorga prat prat pregària prene prèp present ; dona present ; dona prèssec prètz prigond prim ; linge ; fin problèma profession ; mestièr profèta

English be allowed (to) can (I) may (I) octopus pimple go up (to) police nice apple tomato pump fireman point tip fist bridge pig harbour door pocket-book portfolio carry (to) board plank post office pot pit well mead meadow prayer take (to) nearby gift present peach price deep thin problem job prophet 25


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan prometre pronom proposicion protegir pupitre quasernet ; quasèrn quatre question quilha quilogram quilomètre quimòno quinze quiòsc radèl ràdia rai raiç ; rasiga rainal ; mandra rajar rajar rajar rajòla rapid ; subte rare rasim rebalar rebalar ; lisar recitar recitar redond redond refregida (crèba) regantar regantar regent règla rei rèina religion relòtge ; mòstra relòtge ; mòstra

English promise (to) pronoun clause protect (to) desk paper-book four question skittle kilogram ; kilogramme kilometre kimono fifteen kiosk raft radio ray root fox gush (to) spring (to) well (to) brick quick rare grape drag (to) slip (to) recite (to) rehearse (to) plump round chill lament (to) regret (to) teacher rule king queen religion clock watch 26


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan rem rem remar remembrar (se) repausar (se) repetir reptil respondre resson rèsta rèsta restaurant retrach rire ris rit riu riu riu ; canal rocàs ròda roge ròsa (color, flor) rota rusca rusca rusca s'afanar sabata sabatièr sabon saca sacar ; fòrabandir sagèl sageta sal salat salat (adj.) saltar sang santat ; salut sarralha

English oar scull row (to) remember rest (to) repeat (to) reptile answer (to) echo remainder rest restaurant portrait laugh (to) rice duck brook river stream rock wheel red rose road bark peel rind hurry (to) shoe shoe-maker soap bag turn s.o. out (to) stamp arrow salt salted salt jump (to) blood health lock 27


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan sason scale segur sèire (se) sèrp servieta sèt sèti setmana siblar ; siular siblar ; siular sièis signe signe sincèr sincèr soc sofrir ; patir sol sòl solèlh son sonar sonhar sonhar sopar (lo) sord sorire sòrre sortir sostraire suau suau (adj.) substantiu substantiu suc sucre sud sus sus suspresa tabat

English season balance sure sit (to) snake towel seven seat week hiss (to) whistle (to) six nod (head) sign (head) frank sincere bole suffer (to) alone floor sun sound call (to) nurse (to) take care of (to) dinner deaf smile (to) sister go out (to) substract (to) still quiet noun substantive juice sugar south above on surprise tobacco 28


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan tablèu (d'escòla) tacar tacar tacar tal talent talhants (cisèls) tambor tanta tapís tard tassa taula taure teatre tèbi tèbi telefòne television temps (que fa) temps (que passa) tencha tenda tenda tèrra (planèta) tèrra (sòl) tèrratremol teulat tigre tira ; amach tira ; amach tirar tirar tirar ; traire ; lançar tobogan ; esluradèr (Gc.) tocar tocar tortuga tot trabalhar trach ; rega tramvai 29

English black board spoil (to) spot (to) stain (to) such hunger scissors drum aunt carpet late cup table bull theater lukewarm tepid telephone television weather time ink pavilion tent earth ground earthquake roof tiger sledge sleigh fling (to) hurl (to) throw (to) toboggan feeling touch tortoise all work (to) dash tramcar


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan trast (pel papièr) trauc traversar trepador tres tretze triacaire triacaire tricòt tricòt trin trobar trompeta tronc tròp trucar uèch uèi uèlh un, una uòu urós ; astruc usar ; emplegar vaca vacanças val valent valent vapor vapor veire ; gòt veire ; véser vela vendre venir ventalh ; ventilador ventilador vèrb verd verdon vergièr vèrm

English waste-paper basket hole cross (to) pavement three thirteen charlatan quack jersey sweater train find (to) trumpet bole too much knock (to) eight today eye one egg happy use (to) cow holidays valley brave valiant steam vapour glass see (to) sail sell (to) come (to) fan ventilator verb green shark orchard worm 30


Joan Francés Blanc – Occitan-English Lexicon

奥克语英语词典

Occitan vertat vèspa vèspre vèsta vestir vestir vestit viatge vièlh vila ; ciutat vilatge vin violet virar vistalhar vitamina viure volar volcan voler vòt votz vuèg vuèg water-polo xilofòn zèbre zèro zoò

English truth wasp afternoon jacket clothe (to) dress (to) clothes travel old town village wine purple turn (to) visit (to) vitamine live (to) fly (to) volcano want (to) wish voice empty void water-polo xylophone zebra zero zoo

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Joan Francés Blanc 白让法郎索瓦

Occitan-English Lexicon Lexic occitan-anglés 克语英语奥词典 2000

L'autor Joan Francés Blanc, vadut en 1961 a Agen, escriu en occitan dempuish 1990. Prosator (duas navèras premiadas au prèmi Condo Sambeat, un roman editat per Princi Néguer), editorialista e polemista (dens frem de revistas occitanas), e lexicograf (purmèrs lexics en 1992, collaboracion a lexics collectius en las annadas 2000).

http://jf.blanc.free.fr

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Joan Francés BLANC - Occitan-English Lexicon