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EUROPE•NYC

New York Consortium for European Studies new york university

285 Mercer Street, 7th floor New York, NY 10003 Telephone: 212.998.3838 Fax: 212.995.4188 Larry Wolff, Director Jennifer Denbo, Assistant Director Adam Cardais, Co-Editor Jeremy T. Bold, Co-Editor Christopher Coats, Writer Vasiliki Amorati, Writer

THE EUROPEAN INSTITUTE Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs 420 West 118th Street New York, NY 10027 Telephone: 212.854.4618 Fax: 212.854.8599

by Michael Minkenberg Max Weber Chair, New York University

by Chris Lopatta Actor, Theatre of the Young World, Leipzig

In the late 1980s, I was a Ph.D. student in Heidelberg. On my frequent travels to West Berlin, I often crossed the wall for one day to see some friends in East Berlin: Chris Lopatta, his mother Maja, and others. On November 9, 1989, I was preparing to go to a conference the next morning in Frankfurt/ Main. Just two weeks earlier, I had been in East Berlin with my friends, Pe o p l e o n B e r l i n Wa l l n e a r and we talked about Hei- Brandenburg Gate, November 9, 1989. Photo: Sue Ream

In those days, I was an actor at the theatre in Greifswald (in the Northeast of the GDR). I watched the news on November 9 in excitement and aggravation: The wall comes down, and I, an almost lifelong Berliner, am not there. This cannot be! I checked the train table: the next train to Berlin would leave only at 5 a.m. Hence, I took my Berlin flag from the wall, put it on a broom-

1989 PERSPECTIVES continues on page 5

Roundtable considers historical significance of walls on 1989 anniversary

Victoria de Grazia, Director John Micgiel, Executive Director Kevin Hallinan, Assistant Director

NYU; Tuesday, November 10, 2009 By Adam Cardais The Berlin Wall fell from the "inside," because there was no geopolitical need for it, Professor Anna Schwarz of the European University Viadrina said at an event to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Co-sponsored by the Deutsches Haus and the Max Weber Chair at the Center for European and Mediterranean Studies, the event – "Walls in Berlin, Europe, and Beyond – A Round Table on

SUBSCRIBE The Center for European Studies hosts EUROLIST, an elec tronic medium through which the NYU community can be kept aware of information and events relating to Europe. To subscribe to EUROLIST, please go to http://forums.nyu.edu/cgi-bin/ nyu.pl?enter=eurolist and click on "join eurolist". It is also possible for subscribers to submit messages to the list.

columbia university

Nov. 9, 1989: West/East Perspectives on the Fall of the Berlin Wall 20 Years Later

December 2009 CENTER FOR EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES New York University

Occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall" – gathered scholars from Europe and America to discuss the significance of walls throughout history to honor the momentous deconstruction of Nov. 9, 1989. "We wanted to contextualize it," Michael Minkenberg, Max Weber Chair for German and European Studies at NYU, said in his opening remarks. "Of course, there are many walls. In the first address of the evening, WALLS continues on page 5

More in this issue: •

Panel discusses educational demands of an "Age of Vertigo"........................................2

S cholars honor 60th anniversar y of Braudel's Mediterranean classic............2

Part II: IN DEPTH with Professor Tony Judt, NYU historian........................3


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Panel discusses educational demands of an "Age of Vertigo" NYU; Thursday, November 12, 2009 By Christopher Coats Education and migration experts from Spain and the United States gathered to address the challenges faced by communities in New York and the Spanish region of Catalonia in a symposium titled "Immigration, Education and Language – A Spain, USA Perspective." Co-sponsored by The Catalan Center and organized by the King Juan Carlos Center at NYU, the Consulate of Spain in New York and the NYU Education Office, the event took place over the course of two days on November 12 and 13. Launched with a sobering keynote speech from Marcelo Suarez-Orozco, the gathering laid out the obstacles to educational and integration planning in regions facing unparalleled levels of demographic diversity. Suarez-Orozco is currently the Courtney Sale Ross University Professor of Globalization and Education at NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development.

Describing the New York experience, Suarez-Orozco concluded: “Never before in human history has one city captured the full spectrum of the human experience.” Drawing a quick parallel to the Barcelona experience, Suarez-Orozco detailed a newly globalized world of schools with dozens of languages spoken in a single location and interconnected economies that saw $350 billion transferred in remittances last year alone. “ There are no longer national problems,” Suarez-Orozco said, driving home the globalized nature of contemporary centers of culture and trade. “Education is local but the problems they face are undeniably global.” Placing the two situations in the context of a global demographic shift that has produced communities with hundreds of different languages and countries of origin, Suarez-Orozco outlined a common goal of able and equipped educational institutions. Describing a collection of “migration nations” that have emerged since the fall of the Soviet Union and the

Berlin Wall in 1989, Suarez-Orozco set the stage for the following day of panel discussions and speeches, calling the last twenty years of economic and demographic growth an “Age of Vertigo.” This new environment, SuarezOrozco suggested, demanded a new approach to education, especially the resources and attention paid to language classes and staff preparation. Although he ended his speech warning against inaction, SuarezOrozco challenged the following day’s speakers to find quickly a solution to the educational challenges at hand. The symposium’s speakers included Stanford’s Guadalupe Valdes, Cristina Rodriguez of NYU Law, Steinhardt’s Carola Suarez-Orozco, U n i v e r s i d a d Au t o n o m a’s Lu i s a Martin Rojo, University of Illinois’s Jeannette Mancilla-Martinez, the Bofill Foundation’s Jordi Sanchez and the Generalitat de Catalunya’s Neus Lorenzo.

Scholars honor 60th anniversary of Braudel's Mediterranean classic NYU; Thursday, November 9, 2009 By Vasiliki Amorati The Center for European and Mediterranean Studies (CEMS) hosted a retrospective interdisciplinary symposium titled "Braudel’s Mediterranean: 60 years later." The event, sponsored by CEMS, the Mediterranean Studies Research Group, and the Humanities Initiative at NYU, honored the sixtieth anniversary of the publication of Fernand Braudel’s classic, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Moderated by Ruth Ben-Ghiat, chair of NYU's Department of Italian Studies, the panel of esteemed scholars discussed Braudel’s groundbreaking historical work. Opening the evening was Professor Paul Freedman of Yale University, who discussed the culinary history of the Mediterranean and expanded on how the food and economy

Left to right: Constanze Güthenke, Princeton University, Karen Barkey, Columbia University and Ruth Ben-Ghiat, New York University. Photo: Christopher Coats.

of an area influence one another. The second speaker, Columbia University's Professor Karen Barkey, began by urging us to pay respect to Braudel for influencing both historical sociology and Ottoman history. As regards the latter, Braudel had a tremendous impact because he tried to include

the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century Mediterranean, thus offering historians a new perspective on the field. Peter Miller of the Bard Graduate Center highlighted the poetry of the book, noting that Braudel was a masterly writer. Princeton UniverBRAUDEL continues page 7


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Part II: IN DEPTH with Professor Tony Judt, NYU Historian In the November issue, we published the first portion of our interview with Professor Tony Judt. In Part II, Professor Judt reflects on the fall of the Berlin Wall, the division of Eastern and Western Europe, and life in the American university system. VA: This year is the 20th anniversary of 1989. How do you see the last 20 years? What progress has been made; what gains still need to be made; and, most importantly, what are the major risks looking forward? TJ: Well, I could cheat a quote from Zhou Enlai, the Communist leader in China in the ‘60s who famously said when he was asked what did he think the consequences of the French Revolution were: ‘it is too soon to tell.’ And in a way it is too soon to tell. Certain things are clear: Freedom is freedom and more people are free as a consequence of what happened in 1989. There was liberation from an oppressive empire – the pre-Gorbachev Soviet empire. There is greater opportunity and greater security for most people in most of the countries that used to be Communist and now are not. In China I would say that what you got is a kind of authoritarian capitalism, and in the Soviet Union, you got a Russian style oligarchic capitalism. I am not sure if they are huge improvements on what came before, but they are different, and we should acknowledge the difference. I think that the clearest lesson of 1989 was that the inheritance of authoritarian radical projects had run into ground, so something else is needed. We do not have the something else yet. We have not found a way, but between those 20 years have probably been, in many ways, a lost period, the illusions of the end of history – the idea that now there will be no more ideology, that there will just be liberal capitalism and people maximizing individual self-interest – that

turned out to be precisely that, an illusion. What we have seen in those 20 years is a huge increase in inequality and insecurity, so clearly something was not achieved. Locally within Europe, I could say that the integration of a large chunk of Central and Eastern Europe into the European Union has been half achieved, that is to say institutionally it works but culturally and politically it is still the case that large parts of former communist Eastern Europe prefer to think of themselves as an extension of the US rather than part of a European project. I think Europe itself, taking that to mean the European Union institutionally, has made serious mistakes. The most serious is the one that they continue to make, which is to underachieve internationally – to fail to be an actor in the Middle East, Central Asia, and in international politics. It does not pull its weight, and the institutional reasons for this began in the former Yugoslavia, in the former Yugoslav wars. The inability to construct a cohesive European position, much less a European force to act on that position, has diminished the standing of the very considerable European achievements that are real: the Court of Justice, European rulings on rights, enforceable social legislation which is quite remarkable. You know, a powerful, central agency is able to impose freely upon individual, independent nation states. That is a mixture of national autonomy and transnational government that other parts of the world would love to be able to achieve. But the European refusal to respond intelligently to, for example, the Turkish candidacy to the EU, essentially pushing Turkey back into an alliance with Russia and Central Asia, seems to be a strategic catastrophe. I think the difficulty of Germany in imagining the consequences of its Russian friendship for the eastern half of Europe creates an internal division

in Europe that is wasteful and divisive. I think generally, Europe has lacked leadership since ’89, and that has been a major lost opportunity. I'm not sure I can think of anything huge that has been achieved. I think the Clinton years were, in many ways, a lost opportunity. It took Clinton a long time to wake up to what was happening in the Balkans, for example. The retreat from Somalia was exactly the wrong lesson to draw from the failure there, and in some ways all of this paved the way for the Bush years, which were catastrophic. So, the Clinton years were a lost opportunity while the Bush years were actively catastrophic. The consequence of this was a steady decline, not so much in American power, but in American credibility. And American credibility mattered in terms of America’s leverage in the Middle East, for example. Part of the reason Netanyahu is able to treat Obama, forgive me, like shit, is because he knows he can get away with it. This repeats a point I made earlier that what’s happened in those twenty years is a great increase in absolute freedom, which is a value in its own right, whether in Latin America or in Europe and to some extent in Central Asia. But it has also meant a huge increase in the insecurities and lost opportunities in the absence of any large strategic vision on the part any of the powers – America, Europe, or anyone else. JB: In your book, Postwar, you aimed to re-conceive European History without the division of East and West Europe. How successful do you think you were in doing that, and has it taken hold like you hoped? TJ: Like I hoped? I don’t know how successful I was, and I am not just being disingenuous. It's hard for me to tell, partly because it's hard for me to IN DEPTH continues on page 4

"I think Europe itself, taking that to mean the European Union institutionally, has made serious mistakes. The most serious is the one that they continue to make, which is to underachieve internationally..."


4 EUROPE • NYC IN DEPTH continued from page 3

read my own book dispassionately but it's also hard to know whether the things that I succeeded in pulling together were the ones that mattered most. Maybe there were other things that I didn’t manage to do. I think the book was unusual and successful because it aspired to be a history of Europe rather than a history of Western Europe with Eastern Europe added on, or a history of international relations. It was harder to write than the average book because I was trying to deal with both local and regional, national, international, cultural, economic, political, social considerations – without separating them out artificially. I think it is successfully a history of all of Europe, it being understood that nothing could do that perfectly, and there are areas which I think are much better dealt with – not just places but themes – and I think that is partially because of my own strengths and weaknesses and partly my prejudices and partly because of what probably seemed important when I was writing, which might not appear to be the most important considerations when someone looks back in twenty years time. And then the book will be dated, and it will obviously be a product of its time, like all books. As to your second question, I think that I was right to fear that Europe would be much harder to create than the institutional bureaucrats who built the European Union supposed by building outwards from institutions. The deep cultural and political cleavages, which I described, remain quite significant. If you go to Greece, Latvia, Spain, Sweden – it doesn’t matter, the geographically peripheral – you will see that the major political debates are inevitably and appropriately about local political concerns. In Spain, they are about the legacy of the Civil War, the question about Spain’s

identity as a Christian or multicultural space, its relationship with North Africa and so forth – the heritage of Franco. In Greece, whenever I have been there it always seems to me that I hear an awful lot about issues of national identity, the issue of Macedonia, which seems to be both astonishingly unimportant and extremely salient due to issues of Greek-ness. And obviously the Cyprus issue looms hugely large – it’s a national political debate. There is a very different debate about the private and public sector in Greece than there is in northern Europe for historical reasons. Latvia is obsessed with trying to get the world to understand how bad Communism was – at least as bad as Nazism – and therefore Latvia’s history should be thought of as trapped between two equal, imperial histories rather than in a western vision of Nazism as the dominant reference of evil and suffering. And therefore this obsession with Russia, with the Soviet Union, with Communism and because of that, to some extent, what happened to Latvia’s Jews and who did it to them and so on, creates a very local set of debates. One way to schematize all these things is to say, 'Look, the later people came out of authoritarian rule and into Europe as a model of liberal democracy, transnational institutions and so on, the later they deal with some of the issues that other countries dealt with earlier, like the memories of the war collaboration and resistance, genocide, etc, etc'. And that is true with the so-called Vichy syndrome in France – the debates about whether what happened in the war is something that France is guilty of or that Germany did to them are really being re-run in some ways, in different keys, in countries like Romania or Latvia or Spain, even. But that does not mean you are linking different places that do not link up; it means that there are different timetables, different experiences that feed into a sense of Euro-

pean-ness. I do think I was right in the book to say that what the EU has created for good and ill is a sort of horizontal elite, so that the kind of person you meet in Athens or Prague or Paris who speaks English and has studied abroad can imagine living in London or Berlin or wherever it might be, is a cosmopolitan European. But in their own countries, there are a lot of people who are not Europeans who live in a primarily Irish or Danish world, for example, and who might only be European in the sense that their farm is subsidized by Brussels, but they live in a local space. So, now Europe is kind of a Rorschach test: there are local spaces and European spaces which intersect but are not the same thing. And in that sense both statements are true: Europe is joined up, and Europe is not joined up at the same time. VA: You've been living in the United States for more than two decades now. What do you think about the different academic cultures here in the United States as opposed to your native England? TJ: I am a bad example, at least twice over. In England I only ever studied and taught at Oxford and Cambridge. That is an enormous privilege and advantage. So my view of English education at a higher level is that it is very privileged – it's very well done; it's for a very small group of people. So you get the idea that everyone is great and everyone knows what they are doing and does it very well, which is of course not true, and most English universities are now declining to the point of most European universities, which is a lack of finance, too much government interference if it’s a state university and cultural irrelevance if it's private. There is governmental pressure to provide more space for students but insufficient money to provide proper academic infrastructure and so on. So IN DEPTH continues on page 6

" ... the Clinton years were a lost opportunity while the Bush years were actively catastrophic. The consequence of this was a steady decline, not so much in American power, but in American credibility. And American credibility mattered in terms of America’s leverage in the Middle East, for example."


EUROPE • NYC 5 1989 PERSPECTIVES continued from page 1

delberg and whether they would ever see it. They would have liked to visit me and the city very much … At dinnertime on November 9, I watched the evening news at 7pm. At the very end of the broadcast, there was live coverage of a new press briefing by a member of the East German Communist Party’s leadership, Günter Schabowski. In the course of the meeting, he declared that new regulations had been decided by the Politbureau and East Germans could go to the West. I could not believe my ears. I immediately knew what that meant: the wall was open now! Excitedly, I called my friends in East Berlin; as a minor surprise that night, I got through the first time I dialed and had Maja on the phone right away. I told them the wonderful news, saying that now they could visit me in Heidelberg. But what a disappointment! Maja said they saw the same news show and the press briefing, and that what it meant was simply that East Germans who wanted to leave the GDR and settle in the West could go directly now and did not have to exit via Hungary or other Warsaw Pact countries. Sadly, she explained, this did not mean the wall was open and they could just come and visit me in Heidelberg. I hung up, in a sober mood, continued preparing for the conference, and packed my suitcase. When I finished at around 11 pm, I turned on the TV again, and this time I could not believe my eyes! I saw large crowds of East Germans crossing the wall and pouring into West Berlin at various border control points. I saw crowds of West Berliners welcoming them with cheers and champagne. I heard what was later to become the word of the year 1989, uttered many times by Easterners and Westerners alike: “Wahnsinn!” (Madness) And I realized, I had been right, and my East Berlin friends had got it wrong. The wall was open. P.S. My friends never visited me in Heidelberg. On November 15, I got a job at the University of Göttingen, the first in my academic career after the Ph.D., and so I left Heidelberg. But I saw my friends soon again, on New Year’s Eve 1989 in Berlin, where we danced on the wall at the Brandenburg Gate and welcomed the New Year and the new era. WALLS continued from page 1

Schwarz followed the history of the Berlin Wall, starting with the mass emigration of East Germans to West Germany in the 1940s and 1950s and revelations about the pitiful state of the East German economy that inspired Nikita Kruschev to build the wall in 1961. She concluded by noting the blunder of an East German official regarding new travel regulations that led East Berliners to gather at border checkpoints on Nov. 9, 1989. "The border guards opened the gates on their own," and hundreds of people went through, Schwarz said. "Two days earlier they would have

stick, and went to the B96 highway. I expected the roads to Berlin to be very full, but in Western Pomerania everything happens a bit slower. Finally, a car approached at high speed. It passed me, but then stopped 60 yards away. I ran over: “Are you going to Berlin?” “Of course!” YESSS!! I arrived at 3 or 4 in the morning at the border station Bornholmer Strasse. Later I went to the Brandenburg Gate and danced on the wall with my Berlin flag. Afterwards I went to the Kreuzberg district in the West and was surprised that some people berated me as a nationalist … I am very happy I could actively experience those times, from the revelation of election fraud in the East German local elections on May 7 to the first protest marches on October 4, to the big protest event at Berlin Alexanderplatz on November 4, to the fall of the wall. It was a crazy, exciting, uniquely historical time. Translated from German by Michael Minkenberg.

Chris Lopatta (left) and Michael Minkenberg (right) in 2008

been shot down." Thomas Burns of Emory University spoke about the Roman walls, and Peter Button of NYU's East Asian Studies Department shed some light on the mystique surrounding the Great Wall of China. The wall captured the imagination of writers such as Samuel Johnson and legend has it that visiting one spot along the Great Wall is sufficient to round out one's character. In the final remark of the evening, Brown University's Peter Andreas spoke of the new, non-physical walls that have been emerging in the last two decades in the form of heightened immigration regulations and other measures. Andreas noted that Poland

had to strengthen controls on its eastern border to join the European Union. Andreas cited a study that found that 28 "fortified boundaries" have been built worldwide since 1948, 75 percent of them in the last decade. Andreas also spoke about the endurance of physical walls, emphasizing that the build-up of the border between the United States and Mexico saw the ranks of the U.S. border patrol double in the 1990s. They have doubled again this century, he said, with most of the officers stationed at the Mexican border. "Walls are far from antiquated," Andreas concluded.


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"American universities between the 1930s and the 1960s were the single greatest beneficiaries of totalitarianism. Huge numbers of very smart scientists, linguists, anthropologists – in all fields – historians, classicists came to American universities to study as refugees. There’s never been anything like that. " IN DEPTH continued from page 4

now what you’re getting in England or Germany or France – and certainly in smaller countries – is a sort of hierarchy where there are one or two very good universities, and then you go very quickly down to places which are inferior in resources, in quality and access to outside resources and teachers. If you said to me, what does America do better than the rest of the world? It is certainly not industrial production, either in quality or reliability. It’s no longer in services and only partially true in the high tech industries. It’s certainly not in agriculture, where we are efficient but only because of huge subsidies. What America does better is higher education. So you have to ask the question, Why? It’s an interesting question because I am not quite sure there is an obvious answer. I would say that there are three things that are relevant. The first thing is the land grant universities that happened between the 1850s and 1880s. As each state became a member of the union, there was both a requirement and support for that state to set up a state university, which would be wellfinanced and which everyone was entitled to go to, and that is how you got the great state universities, like Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and even the medium level ones like Missouri and Kansas. That is how you got Berkeley and UCLA. That is something that no European country has an equivalent of – so that you have, even with legislative interference and under-funding, you still have first rate, primarily undergraduate teaching institutions, with very good research records, in the middle of nowhere. You get off a plane in a cornfield in the middle of Illinois and there is a library bigger than any university library in Europe. Then you drive through god-forsaken miles and miles of flat Indiana and you come to another town where there is a library almost as big, at the University

of Indiana. So this is a miracle of the accident of 19th century state making. The second explanation is cash – huge amounts of private money finding its way into universities, which is not true in England. I, at one point, was involved in raising money for my college in Cambridge, where it’s a big achievement if someone gives 10,000 pounds. Then someone writes you a letter saying, “I love you, thank you so much.” Its not because there are not rich people in England, but the tax structure and the culture work against it. The tax structure means that there is no advantage to giving large amounts of money. The culture says that state pays for education, so why should private individuals have to do so? That used to be true but the situation you have now in Europe, particularly in England, is the state reducing its contribution relative to the past while demanding that universities educate more and more people, but with the private sector not picking up the tab instead. In this country, it still astonishes me that up to a year ago, I used to go to fundraisers for NYU or for my institute, and there would be some guy who made his money building apartment blocks in downtown Brooklyn and has never heard of the European Union, or whatever. But if you talk, well, he listens, and in the end he gives you a check for a half a million dollars – you think, this could never happen in Europe. So, it's real and it's why American universities are able to do things – they are able to give people like me an institute where I could do what I like with it. I could never go to Athens or Paris or Amsterdam or Oxford and found an institute with private or university money and write a contract that says the university may not interfere with anything I do: that I could spend the money on anything I like; that I could invite anyone I like; that I could support any student I like; that I could do any projects I like. Once

a year, we submit a budget, and that is it. American universities are like that – the best ones. European universities cannot do that and they don’t do that. So it’s a lack of imagination. Oxford and Cambridge are no different in that respect. The third factor is a historical factor. It’s a one-off but it’s terribly important. American universities between the 1930s and the 1960s were the single greatest beneficiaries of totalitarianism. Huge numbers of very smart scientists, linguists, anthropologists – in all fields – historians, classicists came to American universities to study as refugees. There’s never been anything like that. They came from Germany, they came from Russia – later on, they would come from repressive regimes in South Africa or Argentina and so on. Because America was wealthy and the universities were flexible, most of them came to the United States or England. Some went to Australia, New Zealand, or Canada, but most went to America. The American universities were nothing special in the 1920s. You had places like Yale or Harvard, where the sons and grandsons of people like George Bush went for an education or to get drunk. There, you had decent libraries, not great libraries, and a few smart guys doing research – the nerds and a minority of students. That transformed between the 30s and the 1960s, and that was a one-off hit that we still benefit from today. And it also meant that people like me and the next generation came here, so it created a knock-on effect for the next generation. I would not have come to America were I not an academic. I was not interested in making lots of money. I earn more here than I would in England, but at first it was not that much more. The big difference was the resources – university resources that are just unmatched anywhere.


EUROPE • NYC 7 BRAUDEL continued from page 2

sity's Constanze Güthenke looked at the work from a literary perspective, relating it with other texts to demonstrate the ancient Greeks' ambivalent relationship with the sea. The last speaker of the evening was CEMS Director and History Professor Larry Wolff. He addressed Braudel's

work from the perspective of the East/ West divide within Europe. Professor Wolff asked the audience how we might "put the Balkans into the picture." Or, in other words, are Eastern European countries such as Croatia part of the Mediterranean region? Although The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of

Philip II received some critical reviews for lacking a personal perspective, it remains a masterpiece to this day, one that offered a new way of looking at the Mediterranean and the past.

EuroDigest: Europe in November November 2- French President Nicolas Sarkozy launched a nationwide public debate on French national identity. November 3 – Longtime EU critic Czech President Vaclav Klaus finally signed the Lisbon Treaty after his country’s parliament ruled that it did not violate the Czech constitution. November 4 – The European Court of Human Rights passed down a ruling declaring that Italian public schools would have to remove crucifixes from their school walls as a violation of religious freedoms. November 17 – In addition to the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, November also marked the beginning of Czechoslovakia’s Velvet Revolution, which led to the end of Communist rule in that country. November 18 - World Cup qualifying officials nearly caused an international incident when they failed to call a handball by French national player Thierry Henry during a match with Ireland. The move directly led to a last-second goal by France, putting them ahead of Ireland and into the World Cup. Official Irish protests were ultimately dropped as FIFA made it clear the call would stay. November 19 – Belgium’s center-right Prime Minister Herman Van Rompuy was announced as the European Union’s first president. England’s Lady Cathy Ashton was also announced as the Union’s first foreign minister. November 25 – Malta earned another vote of support with Spain’s announcement that it would back the establishment of a European Asylum Support Office on the Mediterranean island nation. November 27 – Italy’s Silvio Berlusconi countered a high court decision reversing an earlier ruling that had granted him immunity from criminal charges while in office with new legislation that would place statutes of limitation on certain types of crimes. Those included in the new bill include the same charges filed against Berlusconi. November 28 – In its new annual budget, Croatia announced that it will invest over $800 million in infrastructure and projects linked to Croatia's adjustment to EU standards. November 29 – Swiss voters overwhelmingly supported a constitutional ban on the construction of minarets in a vote championed by the country’s nationalist Swiss People’s Party.


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Mark Your Calendars --NEW YORK UNIVERSITY-CENTER FOR EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES 285 Mercer Street, 7th Floor. All events take place at the center unless otherwise noted. Tel.: 212.998.3838. http://www.cems.as.nyu.edu

Wednesday, December 2 at 6:30 p.m.

Colloquium: The Statue of Liberty: Symbol of a Tempestuous Relationship between France and the United States. Presented by Edward Berenson, Professor of History (NYU), Director (Institute of French Studies, NYU) Location: La Maison Francaise (16 Washington Mews)

KING JUAN CARLOS I OF SPAIN CENTER 53 Washington Square South. All events take place on the first floor unless otherwise noted. Tel.: 212.998.3650 http://www.nyu.edu/pages/kjc

Tuesday, December 1 at 5:00 p.m.

Lecture: Max Weber Lecture Series: Ulrich Krotz, Brown University;" Europe as a Political Actor in the World" Thursday, December 3 at 5:30 p.m.

Presentation: Cat-Xat: The Catalan Tertulia: Emma Reverter Friday, December 4 at 7:00 p.m.

Presentation: Catalan Book Series: Richard Zapata, Immigration and Self-Government of Minority Nations, Peter Lang Publishers King Juan Carlos of Spain Center, 53 Washington Square South, 1st Floor Screening Room Thursday, December 10, Time TBA

Lecture: Catalan Dialogues: Carles Boix, Princeton University and John Casey, Baruch College; "30 Years of Autonomy? The Catalan Statutes of Autonomy, 1979 and 2006" King Juan Carlos of Spain Center, 53 Washington Square South, 1st Floor Screening Room Thursday, December 10 at 6:00 p.m.

Lecture: Max Weber Lecture Series: Ulrich Raether, European University Viadrina; "Threesome - always delicate: Germany, France, and Poland in the Weimar Triangle" Friday, December 18 at 4:00 p.m.

Workshop: Gender and Transformation Workshop: Michaela Mudure, Professor of English Literature, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj, Romania; "Eastern-European Feminisms: Zeugmatic Spaces" INSTITUTE OF FRENCH STUDIES 15 Washington Mews. Tel. 212.998.8740. Email: french.studies@ nyu.edu. http://www.nyu.edu/fas/program/ frenchstudies

LA MAISON FRANCAISE AT NYU 16 Washington Mews. All events take place at the Maison unless otherwise noted. Tel.: 212.998.8750 http://www.nyu.edu/maisonfrancaise

Tuesday, December 1 at 7:00 p.m.

Lecture: La Littérature et les formes de l'individuation, Marielle Macé, CNRS-EHESS; visiting professor, NYU. In French. Wednesday, December 2 at 6:30 p.m.

Institute of French Studies Colloquium: The Statue of Liberty: Symbol of a Tempestuous Relationship between France and the United States, EDWARD BERENSON, Director, Institute of French Studies, NYU. In English. Thursday, December 3, 7:00 p.m.

Lecture: "Why the Dreyfus Affair Matters" Louis Begley, Writer, author of Why the Dreyfus Affair Matters (Yale University Press, 2009) and of novels including Wartime Lies, About Schmidt, and Matters of Honor; lawyer; retired partner, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP. In English. Thursday, December 10 at 7:00 p.m.

Illustrated Lecture: Defining French Taste: Tradition, Quality, and Innovation in the Decorative Arts "Louis XIV: Daily Minutiae of Royal Life, from the Levee to Table Settings and Everything In-between" Florence de Dampierre, Decorative arts historian; interior designer; Wolfram Koeppe, Curator in the Department of European Sculpture and Decorative Arts, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. In English. Tickets for lecture and Reception: $10. Reservations: 212-998-8750 or maison.francaise@nyu.edu

Wednesday, December 2 at 5:30 p.m.

Film: The Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA) Film Festival. Screening and Discussion Double Feature! 5:30-7:30. Feature Film: Spain Again (1969). Directed by Jaime Camino, written by Roman David (Mark Stevens) is a physician who returns to Spain 30 years after his involvement in the Spanish Civil War. He looks up old friends and finds his former lover, now a married woman with a flamenco-dancing daughter. He and the daughter (Manuela Vargas) have an immediate and mutual attraction. Academy Award Nominee: Best Foreign Film. 7:30-9:30. Documentary: A War in Hollywood (2008). Directed by Oriol Porta. Guest Speakers: Oriol Porta and Roman Gubern. The defeat of Democratic Spain in the Spanish Civil War left an ‘open wound” in the hearts of liberal actors, directors and screenwriters. The life of screenwriter Alvah Bessie is explored. Film includes excerpts from Casablanca, For Whom the Bell Tolls and The Way We Were among others, and commentary by Susan Sarandon, screenwriters Arthur Laurents and Walter Bernstein and cinema historians Roman Gubern and Patrick McGilligan. Co-sponsored by the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA) and the King Juan Carlos Center. Friday, December 4 at 7:00 p.m.

Book Presentation: Ricard Zapata, Immigration and Self-Government of Minority Nations, Peter Lang Publishers. The purpose of this book is to set a research agenda around the interaction between cultural demands of immigrants and minority nations. The primary aim is to establish basic normative arguments while advancing an institutional analysis in three contexts: Quebec, Flanders and Catalonia. Organized by The Catalan Center at NYU. More info at (212) 998-8255.


EUROPE • NYC 9 DEUTSCHES HAUS AT NYU 42 Washington Mews. All events take place at the Deutsches Haus unless otherwise noted. Tel.: 212.998.8660 http://www.nyu.edu/deutscheshaus

CASA ITALIANA AT NYU 24 West 12th Street. Telephone: 212.998.8730. E-mail: casa.italiana@nyu.edu

http://www.nyu.edu/pages/casaitaliana/index_ flash.html

Friday, December 4 at 6:30 p.m.

Presentation: Archipelago Books, Book Launch and Reading from Selected Prose of Heinrich von Kleist With Peter Wortsman (translator) Sunday, December 6 at 2:00 p.m.

Special Event: 1st DH Kinderbasar: Book a booth and sell your gently used/new items or simply browse through the selection to find the special gift or item you have been looking for. Items we accept for sale – the profit goes to you – are gently used or new: Baked goods, Children’s clothes, German books, Toys and Crafts and “alles rund ums Baby und Kind” Deutsches Haus will sell Glühwein and give out free hot chocolate for the kids. To book a booth, please contact Ms. Jasmin Mooney at 212.998.8660 by November 30, 2009. The fee per booth is $5.00. You will be assigned a space upon payment. All tables will be furnished with a green paper tablecloth. You are responsible for any further decoration. Flyer

Tuesday, December 1 at 6:00 p.m.

Lecture: “La Lingua di Plastica” A lecture in Italian by Filippo la Porta Introduced by Antonio Monda (NYU). Considerazioni su tic e cliché della comunicazione quotidiana in Italia. Tutto a posto? Non c'è problema. E allora? Esatto. Ci può stare. In qualche modo? Come dire, assolutamente, e quant'altro. In questi stereotipi della lingua si rispecchia in modo fedele una intera società: le sue abitudini, i suo valori condivisi, la sua mentalità. Il saggio E' un problema tuo (Gaffi, 2009) di Filippo La Porta ci offre una divertita ricognizione - con sguardo critico da moralista - sui tic linguistici più rivelatori del nostro tempo, con escursioni dalla televisione alla letteratura, dal giornalismo alla vita quotidiana. Wednesday, December 2 at 6:30 p.m.

Lecture: Adventures in Italian Opera - A Conversation with Patricia Racette at the Morgan Library, 225 Madison Ave, New York, 10016. With Fred Plotkin. Coinciding with Celebrating Puccini exhibition Fred Plotkin will conduct a conversation with Patricia Racette (soprano). She is performing the three lead soprano roles in The Metropolitan Opera's Il Trittico.

Tuesday, December 8 at 7:00 p.m.

Friday, December 4 at 5:30 p.m.

Reading: Joerg Albrecht (Deutsches Haus Writer in Residence)

Round Table: Early Modern Pastorals Roundtable Discussion with Giuseppe Gerbino (Columbia University), Daniel Javitch (NYU), Jane Tylus (NYU), Susanne Wofford (NYU). This roundtable will explore the development and the increasing popularity of the Pastoral genre and of the Arcadian myth in Early Modern Europe, with a special focus on Renaissance Italy. Topics related to the diffusion of Pastoral elements in literature, drama, music and art will be addressed.

Wednesday, December 9 at 7:00 p.m.

Discussion: Utopia or Auschwitz Thursday, December 10 at 12:00 p.m.

Lunch Seminar: DAAD Lunch Talk POSTPONED until spring 2010 Lecture with Harald H. Vogt (Scent Marketing Institute) Saturday, December 19 at 3:00 p.m.

Children's Reading: "Von New York nach Paris: Omas Briefe an Lili" Read by the author Marlen Gabriel. The Christmas stories were produced by Ohrenbaer rbb and broadcast by German radio stations rbb, WDR5 and NDR. Recommended age: 5-8 years old and up. Children must be accompanied by parent or guardian.

http://www.irelandhouse.fas.nyu.edu Tuesday, December 1st at 7:00 p.m.

Tuesday, December 1 at 6:00 p.m.

Exhibition: “writings withdrawings: Franz Kafka by artist Pavel Schmidt” On view from December 1, 2009 – January 8, 2010.

GLUCKSMAN IRELAND HOUSE 1 Washington Mews. All events take place at the house unless otherwise noted. Tel.: 212.998.3950

Monday, December 7 at 6:00 p.m.

Book Presentation: Nella Pancia Della Bestia with author Michele Molinari and Grazia D'Annunzio (Vogue Italia)

Conversation: Novelists Colum McCann and Joseph O’Connor in conversation, Colum McCann (Let the Great World Spin, National Book Award Winner) and Joseph O’Connor (Star of the Sea, Redemption Falls) read and discuss their writing. Thursday, December 3rd at 7:00 p.m.

Concert: "Airneal na Nollag" An evening of traditional music and song. Led by Pádraig Ó Cearúill, NYU language students, and the Washington Square Harp & Shamrock Orchestra offer a musical program to celebrate the holidays. Tráthnóna craice agus ceoil. Saturday, December 5th at 1:00 p.m.

Workshop: Gaelic Song Workshop with Pádraig Ó Cearúill and Ashley Davis. NYU Senior Irish Language Lecturer Pádraig Ó Cearúill and professional singer Ashley Davis keep learning Irish fun by teaching language through songs in this day-long workshop. Monday, December 7th at 7:00 p.m.

Conversation: "Sixty Years of Journalism: Honoring Jimmy Breslin". Honoring Jimmy Breslin in his eightieth year, Pete Hamill leads a conversation on the newspaper and the New York Irish with fellow journalists of distinction. Friday, December 11th at 9:00 p.m.

Concert: The Barney Star Concert Series: Dónal Maguire. Traditional singer, banjo and mandolin player Dónal Maguire has produced several classic recordings of the Irish folk revival, most recently Michael Davitt: The Forgotten Hero. --COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY-THE EUROPEAN INSTITUTE 420 West 118th St., International Affairs Building (IAB), room 1228. Tel.: 212.854.4618; email: europeaninstitute@columbia.edu

Tuesday, December 1 at 7:00 p.m.

Conversation: A conversation with Kristian Smeds, Finnish film producer at Columbia Deutsches Haus


10 EUROPE • NYC Thursday, December 3 at 4:00 p.m.

Event: Seminar on Modern Europe, with Bonnie Meguid, University of Rochester Book: Party Competition Between Unequals: Strategies and Electoral Fortunes in Western Europe at Conference Room 1, Faculty House. Thursday, December 3 at 6:00 p.m.

Special Film Event: "Quand la ville mord" at Cowin Center, Teacher's College - 525 West 120th Street, 147 Horace Mann. Reception with the director following the screening at Maison Française (2nd floor, Buell Hall). Monday, December 14, at 5:30 p.m.

Special Event: The European Institute's Holiday Party. Exhibition Closing, Last Days of Print Culture: Raffone in Naples. Curated by Victoria de Grazia and Nancy Goldring at International Affairs Building, 12th Floor THE HARRIMAN INSTITUTE 420 West 118th Street, International Affairs Building (IAB), room 1219. Tel.: 212.854.4623 http://www.harrimaninstitute.org/

Tuesday, December 1 at 12:00 p.m.

Lecture: "Current State of Human Rights Issues in Afghanistan, Georgia, and Kyrgyzstan" Please join the Harriman Institute for a talk by three participants of the Human Rights Advocate Program at the Center for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University. Mary Akrami (Executive Director, Afghan Women Skills Development Center, Kabul, Afghanistan) Nazibrola Janezashvili (Project Director, Article 42 of the Constitution, Tbilisi, Georgia) Anna Kirey (Senior Advisor, Labrys, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan) at Room 1219 International Affairs Building Tuesday, December 1 at 6:00 p.m.

Book Night: "The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and its Dangerous Legacy." The Harriman Institute and the Overseas Press Club of America invite you to a Book Night with David E. Hoffman. Registration for this event is required. Location: Club Quarters, 40 West 45th Street Wednesday, December 2 at 1:00 p.m.

Lecture: LGBT Rights Advocacy in Central Asia Please joing the Columbia Harriman Association of Students (CHAS), the Hu-

man Rights Working Group, and Gays and Lesbians in International and Public Affairs (GLIPA) for a talk with Anna Kirey. Room 501B International Affairs Building

DEUTSCHES HAUS AT COLUMBIA 420 West 116th Street 212-854-1858

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/german/dhaus/

Thursday, December 3 at 12:00 p.m.

Lecture: "The Potential for Energy Cooperation with Russia: the Future of Natural Resource Development and Management in the Arctic" Please join the Harriman Institute and the Columbia University Center for Energy, Marine Transportation and Public Policy for a talk by Dr. Louis Skyner at Room 1219 International Affairs Building Thursday, December 3 at 6:00 p.m.

Panel Discussion: "Russian Science and Mathematics" Please join the Harriman Institute for a panel discussion with Roger Cooke (University of Vermont) “The File on Academician N.N. Luzin,” Loren Graham (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) “Religious Mysticism and Mathematical Creativity: The Birth of the Moscow School of Mathematics” With commentary by discussant: Douglas R. Weiner (University of Arizona) at Room 1219 International Affairs Building Friday, December 4 at 8:30 a.m.

Conference: "The International Workshop on Lysenkoism" Please join the Harriman Institute, the City University of New York, and the Bronx Community College for a conference on science and Trofim Lysenko at CUNY Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Ave., Room 9204/9205 Saturday, December 5 at 8:30 a.m.

Conference: "The International Workshop on Lysenkoism" Please join the Harriman Institute, the City University of New York, and the Bronx Community College for a conference on science and Trofim Lysenko at International Affairs Building Room 1501 Friday, December 11 at 7:00 p.m.

Presentation: "The Famine that Stalin Tried to Hide: Demographic aspects" Dr. Oleh Wolowyna (Research Fellow Center for Slavic, Eurasian and Eastern European Studies, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill) This event is free and open to the public. For more information please contact Dr. Mark Andryczyk at ukrainianstudies@ columbia.edu or (212) 854-4697. At Room 1512 International Affairs Building 420 West 118th St, New York.

Tuesday, December 1 at 7:00 p.m.

Conversation: "Kristian Smeds in conversation" After graduating from the Helsinki Theatre Academy in 1995, Kristian Smeds founded the Takomo Theatre in Helsinki, serving as its Artistic Director until 2001. From 2001-2004, he led the Kajaani City Theatre in northern Finland, transforming this regional venue into a theatre of national distinction. Since then, Smeds has gained an international reputation for the adventurous work of the Smeds Ensemble. Kristian Smeds' visit to New York will be co-hosted by the Columbia Finnish Program and the Barnard Theatre Department, and co-sponsored by the Finnish Theatre Information Centre and the Consulate General of Finland in New York. Monday, December 7 at 7:00 p.m.

Information Session: "Study in Finland" Discover the different possibilities of studying in Finland. Different programs by Fulbright and CIMO, the Centre of International Mobility, will be presented. Come and learn more!

LA MAISON FRANCAISE AT COLUMBIA Broadway at 116th Street, Buell Hall, 2nd Floor. Tel.: 212.854.4482; email: maisoncoordinator@columbia.edu http://www.maisonfrancaise.org

Wednesday, December 2 at 7:00 p.m.

Talk: Youri Djorkaeff (1998 FIFA World Cup) Renowned French soccer player Youri Djorkaeff has played for soccer teams that won the 1998 FIFA World Cup and Euro 2000. He was named Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur in 1998 by French President Jacques Chirac. Maison Française: Buell Hall, East Gallery. Thursday, December 3 at 6:00 p.m.

Special Film Event: Quand la ville mord ("When the City Bites") Special film event co-sponsored by the African Diaspora Film Festival, followed by a moderated discussion with director Dominique Cabrera.


EUROPE • NYC 11 Please note the venue for the screening is Cowin Center, Teacher's College - 525 West 120th Street, 147 Horace Mann. Reception with the director following the screening at the Maison Française (2nd floor, Buell Hall). Monday, December 7 at 7:00 p.m.

Book Selection: Les Champs d'honneur, by Jean Rouaud. Moderator: Severine Martin. This book selection will be coupled with the showing of the movie "Un long dimanche de fiancailles". Both book and film are recollections of World War I. Severine Martin was moderator of Cinema Thursdays at the Maison Francaise. Please Note: The Book Club is open to Members of the Société des Amis de La Maison Française and Columbia University students with a valid and current CUID. Columbia University, Morningside Campus, Maison Française, Buell Hall, 2nd floor Thursday, December 10 at 4:00 p.m.

Talk: "Truffaut and Bazin, Errancy and Correction" by Dudley Andrew, with Sam DiIorio responding. This talk is free and open to the public. No RSVP is necessary. Columbia University, 569 Lerner Hall. Thursday, December 10 at 7:30 p.m.

Film: "La symphonie pastorale" Jean Delannoy, 1946, 110 min. A pastor adopts a blind and disabled orphan named Gertrude. He raises her as his own child, but as she grows up and becomes an attractive woman, the pastor and his adopted son, Jacques, fall in love with her... This movie, adapted from Andre Gide's novel, won the Grand Prix Award at the 1946 Cannes Film Festival. Please Note: Cinema Thursday is open to Members of the Societe des Amis de La Maison Francaise and Columbia University students with a valid and current CUID. Columbia University, Morningside Campus, Maison Française, Buell Hall, East Gallery.

THE ITALIAN ACADEMY FOR ADVANCED STUDIES IN AMERICA 1161 Amsterdam Avenue Tel: 212.854.2306; email: itacademy@ columbia.edu http://www.italianacademy.columbia.edu/

Wednesday, December 2 at 8:00 p.m.

Concert Series: Alex Lipowski, percussion, and the Talea Ensemble. Works by Hurel, Billone, Francesconi, Verlingieri &

Ferneyhough Monday, December 7

Exhibition: Premio New York Fall Exhibition: Salvatore Arancio, Alice Cattaneo. At the ISCP Studios, 1040 Metropolitan Ave, Brooklyn, NY Wednesday, December 9 at 6:00 p.m.

Lecture: "Translating Italian Poetry" with Milo de Angelis & Susan Stewart. Organized by the Itallian Poetry Review Thursday, December 10 at 5:30 p.m.

Prize Ceremony and Talks: Presentation of "Premio Napoli" to John Ashbery with introduction by Charles Simic. Free and open to the public. Reservations required. --THE GRADUATE CENTER, CUNY-THE EUROPEAN UNION STUDIES CENTER 365 Fifth Avenue. Tel: 212-817-2051; email: eusc@gc.cuny.edu http://euromatters.org

Wednesday, December 2, 2009 at 5:30 p.m.

Lecture: Annual Dr. Otto L. Walter Memorial Lecture "European Artisans and the Piano in Russia" Anne Swartz, Professor of Music, Fine and Performing Arts at Baruch College, CUNY. At The Segal Theater. Reception to follow at the Skylight Room, the Graduate Center at CUNY, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016. RSVP by December 1, 2009 (acceptances only); Tel: 212 817 2053/51; E-mail: eusc@gc.cuny.edu Monday, December 7, 2009 at 5:30 p.m.

Lecture: "The Banks, the Swiss and the EU: Some Thoughts on Swiss-EU relationships" Jean-Pierre Béguelin, Chief Economist, Pictet&Cie Banquiers Geneva, Switzerland. At the Skylight Room, Graduate Center at CUNY, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016. RSVP by December 4, 2009 (acceptances only); Tel: 212 817 2053/51; E-mail: eusc@gc.cuny.edu.


12 EUROPE • NYC

EUROPE • NYC 12

New York University

A private university in the public service

EUROPE•NYC

Center for European and Mediterranean Studies 285 Mercer St, 7th Floor New York, NY 10003

EUROPE•NYC provides information on upcoming events sponsored individually and collectively by the member institutions of the New York Consortium for European Studies.


CEMS Newsletter - Dec. 2009  

NYU CEMS Newsletter - Dec. 2009 issue

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