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Friday, October 11, 2019 • 12 Tishrei 5780

Israeli, Jewish Leaders Respond To Yom Kippur Attack In Germany



The Search For Perfection Is On


Israeli and Jewish leaders issued messages of solidarity and calls for action after a neo-Nazi gunned down two people and injured several others in Halle, Germany, on Wednesday, during Yom Kippur. “On behalf of the people of Israel, I send condolences to the families of the victims and wishes for a quick recovery to the injured,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu wrote on Twitter following the attack. “I call on the German authorities to continue taking determined action against anti-Semitism.” Israeli President Reuven Rivlin tweeted on Wednesday that he was “stunned and pained by the terrible anti-Semitic murders in Germany today, during the holiest and most important day of the year for all Jews around the world.” He called on “the leaders of Germany and the free world to bring the full force of law against anti-Semitism and its results.” The assailant, who has been identified as Stephan Balliet, 27, first attempted to break into a synagogue, but was unable to open the massive

Metro N.Y.C.

Israelis purchasing their lulavim and esrogim in Tzfat, on Thursday. (Photo by David Cohen/Flash90)


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• Rav Avigdor Miller on Impeachment.....................34

• Who Killed Rabin? Film Review...............................84

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Friday, October 11, 2019

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Friday, October 11, 2019

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Lieberman Plan Calls For Netanyahu To Be First Premier, But Without Right-Wing Bloc Yisrael Beiteinu Party head Avigdor Lieberman presented his plan on Wednesday evening for a government consisting of his own party added to the Blue and White Party, and the Likud Party. According to his proposal, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who heads Likud, would

lead the government for the first two years, and Blue and White head Benny Gantz would take over for the last two. If Netanyahu is indicted for corruption, Gantz would take over immediately, according to the plan. The Likud rejected the proposal, which would

require it to abandon its right-wing bloc, which includes the Orthodox parties. Lieberman’s plan is similar to a unity government proposal by Israel’s President Reuven Rivlin, which Likud and Blue and White failed to agree on. (JNS)

Swastika Found At Yale Law School Ahead Of Yom Kippur Yale Law School in New Haven, Conn., is investigating swastika graffiti discovered on steps of the school’s side entrance on Saturday night, days before Yom Kippur, the Yale Daily News reported. “Yale Law School has zero tolerance for discrimination or harassment of any kind, and symbols of hate have no place on our campus or in our society,” Yale Law School dean Heather Gerken said in a statement on Monday. “We take an incident like this extremely seriously and are currently investigating.” The graffiti was of a white, spray-painted swas-

tika above the word “Trump” and has since been removed. This is the first reported incident of a swastika appearing on the Yale campus since 2014. Gerken said no evidence indicates that a member of the Yale community painted it. She added that the anti-Semitic act is “utterly antithetical” to the school’s values and encouraged anyone with information to reach out to her office. Rabbi Jason Rubenstein, Jewish chaplain at Yale, revealed on Monday night that investigators are examining video footage from late Saturday night and early Sunday morning.

He said that the Yale Police Department told the Joseph Slifka Center for Jewish Life on Sunday that they visited “all other likely targets of anti-Semitic activity” and found “no evidence that this incident is part of a larger campaign.” Rubenstein said university administrators “see this as an attack not just on Yale’s Jewish community, but on Yale itself and its values, which is some of the most powerful consolation we can receive as we figure out what this mean[s] for our community.” (JNS)

Yom Kippur

the attack on Twitch, with the 35-minute video being viewed by 2,200 people in the 30 minutes before it was taken down, according to the video platform.

tack on the Jewish community of Halle, but…yet another example of anti-Semitism in Germany, which continues to proliferate. Every Jew has the right to

Continued from p.1 wooden doors, which were bolted shut. After failing to gain entry to the synagogue, Balliet shot a passerby, a woman in her 50s. Minutes later, he attacked a nearby kebab shop with bombs and improvised weapons, killing one. Balliet livestreamed

INDEX 24/7 Z’manim…………….90

Letters……………....7, 110

Anchor – Rahav-Meir……24

M.M. Weiss……..………..72


News Briefs………….…..62

Challenge – Butman…..31

Observations – Weiss…76


Psyched – Schiffman……26

Collecting – Singer………58

Quick Takes – Klein………14

Communal Calendar….90

Q&A – Y. Klass……………44

Community Currents..….89

Rabbi’s Desk – Fuchs……43

Covenant – Sacks……….98

Redeeming – Nataf………28


Restaurant Review….109

Dating Decoded…………91

Service Directory…….122

Dining Guide…………..…60

Simcha Planner…………65




Soloveitchik – Ziegler…41

Grandma – Rosemond….74

Story – Teller……………..40

Halachic – Schachter...24

Tech Talk – Halperin……57

I Remember – Fine……….63

Time Capsule…………..56

Im Yirtzeh – Cohen……….91

Trav e l … … … … … … … 9 6

In Memoriam……………109


Lashon Kodesh – Klein…48

West Coast……………..95

Lessons in Emunah….….32

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A man identified by German police as Stephan Balliet, 27, opens fire near a Turkish restaurant in the German city of Halle, on Yom Kippur, Oct. 9. (Source: Screenshot)

The president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, Josef Schuster, said on Wednesday: “we have not experienced an incident of this kind ever before in Germany.” “It shows that right-wing extremism is not only some kind of political development, but that it is highly dangerous and exactly the kind of danger that we have always warned against,” he added. Jewish Agency chief Isaac Herzog said in response to the incident that “the entire world sees and hears what is happening and must understand that there can be no compromise in the fight against…anti-Semitism.” Herzog went on to say that he had spoken with German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, “who expressed his deep disturbance regarding the attack on the synagogue in Halle, saying, ‘This is an attack on all of us. We all stand together on the frontlines against anti-Semitism.’ ” Orthodox Union executive vice president Allen Fagin said in a statement that this “senseless act of anti-Semitic violence was not only a heinous at-

practice their religion without fear of being a victim of terror.” An attack on one Jew is an attack on all, said Fagin. Berlin’s chief rabbi, Rabbi Yehudah Teichtal, said, “We stand alongside the community that has been harmed and weep over those murdered. The cruel method of the attacker is indescribable, and especially the fact that it happened on Yom Kippur, the holiest day for the Jewish people.” He said, “A senior security official approached me in the middle of the Musaf prayer and informed me of the attack. Immediately, the security of our synagogue was increased, alongside other synagogues,” reported the Chabad rabbi. “We talked about the attack with our synagogue worshipers. We emphasized the great miracle the community had because their door was locked, thus avoiding a much more serious incident, and of course, strengthened their spirit, with a prayer for a year of good news.” (JNS)

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The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019

From Teshuva to Simcha; From Introspection to Jubilation A Public Letter from the Lubavitcher Rebbe FREE RENDITION By the Grace of G-d 131 – 14th of Tishrei,2 Erev Chag haSuccos, 5737 Brooklyn, N. Y.

To the Sons and Daughters of Our People Israel, Everywhere, G-d bless you all! Greeting and Blessing: As we are now coming from the Holy Day (Yom Kippur), which comes “once a year,3“ marking the conclusion and completion of the Ten Days of Teshuva; and on the threshold of the Festival of Succos, the Season of Our Rejoicing, which ushers in the second half of the month of Tishrei, and which is the conclusion and completion of all the festivals of chodesh hashvii, The latter term, in addition to meaning simply the “seventh month,” also means the “sated month,”4 filled, as it is, with all good things, both materially and spiritually, as our Sages of blessed memory explain -It is well to consider the significance of the coming days in relation to the first part of the month, and to draw the proper inference. In general, the month of Tishrei is divided into two basic parts,5 which differ from one another, yet complete each other, and also make it into one integral month that serves as an introduction and start of the new year. The first part of the month is permeated with the spirit of Teshuva. Jews experience an impulse to move away from their state and to uplift6 themselves towards (more) spirituality and G-dliness. This, in substance, is the general aspect7 of the Ten Days of Teshuva, in line with our

The Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson

Sages’ explanation that the admonition and plea, “Seek G-d when He is found, call on Him when He is near,9“ refers to the Ten Days of Teshuva. Also the subsequent four days come under the impact9* of Teshuva; so that the 15th day of the month is designated as the “first day” - the first day of a new accounting. The second part of the month of Tishrei stands under the influence of a movement which is directed towards bringing G-dliness down to earth by means of making the material things of the world things of holiness and Mitzvos, and to such an extent as to call forth joy, singing, and dancing - which is the point of the festival of Succos, the Season of Our Rejoicing. The Mitzva consists in having one’s daily meals, etc. in the Succah. The eating becomes a Mitzva, a reminder10 of the miracles attending the Exodus from Egypt, etc. This joy finds particular expression in the Four Kinds, which have to be taken together right from the first day of the festival (except on Shabbos), as the Torah says: “And11 you shall take unto yourselves on the first day a beautiful tree-fruit” (with emphasis on the fruit’s beauty) 8

- together with three other kinds, which are made into a Mitzva, with a Brochoh praising G-d “Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us”; and to do this with the kind of joy described by the words, “And11 you shall rejoice before G-d, your G-d.” The said two aspects of the month of Tishrei, in the form of movements “from below - upwards” and “from above - downwards,” complete each other and create one integral whole, as stated earlier.

• • •

In addition, there is an essential point common to both parts of the month. It also serves as an introduction into the month and pervades all aspects of the month. It is the unity of the Jewish people. Before the month begins,12 namely, on the Shabbos before Rosh Hashanah, the Torah reading for the assembled congregation is: “You13 are standing firmly this day, all of you, before G-d, your G-d.” Jews stand firmly all together before G-d; “all of you” - “all individuals as one,14“ “as one complete unit” - like one body. In like manner is the second

part of the month ushered in with the Mitzva of Succah, which embraces15 and unifies all who are in it, regardless of station, from the highest to the most ordinary; indeed, it has been declared that “All Jews are worthy to dwell in one Succah.”16 Even more emphatically17 is the unity of the Jewish people expressed in the Mitzva of the Four kinds - Esrog, Lulav, Myrtle, and Willow - which, as is well known reflect18 the four kinds of Jews, from those who have both “taste” and “fragrance” (Torah and Mitzvos) to those who (as yet) have neither taste nor fragrance. And only when all four kinds are united together19 it is possible to fulfil the Mitzva.

• • •

As in all matters of Torah, so also in the above-mentioned topics, are many pertinent instructions and inferences. A most simple and clear instruction, one that relates to actual deed, which is the essential thing, has to do with the Mitzva of Veohavto lre’acho komocho.20 As emphasized in many sources, this means to love a Jew, every Jew, however he is and wherever he is; and komocho - ”like yourself,” as a part of your self, as explained in

Talmud Yerushalmi,21 the other Jew is to be regarded as “a bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh” - as part of the very same body. Also komocho in this sense: Just as a person, while aware of his own failings, will disregard them, because (by reason of selflove) it is a case of “Love covers all sins,”22 and despite his failings he will strive with the utmost effort to provide all his needs, material and spiritual, and he does it with vitality - so must be his attitude towards another Jew. Especially considering that in regard to one’s own failings one surely knows the truth, whereas in regard to somebody else’s, “no person knows what is in the heart of another person”;23 hence a person can easily err in his estimation and judgment of another individual.

• • •

May G-d grant that it be the Season of Our Rejoicing in the fullest measure; and, in accordance with the purpose of every festival, which requires that the “content” of the festival should influence and vitalize24 the days that follow the festival, so be it also with the Season of Our Rejoicing: that the joy of the festival should inspire and animate all the days of the year, in keeping with the words in Tehillim: “And I will for ever declare (the wonders of G-d); I will sing unto the G-d of Jacob.”25 With esteem and blessing for a Happy Yom Tov,

Menachem Schneerson

(2 .‫ ראה ס‘ התולדות – אדמו“ר מהר“ש‬.(‫( יום הילולא של אדמו“ר מהר“ש )בשנת תרמ“ג‬1 ‫ ג( ועד“ז בשע“ת לשו“ע או“ח‬,‫להעיר שאז ”צריך לפזר מעות לעניים“ )סידור ש‘ הסוכות רנז‬ .‫ ח‬,‫( ויק“ר פכ“ט‬4 .(‫ א‬,‫( להעיר מתוד“ה עד )מנחות יח‬3 .(‫סתרכ“ה )ומפרע“ח ש‘ חה“ס בסופו‬ .‫ ב )אוה“ת ראה ע‘ תרצז‬,‫( שמאלו תחת לראשי )עשי“ת( וימינו תחבקני )חה“ס( – זח“ג ריד‬5 ‫ בנוגע הימים שבין יוהכ“פ וחה“ס – הם ימי שמחה )מהרי“ל הובא באחרונים לשו“ע‬.(‫ובכ“מ‬ ‫ לקו“ת סוכות‬.(‫ וראה פע“ח ש‘ חה“ס פ“א )ושה“כ וסי‘ האריז“ל במקומם‬.(‫או“ח סו“ס תרכ“ד‬ ‫ ימים שלאחרי‬.(42 ‘‫ פתגם אדנ“ע שאז ”דאַרפן ערשט תשובה טאָן“ )סה“מ תש“ט ע‬.(‫ א‬,‫)עט‬ ‘‫ אין מתענין כו‬.(‫ וראה מג“א סו“ס תרס“ט‬.‫החג – שאין אומרים בהם תחנון כו‘ )סידור אדה“ז‬ ‫( כמרז“ל כל ימיו בתשובה )שבת‬6 .‫ ואכ“מ‬.(‫מפני שהחודש מרובה במודעות )ב“י או“ח סתצ“ב‬ .‫ לקו“ת ר“פ האזינו‬.(‫ ב‬,‫ תניא פכ“ט )לו‬.‫ א( וראה רמב“ם הל‘ תשובה פ“ב ה“ח בסופה‬,‫קנג‬ ‫ ליוהכ“פ )רמב“ם שם‬,(‫( וישנה תשובה מיוחדת לר“ה ותק“ש )רמב“ם הל‘ תשובה פ“ג ה“ד‬7 (8 .(‫ וראה תורת הבעש“ט עה“פ כי לולא התמהמנו )כתר ש“ט הוספות סי“ג‬.‫פ“ב ה“ז( ועוד‬ (9 .(‫ – המו“ל‬.‫ )נדפס בספר אגרות מלך מכתב מ‬.‫ במכתב דוא“ו תשרי בארוכה‬.‫ א‬,‫ר“ה יח‬ ‫ וראה‬.“‫*( טאו“ח סתקפ“א שאז ”עוסקים במצות סוכה ולולב ואין עושין עונות‬9 .‫ ו‬,‫ישעי‘ נה‬ ‫ וכ“פ‬.‫( ובפרט להפס“ד דבסוכות הושבתי היינו ענני הכבוד )שו“ע או“ח סתרכ“ה‬10 .‫ט“ז שם‬ ‫ וראה שו“ע אדה“ז שם שזהו חלק בקיום המצוה )ועפי“ז יובן מה שהובא‬.(‫ מג‬,‫רש“י ויקרא כג‬ (14 .‫( ר“פ נצבים‬13 .‫( טאו“ח סתכ“ח‬12 .‫ מ‬,‫( ויקרא כג‬11 .(!‫זה בשו“ע הב“י ובסימן בפ“ע‬ .((‫ ב‬,‫ ב )ועיי“ש צד‬,‫( להעיר מענין האושפיזין )והזמנת עניים( דבסוכה )זח“ג קג‬15 .‫לקו“ת שם‬ .‫ – ל‘ אושפיזא ראה לקוטי לוי“צ לזוהר )ח“א ע‘ רסו‬.‫ וראה או“ת ס“פ בהר‬.‫ובסי‘ ש‘ הסוכות‬ ‫( להעיר‬17 .(‫ וראה ד“ה בסוכות תשבו תרצ“ד )בסה“מ תשי“א‬.‫ ב‬,‫( סוכה כז‬16 .(‫ח“ב ע‘ שו‬ ‫( ויק“ר‬18 .(‫ ובכ“מ‬.‫שע“י הלולב כו‘ נמשך הגילוי דסוכה בפנימיות )סד“ה לולב וערבה תרס“ו‬ .(‫ צג ואילך‬,‫ המשך וככה תרל“ז – פפ“ז‬.‫( וגם שבכאו“א אחדות )סי‘ ש‘ הלולב‬19 .‫ יב‬,‫פ“ל‬ .(‫ולהעיר מדעת רע“ק כשם שלולב אחד ואתרוג אחד כך הדס אחד וערבה אחת )סוכה פ“ג מ“ד‬ ‫( סהמ“צ‬22 .‫ ה“ד‬,‫( נדרים פ“ט‬21 .‫ וראה קונטרס אהבת ישראל בארוכה‬.‫ יח‬,‫( קדושים יט‬20 ‫ ולהעיר שהשווה זה שם לידיעת מלכות ב“ד‬.‫ ב‬,‫( פסחים נד‬23 .‫להצ“צ מצות אהבת ישראל‬ .‫ ובתרגום‬.‫ יו“ד‬,‫( תהלים עה‬25 .‫ ב‬,‫( לקו“ת ברכה צח‬24 .(‫מתי תחזור )ראה אגה“ק סכ“ב‬

The Rebbe to a CNN reporter: Moshiach is ready to come now, we all must only do something additional in the realm of goodness and kindness. Enrich your knowledge of Judaism and Chabad-Lubavitch, Visit: • For donations: • Please respect the sanctity of this paper.

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Friday, October 11, 2019


Destroying America’s Children A rule of life is that everything the left touches it ruins: art, music, Christianity, Judaism, race relations, male-female relations, universities, high schools, elementary schools, late-night comedy, sports, liberty, journalism, the Boy Scouts, national economies, language, and everything else it influences. The left, not liberalism. (I have written a column and done a PragerU video on the differences between liberalism and leftism.) To this list, we can now add childhood and children. 1) The left robs children of their innocence and BY DENNIS PRAGER has helped produce an unprecedented number of anxious and depressed young people. Most of us are aware of how the left prematurely introduced sexuality into young children’s lives under the guise of “education.” That was just the beginning. Then the left changed same-sex college dorms, which had been the norm throughout American history, into co-ed dorms on virtually every American BY TOM WOODS campus. Then came co-ed bathrooms. And then the left introduced columns in college

newspapers on male-female intimate relations. One But the left’s ambivalence over having children is more graphic than the other. After reading such a isn’t just hysteria over too many people, lack of food, column, a student could easily conclude that without or global warming. Many people on the left (again, “exploring” and becoming an expert in this field, life unlike liberals or conservatives) just don’t particularis neither exciting nor fulfilling. ly want kids. Children are a nuisance: They interfere There are many reasons a greater percentage of with one’s career, they cost too much, and dogs and college students BY WOODS BY TOM TOM WOODS are more depressed than ever be- cats are perfectly acceptable substitutes. fore. But the immersion in loveless and romance-less 4) The left is ruining the childhood of many chilintimate relations is undren by depriving them doubtedly one of them. It of the joys and excitecertainly contributes to ment of growing into men People on the left have the fewest children the especially high rate and women. The left has of female depression on invented a new idea in of all political and religious groups. campuses. history: that human beThe same left, inciings are not born male or dentally, that has hyfemale but are “assigned” per-sexualized colleges now laments that colleges are their sex at birth by sexist parents, physicians, and a filled with a “rape culture.” society that is not yet “woke” to this “fact.” 2) The left has devalued marriage. An unpreceIn schools throughout America, teachers are told dented large percentage of young Americans are not to no longer call their students “boys” and “girls,” married, and more of them than ever do not consid- just “students,” lest they impose a gender identity on er marriage important. The left has indoctrinated a them. Mattel has released a doll that has no gender. generation (or two) of young Americans into believing A New York Times columnist whose photo shows him that marriage is unimportant – career alone is the with a beard has requested that his readers refer to road to a meaningful life for both men and women. him only as “they,” as he believes gender is useless. Throughout American history, until the left took Teenage girls who declare themselves boys are over the culture and universities beginning in the allowed to have their bodies surgically altered withBY TOM WOODS 1960s, it was a given, as Frank Sinatra sang, that out their parents’ permission. Divorced parents who “love and marriage…go together like a horse and car- tell their five-year-old male child who feels he is a riage.” girl that he is a boy risk losing custody or parental 3) The left has devalued having children: The left rights if the other parent says the child is a girl. Girls is ambivalent and often hostile to people having chil- who compete in sports against boys who identify as dren. That’s why people on the left have the fewest females and complain that they’re losing unfairly are children of all political and religious groups. attacked as “transphobic.” The latest reason not to have children is that 5) The left has convinced innumerable young much of humanity is doomed if global warming is not Americans that their past is terrible and their future immediately reversed. But since the 1970s, the left is terrible. The left tells American children that their has offered other reasons not to have children includ- past – the American past – is shameful and their fuing that the world would not produce nearly enough ture is even worse: They will likely die prematurely food and other basic resources to sustain the growing as a result of global warming. world population. Thus began the zero population Whatever the left touches it ruins. The latest exgrowth (ZPG) movement. ample is children.



n Politics and Culture PRAGER’S PERSPECTIVE

The Libertarian Line

Dennis Prager is a popular radio show host, creator of, and the author of several books, including “Still the Best Hope: Why the World Needs American Values to Triumph.”



Sure, Abolish Private Schools I’ve just returned from a week in London – my first time there – and had a great time. My family was unprepared for how beautiful a city it is. We spent much of our time in and around the West End (because I love the theatre scene). We couldn’t take our eyes off the architecture. But beneath the pleasant exterior of British society, the acid of egalitarianism sits ready to eat away at what’s good and decent. The most recent example: The Labour Party just announced its intention to abolish private schools should it win the next election. Tom Woods is a senior fellow at the Mises Institute, host of The Tom Woods Show, and the author of 12 books. He holds a bachelor’s degree in history from Harvard and a Ph.D. from Columbia University. His e-books are available at

Why? You know why. “The ongoing existence of private schools is incompatible with Labour’s pledge to promote social justice.” The party’s next manifesto, we’re told, will include “a commitment to integrate all private schools into the state sector.” The property, land, and other assets belonging to private schools will be “redistributed democratically and fairly across the country’s educational institutions.” The whole thing sounds like a parody, dreamed up by one of Ayn Rand’s villains. You almost can’t believe real human beings speak like this. It’s times like this that you wonder if that guy who says we’re being ruled by lizard people might actually have a point. *****

How To Speak To A Journalist Businessweek just ran a full profile of Bob Murphy and me – or, more accurately, of the cruise we host every year. Surely you know about the Contra Cruise, the annual event named after our podcast “Contra Krugman,” where we critique the New York Times columns of economist Paul Krugman. Well, a reporter from Businessweek – or Bloomberg Businessweek now – joined us this year and just released her full report. For the most part it’s friendly,

even if obviously written by a non-sympathizer. My suspicion: She intended to write a very different article before boarding and meeting our obviously sincere and decent guests. On her Twitter feed I found mainstream journalists licking their chops in anticipation of how she would chronicle our event. So when she interviewed me, I began like this (after placing a recording device down and indicating my intent to record): “Let me explain what is about to happen here. You will be outwardly friendly to our guests. You will see that we are obviously neither stupid nor sinister. You will then return to your office and write a piece intended to humiliate us. What professional benefit is there to you from treating us dispassionately? “That’s a rhetorical question. There is no such benefit. So before you and I even get started, I want you to know: I’m already aware of your intentions, and I know exactly how this is going to turn out.” She was stunned. Who speaks to a reporter like that? She wanted to know: why would we have allowed her to attend, if we thought she would do such a thing? My answer: Attacks from people like you give us street cred. I never get more support than when I’m attacked in the mainstream media. My hunch is that my I-don’t-care-what-you-do-tous attitude didn’t hurt.

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mayor of New York City. Since his decisive victo- Manhattan borough president, he earned a repu2019  cooperation The Jewishwith Press  Page 7 ry in the Democratic primary in September, Friday, Mr. de October tation 11, for fostering his colleagues Blasio has eased many of the concerns that induced in government and for effective and savvy manus to back Bill Thompson in that contest. agement. We have long admired Mr. de Blasio for his quick Another major responsibility of the comptroller mind, signature open-mindedness and profound is the auditing, vetting and investigating of virtualsensitivity to the plight of New Yorkers of all back- ly anything involving government spending. Here grounds and stations in life. We were particularly again, a cooperative spirit among the comptroller, taken with his understanding of our community’s the mayor, and other public ofcials is essential, religious needs and the need for their reasonable with clear understanding as to where the jurisdicaccommodation. tional red lines lie. Indeed, The Jewish Press enthusiastically supMr. Stringer’s credentials readily recommend ported him in his past races for City Council and pub- themselves. lic advocate. But all the talk of New York as a “tale of two cities” and of “taxing the rich” to pay for everBrooklyn District Attorney increasing spending us think wary.people It also should obscured While we certainlymade do not be motivated by discrimination, derogatory use of the some of thetargeted important, practical thingsstatus, he waswe sayThe Jewish Press urges the reelection of Charles invidiously because of personal do term ‘illegal alien,’ and discrimination based on liming about the city having to pay its bills and prudent- J. Hynes as Brooklyn district attorney. Mr. Hynes believe that some of the recent efforts to expand legal ited English proficiency are unlawful discriminatory ly prepare to face a looming scal crisis. is a 24-year veteran as Brooklyn DA and has more remedies for people targeted by hateful speech same-sex take one’s than treatment under the NYC Human On such core social issues as abortion, earned being returned toRights ofce.Law.” Over the breath away. Also, the same language is similarly marriage and “stop and frisk,” Mr. de Blasio’s posi- years he has transformed the reputationproscribed of the ofTwo weeks ago from the New City Commission and a lawful resident citizen tions hardly differ thoseYork of his Republican op-  ce penalized to where ifitdirected is now at the rst choice of or many of on Human issued a Lhota formalhimself guidance that it the erroneously perceived by the speaker as being in the ponent, JoeRights Lhota – as Mr. acknowlmost talented young lawyers seeking work in edged in his course, enforcement. construes thecampaign New Yorkcommercials. City Human Of Rights lawthey pro- law country illegally. He also built a staff of more than are twoprohibiting very different people landlords with differing ideologi- 500Frankly, lawyers,itwhich rivals the size ofhow many of is the vision employers, and providers is hard to understand this a cal approaches. Yet the practical problems that come country’s largest law  rms. Overseeing its work is of public accommodations from discriminating against serious anti-discrimination measure in the traditional with running a city like New York not allow for mammoth and management expeindividuals over their “alienage anddo citizenship,” to a sense and notresponsibility simply a statement against the Trump many radically different options. And so, to take one rience is crucial. include barexample, to the use it of seems certaininconceivable terms when speaking policy. Indeed, the issue asa an that a Administration’s Most important,immigration during his period in of ce he has to immigrants when the intent is to “demean, humiliate guidance came as Democrats continue to rail against Mayor de Blasio would be indifferent to any increas- initiated alternative approaches to crime prevention, or in harass....” Offenders could face up to $250,000 in such that policy. Moreover, “illegal alien” is a term used in es crime, as some have claimed. as rehabilitation programs without incarcerafines forLhota each violation. federal law to describe illegal presence in Joe has served the public well as MTA tion, that have achievedsomeone’s remarkable results in comchairman andannouncement before that as listed Rudy Giuliani’s budrecidivism. Thus, the as examples of bating the country, not the newly popular “undocumented.” get director and deputy mayor.toBut reHe has also attempted to work closely with prohibited speech: “Threatening call he ICEnever (the ImContinued onBrookp.81 ally connected with the voters and made his case. lyn’s diverse groups, including the Orthodox, in a coContinued on p.110 migration and Customs Enforcement agency) when Mr. de Blasio, on the other hand, has connected – operative effort to bring down crime rates. This has big time – as evidenced by the lopsided polls in his involved taking into account the differing social dyfavor. He is likely headed for a historic victory on namics of the various communities in an effort to November 5 and will have an unusual mandate to maximize effectiveness of investigation and proselead the city. cution. The approach reflects a hard-nosed assessBill de Blasio has the intelligence, compassion ment about what it takes to enforce the law in manand innate good sense to be a great mayor and take ifestly different circumstances across the borough. our city to new heights. The Jewish Press calls on Mr. Hynes’s opponent, Ken Thompson, brings its readers to vote for him on November 5. much to the table: he has many good ideas and has had important crime ghting experience as an assisComptroller I am an independent tant U.S. attorneyHe inargued Brooklyn, is relatively Democrat thatbut thishe answer (rather No, It Isn’t Anti-Semitism young and his time will come. For now, Mr. “I Hynes The Jewish Press endorses Scott M. Stringwant In response to “Chassidim Are running for District Attorney in than “I want to be a doctor,” er for comptroller. He is admirably suited for the deserves reelection both in terms of hakoras hatov Rockland County who served with to be an engineer,” etc.) can change The Target, Not Overdevelopment” ofce by dint of experience and demeanor. One of for what he has done for Brooklyn and the Jewish the U.S. military in places like a child’s life for the better. (op-ed, Sept. 13): and for the experience and accumulated the major responsibilities of the comptroller is the community, Iraq and Afghanistan. I have been Prager, however, an Concerns about irresponsible as Brookoverall management of the ve municipal-worker wisdom he will bring to the next four yearsmisses part of the ght against religious important step between aspiration development in funds Rockland lyn’s chief prosecutor. union pension withCounty combined assets of fiaphatred. borough And as District Attorney, I and realization. Action is required. proximately $141 billion. Manhattan are not anti-chassidic; “us vs.As them” president Stringer has served as trustee for on p.67 willa promote the values I outlined Just stating Continued what one would like name-calling counterproductive; and labeling people anti-Semitic above since these values protect all to become in and of itself doesn’t accomplish much. when they are simply concerned citizens. Mike Diederich, Jr. How do children become good about the problems they see around Stony Point, NY people? Probably the best start is them is un-American. To be considered for publication, letters must be typed. Letters chosen for publication may, at the editor’s discretion, be their parents to be what they Rockland’s homeowners seeAll letters must be signed – The Jewish Press does notfor shortened and/or edited for greater clarity. publish anonymous letters. Letters should be e-mailed section are those Take Your Opinions expressed in the Letters want their children to be. If these ever-increasing taxes of all to sorts; of our readers and do not necessarily reflect the editorial positions of The Jewish Press. parents, though, put their faith in public corruption that stems, at Propaganda Elsewhere Months ago, the Highland Park declarations like “I want to be a least in part, from bloc voting; Whither Honesty Public Library Boardthan of Trustees More problematic the ap- good While many Modern Orthodox person,” they may neglect to housing and fire code violations And Ethics? athy, of course, is the proliferation Jews used to characterize such bescheduled a program for toddlers take more appropriate steps to put endangering lives; crumbling public Reader Bloch (Letters, of frum Jews who comhavior as a phenomenon found alaround thehave bookno P is for their children on the proper to Continued onpath p.81 schools; andAvner educationally-defi cient revolving Oct. 25) rightly condemns the wide- Palestine punction about cheating, stealing, most exclusively in the haredi secby Golbarg Bashi, a sup- good character development. private schools. spread apathy among frum Jews to porter lying, and what have you, usually tor, such a characterization is no for the BDS movement. nationnever-ending is great because theOur seemingly series to make money in an illicit fashion longer true (if itJosh everGreenberger was). The After an uproar by many in the discretion, Brooklyn, NY Letters chosen for publication may, at the editor’s we welcome diversity and respect of scandals that has engulfed our but also to cover up the misdeeds Jewish community, program be right shortened and/or clarity. All the letters must be signed – The Continued Jewish Presson p.67 everyone’s to their ownedited reli- for community in recent years. of greater friends and neighbors. was postponed and has now suddenThey’re Speaking Where? gious beliefs. Idoes learned this from not publish anonymous letters – and e-mailed to I am disappointed that Chuck my father, who fought in World ly been rescheduled for October 20, War II. But religious belief does not Erev Shmini Atzeres, a very incon- Schumer and Nancy Pelosi, the give a citizen a free pass to ignore venient time for Jews to mount an Democratic leaders in the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, the obligations of citizenship – and effective protest. Presenting a highly provocative will be the main attractions at the one of these obligations is to be an program aimed at little children is upcoming J Street conference. educated citizen. J Street is a radical organization An informed, educated citizen a deliberate, blatant provocation designed to stir up trouble. And that for many years would picket or knows it’s wrong to discriminate politicizing a local library by using have a counter-demonstration at against a person because of his religious faith, knows it’s wrong to little children as pawns is absolute- the Salute to Israel Parade in New York City. say, “You cannot live in my neigh- ly unconscionable. Max Wisotsky Arthur Horn borhood” because of unfamiliar Highland Park, NJ Fort Lee, NJ clothing attire or customs, and knows it’s wrong to be a bigot. But an informed, educated cit- How To Raise a Good Person Loves ‘Dating Decoded’ Dennis Prager suggested last I buy The Jewish Press every izen also knows it’s wrong to deny children their right to a sound sec- week that you tell your child to an- week so that I can read “Dating ular education and know it’s wrong swer, “I want to be a good person” Decoded.” Henni Halberstam is a to call someone an anti-Semite for when he or she is asked, “What do you want to be when you grow up?” Continued on p.111 supporting core American values.


Human Rights Commission’s Guidance On Hateful Speech Borders On Parody

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It’s Not Our Fault When Arabs Kill Each Other By SHALOM POLLACK On Rosh Hashanah 1982, Christian Arabs massacred Muslim Arabs in Lebanon in what became known as the Sabra and Shatila massacre. (Before then, it was Muslim Arabs who massacred Christian Arabs.) That’s how the Arabs behave. It’s their time-tested way of solving problems. Just take a look at every Arab country on the map today and see what’s happening in each one of them. Read history.  In 1982, Israel was on the verge of expelling the murderous PLO from Lebanon as the IDF battled its way to Beirut. Israel launched this military operation to free its citizens along its northern border from constant PLO attacks. Ridding Lebanon of PLO terrorists was in the interests of Israel and Lebanon’s Christian population, which had suffered years of torment by the same people. In midst of this operation, Christian Arabs – following the playbook of Mideast rules (or no rules) – took advantage of a weakened PLO and killed a few hundred of “Palestinian” civilians in the Sabra neighborhood and adjacent Shatila refugee camp. Because Israeli forces were near the scene of this typical barbaric action, Israel was placed in the corner by “enlightened” world opinion, which suddenly realized that Arabs were butchering each other in Shalom Pollack, a veteran Israeli tour guide, served in the Israeli Navy and lectures on the Mideast.

Lebanon. “Israelis are just like Nazis!” screamed the enlightened German press. Menachem Begin sardonically observed, “NonJews kill non-Jews, and the Jews are at fault.” But he then proceeded to agree to an investigation of the massacre.

Menachem Begin sardonically observed, “Non-Jews kill non-Jews, and the Jews are at fault.” I recall these events now for two reasons. 1) The 37th anniversary of this massacre just passed. 2) Current events today match Begin’s observation from so many years ago. In Israel, over 50 percent of homicides involve Arabs (who only comprise 20 percent of the population). The same is true of road fatalities. Reports of children being run over by vehicles in Arab villages and neighborhoods are commonplace. Arab women are also regularly slaughtered to save their family’s honor. Arabs in Israel may live in a first-world country that affords them opportunities and freedoms that other Arabs can only dream of, but their culture has not been significantly affected by the values of Jewish culture. They still commonly solve their personal

and family problems in the Arab tradition. Tons of illegal weapons are found in the Arab community. They use them to celebrate at weddings and solve disputes. Possessing a weapon has always been a mark of Arab manhood. Today, the Arabs of Israel are protesting the intolerable amount of violence and murder in their community. Their rage, of course, is directed at the Jewish state. We just don’t care enough when Arabs kill Arabs, they say. The police, however, say the Arabs don’t cooperate with their efforts and sometimes attack them when they enter Arab communities. When I once complained to the police about being woken by the call to prayer from mosques in the middle of the night, the police told me “its dangerous to enter those areas.” But even if there is an unacceptably low police presence in the Arab sector: Is that a reason for people to kill each other? I rarely see police in my own neighborhood. We don’t kill each other. In my brother’s charedi neighborhood, one never sees a cop. Zero homicides. No illegal weapons. So what’s the problem? Culture. Values. Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan observed this week that Arab culture is “very, very violent.” In the Jewish community, we take our adversaries to court; the Arabs solve their problems with weapons, he said. Boy, did that get the attention of the Arab “leadership,” which naturally called him a “racist” and a “fascist.” Be careful, Mr. Erdan.

Friday, October 11, 2019

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Don’t Ruin Rockland County By JULIE D. GLOBUS Last month, Yossi Gestetner argued in these pages that opponents of overdevelopment in Rockland County really oppose chassidim, not overdevelopment. He is mistaken. Rockland County is a beautiful area consisting of magnificent parks, greenery, magical lakes, and houses on properties that allow one to enjoy the beautiful, tranquil, rural nature of the land. Many of the roads – narrow and intended for smaller cars – wind through apple orchards and mountains. Residents like myself enjoy the quiet character of country living while still having access to the city. I would like to preserve this character – as Julie D. Globus is a corporate transactional attorney licensed in New York and New Jersey.

do many others who speak out against overdevelopment. Developers – whose focus is the almighty dollar, not protecting the integrity of the county’s character – are unwanted. It’s that simple. It matters not if they are charedi, Indian, Asian, or something else. Anyone who wants to turn four parcels of land into one, build a school, or put up density housing is harming the county’s character on multiple levels. Rockland County’s roads aren’t built for heavy traffic, and new schools mean school buses, large parking lots, numerous cars, and noise. High-density housing brings some of the same and also necessitates opening additional schools. To go ahead with their plans, developers need to change the zoning designations of many of the properties they are interested in, which is why I – like

many of my neighbors – are fighting to make sure they don’t succeed. The fact that requests for zoning changes are being denied is not a function of those making the requests, but rather those like myself who want to see the character of a beautiful county preserved. It really behooves those who immediately cry “anti-Semitism” or “anti-charedi-ism” to take a good hard look at what developers are demanding. They may realize why so many residents find their plans unappealing. This is not about preventing charedi expansion. It’s about preventing any expansion that changes the character of the county. To suggest otherwise is to create an unnecessarily self-fulfilling prophecy – one in which people can no longer live in peace because of a hatred that didn’t have to be fueled. It is a disservice to Jews everywhere.


The ‘Wrong’ Kind Of Jews Are Being Attacked By CAROLINE GLICK On Sept. 29, U.S. President Donald Trump set out his nationalist political philosophy in his address before the UN General Assembly. Arguing that the nation-state is the best guarantor of human freedom and liberty, Trump set up a contrast between “patriots” and “globalists.” “The future does not belong to globalists,” he said. “The future belongs to patriots. The future belongs to sovereign and independent nations who protect their citizens, respect their neighbors, and honor the differences that make each country special and unique.” Jewish nationalists – that is, Zionists – could hear their core convictions echoed in Trump’s statement. Israeli political philosopher Yoram Hazony made much the same argument in his book The Virtue of Nationalism, which was published last year. One of the regimes most opposed to nationalism is that of Iran. Iran’s leaders view the regime not as the government of the nation of Iran, but as the leader of a global jihad, which will end with the regime’s domination of the world, in the name of Islam – not Iran. Anti-Semitism is one of the animating doctrines of Iran’s regime. Iran’s leaders subscribe to genocidal Jew-hatred. They use their commitment to annihilating Israel and war against the Jewish state as a means to build legitimacy for their regime and revolution throughout the Islamic world. In his speech, Trump highlighted the regime’s anti-Semitism and its commitment to annihilate Israel. Trump also excoriated the Arab world for refusing to recognize Israel’s right to exist, saying, “Fanatics have long used hatred of Israel to distract from their own failures.” Trump pledged, “America will never tolerate such anti-Semitic hate.” Rather than earning him plaudits, American Jews were caustic in their response to Trump’s speech. Britain’s Independent reported that several American Jews condemned Trump’s speech as anti-Semitic. For instance, Laura Seay, a political-science professor in Texas tweeted, “So…Trump condemns anti-Semitism in the same speech he started with anti-Semitic code language like ‘globalism.’ ” A couple of weeks before Trump delivered his address to the United Nations, the leaders of the Reform movement published a pre-Rosh Hashanah

Caroline Glick is an award-winning columnist and author of “The Israeli Solution: A One-State Plan for Peace in the Middle East.”

statement on the movement’s website. The statement was a long diatribe against Trump. Among other things, they alleged, “Since taking office, President Trump’s words and actions have sowed division, spread fear, and expressed hateful views that go far beyond the legitimate expressions of policy differences that characterize healthy political debate.” The question is: What has the Reform movement done for American Jews? Judging from the few hundred Jewish demonstrators who congregated outside New York City Hall on Sept. 22, the answer is “nothing.” The purpose of the demonstration was to demand

Unfortunately for de Blasio, there are no neo-Nazis in Crown Heights and Williamsburg. that city officials take effective action to stem the rising wave of anti-Semitic attacks in the city. According to a report published in May by the New York Police Department, from January through May of this year, New York City experienced an 83 percent rise in hate crime. Fifty-nine percent of hate crimes in the city are directed against Jews, and anti-Semitic attacks have risen 90 percent in the past year. Morton Klein, the president of the Zionist Organization of America, was the only leader of a major Jewish organization among the participants. Aside from two New York City councilmen, no Jewish politicians attended the event. New York Sen. Charles Schumer wasn’t there. Neither were any of the Jewish representatives from New York. The Union of Reform Judaism also didn’t send a representative. It isn’t difficult to understand why almost every Jewish leader ignored the rally. The Jews under assault aren’t their sort of Jews. And the people attacking them aren’t their sort of anti-Semites. The Jewish victims in New York are not Reform Jews. They are ultra-Orthodox Jews. And they don’t live in Manhattan. They live in Brooklyn. Shortly after the NYPD released its hate crimes report, New York’s Mayor Bill de Blasio held a press

conference in Brooklyn. There he insisted that the anti-Semitic assaults are the work of the far right. In his words, “I think the ideological movement that is anti-Semitic is the right-wing movement.” He added, “I want to be very, very clear, the violent threat, the threat that is ideological is very much from the right.” Unfortunately for de Blasio, there are no neo-Nazis in Crown Heights and Williamsburg. The perpetrators of the attacks against his city’s Jewish community are not Trump voters. They are his voters. Most of the perpetrators are African-Americans, and as such, like Reform Jews, they are members in good standing of the progressive camp in American politics. The liberal Jewish establishment in America is far more comfortable talking about neo-Nazis than black anti-Semites. That is a large part of the reason that in its annual reports on anti-Semitic attacks in the United States in 2017 and 2018, the Anti-Defamation League tried hard to give the impression that most anti-Semitism in the United States emanates from the political right and is inspired by Trump. But the facts point to a different conclusion. Last month the Amcha Initiative, which documents, investigates, and combats anti-Semitism on college campuses, published its 2018 report on-campus anti-Semitism. The report revealed that classic anti-Semitic attacks – that is, right-wing anti-Semitic attacks – decreased by 42 percent. In contrast, 2018 saw a 70 percent increase in leftist anti-Semitic attacks on campuses. The report’s most alarming finding is that faculty members are playing a central role in propagating and inciting anti-Semitism on campuses by pushing academic boycotts of Israel. Their decisive role – and the fact that their actions are largely backed by university administrators – indicates that anti-Semitism has become institutionalized in American academia. The frustrating fact is that these liberal Jewish organizations could make a difference if they wished. If major Jewish groups, including the Reform movement, were to wage a serious, sustained campaign against U.S. academia’s institutionalization of anti-Semitism, liberal politicians would be doing much more than they have been to combat the phenomenon. Which brings us to the ultra-Orthodox Jews in

Continued on p.110

Friday, October 11, 2019 Friday, September 14, 2018

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ďƒ¤ a special report from palestinian meDia Watch

Fatah OfďŹ cial Accuses Israel Of Inventing StealthMurder MannerOf OfTwo Injuring Palestinians Yesterday’s Israelis

Fatah Blames Israel For Fatah Tries To Hide Its Activities From Facebook By Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik

By Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik By Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik After Palestinian Media launchedart an inveninterDozens of additional posts glorifying Israel is well-known for Watch its state-of-the Said Fatah SalďŹ t Branch Secretary and AbdpromotAl-SatOn Sunday, a 23-yearnational campaign calling on Facebook to close Faing terror still appear on Fatah’s page. It’s incompretions and innovations in science, technology, and othtar Awwad: “When an Israeli soldier directly grabs old Palestinian terrorist tah’s Facebook page, Fatah itself closed it for several hensible Facebook chooses to give these receives posts a er ďŹ elds. a civilianthat in this way, his body immediately murdered two of his Israeli daysAdding last week. The page’s administrator said We urge Facebook own rules, the list Israeli inventions, a Fatah Fatah platform. blue or red marks. They havetoafollow policy its that they can coworkers into a that factory inofthe was “worried Facebook would shut it down perwhich prohibits any organization whose mission inofďŹ cial Industrial explained Zone. on ofďŹ cial PA TV that Israel has injure in a certain way.... The cameras can’t reveal Barkan manently because of‌[PMW’s] campaign andthat comcludes violence from using its platform, and close Facome up with a way of injuring Palestinians is this policy that they implement. I’ve seen their bodies A Fatah official, howevplaints against tah’s page. undetectable byit.â€? any camera. Even though it is possi- [injured] in this way - blue and red marks - by the er, effectively blamed Israel it, After Fatah reopened PMW In his recent speech at World ble for the eye to see “the blue and red marksâ€? of the occupation forces, which the cameras arethe incapable for the murders. “Israel,â€? he its Facechecked what Fatah did while Summit on Counter-Terrorism, on injuries, camera cannot record it. of revealing.â€? wrote on the Fatah’s Facebook book page was closed and discovered September 9, Brian Fishman, director page, “is incapable of pro-what it apthat Fatah had removed of Facebook’s Global Counterterrorism tecting parentlyanyone thoughtthat weresteals its worst posts Policy Team, said, “The basic approach the Palestinian land.â€?them He from Facein an attempt to hide at Facebook is that terrorists are not also declared that no Israeli book. allowed. By policy, there may be no is safe until Palestinian Here arethe some of the posts PMW praise, support, or representation of a people gain “itsreports rights that in itsFatah chose exposed in its terrorist organization, a terrorist actor, homeland.â€? to delete: a terrorist event, etc.â€? Hamas, meanwhile, In fact, though, Fatah does all of called the murders “a hero• Two posts honoring a 17-year-old that and worse on its Facebook page, icfemale operationâ€? and a “natural suicide bomber and PMW has pointed this out to Faceresponse to the Israeli occu- three dif• Three posts honoring book more than once. Yet, Facebook pation’s crimes.â€?ofIslamic Ji- Olympic ferent planners the Munich continues to leave the platform open  had also justified the attack massacre for Fatah’s terror promotion. as “natural,â€? that terrorist • Two and postsadded honoring Fishman also said that govern“the settlements are athe legitiFatah post glorifying Ahmed Nasr Jarrar, murderer of a ments and academics are acting too terrorist Dalal Mughrabi slowly in designating terrorists and mate target father of sixfor people of the resistance.â€? • Posts glorifying terrorist murdertherefore Facebook designates them movement alsowho called er The Dalal Mughrabi, led the murder of 37 civil- itself: “We [Facebook] designate terrorist actors ourfor more attacks, ians, including 12 encouragchildren Palestinians handing outselves. is pretty unique, but the reason we do candyThis to celebrate ing people “carry out inti-terrorist Omar Abu Laila, this is because although there are a variety of lists • Threetoposts honoring the murder of two Israelis. fada against the settlement posted within days after he murdered two Israelis; of terrorist organizations in the world that are mainterror, its removal and personâ€? and worthy of “a tained by academics, that are maintained by governhe wasuntil deďŹ ned as a “perfect the liberation of the West Bank from the settlements andments, the settlers.â€? military saluteâ€? we ďŹ nd that academics and governments act In thepost Gaza Strip, people rejoiced over the murderstoo and someThey gavedon’t out actually maintain comprehen• A honoring Japanese Red Army terrorist slowly. sweets to celebrate. Kozo Okamoto who murdered 24 tourists in an attack sive lists in real time, and the expectation on us by on an Israeli airport our users and by the community globally is that we ***** • Posts honoring Abu Jihad, terrorist responsible are able to respond to these things in near real time.â€? for the murder of 25 Israelis One can only marvel at the speed with which • A post praising a terrorist who murdered his Facebook claims it responds to terror promotion two Israeli coworkers when looking at its inaction in the face of PMW’s complaints. Nine months ago Facebook was supplied However many of Fatah’s posts glorifying and explicit evidence by PMW that Fatah’s mission inpromoting terror still remain, including: cludes terror and violence. Facebook boasting would be laughable, if its be• A post praising, Abu Laila, a murderer of two havior was not life-threatening. It has failed repeat(March 20, 2019) edly to deal with the terror promotion on its platform. • A post glorifying murderer of 37, Dalal MughraWhile Facebook is bragging about ďŹ ghting terror, bi, calling her a “legendâ€? and “a beacon for the gen- Palestinian terror is being embedded in the hearts erationsâ€? who “captured every Palestinian heartâ€? and minds of the next generation of potential terror(March 11, 2019) ists.

‍גמר חתימה ×˜×•×‘×”â€Ź

PLO OfďŹ cial: Israel Is Trying To Flood The Palestinian Street With Drugs


Karate Tournament with all types of drugs and to make it easier to obtain them through low prices.� Named After Palestinian Terrorist Last month, the head of the PA Preventive Secu-

Israel is behind efforts to â€œďŹ‚ood the Palestinian street with drugs,â€? according to Commissioner of the PLO Political and National Guidance Authority Nasser Nimr Ayyad. Calling for a national The Palestinian Ka- campaign to ďŹ ght drugs, Ayyad aid thererecently are “frantic attempts to turn Palrate Federation estine into hosted “Thea producer Sisters ofof this destructive plague by turning agricultural lands into nurseries of death for Dalal Mughrabi Chamthe production of drugs:â€? pionship for Young According the ofďŹ cial PA daily Al-Hayat Al-JadWomen,â€? thustohonoring Ayyad spoke of “the aida, terrorist who led the efforts of the occupation and criminalofdrug dealers cito ood the Palestinian street murder 37 Israeli vilians, among them 12 children. A banner displayed at the championship carried the logo of the Palestinian Karate Federation along with the logo of the World Karate Federation as can be seen on a photo posted on the Palestinian Karate Federation’s ofďŹ cial Facebook page last month (see above). “Palestineâ€? is a member of the Asian Karate Federation, which is a member of the World Karate Federation. Two weeks ago, Palestinian Media

rity Force Muhannad Abu Ali similarly blamed Israel for drug production and drugWatch use among Palestinians. (PMW) shared Last year, the Abbas-appointed dean ofconcernIslamic documentation schools and PA TV host Imad on ingHamato this explained Palestinian TV that among the “bad� things Israel has “given to championship to both the world� is “the use of drugs and pills,� and statfederations, asking that ed that Israel in cooperation with the CIAthe spreads they condemn Pal“mood enhancers� and “hallucinatory substances� to estinian Karate Feder“destroy what remains of ouration children’s values.� the and prohibit

recurrence of terror gloriďŹ cation by it and federation members. In addition, PMW asked that if the federation’s “Statutes and Rulesâ€? currently do not prohibit naming sporting events after terrorists, they be amended immediately to include such a prohibition. Neither federation has responded. The championship, in which 55 young Palestinian female athletes participated, was held in Beit Lechem by the southern branch of the Palestinian Karate Federation.

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A Forgotten Diabolical Nazi – And A Seven-Decade Cover Up An Interview with Author Dean Reuter By Elliot Resnick Jewish Press Chief Editor Many Jews are unfortunately familiar with the You claim the nuclear weapons program gravesite. And we discovnames Himmler, Goering, Eichmann, Hoess, and Kammler oversaw was also much further ad- ered several government Mengele. Virtually, no one, however, has heard of vanced than has heretofore been assumed. documents that show Hans Kammler even though he oversaw the construcWe found lots of evidence that the Americans were Hans Kammler did not tion of numerous concentration camps and headed very concerned about the Nazis’ [nuclear research]. commit suicide. He, in the Nazis’ rocket and nuclear research programs. At the D-Day landing, America used Geiger count- fact, surrendered to the Historians generally assume Kammler committed ers to see if there was radiation on the beaches of U.S. army and was held suicide on May 9, 1945, but according to a new book Normandy. And when the V-1 and V-2 rockets were in captivity in Austria published this week – The Hidden Nazi: The Untold landing in London and Southampton, leaving mas- and Germany for over 10 Story of America’s Deal with the Devil (Regnery) – sive craters behind, the Brits searched those craters months, well beyond his Kammler, in fact, survived the war and surrendered with Geiger counters, fearful that the Germans had reported suicide. to the U.S., which held him in custody for at least 10 developed a dirty bomb. The documents are months. After the war, the United States concluded that all presented in the book. Nazi SS General To learn more, The Jewish Press spoke with Dean the Nazis had made very little progress on nuclear Many of them are photoHans Kammler Reuter, the book’s principal author. Reuter is the ed- weapons, but we believe the U.S. reached that con- graphed. itor of two previous books and is the director of the clusion [prematurely]. Their thinking was based in What happened after those 10 months? Practice Groups of the Federalist Society for Law and part on recordings of [captured] German nuclear sciThe last thing in the official government files we Public Policy. entists that were secretly made after the war, but we found was a request for extradition of Hans Kammler The Jewish Press: For those who aren’t fa- don’t think those are very reliable because, among by Great Britain. Kammler, as I mentioned, was in miliar with Hans Kammler, how charge of the V-1 and V-2 rockets, and would you describe him? these were used to great effect to terReuter: He was an all-powerful, allrorize the citizens of London, Southevil Nazi SS general. He helped make ampton, and other places in England. the Holocaust possible. He was, for exSo it’s clear the English wanted to try ample, involved in designing, installhim for war crimes. ing, and maintaining the gas chamThere’s a note in the file from U.S. bers and ovens at Auschwitz and other army intelligence saying: We have camps as well. no objection to his extradition – and He was also instrumental in the then it’s as if Kammler never existed. war effort. By the end of the war, he There’s no trace of him from that point [was in charge of the development forward. of] all of Germany’s secret weapons, What do you think happened to including the infamous German venhim? geance weapons, the German V-1 and We think he followed the path of V-2 rockets. He also oversaw the develother Nazis and went to South America opment of Germany’s revolutionary jet with the aid of the United States. aircraft and nuclear weapons research. Why would U.S. officials help a You write that the Nazis develNazi general escape? oped many of these weapons in Because he gave them information secret underground facilities that they wanted. Nobody outside Germany he constructed. thought a liquid-fueled rocket could be Yes, when the Germans started built. They thought it was physically losing territory to the Allies, their faimpossible, but [once it was built] evcilities toward the outer edges of the erybody seemed to know these rockets Reich became vulnerable to Allied would become the future of warfare. bombing campaigns, so they began They were super weapons. moving things further and further into During the war, they were accurate the Reich and began putting them unto about one or two percent, but everyderground to make them bomb-proof. body knew they’d become more and They used existing underground more accurate. And that’s indeed what mines and shafts, but also dug into happened. Today, you can launch a mountains and began building anymissile from around the world and hit thing from small facilities to what at a certain quadrant of a certain buildthe time was the largest underground ing. factory in the world with millions of We actually found a document cubic feet of space. All these were built stating that the Russians tried to kidGovenment document – one of several discovered by Reuter and his by slaves whom Hans Kammler ruled nap von Braun from the U.S. in May fellow researchers – proving that Kammler surrendered to the U.S. after the war. over. 1945. Von Braun was the lead rocket There were hundreds, if not thouscientist who later came to the United sands, of these facilities. other reasons, the scientists knew they were being States and became an American hero [for his work on You write in the book that the Nazis were ac- recorded. NASA’s space program]. The fact that the Russians tually developing a rocket during the war that How far away, would you say, were the Na- after the war ended tried kidnapping him with a milcould hit America. Can you elaborate? zis from developing a nuclear bomb? itary attack really indicates the value they saw in the It was called the Amerika rocket, or “A-10.” It Some American intelligence and military officials rockets. was designed to be launched from Europe and reach say the Nazis could have been months away. I don’t Why would Kammler help the U.S. and deAmerica’s eastern seaboard, including New York, think they got that close. liberately disobey Hitler’s order to destroy GerWashington, D.C., Boston, and Philadelphia. If Kammler was so evil and oversaw the con- many’s secret weapons facilities? The Amerika rocket had its own facility in Ebens- struction of the gas chambers and all these seWe think he made a deal with the Americans to ee, Austria, where it was being developed. It was a cret weapon programs, how come nobody has avoid being hanged for his crimes. What he had to project the Germans were working on since the be- heard of him? offer the Americans was everything he knew about ginning of the war. Because after the war, a German court ruled him Germany’s secret weapons. Do we know how close they were to finishing dead based on a report from his driver who said he We have documents showing that Kammler this rocket? shot and killed himself. So no one ever searched for moved Germany’s rocket team twice. This is a group There are two or three strains of thought on him. He was lost to history, essentially. of hundreds of rocket scientists that began the war this question. I’d say they were probably within six But the problem with that story is that a body was on the north shore of Germany. In January of 1945, months of perfecting it, but the answer isn’t quite never produced. Searches – including ground-peneContinued on p.20 knowable. trating radar searches after the war – never found a

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s e k a T k c i u Q

The network and its founder, Egyptian Muhammad Jamal, were designated by the State Department this month as “specially designated global terNEWS YOU MAY HAVE MISSED BY AARON KLEIN rorists” afliated with al Qaeda. JERUSALEM BUREAU CHIEF FOR BREITBART NEWS The designation not only sanctions MJN’s asAARON KLEIN sets but now allows President Obama to use a Bush-era military doctrine to capture Jamal terHizbulah Behind Recent Terrorist Attacks rorists overseas. The State Department document designating Militants acting on orders from the Iranianbacked Hizbullah were responsible for a spate of MJN as terrorists does not mention the Benghazi killings and attempted terrorist attacks in Isra- attack. This despite an October 2012 Wall Street Jourel during the past month, according to information shared with this column from informed Mid- nal report that ghters afliated with Jamal’s group participated in the Benghazi attack. dle Eastern security ofcials. Charles McCullough, one of Earlier this month, The Daily Beast quoted This past Friday, the Palestinian Authority arthe attorneys representing rested two cells consisting the of Fatah militants in sources conrming MJN’s involvement at Benghazi. whistleblower theadmitted center upon of Recently, a new UN Security Council resolution the West Bankatwho interrogation to the impeachment movement tarbeing recruited by Hizbullah to carry out attacks added MJN to its list of sanctioned al Qaeda groups. geting President Donald Trump, Unlike the State Department description, the against Israel, the security ofcials said. Thefor ofcials said theadminiscells were being directed by UN resolution details MJN’s alleged involvement worked the Obama Qais Obeid, an Israeli Arab and tration and reported directly to a grandson of for- in the attack on the U.S. special mission and nearmer Knesset former memberdirector Diyab Obeid. Obeid defected by CIA annex. controversial of A UN narrative summary of the sanctions resto Lebanon and became a senior national intelligence James Clap-ofcer of Hizbullah. olution reads: “Muhammad Jamal set up a trainThe of cials further said Hizbullah directed the per. cells to carry out attacks in the name of the Al Aqsa ing camp in Libya where Libyan and foreign vioMcCullough was appointed by lent extremists were trained. Some of the attackMartyrs Brigades, the military wing of Fatah. President Obamawere to serve The attacks alsoastothe be carried out in the ers of the U.S. Mission in Benghazi on 11 SeptemIntelligence Inspec-a small group based ber 2012 have been identied as associates of Muname of the Community Abu Musa Brigade, tor in General. Syria allied with Fatah. The ofcials said the Abu hammad Jamal, and some of the Benghazi attackMcCullough one of three Musa Brigade isisnot known to have any serious ex- ers reportedly trained at MJN camps in Libya.” Earlier this month, this reporter quoted inistence in the West Bank. senior attorneys at the Compass this month, column rst report- formed Middle Eastern security ofcials saying it RoseEarlier Legal Group, which this is repwas militants from the Muslim Brotherhood who ed that the Hizbullah nancing resenting theIranian-backed central whistleblower on isthe matter Democratic politics. Jamal from of thephone Al Aqsa thepresident. military sprang ofcells Trump’s callMartys with theBrigades, Ukrainian In histerrorist Twitter leader profile,Muhammad Zaid describes himself as prison in 2011. wing of PA President Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah orThe firm’s founder and managing partner, Andrew a “non-partisan” attorney “handling cases involvThe Muslim Brotherhood connection may serve ganization. Bakaj, confirmed that his law firm is representing ing national security, security clearances, govt inThe security ofcials, meanwhile, said there is as further evidence of an Egyptian role in the Beng“multiple whistleblowers in connection to the underhazi attack. media, Freedom of Information Act, & information that Hizbullah- nanced militants were vestigations, lying August 12, 2019, disclosure to the Intelligence whistleblowing.” Missing from Zaid’s twitter profile behind a spate of killings here in recent weeks. SpeCommunity Inspector General.” is that he co-founded Whistleblower Aid. That detail Turkey and Qatar Moving Away cically, the ofcials said the jihadists were beMcCullough recently letter to Acting not mentioned Zaid’s bioWith on his attorney From Friendly in Relations U.S. hind the murder earliersent thisa month of the Israeli re- is also Director of National Intelligence setting forth It’s not only Saudi Arabia. Now major U.S. allies servist Seraiah Ofer, who was bludgeoned to condideath website. areWhistleblower discussing developing at his in Broshwhistleblower Habika, in the Jor- Turkey tions forhome the original to northern testify before This and evenQatar though Aid has closbeen er relations withthe Russia the expense of Ameridan Valley. the House Intelligence Committee led by Rep. Adam actively helping firstatwhistleblower also being ca, according informed Middle securiThere were mediarequested reports here Israel’sclearance Shin Bet represented Schiff. McCullough security byto Zaid by setting up a Eastern GoFundMe page ty ofcials. was investigating possible crim- seeking soSecurity that heService could attend any hearingawith the whisto raise funds for the purported whistleblowIn a shocking development, the security ofinal motive in that attack. tleblower. er’s defense. The security ofcials said there is information cials further said Qatar and Turkey are leading seMcCullough was cells appointed byoutPresident was founded in September talks to study Aid the possibility of renewing relathe Hizbullah-backed also carried the dead- cretWhistleblower Obama to serve as the Intelligence Community 2017 in the wake of Trump’s presidency encourage ly shooting last month of Gal Gabriel Kobi, who was tions with Syria and Iran in response totoPresident Inspector Andsniper his bio on city theofCompass whistleblowers to come forward. Obama opening dialogue with Tehran over its nukilled by aGeneral. Palestinian in the Hebron. government Rose relates that he during reported The group did not sit around waiting for whisprogram. Kobilaw hadfirm’s been on reserve duty thedirectly Jewish clear toholiday Clapper. tleblowers. Upon its founding, Whistleblower Aid Qatar and Turkey, along with Saudi Arabia, of Sukkot. were deeply involved in supporting the insurgenFinally, theNews ofcials said there is information As Breitbart reported, a search of the Twit- actively sought to attract the attention of Trump cy targeting Syrian President Basharbyal-Assad’s that Hizbullah- nanced militants carried out a administration ter account for the law firm’s founder and managing government employees reportedly regime. Those countries are to be some of the drive-byBakaj, shooting onanti-Trump Road 446 inposts the West Bank partner, finds such as re- blasting advertisements for said its whistleblower serbiggest of Iran’s last week targeting an Israeli car. members No one was peated advocacy for Trump cabinet to inin- vices onopponents Metro trains, usingalleged mobile nuclear-weapbillboards that ons aspirations. jured in that attack. voke the 25th Amendment of the Constitution over circled government offices for 10 hours a day, and According to the security ofcials, Turkey, Qatar competency issues. The amendment offers a path for handing outArabia whistles street corners as aObama’s gimmick and Saudi areondisappointed with Was The Muhammad Jamal Network the commander-in-chief’s removal if the “president to gain attention. outreach to Iran and what they view as a U.S. failInvolved In The Benghazi Attack? is unable discharge the powers of his ureWhen Aid was first formed, the to act Whistleblower militarily in Syria. Is the to State Department hidingand the duties involvement office.” main banner for the mission statement its web“They view America has losing majorofcredibiliof an Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood-linked terrorsenior counsel with the Compass Rose site contained clearly ty,” said one of cial. anti-Trump language. “Today istMark groupZaid, in the Benghazi attack? foreign of Qatar and Turkey, theis A Group, new United Nations report ties Legal has also been connected toperpetrators advocacy for ourThe Republic is ministers under threat. Whistleblower Aid ofcials say, been quietly discussing change of the attack to the Muhammad Jamal Network, committed anti-Trump whistleblowers. tohave protecting the rule of law in athe Unitin attitude toward Syria Iran along with closer orMissing MJN. from the avalanche of news media cover- ed States and around theand world,” read the previous strategic relations with Russia that could include age about the so-called whistleblower clients of Bakaj statement which can still be viewed via the Internet Aaron Klein is Jerusalem bureau chief and senior weapons and oil deals. and Zaid is that at the beginning of Trump’s presi- Archive Wayback Machine. That part of the mission Last week, the Daily Mail reported Saudi Arareporter for He is also host dency Zaid co-founded Whistleblower Aid. The group statement receivedchief, attention in Bandar the conservative mebia’s intelligence Prince bin Sultan, of an investigative radio program on New York’s is heavily tied to far-left activist organizations and dia. said his country will make a “major shift” away from 770-WABC Radio, the largest talk radio station its relationship with the U.S. in protest of Obama’s in the U.S., every Sunday between 7-9 p.m. His dialogue with Iran and inaction in Syria. website is


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 A SpeciAl RepoRt fRom AcRoSS the pond  JewiSh newS fRom down UndeR

Jewish School Forces Ofsted To Apologize

 Dispatch from the culture War front Ofsted, the educational inspectorate that has been downgrading Jewish schools, has admitted to making a specialafter report from palestinianwith meDia Watch a mistake being threatened legal action. In June, Manchester’s King David High School was downgraded from “outstanding” to “inadequate” on the grounds of “unlawful segregation” in its Yavneh Girls and Yavneh Boys divisions. This segregation was in breach of the Equality Act, Ofsted claimed. The school’s chairman of governors, Joshua Rowe, said, “I argued with Ofsted for three months prior to them publishing their report in June that they were wrong. We issued proceedings, and then, within a 21-day period, they conceded they were wrong – and they were wholly wrong. It was ill-advised for them to take this stance in the first place.” He added, “I estimate the costs we have incurred will be in the region of £80,000 – you have to prepare a good case for a judicial review. We employed a solicitor and two Queen’s Counsel.” Ofsted was ordered by the court to pay the school’s “reasonable costs.” Ofsted said, “We have taken the very unusual step of giving consent to the quashing of the most recent inspection on King David’s High School in Manchester, which was published in June 2019. “We have agreed with the school that, given the school’s particular arrangements, it was not open to us to conclude that there was unlawful discrimination on grounds of either sex or religion and belief, when comparing a pupil in either of the single-sex streams with a pupil in the main stream.

By Doreen Wachmann Jewish Press UK Correspondent “Quashing the report will allow us to re-inspect the school at an appropriate time, looking again at how it manages the separation of pupils by sex and assessing the education it provides against our new inspection framework.” No Confidence Discussion Scheduled For Kol Nidrei Night Outrage was expressed in the Jewish community when a Labour branch scheduled a vote of no confidence in Jewish MP Dame Louise Ellman on Yom Kippur. Board of Deputies president Marie van der Zyl said: “That a Jewish MP should be threatened with a vote of no confidence tabled for Yom Kippur – the holiest day in the Jewish calendar when she has no opportunity even to respond – ought to be a source of shame for the Labour Party. Louis Ellman has fought bravely against anti-Semitism in her own party and she should be applauded, not vilified.” Ellman’s rabbi, Ariel Abel, told The Jewish Press, “Dame Louise Ellman is a life-long activist for justice and fair treatment of all her constituents, Jew and gentile alike. … For the British Labour Party and her local constituency party to even consider her for a vote of no confidence is, in my opinion, not only an attack on her sterling record as a dedicated servant of the people but against the values she represents. “The move to suggest such a motion is far from the minds of the vast majority of her electorate, who gave her the third largest majority of any Parliamentarian in the last election.”

The branch, St Michael’s, was warned by Labour’s North West Region not to call on Ellman to resign at the meeting on Kol Nidrei night, as were two more branches who wanted to submit votes of no confidence in Dame Louise. A source close to Dame Louise told The Jewish Press, “The official selection process has not yet started. Those attempts at votes of no confidence were to try to jump the gun. They are so eager to get rid of Dame Louise. It is very unpleasant.” Conservative Candidate Reveals Jewish Roots Rory Stuart, the former Conservative MP, who is standing as an independent candidate in next year’s London mayoral election, has revealed that he has Jewish roots. The MP, who ran against Boris Johnson for the Conservative leadership and lost the Conservative whip for voting to stop a no-deal Brexit, began his campaign for London’s top job in the highly Jewish populated area of Golders Green. He disclosed that his mother’s grandparents (on her father’s side) were Jews who came from Romania to New York in 1880 and moved 20 years later to London. His American wife, Shoshanah, meanwhile, is Jewish as the daughter of a Jewish woman. He told the Jewish Chronicle, “We celebrate Jewish festivals, but also Christian festivals.” He told the Jewish News that he intended to add

Continued on p.20

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NYPD: Yom Kippur Fire Wasn’t Anti-Semitic Attack By Baruch Lytle Jewish Press Staff Writer A fire set on the steps of the Park Slope Jewish Center on Yom Kippur on Wednesday around 1 a.m. was not a hate crime, say the NYPD. Camera footage shows an individual placing a backpack on the center’s steps and setting it ablaze. Many initially assumed the attack was anti-Semitic in nature, but Ellen Brickman, president of the Park Slope Jewish Center, told The Jewish Press, “The police have…concluded our synagogue was not targeted in any way. Our building was in the wrong place at the wrong time.” “We’ve been told by the police that there was a crime nearby, either a rob-

Resnick Continued from p.12 as the Russians were approaching, Kammler moved the rocket team to central Germany into a vast underground factory. The very next month at the Yalta conference, the Allies determined that this factory would be in the Russian zone of occupation after the war, so Kammler moved the rocket team a second time to southern Germany within the path of the advancing Americans. He basically hand-delivered Germany’s rocket team to the United States. And all this happened in conjunction with two other developments: 1) In November 1944, the U.S. government signed a contract with General Electric to build an American version of the V-2. 2) In December 1944, Kammler’s emissaries met with representatives of the American government and General Electric in neutral Portugal. This all points in the direction of a deal when you remember that Kammler ended up in American custody after the war but was never tried. Why did Kammler want to sur-

London Continued from p.16 Yiddish to the 11 languages he already knows, in order to understand Yiddish letters from his Jewish great-grandfather that are in his possession. Maharat Graduate To Serve As Scholar-In-Residence A Modern Orthodox woman with rabbinic ordination will serve as a scholar-in-residence for the UK Jewish

bery or a burglary, and somebody saw our steps as a convenient open area to try to burn some evidence,” she said. An NYPD spokesperson, Sergeant Mary Frances O’Donnell, told The Jewish Press, “After conferring with the Hate Crimes Task Force, it was determined the crime was not motivated by hate nor was the Jewish Center the target,” she said. Considering the number of anti-Semitic attacks in New York in recent weeks, Brickman said that “certainly the fear is there for everyone.” She said she is “just very grateful that, in this case, it turned out that there was no cause for concern.”

render to the U.S. as opposed to the Soviet Union? That’s a great question. Kammler came of age in World War I, in which his father fought as an anti-communist. The first thing Kammler did as a young man was join a group that was designed specifically to fight early communists. So Kammler was anti-communist and didn’t want to serve the Soviet Union. Do you think Kammler escaped justice? Yes, I think he clearly escaped justice – with the help of the United States. He was one of the most atrocious war criminals and he was allowed to live out his life without ever facing prosecutors. Was the U.S. right, do you think, in allowing him to live? I write in the book that if I were in the U.S. Counterintelligence Corps, I would have probably made the same deal. We were facing an existential threat in the Soviet Union and we would have lost the Cold War without the missile technology developed by the Nazis. The geo-political landscape of the world today would be vastly different if we hadn’t made the Kammler deal.

Feminist Alliance. Eryn London, from Randolph, New Jersey, studied theatre, psychology, and Judaic studies at Goucher College, Baltimore, where she became Hillel president. Upon graduation, she continued her studies in London, writing a dissertation on ritual in community building. She then made aliyah and studied at Midreshet Lindenbaum and then, by distant learning, at New York’s Yeshivat Maharat, from which she received her ordination.

Friday, October 11, 2019

jaundiced eye for yellow cabs, you are right. But then again, this is partly their fault for painting the things the same color as those who are jaundiced. I’m afraid that it’s not just New York’s cabs that are problematic. When I first moved here ten years ago, I made the laughable mistake of driving like a British person. This involved signaling to inform the other drivers that I intended to pull out or change lanes. This works perfectly well back in the U.K., but in New York City, it merely alerts other drivers what you intend to do and gives them advanced warning so they can make sure that you can’t do it. I was giving a shiur in the Young Israel of Manhattan just before Yom Kippur. As I drove home the traffic came to a complete halt. There had been an accident and the police and ambulances were busy helping those who had been hurt. The flashing lights of the emergency vehicles showed that this was a serious situation. The car next to me disagreed and started honking repeatedly to let the paramedics know that they should stop what they were doing and get out of the way for someone who was in a hurry to get home. Others joined in too. Sheesh! And don’t get me started on a place called Brooklyn, which has elevated the phenomenon of double (not to mention triple and quadruple) parking into an art form. I have an idea for the Jewish community of New York and across the United States. It is based on something I once heard about my rosh yeshivah, Reb Leib Gurwicz, zt”l. His father-inlaw, the famous mussar giant Reb Elya Lopian, once paid him a wonderful compliment. He said that Reb Leib was a “Walking Mesilas Yeshorim!” Reb Leib didn’t drive a car but if he did, he would have been a “driving” Mesilas Yeshorim. The ideal is to be the sort of Jew that is actually a Mesilas Yeshorim in every facet of our lives, whether, in business, interactions with neighbors or driving a car. So, my idea is to imagine how nice it would be if Jewish drivers, particularly if they are identifiable as Jews by their dress or the stickers on their cars, would be known as the Five Star guys on the road. We should be the let-people-change-lanes people, who never use their horns unless it’s to warn someone of danger, not to warn them that we are impatient and in a bad mood. And we should even try very, very hard, to be driving Mesilas Yeshorims who avoid double parking. Rabbi YY Rubinstein is a popular lecturer, a regular broadcaster on BBC National TV and Radio, and the author of 10 books (including, most recently, “Jewish Life and Jewish Laughter”).

Look for the next issue of OUR KOSHER WOLRD (INTER-

NATIONAL KOSHER) in the Nov 8 issue.




I grabbed an Uber after I flew back to New York a few weeks ago. I like being able to simply take out my cell phone and summon an Uber or a Lyft; it’s so unlike the usual ordeal of getting into a yellow cab at JFK. Uber drivers are driving their own cars. That means that they are clean and tidy and the heating and air-conditioning works. Maybe it’s just me, but I like it when you’re tired after a long flight, it’s 90 degrees outside, and you get into a car and the air is cool. Then there is the added luxury that these cars’ shocks work, too – such a comfort if you’ve just come off a flight that experienced severe turbulence. The last yellow cab I took after a flight had an aluminum hose that was duct-taped to the air vent in the driver’s dashboard where the cool air was working – as opposed to where I was sitting where it didn’t. This was stuck through the tiny window separating driver and passengers (or “victims” as I have come to think of us). I’ve experienced this cutting-edge technology in several other yellow cab rides, too. Sadly, the geniuses that came up with the aluminum-hose solution did not turn their attention to a solution for the yellow cab wreckedshocks problem. A yellow cab ride often makes you feel as though your recent severe turbulence was actually a soothing and gentle massage by comparison. Another difference between the two experiences is the friendliness of the drivers. The Uber and Lyft people are friendly and considerate. They are actually assessed and awarded a score by customers because of their friendliness, giving them a rating from five stars to one. The app that summons your ride even asks you if you want them to engage you in conversation or not. Yellow cab drivers, on the other hand, have to pass a suitability test before they are let loose on New York’s roads. I have never actually seen one of these, but it’s pretty clear to me what they must look like. Question 1: Your passengers are both over ninety and have several heavy cases. You should… A: Make a nasty face at them and grunt. B: Open the trunk, point out to them that it is open, and grunt. C: Help them put their bags in the trunk and grunt. If you think by now that I have a


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tumah – not a nachri –Chaim but no these teshuvos, Rabbi Chaim these teshuvos, Rabbi human is muktzeh. And only Berlin writes that me’ikar Berlin writes that me’ikar Halachic Corner With maachal is mekabel tuha’din it’sadam permitted to shake ha’din it’s permitted to shake RAV HERSHEL SCHACHTER mah – not maachal beheimah hands because it’s not derech hands because it’s not derech 2 2food is considered –chibah. but no chibah. INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED BY BY INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED muktzeh. Generally Ishto niddah is aisspeaking, separate Ishto niddah a separate ELLIOT ELLIOT RESNICK, JEWISHJEWISH PRESS PRESS CHIEF EDITOR RESNICK, CHIEF EDITOR though, these four categories issur – and touching is assur issur – and touching is assur are not muktzeh.) even if it’s notnot derech chibah. even if it’s derech chibah. There’s a anyone machlokes RisBut, with anyone else, shakBut, with else, shakhonim whether a keli has to ing ing hands for for business or or to hands business to have a tzuras kli permitted, (so that it saysay hello is really hello is really permitted, would beYou mekabel tumah ifit,it he says. should avoid he says. You should avoid it, is madeyou from the right matethough, whenever can. It’s not right – that’s for sure. But is It’s not right – that’s for sure. But is though, whenever you can. for itBerlin not to –bewho muktzeh. The MechThe mishnah says basar that aderech lulav isn’t Rabbi lived under thethe it really assur? Kiruv chi-chi-rial) Rabbi Berlin – who lived under it really assur? Kiruv basar derech aber says it does. He writes that writes since a even muktzehin foran women, who are not ob- communists in Moscow – also ba [touching affectionate manner] ba [touching in an affectionate manner] communists in Moscow – also writes ball, ifforyou’re example, isto not mekabel tumah, ligated inbut theRav mitzvah. The mishnah says that going be medakdek notnot is assur, Moshe Feinstein writes that if you’re going toRema be medakdek is assur, butlulav Rav Moshe Feinstein writes it’s always muktzeh. The says no,ofit you can give the to your wife, and, if in a few places in his sefarim that he’s to shake hands, people will make fun shake hands, people will make fun in a it few in his sefarim that hastohishtamshus whichfun it’sof you kept in places a bucket of water, canhe’syou and – as it is[a–purpose they’re for making not sure whether a handshake isshe derech you and – as it is – they’re making fun not sure whether a handshake is derech 1 1 used], and therefore it isn’t muktzeh even put it back in the bucket. of talmidei chachamim. So he says: Don’t chibah. 1 of talmidei chachamim. So he says: Don’t chibah. 5 though it have a tzuras You can it’s handle it even alldoesn’t the chumros in the kli. presence B’pashtus, not derech chibah.after Rav observe all the chumros the presence B’pashtus, it’s not derech chibah. Rav observe you’ve shaken and davened So Tosafos writes thatbecause ainlulav should Jews they’ll Moshe didn’t wantlulav to advertise it so he of non-observant non-observant Jews because they’ll Moshe didn’t tofor advertise it so hebe of Hallel andhe’s putnot itwant away the day? doesn’t have a have morebecause to makeitfun of. wrote that sure. In America, ev- just muktzeh just have more to make fun of. wrote that he’s not sure. In America, evYes. tzuras kli, but the Chazon Ish says it erybody shakes hands. It doesn’t mean 2 erybody hands. It it’s doesn’t mean1.shouldn’t, I think Tosafos according the Rema, because says it should bereally mukanything, so shakes me’ikar ha’din See Igros Moshe (Orachto Chaim vol. 1, 113; Even anything, so me’ikar ha’din it’s really 1.a See Igros sheyesh Moshe (Orach Chaim vol. 1, 113;We Even it’s davar bo hishtamshus. tzeh because you don’t use it for the mitzpermitted. HaEzer vol. 1, 56, vol. 2, 14, vol. 4, 32:9) permitted. HaEzer vol. 1, 56, vol. 2, 14, vol. 4, 32:9) it forChaim a mitzvah. vah.The But the Chazon Ish3 isn’tRav happy with 2.use alumni of Yeshivah Chaim Nishmat (Kosovsky Edition 135:6). The alumni of Yeshivah 2. Nishmat Chaim (Kosovsky Edition Rav Hershel Schachter, a 135:6). widely-rethis Tosafos. Berlin many years ago put out a Rav seferChaim of Berlin many years ago put out a sefer of posek, isSchachter, rosh yeshiva and rosh dinim of they muktzeh were all The the teshuvos could findpatterned of Rabbi spected Rav Hershel a widely-reall the teshuvos theythe could findson of Rabbi Rav Hershel Schachter, arosh widely-rekollel at Yeshiva University’s Rabbi Isaac after the dinim of was kabalas tumah [susChaim Berlin, who oldest of spected posek, is rosh yeshiva and kolChaim Berlin, who was the oldest son of spected posek, is rosh yeshiva and rosh kolElchanan Theological Seminary. On an ceptibility of impurity] since “kol ditiknu the Netziv. They published it, but after- lel at YU’s Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theologordinary week, he gives a shiur Monday rabbanan, ke’ein d’Oraisa tiknu” – that’s the Netziv. They published it, but afterlel at YU’s Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theologwards, they found many more teshuvos, ical Seminary. A talmid of Rav Schachter 4 evenings at column the Young Israel of Midwood asoGemara inthey Shabbos Perek Kol wards, found many more teshuvos, ical Seminary. A before talmid of Rav Schachter now they have fourinvolumes. InKisvei. one of reviews this publication. andthis Tuesday at the YeTheresoare of thingsIn that nowfour theycategories have four volumes. one ofat 8:15 reviews columnevenings before publication. are mekabel tumah: adam, kelim, ochlim, shiva of Central Queens at 8:00. and mashkim – so these four things are not muktzeh. 1. Sukkah 42a. (It doesn’t correspond 100 percent. 2. Tosafos, Sukkah 42b s.v. “Tiltul.” There are certain kelim that are not 3. Chazon Ish, Orach Chaim 49:9, see Aruch mekabel tumah – like klei glalim, klei laNer who reads Tosafos differently. avanim, and klei adamah – but are not 4. Shabbos 123b, see Gilyon HaShas ad loc. muktzeh. Similarly, only a Jew is mekabel 5. Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 308:45.


You Shake A Can You Shake A Is A Can Lulav Muktzeh After Halachic Corner With Halachic Corner With Woman’s Hand? Woman’s Hand? Fulfilling The Mitzvah? RavRav Hershel Schachter Hershel Schachter


are. what it would wouldBut make itly make itit we see now is into Eretz Eretz Yisrael; Yisrael; into the This only two tried to onlyreal two us. tried to is what our convince the naconvince the soul nawants – worthto be tion tion itit was was worthbetter, while go while to todifferent, go forfortrue. ward. ward. “Now Who was Who the soul was prevails over “right”? an“right”? The The the anbody,toand the swer swer to this thisinquesqueslast moments of tion tiondepends, depends,ofofcourse, course,on on who who you you this journey, we must take someare and with what glasses you look are and with what glasses you look thing with us, some ‘soul food’ for atat reality. reality.Despite Despite G-d’s G-d’s promises, promises, the road ahead. some chose hopelessness some chose hopelessness and and cynicyni“Each others of us shouldtodecide on cism cismwhile while othersclung clung tofaith faith and and one thing to accept upon himself. hopefulness. hopefulness. One small decision to improve Our commentators consider and the Oura commentators consider the make change in be ouralives. Somesin of the spies to fundamensin of the spies to be a fundamenthing something big, tal sin practical, – perhapsnot because it lurks tal sin – perhaps because it lurks something accompany us amongst us that evenwill now. We are all amongst even now. are all from now us throughout theWe long missionaries. The question is: year mismissionaries. The question is: ourmisahead inwith casewhat we get far from sionaries values? sionaries with what values? selves. Sivan Rahav-Meir, a ba’alas Sivan Rahav-Meir, a soba’alas “This is will that2 teshuvah, a nourish popular us Channel teshuvah, is a popular Channel we don’t forget these moments, so2 News anchor, a columnist for Yediot News anchor, aforget columnist for that we don’t ourYediot soul Aharonot, the host of athat weekly radio Aharonot, the host of body.” a and weekly can prevail over our show on Galei Tzahal, theradio aushow on Galei Tzahal, and the she auRahav-Meir, ba’alas thor Sivan of “#Parasha.” Everya day thor of “#Parasha.” Every day she teshuvah, is a popular Channel 2 shares short Torah thoughts to over shares short Torah thoughts to over News anchor, the host of a week100,000 Israelis – both observant ly not radio show on Galei Tzahal, 100,000 Israelis – both observant and – via Facebook, Twitter, and the author of “#Parasha.” and not – via Facebook, Twitter, and WhatsApp. Every day she shares short Torah WhatsApp. thoughts to over 100,000 Israelis – both observant and not – via Facebook, Twitter, and WhatsApp.

We Missionaries WeAre AreAll All Missionaries No, We’re Not Hypocrites Singer SingerShuli ShuliRand Randwas was once once The day after Yom Kippur. asked in an interview if he asked in an interview if hewas wasa a What now? Heresince are words said Jewish Jewishmissionary missionary sincehehesings sings lastfaith, nightprayer, by Rabbi Shmuel Vitkin about and G-d. about faith, prayer, and G-d. at the KBH shul in New York, just Rand replied: Rand replied:“Of “Ofcourse courseI’m I’ma a prior to Ne’ilah, which can help us missionary, but so are you. And missionary, but so are you. And this morning: Static and Ben-El [a famous IsraeStatic andhas Ben-El Israebeen[a afamous 40-day jourli pop “This duo] – aren’t they missionliney popthat duo] – aren’t they missionstartedhas on Rosh Chodesh aries? Everyone a message aries? Everyone has a message Elul trying and continued the they’re to convey through with every they’re trying to convey with every days of say. Selichot, Rosh word they But I’m theHashanah, only one word theyDays say. But I’m the only and one theasked Ten of Repentance, who’s whether I’m a missionwho’s asked whether I’m a missionYom Kippur. ary.” ary.” “We promise and plan to start This week’s parshah teaches us This week’s parshah teaches us anew, though we may seem to ourthat there is almost no such thing there almost thing selves likeishypocrites, liars, and as that objectivity. We arenoallsuch subjecas objectivity. We are are we all subjecflatterers. tive. All of usWhom speak from ourdeceivown tive. All of us speak from our own ing?ofThis doesn’t seem to be the world values. Twelve spies went world of values. Twelve spies went real us. After all, we do not act like to Eretz Yisrael and returned with to Eretz Yisrael and returned with this throughout the year. two opposing conclusions. Ten spies “But the truth is that now we two opposing conclusions. Ten spies claimed the nation must return to are our real true selves. Now is claimed the nation must return Egypt because there was no chanceto for real. Throughout theno year, we Egypt because there was chance wear costumes – images, external apparels, confusion, things that cause us to forget who we real-

Political PoliticalCartoons Cartoons

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40 Friday, October 11, 2019

Sukkot : A Blueprint By Ziona Greenwald Among the Jewish holidays, Sukkot is uniquely associated with joy. “V’samachta b’chagecha.” (Devarim 17:14). On Sukkot, rejoicing is not merely admirable, but biblically commanded – as seminal to the festival as the four species and the huts we sojourn to for the week. This divinely mandated air of jubilation stands out even more so for its propinquity to the Days of Awe. After a full month of personal introspection, followed by two days of judgment and a week of penitence, all culminating in the most solemn (though in its own way joyous) Day of Atonement, we collectively exhale and break out in exultation. What exactly are we celebrating? The other festivals on the Jewish calendar each mark a shining focal point in our history: Chanukah, the miracle

Holy Land, continues to bring – a grave new uncertainty: Will the rains come? Thus, Sukkot ushers in the prayers for rain, underscoring the message that our survival is always and forever in G-d’s hands. How can we be joyous in the face of such precariousness? The answer, of course, is faith. One who has faith can rejoice in the knowledge that Hashem will take care of all his needs, now and in the future. This lesson correlates directly with the other linchpin of Sukkot: recalling how Hashem took care of all our needs during our long years in the desert. The clouds of glory that protected us, the well and the man that sustained us, the pillars of smoke and fire that led the way – all these we remember as we sit

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of the oil and victory of the Maccabees; Purim, the downfall of Haman and his evil plot; Pesach, the exodus from Egypt and splitting of the sea; and Shavuot, the giving of the Torah. Sukkot, however, does not turn on any single, explosive moment in time. There are miracles in the story, to be sure, but those, which our humble little sukkahs are meant to call to mind, are wonders of a more ordinary kind – the improbableness of surviving life’s everyday challenges over a sustained period of time. This holiday is not about the “wow,” but the “how.” How do we transition from a period of intense spiritual attentiveness to our regular day-to-day existence? How do we carry the closeness we had with Hashem during the Yamim Noraim to the rest of the year? It would be natural to feel anxious, downcast, even a little lost at the conclusion of the Yom Kippur fast. Did we perform adequate teshuvah? Did we earn G-d’s mercy? With the King no longer in the field, will we be able to feel His presence in our lives? Enter Sukkot and its cardinal directive: Rejoice! There is a path to follow, the Torah is telling us, and this festival will set us on it. Though we are, most of us, not agriculturalists like our ancestors, we know that Sukkot is traditionally a harvest festival, marked by the reaping of crops sown months earlier. The ingathering of nature’s bounty promised another year of sustenance. That was reason enough to celebrate. Yet the onset of fall brought – and for those of us in the

in our makeshift dwelling and partake of the Yom Tov meals. We celebrate our material blessings while simultaneously taking a step back (or rather, outside) to acknowledge that without G-d’s protection and grace, we’d be completely empty-handed. The themes of Sukkot are not merely ideas for us to contemplate and then move on. They are an exercise in character-building. This is yet another way that the festival stands unique among all others. Its message of hashgacha pratit is a perfect blueprint for our workaday lives – what we return to after the decorations and etrog box are stored away – and thus an invaluable but under-appreciated segue from Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur to the rest of the year. The source of the joy that we are Lazio Chosson Kiddush set | $ 633 commanded to feel on Sukkot can be found in the gratitude we cultivate for the Divine Providence in our lives and the faith that it will carry forward – middot which we are enjoined to hone Dor Eliyahu cup | $ 472 this week but must continually refine and practice. If our joy wanes, we need only turn again to harvesting gratitude toward Only at Hazorfim:Round Matza Holder | $ 1,225 the Almighty from within our own inMarta wine bottle | $ 1,057 Authentic assessment certificate ner “garden of emunah.” Simple, yet far Hazorfim Borough Park 4424 13th Ave Brooklyn NY 11219 | 718.480.0270 from easy – enough to keep us striving Williamsburg by Hazorfim Williamsburg by Hazorfim Hazorfim Borough Park 67 Lee Ave Brooklyn NY 11211 | 718.387.0445 the whole year through. while supplies last 67 Lee Ave Brooklyn NY 11211 718.387.0445 4424 13th Ave Brooklyn NY 11219 718.480.0270 Ziona Greenwald is a writer and editor based in Jerusalem. She holds Flatbush, 1412 Avenue M Brooklyn, NY 11230 718-480-0270 New Store! a J.D. from Fordham Law School and recently published her first children’s Excluding Y.M collection book, “Kalman’s Big Questions” (Targum Press).

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Terror Management Theory In his 1973 Pulitzer Prize winning book “The Denial of Death,” anthropologist Ernest Becker argued that subconsciously, we are so terrified of death, that everything we do, without even necessarily being aware of it, is in some way trying to deny the fact that we will die. Based on Becker’s work, psychologists Jeff Greenberg, Sheldon Solomon, and Tom Pyszczynski formulated what they call terror management theory (TMT). Their goal is to demonstrate through research that we behave differently when reminded, either subtly or explicitly, of death-related concepts. Hundred of studies of TMT have been conducted, many situated near funeral homes and cemeteries. One of the primary results of these studies is that when we are reminded of death, we manage the anxiety that comes along with such “terror” by thinking and behaving in such ways that build self-esteem and encourage us to invest in our value system. As Moshe prophesies in Shirat Ha’azinu about the eventual misdeeds of Bnei Yisrael and the consequential punishments, he laments that “if they were to be wise, they would understand this; they would reflect upon their fate – [yavinu acharitam]” (Devarim 32:29). The basic understanding of the pasuk is that if Bnei Yisrael would be aware and mindful of the heavy costs of their actions, they would choose the course of

their behavior more wisely. Rabbi Simcha Zissel Ziv, known as the Alter of Kelm, adds an additional level of interpretation in his work, Chochma U’Mussar (1:35). The fate [acharitam] that they should reflect upon is the ultimate fate of all of us, namely, death. As Rabbi Eliezer recommends (BT Shabbos 153a), we should repent every day, because who knows if tomorrow will be our last? Rabbi Ziv implores us to constantly bring awareness of death into our consciousness. This can raise our consciousness of our actions and motivate us to live a life based on our ultimate values. In a captivating address launching the publication of the Koren Sukkot machzor, Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks suggested that this is the core message of Kohelet. The most prominent word in Kohelet is “hevel,” which Rabbi Sacks translates not as futile or vanity as most do, but as a shallow or fleeting breath. The running theme in the book is that we may be able to accomplish and accumulate a lot in this world, but in the end, we are all a breath away from death. The first person to die in Tanach is Hevel, who is killed by his brother Kayin. Kayin’s name comes from the concept of acquisition. Many look to acquiring goods in order to assuage the anxiety that the fragility of life presents. But material acquisition, Shlomo HaMelech contends, is not the way to confront the existential anxiety. The true way to defeat the terror that comes from awareness of death is through simcha – by living in the moment, by being mindful of the present, and enjoying what you are given and can experience in the here and now, despite the fact that the present moment is fleeting. This pairs well, Rabbi Sacks argued, with the message of the holiday of Sukkot as well. A sukkah by definition is a temporary structure. The simcha of Sukkot is to rejoice in the temporary and in the insecurity.

Continued on p.28

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Let the Sar HaTorah, Maran Rav Chaim Kanievsky shlita, enrich YOUR Shabbos table

Comments, perspectives, and stories on the Weekly Parashah Compiled by Rabbi Shai Graucher

BEREISHIS D ‫בראשית‬ As we read through Rav Chaim Kanievsky on Chumash, we can almost hear the voice of this incomparable gadol b’Yisrael in his Torah insights, his guidance in all matters large and small, and, particularly, in his stories, warm and personal, of his illustrious family. Rabbi Shai Graucher, who is an almost-daily visitor to Rav Chaim, compiled the many Divrei Torah He heard from Rav Chaim and pored through his published works. He has also been privileged to hear many stories directly from Rav Chaim and his family and these, too, are included.

New for the entire family. Bring the Parashah to LIFE! Ja f e Th

Who’s who

Hashem agree d, and Avraham’s hair turned gray! people got old, From then on they looked old. when Now people could between father tell the difference s and sons, moth ers and daugh ters, old and young Eliezer . When Avraham left to Eretz Yisrael, King Nimro at if his Wh d gave rld. the wo him a going-away gift: hisg to rebuild y the in? workin servantto start. Avraha ed it aga time Avrah an reached Eliezer m destroy “bako am makingam old age, Hashe s afraid trusted “I l” — with Hashem m had blessed Eliezer oach wa and much h all thing. Besid nedso that and his sons, him witevery es enormous hetsletsin ch Eliezer manag defea Noa dants, and descendan wealth, he had e his in and yetze said to r descen ted his aga r hara all you had no desire Avrah th. Never and So Hashem househ am earpasse to sin! He could had on h you old. d all his ten tests, n’t sin. ent wit ng thing Eliezer eem livirest learned alleve and now Hashe ry agr le of the his life in peace. and m let him live teachin unbreakab gs ofsts, the Avraham andworld.” wild bea s, Avrah the bird am’s ed. greatest blessi taughttothem destroy animals, to others. bow appear bul ng was his “ben, a Ma be When ” his son, which Avrahamawent zling rain same nume de.” for will there ashem has the sky daz to fight eement we ma rical value “bako the l” (the gematria the oss five “ben” and to thank Has kings, Eliezer the agr [numerical value Then acr a sign of was thesay a blessing, “bakol” is 52). ] of both only oneiswho bow went rain we Accor with is , ding to one opinio “Th bow him n “bakol” mean see a rain to the battle. rld again.daughter, and her s he was blesse When we d the wo name was “Bako d with a not to floo l.” promising the worked er who farm pea all gra He was ng the sm usi the earth. rd, of the n vraha eya m realized lously, s a ma acu nted a vin if thing oach wa vah. Mir that n de s would have turne bul he pla TeiAkeid at thethe the ma d out differently er the Ma ah, ch Yitzch h him to . Noa ak would have land. Aft ught wit w grapes been killed and have had bro he would s, they gre no children! Who would vines he have carried on grapevineAvraham realiz Eliezer hoped d the Avraham’s missi ed it was time that his e day. he plante on? for Yitzchak to sam Yitzch the same day daughter ak was forty years would pes marry get married. After old. Yitzcha of the gra all, wine out k. However, Eliezer was This is the story of the first Jewis a Canaanite. Avraha h m would shidd uch. The “shadchan” was not allow Yitzcha Avraham’s truste k to marry Avrah d serva her, because the am gave him carefu nt and student, childre H Eliezer. l instructions on PARASHACanaan had been cursedn of for Yitzchak, and how to go about he described the finding a wife by Noach. Avraham kind of girl Elieze for. and Yitzchak r should be lookin were descendants g of Shem, whom Noach had blessed. A match betwee n someone cursed and someo ne blessed vraha m told Elieze would not work. r, “Swear to Hashem by the holiness of the mitzvah of bris milah not to bring a Cana anite girl to marry Yitzchak. Go to the country wher e I was born and bring back a girl for Yitzchak from my family .” “What happens if she doesn’t Which angel did want to Hashem come?” Eliezer asked. “Should send with Eliezer I take Yitzchak ? “Absolutely not!” there? Avraham’s specia Avraham answ l angel — ered. “Hashem send an angel will to go with you, Metatron. and you will bring back for my son. a wife

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history e times in e so There wer people wer in which never Hashem good that the destroying considered pened n that hap world. Whe e no rainbows! there wer e in the tim ple, in For exam zkiyahu and of King Chi Shimon of Rabbi the time ever no rainbow sky. bar Yochai, the in appeared










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Friday, October 11, 2019

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At the end of this week’s parshah, we find something curious: Although Ha’azinu is associated with Moshe, the Torah tells us that Yehoshua also presented this song to the Jewish people (Deuteronomy 32:44). But if G-d commanded Moshe to repeat Ha’azinu, why did Yehoshua do so as well? Rav Hirsch and the Netziv both answer that the people had to be divided into smaller groups (though they give different explanations as to why this was necessary). But a simpler answer may be found in Rashi. He writes that only Moshe spoke the words of the song; Yehoshua was his meturgeman. “Meturgeman” literally means “translator,” but translating was only one function of the classical meturgeman. In the times of the Mishnah, for example, the Jewish masses required Aramaic translation of the Rabbis’ Hebrew, but they also needed the Rabbis’ ideas to be brought down to their level. Hence, the meturgeman explained the Rabbis’ words (see Targum Yonatan and Targum Yerushalmi for exam-

ples of what I mean). Onkelos describes Aharon as a meturgeman (Shemot 7:1), and Aharon likely played this role up until his death for there was a need for someone to communicate Moshe’s profound teachings to the common people. Yehoshua had an additional task: He had to speak in terms that would be understood by the new generation born in the desert. Interestingly, the Rabbis compare the relationship between Moshe and Yehoshua to that of the sun and the moon. Of course, the source of all the moon’s light is the sun; the moon merely reflects it. And yet, that reflection takes on a completely new form and look. By telling us that Yehoshua taught Ha’azinu to the new generation, the Torah is teaching us an important lesson. Each generation’s leaders must mine the Torah for new teachings, but – more importantly – they must translate Judaism’s eternal teachings in a way that will engage each generation. We must never forget that when we are speaking with someone, the goal is not just to say what we have to say, but rather to make sure the other parties understand what we’re saying. For many misunderstandings start from just that – misunderstanding. It thus behooves us to emulate Yehoshua and make sure we speak so that we’re understood. Rabbi Francis Nataf is a Jerusalem-based educator and thinker and the author of four books of contemporary Torah commentary. He is associate editor of the Jewish Bible Quarterly and a frequent contributor to many Jewish publications. Learn more at


the simcha that is afforded by living in the present.

Ha’azinu And Yehoshua – Why Was He Involved?

Continued from p.26 When confronted by the inevitability of death, let us respond by maximizing our time, living a life guided by Torah and mitzvot, and being mindful – i.e., enjoying

Rabbi Dr. Mordechai Schiffman is the assistant rabbi at Kingsway Jewish Center and a licensed psychologist practicing in Brooklyn and Manhattan. He can be reached at

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to the extent that they become one with him. His physical brain absorbs and envelops G-d’s Torah RABBI SHMUEL M. BUTMAN until his mind becomes a “Torah mind.” And kwwz ksbgn ojbn rwwrv ,c ,hsuvh ,rnu kwwz lurc ktrah rwwc inkz ruthba wr bwwgk since Hashem’s wisdom and will are united with Hashem Himself, he actually becomes a single entity with Hashem (see Tanya, chapter 5). Thus, a Jew whose primary distinction is To(Based on teachings of the Lubavitcher Rebbe) rah study has an element of superiority even over The Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 30:12) one distinguished for both Torah study writes that the esrog – which has both a and good deeds. The Torah student taste and a fragrance – symbolizes Jews might be lacking somewhat in good distinguished for Torah study (which is deeds (although he of course performs absorbed in the mind and gives intel- his obligations and performs some good lectual satisfaction, analogous to food deeds or else he would be missing the which is absorbed by the body and entire point of studying Torah), but he satisfies the palate) and good deeds compensates for this lack by his deep (which, like fragrances, are pleasant involvement in Torah, which leads to but do not effect lasting change). a profound, longer lasting unity with The lulav has a taste but no fra- Hashem than what is attained by the grance, symbolizing Jews distinguished “esrog” Jew. And that’s why the lulav is for Torah study but not good deeds; ha- the tallest of the arba minim. It reflects dassim have a fragrance but no taste, this aspect of spiritual superiority.

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Why Don’t We Say ‘Al Netilas Esrog’?

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symbolizing Jews distinguished for good deeds but not Torah study; and arovos have neither a taste nor a smell, symbolizing Jews distinguished for neither Torah nor good deeds. From this Midrash, it’s clear that the esrog is the choicest of the arba minim. If so, though, why is the beracha for the mitzvah “al netilas lulav” rather than “al netilas esrog”? The reason usually given is that the lulav is the tallest of the four minim. But that itself requires explanation. Since the physical world reflects its spiritual source, the lulav cannot be taller than the other minim unless it’s superior to them in some fashion. But if the lulav symbolizes Jews who are only distinguished for Torah study, how could it be superior to the esrog, which symbolizes Jews who are distinguished for Torah study and good deeds? The answer is that Torah study has a great advantage over all other mitzvos. Generally speaking, performing a mitzvah expresses a Jew’s obedience and subordination to Hashem as his body and soul become an extension of the Divine will. Yet, he remains a separate existence from Hashem, not fully united with Him. When studying Torah, however, a Jew understands and absorbs into his mind Divine wisdom and the Divine will

We may ask: Since the lulav’s special quality is expressed in the taste of its fruit (the date), why aren’t we required to take the fruit itself instead of its leaves? The Rebbe explains that Torah study has two aspects: 1) back-andforth discussion, presenting and disputing various logical suggestions before arriving at a final result, and 2) the result itself. The result is comparable to the fruit of the tree, while the backand-forth discussion is comparable to the leaves, which “protect” the final result from logical challenges. Human nature is to derive pleasure from arriving at a final result (before that point, one is bothered by not yet understanding the subject and achieving one’s goal). So that’s why we take the date-palm’s leaves instead of its fruit: The pleasure of arriving at the final logical result can be a source of false pride over one’s intellectual accomplishment. We should realize that the Torah is much greater and more profound than our limited understanding. As high as we reach, our understanding is no more than the externality of Hashem’s Torah – signified by the lulav, the date palm’s leaves and external aspect. We wish everyone a very happy Yom Tov.

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It’s the middle of the night. I snuggle with my tiny newborn granddaughter, Chayaleh, as she peacefully sleeps on my chest, affording her dear mother a few hours of respite before she resumes the care of Chayaleh and her twin sister, Miriam. The miracle of their births is not lost on me. Imagine – I, the proud bubby, the woman who was told by three doctors at the tender age of 21 that if I stubbornly continued to uphold “the antiquated Family Purity laws,” it was assured that I would never have children! I had the zechus to consult personally with Rav Moshe Feinstein, zt”l, and receive a blessing from the Lubavitcher Rebbe, zt”l, and after several years I was indeed blessed to bring forth the proud mother of the aforementioned twins, my dear firstborn, Rivkie. In my innocence, I assumed that once my children grew up and married, they would live near us, so I was unprepared when several of my children either went on shlichus or took positions overseas or on the West Coast, while we remained in New York. In a twist of fate, Rivkie, a mere two months af-

ter her wedding, returned to her birthplace, the U.K., with her British husband, Yossi. Kindly note that at the time, some 20-plus years ago, FaceTime and texting had not yet become a normal fact of life. To her immense credit, however, Rivkie was assiduous about phoning us, and blessed, Baruch Hashem, with a beautiful family, she would send us videos of the kinderlach as they grew, sharing the nachas with us. The years passed and we all settled into what became our norm of sorts, which included, if we were fortunate, visits “across the pond” about once a year or two – until Hashem had a surprise for me indeed. To my shock, you see, after 21 years of living and working in the U.K., Rivkie, Yossi, and family announced that they were returning to live in the U.S. And to add a bit more spice to my life, due to a series of unforeseen events, we moved as well, not far from Rivkie and my dear sons, Yossie and Shuie, and their families. Long-practiced habits die hard, however. During the first few months that she was back, whenever we would spend some time at Rivkie’s home, I assumed that once I exited her front door it would be time for me to board a plane home. I had to mentally pinch myself that we lived only a few short minutes from one another. And now, tomorrow evening, b’sha’ah tova u’mutzlachat, my husband and I will join our machutonim, as well as her proud parents, as we escort my Chaya, now a glorious kallah, in circuits around her chatan under the chupah, just as we did last year for her sister, Miriam (now a proud mother, Baruch Hashem). Once again, I thank Hashem for the miracle of my precious family, reunited once more. Hodu laShem ki tov, ki l’olam chasdo!

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Friday, 21, 2018 Friday, Friday,September July Jume 27, 29, 2018 2018

course, not teshuvah sheleima, very farhowever, from it, subject stress and other nervous disorders because anywhere that it’s But to ifit’s he makes a stipulation – if he They’ll like you. Ifforbidyou open yourbeforehand mouth, but it’s a very big thing. H’oseah aveirah u’misbayesh of lack ofbe sleep. Sleep is one of the– then greatest gifts of tells you, “I’m going to work” I think that den toin a never vegetarian. you’re trouble. bo –should ifthe he It’s does aveirah butput he’syour ashamed, it’s 1999) a very you forget about him. Hashem. aan pleasure to head down on And Torah doesn’t (April bigpillow 1999) the and to drift into a sweet sleep. (April A pleasure! command be off a zt”l And therefore it pays even for sinners to ask So sure not to abuse this gift. it the etarian either. So, it’s like Q: make How long should a couple waitUse between Eating Nosh Hashem to forgive them. Only that they should add, right way and you’ll be athe happy man. asking…“What is the attithe engagement and chasunah? How soon Q:ofplease Is itTorah permitted to eat uous (Aprilsweets 2000) “And Hashem, help me superfl that I should succeed tude the should they get towards married? even if I’m not hungry just for sake of getting Editor’s note: The following questions and answers Editor’s note: The following questions and answers Editor’s note: The following questions and answers in making a real perfect teshuvah.” On Smoking red-maple Use as your own “Mitzvah haba’ah l’yadeA: As soon possible. Editor’s note: The following questions and answers furniture?” some enjoyment? derive from audio audiohas recordings transcribed bydissemToras On Dealing With Your the Mother-In-Law derive recently by derive from recordings transcribed and Q: from The rav spoken force-transcribed judgment you have to buy your cha, al tachmitzenah – When opportunity to do a derive from audio recordings recently transcribed bywhen A: There’s a sefer called Shevet Mussar, a very Avigdor, an organization devoted to propagating the Toras Avigdor, an organization devoted to propagatQ: How should I react to mydelay.” mother-in-law inated over the past month by Toras Avigdor, an orgaOn Beards fully of smoking. I’ll tell you Toras about Avigdor,the an issur organization devoted tofurniture. propagat- mitzvah comes to your hand, don’t strict sefer. He talks about anshim, punishments. It’s views ofviews the late, much beloved Ravviews Avigdor Miller ing the of the late, much beloved Rav Avigdor who said about my chasunah gown – which I nization devoted to propagating the of the late, Q: The Chofetz Chaim wrote a kuntress about If right, find Rav Avigdor However, if someone believes what an adam gadol, that a big rosh yeshiva, once told me. ingyou the are views of thewhy late,don’t muchwe beloved athe very severe sefer, the Shevet Mussar. And gedolim yet, the (1908-2001). Rav Miller was educated at Yeshiva ColMiller (1908-2001). Rav Miller was educated at Yemade myself – that it’s junky material? much-beloved Rav Avigdor Miller (1908-2001). Rav prohibition of shaving, and other the gedolim issuing an Miller issur for it’s wrong morallypay wrong He meat said it– doesn’t to wait. And he explained why. Miller (1908-2001). Rav wasyeeducated at Ye-to eat Shevet Mussar makes apoor statement as follows: In case lege and Slabodka yeshiva, and, over his adult years, shiva College andthe Slabodka yeshiva, and, over his A:like A man told me,the ahe man, that he printed MillerCollege was educated at Yeshiva College and also wrote about importance ofare wearing shiva bachurim to smoke? – Slabodka that’s something else altogether. It’s It’s taking pills, said. The pills goodout fora shiva and Slabodka yeshiva, and, over his a person needs yishuv haleiv, to gain some calmness he served as mashgiach ruchani in Chaim Berlin, rav adult years, served as mashgiach ruchani in Chaim wedding invitations. He told me that his son-in-law Yeshiva, and served as mashgiach ruchni in Chaim beard. What should a person do if his wife is not A: The answer isas that we don’t need right to eat meat, and there’s notoquesyou. you have swallow them quickly. Once adult years, served mashgiach in Chaim ofhis theBut mind, it’s mutar to take walks in parks andyou in of Young Israel of Rugby, and rav ruchani of the Bais Yisroel Berlin, rav Young Israel of Rugby, and rav of –start future son-in-law – tasting remarked, “It’s notsee raised Berlin, rav of offor Young Israel of Rugby, andtion ravabout of the thethat. soIfhappy about theand idea? the gedolim this. It’s in the Torah someone is a vegetarchewing them them, you Berlin, rav of Young Israel of Rugby, and rav of the gardens. That’s what he says there. He gives his that perTorah Center. Bais Torah It’s It’s not raised lettering; it’s just Bais Yisroel Yisroel TorahCenter. Center. A: …if he cheap. can or afford a diamond ring, so he should itself – “ushmartem es nafshoseichem” ian because oflettering. health reasons, some they’re bitter and you might spitand them out. Bais Yisroel Torah Center. mission to take walks in parks gardens to gain black ink.” invest the money. And if he can’t, it’s possible, little – and it’s an application of common ascetic reason, that’s okay. Nothing Now, this shidduch is good for you. But make sure yishuv halev. Learning Forever On Stress this man, itto hurt him very much…. On Doing Teshuvah by And little, with diplomacy, convince her that beard sense. wrongchawith taking precautions with not to taste itpoor too much. Swallow it as soon asapossiQ: What Is it permissible to rebuke talmid And, therefore, we’ll say the same thing over here. should a girl do if herachassan says The father-in-law called me on the telephone: “How Q: Can the rav offer me some advice for Q: If a person is still continuing to do aveiros, is a good thing. All things need diplomacy, and ifpick you The gedolim are not scientists. your health. But ifBecause he does it ble. if on youprincistartthey tasting then just you to might cham or rav who greetThey me with a seiver If people are down, and take it, a nosh that he intends todoesn’t learn forever? should I react?” he asked me. You know how to react? how I might be able to alleviate some of the is there any sense in doing teshuvah? do it with chachma, then I’m sure that in the course cannot prove that smoking ismind harmful. ple and because wrong to eatnot meat; decide, “That’s for he me,”justifi and ed. then you’ll keep on panim yafos and even her ignores me when I– greet up their spirits, so they’re But when you’re A: She should change about him she it’s By not reacting! It’s a glorious opportunity. We say stress that I feel? A:they Absolutely! And teshuvah isit’s that of time you’ll be able win out. And don’t have to. part If on of thehis packsays morally wrong –the then he’s not depressed, and you’re just doing it for nothing at should look for somebody else. Every man has the right looking for next 40toan years. him? every day A: Sleep eight hours a Boruch night without exception. esrei : “v’limkalilai – those helearn should ask Hakadosh Hu forapikorus, that Now, in in the yeshivosbecause in Lithuania before World age ofCan the cigarettes itself it says that he’sit not a Jew. all, then it’s noshemoneh mitzvah you’re becoming ento foryou a certain amount of time, but hehelp must be (February 1995) A: rebuke somebody who is more learned Eight hours every night without exception! No who make light of me – nafshi sidom – let my soul be chasuhe should stop doing aveiros. I’ll explain that. War II, nobody had a beard. That’s a fact. Only the to and the habits passion. So it depends what the clearSurgeon in his that eventually heBut must support the is warning you He cannot be a Jew have aof printhan you if conviction heGeneral has a certain fault? Yes. what you slaved silent; v’nafshi ke’afar lakol tiyeh – let my soul be like nahs , no other simchahs . No excuses. When a person does an aveirah and he’s happy with kollel people had beards. But the bachurim, even is. his family. asmoking young makes a condition with his kavanah that cigarette is dangerous forletter. cipled stance against the Torah. Q: If a man has The to work at making a living, should do isIfwrite himman an anonymous A polite to everybody.” you start sleeping eight hours every night, and dust (December 1995) it, If then it’s aand much greater sin. he does the bachurim, had ain? beard. Even in the kallah that he will be learning forever nowhen matter what, your health, itThat’s even the enumerates Torah teaches thatold the earth hasnobody been does a kollel life come anonymous letter. bestBut way. And I’ll tell where You know what aonce glorious opportunity it is when you do itis for aa useful long time, you will discover a great then he not person at all. Forget about him. an aveirah but he is ashamed and he’s sorry that American yeshivos, upon a time, even the good sicknesses come from smoking, given bycan HashemA:toI’llhuman in this: There was once a man answerbeings you like you that thisthat is a method which, if used properly, hurts you and don’t react? You swalchange inityour nervous system. A from great his change! If somebody Displaying the American Flag could be it’s that work out. he’saNow, doing it,m’chuyav then subtracted punishyeshivos, nobody wore a you beard. It was only on, then you’re tosometimes understand general, and then tointhe Jewish people. here the shul who told me that he’d likelater to quit be very big to’eles, a very big help,things in other situalow it down. Hakadosh Baruch Hu is going to give you take my advice, and you’re consistent about it, Q: Should a religious Jew hang a fl ag out on He might, let’s say, get a very big stipend from a kollel. ment… when the chassidish element came to this country that And, therefore, anyone who questions work and become a kollel man. Now, I’m an old hand tionson asyour well.own. It’s common sense. you such perfection of character. He’ll give you happiyou’ll never want to go back to yourl’ivrocha, former sleeping July 4th? Or sometimes he Chaim, might, for example, get an The Chofetz zichrono wrote more and more, very big influence gedolim will teach you about theopporturight ofa mankind use the flhad eshaof when itto comes toitthese types of things, so Iand toldpeople him, (August 2000) ness in this world. There’s a great reward for habits. You’ll be a different person altogether. A: Let meauthority tell you of something, Fifty yearspeople ago I nity toforgive shiursoldiers. in a high-level mesivta. He’s they sayseferTorah Jewish In chiyuv, those days when began growing beards result. the responsibility, the to animals is questioning the “What you really meanas isathe first half. That’s what keep have their spoken mouthsabout shut. that. I have been speakNow, that’s not the only thing. But it’she’s onemaking of the who wouldn’t ing acare shiur talmidei chachamim and were drafted into the Russian army, they had to eatandyou’d you have understand that hadras panim, take offor your health. But to we somethe Torah theNow, dignity primacy like to and do.” Hetowants toeretz quital work, period. Q:things What’s the best way deal with a fatherThe fiarst to do. Most people, you’ll discover, are Gemara says: “toleh blimah” – Hashing more than 50 years in public but I by didn’t speakA parnassa. That’s aChofetz pleasure! And then he can learn treifa foods. So the Chaim wrote in his sefer, the beauty of a Jewish face, is enhanced a beard. times know more about the details be- of mankind. So I said to him, “You keep on working. Don’t in-law? em need hangs the world about American fl ags. We don’t it. Who needs forever. Sure, why not? “If you must eat treifa finished quit beard doesn’t takewe’ll awaydo the of the face; on the cause we can read thefood, cigarette pack-you’requestion. (1972) just yet. And it beauty like this: Every Sunday A: Don’t laugh. That’s a then very when important on the man or woman don’tthe suck the juice outthe of the bones” – which means, become contrary, a maleman! face is muchSunday more attractive when age. Maybe some gedolim can’t even a kollel Every morning pack ait And answer is that very best way is to always who keeps their mouth show that you’re not enjoying it. You’re only eating it has a beard. It’s like a woman’s hair. A woman withOn B’Iyun read and that’s lunchVs. andBeki’us go off to the kollel. close. And tell your wife that honorEnglish. him andWe to can keepread, quiet. Honor your father-inHashem hangs to save your life from starving. out hair on her head, a bald-headed woman – she’s what it keep says your on the cigarette packQ: Why the yeshiyouthat won’t in home until seven o’clock at night.” law and mouth shut. The less you say, the is the world in the merit And so like when person a cheit, sin, even a not attractive. A Jew beard on his face is age, so we have speak up and say aavos so much time isI put iyun, And told into him, “If without you’ll of doathe this faithfully more he’ll to ato you. He’lldoes think you’re somebody one who is every “bolbig cheit – let’s say he was mechalel Shabbos, but not attractive. that is amouth chet. closed. Open up your the mouth, slower and week,deeper if everymethod Sundayof you’llam be apiv kollel man,merithen if yousmoking keep your b’shaas he’sAnybody sorry was mechalel Shabbos – it’sstudying already not always is it Well, possible to all do it it.was. You that smokes should andabout not so muchtoo.” we’llHowever, talk Monday that’s you’ll beginhe to bray, and hetoday sees that you’re a donkeyaGemara, vah” – one who keeps madreiga, it’s already a step towards teshuvah. To be know that there is no longer the het- on covering It more ground? didn’t go any further than that. in disguise. his mouth shut at the sorry a madreiga; youto have achieved something. Of a very good question, by Continued on1978) p.36 er of “shomer psa’im Hashem,” that A:wife’s That’s (February It’sis very important know that with your time when there’s a Hashem the ones who are the way. The truth is that up until rerelatives watches you haveover to smile always, no matter what. quarrel. He doesn’t anunaware. He’s and not akeep pesi.quiet. He’s aAnd rasha. cently, in the yeshivos they rav used spoke to learn tonight Q: The about the obliSmile always they’ll like you. swer back. You’re a choiteh gamur if you smoke a big part of the mesechta. They used It’s good for your NEVER DEAL WITH HEAD LICE AGAIN! today. to cover sometimes an entire mesechta, health, too, by the way. (December 2000) sometimes half of the mesechta. Many times you sudToday however, there is a compedenly hear that this MULTIPLE TREATMENT CENTERS NEAR YOU On Vegetarianism tition for who can cover less ground. and this man passed Q: What is the Torah perspec- That’s how it is! A make boy says, “Ininedible. my ye- Next that them cameIsthe mashing of away. that so? Was HOWELL/LAKEWOOD tive of vegetarianism? shiva we covered only with six blatt in Ke- of the the tuna the addition perfect ratio of mayo he sick? Wasn’t he JACKSON/TOMS RIVER A: Vegetarianism So thetoother not so much makeboy it soggyhealthy? but enoughNo, to counterpeo5174 U.S. 9, Howell Township, NJ 07731can be regarded suvos this last– year.” like any other superfluous thing that a balance its dryness. 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Rav Miller

er way to do. (June 1998)

Continued from p.34 might have to be patient. And if you’re really interested in having a beard, you can consult somebody more capable of giving advice, and little by little, there are ways of winning her over. Some people, for certain reasons, don’t grow their beards. Maybe they think that there are certain places, certain situations, where they’ll have more influence without a beard. And therefore, if it’s l’sheim shamayim, it could be that it’s the prop-

Happ Holida

On Impeachment Q: Did you change your mind about President Nixon now that it has been proven that he cheated on his income taxes? A: If anybody is even a little bit acquainted with the income tax laws, he knows that they have so many nuances of interpretation that if you get a mean judge, he could convict almost anybody of income tax evasion on technicalities.‌ Nixon didn’t cheat on his income taxes. He had some of the best accountants in the country – you can be sure of that. And their interpretation was one way. But once these eagle-eyed hawk liberals are after him, so anything that he does is interpreted to his discredit‌ Now, on the subject of the tapes, we have to realize that America is actually running wild. To take tapes of a president’s private conversations and to broadcast them on the radio for everyone to hear – that means that America has hit a new low. Never before has there been such a disgrace. And, therefore, we have to keep our heads above water. There is a flood of wickedness that

‍חג ׊מח‏






is sweeping the country. And it’s a craze. It’s not a rational thing. Just because the Democrats couldn’t win at the ballot box, they’re trying to recoup their losses in Congress through impeachment. On this subject, you have to know that the public are nothing but the victims of the media. I have told you many times that you are all the victims of the radio and the newspapers. But if we were able to judge the situation impartially, you’d see that President

“I have told you many times that you are all the victims of the radio and the newspapers.â€? Nixon is actually one of the great presidents. He is a victim of persecution. And I think that every Jew should speak up. Every Jew should take his cue, not from the mischievous men on the radio and television, but he should take his cue from the gedolei Yisroel, and he should be mispallel bishlomah shel malchus. You should pray for the welfare of the president and his government. I think we all ought to write a little note to President Nixon. Address it to President Nixon, White House, Washington D.C. and write: “President Nixon, we are with you.â€? And put the date on it so that he shouldn’t think that it was a week ago that you wrote it. No, you’re writing it today, after the news came out. “President Nixon, we are with you!â€?‌ (April 1974) For more Q&As with Rav Avigdor Miller, visit or e-mail info@torasavigdor. org.

Friday, October 11, 2019

The Jewish Press

Two Rockets Fired From Gaza Fall Inside The Coastal Enclave Two rockets fired from the Gaza Strip late on Friday failed to cross into Israel, landing within the Hamas-controlled enclave. The launches triggered alert sirens in southern Israel, forcing Israelis to run for cover. The attack came hours after a Palestinian was killed and more than 54 were injured by Israel Defense Forces’ fire during protests along the border, i24 reported. The source of the figures was the Gaza Health Ministry, according to the

report. Around 5,800 protesters and rioters gathered along the security barrier on Friday, in a repeat of a confrontation that has continued at the border for months. Palestinians regularly fire rockets and improvised explosive devices at the IDF during these riots. (JNS) Palestinian rioters on the Gaza border, in August. (Hassan Jedi/ Flash90)

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Kraft’s Foundation To Combat Anti-Semitism Announces Executive Director

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Robert Kraft, chairman and CEO of the Kraft Group and owner of the New England Patriots football team, announced on Sunday the hiring of Rachel Fish as the founding executive director of the Foundation to Combat Anti-Semitism. Beginning her new position on Monday, she is tasked with catalyzing new solutions to prevent the age-old hatred of anti-Semitism, advanced by those who seek the elimination of the Jewish people and the world’s only Jewish state. Kraft announced the new foundation as he was awarded the Genesis Prize in June 2019 in Jerusalem, supported by his own $20 million founding investment and the generous donations of others. The foundation was initiated in response to the growing rise in anti-Semitism in America and abroad, “particularly in light of the spread of hateful rhetoric online and the initiation of hate crimes against the Jewish people through social media,” according to the organization. Kraft expressed his excitement and confidence in Fish, who he said “is equipped to face the growing epidemic of anti-Semitism with tenacity and a proven track record of progress through a lifetime of work in this arena.” In addition to her relevant academic degrees from George Washington University, Harvard University and Brandeis University, Fish was a professor at Brandeis, Harvard and UMass Amherst, teaching Israel studies and Jewish education. As executive director of the Schusterman Center for Israel Studies at

Robert Kraft, winner of the 2019 Genesis Prize seen during the Genesis Prize ceremony, at the Jerusalem theater on June 20, 2019. Credit: Flash90

Brandeis, she initiated educational workshops about the modern nation-state of Israel for public school high school educators. Most recently, Fish was a senior adviser and resident scholar of Jewish/Israel Philanthropy at the Paul E. Singer Foundation in New York City. “It is an honor to work with the Kraft family, and I am both humbled by and eager for this opportunity,” she said. “My entire life I’ve sought to educate against ignorance and fight hatred, and this role is the culmination of academic pursuits and advocacy efforts. We live in a time in which we imagined the horrors of anti-Semitism would no longer persist, yet it does.” As executive director, Fish is responsible for strategic vision and planning, fundraising and leading the operations of the foundation. She will also be tasked with hiring and managing the foundation’s staff, which will specialize in social media, education and effective response to anti-Semitic incidents and rhetoric. (JNS)

Friday, October 11, 2019



The Jewish Press

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The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019 Friday, June 29, 2018


Social media (this col Page 23 umn is deliberately neglecting to enumerate its blessings) has become a clearing house for public humiliation, and Twitter has only exacerbated evil speech. When you have but 280 characters to disagree with someone, the temptation to go below the belt is alluring. Back to when damage was limited to merely newspaper circulation. In 1980, Tom Turnipseed ran for congress in South Carolina. His Republican opponent discovered that Turnipseed had suffered from depression for which he had undergone electric shock treatment. Without inhibition, this informa

The Jewish Press

Perhaps The Chofetz

HAVE Chaim I GOT A Never Imagined; But He TO Did TELLPredict YOU RABBI HANOCH TELLER

We have already discussed developing the skill to discern a story that others are unaware of by seeing and hearing. That brings us to – you guessed it! – speech. The way we speak, and the measure of discipline that we employ,


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remind us of the legendary sage that revolutionized the observance of guarding one’s tongue. The Chofetz Chaim wrote about the dire consequences of inappropriate speech. I am ever-amazed at how one hundred years later his excursus, which appear at first blush to be farfetched, has proven to be veracious, if not in fact hauntingly clairvoyant, in contemporary society. Rabbi Joseph Telushkin wrote a marvelous book entitled, Words that Hurt, Words that Heal (whose revised and updated version has just been released) and many of the cases that he provides, culled from the media, are impossible to forget. Before I cite two examples, it is worth pondering the unprecedented danger of harmful speech afforded by modern technology. If a worker were to send a disparaging e-mail about a co-worker to her friend (perhaps even more in the interest of humor, than to slander) and by mistake sent it to her entire list, the damage is irreparable and compounded dozens of times. Suddenly, the Chofetz Chaim’s analogy of collecting the feathers released on a windy hilltop sounds like milquetoast.

tion was made public. The Democrat was appalled at the campaign ethics of his rival. Lee Atwater, who was in charge of the Republican campaign, responded that he had no intention of answering charges made by a man “hooked up to jumper cables.” This evoked an image so monstrous, that it poisoned any attempt to view Turnipseed as a sane individual. About this did the Chofetz Chaim warn. Not only did Atwater present a lurid, graphic image to the voters regarding the Democratic candidate, but also about anyone who underwent electric shock therapy. The Chofetz Chaim went so far as to say that lashon hara can kill. This too, seems like an exaggeration. The two protagonists in this next news item show otherwise, both figuratively and literally. President Gerald Ford, as so many remember, was a victim of defamation that surely killed his career. LBJ reportedly said about him that he is “so dumb that he can’t walk and chew gum at the same time.”

Continued on p.41

Friday, October 11, 2019

Teller Continued from p.40 Factually, Gerald Ford was an intelligent individual, and graduated in the top quarter of his Yale Law School class. Yet the epithet stuck like bubblegum, and Ford was not taken seriously. In 1975 the president was visiting San Francisco when an assassin aimed her pistol. Oliver Sipple, a former Marine, saw the woman taking aim and deflected her arm, saving the president’s life. Overnight he became a national hero. Naturally, the press rushed over to interview him. Sipple refused to speak to them and requested that nothing be written about him. One reporter found it difficult to honor this legitimate appeal, and uncovered a checkered past which he hastened to publish. A columnist approached Sipple’s mother in Detroit to comment about the revelations about her son, none of which she was aware. This is precisely what Oliver had sought to avoid. From that point on Mrs. Sipple would no longer have any contact with her son. When she died four years later, her husband informed Oliver that he was not invited to her funeral. The rupture in the family was too much for Oliver to bear. He became withdrawn, resorted to vices and was found dead in his apartment at the age of forty-seven. One final news phenomenon, from the time – although a world away – of the Chofetz Chaim. Machine Gun Kelly was an American bootlegger and bank robber that frustrated police authorities in several mid-western states. After the Great Depression banks were not stocked with large cash reserves and the big money was to be found in kidnappings and outrageous ransoms. Machine Gun Kelly and his wife Kathryn’s notoriety was rather local until he kidnapped a wealthy Oklahoman in 1933. Of the Depression era

outlaws, such as Pretty Boy Floyd and Baby Face Nelson – all of whom made a mockery of the police – the Kelly’s bold crime ratcheted everything up. This was just too much for the American people, and especially for the aspiring FBI director, J. Edgar Hoover, who was looking, together with the Roosevelt administration, to expand the Bureau’s role. Catching the Kellys would be Hoover’s golden opportunity, as he was trying to expand the force against super villains. But agents across the Midwest failed to lay their fingers on the fugitives. Always, at the last minute, the couple managed to evade them. Their undoing came about as a result of a 12-year-old girl who was unwittingly brought into the Kellys’ circle. Machine Gun and Kate never thought twice about discussing their plans, assuming, as people do, that no one will ever hear what they imagine they are saying privately. This fortunate example should serve as a lesson as to our own undoing that can result from indiscretion. If the walls have ears (as the Midrash points out) then how much more so, human beings. It is never acceptable to badmouth someone. And not only for the victim’s sake, but for the slanderer’s as well. Rabbi Hanoch Teller is the award-winning producer of three films, a popular teacher in Jerusalem yeshivos and seminaries, and the author of 28 books, the latest entitled Heroic Children, chronicling the lives of nine child survivors of the Holocaust. Rabbi Teller is also a senior docent in Yad Vashem and is frequently invited to lecture to different communities throughout the world. His most recent film, Reb Elimelech and the Chassidic Legacy of Brotherhood, tells the inspiring and enlightening story of the founding of the Chassidic Movement. The DVD is available in Jewish bookstores or at www.

actions of earlier batei din, but because of the Halachic Positions of activities of the Jewish RABBI J. B. SOLOVEITCHIK, ZT”L people today. Since there is no recognized beit din FROM A LECTURE SERIES By Rabbi Ziegler representing the nation BY RABBIAharon AHARON ZIEGLER to sanctify the calendar, the responsibility and power to do so reverts to the general Jewish population, in particular to the Jews living in Eretz Yisrael. There are times when the SanheAccepting the current set calendar, drin acts, not based on its own authorand praying and observing the holiity as a court comprising the nation’s days according to it, in itself establishgreatest scholars, but as the represenes the dates of the new months and the tative body of the nation of Israel. For yearly holidays. example, the Sanhedrin can declare (Source: Iggrot HaGrid, p.83) the new moon and sanctify festivals only because it acts on behalf of the enAll seven volumes of “Halakhic Positire people. tions of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik” The Rambam (Hilchot Kiddush are available, $25 each (+$3 postage). HaChodesh 5:13) maintains that the Checks should be made to Kollel Aguholidays of the present-day set caldath Achim and addressed to 1430 E. endar are holy, not because of the 7th St., Brooklyn, NY 11230.

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The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019

? Is It Proper...? IS IT PROPER...? IS IT PROPER...?oper...? Is It Proper...? IS IT PROPER...? Is It Pr ? ?

Is It Proper...? Is It Proper...?

Is It Proper...?



Should an average Jew spend a lot of money when buying an esrog?


An “average Jew,” I presume, refers to financial status. This, as opposed to spiritual status, since – as children of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov – no Jew is “average.” Every Jew wants to serve the Almighty in the most beautiful way possible and spend as much on a mitzvah as possible. Chazal enjoin us to enhance our mitzvah observance as per the directive “Zeh Keli v’anveihu.” So how do you balance your practical financial standing and deeper spiritual yearning? Extend yourself a little beyond your comfort zone. If it’s easy to buy a $30 esrog, you’ll feel the pinch somewhat at a $40 esrog, while a $50 esrog will cause you anxiety and may impact you elsewhere, opt for the $40 one. That way, you’ll feel like you invested in the mitzvah, and thus cherish it more, while having maintained a balance to enable all other aspects of Jewish life and living without undue stress. — Rabbi Yitzchak Schochet, popular Lubavitch lecturer, rabbi of London’s Mill Hill Synagogue

Is It Proper...?



Is It Proper...?

***** As a young fellow in yeshiva, I was close with Rabbi David Harris, rosh yeshiva of Yeshivas Chofetz Chaim, and I remember telling him that I felt a little funny spending so much money on a lulav and esrog. I asked him, “Is it right?” He replied, “It’s very interesting. In America we have money for everything – except mitzvos.” I believe the point he was making is quite valid. If a person lives a very, very simple life – a life of austerity – then it would be inappropriate to spend a lot of money on a mitzvah. Appropriate to their lifestyle

He replied, “It’s very interesting. In America we have money for everything – except mitzvos.” would be a very simple esrog. But if a person lives in a nice house, drives a nice car, and wears nice clothing, it would be very inappropriate to have a very simple esrog because what he’d be saying is: “The things that are really important in life are my comforts, the way I dress, and the

car I drive. Mitzvos, though, are unimportant.” — Rabbi Ben Zion Shafier, founder of The Shmuz ***** It’s a mitzvah to bless the lulav and etrog, and if one can afford to own the arba minim, one should purchase a set for Succot. The value of the mitzvah is not contingent on the amount spent, but on the heartfelt desire to fulfill one of Hashem’s commandments. Yes, there is a concept of hidur mitzvah; if one has the choice between an excellent etrog and one of lesser beauty, one should buy the better one if it is comfortably affordable. But there is no requirement to spend an excessive amount on the arba minim. People should not measure their religiosity by how much money they spend on fulfilling mitzvot, and no one should get caught up in the “rat race” of one-upmanship. The Talmud wisely teaches: “Echad hamarbeh ve’echad hamam’it, ubilvad sheykaven libo leShamayim – Whether one does more or one does less [is not the essential thing], as long as one directs the heart to heaven.” — Rabbi Marc D. Angel, director of the Institute for Jewish Ideas and Ideals

***** There is general concept of hidur mitzvah, which would call for spending more to perform mitzvot in a nicer way. Hidur mitzvah is particularly applicable to the purchase of an esrog. However, when it becomes clear that merchants are raising prices unreasonably, it is not necessary to overpay. There’s an enormous difference between the prices charged for a set of arba minim in Israel and America, and it’s difficult to argue that this simply reflects the cost of shipping. What complicates the discussion even more is that there are both subjective and objective elements in deciding what is a superior esrog. My personal recommendation to someone with an average income is that he purchase a set that fulfills the objective halachic criteria but not overpay for claims of subjective beauty. In general, it’s preferable to support organizations that sell sets at a reasonable price and will use the profits to fund their work. — Rabbi Yosef Blau, mashgiach ruchani at YU’s Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary

Friday, October 11, 2019

The Jewish Press

Page 43

Power Of The Lulav The Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 30) offers the following mashal to explain why one may not use a stolen lulav on Sukkos: A highway robber once stopped a high ranking official and robbed him of everything that he had. One day the robber was caught and was brought on trial before the king. The high official heard that he was caught and went to visit the robber in jail. He told the robber that he will speak in his defense at his trial. And he did speak indeed. Yet, when the official got up to speak, he informed the court of all the horrible things that the highwayman did to him. The Midrash concludes, woe is to him who his defendant becomes his prosecutor. I understand why if one steals a lulav it can become his prosecutor. The question that I have on this Midrash is where do we find that the lulav is our defendant? I thought that the p’shat in this Midrash was connected to the following Midrash further in the same perek: The Midrash there offers the following mashal to the month of Tishrei: A certain city owed a hefty tax, and the king was en route to collect it. The gedolim of the city came to greet the king ten mil before he reached the city and praised the king. The king then reduced a third of the owed tax. When the king reached within five mil of the city the middle class of the city went out to greet the king and sing his praise. The king then forgave the next third of the tax. When the king finally entered into the city every single person came out to greet and praise the king, and the tax was completely annulled. The Midrash explains that from before Rosh Ha-

shanah the tzaddikim fast and Hashem forgives a third of our aveiros. From Rosh Hashanah through Yom Kippur many more individuals fast and the next third of our aveiros are forgiven. Then on Yom Kippur everyone fasts and from Yom Kippur through Sukkos every person is busy with mitzvos; this one with his sukkah, this one with his lulav, etc. Finally on the first day of Sukkos when we each stand before Hashem with our lulavim in our hands Hashem says I forgive all of the aveiros. The Midrash concludes that it is for this reason that Moshe Rabbeinu warned us “V’lakachtem lachem bayom harishon” – to take a lulav on Sukkos. We see from this Midrash that the mitzvah of lulav is connected to the process of forgiveness of Yom Kippur. It is the final step that we must perform before Hashem can forgive all of our aveiros. That is why if it is stolen, we would be calling our prosecutor to come to our defense. Alternatively, or complimentarily, another place where we find the lulavT:10” acting as a defendant on

our behalf is in the Gemara in Sukkah 37b, which explains the reasons why we waive our four minim. The Gemara first cites Rav Yochanan who says that we shake the minim forwards and backwards in all directions for the One to whom the four directions belong to. The Gemara then cites Rav Chama bar Ukva in the name of Rav Yosi the son of Rabi Chanina that we shake them in all directions in order to prevent the bad winds and dews. Interestingly, the Gemara says that the four minim have powers that seem kabalistic in nature to us. Be that as it may, we see from the Gemara that the four minim do beseech on our behalf, and as the Midrash says if it will be stolen it will turn into our prosecutor, chas v’shalom. May all of our aveiros indeed be forgiven, may the four minim beseech G-d on our behalf as they are intended to and bring us all closer to Hashem and His Torah. Amen. For questions or comments, e-mail RabbiRFuchs@

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The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019


By Rabbi Yaakov Klass

Waving The Lulav Question: In which direction should a person wave the lulav first? Menachem Answer: The Torah (Leviticus 23:40) states, “U’lekachtem lachem bayom harishon pri etz hadar, kappot temarim, va’anaf etz avot ve’arvei nachal, u’semachtem lifnei Hashem Elokeichem shiv’at yamim – You shall take for yourselves on the first day [of Sukkot] the fruit of a citron tree [an etrog], branches of date palms [a lulav], twigs of myrtle tree [hadassim], and willows of the brook [aravot]; and you shall rejoice before Hashem, your G-d, seven days.” A mishnah (Sukkah 37b) asks: And when did they wave [the lulav]? It answers: Beit Hillel says: Beginning with “Hodu LaShem” and ending with “Ana Hashem, hoshi’ah na.” Beit Shammai says: Also at “Ana Hashem, hatzlichah na.” The Mishnah also quotes R. Akiva who observed that Rabban Gamaliel and R. Yehoshua only waved their lulalvim at “Ana Hashem, hoshi’ah na.” The Gemara on this mishnah references Tractate Menachot (61a), which discusses the waving of the Two Loaves (shetei halechem) and the offering of the two lambs on Shavuot (Leviticus 23:20). How did the priest wave them? He put the two loaves on top of the lamb offerings and placed his hand beneath them, and waved them forward and backward and then upward and downward as per Exodus 29:27: “asher hunaf va’asher huram – that was waved and that was heaved” (and lowered, says Rashi, for whatever is raised has to be lowered). R. Yochanan explains: He waves it to and fro to Him to Whom the four cardinal points belong; and up and down to Him to Whom the heaven and earth belong. In the Land of Israel, says the Gemara, they taught: R. Hama b. Ukba stated in the name of R. Yossi b. R. Hanina: He waves them to and fro to restrain harmful winds; up and down to restrain harmful dews. (R. Yossi b. Abin – some say R. Yossi b. Zebila – noted: This statement teaches us that “she’yarei mitzvah me’akvin et hapur’anut – even the dispensable parts [lit., remnants] of a mitzvah prevent calamities” – for waving is obviously a dispensable part of the mitzvah, and yet it keeps ill winds and harmful dews at bay.) In connection with this, Rava remarked: “And so it is with the lulav.” R. Aha b. Yaakov used to wave the lulav to and fro, saying, “This is an arrow in the eye of the Satan.” However, the Gemara says uttering these words is improper since it might provoke the Satan. Slightly variant traditions developed regarding the order of the various wavings. According to Rashi (Menachot 62a, s.v. “Molich u’meivi”), the lulav should be waved first toward north, then south, then east, and then west to stop the ill winds coming from any direction; it then should be waved upward and downward (the water cycle of dew) to restrain harmful dews. The Tur (Orach Chayim 651) writes that a person should start by waving the lulav in front of him (east), then toward north, south, and west, and finally upward and downward. When he waves the lulav toward a direction, he should do so in a series of three shorter wavings, forward and backward, so that the palm leaves shake and rub against each other. He Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at

Pofearls Wisdom

amazing, as no similar is made even to the most righteous who toil in the service of Hashem. Halacha prohibits a baal tefillah from answering “Amen” after the beracha of the Kohanim so that he doesn’t become confused with his own tefillos. However, a baal tefillah who is certain that he will not RABBI DOVID GOLDWASSER become confused may answer “Amen” because there is nothing greater before Hashem than answering “Amen.” The Alter of Kelm (cited by R’ Eliyahu Lopian) said it was worthwhile for Hashem to create this world and have it last 6,000 years so that one Jew “When I call out the Name of Hashem, attribute could recite “Baruch Hu U’Varuch Shemo – blessed greatness to our G-d” (Devarim 32:3). is He and blessed is His Name” once in his lifetime. Rashi explains this pasuk as follows: “When I Every “Amen” is worth 1,000 times more, and every mention Hashem’s name,RABBI I willDOVID bringGOLDWASSER greatness to “Yehei Shemei Rabbah” is worth 1,000 times more Hashem and bless His Name.” than that. R’ Yechezkel Levenstein added that it’s The Medrash says in the future Hashem will sit worthwhile for a person to enter this world and exin Gan Eden and expound on the Torah that will be perience the trials and tribulations of life just to angiven through Moshiach. The tzaddikim at the time swer “Amen” once in his lifetime. will sit in front of Him surrounded by the Heavenly When one hears another person recite a beracha, Court. The sun and the constellations will stand to he is obligated to respond “Amen.” “Amen” is actuHashem’s right and the moon and the stars to His ally an acronym of “Ani moser nefesh – I selflessly left. dedicate myself [to saying Amen].” When Hashem concludes, Zerubavel will rise to The following story is related in Amen: Just One his feet and say, “Yisgadel v’yiskadesh shemei Rab- Word: bah,” and his voice will be heard from one end of Among the refugees fleeing occupation during the world to the other. World War I was a The whole world will 15-year-old boy who answer Amen, includmade his way through A person who responds “Amen” with ing the wicked people Poland and eventualin Gehennom. The ly reached Vienna in all his might…has the power to world will shake and 1917. Like most Jews its cries will be heard open all the gates surrounding Gan Eden. seeking comfort and sobefore Hashem, and lace in a strange counHe will ask, “Whose try, the boy found his voices do I hear?” The way to the well-known angels will respond, “Master of the Universe, these Schiffshul, a historic landmark that was destroyed are the evil people of the world who remained in Ge- during the Holocaust. It was the morning of Shabbos hennom, and they say Amen.” Mevarchim, and after Kerias HaTorah the gabbai asHashem’s mercy will then be revealed and their cended the bimah to announce the molad. He said it sentence will be mitigated. Hashem will say, “The would take place Tuesday night at 1:00 a.m. yetzer hara caused them to do this. Why should they The congregants waited to hear how many minhave any more judgment?” At that moment, He will utes and seconds after 1:00, but the gabbai remained give the keys of Gehennom into the hands of the silent. He then said: “This month is highly unusual malachim Michoel and Gavriel and declare, “Take in that the molad is exactly on the hour. This only these to open the gates of Gehennom and raise up occurs once in 87 years; the next time this will octhe people.” cur will be Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan 2004. He then The Talmud and other sources discuss the mag- blessed everyone to live and be well at that time. nitude of responding “Amen.” Reish Lakish (ShabMost of the people assembled laughed at the bos 119b) says, “The gates of Gan Eden are opened thought that they would be alive all those many for one who answers ‘Amen’ with all his might, as years later, but the young boy who had sought refuge it says [Yeshaya 26:2], ‘Open the gates, and a righ- in the shul took the gabbai’s words very seriously teous nation who keeps the faith (shomer emunim) and answered with a heartfelt “Amen” and complete shall come.’ Do not read: ‘who keeps the faith,’ but faith that he would survive and, with Hashem’s ‘who say Amen (she’omrim amen).’” help, experience the unique molad in 2004. The Maharsha writes that Gan Eden has many And so he did. The young boy survived the tugates, one within the other, and a person who re- multuous years of both World War I and World War sponds “Amen” with all his might – which requires II. He lived to the age of 102 and was the only known exceedingly little effort – has the power to open all individual from that shul that Shabbos to survive to the gates surrounding Gan Eden. This promise is that next molad.

‘Amen’ – Not A Simple Word

P earlsofWisdom

should do the same three shorter wavings when he moves the lulav backward, upward, and downward. According to this method, every waving includes six wavings, for a total of 36 altogether. (The Tur refers to the Ba’al Halachot, who states that we are not required to wave six times, back and forth, in each direction – only three times. The Bach offers his opinion based on the inconclusive discussion of this matter in the Jerusalem Talmud [Sukkah 3:8] See “Rabbi Zeira ba’ei” ad loc.) There is a discussion concerning this procedure in the Taz and Magen Avraham (Orach Chayim ad loc.). The question is whether each shorter waving counts as one waving or two (since there is a forward and backward motion in each waving). R. Yosef Caro (as well as Rema) says a person should start with the east and proceed clockwise – to the south, west, and north – and finally up and down. The Taz agrees, noting that the Sages ruled that we always go “derech yemin” – to the right, or clockwise – when performing a series of actions. Minhag Ashke-

naz, as well as that of the Spanish and Oriental communities who usually follow R. Yosef Caro, follows this order. (The Levush, though, provides a different order: east, south, north, up, down, and west.) The custom of the Arizal as quoted by the Magen Avraham (among others) is to wave the lulav to the south, north, east, up, down, and finally west. Yalkut Yosef (Seder Mo’ed p. 168) remarks that although Sefaradim (Spanish and Oriental communities) generally follow the Beit Yosef, in Jerusalem they follow the practice of the Arizal. Chassidim (who follow Nusach Sefarad) do so as well. As to when we should wave the lulav: The Mechaber (Orach Chayim 651:8) writes that we should do so when reciting the blessing “Al netilat lulav” and again during Hallel when we say “Hodu LaShem.” The Rema adds, “And at every mention of ‘hodu’” (four in total). The shliach tzibbur and congregation then wave the lulav twice at “Ana Hashem, hoshi’ah

Continued on p.48

Friday, October 11, 2019

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Nearly a Half Million Children Worldwide Connect with Chofetz Chaim on Yom Limud and Tefilla

Prominent Political Commentators Promote Acheinu Day of Jewish Unity

Partial view of the massive crowd at the Kosel for Dirshu’s Yom Limud and Tefillah By Chaim Gold

Close to a half million children worldwide participated in the Dirshu International Yom Limud and Tefilla and the Acheinu Day of Jewish Unity on the Chofetz Chaim’s yahrtzeit this past Tuesday, 24 Elul/September 24. The event was unprecedented in size and scope, and the Kiddush Hashem was colossal. From South Africa to Belarus and from Venezuela to Lakewood and Brooklyn, children learned the sefarim of the Chofetz Chaim and heard inspiring stories about him. Throughout the diverse communities across the United States and Canada, a wide range of more than ninety schools truly representing the entire panoply of Orthodox Jewry, participated in the Yom Limud and Tefilla school programs. They included schools hailing from communities such as Monsey, NY; Lakewood, NJ; Brooklyn, NY; Manhattan, NY; Toronto, Canada; Houston, TX; Baltimore, MD; Cleveland, OH; Waterbury, CN; Phoenix, AZ; Passaic, NJ; Denver, CO; Boston, MA; Los Angeles, CA; and Providence, RI and so many more. This year, Dirshu’s 5th Annual International Yom Limud and Tefilla held on the yahrzeit of the Chofetz Chaim was perhaps the most successful such event to date. Hundreds of thousands of Jews from over 25 countries came together to learn the lessons of the Chofetz Chaim and daven on behalf of the Jewish People before Rosh Hashanah. The effort to follow in the path of the Chofetz Chaim and promote unity and avoidance of interpersonal strife and gossip, extended well beyond the

Torah observant community. That effort, spearheaded by the Acheinu organization, the kiruv arm of Dirshu, was also remarkably well received. This idea of the importance of Jewish Unity was even picked up by the secular press. Articles about the importance of the Day of Jewish Unity that coincides with the yahrzeit of the Chofetz Chaim appeared in numerous general publications such as The Hill, The New York Daily News, Times of Israel, Jerusalem Post and The Yom Limud and Tefilla and the Day of Jewish Unity was established by Dirshu for the purpose of uniting all Jews specifically on the auspicious occasion of the Chofetz Chaim’s yahrzeit right before Rosh Hashanah, in a unified tefilla that would to invoke Divine Mercy. The Power of the Kosel The Yom Limud and Tefilla always begins with thousands streaming to join a special maamad of tefilla at the Kosel in the early Vasikin hours. The Kosel, the last remnant of the Beis Hamikdosh, is the most auspicious place in the world for the acceptance of tefillos and is the place to which the Chofetz Chaim constantly referred, reminding us that we must prepare for its rebuilding. Starting with the earnest recitation of Selichos followed by an especially moving davening in advance of Rosh Hashanah, the tefilla gathering at the Kosel concluded with the emotional, thunderous recital of special chapters of Tehillim on behalf of Klal Yisrael and the tefilla of Acheinu Kol Beis Yisrael. Connecting Children to the Chofetz Chaim The Yom Limud and Tefilla was also marked in countless schools the

Children at Yeshiva Karlin-Stolin, Brooklyn, NY, participating in the Yom Limud and Tefillah

world over. Each school commemorated the yahrtzeit of the Chofetz Chaim in the way best suited to its needs. Some schools held large, school-wide assemblies where the principals and teachers spoke about the legacy of the Chofetz Chaim and where all of the children davened together on behalf of Klal Yisrael. In other schools, each teacher distributed special materials to their classes class individually and taught the class about the yahrtzeit followed by tefillos. Dirshu made available remarkably compelling, artfully designed booklets in both English and Yiddish for three different age groups: grades 1-3, 4-5 and 6-8. The twenty-page booklets were written by well-known educator and writer, Rabbi Yechiel Spero. Each of the three versions of booklets contain beautiful stories about the Chofetz Chaim and other gedolim that emphasize the lessons taught by the Chofetz Chaim. The compelling stories with captivating graphics made the children want to read it and be inspired. As a complement to the program, Rabbi Spero recorded a CD with a story of the Chofetz Chaim that was distributed to each child in the many participating schools. The Chofetz Chaim, Also, A Light Unto the Nations… The effort to reach out beyond the Orthodox community was highly successful. No less a well-known figure than Anthony Scaramucci wrote in the New York Daily News, “Growing up in a heavily Jewish neighborhood, I attended many Bar Mitzvah celebrations; back then at age 13, it never even occurred to me that I should have to worry for the safety of myself and others while in these houses of worship.

It sickens me that today’s 13-year-olds do have these thoughts. The Jewish people have always embraced people of all races and religions; they deserve the same from the rest of America. “As such, Americans of all faiths should join together on Sept. 24 to celebrate the Day of Jewish Unity, an annual event organized by Acheinu, the outreach arm of the Jewish education organization Dirshu. This event has always been about tolerance, kindness and strength; this year there is the added dimension of us loudly uniting against anti-Semitism — because we have seen where anti-Semitism leads.” Noelle Nikpour, an acclaimed political strategist and frequent Fox News commentator, wrote in The Hill, one of Washington’s most prominent political websites, “There needs to be more unity in our nation moving forward. We cannot better our nation and preserve our traditions if we do not work together. And part of that work is standing up against anti-Semitism. So, join me on Sept. 24… On that day, Acheinu, the outreach arm of the educational organization Dirshu, will host its annual prayer event ... Regardless of your religious affiliation, I ask that you join us to pray for peace and acceptance.” Jeremy Frankel, a well-known political commentator, writing in the, summed it up succinctly, “If one were to ask what our nation’s creed is founded on, a good answer would be E Pluribus Unum,’ Latin for ‘out of many, one.’ The phrase has been our national motto since our founding in 1776 and is found on both the Great Seal of the United States and on our currency. It is a clear symbol of unity, which is something Americans could all use today. So, we must stand together. Acheinu, a branch of the nonprofit Dirshu organization, is giving us the perfect opportunity to do so this Sept. 24 on their annual Day of Jewish Unity, urging Jews around the world to come together in prayer — prayer for peace, prayer for civility and prayer to end the hatred.” “Each year, Acheinu holds this day in honor of the great Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan (a.k.a. the Chofetz Chaim, 18391933) and his teachings, specifically his teachings on the evils of gossip and the power of prayer. Each year, Jews from nearly every continent pledge to support one another and refrain from divisive speech. This year’s theme is combating hatred and the global surge of anti-Semitism.” Perhaps Scaramucci put it best when he wrote, “So on Sept. 24, let us all pray for peace, unity and an end to all anti-Semitism. It’s the American way.” Indeed, that is exactly what happened when many hundreds of thousands came together in unity and solidarity.

Dirshu Yom Limud and Tefilla participants in Odessa, Ukraine

Friday, October 11, 2019

COJO Flatbush Yom Tov Food Distribution Makes All the Difference for Local Families Thanks to a combination of boundless generosity, spirited volunteerism, and good old-fashioned hard work, COJO Flatbush was able to ensure that more than 2,000 people had the variety and quantity of foods necessary (left to right) NYC Councilman Chaim for bountiful meals throughout the Yom Tov Deutsch, COJO Flatbush CEO Louis Welz, COJO Flatbush President Moshe Zakheim season. COJO Flatbush began preparations by reaching out to families that participate in COJO programs throughout the year. In addition, rabbonim and lay leaders were asked to submit names of families needing help so that the food distribution would reach as many deserving families as possible. Special emphasis was placed on identifying those who don’t seek assistance in meeting ongoing needs but are simply overwhelmed by the costs of the Yomim Tovim. The “shopping list” for the distribution came as close as possible to meeting the needs of families for Rosh Hashana and Sukkos. Fresh meat, chicken, and gefilte fish with widely-recognized hechsherim, fruits and vegetables, eggs, grape juice, honey, and staples such as breakfast cereal, tuna fish, and oil were all included in appropriate amounts depending on the size of each family. Volunteers packed and transported the items in boxes provided by Glatt Mart, so the deliveries looked like regular supermarket Devoted volunteers working drop-offs. tirelessly to pack the orders No one had to come forward to receive the assistance. There was no embarrassed waiting on line at the door of a food bank. Each family’s dignity was preserved at every step of the process. A project of this magnitude was made possible by the many caring individuals who were willing and even eager to devote their time and energy to help with the packing and distribution, a daylong – and very nearly nightlong – effort. This dedicated group, ranging in age from teenagers to seniors, included a large contingent of students from Yeshiva Ohr Yitzchok and Mesivta Tiferes Shmuel, led by Rabbis Pinchas Wallerstein, Our devoted Yeshiva Bochorim to the rescue, as usual! Aaron Groner, Shmuel Wallerstein, Tzvi Wallerstein, and Yitzy Heller. Their efforts, along with every detail of the complex project, were coordinated by COJO Flatbush Director of Social Services Shulamis Shapiro and carried out under the personal direction of COJO Flatbush CEO Louis Welz. COJO Flatbush President Moshe Zakheim provided his own hands-on involvement, remaining at the distribution center of operations through the late night and early morning hours and making a large number of deliveries himself. “We owe a great debt to our partners, donors, and volunteers,” said Welz, “all of whom selflessly gave themselves during one of the busiest periods of the Jewish year in order to ease the burden of their neighbors.” Welz praised the “crucial involvement of New York City Council NYC Councilman Chaim Deutsch hard at work Members Chaim Deutsch and Kalman Yeger, NYC DYCD,Met Council on Jewish Poverty, Nosson and Rivkie Shapiro and family, and Dov Bauman of Glatt Mart.” He also noted that many members of Flatbush Shomrim, coordinated by Bob Moskovitz and Naftali Rosenberg, “made deliveries without watching the clock. Their compassion and generosity enabled us to distribute Simchas Yom Tov to thousands of individuals, so that their year truly began with peace of mind.” COJO Flatbush wishes its clients, supporters, and the entire community a Shana Tova, with bracha and hatzlacha in all things.Help Starts Here!

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Friday, October 11, 2019

scinating Explorations Lashon HaKodesh

Fascinating Explorations in



Lashon HaKodesh

A Holiday Of Gathering

Solomon gathered…” (I Kings 8:1). Rabbi Yehuda Leib Edel (1760-1828) explains that “asifah” denotes gathering up disparate items to bring them to their proper place. “Asifah”/“asaf” is sometimes used as a way of respectfully referring to a person’s death (see Genesis 49:33 and Numbers 27:13). Rashi (to Genesis 49:29) explains that death is called “asifah” because the soul is gathered up and brought to the trove where souls are placed. The Malbim writes that when “asifah” refers to multiple items/people, it means gathering them to-

Three Hebrew words for gathering are associated with Sukkot: “asifah,” “aggudah,” and “kehillah.” • The holiday is called Chag HaAssif (Exodus 23:16 and 34:22) because, Rashi explains, Sukkot is a person’s last chance to gather (“asifah”) and bring his produce indoors before the rainy season. • We traditionally bind three of the Four Species into what the Talmud calls an “egged”/“aggudah” (Sukkah 11b and 13a). • On the Sabbath of Sukkot, we customarily read Kohelet, named after the book’s author, King Solomon. He was called Kohelet because he gathered many forms of wisdom (Rashi to Ecclesiastes 1:1) or because his wise teachings were relayed in gatherings (“hakhel”/“kahal”/“kehillah”), as it says, “Then,

gether in a specific place. But when it refers to an individual (e.g., Numbers 11:30), it means arriving at the appropriate destination. The Malbim argues that “asifah” connotes bringing inside what one has gathered, while “kovetz” connotes gathering without necessarily bringing inside. Thus, when Achashverosh gathered the virgins of his kingdom, the Bible uses a cognate of “kovetz” (Esther 2:3) since he only brought one of them into the palace as his new queen. According to the Vilna Gaon (to Habakuk 2:5), “asifah” refers to bringing items inside, while “kovetz” – another word for gathering – refers to putting these different items (that are already inside) in one place. Thus, when Jacob called twice for all his sons to gather before his deathbed so he could bless them, he first used a cognate of “asifah” (Gene-

Continued on p.49

Q&A Continued from p.44 na,” as well as at the end of Hallel when the words “Hodu LaShem” appear again. The Rema adds that the shliach tzibbur should also wave the lulav, together with the congregation, at “yomar na,” but not at “yomru na.” The Taz explains that “yomar na” is a rejoinder to the congregation to repeat “Hodu LaShem” whereas “yomru na” is not. Minhag Ashkenaz is in accordance with these remarks. The Arizal maintains that we only wave the lulav once at the concluding “Hodu LaShem,” although it is repeated by both the chazzan and the congregation. This opinion is based on the text of the above-quoted mishnah, which reads: “Hodu LaShem, beginning and end.” We wave one direction per word of the verse “Hodu LaShem ki tov, ki le’olam chasdo” with the exception of Hashem’s name, for according to the Machatzit HaShekel (ad loc.) we have to concentrate on Hashem’s name to the exclusion of all else while saying it. When saying “Ana Hashem, hoshi’ah na,” we again do not wave the lulav when pronouncing Hashem’s name and wave in two directions for each of the remaining three words.

Friday, October 11, 2019

Klein Continued from p.48 sis 49:1) so that his sons outside would come inside. Then, however, he uses a cognate of “kovetz” (ibid., 49:2) so that his sons who were now inside would gather before him. The Radak (1160-1235) offers a different assessment of the difference between “asifah” and “kovetz.” In his Sefer HaShorashim, he explains that “asifah” applies to death because death entails a person gathering together with his deceased forefathers. “Asifah,” he writes, connotes gathering items that are close by while “kovetz” connotes gathering items that are more distant and dispersed. Rabbi Shlomo Pappenheim (1740-1814) writes that “asifah” connotes gathering up components at once while “kovetz” connotes gathering them little by little. He argues that “asifah” focuses on the boundary that defines the group and is derived from the two-letter root samech-peh, which means “edge,” “end,” or “threshold.” Another word for gathering, “aggudah,” means taking all the items one has gathered and attaching them, thus forming one unit. In a physical sense, it means tying them together with a rope. In a more abstract sense, it means signing a social contract or agreement that ties people’s fates together. Rabbi Pappenheim traces the root of aggudah to the two-letter string gimmel-dalet, which means attaching. Other words derived from this root include “gad” (a spiritual force attached to a specific physical entity), “gid” (a sinew, which holds together different parts of a body), “gedud” (a unit of soldiers), and “haggadah” (presenting new information by weaving it into a broader narrative). Turning to the word “kahal” – the basis for the name Kohelet – Rabbi Avraham Bedersi HaPenini (1230-1300) explains that its cognate, “kehillah,” refers to any gathering of people, while “edah”

(congregation) denotes a group whose members have joined together for a specific purpose. Along the same lines, the Vilna Gaon (to Proverbs 5:14) explains that “kehillah” refers to any ordinary gathering of people, while “eidah” refers specifically to a gathering of righteous people. Rabbi Pappenheim writes that “kehillah” always refers to an assembly of human beings (as opposed to animals or inanimate objects). He explains that it is related to “kol” (voice or sound) because people heed sounds calling on them to band together (e.g., in the wilderness, the Jews gathered at the sound of the trumpet) or because a gathering of many people is always noisy. Rabbi Pappenheim also explains that the word kol itself is derived from the two-letter root kuflammed (light) because sound is so light that it can travel in air or because sound travels so fast that it resembles something light and agile not bogged down by weight. Another eponym given to King Solomon is Agur (Proverbs 30:1), which refers to the fact that he gathered up (“agar”) the Torah’s wisdom. Midrash Agur (§4) teaches that Solomon’s names of Kohelet and Agur allude to the Jewish people being gathered together (i.e., united) in his era. Rabbi Shlomo Aharon Wertheimer (18661935) writes that “agur” cognates denote gathering up little by little for long-term storage. Similarly, Rabbi Pappenheim writes that they denote stockpiling items for later use. Rabbi Bedersi says they denote collecting inanimate objects like wine (Deuteronomy 28:39) or silver (I Samuel 2:36), while “asifah,” “kovetz,” and “kehillah” can also refer to gathering living creatures like human beings. Rabbi Pappenheim argues that the root of “agur” is gimmel-reish, which means temporary residence. Other words derived from this root include “ger” (sojourner), “goren” (granary, which is grain’s temporary home), “gargir” (a grape with juice gathered inside it), and the small currency “geirah” (see Exo-

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dus 30:13), also called agurah (I Samuel 2:36). These coins have almost no value on their own, but do have collective value when gathered together. Rabbi Reuven Chaim Klein is the author of “Lashon HaKodesh” and the recently-published “G-d Versus Gods: Judaism in the Age of Idolatry.” He currently lives with his family in Beitar Illit, Israel and can be reached at A form of this column also appears on Ohr Somayach’s website.

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Daf Yomi Highlights Adapted by Rabbi Yaakov Klass Dedicated to the Memory of Rabbi Gershon Tanenbaum, zt”l

Guarding The Temple ‘Kohanim Stationed in Three Places’ (Tamid 25b) Rabbi Hillel Moshe Meshil Gelbstein, zt”l, arrived in Eretz Yisrael in the summer of 1869 at the age of 34. He came originally from Bialystok, and his per‑ sonality was molded in the beis midrash of the Kot‑ zker Rebbe. After the latter passed away, he became very close to the Chidushei HaRim of Gur. Rabbi Gelbstein settled in Yerushalayim in a room whose windows faced the Kosel Maaravi. Starting in the winter of 1870, he devoted 40 years to clarifying how the Temple was guarded: how many kohanim and levi’im participated, where they were posted, etc. (see his Mishkenos Laavir Yaakov). Rabbi Gelbstein aroused a commotion in Yerusha‑ layim when he warned that an impure person may not put his fingers between the stones of the Kosel. Most of the leaders of his generation, including the Maharil Diskin, the Imrei Binah, the Aderes, and the Sedi Chemed, agreed with him (see Keilim 1:8 and Pesachim 67b). Guarding – Day and Night? The Rambam states (Hilchos Beis Habechirah 8:4) that 30 kohanim guarded the Temple in three places, 10 per place, and 210 levi’im guarded the Temple in 21 places. Rishonim disagree about when they stood guard. The Rambam (ibid., halacha 2) maintains that the mitzvah applies only at night, but the Raavad and Rosh maintain that the mitzvah applies at all times. Meoros Hadaf Hayomi Newsletters are published by the Sochachover Kollel of Bnei Brak, led by Rabbi Chaim Dovid Kovalsky. Meoros Hadaf Hayomi Newsletters in Hebrew and/or English, are available for simcha dedications and memorial dedications such as yahrzeits, shloshims, etc. They are distributed by email

In memory of the yahrzeiten of: Rabbi Akiva b. Rabbi Moshe Guens Eger, zt”l, Rav of Posen (13 Tishrei, 1837); Rabbi Shmuel b. Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, zt”l, the Rebbe MaHaRaSh of Lubavitch (13 Tishrei, 1882); Rabbi Chaim b. Rabbi Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin, zt”l, Rav of Moscow (13 Tishrei, 1912); Rabbi Yisrael b. Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman, zt”l, Sadgora Rebbe (13 Tishrei, 1906); Rabbi Yisrael b. Rabbi Shabtai Hopstein, zt”l, Maggid of Kozenitz (Kozienice) and author of Avodas Yisrael (14th Tishrei, 1814); Rabbi Yosef Zvi b. Rabbi Yisrael Dushinsky, zt”l, Chief Rabbi of the Jerusalem Eidah Charedis (14th Tishrei, 1948); Yaakov b. Yitzchak Avinu, zt”l, Patriarch of the Nation of Israel (15th Tishrei, 1505 bce); Rabbi Meir b. Rabbi Aharon Yehuda Arik, zt”l, Tarnow Rav (15th Tishrei, 1925); Rabbi Zvi Hirsh b. Rabbi Shlomo Shapira, zt”l, Munkaczer Rebbe (16th Tishrei, 1914); Rabbi Nachman b. Rabbi Zvi Kahana, zt”l, Spinka Rebbe (16th Tishrei, 1976); Rabbi Moshe b. Rabbi Yehuda Aryeh Rosen, zt”l, author of Nezer HaKodesh (17th Tishrei, 1958); Rabbi Yoel b. Rabbi Meir Moskowitz, zt”l, Shatser Rebbe (17th Tishrei, 1979); Rabbi Nachman b. Rabbi Simcha of Bratslav, zt”l, author of Likutei Moharan (18th Tishrei, 1810); Rabbi Aharon b. Rabbi Moshe Soloveichik, zt”l, Rosh Yeshiva Rabbenu Yitzhak Elchanan (18th Tishrei, 2001); Rabbi Yeshaya b. Rabbi David Zvi Shneibalg, zt”l, Belzer Rosh Beth Din (18th Tishrei, 2002).

Why Is There a Need to Guard the Temple? Rishonim explain that the guards were not posted to discourage break-ins. Rather, says the Rambam (Hilchos Beis Habechirah 8:1), their purpose was to honor the Temple. Thus, the mitzvah only applied at night when the Temple was essentially empty. During the day, guards weren’t necessary due to the constant stream of people to the Temple and the sac‑ rifices brought there. The Rosh, however, says the purpose of the guards was to keep everyone’s attention on the Temple as per the Torah’s demand. Thus, the Rosh argues that the mitzvah applied during the day as well. (In his Moreh Nevuchim [3:45], the Rambam men‑ tions another reason for guarding the Temple: to pre‑ vent impure people and onenim from entering.) Stationing Guards Around the Destroyed Temple Rabbi Gelbstein argued that we should station guards around the destroyed Temple today. How do we know, he argued, that the mitzvah to guard the Temple ended with its destruction? Indeed, from the Rambam’s wording (in his commentary on the Mishnah) it seems that this mitzvah applies at all times: “This is a way to aggrandize the Temple and thus they would guard the Sanctuary in the desert and in Shlomo’s era and forever.” The Rambam writes (Hilchos Beis Habechirah 6:14-15) that the Temple’s sanctity remains forever since the Shechinah never left it. Thus, argues Rabbi Gelbstein, we should be guarding the site of the Tem‑ ple in our time. Establishing Batei Midrash Near the Kosel Ma’aravi As he was aware that it was impossible to observe the mitzvah properly in his time (for reasons that we will soon explain), Rabbi Gelbstein suggested estab‑ lishing batei midrash near the Kosel where people could pray and learn Seder Kadashim at all times. He actually collected money to implement his plan, rais‑ ing 270 Napoleons (a tremendous sum of money at the time) to acquire three courtyards around the Temple

Mount on which he wanted to build three synagogues. He wrote to Sir Moshe Montefiore, asking him to support his plan, arguing that someone with the name Moshe should begin this mitzvah (the hand‑ written letter is published in Rabbi Gelbstein’s Mishkenos Laavir Yaakov). Unfortunately, the plan ultimately did not succeed for various reasons. Rabbi Gelbstein did not suggest posting guards on the Temple Mount itself because many believe impure people are forbidden from walking on it, and in our era everyone is tamei mes. He wanted to post guards outside the Temple Mount; he suggested that posting levi’im at specific designated spots is not crucial to fulfilling the mitzvah. Kohanim couldn’t participate since their posts were specifically inside the azarah. (It’s possible that the posts of the levi’im and kohanim are linked, in which case the levi’im wouldn’t be able to watch either.) A Singer or A Guard? The Talmud states (Arachin 11b) that “a [levite] singer who guarded is punished with death.” If that is the case, then, how can any levi nowadays guard the Temple? Perhaps he descends from a family of singers. What Purpose Guarding? The Sochatchover Rebbe, zt”l, author of Avnei Nezer (Responsa, Yoreh De’ah 449), wondered if there was any purpose in people standing guard outside the Temple Mount these days. The purpose of the guards was to give honor to something precious. But we have nothing precious left on the Temple Mount today. The Temple itself is destroyed, its utensils are missing, and two mosques currently rest atop it. Is there anything left to guard? Does guarding a deso‑ late hill accord honor to anything. The Aderes argued that we also don’t need guards preventing impure people from ascending the Temple Mount since Jews are not allowed on it in any event. Of course, this statement was accurate in his era. Today, Jews have the ability to ascend the Temple Mount and some do, although most gedolim believe doing so is forbidden.

This week’s luach (continued from p.7)

Shabbos: All tefillos as customary, except we do not say Av HaRachamim nor do we make Ke-l Moleh Rachamim, nor Tzidkos’cha, and at Maariv, Motza’ei Shabbos we do not say Vi’yehi Noam v’Atah Kadosh. Sunday, erev Sukkos: Aside from our erev Yom Tov preparations, we have to make sure that the sukka we will use is finished and ready to accommo‑ date us for fulfilling the mitzva of eating and sleep‑ ing in the sukka. This is also the last opportunity to acquire the Four Species: esrog, lulav, hadassim and aravos. These should preferably be of exception‑ al quality – mehuddarim – but have to satisfy, at the very least, the minimum requirements qualify‑ ing them as kosher to fulfill the mitzva (see Orach Chayyim 645‑650, Hilchot Lulav).

We light candles at 5:01 p.m., N.Y.C. E.D.T. that is, 18 minutes before shekiah (sunset), and recite Lehadlik ner shel Yom Tov as well as Shehecheya‑ nu. Mincha: Usual weekday tefilla. Maariv: Usual service for Yom Tov, as found in the Machzor. The Shemoneh Esreh is that of Shalosh Regalim. At the conclusion of the Shemoneh Esreh the chazzan says Kaddish Tiskabbel, Aleinu, LeDavid Hashem Ori (Sefarad have said LeDavid Hashem Ori following Mincha) and their respective Mourner’s Kaddish recitals. In congregations where it is the custom to recite Kiddush in the synagogue after Maariv, Kiddush can only be publicly recited in synagogues where a sukka is available. Eating in the sukka: Upon returning home we do not tarry but go straight to the sukka (lest it rain later on). We recite the appropriate Ushpizin (lit. in‑

vitation of guests) to welcome to our sukka the sev‑ en faithful shepherds of the people of Israel – Avraham, Yitzhak, Yaakov, Yosef, Moshe, Aharon and David Hamelech. On each of the seven days one of them is the guest of honor leading the others, start‑ ing with our Patriarch Avraham on the first night. We then recite the Kiddush of Yom Tov. We say four berachos: Borei pri hagafen, Mekaddesh Yisrael ve’hazemanim, Leishev basukka, and Shehecheyanu. On the first night one is duty‑bound to eat in the sukka even if it involves tza’ar (pain). This does not apply on the other nights and days, when one who is extremely uncomfortable (due to rain, or extreme cold, etc.) is relieved of this obligation (see Orach Chayyim 640:4 and Rema ad loc., who qualifies this halacha; see also 639:2, Rema, regarding sleeping in the sukka).

Continued on p.52

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Luach Continued from p.50 If it rains on the first evening (and the rain is such that it is not likely to stop), we make Kiddush in the sukka, we wash (for bread) and eat a kezayit (olive‑size) piece of challah in the sukka, and then return to the house to eat the rest of the meal. (Com‑ menting on a discussion regarding how long one is re‑ quired to wait for the rain to stop, the Mishna Berura (O.C. 639:5) notes that it is proper to wait no longer than until midnight.) In Birkas Hamazon we say Ya’aleh VeYavo and HaRachaman hu yakim lanu es sukkas David hanofales during the seven days of Sukkos. Each meal (or snack) requires the blessing of Leishev basukka as well as the appropriate berachos for the various foods. Shacharis, Monday morning: Pesukei DeZimra, and chazzan chants from HaKeil. Kerias Shema fol‑ lows the weekday pattern, then the silent Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim, followed by the chazzan’s repetition. Lulav and Esrog: We take the lulav (to which 3 hadassim are bound on the right side and 2 aravos on the left side – see Mishna Berura, Orach Chayyim 651:1) in our right hand and the esrog (upside down, the pitom facing downside) in our left hand and recite the beracha “Al netilas lulav ...” in a manner oveir le’asiyasan, that is, before we have physically accom‑ plished the taking of the lulav and esrog. We next recite Shehecheyanu with the esrog in an upright po‑ sition (the pitom facing upward) and wave the lulav in six directions. We recite Hallel while holding the lulav and esrog, waving at Hodu and Ana Hashem (see chart). At the conclusion of Hallel some congregations (Nusach Sefarad and some Ashkenaz) say Hoshanos while cir‑ cling the Bimah(Lema’an Amitach, as found in the Machzor). We put away the lulav and esrog and the chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel. We remove two Torah scrolls from the Ark. In the first we read from Parashas Emor (Vayikra 22:26‑23:44) and call up five aliyos. In the second scroll the Maftir reads from Parashas Pinchas (Bamidbar 29:12‑16). The Haftara is Hineh yom ba (Zechariah 14:1‑21). After the Birkos HaHaftara the chazzan chants Kah Keili, followed by Ashrei and Yehallelu, and we return the Torah scrolls to the Ark. The chazzan re‑ cites half‑Kaddish. Mussaf: All say the silent Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim. The Kohanim go up to duchan during the chazzan’s repetition, and this time we do say Ribbono shel Olam and Yehi Ratzon. (Most Nusach Ashkenaz congregations say Hoshanos at this point – see Shacharis). The chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel and we conclude the service with Ein Ke’Elokenu, Aleinu (Nusach Ashkenaz now add Shir Shel Yom

– Hayom Yom Sheni – and LeDavid Hashem Ori) and their respective Kaddish recitals. Some congre‑ gations conclude with An’im Zemiros and Mourner’s Kaddish. Sukka: The text for the daytime Kiddush is: Eleh Mo’ade….VaYedabber Moshe, followed by the bless‑ ings of Borei pri hagafen (on wine) and Leishev basukka. Mincha: Ashrei, U’va LeTziyyon, the chazzan re‑ cites half‑Kaddish, and all say the silent Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim. Following the repetition, the chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel and we con‑ clude with Aleinu and Mourner’s Kaddish. Monday evening, the second night of Yom Tov: since we are not allowed to make any preparations from one day of Yom Tov to the other, we wait 45 minutes after Shekia (N.Y.C. E.D.T. time 7:02 p.m.) some wait 60 minutes (N.Y.C. time: 7:17 p.m. E.D.T.) while others wait 72 minutes (N.Y.C. time: 7:29 p.m. E.D.T.) before we light candles and then we com‑ mence all preparations. When lighting candles we re‑ cite Lehadlik Ner Shel Yom Tov, and Shehecheyanu. Maariv (the second evening of Sukkos): Usual tefilla of Yom Tov as found in the Machzor, followed by Kaddish Tiskabbel by the chazzan. We conclude with Aleinu, LeDavid Hashem Ori and their respective Mourner’s Kaddish recitals. Sukka: We recite the Ushpizin (our Patriarch Yitzhak leads the honored guests on the second night). Kiddush of Yom Tov, concluding with the blessing of Shehecheyanu and Leishev basukka . Shacharis, Tuesday morning: see first day. Lulav & Esrog: see first day. Hallel: see first day. (Hoshanos: some congregations say it following Hallel – Even Shesiya; also see first day). Kerias HaTorah: We open the Ark and follow the usual text, including the Shelosh Esreh Middos and Ribbono shel Olam. We remove two Torah scrolls from the Ark and read from Parashas Emor (Vayikra 22:26-23:44) in the first scroll, and call 5 aliyos. We then place the second scroll next to the first one on the Bimah (desk) and the Reader recites half‑Kaddish. The Maftir reads from the second scroll in Parashas Pinchas (Bamidbar 29:12‑16). The Haftara is VaYikahalu el hamelech Shlomo (I Kings 8:2‑21). After the Birkos HaHaftara the chazzan chants Kah Keili, followed by Ashrei and Yehallelu, and we return the Torah scrolls to the Ark. The chazzan re‑ cites half‑Kaddish. Mussaf: See first day Hoshanos: (Even Shesiya) See first day. Sukka: The text for the daytime Kiddush is Eleh Mo’adei, VaYedabber Moshe, followed by the bless‑ ings of Borei pri hagafen (on wine) and Leishev basukka. Mincha: See first day. Ma’ariv: The earliest zeman is 45 minutes after sunset, that is, 6:56 p.m. (N.Y.C., E.D.T.) , Maariv

prayer is usual weekday Maarivis is the usual week‑ day tefilla with Ata chonantanu and Ya’aleh VeYavo with the mention of Sukkos. Havdala: Havdala is recited in the sukka. We do not say the blessings for light and spices, but say Borei pri hagafen and Hamavdil bein kodesh lechol, concluding with Leishev basukka. In the Ushpizin prayer our Patriarch Yaakov leads the honored guests. Shacharis: Chol Hamo’ed: There are numerous customs regarding the donning of tefillin on Chol Hamoed. Generally, Nusach Sefarad and followers of the Vilna Gaon do not don tefillin – but others – Nusach Ashkenaz – do, some without a beracha, some with the utterance of an inaudible beracha; each should follow his family custom. Nevertheless, all (including the chazzan) remove their tefillin before Hallel. Shemoneh Esreh: weekday text with Ya’aleh VeYavo. Hallel: We take the lulav and esrog in hand (lulav, bound with 3 hadassim on the right side and 2 aravos on the left side), the lulav in the right hand and the esrog in the left hand, pitom facing down‑ ward (see first day). (Sefarad and certain other congregations follow now with Hoshanos, circling the Bimahonce – E’eroch Shui – on the first day of Chol Hamo’ed; Om Ani Choma on the second; Kel Lemoshaos on the third day; and on the fourth day, Shabbos Om Netzura.) We then remove one Sefer Torah from the Ark and call 4 aliyos. We read in Parashas Pinchas, First day (Bamidbar 29:17‑25) U’vayom Hasheni – Kohen; U’vayom Hashelishi – Levi, U’vayom Harevi’i – Yisrael; U’vayom Hasheni/U’vayom Hashelishi 2nd Yisrael. Second day Chol Hamo’ed: (Bamidbar 29:20‑28) U’vayom Hashelishi – Kohen;Uvayom Harevi’I – Levi; U’vayom Hachamishi – Yisrael; U’vayom Hashelishi/U’vayom Harevi’i – (2nd) Yisrael. Third day Chol Hamo’ed – (Bamidbar 29:26‑34) U’vayom Hachamishi – Kohen; U’vayom Hashishi – Levi; U’vayom Hashevi’i– Yisrael; U’vayom Hachamishi/U’vayom Hashishi – (2nd) Yisrael. – Mussaf, Chol Hamo’ed: Shemoneh Esreh of Yom Tov with mention of the Korbenos Hayom – the spe‑ cial additional sacrifices: 1st day, U’vayom Hasheni, U’vayom Hashelishi (U’minchasam); 2nd day, U’vayom Hashelishi, U’vayom Harevi’i (U’minchasam); 3rd day, U’vayom Harevi’I, U’vayom Hachamishi 4th day U’vayom Hachamishi, U’vayom Hashishi (U’minchasam). Hoshanos: See Shacharis. Mincha, Chol Hamo’ed: Weekday Shemoneh Esreh with Ya’aleh VeYavo. Shabbos, Fourth day Chol Hamo’ed: see next week’s Luach below The following chapters of Tehillim are being recited by many congregations and Yeshivos for our brothers and sisters in Eretz Yisrael: Chapter 83, 130, 142–Y.K.

Friday, October 11, 2019

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Why Do So Many People Not Sleep In A Sukkah? By Rabbi Gil Student Maseches Sukkah holds a special place in my heart as it is the first tractate I completed. It is clear from this masechta (e.g. Sukkah 20b and 26a) that men are commanded to sleep in a sukkah during the yom tov of Sukkos. And yet, so many frum Jews today do not. How are we to understand this disconnect between the texts we study and the contemporary practice of so many pious Jews? To answer this question, we first have to remember that Jewish law emerges not only from primary texts but also from communal practice. In this regard, it’s important to note that Ashkenazic society for over 700 years has considered sleeping in the sukkah to be a chumrah, not a requirement. Reasons to Exempt The Mordechai (13th century, Germany; Sukkah, ch. 2 no. 741) writes that most people in his time (at least in Germany) did not sleep in a sukkah, which he justifies based on the weather being cold (which halachically exempts a person from this requirement). Approximately three centuries later, the Rema (16th century, Poland; Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 639:2) quotes the position of the Mordechai as normative but rejects his justification. He suggests that the popular practice is based on the difficulty of a man sleeping together with his wife in a sukkah. He encourages men, however, to be strict and find a way around this problem while maintaining privacy. The Rema’s reason is significant because it applies even in countries that are warmer than Germany. In October, New York (with an average low of 52 F) is approximately 10 degrees warmer than Nuremberg, Germany (with an average low of 44 F). The Mordechai’s rationale possibly doesn’t apply in New York, but the Rema’s certainly does (albeit only to married men). The Taz (17th century, Poland; ad loc., 9) offers a slightly different explanation than the Rema’s, writing that a man may not detract from his wife’s holiday joy by sleeping in a sukkah. Therefore, even when husband and wife must refrain from marital relations, a man is still exempt from sleeping in a sukkah if his wife prefers that they sleep in the same room. The Chassam Sofer (19th century, Hungary; gloss on the Taz) defends and expands on the Taz’s comment, while the Magen Avraham (17th century, Poland; ad loc., 8) upholds the Rema’s reason, albeit with a slightly different technical rationale (“mitzta’er” rather than “ke’ein taduru”). Dissenters The Vilna Gaon (18th century, Lithuania; ad loc.) rejects the Rema’s reason and presumably other explanations, too. Similarly the Aruch LaNer (19th century, Germany; Bikkurei Yaakov, ad loc., 17-18) rejects the approaches of the Rema, Taz, and Magen Avraham and concludes that a G-d-fearing man should sleep in

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a sukkah. However, his wording implies that sleeping in a sukkah is a stringency rather than an obligation. The Minchas Elazar (20th century, Hungary; Nimukei Orach Chaim 639:1) is more dismissive; he rejects all leniencies and insists on sleeping in a sukkah.

Ashkenazic society for over 700 years has considered sleeping in the sukkah to be a chumah, not a requirement.

Later Codes The Chayei Adam (early 19th century, Lithuania; 139:4) notes that people are lenient. He offers the justifications of the Mordechai and Magen Avraham and encourages people to sleep in a sukkah with their wives. The Kitzur Shuchan Aruch (19th century, Hungary; 135:8) writes many people are lenient about sleeping in a sukkah, and authorities justify this practice for various reasons. However, he encourages G-d-fearing to people to be strict. The Eshel Avraham (early 19th century, Galicia; ad loc.) argues that single men and those away from their families (such as chassidim visiting their rebbe) are

also exempt from sleeping in a sukkah, either because of the cold or because they must follow their host’s practice. More recently, the Aruch HaShulchan (early 20th century, Lithuania; ad loc., 11-13) rejects the Rema’s explanation and reverts to the Mordechai’s – that the cold weather exempts people from sleeping in a sukkah. The Mishnah Berurah (20th century, Poland; ad loc., 18) accepts the halachic validity of the exemption but encourages people to be strict if they are not bothered by sleeping separately from their wives. Contemporary Practice In my experience, sleeping in a sukkah is widely practiced in Israel (by men), perhaps due to the influence of the Vilna Gaon and/or the accommodating weather. Outside of Israel, most Jews – Ashkenazim and Sefardim – do not sleep in a sukkah, although a significant minority (those whom you’d expect to adopt stringencies) do. This common practice to refrain from sleeping in the sukkah reflects at least 700 years of history with support from leading halachic authorities who have nevertheless encouraged people to be strict. Interestingly, Rav Yosef Eliyahu Henkin (20th century, America; Eidus L’Yisrael, no. 29) writes briefly that men are exempt from sleeping in a sukkah in cold countries. Which countries, though, are considered cold? I asked his grandson, Rav Yehudah Herzl Henkin, whether the senior Rav Henkin slept in a sukkah. He responded that he did not, but noted that sleeping in a shared sukkah on the grounds of a Lower East Side co-op is not so simple. It’s worth noting that we are generally encouraged to be strict about dwelling in a sukkah, even with regard to behavior that is unequivocally permitted outside a sukkah. Thus, Rabban Gamliel would not even drink water outside a sukkah (Sukkah 26b). With this in mind, the encouragement to be strict about sleeping in a sukkah takes on extra cogency. While not relevant to Ashkenazic practice, Rav Shlomo Zalman Braun (20th century, America; She’arim Metzuyanim BaHalachah 135:8) quotes an interesting attestation to the practice of 13th century France (Provence). Rav Meir HaMe’ili of Narbonne in Sefer Ha-Me’oros (no specific citation given) writes that there, too, men did not sleep in a sukkah, which he justifies due to the fear of robbers. Rav Meir HaMe’ili’s explanation is certainly relevant today. Rabbi Gil Student writes frequently on Jewish issues and is the publisher and editor-in-chief of His latest book is “Search Engine – Volume 2: Jewish Leadership.”

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In The Sukkah, Hugged By The One Above By Rabbi Ephraim Sprecher There is a strange and perplexing Midrash, â&#x20AC;&#x153;When Iyov complained about his unbearable suffering, G-d showed him a sukkah of three walls.â&#x20AC;? What could be the meaning of this perplexing Midrash? A sukkah by definition is a temporary residence. The halachic rule is that it must have at least three walls, or even two walls and a tefach (a handbreadth) that comprises a third wall (Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 630). However, even though the sukkah must have a temporary status, it must be fit to be lived in as the Talmud in Sukkah 26a states, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Teshvu kâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ein taduru â&#x20AC;&#x201C; You shall dwell [in the sukkah] as if it is your permanent residence.â&#x20AC;? This is the reason that should one have discomfort in dwelling in the sukkah, he is not not to appreciate, what we have until we are deprived required to stay there. (Shulchan Aruch, O.C. 640). of it. We become entitled and begin to expect that we The obvious question is how can a sukkah of three deserve what we have been given. Iyov had it allâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; walls be called a comfortable dwelling? Would one live wealth, a beautiful and large family and many friends in a house with three walls? The answer is that if a and admirers. Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim states person is truly a believer in the Torah, then to him, that Iyov the person never existed! Rambam explains even a sukkah with three walls becomes a comfortable that he is only a parable and metaphor for the Nation residence, because the Torah considers it to be a dwell- of Israel. ing. Because living in the sukkah is a mitzvah, one enSuch has been the experience of the Jewish People joys living in it as much as he enjoys living in his own throughout our tragic history. The Tanach is replete permanent and beautiful home. It is all a matter of a with stories of our nation becoming complacent, sinstate of mind. ning, being punished, doing teshuvah and receiving When G-d showed Iyov a sukkah of three walls, Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;d prosperity and success only to return to complacency meant to say, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Life in this world includes pain and suf- and sinning once again. We keep forgetting the debt fering. Nevertheless accept the life that I have given that we owe to G-d and continue the vicious cycle. you, because I (Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;d) meant it to be this way. Then you Sukkot is a time when we can break out of this viwill enjoy being close to Me for eternity in olam haba.â&#x20AC;? cious cycle, and the sukkah represents this opportuThe lesson of the three-walled sukkah is that a person nity. On Sukkot we leave the comfort and stability of should accept and enjoy his life as Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;d sends it even if our homes and the roofs over our heads that conceal one experiences pain andVoting suffering. us from the outside world, obscuring our recognition Jewish_Press_Early Ad_10x7 press_R1.pdf 1 9/20/19 2:49 PM It is human nature to become accustomed to, and of G-dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s gifts.

We enter a structure that is temporary and unstable, leaving ourselves vulnerable and exposed to the elements. We construct the sukkah in such a way that we are bound to notice our own deficiencies and our reliance on Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s protection. The sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;chach, which must come from a natural source and cannot be artificially made, represents Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eternal, continuous protection of us. Judaism teaches that Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;d maintains the world constantly and that nothing exists without Him. Yet all too often, we find ourselves assuming credit for what we have accomplished and assign blame for the errors and failings of others, while forgetting Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s role in our lives. When we pray to be inscribed in the Book of Life and Blessings on the High Holy Days that precede Sukkot, we emphasize that everything stems from Gâ&#x20AC;&#x2018;d. Sukkot brings the message of the High Holy Days to a tangible, perceptible level as we leave the comfort of our permanent homes and enter a temporary and

Continued on p.56

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heart. to share began his tale. launched 45 years ago in Friday, October 11, initiative 2019

Jews. thousands of years thusiasm. A passing stewardess asked world, Already, forever altering the practice and So I knew he’d be thrilled to learn ago they envisioned the degree of asthem to lower the volume of their “I am a businessman,” Morris said. year, 1973 by the last Lubavitcher Rebbe, perception of the festival. This joyful protection, but more in that dealings Sid had called. “I Schneerson. understand conandG‑d’s intermarriage that wea more mundane and concealed exclamations. “My haveM. been blessed with Sprecher Chabad-Lubavitch will set up Rabbi Menachem The similation fashion. gratulations are order,” Sid awaretoday. The very next Baruch was on much success. Butinon my wife and Ispoke nev- have than 15,000 largeday, public menorahs in campaign focuses creating Continued from p.55 The sukkah offersThe us the opportunity to re‑connect plane again, back home. er had children. I recently celebratenthusiastically. “You have a son.” For Jews whoflying see the continuation more than 100 countries around the ness and promoting observance of the the with re‑evaluate generous donation he had received our relationship with Him, ed my 70th birthday andOur I decided it of “Thank you,” I smiled. firstborn the Jewish people asand an important world, including inG‑d front ofto landmarks holiday. fragile sukkah. Insome the sukkah weCiachaarefor confronted with by removing the spiritual mid-air was enough toperfectly cover or- barriers that obstruct our was time I Adam ofJoseph my like money wasYaacov barely ause month old and nearly value, this was logisuch as theruling White House, thethe Eiffel And the realization we are indebted G‑d for our day to day phanage’s debt. With it,lives. he was children. Thatthat was the purpose of to this every fifamed rst-time mother, I thought he cal. Forvery a humanist like Sid, that also atTower, and the Kremlin. nover, Israel diplomat, testified existence. The Kabbalah teaches able“May to was expand and build a Hitler much-needtrip. My wife and I came toinIsrael hop- titude the of the Menorah,” that themost Lubavitcher Rebbe, was the perfect baby thewanted world. an lights anathema. may that when we enter the suked new wing in the dormitory. ing to find some school or orphanage After a week of living in the sukkah, we can return kah, we are being hugged said Rabbi “usher inbetween the eter- by the One Above. this“I’m Menorah to beSid thecontinued. World’s largest. in town,” “How have madeButman, a distinction This second story took place a Sprecher numwould use our money wisely. We tothat our homes, rejuvenated with the idea that our per‑ Rabbi Ephraim is dean of students and seof “When faced with darkness andtake ha- nal light of Moshiach and a world about getting a babysitter and I’ll ber of years ago. weren’t sure if we would help found a manent dwellings and our daily routines are also under nior lecturer at Diaspora Yeshiva. peach and harmony, joy and happiness tred, the light of the menorah serves as Continued on p.65 the two of you out for dinner?’ a symbol of strength and inspiration, de- for all of mankind.” Tishrei 16scorpions. – of October Israel in and 1908. One of the the 13, 1878: Yahrzeit of the modern revival snakes Wuerzeburger Rav, Rav most admired Israeli au-Seligman Baer Bamberger. Hebrew language. Yet, the Torah credits thors of the 20th to century, Approximately 2,500 him with trying save Agnon was awarded the Tishrei 16 – September 20, 1899: Captain Alfred years ago, Nechemya Yosef. Meanwhile, YeNobel Prize in Literature Dreyfus was released from his imprisonment on Devil’s bemoaned fact that hudah, whothe recommendin 1966. Island. ed selling Yosef to merthe Jews had forgotten 87:5 states: chants plan that was howTehillim to– aspeak Hebrew “Indeed, it shall be said 16, 1886: Birthday of David Tishrei October more likely to70–save Yoduring their17 years in of Tzion, ‘Every man 24 Kislev (December 2) Tishrei 14 – October 5, 1941: Yahrzeit of Louis Ben-Gurion, first prime sef’s life is criticized Why?minister of Israel. 14 Kislev November 22 17 –Kislev exile: “A–good numberby of Chazal. their children was bornChaim there.’ofHe, the Most High, Foundation of second Ha- Court Brandeis, first Jewish U.S. Supreme justice. Rabbi Volozhin Birththe of Reuven son ofBeit Yaakov (November 25) spoke the language of Ashdodanswers and the will one preserve it.”Tishrei What does it the mean Mikdash was completed: The navi that 18 in is safer in Eretz Yisrael, de-year 1505 BCE: Yahrzeit of and Leah: As the fi rstborn, Reuven The UN votes to partition Pal- language of those various peoples, and that “every man” will be considered to Chagai lived during the time of Darius, Tishrei 15 – October 15, 1894: Alfred Dreyfus Yaakov Avinu. deemed it his responsibility to look afspite apparent imminent dangers, than estine, 1947: (Chagai The United Nations did not know how to speak Judean” have been born in Tzion? Rabbi Meiking of Persia 1:1). He was a was for treason. terarrested his brothers. So when the decision in foreign lands that seem safe. By tryPartition Plan Palestine was a (Nechamya 13:24). shato(Ketubot 75a) explains not 16, 1810: Yahrzeit of the contemporary of for Zecharia, and togethTishrei 18 –that October was made to kill Yosef, Reuven tried, ing keep him in Eretz Yisrael and ulproposal to divideto the Pal-people of Ye- only those who Theare situation was even physically born er they prophesied and succeeded convincing restCzar of Nicholas timately bring him home, Reuven was Tishrei 15 –in, October 1, the 1898: II Breslover Rebbe. estine at the end of the worse in the her 19thchildren. century in IsraelYosef are considered huda who had the of cities. the brothers toreturned trap in aLand pit inkeeping safe. barred Jews from livingYosef into major Russian British Mandate into Hamikdash Those who with Hebrew reserved exyearn for Israel long Israel to rebuild Beit stead, intending tothe rescue him later. Adapted from the recently-published Tishrei 18 and – October 4, 2001: Yahrzeit of Rav independent Arab and clusively for prayer and to see it are also considered “children following the proclamation of Cyrus According sages, the into Shechita “Israel was Bible,”Ahron editedSoloveichik by Rabbi ofTuly Tishrei 15 to– the October 10, pit 1938: Chicago. Jewish states. plan of Zion.” study. That all changed king ofYosef Persia. which wasThe thrown was filled with Weisz. banned in Italy. wasBecause acceptedofbytheir the Jewwithalluded the advent ZionS.Y. Agnon to thisofidea in encouragement, Tishrei 19 – October 9, 1797: Yahrzeit of the Vil‑ Prizethanks acceptance speech: the Agency people completed building the Beit his Nobel ism, ish for Palestine, in large part Tishrei 15 in the year 1652 BCE: Rivkah Imeinu na Gaon. historical catastrophe – the Hamikdash, whosetoconstruction had “Through a to leading the way the the efforts of one man, gave birth to Yaakov and Eisav. of Yerushalayim by the embeen halted.ofIt the wasJewish on the 24th of Kis- destruction Eliezer declaration Ben-Yehuda. Tishrei 20 – October 7, 1944: During an up‑ – I was born in one of lev that therejected foundation for the Beit Ha- peror of Rome Ben-Yehuda state, but by the that Tishrei 15 in the year 1311 BCE: Work commenced rising at thedecided Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp the theorder Diaspora. But our I always mikdash was completed (Chagai 2:18). the cities in“in Arab leaders. to have own on the construction of the Tabernacle in the desert. sonderkommando (Jewish special detachment) deemed myself aand child of Yerushalayland political life it is and a number of Jews es‑ killed many S.S. officers, im, one who is necessary in realitythat a native of 27 (December 5) 21Kislev Kislev we have Tishrei 15 – October 14, 1943: An uprising under also caped. Yerushalayim.” S.Y. Agnon was awarded the (November 29) language to hold us togeththe leadership Pechersky occurred in the afrom Adapted the recebtly-published Nobel Prizeofof inAlexander Literature: Shmuel Yahrzeit Eliezer er.” Many scoffed at–Ben-YeSobibor murder(1888-1970) camp. Approximately andBible,” 11 Tishrei September 28, 1828: Yahrzeit of “Israel edited by 20 Rabbi Tuly Yosef Agnon was born 200 in Jews Ben-Yehuda: Eliezer huda’s vision, but todayauthor He- of Pele Yo’etz. S.S. men were killed;and 400 immigrated Jews Weisz. Rabbi Eliezer Papo, Buczacz, Galicia Ben-Yehuda (1858-1922) brew has been revived from was born in Belarus and the dustbin of history and is immigrated to Israel in the official language of the 1881. He was a newspaState of Israel. per editor and Hebrew lexicographer Adapted from the recently-published and was the driving force behind the “Israel Bible” by Rabbi Tuly Weisz.

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Goodbye Gas

It finally happened. A gas station in Takoma Park, Maryland – RS Automotives – is no longer selling gas. It has ditched its gas stations for electric-vehicle charging stations, making it the first gas station in the country to do so. On the heels of fiery climate-change political town halls and marches, the need to lower greenhouse gas emissions has become a topic of conversation at many tables across the nation. Moving away from gasoline-powered cars to electricity-powered cars is one way to reduce man’s carbon footprint, but is an auto electric station financially feasible? Nearly 21,000 electric vehicles currently traverse Maryland’s roads. While that’s not a particularly large number – especially compared to the number of electric vehicles in states like California – Maryland is experiencing somewhat of a shortage of electric charging stations. Only two electric vehicle chargers – one in a parking lot and the other on a side street – exist in the Takoma Park area, and they are usually in use due to an electric taxi service located nearby. So the area could use more electric charging stations. That isn’t to say that the owner of RS Automotives, Depeswar Doley, expects to get rich any time soon. He’s very much aware that this first-of-akind electric vehicle charging “gas” station is a gamble. Doley was originally unhappy with the manner in which oil and gasoline companies structured contracts and so he began looking at alternate business options. He received a call from a public city official last year to discuss electric vehicle charging and, with the encour-

agement of his 17-year-old daughter, began to seriously consider transforming his gas station into an electric vehicle charging station. It’s a costly endeavor and, for many, the ROI (return on investment) just doesn’t seem to be there yet. In addition, many automobile companies that produce a significant number of electric cars have their own electric vehicle charging business models. Telsa, for example, currently operates over 1,600 charging stations across the country and several electric vehicle charging start-ups have announced plans to create millions of electric chargers in the coming years. But RS Automotives is the first gasto-electric station transformation and it’s getting a lot of positive headlines. It has four chargers that connect to a 200kW system. Each vehicle can reach 80 percent battery life in approximately 20-30 minutes. While waiting for their vehicles to fill up, drivers can go into an automated convenience store to relax. Screens in the store let drivers see how much time is left until their vehicles finish charging so they don’t have to go outside to check their vehicles’ progress. RS Automotives received a grant of $786,000 from the Electric Vehicle Institute and the Maryland Energy Administration to help offset the costs. It opened to the public on September 26. Here’s to hoping it’s successful! Bracha Halperin is COO of Cazamio and managing partner of JYRG Capital. To comment on her Jewish Press-exclusive tech columns – or to reach her for any other purpose – e-mail her at You can also follow her on Instagram or Twitter @brachahalperin.

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Claude Lanzmann’s 10-Hour ‘Shoah’ Immediately following World War II, Jewish survivors of Hitler’s Final Solution referred to the murder of six million of their brethren as the Churban (“Destruction”), the same term used for the destruction of the two Temples in Jerusalem. The word “holocaust,” derived from the Greek holokauston – meaning “a completely burnt sacrificial offering” – was adopted in Greek translations of the Torah to refer to the olah, a communal sacrifice that was entirely burnt on the altar. Its Latin form, holocaustum, was first used with specific reference to a massacre of Jews by chroniclers in England toward the end of the 12th century. It later took on the connotation of any great massacre; for example, Churchill used the term in 1929 to describe the Armenian genocide in World War I. The use of the term “Holocaust” – with an upper-case “H” – to refer specifically to the Nazi murder of six million Jews began only in the early 1950s (though The New York Times on May 23, 1943 had discussed refugees from “the Nazi holocaust”). “Shoah” – the biblical Hebrew word for calamity or catastrophe (see, e.g., Zephaniah 1:15 and Isaiah 10:3) – was used before WWII, including by several Orthodox publications, in characterizing what was happening to the Jews of Germany. In Eretz Yisrael, the Knesset established Yom Ha-Shoah V’ Mered HaGeta’ot, the national day of remembrance, on April 12, 1951, but the term “Shoah” remained almost entirely unknown outside Israel until director Claude Lanzmann’s documentary of the same name. Lanzmann (1925-2018) was born to a non-practicing Jewish family that emigrated from Eastern Europe to Paris, where he was born. To survive the Holocaust, his family went into hiding. Claude joined the French communist resistance with his father and brother, smuggling arms to the partisans and fighting in Auvergne, narrowly escaping capture by the Gestapo. After WWII, Lanzmann studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, where he became a respected leftist intellectual, and he taught at the Free University of Berlin, during which time he snuck into East Germany to conduct his own explorations. His left-wing bona fides were bolstered while serving as secretary to Jean-Paul Sartre, who had a powerful effect upon his thinking

Some German interviewees were averse to being interviewed on camera, so Lanzmann employed subterfuge in filming some of his interviews, pretending to be pro-Nazi and using hidden equipment. and invited him to write for Les Temps Modernes, where he later rose to become chief editor. Ironically, Lanzmann first became conscious of the persecution of the Jews only after WWII when he read Sartre’s Anti-Semite and Jew: An Exploration of the Etiology of Hate (1946). It was Sartre who taught him that all art must be “exhaustive,” which may account, in part, for the extraordinary length of “Shoah.” In any event, it is indisputable that Lanzmann’s philosophical, literary, journalistic, intellectual, and investigative experience all came together in his production of this documentary. “Shoah” is a unique and unabashed cinematic confrontation with the Holocaust marked by a total absence of historical archival footage or visual horrors, which are common in other Holocaust films. He used neither voice-overs nor commentary. Rather, he featured con-

temporary interviews with firsthand witnesses, including survivors, victims, perpetrators, and bystanders, yielding images that were, in many ways, more real, more shocking, and more memorable than Holocaust footage would have been. When the film was released, Lanzmann also published its complete text, including in English translation, with introductions by him and Simone de Beauvoir, who wrote that Lanzmann “seemed to be carrying the weight of a whole ancestral ex- The top half of the December 17, 1986 program “After ‘Shoah’” at the Tel Aviv Museperience on his shoul- um, signed by Lanzmann. ders.” The misguided Hannah Arendt infamously subti- for the film’s marketing campaign. Lanzmann, who tled her magnum opus, Eichmann in Jerusalem, “The hired a steam locomotive for the photograph similar Banality of Evil,” but it is that very presentation of to the one on which Gawkowski labored, estimated “banality” that makes “Shoah” one of the greatest that Gawkowski’s trains delivered some 18,000 Jews cinematic feats of all time. No fact was too trivial for to Treblinka. Lanzmann: Where did you stand? How long did it The singular highlight of “Shoah” was arguably take? What was the process? How was that accom- Lanzmann’s clandestine filming of Franz Suchomel, plished? This kind of approach had never been taken, an SS officer who described Treblinka’s gas chambers and the disposal of bodies in meticulous detail. He told and the impact on viewers was extraordinary. The “Shoah” project began when Lanzmann was Lanzmann that on his first day at the camp, he vomitapproached by Alouph Hareven, then-director general ed and cried after seeing trenches filled with corpses, of the Israeli Foreign Ministry, who had viewed his 6-7 meters deep, with the earth around them “moving previous films on Israel and believed that he was the in waves” because of the gases and the stink of the only director able to make a film that would “not be bodies carrying for several kilometers. about the Shoah but which would be the Shoah.” Some German interviewees were averse to being He commissioned Lanzmann to make what they interviewed on camera, so Lanzmann employed subthought would be a two-hour film to be delivered in terfuge in filming some of his interviews, pretending 18 months about the Holocaust from “the viewpoint of to be pro-Nazi and using hidden equipment. His filmthe Jews.” However, Lanzmann’s ambitions deepened ing of Suchomel proved particularly controversial beas he became more immersed in the project and, when cause of his promise that he would not use the SS offihe failed to deliver the film on time, Israel withdrew cer’s name. During an interview of a different witness, its support. the secret recording was discovered; Lanzmann was Throughout its production, “Shoah” was plagued physically attacked and sustained serious injuries. by financial problems, difficulties tracking down inter- He was hospitalized for a month and was charged by viewees, and even threats to his life. The film, which the German authorities with “unauthorized use of the debuted in 1985 at nine and a half hours, ultimate- German airwaves.” Lanzmann was also criticized by some for compelly took 11 years to complete. (The 350 hours of raw footage, along with the transcripts, are available on ling many of the Jewish subjects to dredge up their the website of the United States Holocaust Memorial most agonizing experiences for the camera; as he himMuseum.) self admitted, his goal was to have his interviewees Exhibited here is an original vintage “Shoah” re-live their experiences rather than merely remember movie still depicting Henryk Gawkowski, who drove them. Thus, for example, in one of the most famous transport trains to Treblinka and whose image beContinued on p.59 came well-recognized through its use on the poster

happy who for the freedom I still Friday, October 11,husbands 2019 Theyearned Press Friday, July 12,2019 • Jewish The Jewish Press  • Page Page 59 F1

Rachel Bluth is a writer and lecturer with an active practice in the Five Towns, offering advice to couples, young All these lmsThe were rooted in my deep Singer adults and children. She can be reached at or fic/o Jewish Press, 4915 16 emAvenue, pathy for Israel and the achievements of this Brooklyn NY,from 11204.p.58 Continued rs! This section contains sensitive topics andunique should be monitored. country, but were by no means propaganda works. I never hid the difficulties, the contradicand heart-rending scenes in the film, barber Abrations, the dark sides implied sometimes by the ham Bomba breaks down while describing how two of creation of an extraordinary State such as the the Jews whose hair he cut in an anteroom of the gas state of Israel, the truth being the best propachamber were his wife and sister. N A O MofI M A U E R ,people E D I T O R ganda. With my new film, that you will discover Questioned about the morality putting MIwho MAUER AND SHANDEE this evening, The Last of the Unjust, I dared have already suffered aFUCHS, lifetime EDITORS of unimaginable to deal with an Israeli taboo and to rehabilitate pain and grief through this, Lanzmann replied, “One a man, to clear the name of Benjamin Murmelhas to die with them again in order that they didn’t stein, unjustly cursed and seen as a traitor of die alone.” the Jewish people, as a collaborator of the Nazis Lanzmann rejected the idea that persecution and By Mrs. Schonfeld and particularly AdolfRifka Eichmann. victimhood constituted inherent Jewish traits, and that I condemn the Eichmann trial and the way it rejection underscored both “Shoah” and his profound has been conducted in Jerusalem. Since 1975, I devotion to Israel, which he first visited in 1952. He carry this film in me, knowing perfectly that it would be extremely difficult, almost impossible, all those Girls, who parIn American communities across the religious and might not otherwise have infor their on the In 1980, Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish wrote a kids can’t behave right when theylives. don’t right. If ticipated in the banishment of feel anfriends innopolitical spectrum, we are seeing a major phenomeother hand, are more interested in their seminal parenting book entitled How to Talk So Kids we don’t take care of their feelings first, we haveata cent, to admit their fault and recognize non: adrift. moreWill young boys men this than their screens. Willboys Listen and More Listenand So Kids Talk. Inand January littlepoint chance ofin engaging cooperation. All we’ll how wrong theytheir behaved. are lost and unmotivated. Today, there are families Playing more than videoAnd games a 2017, Adele Faber’s daughter Joanna teamed up with have left is our ability eight to use hours greaterofforce. since But I had toofdothe thisbrain film, that it wascontrols my inher which the daughters attend college, graduate with week can cause the part friend Julie King to write a new book for parent- we’d like to reserve brute force for emergencies such as duty, and I ask you totobeatrophy sure that acthonors, and then move on to successful and concentration orIface shrink. ing younger children. The 2017 book,careers. entitledTheir How motivation yanking children out of traffic, we’ve got to this edcan in full consciousness and that onlyHybrothers, often with the same IQs, attend college for This in turn contribute to Attention Deficit to Talk So Little Kids Will Listen: A Survival Guide feelings things head-on. So let’s dig in! sake of truth justice commandato shorter period (or a much period),many sometimes Disorder (ADHD), leads us to negour Life with Children Ageslonger 2-7, utilizes of the peractivity In otherthe words, we haveand towhich deal with these graduate, and then move back home with their parnext category. ed me. parenting techniques from the original, but modifies ative emotions before we can deal with the negative

ILY ISSUES Mind Over Manners

The GrowingGuide Phenomenon Unmotivated Boys A Survival For Life Of With Young Children

ents. course, in some communities, these boys will ADHD Even medication. ADHD is diagnosed in themOffor the modern parent and younger children. behavior. with children as young as two-yearsgo toThe yeshiva and possibly get married rather than boys at a significantly higher level than girls. Those In “Israel, Why” (1973), Lanzmann first section of Faber and King’s book deals old, we need to address their negative feelings in move homechildren with their parents. girls with are often Adderall, Ritalin, mounted a prescribed powerfulrather defense Israel’s with back helping deal with Regardless, difficult feelings, waysADHD that are problem-solving, thanofsimply atare achieving and boys are underachieving. Why is Concerta and other medications to help them focus position in the Yom Kippur War, and in something many parents want to skip in order to get tempting to shut them down. In the book, Faber and this andmore how concrete, can we stop it?to do section: and still. But, writes, “Recent research “Tzahal,” a Sax documentary about the IDF, to the what Kingsitdescribe five as common mistakes parents make In his of book, Adrift: The Five Factors University and other prestigious rehe to provided unrestrained unambiguMost the Boys parents in my workshops haveDrivbeen from whenHarvard talking young children aboutand their feelings. ing the Growing Epidemic of Unmotivated Boys and search institutions suggests that when these ‘acafor the of theyour Ispretty impatient with this first topic: helping children Denialous of admiration feelings. After youmorality have made Underachieving Young Men,They’d pediatrician Dr. Leonsteroids’ are grilled administered attheanUnjust” early raeli army. “Thecheese Last of – a deal with difficult feelings. like to move right demic daughter’s favorite sandwich, she age, says ard explains phenomenon breaks it down end“Iresult may to be damage to the nucleus acreference Andre Shwartz-Bart’s famous on Sax to the secondthe session: how to and get your kids to do the to you, hate grilled cheese sandwiches.” You might into four different reasons. While he brings scientific cumbens. The nucleus accumbens plays no role in what you tell them to do! Not that we don’t care about want to say, “You don’t grilled cheese sandwich“The Last of hate the Just” (1959) – was likely proof for each one, we might find some of them a bit cognition. The function of the nucleus accumbens is how our kids feel. It’s just not generally first priority es! You love grilled cheese Lanzmann’s mostsandwiches.” controversialBut that difficult to digest. to translate motivation into action. If a boy has a for a frazzled parent. Let’s face it, if they did as they moment, she is not going to say, “Oh, right, athanks Rabbi Benjamin Murmelstein, leadChanges in education. I’ve written about these damaged nucleus accumbens, he’ll look fine and he’ll were told, things would go so smoothly and we’d all for reminding ing me!” Viennese rabbi who was selected by changes before, particularly in articles about boys feel Philosophy. fine. But he’ll There be lazyare – particularly if he to stops feel great. always lessons be Eichmann to organize the deportation of and The reading, but Dr. Sax explains it from the pertaking those medications.” problem is, there’s just no good shortcut to get- taught in Jews life, and asVienna, parentswas we the always want to from only one of spective of the changes from generations. Of course, for some children medication is the only ting a cooperative kid. You canprevious try, but you will likely teach them. The problem is that when your child is Eichmann’s chief administrators to surKindergarten in the United States has changed option. And while Sax might be generally against endthe up Holocaust knee-deep in ainseparable bog of confl ict… Israel, experiencing negative feelings, he ischarges not ready to the lisvive the Holocaust. Although the brought saw as from in part significantly over the years. of finger medication, I lessons. do not think it is always So what’s the point ofoccurred all Instead of this? point paint, is the that against ten to those So, ifthat your had a finegative. ghtwere with him inimportant Czechoslovakia forson collaboration because, in his view, Israel as aThe response to duck-duck-goose and splashing in puddles, the focus However, it’s to understand the you other rewe can’t behave right when we don’t feel right. And a friend in school and you tell him, “Well, know he was still hated and viewed as Holocaust and most ofcurriculum the six million wouldschools not have of the kindergarten in most is ultimately sults of thedropped, medication and to take those into account a(and traitor by many Jews even though, as Lanzmann been murdered had awriting. haven ofKindergarten a Jewish statehas existed. about reading and essenattempt to mitigate them as well). An acclaimed educator and education consultant, Mrs. Rifka Schonfeld has served the Jewish community for close in the film, he was ableThrough to save Jews through Histurned Zionisminto wasfirst grounded profound empathy tially his But, why would this shows Endocrine disruptors. his research to thirty years. She founded and directs SOS, servicing all grade levels in secular and Hebrew studies. A kriah and terrifying negotiations with Eichmann, with Israeli soldiers and settlers who had survived the unimaginably affect boys differently than girls? and the research of many of his colleagues, Dr. Sax reading specialist, she also offers evaluations, G.E.D. preparation, social skills training and shidduch coaching. She which he argued that allowing Jews to leave Shoah, and he remained unfazed by the harshdevelop leftist during Research shows that girls and boys brains has identified some detrimental chemicals in our wacan be reached at 718-382-5437 or in different sequences. “The language ter and their in the food might we eat.beMany of thebenefi clearcial plasmoney financially to criticism of his ZionismSax andwrites, his films about Israel.area As without in makes the brain of in a typical 5-year-old boy, to the tic bottles that we drink from contain polyethylene Nazi war effort. Murmelstein remained a pariah he clear his autobiography, Theaccording Patagonian a large National Institute Health study published terephthalate, a substance that mimicsModel the action of after writing Terezin, Eichmann’s Ghetto Hare, the Jewish people andofIsrael both remained ob- even in 2006, verylove. much like the language area in (1961), female in hormones. exposed to a lot polyethwhich heBeing described in detail the of horrors of jects of hislooks undying theLanzmann brain of a made 3½-year-old 5-year-olds are “death ylene terephthalate canhecause lower testosterone in slow motion” personally experienced and unseven figirl. lms Many relating to Israel and simply not ready to sit for hours, learning to read and cause more brittle bones. In addition, it can diminish the Holocaust, which he lists in a statement he wrote der Eichmann. writesigned – nottobecause they’re dumb, but they their motivation and drive along with theirinneed to Lanzmann, who interviewed Murmelstein Rome, and accompany a January 21, because 2014 screenare of BOYS.” And kindergarten is their first ex- originally compete. planned to include his story in “Shoah,” but ing “Last of thewhen Unjust” (exhibited above): perience of school and they are “bad” at it, this leads inexplicably Researchdid shows canthe have signifinot that do so.this Heplastic later told complete to a lack of motivation all the way down the line. cant deterimental effects on women later in life, parstory in “The Last of the Unjust.” His spirited defense Since 1973, I devoted my life and my work So, what can we do? Engage young boys in immerticularly in greater chances of developing breast canof Murmelstein generated great controversy, and its to Israel and more generally to the Jewish quessive learning experiences in which they move, inter- cer, but it does not affect their motivation and drive moral and ethical implications resonate to this day. tion. I am the author of 7 films, Israel, Why act with nature, and are not forced to sit quietly. This when they are young children. Saul Jay Singer serves as Senior Legal Ethics Coun1973, Shoah 1985, Tzahal 1994, A Visitor will provide them with positive learning memories Are there other factors that might be affecting sel with the District of Columbia Bar and is a collector of from the Living 1997, Sobibor October 14, and ultimately motivate them later in life. boys? Absolutely. Might the boys you see around extraordinary original Judaica documents and letters. 1943, HoursFor (Sobibor, October 4 Video16games. many people in14, our1943, communiyou be just as motivated, if not more, than the girls welcomes p.m.) 2001, The Karski Report 2010. ties, video games are not an issue. The time spent, He around you? comments Of course.atShould you worry about your the feeling of control, and the violence are not detri- son if he is not exhibiting these characteristics? No mental to boys in many communities because video way! Dr. Sax is pointing out a phenomenon across A Conversation with Rabbi Binyomin Pruzansky games are simply not played by boys or girls. Those America, if you aren’t experiencing it, then no need to who do have video games in their homes should know stress! If you are Author experiencing it, then there are some of Inspired: that boys are particularly vulnerable to becoming ad- pretty easy ways to combat it, you just need a little dicted since they provide a sense of stories control and thatuplifting boys bit of knowledge to start. Heartwarming insights to enlighten your life,


AS: Your new book, Inspired Inspired, has three elements — an inspirational Torah insight,

message that speaks to every person, whatever their challenges, whatever their

An acclaimed educator Mrs. Schonfeld has served the Jewish community for close stories, and “takeaways.” Can youand tell theeducation readers a little consultant, about each of these three Rifka background. to thirty years. She founded and directs SOS, servicing all grade levels in secular and Hebrew studies. kriah parts? AS: These are complicated times we live in. How can we stay A upbeat and, and yes, RBP: People today are looking for real inspiration in their lives. In my new inspired? social skills training and shidduch coaching. She reading specialist, she also offers evaluations, G.E.D. preparation, book, I offer an uplifting insight that really speaks to the RBP: Although life can be quite complicated, a Yid has can be reached at 718-382-5437 or

When we focus on the positive in our lives and Stop theseedenial. the hand of Hashem Domestic violence has no place in a Jewish home. Anywhere. constantly guiding us, we Bat Melech runs the only kosher shelters in Israel for Orthodox, will always live inspired.

reader, followed by a powerful story that brings home to open his eyes and see all the incredible berachah and the message, and a short takeaway quote to carry the hashgachah pratis happening to him on a daily basis. When inspiration into the reader’s heart. we focus on the positive in our lives and see the hand of AS: Your stories are so varied. They range from the normal, Hashem constantly guiding us, we will always live inspired. everyday stuff (a van breaking down on a highway that AS: With all these great stories, do you have any personal teaches a lesson in tefillah and bitachon) to the poignant (the favorites; if so, which — and why? incredible emunah of a bereaved parent) to the unbelievable RBP: My favorite story is about a young man named (a tray of gefilte fish brings unexpected healing thatcharedi shocks all victims of domestic violence. Manish who really wanted to get married, but nothing was chassidic and the doctors). Is there a common thread among the more than happening. After hearing about the power of davening on Seder night, he cried 70 stories in Inspired? Inspired to Hashem — and days later he was miraculously answered. I love the story With legal assistance, therapy, vocational training andoutsupport, Friends of Bat Melech RBP: I searched for stories peoplehas canhelped relate to in their everyday lives, because I met Manish myself one day whileAmerican shopping in the local grocery store Batthat Melech over 25,000 women andsochildren since 1996 11th Avenue that people would say, “Hey, that story really could have happened to me.” The where he works, and heard his story at first-hand. His5511 amazing emunah peshutah Brooklyn, New York 11219 Support Batdown-to-earth Melech with a tax-deductible contribution today. common thread is that it is these are stories that have a positive left me truly inspired.

enjoyed. And, Mrs. Bluth, I looked at them with fear.

Continued on p.F4


The names listed below are Mesarev Ledin or have been Harkhakot D’Rabbeinu Tam. A beth din has issued a seruv against each person listed below for a) withholding a get upon being ordered to grant one, appear before bethwith dinpeople. in lifeb)is refusing tough andtoyou are going to fight matters pertaining to a to get, You just have to get used it.”orHec)isotherwise not going to failing followlike theheorder of awith beththose din negain walk awaytofeeling has dealt matters pertaining to a get. For the halachot tive feelings. regarding how one should treat a person who Questions. If your daughter colors on the counter is mesarev ledin, please consult a competent for the third time that week, you might impulsively Orthodox rabbi.

want to say, “Why did you did you color on the counter again? Didn’t I tell you a million times that the crayons are for paper?!” She will not likely have a JACOB BINSON of Montreal, good answer MOSES to that question, and whatever reason Canada, issued by Bet Din Zedek of Montreal she did color on the counter will still remain. inComparison. August 2005 When things go wrong, especially in public places like supermarkets, school lobbies, or SHIMON KNOPFLER of Brooklyn, New York, shuls, we tend to look at the other children who are issued by Beth Din of America, Marchinstances, 2009 behaving like perfect angels. In those we want to say, “Look at Shaindel. She’s quietly helping herSTEVEN mother load her groceries into the bag. How come SCHER of Roanoke, Virginia, issued you can’t do what Shaindel is doing?” This comparby Beth Din of America, November 2009 ison only emphasizes the negative feelings, rather than attempting to get to their core. DOVID of Brooklyn, N.Y. Children, especially young children, Lecture.WASSERMAN issued by Bais Din Tzedek of Flatbush, have a limited amount of information that they can December 2017That’s why when we begin to lectake in at a time. ture we lose them completely. They retreat into their CHANOCH LEBOVIC Washington Heights/ negative feelings and hearofalmost nothing that we Toronto/Brooklyn, issued by Beth Din Zedek, have said. Kollel 2011 Now Avreichim, that we’ve March gone over all of the mistakes that parents make when speaking to their children who areJUTE dealing with negative feelings, what are New some of DAVID KESTLER of Fairlawn, theJersey, good ways that children March deal with issued by you Bethcan Dinhelp of America, negative 2012 feelings? Faber and King’s main advice revolves around problem-solving. You can of reconnect child DAVID NAHMANNY Brooklyn,with Newyour York, and help them work through those negative feelings issued by Beth Din of America, June 2012 in order to guide them towards better behavior the next time around. This sounds like a grueling proCHAIM of Brooklyn, cess, but in YEHUDA reality, theHOFFMAN more you invest in teaching New York and Florida, bygoing IsraelitoRabbinic problem solving, the lessissued you are need to inCourt, July 2014 vest in dealing with meltdowns in the long-term. The key is that it’s about cooperation and future actions, notMORDECHAI the moment youOVADIA are struggling with rightNew then. of Lakewood, For those specifi c moments? King have Jersey or Las Vegas, Nevada,Faber issuedand by Bet Din plenty of Shaarei tips for those too!March 2015 Zedek Mishpat,

AARON AKABERI of South Setauket, issued by Beth Din of America, May 2015 YOSSI ELKOUBY of Marbella, Spain and Paris and Lyon, France, issued by Beth Din of London, February 2016 BARUCH GREENWALD of Boro Park, New York, issued by Beth Din of America, July 2016 MEIR KIN of Las Vegas, issued by Rabbi Hershel Shachter, Rabbi Nachum Sauer, & Rabbi Avraham Union, Tammuz 2010 ELIYAHU LISS, of Lakewood, New Jersey, issued by Bet Din Btzedek Tishpoit, December 2017 GAVRIEL NACHMAN WALLACH, of Brooklyn, New York, issued by Bet Din Btzedek Tishpoit, January 2018 YONA RENDLER, of Brooklyn, New York, issued by Beth Din of America, February 2019 MOSHE HALBERSTAM, of Brooklyn, New York, issued by Union of Orthodox Rabbis of United States and Canada, July 2013 VLADIMIR VICTOR, of Cleveland, Ohio, issued by Badatz Rabbinical court of Lakewood, N.J.

Page 60

The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019



A Comprehensive Guide for Your Dining Pleasure

• Glasgow, Scotland, UK •

• Miami Beach, Florida •

• Boston, Massachusetts •


KIKAR TEL-AVIV Serving Chinese & Continental ---


Lubavitch Glatt Restaurant – Tel: 011 44141 638 6116 WE CATER ALL YOUR FOOD REQUIREMENTS –

5005 Collins Ave., M.B. Inside Carriage Club • 305-866-3316





LENNY’S PIZZA 544 Arthur Godfrey Rd. — 305-397-8395 ---Sun-Thurs: 11am-10pm, Fri: 11am-4pm, Sat: 1 hr after Shab-1am

• Los Angeles, California •

Su-Th 11-9, F 11-1 • 406 Harvard St., Brookline • Eat-in-Take-out Sushi, Pizza, Pasta, Fish, Wraps, Panini, Mexican & Salads – Wine & Beer For Saturday night, please call for hours


Brick Oven Pizza ------ 617-277-7770 • Yoshon, Cholov Yisroel

Cholov Yisrael, Pas Yisrael •



Kehilla Glatt Kosher – 323-930-1303 – ----

New Deli Located In The Lincoln Eatery Food Hall In South Beach

Deli • Chinese • Grill  • 7119 Beverly Blvd. • Sushi • Platters • Catering

723 Lincoln Lane N, Miami Beach, FL 33139 (305) 401-5492

Shabbos Take-Out — Sun-Thurs 11-10, Fri. 8-3 • “We deliver anywhere you like”

Glatt Kosher Under MDK Kosher Rabbi Manish Spitz - Mashgiach Temidi - Bishul Yisroel

• Atlantic City, New Jersey •

SHARI’S BISTRO Glatt Kosher Contemporary Gourmet Cuisine Kashrut - YOREH DEAH - Rabbi Aaron Lankry Mashgiach on duty full time 609-926-3500 Atlantic City Area - 800 Bay Ave. Somers Point, NJ 08244 •

• Highland Park, New Jersey •

• Las Vegas, Nevada •

TYO SUSHI New Sushi Restaurant Located Inside

BURNT OFFERING We showcase a unique fusion of food from different types of cuisine that is “GREAT FOOD, THAT SO HAPPENS TO BE KOSHER!” 3909 West Sahara Ave Suite 10 – Las Vegas, NV 891092

The Lincoln Eatery Food Hall In South Beach. 723 Lincoln Lane N, Miami Beach, FL 33139 (786) 897-3247 Glatt Kosher Under MDK Kosher Rabbi Manish Spitz - Mashgiach Temidi - Bishul Yisroel

BRIDGE TURKISH & MEDITERRANEAN GRILL 315 Raritan Ave. Highland Park (732) 419 9000 You should be treated as One of a kind and enjoy a fabulous meal at a One of a kind restaurant, with One of a kind food, One of a kind

Under Supervision of Rabbi Yehoshua Fromowitz

service, and One of a kind ambiance.

702-848-8276 •

Under the strict Rabbinic supervision of the Vaad Harabonim of Raritan Valley Reser-

• Orlando, Florida (Disney) •


HAIFA RESTAURANT • 407-354-1296

Finest Mediterranean & French Cuisine • 702-940-8000

vations are recommended, catering is We are open Saturday night, half an hour after Shabbat

• Lakewood/Deal, New Jersey •

4797 W. Irlo Bronson Memorial HWY Suite A, Kissimmee, FL 34746

900 E. Karen # H102 – Las Vegas, NV 89109

Certified Kosher by RCF, Chabad Rabbi Yosef Konikov —

Dine In, Take Out, or Delivery • Under Chabad of NV & Congregation Tefillah

Glatt/Pat Yisroel restaurant, Shabbat catering, business catering, separate dairy pizza takeout


Restaurant 2 mins from LV Conventions Center, Kosher Booth Inside

978 River Ave. Lakewood, NJ 08701 • 732-994-7878 Nouvelle Cuisine, Inspired Flavors, Refined Ambiance — KCL Chassidishe Shechita — Follow us on Facebook

• Washington, D.C. •

• Chicago, Illinois •

BEN YEHUDA CAFE & PIZZERIA 301-681-8900 • • ---


1370B Lamberton Drive – Silver Spring – MD 20902

• glatt •

7016 Carpenter Road, Skokie, IL

Yoshon & Cholov Yisroel

Enjoy an upscale, elegant and fine dining Franco-American experience!

• Newark – Elizabeth, New Jersey •


• Boca Raton, Florida • • New Orleans, Louisiana •




Offering sushi, sandwiches, deli, prepared foods

N.Y. Deli & Grocery: Eat-In, Take-Out

9200 Glades Road, Boca Raton, Florida 33434 1-561-931-3300 • Glatt Kosher, Under ORB Supervision


3519 Severn Ave., Metairie • tel: 504-888-2010, fax: 504-888-2014 Shomer Shabbos – Chabad Supervision – Serving N.O for over 20 years – Delivery to Hotels – M-Th 10-7, Fri & Sun 10-3


New York • Manhattan •

JON’S PLACE Cholov Yisroel – 561-338-0008 – In our 17th year 22191 Powerline Rd. (Southwest Corner Palmetto & Powerline) Pizza, Pasta, Salads and More — Under Supervision of ORB


• Baltimore, Maryland •

DAVID CHU’S CHINA BISTRO 410-602-5008 • Glatt Kosher • --

• Greater Daytona Beach, Florida •

AMSTERDAM BURGER COMPANY Corner of 92nd and Amsterdam Ave (Upper West Side) – 212-362-0700 Glatt Kosher – open for lunch and dinner Sunday thru Thursday


BROADWAY’S JERUSALEM 2 212-398-1475 ----

JERUSALEM Glatt Kosher Restaurant & Deli, Grocery & Pizza


366 W. Granada Blvd (7 min. from I95 & 7 min. from the Beach)

Voted Baltimore’s Best Kosher Pizza ----

Tel: 386-671-0033 –

6313 Reisterstown Rd. – 410-358-4TOV (4868) – groups & buses welcome

Supervision: Rabbi Pinchus Ezagui, Head of Chabad

Now there is the beautiful brand-new Jerusalem Cafe 35 West 36th Street (between 5th and 6th Ave) just 1 & a half blocks from Macy’s Pizza, Falafel, Design Your Own Salad or Sub, Sushi, Hot Buffet, Desserts, etc. Delicious choices at great prices!! Order online at J2NYC.COM Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner: M-Th 7:30am-10pm, Fri 7:30am-2:30pm,

Serving Pizza • Pasta • Fish • Knish • Salads • Soups • Etc.

Motzei Shabbos 1hr after-1am, Sun 9am-10pm.

Maryland’s oldest kosher dairy restaurant • Website:

On-street parking in front of the store weekends; also weekdays after 7 p.m.

Friday, October 11, 2019

A Comprehensive Guide for Your Dining Pleasure


The Jewish Press

Page 61





Glatt Mediterranean Cuisine, Gourmet Deli & Sushi Lounge

Aged Steaks --- 212-317-1950

Glatt Kosher Persian and Mediterranean Restaurant

35 West 57th Street (Bet 5th & 6th Ave.) • 212-355-5411 • ----

10 E. 48th St. Lunch & Dinner 11:45am-10pm • Parties welcome for all occasions

Free Delivery 75 N. Station Plaza (Great Neck) 516-466-8181 ---

Prime Cut Steaks, Chicken Dishes, Shish Kabob, Fish, Pasta • Beer & Wine Selection

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COLBEH Glatt Kosher Persian and Mediterranean Restaurant 32 West 39 St. (Mid Town) • 212-354-8181 Inside and outside Catering • Free Delivery all over NYC • Vaad Harabonim of Queens

COLBEH CAFE PARIS Fine Dairy, Vegetarian & Sushi Restaurant 4424 16th Ave • 718-853-2353 • Open 8am-10pm • *Free Delivery* Sheva Brachos and catering for all occasions

GREAT AMERICAN HEALTH BAR 212-355-5177 • 35 West 57th St. (bet. 5th & 6th Ave.) Homemade Soups, Healthy Salads, Pastas, Mediterranean Entrees, Fish Platters, Lo Calorie Frozen Dessert & More Now under

supervision and Shomer Shabbos management

Under the supervision of Rabbi Y. Gornish – Kemach Yoshon, Cholov Yisroel

CAFE RENAISSANCE Italian Dairy Restaurant 718-382-1900 • Rabbi Gornish – 802 Kings Highway (corner E. 8th St.) Fine dining serving wine and beer. Seating up to 140 for private parties. 30 years experience.

KOSHER IN MIDTOWN 43 East 34th Street, New York City • 212-725-8100 -Eden Wok - Kosher Poke - Pitopia - Buffalo2go Terriyaki Wok - Sushi Donut Shop Order Online We Deliver • All Catering Sun - Thur 11AM-10PM, Fri 11AM-4PM

CHINA GLATT 4413 13th Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11219 • 718-438-2576 Fine Dining Chinese, Sushi & American Cuisine — Tartikov BesDin & Rabbi A Roth B.P. Catering Available – Free Delivery – Private Party Room


3217 Quentin Road • 347-673-7799 Dairy – Under the Hashgacha of Rabbi Gornish

Glatt Kosher French Bistro ---150 West 46th Street (between 6th & 7th) • 212-869-0900 French specialties include: Steak/frites, Poulet Roti, Steak au poivre. Creative wine list, single malt & bourbon reserve, private parties, catering and gourmet butcher shop. Sun-Thurs, noon-midnight, Friday, 12pm-3pm. Informal attire. Reserv. sugg.

ORCHIDEA Fine dairy dining • Quiet ambiance • 718-686-7500 4815 12th Ave. • Valet Parking • Open Motzei Shabbos Under strict hashgacha of Rabbi Amram Roth & Rabbi Shmuel Dovid Beck Open Daily 11-11

MIKE’S BISTRO Glatt Kosher Contemporary Gourmet Cuisine ---


127 E. 54th St • 212-799-3911 • Fax: 212-799-3890

718-998-0002 • 718-62STEAK • 888-9GRILLT • Pvt Rooms for Corp. Luncheons / Sheva Brachot

3223 Quentin Road GLATT — All Meats Under the Hashgacha of Rabbi Yisroel Gornish


• Five Towns Area – Nassau County •

Chic & Trendy Spot serving Burgers, Subs, Steaks, & Fish ---SOHO: 496 Laguardia Place • btwn. Houston & Bleecker • 212-982-3800 UES: 1603 2nd Avenue • between 83rd & 84th • 212-634-9747


Glatt Kosher Chinese & Sushi Restaurant – F/T Mashgiach

Voted Best Burger in NYC • Liquor License Artisan Beers and Vintage Wines

594 Central Av., Cedarhurst • 516-295-3843; Fax 516-295-3865 • ---Open Daily till 10pm; Thur. til 10:30pm; Fri. 2 hrs before Shabbos. Delivery - 15 min. from JFK/lunch specials/catering/sushi platters/diet gourmet/frozen travel/

NOGA NYC 120 Allen Street • Lower East Side • NY, NY 10002 • 212-804-7207 -offers full brunch and dinner menus Certified under the OK and is Chalav Yisrael + Kemach Yashan

PAPRIKA KOSHER RESTAURANT Glatt Kosher • --- • Mediterranian, Israeli, & Moroccan cuisine • 212-679-1100 56 E. 34th St. (Bet. Park & Madisson) Pas Yisrael, Beit Yosef, Kemach Yashon Pickup /deliveries — Lunch/dinner — Homemade cooked food Shabbat dinner packages available — Catering for any event — Private parties

• Roslyn •

American Menu, Low carb menu, 68 seats, Sushi Bar, Party Room/credit cards accepted — online ordering

• Great Neck •

BAGEL MENTCH Cholov Yisroel • 516-487-2243 176 Middleneck Road, Great Neck Catering Specialists — Finest Appetizing — Eat-In-Facility Under the Supervision of Vaad Harabonim of Queens • Yoshon Flour Used ---

Glatt Kosher Mediterranean Restaurant & Caterers One The Intervale, Roslyn Estates • 516-621-2200 Inside & Outside Catering — Under Vaad Harabonim of Queens ---

Page 62

The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019

News Briefs Stories That Didn’t Make the Front Pages Israel/Mideast News NETANYAHU PROPOSES AIR-DEFENSE SYSTEM TO DEFEND AGAINST IRAN Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu proposed an advanced air-defense system against Iran in a cabinet meeting on Sunday, reported Israel radio Kan. The defense system would focus on protecting against cruise-missile attacks at a cost of billions of shekels. Funding for the project would come from the existing defense ministry budget, cuts from other areas, or an increase in taxes.

ARABS HURL FIREBOMBS AS JEWS PRAY AT JOSEPH’S TOMB BEFORE YOM KIPPUR Dozens of Palestinians rioted on Sunday night following the pilgrimage of some 1,000 Jews, under Israeli security escort, to the Tomb of Joseph in Shechem to pray. The rioters threw firebombs and burning tires at security personnel. Israeli security forces responded with riot dispersal methods. There were no Israeli reports of casualties during the incident.


one initiated by the PM himself just a few days ago – I will run.” Sa’ar was referring to the announcement on Thursday by Likud that it would convene a primary to demonstrate the party’s loyalty to the prime minister. Likud subsequently abandoned the plan. Sa’ar has long commanded a loyal following within Likud, and has been considered a possible contender for the party’s top slot. A statement released after the Saturday tweet by Sa’ar by individuals “close to the prime minister” claimed that “the putsch is dead.” Likud’s last primaries were in 2014.

years, her support for the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran, and an increasing sense among the country’s Jews that Berlin is not doing an adequate job of contending with the growing anti-Semitic threat to Jews by Muslim migrants to the country. Germany regularly votes against Israel at the United Nations and other international bodies; funds organizations that support the BDS movement; refuses to ban Hezbollah activities in the country; and increased its financial support for UNRWA. Merkel also opposed U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights.


U.S. News

Interior Minister Aryeh Deri announced on Sunday that he has asked the Population and Immigration Authority to prepare a legal opinion to be used in an effort to deport BDS founder Omar Barghouti from Israel. “I intend to act quickly to deprive Omar Barghouti of residency status in Israel,” Deri said in a statement. “This is a man who does everything to harm the country and therefore must not enjoy the right to be a resident of Israel.” Barghouti is not an Israeli citizen, but holds Israeli permanent residency status due to his marriage to an Israeli-Arab woman in Akko. However, a 2018 amendment to Israel’s residency laws enables the interior minister to strip individuals of their residency status if they perform a serious breach of trust. Joint Arab List Party chairman Ayman Odeh railed against Deri’s announcement, saying, “Denial of residency or citizenship is an anti-democratic act.”

OCASIO-CORTEZ ACCUSES TRUMP OF ANTISEMITISM FOR CRITICIZING REP. ADAM SCHIFF Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) accused U.S. President Donald Trump over the weekend of being “engaged in deliberate, atrocious, targeted anti-Semitism” in response to the president’s Twitter attacks on Rep. Adam Schiff (D-Calif.), who is Jewish.


Jewish Agency for Israel chairman Isaac Herzog leads a group of olim on a tour of the Western Wall tunnels prior to their first Yom Kippur in Israel, October 6. (Photo: The Jewish Agency for Israel)

Jewish Agency for Israel chair Isaac Herzog led 100 new olim from 45 countries to Selichot services at the excavated tunnels under the Kotel over the weekend. The new immigrants all made aliyah to Israel just two months earlier. Herzog provided the participants with historical background about the Kotel and spoke about his father, Chaim Herzog, the sixth president of the State of Israel and Jerusalem’s first mayor, who took over responsibility for the Kotel area after the war.

‘THE PUTSCH IS DEAD,’ SAYS LIKUD AFTER SA’AR ANNOUNCES SUPPORT FOR NETANYAHU Likud Knesset member Gideon Sa’ar announced on Saturday that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is the uncontested leader of the Likud Party, but said he plans to challenge Netanyahu for leadership of the party at the next Likud primary. “The Likud central committee conference isn’t necessary,” Sa’ar posted on Twitter on Saturday night. “No one is undermining the prime minister as head of the Likud. When there is an opportunity to make a challenge for the party leadership – like the

As many as 405,000 tourists visited Israel in September – a 44 percent jump from last year, according to the Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics in a report published on Sunday in the business daily Calcalist. And between January and September this year, nearly 3.3 million tourists entered the country, compared to 2.9 million over the same period in 2018. August was the busiest month on record for Ben-Gurion International Airport with 2.8 million passengers, the Israel Airports Authority announced last month, noted the report, adding that the most popular destinations for flights departing Israel were Turkey, Greece, Italy, Russia, and the United States.

International News GERMAN JEWS BLAST DECISION TO GIVE HERZL AWARD TO MERKEL Members of Germany’s Jewish community are speaking out against the World Zionist Organization’s decision to honor German Chancellor Angela Merkel with its prestigious Herzl Award. Every year, the WZO bestows the award upon figures who act to promote Zionist visionary Theodor Herzl’s “ideas for the creation of a safer and more tolerant world for Jews.” Along with Merkel, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley has also been selected for the award, which the two women are set to receive in separate ceremonies. Members of Germany’s Jewish community note a change in Merkel’s stance towards Israel in recent

“Understand that Trump is engaged in deliberate, atrocious, targeted antisemitism towards Chairman Schiff. Then ask yourself why no one cares to denounce it – esp when his accusation of it towards others drove full news cycles earlier this year,” tweeted the freshman congresswoman on Saturday. “It’s wrong. It’s harmful. And his bigotry is reflective of the white supremacist base he relies on for political gain.” In a Sept. 28 tweet, Trump slammed Schiff, Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.) and Ocasio-Cortez as “Do Nothing Democrat Savages.” — Compiled from reports by JNS, Israel Hayom, and the Jewish Journal

Please pray for Israel’s captured soldiers

Tzvi Feldman

Yehuda Katz

Ron Arad

Guy Hever

Friday, October 11, 2019

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In Fancy Long Island A friend of mine told me a hilarious story concerning the holidays that just passed. He had purchased a beautiful home on Long Island and had joined a shul that was newly built with all modern conveniences, including air conditioning and indirect lighting. His folks, who still lived in one of the poorer sections of New York City and who usually attended a small neighborhood shul, saw their shul close during the summer because of a dwindling Jewish population and lack of funds. As a result, my friend insisted his parents spend Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur with his family on Long Island. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The shul is beautiful, and our rabbi â&#x20AC;&#x201C; well, pearls of wisdom just flow from him,â&#x20AC;? he explained. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just like the shul we used to go to when we were kids, and, besides, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s air-conditioned and on Yom Kippur you can rest in comfort as you see the fast through.â&#x20AC;? It was a tough sale because the old-timers were used to their neighborhood and shul. But since their shul was closed and the nearest one was over three miles away, they finally agreed to come. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll love it here,â&#x20AC;? the son assured them. â&#x20AC;&#x153;For tashlich, we have a stream just two blocks from the house. You wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have to walk all the way to the East River. Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll love it!â&#x20AC;? Well, the old-timers came. On Rosh Hashanah, they all went to shul. The hard wooden benches from the old shul were nowhere to be seen. Here were beautiful, plush, contour theater seats that adjusted to your every move. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I was certain the folks would get the thrill of a lifetime,â&#x20AC;? my friend told me. So what happened? The rabbi who spoke â&#x20AC;&#x153;pearls of wisdomâ&#x20AC;? tripped on his front steps the night before Rosh Hashanah and wound up in the hospital with six stitches in his head. As a result, the shul had to import a rabbi from the folksâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; old neighborhood. The stream that flowed alongside my friendâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s house where his folks were going to say tashlich dried out because of a dry spell on Long Island. He and his folks had to walk almost a mile and a half to find another one. Oh, and the shul with the sumptuous air-conditioning system â&#x20AC;&#x201C; somebody forgot to turn it on before the holiday began! As a result, with the airtight windows, they shvitzed. And those plush-lined contour seats? They became more of a pain in the neck than anything else. Every time the congregation had to stand up for a prayer, the seats would jump up. Half the old-timers, unaware of the automated seats and thinking the seat

was down, were surprised more than once! That was Rosh Hashanah, and his folks loved it. His father confided, â&#x20AC;&#x153;It was just like the old shul: you couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t hear a thing and it was hot.â&#x20AC;? Well, came Yom Kippur and his folks were at his house once more. The son assured them that this time everything was all set. They even turned on the air conditioning the day before to make sure it was on for the holiday. So they went to shul. Just as the holiday began, the temperature dropped and, as a result, everybody was sitting with overcoats and sweaters! The temperature inside was close to 55 degrees. People had to get up from their seats to go outside to warm up! And as the sun began to set and the Neâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ilah prayer was concluding, the baal tokeah began looking around for the shofar. The rabbi, who was still in bandages, had put it down beside him. But when he turned around to sound the shofar and end the fast, it was nowhere to be found! What a catastrophe. Nine hundred congregants, who had prayed and fasted, waited for the sound of the shofar to break their fast. They waited, and waited, and waited. What happened? The rabbi had put it down next to him, and the president of the shul put his tallis down on that chair in the afternoon when he went out for a breath of air. When he returned, he noticed the shofar and placed it in a corner next to the rabbi. But when the rabbi asked the president where he put the shofar, he couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t remember. They finally found it and the shofar was sounded five minutes later than it should have been. So, the rabbi jokingly told everyone, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Next year youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll get five minutes off because this year everyone put in overtime.â&#x20AC;? After services, my friend asked his folks how they enjoyed the services, and the father admitted that this Yom Kippur took him back to the good old days in Europe when he went to shul with his father. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It used to be freezing there, too,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And the missing shofar,â&#x20AC;? he began to laugh. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We had a similar experience in our old shul when the rabbi rested the shofar on a windowsill one year. Accidentally he brushed up against it and the shofar fell out of the window. Only that time, they didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t find it till the next day. In the meantime, one of the men had to run home and bring down a family heirloom shofar to sound the end of the fast. That year, we put in almost half an hour of overtime!â&#x20AC;? (originally published in 1964)

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words. For example, shilu in Indian is supposedly the same as shiloh in Hebrew; the word for man in Indian is ish or ishie. Other â&#x20AC;&#x153;similarâ&#x20AC;? words are given by Adair and others. But to believe that most of them are similar to Hebrew words would seem to require quite a stretch of the imagination.

The Belief in One God â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is said that among all the aboriginal tribes and nations of both North and South America, whatev718.377.8375 â&#x20AC;˘ er may have been said by the Spaniards to the contrary, they acknowledged one, and only one God, and this again is taken by the advocates of the Jewish origin of the American Indians as further proof that this people are descendants of the Jews. [A certain] Dr. Boudinot [who was purported to be an expert on 5319 16th Ave. 718.438.3402 American aborigines] says of the Indians that they Brooklyn, New York 11204 718-854-2911 516.295.4141 were never known, whatever mercenary Spaniards may have written to the contrary, to pay the least adoration to images or dead persons, to celestial luminaries, to evil spirits, or to any created beings whatever; in which Mr. Adair concurs, adding that none of MORE MUSIC AND OTHER SIMCHA SERVICES the numerous tribes and nations, from Hudson Bay to the Mississippi, have ever been known to attempt the formation of any image of God.â&#x20AC;? Counting Time â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Indians count time after the manner of the Hebrews. They divide the year into spring, summer, autumn and winter. They number their years from any of those four periods, for they have no name for a year, and they subdivide these and count the year by lunar months, like the Israelites who counted by moons. They begin a year at the ď&#x192;&#x17E;rst appearance of the ď&#x192;&#x17E;rst new moon of the vernal equinox, according to the ecclesiastical year of Moses.â&#x20AC;? The person who wrote this seems to have been totally unaware of the fact that the Hebrew calendar is based upon complex calculations that take into account both solar and lunar phenomena.



elderly would have Jacob and prosell his house and move in with his kids. Friday, October 11, 2019 ď Ź assisted TheJewish Jewish Press ď Źď Ź Page 65 Friday, Friday, Friday, September September August 14, 31, 7, 2018 ď Ź Pin age 49 61 53 65 Friday, November 2, 2018 Press Friday, November 9, Friday, January 4, 2019 ď Ź The Jewish Press ď Ź Page 59 Friday, August , 2018 ď Ź The P ressRachel ď Ź  ď Ź Had Jacob and Rachel planned ahead and creat- tecting their hard earned wealth from being neglied a special trust designed for the elderly, Jacob and gently squandered away, and would have allowed the


Jews, the Indians of America have their prophets, high priests and others of a religious order. As the Jews had a sanctum sanctorum (holy of holies), so in general have all the Indian nations. There they deposit their consecrated vessels, none of the laity daring to approach that sacred place. Indian tradition says that their fathers were possessed of an extraordinary divine spirit, by which they foretold future things and controlled the common course of nature; and this power they transmitted to their offspring, provided they obeyed the sacred laws annexed pertaining thereto.â&#x20AC;? William Penn WK K theory W William WWKUHHVWDU WKUHHVWD KUHHVWDU HH was VWDU VWD VW U Another proponent of WKUHH this 3KRWRJUDSK\/WG Penn (1644-1718), the founder and â&#x20AC;&#x153;absolute proprietorâ&#x20AC;? of the Provence (colony) ofSam Pennsylvania, Shlagbaumwhich â&#x20AC;˘ 9LGHR  eventually became the Commonwealth PennsylvaFreddyofLevitz Â&#x2021;&DQGLGV nia. Â&#x2021;:HGGLQJV %DU0LW]YDKV Penn wrote the following to a friend in England: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I Â&#x2021; found them [the0RYLHV Indians of the eastern shore of North (718) 376 - 1922 America] with like countenances with the Hebrew race; and their children a resemblance to 1609 AvenueofMso- lively Bâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;klyn, NY them that a man would think himself in Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s place, or Barry street, in London, when he sees them.â&#x20AC;? Elijah Haines, the author of The American Indian, points out, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Here, without the least previous idea of those natives being Israelites, that shrewd man was struck with their perfect resemblance of them, and with other things. He speaks of their dress and trinkets as notable like those of ancient Israel. Mr. Penn further adds that the worship of this people consists in two parts, sacriď&#x192;&#x17E;ces and cantos (songs). The ď&#x192;&#x17E;rst is with their ď&#x192;&#x17E;rst fruits, and the ď&#x192;&#x17E;rst buck they kill goes to the ď&#x192;&#x17E;re; and that all who go to this feast must take a piece of money, which is made of the bone of a ď&#x192;&#x17E;sh. (â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;None shall appear before me empty.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; [A reference to Shemos 34:20])â&#x20AC;?

Widespread Belief The belief that the aborigine peoples living in the New World were descendents of the lost tribes was widely accepted during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Indeed, the prominent Jewish leader Mordechai Manuel Noah (1785-1851) was convinced of this. â&#x20AC;&#x153;On February 14, 1837 he [Noah] delivered, under the auspices of the Mercantile Library Association, a Prophets and High Priests â&#x20AC;&#x153;In conformity to, or after the manner of the lecture on â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Jewish Antiquities,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; or the lost ten tribes.

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The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019

From Sukkot To Simchas Torah, The Party Goes On By Gabriel Geller Royal Wine/Kedem The two holidays on the Jewish calendar symbolizing simcha (joy) the most are coming upon us. Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah are indeed referred to in our machzorim as zeman simchateinu (the time of our joy). These holidays being attached to one another make it the longest holiday in the Jewish calendar. For eight or nine days (depending if you live in Israel or not), we will be celebrating with the utmost simcha together with our loved ones. Now that’s a lot of meals to prepare and dishes to wash! Baruch Hashem, when it comes to wines and spirits the only efforts required are choosing the best bottles to enjoy. While only one bottle a day may not suffice, please do allow me to recommend at least one bottle for each day which I believe to be worthy of your yom tov table. For the first day of Sukkot, a luxurious Chardonnay such as the Domaine du Castel ‘C’ Blanc du Castel 2017 will complement even heavier dishes such as a chicken casserole or a cassoulet, as it sports the body and structure to carry and match the weight of such dishes. On the second night, how about a special liquor to warm ourselves up? The Righteous Seven is a unique and delicious cordial made from the shivat haminim, the seven species of Eretz Yisrael: wheat, barley, fig, date, olive, grape and pomegranate. It’s been booming almost ever since it was launched a few months ago, and it has grown even more popular since it was awarded multiple gold medals in prestigious spirits competitions. How about some Scotch or Cognac on the third night of Sukkot after havdalah? These are classy spirits that are great to sip while relaxing a bit with your guests in the sukkah. The Louis Royer VSOP

is best enjoyed in a large Cognac glass allowing the aromas to enhance the atmosphere while it warms up in your hand. The Ben Èideann Galilean Ruby provides a special experience. This genuine Highland

Single Malt Scotch whiskey was aged in wine barrels from Israel, and is certified kosher by the Badatz HaEida HaChareidit. It is a tremendously smooth whiskey with lots of depth and complexity. Sukkot can have its warm days sometimes. A refreshing white wine for lunch on Chol HaMoed

such as the Barkan Classic Sauvignon Blanc 2018 will make you forget all about the heat. It is vibrant and lively, full of well-balanced citrus and kiwi notes. One of the staple dishes for Sukkot is stuffed cabbage. The mixture of the cabbage and its ground meat together with the tomato sauce provides a lot of different textures and flavors at once. The Herzog Special Reserve Quartet 2015 or the Lineage Choreograph 2017 should have the weight to match and add even more flavors while enjoyed alongside this dish. Sukkot might also be the last chance to enjoy rosé while some are still available for purchase from the stores. The Latour Netofa Rosado 2018 surely is one of the most special ones out there, probably because it is made from Tempranillo. Drink it on the night of Shemini Atzeres with some fine salami and beef prosciutto. Simchat Torah calls for some extra special bottles to rejoice after hours of dancing and singing in shul with the sifrei Torah. While there is a growing selection of topnotch kosher Bordeaux, one of the most prestigious ones is Château Cantenac Brown 2015, a third classified growth from Margaux. While it can be cellared for several decades, it is already impressive now. It is however strongly recommended to decant these high-end wines for a few hours as to allow the tannins to soften out and the aromas to blossom. Before heading back to shul for more davening and dancing on the morning of Simchat Torah, don’t forget to put a bottle of Boukha Bokobsa Prestige in the freezer. The delicate notes of fig are most amazing when it is served ice cold. Chag sameach, l’chaim!

Friday, October 11, 2019

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Israeli Chief Rabbi Rav Avraham Shapira – On His 12th Yahrzeit By Tzvi Fishman Rav Avraham Elkana Kahana Shapira – former chief rabbi of Israel and rosh yeshiva of the Mercaz HaRav Yeshiva in Jerusalem – passed away on the first day of Sukkot 12 years ago at the age of 93. A seventh-generation Jerusalemite, Rabbi Shapira was born in the Old City and received a charedi yeshiva education at the Etz Chaim and Hebron yeshivot. Recognized as a prodigy in Torah study, the young Rabbi Shapira corresponded with such outstanding scholars as Rabbi Moshe Hevroni, Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer, Rabbi Yitzchak Zev Soloveichik, and the Chazon Ish. “Rabbi Moshe Feinstein also recognized his greatness,” Rabbi Haim Steiner, a longtime teacher at Mercaz HaRav, said. “In Igrot Moshe (Even HaEzer 24), he deliberates over Rav Avraham Shapira the words of Rabbi Shapira at length and refers to him as ‘the brilliant and illustrious rabbi amongst the Sages of Jerusalem – fit to rule in every aspect of Torah.’” When Rabbi Shapira was 42, Israel’s chief rabbi, Rabbi Issac Herzog, appointed him to the High Court of the Jerusalem Chief Rabbinate, and he later served as av beit din in Jerusalem. After forming an intimate friendship with Rav Avraham Yitzchak Kook’s only son, Rav Tzvi Yehuda Kook, and marrying into the family, Rabbi Shapira began teaching at the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva, becoming the rosh yeshiva upon the death of Rav Tzvi Yehuda in 1982. I first met “Reb Avrum” a year later. I was still living in New York, a budding baal teshuvah, managing the Volunteers for Israel emergency recruitment campaign during the War in Lebanon, sending American Jews to work for a month in IDF warehouses. The founders of the program, Rabbi Yehuda Hazani and Meir Indor, brought me to Israel to see what the volunteers were doing during their time in the country. I arrived at Ben Gurion a few hours before Simchat Torah. In the morning, after davening Shacharit at Mercaz HaRav and a few mind-blowing rounds of fervent dancing, Rabbi Hazani and Indor brought me into Reb Avrum’s study and introduced me to the smiling rosh yeshiva who was also the newly-elected chief rabbi of Israel. In answer to Rabbi Hazani’s question if I had to keep two days of Yom Tov since I was planning to make aliyah later that year, Reb Avrum answered that I didn’t have to, but I shouldn’t travel outside of Jerusalem or publicly do anything forbidden on Yom Tov. After I moved to Israel, a newspaper that was running a campaign against the Chief Rabbinate offered me a job as the editor of an English edition it wanted to start. I asked Reb Avrum if I could accept the position. “You may have reward in This World,” he replied with his almost constant smile. “But you won’t have any reward in the World to Come.” On another occasion, his combination of Torah scholarship and down-to-earth wisdom startled me completely. I went to him to ask about a screenplay I had written in which a young man from America comes to Israel and is murdered by an Arab terrorist. I told him the plot and said that I was worried that it might fall into the forbidden category of speaking negatively about the Land of Israel, since the murder in the film might give support to people’s fears about making aliyah. “Movies are for non-Jews, aren’t they?” he asked. “Not only for non-Jews,” I answered. “Jews watch movies too.” “Well, if you are worried about discouraging Jews from America, not many of them make aliyah anyway,” he said. “In addition, I am not a maven about movies, but the little I understand is that if you don’t have the murder, you won’t have a movie.” The answer characterized the dual nature of Reb

Avrum – immense Torah wisdom with a down-to-earth simplicity, accompanied by a serious peering expression and a smile in his eyes. Another time, before Sukkot, I asked him if I could try the mystical kavanot and yichudim when waving the lulav. In his humble manner, he answered, “I don’t know anything about yichudim. I’m not a kabbalist.” During the protests against the Oslo Agreement, I made a poster portraying Yitzhak Rabin in a negative fashion, escorting Arafat and Assad into the Old City of Jerusalem. The caption read: “Today Gaza, Tomorrow Jerusalem.” One of the volunteers whom I drafted to paste the poster on billboards throughout the city was a student at Mercaz HaRav. Before setting off with a brush and a pail of paste, he wanted to ask Rabbi Shapira’s permission. I accompanied him to the home of the rosh yeshiva. “Would the Chofetz Chaim make a poster like this?” he asked me. “After all, Yitzhak Rabin is also a son of Avraham Avinu.” Later, when Ariel Sharon decided to give away Gush Katif to Arab terrorists, I interviewed Reb Avrum in a protest film made to rally public opinion against the

evacuation. When we asked him if the Torah permitted a Jewish government in Israel to surrender pieces of Eretz Yisrael, he answered sharply, “Yesh yetzer l’rah!” (“There is an inclination to do evil!”) When we repeated

He replied in a loud, irritated voice, “Why do they ask me a question that every child in cheder can answer?!” the question, wanting the chief rabbi to give a more direct answer, he repeated his words, “Yesh yetzer l’rah!” But we persisted and asked a third time if a Jewish government in Israel could surrender pieces of Eretz Yisrael, and this time he replied in a loud, irritated voice, “Why do they ask me a question that every child in cheder can answer?!” Tzvi Fishman is The Jewish Press’s Israel correspondent.

A Son Remembers His Father The Jewish Press: You accompanied your father come immediately. Rav Eliahu noted that the three of on some of his visits to America. What can you tell us them comprised a beit din. But my father refused, saying about them? that he lacked the stature to sign a document like that. Rav Yaakov Shapira: I accompanied HaRav on all his When I asked him later about his refusal, he said trips to meet with rabbis in America. Once he met with that Mashiach should be induced by other means, and President George Bush, the father, in the Oval Office. It wherever he spoke to an audience of American Jews, he was a time of considerable tension between the State De- emphasized the imperative for all Jews to make aliyah, partment and Israel. The White House offered to provide citing the Rambam who equates kibbutz galyot with a translator, but Abba insisted that we bring our own, Mashiach. wanting to be sure that his words were conveyed exactly. To me, your father was the epitome of humility, The visit was scheduled to last 15 minutes, but it went yet he could also be as fierce as a lion, like when he on for almost an hour. The president asked many ques- called upon Israeli soldiers to refuse orders to evactions about Eretz Yisrael. He seemed amazed to learn uate the Jews of Gush Katif from their homes. How that it was no longer a barren desert. Surely he knew, did he combine these two almost contradictory attribut meeting a holy rabbi from the Holy Land seemed butes? Apparently, the two midot to trigger a deep emotional response. You could tell by his do not necessarily contradict, contented expression that he as we discover in the deeds During their long discussion, the really enjoyed spending time of our forefathers. Once, at Lubavitcher Rebbe suggested that with my father. a large Jewish day school in Can you recall an unusuNew York, when my father enthey draw up a letter demanding al incident in America that tered the crowded auditorium, that Mashiach come immediately. characterizes your father? a young boy stood up and recited the blessing upon seeing Once, in Manhattan, we a person of profound Torah had some free time before the next scheduled appointment. HaRav insisted we go to wisdom, “Blessed are You, Hashem…who has imparted what he called “the tallest tower.” He wasn’t supposed Your wisdom to those who revere You.” My father hurried forward to the stage and asked to go anywhere without a police escort, but we arranged who instructed the boy to say such a thing. “It’s a blessfor someone to drive us to the Empire State Building. At the very top, he walked all around the observation ing in vain!” he declared. Everyone was stunned. Then, deck, peering through the binoculars, and gazing this Rav Mordechai Eliahu stepped forward and said, “If the way and that, as if he were checking the kashrut of an blessing was said upon seeing me, indeed it is a blessing etrog. He explained he was trying to see for himself if in vain. But if it was said upon seen Rav Shapira, then it Manhattan was truly an island surrounding by rivers that is absolutely proper.” Do you remember what your father and Rav could be considered an eruv for Shabbat. What do you remember about his meeting with Moshe Feinstein spoke about when they met? They spoke about everything. Questions of halacha the Lubavitcher Rebbe? When we visited 770 with Rav Mordechai Eliahu, flew back and forth between them the way ordinary peothe Rebbe came out of his study to greet the chief rabbis ple talk about their children when they meet. My father from Israel. When the time came to enter his study for was particularly concerned with the lack of one central a less public discussion, the three gedolei hador paused rabbinical authority in America, similar to the Chief before the doorway, each rabbi insisting that the others Rabbinate in Israel. Rabbi Feinstein agreed. Did Rabbi Shapira meet with Rabbi Yosef Ber go first. Finally, it was decided that my father should go first since he was holding a Gemara. Also, the others Soloveitchik as well? Yes. It was arranged that they would both speak at insisted he had the right of way since he was a kohen. During their conversation, the Rebbe asked my fa- a large beit knesset. When they met, my father stepped ther if anything was missing for him in America. He an- forward and kissed the surprised Torah scholar. After all, swered, “The daily Birkat Kohanim. But I found a Hala- it is forbidden to kiss a creature of flesh and blood in a bi [Syrian] shul where they do it, so in the morning I go synagogue where all of our love is directed exclusively to our Father in Heaven. Sensing everyone’s wonder, to daven there.” During their long discussion, the Rebbe suggest- my father said, “It is forbidden to kiss a person in a beit ed that they draw up a letter demanding that Mashiach knesset, but it is permitted to kiss a Sefer Torah.”

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The TheJewish JewishPress Press


Friday, 11, 16, 2019 Friday,October November 2018

Rare, Bizarre, Unusual:

What’s New At Mizrahi’s? By Israel Mizrahi archist gangsters entered it demanding ‘Rebetzin Chofetz Chaim’ money. The rabbi, the voice First Haggadah Published Inrecognizing Chicago of one of the gangsters, pleaded with

Editor’s note: Every week, Israel Mizrahi acquires approximately 4,000 books and sefarim from various sources Did the wife of the P’ne Yehoshua – libraries, private collections, etc. – for address her husband as the P’ne YehoshhisThe bookstore in Marine Brooklyn. haggadah hasPark, always been ua? How did the wife of the Vilna Gaon The books range fromand the publishers, pedestrian popular among authors identify herself? We may never know the with 10,000 different haggadot to theover rare, bizarre, and unusual. We answer to these questions, asked him to share some of his more but a stamp of the wife of the intriguing titlesmay withtell TheusJewish Press Chofetz Chaim readership. how she identified herself. In a copy I acquired this Two titles that came –through the week of Machane Yisrael store last week were published by reba concise work for Jewish betzins who the arduous task soldiers by took the on Chofetz of compiling and was funding their late husChaim, which published R. Mendel Zaksdeath. bands’ by writings after their in New York 1943 – Aryeh I The fi rst isin Chaye by R. found ownership stamp Aryehthe Leib Horowitz (died 1896), a of theofChofetz Chaim’s wife. stamp son R. Israel Salanter. (R.The Horowitz reads: Rebetzin Chofetz Mrs. used the last name of hisChaim, mother’s exFrieda O. Station E Box 174, tendedKagan, family,P. presumMontreal, Canada. ably because his parents Rebbetzin FriedamarKagan, the secwere not legally

ond wife of the Chofetz Chaim, escaped him to refrain from harming the homeEurope with her son R. Aharon Kagan owner, at which interesting. point he was It shot dead. is particularly depicts and arrived in Montreal where they A year later, rabbi’s widow a bearded fatherthe in a turban, the pubwise spent two-and-a-half years. R. Aharon son with kippah on hiswrote head,athe simlished hisa writings and moving Kagan, who died suddentribute to herly husband in lieu of an inin 1957 still a bachetroduction. She writes lovingly, “He was lor, spent their brief pevery humble, riod and G-d fearing. With his in Montreal as rabbi humble righteousness and pure ways, of Cong. Kinyan Torah he hid his good deeds his wonderuntil he and arrived in New ful manners York that thrived his pure with hisinmother in heart.” August 1944. Israel MizrahiRebbetzin is the owner ofKagan’s Mizraherself Rebhi Bookstore, identifying 3114 Quentin Rd, as Brooketzin Chofetz lyn, NY, 11234. Many of hisChaim books and can not purchased as Rebetzin at R. Yisrael be viewed and JudaiMeir (HaKohen) perhaps be He Kagan can be can reached at Jubetter understood in light of the struggle of the Chofetz Chaim’s wife to preserve and promote her late husband’s memory and prevent what she viewed as the com-

ried – which was fairly common among Eastern European Jewry at this time.) This volume was published in Vilna in 1907, with a lengthy introduction by R’ Horowitz’s widow, Sarah Elka Horowitz, a daughter of R. Rephael Yom Tov Lipman Heilpern, author of Oneg Yom Tov. She ends her introduction by thanking R. DavidOzer Mzee, 28, was injured in a third, who had been unable to use his Chaim Grodzinski, gymnastics accident in 2010. The doc- legs at all, was able to move them lying who married the author’s tors told him he would of most probably down. niece, a granddaughter In previous studies never walkSalanter. again. GertR. Yisrael with rats, cats, and monJan The Oskam, 35, was ridintroduction is keys, epidural electriing his bicycle fascinating to home read, from with cal stimulation enabled work when he was hit by her love and respect for “standing, walking in vara vehicle in 2011. He beher husband screaming Chaye Aryeh by Rav Aryeh Leib Horowitz, son of Rav ious directions, and even came a paraplegic. out between the lines. Yisrael Salanter. running.” Human have reMzee and Oskam were Among other things, she acted differently; researchtwo of three participants writes, “I cannot pass this ers surmise a variety of in a study using epidurtime in silence and withphysiological reasons, such al electrical stimulation, fromcord speaking to latas size, may be the reason ahold spinal stimulation er generations minute technology aimeda at help- GTX Medical – trying why. fraction of the individuals story of the to restore the ability to How does epidural elecing paralyzed greatness and regain the userighteousof their walk by stimulating the trical stimulation work? nessmuscles. of the The genius, the spinal cord. Injuries in the spinal cord leg results author, in his Torah and interrupt the connections were astounding! Two fear G-d. Even though of theofparticipants were able to take between the brain and spinal cord neuestimated to have been published over pleton thumbing his nose while getting aanfew stepsnotebook on theirwon’t own – even after rons, thus creating partial or complete entire the centuries. his finger burned by a candle, and the the stimulations were turned off. The paralysis. A portion of the nerves usucontain the individuOne haggadah I recently acquired wicked son puffing away at a cigarette al’s great deeds and the was the first to be printed in Chicago. with his hand raised in contempt. The Perfect Gifts. For Absolu power of his Torah and Published in 1879, it boasts of being difference in the dress of the father and ArtScroll’s Am righteousness, and I also the “first [haggadah] to contain illus- wicked son is striking, perhaps symbolChanu know that it is not befi ttrations influenced by the American izing the great generation gap common ting me to value his worth environment.” The illustrations among Jewishunique immigrant families. Here are some Chanukah numbers you should know.are fe feature: t over 150 stories that brin and greatness…” You can save on 20%.the title page as being “in Speaking of stories — how about 1 described Israel Mizrahi is the owner of MizOn more than 2000 ArtScroll books. Steinman zt”l in a magnificent gift item: T The second title is accordance with the instruction of the rahi Bookstorecolor, incoffee-table Brooklyn, NY, Including 12 great new books. volume filled and with sto Which means — there is somethingin for absolutely everyone this Chanukah. and wisdom from R’ Aharon Leib himse Bene Zion, published Talmud.” He can be reached at *** Want to give a gift of inspiration? Try Vilna innew 1908, by Rabbi SoThe what’s on the ArtScroll bookshelf illustration for the ? four sons collection of true Fans of the What If ? series will be thrilled with What or The Glittering Benzion Mitovsky, who Save 20% on more If ? 4, a new collection of halachic questions to discuss at Paysach Krohn hig the Shabbos table. Through teachings of the Nesivos organizations, guid was murdered by the Jewish than 2000 ArtScroll For novel lovers, Shalom, CPR: Resuscitation for Your Soul, brings a The Perfect Gift for Someone Special anarchists. Rabbi MiGold’s beloved h modern vibe to our understanding of Shabbos. books — including 12 expanded The Yea Rabbi Tzvi Ryzman, a brilliant thinker and author, tovsky (1862-1906) served A inGift Subsc ription to The Dark Secrets, shares his insights in The Hebrew Months the Shemoneh great new books. Khazar. Esrei — and profoundly enriches ouraunderstanding of The Jewish Press as rabbi in Lebedevo, Great cooks love tefillah. Readers who have discovered the Torah of Zera is the per fec t way town outside of Vilna. In Naomi Nachman’s Shimshon (and, yes, its famed segulah) can enjoy even to travel, and she’s weeks brought back with more selections, as well more of Rabbi thinking Nachman Seltzer’s stories, toTorah tell people you’re of them...52 a he late 1906, he was inasthe And, finally, ArtScroll hasn’t forgotten in Zera Shimshon 2, available as an individual volume or in a boxed set with year. — a full-color, illustrated book by bests Volume house1.of a wealthy Jewish (Please see subscription coupon, page 14 12) story of Rebbetzin Henny Machlis that Tens of thousands of Hebrew speakers have made the Orchos Yosher of Rav man Kanievsky from the community Zion by Rabbi BenzionLove Mitovsky, and Chickenwho Soup. was murChaim shlita a major bestseller.Bene ArtScroll’s Orchos Yosher includes 12 titles. 20% off. Something for everyo the Hebrew sefer, fully menukad,ana flowing English translation, and another when masked Jewish dered in Lebedevo (near Vilna) in 1906.

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Friday, October 11, 2019

The Jewish Press

“There is no Mitzva greater than redeeming someone from captivity” (Rambam, Hilchot Matanot L’Aniyim 8.10)

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Many mitzvos are considered halachically fulfilled even if we do them thoughtlessly. Not so the mitzvah of sukkah, says the Bach. When sitting in a sukkah, we must know and think about why we’re sitting there. The Torah says, “L’maan yeidu doroseichem ki basukos hoshavti es Bnei Yisrael b’hotzeisi eschem mei’Eretz Mitzrayim – In order that your genera-

want a tzeila d’m’hemnusa – the Shadow of Hashem – to protect our family, we must endeavor to ensure that our homes are filled with peace. In Megillas Rus, Naomi says to Rus and Orpah, “Mitzena menucha ishah beis ishah – May each of you find contentment in the home of your [future] husband.” With these words, the great Naomi defines the proper aura of a Jewish home: It should be a place of contentment, a place of ease and serenity. If we want the new year of 5780 to be filled with Divine protection, we must try harder to reduce screaming and bickering in our homes. We must divest ourselves of the need to always

tions should know that I had you dwell in coverings when I took you out of Egypt.” The Gemara states that “coverings” refers to the Clouds of Glory that saved the lives of millions of our ancestors when they traveled in the desert for 40 years after leaving Egypt. The clouds shielded us from the burning sun during the day and the frigid weather at night. The Clouds of Glory were granted to us in the merit of Aharon HaKohen, and they alone among the three miracles in the desert are commemorated with a special Yom Tov. (Neither the miraculous mahn nor the miraculous well, in the merit of Moshe and Miriam, respectively, are commemorated in this fashion.) Obviously, then, Hashem wanted us to pay particular attention to the miracle of the clouds. In what manner was Aharon distinguished? Why were Klal Yisrael protected with Clouds of Glory in his merit? Pirkei Avos teaches us that Aharon was unique in his pursuit of shalom. Pirkei Avos exhorts us, “Hevei mi’talmidav shel Aharon; ohev shalom v’rodeif shalom – Be a disciple of Aharon; love peace and pursue peace.” In maariv of Shabbos, we say, “U’fros aleinu sukkas shlomecha – And cloak us with Your covering of peace.” There is a direct correlation between divine shelter (e.g., the Clouds of Glory) and the peace one keeps at home. The eternal message of Sukkos is that if we

have the last word and focus more on the defining factor of a Jewish home, which is peace at all costs. We must remember that the first thing we ask Hashem for in Attah Chonantanu as we start a new week is “yamim haba’im likraseinu l’shalom” – peaceful days. If we want to keep sickness, thieves, termites, and other unpleasant things from our homes, we must make a concerted effort to create an aura of warmth for our families. Love in our homes, together with a healthy diet of Torah, is the best way to stave off all sorts of unpleasantness. May it be the will of Hashem that, in the merit of these attempts, He bless all of us with long life, good health, and everything wonderful. Learn mishnayos with Rabbi Weiss by dialing 718-906-6471 or Orchos Chaim l’HaRosh by dialing 718-9066400 (selection 4 twice). To engage Rabbi Weiss as a lecturer or to order his “Power Bentching,” call 718-9163100 or e-mail To receive a weekly tape or CD from him, send a check to Rabbi Weiss, P.O. Box 140726, Staten Island, NY 10314, or e-mail him. Attend Rabbi Weiss’s weekly shiur at the Landau Shul (Avenue L and East 9th), Tuesday nights, at 9:30 p.m. Some of his shiurim are available on his Facebook page and TorahAnyTime. com. Sheldon Zeitlin transcribes his articles.

Peace At All Costs




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Friday, October 11, 2019

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Grandma Was Right After All! By John Rosemond

“Yes,” I said. “Oh. With the very best of intentions, you’re creating an ice cream monster who can’t get enough of your ice cream. The more you give, the more he wants. You use drugs?” “No!” “Good, but here’s the deal: You’re already setting precedents that may well cause you to become a legal

‘My Baby is Always Crying’ “What do you do when your baby cries?” I asked the 20-something new mom who was already feeling overwhelmed and beginning to slip into post-partum depression. Her mother-in-law had suggested she talk to someone and recommended yours truly. “I pick him up,” she said. “You always, when he cries, pick him up?” I asked. “Yes, always.” “And when you pick him up, then what?” “Well,” she said, “I try to get him to stop. You know, I walk with him, bouncing up and down, and I sing to him, and I talk to him, trying to comfort him.” “And he seems to be crying more and more?” “Yes.” “Do you like ice cream?” “I love ice cream…chocolate chip mint mostly.” “If you discovered that the only way you could get chocolate chip mint ice cream was to scream at the top of your lungs and jump up and down like a lunatic, what would you do?” She looked at me for a few moments as the wheels turned. Then, “Oh.”

drug user. If you don’t stop thinking that it’s your job to keep your son from crying, then I predict – mind you, I flunked fortune telling in graduate school, so this is nothing but a very experienced speculation – I

predict you’ll be on at least two psychiatric drugs before your son is three, one for depression and one for anxiety. You don’t want that.” “No, I don’t want that.” “Then you have to let him cry – not always, constantly, of course, but sometimes you are just going to have to walk away from him when he’s crying.” “Walk away? I’ve started carrying him around in one of those front pouches.” “I bet he loves that.” “Seems to, yes.” “That’s fine if you’re going out somewhere, but it’s not fine for you to carry him around in a pouch all day long so that he won’t cry. That’s like putting him on an ice cream drip. Use the pouch only when you’re going somewhere. Furthermore, as soon as he can hold his head up reasonably well, switch to a baby backpack so he can look around at the world while you’re doing your thing.” “I read an article about high-need babies, and he fits the description. It said I should ‘wear him.’” “That’s attachment parenting bunk-ola. It’s bunkola that’s going to make it very difficult for him to accept anything less than being worn by you. Wearing him like you’re still pregnant with him is another bad precedent. Sweetie, babies cry. They cry because that’s what they do. Some do it more than others, but they all need to learn that their mommies are not at their beck and call, and the sooner, the better – for both baby and mommy.” John Rosemond is a family psychologist, popular speaker, and author of 11 best-selling parenting books, including “The Well-Behaved Child” and “Grandma Was Right After All.”

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Mishnah Berurah Chelek Vav Hilchos Sukkah NOW JOINING ALL EIGHT VOLUMES OF HILCHOS SHABBOS Ohr Olam is proud to announce the completion of an elucidated, annotated version of Hilchos Sukkah with an English translation.


has also Ohr Olam volume released a sach, Pe on Hilchos sed in u e that can b with n o conjunc ti i H f a aYom Dirshu’s D rogram. p B’Halacha


This monumental project would not be possible without the assistance of the following families: • Mr. & Mrs. Alan and Miriam Goldberg & Family • Mr. & Mrs. Mark (Mendy) and Barbara Silber & Family • Mr. & Mrs. Marc and Dianna Vaturi & Family • Mr. & Mrs. Harry and Rachel Skydell & Family • Mr. & Mrs. Warren and Robin Shimoff & Family

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Ohr Olam recognizes and appreciates the additional participation of the Eisenberger, Feuer, Freundlich, Friedman, Geliebter, Gross, Gunsberg, Jaffa, Kohn, Seidenfeld, and Westreich families.


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Friday, October 11, 2019


Israel: G-d’s Gift To Our People I studied under many teachers when I was growing up. Many of them were considered the gedolim of the generation. I remember when I attended Yeshivat Kerem B’Yavneh and my rosh yeshiva was the tzaddik Rabbi Chayim Yaakov Goldvicht. I recall the teachers I was privileged to have when I attended Yeshiva University – Rav Aharon Soloveitchik and Rav David Lifshitz. And then there was a short period of time when I studied in the beit midrash of the saintly Rav Moshe Feinstein, the undisputed gadol hador of his time. All of these important leaders are no longer with us. I never really appreciated them as much as I should have when they were alive. I took them for granted. It is only now that they are no longer alive that I value them more and realize the great personal loss of not having them around to talk to or confide in. I would guess that most of us feel the same way about our greatest teachers. This idea reminds me of the Torah’s juxtaposition of the parshiot of Achrei Mot (“after the death of,” referring to Aaron’s sons) and Kedoshim (“holy ones”). It is only after the death of a person, when they are no longer here with us, that he or she becomes holy and appreciated. This is also true with our loved ones. When they are alive, we tend to take them for granted. It is only after they pass on that we truly understand their value and the great loss that we have experienced. I would give anything just to speak to my late mother or father – just to say “I love you” one more time!

Today I live in the beautiful city of Efrat, only 18 minutes from Jerusalem. When I visit the Old City of Jerusalem, I often sit by the Kikar (an open space area) in the center of the old city, looking at the rebuilt Churva Synagogue. There, I watch little children playing or walking with their parents, mothers wheeling their toddlers in carriages, and older people strolling by. At these moments, I realize that I am witnessing the realization of the prophecy of Zechariah and numerous other prophets who stated that there will be a time when the Jews will return to Israel, when it will return once again to being a land flowing with milk and honey, and children will play again in the streets. Each time, as I behold the majesty of our beautiful land of Israel, I wonder: How is it possible that some of our people cannot see what I see – the miracle of the existence of the State of Israel? How is it that they do not realize that in the entire history of our people, never has Torah flourished nor been studied as it is

in the land of Israel today? It is as if Almighty G-d has transplanted all the greatness of all the leaders of the Torah world from past generations and placed them in Israel, and then made them even greater. How is it possible that Jews could deny this open miracle – an awe-inspiring event that could only be equated with the great marvel of the splitting of the sea as the Jews left Egypt or the sun standing still for Joshua? I fear that the only way these deniers will understand this great gift that has been given to us by Almighty G-d is when – G-d forbid – it would be taken away from us. How sad! People need to step back and appreciate the great wonder of our times: the establishment of our own land, Medinat Yisrael. It is in Israel that Jewish history is being forged – not in America, not in England or Australia or any other place in the world. It is time that all Jews put aside their petty differences and unite as one in recognizing and supporting Israel and thanking G-d for His wonderful gift to us. | 917-209-8204 |

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Friday, Friday,March July October 5, 1, 2019 11, 2019 2019

Behind the News in Israel By Tzvi Fishman, Jewish Press Israel Correspondent

Otzma Yehudit Deal Sparks Uproar

Noam: Want Our Support? Ask Mechilah From Rav Kook Destroyed Carlebach Moshav Sivan Rahav-Meir Rabbi Kahane from the Knesset in 1988, pushed elections in Israel, I suggest they come here to live, By Tzvi Fishman serve in the IDF, and joinausplace on shiva calls to Jewish hardest for Kook the controversial union. Prime of Rav are barely considered rabbis.MinisAfterComes the Noam Party dropped out of last month’s dents required number win in the Knesset, we Together, Records Song Is Coming TotoAmerica Jewish Press Israel Correspondent victimized Arabthe terror.” Benjamin himself led the initiative, madeNetanyahu the decision to condition support families race for Knesset two days before the election, it re- ter Who decided to withdrawbyfrom race so votes wouldn’t

In response to the uproar over the union, Netfearing the strength of the left-wing party for led be wasted. Yahadut HaTorah on new asking Rav Kook portedly was approached by Yahadut HaTorah (Unit- for anyahu “Look at the and double by Yair Lapid and former IDF Chief of Staff Benny The merger of Otzma Yehudit – headed by forAn optimistic group of men, womLast week, popular TV journalist bridging the gaphypocrisy between Israel and in the center of the country. ed Torah Judaism). Declare your support for us, said mechilah? Our said, endeavor wasn’t aleft’s failure. Our goal was to standards. They condemn a right-wing bloc that can Gantz. mer Kach activists – with the Bayit HaYehudi and Diaspora Jewry. en, and children from the burnt-to-theand Jewish Press columnist Sivan RaJoining the group at the recording The party’s spiritual leader, HaRav Tzvi Yisrael wake up the public to the insidious cultural and party representatives, and we’ll make sure that the the Left’s ability toorganizations form a coalition, at Baruch Marzel, a longtimehav-Meir student of Rabbi KahNational Union parties has triggered explosion you concerned about your ground moshav of Mevo Modiim gath-an studio announced that prevent she is headwasoftheTau. singer Yehuda Katz, Har HaMor Yeshiva (which is associated with Noam) spiritual war thatAre foreign arewhile waging the same time they work to include Islamic extremane and a leader in Otzma Yehudit, told The Jewish protest. children leaving home for a year ered this week in a Jerusalem studio to ing on shlichut to the United States for well-known for his upbeat repertoire What was Yahadut HaTorah’s reaction to against us in all spheres of Israeli life with the inwill receive its proper share of government funding. ists in the order a left-wing bloc Press, “We don’t delude ourselves into believing that (Her In hisofstudents, Rabbi Moshe Lichtenand in living intoa create foreign land? record small to song hope, Won’t a year with her family. husband, of Carlebach Last week in Petach your demand? Theaa letter Jewish Press asked“We Noam Party head Rav hits. tention of Knesset replacing the Jewish values of the State of their own.” Bibi suddenly has decided to embrace our ideology. stein, co-rosh yeshiva of Yeshiva Har Etzion, wrote It’s only for a year. And I think Give Up,” praying that it will go viral. Yedidiya Meir, is a well-known journalTikvah, he joined a group of popular The conversation with them ended, but if they Dror Aryeh abut this story. with so-called “enlightened” forms of heathenism and His simply to ist stay in power and pre- Press thatThe anyone “who helps in any way a undertake The Jewish they’re Press excited. asked Libby Kahane, it’s an advenRabbi himself.) The Jewish recently Members of the moshav choirrumors tolda union Israeli singers in amotivation lively to fundraising dowas sincere teshuvah over the shaming Jewish Press: Are the true with about progressive secularism. In thisFor we them succeeded. vent thea Left winning the election.” He cult glorifi es power violence…will bear the of Kahane’s for her reaction the brouhaha. ture. We’re trying totoget them ready, spoke with to added learn The that Jewish Press support has been concert. such greatfrom talmid chocham, then, inher future elec-more. Yahadut HaTorah andand Noam true? Severalwidow, party leaders and Knesset members on that aswe soon as the elections are The over,of the union beresponsibility for theor desecration of for Hashem that “I don’t theapproached falsifications in many Jewish Press: pouring in from around theWe globe “In a will strange way,” he said, “I can’t tions, will evaluate the possibility some kind of the Rav Aryeh: More less. told them that before rightlike have methat andappear promised to do tween Bayit Yehudi, NationalWhat Union,will andyou Otzma result when the they sit in the they Knesset as representaand “My husband be Yedo- articles but thing that up joint understanding. we consider proposition, should first send a help what they canspeeches,” to combatshe this replied. carefully-planned and hudit will dissolve. tives of religious Jewry.” never preached genocide, as some journalists claim. ing in America? in Heaven, Reb ShloYour party failed to garner 3.25 percent in heavily endowed campaign to undermine the foundaminyan of rabbis to Har HaZeisim to the gravesite Yehudit, he said, stands for Israel being a He Respected author Benny Laufor said would mo never isOtzma so happy that this Rahav-Meir: I give the polls (the minimum necessary to make it of Rav Kook, z”l, andRabbi beg forgiveness theheslander tions of thecalled State.for the killing of Arabs. He favored Jewish state. “That means true Jewish education in even “go to war” to torpedo the union, asserting that transferring Israel’s Arab population to Arab lands catastrophe is bringing a weekly Torah shiur in and dishonor that the zealots of the charedi commu- into the Knesset). Does our schools, judicial didn’t systemJerusalem based on that Jewish law, Otzma Yehudit standsin forJerusalem racism reminiscent the Klal Yisrael I will be to safeguard Jewish lives and the country’s Jewish that mean a together. voters nity of the Old Yishuv heaped on of him. Judaism instead ofgendemocracy as thebezrat constitution of majority. Nuremburg Laws. kindness and Hashem, identify with your party’s taking, What sort of dishonor to Rabbi Kook are you The the nation, the aliyah of all Jews from all over the In response, Rabbi Baruch Kahane, son of Kach “He didn’t hate Arabs – he loved Jews. Even when erosity of people from all to Yeshiva University’s call for holiness and true talking about? world, and the defi nition of ‘Who is a Jew?’ according founder Rabbi Meir Kahane, told The Jewish Press, he was outlawed from the Knesset, he didn’t abandon over the country, and all Stern College in ManThe charedi community opposed Rav Kook’s ap- Jewish identity in Israel? to halacha.” “I guess that means Joshua, King David, Yehuda the his great love for the State. He continued to say Halhattan. In addition, my over the world, has been Not at all. A broad majorpreciation of the secular Zionist pioneers who were Asked for his reaction to AIPAC calling Otzma Maccabee, and David Ben Gurion were all racists lel on Yom HaAtzmaut and teach students that Medihusband and I will be overwhelming. Like we rebuilding the Land of Israel and returning the scat- ity of people in Israel believe Yehudit “racist and reprehensible,” Marzel said, “AItoo.” Otzma Yehudit is suing Rabbi Lau for slander. nat Yisrael was holy, even though its leaders misused traveling extensively are all brothers and sistered nation to its borders. The charedi community that a family means a father PACmamash.” has a leftist agenda.One Before theyNorth interfere with their power in evil ways.” Interestingly, Likud, which foughthim hard expel ters, around America, and mother – not Parent banned Rav Kook’s writings; accused of to encourLast week,Two the or IsraeParent Abba One spending Shabbatot in aging the playing of soccer on Shabbat; slandered and li government allocated communities, him viciously on their street posters, calling him the and Abba Two. Until we be- Jewish 80 million shekels tomeeting people and new Yeshu, G-d forbid; and hung a full-size doll of gan to expose this cultural ward the restoration of talking about Israel and Sivan Rahav-Meir treason against Am Yisrael, him in effigy in Meah Sha’arim. the displaced communiTorat Eretz Yisrael. That was almost a hundred years ago. Why people were afraid to speak ty. Sheiner, The World Mizrachi Movement, teaching them as much English as posoutShoshana against it for fear of being bring it up now? their which was founded in however, who has livedaon the moshav which is organizing our shlichut, has sible before we take off. labeled fascist. In moshav, the Yahadut HaTorah community, the cherem An Interview with “IHazon Founder Teitelbaum Do you have a game plan? When 1975 by Rabbi Shlomo Carlebach and for 38poskim years, is skeptical. will be- 70,000 arranged a Haim full schedule of meetings Approximately on Rabbi Kook continues even though leading you parachute into Los Angeles, devastated by a fire in late May that lieve it when I see it,” she told The and events. such as Rav Yosef Shalom Eliashiv and Rav Shlomo people were prepared to vote normalcy fascism, black intoNorth white,America and no one left the stunned residents with little and Jewish Press. “I remember how long is a big place. for example, and are introduced to for us, andinto more than 200,000 Zalman Auerbach Rav Kook regarded Byrevered Tzvi Fishman stands up to oppose them. To them, even intermarmore than the clothes on their back it took before the evacuees from Gush What can one couple from Israel someone at a kiddush on Shabbat, more were considering it. But him as the gadol hador of our Correspondent time. Jewish Press Israel riage is a virtue. how do you stimulate a connecandHis a suitcase or two of personal beKatif were permanently resettled in hope to accomplish? books are still banned in charedi yeshivot, and, since there was a chance The time has come for the Jewish people in Zion longings. new homes. Right now I only trust in As the saying goes, a little candle in the eyes of a large part of the charedi world, the stu- that we wouldn’t reach the Rav Kook’s kever. (Photo:tion? Hadas Parush/Flash90) beup noaroom Over just two days,represent 120,000 only people Hazon, to rise up and say “No!” There With Torah. That’s the common But the donations a joined Hashem.” cancan light roomfor filled with darkpoisonous distortions very wella social movement founded 2018,toafter one its are small percent of the vast sum in needed ness. Ourthe Sages teach that the redemp- denominator for all Jews, the cultural The of police still investigating thethat undermine of which our existence. advertisement was removed the Prima Park rebuild the community. Many offrom the 55 tion of Israel comes slowly, slowly, a glue that binds us as a nation. Both possibility thatsprings the fire, eruptis Hazon a grassroots as the op-dawning of day. the Israeli Sabra from Tel Aviv and Hotel in Jerusalem two ago.byTheedgiant bandestroyed homes were notweeks covered littlemovement at a time, like on Lag B’Omer,Why was an act of Arab to an initiative rabbis? ner proclaimed: “A the father and mother family. The posed insurance. Today, still-dazed fire= aarson. Hopefully, our example will inspire re- wealthy Jews from Boca Raton, FloriShoshana harbors no doubts. “I of leading Great spiritual leaders areligious gifts from heaven. courage to betemporarily normal.” The followinginday, in response victims are quartered couples from In Israel to become da, have the same starting point from Continued meantime,on wep.47 are makingshlichim sure thein voice Israto and boycott threats by radical leftists, the thecomplaints religious moshav of Chofetz Chaim thisofall-important goal of Sinai. That’s the pulse we all share. great-grandfather 140 years ago. The the dump. el’s Haggai’s majority gets heard. theWhat hotel took the ad. does down harvesting esrogim entail? How many by Do etrog trees bear fruit only once a year? esrog rabbis orchardhave the come family oversees is located But many out in support of the HaimofTeitelbaum, founder of Hazon alongside months work is required? What percentage come historic The etrog is the only pri hadar that produces fruit on Moshav Yishresh nearEliahu, Rechovot. Rav Shmuel Rav Tzvi Tau, Rav Rav kosher? Dror Aryeh of the Sederot and Hesder Yeshiva, out These questions more were has an- movement: The Aviner, Jewish Rav Press: need to be a five times annually. For Sukkot, we keep only the last DovWhat Lior, do Ravyou Yehoshua Shapifiled a breach-of-contract against the swered in a recent Jewish lawsuit Press interview withPrima esrog Shlomo three harvests. The other two are used to make jam, successful and Rav etrog Yaacovfarmer? Ariel, to mention just a few. Park Hotel andKirshenbaum, its advertising agency. “It’s outra- ra, grower Haggai owner of the KirshenKirshenbaum: A lot ofyour siyata d’shamaya. Growing What’s new about message? For many for animal feed, or are destroyed. geous,”Esrog he told The Jewish “that a tiny mibaum Company, and Press, Tzvi Kirshenbaum (no Can etrogim be damaged while they’re still etrogim charedi isn’t likerabbis growinghave apples or oranges which rejected Israel as nority canthe impose its beliefs over manager. the overwhelming relation), company’s packing The two years, An Interview Mechinot Program Head Rabbi Yitzhak you forerunner just throw into a crate andinsend to market. the to Mashiach partoff because the majority of answering Israelis who cherish in thebetween normalcy of the with took turns questions non-stop on the Nissim tree? You need etrogim that are doesn’t govern it.clean and shapely, without Jewish family, has insured our existence from Torah telephone calls,which demanding customers, and worker Yes. Leaves with thorns have to be kept away anyRabbi blemishes. Some customers demand a perfect pi- is Tzvi Yehuda Kook taught that the holiness theEvery beginning of time.” interruptions. different? from yelling the fruit. at you, Birds telling aren’t you a problem, what to but do, trees sometimes need 18-year-old boy and girl in Israel must serve not tam andIDF shoshana. If aon fruit kosher, it goes into without Israel is not measured in isn’t the level Yiddishkeit Teitelbaum, 38,national is the father of But five was and lives in of The Kirshenbaum Esrog Company founded to be sprayed any reason, withcompelling pesticidesyou every to doday exercises to guard and The is founded discipline. In of basic training, in the army (or do service). is every high of its individual citizens, in itsand enabling the dein- chores the settlement Migron. A reserve officer in the againstuntil insects. you are exhausted, and you don’t have the soldiers go through the but difficult frequently school graduateofready to serve? Thirty years ago,IDF, the all gathering ofexperience the exiles of and the resettlement Eretz luxury he Rabbito Eli andis Rabbi A cold springtime learning how to takeoforders. of walking away.can also damage the harvest. IDFstudied decidedunder the answer thatSedan question no, andYigal thus humanizing Yisrael, its defense of millions Jews, and its fulfi ll- Cold Levinstein, who are called both outspoken Inand addition, frost puts withthealltrees of the to sleep advances and they we don’t have transition from being a freeof and independent teenpre-army academies “mechinot”defenders were born.of To- The rahThe values in Israeli society. bear fruit, in protecting G-d forbid. theIfrights there’s of religious a severesoldiers, winter director of the Mechinot Program and its 56 ment of the Torah commandment to keep Eretz Yis- achieved The Jewish Press: What led ayou to form Ha- rael under national Jewish sovereignty. drought, we to can it with orit’s not easy be dati in Tzahal. To watering succeed, athe beginacademies is Rabbi Yitzhak Nissim, former IDF tankAdvertisement oncounteract Prima Park Hotel promoting the Now“Our that job the physical settlement zon? chards ourselves. ning soldier needs The a lothotel of motivation. That’s ist who still serves in reserve duty as a commander in is to takeJewish groups of these of the traditional family. removed the ad the duejob to Israel was to be aPre-MilJewish country has been fortified, the next phase of our re- pressure Whatby percentage ofstrive the etrog harvest turns of religious mechinot. We to instill our students the Teitelbaum: Army Rabbinate. He alsoestablished heads the Elisha radical leftists. largely undisciplined, apathetic, must be strengthened by returning to our out state, but inAcademy recent years, foreign backed demption kosher forofthe holiday? withto a be burning spirit Religious Zionism, a love for itary Torah near Neve Tzufelements, in the Shomron. by great financialPress: resources, waged war to alter Torah culture. 80 percent. moral the Approximately Land practices of Israel, over a the broad willunderstanding of the vast majority of Jewish of The Jewish Howhave would you describe know-it-all kids and turn them into What exactly are you proposing? Arrest- Israelis the Jewish identity of the state. The Hazon MoveHowand is destiny, the the etrogim deterwho wantkashrut Medinat Yisrael history a spiritof of idealism, to be anda miserut Jewish mechinot? women who dressofimmodestly? Searching ment wasNissim: created Post to remind Am Yisrael that the To- ingminiature mined? state Jewish nefeshwith for the nationvalues. foundedSo onall thepublic Torah institutions, and Tanach. Rabbi high-school learning programs versions Yehoshua Bin Nun rah is the foundation conver- homes for non-kosher food? andWhen the country’s fruitperson culture reaches must our be warehouse, in accord with wemeanhave the athe young understands the inner before one’s inductionofinour thenation. army. Marriage, Secular mechinot andspeak Yehuda When we aboutHaMaccabee.” the true Jewish identity 15 sion, Shabbat, and the sanctityand of the kotel sacred traditions ofEretz Torah and Torah law. who carefully inspect every etrog.Yisrael, Every ingsrabbis of Am Yisrael, Yisrael, and Medinat focus kashrut, on Zionism, character building, physical must remain to Jewish tradition and Torah law That no with morea permits forofgay parades, no etrog comes certifi cate kashrut. serving inmeans the IDF becomes a privilege and not an obtraining whiletrue religious mechinot focus on Religious Zi- and a return to Torah values, we mean on a public boxed in orderTorah, for Israel to fulfi its divine mission of being level. We are still a long way from establishing mod- government How many etrogimofdo recognition same-gender you send to couples, market no ligation. onism, Tanach, andll midot along with strenuous esty patrols on whatever the streets. first to need to conduct a lighttiyulim. unto the nations. granting year? them financial support, more in liberal lecager who does he We pleases being a disci- each Once the student begins hisno career Tzahal, group a national program of public education regarding the turers Since the family is the cornerstone of our nation, 300,000. or curricula in remain the country’s public schools that soldier is a serious challenge for many people. does the mechinah in touch with him? We strive to strengthen a student’s emunah while plined modesty, theconditions honor due women,and andrigid. the contradict it must be in Hashem’s holiness. A father, a mother, What percent Torah of the no fruit is Elisha exported? government fundIn of addition, army aretoSpartan Absolutely. Forvalues, example, atmore the Torah Acadkeeping himpreserved attached to down-to-earth man- laws like. can’t remain a spoiled kid in Tzahal. For many ing and children – this is as Jewish family seen normalcy, Forty for alternate percent. brands of greater share emy, that’s the full-time jobJudaism, of one ofaour [Torah inifestation in the world, most clearly in the not re- You What a person it’s doesthe in first his or hertheir homesmartphones is his or her of same-gender parenting. Who ever heard of such a of the TV Who time determines for visits Jewish the programming, price? totalgraduates national structors]. he every base wherea our youngsters, time turn of Am Yisrael to its eternal homeland. business, but publicly – nationally there box is nofor room thing? In all of nature, it high doesn’t exist. Yet confiscated and locked away in a– metal the Presumably, yeshiva schools try its to adac- are Continued on p.47 p.85 p.84 (Photo: Esrog Company) vocates scream complish the same at the goal. topInofwhat theirway lungs, are turning mechi- major for minority part ofgroups the day. to Kirshenbaum impose And, allforeign of a sudden, creeds someone and im-

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Friday, October 11, 2019

The Jewish Press

Page 79



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Page 80

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The Jewish Press

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Friday, October 11, 2019


Restoring the Primacy of Choshen Mishpat


Restoring the Primacy of Choshen Mishpat

Mrs. Alter ran a business coordinating home visits for elderly and disabled people, paid for by Medicare. She processed the billing and payments and kept a percentage. One of her clients was a counselor, Mrs. Stern. Before Sukkos, Mrs. Alter wished her a happy holiday. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You, too,â&#x20AC;? replied Mrs. Stern. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A religious neighbor invited me for lunch on Monday, but Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be working. I scheduled one of my appointments for then.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;You know, holidays are like Shabbos,â&#x20AC;? Mrs. Alter said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t work on holidays. The office will be closed.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need the office,â&#x20AC;? replied Mrs. Stern. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll make my visit and file the papers afterwards.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mrs. Stern plans to work on Yom Tov,â&#x20AC;? Mrs. Alter said to her husband afterwards. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I tried to dissuade her, but she didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t pick up on it. Are we allowed to process the billing and keep our percentage?â&#x20AC;? Her husband called Rabbi Dayan, who replied as follows: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Chazal prohibited receiving payment for work on Shabbos and Yom Tov even if the work itself does not entail prohibited activities, like being a babysitter, waiter, or counselor. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s called sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;char Shabbos. [Orach Chayim 306:4] â&#x20AC;&#x153;The prohibition rests primarily on the employee, not the employer. Nonetheless, a Jewish employer violates lifnei iver when paying sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;char Shabbos to a Jewish employee. Processing the billing would presumably also violate lifnei iver. [Mishna Berurah 306:21]

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â&#x20AC;&#x153;Are there any halachic leniencies?â&#x20AC;? asked Mr. Alter. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Chazal permitted sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;char Shabbos when included in a broader payment (bâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;havlaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ah), such as a monthly salary,â&#x20AC;? replied Rabbi Dayan. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thus, if the worker has a steady job and receives a monthly salary, sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;char Shabbos does not apply. However, if the worker files a separate bill for each visit, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s questionable whether it can be considered bâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;havlaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ah, even though the salary covers the entire month. [Mishnah Berurah 306:19-20; Shemiras Shabbos Kâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;hilchasa 28:64-65] â&#x20AC;&#x153;In addition, visiting the elderly or disabled can be considered a mitzvah, like providing medical care, which many poskim allow taking payment for on Shabbos or Yom Tov.â&#x20AC;? [Orach Chayim 585:5] Thus, it seems permissible for the business to process the billing for the non-observant worker in conjunction with certain leniencies regarding lifnei iver [beyond the scope of this article].â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;What about our percentage?â&#x20AC;? asked Mr. Alter. â&#x20AC;&#x153;According to most authorities, one may not benefit from prohibited sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;char Shabbos,â&#x20AC;? replied Rabbi Dayan. â&#x20AC;&#x153;However, if one mistakenly took sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;char Shabbos, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s okay post facto since the prohibition is only rabbinic. [Orach Chayim 245:6; Biâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ur Halacha 318:1] â&#x20AC;&#x153;There are possible leniencies in this case relating to bâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;havlaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ah and mitzvah, as we mentioned. Moreover, the business receives its percentage from the paperwork and administrative responsibilities it performs during the week, so technically it seems permissible to keep your percentage. Nonetheless, since there is some concern of lifnei iver, it would be meritorious to give the percentage from Mrs. Sternâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work on Yom Tov to tzedakah. [see Aruch Hashulchan 245:18] Rabbi Meir Orlian is a faculty member of the Business Halacha Institute headed by Rav Chaim Kohn. To pose a question or to engage a BHI lecturer, call 877-845-8455 or e-mail To receive BHIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s newsletter, e-mail

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Keeping Jerusalem By Hillel Fendel & Chaim Silberstein

Islam’s Convenient Claims To Jerusalem It’s a well-known cliché that Jerusalem is “holy to the three main religions.” Where did this cliché come from? The answer is simple: The city was holy to the Jews, and so it was inevitable that the rest of the world would ultimately jump on the bandwagon. It’s hardly the only time the world has followed our lead. Remember the golden rules of “Love your neighbor as yourself” and “Don’t do to others what you don’t want done to you”? They are universal principles, but they started off in Judaism! (see Vayikra 19:18 and Shabbat 31a, respectively). The same can be said about a weekly day of rest and monotheism. They were brought into the world by Judaism and Torah, only to be subsequently adopted by much of the rest of the world. The holiness of Jerusalem is no different. Jerusalem is the original “place chosen by G-d” and the seat of the first national Jewish government; it was the site of the Holy of Holies and the object of Jewish longing for millennia. Is it any wonder that the rest of the world ended up “discovering” Jerusalem’s inherent holiness for themselves? In the case of Jerusalem, however, the Muslims have gone one step further than they have regarding other items whose origin lies in Judaism. They maintain, not only that Jerusalem is their third-holiest site which they will never abandon, but that it has no sanctity or historic significance for Jews! Talk about chutzpah! The sole reason it is holy to Muslims is because it was holy to Jews, but they now deny that very origin! Amazingly, Jerusalem’s Arabic name belies their claim. Its name is Al-Kuds, based on the word Mikdash – referencing the Jewish Holy Temple of Jerusalem! We, and the entire world, must not be fooled. Historically, Muslim ties to Jerusalem have always been based on little more than political expediency disguised as religious fervor. Currently, we are experiencing a fourth wave of Muslim aggrandizement of Jerusalem – at our expense – for its own political purposes. Islam first artificially enhanced Jerusalem during Muhammad’s own lifetime. In a barefaced attempt to win over the Jews living near his hometown of Medina, Muhammad announced that prayers would be directed towards Jerusalem. However, when he saw that the Jews weren’t interested in his advances, he turned violent and slaughtered them – and subsequently directed that all prayers be said towards Mecca. Muhammad completely abandoned Jerusalem, says Arab expert Dr. Mordechai Kedar. Not only did he not mention the city in the Koran, but later, when Muslims conquered the Holy Land, they totally ignored Jerusalem and established their capital in Ramle! Some decades after Muhammed’s death, Islam again felt the political need to aggrandize Jerusalem. Caliph Abdel Malik, who reigned among Umayyad Muslims from 684 to 705, was caught off guard when Mecca and Medina were captured by a rival Muslim leader – and so he came up with the idea of renewing Jerusalem as a “top holy city.” He built the Dome of the Rock, imitating impressive Christian churches in the city, precisely on the site of the Beit HaMikdash. Thus, possibly the most-recognized Muslim symbol around the world came about as a result of internal Muslim politics. Once Jerusalem was no longer needed to buttress the Muslim leaders, its importance to Islam waned. The third Muslim infatuation with Jerusalem occurred during the 12th-century. Muslim leader Salah a-Din needed to inflame his warriors against the Christian Crusaders, and – so once again – Jerusalem briefly became the focus of jihad and religious longing. Interestingly, the Arabic inscriptions that so impressively adorn the Dome of the Rock, written by Salah a-Din and other Islamic conquerors, make no mention of Jerusalem per se but only of the triumphant refurbishing

of the dome. For centuries thereafter, Jerusalem remained far in the background for the Muslim world, which focused instead on Mecca and Medina as its holy cities. Today, once again, though, the Muslims have taken to claiming Jerusalem as a pinnacle of their religious aspirations – and their political interest this time is simply to rid the Middle East of Israel. When the PLO was founded in 1964, its original charter did not even mention Jerusalem. Yet now, Hamas and Fatah spokesmen highlight the city’s “sanctity” and deny that our Beit HaMikdash ever stood there – despite abundant, really irrefutable, historical evidence to the contrary. Hamas’s charter states that its goal to destroy Israel is nourished by “religious” zeal, which must constantly be fanned and encouraged in order to attain its ultimate political goal. The introduction states, “Israel will rise and will remain erect until Islam eliminates it as it had eliminated its predecessors.” Article 15 reads as follows: “It is necessary to establish in the minds of all Muslim generations that the Palestinian issue is a religious issue, and that it must be dealt with as such, for [Palestine] contains Islamic holy places, [namely] the Al-Aqsa mosque, which is inseparably connected…to the holy mosque of Mecca through the Prophet’s nocturnal journey and through his ascension to heaven thence.” The international community should relate to Palestinians’ claims to Jerusalem as nothing more than the desire to do away with Israel. As Dr. Kedar wrote several years ago: Should UN forces be sent to the Middle East just because [the PLO] has decided to recycle the political problems of the Umayyads 1,250 years after the curtain came down on their role in history? Nothing can justify forcing the Jewish people “sharing” sovereignty over its holy city with an opportunistic usurper, no matter how many times the latter seeks to appropriate the city’s inherent holiness. To advocate for keeping Jerusalem united under Israeli sovereignty, visit the holy city and e-mail info@ to find out about KeepJerusalem’s bus tours in news-making areas of the capital.

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he celebration of each of the three regalim (Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot) is accompanied by various mitzvot expressive of agricultural and historical significance: On Sukkot, we are commanded to sit in huts in order to remember our historical journey from Egypt to the Land of Israel and celebrate with our agricultural fruits and branches â&#x20AC;&#x201C; etrog, lulav, hadassim and aravot. Sukkot simultaneously completes the annual agricultural cycle of the three festivals (barley-wheat-fruit), as well as our historical commemoration from Yetziat Mitzrayim-Har Sinai to Eretz Yisrael, thereby enhancing the happiness of the holiday â&#x20AC;&#x201C; vesamachta bechagechaâ&#x20AC;Ś vehayita ach sameach! Interestingly, both mitzvot of Sukkot are intertwined to concurrently express our agricultural and historical dependence on and gratitude for G-dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s supervision. The sukkot (huts) remind us of the shelter provided by Hashem throughout our journey in the wilderness, and of the practical means of dwelling in the fields during harvest season. The Baâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;al HaRokeach teaches that the sukkot are reminiscent of the military huts we camped in during our years of siege and conquest of Eretz Yisrael, recalling the final stage of our journey as we entered and fought for the Land. Rashbam explains that the sukkot remind us of our nomadic years bereft of a Land â&#x20AC;&#x201C; historically and agriculturally, deterring us from feeling too smug and arrogant, as we recall our homeless past and appreciate our Homeland and homesteads anew. As the nation of Shivat Tzion gathered on the second day of Rosh Hashanah to hear the words of the Torah and the laws of Chag HaSukkot, they were told by Ezra and Nechemia to collect branches of olive, wood, myrtle (hadas), palm (lulav), and willow (arava) in order to build their sukkot, resembling those of the time of Yehoshua ben Nun. Professor Yehuda Felix understands the comparison as a botanical-historical phenomenon: due to intense agriculture and population density during the time of the First Temple, there was a shortage of wood. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A drastic change overtook the countryside after the exile of the ten tribes and the destruction of the First Templeâ&#x20AC;Ś plantations began to yield to the encroachment of forest trees and bushesâ&#x20AC;Ś Indeed, not since the days of Joshua the son of Nun had the country enjoyed such an ample supply of building timber for the construction of the booths in fulfillment of the biblical injunctionâ&#x20AC;? (Nature & Man in the Bible, Soncino Press, 1981). The sukkot thereby

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remind us of the eras of entering and re-entering our Land! The mitzvah of taking the four species is also expressive of agricultural and historical processes. On one hand, each species represents a topographical area of flora in Eretz Yisrael and a different stage of tree growth, (lulav â&#x20AC;&#x201C; valleys and bark, hadas â&#x20AC;&#x201C; mountains and branches, arava â&#x20AC;&#x201C; riverbanks and leaves, etrog â&#x20AC;&#x201C; irrigated fields and fruit). The Rambam explains that the happiness associated with bringing these agrarian species also serves as a historical reminder of leaving the barren wilderness bereft of water resources and fruit trees to the blossoming abundance in the Land of Israel! At the same time of year wherein we harvest the last of our fruits and bring our final Bikkurim (see Mishna Bikkurim 1:10) from the seven fruit species of Eretz Yisrael, reciting â&#x20AC;&#x153;Arami Oved Aviâ&#x20AC;?, we also celebrate with the four species on Sukkot. A remarkable parallel may be drawn between the Mikra Bikkurim speech which recounts our national past and journey to the Land and the symbolic â&#x20AC;&#x153;speechâ&#x20AC;? of the four species, both accompanying the respective fruits. The lulav represents our first stage in the wilderness as we dwelled in palm-covered huts for shelter (sukkot mamash). The aravot remind us of the Jordan River crossing (lit. arvot Yericho) abundant with willows along the border to Eretz Yisrael. The hadassim are reminiscent of the wild flora pre-conquest and settlement during the time of Yehoshua ben Nun. And the etrog? Just like the fruits accompanying the recital of Mikra Bikkurim, the etrog is the culmination of our historical process â&#x20AC;&#x201C; the expression of our G-d granted fruit harvest (Nogah HaReuveni, Nature in our Biblical Heritage, Neot Kedumim, 1980). One explanation cited for circling the mizbayach/bima each day of Sukkot with the four species, leading up to seven rotations on Hoshanah Rabba is to remember the miraculous victory of conquest after circling the walls of Yericho in a similar manner (YT Sukkah ch.4). Rav Yaakov Ettlinger (Aruch LaNer, Sukkah 45b) explains that this is the basis of our happiness and gratitude expressed on Sukkot through a complete Hallel. Although we are grateful on Pesach and Shavuot as we recount the miracles of Yetziat Mitzrayim and Maâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;amad har Sinai, the primary praise we offer G-d is for the miracles performed in Eretz Yisrael, beginning with the victory of Yericho! We take our agricultural species and relive our historical journey, culminating and climaxing with Chag HaSukkot as we commemorate and celebrate the beginnings of entering Eretz Yisrael â&#x20AC;&#x201C; then and now! Rabbanit Shani Taragin is educational director of World Mizrachi and teaches at Matan and other educational institutions in Israel.


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Friday, October 11, 2019

The Jewish Press

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High Cholesterol Can Affect Pregnancy Cholesterol levels naturally rise during pregnancy and are not usually monitored or treated at that time. However, if you are the one out of every 200 adults who has an inherited form of high cholesterol, you may require special monitoring if you become pregnant. Familial hypercholesterolemia, or FH, is an inherited defect in how the body recycles LDL (bad) cholesterol. Therefore, in untreated adults, LDL levels in the blood remain very high – above 190 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood – making someone 20 times more likely to have heart disease. Awareness is critical, as coronary heart disease appears up to 30 years earlier in women with FH than in women without it. Thirty percent of untreated women will have a heart attack before they turn 60. To address this important health question for women, Maria Sophocles, M.D., an OB/GYN and board member of the FH Foundation, offers ideas on what women should know about high cholesterol and pregnancy. How do I know if I have FH? Checking your lipid levels and knowing your family’s history of cardiovascular diseases can help your doctor determine your risk and screening requirements. Should I avoid pregnancy? “Women with FH can and should have the family they want,” said Sophocles. If you have FH, she suggests your pregnancy should be co-managed by an OB and a cardiologist. American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines say those with FH should consider consulting with a doctor who has expertise

in cholesterol management before becoming pregnant. Can I take cholesterol-lowering medications during pregnancy? Women who have FH should stop taking statins one to two months before trying to conceive, according to the 2018 cholesterol guidelines from the AHA. If you become pregnant while on a statin, stop taking it as soon as the pregnancy is discovered. You may resume statin medication after pregnancy. You should also avoid statins while breast-feeding. Let your doctor know if you were on a statin at the time of conception. All statins are currently not recommended in pregnant women due to potential effects on the developing baby. What are my options during and after pregnancy? If your doctors want you to be on cholesterol-lowering medication during pregnancy or breast-feeding, there are options they can discuss with you. Will my children have high cholesterol? FH is an inherited condition, so if you and/or your partner have it, your children could be at higher risk of inheriting the condition. It’s reasonable to test children for FH as early as age 2 years. Current guidelines say it’s reasonable to begin treatment around age 10 if lifestyle therapy is unsuccessful after three to six months. “The good news is FH is treatable and you can live a long, healthy life if you catch it early and maintain proper treatment,” Sophocles said. Learn more about FH from the American Heart Association at (NAPSI)

Post Abortion Healing Now Available In many Jewish circles, abortion is seen as a practical way to avoid the shame, embarrassment, fear, uncertainty and inconvenience that accompanies an unplanned or problem pregnancy. Lack of immediate support, pressure from the baby’s father, anticipated anger from parents, and financial, social, or professional worries influence the abortion decision. Observant or unobservant, affiliated or unaffiliated, secular, orthodox, or somewhere in between, our Jewish friends and family may talk of abortion in the political sense, but the subject of personal abortion decisions and the painful thoughts and emotions that arise from one or more unplanned pregnancies and subsequent abortions remain unspoken. After the abortion, immediately or even decades later, feelings of guilt, depression, rage and regret surface. Processing these feelings requires recognizing that a loss has occurred and moving through the process of grieving. Tikvat Rachel offers a healing pathway for Jews who seek a confidential program to address the deeply personal issues that arise after abortion. The organization bases the program on the Jewish concept of teshuvah and its promise of healing and repentance in Judaism. For the post-abortive Jew, teshuvah provides a way back from broken heartedness and isolation to healing and community. During this season of self-examination and spiritual renewal, we invite you to experience your special healing opportunity. Download the Tikvat Rachel program from the library on its website, www. For help on your healing journey, please join our anonymous weekly support call on Thursdays at 9 pm ET. Call 605-475-4842 and enter access code 48020. For print copies and for more information, call Cecily at 412-758-3269.

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The Jewish Press

Friday, October 11, 2019

Movie Review

Who Killed Rabin? Yigal Amir, Evil Rabbis, Or... The Shabak? By Tzvi Fishman When I used to teach screenwriting at the New York University Film School, I would tell students they first had to decide what message they wanted their movie to communicate. Once a writer or director knows what he wants to say, the next task is to choose a story that will convey that message. For instance, if a director wants to show that religious people are exemplars of Jewish idealism, he might chose to tell the story of valiant religious Israeli soldiers, like Dror Weinberg or Roi Klein, who scarified their lives in battle. In choosing to make a movie about Yigal Amir’s assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, the director and writers of the new film, “Yamim Nora’im,” decided to communicate the message that religious Jews, rabbis, Judaism, and Benjamin Netanyahu are cancerous dangers to Israel, freedom, and peace-loving society. The film, which is called “Incitement” in English, just won Best Film at the Ophir Awards – Israel’s version of the Oscars – and will be Israel’s submission for best foreign film at the 2020 Academy Awards in America. Over and over, the film shows Yigal Amir listening to rabbis declare that Yitzhak Rabin has the halachic many crazy rabbis. Even Rabbi Shlomo Aviner and the status of a rodef (one who pursues another Jew to kill late Rabbi Benny Alon are portrayed as accomplices in him) and should be killed. In the film, Yigal Amir also Rabin’s murder in this film for supposedly giving their reads in the Rambam’s Mishneh Torah that a rodef unspoken consent to it. In the movie, instead of Avishai Raviv inciting Amir must be terminated. Again and again, documentary footage of Benjamin to take action, it is Bibi – a man Amir never met – who Netanyahu shows him rallying crowds against the incites Amir to pull the trigger. In the film, Bibi looks like Mussolini as he overlooks fiercely contested Oslo Agreethe angry protest in Kikar Zion ment. At the end of the film, the where the Shabak informer, screen goes black and a mesFor me, the biggest question Avishai Raviv, distributed his sage appears over it, informing the audience that Netanyahu the film inspires is: “Why didn’t the incitement flyer depicting Rabin in SS garb. didn’t even mention Yitzhak Shabak stop the murder?” I was at that demonstration, Rabin once in his first speech to and many others, and heard the nation after becoming prime with my own ears Bibi and a minister. Another dramatic text declares that Yigal Amir told his police interrogators long list of rabbis speak out strenuously against viothat he wouldn’t have shot Rabin if he hadn’t received lence. I saw Rabbi Chanan Porat tear down posters permission from rabbis. that labeled Rabin a traitor. But in the movie, every All in all, “Yamim Nora’im” is a carefully-crafted rabbi, either explicitly or quietly, gives Yigal Amir a propaganda hate-film against the religious and polit- green light to pull the trigger. For me, the biggest question the film inspires is: ical right in Israel, partially funded by Israel’s Ministry of Culture, which in turn is funded by taxpayers. “Why didn’t the Shabak stop the murder?” Outside Did the Ministry of Culture or its leftist-controlled film of a few very brief and unimportant appearances of funds ever support a movie about the religious heroes Shabak provocateur Avishai Raviv, the Israel Secret Service is nowhere to be found. Why? After all, Yigal Dror Weinberg or Roi Klein? Of course not. I have lived in Israel for 35 years. Until I watched Amir is imprisoned for life, but the shady characters “Yamim Nora’im,” I didn’t know the country had so who masterminded the infamous conspiracy are either

Israel Expected To Have 20 Million People By 2065 The following statistics derive from the State of Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics. • On the eve of Rosh Hashana 5780, the population of Israel is estimated to be approximately 9.092 million. The population is expected to reach 10 million residents by the end of 2024, and 15 million residents by the end of 2048. By the end of 2065, the population of Israel is expected to be 20 million. • The Jewish population numbers approximately 6.744 million (74.2% of the total population); the Arab population numbers approximately 1.907 million (21.0%), and the population of others approximately 441,000 (4.8%). • Since Rosh Hashana last year , the population of Israel has grown by approximately 184,000. The annual population growth rate in 5779 was 2.1%, similar to the rate in previous years. • During the year, approximately 196,000 babies were born and approximately 50,000 people died. Approximately 38,000 people were added to the population of Israel in the migration balance. Of those, approximately 35,000 were new immigrants.

(Publicity photo for “Yamim Nora’im.”)

still at large or dead. After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, hundreds – maybe thousands – of books and movies appeared about the murder. After the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, maybe two or three books relating to it were published. Does anyone have the guts to make a film about what really happened? I remember a week or two after the assassination Israel TV showing the “amateur” video of a “hobby” photographer who “just happened” to be standing on the roof of a building overlooking the parking lot where Rabin was shot. For several minutes, the “hobby” photographer repeatedly trains his lens on a frail Yemenite youth in the parking lot as he walked back and forth, sat down, stood up, sat down, spoke with security personnel, sat down again and waited for Rabin to appear until darting forward to fire his weapon. I have been involved in moviemaking for 50 years. No “hobby” photographer would waste his time and money – especially in those pre-digital days when video cassettes were costly – focusing his video camera on a boring figure in a parking lot unless someone had specifically ordered him to do so. The Shabak knew that Yigal Amir was plotting to kill the prime minister. Why didn’t they stop him? Why hasn’t anyone made a film about that? Tzvi Fishman is The Jewish Press’s Israel correspondent.

500,000 Churches Pray For Jerusalem Peace Eagles’ Wings, a New York-based evangelical movement, hosted a Global Day of Prayer for the peace of Jerusalem on Sunday, which brought together 70 millennial pastors from the U.S., Canada, and Brazil to Israel – many for the first time – along with their followers. More than 500,000 Evangelical Christian churches worldwide tuned in as GOD TV broadcasted the event to 262 million homes globally. The event was led by Eagles’ Wings Executive Director Bishop Robert Stearns who has brought more than 10,000 Evangelical Christians to Israel to date. “We are here today declaring that there is a new breed of Christianity alive in today’s world – a Christianity which understands that spiritually, we were born in Zion,” said Eagles’ Wings Executive Director Bishop Robert Stearns. “We stand in prayer and action believing in a peace plan not hatched in the halls of the

UN but coming from hearts who learn and experience the G-d of love. G-d can change hearts and changed hearts can change history.” U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman addressed the group. “We will never give any platform to those who seek to deny the truth about Jerusalem, such denial brings no peace, such denial brings no tranquility,” said Friedman. “We will continue to pray for the peace of Jerusalem as we do today, but it will be for peace based upon the truth, the undeniable and now the scientifically corroborated truth, about how the roots of the Jewish people and the roots of Christianity are both centered in this holy city, a city small in size but so immeasurably large in purpose and in meaning,” he said. Most of the pastors had never been to Israel before. The trip was designed to help educate these young influential leaders about the truth concerning Israel and the Jewish state.

Friday, October 11, 2019

Etrog Continued from p.78 The rabbis sort the etrogim into different levels – kosher, mehudar, and super mehudar. Prices are based on those categories. How many large etrog producers are there in Israel? About 15. In what other countries are etrogim grown? Morocco and Italy. A little in Mexico and Australia. Most of the etrogim bought overseas come from Eretz Yisrael. By buying an etrog from Israel, people get a double reward in performing the mitzvah of arba minim; they also fulfill the mitzvah of settling Eretz Yisrael. Does Kirshenbaum also grow lulavim? No. We don’t have time. What do you do in the off-season? The etrog business is an all-year occupation. We hire more workers as the summer harvest approaches and in Elul, but managers are kept busy throughout the year. What would you say is the biggest satisfaction you derive from this business? When I daven Shacharit at the Kotel during Chol HaMoed and see all the etrogim – knowing that many of them come from our groves gives me a feeling of elation. Is there a difference between the etrogim you grow and the etrogim your great-grandfather grew? Today we can be more certain that an etrog doesn’t come from a grafted tree. Otherwise, an etrog is an etrog. What advice would you give to the general public about buying an etrog? Rebbe Nachman [of Breslov] told his students to pray on Rosh Hashanah for a beautiful etrog on Sukkot. A famous rabbi in Jerusalem would always purchase his etrog from us before Yom Kippur. After the fast and Havdalah, he would hold the etrog in his hands, lift it to his heart, and cry with joy for 10 minutes. The etrog is the heart. When we grow and pick etrogim off the trees, we treat them with extra sensitivity and care, and so should the buyer. When we wave the arba minim before Hashem, we want to do it with a full heart and with a nice-looking etrog. Kosher is kosher, but why not spend another few shekels for a heart that’s mehudar?

Alternate side parking is suspended on all dates/holidays listed below. Garbage and recycling collection will be on a normal schedule for all dates/holidays below, except 10/14, which is also Columbus Day, a federal holiday. DSNY will work and respond to service needs in the local Jewish communities we serve throughout the high holidays season.

• Rosh Hashanah, 9/30 and 10/1 • Yom Kippur, 10/9 • Succoth, 10/14 and 10/15 • Sh'Mini Atzeret, 10/21 • Simchat Torah, 10/22

The Jewish Press

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CVC To Invest $400m In Israeli Digital Ad Giant IronSource By Daniel Ben Tal Israeli advertising technology company ironSource announced on Tuesday that the British private equity firm CVC has agreed to acquire a minority stake for more than $400 million. IronSource develops technologies for app monetization and distribution, with its core products targeting game developers. The Tel Aviv-based company plans to expand its operations in the mobile phone and gaming sectors. Although ironSource declined to say what percentage stake CVC would own or what value the deal attaches to the whole company, Israeli media quoted sources close to the deal talking of a 25 percent stake. Israel’s Calcalist financial newspaper reported that the deal valued ironSource at $1.55 billion. The company, which has raised $120 million to date, remains on track to finish 2019 with $1 billion in revenue. Its founders – CEO Tomer Bar Zeev, and brothers Itai, Eyal and Roy Milrad – own 45% of the company’s shares, with other shareholders including Viola Ventures (14%), North83, Disruptive Technologies, Saban Capital Ventures, Leumi Partners and Clal Industries. The CVC sale – expected to be the biggest secondary deal of an Israeli company – will probably

be the last funding ironSource raises before its initial public offering, scheduled for the second half of 2020. Founded in 2009 as a download optimization software developer, ironSource gradually shifted its focus to rewarded ads, and its 2015 merger with Israel-based Supersonic created Israel’s largest web company. It is now the largest provider of engaged media globally, with partners including leading software, app and game developers and the world’s top telecom operators and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The gaming industry is experiencing rapid growth and projected to generate some $180 billion in 2022, with mobile gaming growing 27% annually. “We’re witnessing the creation of a sector, gametech, which supports this growing ecosystem, with tailor-made tech solutions such as advertising, marketing, analytics, market intelligence, CRM and more,” said Bar Zeev. The company is based in Tel Aviv, with 13 additional offices in San Francisco, New York, London and Asia. It has 850 employees, mostly in Israel, about half employed in research and development. CVC, one of the world’s largest funds, has over $129 billion raised in commitments and some $82 billion in assets under management. These include Formula One, Swiss luxury watchmaker Breitling and luggage manufacturer Samsonite International.

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Are You Living Life Blind? By Michael Neuman Imagine if you were told to close your eyes and put on a blindfold. Then you were instructed to remember what was on your calendar for the day and to try and complete any one of the tasks. Quite daunting. Remember that there are people that never get to take off the blindfold. You’ve heard it before; if you give all control to Hashem you’ll be happy. My rebbe has told me, “When you give control to Hashem, that’s when you gain control.” This seems illogical. Could you be in control of a moving car if you take your hands off the wheel? We are wired to think, feel and yearn to be in control all the time. In my private practice as a psychotherapist, I see anxious people fighting to find a sense of control. They’ll do almost anything to gain control; they’re not looking to give it away. So how do we temper the voice in our head that controls everything including our need to feel completely in control? As a recent winner on CBS’s Million Dollar Mile, produced by LeBron James, I had to beat a pro athlete. It was a scary task to compete against this pro that no one had yet beaten on the show beyond one obstacle. I felt everything was up to Hashem during my experience on Million Dollar Mile. Even during the moment I thought I was about to lose, I felt calm knowing it was all up to Hashem. I had worn my yarmulke proudly and discussed my frumkeit on the show. I made sure to have so many bobby pins that I’d finish the race with my yarmulke and bitachon intact. Giving up control helped me beat the odds because I simply wasn’t competing alone. I was then gifted with the honor to speak at camps and events

about empowering ourselves. Then came the day I was asked to run an event at Camp Simcha Special. I wanted to share my passion of running Spartan Obstacle Courses with them. We created a course for the campers. Soon it became apparent that they were sharing their passion with me as well. Kids in wheelchairs, double amputees, cancer patients, all working hard to show themselves and the world that together we can overcome. There was fist pumping, cheers and shouts of glee signaling victory as they received their medals rewarding their grit. But one child changed my life perspective. He was an 8-year-old who was blind. He was not a blind 8-year-old because he had more sight than most. He depended on me to help him through the course and was elated every step of the way. I felt I needed to understand him better, a child who had every excuse to feel miserable, instead showing elation. That next Sunday there was a 4-mile, 24-obstacle Spartan race at West Point. I completed it, blindfolded. I’d like to say that it was great or fascinating. But primarily, it was... just terrifying. I had a guide who I knew would not let me get seriously hurt, but that didn’t mitigate my fear. Even though I knew I was safe, I could barely control my own anxiety. When I removed my blindfold, I thanked Hashem. What a beracha that I was able to take it off. There are many who cannot. It’s trusting another and giving up control that is against our nature. When I later watched the video, I didn’t see the rationale in my fear. But it was real and it showed me the true inner strength of my new 8-year-old friend who inspired me with his sight in

the midst of his blindness. He speaks to every one of us. We are living in a theoretical construct of blindness in our daily lives. There are so many factors we can’t control that affect our lives, but our brains protect us by telling us we are fine, we are in control. We live in a blindfold and thus, many of us live a life in a subconscious state of fear. Hashem is our guide, but many times we just say He’s in control, but do we feel it? Can you reach out for His hand and when He grabs it, can you totally give yourself over to Him? Or are you like me, where you can’t trust your guide and just feel disoriented as you try to get your bearings? We all want to believe we can do it, but it takes some real effort to go against our instinctual desire to be our own guide. And here’s the thing: there is no right answer to how to give yourself over to Hashem. It’s a unique experience you, and only you, can have. No one can do it for you. You just have to do it. But sometimes, we have to just blindfold ourselves and take the leap, fight against the inner voice that doesn’t want to let go. I learned that I am blind. Whether I can have true sight like my 8-year-old friend and trust my Guide is up to me. Michael Neuman is a Florida-based psychotherapist and recent winner on CBS’s Million Dollar Mile, produced by LeBron James. Michael’s foundation will be providing a wellness program where he will be training kids with disabilities and volunteer teammates who will assist the kids through an actual Spartan obstacle race. To join or get involved, please visit:

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A Second Chance Yom Kippur has passed and we are entering the happy holiday of Sukkot. Do we really feel as though we were given a second chance? Do we actually understand that we were facing some terrible decree and because of the mercy of the Judge, we were let off the hook? Perhaps we just go through the motions, one holiday after the other, thinking about what food to make and how to dress. Do we feel that we were in an actual courtroom filled with reporters, packed with people waiting to hear the outcome? A room filled with prosecutors just waiting for their turn to speak out? Did we sit in that courtroom with fear and trepidation of what our sentence would be? Did we cry and plead our case and beg for mercy and forgiveness? Unfortunately, we do not feel these feelings as intensely as we should. If anyone has ever had to stand in a court of law for any purpose, let alone for a serious crime, I am sure that the atmosphere there was not relaxing and calming. The reality of being judged brings on a very harsh and uncomfortable feeling. We go about our lives and don’t really take into account that we are being judged daily, that all our deeds are written down every second. True, it’s important to

A Prenuptial Agreement By And for The Haredi Community Heshey Zelcer A prenuptial agreement has long been viewed as a valuable tool to help streamline the divorce process and prevent agunah. Unfortunately, it did not gain acceptance in haredi communities, which is seeing an increasing number of divorces. Halakhah declares that a Jewish divorce, a get, is valid only when given by the husband to the wife. If the husband refuses to give his wife a get there is nothing the wife can do to force him. Extreme cases of get refusal are not the only problem. Long divorces are destructive to all and arise from sundry issues such as custody and financial arrangements, arguments over where to adjudicate, and one spouse wanting the marriage to continue. A group of poskim, legal professionals, businessmen, and health professionals formed the Yashar board to create a prenuptial agreement acceptable to the haredi community and endorsed by haredi poskim. Yashar first wanted to quantify the pain of drawn out divorce and commissioned a study on divorce’s effects by Dr. David Pelcowitz. He found that the negative impacts of long drawn out divorce include high rates (65% average) of self-destructiveness, suicidal preoccupation, sexual frustration, anger, amnesia, affect regulation, and risk taking. Almost half of women report physical abuse by husbands. An average of 30% of children have emotional symptoms and problems with conduct, peers, and hyperactivity.

maintain a sense of normalcy in our daily lives; however, there are certain times of the year that it’s crucial for each of us to pay much closer attention to what our life is all about. During this time of year, when Hashem decides what kind of year we will have, it’s of utmost importance that we recognize His mercy and kindness upon us – and realize how badly things could have turned out until now if G-d had not granted us all of the blessings of the world for another year. Say a person is driving his car and for some reason he hasn’t paid attention to the fact that something is clearly wrong with the mechanics of the car. Suddenly, his car goes out of control and hits a pedestrian. The pedestrian is injured badly. As a result, the driver who hit him might be taken to trial. Obviously the injury wasn’t caused on purpose, yet it will take at least the next several months to find out what punishment this person might receive which will change his life forever. The amount of time he will spend apologizing to the injured pedestrian, the money spent on attorneys, the anxiety of what can and will be, will be a constant part of his everyday life. He might have his license taken away temporarily. That already changes one’s daily routine, whether it’s taking buses or taxis or simply the reminder of the accident that is constantly there. And when the time finally comes to have the verdict read out loud, one can just imagine how tense and scared this person will be to find out if his life will now go back to normal, more or less, or be changed for the worse. When the judge asks him to stand while the verdict is read, the person might barely be able to stand on his own, shaking and worrying what the next few moments will bring upon him.

RCA Prenuptial Rabbi Mordechai Willig, RIETS Rosh Yeshivah and dayan of Beth Din of America (BDA), is the halachic force behind the Rabbinical Council of America (RCA) prenup which was formulated 25 years ago. Their prenup is accepted by many poskim such as R. Asher Weiss, the late R. Ovadia Yosef, R. Gedalia Dov Schwartz, and R. Hershel Schachter. In 2006, the RCA forbade their Rabbis from officiating at weddings without a halachic prenup. They say that there has never been an agunah case when a prenup was signed. While well implemented in the Modern Orthodox world, some in the haredi community object to the $150 a day support requirement, saying that it might render the divorce forced, and thus unvalid. Others want the ability to use batei din other than the Beth Din of America. Hareidi Precedent for Prenups R’ Moshe Feinstein wrote that one could add a prenuptial type clause to tenaim: If after the marriage they [the couple] will separate, G-d forbid, the husband will not refrain from giving a get, and the woman will not refuse to accept it, when the specific Beit Din so orders.” By adding this addendum, the secular courts will force the two sides to listen to the Beit Din. Adding this is permitted and the get will not be a ‘forced get.’ It also has the benefit that it will save her [the wife] from the chains of agunah. The Yashar board, in conjunction with leading poskim, have drawn up a prenuptial agreement which address haredi concerns and general issues. Highlights of Yashar Agreement A specific Beit Din chosen by the hattan and kallah is designated to oversee the separation/divorce process. Within its first session, Beit Din will set an interim payment amount that the husband must pay the wife for the continuation of the household, and for the children to continue to attend yeshivot. Beit Din must record all proceedings at its sessions. The parties agree not to resort to Heter Meah Rabonim, Heter Nisuin or Bitul kedushin if the wife is willing and able to accept a get. The proceedings should be finalized as quickly as possible: 6–8 months for non-custody cases, and 1 year to 18 months for cases involving child custody. There are two additional and worthwhile protocols in the

If for whatever reason the judge decides to give this person a second chance – because he has mercy on him, because he sees how sorry he is, and how much he has changed since the incident – the judge might lessen his punishment, reduce or even erase all the charges. Imagine the excitement and overwhelming happiness that this person would feel at that moment. But not only at that moment – he will be walking on cloud nine for quite some time. He will also probably change many behaviors and thoughts he might have had before the whole incident, and really make a change in his life due to this horrible and intense period in his life. Whether we have ever stood inside a real courtroom or not, and whether we have actually felt any of these feeling in our lives, this is the exact process that goes on with each and every one of us every New Year, when Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur come around. Hashem in His merciful ways and endless love for us is always there, lessening our punishment for our various crimes, and granting us mercy and forgiveness even when we really don’t deserve it. Granting us a second chance to do the right things and follow the right path. Therefore, the way we should feel right after Yom Kippur is ecstatic and elated that we were just saved from some terrible verdict. This happy feeling is the feeling with which we build our sukkah, the feeling with which we walk around all Sukkot as if we were just released from the courtroom and are free like a bird. So with this reminder, let us build and enter our sukkah with the happiest feelings in the world, realizing how much love G-d has for us and how He saves us with His mercy time and time again. Happy Sukkot!

Yashar Prenuptial Agreement. Protocols for Kosher Home and Sabbath Observance Both parties agree that the children will be raised in homes that adhere to Orthodox Jewish tradition. They agree that when they are with the children, they will observe Orthodox Jewish tradition of observance of Sabbath, Kashrut and other laws as set forth by Orthodox Jewish Halakha. They will allow their children to eat only in Orthodox homes and attend Orthodox shuls. Protocols for Professional Conduct The parties, including all attorneys, toanim and representatives, who appear before the Arbitration Panel pursuant to the Prenuptial Agreement shall abide by rules of professional conduct. No voice raising or foul language. Whoever violates these guides will be disqualified. Benefits of Yashar Agreement ● When signing the Prenuptial Agreement, a specific Beit Din is designated. If marital conflict arises, the designated Beit Din must assess the viability of shalom bayit. The Zabla option with all of its inherent conflict is waived. The financial costs arising from non-compliance with the Beit Din’s directives can be assigned to the non-compliant spouse, and are enforceable in a secular court. Many common delay tactics are addressed, minimizing the time, pain and damage caused under current situations. Protocols for Kosher Home and Sabbath Observance Protocols for Professional Conduct Three major haredi poskim (Rabbi Shomo Miller; Rabbi Hillel David; and Rabbi Yaakov Forscheimer) have given their written approval for the haredi community to use the new Yashar prenuptial agreement... What is currently lacking is public awareness. May the Yashar Prenuptial Agreement help prevent heartache and pain, and may it help minimize agunah. For more information on the Yashar Coalition Prenuptial Agreement see Summarized for The Jewish Press by Mindy Schaper Friedlander, from Volume 27 of Hakirah. The style of transliteration follows that of Hakirah’s, not The Jewish Press’s; thus “haredi” and not “chareidi.” The current volume, which includes the full-unabridged version of this article—as well as back issue volumes—is available in print editions on Amazon. To view back issue articles online, or to subscribe at a special rate, visit

Friday, October 11, 2019

Page 52 THE JEWISH PRESS  Friday, November 1, 2013

The Jewish Press

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Community Currents Preschoolers Ezer – Helping Hands in theMizion Rambam

Day School of Savannah, Georgia learn about theIts Aleph list is Bais long. The day is short. So many items get and their names. transferred to the next day’s list. Constant pressure.

Never finishing. Can it begin to imagine what it be like to have no list? No list at all? No goals? Nothing to work toward? Nothing to look forward to? For a short moment, you picture yourself breathing a sigh of relief. I’m done! But then you begin to think. And you realize how unappetizing a day is with nothing to get ready for, nothing to plan. Just nothing. So many Holocaust survivors feel that way every

On Sunday, October 13, the Yeshiva of Central Queens kicked off its Parent-Child Sunday Learning Program.

No List At All? single day. With no family nearby, no more challenges, they begin to wither. Ezer Mizion’s Golden Age Division attempts to address this situation. Its newest program is entitled One Wish. Each member is asked, “Is there something you have wanted to do for years but have been unable to accomplish on your own?” It was not long before the wishes came in. Some requests were relatively easy – al-

Earlier this month, the Rachel’s Children Reclamation Foundation held its annual commemoration of Rachel Imeinu’s yarzheit. A buffet dinner was held at the Manhattan Beach Jewish Center on October 14. The keynote speaker was Rabbi Jonathan Rietti who gave a dramatic presentation on the relationship between Rachel Imeinu and the nal Geulah.

though nothing is really easy when it comes to transporting a frail, elderly person anywhere. Others were a challenge. Here are a few samples. Davening in the Kosel tunnels opposite the makom Hamikdash; visiting parents’ graves in Chevron; attending a symphony. Each big day was re-lived over and over with pictures, videos, and animated conversation.

New Service At Chicago Chesed Fund

Beginning in November, Chicago Chesed Fund is going to be a mobile WIC site, in addition to being a CEDA-LIHEAP partner and a Medicaid and SNAP benefit help-site. This answers the call of many community members who requested that it house more

Keynote Speaker Rabbi Jonathan Rietti and Evelyn Haies, founder and president of RCRF.

services under one roof. Two days a week, representatives from the Howard Street WIC office will be at the Chicago Chesed Fund headquarters offering its complete services. To apply for services, renew benefits, and/or

change the location at which you receive services, call WIC at 773-338-7334. You must state that you’d like to schedule your appointment at the Chicago Chesed Fund.

Rabbi Yechezkel Pikus, Chaim Deutsch, and Evelyn Haies.

Recent events in the Lido Beach Shul included a visit by Assemblyman Simcha Eichenstein, a pre-Rosh Hashanah challah bake, and what has become a Lido Beach tradition, a visit with by the Spinka Rebbe during the week of Selichos.

Honorees pose behind the Jewish Mother’s Day cake donated by Pressers Bakery Avenue M. (L-R) Mark Langfan, Breaking the Silence Award; Rabbi Yechezkel Pikus, Rahel Imeinu Community Chessed Award; Evelyn Haies, Fran and Stephen Epstein Actualist Award; Esther Lamm, Young Leadership Award; and Mitchell Shapiro, esq., Rachel Imeinu Activist Award.

Mikvah Tahara opens the firstan mikveh in Astrakhan, 90 years. The borrelating tevilah was dedicated in memory of On October 2, Zicharon, organization that Russia assistsinpeople on issues to dementia,Skulener hosted an informative evening in Menorah Hall featuring renowned dementia experts the Rebbe, zt”l.

who provided the audience with much-needed advice and information on dealing with this disease. Among the speakers were Rabbi Eliezer Kaminetzky; Dr. Gary Kennedy, chief of Geriatric Psychiatry at Monteore Medical Center; and Matt Kudish, senior vice president of caregiver services of the NY Chapter of the American Alzheimer’s Association.

Leslie Kleinman and Rabbi Schiff

In honor of Holocaust Survivor, Leslie Kleinman’s 90th birthday JRoots, an international educational charity launched an international campaign that has raised almost $45,000 to be donated to 7 fertility charities in 7 different countries to help provide 7 families with fertility treatment. The campaign called a Life 4 a Life, came about after Leslie led yet another educational trip to Poland with JRoots, and gave his devastating firsthand testimony of Auschwitz, from where he survived but where his 7 siblings were killed. Leslie’s story moved everyone on the trip but particularly, international fertility expert Dr. Lawrence Gobetz, who spontaneously pledged via his work to help facilitate a life in memory of life lost at Auschwitz. This in turn led to JRoots Co-Founder Rabbi Naftali Schiff, to create the international campaign called a Life 4 a Life, to raise enough money for 7 families around the world to receive funding for fertility treatment in memory of Leslies seven siblings who were murdered in Auschwitz. JRoots has now raised enough money to send to 7 recipient charities: Chana in the UK, Bonei Olam in New York, Los Angeles and Montreal, Merkaz Panim in Israel and Malka Ella in South Africa. Each of these charities will now have funding to put towards fertility treatment for a family who receive their support. JRoots’ decision to run a campaign to raise money for other charities was based on their longstanding commitment to life beyond the Holocaust. JRoots wanted to find a special way to mark Leslie’s 90th birthday, as well as paying tribute to his committed life of contributing and giving to the Jewish people and being an inspiration to the thousands of JRoots participants who have heard his story and visited Auschwitz with him.

To submit pictures to the Community

Currents section, e-mail Pre-school students at Yeshiva Ketana of Manhattan did tashlich on the Hudson with their menahel, Rabbi Gidon Goldberg, and students from Yeshiva Ketana Torah Vodaas with their rabbe’im in Brooklyn.

Dr. Gary Kenneday

Matt Kudish

(Photo credit: Zalman Umlas)

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Friday, October 11, 2019

24/7 Zmanim Readers are advised to check in advance to ensure that events meet their religious standards.

All Around Town Submit events to three weeks in advance. CHOL HAMOED, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17

Chazaq presents Succos Circus featuring Big Apple Circus with Bello. Also The Twins from France, Cousin Nachum and Ari Goldwag. Shows at 11:30 and 2:30. Damrosch Park at Lincoln Center, 175 W. 62nd St., Manhattan. jewishtickets.

com. 718-854-6902. United Hatzalah of Israel Yerushalayim for Life Benefit Concert. Featuring Avraham Fried, Simcha Leiner and Mordechai Shapiro. 7:30 P.M. Binyanei Hauma Israel Convention Center, Jerusalem, Israel.


Israel America Foundation showing of Holocaust documentary film “Shadows From My Past.” 1:30 P.M. Studio 353, 353 W. 48th St. (Between 8th & 9th Avenues) 2nd Floor-Ring outside Bell)Take elevator to 2nd Floor. Manhattan. Limited seating. Kosher Bagels with all the trimmings, Danishes, Coffee

& Tea. RSVP 212- 869-9477.


The New York Cantors Concert. The Cantors lead three vibrant congregations in the New York area-Azi Schwartz at Park Avenue Synagogue, Yaakov (Yanky) Lemmer at Lincoln Square Synagogue and Netanel Hershtik at the Hamptons Synagogue. 3:00 P.M. Bergen PAC, 30 North Van Brunt St., Englewood, NJ. 201-227-1030. The NYS approved Defensive Driving course allowing 10% insurance premium reduction and point removal will be offered in a single session. 9:30 A.M. Merkaz Yisroel of Marine

Park, 3311 Ave S, Brooklyn. 718-891-3776. bobboriskin@

Singular Experience Submit events to three weeks in advance.


Widows and widowers luncheon. 1:00 P.M. Glen Rock Jewish Center, 682 Harristown Rd., Glen Rock, N.J. 201-6526624.

Music Place followed by Jewishdatelines Jewish Radio Show. 10:00-11:30 P.M. on AM 1300 WRCR inside Rockland or listen via the internet at www. or via the telephone conference call at 646-5195860 pin:8574#. A group for women in their 60’s and 70’s who are facing some of life’s most challenging and rewarding years. 11:00 A.M. Jewish Community Center of Manhattan, 334 Amsterdam Avenue. Manhattan. RSVP 646-505-5708. www.

ron Ganz and Friends. Ages 20’s-40’s. Young Israel Ave J, 1721 Ave J, Brooklyn, NY. Includes: (Housing Available), 3 Shabbat Catered Meals (All at the Shul), Singles Mixers, “Getting to Know You” With Sharon Ganz, Group Discussions, Shabbat Tour of Flatbush, Caring Facilitators to Help Singles Meet & Mingle, Sat Eve Party & So Much More. $159 (til Oct.. 23), later $169. 646- 529-8748, 718- 5753962.


Annual Lawrence Shabbaton. Ages 39-55. RSVP Baila Sebrow 516-849-5863.

Shabbaton by Sha-


Jerusalem College Of Technology’s NYC Gala To Highlight School’s 50 Years Of Inclusion Friends of Jerusalem College of Technology, which rallies support for an academic institution that is at the forefront of empowering underserved populations in Israeli society, will celebrate the school’s 50 year anniversary at its New York City gala dinner on November 3 at the Lincoln Square Synagogue. Jonathan Medved, Founder and CEO of the highly successful OurCrowd, will be a guest speaker at the event, which will also honor Jerusalem College of Technology’s Vice President Stuart Hershkowitz and Moriah and Yoni Belzberg, both currently students at JCT who personify the values of the college. JCT has a vast history of successfully empowering underserved Israeli populations, which include: • The college’s chareidi graduates attaining an 89 percent employment rate, far exceeding the roughly 50 percent employment rate for chareidi men in Israel as a whole

• 53 percent of JCT’s computer science students are women, who account for 20 percent of female computer science students in all of Israel • Over 180 Ethiopian students have graduated from the Reuven Surkis Program for Students from the Ethiopian Community, 97 percent of which have gained employment after graduating In addition, JCT also provides international students from around the globe the opportunity to obtain a prestigious academic degree while immersing themselves in Torah study. The international program, ran completely in English, is available for both men and women for a very affordable cost when compared to higher education tuition in the United States. For more information, please visit www. “Sadly, many demographic sectors in Israel are pushed to the margins of society and lag behind in the workforce. At JCT, we provide these under-

served communities with the tools they need to ensure they will have a seat at the table, not only for themselves, but for generations to come, which will also have a profound impact on the Israeli economy,” said Stuart Hershkowitz. “Additionally, our international program in English is continuing to gain popularity due primarily to the high-quality academics, while offering a religious environment on campus.” The college has also produced alumni who have become leaders in Israel’s defense industry and are involved in top-tier defense projects like the Iron Dome and Arrow anti-missile systems, as well as the country’s space program and satellite development efforts. The school has produced a great number of Israel Prize Winners over the years. The gala will be held November 3, beginning at 6:00 p.m. at Lincoln Square Synagogue, 180 Amsterdam Avenue, in Manhattan.

How much is that old menorah that Bubby bought you worth? Should you sell or hold on to your antique esrog box? Besamim holders, Kiddush cups, coins, etc. Send in pictures of your Judaica, and Jewish Press columnist and certified appraiser Tsadik Kaplan may assess their value. Simply email them to, and your items may appear in a future column of Antique Judaica Roadshow

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Dating After Divorce Dear Dating Coach, I have been divorced for two years now, and I finally feel ready to date again and hopefully get remarried. I’m just feeling a bit overwhelmed and lost about the whole “shidduch process” at this stage of my life. The first time around I was 20 years old – I was set up fairly quickly and got married to the third guy I dated. This time, I have no idea where to begin. I feel like giving up and I haven’t even begun! Where do I start? Second Act Dear Act, The first time I made Pesach, I wanted to throw in the chametz towel on day one. Was I supposed to just start peeling potatoes and hope for the best? How did the “cleaning” work? I found myself asking questions like, “Where would I hide if I was a Cheerio?” I was one step away from calling my mother and admitting that I had made a huge mistake thinking I could take on Pesach – until I realized that I needed to refocus and break down Yom Tov into much smaller parts

Marriage Isn’t A Free Ride By Guest Columnist Nina Yeret Happily ever after! That’s the dreamy image directing the secular world toward a soul mate. This

that felt more manageable. So, I made a list. (I love lists. Yes, they are a strange thing to love, but after all, this is supposed to be a safe space to share!) By deconstructing the entirety of the task, I was able to clearly see what I needed to do: Clean for Chametz. Buy Pots. Make a Menu. Kasher Kitchen. Cook. Pesach done. (Mic drop.) Everest I am so sorry that you went through a difficult time, and I’m sure that it took tremendous strength to get to where you are now. While it can feel daunting to start over again in dating, it can also be an exciting fresh start for you. You are not the same person you were at 20. You have age and experience in your back pocket and a more concrete understanding of what you are looking for in a future spouse. You know what you need, you know what you want, and I’m hoping you now know what you deserve. Still, the journey can feel overwhelming as the path to new beginnings is often not clearly marked. So instead of envisioning a mountain that you can’t possibly scale, picture small hills that are easier to climb.

Next, talk to your siblings or close relatives and ask them to speak to any trusted friends who may know someone for you. After that, if you work in a Jewish environment, tell your co-workers that you are ready to start dating so that they can keep you in mind. Then, tell your local rebbetzin and the neighbors that you feel close to. They may have been waiting for you to give them a sign that you are available again, and could have someone wonderful to set you up with. The people who know and love you might not have approached you before because they wanted to offer you the respect and space you needed. They are not mind readers, so let them know that you are ready to date again so that they can help you. I’m sure they would all be thrilled to bring more joy into your life.

Denali Step one: Call a shadchan. Today, we are blessed with shadchanim who cater to all sorts of demographics and groups – those who want to work with younger singles, older singles, or singles who have been married before. Find a shadchan who is happy to work with you and understands your position and hopes for the future.

Sinai If someone interesting is suggested and he sounds promising to you, go out on a date. Date with honesty and integrity, and expect the same from the men you are set up with. Be cautious and take the time you need to make decisions that feel right to you. Speak to a dating coach or trusted rebbetzin when you are unsure, and trust yourself to make a choice that is right for you this second time around. Everybody is worthy of love and a partner who makes him or her happy. You will find that person. Don’t stop until you do. Henni Halberstam is a dating and marriage coach. To schedule a phone session with her, or to contact her for any other reason, e-mail hennihalberstam@gmail. com.

image, though, doesn’t begin to suggest compromise and respect, which are foundational pillars of any union. Listening, accepting, tolerating a divergent view, postponing – these are the windows of the walls of marriage. We can’t know what fantasy our sons or daughters carry when they date. Are they running towards marriage or running away from what’s intolerable to them – being a child and accountable, or even suffering they’ve endured? Do they believe marriage is a magical panacea that will make them automatically happy? Do they ever wonder what happiness is and if it can come automatically? I view life as a ladder climb. I sometimes have to hold onto the ladder’s sides very hard because I am slipping or exhausted. I sometimes stumble, bruising myself in the process. I can remain on a rung or place

my leg on the next rung, forcing my other leg to do the same. Stagnation or growth. If I – a young lady – daydream and believe Prince Charming Tzaddik will carry me off to a life of Torah, avodah, and gemilus chassadim, I am really daydreaming of someone who will carry me on his shoulders and give me a free ride. And if I – a young man – daydream of an eishes chayil utilizing her binah yesira and deeds to “make” me, then I, too, am dreaming of a free ride. No one can climb for us! Two people are supposed to join their lives, placing their ladders next to each other – perhaps even making their ladders one. But each has to make the climb on the basis of his or her own brawn. It won’t work any other way. Nina Yeret is the author of works of historical fiction, available on Amazon. She can be reached at

Advertise your singles event on The Jewish Press’s weekly Singles Page. Call 718-330-1100 x301 or 302. Or e-mail

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Friday, October 11, 2019

Antique Judaica Roadshow BY TSADIK KAPLAN

Etrog Boxes – In All Their Cardboard And Silver Glory As we breathe a sigh of hopeful relief that our prayers were heard during the Yamim Noraim, we now focus our attention to getting ready for Sukkot. After we inspect an etrog to purchase, some of us will take the etrog and place it in a sturdy box so it can be kept safe from possible damage during the holiday. In the world of antique Judaica, it appears that containers made specifically for the purpose of holding an etrog is a rather late development, as the oldest verified etrog boxes (either cast in the actual shape of an etrog, or a box with a Hebrew inscription on it relating to Sukkot), date no earlier than the 18th century. The oldest representation of an etrog itself is found on bronze coins minted during the First Jewish Revolt against the Romans, specifically those in the years 69 and 70 CE. In the photos shown (see figures 1 & 2), one side has an etrog, 1. while the other side has two lulavim. The ancient Hebrew script around the etrog states “For the redemption of Zion,” and around the lulavim “Year four quarter” (meaning the coin was minted in the fourth year of the revolt, and the value of the coin is of a quarter of a shekel). Coins like this, when appearing for sale, can vary from a few hundred 2. dollars to many thousands of dollars, as it all depends on the condition of the coin, and in some cases, the provenance. A personal favorite antique etrog box of mine is one that resides in the collection of the Israel Museum (figure 3). The box is made of the most simple, basic material imaginable: cardboard. Atop the cardboard are hundreds of dyed glass beads on strips of cloth that were painstakingly placed in such a way to reveal colorful Hebrew words that relate to the Biblical commandment for the etrog, the name of the owner of the box, and the date, which is 1860. It is thought that this box was made in Germany.

3. A silver container cast in the shape of an etrog (figure 4) sold at Sotheby’s in London last year for $15,000. It was made in 1851 in Glasgow, Scotland, which explains why the price realized was so high when compared to the estimate given by Sotheby’s, which was $4,000 - $6,000. Judaica made in countries where the Jewish population was very small, tends to be significantly more valuable than a similar item


5. made in a country which has a much larger Jewish population. For example, if the Glasgow container was made in Germany or the Netherlands, it would sell in the $2,500 - $3,500 range. One of the most fascinating etrog boxes to appear for sale in recent years was at Sotheby’s in New York, in 2011 (figure 5). The title of the lot was “An Arts and Crafts etrog Container, circa 1925.” Given an estimate of $6,000 - $8,000, it sold for $18,750. I remember going to the sale to examine the box in person, and was amazed at the quality of the piece, as there was extremely skilled work made by hand in the silver which revealed beautifully executed Hebrew wording on the lid and around the box, as well as a procession of bearded men in talleisim holding the lulav and etrog. Frustratingly, there were no hallmarks to be found on this box, which was surprising to me, as it was quite apparent that the box was made by someone who was a trained and very talented silversmith, and said maker would be proud to announce himself as the creator of the piece with his signature or monogram. The style of the Hebrew letters and decoration indicated a date of manufacture 6. of the 1920’s or 30’s, likely by someone in Germany or the U.S. Personally, I felt it could only be done by one of a handful of Jewish silversmiths in Germany that were producing Judaica of this quality at the time. Indeed, after the box was purchased, research by the buyer, the Judaica dealer Jonathan Greenstein, located a photograph of this very etrog box in a German newspaper from 1924! It was stated that it was done by Baruch Friedlander, a noted maker of Judaica, who fled Germany to Palestine in the 1930’s and continued making Judaica throughout the 1950’s in Israel. His German-produced Judaica pieces are extremely rare and highly desirable. His efforts in pursuing this etrog box, from the purchase itself to

the research, made Mr. Greenstein the owner of a Judaica object worth substantially more than what he paid. Finally, the etrog box that has achieved the greatest sum ever at auction (figure 6) may surprise our readers, as it is not an antique, nor is it from pre-war Europe. Given an estimate of $30,000 - $50,000 by Sotheby’s in 2013, the box sold for an astounding $93,750. This is because the silver box, made entirely by hand, was made and signed by Ilya Schor. Ilya Schor was an artist, painter, jeweler, engraver, sculptor, and maker of Judaica. Born in Poland in 1904, he trained at the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts in 1930, and in 1937, he was awarded a grant by the Polish government to study in Paris, where he exhibited his works in a Salon in 1938 with success. He fled Paris in 1940, eventually making his way to New York City. This etrog box, made in New York in 1956, features hand cut and engraved panels of figures from Tanach; Avraham, Yitzchak, Yaakov, Moshe, Aharon, Dovid. There is a man holding a Torah and a man holding a lulav and etrog, a boy with a kippa and payos holding a lulav and etrog and a girl holding a Simchas Torah flag. The lid features a fully-formed three-dimensional family Sukkot scene flanked by birds. There are collectors just of works by Schor, and this was a rare opportunity: while some Judaica made by Schor, such as mezuzah cases, appear on the market from time to time, larger, elaborate pieces like this etrog box, do not. Silver

works by Schor are so collectible that forgeries began appearing in the marketplace beginning in the 1990’s, so to any potential buyers out there, be careful. Shana tova and chag same’ach to all. Tsadik Kaplan is a collector, certified appraiser, and speaker/lecturer on the topic of Judaica. He is the author of the book “Jewish Antiques: From Menorahs to Seltzer Bottles” (Schiffer Publishing). For questions or comments – or to send pictures of your Judaica for future columns – email tsadik613@gmail. com.

Friday, October 11, 2019

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Auto Ignore These Vehicle Repairs And You May Get Pulled Over Many drivers may feel that they don’t have the time or money to address vehicle repairs immediately, but beware: Ignoring some repairs can get you pulled over and even ticketed. “Ignoring certain vehicle repairs may seem to save money in the short term but can lead to extra costs, such as fines or ‘fixit’ tickets, if these problems are not taken care of when they arise,” explains Rich White, executive director, Car Care Council. “In some jurisdictions, car owners may even lose their license for certain violations. A few dollars spent on simple vehicle repairs can help avoid trouble with the law.” While a vehicle is in operation, traffic laws require that certain equipment is properly installed and functioning correctly, including brakes, headlights, turn signals, mirrors, windshields and safety belts, to name a few. The Car Care Council recommends that drivers address these four repairs right away as they present public safety concerns that can earn drivers a traffic ticket on top of a repair bill. • Non-functioning turn signals and headlights or taillights that are cracked or broken. Most states require vehicles to have functioning turn signals as well as two functioning headlights and taillights. Taillights must illuminate red; if a

taillight is cracked, it can give off a white light, which is also typically a traffic violation. • Cracked windshield. If a windshield is cracked, discolored or tinted in a way that obstructs vision, drivers may get ticketed and fined. In some states, vehicle modifications, such as tinted windows, are prohibited. • License plates are unreadable. If the license plate light is out or the plate is otherwise unreadable, drivers may be pulled over. In some states this includes clear or tinted plastic license plate covers. • Loud exhaust system. A defective exhaust system that is too loud, either because it’s been modified or because it needs repairs, can be cause for a ticket. What’s considered loud depends on the state. Many states also require periodic vehicle safety inspections. For an overview by state, visit https:// The Car Care Council is the source of information for the “Be Car Care Aware” consumer education campaign promoting the benefits of regular vehicle care, maintenance and repair to consumers. For the latest car care news, visit the council’s online media room at (NAPSI)

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West Coast Happenings Jeanne Litvin West Coast Editor A JOLLA, CALIFORNIA Mazel Tov – Bar Mitzvah: Jonah Swartzberg, a son of Kevin and Lynn Swartzberg. LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA Mazel Tov – Births: Elisha and Tova Liebhard, a son (Grandparents Steve and Lorraine Spira)… Rabbi Adi and Abby Isaacs, daughter (Grandparents Yaakov and Rayme Isaacs)…Josh and Liora Ligget, a daughter (Grandparents Andy and Beverly Ligget)…Tzvi and Shanna Kravitz a son (Grandparent Rabbi Bentzion and Devora Kravitz) …Yosi and Sara Gross, a son (Grandparents Rabbi Bentzion and Devora Kravitz)…Mendel and Sara Fishman, a son (Grandmother Miriam (Mosha a’h) Fishman…Adam and Jesse Shaked, a son (Grandparents Bill and Joan Lopatin and Avi and Robert Shaked). Mazal Tov to Adam & Jesse Shaked on the birth

of a baby boy! Mazal Tov to grandparents Bill & Joan Lopatin and Avi & Roberta Shaked…Yisroel and Gitty Guy, a daughter (Grandparents Rabbi Refael and Mazak Guy)…Yitzy and Daniella Bendkowsky, a daughter (Grandparents Leo and Roz Eschwege)… Yitschok Dovid and Sara Friedman (Grandparents Rabbi Jacob and Lea Friedman…Dan and Elizabeth Greenwald, a daughter (Grandparents Elie and Feigie Marciano)…Adam and Aliza Frankel, a son (Grandparents Steve and Sarah Fink)…Rabbi David and Gila Block, a son (Grandparents Rabbi Elazar and Ruchama Muskin and Michael and Debbie Block)… Ephraim and Devorah Rauch, a son and a daughter (Grandparents Shimon and eah Lesserson). Mazel Tov – Bar Mitzvah: Zev and Eli Silver, sons of Steven and Tzipapy Silver…Avrohom Jacobius, son of Rabbi Doron and Bina Jocobius. Mazel Tov – Engagements: Shaina Tendler, daughter of Rabbi Yeuda and Aviva Tendler to Yehoshua Gan Yehoshua Ganz from Lakewood, NJ… Sara Leah Thompson, daughter of Benjamin and Ella Thompson to Marc Leeb from Silver Spring, MD… Sara Elspas, daughter of Dr. Shlomo and Rachel Elspas to to Toviya Slager of Minneapolis…Yerachmiel Baruch Friedman, son of Menashe and Yehuda Hyam to Hadassah Hyam from Baltimore…Chananya Shapiro, son of Neal and Fay Shapiro.

OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA Mazel Tov – Births: Ronen and Nora Ruben, a son (Grandparents Howard and Debby Jacoby Ruben). SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA Mazel Tov - Births: Yossi and Esther Zeidman, a son (Grandparents Alan and Elisheva Green). VALLEY VILLAGE, CALIFORNIA Mazel Tov – Births: Ben Bryman and Harte Hill. A son (Arnold Bryman and Luisa Latham…Moshe and Dina Franklin (Grandfather Zoltan Ackerman). Mazel Tov – Bar Mitzvahs: Eli Silver and Zev Silver, sons of Steven and Tzippy Silver. DENVER, COLORADO Mazel Tov – Births: Rabbi Yitzchak Menachem and Draiza Engel, a daughter (Grandparents Rabbi Yisroel and Leah Engel)…Motti and Leah Baysa Dayan, a daughter (Grandparents Ken and Chaya Major). HOUSTON, TEXAS Mazel Tov – Births: Gabi and Stephanie Barat, a daughter (Grandmother Shirley Kurtzman)…Jacob and Aliza Bliberg, a daughter.

New ‘HAWK’ Traffic Light Will Make Street Crossing Safer A new pedestrian crossing system was unveiled Wednesday, the first of its kind in Los Angeles. City officials say it will save lives and plan to install more on L.A. streets. A HAWK beacon, short for “High-intensity Activated cross Walk,” is now in place on 6th Street near Spaulding Avenue in the Miracle Mile neighborhood. “There have been far too many accidents on this stretch of Sixth Street, which connects residential areas like Park La Brea to L.A. icons like LACMA and the La Brea Tar Pits,” City Councilman David Ryu said in a statement. “That is why we have been implementing many data-driven solutions that reduce the rate of accidents and save lives up and down Sixth Street.” That stretch of roadway is part of the city’s High-Injury Network – a 6%-portion of L.A. streets that account for 70% of pedestrian deaths and severe injuries. According to city data, two pedestrians and a bicyclist have been killed on that section of 6th Street since 2012. The HAWK beacon uses a three-light yellow and red system, which is activated when a pedestrian pushes the button to cross. A 2010 study from the Federal Highway Ad-

ministration found the HAWK beacons can reduce overall traffic crashes by nearly 30%, and pedestrian-related crashes by nearly 70%. (Courtesy LADOT) First a yellow light flashes to alert motorists to slow down before remaining steady, like a typical yellow light. Then, twin red lights remain on as pedestrians enter the crosswalk on a timer. As the crossing time winds down, the red lights flash off and on, then go dark, allowing cars to drive on through. The system was first designed in Tucson, Ariz. in the late 1990s, based on already existing European pedestrian signals. A 2010 study by the Federal Highway Administration found the beacons can reduce vehicle vs. pedestrian crashes by 69% and overall traffic crashes by 29%. Those are important statistics as the city grapples with a dramatic spike in pedestrian deaths in recent years. According to preliminary city data, Courtesy: LADOT nearly 880 people have been killed while walking L.A. streets from 2010 through 2018. Pedestrian deaths have exceeded motor vehicle deaths on city streets every year in that period.

An LADOT official previously told LAist the city is bracing for another “tough year” of traffic deaths and that they’re “not seeing the kinds of declines that we want to see.” Though this initial HAWK beacon was enacted through a separate street signal program, CECILLE COHEN the city plans to install more of them through its Vision Zero initiaResidential Brokerage tive, which aims to elim(323) 460-7629 Direct inate all traffic deaths in (323) 462-9405 Fax L.A. by 2025.

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10 Of The Largest Airlines In The World Being able to find a great airline is something that most people strive for each time they fly. There are so many unexpected things that can happen when you’re flying that there are certainly things that each person should consider. One of the things that has been notable in the past ten years is that the steady flow of air travel has continued to grow. There are a few airlines who have put themselves in the position to be able to consider themselves the top airlines from around the globe. Of course, there are many different ways in which you could consider the top airlines. Some choose to look at the number of flights that each airline offers or the number of planes that are a part of their fleet. However, today we

are looking at the largest airlines in the world by the number of passengers that they carried throughout the world. In 2018, the airline industry brought in almost $600 billion. Even with a recession affecting many parts of the world, airlines reported an 8% increase in profits, which means that more people were actually traveling than before. American Airlines Passengers per year: 198.7 million Headquarters location: Fort Worth, Texas Number of hubs: 11 Size of fleet: 956 aircrafts Revenue (of its parent company, American Airlines Group, Inc): $44.541 billion (2018) While American Airlines is already the most traveled-on airline, there | Connect with us on Dan Hotels Israel King David, Jerusalem | Dan Tel Aviv | Dan Carmel, Haifa | Dan Jerusalem Dan Eilat | Dan Accadia, Herzliya-on-Sea | Dan Caesarea | Dan Panorama Tel Aviv Dan Panorama Haifa | Dan Panorama Jerusalem | Dan Panorama Eilat Dan Boutique, Jerusalem | Dan Gardens Ashkelon | Link hotel & hub TLV The Den, Bengaluru | Neptune Eilat | Ruth Safed | Mary’s Well, Nazareth


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is no reason to assume that they will not be dominating airspace for years to come. In fact, they have current plans to increase their airline fleet by more than 100 aircrafts, which means that they will be offering more than their current 6,500 annual flights around the globe. American Airlines is today part of the American Airlines Group which is a result of American Airlines merging with U.S. Airways. The company had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and it almost ruined them, but instead they have continued to rise from their past. Fortune Magazine even ranked the company as one of their best turnarounds in 2016.

Delta Airlines Passengers per year: 183.7 million Headquarters location: Atlanta, Georgia Number of hubs: 14 Size of fleet: 885 aircrafts Revenue: $44.438 billion (2018)

Delta is one of the largest airlines in the world carrying passengers to six continents and allowing for many of their passengers to see the world. Their headquarters are located in Hatsfield – Jackson Atlanta International Airport which is the busiest airport in the United States. Delta Airlines is the oldest airline that is still operating in the United States. This is something to remember because there is a reason that the company has been able to maintain their customer base for so long. The company continues to rank in Fortune Magazine’s World’s Most Admired Companies. In addition, the company has ranked in a number of different surveys and polls as being a top choice for many travelers.

Southwest Airlines Passengers per year: 151.8 million Headquarters location: Dallas, Texas Number of hubs: 13 Size of fleet: 720 aircrafts Revenue: $21.965 billion (2018) Southwest Airlines was founded in 1966 and has been growing ever since. Today they offer flights to 101 destinations, with aircrafts flying to 40 of the states in America. One of the things that makes South-

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west so successful is their unique business model that deserves some attention. They choose to purchase only one plane for their entire fleet. The chosen aircraft model is the Boeing 737. This allows them to cut costs when trying to outfit their planes as everything fits the exact same way inside. This also helps with cutting costs to service the plane and in being able to find qualified mechanics as they only need to be experts in one plane model. While they are not the number one airline, there are many things that they do well. The company started as a small airline in 1971 and have grown to be one of the top airlines in the entire world. The company continues to have an increase in their profits each year. Southwest has also been ranked as one of the Top 50 World’s Most Admired Companies from Fortunes Magazine. The company has won many industry awards for their customer service, safety, and environmental standards. United Airlines Passengers per year: 143.2 million Headquarters location: Chicago, Illinois Number of hubs: 10 Size of fleet: 758 aircrafts Revenue: $41.303 billion (2018)

Ryanair Passengers per year: 119.8 million Headquarters location: Dublin, Ireland Number of hubs: 50 Size of fleet: 349 aircrafts Revenue: €7.151 (2018)

Ryanair is the largest of all the airlines in Europe and is based in Ireland. Ryanair covers a lot of airspace and offers flights to thirty-four countries which are located throughout Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. Ryanair works to keep prices affordable and follows some of the other airlines on this list in some of their practices that have helped to reduce the overall cost of operations. One of these is that they use mostly one single plane model which helps to reduce a number of different expenses. This airline has a mixed reputation. It is very low frills which means you are not going to be getting any extras as they have cut all of those out to keep the prices as low as possible. China Southern Airlines Passengers per year: 84.9 million Headquarters location: Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China Number of hubs: 6 Size of fleet: 515 aircrafts Revenue: CN¥ 127.806 billion (2017) China Southern Airlines is the larg-

United Airlines was actually founded under the name Varney Air Lines in 1926. Today they operate a fleet of 758 aircrafts. United Airlines offers some of the most popular domestic and international flights leaving from the United States. They are known for their comfort and for being a great airline to work with if you have customer service issues. One of the things that they are not great with is fares. United Airlines tickets are often more expensive than their competition, but their customer service is great enough that many people choose to only fly United. One interesting fact about the United Airlines past is that the stewardesses at one time were all trained nurses who were able to provide care if someone had an emergency medical situation while on the plane.

est airline in China. They operate over 2,000 flights and offer services to 210 destinations in thirty-five different countries. This airline is continuing to grow each year and it is expected to be a major player in the international airline game. They are the number one airline in China and continue to have a good high quality flight for their passengers which keeps them coming back. The company also has won some awards in China. They have made it onto the Top 50 Chinese Companies list several years in a row. In addition, they were able to win the Stars of China Award in 2014. They were originally part of China’s SkyTeam which was an alliance of six different Chinese airlines, but they did part ways a few years ago. (To be continued) This article originally appeared on

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The Universality Of Sukkot The Torah reading on the first two days of Sukkot (Leviticus 22:26-23:44) outlines the festivals that give rhythm and structure to the Jewish year. Examining them carefully, however, we see that Sukkot is unusual and unique. One detail that had a significant influence on Jewish liturgy appears later on, in Deuteronomy 16:1415: “Be joyful at your Feast … For seven days celebrate the Feast to the Lord your G-d at the place the Lord will choose. For the Lord your G-d will bless you in all your harvest and in all the work of your hands, and your joy will be complete.” Speaking of the three pilgrimage festivals – Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot – Deuteronomy speaks of “joy.” But it does not do so equally. In the context of Pesach, it makes no reference to joy; in that of Shavuot, it speaks of it once; in Sukkot, as we see from the above quotation, it speaks of it twice. Is this significant? If so, how? (It was this double reference that gave Sukkot its alternative name in Jewish tradition: z’man simchateinu, the season of our joy.) There is a second strange feature that appears in this reading. Uniquely, Sukkot is associated with two mitzvot, not one. The first: “Beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the Lord for seven days… On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and willows of the brook, and rejoice before

the Lord your G-d for seven days” (Leviticus 23:3940). This is a reference to the arba minim (four kinds) – palm branch, citron, myrtle and willow leaves – taken and waved on Sukkot. The second command is quite different: “Live in booths for seven days. All native-born Israelites are to live in booths, so your descendants will know that I made the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your G-d” (Leviticus 23:42-43). This is the command to leave our house and live in the temporary dwelling that gives Sukkot its name: the festival of Tabernacles, or booths, or huts. It is an annual reminder of portable homes in which the Israelites lived during their journey through the wilderness. No other festival has this dual symbolism. Not only are the four kinds and the tabernacle different in character; they are even seemingly opposed to one another. The four kinds and the rituals associated with them are about rain. They were, says Maimonides (Guide for the Perplexed, III: 43), the most readily available products of the land of Israel, reminders of the fertility of the land. By contrast, the command to live for seven days in booths, with only leaves for a roof, presupposes the absence of rain. If it rains on Sukkot, we are exempt from the command (for as long as the rain lasts, and providing it is sufficiently strong to spoil food on the table). The difference goes deeper. On the one hand, Sukkot is the most universalistic of all festivals. The prophet Zechariah foresees the day when it will be celebrated by all humanity: “The Lord will be king over the whole earth. On that day the Lord will be one, and His name the only name… Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tab-

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IF YOU PLAN TO TRAVEL for the Yomin Tovim, protect yourself against measles and get vaccinated.

IF YOU TRAVELED AND YOU HAVE fever, cough, red eyes, runny nose and body rash, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY!

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Sacks Continued from p.98 ernacles. If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, they will have no rain. If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain” (Zechariah 14:9, 16-17). The sages interpreted the fact that seventy bulls were sacrificed in the course of the festival (Numbers 29:12-34) to refer to the seventy nations (the traditional number of civilizations). Following the cues in Zechariah, they said that “on the festival [of Sukkot], the world is judged in the matter of rain” (Mishnah, Rosh Hashanah 1:2). Sukkot is about the universal need for rain. At the same time, however, it is the most particularist of festivals. When we sit in the sukkah, we recall Jewish history – not just the forty years of wandering in the wilderness, but also the entire experience of exile. The sukkah is defined as a “temporary dwelling (dirat arai).” It is the most powerful symbol of Jewish history. No other nation could see its home not as a castle, a fortress or a triumphal arch, but as a fragile tabernacle. No other nation was born not in its land, but in the desert. Far from being universalist, Sukkot is intensely particularistic. It is the festival of a people like no other, whose only protection was its faith in the sheltering wings of the Divine presence. It is almost as if Sukkot were two festivals, not one. It is. Although all the festivals are listed together, they in fact represent two quite different cycles. The first is the cycle of Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot.

These tell the unique story of Jewish identity and history: the exodus (Pesach), the revelation at Mount Sinai (Shavuot), and the journey through the wilderness (Sukkot). Celebrating them, we reenact the key moments of Jewish memory. We celebrate what it is to be a Jew. There is, however, a second cycle – the festivals of the seventh month: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and Sukkot. Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are not only about Jews and Judaism. They are about G-d and humanity as a whole. The language of the prayers is different. We say, “Instill your awe upon all Your works, and fear of You on all that You have

The sukkah represents the experience of exile and homecoming, and the long journey across the wilderness of time.

created.” The entire liturgy is strikingly universalist. The Days of Awe are about the sovereignty of G-d over all humankind. On them, we reflect on the human – not just the Jewish – condition. The two cycles reflect the dual aspect of G-d: as creator and as redeemer. As creator, G-d is universal. We are all in G-d’s image, formed in His likeness. We share a covenant of human solidarity (the Noahide covenant). We are fellow citizens of the world G-d made and entrusted to our care. As redeemer, however, G-d is particular. Whatever His relationship to other nations (and He has a relationship with other nations: so Amos and Isaiah insist), Jews know Him through His saving acts in Israel’s







history: exodus, revelation, and the journey to the Promised Land. No sooner have we identified the two cycles than we see what makes Sukkot unique. It is the only festival belonging to both. It is part of the cycle of Jewish history (Pesach-Shavuot-Sukkot), and part of the sequence of the seventh month (Rosh Hashanah-Yom Kippur-Sukkot). Hence the double joy. The four kinds represent the festival’s universality. They symbolize nature, rain, and the cycle of the seasons – things common to all humanity. The sukkah represents the singular character of Jewish history, the experience of exile and homecoming, and the long journey across the wilderness of time. In a way not shared by any other festival, Sukkot celebrates the dual nature of Jewish faith: the universality of G-d and the particularity of Jewish existence. We all need rain; we are all part of nature; we are all dependent on the complex ecology of the created world. Hence the four kinds. But each nation, civilization, and religion is different. As Jews we are heirs to a history unlike that of any other people: small, vulnerable, suffering exile after exile – yet surviving. Hence the Sukkah. Humanity is formed out of our commonalities and differences. As I once put it, “If we were completely different, we could not communicate. If we were all the same, we would have nothing to say.” Sukkot brings both together: our uniqueness as a people, and our participation in the universal fate of mankind. Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks, former chief rabbi of the British Commonwealth, is the author of many books of Jewish thought. He is a professor at YU and NYU.

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YI Of Memphis Sends Rosh Hashanah Care Packages To Air Force

The Jewish Press

This Pesach Join us On the mountain

By Rabbi Akiva Males

Award-Winning Skiing on Whistler and Blackcomb Mountain Full Resort Buyout • Our 9th Consecutive Year For the second year in a row, Young Israel (YI) of Memphis played a role in lifting the spirits of some of our country’s brave Jewish troops, who were far away from a

Just prior to Rosh Hashanah, in partnership with Memphis’s own Ricki’s Cookie Corner, YI sent Rappeport 55 care packages of Ricki’s signature cookies and challah

normal Yom Tov setting. Almost 10 years ago, I got to know Rabbi Shaul Rappeport who was then serving as an Orthodox rabbi in a small Pennsylvania community. Since then, Rabbi Rappeport has switched “pulpits,” and is now serving as a chaplain in the U.S. Air Force (USAF), stationed in San Antonio, Texas. After getting in touch with Captain (Rabbi) Rappeport, I confirmed that he would once again be more than happy to distribute care packages to Jewish servicemen/ women on Young Israel’s behalf.

rolls – along with notes from YI – to distribute to Jewish servicemen/women before the holidays. During a pre-Rosh Hashanah gathering, Rabbi Rappeport distributed all the care packages on YI’s behalf to some very appreciative Jewish USAF personnel. In a subsequent email to me, Rappeport wrote: “Attached are some pictures of smiling airmen enjoying the treats your congregation sent. More than the delicious treats, the fact that Jews in Memphis were thinking of airmen whom they do not know directly –

meant so much to these young recruits spending their first holiday away from home. On their behalf – and mine as well – thank you so much!” Young Israel of Memphis’s Rabbi Akiva Males can be reached via email at:

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Friday, October 11, 2019

 JewiSh newS fRom down UndeR

School Boys Viciously Harassed For Being Jewish

 Dispatch from the culture War front

By Deborah Katz Jewish Press  a special report from palestinian meDia Watch Australia Correspondent idly spreading” and constitute a “monumental crisis.” He said “families are forced to take their children out of public schools and to enroll them in Jewish day schools due to a growing sense of insecurity and feat that their kids will be harmed simply because of who they are.” The Deputy Premier and Minister for Education, the Honorable James Merlino, MP said, “I am…very concerned by the parents’ reports and I have asked for an immediate review into how both schools have handled these matters, to ensure they were dealt with appropriately.”

Jewish boy being forced to kiss the feet of a Muslim classmate.

The Anti-Defamation Commission is warning of a rise in anti-Semitism in Victoria’s public schools. One case that has received a lot of media attention this week concerns a 12-year-old boy who attended Cheltenham Secondary College, Melbourne. He was invited months ago to play football with nine classmates at a park near their school. Once there, a bunch of classmates surrounded him and demanded that he either kiss the feet of a Muslim classmate or endure a beating. He chose the first option and was filmed kissing the Muslim boy’s feet. The video was subsequently posted on Instagram. His mother saw it and approached the school but was advised to report the incident to the police. The school could not take action because the abuse took place off the school’s grounds, she was told. In subsequent weeks and months, the boy was called various anti-Semitic slurs and attacked in the school’s corridor. One day, he was punched in the face, and his mother had to take him to the hospital. She ultimately called Anti-Defamation Commission, Dvir Abramovich who reported the incident with her to the police. Another story that has been in the media concerns a five-year-old child who had to leave Hawthorn West Primary School in Melbourne due to anti-Semitic harassment by school bullies. His classmates made so much fun of his circumcision that he ultimately wet himself as he feared going to the bathroom in school. Dvir Abramovich told the Australian Jewish News that anti-Semitic incidents like these are “rap-

More Psychiatric Tests Ordered For Former Melbourne Principal In late September, another round of psychiatric tests for Malka Liefer was ordered by Judge Chana Lomp of the Jerusalem District Court to ascertain whether Leifer is fit to stand trial. Victims seeking Leifer’s extradition to Australia argue that she has feigned mental illness to avoid extradition. Leifer who is wanted in Australia on 74 counts of sexual abuse of eight of her students while she was principal at the Adass Israel school in Melbourne has already been seen by more than 30 psychiatrists in Israel. Dave Sharma, Liberal member for Wentworth and former Australian ambassador to Israel said, “I think it is poor for Israel reputationally because no country wants to get a reputation as being a safe haven for sexual fugitives, which is the way this is heading.” Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews wrote a letter to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stating, “[O] ur state believes Malka Leifer must be extradited, in order to face the scrutiny of the criminal justice system in Australia. I am hopeful that in writing to you, the Israeli justice system can move quickly to right this wrong. Victims and families deserve nothing less.” 200 Attend Gala Israel Dinner Approximately 200 people attended a gala dinner hosted by United Israel Appeal’s Friends of Israel Division last week. The function was held at the RACV Royal Pines Resort in Queensland. The keynote speaker was Pastor Larry Huch, founder of New Beginnings Church in Dallas, Texas. Other speakers were Israel’s ambassador to Australia, Mark Sofer, and former Israeli Ashkenazi chief rabbi, Rav Yisrael Meir Lau.

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ing four home runs. I silently rooted for 20-year-old Al Kaline in 1955, as he hit two home runs in one inning and the Tigers blew away Kansas City 16-0. Kaline would go on to lead the American League in batting, becoming the youngest player ever to lead the league. Fast forward to Kalineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s last year as a player, in 1974. It was my first year as a baseball writer and photographer working for a baseball monthly, and Kaline was the first player I interviewed. Besides getting to know the ballplayers, I got to know the old ballpark better as I was granted field, clubhouse, dugout, and press box privileges. I got to know the people working behind the

The Old Tiger Stadium Time flies. The baseball season flew by, and weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re now following the postseason playoffs to see who will face off in the World Series. But in the television of my mind, the channels seem to focus most often on 20 years ago, on the last game of the 1999 season in Detroit. It was the last game ever at Tiger Stadium. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve thought of Tiger Stadium often in the last 20 years. It was my fun place and it became my workplace. I saw my


Tiger Stadium in 1998.


first game there in 1950, as a young- scenes and in the front office, helping ster with the Yeshiva Beth Yehudah to pave the way for me to join the front Day Camp. It was called Briggs Stadi- office and work for the Tigers after the um then, after the family that owned 1983 season. They knew I was an Orthe Tigers, and was renamed Tiger Sta- thodox Jew and agreed that I would not dium in 1961 when a new owner took work on Saturdays or Jewish holidays. charge. 1984 was the stadiumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s best Growing up year attenin the fabulous dance-wise, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;50s in Detroit, and my first In 1985, I became the answer with a yeshiva full season culday school and minated with to a trivia question: Who a nice-sized Ora World Series thodox commucounted each and every seat in ring with my nity, was great. name engraved At one time, on it. In 1985, I Tiger Stadium? there were five became the anYoung Israel swer to a trivia branches in question: Who the city. And that had a large impact counted each and every seat in Tiger on our family. My parents came from Stadium? big families; they and their siblings all After the season, during our slowstayed Orthodox, and their children fol- est time, I was asked to confirm every lowed in their footsteps. Young Israel seat and bleacher space in the stodeserves much credit for keeping youth ried stadium. The Tigers were being in the fold across America in the good computerized, and the ticket departold days. ment needed to verify each section of I spent many days at the dou- stadium seating against an existing ble-decked ballpark with the old green schematic. With clipboard in hand, I wooden seats. I saw Joe DiMaggio in viewed the field from every row in the 1951 (his last year as a player), and a upper and lower decks. I discovered young rookie that year named Mickey a box seat in the lower deck and six Mantle. I saw the legendary Satchell reserved seats in the upper deck that Paige baffle the Tigers with a weird the schematics didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t list and that had assortment of windups and pitches. I therefore had never, ever been sold in watched in awe as Ted Williams had Continued on p.107 seven hits  in a double-header, includ-

Friday, October 11, 2019

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 Dispatch from the culture War front

Jewish Group Gears Up To Fight For Abortion

 a special report from palestinian meDia Watch

What’s on the minds of leftist elites at the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) two days before Yom Kippur? Abortion. Permissive abortion laws in America have resulted in the deaths of an estimated 60 million pre-born babies, but NCJW CEO Sheila Katz is concerned – not with the welfare of future helpless babies in the womb – but the ability of women who want to terminate the life within them. “It’s a scary time to be a woman in America,” she wrote in an e-mail to the group’s members and friends. “We learned on Friday that the Supreme Court will be hearing June Medical Services v. Gee this term. It will be the first big abortion case since Justice Brett Kavanaugh joined the Court.”

She says NCJW will be “urging Congress to investigate Justice Kavanaugh” and “supporting women, particularly low-income women, women of color, and trans individuals…and enact state and local laws to ensure access to abortion no matter where they live.” She promised NCJW members: “We will do everything in our power, with the full engagement of all 90,000 advocates and supporters across the country, to ensure that everyone has access to safe abortions.”

Illinois To Teach Radical Left ideology This week, Joy Pullmann, executive editor of The Federalist, wrote an article on Illinois’s education laws that’s worth reading. The article begins:

“Starting July 1, 2020, all Illinois public schools are legally required to teach children LGBT history and only buy textbooks that include the topic. NPR affiliate Illinois Public Radio labeled Christian and conservative opposition to this law while it was being considered as stemming from ‘hate groups.’” She continues, “The explicit goal of such laws, which are also in place in California, Colorado, New Jersey, and Oregon, is to make children agree with the left’s views of sexuality, which contradict the historic views of all major world religions. This is not only the open, stated goal of those pushing such laws but also explicit in the curriculum.” We encourage readers to look up the article to appreciate how far-left radicals are trying to influence the minds of the next generation.


sented (I used my connections), and the old ballpark had its first and last minyan for Mincha and Maariv under the stands of the upper deck left field corner. When it came time for closing ceremonies, fans stood and cameras clicked as 63 former Tigers players trotted out (some were driven in golf carts) from behind the center field flagpole to their former positions. The biggest cheer of the evening came when Mark “The Bird” Fidrych flew out and headed straight to the pitching mound, dropped to his knees, and used the pitching hand that led the league in 1976 to scoop dirt from the mound into a plastic bag. Fidrych then stood up, took off his

cap, and waved it in all directions as he circled the mound. Since that memorable evening 20 years ago, more than half of the 63 former players (including Fidrych) have died. But as long as there are baseball cards and a new generation of collectors, the names, faces and records of the players from previous generations will live on. Irwin Cohen – an author, columnist, and public speaker – worked for the Detroit Tigers (doing marketing and public relations) from 1983-1992 during which time he became the first Orthodox Jew to earn a World Series ring. He can be reached at

Continued from p.106 all the years since the old green seats were replaced by blue and orange plastic seats. Fast forward to the stadium’s final game, on September 27, 1999. It was as good as it gets, with all seats sold well in advance and the Tigers winning on a grand-slam home run. Warm weather and blue skies hovered around the city, and gates opened several hours before the game so fans could walk around and reflect. The Detroit Jewish community was well repre-


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Friday, Friday,June October 22, 2018 11, 2019

Tweets of the Week Publication of a tweet in this column should not be regarded as an endorsement of the tweet or the person behind it. If you see a tweet you think should be featured here, e-mail

The Week in Tweets

Friday, October 11, 2019

A Fantastic New Menu At A Boro Park Linchpin Since 1994, China Glatt has been a culinary highlight of Boro Park’s bustling 13th Avenue shopping district. Last summer, China Glatt upped its game with a tasteful makeover by designer Sruly Schechter, giving it just the right mix of contemporary decor, privacy, and a comfortable ambiance to match its reputation for delicious Chinese and American kosher cuisine.

the main, soup and side dishes which followed. We sampled four main dishes. The Blazing Beef was the best, consisting of crispy steak slices in a pleasantly tangy Chinese sauce. The Sherry Beef had an agreeable smoky flavor. The marinated Grilled Flanken, a selection from the non-Chinese section of the menu, was perfectly prepared. My wife enjoyed the crispy Fish Kebobs in a spicy sauce. My traditional Chinese hot and sour soup was just right. The only disappointment was an uninspired dessert selection. As the restaurant began filling up, the dining atmosphere remained pleasant. Sound from nearby tables was muffled, allowing for easy conversations. A high-backed bench seat separating each table along the sides of the room turned them into de facto booths, enhancing the sense of privacy while maintaining a mostly open view. Care was taken in the proper presentation of the food. The Chinese waiters were neat and responsive. Attention was paid to small details. For example, the linen napkins matched the gray accent color which dominates the room’s low-key de-

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In Memoriam




One weekday evening at the end of August, my wife and I visited China Glatt to taste-test from its diverse menu. China Glatt’s owner and manager, Sholom Witriol, told us that his goal has always been to run a good place for family dining, with a price range that makes it practical for even those of modest means to enjoy a night out, even when it isn’t a special occasion. In addition to a long list of Chinese specialties, China Glatt’s menu has someexperienced a funeral of a close thing to appeal to every kosher taste. Customers ivor, deported from Hungary, my can choose from classically prepared beef, chick- cor. mber I attended, unfortunately. parents, grandmother, ChinahisGlatt hashis mastered andsix balanced the difen and grill favorites, savory steaks, health-conficult challenges scious fish and salad which face every dishes, as well as neighborhood kosushi appetizers and sher restaurant. a kid-friendly menu. It has created a My wife and I 4413 13th Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11219 pleasant, famistarted with a pu ly-friendly dining pu platter offering 718-438-2576 atmosphere with a samples of different Meat touch of class, and Chinese appetizers offers its clientele served hot, the traSupervision: Tartikov Beis Din a broad selection ditional way. While of tasty, properit has become somely-prepared Chithing of a rarity, the nese and traditionpu pu platter remains the best way to judge the consistency of a restaurant’s al kosher dishes in a wide price range. At the end of the evening, my wife and I agreed food. In this case, each of the items, including the egg rolls, beef sticks, wontons and baby chicken, was that we would enjoy coming back to continue our fresh, properly prepared, and tastefully spiced. They journey of culinary exploration through China set a high standard which was maintained by each of Glatt’s extensive menu.



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Continued from page 7

Ironically, in the guidance itself, the Commission says the phrase “immigration status” was substituted for the actual statutory language (i.e., “alienage and citizenship”) “as ‘alienage,’ as a derivative of ‘alien’ may be offensive.” No, we are not joking. It appears that the City would seek to levy substantial fines for words commonly used in local and national laws and are also fundamentally descriptive. And as for threatening to call ICE, we wonder what the City thinks about actually calling ICE? Are citizens now to be subject to sanction if they seek to assist in the enforcement of federal law? This is not the first time the City has moved in this direction. In an earlier guidance, the Human Rights Commission interpreted the statutory prohibitions against gender discrimination as including a requirement that employers and landlords refer to transgender employees and tenants by the pronouns of their choice. Some transgender individuals were said to prefer the use of pronouns other than the traditional he/him/his or she/her/ hers. The guideline notes that some transgender people choose “ze” which apparently is the third person singular, such as he and she; and “hir” which

is the third person plural, similar to they. “Gender expression may not be distinctively male or female and may not conform to traditional gender-based stereotypes assigned to specific gender identities,” the Commission said. The Commission told the New York Post that the pronoun guidelines were not meant to apply to accidental misuses of pronouns, only those “situations in which individuals intentionally and repeatedly target transgender and gender non-conforming people with this type of harassment.” According to the Post, the idea of pronouns other than “he/she” has come to the fore as more people are identifying with “non-binary” gender roles, meaning not traditional male/female. We find all of this troubling. Not only are the new rules directed at speech and are efforts to enforce new sets of politically correct values on New Yorkers. They are also arbitrary enlargements of statutory enactments and the work products of administrative agencies, and not legislatures. It seems to us that the latter is the place where these sort of changes should be taken up – not in appointed, unrepresentative bodies.


literacy at an all-time low, the liberal Jewish establishment seeks to retain its members by embracing their lowest common denominator. That commonality is not Judaism. It’s progressivism. Whereas the 2013 Pew survey of American Jews showed that a mere 19 percent of American Jews believe that observing Jewish law is an essential part of what it means to be Jewish, 56 percent said working for justice and equality is an essential part of Judaism. In light of the data, facing mass assimilation and a membership with an increasingly weak sense of Jewish identity, many non-Orthodox Jewish communities now conflate progressive politics with Jewish identity. By serving as a political outlet for their members, the apparent thinking goes, these non-Orthodox communities hope to retain their members. The problem with this strategy is that with anti-Semitism rapidly becoming a major component of progressive politics, the more strongly liberal Jews embrace progressivism, the less capable they become of defending their Judaism – much less defending their fellow Jews who aren’t progressive. And if nothing changes in the trajectory of progressive politics, sooner rather than later, liberal Jews will be forced to abandon either their Jewish identity or their progressive identity. For the American Jewish community to survive this clash, the leaders of the community need to begin fighting for their rights as Jews. Unfortunately, at present, there is little reason for optimism.

Continued from p.10 Brooklyn. Attacks against them are growing more frequent. Jews walking down the streets are beset by assailants who call them “Dirty Jew” and beat them with sticks and fists. Jews are sideswiped with bricks. Jewish women are assaulted, their head coverings violently removed. Synagogues are vandalized. This violence is reminiscent of the black community’s violent pogrom against the Jews of Crown Heights in 1991. One of the main leaders who incited the pogrom was Rev. Al Sharpton. He never apologized for stirring up the mass violence against the Jews, but he has risen in stature in the Democratic Party to the point where Democratic presidential hopefuls make pilgrimages to him in the hope of securing his endorsement. MSNBC gave him a show. On Rosh Hashanah, the East Side Synagogue even honored Sharpton at its service. In May, the Religious Action Center of the Reform movement held a conference in Washington, D.C., titled “Consultation on Conscience.” It invited Sharpton, touted as a “civil rights leader,” to speak. The liberal Jewish leadership’s decision to pretend away progressive anti-Semitism is not unhinged. As a decade of survey data has shown conclusively, their communities are in a state of demographic collapse. With the lowest fertility rates in America, with the majority of non-Orthodox Jews intermarrying, and with Jewish

Next editorial on p.111

Friday, October 11, 2019



Continued from page 7

fabulous writer of great wisdom, wit, kindness, and deep insights. Thank you for this wonderful column. Keep it coming. Toby Kahn

Trump Is a Blessing

As a Jew I feel gratitude to President Trump for his friendship to my people. And I am saddened and ashamed that many Jews have turned against him because of differing political views. Unfortunately, our history records many examples of us turning away from friends that G-d has sent us. Jerry Terdiman Woodcliff Lake, NJ

Have We No Self-Respect?

How low can Jewish self-abasement go? The very idea of Manhattan’s East Side synagogue inviting Al Sharpton – a rabid anti-Semite, racial extortionist, and inciter to murder even – into its midst, let alone to deliver a Rosh Hashanah sermon, is beyond bizarre. Apparently, the rabbis of the shul had run out of pertinently inspiring sermons to deliver to congregants. This congregation’s website boasts that people “talk about their [High Holyday services] for months.” This time, they might well talk about it for years, but the comments won’t be complimentary. Richard D. Wilkins Syracuse, NY

Who Should Vote In a Jewish State?

Chief Editor Elliot Resnick’s “Straight Talk” column two weeks ago was spot on. As he noted, the entire Oslo “industry” was born on the Arab vote. Only with it was Yitzhak Rabin able to garner a majority of 61 in the Knesset to support the Oslo Accords. In other words, a Jewish state gave away large swaths of the heartland of biblical Israel even though the majority of voting Jews in Israel opposed this chillul Hashem. Before the only “democracy” in the Middle East banned Rabbi Meir Kahane from running for Knesset, he proclaimed that the 1988 election was not between Labor and Likud, but between Kahane and Arafat. “If you don’t choose Kahane, you’ll get Arafat,” he said. Well, Israel got Arafat in 1993 and now another “Arafat” in the form of the third largest voting bloc in Israel – the 13-seat Joint List. If given the opportunity, this Arab party will team up with the Jewish minority to pass anti-Jewish policies in Israel. The first order of business of a “Kahane” government would have been to ensure that the laws of the Jewish state are determined by Jewish Knesset members elected by Jewish voters. In order to vote in the French state, you must be a Frenchman, in order to vote in the English state, you must be an Englishman, and in order to vote in the Jewish state, you must be a Jew. That’s not racism (a member of any race can become a Jew). That’s logic 101. David Ferster

Hoping Bernie Sanders Retires

Chess Corner

LIGHTER white to move, mate in two


Answer to last week’s puzzle: 1) Bd5+ (essentially forcing black to cxd5) 2) Qh7# (courtesy

A Lighter

Although I wish him a rapid recovery, I would be pleased if Bernie Sanders dropped out of the race because of the heart attack he recently suffered. His views on Israel have been very critical, and he seeks a reduction in, if not elimination of, American aid to Israel. He also support the BDS movement. Unfortunately, the person likely to replace him as the candidate of the far left is Elizabeth Warren, who isn’t much better. Meanwhile, Joe Biden, who is favorable towards Israel, has essentially been eliminated from contention due to his advanced age and associated problems. Essentially, then, the forthcoming presidential election will pit a radical and anti-Israel candidate against Donald Trump. Nelson Marans New York, NY


Jokes for Your Shabbos Table?


Q: What’s the difference between a shlemazal, a shlemiel, and a nudnik? A: A shlemiel spills soup on other people, a shlemazal has soup spilled on him, and a nudnik wants to know exactly what kind of soup it was.

The Jewish Press

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Continued from page 7

The Looming Supreme Court Decision-Making The United States Supreme Court began its new term on Monday amid a swirl of speculation as to how it will come out on several significant issues, including gay and transgender rights, immigration, abortion, guns and religious rights. The uncertainty is the result of the coming-into-its-own of the new 5-4 majority of so-called “conservative” judges and the fact that many of our fiercely controversial federal laws were enacted by left-of-center Congresses and passed upon by like-minded Supreme Court majorities. Many fear significant reversals that would radically change much of our very social infrastructure. What is intriguing is that those who fear the worst act as if the existing order is something akin to the revealed word. And therein lies a fascinating tale. In a recent issue, we noted in this space the continuing severe media criticism of Senator Mitch McConnell, the Republican Majority Leader of the United States Senate, over his refusal to allow the Senate to take up President Obama’s nomination, in the final year of his presidency, of federal appeals Judge Merrick Garland to succeed Antonin Scalia on the Supreme Court. McConnell publicly reasoned that the 2016 presidential elections were looming and the new president – hopefully a conservative Republican, he said, and not a left-leaning Democrat like Obama – should do the choosing. We found it ironic that McConnell, the top Republican at the time, was nevertheless savaged by Democrats and the media for, Heaven Forbid, having defied the top Democrat at the time and played politics with judicial selections. We then fast-forwarded to an interview Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg had recently given to NPR. She was asked why she didn’t retire at age 84 in 2016 when she became ill and when President Obama could have nominated her successor. Justice Ginsberg responded with: It has been suggested by more than one commentator, including some law professors, that I should have stepped down during President Obama’s second term. When that suggestion is made, I ask the question: Who do you think the president could nominate that

could get through the Republican Senate that you would prefer to have on the court than me?” We don’t think she was concerned so much about relative judicial talent but rather the nurturing and extension of the liberal agenda she believed to be the natural order for America. If there is any doubt on this score, Justice Ginsburg doubled down last week in remarks at Amherst College. In the course of her presentation, Justice Ginsburg was asked how she thought people would characterize this period in American history. This key member of the current liberal wing of the Supreme Court replied, “As an aberration.” To be sure she went on to say, “The pendulum goes too far to the right, it’s going to swing back. The same thing too far to the left. So I’m hoping to see it swing back in my lifetime.” But it is clear what she perceives to be the normal and what constitutes a departure from it. When asked whether she was hopeful, she responded “Over the long haul, yes.” The celebrated women’s rights lawyer before her judicial service also confided that “I’m still an advocate.” Small wonder, then, that the left is horrified, perhaps justifiably, by the very real prospect that some of their longtime core notions of public policy are in serious jeopardy before a newly fashioned right-of-center Supreme Court. Thus, the Court is positioned to decide some very big deals. On its current docket are such questions as to whether the U.S. Civil Rights Act protects gay and transgender people from employment discrimination; whether the Trump Administration has the power to strip protection from the 800,000 immigrants known as “Dreamers” who were brought to the United States as children; whether abortion rights should be restricted; whether there should be an extension of the Second Amendment’s right to bear arms; whether states can bar otherwise qualified schools from general aid programs solely because of their religious orientation? Equally as important as the substantive issues are the general principles the Court will apply in making its determinations. All in all we rather think a broad overhaul could be a very good thing.

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TOR AH & HASHKAFA Dear Readers, This past Shabbos, I was privileged to hear Rebbetzin Leah Cohen speak about teshuvah. One of her focuses was on our mindset, on the way we think about our actions and our willingness to change. She talked about Elisha ben Avuyah, known as Acher, who had been a great tanna and the teacher of Rabi Meir. The Gemara tells us that Elisha became a great sinner and a kofer, one who does not recognize Hashem. One Yom Kippur, Elisha ben Avuyah was riding his horse and Rabi Meir called out to him asking him to do teshuvah. Elisha replied that he had heard a bas kol say that everyone could do teshuvah except for Acher, and so there was no hope for him. Is that possible? Could it be that Hashem would not allow one specific person to do teshuvah? Why would a bas kol call out to him if there was no hope? The Rav, Rav Yoshe Ber Soloveitchik explains that as long as Elisha ben Avuyah saw himself as Acher, the other, there was no hope for teshuvah. As the Rav said, Do you know why Elisha rebelled against the Creator, in spite of his greatness in Torah? Because he did not appreciate his own strength, and thus betrayed God. It is as if to say, Elisha knew God’s power, but he did not know his own power to overcome his outer Acher, and thus he turned away from God. His own weak self-awareness and his failure to “know himself” were the real cause of his tragic sin. (As explained in a lecture given in November 1961.) Yom Kippur has passed, Sukkos is just a few short days away, and Hoshanah Rabbah is soon to follow – these are the final opportunities to reach out to our Creator, to recognize what we are capable of being and ensure for ourselves, our families and all of Klal Yisrael a year of simcha and geulah. Have a wonderful Yom Tov,

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T O R A H & H A S H K A FA


The Elephant And Harvard The Secret To Reaching Your Dreams And Potential


magine taking a trip to Asia. There you stand observing the Asian elephant. Serving to this very day in Asia as the primary beast of burden, you begin marveling at its extraordinary ability to trudge through undergrowth day after day and lift up logs that weigh a thousand pounds. And then nighttime falls. Looking up towards the distance, you catch sight of a familiar figure. It’s the same elephant you just observed earlier that day. Looking a bit closer, you struggle to believe what you are seeing. Rubbing your eyes, you look again. Standing there in front of you is a muscular elephant tied to a little peg and frail rope. Startled, you begin wondering if a mistake has been made. Why is this huge elephant attached to a peg that can be smashed into pieces with the slightest movement? Running over to the elephant’s trainer, you start explaining that the elephant belongs in a steel cage, not left in the open attached to a thin rope. “Don’t worry,” says the trainer, “he’s not going anywhere. You see, ever since this elephant has been a baby, it has been tied to this very same rope and peg. At the time of its birth, it weighed a mere 250 pounds, and the rope was strong enough to restrain it. Throughout its youth, it made many attempts at breaking loose and freely moving around, but never succeeded. At such a young age, the rope was sturdy enough to keep it chained down and under control. “Now, the elephant weighs around 14,000 pounds and can effortlessly set itself free. But it will not try. And that is because it still believes it cannot escape. Those experiences of its youth remain fixed in its mind. For the elephant, this rope has kept it tied down ever since it knew, and will continue

to do so for the rest of its life. Were it to know what it is capable of, without question, it would unfetter itself and break free.” While this may sound like a nice parable, it is true. The elephant does not believe it can free itself and so it won’t. Yet, as any keen observer will realize, it is living in a world of imagination. However, we must ask ourselves, are we any different? In 1986, Mark McCormack, one of the most successful entrepreneurs in American business, published his bestselling book, What They Don’t Teach You at Harvard Business School. Offering numerous practical insights and tips into the business world, McCormack speaks of a study conducted at the Harvard Business School involving graduating students. Upon graduation, students were asked if they had set any concrete, realistic goals for their future and if they had put them into writing. 13% of the students responded that they had formulated actual goals, yet not

committed anything to writing. Only 3% replied that they had thought of personal goals and actually put them into writing. Ten years later, the same graduating class was reevaluated. Analyzing their respective job positions and earnings at the time, the results proved something quite telling. Those 13% who had set goals for themselves were earning on average twice as much as the remaining 84% of the class. Quite remarkable. Yet that was not the entire picture. When researchers investigated even further and looked into the 3% who had not only outlined goals for themselves, but had written them down, they were incredibly surprised. They were earning on average ten times as much as the other 97% of the class. This 3% was not found in any way to include brighter students with higher IQ scores. It was simply due to their clearly written and defined goals that they achieved above and beyond their peers. We all have aspirat ions a nd

dreams. But there is a considerable difference between wishing to achieve and actually achieving – and that difference lies in a vision. A vision clearly mapped out and seriously embraced will take theory and create reality. We too often shackle ourselves and forget that we can reach above and beyond our limitations. We have to dream and must dream big; but we can never forget to take that dream and concretize it. And it all starts with picking up a pencil and paper and saying to ourselves, “Who do I want to become? How do I want to improve this year? Now is when I will begin to untie the ropes that hold me down and actualize my latent potential.” We all can do it. It doesn’t take much, just a little imagination and a pencil and paper. And then in ten years, when we look at ourselves in the mirror, we will not appear like that immobilized elephant who doesn’t realize he can break loose. We will have grown into individuals with aspirations and achievements, with dreams and accomplishments. And we will know that it all began that one day we sat down and said, “Today is a new day and a new year. Time to change.” See you in ten years. Or, hopefully, much sooner. Rabbi Bentzion Shafier is director of He is a happily married father of six children, grandfather to four and lives in Monsey, NY. Watch/listen/download the video/audio version of this Torah class from Rabbi Shafier and thousands of others by top Torah scholars at Ssubscribe to the acclaimed weekly TorahAnyTimes Parasha Newsletter featuring the best stories, insights and lessons from renowned speakers. All content is free and updated daily. TorahAnytime: G-d’s Reason for the Internet.

4 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

T O R A H & H A S H K A FA


Thoughts For Sukkot


here is a beautiful drasha on a passage from the daily Amida, in which we describe Hashem as “Melech ozer u’moshi’a u’magen, King who assists, brings salvation and protects.” These four words, say Chazal, refer to the four significant time periods in the month of Tishrei. The word “Melech” corresponds to Rosh Hashanah, when we proclaim God’s Kingship over the earth. The second word, “ozer,” alludes to Aseret Yemei Teshuva, when God helps us repent and draw closer to Him. “moshi’a” refers to Yom Kippur, when God mercifully cleanses and purifies us from our sins, thus saving us from punishment. Finally, the term “magen” alludes to Sukkot. On Sukkot, we leave the comfort and security of our homes, which are equipped with locks and alarm systems, and live in the unstable, unprotected environment of the sukkah, where we are exposed to the elements, placing


he Torah (Vayikra 23:33-44) commands us to observe Sukkot. However, the structure of the commandment is somewhat curious. It begins by describing the beginning and end of the chag, and how one should not work on the first and eight days. Afterwards, the Torah returns to the first day and describes other aspects of the mitzvah. How are we to understand the order of these verses? Why does the Torah divide the commandment to observe Sukkot in this manner? Seforno explains that the Torah describes what all the chagim have in common, i.e., not doing work and the korbanot, and then describes the uniqueness of the day, i.e., the festival on the eighth day, the arba minim and the sukkah. The Torah returns to the topic of the korbanot in Parshat Pinchas. In this parsha, the Torah focuses on the various korbanot offered on each chag. Regarding Sukkot, the Torah teaches that on the first day thirteen bulls are brought, twelve on the second day,

our trust in God, confident that He will protect us. As the verse states in Tehillim, ki Yispeneni be’Suko” – for He protects me in His sukkah. When we leave our homes and enter the sukkah, we leave the security of our manmade dwellings and enter the

we need to “protect” and preserve these precious achievements – and this is one of the main purposes of Sukkot. We celebrate this holiday in order to protect what we’ve gained during the season of repentance, to ensure that we retain our high level

When we leave our homes and enter the sukkah, we leave the security of our manmade dwellings and enter the security of God’s special protection. security of God’s special protection. We may, however, offer a different explanation for the connection between “magen” and Sukkot. Throughout the period of the Yamim Noraim, we’ve worked to ascend to high spiritual levels. With the conclusion of the High Holidays,

of spirituality for at least another week, which will then, hopefully, allow us to retain this level for the next several weeks and months. This is the meaning of “magen” – Sukkot helps us protect the great achievements that we’ve made during the period of Rosh Hashanah, Aseret Yemei Teshuva,

until the seventh day upon which seven are brought – seventy bulls in total. Chazal teach us that these seventy bulls correspond to the seventy nations. The Jewish people pray

ical value of the letters of the word avonot, spelled out, equals 676. What emerges, therefore, is a relationship between the ninety-eight sheep offered on Sukkot, and our avo-

Chazal teach that when one repents due to one’s love of God, his sins are then viewed as good deeds. for the welfare of the nations of the world on Sukkot. In addition to the seventy bulls, fourteen sheep are offered each day, totaling ninety-eight over Sukkot. Some explain that these ninety-eight sheep correspond to the curses directed towards the Jewish people. The Kedushat Sion writes that if one counts the words of the curses of Parshat Ki Tavo, there are 676 words. Interestingly, as it is clear that the curses are the result of our sins, it is not surprising that the total numer-

not. It appears that the sheep on Yom Kippur are meant to atone for the avonot, for which there are 676 words of Divine curses. These ninety-eight sheep protect us from the curses of Parshat Ki Tavo. However, we might ask, if Yom Kippur is understood as a day of atonement, why do the Jewish people need to be forgiven on Sukkot as well, days after Yom Kippur? The commentaries teach us that teshuva can atone for the sins of the past. The sins are no longer viewed as

and Yom Kippur. Immediately after Sukkot, on Shemini Atzeret, we begin reciting “Mashiv haruach u’morid hagashem,” which literally means, “He who makes the wind blow and brings down the rain.” One rabbi, however, quipped that once the holidays of Tishrei end, “mashiv haruach” – people return the ruach, the spirituality that they experienced during the holidays, and “morid hagashem” – they bring down the gashmiyut, the indulgence in physical and material pursuits. Let us avoid this tendency and see to it that all the hard work we invested during the season of the Yamim Noraim will not be for naught. Let us protect and preserve those accomplishments, so that they will continue to motivate and inspire us to reach even greater levels of spirituality during the weeks and months ahead.

rebellious, purposeful acts, and therefore the person is not punished. This type of teshuva is known as teshuva me’yirah, repentance done from fear, and this is the teshuva of Yom Kippur. However, there is anothertype of teshuva – teshuva me’ahava – one done from love of God. Chazal teach that when one repents due to one’s love of God, his sins are then viewed as good deeds. On Sukkot, the festival of simcha, we perform teshuva me’ahava. On those days, the ninety-eight sheep, which correspond to the curses of Parshat Ki Tavo, represent the sins which are atoned for due to our teshuva of ahava, reflected by the korbanot. It is this happiness and atonement, which explains the unique experience of Sukkot. Rabbi Eli Mansour is rabbi at The Edmond J. Safra Synagogue. He is the co-author of “The Daily Halacha: A Compendium of Practical Halachot” and “Illuminating Insights from the Weekly Parasha.”

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 5



Dr. Yael, I am writing about my husband who is an obsessive gambler – he plays the stock market. He buys penny stocks, margin options and very high-risk stocks. He has been doing this for more than 30 years, and at times, made a great parnassah. However, he has also lost over $1,000,000. He is always promising to “pay me back” which he never does. He says that I don’t believe in him. Well, how can I believe him when he loses money? How many times can I hear, “Any day now things will turn around”? I have to work very hard and have invested wisely so that we were able to pay for our children’s weddings and help them buy houses. My husband never has money to help our children. He is also very cheap with himself and me. We never go on vacations and he has barely bought me any jewelry in the 30 years we have been married.  In addition, he is very secretive and hides the money that he does make. All this makes me angry and insecure. I told him that I am willing to go for help with him. However, he denies that he has a problem. He says he doesn’t gamble; he just doesn’t have mazal. The stress of living with him is getting to me. I feel abused and unappreciated. Please help me. Anonymous   Dear Anonymous, Gambling is an addiction. Unfortunately many addicts deny their problem, which makes the situation worse. In fact, most addicts will not go for help unless he or she hits rock bottom. So, you should. You will learn how to be stronger, how to stand up to him better, how to catch his lies and how to control your financial situation as much as possible. You already have taken many steps in the right direction as you mentioned keeping your money separate from him. Gam-Anon is a support group that can help you deal with this challenging situation. Gamblers are generally insecure people who seek the thrill of winning. They don’t stop when they make money, but continue to gamble until they lose everything and even incur debts. They can ruin their own credit rating as well as their spouse’s. They can incur debts in their own name as well as in their spouse’s. Here are some signs and symptoms of compulsive gambling: People who are always planning how to get more money in order to gamble – they seem to need to gamble with increasing amounts of money to get the same thrill. Gamblers have difficulty stopping themselves from gambling. They may try to control, cut back, or stop gambling, but generally will not be successful. Gamblers actually feel restless or irritable when they try to limit or cut down their gambling. Gambling is often an escape from problems and an attempt to lessen

feelings of helplessness, anxiety, guilt, or depression. Gamblers generally feel a thrill of trying to get back lost money by gambling more (chasing losses). Gamblers often lie to family members or others to hide the extent of their gambling. Gamblers will jeopardize or lose important relationships, a job, or school or work opportunities because of gambling. Gamblers, like other addicts, will resort to theft or fraud to get gambling money. Gamblers will ask others to bail them out of financial trouble because they gambled their money away. Sometimes gamblers will become involved with shady characters to support their addiction. They can even become involved in situations where their life is threatened. If any of these sound like situations your husband has gotten into or ways in which he has acted, then he may be a gambler or at least have some gambling tendencies. As I said, please reach out for emotional support as quickly as possible and make sure you have done all you can to protect yourself and your credit rating. LifeLock is a service that can alert you to any attempts he or others make to jeopardize your credit rating or incur debt in your name. Seeking help will empower you in this difficult situation. Hatzlocha. Dr. Yael Respler is a psychotherapist in private practice who provides marital, dating and family counseling. Dr. Respler also deals with problems relating to marital intimacy. Letters may be emailed to To schedule an appointment, please call 917-751-4887. Dr. Orit Respler-Herman, a child psychologist, co-authors this column and sees patients for psychological evaluations as well as child and adolescent therapy. She can be reached at 917-679-1612. Previous columns can be viewed at and archives of Dr. Respler’s radio shows can be found at

6 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


over cof fee BY RACHEL BLUTH

Was There A Decorations Store In The Midbar?


love this time of year, don’t you? We’re just coming away from the introspection and self assessments of Rosh Hashanah, the severity of evaluating our behavior of Yom Kippur, and we have put away the crumpled tissues and white outfits so we can go right into getting ready for Sukkos, right? Pull up a chair and sit. This time of year brings with it the yahrzeit of both of my beloved parents, aleihem hashalom, and I recall a time when I would spend many hours helping my father in his printing shop because there was no school. My mom did not want me underfoot because I was no help at all in the kitchen. At the age of ten, I was a qualified observer to the goings on and preparations for Sukkos. I noticed that aside from the usual pre-Yom Tov food shopping, something else changed and grew from year to year.  The earliest cognizant memory of Sukkos was of being five or six, and sitting in our neighbors’ sukkah, a simple four cornered, plank walled hut, covered with pine branches for s’chach. The only ornaments were the hand crafted  “Bruchim Habaim” sign at the entrance and a “Tzayschem Leshalom”  one at the exit. I vividly recall the wonderful singing and storytelling, simple and delicious foods, sweet pastries for dessert, and a sense that we were as much a part of the chag as those who celebrated it in the midbar.  As the years passed, I noticed many other things make their way onto the walls and the ceiling of the sukkah. The pine branches disappeared and were replaced by long bamboo. Then came the foil globes and tinsel ropes, birds in cages (not live birds!) that chirped when the wind blew and a window cut into the wooden walls. When I saw the meal served on fancy china, and cut glass goblets set out upon a shimmering

tablecloth, I noticed that there was much more talking than singing, and nary a story was to be heard. It was as if I was in a whole other Yom Tov! One that centered more on the trappings in the sukkah than the meaning and the story of the sukkah.  So, I asked my wonderful father who, in my opinion, was the wisest

one with the pine needles falling into my soup!” The answer he gave resonates with me to this day. He said that with each addition of frill and fluff, we move farther away from the true essence of the Yom Tov and its meaning. Holiness does not require store-bought finery, it requires a nobleness of spirit, a wanting to experience the Sukkos of the midbar, when Hashem was in our midst and we were engulfed in the purity and the glory that it exemplified.  Even as a child, I understood that my father, who had survived his own

man alive and knew the answer to all things, “Where did the Yidden in the midbar shop for their sukkah decorations?” My dear father looked at me with a mixture of mirth and sadness and explained that this seemed to be the flaw of the human condition, that it was as old as time itself. When we thought Moshe and Hashem had forsaken us, we constructed a shinning, golden substitute! My father went on to explain that instead of withstanding the test of patience and faith, the Yidden in the midbar forgot the miracles that Hashem used to take them from slavery into freedom.  “But Ta,” I went on to ask, “what does that have to do with the trappings of the sukkah today?  It’s pretty and bright and fun to sit in this upgraded sukkah as opposed to the old

yetziyas Mitzraim with my mother after the carnage of the Holocaust, had found in this new land a sad distancing from the Yiddishkeit he had known in Poland. And my heart ached for him because I understood, even at a young age, how he missed the  temimusdikeit  and the simplicity he had known and couldn’t find here. As the years passed, I became ever more aware that the meaning and the message of Sukkos became secondary to who had the biggest, grandest and most opulent sukkah with the gaudiest decorations and the brightest lights. Somehow, I could no longer relate to the vision of the Yidden who trudged through the hot sands of the midbar on their long trek to Eretz Yisroel, stopping their journey to erect their simple sukkahs with whatever

cloth and twigs they could find. It was the kedusha of being mekayem the mitzvah of Sukkos that was front and center in these preparations and the beauty lay in the simplicity and the purity of their collective spirit and newfound freedom. Fast forward to the here and now, when stores and shops trumpet their glitzy, gaudy decorations for sukkahs that resemble summer homes with chandeliers, running water sinks, folding beds, carpeted floors and shlaks in case of rain. And I wonder what the Yidden of yore would say if they could see what has become of our understanding of this chag. As we try to out-do last year’s version of the sukkah, it is we who have become lost in the dessert wilderness. We have forgotten that Sukkos is about getting as close to the original feeling of kedusha and emunah they felt in the midbar. I miss the exemplary lessons and teachings of my father and mother, which are so much clearer now than when I was a child. I even miss the pine needles in the soup and in my hair and that little wooden sukkah of my childhood that was filled with love, song and storytelling of the trek our early ancestors made through the desert on their way to Matan Torah. Bigger is not always better. All the glitter, glitz and glamour simply serve to block out the simplicity and purity that is needed to bring us closer to what we should be and what we should strive for. In this spirit, I will enlist my grandchildren to make some lovely pictures to hand on my sukkah walls and leave all the storebought stuff in the container.  It will be as close to my childhood memories of Sukkos and a homage to my beloved father, “the Rabbi who became a mister” when he saw what brand of Yiddishkeit was practiced here. I will fill my sukkah with stories for my grandchildren and songs to honor the Yom Tov. And I will be content in the knowledge that the money I saved on decoration replacements this year will go to tzedakah. This year, my sukkah will be like the ones in the midbar, as I await the coming of Moshiach and the return to Yerushalayim Habnuya.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 7

ADVICE & OPINION The Person Behind The Chair... And Beyond BY ANN NOVICK

Do We Share In The Responsibility? Part II


ast week, I shared the story of a friend who found herself alone every Shabbos. After caring for her ill husband for many years she had hoped that with his passing her social life would return to its pre-illness time. And, she was surprised that her couple friends distanced themselves from her after her husband’s death. The pain of loneliness was finally taking its toll on her. She shared with me that she was thinking of not being shomeret Shabbos anymore. The day was just too long and lonely to deal with. I immediately invited her for a Shabbos, as we live in different areas of the city. I invited several friends over to meet her, as it was my hope that they too might occasionally extend an invitation. I found the reaction of several of my friends shocking. The two people I shared my concern with felt that she “was probably ready to give up Shabbos before this happened. Her new circumstance was just an excuse.” The people sharing this point of view are generally very caring people. They

do a great deal of chessed; their homes are always open to visitors. Where then, I wondered, was this lack of understanding and empathy coming from? The more I thought about it, the more I realized that they had not ever experienced this type of loneliness. Both of these women were married, had family still living at home and extended family nearby. They probably had never experienced a Shabbos alone, much less the isolation of being alone for Shabbosim for years. Perhaps, because they are surrounded with family constantly, from their perspective being alone for a bit probably sounded lovely. I remembered a previous experience. Whenever my husband was hospitalized (usually for months at a time) I was almost never invited out for a Shabbos meal. When Shabbos would end close to 11 p.m., I always made sure to have a new book to help me pass the time. However, the depression that accompanied the loneliness grew with each Shabbos. I could not understand how people would

just ignore me and my situation week after week and month after month. Couldn’t they see the toll the isolation was taking on me? It was only after much soul searching that I began to realize that they had no idea what I was experiencing. We rarely truly understand the magnitude of awful feelings we have never experienced. I recently watched a “Meaningful Message“ that discussed this topic. In this particular episode the speaker discussed a child (perhaps new to the neighborhood or going through a difficult home event) who was sitting alone on the school bus. He suggested that other parents should recognize the fear and loneliness and encourage their children to include her in their friendship groups. What I would have loved to see added to the message was the feelings of the parents of this lonely child. They too were new to the community or having difficulty dealing with the circumstance they were facing. They too needed to be befriended by people their own age. I recently heard a Rashi that says

we must strengthen those around us who are falling. We need to make sure that even if the cause for their fall is their own fault, it is our responsibility to ensure that they don’t fall any further. The deeper they fall, the harder it is for them to get back up, even with our help. The support we give someone that is going through adversity prevents them from falling further. This is as true for my friend as it is for the child on the school bus. Whether people believe that her decision to go “off the derech” is something she was ready to do anyway or is just her means of coping with pain that is more than she can bear at the moment, our support is needed to stop her fall. Inclusion for a meal or just a coffee could make all the difference in this woman’s life. Is it really too much to ask? Is there someone whom you can save from falling by simply inviting them to a Yom Tov or Shabbos meal?

Ann Novick can be contacted at

8 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


Life Chronicles


Dear Mrs. Bluth, I am 39, a member of Mensa and a highly respected partner in a wellknown law firm. I am also a mother of two and divorced for the last ten years. I assume full responsibility for the failure of my marriage, simply because the nature of my work kept me away from home far more often than is acceptable and for longer periods of time than any marriage could possibly sustain. However, I felt it was important to reach my station in the firm, and this became a priority above all else. I even gave up full custody of the children so that I could devote myself to my profession and the furtherance thereof.  I got to visit with my children whenever time allowed, which sadly was not often and for no longer than a few hours. No overnights or having them for holidays if I was working on high profile cases, and I didn’t raise a fuss when summer visits were cut out when the kids chose to either stay with their father or go to sleepaway camps. My ex remarried a year after

we got divorced to a woman with two children the same ages as mine, so their was a cohesive family unit and, over time, the length between visits with the kids widened. As you may have guessed, I never remarried nor did I entertain a social life – it’s always been work first fun last, maybe. Nine months ago, my son decided to go to college out of state and informed me of his decision over the phone. I didn’t realize how long it had been since I’d seen him or spoken to him – my life is extremely hectic – but I told him we could discuss it over lunch if he would meet me in the city. After a pause, he said there was nothing to discuss, that he had already discussed it with his father and stepmother and he was just notifying me as a formality. I was shocked and taken aback at his terse comment and simply wished him well.  When I called my ex to discuss the shabby treatment I got from my son and from his older sister on a number of occasions, he informed me that I had shown little interest in almost every

phase of their growth and that they simply viewed me as someone who gave them life and paid for their creature comforts, but looked to him and his wife as their parents. I was furious and let him know that if it weren’t for my income and support, they would never have the luxuries that they did and how dare they be so ungrateful! Well now nine months have passed without a word or any contact from my kids or my ex. I have had little time, as usual, to visit my son’s campus or attend my daughter’s graduation from her college. I did, however, send them cards with a generous monetary gift. I received not a word of thanks in return. After all the support, gifts and luxuries they enjoyed over the years, this is my payback? All I am to them is a dollar sign and it hurts to think that we have become strangers related only through blood. My therapist agrees with me and suggests that I consider cutting them off so that they will see what they’re losing. I would like to know whether I should act on his suggestion or if there is another way to rekindle the relationship with my kids. Dear Friend, I must ask to which relationship you are referring? From where I’m sitting, aside from giving birth to them, I cannot find any remnant of a mother-child connection that ever existed! In your pursuit of climbing the proverbial ladder of success, you sacrificed your marriage and estranged yourself from your children. In your absence, your husband has made a life for himself and them, and your children have learned that Mommy is the lady who sends birthday and graduation cards stuffed with cold, hard cash.  All I can say, is thank goodness they had their stepmother for the love and attention that should have come from a hands-on mother; thank goodness they have love, support and hands-on warmth and guidance to help them transition into healthy, functional adults.

These are the things your lust for success cultivated and you have no one to blame but yourself. You have achieved your own selfish goals at the expense of your family. Was it worth it? Will your business acumen and successes bring you joy? Will your large bank account and bonuses warm you as you get older? Money serves very little purpose in matters of the heart and, in your case, your heart is still a self-serving organ that provides love and comfort only for yourself. I don’t know if there is any chance of your establishing a different, warmer and more loving connection with your children, however, unless you are committed to really trying and willing to act more like their mother and less like a walking bank account, I see little hope for change. As for the therapist who advised you to “cut them off,” my suggestion is that you find yourself another therapist, one who isn’t living in a bubble and giving advise that will only calcify the mistakes you’ve made in the past. A clinician worth his or her salt would have encouraged you to stop giving so much materially and start giving more of yourself in the form of time, love and attention. This is really what every child wants and needs, not skate boards, iPads or fancy vacations. Begin by telling them how sorry you are for denying them a mother who loves them – and be sincere about it. If my words are sharp and possibly cutting, it is because you need a strong wake-up call. Seemingly you have been ill advised by a therapist who counts on your weekly forty-five minutes, but only pays you lip service. I do care, and this advice is free, so please save whatever is salvageable while there is still a chance.

Rachel Bluth is a writer and lecturer with an active practice in the Five Towns, offering advice and resources to couples, young adults and children. She can be contacted via e-mail at

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 9



Without Saying A Word:

Nonverbal Communication For Children And Adults “The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn’t said.”


– Peter Drucker

onverbal communication is the unspoken rules by which we interact socially with others. Facial expressions, gestures, postures, tone of voice, interpersonal distance, clothing, and other elements all fall into this category. Most of us have learned naturally how far apart to stand from another child in the playground, how loudly to speak, how to smile at others, and how to dress within a certain code. But some children never pick up on these cues. It’s as if they have a learning disability that prevents them from communicating nonverbally with others in a proper way. This is not to say that these children are in any way slow or learning disabled. They could be the brightest and most intelligent students. They could be getting A’s in all of their classes. Yet there seems to be some mental block that prevents them from establishing lasting friendships or from being accepted as part of the crowd. In his book, It’s So Much Work to Be Your Friend: Helping Children With Learning Disabilities Find Social Success, Richard Lavoie writes that some children tend to “misinterpret the verbal and nonverbal language of others, causing the relationship to have an unnecessary – and often explosive – conclusion.” Janet Giler, Ph.D., a California therapist and author, cites children’s inability to understand the “language of friendship.” Often, they misread playful joking and teasing and overreact to statements or gestures that were not intended to be hurtful or negative. Perhaps it is correct to say that there are two layers of the language. In any relationship, the words that people say are extremely significant, but it is the unspoken language of friendship that truly allows relationships to flourish and grow. Learning how to interpret tone, gesture, facial expressions, and body language of the people around you is of the utmost importance when maintaining relationships.

How can you learn to read nonverbal cues? For children, Todd Parr has a wonderful set of illustrated “Feelings Flashcards.” These flashcards contain pictures of different people’s expressions and body language when they experience a specific emotion. Going over these colorful flashcards can help sensitize children to nonverbal communication. For teenagers and adults, working in small groups with other people who lack these skills can help, as they learn from their mistakes as well as the miscues of others. For adults who are interested in learning more about how to read other people’s nonverbal communication, it is possible to role-play. There is also a science around what different gestures and facial expressions truly mean. For instance, leaning the upper part of your body forward indicates interest and openness, just like showing the palms of your hands. On the contrary, crossing your arms indicates a closed position and attitude. In Without Saying a Word: Mastering the Science of Body Language & Maximize Your Success by Kasia and Patryk Wezowski, the authors break down the different gestures, facial expressions, and movements to explain to people just what they mean so that we can understand them “without saying a word.” Their book also includes a caveat, “For every interpretation of body language, it is important to devote attention to a number of crucial principles that influence the meaning of all attitudes, gestures, and expressions (and also the conclusions you draw about them). These five principles are the bedrock of meaningful body language interpretation. You’ll learn to increase your body language intelligence by connecting what you see on the outside to what is really happening on the inside.” Those five principles are fairly simple:

Combinations confirm your assumptions

If within a short time, you see the same types of movements that signal the same thing, you can assume that what the person is feeling is being displayed through their body language.

What is happening on the inside is what you see on the outside

Believe what you see, not what you hear. Our bodies have much more control over what we say than over what we do.

Context influences body language

While usually crossed arms are defensive and closed, they can sometimes mean that a person is cold (especially if they are outside in the cold with no jacket). Pay careful attention to the location, the situation, and the surroundings of the person about whom you wish to draw conclusions.

Look for changes

If someone moves from negative to positive body language or from positive to negative body language over the course of a conversation, pay attention to when that shift occurs.

Take account of habits

Some people always smile, even when they are not happy. Some other people might have a habit of touching their nose, even when they are not lying. Establish a baseline and don’t jump to conclusions. Want to learn more about the science of body language and how to read and speak it better? There are tons of ways to learn – and lots of positive “talking” to be done!

An acclaimed educator and social skills specialist, Mrs. Rifka Schonfeld has served the Jewish community for close to thirty years. She founded and directs SOS, servicing all grade levels in secular as well as Hebrew studies. A kriah and reading specialist, she has given workshops and set up reading labs in many schools. She can can be reached at 718-382-5437 or at Visit

10 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


Judaism is not just a religion, it is a relationship. BY SARAH PACHTER

Inspiration vs. Dedication


ne evening, while I was learning on the phone with a student who lives on the East Coast, she stopped mid-sentence and exclaimed, “Wow!! The most incredible lightning just flashed in the sky! It’s like it’s midday in my apartment!” Sitting in her top-floor apartment encased with glass windows, she could not believe how her whole room lit up so late at night. And that’s when it hit me – a bolt of lightning was exactly what I needed to complete this very article. People often ask me where I come up with ideas for my work. Sometimes people will suggest a topic that can lead to an article, but more often than not, an interesting topic or analogy will come to me in the strangest of places. And when the flashes of inspiration strike, if I can manage to capture them and write it down, an article or whole chapter of a book can be created. Usually this works out well, except when inspiration hits at the most inconvenient times. The best ideas usually come to me when I’m driving, as I’m falling asleep, giving the kids a bath, or when my hands are kneedeep in making challah. The worst feeling is when I get an idea just as Shabbat is starting, and I have to go a full 25 hours without being able to write it down. If I don’t stop and quickly jot down my idea, the concept can easily flutter away, making it much harder to recall at a later time. Just like a flash of lightning, the clarity is gone before I can even process it. Inspiration is important, but at the end of the day, putting pen to paper is essential. Doing something with inspiration changes it from concept to creation. This reminded me of a dvar Torah I heard over ten years ago from Rabbi Shlomo Riskin about David HaMelech. In Tehillim 139, David says, Where can I run from you? If I am at the sea, you are there. In the sand? You are there.

This sentence is perplexing. Why is David trying to run from Hashem? As a spiritual giant, wouldn’t David want nothing more than to be close to G-d, rather than escape Him? David HaMelech understood that there are two ways to serve Hashem: One is out of inspiration, and the other is through dedication. Serving G-d when you are inspired? That’s easy!

precious. He shares the following example: We may wake up in the morning and feel exhausted from lack of sleep and overwhelmed with the day ahead. The very last item on our to-do list is to turn to G-d in prayer. Nonetheless, we take out a siddur and pray. We may assume it was a terrible davening, but those instances where we do it even when we don’t feel like it are tremen-

But when the going gets tough!? That’s when your level of commitment and your depth of love starts to show. David was constantly inspired; he saw Hashem everywhere he turned. He begged Hashem to hide from him so that he could have the opportunity to serve Him during difficult times. Doing so would allow David’s service to be on an even higher level. To illustrate this concept, imagine a young man arriving at the Kotel on Friday night. He is inspired to tears as he sees thousands of Jews davening Kabbalat Shabbat in unison while fervently dancing. He joins in and is so inspired that although his feet are touching the ground, his soul is soaring. It feels so good, that surely this must be the most precious moment to Hashem. Rabbi Keleman explains that while this inspirational moment is certainly a holy way of relating to G-d, serving him through dedication is equally

dously valuable to Hashem. Judaism is not just a religion, it is a relationship. The relationships in our lives are metaphors and vehicles for deepening our connection with Hashem. And to have a meaningful and lasting relationship, we need both inspiration – that initial spark, butterflies in your stomach on the day of your wedding excitement – but we also need dedication – the stick by your side and commit to you even when the going gets tough. So much of our life is spent in the dark. We go through the motions each day, doing what we can to try and live life with a higher purpose, which can feel so muddled by the day to day grind. But then there are those sparks of inspiration when the whole meaning of life is so clear we have to grab hold of them and use them to light our way. Imagine one stormy night, a travel-

er is struggling to get home. It’s dark, the rain is pouring down and he has limited visibility. He walks cautiously, tripping over ditches and stones along the way. At one point, a bolt of lightning pierces the night sky, giving off enough light for the traveler to see momentarily. This few seconds of perfect sight imprints a picture in his mind, and he is able to use that to move swiftly and easily. Even though the lightning only lasts a few seconds, it is enough to give him clarity and keep him going, until finally he reaches his destination in one piece. Just like my student’s experience witnessing the awe-inspiring moment of lightning illuminating the dark sky, moments of inspiration are the time to take a look around and recognize what truly matters. When you have just heard an incredible shiur, or are holding the hand of a loved one who is ill, life’s true meaning can seem so clear. But if we don’t take that inspiration and turn it into action, the day to day of life can easily put us back in the fog. How can we catch these bursts of clarity, using it to light our way until the next one arrives? By concretizing the moment. By taking inspiration and turning it into dedication. By putting pen to paper. This dedication, or concretization, is what David HaMelech is referring to in our pasuk. The next time you hear an inspiring idea, or have a moment of clarity, don’t just think, Wow. That’s nice. I should make changes…. another time. Take what inspires you and convert it into action, allowing the momentary jolt of energy to propel you further and allow you to better serve Hashem. Ultimately, if we keep trying our best, even when it feels dark, Hashem will send another flash before we know it. Through this, we will come to a deeper understanding of what a relationship with the Ribbono Shel Olam is truly about.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 11




Sukkot Miracles ukkot is a multi-purpose festival, for there are many strands coming together for the central theme. One

of them centers on three miracles.

After Bnei Yisrael were freed from slavery in Mitzrayim, they wandered Midbar Sinai for forty years. It was a terrifying place: parched and dry, full of snakes and scorpions. It is hard to envisage surviving there for a week, let alone for forty years.  The three miracles G-d provided were in the merit of Moshe, Aharon and Miriam.  The first was a cloud that traveled with the nation every day. It covered their heads as protection against the burning sun.  The second miracle was the mahn. It appeared mysteriously on the

ground each morning, just waiting to be collected. On Fridays, there would be a double portion that provided the food also for Shabbat.  The third miracle was a life-saving well. It rolled up the mountains and down in the valleys with the people. When they encamped, it rested and it also watered the surrounding desert. Another strand of the Sukkot story, in addition to dwelling in booths as we are commanded, concerns rejoicing with a lulav. This comprises a beautiful fruit, leafy branch-

es and willow branches, the arba minim. The lulav is a young branch from a date palm, picked while the leaves are tightly furled against the spine. When you shake it, there is a rustling sound.  The etrog is a citron that resembles a lemon with the same bright yellow textured skin.  Three myrtle twigs, hadassim, and two willow branches, aravos, are attached to the lulav with a braided palm leaf.  It is said that the four species represent four kinds of Jews. The fragrant etrog stands for those who

study Torah and do good deeds. The lulav, which has no smell, is likened to those who study but do not act. The scented hadassim, without taste, is like those who act but do not study Torah. The humble aravos, lacking both taste and fragrance, represent those who neither study nor do good deeds.  May we all rejoice in our sukkah, and remember the words of Rav Chaim Halberstam of Tzanz: “There is no finer way to decorate a sukkah than seeing to it that the poor do not go hungry.” 

To our dear friends around the world, I hope this message finds you well.   As you know, my husband David has been living with ALS for almost ten years. Though his body is out of commission, his mind and soul are totally with us. He reminds me of things I forget, listens to my problems, gives his children and myself valuable advice and shares his wisdom with visitors. People say that his smile is otherworldly – a glimpse of the soul. In order to keep my husband alive and my family functioning, I have had to reach out to you for help. It is not an exaggeration to say that your kindness and generosity are literally saving David’s life while keeping our family going. We are truly grateful. Wishing you a Happy New Year, blessed with peace, prosperity and good health. With warmest regards, Rachel Frid & Family To Donate:

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12 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

F E AT U R E I yearn for the sukkah of my childhood . . . BY GIT T Y GEFEN

Sukkah Of Peace


y memories of Sukkos as a child are rich and warm. They are filled with stuffed cabbage

and down winter coats, guests and a family that was whole.

I picture myself, a ten-year-old girl, ever so carefully bringing the plates of steaming hot food out the back door of the kitchen and down the steps into the sukkah in the yard. Our sukkah was small, and many times when the family and the random people who became our

guests filled the sukkah, the women would eat upstairs in the kitchen. This wasn’t a punishment or a disappointment for us, in fact, for me it was a treat. I got to enjoy the female companionship and chitchat and I was also nearer to all of the delicious food. And I didn’t have to

eat the meal while zipped up in my long purple thick down coat. There was always family in our sukkah. My grandfather, who smelled like tobacco mixed with the freshness of a man who had lived life with integrity and joy, would hold my soft fingers in his leathery worn hands. My aunt and uncle with a vanload of little kids would pile into every corner. My older single aunt, Sari, who had a life far more exotic than ours, would teach me how to count in Spanish, and regale me with tales of work and big city life. The sukkah would be full of people, and of talk of the past and the future, and the rain that was forecasted to come. And when the wind would blow and knock down the paper chains and the pictures we had taped and stapled on to the canvas walls, we would discuss if and how we could move them, and all of the children would hope and pray that they didn’t get trampled in the interim. As a young girl I helped to make the special food for Sukkos – especially the stuffed cabbage – and over the years I grew to like it. Not the cabbage leaves on the outside, those I would give to my Aunt Sari who would eat all of the cabbage while reminding us how healthy it was. It was fun to share my food and not worry about germs; it was all okay because we were family. When dessert came we nibbled at the cookies even before bringing them to the sukkah, and no one ever worried about white sugar or carbs. I grew older and the canvas walls held up, but the paper chains were replaced by glittering store bought decorations. While in seminary in Israel I missed my old sukkah, although I loved watching the families who ate, slept, and lived as many minutes of the day as they could in their sukkah. There were no women in the kitchen, although I wouldn’t have minded. I got married and my husband and I began building our own sukkah and our own lives far

away from the cousins and the aunts and the richness of family. The last time I went back to visit my grandparents in their home I was a young mother and I knew that my grandfather was dying. My grandmother sat me down and told me about the kids that were struggling, and the family moving away. “Things are starting to change,” she said sadly, as she held my baby. My grandfather passed away and she followed him a few years later. I was raising my growing family, but I heard whispers of family feuds, and of siblings who once ate and sang and laughed together cramped into one small sukkah, now on opposite sides of the courtroom. It was Sukkos once again. I hosted my brother and his new wife for a few minutes when they came to visit. He was busy, and in the short time that we spent making small talk I felt guilty for the gap that time and differences in lifestyle had imposed. I tried to pull him in to the warm cozy sukkah that my husband and I had built, but though he sat at our table our lives were still far apart. I asked my mother how her Sukkos was. She told me it was lovely, but I heard a sigh in her voice and felt the emptiness as half of the family was cut off in the family disputes. The sukkah was still full with people, but the family was no longer whole. I yearned to go back to my childhood home, but was frightened to see the changes. On Sukkos as we daven “u’fros aleinu sukkas Shlomecha, spread upon us your sukkah of peace,” I yearn for the sukkah of my childhood, for the stuffed cabbage on a cold autumn night, for the women chatting, and for the family that was whole. Hashem is yearning for peace among all of his children – brothers and sisters, aunts and cousins. At night as I lie in the sukkah and close my eyes, the wholeness of the moon smiles at me through the s’chach, and I dream that next year we will all sit and laugh together in the sukkah of peace.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 13



My dream came true, and the first Sukkos of my married life was celebrated in Jerusalem. BY ZELDA GOLDFIELD

Why I Don’t Sleep In The Sukkah Anymore


antasies of sukkahs in Eretz Yisroel animated my childhood dreams. I envisaged weather that was perennially clement. Luscious fruit would be picked straight off the trees and served to guests. Cherubic children would sing in harmony and listen attentively to the holy words of their fathers. Cheerful families moved comfortably into their spacious and exquisitely decorated Tabernacles for the duration of the seven (not eight!) days of the chag. What a contrast this was to the plain little sukkah in our overgrown backyard in Chicago. If we merited an Indian summer in September, we would broil under the s’chach. If the previous year was a leap year, our October sukkah was freezing. Once we even had to plod through the snow wearing boots, winter coats and gloves. But mostly, it would rain, particularly on the first night. We would then wait impatiently until the rain subsided and dash outside to make Kiddush. We prayed that the threatening rainclouds would take time to reload so that we could remain long enough for a quickie seudah and bentsh before they attacked again. My dream came true, and the first Sukkos of my married life was celebrated in Jerusalem. Our apartment did not boast a balcony, so my husband lovingly fashioned a sukkah for two out of our lift wood, three flights downstairs. With my two left hands, I laboriously concocted decorations for the rough walls. Our s’chach was real branches, full of fragrant leaves, and even blossoms. Our small table and plastic chairs rocked precariously on the uneven earth as we blissfully partook of our seudah, sans rain and sans snow. We did, however, have other natural elements raining down on our heads, including an assortment of bugs, bees, twigs and other tree parts from our heavenly arbor. Up and down the stairs I flew, first with the wine and challah, then with the soup, then with the fish, then with the chicken and potatoes – oops I forgot the napkins – and then with the mousse. Fifty-four steps is not

My screaming would have surely chased away my pretended human trespasser. But the squeaking continued. “Huh?” He flipped over again, listened to the squeaks, and mumbled, “Only a little mouse or something.” I lunged for my snood and robe, escaped barefoot and reached the third floor, breaking Olympic records.

a great price to pay in order to fulfill the mitzvah of actually living in a sukkah in the Holy City. After the marathon, my legs were begging to rest. When we took out the table and chairs, we had just enough room for our two borrowed folding beds. But I couldn’t fall asleep. The excitement and ecstasy of the day was overwhelming. As I lay in my narrow bed, I gazed up at the stars peering through the boughs of branches, inhaled the fragrant air, and melted into the enveloping silence. Was this not Paradise? A scratching noise coming from the corner under my bed invaded the silence. More scratching. Then squeak. Squeak, squeak. “Yanky! Yanky! Do you hear that noise? “YANKY. The noise. Listen!” “Mmmm. Sorry, hon, must’ve been snoring.” He muttered apologetically and turned over onto his left side. “YANKY! WAKE UP NOW. Someone is trying to break into our sukkah!”

*** Seven years later I tried again. We had just moved into an apartment with a spacious fifteen meter balcony and two entrances: one off the bedroom and one off the dining area. The whole family could eat and sleep in the sukkah comfortably. What luxury! All together under the Jerusalem stars. We needed a lot of s’chach this time and Dovid, our handyman, offered to build the sukkah for us and deliver the s’chach. The kids loved camping out and invited all their toys and bicycles into the area. We moved our own comfortable beds in and out every night and brought in our sturdy dining room table. I felt guilty – it was almost too comfortable and convenient for a sukkah. Many guests enjoyed our hospitality and Dovid graced the sukkah for the last meal on Hoshana Rabba. I was in the kitchen when I heard the BOOM. Silence followed, then the baby began screaming together with the two year old. The leafy roof had caved in and took with it some of the walls. My husband and Dovid emerged with the foliage-clothed but uninjured infants. They were followed by two crawling bushes, the two older two children, who stood up and broke into dance, while singing Harachaman hu yakim lanu es sukkas Dovid hanofeles.” The twigs on their hair and sprigs on their clothes flew in all directions as my husband joined the wild dance. Dovid shamefacedly re-entered the ruins to ascertain what he had done wrong. As I tried to calm the baby and myself, I imagined what could have happened had the sukkah collapsed

on our sleeping bodies in the middle of the night. Don’t even try to get me to sleep in the sukkah again, I secretly vowed. *** Seven years later we moved again. This time we had a huge garden with a large patio right off the kitchen. We also had wonderful neighbors with an adjacent garden and children the same ages. The sukkah was so large that the kids slept in the main part of the sukkah on mattresses and we had a private sukkah bedroom. Yes, I broke my vow and gave the sukkah another chance. The seudah ended late, the lights went out, the guests said their goodbyes, and one by one, the kids all dropped off to sleep. I sank into my luscious down quilt and gazed up at the stars through the ‘schach. I was conjuring up visions of Paradise when I heard a noise. Not a squeak, nor a BOOM, but the ringing of a small bell. It was not a continuous ring, but off and on. The bell was joined by the voices of the kids. “What are you doing up and what is this crazy ringing in the middle of the night in the middle of our sukkah?” I whispered angrily to my middle son, Bezalel. “We’re looking for Yirmy’s ferret. He wears a bell around his neck because he’s always getting lost. He must have gotten out of his cage and is running around here somewhere.” Yirmy, the neighbor’s kid appeared through the hole in the fence and joined in the search to ferret out the ferret. By then my husband and some irate neighbors woke up from the commotion. Yirmy retrieved his lost pet and went back through the hole in the fence to his sukkah. Before he fell asleep I asked Bezalel what exactly a ferret was. “It’s sort of like a weasel, cute and furry, but smaller – like an overgrown mouse.” Three times is enough, no? I give up! And left for the security of my own quiet and rodent-free bedroom.

14 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


How do we know when we have met the right person? Sometimes we don't – and all we can do is wait for a sign.

Glistening Orange



y ringing cell waited patiently while I dug it out from under a pile of test papers I was in the middle of grading. “Chana Leah, how’s my best married friend?” I asked as I looked at the screen. “What’s new on the shidduch scene?” she asked, getting straight to the point. “Quiet city.” “Well, Judy, I’ve got the perfect shidduch for you. Get ready to start choosing a gown.” “Okay, let’s hear about Mr. Perfect.” “Okay, we’re talking about Danny Fisch, a 25-year-old ben Torah and accountant from Detroit, who’s here on an extended vacation till a week after Sukkos.” “Wow, Chana Leah, it sounds amazing! He’s only three years older than me, and a serious bachur who makes a parnassah! Sounds too good to be true!” “I’ll give you references. Let me know when I can give the shadchan the green light.” After hearing super reports, it was time to get ready. I ruffled through my varied selection of dating outfits. My recently acquired lilac straight dress was stunning, yet too suggestive for a first meeting. Perhaps my two piece with the floral vest? Yeah, that looked right. Perfect for the summer weather. The morning of the date, Mom asked, “Judy, you’re able to eat?” “Yeah, isn’t it weird? Normally, on the morning of a first date, even the smell of the food makes me go running to the bathroom.” “Let’s hope it’s a good sign,” she said, and winked at me. Somehow, the day glided smoothly as I managed to teach,

take care of errands, and even mark reports, before meeting Danny at a local hotel. It wasn’t difficult to spot him, a hatted bachur, pacing up and down, near the entrance to the lobby. First impressions: average height, brown hair, no glasses, slightly pudgy, and he wore a glistening orange tie! I hoped his average looks would become more appealing as we got to know each other. That’s how confident I was that our meetings would turn into something fruitful. My heels slowly clicked to the area of his pacing. His light teal eyes caught my appearance. “Judy?” he asked quizzically. “Right,” I smiled. “Let’s sit down,” he gestured towards the nearby low beige striped armchairs. “What would you like to drink?” he offered. “Diet Coke i s fine,” I said, trying to ignore the twitch in his left eye. Then began the

usual first date exchange, i.e., interview style. An image of his family, favorite places in Eretz Yisroel, and yeshiva years formed in my brain. At 11:30 p.m. he yawned, and suggested we leave. As I walked in the front door, Mom asked, “Nu?” “Nothing special, a typical first date.” “But you were so sure!” my mother said, as she wrung her fingers. My hopeful parents stared at me, with new lines of wrinkles on their older faces. “Right, yet, reality is another story.” “Let’s put it this way, if he wants to continue, do you?” tried Dad. “Yeah,” I mumbled, and went off to bed. The next day when I got home from work, Mom was all smiles. “The shadchan called,” she said. “He’s interested. I hope Thursday night is good.” “Whoa,” I said, as I sat on the nearest chair. Despite Danny’s eagerness, feelings of anticipation didn’t well up in me. I kinda felt like this was a follow-up appointment at the dentist. Something you had to do. Later in the week, it was time to select a dating outfit. Why was I meeting him again, I thought nervously. It was one thing if he was good looking, interesting, or even witty. Instead he had dull looks, was a boring conversationalist, and didn’t possess a shred of humor. Come on, a voice piped up somewhere in my conscience, it was only the first date. No one bases any judgments on that! You have to give him a fair second chance. The only difference this time around turned out to be the mauve suede sofas in the different hotel lobby. “Wasn’t there something redeeming about him?” my father asked during our late night rehash of the date. I squinted, and mentally reviewed our boring exchange about the weather, work experiences, and camp stories. “Actually no.” “Would you want to meet him again?” asked my mother gently.

I stared at the floor tiles. This wasn’t simply giving him a second chance. The truth was, we were both rather closed. I took a deep breath, and said, “Possibly.” The shadchan didn’t call for several days, which was fine with me! A feeling of relief almost permeated my being, until she rang, and another date was scheduled. We met during the day, at a park. The fresh air invigorated me, and this time I didn’t cringe when I looked at his fuller face. “So what kind of music do you like?” he began. Ah, he hit on my weak spot. Songs calmed me, gave me inspiration, and helped me wash the dishes. "Shwekey's kind of cool, yet Motti Steinmatz’s inviting.” “Looks like we have something in common,” he said with a smile. My steps were lighter as we continued to walk in the garden of greenness. An hour later, Danny said, “Do you mind waiting on the bench, while I daven Mincha at this shul?” “No problem,” I said, as I sat down, and welcomed this unexpected interval. We finally seemed to have broken some ice, yet why did it irk me to see him wearing that same glistening orange tie, for the third time! So he wasn’t a woman who enjoyed varying her wardrobe. But orange? It was such a bright color! And his twitch was so annoying! I wondered what we could talk about after Mincha, as we pretty much exhausted all topics. “Penny for your thoughts,” said Danny unexpectedly. “Oh, you’re done,” I said startled by his appearance. “Right. How about an early supper at a pleasant milchig restaurant nearby?” “Okay, thanks.” Two hours later, I arrived home. “Nu?” asked Mom. “An improvement,” I started. “Now we’re talking,” said Dad. “Wait!” I cried, as if racing to stop a toddler from crossing the street on a red light. “Give me some time to process everything. It’s going way too fast.”

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 15


“Fair enough,” said Mom, as I went to my room. I took off from work the next day, and allowed my brain to digest what’s happening. Was Danny Fischer for me or not? Despite the c o n g e n i a l a fternoon, doubts clogged my brain like the gook in the sink motzei Shabbos. Sure his credentials were exemplary, yet was that enough? I recalled a different potential suitor who couldn’t hold a conversation, or the one who was 4 inches shorter than me, or the one who stuttered. Yes, Danny was quite a cut above the rest, yet was he the only Jewish male who fit the bill? My thoughts were interrupted by my ringing cell. It was Chana Leah. “Judy, like what’s happening?” “Well, we met three times, and I’m totally undecided. “Between you and me, I had a long talk with the shadchan.” “Oh.” “Danny feels that if you’re interested, he’s agreeable to continue.” “If that’s the case, I guess…” “Stop, it’s not a game of catch. Judy, what’s irking you?” “Lots of things. Firstly he wears this glistening orange tie for each date, and …” “Stop with the externals! Are you giving this shidduch a fair chance?” “Chana Leah, what are you driving at?” “I have this gut feeling that you’re holding yourself back. My husband had him as a chavrusa in his yeshiva years. He’s an intelligent guy who has loads to offer.” “Basically, you think I’m not giving it my best shot.” “No, don’t get me wrong. I’m just

suggesting you loosen up and allow yourself to make a fair judgment.” “All right, I’ll try again,” I said wearily. After hanging up the phone, I wondered who said those words. T he next date was scheduled for after Tzom Gedaliah, in a different hotel lobby. I groaned when I saw his infamous orange tie. “Where did you daven Rosh Hashanah?” began Danny, after we sat down. The conversat ion rolled on, with my not finding a way to stop it. At eleven, he thankfully called it a night. The smell of fresh chocolate chip cookies hit me upon arriving home. “Ma, nothing’s happening yet.” “Come make a bracha, and tell us about it.” After I sunk my teeth into a soft cookie, and licked the oozing chocolate, I said, “Basically, there was no improvement.’” “Why?” asked Dad sadly. “He’s the most boring person I ever met, I’m tired of his orange tie, and don’t find anything appealing. Need I say more?” I asked, as I helped myself to another cookie. “Looks like you need a break,” said Dad. “How about breaking up with Danny,” I said. “Judy, I’ve got a solution,” said Mom, as she took out another tray of cookies. “You did well at the park. You need a change of scenery, and some time to think. How about inviting him over for one night of Chol HaMoed Sukkos?” “Sounds unconventional,” I began. “He’ll eat with the family, then you’ll go for a walk.”

“And don’t plan a l’chayim for when we return!” I warned, unaware of the deeper meaning of my words. After begging to go to sleep, I lay on my bed and reviewed the situation. Danny at our sukkah! My sisters will freak out! Yet, Chana Leah held him with such esteem. We did share some cozy conversation. Maybe the setting really will do the trick, was my last thought before drifting off to sleep. That week and a half “Danny free” was like a burst of oxygen pumped straight into my lungs. My tefillos were mega-meaningful that Yom Kippur. While decorating the sukkah, I subconsciously put more effort into it. Who knew, it might just work out. What a relief it would be to leave the dating scene, and become a kallah! The third day of Chol HaMoed found Mom knee deep in the kitchen preparing a giant vegetable soup, sweet and sour fish, chips, and mixed vegetables. My sister washed the sukkah floor, while I vacillated over my wardrobe. This time, the wafts of cooking nauseated me! Uh oh, what was going to happen tonight? Seven-thirty the front door buzzed. There he was, outfitted with his horrible orange tie. “Come in,” proffered my father, as he led Danny to the sukkah. While we all helped ourselves to dips and salads, he began, “I tried building a sukkah with the guys in my flat, but it nearly collapsed the first night.” Polite laughter erupted. I raised my eyebrows. He helped himself to two helpings of fish, and a heap of chips. “Wow, chocolate mousse, my favorite,” he exclaimed, while desert was being passed around. I refused my portion, and cringed. After bentching, we left for a walk. The dark night was lit up by the many sukkahs dotting my street. We strolled in silence for about five minutes. Then he stopped on a quiet corner, and said, “Judy, forgive me, but I don’t feel we’re getting anywhere. There’s just no chemistry,” My mouth formed a large silent O. “If we met while I wasn’t on a

“vacation,” we probably would have broken up earlier. I’m going to wish you all the best, and moadim l’simcha.” With that, he turned and walked off. I stood ramrod straight for seven minutes until my anger meter filled up 100%. Then I stalked home. “Judy,” started Mom. “Leave her,” said Dad wisely, as I headed to the sukkah. My head was whirling like a washing machine on the spin cycle while I conducted an internal dialogue. What a low-life jerk! How dare he come here, eat my mother’s food, and then dump me like the big bag of garbage from the kitchen! Like you really cared for him. A person should have some decency and do it through the shadchan. Get real! You would have condemned him if he did it through a third party. It should have been my privilege to dump him! Tears welled up in my eyes. A glistening decoration caught my blurred vision. It was a giant black velvet beaded simchas beis hashoeivah music design replete with dancers, symmetrically surrounded by silver and black music notes. Up higher were large, artistically decorated letters, which spelled out v’samachta b’chagecha, rejoice on your holiday. Yeah, right, how do I fulfill that after being unceremoniously dumped? Against my will, laughter erupted from my throat. Imagine if I would have been stuck with Danny for the rest of my life! Having to hide that hideous orange tie! Having to schlep him to treatment for that twitch! Baruch Hashem he dumped me! That clarity was like ice water traveling down my parched throat on a hot day. I felt Hashem’s embrace with this newfound clarity. Faith welled up in me, that yes one day, I’ll find my true bashert, and be happy with him. Moadim L’Simcha. P.S. Judy found her amazing bashert two months later!

16 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019




The air is crisp. I feel flutters of hope rushing through the night air. Is Shira the one? She seems so right, so for me. Is this a step towards a glad future, with a partner to share and laugh and cry with? I quickly quash down my happy musings; years of disappointments have taught me not to believe too early. I give myself a quick look-over in the heavily-fingerprinted mirror and pull my blue pinstriped tie closer, as if for protection. A spontaneous smile breaks out on my face at the thought of the imminent date. I really enjoyed last time. Wow, time flies, I’d better head out. The butterflies start their dance, hopping and skipping gaily as I give myself a final check before waving hearty goodbyes over my sisters’ hollering and my parents’ fervent well-wishing. The car door slams and as I press my hand down on the wheel, I send up a heartfelt murmured tefilla for success.


I move around the potted plants, a rather futile attempt at distracting myself. I’ve been in a daze the whole day, floating on puffy clouds, practically dancing one minute, and then feeling my stomach tighten in anxiety, uncertainty flooding my entire being. Even Dr. Garret had noticed and given a knowing smile as old Mrs. Faber’s open mouth quivered, awaiting the filling of her second cavity. The grandfather clock ticks noisily, filling

the room with reverberating sound, and as I watch the hands follow each other around seamlessly, the momentous knock arrives. My heart drums. It is time, and I am appre-

hensive, excited and deadly nervous all at once.

Mrs. Katz, the shadchan:

My hands are sweating as I dial the Davis boy. I am running late for supper, again. The oil sizzles angrily as I deftly flip over the schnitzels, check on the roasted potatoes and begin chopping a salad. Ouch, the knife slices right through my finger

I fall asleep with a gentle smile on my face. Life is great.

as Nosson’s smooth voice comes over the line. He sounds happy, content. He hasn’t sounded like this in years, not since the ugly divorce. Shira is a bit more hesitant, but pleased too, the girl always takes more time; they both definitely want to go out again. Hope fills me, the blooming feeling when I see potential, a developing bud full of promise.


I close his car door softly and exhale. That had been…. well, so good. Just the right balance of strong hashkafos, yet still open minded, friendly but not over eager, humorous but mature. I can’t believe I’m thinking like this, actually feeling happy after a date, but, after all these years of pain-filled waiting, I finally see a bright light at the end of the dank tunnel, waiting to illuminate and banish the demons that have chased me hauntingly all these years. The inky black sky above is studded with glittering stars, winking at me. That night is the first in years that I don’t have nightmares.


The curtains wave in the breeze, and I am soon drifting off, the Yeshiva Boys Choir fading as my body relaxes, limbs feeling heavy and dense. I fall asleep with a gentle smile on my face. Life is great. And then I see her. Chaya. We have only been married for two months, but our relationship is quickly and steadily sliding downhill. Her thin face is lined with fury, contorted with contempt. “Nosson” she drawls slowly, emphasizing each syllable as if she is talking

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 17


to a two year old. I wince, heart dropping down to my stomach as realization slowly dawns. “You forgot, didn’t you? Oh, I don’t even know why I thought you’d remember, with your irresponsible streak. Still stuck in your immature dreamland, aren’t you? I guess I’ll just have to go then. Just so you know, some people actually get things done,” she huffs, derision lacing her high-pitched voice. Stalking away, she continues muttering angrily, hurling insults my way until I hear the door slam. Unreliable. A grown up baby. Careless. Pain rushes through me, pulsating, thumping, drumming. My hea r t sh r iek s silently, untold stories locked inside. Chaya doesn’t know that I’d stood on the corner com for ting broken Frenkel, whose third chavrusa had just dropped him, and then I’d raced to the nearest pharmacy for her vitamins, only to find the shutters already down. But I couldn’t open my mouth to her. She would always win anyway, the fiery ball of dynamite that she was, twisting my words so I came out looking stupid. And when my façade finally broke, on that stormy night when it finished, the divorce final, the last shred of my shattered self-esteem cracked and disappeared forever. Her icy blue eyes scorn me as she… I wake up suddenly in a cold sweat. It was just a dream, memories of yesteryear. Trembling violently, I

grab my robe, and walk drunkenly outside. I need fresh air. The world is silent, dark and asleep. I smell the heady scent of the lemon groves from next door as I circle the garden, where my pure innocence was once alive and blooming, and gradually, my decision forms. I cannot go into this, my wounds are still open, I am too scared to open myself up, to trust and hope and believe. What if I fail again, as Chaya had claimed I did with her? My stomach lurches. No. My mind is made up. I’m not ready. I will call Mrs. Katz tomorrow; try explaining myself, begging her to tell Shira that… oh, how can I let her down? My fingers pull hard at the whispering tree, sending a shower of crisp green confetti all over. I feel like my life, my hopes are spiralling too, out of my control, and all I can do is put my pounding head down and cry, memories washing over me in roiling waves as the sky turns light, a new day beckoning on the far horizon.


I should have known this was coming. Someone would really want to marry me? No, that’s asking too much. I let out a harsh laugh, so unlike me. Sharp spasms of pain rush through me, real and strong and oh, so raw. Why did I even let myself dream of white tulle gowns, satin and lace, baby pink orchids, a pure white aisle scattered with richly hued petals? My tears are all finished, I’m a dried up well, parched and withered. After sharing so much, opening up to reveal my vulnerabilities, my ideals and goals, is this how it all ends? It really seemed like he was the one. I wonder what it was that set him off. Probably my clumsy stutter, al-

though he had claimed on our very first date that it hadn’t bothered him in the least, warming my heart. My cheeks flame. I feel so betrayed, so alone. The light in my life has gone out, and I am left to grope blindly in the thick darkness.


I am a walki ng ske le to n , f rozen. My pale face sags; how can I eat? My good old bed has become my safe haven again, away from my parents’ concerned looks; it soaks up my tears willingly. I am a mess, so confused and unsure. I know she is the right one, but my heart refuses to allow me to believe in a better future. I close my eyes. A dog barks angrily in the distance. I can’t do this anymore. This clawing uncertainty is killing me. Before I can think, my feet are in the car, and I am speeding down the streets, traffic and pedestrians and brightly coloured billboards merging together as my head whirls. The trees howl noisily as the wind blows, hearty gales singing raucously against the backdrop of the darkening sky. I walk alone, and I feel like screaming too, shrieking my pain into the cold air. I am in the countryside now and here, I can let my true feelings show, no pretences. It’s just me and the grass and birds and the emptiness, the whistling expanse. A coloured speck in the distance catches my eye. It is a tent, pitched for the night, covers flapping in the blustery night. I think of the bravery of its occupants, feeling safe despite their provisional lodgings. Sud-

denly, I see not one, but hundreds of thousands of people, young and old, frail and strong, camping in the wilderness. The Jewish People, trusting and believing in their caring Father. Surrounded by protective annanei hakavod, clouds of glory, they have nothing to fear. The poisonous snakes have no power, the bumpy desert land is smoothened out for them, and they feel enveloped in a warm embrace of love, happy a nd sec ure. T hey hold their heads h ig h , c o n f ident a nd reassured in the knowledge t h at Ha s h e m w i l l accompany them as they progress into the vast stretch ahead, leading them as they traverse over the grainy sand. And although times will change, new locations and circumstances and settings, Hashem will always be there, guiding His children, sometimes more hidden, sometimes more openly, but always there. I breathe deeply. Can I do it, let go, be free? I lift my hands up to the sparkling sky, throwing up my worries, all my angst, doubts and fear, baring my heart until I feel light as a feather, unshackled from the chains that had threatened to choke me. Now, I am ready, free. I understand there will be challenges ahead, the ups and downs of life, but I am secure to take the leap, knowing that I will never be alone. My voice rings out in the emptiness, notes of life and happiness, of hope and song, gliding over the hills up, up until they meet heaven. “So said Hashem… I have remembered…the kindness of your youth…when you followed Me in the desert, in a land of no growth...”

18 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


Sometimes what we give up makes our lives worth living...

A Merry Go Round Called Life BY SUDY ROSENGARTEN


was pleasantly surprised to get a telephone call from my granddaughter, Chaya Raizy, the youngest of my eldest daughter’s thirteen children, informing me of her siblings plans to make a big “shpiel” when their mother turned 60. It was to be a surprise. They had arranged with their father to take her away for Shabbos and when they arrived we would all be there with flags, balloons and a fully-organized Shabbos to celebrate her sixtieth birthday with love. “But, Bobbi,” she said, “we don’t know a thing about Mommy when she was young, and you are the only one who can help us out. We can take care of everything else.” “Well,” I began, “if you gave me a list of questions to answer, I could put something together. Otherwise I wouldn’t even know where to begin.” “Oh Bobbi, I knew that we could depend on you. Thanks a zillion. You want a list of questions? Maybe one will be enough? A warm up question to get you started. If you would be talking to people who didn’t know Mommy and had to describe her, what would be the first thought to pop into your head?” “Hm. Let me make sure that I understand. You want me to tell you the first things that either pop into my head or pop out of my head when I try to describe your mother.” “Yes.” “Chaya Raizy, the minute I think of your mother I can already feel myself smiling, a real, happy genuine smile and I‘m sure that my eyes are shining. I can feel the words starting to pop – words like fun, laughter, crazy, wild things. Rivkie, your mother, is always

determi ned to make everyone happy, to do things for people so that they should forget their problems and try to enjoy life. And her excitement is so cont ag iou s t h at suddenly everyone begins to feel alive and ready for action. Just hearing her name makes me want to know what new fun activity she’s planning that, you won’t believe it, as old as I am, I am determined to be part of.” “Fantastic. Here is another question. What did Mommy do in her spare time?” “Spare time? I can’t remember that she ever had any spare time. All the girls always had lots of homework, plus lots of jobs at home that kept them busy. Your mother was never bored, there was always something she enjoyed doing or learning. She loved music and was always playing different instruments and taking courses in music theory and music therapy from people who were experts in their field. Most of those people were not at all religious, and they were so impressed with her. They would say she was such a charming young woman and so talented. Your mother really made a Kiddush Hashem. “And she spent a lot of time with Zeidy after Bobbi was niftar. She would

take along her accordion and play the niggunim that he loved.” “Bobbi, could you tell me something about Mommy as a little baby?” “A f ter t h r e e boys, we were so happy to have a baby girl. And she was a real beaut y w it h blond hair and blue eyes.” “ O y. S h e sounds so zees. I bet the first thing you did when you brought her home was get her ears pierced.” “Chaya Raizy!” I think I must have yelled, because it sounded like she jumped. “I thought you knew me better than that! I do know that lots of people make a big shpiel about putting earrings on their baby girls as soon as they’re born. If that’s what they want, gezunterheit! But that was the last thing we wanted to do to our precious newborn baby girl. This goes along with a whole list of other things that we never did even though ‘everyone was doing it.’ We were perfectly happy to wait until she would grow up and then, if she would want to have her ears pierced, I would go with her and help her pick out a pair of earrings that Zeidy would be happy to pay for. “But, Chaya Raizy, I see that your questions are going in too many directions. Maybe stick to a specific age, like when your mother was a kallah. Even though, when I look back, I realize that I remember so little of those years.

Maybe because they were hard years for Zeidy and me. We were always running to doctors and hospitals with both Bobbi Laya and Bobbi Zinah. On the other hand there are things that I do remember but would rather not remember.” “Oh, Bobbi. Now you’re making me curious. I can’t imagine what secrets you know that nobody ever told us…” “We’ll talk about that another time…” I said in a rush, “For now, let’s stick to your list of questions.” “Sure enough! Bobbi,” she said with regrets. “Maybe, just maybe you can remember what color Mommy’s Shabbos Sheva Brachos suit was.” “Chaya Raizy, I absolutely don’t believe that you’re serious! Who made a ‘big deal’ over such things in those days? We were busy with big issues. It was still so hard to find a job where you could remain shomer Shabbos. The yeshivos were still in their infancy. Parents, and I’m talking about many frum parents, refused to take their boys out of public school and put them into yeshivos that had finally, with so much sacrifice been started, because they were afraid that without a public school education they wouldn’t be able to pass the college entry exams and their dream was for their children to get the best education possible and available and become doctors and lawyers. They didn’t realize until it was too late, that their children would not only become professionals they could also become not religious. “Life in those years were full of problems; big problems. It made no difference to anyone what the kallah wore or what color it was. Chaya Raizy, I hear you shaking your head,

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 19


thinking that I’m exaggerating. Listen, a week before my own wedding, I went downtown to Ohrbach’s Department Store and picked up seven dresses for $3.00 each. Bobbi Laya worked and couldn’t come along with me so I went by myself. And it wasn’t even a big deal! Today, parents spend a fortune outfitting a kallah before marriage. But truthfully, even today, what difference does it make to anyone what the kallah wears and what color it is? We wish and pray that the couple should have a good life together. Isn’t that what’s most important? “Please don’t take me wrong, Chaya Raizy. Weddings should be beautiful affairs, and preparing for marriage should be the most exciting time in a person’s life. Hashem wants His children to marry and build happy homes. We are here to make a Kiddush Hashem in the world and bring light to darkness with G-d’s Word. “But, sometimes people, or even a whole society, can go overboard and put the emphasis on the peripheral instead of on the ikar to such a degree that they even forget what the ikar is. Hashem wants His children to be happy and to make weddings with joy. But we have to keep proportions in mind!” ”Oh Bobbi!” Chaya Raizy exclaimed unhappily. “I see that I’m asking all the wrong questions! Maybe, I should just forget the whole thing.” “Not at all,” I told her emphatically. "Your mother is a remarkable woman, and people can learn a lot from things that she’s done. For example, even before your mother got married, she worked full time. She taught English in high schools and she played the accordion for kindergartens. After her wedding, she did even more, and that was while building a family with babies being born all the time and lots of company for Shabbosim and Yomim Tovim. But then one day, she looked around and asked herself a question that had been bothering her for a long time: ‘Why is it that when Shabbos comes, I don’t feel the menucha and simcha, the peace and joy that Jews are supposed to experience on that special holy day.’

“Chaya Raizy, there are lots of people who ask themselves that question, but not too many are able to find the honest answer, because the answer might be too challenging. “Your mother was patient with herself. She was not in a position to do anything wild because at that point in her life she was responsible for too many people. But she also knew that there often comes a time when the merry-go-round of life seems to suddenly be going too fast for the person hanging on. Your mother asked herself: ‘What is the Ribbono Shel Olam trying to tell me? Is this really where I want to be?’ And instead of hanging on tighter, she took a deep breath, closed her eyes and jumped off the merry-go-round. “She went to the principals of each school in which she taught and told them she was quitting. “They were shocked. She was such a fantastic teacher and they wanted her to stay. They even offered to let her take a vacation, as long as she would come back. Quitting, they said, made no sense. “Chaya Raizy, your mother stood her ground. ‘To me it does make sense,’ she said. So, she quit and started doing things that were important to her. Making these kinds of choices is one of the hardest things for people to do. What we’re used to doing, even if it’s not the ideal is easier than changing; it’s familiar to us, we know what to expect. Making changes is frightening. We never know what to expect! “When your mother realized that she couldn’t enjoy and appreciate the blessings of Shabbos, because already on Shabbos she was dreading going back to school on Sunday, she knew that the time had come to change. She began spending more time with her family, with her children, with an unhappy sister and getting her to laugh, and with her aging parents to reassure them that they were not alone. And friends whom she never got to see, now she saw. “It was a long way back for your mother, Chaya Raizy, but she got there. And now, on Shabbos, your mother feels the blessings of menucha

and simcha that last all week long. But the change that your mother went through was so total, so dramatic, it was more than a change, it was as though she had become a different person. “I wonder if the change happened because she watched her next-door neighbor, Michal, slowly dying when she wanted so desperately to live, or maybe it was the special relationship that she had with Zeidy. Maybe it was just finally growing up and realizing how precious life was and how short it was, and that you had to ‘chap arein’ whatever you could while you were able. “Whenever you looked at her, she had paper and pencil and ruler in her hand, making diagrams, and figuring out how to give each of her thirteen children a day-off; send the mother or both parents away, anywhere that they would decide, totally free from all obligations and she would take over their house and children until they returned. “The time she had missed out on with her own children by working full-time she could never really replace, but she would, at least, try to make up for it with the “Yom Bub” that her grandchildren looked forward to with such excitement. Nobody counted how many grandchildren were there that Shabbos in Yesodot when Chaya Raizy’s whole family came to celebrate their mother’s sixtieth birthday. But I will share with you part of the program. Each grandchild had to answer one question: What one thing did you learn from Bobbi that will help you in life? Here are some of their answers: 1. From Bobbi I learnt to be happy in every situation. 2. From Bobbi I learnt to always stay calm, calm, calm. 3. From Bobbi I learnt that to be matzliach, you have to stick to your goal! 4. From Bobbi I learnt to fargin. 5. From Bobbi I learnt how to be warm and loving. 6. From Bobbi I learnt to want to

have an open house like hers when I get married. 7. From Bobbi I learnt that to invest in your family is worth all the money, time, lack of sleep, and loads of laundry afterwards. 8. From Bobbi I learnt to always be happy. 9. From Bobbi I learnt that when you look at things with a positive eye and when you think about things with a positive mind, everything becomes positive. 10. From Bobbi I learnt what true giving is. 11. From Bobbi I learnt how to get the keeneem (lice) out of my hair with a fine-comb. 12. From Bobbi I learnt how to do the mitzvah of kibbud horim with a whole heart. 13. From Bobbi I learnt that whatever you do has to be done with feelings. 14. From Bobbi I learnt how important it is to try to make everyone feel good. 15. From Bobbi I learnt how important it is to give attention to each person. 16. From Bobbi I learnt not to get excited when guests show up and there’s no food in the house; that all you have to do is stay calm and send someone out to buy enough pizza for everyone to even have doubles. 17. From Bobbi I learnt to see the good in everything and everyone. 18. From Bobbi I learnt to just smile when I don’t know what to say or how to answer. 19. From Bobbi I learnt how important it is to give grandchildren a lot of nosh. 20. From Bobbi I learnt that when I’ll be a grandmother to spoil the grandchildren. 21. From Bobbi I learnt to pay attention to each person with a happy face. 22. From Bobbi I learnt never to give up without trying; to do your best in every situation.

20 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


Parchment At The Fair



t’s not that easy to find a job, Esther,” Asher said. “This is the third week in a row that I’ve answered every ad and nothing is happening.” “You think it will take a long time?” Esther asked anxiously. “Maybe you should settle for less a week and then work yourself up –” “Those jobs are dead end jobs,” Asher said, irritated. “As soon as I’ll ask for a raise, they’ll hire some other desperate guy right out of kollel for the same lousy pay.” The adjustment for Asher was difficult. He was a solid learner, and had been thrilled when he had married Esther, a girl with hashkafos that mirrored his. And then there was the added benefit of in-laws who not only respected his choices, they wanted to support them while he learned. Esther was a hard worker, and had her own job. But something had changed when Esther was expecting their first baby. It made Asher feel a sense of responsibility towards his family in a way he had least expected. Suddenly, it became hard for him to watch his father-inlaw doing the job he felt an obligation to do: support his wife and child. He felt protective over his family; he felt a charge to be a man. It wasn’t easy describing to Esther his tumultuous feelings, the paradoxical feelings of yearning to bury himself in his learning and his sudden distaste of feeling like a child dependent on Esther’s parents. He wondered if other new kollel fathers felt this way. It was a difficult decision, yet with his Rebbe’s support, Asher’s plan was to find a job, continue with his learning, and stop taking money from his in-laws. Simple enough plan, but one that made him very scared. Esther clattered in the kitchen. There was a prolonged silence as she heated up water for tea. “I’m not mak-

ing that much teaching, and soon, with the baby –” Asher said, “Do you think I don’t know all that? Without your parents’ help I don’t know how we would manage to pay the rent, which by the way, is due at the end of the week. I hate asking your parents to pay for it. And soon there will be diapers and bottles and baby expenses.” He shrugged helplessly, “I don’t know how we will make it then.” Esther turned away, unable to face him as she bore the worry that sliced through her. He accepted the tea, his earnest face turned towards his wife’s back, trying to read her body language. “You can’t imagine,” he said quietly, imploring her to understand, “How I feel. I mean a guy being supported by his wife and in-laws…” He scraped his chair away from him as he stood up. “I have one more interview today. Hopefully, I will land something decent.” “Don’t worry, you will,” said Esther lightly, “and if not, then tomorrow. Call me if you will be home later than six. Okay?” Asher smiled back, despite the pit of dread in his stomach. “I will. Have a good day.” And as the door closed behind him, Esther stood motionless, willing the underlying panic to still, afraid of the chasm that had suddenly opened between them with her husband’s frenzied search for a job. So when the door opened again at six o’clock, hesitantly, Esther called out, “You’re home! Any luck?” She was stunned when Asher began to cry. “I wish you wouldn’t ask me that.” Asher watched his wife’s face crumple, and sagged into the chair. “I’m sorry. I’m such an idiot. I’m under such pressure. I feel like a failure. A parasite on your parents. Do you understand me?” the pleading in his voice melted her hurt. “I was just trying to be supportive,” she said. “Would you just want me to

ignore that you had just come home from a day of job hunting? Would that make you feel better?” “I don’t know what I want,” he said, despairing. “I wish I had a job already.” The next evening, by the time Asher came home for supper, everything had changed. “A job!” called Asher from the door as he burst into the kitchen. “I got a job! I start tomorrow! I start tomorrow!” and his relief enveloped Esther in a soft cloud of happiness. “Let’s go out to celebrate. We can talk in the car while I tell you all about it.” “The Downtown Fair is open tonight until nine,” Esther said, excitedly, “And it’s closing tomorrow. We can look around and have some fun.” Asher laughed giddily, “To the fair! To celebrate! To buy a gift for my beautiful, supportive wife!” Esther laughed, “How much do you have on you?” Asher laughed again. “Guess.” Esther joined in the lighthearted fun. “Five dollars?” “Guess again.” “Ten?” Asher opened the car door in exaggerated politeness. “Five hundred dollars!” Esther stopped suddenly, banging her head on the car ceiling. “Five hundred dollars?” “I got a week’s salary in advance. As a confirmation of my job,” Asher said proudly. “What?” Esther said incredulously. “I never heard of such a thing before.” “He said he wants to make me happy,” Asher said. “It’s important to him because then I’ll work my best and be loyal to him.” “Makes sense,” Esther said. “Ooh, can we blow it all at the fair?” Asher said, “Esther!” “I’m just joking,” she said. “You’d better be,” Asher said, “because from this day on, we are not taking a single penny from your parents. We are going to do it all on our own!” The two of them laughed like children, giddy with joy and the promise of something new and special. When they reached the parking lot, they had already compiled a list of things they would love to find at the fair. They both enjoyed buying knickknacks for the home and garden,

spending no more than five or ten dollars on bargains. Over the years they had come home with many beautiful things that had only needed a little rust remover. It was a little contest between them, each time they attended a fair, flea market or bazaar, to see who would find the best bargain to grace their little starter home. They exited the car, anticipation high, five hundred dollars deep in Asher’s pocket. But they both knew they wouldn’t spend more than ten or twenty dollars. They felt grown up and responsible, aware of their awesome status of soon-to-be-parents, and members of the working world. Sounds of the fair enveloped them and they walked for two hours looking for that perfect find, for the ten-dollar deal they could triumphantly carry home. “Two hours and five hundred dollars,” teased Esther playfully, “and we haven’t spent a single penny.” Asher groaned in mock despair. “I’m exhausted,” he admitted. “I’m ready to go home. Got a big day tomorrow.” “Just one more booth,” wheedled Esther. “Just one more. Don’t be a spoilsport.” Asher laughed. “Just one more and then HOME. I’m zonked. I can’t believe you’re not!” But Esther’s attention was already attracted to another stand. “Look over there,” she said. “Where those two white marble lions are standing. Looks like a bunch of interesting things being sold there. You’re coming?” “Don’t tell me you want those lions in the house,” Asher said. “No, silly,” Esther laughed. “Just to look. I see this is a strictly look-nobuy kind of day. Maybe we’ll have more luck next week at the fair on 34th Street.” “A martyr,” Asher said dryly. “Okay, let’s go. The last booth for today.” As the couple neared the marble lions, the barker noticed them. “You there!” he snapped his fingers at them, “Look over here.” “What does that guy want?” Esther asked curiously. “Maybe he wants to sell you his marble lions,” Asher laughed. The barker became insistent. “Come on! I have something to show

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 21


you.” “Asher, let’s get out of here,” Esther said, “I don’t like the way he looks. He makes me nervous.” “Don’t be silly,” her husband said. “No, really,” Esther insisted, “I’m really not interested in what he has to show us. Let’s leave now.” “Probably hasn’t sold a thing all day, poor guy,” said Asher, moving closer. “Poor guy, my foot,” snorted Esther. The barker saw them approaching, hesitantly, but yet moving nearer to him and he coaxed them again. “Little lady, come. I have something beautiful to show you. Not a lot of money at all. You’re Jewish, aren’t you?” Esther moved closer to her husband, feeling cold in the summer heat. “How does he know?” she whispered. “Asher! You said you wanted to go home and I’m ready now. Let’s go!” But Asher was intrigued. “Of course he knows we are Jewish. I’m wearing a suit and yarmulke and you’re dressed tzniusdik in 100° weather. What can he want? Come, Esther. Just for a second.” Esther stood her ground. “No. You go and I’ll wait here. If he tries anything, I’ll yell for help.” Asher laughed. “Don’t be ridicu-

lous,” he said. “We are in a public place. Please come with me.” Esther sighed and walked along with him until they reached the booth. The barker was pleased to see them. “Oh. You came. Wonderful. Look what I have for you. You are Jewish, aren’t you? Well, take a look. But be careful!” and he picked up a roll of dark brown parchment and unfurled it gently. Esther gasped. “It’s a sefer Torah!”

Asher was shocked and dismayed. “No. Not a sefer Torah, an amud of one.” He turned to the barker and asked suspiciously. “Where did you get this?” The barker turned sly. “Well, what is it worth to you, Jew?” Asher answered flippantly, “Nothing, actually. It’s a ruined piece of parchment with some Hebrew letters written on it. “But it’s a Jewish piece of parchment, a holy one, no?” “How does he know,” whispered Esther frantically from behind Asher. “Shh,” Asher answered. “Let me handle this.” “Well?” said the barker, faintly mocking, “How much is this worth to you, Jew?” “I told you,” said Asher, carelessly, “nothing. It’s worth nothing. Look, you see here? The letters are faded and cracked. Here the words are covered in water and dirt stains. It’s ruined, unfit for use.” The barker snatched the parchment away from Asher, and deftly rolled it up again. “Well then,” he said sharply. “Don’t take it.” Esther panicked at this exchange. “Asher,” she whispered urgently. “We can’t leave it in this goy’s hands. Please. Do something. Offer him something.” The barker seized on Esther’s distress. “Eh? What does the wife want? Listen to your lady.” “I’m not interested,” Asher said flatly. “It has no value whatsoever, ruined like that. Especially as I told you, it’s only a piece of it and what would I do with only a piece of it?” “Asher!” “Shhh,” he whispered back, “If he sees how important it is to us, he’ll never let it go without ripping us off.” Again the sly glint in the barker’s eye. “Come on Jew. You’ve got a Jewish law or something that says you have to redeem shaimos, no?” Esther gasped in fury. “How does he know that?” Asher kept calm. “Are you crazy? Why would I have to redeem a worthless piece of parchment?” The barker was no fool. “I’ll

give it to ya for five hundred dollars. Consider that a bargain.” “Are you out of your mind,” said Asher coolly, but his heart was racing. Five hundred dollars was exactly what he had. Five hundred dollars was his ticket to freedom, to independence. The thought of turning over his money made him feel ill. “My rent, my rent,” he thought in despair. “What does it mean to me to redeem this shaimos?” and he felt a tearing inside of him at the agonizing choice he needed to make. He felt Esther’s presence beside him. The urgency in her eyes, in the way she clenched her fists, the worry on her face. “I’m thinking, I’m thinking,” he said silently to her, hoping the tumultuous and aching thoughts in his head could find their way into hers. He heard her quiet breathing. And she spoke so softly he almost didn’t hear her. “What are we going to do?” she asked. “That’s our rent money. Our first paycheck. Do you have to redeem it according to halacha?” “I don’t know,” he answered, “Five hundred dollars! I don’t know.” “And say that according to halacha we don’t really have to redeem it, can we leave a sefer Torah in this man’s hands?” asked Esther, echoing her husband’s precise thoughts. The barker, anxious to close on a sale that seemed to be slipping through his fingers, said, “Hurry up, hurry up, Dude. Look, I’ll settle for $450. The place is closing up and we gotta go. Okay, four hundred and that’s my final offer.” “What about a hundred?” asked Asher angrily, frustrated at the equally difficult choices before him. “No, sir,” said the barker. “I’ll just have to wait.” “The value this has is only what a Jew feels for shaimos,” thought Asher bitterly. “Two fifty?” he offered. “Two fifty?” echoed the barker in disbelief. “Two fifty? If I would have only customers like you, I would go out of business.” “Sir,” said Asher firmly, “this parchment has no value to anyone – ” “Except a Jew—eh?” “Give it to him,” said Esther helplessly. “Just give him what he wants. We just can’t leave it here. We’ll feel

so guilty.” Asher turned to her, pain stamped on his features. “But Esther,” he said, “do you know what this means? Five hundred dollars and there goes –” Esther interrupted him wearily. “The rent. Your independence. I’ve heard it all before. I want a husband who sets his priorities straight,” she said firmly, without rancor. “My priorities are straight,” he retorted. “Not if it hurts you to take money another week from my parents who love you, who never made you feel like a sponge, who were always proud of your accomplishments in kollel,” she said passionately. “Having a job and making money doesn’t automatically make you a man. It’s how you live your life as a person, as a yid, how you choose to use your money, that shows your responsibility. It doesn’t make a difference to me who pays the rent this month. It will make a difference to me if you walk away from this piece of a Torah, from a real responsibility.” “Ill take it for three hundred and that’s my final offer,” said Asher heavily. He heard a muffled exclamation from Esther, and met her eyes, bright with tears. “Yours! Sold!” said the barker triumphantly. “Should I wrap it for you? Give it to the little lady?” Esther laughed and said quietly so the barker could not hear. “The little lady is not so little anymore. I’ve gained ten pounds.” But Asher heard, and he laughed along with her. Asher took the proffered parchment, and grandly bowed to her, pretending to flourish an imaginary hat. “And the lady, if she so chooses, will be allowing me to spend a couple of hours tonight at the kollel of her choice!” “What are you nuts?” asked Esther, said in mock horror. “Nope,” joked Asher, “just rich and irresponsible! The in-laws will just have to subsidize their darling daughter for another week.” “You’re on, it’s a date,” said Esther, an ethereal joy flowing through her, and they walked to the car, parchment in hand, less money in pocket, but richer than they had felt in a long time.

22 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019


Readers’ Recipe Contest Winners

Chocolate Sticks By Tehilla Lazovsky

Yield 2 dozen sticks Ingredients: ½ cup oil ½ cup white sugar ½ cup brown sugar 1 egg 1 teaspoon vanilla  1½ cups flour ½ teaspoon baking soda ¼ teaspoon salt ½ cup chocolate chips  Directions: Preheat oven to 350°F.

Unstuffed Cabbage By Debbie Hirsch

Combine the oil and the two sugars with a fork. Stir in the egg and vanilla. Combine the flour, baking soda and salt.  Stir in the egg mixture and blend well. Fold in the chocolate chips.  Form the dough into 3 logs. Place on baking sheets.  Bake 20-30 minutes until golden brown. Let cool slightly and cut into sticks.

Ingredients: 2 bags cabbage 1½ lb. chopped meat 1 egg 1 tsp onion powder 1 tsp garlic powder Pepper to taste 4-5 tbsp rice 2-3 tbsp ketchup Sauce: (3) 8 oz. cans tomato sauce ½ cup brown sugar Directions: Combine chopped meat, egg, onion powder, garlic powder, pepper, rice and ketchup. Empty one bag of cabbage into a 9x13 pan. Place meat mixture on top. Empty second bag of cabbage on top of the mixture. Combine tomato sauce and brown sugar. Pour over cabbage. Bake uncovered on 350°F for 2½ hours.

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am a big believer in “sheet pan” meals. These were first made famous by Sarah Lasry, cookbook author and former restaurant owner. Cooking dinner on a baking sheet is easy, all-in-one, and involves zero cleanup – especially if you use a

disposable cookie sheet, like I do. The food cooks evenly and comes out tried and true, every time. Some of our favorite Chinese dishes include sesame chicken and beef with broccoli. I decided to try to re-create a similar dish on a baking

sheet to see what would happen. The result? Moist, juicy and bursting with flavor. This dish has become one of my most-requested recipes yet. I have a friend who absolutely hates cooking. She just texted me a long thank you

for this recipe because she was able to follow it, and everybody loved it! It made me so happy. This is also a great recipe to feed a hungry crowd on Chol HaMoed. Wishing my readers a wonderful Sukkos and Chag Sameach!

Servings 4-6 Prep Time: 10 minutes Cooking Time: 30-35 minutes

¼ cup soy sauce ¼ cup teriyaki sauce ¼ cup ketchup ¼ cup light brown sugar 1 heaping tablespoon toasted sesame oil 1 cube frozen grated ginger Sesame seeds

Directions: Place the chicken fingers in a bag with the teriyaki sauce, soy sauce, brown sugar, ginger, ketchup, and toasted sesame oil. Marinate in the fridge for a day or at least overnight. Preheat the oven to 400°F. Place chicken and marinade on an

oiled baking sheet. Add the broccoli. Spread everything out evenly. Spray a thin coat of cooking spray over the contents of the baking sheet. Sprinkle sesame seeds over the top. Bake for about 30 minutes uncovered. Serve over rice or quinoa. Enjoy!

Ingredients: 1 package chicken fingers 1 package frozen broccoli, defrosted (or you can swap for fresh)

24 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

It seems like Chanukah is so far away but it’s actually around the corner. So why not get a jump on buying presents. Over the next few weeks I will be featuring all different kinds of gifts, from babies to bubbies and zaidies. Come along on a journey with me through my Chanukah Giftopia!

From Bananagrams Bananagrams Duel   7+ Two players face-off in a race to build their own word grid using letter cubes. This game includes fun banana-shaped theme cards for an added challenge during every round of play. The dice feature all letters from the classic game crafted into a perfect experience for two. Cheeky Butts   6+ This is a hot potato style family game of spot and match, where players race to pick up animal cards and place them in their matching landing trays before the randomized timer goes off. If they’re the one holding a card when the timer stops, they lose a token. When a player loses all three tokens, they’re out of the game. The last player with tokens wins. 

From Tenzi ~ Tenzi, 77 Ways to Play Tenzi   7+ This expansion set features deck of 77 cards, each with a new, fun way to play TENZI. Tenzi is the world’s fastest dice game. Tenzi is perfect for tabletop beginners and aficionados alike. Every player gets 10 dice. The object of the game is to roll the dice as fast as possible, the playe r wh o gets all dice on the same number and yells “Tenzi!” is the winner.  ITZI   8+ Itzi is an educational, fun, fast-paced all ages party game for friends and family alike. It’z Simple, It’z Fast, It’z Letters, It’z Laughs.

PAIRZI 6+ This is an easy to learn, fast-paced, card-matching game with a twist that creates playful competition and unavoidable laughter. Be the first to find matching pairs of Critter Cards to win. Before you can look for Critter Cards you must roll a pair with your dice, two 3’s for example. Roll a pair, find a pair, repeat. There’s not just one way to play, that’s why we’ve included instructions for 5 different games.  SLAPZI   3+ Ext remely easy to learn as this game is about speed. Be the first to get rid of all five of your picture cards by matching them to the clue cards as they are turned over. If you want more of a challenge, they’ve included instructions for 7 other easy to learn ways to play, all of which can be played with 2 to 10 players of nearly any age.

From USAopoly ~ Scrabble - Harry Potter   11+ An enchanting twist on the traditional word game, this World of Harry Potter edition of Scrabble puts your knowledge of the Wizarding World to the test. Strategically play both regular words and your favorite Harry Potter words to score high. Customize your game with Harry Potter cards and Magical Bonus cards to score even higher and win the game.

Astro Trash Each player must get rid of all the trash on their play mat at the expense of the players to their left and right. Players simultaneously roll three dice and rapidly move the “trash” according to the direction, quantity, and color indicated. Astro Trash is a fast paced family dice game.

Blank Slate 8+ Write the word you think best completes the phrase – and try to match it exactly to another player’s word without giving a single hint. Easy to learn and fun to play. 

Clue - Harry Potter 9+ A fellow student has seemingly vanished from the famous School of Witchcraft and Wizardry - and it is up to you to solve the mysterious disappearance. Playing as the Harry Potter characters you must try and discover who did it, what spell or item they used and where the student was attacked. Move around Hogwarts making suggestions. Wheels on the board will keep changing revealing secret passages, moving staircases or even the Dark Mark. Protection from the Dark Mark comes from the spells, allies and items provided by the Help Cards. When you’re sure of your facts go to Dumbledore’s office to make your accusation and win the game. 

From Continuum Games ~ Perpetual Commotion, Perpetual Commotion Expansion Pack   8+ This is a fast and furious card game where players scramble to play the same colored cards in number order into the center arena. The more cards you play, the more points you score. There are no turns and all players are playing on the same stacks of cards. Cards flash, wrists flick, players flip. Can you get your cards out first? Expansion packs are available to add players. Lumps   8+ The goal is to be the first player to score 100 points. Each turn you have three rolls to score the most points possible. You score points by rolling pairs of the same number. Roll a pair of 3s, score 3 points…a pair of 10s scores 10 points. What makes the game unique is that it has four different types of dice and there are few high numbers. On each turn you have to make decisions on which dice to keep or reroll. The endless possibilities make Lumps exciting and addictive.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 25

From Amigo Games ~ Caterpillar Crawl 4+ Players take turns rolling the dicewhen their rolls match the color of the last section of their caterpillar they move it forward. But the other players move too, so kids have to decide when it’s best to move and when it helps their opponents more than it helps them. There are plenty of chances for kids and parents to interact in this game.

L.L.A.M.A. Card Game 8+ Try to get rid of all your cards so you don’t take any markers, but if you can’t you have a real dillama — should you pick another card or quit? Maybe you can play that card later, but if not you’ve just hurt your score. The player with the fewest markers wins in this game with the name that says it all: Don’t let llamas and markers accumulate.

NO THANKS! 8+ Take a card or say “No Thanks.” It’s easy to say no if you have a chip to add to the prize pool. Be aware that your chips won’t last forever and when you take a card it can score agai nst you if it isn’t a part of a run. A quick, fun, fast-paced game of extortion for all ages. Clack! Categories Game   7+ Spread out the mag net ic d i sc s, roll the dice, and scramble to find somet h i ng from the category and color shown. Red dogs, yellow donuts, green trucks, they all fit into categories such as animals, food, and vehicles. Make a match, grab a disc, and use its magnetic clack to build a stack. Keeping score is easy – just line up the stacks to see whose tower is the tallest.

Code Stack! 6+ Stack up colorful discs to make words in a simple code, then race to figure out your opponents’ words. Young players guess shorter words and older players guess longer words, so it’s not how many words you know that matters. Code stack! features rules for four games (including Solitaire), all using the same clever coding system. 

From North Star Games Dirty Pig Card Game    6+ The goal is to be the first player to dirty all your pigs. After all, a dirty pig is a happy pig. Getting your pigs dirty may be easy enough, but keeping them dirty is more of a challenge; rain showers and pesky farmers can clean your pig, spoiling the fun. Seeking shelter in a barn may protect your pigs, but you never know how long your pigs will rema i n dirty. If you can k e e p yo u r pigs dirty, you win.

From Mattel ~ Hackin’ Packin’ Alpaca 5+ Take turns stacking your cargo on Mac the Alpaca’s back. Watch the time, this alpaca has a temper. On your turn, press Mac’s head to start the timer. You have five seconds to stack a piece of your cargo on his back. If time runs out a nd you h ave n’t s uc c e s sf u l ly stacked a piece, Mac w i l l s p it water at you.

From Winning Moves

From Big Potato Games

Bouncing Bingo 4+

The Chameleon 14+

One by one, players take turns bouncing the special ball into the Bingo platform. When the ball lands in one of the animal spots, you place a chip on your card, on that same animal. The first player to get four chips in a row has bounced their way to a Bingo and wins.

Everyone sounded pretty convincing, but someone isn’t who they say they are. That someone is the chameleon. In each round a secret word is selected from a topic card in the middle of the table. Everyone knows what the word is, except for the player with the chameleon card. Each player shouts out a related word to prove their innocence and tries to track down the impostor. Once everyone’s said their piece, the voting begins and the moment of truth arrives.

Precious Cargo 10+ Build a merchant fleet and set sail to buy and sell precious cargo. During each turn move each ship up to one space for e ac h sail that is feat u r e d on it.

Flinch 7+ Players are allowed to play cards in sequence (building up from 1 to 15) to piles formed in the center of the table. “1” cards must be played to start the piles, but others may be played or held at the player’s discretion. Cards may be played from a number of sources: a player’s hand, a player’s “game pile”, or a player’s “reserve piles.” Hands are continually replenished wit h new sets of five cards during t he ga me. The object is to play all 10 cards from the game pile to t he center of the table.

From Gray Matters www.gray You Bet-cha   14+ 168 different categories to challenge your gray matter, covering everything from pop culture to sports and everything in between. There are 3 different game modes: Live Bet, Silent Bet and All Play. Be careful - if you bet off more than you can chew, you will be adding to your opponents’ chip stack. Player with the most chips at the end of seven rounds is champion.

From Playmonster Orangutwang   4+ Take turns hanging fruit and jungle friends on the orangutan. At some point, he’ll be holding too much and will spring up and send the fruit and friends flyi ng. How muc h ca n you hang before he goes twaaang? 

26 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019



Previously: Rabbi Margolis has a run-in with a plumber, who also has a sick child.

CHAPTER 31 Yossi Speaks: I am drowning, thick dark waves of sorrow surrounding me on all sides. I want to give up the fight and allow them to take me with them, carrying me off to a place where I won’t feel the pain anymore. There is no point in going on. “Yossi,” someone is calling me. “Yossi.” A gentle, kind voice tries to bring me back. If I don’t answer, maybe she’ll leave me alone. And then I can continue drifting… “Yossi.” A warm hand on my shoulder, a body beside mine, holding me, caressing me. “I love you.” So it’s real then? No, it can’t be! I can’t wake up and face this new reality. Oh, G-d, why? Why did he do it? It’s Ed, one of our social workers. Coming to console me after Donald – I can’t say the word… It hurts too much. “Donald loved you, Yossi.” “So then if he loved me,” the pain spurts out, like water spouting from the mouth of someone who almost drowned in the ocean, “why did he do it? Just tell me why?” Hot tongues of a searing rage like I had never known before join hands with excruciating pain. Why’d you do it, Don? Why’d you leave me? I want to shake him alive so I can throttle him. I imagine his hearty laughter at that thought, the way he would toss his head back and explode in unbridled mirth, and my lips twitch in a fleeting smile. “I don’t know why,” Ed admits, wiping his brow and blinking back tears. “He seemed to be doing so well. For some reason he couldn’t

ald’s death. Even the adults are struggling. “Here goes.” He sighs, a sound that can move mountains. But it can’t bring the dead back to life…

“Dear Yossi, handle being with his folks and…” “You are probably wondering Ed lifts his hands in surrenwhat possessed me to kill myder to a reality that soars self. I hadn’t planned on it. When beyond him. I went home for the weekend, I “Maybe I should do that,” thought it would be the beginning I murmur. “Just take a bunch of of a fresh start. My parents and I pills and say goodbye. At least he’s would become best friends. I would not in pain anymore.” finish school and get a job, make “Yeah.” Ed sniffs. “You can be a something of myself. The world coward. But I’ll tell you one thing. seemed bright. But then my Dad I thought you were made of started in on me. Told me how stronger stuff. I didn’t much pain I caused him t h i n k you were a and Mom my whole coward.” life. That they’re “ D o n’t c a l l get t i ng older Donald a cowand can’t take it Go out and show ard,” I seethe. anymore. That the world what “I didn’t,” I’m a go odEd reassures for-not h i ng you’re made of. Do me, gazing inand will nevtently into my er amount to something to make eyes. “Ever y anything. And me proud. person is differthen came the ent. But for you clincher. ‘You’re who have so much no son of mine,’ my going for you, it would Dad announced. After be weak.” those biting words, the cruI close my eyes, thinking about elest words I ever heard, he turned that. Donald was the first guy I around and left me. Alone, in my could call a friend. And now, a room. Yossi, I never felt so abanrush of anger fizzles through me, doned as in those moments. If my starting in my toes and slithering mother had come to comfort me, its way snake-like along my body. if you had been at my side, maybe Why did he do this to me? Why did things would have turned out difhe leave me? Why- why- why? ferently. But I just decided that if “He left you a note,” Ed says, I didn’t have anyone who could and I shudder. stand at my side, then what was “If you like I can the point of it all? Who knows, read it to you or stay Yossi? Maybe I am making a with you while you’re mistake. Maybe I’m taking the reading it. Or I can leave coward’s way out. After all, I you alone. It’s up to you.” have you; you’re my friend, as real “Read it,” I croak. as they come. We didn’t spend tons “Okay.” Ed’s voice cracks, and he of time together, but somehow pulls out a tissue from his pocket we just connected – know what I mean? I felt like I could tell you and blows his nose – loud, like a anything, and I believe you felt the foghorn. Then he takes a deep, same about me. But soon enough, shuddering breath. For the first time I realize it’s not just me who both of us would have been disis having a hard time facing Doncharged, and our paths would have

diverged anyway. And then I would have been alone again. And Yossi, I just… couldn’t. “Do me a favor, Yossi. Go out and show the world what you’re made of. Do something to make me proud. For you and me both. I’m counting on you. And, Yoss? Give Butterscotch a pat from me. Your friend always, Donald” “Why didn’t he call me?” I cry out, burying my head in my pillow. “Donald!” I shriek. “Tell me it’s just a game. That you’ll come out from hiding wearing your ready grin and say, ‘Just joking. Wanna go riding?’ That hand again, brushing my cheek, my shoulder. And then a tear falls onto my cheek, followed by another. Ed. Is. Crying. Sobbing. And I lift myself up and reach for him. We hug and cry. Together. Time stops. “Maybe we should have done more,” Ed whimpers. “Maybe it’s our fault. My fault.” Now it’s my turn to look at him incredulously. “You?” I demand. “There is no one more devoted than the staff at this place. Every single one of you is an angel. Would’ve. Could’ve. Should’ve. Stop! We tried. This was his decision, and it’s no one’s fault. We just have to” – I pause, the tears clogging my throat – “make him proud.” “You will, Yossi,” Ed says. “I know you will.” A shaft of sunlight spills onto my shoulders. Donald? I ask silently, feeling the warmth massage the knots in my neck and spine. Is that you? Are you sending me a message? Suddenly a bird trills a hauntingly moving call. And I feel a small smile touch my lips. I hear you, Donald. One day I will do something for you. I will make you proud. Yonason Speaks “You did WHAT?” the police officer swivels around and stares into Mo’s brown eyes. This police station is becoming

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 27


a little too familiar. I think I prefer the doughnut shop. Mo jolts, and I lean over and give his shoulder a squeeze. “I accidentally rammed the food truck I was driving into the rear bumper of this lady. And I got so scared that I” – Mo gulps – “left the truck in the middle of the road and ran away.” “OMG,” the officer mutters under his breath, turning to punch something into his computer. “So I just wanted to tell you I’m really sorry,” Mo plows on. “It was my first day on the job and I was really scared. So I didn’t think. I just reacted. I know it was stupid.” A loud exhale from the officer is the response. “Are you gonna,” Mo pauses and blinks back tears, “lock me up?” Officer John levels a serious gaze at Mo. “Son, if you hadn’t come here and turned yourself in, you better believe we would have locked you up, faster than you can blink. But seeing as you regret your actions, we are going to allow you to go home and wait for your court summons.” “Wow,” Mo breathes. “That’s awesome!” Talk about deja vous… “Yes,” Officer John agrees. “Now you better pray that the judge assigned to your case has as much of a heart as we do. Got it?” “Yessir.” Mo gives a shaky smile. “Have a good night,” Officer John says, nodding in dismissal. I look at Mo, and we stand up together. “Thank you, Officer,” I say. “We appreciate your understanding.” “Just be careful, now, y’hear?” he wags a finger at Mo. “I have a teenage son of my own. I get it.” Dazed, Mo follows me out to the car. We slide inside, and I gun the motor. “I can’t believe I got off scotfree!” Mo exclaims. “I thought for sure they were gonna throw me behind bars!”

“Yep,” I agree. “It’s pretty amazhis nose against the window and ing.” staring at the golden sliver “You know the real reason of moon hanging in the I ran away?” Mo asks. black night sea. “Do you I shake my head, almost really believe in prayer? I afraid to hear the answer. mean, like real deep inside “I had weed on me. If I would where things matter? Do have waited for a police report on you really think Someone’s the accident, I definitely would listening? That it helps?” have been taken away. So I took a I slowed the car as a light turned chance, tossing the stuff out of from yellow to red. Turning to my pockets while I ran. look at Mo, I reply, “Yes, Looks like I made a Mo. I believe it with good move!” all my heart. G-d is I whistle. listening all the “Well, you t ime. And He “OMG,” the officer definitely had cares a whole mutters under his your wits lot. We’re His a b o ut yo u . kids. And parbreath, turning to I’m not sure ents don’t give I agree that up on t hei r punch something into a ny p a r t o f kids. No matter his computer. this was a good what.” M o d o e s n ’t move. But baruch move. He keeps his Hashem, for now, nose plastered against you’re okay. Now we just have to wait and hope the glass, his head averted and pray that your hearing will go from me. But I hear a sniff. And I as smoothly as tonight.” send up a quick prayer that I had “Hey, Yo,” Mo says, pressing said the words he needed to hear.

TRANQUIL GARDENS CAST OF CHARACTERS Ayala – mother of Yossi and wife of Shlomo. She struggles with her marriage and with her son’s issues. Yossi – Ayala’s son. His life has been filled with many challenges – and arrests. Rabbi Margolis – principal of the first school Yossi attended. While Ayala and Yossi see him as the enemy, he is really a man struggling to educate all the children. Yonason and Shira – a neighborhood couple. Coping with infertility in different ways seems to be tearing them apart.

28 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019



Chapter 3



addy drove Willow and me to a kennel in Delaware. “I’m going to take such good care of this dog. She needs to eat lots of lean meat and kibble for her teeth and I want to learn how to groom her. I want to put our dog in dog shows,” Willow bubbled. “I can’t wait to hold her and pet her.” It was such a relief to see her happy. We pulled up to the kennel and Willow jumped out of the car. The kennel had a ton of cute dogs running around in a large pen. Most were Golden Retrievers and some were Labrador Retrievers. One tawny puppy was looking right at Willow. It had big brown eyes. “This is it. This is our dog,” she exclaimed. Daddy pointed it out and the man brought it to us. “I love this dog,” Willow said. It was sitting in her lap and it was clear that the two had already bonded. “What will we name her?” I asked. Willow had the name picked out. “Butterscotch. This is Butterscotch.” Though I’m not a big fan of dogs, I didn’t mind Butterscotch. She was a sweet little puppy and Willow would do most of the work. The whole ride home Willow kept saying how much she loved Butterscotch. *** With the dog, there now seemed to be some sort of peace in our home. I hoped

it would last. Mommy and Daddy seemed more relaxed and Willow was all wrapped up in her dog. We had a break for a few months before the next tournament. Mommy confided in me one night. “We’re not going to talk about tennis for a while and hopefully with the dog and all, Willow will go back to playing. If not, we will have to stop the doubles. I just don’t want her to give up something she will regret later.” School was starting in a week, but

had told me that her high school started in 9th grade. It was different than public school. Rosie had invited me this week to come to her house for Shabbos lunch. I told my parents I was going to her house for lunch on Saturday. They had no idea about Shabbos. On Wednesday Willow announced at dinner, “Butterscotch is going to

I listened to the Shabbos songs and the divrei Torah and I knew at that exact moment that this is what I wanted for my life. that never phased Willow much. She hardly ever did homework or cared about her grades. I was going into ninth grade, which meant I had to start thinking about which high school to apply to. Some of my friends already knew where they wanted to go. There weren’t that many choices on the island. I had a secret wish but I didn’t share it with anyone. I wished I could go to a Jewish high school where they taught about Jewish subjects. Rosie

be in a dog show. I filled out the application. It’s this Saturday.” “Where is it?” Mommy asked. “It ’s on t he Ma i n la nd nea r Walmart in that dog grooming store.” “Everyone’s invited to see Butterscotch get her first trophy.” “I can’t come,” I said. “Why not?” Suddenly a dark cloud shadowed Willow’s face. I didn’t want to be the one to spoil her good mood. “Well, maybe I can come,” I said. “What time is it?”

“It starts at 2:00.” I started calculating how I would leave the Shabbos lunch and then walk to the Mainland to meet my family at the dog show. I started reading the book about Shabbos. I loved the idea of holiness of time and a time when you concentrate on Hashem’s creations and remove distractions like phones and television. I really wanted to experience a real Shabbos, but I wasn’t sure how to do it without antagonizing people in my family. *** The night before the dog show, Willow had spread newspapers all over the living room. She was brushing Butterscotch. “Wow, that dog looks sparkling beautiful,” I said. “ I s h e r f u r mor e golden?” “Yeh, how did you do it?” Willow laughed and held up a bottle of hair dye. Then she proceeded to ha irspray t he dog’s fur. “I never k new you could dye a dog’s fur.” “Well, if you want your dog to be the most gold colored then you have to do what you have to do.” “Is it okay in the rules?” Willow shrugged. I suddenly got a sinking feeling in my stomach. Was Willow cheating for this dog show? She was so happy I didn’t have the heart so ask her any more questions.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 29



Willow was singing and twirling around. With Willow’s mood lifted, the atmosphere in our house had changed. I noticed my parents weren’t bickering anymore. When I left for Rosie’s house for Shabbos lunch, I told my parents I would meet them at the dog show. “We can pick you up. How will you get there otherwise?” “I’ll get a ride from Rosie,” I said. As I said it, I felt a wave of guilt. Of course, I wouldn’t get a ride from her family. Her father was a rabbi and they kept Shabbos, but I couldn’t tell my parents that or that I wanted to keep Shabbos so I planned to walk to the dog show. Shabbos lu nc h was amazing. I loved how Rosie’s family all participated. The nephews and nieces and the grown children and their spouses were all so close. I could feel their love for one another. Rosie introduced me to gefilte fish and cholent. I wasn’t sure if I liked the fish. The cholent was good. I especially enjoyed the home baked challah. Rosie told me she had baked it. I listened to the Shabbos songs and the divrei Torah and I knew at that exact moment that this is what I wanted for my life. Some day when I built a home of my own, I wanted it to be like this with Shabbos. When I left their house, it was 1:30. I wondered if I could walk all the way to the Mainland in half an hour. Hopefully. I started trekking there. The sun was beating down on me but I just kept walking. A little later I arrived hot and sweaty at the dog-grooming place. I saw Willow parading around the ring with Butterscotch. There were three other contenders. One of the judges handed me a brochure. I glanced through it. It described the prizes and the trophies and money

awards for the show. In large letters inside I noticed something. Any dog that is dyed or hair sprayed will be disqualified from the dog show. Willow had done both of those things to the dog. At the end of the show, Willow tripped on Butterscotch’s leach as she went to receive her trophy. D a ddy h e lp e d her up. “St ill my Falling Star.” Willow smiled. She was beaming holding her trophy. “Come in the car,” Daddy said.

I stared out the window at the gray blue ocean as we traveled across the bridge back to the island. I hated being in the car. Why hadn’t I stood up for what was right? I really wanted to keep Shabbos. Because your parents would have been upset. A little voice inside answered. When we got home, I decided to walk over to Rosie’s to hear havdallah. I’d read about the end of Shabbos service and I wanted to see it. Willow blocked me. “Don’t go now. Stay and play a game with me.” “Thanks, but I want to go there to end Shabbos.” “What’s Shabbos? Why do you have to go there to end it? You’re doing weird stuff.” “It’s not weird,” I heard my voice

Willow was nonstop talking. “Wasn’t our dog the prettiest? Can you believe we won? “I’d rather walk home.” “No, Sammi. It’s too hot,” Mommy said. I didn’t’ want to make a scene. It was twilight maybe Shabbos was almost over. I hated getting in the car but I didn’t have a choice. Willow was nonstop talking. “Wasn’t our dog the prettiest? Can you believe we won? I’m gonna enter her in a ton more shows. It’s a great way to make money.” “You did a superb job,” Mommy said. “We’re proud of you and Butterscotch, “ Daddy chuckled. I thought of the rule in the brochure but I didn’t say anything. Willow was happy. I didn’t want to rock that. She had cheated. Shouldn’t I say something? What should I do? There wasn’t anything to be done about it. If I told them Willow had cheated it would just upset her and my parents and then what?

rising. Willow’s face fell into a sad pout. “Sorry, I just mean it’s important to me.” “More than playing with me?” “I’ll play with you when I get back,” I offered. “Forget it,” Willow said. Havdallah was beautiful. I loved the flickering double wicked candle and how everyone stood around and smelled the spices. It was a magical moment for me. Rosie invited me to stay for melavah malka. “I better go back. Willow needs me.” When I got back home Willow wasn’t there. Butterscotch needed to be fed and walked, so I did it. “Mommy, where did Willow go?” “I thought she was with you.” Daddy didn’t know where she was either.

I hoped she hadn’t gone back to that friend Jenny. I felt guilty I hadn’t stayed to play a game with her. It was very late when she returned. “Where were you?” Mommy asked. “I was with a friend.” “Which friend.” Willow didn’t answer. “I’m speaking to you.” “I don’t have to answer,” she said. “Willow, don’t be disrespectful,” I whispered. “Miss goody, don’t tell me what to do.” She stamped into our room and slammed the door. Butterscotch was scratching at the door but she ignored him. *** School started and Willow went through the motions of getting ready but she was doing everything on automatic. “Willow, come on. Snap out of it.” “It’s easy for you to say. You don’t know what I’m going through.” “What is it?” Is it school?” I asked as I finished packing my school supplies into my backpack for the first day. Her backpack lay unopened next to her bed. “It’s not school. It’s life. I can’t explain it. You’re different than me.” “Everyone is different,” I said zipping up my backpack. “I don’t mean like that. I mean I have this empty feeling inside. I can’t explain it. I don’t think other people feel this way. I mean it’s really painful and sometimes I can feel so happy and like I’m in the clouds excited and then I feel hopeless and like there’s just black everywhere.” I sank onto my bed. The reality of what Willow was dealing with was so awful. “I’m so sorry you have all this pain to deal with.” Tears brimmed Willow’s eyes. “It’s just what it is but no one understands.” I put my arm around her shoulders. “I want to understand. What you tell me is helping me understand.”

30 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

K I D Sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; P A G E

PAGE Sukkos Fun Can you help Dovie find his way to the Sukkah?

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 31

K I D Sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; P A G E

V'Samachta B'Chagecha Can you find the Sukkos-related words in the word search? ARAVOS BEES CABBAGE ESROG HADASIM HAKAFOS




32 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

K I D Sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; P A G E

With BY NESSIE SCHIFF Nessie Schiff is a professional illustrator and photographer living in Chicago, IL. She can be reached at

Moshe tells Bnei Yisroel that Torah is to our lives as rain is to crops.

Hashem tells Moshe to climb a mountain and take a look at Eretz Yisroel before he passes away.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 33

K I D Sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; P A G E

One of the mitzvos of Sukkos is to build a sukkah that we will eat and sleep in.


Another mitzvah is to shake the lulav and esrog.

On Simchas Torah, we dance and celebrate completing the entire Torah over the past year.

34 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

K I D Sâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; P A G E

Can you Spot the seven Differences this week? Send your finds to and you just might win two tickets to The Crayola Experience.

Hoshana Rabbah in a shul on Moshav Tzafria. Photo by Yossi Zeliger/Flash90

Please note: For your entry to be considered a winner it must include a complete mailing address.

Congratulations to: Rochelle Dessau of Edison, NJ, Shalva Landman of Atlanta, GA and Yankel Shanowitz of NYC for spotting the differences in the September 20 issue.

Did you spot the differences in our images of Tashliach? They were: 1) There is another stream flowing from near the center of the fountain. 2) The woman at the very lower left corner is gone. 3) The hole just above the water line of the fountain at left has moved to the right. 4) The blue tie of the man standing directly behind the fountain is now red. 5) The man second from the right holding an open siddur is no longer holding a bag. 6) His siddur is also larger. 7) The brown yarmulka of the man directly behind him is much bigger.

OCTOBER 11, 2019 | OLAM 35

Tales From The Midrash And of Our Gaonim by Rabbi Sholom Klass a”h

The Pious One


av Avraham Gershon of Kitov was a scholar in the beis medrash of Brodi. This modest and unassuming man possessed such wondrous qualities that the great Nodah B’Yehudah, in a responsum, referred to him, in part, as, “The complete and all-encompassing scholar, the hallowed pious one, light of Israel, the pillar of the right hand, mighty hammer…” Rav Avraham Gershon was, as were all scholars of Brodi, a strong opponent of chassidus. Ironically, his sister married the Baal Shem Tov. At first this made no difference to Rav Avraham Gershon, but as the days passed and he came to know his brother-in-law intimately, he began to behold the great and noble qualities that made the Baal Shem Tov the leader he was. It was not long after that Rav Avraham Gershon became one of the Baal Shem Tov’s staunchest supporters. Indeed, it

was he who was sent to Eretz Yisrael to lay the foundation for chassidus. Here is how it happened. In those days Rav Chaim Ben Attar, the Ohr HaChaim, moved from Morocco to Eretz Yisrael. This gaon, known to the wise men of his generation as “similar to an angel of the Lord,” was a man of firm views whom never flattered or bowed to any man. Nevertheless, when it came to the community of Israel he would always maintain an attitude of respect and awe. Despite his refusal to bow to people, Rav Chaim was a humble and patient man and forgiving to those who insulted him. Once in beis din, he ruled that a defendant was liable for damages. The defendant flew into a rage and began to insult the Rav, going so far as to impugn his honesty. Rav Chaim sat quietly, never growing angry or answering the man. Later his students, who were shocked by

the affair, asked him, “Rabbeinu, where is the staunch spirit for which you are so famous?” “What, in your opinion, should I have done?” asked Rav Chaim. “We feel that this man deserved to have been condemned and driven out of the house and a ban placed on him until he apologized,” the students answered. Rav Chaim laughed and replied, “And yet, consider this. The man has been found guilty and his soul is bitter because of it. The general public will understand this and fully believe that I have judged the case fairly. What would happen, however, if I placed him under a ban? “If I angrily punished him for insulting me in his time of bitterness, then people would begin to question my objectivity and my judgment.” The Ohr HaChaim’s fame spread as far as Poland, and the Baal Shem Tov longed to meet him and create a center of Torah in Eretz Yisrael with

him. However, obstacles arose that prevented him from fulfilling his greatest dream. Thus, he asked Rav Avraham Gershon to go in his place. This great scholar was only too willing to comply. His love for Eretz Yisrael was enormous and he left immediately to settle in the city of Chevron. His love for the Holy Land was embodied in the following statement: “Chazal in Menachos 44a said, ‘One who rents a house in the Diaspora is free from the obligation of affixing a mezuzah for 30 days. Only after that period of time is he obligated. If one, however, rents a house in Eretz Yisrael one must affix a mezuzah immediately. “We see from this that one day in Eretz Yisrael is comparable to 30 days in the Diaspora. I say, however, that one day in the Holy Land is as dear and important in the eyes of the Holy One Blessed Be He as 30 years in the Diaspora…”

Rav Elazar Rokeach


nother of the great scholars to come from the remarkable beis midrash in Brodi was Rav Elazar Rokeach, whose genius shines forth from his work Arba’a Turei Even and Ma’ase Rokeach. But over and above his learning were his qualities of character. He was simple and modest, direct and humble. In his youth, tradition tells us, he lived the life of a pauper. Many a week he would fast two days, and

even during his fast he would sit in the beis midrash and continue his studies. No one took notice of his afflictions and few realized how he suffered. Later, however, when he became renowned as one of the great scholars in Israel, he was offered the position of rav in a different city. Then he was suddenly recognized in his own city of Brodi and, before leaving, he prepared a feast for all his newfound friends. During the celebration, Rav

Elazar rose to speak. “I have always been puzzled by a certain commentary of Rashi. In Parshas Vayetzei, on the pasuk, ‘And Yaakov said to his brothers: gather stones,’ Rashi comments that the word ‘brothers’ refers to his sons, who were as brothers to him in times of trouble and war. Nevertheless, a few pesukim later it says, ‘And he called his brothers to eat bread.’ Here Rashi explains the word ‘brothers’ to mean his comrades who were with

Lavan. “I have never understood this comment of Rashi. Why in the same context does Rashi explain ‘brothers’ to mean ‘sons’ and then ‘comrades’? “The answer, I think, lies in the background of the two pesukim,” Rav Elazar said with a chuckle. “The second pasuk is talking about a feast, is it not? For it says that he ‘called his brothers to eat bread.’ When people hear of a feast, they suddenly become all friendly and close, like brothers.”

36 OLAM | OCTOBER 11, 2019

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October 2019

Where To Go What To Do A Guide for Chol Hamoed and the Fall 1.

A Publication of


A Publication of

Page W2 104 ••  The The Jewish  October Friday,11, October Page P8 The Jewish Jewish Press PressPress •• Friday, Friday, October 11, 2019 2019 11, •• •• 2019 •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• ••

The Guide, Chol Hamoed Sukkos, 2019 Compiled and Photographed by Sarah Einhorn It’s that time of year again. Where should we go? What should we do? How do we keep everyone happy? Here are some ideas; a bit of this, and a bit of that – some indoor, some nature, some amusements, some places geared to the little ones. I hope you find something that interests you. For more ideas check out

Make sure to call in advance for hours since during the Sukkos season, places may have erratic hours. Cherry Crest Adventure Farm Who needs an amusement park when you can spend your day in a place where fun, family, and

farming come together with exceptional “agri-tainment”? There are numerous activities to keep the family entertained for an entire day. The Wagon Express, The Farm Wagon Tour, The Pedal Kart Tracks and The Straw Bale Maze are just some of the many farm activities. The Farm Experience Center allows visitors to feed the goats, llamas and other farm animals. The Baby Chicks Hatchery is an all-time favorite where you can watch the chicks hatch and hold the cute, fuzzy babies. Across the railroad tracks that run through the park, there are many more exciting things to do. The Lil’ Farmers Playland is a special area just for the little ones. The Hay Chute Slide and Straw Bale Racer are big slides on a hill. You ride sitting on a burlap sack. Cherry Crest Farm features the most amazing interactive 5-acre corn maze with over 2.5 miles of paths, scenic bridges, and clues. Whether you’re young, a child or grandparent, the corn maze offers a challenging and fun adventure that inspires creativity and teamwork. To find your way through the cornfield maze, each group first receives instruction from the staff. Then you can begin the world’s most interactive maze walking at your own pace. The maze will entertain and tease you as you happen across the Kernels of Knowledge along with a variety of clues, tunnel slides, watering stations, and much more! The average time to find Victory is about 1 hour. This was hard work but the highlight of our trip. Call to check hours on Chol HaMoed. Address:

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Einhorn Continued from p.W2 150 Cherry Hill Road Ronks, PA 17527 Phone Number: 866-546-1799 Approximate Distance from: Brooklyn Bridge: 2 hours, 40 minutes Lakewood: 2 hours Monsey: 3 hours, ------------Creatively Yours

are designed differently by each person, and then fused together into one solid decorative or useful glass piece, such as a glass tray, frame or coasters. For walk-ins, or even for those that just prefer it, there is ceramic painting. There are so many shapes and items at a variety of prices. There is a rainbow of paint colors and stamps in countless designs and shapes available to aid in painting the ceramics. Just as we arrived a couple left after doing a ceramic with v their baby’s footprint. There is a studio fee of only $5. All painted pieces, except the canvas painting, must be left in the studio and are picked up at a later date once it is glossed with the added finishing layer by the professionals. Address: 254 E. Ridgewood Ave. Ridgewood, NJ 07450 Phone Number: 201-857-0900 Approximate Distance from: Brooklyn Bridge: 40 minutes Lakewood: 1 hour, 20 minutes Monsey: 25 minutes

2019 The Jewish Press  • Page Page 105 W3  The• Jewish Press

------------Westchester Children’s Museum Westchester Children’s Museum, located on the boardwalk near Rye Playland Amusement Park, is one of the few places that is not only toddler and young child friendly, but actually caters to the little

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HE'S A ROCK STAR! CATCH HIS ACT IN OUR DAILY SEA LION SHOWS! Don’t miss the show! Watch him clap, roar and soar through the air as his caretakers explain why teaching him husbandry behaviors are so important!

There is a variety of options of projects at Creatively Yours to choose from; some need advance reservations while others don’t. Some options are only done in classes; such as canvas painting and the latest idea, wine glass painting. Then there is also the glass fusion which requires advance reservation. This cool form of art is made from actual pieces of colored glass, which

431 E Main St, Riverhead, NY 631.208.9200, ext. 426

Visit! Closed Christmas & Thanksgiving. *Admission must be used within 7 days of your birthday. No exceptions and no refunds for previously purchased tickets. Valid ID is required. No ID no admittance. Birthday offer cannot be combined with any other offer. Good for 2019.

Wishing You a Very Joyful Sukkot

Enquire about our 10 pack deals: The Best Buzzzz For Your Buck

Billy Beez Mall at Bay Plaza.   200 Baychester Ave, Bronx, NY 10475 . (718) 514-6045 Billy Beez Palisades Center. 1282 Palisades Center Dr., West Nyack, NY 10994.  (845) 535-9277 Billy Beez Crystal Run Galleria. 1 N Galleria Dr., Middletown, NY 10941. (845) 673-3352

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Einhorn Continued from p.W3 tikes. Although the museum is not especially large, the children really enjoy

$32.00 Individual $1.50 Tickets

Rye, NY 10580 Phone Number: 914-421-5050 Approximate Distance from:

CholHamoedSuccos PARK HOURS ONLY ON October 16th & 17th from 11AM to 6PM

the interactive activities. There are plenty of staff members ready to help the children with their projects. They also put back all the supplies after the children use them, so that all will be ready for the next group of kids to use. The activities include a tubular fan that blows up papers and the like. Children can build their own roller coaster and send a ball down the track. There are coloring projects, water painting and building activities. The Westchester Children’s Museum offers wholesome quality family fun.

We will have a Succah on premises.

Address: 100 Playland Pkwy



Brooklyn Bridge: 50 minutes Lakewood: 1 hour, 55 minutes Monsey: 40 minutes ------------Adventure Aquarium The Camden Adventure Aquarium is a fun interactive aquarium that is divided into four zones to help you enjoy all the different aspects. There are different areas where you can touch various fish, even baby sharks! There are many types of sea animals, including penguins and some exotic fish.

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$ per person

2 Hours Unlimited Open Play in Bounce and Ballocity NO LIMIT - expires 10/19/19, cannot be combined with any other offer, discounts or offers.

Aviator Sports features a variety of fun activities the whole family can enjoy.

*Queens location only


Super Sukkot Special

per person

1 Session of Laser Tag NO LIMIT - expires 10/21/19, 1 session includes two 8 minute games played consecutively (cannot be split) cannot be combined with any other offer, discounts or offers.



per person

Includes: 1 Session of Laser Tag 2 Hours Unlimited Open Play in Bounce and Ballocity 1 Round of Bowling 1 Game of Mission Impossible NO LIMIT - expires 10/19/19, 1 session includes two 8 minute games played consecutively (cannot be split) cannot be combined with any other offer, discounts or offers.


80-28 Cooper Ave A (Atlas tlas Park Mall - Under Regal egal Cinemas)

Glendale, Queens, NY 11385 718-810-0226 / 347-599-1919


2710 Hempstead Turnpi T Turnpike urnpi Levittown, evittown, wn, NY 11756 516-342-1330

• Public Ice Skating available 7 days a week. • Rock Climbing, Arcade and Sky Jump available Friday-Sunday • Open Basketball available Monday, Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday (Ages 11 & up) • Day Pass available on weekends. Featuring the following: • Unlimited Public Ice Skating + Skate Rental • Unlimited Rock Climbing (Ages 5 & Up) • Unlimited Sky Jump (Ages 4 & Up) • One Session of Open Basketball (Ages 12 & Up) OR One Session of Open Volleyball (Ages 17 & Up) • 10 Arcade Credits

Bring in this clipping or purchase online using code JewishPress to get 25% OFF Ice Skating Admission. Learn more at (718)758-7500 •

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Einhorn Continued from p.W4 The sharks are by far the most exciting part of the aquarium. The 550,000-gallon and 21 foot deep Shark Realm has an 81 foot suspension bridge, the longest of its kind in the world, where you can dare to walk over the sharks. The glass tunnel under the shark tank feels almost like you are with the sharks in the tank.

Address: 1 Riverside Dr. Camden, NJ 08103 Phone Number: 844-474-3474 Approximate Distance from: Brooklyn Bridge: 1 hour, 40 minutes Lakewood: 1 hour, 10 minutes

2019 The Jewish Press  • Page Page 107 W5  The• Jewish Press

Monsey: 2 hours ------------Haverstraw Bay Park Haverstraw Bay Park is a combination of wholesome fun and natural beauty. The 27-acre park is set on the shore of the Hudson River and features three playgrounds, each geared to a different age. The fields can be used for playing games or flying kites, while the path alongside the river is a great place for a relaxing walk while enjoying nature.

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T I C K E TS STA R T AT $ 4 4 | AG E 7 & U P | N O ST R O L L E R S | D E B I T & C R E D I T C A R DS O N LY


Holiday S

ELECTRIC KARTING|arcade|bowling vr|bar & grill|+more!

600 West Ave. Stamford, CT 06902 (203) 323-7223 • 99 CAVEN POINT RD. JERSEY CITY, NJ 07305 (201) 333-7223 • 40 DANIEL ST. FARMINGDALE, NY 11735 (631) 752-7223 @RPMRaceway | Expires 12/31/19. Offer has no cash value. Non-combinable and non-transferrable.

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There are plenty of picnic tables spread around the park which also boasts a big gazebo in the middle of the field. There is a freshwater pond used for fishing. The 9/11 Memorial salutes the local heroes that perished in the attack. Address: 21 Gagan Road West Haverstraw, NY 10993 Approximate Distance from: Brooklyn Bridge: 55 minutes Lakewood: 2 hours Monsey: 30 minutes ------------Cape May Whale Watcher Viewing dolphins and whales in their natural habitat is one of the most incredible experiences! The 110 foot long Cape May Whale Watcher boat, offers a fully narrated tour which goes to the Delaware Bay and Atlantic Ocean

to view both dolphins and whales in action. In recent years there have been many dolphins returning to that neighborhood, and sighting them during a tour is almost guaranteed. Dolphins can be seen as close as ten miles from shore. On a recent trip we spotted between 35-50 dolphins. It was remarkable! After spending some time near the dolphins, the captain got a message from another boat that they’d spotted a whale. In record time, he did an aboutface and arrived at the area where the whale was searching for food. What was especially enjoyable about watching the whale in Cape May is that it was not in transit, it was searching for food and kept resurfacing near the boat. We were really sorry when our time was up and we needed to return to shore. Call to find out about scheduled Chol HaMoed boat trips.

1218 Wilson Dr. Cape May, NJ 08204 Phone Number: 609-884-5445 Approximate Distance from: Brooklyn Bridge: 2 hours, 50 minutes Lakewood: 1 hour, 40 minutes Monsey: 3 hours, 10 minutes ------------Kaaterskill Falls There are multiple parking lots that have trails that lead to the Falls. We parked on Rte 23A, a five minute walk up the road from the trailhead at Bastian Falls. The moderate level half-mile uphill trail alongside a babbling brook leads to the bottom of the 260 foot, two tiered Kaaterskill Falls, one of the tallest waterfalls in New York. After stopping for lunch, we contin-

ued up many stairs to the middle area of the Falls. We enjoyed a magnificent close-up view. The mist from the waterfall was cool and refreshing. We met many people who parked on top and were heading down. We climbed on and crossed over to the lookout above the Falls. There is a parking lot a couple of minutes’ walk to the lookout. We were lucky to get a ride back down to our car so we did not have to hike back. (The car ride down took seven minutes.) Address: NY-23A Haines Falls, NY 12436 Approximate Distance from: Brooklyn Bridge: 2 hours, 10 minutes Lakewood: 2 hours, 40 minutes Monsey: 1 hour, 30 minutes

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In Auschwitz 75 years ago, this shofar was secretly blown during the High Holidays. Learn its incredible story, and the stories of the 700 other artifacts and 400 photographs in the exhibition. Many of these artifacts – including this shofar – have never before been displayed in public.


Museum of Jewish Heritage A Living Memorial to the Holocaust Lower Manhattan, New York to Rector St or

to Bowling Green

Exhibition Tickets at MJHNYC.ORG Or at the Museum For hours and holiday closings, see website or call 646.437.4202. Sukkah available during Chol HaMoed

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Islands Unto Themselves By Surrey Cynamon

If you were stuck on an island what would you do? I know what I would do, I would seize the opportunity. I mean how often are you forced to have fun? Planning for a Chol HaMoed or a Sunday trip can be stressful. It takes hours of grueling research just to find a trip that satisfies everyone. So how about taking the easy way out: choose one trip with a variety of activities. That way you’re bound to find something for everyone. Including you, even if it is a lowered blood pressure. An island is the perfect solution. It’s big but not overwhelming, there are constantly new avenues of entertainment, and it can be easier on the wallet. You may be picturing Hawaii or the Bahamas. Those are definitely beautiful islands, but I had something a bit more economical in mind. There are a large number of islands near or in New York City, and I have chosen a couple of islands to share with you. The first is Fire Island. This island is divided into multiple ports and sections. Some districts are designated for business while others are more for vacationing and weekend fun. Surrounded by the refreshing Atlantic Ocean and blanketed with pure golden sand, this vacation is a perfect way to disconnect from the busy streets of NYC. You can just grab a bike, ride down the boardwalk and explore. You will be able to enjoy the many creations on this earth from beaches to forests. Thankfully, there are many diverse hikes that allow you to see it all. No island lacks a history; Fire Island is no exception. If you want to learn about this island’s abundant maritime history then make your way to the guided tours at the Fire Island Lighthouse. If you’re not a history buff, the view itself is enough to fill you with breathtaking joy. You can spend the day at the

beach or bring a volleyball and smiles and your day is set. If all else fails there is always shopping. You can find souvenirs, snacks or just window shop through the peaceful streets. You may have visited the following islands in the past, but they are definitely worth a return visit. Liberty Island supports the legendary symbol of New York City, the Statue of Liberty. Touring this island is a great way to teach your kids about their personal and American heritage. Liberty Island provides a complementary audio tour with every purchased ticket. A regular ticket provides access to the perimeter of the Statue of Liberty as well as admission to the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. There are alternative tickets available for purchase. Instead of gazing at the Statue of Liberty, you can switch perspectives. You can buy a ticket that allows you to enter the base of the statue or tickets to enter Lady Liberty’s Crown. Imagine that vista. It’s important to note that the journey to the top of the crown can be tiring and hot. Additionally, there is a limit of four Crown tickets per family and they can be sold out weeks in advance. It is recommended to purchase your tickets online to avoid waiting on lines. Transportation to Liberty and then Ellis Island is with a ferry. The ferry departs from New York and New Jersey. The ferry can get crowded fast so try to arrive early. It is also important to note that tickets for the Statue of Liberty in the late afternoon will not have time to go to both Islands. Ellis Island is an integral part of Jewish and American history. Countless Jews of various backgrounds stepped through the doors of Ellis Island to begin their America journey. There are many miraculous and devastating stories that originated from this small island.

The museum is the perfect place to start teaching kids about history after the Holocaust. A free audio tour of the museum is included with the ticket. There is the option of purchasing tickets for the “Hard Hat Tour of Ellis Island,” which is a recently constructed tour of the Ellis Island Hospital. Whichever ticket you purchase you’re bound to experience an educational and worthwhile trip. This next island is a full-day action-packed trip. Governors Island is the place to go. This former military base is an interesting mix of modern landscaping and historical buildings. The newly renovated section of the island is called The Hills. The Hills are four man-made lifts, and each hill features a distinct theme. Grassy Hill is the epitome of a chill spot. The kids can run free while you are invited to plop down on a warm chair. You will definitely need a rest on Grassy Hill after you experience this next hill. Slide Hill features four slides cascading down the side of a 40-foot rise. Children can spend hours running up and sliding down this playful hillside. Discovery Hill rises 40 feet and features a path decorated with an array of trees and shrubbery. The path leads to a mysterious public art piece in the shape of a wooden cabin. This last hill is appropriately named Outlook Hill. This uniquely structured lift is designed with overlapping stones leading to the top of a rise at 70 feet. This hill features an adventurous rock climb and a breathtaking view of the harbor and Lady Liberty. If you’re unable to make the trek up the stones, a path to the top is accessible for strollers and wheelchairs. Governors Island has plenty more attractions to of-

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Cynamon Continued from p.W8 fer. Most of the attractions can be categorized into four main groups. They are: art, history, education, and adventure. In regards to art, there are many modern public art sites around the island as well as art workshops. There are constantly new events and artistic displays. If you’re interested in finding some activities, check their website to see what is offered. History is also an important characteristic of the island. There are free official walking tours. There are many historical sites that you can visit; for instance the castle Williams, an authentic army defense fortress. There is a large focus on education within the island. Especially regarding the environment. There are different interactive activ-

ities offered daily, in hopes of spreading awareness of persevering the environment. Keep in mind that they are constantly adding and removing events so check which activities are available. Now for the most crucial aspect of the island: adventure and fun! I think the coolest place on Governors Island is play:groundNYC’s The Yard. This children’s park mimics a junkyard, complete with old shopping wagons, a set of scaffolding and obviously a tire swing. Biking is one of the main attractions on the island. You’re welcome to rent bikes, surreys, and various other fun means of transportation. You are also invited to bring your own bikes for a cheaper experience. There is a twenty-foot rock climbing wall and a mini golf course for all ages. There is a giant maze as well as zip lining featuring views of the harbor and the Statue of Liberty. Additionally, there is a modern climbing play area and large red hammocks, located in Hammock Grove. The island hosts many sports fields around the island. Bring along your family’s favorite game and get moving. There are many more activities and attractions on Governors Island. I would list them all, but that would spoil the fun of discovering your own adventure. Food is not a big priority on this island, so do not expect to find ice cream stands; trust me I checked. I suggest you pack up a basket and head to Picnic Point. The website doesn’t explicitly restrict pop-up sukkahs, so if you intend on bringing a sukkah good luck trying to explain to the authorities the purpose of this portable hut. Transportation to the island is by ferry. The ferries are located in Brooklyn and Manhattan. The Brooklyn Ferry is non-operational on weekdays. The weekend ferries are free until the late morning for both locations. Strollers and bikes are allowed onto the ferry on a first-come first-served basis. An important thing to remember is that Governors Island is only open from May 1st to October 31st, so start planning your island adventure right away. Another great island to visit is Roosevelt Island. You may have heard about Roosevelt’s Island’s infamous history. The island once inhabited by prisoners and mental patients is now a residential area. There

are many historical sites that you can frequent on the island, such as the Octagon, which was originally the entrance to the mental hospital. It has been renovated and is now available to the public. The North Point Lighthouse is a great place to look out over the water and have a nice lunch. Another great place to go for lunch is the Four Freedoms Park. The park also hosts a variety of events from May to October. It’s best to check out the website to see the seasonal events happening on the island. Structured with hills and lifts made from cement this park is a memorial to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The towering buildings of New York City and the river that gracefully flows alongside this island create a unique atmosphere. The park is opened at different hours, depending upon season; however they are consecutively closed on Tuesdays. Transportation to Roosevelt Island is an adventure in itself. There’s a cable car strung across the East River. You will need a MetroCard and Dramamine and you’re all set. This last island is my favorite. It is a unique experience. You will not be bored for a second. There is always a staff member available with a list of activities that you are welcome to join. The island features beautiful grassy grounds and architecturally complex residential buildings. However, when visiting the grounds you will need a personal escort. Another unique aspect about the island is that they provide complimentary outfits. As well as three meals a day. The best part is it’s all for free! There really is never a dull moment, the fellow visitors on the island are sure to keep you entertained. There are a couple of rules and regulations that are taken very seriously on the island. I suggest you check them out before your visit. Unlike the previous islands, you won’t need a ferry to get there. Transportation is super easy, no tickets necessary. All you need to do is commit a felony and you will have free passage into Rikers Island. Give me a call when you get there and I’ll send you a toothbrush. In all seriousness, I hope you gained some insightful information and some ideas on how to plan your next adventure. These islands are a great way to have a trip that will be an all-around favorite for the entire family.








• Historic Village Houses • Farm and Farm Animals • Historic Craft Demonstrations • Enjoy Old Time Music


• Clay Dice • Quill Pen Writing • Tassel Dolls • Pot Scrubbers • Pinch Pots • Learn to Knit*

an additional fee

*Knitting is ONLY Saturday & Sunday

Wednesday • Thursday • Friday • 1:00pm-4:00pm

OCTOBER 16, 17, 18

Saturday • Sunday • ALL DAY 10:00am-4:00pm

OCTOBER 19 & 20


Adults $14, Children (5-12) $8 Seniors (60+) $8, Children under 4 Free

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The Color Factory By Tzivya Steinhardt

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Friday, October 11, 2019

• The Jewish Press • Page W13

5th Annual To benefit Reach for the Stars Learning Center School for children with autism

Chol Hamoed Sukkot Wednesday, October 16th Sukkah on Premises Entrance on Avenue J & East 7th

12-5 pm

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Pip’s Island By Tzivya Steinhardt

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2019 • Jewish The Jewish Press •  The Press

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Finding The Fun Factor In Factory Tours By Tehila Willner Chol HaMoed Succos is a prime time to spend with your family. And what better place to spend that special time than at a factory? That might not sound exciting at first, but if you know which ones to visit, you can have a truly fantastic experience. Here are three of the most famous factories in Pennsylvania which are worth the trip. Herr’s Created in 1946, Herr’s began when James (Jim) Stauffer Herr bought a small potato chip factory in Lancaster. Over the next few years, the company expanded and moved around a lot. One move in 1951

2018 Jewish Press Ad_HR.pdf



was not by choice: The bakery the company was working from at the time had a fire and Herr’s was forced to move. It turned out to be beneficial, though, when the 37-acre facility they moved to came with the company’s first automated cooker. Herr’s continued growing and, in 1958, after careful consideration, Herr’s began adding seasoning to the chips, creating the flavors we know and love. They started with barbecue. That experiment was a success, but another didn’t meet the same end. In the 60s, a packaging salesman convinced them that switching their packaging from wax bags to large barrels would protect the chips from

2:18 PM

L’shanah tovah From Your Friends At The New York Apple Association A good year starts with a great apple, and there are many crunchy, crisp, tasty New York State varieties available that you can pick fresh at an orchard near you. Find your closest orchards and farm markets featuring New York State Apples at

being crushed and keep the chips fresh. Turns out the barrels just made the chips stale, so by 1974, Herr’s switched to the foil bags we’re all familiar with. Today Herr’s is a leader in the snack industry,

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James Bond Exhibition And Spy Museum At Spyscape By Tzivya Steinhardt

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• The Jewish Press • Page W17

Jewish Staten Island By Oscar Israelowitz The first Jewish settlers arrived on Staten Island in the 1850s. Moses Greenwald, a German immigrant, is believed to have been the earliest Jewish resident. The first congregation, B’nai Jeshurun, was founded in 1887. Its earliest building is still located at 199 Victory Boulevard in the Tompkinsville section, near the Staten Island Ferry Terminal. It was used as a Jewish house of worship until 1971. It later became a funeral parlor, a nursery school, and is presently a Hispanic church. At one time there were plans to turn the building into a Museum of Jewish Staten Island, but those plans fell through. B’nai Jeshurun relocated near Clove Lake Park. There are two additional synagogues of note in the area. First is Agudas Achim Anshe Chesed, which was founded in 1900, located at 386 Jersey St., and is now a local Hispanic church. The front wooden doors had engraved Stars of David. The congregation is presently in the New Brighton section. The second is the Hebrew Alliance (Congregation Tifereth Israel), a beautiful three-story brick structure on Wright Street in the Stapleton section. It was organized in 1916 and built in 1927. It has been used as a local church for many years. Temple Emanu-El, located at 984 Post Ave. in the Port Richmond section, was founded in 1907 by Jewish “Main Street” merchants. It was the grand synagogue of its day. It was designed by architect Harry W. Pelcher in the Classical Revival style, similar to the buildings designed by Thomas Jefferson in Monticello, Virginia. The synagogue is listed on the National Register for Historic Buildings. The building is said to have been modeled after the Great Synagogue of Warsaw, Poland. And that the magnificent dome was once covered in gold leaf and was visible for many miles. The ark is a miniature replica of the outside of the building. Sailor’s Snug Harbor, along the north shore of the island on Clove Road, was founded by Robert Richard Randall as a home for “aged, decrepid and worn-out sailors” in 1833. The Harbor’s trustees moved the institution to a new site at Sea Level, North Carolina, in the 1960s. Sailor’s Snug Harbor is a collection of 26 Greek Revival, Beaux Arts, Italianate and Victorian style buildings. The site is considered Staten Island’s “crown jewel” and an incomparable remnant of New York’s nineteenth-century seafaring past. It is a New York City and National Historic Landmark. The 83-acre site contains the Staten Island Botanical Garden, the Newhouse Center for Contemporary Art, the Noble Maritime Collection, the Staten Island Children’s Museum, the Staten Island Museum, the Art Lab and the Music Hall. Temple Israel of Staten Island conducted its initial services in Sailors’ Snug Harbor in 1948. In 1964, Temple Israel moved into a modern synagogue designed by noted architect, Percival Goodman, and is located at 315 Forest Ave., in the New Brighton section. A little bit of Manhattan’s Lower East Side has found homes on Staten Island. The Yeshiva of Staten Island, located at 1870 Drumgoole Rd., is a branch of Mesifta Tifereth Jerusalem (MTJ). It was headed by Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, z”l, on East Broadway on the Lower East Side, from 1937 to 1986. The Staten Island building was originally a Catholic girls’ school. It is located near the Outerbridge Crossing. Rabbi Jacob Joseph was New York City’s first and last Chief Rabbi. The yeshiva named in his honor was located at 203 Henry St. on the Lower East Side. These original buildings are presently used as residential structures. The Rabbi Jacob Joseph School on Staten Island is located at 3495 Richmond Rd. and was originally used as a Catholic Academy for Boys.

It is located within walking distance of Historic Richmondtown. Historic Richmondtown is a collection of 29 buildings set on 100 acres designed as a village that recreates the appearance and lifestyle of three centuries of local Staten Island history. Some of the buildings include the seventeenth-century Voorlezer’s House (1695), the oldest surviving elementary school; the General Store (1849); and the Bennett House (1859), which is the Museum of Childhood. For those who live in Midwood, Brooklyn, you may recall an historic Dutch House, the Wyckoff-Bennett Homestead, located at 1669 East 22nd St. at Kings Highway, and

built in the late 1600s. Just across the street from Historic Richmondtown are the remains of some of those who perished during the infamous Triangle Fire of March 25, 1911. On that Saturday of March 25, 1911, one hundred and forty-six young lives were snuffed out when fire broke out on the top three floors of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, on today’s New York University campus in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. Jewish owners of this sweatshop locked the doors of these

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Israelowitz Continued from p.119 floors from the outside fearing that some of the workers might steal merchandise before the day was over. Fire broke out at 4:30 p.m. Jewish and Italian girls who had to work on the Jewish Sabbath had no place to run. Firefighters’ ladders reached only as high as the sixth floor. Most of the victims were trapped on the ninth floor. Many of the victims broke windows and jumped to their deaths one hundred feet below. Firefighters used safety nets to try to catch the jumping girls. They jumped in groups of three or four, breaking the nets and fatally hitting the concrete pavement. In less than fifteen minutes a total of 146 women and girls had died from burns, suffocation, or falls from the fire escape, elevator shafts or just being on the ninth floor. Following the fire, new and more stringent child-labor laws were instituted. The Jewish owners of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, Max Blanck and Isaac Harris were acquitted by a jury charged with deciding whether they knew that the doors were locked at the time of the fire. The families of twenty-three of the victims filed civil suits against the owners, and in 1914 a judge ordered them to pay $75 to each of the families. The Hebrew Free Burial Society provided burials for twenty-two young victims of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire. They are buried in the Mount Richmond Cemetery, located directly across the street from Historic Richmondtown at 420 Clarke Ave. The graves are located in Section 22, Rows #7, #8, and #9. Look for a tall tree on the

right side of the foot path and turn right. Note, this is not the only location where victims of this fire

are buried. You can drive back along Rockland Avenue, turn right at Forest Hill Road and pass the Young Israel of Willowbrook, one of the largest Orthodox congregations on Staten Island. The southernmost synagogue in all of New York City and New York State is located in Tottenville. Congregation Ahavath Israel was organized in 1918 and built a simple wood-frame synagogue in 1932. It is located at 7630 Amboy Rd. It had been difficult to maintain a rabbi except for the High Holy Days in recent years. The future of this small but beautiful congregation is in doubt. You can take the Staten Island Railroad (SIR) to the last stop – Tottenville. Tottenville is a lovely village with lots of Victorian-style homes. It used to be a major fishing village, similar to Cape May, NJ. The village is also famous for its Conference House. This restored stone manor house was built in 1675. It was the site where Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Edward Rutledge, and Richard Howe, the King of England’s representative, held the only peace conference on September 11, 1776, in order to try to prevent the American Revolution. Both sides refused to budge, and war ensued. The irony of September 11! The Staten Island Railroad was originally built by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, which was owned by Cornelius Vanderbilt. He is buried in the Moravian Cemetery. He was once the richest man in the world. Here’s a secret: If you take the SIR from Tottenville toward Stapleton, the ride is free! But if you take it beyond the last two stations, Tompkinsville and St. George (Ferry Terminal), you have to pay a regular subway fare. That holds true in the southbound direction as well. You have to pay a regular fare from St. George and Tompkinsville. Anything south of those stations, there is no fare! If you want to get off at the Old Town station and walk to Hylan Boulevard, you can catch a S79 bus that will take you across the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge to the R train in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn. On Chol Ha’Moed Sukkot – Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, October 16, 17, 18, we are going to be giving Boat Tours of Jewish New York Harbor on the Staten Island Ferry. The fee for this two-hour tour is $25.00/person. For times and meeting locations contact us at (718) 336-1690, email: or visit Go to Tour #16 (Part A).

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Continued from p.W15 producing over 340 different varieties of snacks to choose from. Take a tour and see real people doing their real jobs. Learn things like what makes the perfect “chipping” potato and how tortilla chips get their flavor. Watch the chip-making process, learn about Herr’s rich history and, of course, taste some of their great food! Turkey Hill If crunchy and salty snacks aren’t your thing, and you’re more of an ice cream person, you should check out the Turkey Hill factory in Columbia. The company was created during the Great Depression in 1931 by farmer Armor Frey when he started selling milk to his neighbors from the back of his sedan. He then bought a farm from Thomas and Richard Penn, named Turkey Hill by a local Native American tribe after the wild turkeys that lived on the ridge. His sons later took over the farm and in 1954 they began making ice cream. At first the Freys only sold locally, but with help they slowly expanded. Now Turkey Hill delivers to 45 states and produces 72 ice cream and frozen yogurt flavors, along with 20 flavors of iced tea. Visit the factory and learn how the ice cream is made, milk mechanical cows, and virtually create your own ice cream flavor and watch it materialize in the taste lab. Taste and experience tea from around the world. Crayola Finally, when you’re full – or just plain tired of focusing on food – head to the Crayola factory in Easton. There are multiple things to do that could take up a whole day of fun. No chance you’ll be bored at the Crayola Experience – the possibilities are almost as many as the colors in the crayon box. You

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might even leave with a coloring book page featuring and green), and cost only five cents. It was Edyour family. ward’s wife, Alice Stead Binney, who came up with Make art with melted crayons, molded crayons, the name by combining the French words for chalk wheel art, models, paints, chalk and more. Use the (craie) and oily (oleaginous) to create the word “fun tech” to make your art come to life and play with Crayola. Today Crayola produces over 100 differyour drawing, be it a monkey, a dragon, or anything ent types of supplies, including crayons with glityou can dream up. Stomp, skip, and play on the in- ter, glow-in-the-dark crayons, and even ones that teractive floor, or check out the giant 15 lb., 1,500 foot change colors! crayon Big Blue, made out of 123,000 blue crayons. As you can see, a factory isn’t only a place of mass Then go be a sailor on the 85-ft. water table stocked production. You can also find rich history and great with toy boats, cargo ships, and a built-in canal sys- food. Not a bad way to spend family time on Chol tem. Lastly, don’t forget to wrap and name your very HaMoed. own crayon. Crayola doesn’t give factory tours, but you can still learn about the company’s history. Crayola crayons were first thought up by cousins Edward Binney and C. Harold Smith, who were in the business of using red oxide pigment Use of the Sukkah is to make barn paint. Included in Regular They caringly thought Zoo Admission that children deserved a non-toxic material they could safely use at school. The first box of cray560 Northfield Avenue, West Orange, NJ 07052 ons came out in 1903, (within the Essex County South Mountain Recreation Complex) had eight crayons (black, brown, blue, red, purple, orange, yellow,

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Chag S

• •

Essex County Turtle Back Zoo

proudly announces a new Sukkah open in the

Essex County Turtle Back Zoo

Page W20 • The Jewish Press • Friday, October 11, 2019 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

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