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Israeli groups bringing new ideas to “brain drain” battle By Ben Sales JERUSALEM (JTA) – The son of a Jewish philosophy lecturer, Menahem Ben-Sasson has had an academic’s dream career. After earning his doctorate in Jewish history at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Ben-Sasson completed post-doctoral studies at the University of Cambridge. He then returned to Hebrew University as a professor, eventually becoming its rector and in 2009 its president. In between, he held a decidedly less glamorous position – as a teacher at Jerusalem’s Himmelfarb High School. “If someone says why study to be a doctor, there won’t be a position available, I say I want to be a doctor because I want to finish my studies,” BenSasson told JTA. “I got a doctorate and I was a high school teacher. I was happy.” Ben-Sasson sees his story as one way to combat Israel’s so-called “brain drain,” in

which talented academics leave the country to work in the United States or Europe. According to a recent report by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, for every 100 Israeli scholars who stayed in Israel, 29 left for positions abroad in 2008, the most recent year for which data was available. The problem gained new urgency in early October when Arieh Warshel and Michael Levitt, two Israeli professors working in the United States, won the Nobel Prize for chemistry. Several Israeli organizations are working to bring academics back to Israel, offering them incentives, professional guidance and a range of job opportunities. Last year, Hebrew University attracted far more applicants for academic positions than it had openings, prompting Ben-Sasson to suggest that Israeli academics should consider posi-

tions outside of higher education, including in Israel’s vaunted hightech industry. “There are high schools, there is industry, there are educational programs, there are positions in the Education Ministry,” he said. “There are government positions that need academics.” A new governmental organization founded this year aims to match Israelis living abroad with job opportunities back home. The Israel Brain Gain Program – a joint venture of Israel’s chief scientist, the Council for Higher Education and the Absorption and Finance ministries – aims to obtain a precise count of Israeli academics living abroad and to ensure that those who want to come back can find work.

SHDS Prize Extravaganza and Melava Malka to be held on Nov. 16

Finishing touches are being made on the Scranton Hebrew Day School’s bi-annual Prize Extravaganza and Melava Malka, to be held on Saturday, November 16, at 8:30 pm, at the Radisson at Lackawanna Station, Scranton. The event will be dedicated in memory of Miriam Gans. Event Chairwoman Fraidel Tzuker and her committee – Phyllis Barax,

Leah Laury, Laney Ufberg and Rachelle Werbin – have reported that prize booklets have been mailed. Food co-chairwomen – Etty Fink, Hindy Pressman and Leah Rosenberg – are handling arrangements for the Melava Malka, which will feature a hot dairy buffet, sushi and a dessert table. Live music will performed as well.

Ben-Sasson said Israeli universities often encourage promising scholars to gain experience abroad, but Nurit Eyal, Brain Gain’s director, said most hope to return. “Most Israeli academics say I want to come back to Israel sometime,” Eyal said. “Someone who left for a post-doc doesn’t have a network. And if you’re Hebrew University five or six years abroad, you lose P r e s i d e n t some of your connections.” Menahem BenBrain Gain hopes to act as a sort S a s s o n w a n t s of headhunter, matching academthe government ics abroad with a personal liaison to spend more who can find them a job that suits money to attract their needs. The liaisons also will its best minds help the academics navigate the back to Israel. often complicated process of (Photo by Hebrew moving back to Israel after a stay University) in the United States or Europe. A nongovernmental organization, Gvahim, does similar work, and has connections with 300 Israeli companies. “To bring academics with international experience is great, but if they don’t succeed in Israel, you haven’t done a lot,” said Michael

The cost to attend will be $18 per person or $30 per couple. Free admission per couple will be granted with a $100 purchase or more of auction tickets. Value ticket packages are available through Monday, November 11. For more information or to place an order, call 570-346-1576, ext. 2. All proceeds will benefit the school’s scholarship fund.

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To Cuba, with love: friends launch first kosher tour to hard-to-reach destination

By Barbara Lewis It started with a mutual fascination with Cuba, especially its tiny Jewish community. Now two Jewish women, separated by a generation in age and more than 760 miles in physical location, have become best friends and have turned their love of Cuba into a thriving tour business that has brought thousands of people to the island. And they’re about to coordinate the first – at least in Castro times – kosher tour of Cuba. Marla Whitesman, 47, of Flint, MI, wasn’t thrilled about her first trip to Cuba in December 2000. She went as a favor to her husband, Barney, but from the moment she set foot on the island, she says, she was “smitten” with everything about it. “I came home thinking I had to work to get the Jews off the island,” she said. “I knew I couldn’t do that, so I decided to work to make their lives better on the island. I did a Web search for Jews in Cuba and saw an article on a B’nai B’rith site. That’s how I

met Miriam.” Miriam Saul, 64, of Atlanta, was born in Cuba, but left when she was 11. She had returned in December 2000 with her sister and brotherin-law – the same time as Whitesman, though their paths never crossed. It was her first visit back in more than 40 years. She wrote about the experience and B’nai B’rith The entrance to the Ashkenazi Cuba cemetery in Guanabacoa, published her piece. Whitesman e-mailed Havana. (Photo by Marla Whitesman) Saul after reading her Saul’s parents emigrated to Cuba in the story. “I don’t even know you, but I feel 1920s, her mother from Russia and her like I already do!” she said. The two women spoke by phone. Then father from Poland. After Fidel Castro took Whitesman went to Atlanta to visit Saul, control of Cuba in 1959, the government and the two felt an immediate connection. started taking children from their families “We probably knew each other in another in the cities and sending them to work in See “Cuba” on page 8 life,” Saul joked.

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Candle lighting November 8..................................... 4:31 pm November 15...................................4:25 pm November 22...................................4:20 pm

A Belgian museum on the Red The growing Ladino music scene With Chanukah and Thanksgiving PLUS Star Line prompts protests for its is getting a boost from Ashkenazic coinciding this year, cook Helen Opinion...........................................................2 universal migration focus. musicians. Nash offers a menu for a crowd. Jewish Community Center News............6 Story on page 4 Story on page 5 Story on page 12 D’var Torah.................................................10


THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

a matter of opinion The Turkish betrayal: global implications By Mark Silverberg Reprinted with permission of Israel National News (Arutz Sheva) On October 16, Washington Post columnist David Ignatius reported that in 2012, Turkey, a NATO member, gave Iranian intelligence the identities of at least 10 Iranian spies who had been meeting in Turkey with their Israeli Mossad handlers. Subsequent reports suggest that they may have already been executed by the Iranian government. But, as Boaz Bismuth writes in Israel Hayom, “There is more than one riddle here. The first is, of course, what the exact details of the story are and how great the damage is. Another riddle, no less intriguing, is who benefitted from exposing the story at this time and why?” Clearly, this Turkish betrayal represents a significant loss of intelligence to the Israelis. According to Ignatius, the Turkish intelligence chief, Hasan Fidan, is suspect in Israel because of what are seen as his close ties with Tehran. Several years ago, Israeli intelligence officers described him to CIA officials as “the MOIS station chief in Ankara,” a reference to Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security, but this has not affected the continuing contacts between the U.S. and Turkish intelligence communities. As Caroline Glick pointed out recently, “Rather than taking action against Turkey, or simply acknowledging that the actions of Prime Minister Recep

Erdogan represented a fundamental shift in Turkey’s strategic outlook, President Obama shrugged off Turkey’s betrayal without even a protest over Turkey’s despicable deed.” The lack of official U.S. reaction to the

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Mark silverberG exposure of Israeli intelligence assets in Iran by Turkey may be because President Obama remains intent on cultivating Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan as a “model partner” and key Muslim ally at any cost, so the U.S. continues to work with Fidan on sensitive issues despite his suspected collaboration with Tehran. As Ignatius noted, it has been U.S. practice to separate intelligence issues from broader U.S. foreign policy objectives in the region. If so, then Turkey’s outing of Israeli intelligence assets and U.S. silence about it falls within that foreign policy paradigm. For the United States, however, the fact that President Obama has been willing to share state-of-the-art technology and secrets with a regime so willing to betray those secrets to Iran (and possibly China as well, given Turkey’s recent $3.4 billion deal for Chinese missiles, the integration of which would, according to Western officials, functionally introduce a “virus” into NATO’s command and control infrastructure) raises questions about U.S. strategic judgment in separating these two issues. It is puzzling how the U.S.-Turkish intelligence relationship can continue despite Turkey’s actions not only in undermining the interests of a major strategic ally (Israel), but facilitating a major intelligence setback for Western efforts to halt Iran’s nuclear program. Steven Cook and Michael Koplow, writing for the Council on Foreign Relations suggest as much: “That Erdogan and/or his intelligence chief, Hakan Fidan, were willing to undermine a broad Western effort to stop Iran’s nuclear development for no other reason than to stick it to Israel should be a wake-up call as to whether the current Turkish government can be trusted as a partner on anything.” Nevertheless, Turkish-American relations have continued to expand to the point that Erdogan remains among Obama’s key confidants. This was reflected when the administration made Turkey co-chair of its signature Global Counterterrorism Forum in June 2012 – a Forum which controversially excluded Israel. But there could be another undercurrent at work here. Separate and apart from the breach of trust and the damage done to Israeli interests in this disclosure, not to mention Turkey’s credibility, DEBKAfile notes that Israeli intelligence believes that Ignatius may have been provided with this information at this particular moment not so much to disclose an Israeli intelligence betrayal by Turkey that took place last year, but as a warning to Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu not to “sabotage

diplomacy” (in the words of The New York Times) and to drop his objections to possible U.S. and European concessions designed to coax Iran into abandoning its nuclear weapons program. The fear is that Israel may unilaterally bomb Iran’s nuclear installations in the midst of these negotiations or turn to its traditional allies in the U.S. Congress to press Obama to stand tough on Iran, especially since two-thirds of Israelis doubt Obama will keep his promise to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons, according to a recent opinion poll published by Tel Aviv University and the Israel Democracy Institute. After all, why leak the story to the press during the conference? The timing of this espionage disclosure may be even more significant than the disclosure itself. Consider that Ignatius’s article was published on October 16, on the final day of a two-day conference in Geneva between six world powers and Iran concerning the latter’s expanding nuclear enrichment program. A chorus of Western powers led by the U.S. and the mainstream media hailed the event as “substantive,” a “new phase” and “forward-looking,” despite their having failed to achieve any breakthrough whatsoever, and despite widespread skepticism within the U.S. Congress, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.S. Institute for Science and International Security, half a dozen United Nations Security Council resolutions and numerous global nuclear experts familiar with the Iranian nuclear program and Iran’s history of deception relating to it. We heard the same fanfare about breakthroughs and the need to make significant concessions to North Korea... just before it conducted its first nuclear weapon test in October 2006. Ignatius predicts that “kaleidoscopic changes” lie ahead for the Middle East. In fact, new alliances are already forming between Turkey, China, Russia, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria on the one hand, and Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the Gulf emirates, on the other. Obama has notified Prime Minister Netanyahu that the gradual lifting of sanctions against Iran will soon begin and Israeli intelligence fears that Ignatius’s disclosure, coming as it did during the Geneva meeting, is a warning to Netanyahu that he must accept President Obama’s new Middle East vision as it relates to Iran. If that is the reason for the timing of this disclosure, and if Netanyahu persists in his defiance against Iran’s nuclear enrichment program, Israeli intelligence fears it will face more intelligence disasters like the Turkish betrayal. As a result, Netanyahu may be forced to change his approach and accept the new political realities in the Middle East that appear to be taking shape based upon the evolving U.S.-Iranian rapprochement that will, despite administration assertions to the contrary, culminate in a nuclear Iran. This same message that applies to Israel also applies to Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf emirates. All oppose Obama’s policy approach to the region in general and to Iran in particular. They are convinced that Obama can no longer turn away from the path he has set for himself, because he is

driven by the ambition to prove that international problems can be solved without military force and solely by good will, negotiations and diplomacy. As a result, they believe that Obama is throwing them under the bus by trying to cut a deal with Iran and its allies. They believe, as does Israel (with whom, as it happens, they share the exact same geopolitical concerns about Iran), that Obama has no intention of stopping Iran militarily from achieving its goal and see him as lacking both the mettle and the guile to face the Iranians in what they view as a pivotal battle that will decide the future of the Middle East. They are convinced that if Iran is not stopped now, it will reach the breakout capacity to assemble a nuclear weapon whenever it chooses, while the U.S. president would be satisfied with an Iranian pledge to refrain from weaponizing its nuclear assets, whatever that’s worth. They see the Obama administration as too ready to trust Iranian President Rouhani on his pledges to improve ties and be more transparent about Iran’s nuclear work. They are especially concerned about Obama’s proposed concessions to Iran which are said to include releasing $50 billion in frozen Iranian assets in the U.S. and Europe – a concession that would enable Iran to bypass the global oil and gas sanctions against it and accelerate its nuclear weapons program. They believe (as does the respected insider security bulletin NightWatch-KGS) that Obama is backing off his policy that Iran must halt all uranium enrichment, and is moving instead toward a containment strategy for a nuclear Iran. If these are the “kaleidoscopic changes” to which Ignatius is referring and that Obama is seeking to implement, the political environment of the Middle East is about to take a dramatic turn for the worse. No country will rely on U.S. promises to protect them from a nuclear Iran after the same promises failed to protect them from a conventionally-armed Iran, which is currently supporting terrorist organizations on five continents and sees itself on a messianic mission to spread Islam globally. A nuclear armed Iran could very well secretly transfer a nuclear device to terrorists and would, without a doubt, ignite a nuclear arms race throughout the Sunni nations of the Persian Gulf and Middle East? Moreover, Iran is certain to use its nuclear weapons as a shield under which it will extend its influence throughout the world. Therefore, containment of a nuclear Iran, if that is President Obama’s new vision for the Middle East, will fail – with catastrophic consequences. This explains why Strategic Affairs Minister Yuval Steinitz expressed Israel’s fears about the outcome of the current Geneva negotiations with Iran when he said, “We worry that Geneva 2013 will end up like Munich 1938,” referring to the agreement that appeased Nazi Germany’s seizure of Czech territory in the months leading up to the outbreak of World War II. Steinitz is right to be concerned. Mark Silverberg’s book, articles and editorials have been archived on his website at

letters to the editor V.A. needs help to end veterans’ homelessness Dear Editor: “They fought for our home, now let us fight for theirs.” On a single night in January 2011, 67,495 veterans were homeless in the United States. This is unacceptable. Veterans who have honorably served our country should have a safe and secure place to call home. The United States Department of

Veterans Affairs aims to end veterans’ homelessness by 2015. V.A. needs our help to meet this ambitious goal. Much is being done. Homeless veterans and those at risk of homelessness should gain access to V.A. services. Know the facts. Any veteran may be at risk of homelessness due to poverty, lack of support from family and friends, and substance abuse or mental

health issues. Spread the word. Make sure veterans know about potential support and help them get the care and help they deserve. Supporters can call 877-424-3838. Make a difference, make the call. Veterans Day is November 11. Morton Tener Member, American Legion, Jewish War Veterans, Veterans of Foreign Wars

NOVEMBER 7, 2013 ■



community news Temple Israel of Scranton to present “An Evening at Ford’s Theatre” on Nov. 10

Temple Israel of Scranton will host the Dearly Departed Players in their original theatrical production, “An Evening at Ford’s Theatre,” on Saturday, November 9, at 8 pm, and on Sunday, November 10, at 2 pm, in the main sanctuary of Temple Israel, located at the corner of Monroe Avenue and E. Gibson Street. Best known for the Dunmore Cemetery Tour, the Dearly Departed Players will portray the “lingering friendly and often quirky spirits” of Ford’s Theatre in Washington, DC.

In this one-act play, the spirits recount the events of April 14, 1865, when John Wilkes Booth fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln. “An Evening at Ford’s Theatre” will be followed by musical selections by Cantors Vladimir Aronzon and Marshall Wolkenstein. Thomas Costello, great-grandson of Scranton master penman and embosser P.W. Costello, will exhibit his ancestor’s works relating to the Lincoln assassination in the lobby of the temple

before and after the performance. The congregation of Temple Israel has invited the public to attend the program. All proceeds will benefit Temple Israel. Reservations for the performances can be made by contacting the office at 570-342-0350. Ticket prices will be $5 for students and seniors, $7.50 in advance or $10 at the door. Patron tickets will cost $50, which will include reserved seating as well as a post-dessert reception.

Jewish rock musician to hold free concert in Scranton on Dec. 8

Mason Cooper and began performing rock music with Jewish themes and Hebrew prayers. Prior to forming the band, Nichols worked as a cantorial soloist at Congregation Micah in Brentwood, TN. He also performed as a background soloist in the operatic genre at synagogues, Hillels, Jewish Community Centers and Jewish youth camps nationwide. Nichols’ work began to receive notice by the Union for Reform Judaism and the North American Federation of Temple Youth, for whom he has performed at various conventions. They Dan Nichols also featured his music on their “Ruach” albums and songbooks. In 2006, NFTY awarded Nichols a lifetime membership for his “years of commitment and outstanding contributions” to Reform Jewish youth. In 2008, Nichols and E18ghteen held a concert for Sirius XM Radio’s “Hanukkah Jewish Stars” concert series. The band also performed at a concert at Masada, celebrating Israel’s 60th anniversary. Nichols has also been an artist-in-residence at Rodef Shalom Temple By Esther Elefant Bais Yaakov High School of Scranton is in session with in Pittsburgh since 2008. Nichols’ concert will be Temple Hesed’s reward for new classes and teachers this year. Chesed activities include Jewish home meals and visitation, as well as after school and winning “50,000 Voices,” a national contest to attract the Sunday help for new mothers. Students also deliver challot highest percentage of congregants to sign up for e-mails from the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism, weekly to Webster Towers and the local hospitals. Recently, three students in charge of the Mishmeres the political and legislative outreach arm of the Reform Program attended a Shabbaton for leaders nationwide featur- Jewish movement in the United States. The RAC direcing guest speaker Rabbi Yitzchak Feigenbaum. Soon, the tor is Rabbi David Saperstein, who spoke at the temple students will attend the Bais Yaakov national convention earlier this year, also as a result of winning first place in the contest, in which more than 900 congregations for juniors and seniors in Toronto. The students also serve as b’not leaders, leading groups nationwide competed. The family-friendly concert will reserve the front rows on Shabbat. There will be a convention for them as well for children 12 and under. For more information, call Temple on Friday, December 6, in Philadelphia. “In spite of its small numbers, Bais Yaakov of Scranton Hesed at 570-344-7201. is most definitely on the Jewish high school map, not only in Scranton but throughout the United States and Canada MARK BERGER (570) 344-2901 as well,” said a Bais Yaakov representative. DESIGN SPECIALIST (570) 842-6300 Chai Lifeline Chanukah toy drive Bais Yaakov will once again collect new toys for the Chai Lifeline toy drive to benefit Jewish children with serious and life-threatening illnesses. The drop-off location will be The Only Jewish Monument Dealer in the Area at Bais Yaakov, 1025 Vine St., from 10 am-5 pm. Bronze / Granite Memorials Pizza sale Mausoleums - Lettering A pizza sale will be held on Tuesday, November 19, Architechural - Bronze with a pick-up at Beth Shalom Synagogue from 5-6 pm. Rock of Ages Quarried Granite For more information, contact Bais Yaakov High School 117 State Route 435, Elmhurst Twp., PA 18444 at 570-347-5003.

By Paola Giangiacomo Dan Nichols, a nationally-known Jewish rock musician, will hold a free concert on Sunday, December 8, at 4 pm, at Temple Hesed. In lieu of admission fees, donations for the homeless will be accepted by Temple Hesed in the form of money and toiletry items. All donations will be given to the Community Intervention Center in Scranton and distributed to the homeless throughout the area. Nichols, 44, is founder of the band E18hteen (pronounced “eighteen”). He created the band while living in Nashville in 1994 when he met

Bais Yaakov High School activities

The Dearly Departed Players will perform “An Evening at Ford’s Theatre,” on Saturday, November 9, at 8 pm, and on Sunday, November 10, at 2 pm, in the main sanctuary of Temple Israel.



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Temple Israel of Scranton formally installs Rabbi Moshe Saks as spiritual leader

The Temple Israel family celebrated the weekend of October 11-13 to formally install Rabbi Moshe Saks as the seventh rabbi in its 92-year history. Saks and his wife, Meira Shapiro Saks, have returned to the Pennsylvania and New Jersey area after serving congregations from Connecticut to Calgary, including Saks’ previous tenure in Toledo, OH. The weekend began with a Shabbat service, followed by a congregational dinner on October 11. A Shabbat service was held on October 12, with Saks’ son-in-law, Oren Pollak, chanting the Torah portion. His son, Rabbi Ari Saks, of congregation Beth Mordechai, in Perth Amboy, NJ, delivered a d’var Torah emphasizing the “can do” spirit of his abba, Rabbi Moshe Saks. The service was followed by a kid-

dush luncheon. The official installation was held the morning of October 13 in the chapel. Officiating was Moshe’s brother-in-law, Rabbi David Ackerman, of Temple Beth Am Israel in Penn Valley, PA, who also serves as the president of the Rabbinical Assembly, MidAtlantic Region. Many of the Saks’ friends and relatives from the Philadelphia area attended, including Moshe’s parents, Robert and Yetta Saks. Four out of five of the Saks family’s children were also present, some for the entire weekend. “The entire Temple Israel family looks forward with great anticipation to working with Rabbi Saks, in order to perpetuate the great history of the temple, and to build upon it, looking to the future,” said a temple representative.

Rabbi Moshe Saks (left) posed with Rabbi David Ackerman (right).

Museum on Belgian shipping line stirs debate on Holocaust history By Cnaan Liphshiz ANTWERP, Belgium (JTA) – With the confidence befitting a septuagenarian grandmother, Ellen Bledsoe-Rodriguez briskly leads her family past the beer stalls and DJs that dot the Flemish capital’s historic port on sunny autumn days. Bledsoe-Rodriguez is uninterested in such diversions. She and nine of her relatives had traveled 5,600 miles from California for

the recent opening of a museum devoted to the Red Star Line, the maritime travel company that nearly a century ago transported her mother and two million others from war-torn Europe to Ellis Island. “I knew this would be an emotional experience, but I underestimated how emotional it would be,” Bledsoe-Rodriguez told JTA while retracing her mother’s footsteps into the red-brick terminal she had passed

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through in 1921 as a third-class passenger from Russia, fleeing the pogroms and persecution that preceded the near annihilation of European Jewry. To Bledsoe-Rodriguez, the Red Star

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Ellen Bledsoe-Rodriguez near a marker on September 29 honoring her mother, Basia Cohen, one of the many Jews who fled Europe on a Red Star Line vessel. (Photo by Cnaan Liphshiz)

Line is symbolic of her mother’s will to survive. But to city officials in Antwerp, which funded the $25 million museum, it is a reflection on the “universal quest for happiness” and a response to growing interest in general immigration trends. “For Belgians, the Red Star Line is reminiscent of the belle epoque, but it means something very different to Jews,” said Michael Boyden, a Belgian literary historian at Sweden’s University of Upsala, who published a critical op-ed about the museum in the Flemish-language De Morgen daily. “The museum seems to me like a missed opportunity to research these different narratives more deeply.” Debates over whether European history is properly understood in particularist or universalist ways are not new in Europe. In recent years, several commemoration projects in Belgium and Holland have been marred by conflict between those seeking to engage wide audiences with universal themes and activists who argue that the fading memory of the Jewish genocide requires specifically combating the antisemitism that made it possible. Luc Verheyen, the museum’s project coordinator, said the museum does not skirt the “tragic element” of European emigration. But it also aims to celebrate the contributions of notables such asAlbert Einstein, who boarded See “Museum” on page 14

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Weinberg Judaic Studies Institute to offer JewishChristian relations lecture on Nov. 21

The Weinberg Judaic Studies Institute has announced a lecture by Dr. Steven Fine, of Yeshiva University, “The Menorah and the Cross: Jewish-Christian Relations in the Christian Roman Empire,” will be held on Thursday, November 21, at 7:30 pm, in the Brennan Auditorium at the University of Scranton. Fine is a cultural historian specializing in Jewish history in the Greco-Roman period. His work focuses mainly upon the literature of ancient Judaism, art and archaeology, as well as the ways that modern scholars have interpreted Jewish antiquity. His blend of history, rabbinic literature, archaeology and art, together with engagement with historiography and contemporary culture, has been expressed in a variety of publications. The author of academic monographs, museum catalogs, more than 60 articles and a book for children, Fine’s most recent monograph, “Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman World: Toward a New Jewish Archaeology,” received the 2009 Jordan Schnitzer Book Award of

Dr. Steven Fine posed in front of the Arch of Titus in Rome, which is being restored under his direction.


the Association for Jewish Studies. Fine directs The Arch of Titus Digital Restoration Project, which in June 2012 discovered evidence that the Arch of Titus menorah was painted a yellow ochre color in antiquity. The team plans to return to Rome next year to scan the entire arch. His tentatively titled “The Menorah: A History” is under contract with Harvard University Press and is scheduled to appear in 2015. He has lectured to both popular and academic audiences throughout the United States, Israel and Europe, in both English and Hebrew. In recent years, he has given academic presentations at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin; the University of Basle; Bar Ilan University; Ben Gurion University; University of Haifa; Oxford University; the Hebrew University; American Jewish University; Union Theological Seminary; Yale University; the Hebrew Union College; UC Davis; Duke University; and the Brooklyn Museum. Fine also delivered the first Cecil Roth Memorial Lecture at the Jewish Museum in London.

Ljuba Davis Ensemble bringing life to growing Ladino music scene

By Talia Lavin NEW YORK (JTA) – Avraham Pengas, a veteran bouzouki player, says few Ashkenazic musicians can make Sephardic music come alive. Ljuba Davis, he says, is “absolutely” one of them. Davis (her first name is pronounced LYOO-bah) is the lead singer of the Ljuba Davis Ladino Ensemble, a group that performs Ladino and Sephardic music. The group features an oud (a lute of Middle East origin), the bouzouki (a Greek four-stringed instrument), classical Spanish guitar and lively percussion. Its musicians are equally diverse. Pengas, 60, was born in Athens, Greece. Nadav Lev, the guitarist, grew up on a kibbutz in Israel. Percussionist Osama Farouk hails from Egypt. And oud player Rachid Halihal grew up in Morocco.

Ljuba Davis presides over an ensemble of diverse musicians performing music in Ladino.

The ensemble’s diversity reflects the nature of the Ladino language, which originated in Spain before the Inquisition and was spoken throughout Greece, the Balkans, Turkey, North Africa and beyond. Ladino has much in common with Yiddish, Europe’s other Jewish language. Both have a rich and varied culture of folktales, music and literature. Both were devastated by the Holocaust. And both have been classified as endangered by the Israeli government. In 1997, Israel established the National Authority of Ladino aimed at preserving JudeoSpanish culture. Alongside the revived interest in Yiddish in recent years, a small crop of young musicians are working to revive Ladino musical culture and revamp it for a new audience. Sarah See “Ladino” on page 12

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THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

jewish community center news First person

BBYO’s Chapter Leadership Training Conference it really was over. I wouldn’t wake up By Ellie Sullum to my roommates dancing around and I This summer, I experienced the best wouldn’t have to walk up miles of hills 12 days of my life. From July 16-28, every day. I wouldn’t go through any I attended BBYO’s Chapter Leadermore life-changing programs with those ship Training Conference in Bethany 100 people ever again. The funny inside College, WV, with 100 other Jewish jokes we all shared wouldn’t be as funny teenagers. I received amazing scholarwith our friends back home. Still, I was so ships from my regional director, B’nai inspired and appreciative of the time I did B’rith Men, the Gelb Family and the have with everyone and Bethany. CLTC Jewish Federation of Northeastern is one of my favorite experiences because Pennsylvania, who made it possible I started growing into the leader I always for me to go. wanted to be, and I’m still learning. My On day one, we all got situated and advice is, when you’re given the opporwere put into mock chapters, where we could learn more about our role as Ellie Sullum volunteered to make tunity of a lifetime, bring a camera. My chapter, Scranton BBYO, had a leaders. Throughout the course or those telephone calls for the UJA great start to the year. Some of us attended next 12 days, I sharpened my skills as Campaign. our Regional Leadership Training Institute a leader and learned so much about myself as a person. I was so excited to take back what in September, which was planned by two of our own memI learned to my community and to tell everyone about bers, Ali Epstein and Becky Fallk. Right now, we are getting ready for our next convention, which is a spirit convention my experience. I also made the best of friends from all across the called Tournies. The whole region will show off chapter country, who I got to experience those 12 days with. We spirit in more than 20 different competitions for sports, art made amazing memories and have an amazing bond, and performance. If you know a high school teenager who unlike any other. On the last day, I was devastated that might be interested, or you are in high school and want to JFS VEHICLE DONATION PROGRAM

Support JFS with a donation of your car, truck, RV, boat or motorcycle • Fast, Free Pick-up and Towing • Receive a Tax Deduction for your Donation • All Vehicles Accepted Running or Not! Visit Us on the Web at:

know more, e-mail me at, or my advisor, Tim Frank, at For more information on BBYO Liberty Region, contact Jeff Koch, senior regional director, at


Continued from page 1

Alvarez-Pereyre, Gvahim’s marketing and communications director. “You can’t talk about brain gain if someone with a Ph.D. isn’t working. He’s not using his brain.” Israel’s Council for Higher Education also instituted a set of reforms several years ago that by 2015 will add two billion shekels (about $570 million) to the government’s annual budget for higher education. Part of that money has gone to opening up 16 “centers of research excellence” in partnership with Israeli universities in fields as varied as solar energy and Abrahamic religions. Each center will employ 15-30 researchers – though not all will be new hires – and encourage collaboration with universities abroad. A portion of the government higher education budget will go to upgrading Israel’s scientific research facilities, which Ben-Sasson says is a must. At present, he says, Israel’s universities do not offer the same research opportunities as institutions abroad because the research infrastructure is often lacking. “There’s nothing like Israeli researchers in the world,” Ben-Sasson said. But when Israeli scholars do work abroad, he said, “They see the most modern facilities, technicians that know what they’re doing, machines that are the best in the world.” Government spending on infrastructure, Ben-Sasson said, will bring a renewed flow of innovation back to Israel. “We educate thousands of students, they educate thousands of students and they come up with medical patents, they obtain agricultural patents,” he said. “The best investment in the world is in higher education.” To Donate, Call Today Toll Free:


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Our Cancer Wellness Team at the Scranton JCC is a highly skilled, certified and energetic group of professionals that will assist you either in a group setting, or one on one with personal training. We are here to help you adopt or continue a lifestyle that fosters optimal health and wholeness. This team, combined with our state-of-the-art fitness center, aerobic studio and swimming pool, will help cancer patients and survivors overcome the everyday symptoms of fatigue, anxiety and depression. Also, cancer patients and survivors will enjoy the benefits of exercise, meet other patients and survivors, and have an opportunity to better enjoy life to its fullest extent. Our team members include certified specialists in Cancer Wellness, yoga and specialized therapies, and also professional fitness instructors and personal trainers.

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NOVEMBER 7, 2013 ■


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THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

Cuba the fields. Shortly afterward, Castro embarked on a massive literacy campaign. Educated young people from the cities, like Saul and her sister, were being drafted to help teach those who were illiterate. “There was no antisemitism about it, and it wasn’t punitive,” said Saul. “But it was not the kind of life my parents wanted for their children.” Many anti-Castro parents sent their children to the United States. From December 1960 to October 1962, in an effort that became known as Operation Peter Pan, more than 14,000 unaccompanied Cuban youths arrived in the U.S. About half were taken in by family. The others were cared for by the Catholic Welfare Bureau. Saul’s cousins had all left. Her parents asked relatives in Atlanta if they could take her and her older sister. The girls left in 1960, the last children in their family to depart. “When we said good-bye to my parents, I didn’t know if I would ever see them again,” she said. “It was only much later, when I became a parent myself, that I could understand the anguish they must have felt.” Luckily, Saul’s parents were able to join her just a few months later. “They went to Jamaica and renounced their Cuban citizenship,” she said. Because they had been born in Europe, they were able to obtain immigrant visas for the U.S. Saul said she had no memories of Cuba before she returned in 2000, because her departure was so traumatic. She had forgotten all the Spanish she knew. “After about five days on the island, I started getting flashbacks,” she said. “At the airport on the way home I started crying and I cried for three months. I decided the best way to deal with my emotions was to go back to Cuba and to bring others with me.” On her second trip, she took her mother, father and brother. Then, through the Marcus Jewish Community Center of Atlanta, she started leading groups.

Continued from page 1

A tour group visited the colorful home, west of Havana, of Cuban artist Jose Fuester, known as the Picasso of the Caribbean. (Photo by Marla Whitesman) Since the U.S. has no diplomatic relations with Cuba, Americans interested in traveling to the island have to cut through significant red tape. Tourism is not permitted, but groups planning visits for religious, educational, scientific or cultural purposes may apply for a license from the Office of Foreign Assets Control in the U.S. Department of Treasury. Travelers on these “People to People” trips have strict spending limits and may not bring anything back from Cuba other than art and informational materials. Working through licensed organizations, Saul began leading group tours for Jewish Americans to interact with the 1,500 Jews of Cuba. Before long, she was leading a group every six months. The travelers brought thousands of pounds of supplies to Cuba: Judaica (including haggadahs in Hebrew, English and Spanish), school supplies, baby items, art supplies. Before every trip, she would spend long

hours collecting, classifying and packaging the materials. Whitesman flew to Atlanta to help. Whitesman began leading groups in 2006, for Jewish Federations, university Hillel groups, synagogues and families celebrating bar or bat mitzvahs. She arranged for as many as 10 in a year, sometimes doing four groups back to back. The women saw that people on both sides of the “90mile gap” between Cuba and the U.S. were starved for meaningful interactions. Whitesman’s and Saul’s groups brought a ner tamid (eternal light) to the Jewish community in Guantanamo, brought a lulav and etrog for Sukkot to Santa Clara, started Hebrew classes in Santiago de Cuba and helped restore Jewish cemeteries. They provided “Macabi Cuba” jerseys to Cuban athletes, which they still proudly wear years later. On one trip, Saul met a man who wanted to build a Holocaust memorial in Cuba. He asked her to bring something that had survived the Holocaust. In Washington, DC, for a bar mitzvah, Saul visited the National Holocaust Museum to see what she could beg. She wound up with some cobblestones from the Warsaw Ghetto. “It took an enormous amount of work to get clearance to bring them to Cuba,” she said. One of the stones went to Havana. The others are in Santa Clara, in a monument that is the centerpiece of the newest Holocaust memorial in the Western Hemisphere. Whitesman said a large majority of Cuba’s Jews left after the revolution. Most of those who stayed intermarried and assimilated; it was difficult to be a good Communist and practice religion. In 1992, the government eased up on the restrictions on religion. Younger Jews began searching for their religious identity, eager to learn about their roots. There are three synagogues in Havana, including one that houses the island’s only mikvah, and synagogues in Guantanamo, Santiago and Camaguey. The newest synagogue is in Santa Clara. In other towns, Jewish residents gather in private homes. “They have no full-time rabbis, cantors or mohels, yet they embrace their Judaism,” Whitesman said. “A rabbi from Mexico visits Cuba a few times a year. But the community has become very self-sufficient, proud and knowledgeable. “They celebrate all the holidays. There’s a Sunday school with 150 children, and adult classes as well. There are Hadassah and B’nai B’rith groups, and a group of teens and young adults who do Israeli dancing,” she said. Whitesman and Saul say emphatically that there is no antisemitism in Cuba. “There never was,” Saul said. “There is great national pride in the community. The people say they are Cubans first and Jews second.” Saul says seeing how the Jews in Cuba are holding on to their heritage despite daily hardships has a profound effect on Jewish visitors. “After every trip, they tell me it makes them want to be more Jewish,” she said. After leading hundreds of trips, Whitesman and Saul decided to form Other Cuban Journeys, a travel agency that would combine Jewish and People to People experiences. In January 2013, their company received its own license from the federal government. Other Cuban Journeys will customize a trip for any special interest, such as art and architecture, history, literature, music, sustainable living, education or medicine – even pre-1960 classic cars, which abound in Cuba because most Cubans were forbidden to purchase new cars and American cars were embargoed by the U.S. “We take people to our home away from home,” Whitesman said. “We are hands-on from start to finish. We meet with individuals and come up with new people and places to visit.” Now they are about to reach another milestone: the first kosher group tour to Cuba since the 1950s. “There is a kosher butcher in Cuba, but it’s for Cubans, not visitors, and it is not certified to the satisfaction of the very Orthodox,” Whitesman said, adding that she knows only one Cuban who keeps strictly kosher, the president of the Jewish community. She felt bad when she had Orthodox participants on her tours; they would load their luggage with canned and packaged food and aluminum foil to cook the limited foods they were able to eat. For the kosher endeavor, the women joined forces with Hersh Taubenfeld of Aventura, FL, who has longtime experience leading kosher tours and cruises, and Ben Greszes, an Orthodox Cuban Jew from Long Island with a keen sense of the Orthodox community’s needs. They all met with managers of the Melia hotel chain and convinced them that a kosher option would be successful because Jewish groups form such a large percentage of travelers to Cuba. One of the restaurants at Melia La Habana will be certified kosher and Cholov Yisrael (dairy products under kosher supervision) by Rabbi Levi Teitlebaum, director of the Ottawa Vaad Hakashrut. It will serve Other Cuban Journeys’ kosher travelers exclusively. The inaugural Glatt Kosher Mission to Cuba will take place December 9-16, costing $4,995 per person. Whitesman and Saul are planning more kosher trips in 2014 and will also create custom trips for synagogues and Jewish organizations. This article was first published by the Detroit Jewish News.

NOVEMBER 7, 2013 ■



OTHERS WILL. As they grow up, young Jews will face challenges to their beliefs and identity. We believe the best way to protect our children against ignorance and hate is to educate them. From the pride of a pre-schooler learning his first Hebrew words to the confidence of a college student prepared to grapple with anti-Israel sentiment on campus, we're strengthening Jewish identity and inspiring a long-life connection to Jewish values. But we need your help. THE STRENGTH OF A PEOPLE THE POWER OF A COMMUNITY

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THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

d’var torah

Risking failure in order to thrive ABINGTON TORAH CENTER

Rabbi Dovid Saks President: Richard Rutta Jewish Heritage Connection 108 North Abington Rd., Clarks Summit, PA 18411 570-346-1321 • Website: Sunday morning services at 8:30 am Call for other scheduled services throughout the week.


Rabbi Yisroel Brotsky 1025 Vine St., Scranton, PA 18510, (corner of Vine & Clay Ave.) 570-346-0502 • fax: 570-346-8800 Weekday – Shacharit: Sun 8 am; Mon, Thurs. & Rosh Chodesh, 6:30 am; Tue, Wed & Fri, 6:45 am; Sat & Holidays, 8:45 am. Mincha during the week is approx. 10 minutes before sunset, followed by Maariv.

BICHOR CHOLEM CONGREGATION/ CHABAD OF THE ABINGTONS Rabbi Benny Rapoport President: Richard I. Schwartz 216 Miller Road, Waverly, PA 18471 570-587-3300 • Website: Saturday morning Shabbat Service 9:30 am. Call or visit us online for our bi-weekly schedule

CHABAD LUBAVITCH OF THE POCONOS Rabbi Mendel Bendet 570-420-8655 • Website: Please contact us for schedules and locations.


Affiliation: Union for Reform Judaism Rabbi Allan L. Smith President: Henry M. Skier Contact Person: Ben Schnessel, Esq. (570) 222-3020 615 Court Street, Honesdale, PA 18431 570-253-2222 • fax: 570-226-1105


Affiliation: Union for Reform Judaism Rabbi Peg Kershenbaum President: Alan S. Wismer P.O. Box 757 Sullivan Rd., Pocono Pines, PA 18350 (located at RT 940 and Pocono Crest Rd at Sullivan Trail 570-646-0100 • Website: Shabbat Morning Services, 10 am – noon; every other Saturday Potluck Shabbat Dinner with blessings and program of varying topics, one Friday every month – call for schedule.


Rabbi Steve Nathan President: Steve Natt Forest Drive 1516 Hemlock Farms, Lords Valley, PA 18428 570-775-7497 • E-Mail: Friday evening Shabbat service 8:00 pm, Saturday morning Shabbat Service 9:30 am.

MACHZIKEH HADAS SYNAGOGUE Rabbi Mordechai Fine President: Moshe Fink 600 Monroe Ave., Scranton, PA 18510 570-342-6271


Rabbi Mordechai Fine 1432 Mulberry St, Scranton, PA 18510 Contact person: Michael Mellner - 570-343-3183


Union of Reform Judaism Rabbi Daniel J. Swartz President: Ken Miller 1 Knox Street, Scranton, PA 18505, (off Lake Scranton Rd.) 570-344-7201 Friday evening Shabbat, 8 pm; Saturday Morning , when Shabbat School is in session, at 11 am


President: Isadore Steckel 515 East Drinker St., Dunmore, PA 18512 Saturday morning Shabbat 7:30 am; also services for Yizkor


Affiliation: United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism Rabbi Baruch Melman President: Dr. Sandra Alfonsi Contact person: Dr. Sandra Alfonsi 570-223-7062 711 Wallace St., Stroudsburg, PA, 18360 (one block off Rte. 191 (5th Street) at Avenue A) 570-421-8781 • Website: E-Mail: Friday evening Shabbat, 7pm; Saturday morning Shabbat, 9 am


Affiliation: United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism Rabbi Moshe Saks 918 East Gibson St., Scranton, PA, 18510 (located at the corner of Gibson & Monroe Sts.) 570-342-0350 Fax: 570-342-7250 • E-Mail: Sunday, 8 am; Mon & Thurs, 7:15 am; Tue, Wed & Fri, 7:25 am; Rosh Hodesh & Chagim weekdays, 7 am; Shabbat Morning Service, 8:45 am; evening services: Sun – Thurs, 5:45 pm; Friday Shabbat and Saturday Havdalah services, call for times.

By RABBI PEG KERSHENBAUM, CONGREGATION B’NAI HARIM, POCONO PINES Vayetze, Genesis 28:10-32:3 In this week’s Torah portion, Vayetze, we follow the ups and downs of Jacob’s life after his successful tricking of both his brother, Esau, and his father, Isaac. He’s off to seek his fortune by his wits. His first test comes as night falls and he seeks a place to lay his head. A midrash tells us that the stones of the place clamored to be the one to form Jacob’s pillow and that they all came together into one well-shaped formation to support the shifty patriarch-to-be. While Jacob slept, he dreamed of a ladder that led from earth to heaven, filled with angels ascending and descending. God was in the picture, too, uttering a promise of constant care and protection and the most desired blessing that a denizen of the book of Genesis could desire: land and offspring. What a perfect dream for a fugitive on his rocky bed! But the rabbis of midrash probe more deeply, noticing the odd description of the m’lachim (angels), first going up and then down. Surely angels should begin in heaven and go down, returning after their commissions have been carried out! Some midrashim suggest that the beings described were actually the tutelary angels, or princes of the different kingdoms, that oppressed Jacob’s descendants: Babylonia, Media, Greece and Rome. They gained ascendancy for a while and then declined. One such midrash elaborates, including an exchange between God and Jacob. Jacob wonders about the progress of Edom (Rome). He has seen it climb higher and higher and has not seen its descent. God assures Jacob that even this mighty kingdom will fall and offers Jacob the chance to climb the rungs of power as the representative of Israel. Jacob shrinks back, fearing the inevitable fall more than the promise of heights to be attained. God reassures Jacob that if he accepts the invitation to climb, he will not be forced to descend. But Jacob lacks the confidence to make the attempt. Many of us are like Jacob. We have been successful so far – just so far – and we have a reputation to uphold. Perhaps we’ve been successful in school and the gratification we feel at earning good grades discourages us from wanting ever to fail. Given the opportunity to take a really challenging advanced course, would we take it, risking our reputation for being smart for the possibility of growing? Perhaps we are wonderful at sports or the stock market or at any of a hundred activities

we’ve tried. Would we allow ourselves to topple from our acknowledged position for a shot at a more advanced level of attainment that might just be unattainable after all? There are educators and psychologists today who report that some of our brightest children fear failure to the extent that they will not try something new. On the other hand, there are less “gifted” students who strive and thrive. Having experienced more than one skinned knee or setback, they are more likely to pick themselves up and try another approach, eventually finding a path to success. They discover things they never knew and are delighted, while their less adventurous counterparts cringe to find that there were things they did not know from birth! With what inflection did Jacob utter his waking words, “Surely the Lord is in this place and I did not know it!” Jacob’s path to this spot had been relatively easy. It is even said that the land rose up to meet him! But his life for the next 20 years was a series of throws and falls delivered by his foxy father-in-law, Laban. Jacob ultimately lost his cocky attitude, but never really gave up his trademark guile. Finally, as he prepared to be reunited with Joseph after years of bleak separation, he understood and accepted the blessing and constancy of God, saying, “Remember, I am with you: I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.” This had not been a promise of an easy life, nor had it been so. May we accept this promised heritage and be granted the drive to strive and thrive and to do more than merely to survive!

Exhibit on Shabbat

The exhibit “Shabbat – Inside and Out” will be on view at the Center for Jewish History in New York City through June 29. The objects on display highlight two aspects of the Shabbat holiday: the private/domestic and the communal/ceremonial. For more information, visit or call 212-294-8301.

Friends of The Reporter Dear Friend of The Reporter, Each year at this time the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania calls upon members of our community to assist in defraying the expense of issuing our regional Jewish newspaper, The Reporter. The newspaper is delivered twice of month (except for December and July which are single issue months) to each and every identifiable Jewish home in Northeastern Pennsylvania.

columns that cover everything from food to entertainment. The Federation assumes the financial responsibility for funding the enterprise at a cost of $26,400 per year and asks only that we undertake a small letter writing mail campaign to our recipients in the hope of raising $10,000 from our readership to alleviate a share of that responsibility. We would be grateful if you would care enough to take the time to make a donation for our efforts in bringing The Reporter to your door.

As the primary Jewish newspaper of our region, we have tried to produce a quality publication for you that offers our readership something on everythingfrom opinions and columns on controversial issues that affect our people and our times, to publicity for the events of our affiliated agencies and organizations to life cycle events, teen columns, personality profiles, letters to the editor, the Jewish community calendar and other

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NOVEMBER 7, 2013 ■




THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

For Thanksgivukkah celebrations, planning and simplicity lighten the load

By Helen Nash NEW YORK (JTA) – The phenomenon this year of Chanukah and Thanksgiving coinciding could mean even larger family gatherings than usual. So here are some tips: Plan the menus well ahead of the special celebration, and pick recipes that are easy to follow and make them well in advance. This way, cooks can enjoy their company. Have a few appetizers available as guests arrive and dinner isn’t ready. One of my favorites is hummus, which I like to serve with cucumbers, radishes, bell peppers and toasted pita triangles. My recipe uses canned chickpeas, which makes it easy to prepare and is a huge time-saver. Hummus can also keep in the refrigerator for awhile, so it can be prepared toward the beginning of the week. I like to start my holiday gatherings with soup, and for Chanukah-Thanksgiving I suggest Barley Soup with Miso. It’s a delicious variation on the traditional mushroom barley that most of us know (and love) from childhood. This recipe is vegetarian, it’s a perfect fall dish and can be made ahead of time because it freezes well.


Aroeste’s recently released album “Gracia” is a combination of revamped Ladino classics and original music. The album was named one of the best of 2012 by the Forward. “The Ladino music scene keeps growing. It’s been growing for awhile, and it keeps growing,” said Gloria Ascher, a professor of Ladino language and literature at Tufts University. “There are new performers, new composers. People are really very excited about it.” Davis, 68, was born in Beckley, WV, to parents of Ukrainian descent. But her grandmother always reminded her that the family originally came from Spain. She learned music from her father, a classically trained violinist, and found herself drawn to the Sephardic musical tradition. She later became a fixture on the West Coast music scene, where she melded Jewish music and protest songs in the Bay Area while working as a registered nurse and raising seven children on traditional Ladino lullabies such as “Dourme, Dourme.” “There’s a life to the music melodically,” Davis said. “The lyrics evoke the feeling of the Mediterranean, the

What would Thanksgiving be without turkey? And Chanukah without latkes? My roast turkey is surprisingly easy to make. For Chanukah, I like to make a Grated Potato Pancake, which is ideal when you are expecting many guests. (For another potato recipe, try the baked latkes dish in my latest cookbook, “Helen Nash’s New Kosher Cuisine.”) Another holiday favorite for the holidays is Osso Buco (Braised Veal Shanks); make it ahead of time. To end the festive meal for this once-in-a-lifetime occurrence, I recommend everyone’s favorite – brownies. The fudgy treats can be cut into any size or shape. They freeze well and can be served with sorbet or fruit. Hummus Makes about 10 servings as an hors d’oeuvre or dip Makes 6 appetizer servings My family and friends always love this creamy dish, which can be found all over the world. Since hummus refrigerates well, I try to keep it on hand as a nutritious snack for my children and grandchildren. The canned chickpeas make Continued from page 5 warmth, the sunshine, the romance.” It wasn’t until she was 65 that Davis made a recording at the prompting of her son, David. “He said, ‘Mom, before you lose your voice and your marbles, you’ve got to make this recording,’” Davis recalled. “He’d been hearing this music since childhood.” Through the fund-raising website Kickstarter, Davis raised $12,000 in 60 days to cover recording expenses. Davis and her son scoured the New York music scene for accompanying musicians. Pengas, a veteran of the Sephardic music scene, was introduced through a mutual friend. Halal was found playing the oud in a subway station. A double CD was released in 2011 and led to performances throughout the Northeast, including a recent concert on Martha’s Vineyard where Davis lives. The group performed at the Gibraltar World Music Festival last year and will play in New York in December. “One of the elements that I love is that it’s unusual for people to hear Ladino,” said Davis. “I love it all – the music, the liturgy, the language. It’s in my pores.”

this version less garlicky than the norm because the garlic is baked first. 8 unpeeled garlic cloves One 15.5-ounce can Goya chickpeas, drained 3 Tbsp. tahini (sesame paste) ¼ cup freshly squeezed lemon juice 1 tsp. kosher salt ¼ tsp. ground cumin 1 /3 cup plus 2 Tbsp. cold water Wrap the garlic tightly in a piece of foil. Bake in a toaster oven at 350° for 15 minutes, or until soft. Remove and let cool until you can handle the cloves. Squeeze the pulp from each clove into a food processor. Add the chickpeas, tahini, lemon juice, salt and cumin. Pulse until smooth, adding water through the feed tube until the mixture is creamy and has a mayonnaise-like consistency. Season to taste. Barley Soup with Miso Makes 12 servings The addition of miso adds a delicate Asian flavor; the bright green dill, a nice jolt of color. 2 medium onions 3 garlic cloves 4 celery stalks, peeled 4 medium carrots, peeled 1 lb. white mushrooms 3 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil ½ cup medium pearl barley 8 cups vegetable broth 1 bunch fresh dill 2 Tbsp. barley miso paste (You can buy barley miso in most health-food stores.) Kosher salt Freshly ground black pepper It is easy to chop the vegetables in a food processor. Quarter the onions and garlic, and pulse in the food processor until coarse; remove to a bowl. Cut the celery and carrots into large pieces. Pulse them separately until coarse, and add to the onions and garlic. Wipe the mushrooms with a damp paper towel and cut them in quarters. Pulse until coarse and set aside. (If you chop everything together, the vegetables will become mushy.) See “Food” on page 13

NOVEMBER 7, 2013 ■


Heat the oil in a large saucepan. Saute the onions, garlic, celery and carrots for 1 minute. Add the barley and broth, and bring to a boil over high heat. Lower the heat and cook, covered, for 15 minutes. Add the mushrooms to the soup along with half the dill. Cook for another 15 minutes or until the barley is tender. Remove and discard the dill. Stir in the miso and season to taste with salt and pepper. Snip the remaining dill for garnish. Grated Potato Pancake Makes 12 servings This large pancake is fun to serve to a large gathering – you just cut it into cakelike wedges – and it’s not greasy. Another plus: You can prepare it ahead of time and reheat before serving. 4 large Idaho baking potatoes Kosher salt Freshly ground black pepper 4 Tbsp. vegetable oil Peel and quarter the potatoes. If you are not grating them immediately, place them in a bowl of cold water to prevent discoloration. Using the medium grating attachment of a food processor, grate the potatoes coarsely. Place in a dish towel and wring dry to remove the liquid. Transfer to a bowl. Season well with salt and pepper. Heat 2 tablespoons of the oil in a 12-inch nonstick skillet. Add the potatoes, patting them down firmly with a spatula to flatten them and even out the edges. Cook over medium-high heat for about 8 minutes, until the bottom is golden. Invert the pancake onto a plate and add the remaining 2 tablespoons of oil to the skillet to heat. Slide the pancake back into the skillet. Pat it down again with the spatula and cook for another 8 minutes, or until the underside is golden. Invert onto a platter and cut into the desired number of slices.

C HANUK A H Once again this year, The Reporter is inviting its readers and local organizations to extend Chanukah greetings to the community by purchasing a Chanukah greeting ad, which will appear in our November 21 issue (Deadline: Nov. 13). Chanukah begins this year on the evening of Nov. 27. You may choose from the designs, messages and sizes shown here - more are available. You may also choose your own message, as long as it fits into the space of the greeting you select. (Custom designs available upon request.) The price of the small greeting is $18 (styles B & E), the medium one is $36 (styles D & F) and the largest one (not shown) is $72 (actual size is 2 col. x 4”). To ensure that your greeting is published, please contact Bonnie Rozen at 1-800-779-7896, ext. 244 or Checks can be made payable to The Reporter and sent to: The Reporter, 500 Clubhouse Rd., Vestal, NY 13850.

Roast Turkey Makes 12-14 servings You do not have to wait for Thanksgiving to serve this dish, as it is easy to make and quite tasty. I often serve it when I have many guests to feed. 14-lb. turkey 3 Tbsp. freshly squeezed lemon juice 3 Tbsp. low-sodium soy sauce Freshly ground black pepper 1 cup freshly squeezed orange juice 1 cup dry white wine 2 onions 5 sprigs rosemary 5 Tbsp. unsalted margarine, melted Preheat the oven to 325°. Discard any excess fat from the turkey. Rinse it inside and out and pat dry with paper towels. Season the skin and the cavity with the lemon juice, soy sauce and pepper. Combine the orange juice and wine in a measuring cup with a spout. (This makes pouring easier.) Thinly slice one of the onions and set it aside. Cut the other onion in quarters and place it in the cavity along with the rosemary sprigs. Brush the turkey with the margarine and place it on its side in a roasting pan. Scatter the sliced onion around the pan. Roast the turkey for 30 minutes, basting with the orange juice-wine mixture. Turn the turkey on its other side and roast for another 30 minutes, continuing to baste. Turn the turkey breast side up and, continuing to baste, roast for 20 minutes. For the final 20 minutes, place the turkey breast side down. (If the drumsticks begin to get too brown, cover the ends with foil.) The turkey is ready when the drumsticks move easily in their sockets and the juices run clear. (The total cooking time is about 1 hour, 40 minutes, or about 7 minutes per pound.) A meat thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the breast should read 160°. Remove the turkey from the oven and cover


Continued from page 12 baking pan with wax paper. Grease the paper with 1 tablespoon of the margarine and dust it with 1 tablespoon of the flour. Invert and tap the pan to shake out the excess flour. Place the remaining margarine and the chocolate in the top of a double boiler. Cover and set over simmering water. Stir from time to time until all is melted. Remove the top from the double boiler. Using a wooden spoon, gradually add the sugar, stirring continuously until the chocolate is smooth. Stir in 1 egg at a time until well mixed. Add the vanilla and flour and blend well. Stir in the chopped nuts. Pour the batter into the prepared pan, tilting the pan to spread the batter evenly. Bake on the middle shelf of the oven for 20 minutes, or until the top is slightly firm to the touch and a cake tester inserted in the center comes out moist. Cool on a wire rack. Run a metal spatula around the sides of the pan to loosen the brownies. Invert the pan onto a board and cut into squares. Note: These brownies freeze well. Place them side by side in an air-tight plastic container, with wax paper between the layers.

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it tightly with heavy foil. Let it stand for 30 minutes. (This allows the juices to flow back into the tissues.) Place it on a cutting board. Pour the contents of the roasting pan into a small saucepan. Put the saucepan in the freezer for about 10 minutes, so the grease can quickly rise to the top. (This makes it easier to remove.) To serve: Skim off the fat and reheat the pan juices. Discard the onion and rosemary from the cavity and carve the turkey. Serve with the juices. Easy Brownies Makes 7 dozen 1-inch squares These fudgy bite-size brownies can be cut into any size. 16 Tbsp. unsalted margarine, at room temperature, plus 1 Tbsp. for greasing the pan 1 cup unbleached all-purpose flour, plus 1 Tbsp. for dusting the pan 5 ounces good-quality imported semisweet chocolate, broken into small pieces Scant 1¾ cups sugar 4 large eggs, room temperature 1 tsp. vanilla extract Generous 1 cup walnuts, coarsely chopped Preheat oven to 350°. Line a 9x13x2-inch


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Dear Friend: PROJECT JOY, through the Scranton Jewish Community Center, was the “brainchild” of a very special woman, RoseBud Leventhal. Although RoseBud has passed on, the project continues in her memory. The monies come solely from private donations. The goal is a simple one. We want every child to experience a special Holiday season. Through your generosity, we can do this. This year in our area the economic situation has worsened. Our gift might be the only one a child receives. Last year, over 75 children benefited with wonderful gifts we purchased from wish lists that we received from Jewish Family Services, the Catherine McCauley Center and Saint Joseph’s Center. In this northeast Pennsylvania region, one out of every three children lives at or below the poverty level. In 2009 we added Children and Youth Services and Children’s Advocacy to our list of needy children and were thrilled that we were able to help even more kids. And, as always, we still visited the pediatric departments of our three local Scranton hospitals to give their patients gifts of cheer over the holidays. Once we were made aware of specific needy families in the area, we were fortunate to have the monies to assist them too. We hope this year to give even more gifts with your help. Each year we receive so many “thank you letters and notes,” which just confirms how extremely vital and special this project has become.This all depends on you! Please send a donation to “PROJECT JOY” in care of the Scranton JCC, 601 Jefferson Avenue, Scranton, PA 18510. Or you can just drop off a new unwrapped toy at the JCC’s office. We will be wrapping the gifts on Thursday, December 12th at the JCC starting at 9:00 am. All volunteers are welcome. Please call Carol Leventhal at 570-587-2931 or 570-586-0241 if you will be able to help us wrap gifts this year. It’s fun and worthwhile! Thank You! Carol Leventhal, Chairperson Project Joy

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THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

New Season of


Internet Global Day of Learning on Nov. 17

November 2013

• Non-Feature Films •

Blessed is the Match - In 1944, 22-year Hannah Senesh parachuted into Nazi- occupied Europe with a small group of Jewish volunteers from Palestine. Theirs was the only military rescue mission for Jews that occurred in World War II. *Broadway Musicals: A Jewish Legacy - This entertaining documentary, narrated by the award winning Joel Grey, examines the unique role of Jewish composers and lyricists in the creation of the modern American musical. There are interviews alongside standout performances and archival footage. Budapest to Gettyburg - The past and present collide as a world-renowned historian confronts a history he has refused to study-his own. Gabor Boritt is an expert on Abraham Lincoln and the American Civil War. But it took his son’s urging to get him to return to his native Hungary and learn about the Jewish experience there from the time of his childhood until, together with his family, he escaped to the United States. Constantine’s Sword, is a 2007 historical documentary film on the relationship between the Catholic Church and Jews. Directed and produced by Oscar-nominated filmmaker Oren Jacoby, the film is inspired by former priest James P. Carroll’s 2001 book Constantine’s Sword. Inside Hana’s Suitcase - A real-life Japanese schoolteacher, who appears throughout the film, sparked this entire story by gathering artifacts for a Holocaust educational center she was developing along with a group of girls and boys called The Small Wings. After applying to receive Holocaust artifacts, a large box arrives with a handful of artifacts, including a battered brown suitcase labeled with Hana Brady’s name. The teacher and her students begin searching for the story behind the suitcase. What they discover will surprise you. They wind up unlocking--and showing us in the film--a whole series of deeply moving memories and other related artifacts and photos. Finally, Hana’s surviving brother George travels to Japan to meet the Japanese students. Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story - This excellent documentary, narrated by Dustin Hoffman, portrays the contributions of Jewish major leaguers and the special meaning that baseball has had in the lives of American Jews. Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story was shown at the Opening Event for the 2012 UJA Campaign. The Case for Israel: Democracy’s Outpost - Famed attorney, Alan Dershowitz, presents a vigorous case for Israel- for its basic right to exist, to protect its citizens from terrorism and to defend its borders from hostile enemies. *The Flat - This gripping autobiographical documentary tells the story of the filmmaker, Arnon Goldfinger who travels to Tel Aviv to clean out the apartment of recent deceased German-born Jewish grandmother. Goldfinger discovers, while going through her belonging, he finds evidence that his grandparents were good friends with Leopold von Mildenstein, a leading official within the Nazi propaganda agency and that they remained friends after World War II. He journeys to find out the details of this disturbing revelation. The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg - As baseball’s first Jewish star, Hammering Hank Greenberg’s career contains all the makings of a true American success story. *Orchestra of Exiles - This riveting documentary tells the story of how Polish violinist Bronislaw Huberman, watched Jewish musicians being fired from classical orchestras when Hitler came to power. Huberman decided to build a new orchestra in Palestine encountering many obstacles along the way. He ultimately succeeds and the Palestine Symphony gave its first performance December, 1936. (When Israel gained independence in 1948, the orchestra was renamed the Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra, which remains to this day a world class orchestra.)

• Feature Films •

A Matter of Size - Winner of numerous international awards, this Israeli comedy is a hilarious and heart-warming tale about four overweight guys who learn to love themselves through the Japanese sport of sumo wrestling. (not rated) Avalon- Sam Krichinsky and his extended family arrive in American to find the American dream in a place called Avalon. We watch the Krichinsky family move from poverty to prosperity,facing their changing world with enduring humor and abiding love. Crossing Delancey - This is a warm comedy taking place in New York City. Isabella Grossman desires to rise above her family’s Lower East Side community but her grandmother has other matchmaking plans. Footnote - The story of a great rivalry between a father and son, both eccentric professors who have both dedicated their lives to work in Talmudic Studies departments of Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Though the father shuns overt praise for his work and the son is desperate for it, how will each react when the father is to be awarded the most sought after prize, the Israel prize? This Oscar nominated film will entrance from the start. Frisco Kid - It’s 1850 and new rabbi Avram Belinski sets out from Philadelphia toward San Francisco. Cowpoke bandit Tom Lillard hasn’t seen a rabbi before but he knows when one needs a heap of help. Getting this tenderfoot to Frisco in one piece will cause a heap of trouble- with the law, Native Americans and a bunch of killers. Good - In an attempt to establish its credibility, the new Nazi government is seeking out experts to endorse its policies and they come across Johnnie Halder’s novel of a husband who aids his terminally ill wife in an assisted suicide. Because of this the Nazis flatter Johnnie arranging for high paying and prestigious positions. Never evil, Johnnie Halder is an Everyman who goes along, accepts what he is told without question until he is an unwitting accomplice to the Nazi killing machine. Hidden In Silence - Przemysl, Poland, WWII. Germany emerges victorious over the Russians, and the city comes under Nazi control. The Jewish are sent to the ghettos. While some stand silent, Catholic teenager Stefania Podgorska chooses the role of a savior and sneaks 13 Jews into her attic. Every day, she risks detection--and immediate execution--by smuggling food and water to the silent group living above her. And when two German nurses are assigned to her living quarters, the chances of discovery become dangerously high. This is the true story of a young woman’s selfless commitment and unwavering resolve in the face of war. Noodle (PAL version- can only be played on computer NOT regular DVD players) - At thirty-seven, Miri is a twice-widowed, El Al flight attendant. Her well regulated existence is suddenly turned upside down by an abandoned Chinese boy whose migrant-worker mother has been deported from Israel. The film is a touching comic-drama in which two human beings- as different from each other as Tel Aviv is from Beijing- accompany each other on a remarkable journey, one that takes them both back to a meaningful life. Operation Thunderbolt - The true story of the Entebbe hijacking and rescue. “Operation Thunderbolt,” was filmed in Israel with the full cooperation of the Israeli government, and is an exciting re-creation of the events of those tense days. We see the full scope of the story, from the original hijacking to the passengers’ captivity in Uganda to the agonized debates at the highest levels of the Israeli government over a diplomatic vs. a military solution. “Operation Thunderbolt” is the thrilling and true story of how one small country refused to let their people be killed by terrorists and took action to prevent it. People who claim that Israel is a “terrorist state” should see the film and be reminded who the real terrorists are. Orthodox Stance (documentary-2007) - Dimitriy Salita, a Russian immigrant, is making history as a top professional boxer and rigorously observant Jew. While providing an intimate, 3-year long look at the trials and tribulations faced by an up and coming professional boxer, ORTHODOX STANCE is a portrait of seemingly incompatible cultures and characters working together to support Dmitriy’s rare and remarkable devotion to both Orthodox Judaism and the pursuit of a professional boxing title. Playing for Time - An outstanding cast brings life to this Fania Fenelon autobiography about a Jewish cabaret singer and other Jewish prisoners whose lives were spared at Auschwitz in exchange for performing for their captors. The Angel Levine - Things couldn’t get worse for Jewish tailor Morris Mishkin (Zero Mostel). His shop has gone up in flames, his daughter has married outside the faith and, worse yet, his wife is slowly dying. But just when he decides to give up on God, a mysterious man (Harry Belafonte) appears, claiming to be his Jewish guardian angel! Doubtful that the stranger is Jewish, never mind an angel, Mishkin must overcome his skepticism if he wants one last chance at redemption.

The theme the 2013 Global Day of Learning, which will take place on Sunday, November 17, is “Creating Together. A new event is “24X24,” which features 24 talks over the course of 24 hours. It will be broadcast live via Google Hangouts and YouTube. Among the speakers scheduled are Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz, Dara Horn, Hanan Harchol, Rabbi Elie Kaunfer, Rabbi David Levin-Kruss, Rabbi David Silber and Sara Wolkenfeld. For more information, including a schedule of the speakers and their biographies, visit http://www.theglobalday. com/24x24/.


Continued from page 4 a Red Star Line vessel in 1933 bound for New York. “The museum helps illuminate a forgotten story of 60 million Europeans who left for all kinds of reasons,” Verheyen said. The Red Star Line operated from 1871-1934, a period that coincided with some of the worst antisemitic persecution in history. During the line’s 63 years, Jews accounted for at least a quarter of its passengers taken across the Atlantic Ocean in dozens of ships. Historians say the actual percentage may have been much higher. The first wave of Jewish passengers – including BledsoeRodriguez’s mother, Basia Cohen – were escaping pogroms in czarist Russia. Later waves were fleeing anti-Jewish agitation and the rise of the Nazis. For many years, the Red Star Line offered kosher food to its Jewish clientele. Cohen left her home at 11 with her mother and five siblings in the hopes of reuniting with her father, a bankrupt beet farmer who had left years earlier. The Cohens spent three weeks in squalid dormitories with 1,500 passengers aboard the ship. At Ellis Island, they were quarantined for eight months because of scalp fungus. “Somehow the experience at Ellis Island had aged us, we didn’t want to sing anymore,” Cohen said in an interview before her death in 1993. “We were all grown up.” Among the later refugees was Einstein, whose resignation letter to the Prussian Academy of Sciences, on display at the museum, was written on Red Star Line stationery. The Jewish dimension is hardly overlooked in the two-story museum. But the exhibition “emphasizes the universal character of migration,” the city wrote in a statement. The official booklet on the museum describes it as “a universal human story about the pursuit of happiness, a story we can all relate to.” That sort of universalizing of history has prompted protests from Jewish leaders who argue that it degrades the uniquely Jewish character of the Holocaust. The opening last year of Belgium’s main Holocaust museum at Mechelen was delayed over criticism that its broad mission of defending human rights risked “obfuscation as to the scale of the Shoah and banalization,” according to Eli Ringer of the Flemish Forum of Jewish Organizations. In neighboring Holland, the remembrance of German soldiers along with their Jewish and non-Jewish victims during memorial ceremonies for World War II victims led to acrimonious debates and legal action. In May 2012, a Dutch court, responding to a petition filed by a Jewish group, issued an injunction against the commemoration of German soldiers in the town of Vorden. “Commemoration needs to draw lessons or it’s a sterile affair,” said Joel Rubinfeld, co-chairman of the Brussels-based European Jewish Parliament and past president of Belgium’s main Jewish umbrella group. “There are lessons to be drawn from Jewish emigration from Europe, and presenting them as part of a larger population shift doesn’t help in a time when antisemitism is once more driving some Jews out of Europe.” Bledsoe-Rodriguez takes a less critical view. “No one died in my family in the Holocaust,” she said. “If not for Red Star Line, we might be in a different museum right now – a museum for Holocaust victims.”

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas - Set during World War II, this is the story of Bruno, an innocent and naïve eight-year old boy who meets a boy while romping in the woods. A surprising friendship develops. The Couple - Based on the true story of a Jewish Hungarian’s desperate attempts to save his family from the Nazi death camps. Mr. Krauzenberg (Martin Landau) is forced to hand over his vast wealth to the Nazis for the safe passage of his family out of occupied Europe, only to find his two remaining servants are left trapped in a web of deceit and danger. Their only hope for survival relies on the courage of Krauzenberg. The Debt - Academy Award winner Helen Mirren and two-time Academy Award nominee Tom Wilkinson star in The Debt. In 1966, three Mossad agents were assigned to track down a feared Nazi war criminal hiding in East Berlin, a mission accomplished at great risk and personal cost… or was it? *The Other Son - The dramatic tale of two babies switched at birth, The Other Son creates a thoughtful presentation of what could be a soap opera type event. Instead, director Lorraine Levy and a wonderful screenplay takes the viewer down a very different path allowing each to come to his/her own conclusions. *The World of Sholom Aleichem - Three of Sholom Aleichem short stories are adapted for the stage and broadcast on the 1959 television series “The Play of the Week”. Wallenberg: A Hero’s Story - Wallenberg: A Hero’s Story is an incredibly riveting, Emmy award-winning, fact-based story about a hero who helped over 100,000 Hungarian Jews escape from the Nazis during the Holocaust. *Just added to the Jewish Federation’s Film Lending Library!

The Red Star Line Museum in Antwerp has drawn criticism for portraying the exodus of Europeans during the Holocaust in universal terms. (Photo by Red Star Line Museum)

NOVEMBER 7, 2013 ■




Tigers pick Brad Ausmus, Israel’s manager in WBC bid, as new skipper

Brad Ausmus, who managed the Israeli national team’s bid for the World Baseball Classic, was named the manager of the Detroit Tigers. The Tigers announced the hiring of Ausmus, 44, on Nov. 3, making him the only Jewish manager in Major League Baseball. Ausmus was a catcher for four teams in his playing days. His Israel team failed to qualify for the World Baseball Classic in 2012, losing to Spain, 9-7, in 10 innings in the final game of the qualifying tournament. Ausmus, a Connecticut native who was educated at Dartmouth, has never served as a manager or coach in the Major Leagues. He has been a special assistant in the San Diego Padres’ front office since 2010, the year he retired as a player. Ausmus had two stints playing with the Tigers and last played with the Los Angeles Dodgers. He spent the bulk of his career, which started in 1993, with the Houston Astros. With the Tigers he will succeed Jim Leyland, who stepped down following Detroit’s loss last month to the eventual world champion Boston Red Sox in the American League Championship Series. Leyland managed the Tigers for eight seasons, twice winning the A.L. pennant.

Report: Lockheed Martin to open subsidiary in Israel

Lockheed Martin reportedly plans to open a subsidiary in Israel that will employ hundreds of workers. The American aerospace and defense contractor also is looking to purchase Israeli companies and integrate itself into the Israeli economy and its domestic security market, the Israeli daily newspaper Maariv reported on Nov. 3. Lockheed Martin Executive Vice President Patrick Dewar made the announcement over the Nov. 3 weekend during a visit to Israel, according to the newspaper. Work on the project is set to begin immediately, Dewar said. The plans to open a subsidiary reportedly will supplant previously announced plans to open a facility in Israel specializing in information technology. Israel’s Air Force in 2010 ordered 20 F-35 stealth fighter jets from Lockheed Martin. In April, the state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries was hired to build the wings for Lockheed Martin’s F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. IAI already produces wings for the Lockheed-produced F-16 and the U.S. Air Force’s T-38 trainer aircraft. The company is a major supplier of technology to the Israel Air Force.

Tunisia out of ‘14 Davis Cup for order not to play Israeli

Tunisia was suspended from next year’s Davis Cup after ordering one of its national team members to withdraw from a tournament rather than play an Israeli. The International Tennis Federation in a statement on Nov. 2 said the Tunisian national team would be banned from the 2014 world competition for ordering Malek Jaziri not to compete against Israel’s Amir Weintraub at the 2013 Tashkent Challenger in October. The statement said the “ITF Board of Directors found that the Tunisian Tennis Federation was in breach of the ITF Constitution by interfering with international sporting practice.” In voting to suspend the Tunisians, the statement also said the board “was not satisfied with the case put forward by the Tunisian Tennis Federation.” Jaziri withdrew from the tournament a day before his quarterfinals match against Weintraub, citing a knee injury. But Jaziri’s brother Amir, who also is his coach, told the French news agency AFP that he pulled out under orders from the Tunisian Tennis Federation not to play an Israeli. An e-mail ordering Jaziri to pull out of the match was published by Tunisia’s state news agency. The Tunisian Sports and Youth Ministry denied making such a demand. It is believed to be the first time that a player has refused to play against an Israeli in international tennis play, according to reports.

On Kristallnacht eve, Merkel calls for stand against antisemitism

The people of Germany need “civil courage” to stand up against antisemitism, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on the eve of Kristallnacht’s 75th anniversary. Merkel, speaking on her weekly podcast with 17-year-old Jewish student Samuel Vingron, also said the fact that Jewish institutions still need police protection is a sobering reality 75 years after the pogrom known as the “Night of Broken Glass.” The remarks broadcast on her website the weekend of Nov. 3 precede the anniversary of the pogrom, which will be marked in ceremonies throughout Germany. In Berlin, in addition to the Jewish community’s annual ceremony, some 100 businesses will put stickers on their windows to symbolize the broken glass when Nazis rampaged homes, businesses and synagogues on the nights of Nov. 9-10, 1938. More than 1,000 synagogues were destroyed, nearly 100 Jews were murdered and tens of thousands of Jewish men were deported to concentration camps. The government held Jews financially liable for the damages and confiscated insurance payments. Dieter Graumann, president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, will address some 200 members of the Conference of European Rabbis on Nov. 10, in a synagogue that escaped destruction and is now part of the Rabbinerseminar zu Berlin. Rabbi Noam Marans, the American Jewish Committee’s director of interreligious and intergroup relations, will address a commemoration organized by the Action Reconciliation Service for Peace. In Weimar, American expatriate musician Alan Bern is coordinating a sound installation that will include the ringing of hand bells at former Jewish homes and businesses; citizens will then broadcast the music of once-banned composers from their doors and windows. Also, church bells will be rung across the city. “The city should be flooded with the sounds of bells and once-forbidden music, bearing witness to what happened in 1938 but also celebrating the freedom we have today,” Bern said.


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Planning on leaving town for a few months? Going on a long vacation? Moving any time soon? You can help save the Jewish Federation money by informing us of your plans and preventing the U.S. Postal Service from charging us for returned mail and address change notices. Before you go, call the Federation office or send us an email and let us know if you would like the mail sent temporarily to a different address, at no charge to you, or halted for a certain number of months. Give us a chance to get it right for you on the first mailing. Contact Dassy at (570)961-2300 or

Junior Scholar’s Club Jewish Education for the Next Generation! Jewish Enrichment, Development and Discovery for Girls and Boys in Grades K – 8 Maximize your child’s potential with our newly designed curriculum!

• Hebrew Reading and Vocabulary! • Jewish Holidays! • Weekly Torah Portion- Biblical Stories! • Highlights of Jewish History! • Jewish Identity & Israel! • Hands-on Learning through Arts & Crafts! All of this and more in a fun and stimulating environment at the JRC, Sundays 9am – 12pm (See separate schedule for details) Jewish Resource Center of the Poconos, 727 Main St., Stroudsburg For more information, or to obtain a registration form, please call the JRC at 570-517-0815 or email

Give your children the opportunity of a quality Jewish education in an inspiring environment! In the Planning Stages:

Keep up with you children’s education! A simultaneous program with a similar curriculum designed especially for the parents

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THE REPORTER ■ november 7, 2013

What will be your Jewish Legacy?

A Program of the

For more information about leaving your legacy, legacy gifts or bequests contact:

Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania TEL: 570.961.2300 (ext. 1) E-Mail: With the true spirit of kehilla and our commitment to tikkun olam, the Jewish Federation’s CREATE A JEWISH LEGACY Initiative is a community-wide partnership established between the Jewish Federation of Northeastern Pennsylvania and its many UJA-funded educational, social service, cultural and recreational agencies and institutions including the State of Israel and the needs of world Jewry – all with a shared vision of ensuring a strong and sustainable Jewish future.

TODAY. TOMORROW. TOGETHER These include world-wide Jewish needs (JDC), the State of Israel, Scranton JCC, Jewish Family Service of NEPA, Scranton Hebrew Day School, Scranton Mikveh, Temple Hesed Religious School, Scranton Temple Israel Religious School, Yeshiva Beth Moshe/Milton Eisner Institute, Bais Yaakov of Scranton, B’nai Harim Religious School, Jewish Fellowship of Hemlock Farms Religious School, Jewish Discovery Center/Chabad, Bnos Yisroel of Scranton, Jewish Resource Center of the Poconos and Temple Israel of the Poconos Hebrew School

November 7, 2013 Edition of the Reporter  

November 7, 2013 Edition of the Reporter

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