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VOLUME XIII, NUMBER 1

JANUARY 1, 2015

Will U.S. Jewish groups pivot left if Herzog wins? By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA) – Come early next year, there might be yet another world capital that opposes Israeli settlement expansion and sees Benjamin Netanyahu as principally responsible for Israel’s isolation: Jerusalem. Isaac Herzog, the Labor Party leader, is faring well in the polls since Netanyahu called for new elections early in December and the Knesset dissolved itself. The prospect of a left-leaning government means that U.S. mainstream Jewish groups, which since Netanyahu’s election in 2009 have pushed back against claims that his policies have been detrimental, will have to reassess messaging. It wouldn’t be the first time. A liberal U.S. Jewish community had to contend in 1977 with the election of Menachem Begin, then a Land of Israel maximalist whose prestate career was as a Jewish paramilitary leader who ordered the 1946 bombing of the King David Hotel. Fifteen years later, a pro-Israel community made hawkish through years of Likud-led governments suddenly contended with Yitzhak Rabin and his accelerated moves toward peace with the Palestinians. This time around, Jewish community leaders say, it won’t be so difficult: ProIsrael groups have long-established and friendly ties with Herzog and his political partner, Tzipi Livni, and in any case, American Jews are likelier to favor the policies of the political left. “On the whole, the Jewish community respects the sovereignty of the Israeli public to decide who rules them,” said Abraham Foxman, the Anti-Defamation League’s national director. “What becomes difficult is you form relationships with one government and another one is in. We may lose some proximity, some access.” Differences between the Netanyahu and Obama governments have sowed discomfiture for American Jews, particularly in the areas of Iran policy and settlement expansion. Frequently the differences have devolved into personal heated exchanges of insults. Herzog has blamed Netanyahu for fomenting the tensions. “You are the man who personally must take credit for the destruction of Israel’s relations with the United States,” Herzog said in

an October 27 Knesset speech that anticipated the dissolution of Netanyahu’s government. “You’ve repeatedly insulted President Obama and his administration.” For the most part, organizations like the American Israel Public Affairs Committee have sided with Israel in the disputes, advancing Netanyahu’s stance that nuclear talks with Iran could lead to a bad deal and arguing that Palestinian recalcitrance is by far a more decisive factor in scuttling peace talks than is settlement policy in the West Bank. Jack Moline, a leading Conservative movement rabbi known for his closeness to the Obama administration, said AIPAC would easily pivot toward a left-leaning Israeli government should it be elected in March’s polling. “The question for anyone who supports Israel is do you support the right of the government to make its policy or do you only support a government that agrees with the policy you endorse?” said Moline, who until November directed the National Jewish Democratic Council. “I have no doubt that an organization like AIPAC that presents itself as representing accurately the policies of the Israeli government will make the shift, and elegantly. Organizations whose agendas for American politics mirrors the current administration in Israel will find themselves in a more difficult circumstance.” True enough, said Morton Klein, who heads exactly such an organization, the Zionist Organization of America – but that’s not exactly new. “We criticized Rabin and Ehud Barak and Ehud Olmert when they made their offers,” Klein recalled, referring isters. “We are deeply concerned if Herzog and Livni win.” One likelihood should Herzog win, Klein said, is that it will be harder to advance positions in Congress that oppose territorial concessions to the Palestinians. “We fought against the Gaza withdrawal like crazy on the Hill,” he said, referring to Israel’s 2005 pullout from the Gaza Strip. “And they said, ‘Look, this is Ariel Sharon supporting it, how can I go against it?’” Aaron David Miller, the vice president at the Wilson Center and for years a U.S. Middle East peace negotiator under various presidents, said a new government

ANALYSIS

Labor Party leader Isaac Herzog spoke in the Knesset in Jerusalem at a memorial ceremony for Yitzhak Rabin on November 5. Herzog is faring well in the polls since new elections were called in December. (Photo by Yonatan Sindel/Flash90) in Israel would likely not bring with it far-reaching change in part because so many other factors are fueling turmoil in the region, and in part because Netanyahu reflected an Israeli consensus on Iran. “Is an Israeli government not headed by Netanyahu more likely to acquiesce in a deal with Iran?” he asked. “Is an Israeli government headed by anyone but Netanyahu likely to create a breakthrough with the Palestinians?” One group with strong and established ties with both Herzog and Livni is J Street, a liberal U.S. Jewish Middle East policy group. Alan Elsner, its vice president for communications, predicted that U.S. Jewish groups would pivot toward the left-leaning governments in part because American Jewish grass-roots favor accommodation. “A lot of American Jews would welcome the prospect of a government that is sincere in seeking peace and that doesn’t put peace second to land and settlements,” he said. “Most Jewish organizations would go along; what choice do they have?” Peter Joseph, who heads the Israel Policy Forum, a group that advocates for a two-state solution, said the tendency among the U.S. Jewish voters to back two states means that the greater challenge posed by the coming election was the rise of right-wing parties, which unlike Netanyahu reject Palestinian statehood in any form.

SHDS annual winter soup sale now under way The Scranton Hebrew Day School is again holding its annual winter soup sale, featuring a selection of more than 15 soups, such as lentil, chicken, onion and butternut squash. All of the soups are homemade and available for special

order, so quantities are limited. Soups will be available in two sizes and will cost $4 for a 16 ounce container or $8 for a 32 ounce container. For more information or to receive an order form, call the day school at 570-

346-1576, ext. 2. The final order date is Thursday, January 8, and soup will be available for pick-up at the school on Tuesday, January 20. All of the proceeds will benefit the school’s scholarship fund.

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Jewish Home party leader Naftali Bennett, Joseph said, “is playing on people’s fears in a way that most American Jews have a problem sympathizing with. My children and many members of the next generation are not going to sympathize and relate to a state of Israel that exhibits these kind of values.”

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Candle lighting January 2..................................... 4:26 pm January 9..................................... 4:33 pm January 16....................................4:41 pm

Argentine immigrants fuel a Israel Sci-Tech Schools give Terror plots foiled in Italy; PLUS Jewish revival in Spain; French students hands-on scientific and Germany pays millions to neo-Nazi Jews see a future in Montreal. engineering training. victims; and more. Opinion........................................................2 Stories on page 4 Story on page 5 Stories on pages 12 and 15 D’var Torah..............................................10

Profile for Becky Schastey

January 1, 2015 Edition of The Reporter  

January 1, 2015 Edition of The Reporter

January 1, 2015 Edition of The Reporter  

January 1, 2015 Edition of The Reporter

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